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American Indian
Indian Trade Beads and Artifacts


14110 - JESUIT RING, LATE 17TH CENTURY, DANN SITE, HONEOYE, NY, top and one half of ring section intact, missing bottom half of ring, good for a display in a case at a very moderate price of only.....................................................$85.00


14111 - CROWN POINT, NY, BRASS CRUCIFIX, 18TH CENTURY
, 1.5" cast brass crucifix, completely intact as Christ figure molded into the cross, very fine, probably French in origin................................................................
$195.00


14112 - CROWN POINT, NY, WOOD AND BRASS CRUCIFIX, 18TH CENTURY
, 1" brass frame with wooden inlay, figure of Christ missing, probably French in origin, as described.......................................................
$75.00

FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR PERIOD EXCAVATED INDIAN TRADE BEADS FROM NEW YORK LATE 17TH - EARLY 18TH CENTURY


14145 - UPPER CAYUGA SITE, NY
, 24" strand of multi-colored trade bead, some tubular some globular, clear, rust, green, blue striped. Ex-Rene Voorhees Collection, Ovid, NY. Very fine.................................................
SOLD

14146 - DANN SITE, RUSH, NY, 20" strand of multi-colored seed beads. Ex-Floyd Johnson Collection, Geneva, NY, recovered at the Dann site, Monroe County, NY. Very fine.................................................$120.00

14147 - POWER HOUSE SITE, LIMA, NY, 20" strand of multi-colored glass tubular beads with European style "wampum" spacers. Ex-Charles Wray Collection. Recovered from the Power House site, Lima, [Livingston County, NY]........................................$135.00

14149 - DANN SITE, HONEOYE FALLS, NY, European style "Wampum" beads, 24" excavated from a Dann site, Monroe County, NY from an old Rochester, NY Collection. Very fine.....................................................$145.00



14150 - GREAT GULLY SITE, CAYUGA, NY
, 24" strand of multi-colored glass globular beads recovered from the Great Gully site, Cayuga, NY. Ex-Rene Voorhees Collection, Ovid, NY. Very fine...................................................
SOLD

14151 - DANN SITE, HONEOYE FALLS, NY, 24" strand of tubular rust colored glass beadss recovered from Seneca/Iroquois site. Late 17th Century, Honeoye Falls, NY. Ex-William Carter Collection [1952]. Very fine..........................................$155.00

14152 - FORT MICHILLMACKINAC, HUGE CHEVRON HEAD BEAD, 2" X 1", dark blue exterior with red and white star shaped decorative core. Found within 1 mile of Fort Michilimackinac, Michigan. The fort was built 1714-1715 by the French and it controlled the straits of Mackinac until the British took over in 1761, huge and very rare. Ex-Robert Oswald....................................................$150.00


THE CHEROKEE TRAIL OF TEARS

12210 - US DRAGOON BUTTONS USED BY US TROOPS GUARDING THE CHEROKEE REFUGEES AFTER THE TRAIL OF TEARS, US Dragoon cuff buttons, [Albert DR-3] 1833-1847. Eagle with shield with D within, two piece button with shank, excavated at Fort Wayne, Indian Territory - Fort Wayne was established 1838 in Indian Territory by Lt. Col. R. B. Mason of the 1st Dragoons. Originally it was ordered to be located on the headwaters of the Illinois River, but before its completion, new orders changed the location to Spavinaw Creek, nearer the Arkansas - Indian Territory border. Named for Gen. "Mad" Anthony Wayne, it was intended as a link in the great line of forts protecting the American West. The army abandoned the fort in 1842 due to the high incidence of malaria suffered by soldiers assigned there, and turned it over to the Cherokee Nation. Very fine............................................$25.00/each

8905 - FRENCH TRADE SILVER BIRD TALON, c. 1740-70, small effigy of a bird talon suspended by a loop possible from a nose ring or earring. Excavated in a Michigamea Indian site in Randolph County, Illinois. 3/4", this area settled by French traders and missionaries in the late 17th Century..................................................$275.00

8910 - A RARE CONICAL ARROWPOINT, 2" made from brass kettle and traded to the Indians by French traders, excavated Green Bay, Wisconsin, 1780 during the Fur Trade period in that area dominated by the French. Excellent condition as many found are flattened......................................................$125.00

8911 - NEW YORK INDIAN TRADE KETTLE, 1770-1800, 10" X 7". Hammerd brass with the original iron bale, rare leaf shaped lugs with iron rings to attach the bale. Excavated from a Seneca Indian site, Monroe City, New York. In excellent condition with an olive green patina. Very nice........................................................$350.00

8915 - RARE INDIAN TRADE KNIFE 18TH CENTURY FOUND BEDFORD, PA SITE, 12", an outstanding hand forged one-piece knife with the iron handle bent back to the blade forming a oval handle. Excavated at a Shawnee site near the early trading post site at Bedford, PA. From an old Pennsylvania Collection. Nice surfaces. A near identical example seen in the book "Indian Trade Relics" by Lar Hothem. Very fine.............................................SOLD

8918 - FRENCH CONTROLLED MICHIGAN INDIAN SITE, PT. AUX CHENES, MICHIGAN, The following items were excavated from a Chipawa Indian site, Upper Peninsula, Michigan, Mackinac County, Michigan. [a] Iron Canoe awl, 5" double pointed awl, fine.....................SOLD [b] 225 white glass beads, would make a nice 20" - 22" strand of trade beads...................$135.00

8919 - A GROUPING OF INDIANA EXCAVATED INDIAN SITE RELIC FROM A WEA SITE AND A POTAWATOMI SITE, 18th Century, include the following: c. 1780, fur trade French large striker 3.5", wide walled striker with French curled ends, very fine. From a Wea site in Lafayette, Indiana, ex. Brian Ganzert Collection. From a Pottawatomie Indian site dug along the Wabash River near the Tippecanoe Battlefield in Warren County, Indiana. 4 items:  Canoe awl, 5" of iron, small ring made of brass, copper tinkler decorative items, and an iron striker in an oval design. A total of five items from two different Indian tribes from Indiana sites.........................................SOLD


3050 - ST. AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA 20" strand, turquoise glass trade beads period 1800 - 1830, Seminole period, oblong globular shaped, excavated in a trading site near St. Augustine, FL. St. John's River area............................$95.00

3051 - IMMOKALEE COUNTY, FLORIDA, 20" strand, several shades of blue, tubular beads 1/2" - 5/8", excavated, Seminole site Immokalee County, FL. Big Corkscrew Island, Seminole Camp site, quite nice and heavy beads...........................................$125.00

3052 - LARGE "LEMON DROP" BEADS, DE SHA COUNTY, MISSOURI, 1650 - 1750, early French trade beads, 20" strand, heavy "Lemon Drop" beads of a pale yellow tone, quite heavy, scarce variety...............................SOLD

3053 - SANTA ROSA FLORIDA, WHITEHEARTS, 20" strand, Santa Rosa Muskogee, wire wound white hearts, 1790 - 1820, camp at Chumuckla Springs, Santa Rosa, Florida, various sizes graduated sizes, dark red, nice ground action............................................$175.00

3054 - EARLY FRENCH RED STRIPES, ADAMS COUNTY, MISSISSIPPI, 1680 - 1740, 22" strand, Natchez site, Adams County, MS. Lots of ground action on these large heavy beads. Ex - Shaffer Collection, extremely rare.................................................SOLD

3055 - IMMOKALEE COUNTY, FLORIDA, 20" strand, several shades of green/blue, tubular beads 1/2" - 5/8", excavated, Seminole site Immokalee County, FL. Big Corkscrew Island, Seminole camp site. Quite nice and heavy beads...........................................$125.00

3056 - FORT QUIATENON, INDIANA, 20" strand, Dutch black and blue tubular beads, 1690 - 1763, Ex - Hannum Collection tag, very fine.........................................SOLD

3057 - JACKSON COUNTY, FLORIDA, SPANISH TRADE BEADS, 20" strand, several shades of blue and cream small beads, c. 1650 - 1700, excavated at a site in Jackson County, Florida. Very nicely restrung in a pattern.....................................................$85.00

3058 - NATCHITOCHES, LA. RED RIVER PARISH, LOUISIANA, 1690 - 1790, a historical grouping found at the above mentioned site, 20" strand of white barleycorn beads, a copper knife bolster modified for tweezers, trigger guard and escutcheon plate from a firearm used for jewelry [Indian use] and buttons. A nice find being remnants from the early French colonization of Louisiana, the lot.........................................................$200.00


1191 - GREAT TRADE PIPE FROM A CREEK SITE IN ALABAMA, 2.75" with a wide deep bowl, some black slip remaining. c 1780-1820, excavated in the 1930's by Dr. R. P. Burke of Montgomery, AL whose collection was sold in the 1960's after his death. Found in Russell County, AL. Wetumka [Water Rumbling] Lower Creek - Muskogee. A branch town of the Coweta Tallahassee at the junction of Calloway and Uchee Creeks. In all probability an Englih trade item. The flared wide bowl lends to the early period the date shown before [1780]. In excellent condition...............$150.00

1192 - ELMORE COUNTY, ALABAMA, BLACK SIX FACETED BEADS, CREEK SITE, 20" restrung necklace, Lower Fusihatchi [Bird Creek], village destroyed April 13th, 1814 during the Red Stick Wars. Inhabitants moved in the 1830's during the Indian removal to Oklahoma. Hand drawn six sided barrel shaped beads are faceted and cut to length. These were mainly produced for John Astor's American Fur Trade Company in Bohemia. These were dug in the period 1930-50 by Dr. R. P. Burke of Montgomery, Alabama. Very fine and rare.........................................SOLD

1193 - ELMORE COUNTY, ALABAMA, 22" restrung necklace, white globular beads and poly chrome red drawn beads with white and black stripes. Tkabatchee site [Town of Survivors], East Elmore County, Alabama, Muskogee Creeks. An ancient town dating from the late Mississippian culture considered to be the capital of the Creek. The village was scattered along the Tallapoosa River for 4-5 miles. In 1811, Tecumseh gave his oration against the Americans. Later the town was destroyed during the Creek Wars. Most inhabitants fled to the lower Creek territory until the close of the war. Ex-Dr. R. P. Burke Collection, Montgomery, AL. Excavated during the period 1830-50. Very attractive.....................................................$225.00

1194 - IBAUGH SITE, SUSQUEHANNA, WASHINGTON BORO, PA, 20" restrung necklace. c 1630's, dark red attractive glass beads excavated by David Landis in the early 1900's. He was among the first to excavate this area. During the 1920's most of the Landis Collection was donated to the Hershey Museum where it resides. A portion was sold to Leroy Tshuddy at about the same time. His family sold his collection and estate in 2002 [including this string]. Auction tag attached lot #15, very fine..............................................................SOLD

1195 - ST. AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA, SEMINOLE PERIOD, 20" restrung, dark brown-black hand drawn beads cut to a length of .75 to 1" in length, period Seminole, excavated at a site near St. Augustine, Florida. Bohemian glass trade beads dating to the early 1800's. Nicely cleaned and restrung. The site was most probably a trading facility near the St. John's River. Very fine...................................................$95.00

1196 - BEAUTIFUL NEW YORK AREA BEADED INDIAN FABRIC BELT, Late 18th Century - Early 19th Century based on the antique cloth base, seed beads of blue, red, white, gray, sewn in an attractive flower design, 3" X 24", some loss of beads at one end but otherwise fine condition. Seneca in origin, from an old New York Collection...................................$350.00

1197 - STEEL ARROWPOINTS, FORT DICK, TX, Small iron arrowpoints for small game made from the rings of barrels, found in a kettle near a trading post, Fort Dick, TX. 3/4", circ 1870's, light oxidation from moisture..................................$35.00/each

1198 - 18TH CENTURY JESUIT RELIGIOUS MEDAL, 5/8" with loop, Madonna holding child, female saint, unnamed site, very fine and sharp..........................................SOLD

1199 - 18TH CENTURY JESUIT RELIGIOUS MEDAL, 5/8" with loop, two saints/angel with the same two saints. Very fine, sharp, unnamed site....................................SOLD

1200 - 18TH CENTURY JESUIT RELIGIOUS MEDALS, lot of two medals, 3/4" Christ seated, suns rays from the shoulders, Saint seated, 1", St. Francis/Our Lady of Guadeloupe, shows sign of wearing, unnamed site, the pair of medals................................................SOLD

1201 - 18TH CENTURY RELIGIOUS JESUIT MEDAL, 3/4", Madonna holding child/Madonna's Assumption to heaven. Fine, unnamed site.................................SOLD


1202 - 18TH CENTURY JESUIT RELIGIOUS MEDAL
, 3/4", Madonna/Saint kneeling, unnamed site. Very good...........................................
SOLD

1203 - THE HARNEY MASSACRE, After years of conflict with the Seminoles in Florida, peace seemed to be a real possibility in the summer of 1839. General McComb has reached an agreement with the Seminoles giving them a prime reservation in southwestern Florida. Complying to McComb's agreement a trading post was set up within the reservation on the Caloosahatchee River. Twenty-six soldiers, armed with Colt rifles, under the command of Lt. Col. William S. Harney, Second Dragoons, was assigned the task of protecting the trading post. During the month of July, it became known to the Seminoles that McComb's treaty with them was just a temporary one and they would not be allowed to stay on the reservation. They felt betrayed and vented their anger on July 22nd, 1839 by attacking the trading post at dawn. Over 200 Indians led by Checkika, Hospetarke, and Billy Bowlegs overwhelmed the soldiers resulting in the death of eighteen dragoons. Trader Dalham, his two clerks, and pilot McCarty had been killed. Harney and several other troopers escaped into the nearby river. The Indians took goods valued at $3000, $1000 in cash, and the property of the soldiers, including 14 Colt rifles with ammunition and burned the trading post to the ground. The massacre stunned all of Florida and General Zachary Taylor began an immediate campaign to rid Florida of the Seminoles. By the autumn of 1841, less than a 1000 Indians remained in all Florida including women and children. The beads found in the ruins of the trading post were mostly multi-colored glass trade beads. They have been restrung in necklaces. Very attractive.....................................................$39.95/each



80304 - JESUIT TRADE MEDAL
, 18th Century, 1" intact eyelet, St. Francis of Assisi/Madonna and child Jesus, superb condition, site undetermined...........
$145.00

80305A - JESUIT TRADE MEDAL, OUR LADY OF GUADELOUPE, 18th Century, 1" Our Lady of Guadalupe - (Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe), also known as the Virgin of Guadalupe - (Virgen de Guadalupe) is a celebrated Roman Catholic icon of the Virgin Mary. Two accounts, published in the 1640's, one in Spanish, one in Nahuatl, tell how, while walking from his village to Mexico City in the early morning of 9 December 1531 (then the Feast of the Immaculate Conception in the Spanish Empire), the peasant Juan Diego saw on the slopes of the Hill of tepeyac a vision of a girl of fifteen or sixteen years of age, surrounded by light. Speaking to him in Nahuatl, the local language, she asked that a church be built at that site, in her honor; from her words, Juan Diego recognized the Lady as the Virgin Mary. Diego told his story to the Spanish Archbishop, Fray Juan de Zumárraga, who instructed him to return to Tepeyac Hill, and ask the lady for a miraculous sign to prove her identity. The Virgin told Juan Diego to gather flowers from the top of Tepeyac Hill. Although December was very late in the growing season for flowers to bloom, Juan Diego found at the usually barren hilltop Castilian roses, not native to Mexico, which the Virgin arranged in his peasant tilma cloak. When Juan Diego opened the cloak before Bishop Zumárraga on 12 December, the flowers fell to the floor, and in their place was the image of the Virgin of Guadalupe, miraculously imprinted on the fabric. Bust of Juan Diego/Our Lady of Guadeloupe, nice green patina. Very fine, no specific site............................................$175.00     another octagon shaped.....................................................................................................$175.00

80305 - JESUIT TRADE MEDAL, "IHS" SYMBOL, 18th Century, ¾" bronze medal, angel with HIS/Catholic Saint Berdardine of Siena. This monogram became more popular after the twelfth century when St. Bernard insisted much on devotion to the Holy Name of Jesus, and the fourteenth, when the founder of the Jesuits, Blessed John Colombini (d. 1367), usually wore it on his breast. Towards the close of the Middle Ages IHS became a symbol, quite like the chi-rho in the Constantine period. Sometimes above the H appears a cross and underneath three nails, while the whole figure is surrounded by rays. IHS became the accepted iconographical characteristic of St. Vincent Ferrer (d. 1419) and of St. Bernardine of Siena (d. 1444). The latter holy missionary, at the end of his sermons, was wont to exhibit this monogram devoutly to his audience, for which some blamed him; he was even called before Martin V. St. Ignatius of Loyola adopted the monogram in his seal as general of the Society of Jesus (1541), and thus it became the emblem of his institute. Site unknown, light tan patina.....................................................................$125.00

80306 - JESUIT TRADE MEDAL, ST. BERNARDINE OF SIENA, 18th Century, ¾" bust of Saint Bernardine/Pope seated. Reports of miracles attributed to Bernardino multiplied rapidly after his death, and Bernardino was canonized as a saint in 1450, only six years after his death, by Pope Nicholas V. His feast day in the Roman Catholic Church is on 20 May, the day of his death. Known as a fiery preacher. Nice tan patina, site unknown....................................................................$100.00

80307 - JESUIT TRADE MEDAL, 18th Century, Madonna/Holy Eucharist over chalice with angels, ¾" site unknown, a needle sharp religious medal, Madonna is surrounded by rays of the sun, choice......................................................SOLD

80308 - JESUIT TRADE MEDAL, ST. PETER, 18th Century, ¾" St. Peter/the Risen Christ, Apostles below, site unknown, dark green patina, top loop missing but extremely sharp details..........................................................$65.00


80309 - JESUIT TRADE MEDAL
, 18th Century, ¾" Madonna with child Jesus/angel, very sharp details, site unknown, tan patina...................................................
$115.00


5114 - MOHAWK VALLEY HUGE CURVED SPIKED TOMAHAWK, C 1760, overall length 14.5", 9" axe head, 4.5" curved shaped killing spike, square edged hatchet cutting blade measuring 3". The spike is pyramid shaped, hand-hewed haft. Nice surfaces. From an old New York Collection. Magnificent for display...............................................................SOLD

5115 - SPIKED TOMAHAWK, 1750 - 1800, 5.25" blade, 1.75" pyramid shaped spike, flared cutting blade, 10" wooden haft. Seen Neumann 53.A. Nice surfaces to wood and blade. Very nice.....................................................SOLD

5132 - HEART SHAPED JESUIT RING, Late 17th Century - Early 18th Century. Intact bronze trade ring in the shape of a heart, J. P. engraved on face. Excavated in central New York State. Very fine condition..................................................$195.00


3225 - 17TH CENTURY JESUIT RING, CHERRY HILL SITE, NY, raised designs of clasped hands. Ring is completely intact. Found near a Seneca site, near Cherry Hill site NY. Unusual design. Fine....................................................SOLD

3226 - 17TH CENTURY CHERRY HILL SITE, NY, overall with loop, .75. Oval medal with Madonna and child Jesus/face of Christ. Nice green patina with complete loop. Found near a Seneca site near Cherry Hill site..............................................$185.00


801918 - BRASS ARROW POINTS MADE FROM A TRADE KETTLE, DANN SITE, ROCHESTER, NY, 2 different sized brass arrow points designed for small animal/bird hunting. Dann Site near Rochester, NY, c 1670 - 1720...................$85.00

4040 - SOLID SILVER RELIGIOUS MEDAL WESTERN NEW YORK
, 1" X 1.78". A silver religious medal circ 1750 found in Western New York. Obv, bust of Jesus Christ, Latin legends surround, Rev, Bust of Mary, Mother of God. The medal was made in Paris and probably originated out of Canada and was either brought back by a traveler or as a result of some Indian raid as the Jesuits were out of New York by this time in Colonial history. The loop is intact and the surfaces show some moderate ground action but both sides have high relief. Silver medals, especially this size, are rarely ever found. Extremely nice.............................................................SOLD

2275 - CANOJAHARIE NEW YORK INDIAN BEADS STRUNG WITH A SPANISH PIECE OF EIGHT, white, red, and blue tubular beads period 1760 - 90 called "old glass wampum". These attractive beads were sewn on a blouse or worn on a necklace. A reconstructed large necklace with a 1823 Spanish Piece of Eight with a portrait of Ferdinand VII. Ex-Box Winters Collection. 20" coin in choice condition [holed]......................................................................$175.00 

2276 - CANOJAHARIE NEW YORK INDIAN BEADS STRUNG WITH A SPANISH PIECE OF EIGHT, white, red, and blue tubular beads period 1760 - 90 called "old glass wampum". These attractive beads were sewn on a blouse or worn on a necklace. A reconstructed large necklace with a 1814 Spanish Piece of Eight with a portrait of Ferdinand VII. Ex-Box Winters Collection. 20" coin in choice condition [holed].............................................................$175.00

2277 - EARLY SOUTH CAROLINA NATIVE AMERICAN BEAD NECKLACE, 1400 - 1650, a native American reconstructed necklace composed of drilled bone, fossil shark vertebrae, clay pipe stems excavated near the Cooper River near Charleston. This necklace dates from the pre- colonization period to the early exploration period and some items were used as early trading items among the native Indians of that area along with shells. This necklace is indicative of a coastal tribe near the sea using the vertebrae of prehistoric sharks which is abundantly found along the South Carolina coast........................................................$250.00

2278 - A BEAUTIFUL SET OF FRENCH GOOSEBERRY BEADS - CHICKASAW BLUFFS, TENNESSEE, Shelby County, Tennessee, 20" strand of French "Gooseberry" quartz beads, c. 1750. White lines in the beads make for nice eye appeal, nice ground action, reconstructed strand................................................$165.00

2280 - INDIAN TRADE SILVER, A silver "Delta" shaped earring that is holed in one tip. c. 1780 - 1800 and dug in the southeast. What is interesting about this piece is it was recycled from probably an arm band noting the old designs that run vertically. Fine................................................$85.00

2284 - GEORGE II SILVER INDIAN PEACE MEDAL, the obverse depicts the laureate head of King George II, facing left, in jacket of cloth and armor. Surrounding is the inscription GEORGIVS II DEI GRATIA. The reverse shows an Indian seated on the ground to the left, and at the right a colonist (in the style of popular depictions of William Penn) seated on a rock, holding a calumet or peace pipe aloft in his right hand. Behind him is a deciduous tree. In the background is a blazing council fire, while a sun with rays illuminates the scene. The inscription LET US LOOK TO THE HIGH WHO BLESSED OUR FATHER'S WITH PEACE. The date 1757 written as 1757 is in the exergue. 44mm plain edge struck by the US Mint in the late 19th Century, Julian IP - 49, un-circulated with a steel blue tone. Struck by a new set of dies by the mint. The original medals were struck on Spanish pieces of eight and bring six figures. This attractive re-strike..............................................$450.00


Front


Rear


1192 - JESUIT MEDAL, WATKINS SITE, CAYUGA/IROQUIS SITE, NEW YORK 1690 - 1730, 25mm, bronze medal with partial loop. Two worshipers kneeling beneath the three crosses of cavalry, reverse St. Peter stands with sword as he tried to defend Christ in the Garden when Christ was taken prisoner [Mount of Olives], good details, oval shape..........................................................SOLD

11030 - NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN, WALLER STYLE CUTTING BLADES, ARCHAIC PERIOD 8000 - 1000 BC, ELMORE COUNTY, AL, three "Waller Style" cutting blades or fashioned quartz, 2" - 2.25". Used for scraping or cutting, the lot of three.............................................$125.00

11031 - NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN, EDGEFIELD CUTTING BLADE, ARCHAIC PERIOD 8000 - 1000 BC, ELMORE COUNTY, AL, 3" quartz cutting small knife blade......................................$59.00

11032 - NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN, ROUND STONE MACEHEAD, ARCHAIC PERIOD 8000 - 1000 BC, ELMORE COUNTY, AL, put in a leather thong and used as a swinging mace head, 4.5" early Archaic weapon.........................................$95.00

11033 - NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN, CELT AXE HEAD, ARCHAIC PERIOD 8000 - 1000 BC, ELMORE COUNTY, AL, 4.5" greenstone Celt axe head in good form. Late Archaic period, used for woodworking...............................$115.00

11034 - NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN, GREENSTONE TOMAHAWK HEAD, ARCHAIC PERIOD 8000 - 1000 BC, ELMORE COUNTY, AL, Made from greenstone with a good tomahawk shape, 4.75" really nice style.....................................$165.00

11035 - NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN, BROWN STONE CELT, ARCHAIC PERIOD 8000 - 1000 BC, ELMORE COUNTY, AL, several notches, used for woodworking, very early Celt, early Archaic Period....................................$75.00

11036 - NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN, GRANITE AXEHEAD, ARCHAIC PERIOD 8000 - 1000 BC, ELMORE COUNTY, AL, 5" chipped granite axe head in good style, early Archaic Period. A great example......................................$195.00

11037 - NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN, POTTERY GAME TOKENS, WOODLAND TO MISSISSIPPIAN PERIOD, 1000 BC - 1650 AD, ELMORE COUNTY, AL, pottery sound and oblong pottery game tokens that range in size from 3/4" to 1.25", all in tack, 5 different................................................$35.00


5134 - CHEROKEE WOMAN FROM GEORGIA, 1/6th plate ambrotype in a hanging wall frame. A well-dressed elderly Cherokee woman with dark complexion and distinctive Indian features. The identification on the inside of the case notes "SARAH WIFE OF GREAT UNCLE THOMAS DOWD CHEROKEE FROM CARTERSVILLE, 1859". The town of Cartersville is in North-West Georgia in Bartow County. Obviously Thomas Dowd escaped the "Trail of Tears" of the Cherokees in the early 1830's and settled on private lands in Northwest Georgia. Although a huge number of Cherokees were forced west to Oklahoma, groups were allowed to remain in the East who lived on private lands and not tribal lands. By this time, the Cherokees had become quite assimilated with the lifestyle of the whites as this 1859 photograph shows clearly of Sarah Dowd in fancy clothing, but here Indian ancestry is unmistakable................................................$495.00

3007 - SENECA SITE, CHERRY HILL, NY, 17th - 18th Century, 17" strand of rust-colored trade beads excavated from a Seneca site, Cherry Hill, NY. Probably French in origin and date to the late 17th Century.................SOLD

3001 - SENECA SITE, CHERRY HILL, NY, 17th - 18th Century, 18" strand of heavy white Dutch beads, globular in style. Lots of ground action and light staining to these heavy beads which became favorites of the Eastern tribes being so massive..................................$150.00

3002 - ELMORE COUNTY, AL, c 1720 - 1740, 30" strand of turquoise-colored French trade beads. Beads graduate in size as large as 1/4". Many shades of blue turquoise color, with tag listing discovery date as December 1963. A large beautiful strand of French turquoise blues....................................SOLD

3003 - HILLSBORO COUNTY, FL, c 1670 - 1720, large tubular, bright green Spanish trade beads, 42" restrung set could be made into two strands, with old tag showing site dug and date as December 1973 in Hillsboro County, FL. Nice graduated beads ranging to 5/8". First ones we have had of this style............................................$350.00

3004 - EARLY SPANISH TRADE BEADS, FL, Mission Era, 1600 - 1750, 22". Leon & Gadsden Counties, FL. Dutch wire wound barrel, light turquoise and dark green. First ones we have seen with this color scheme. Nice...........$175.00

3005 - ELMORE COUNTY, AL, c 1680 - 1760, 22". Strand of Dutch wire wound large beads, quartz. Various shades of blue used by both French and English traders in the area. Ex-Edmund Hannum Collection, Ardmore, OK (old tag). Massive beads.........................SOLD

3006 - ELMORE COUNTY, AL, c 1680 - 1760, 21". Strand of Venetian cane drawn tubular blue beads. 1/2" - 5/8" in length. Quite large beads. Ex-Edmund Hannum Collection, Ardmore, OK (old tag).................................SOLD

3007 - ALABAMA QUARTZ COLORED TRADE BEADS, c 1750, 22" restrung necklace of probably Dutch glass beads that resemble quartz. 1/4" or slightly smaller beads. Excavated in Alabama (Coosa, Elmore, or Tallapoosa Counties - no specific site given)......................................SOLD


INDIAN TRADE SILVER BROOCH, 2.5" round silver brooch. Circles and diamonds punched out designs. Some decorative engraving, as it should be - very thin silver. Some minor bends that could be straightened but 100% in tact and good body to the silver (sometimes leached out by the ground minerals). Excavated from an Ottawa site in Michigan. Getting impossible to find authentic trade silver....................$425.00 SOLD

BEAUTIFUL EARLY INDIAN CLOTH POUCH, late 18th Century - early 19th Century, 5" X 5 1/2", dyed orange fabric with pattern of cross with decorative trim. Both made of seed beads - seed beads on back, drawstring to close. Very fine condition and very attractive...................................$395.00

SUPERB RELIGIOUS MEDAL, 1750 - 1770, large portrait of the Madonna, verso shows  St. Peter in a rough sea. Superb details. 1" overall with intact eyelet. Lovely brown patina to highlight the details. Difficult to improve on. Site unknown...................................$195.00 SOLD


8002 - JESUIT TRADE RING, IHS INSCRIPTION, Bronze Jesuit trade ring with the popular inscription "IHS" on the face, excavated in Northern New York State, late 17th Century, nice patina. The IHS monogram is an abbreviation or shortening of Jesus' name in Greek to the first three letters. Thus ΙΗΣΟΥΣ, ιησυς (iēsus, "Jesus"), is shortened to ΙΗΣ (iota-eta-sigma), sometimes transliterated into Latin or English characters as IHS or IHC. It was popularized in the fifteenth century, however, by Franciscan disciple Bernadine of Sienna as a symbol of peace. In 1541, St. Ignatius Loyola adopted the symbol with three nails below and surrounded by the sun as the seal of the Jesuit order. A very nice example...........$200.00 SOLD

4041 - FRENCH SILVER CUFF BUTTONS WITH INTACT PASTE STONES, Two silver button with paste stones connected as a cuff link, found in general area of Old Fort Frontenac [Cataraqui] near Picton, Ontario, early to mid 18th Century. It is unusual for the "cabochons" or paste stones to be still in the mounts....................................$75.00 SOLD

4044 - SENECA SITE, WARREN SITE 1610 - 1630, 19" strand or restrung glass beads in red, blue, green, and white. Found Augusta Warren property, West Bloomfield Lot #75. An early site on the east bank of Honeoye Creek........$145.00 SOLD

4045 - SHORT STRAND OF DUTCH FACETED BEADS, 6" of large trade beads that date to 1700. Translucent mandrel wound, faceted, clear and blue bead examples, similar beads found at Fort Michilimackinac in Michigan and Hiawassee in Tennessee. Has old collector's tag. These are unusual due to the facets.......................................................................$40.00 SOLD

2270 - EARLY 18TH CENTURY JESUIT RING, WATKINS SITE, CAYUGA/IROQUIS SITE, NEW YORK 1690 - 1730, Bronze trade ring used by the Jesuits to promote their religious efforts among the Indians. This woman's ring has the popular heart shaped face with an ear of corn on the face. This signified God's love and the bounty God provided to the Indians [maize/corn]. This example has an excellent face; trifle strengthening to the ring portion that is not detectable it is so well done.......................$225.00 SOLD

2271 - INDIAN TRADE SILVER BROOCH, 2.5" round silver brooch. Circles and diamonds punched out designs. Some decorative engraving, as it should be - very thin silver. Some minor bends that could be straightened but 100% in tact and good body to the silver (sometimes leached out by the ground minerals). Excavated from an Ottawa site in Michigan. Getting impossible to find authentic trade silver.......................................................................$395.00 SOLD

2279 - A RARE HUGE INDIAN TRADE BEAD, c. 1760, 2" in length, 1" think with attractive layers of red, white, and blue decorations to the core. Found within one mile of Fort Michimackinac. Fort Michimackinac was an 18th Century French, and later British, fort and trading post in the Great Lakes of North America. Built around 1715, it was located along the southern shore of the strategic Straits of Mackinac connection Lake Huron and Lake Michigan, at the northern tip of the lower peninsula of the present-day state of Michigan in the United States. These huge trade beads are extremely rare. Ex-Bob Oswald Collection.........................................................$145.00 SOLD

2281 - AN OUTSTANDING 18TH CENTURY RELIGIOUS MEDAL IN SUPERB CONDITION, 1.25" high, Virgin Mary/St. Peter in rough seas, with eyelet, from an uncertain Jesuit site in New York. Beautiful brown patina, abnormally large and probably one of the nicest we have ever offered..................................$200.00 SOLD

11170 - JESUIT BRASS CRUCIFIX, Late 18th Century turn of 19th Century. 73mm brass crucifix excavated from the Mohawk Valley in New York, has been cleaned of soil deposits. Great honest wear to both the cross and crucifix. Style carried by a priest ministering to the Indians in that area. A great example..........................$200.00 SOLD

11171 - JESUIT MISSIONARY MEDAL, PAPAL BUST OF POPE INNOCENT IV, Late 17th, early 18th Century. 26mm bronze medal, complete eyelet, INC IV in legend. Pope holding his papal crozier (staff), reverse a church with cross above, three rings denoting the Trinity. Innocent IV, who died in 1254, was instrumental in allowing several important religious orders to form including the Franciscans and the Poor Claire Nuns, Western New York site. Very fine..................................................$150.00 SOLD

110310 - NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN, FIRE STARTER MADE FROM A CROYOID VERTEBRAE, ARCHAIC PERIOD, 8000 - 1000 BC, ELMORE COUNTY, AL, round, small vertebrae of a fish used as a fire starter, rust patina to the bone.......................$45.00 SOLD

3235 - CHOCTAW INDIAN LEATHER POUCH, BLACK POWDER HORN, AND PATCH KNIFE, 3 items. Bag is 6" X 8" with a long extended flap to the front. Leather has a two flap over time. Wild boar hunting bag with original cording, the 12" powder horn has a brass spout, very good less a small worn hole 1/8". The cloth patch knife is 6" overall and has a wooden handle with as design of reverse arrows as well as a CP carved in the handle. Originated from a family near Pontotoc, Mississippi near the Choctaw Reservation. The Choctaws fought with Jackson against the Creeks as well as some fought at the Battle of New Orleans. By the 1820's, there was a push to move the eastern tribes away from their homelands in the Southeast and most were forced to new Indian territories in Oklahoma under tremendous hardship during a march known as the "Trail of Tears" in the 1830's. Many stayed behind in Mississippi and Alabama and felt the same oppression as Blacks during the antebellum period and the Jim Crow years. We date this grouping between 1800-1830 with the pouch having tendencies to be possibly earlier. Just purchased in North Mississippi................................................... SOLD

2283 - EXTREMELY RARE HEADPIECE DECORATION DEPICTING A SEMINOLE CHIEF, 5.5" X 4.5" stamped metal hat piece decoration for either a turban headpiece or shako hat, c 1830's, has two weld spots on the verso that once had hooks or pins to attach to a head piece. We have had this for years [bought it in 1985] and this is the first time we have ever offered it for sale. Previous owner told us it had been excavated at a trading post site near present day Harper's Ferry, VA. Frankly I have held on to it for all these years as it resembled Osceola and the garb in the plate resembles Seminole chiefs published in the McKinney Hall portrait series of the 1840. Nevertheless it is for sale now and may be a sleeper for someone to research further. In excellent condition.......................$495.00 SOLD

2276 - FORT QUIATENON, INDIANA, Dutch blue and black globular beads 1690 - 1763 from a early French trading post site in Indiana in the late 17th Century. 20" restrung, have good color..................................................................$145.00 SOLD

1190 - FORT TOULOUSE, ALABAMA, FRENCH PERIOD 1717 - 1763, 8" double barbed fishing spear, the style used for trading with the local Creeks. This spear point has a wrap around socket very similar to pikes and spear points found in the northeast colonies during the early part of the 18th Century. Fort Toulouse was founded by the French in 1717 as a buffer from the English in Georgia. In the early years, the fort was staffed by French Marines. In 1751, the fort was replaced with a new fort. After the French & Indian War [1763], the French withdrew and the fort was abandoned. During the Creek Wars, Jackson built a fort on the site of the old French fort and it was named Fort Jackson. This spear point dates to the French period in that area. Ex-Dr. R.P. Burke Collection [excavated on private land]. Overall condition is fine with the barb end very distinct. French trading items of this period are rare.................................................................$295.00 SOLD

1194 - JESUIT MEDAL, WATKINS SITE, CAYUGA/IROQUIS SITE, NEW YORK 1690 - 1730, 25mm, bronze medal with full loop. Christ crowned and holds a scepter, reverse St. Claire, canonized in 1255 and founded the Poor Clare's religious order for women. Exceptionally sharp details..............................................$145.00 SOLD

11404 - AMERICAN FUR TRADE, JESUIT RING, C 1720, copper ring, excavated in a Wea Indian site, Warren City, Indiana. French Jesuit ring, floral design with branch with leaves and flowers. Quite nice face and excellent shape to ring itself. Very fine...........................................$250.00 SOLD

11405 - AMERICAN FUR TRADE, JESUIT RING, C 1720, copper ring, excavated in a Wea Indian site, Warren City, Indiana. French Jesuit ring, large XX in center with striation decorative trim to sides, sharp face and extremely nice overall............................................$250.00 SOLD

 

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