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Colonial America

5006 - HE DIED AT VALLEY FORGE, THE DESCENDANTS OF A VIRGINIA SOLDIER GIVEN LAND FOR HIS SERVICE OF THREE YEARS IN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY AS A SERGEANT, SIGNED BY BENJAMIN HARRISON, THEN GOVERNOR OF VIRGINIA AND SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, 3.5" X 5", pre-printed and filled in affidavit attesting to the service of Sergt. Charles Gregory in the Continental line for three years and his representatives are entitled to land allowed a Sergeant. Dated September 1st, 1783 and signed by Benjamin Harrison who had signed the Declaration of Independence and was the father and grandfather of two Presidents: Below are affidavits of Gregory's service and death:

I Certify that Charles Gregory the Husband & William Gregory [VAS1701] the Son of Hannah Gregory enlisted in my Company of the 14th Virg'a Reg't of Continental Infantry in January 1777 for three years, and both died in the Service at Valley Forge in the State of Pennsylvania in March or April 1778. Given under my hand May 6th, 1785 [John Winston; company raised in Hanover County, VA]

At a Court Continued and held for Hanover County on Saturday the 7th of May 1785. It appears to the Court that Hannah Gregory the widow of Charles Gregory dec'd and mother of William Gregory also dec'd has a right to the arrears of p [pension?] due the said Charles and William who died Continental Soldiers A Copy Robert Pollard DCH.

I certify that Hannah Gregory is very poor & has a large Family of Children & is the Widow of Ch Gregory who died in the service in the 14th Virg Regiment as I have ever understood & believe Tho. Price. I certify that Ch Gregory above named died in the 14 Virg'a Regim't having enlisted in Capt. Winston's Company in that Regim't as a Sergeant for 3 years John Overton Jr [BLWt1615-300 and possibly VAS354] formerly a Capt 14th Virg'a Reg't. 

I do with the advice of the Council hereby certify that Hannah Gregory the widow of Charles Gregory, who was a Sergeant in the 14th Virginia Regiment and died in the service of the Continent, is entitled ot the sum of Eighteen pounds yearly, which allowance is to commence from the first day of January 1786. Given under my hand at Richmond this 19th day of January 1786 [Gov. Patrick Henry]

Great content, very fine.................................................$1,250.00

5007 - A RHODE ISLAND SOLDIER ASSIGNS HIS RIGHTS TO DUE PAY TO A SPECULATOR IN 1792, 8" X 14" printed and filled in form detailing the pay difference due Townsend Briggs late of Colonel Robert Elliot's regiment in Rhode Island during the late war which was determined to be 26 Pounds, seven shillings, three pence. The document dated April 20th, 1792 assigns his rights to Isaac Campbell. Shortly after the close of the Revolutionary War an attempt was made to obtain additional pay, on account of the depreciation of the currency, for the soldiers serving in the Rhode Island Regiments. A committee was appointed by the Rhode Island Legislature and a report made showing the "Depreciation Accounts", or the additional amount of pay to which each soldier was entitled. This report was accepted by the Rhode Island Legislature at the October session, 1785. No provision was made by the Legislature for the payment of these sums, which were apparently viewed as a claim on the Federal Government. From time to time an attempt was made to have Congress pass a bill appropriating money for the payment of these Depreciation Accounts. The last attempt appears to have been in 1834-5 when a bill was favorably reported in the House of Representatives, but failed to pass. Over time a large number of the former soldiers assigned their interest in this "Depreciation Payment" to speculators who offered ready cash, for less than the face value, expecting to collect the full amount in the future. By the end of the Revolutionary War, the Continental currency was seriously devalued with the term being used "Not worth a Continental". An interesting document giving testimony to the depreciation of the Continental dollar which affected the pay of Continental soldiers. Very fine..............................................................$95.00

5011 - MOUNT VERNON RECORD, A MEANS FOR SOLICITATING FUNDS FOR THE PURCHASE AND RESTORATION OF MOUNT VERNON, March 1859, Philadelphia, PA, 16 pg. Volume 1, #9. Between 1858 and 1860, the Mount Vernon Ladies Association put out a newsletter called The Mount Vernon Record. Published in Philadelphia, the small periodical was illustrated with woodcuts depicting scenes from George Washington's life as well as portraits of his contemporaries and depictions of places that he visited. The purpose of this publication was to keep interested individuals in touch with the status of fund raising efforts, to record the names and contributions of donors, and to educate the readership about people, places, and events in colonial and revolutionary America as a means of raising further interest. Subscriptions to the The Mount Vernon Record cost $1.00 per year and any proceeds that remained after costs were paid went directly to the Association. Complete issue, light soiling, otherwise very good.........................................$59.00

5051 - COLONIAL NORTH CAROLINA 1785, Dated April 25th, 1785, 6" X 7" manuscript document signed by the clerk of Cumberland County, William Rand ordering John McKoy to count in Fayetteville to answer charges levied against him by the State of North Carolina. The charges were "petit" larceny. Well written...........................................$40.00

5052 - COLONIAL NORTH CAROLINA, 1796, Two pre-printed and filled-in 6" X 7" documents both signed by John Ingram as clerk ordering two men Joseph Hayes and Hardy Blaylock to appear at court in Fayetteville, Cumberland County in January and February 1796 due to a lawsuit between the forenamed men and two other citizens. Bold type and manuscript, some light stains at folds, overall very good, the pair of early North Carolina summons..................................................$49.00

, a hardbound book published in 1811, 4" X 5.5", 36 pages, published by the Washington Benevolent Society, by Parker & Bliss, Troy [NY]. Washington's classic address to the people of the United States, September 17th, 1796. Washington wrote the letter near the end of his second term as President, before his retirement to his home Mount Vernon. Originally published in David Claypole's American Daily Adveriser on September 19, 1796, under the title "The Address of General Washington To The People of The United States on his declining of the Presidency of the United States." The letter was almost immediately reprinted in newspapers across the country and later in a pamphlet form. The work was later named a "Farewell Address," as it was Washington's valedictory after 20 years of service to the new nation. It is a classic statement of republicanism, warning Americans of the political dangers they can and must avoid if they are to remain true to their values. The first draft was originally prepared in 1792 with the assistance of James Madison as Washington prepared to retire following a single term in office. However, he set aside the letter and ran for a second term after the rancor between his Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, and his Secretary of State, Thomas Jefferson, convinced him that the growing divisions between the newly formed Federalist and Republican parties, along with the current state of foreign affairs, would rip the country apart in the absence of his leadership. Four years later, as his second term came to a close, Washington revisited the letter and, with the help of Alexander Hamilton, prepared a revision of the original draft to announce his intention to decline a third term in office. He also reflects on the emerging issues of the American political landscape in 1796, expresses his support for the government eight years after the adoption of the Constitution, defends his administration's record, and gives valedictory advice to the American people. The letter was written by Washington after years of exhaustion due to his advanced age, years of service to his country, the duties of the presidency, and increased attacks by his political opponents. It was published almost two months before the Electoral College cast their votes in the 1796 presidential election. Overall fine, lacks small engraving......................

27004 - JOHN HANCOCK, SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, John Hancock was an American merchant, smuggler, statesman, and prominent Patriot of the American Revolution. He served as president of the Second Continental Congress and was the first and third Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. He is remembered for his large and stylish signature on the United States Declaration of Independence, so much so that the term "John Hancock" has become, in the United States, a synonym for a signature. A bold signature taken from a document, 1.25" X 3.50", signature alone, paper measures 1 7/8" X 3 7/8". A most desirable signer possibly the most famous of them all..........................................................$2,795.00



JULY 4TH, 1776

1800 - ROGER SHERMAN, SIGNER FROM CONNECTICUT, Roger Sherman (April 19, 1721 - July 23, 1793) was an early American lawyer and statesman, as well as a Founding Father of the United States. He served as the first mayor of New Haven, Connecticut, and served on the Committee of Five that drafted the Declaration of Independence, and was also a representative and senator in the new republic. He was the only person to sign all four great state papers of the U.S.: the Continental Association; the Declaration of Independence; the Articles of Confederation, and; the Constitution. During 1766, Sherman was first elected to the Governor's Council of the Connecticut General Assembly, where he served until 1785. Sherman served as Justice of the Superior Court of Connecticut from 1766 to 1789, when he left to become a member of the United States Congress. During February 1776, Sherman, George Wythe, and John Adams were members of a committee responsible for establishing guidelines for U.S. embassy officials in Canada with the committee instructions that included, "You are to declare that we hold sacred the rights of conscience, and may promise to the whole people, solemnly in our name, the free and undisturbed exercise of their religion. And...that all civil rights and the rights to hold office were to be extended to persons of any Christian denomination. He was appointed commissary to the Connecticut Troops at the state of the Revolutionary War; this was experience that he put to great use when he was elected to the Continental Congress in 1774. Sherman was a very active and much respected Delegate to the congress. He served and numerous committees, including the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence. He served all through the war for Independence. As active as he was in Congress, he simultaneously fulfilled his other offices. In 1776, these efforts began to take their toll on his health. Thus, he appealed to then governor Trumbull to relieve him of some of his state duties while he remained on in Congress through 1781. He left the office in 1781, then returned in 1783 and 84, where he served on the committee forming the Articles of Confederation. His interests in the strength of the federation carried him to the Constitutional Convention in 1787 where he was one of the most vocal and persistent members. Madison's notes on the convention credit him with one hundred and thirty-eight speeches to the convention. His tiny state of Connecticut was in a precarious position, and Sherman, and then sixty-one apparently spared no effort in defending the rights of the smaller states. A long 8" X 13" legal brief all written in his hand and signed by Sherman, 2 pages, dated July 30th, 1766 dealing with the sale of a mare [horse] in 1765 that was warranted to be free from maladies and distemper. The horse was described as being seven years old and 14 hands high and the purchase price was 13 pounds 15 shillings. The contract of sale was made between Simon Baxter in the county of Litchfield and Elijah Chase of Lyme county of New London. Within months the mare died of distemper and the purchaser was suing the seller for 20 pounds in damages. There are many more details about the case. Sherman writes in a strong hand in dark ink, minor edge faults that do not impair any manuscript. Overall fine and a nice ALS close to the beginning of hostilities with Britain. Note there is no TAX stamp on this document as it was written only months after King George III repealed the STAMP ACT [March 1766]......................................................................$1,395.00

1804 - VIRGINIA 1825, from "Atlas Geographique, statistique, historique, et chronologique des deux ameriques et des iles adjacentes" is illustrated of 63 plates on double page including 51 engraved maps and finely colored at the time. 34 maps are devoted to North America, including 28 which represent states of the Union and 17 others of South America and the Antilles. 27.5 X 21 in (69.8 X 53.5 cm). This book is a very beautiful French edition of the American Atlas of Carey & Lea, "A complete historical, chronological, and geographical American Atlas," published in Philadelphia in 1822. Nevertheless, it's different from its American model: seven new maps were added, not appearing in the American edition, including a map of the United States, dated 1825; three of them were modified, like the map of the Russian possession which reflects the Treaty of 1825 between the United States and Russia on the limits of the north-western coast. Paper is fresh with excellent hand-coloring........................................................$350.00


1838 - HENRY BARNES, son of Edward and Lucy (Brigham) Barnes, was a Loyalist. His house stood where now stands the empty Central Fire Station at the corner of Bolton St. and Main St. in Marlborough, MA. The house was built in 1763 and was stated to be the oldest house in Marlborough. He was a wealthy man and one of the highest assessed tax payers in town. He was appointed Majesty's Justice of the Peace for the county of Middlesex in 1766; he kept a store and was a distiller of "cider spirits." He had several slaves one of whom was "Daphine". He was loyal to the King and sheltered himself under the protection of the King's Troops. On October 16th, 1778, he was listed on the "Black List" as to one who swore allegiance to the king. He eventually left town under conditions that forced him to. His property was confiscated and he removed to England where he died in London. This huge document that is pre-printed and filled in all in Payne's hand defines the charges against Barnes that he conspired to levy war and levied war against the government and people of the Province and gave aid and comfort to the army of the King of England and has left of Nova Scotia and New York under the protection of said King since the 13th of March, 1776. Payne then lists the property confiscated from Barnes. Overall 10.5" X 17". Robert Treat Paine (March 11, 1731 - May 11, 1814) was a Massachusetts lawyer and politician, best known as a signer of the Declaration of Independence as a representative of Massachusetts. He served as the state's first attorney general, and served as an associate justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, the state's highest court. Paine served in the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, the state's highest court. Paine served in the Massachusetts General Court from 1773 to 1774, in the Provincial Congress from 1774 to 1775, and represented Massachusetts at the Continental Congress from 1774 through 1776. In Congress, he signed the final appeal to the king (the Olive Branch Petition of 1775), and helped frame the rules of debate and acquire gunpowder for the coming war, and in 1776 was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. He returned to Massachusetts at the end of December 1776 and was speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1777, a member of the executive council in 1779, a member of the committee that drafted the state constitution in 1780. He was Massachusetts Attorney General from 1777 to 1790 and prosecuted the treason trials following Shay's Rebellion. In 1780, he was a charter member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He later served as a justice of the state supreme court from 1790 to 1804 when he retired. A rare Revolutionary War document signed by Robert Treat Paine [actually contains two of his signatures]. Light stains, some fold archival restoration bold manuscript..............................................................$1,250.00


1839 - WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON AS GOVERNOR OF THE INDIANA TERRITORY 1801, A land grant for 100 acres in the County of Randolph awarded to GEORGE FISHER according to an act of Congress of 1793. The land was described as being on the River Mary with specific locations of the property using oak trees as markers. Dated November 3rd, 1801. A territorial seal is to the upper left with Harrison's signature as Governor below...William Henry Harrison. Overall the document measures 12" X 15", all in manuscript. Fisher settled in Kaskaskia, Indiana Territory in 1798 and practiced medicine. Fisher may have been from Virginia. He served in the Illinois Territorial Militia during the War of 1812. In 1805, Fisher served in the Indiana Territorial House of Representatives of the Indiana Territorial Legislature. In 1812 and 1816, he served in the Illinois Territorial House of Representatives of the Illinois Territorial Legislature from Randolph County, Illinois and was speaker. In 1818, Fisher served in the first Illinois Constitutional Convention. The Indiana Territory Governor William H. Harrison appointed Fisher sheriff of Randolph County in 1801. He died in 1820 in Randolph County, Illinois. Mary's River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in Illinois. It drains a small watershed between the Big Muddy River and the Kaskaskia River. It joins the Mississippi just southeast of Chester, near Kaskaskia. Because of its proximity to Kaskaskia - the capital of Illinois Territory and the first capital of the State of Illinois - Mary's River was the site of early settlements leading into the interior of Illinois. William Henry Harrison (February 9, 1773 - April 4, 1841) was the ninth President of the United States (1841), an American military officer and politician, and the last President born as a British subject. He was also the first president to die in office. He was 68 years, 23 days old when inaugurated, the oldest president to take office until Ronald Reagan in 1981. Harrison died on his 32nd day in office of complications from pneumonia, serving the shortest tenure in United States presidential history. His death sparked a brief constitutional crisis, but its resolution left unsettled many questions following the presidential line of succession in regard to constitution up until the passage of the 25th Amendment in 1967. He was the grandfather of Benjamin Harrison, who was the 23rd President from 1889 to 1893. Before election as president, Harrison served as the first territorial congressional delegate from the Northwest Territory, governor of the Indiana Territory, and later as a U.S. representative and senator from Ohio. He originally gained national fame for leading U.S. forces against American Indians at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811, where he earned the nickname "Tippecanoe" (or "Old Tippecanoe"). As a general in the subsequent War of 1812, his most notable action was in the Battle of the Thames in 1813, which brought an end to hostilities in his region. This battle resulted in the death of Tecumseh and the dissolution of the Indian coalition which he led. After the war, Harrison moved to Ohio, where he was elected to the United States House of Representatives. In 1824, the state legislature elected him to the U.S. Senate. He served a truncated term after being appointed as Minister Plenipotentiary to Colombia in May 1828. In Colombia, he spoke with Simón Bolívar, urging his nation to adopt American-style democracy. Returning to his farm in Ohio, Harrison lived in relative retirement until he was nominated for the presidency in 1836. Defeated, he retired again to his farm. He was elected president in 1840, and died of pneumonia in April 1841, a month after taking office. Good strong manuscript, light stains, some archival strengthening at fold, excellent signature.........................................$2,750.00

1000 - GEORGE WALTON, SIGNER FROM GEORGIA, he became an advocate of the patriot cause and was elected Secretary of the Georgia Provincial Congress and became president of the Council of Safety. He was elected to the Continental Congress, a position he held until the end of 1778. He was a signer of the Declaration of Independence from Georgia. He was commissioned a Colonel of the First Regiment of the Georgia Militia. He was put in the battalion of General Robert Howe. During the Battle of Savannah, Walton was involved in the defense of the city. However a slave showed the British, led by Colonel Campbell, a path to the rear of the city, by which they were able to take the city, attacking from the front and the rear. Walton was injured in the battle and taken prisoner. He was freed through a prisoner exchange in 1779. Soon after this in October 1779, Walton was elected Governor of Georgia, a position he held for only two months. In November 1795, he was appointed to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James Jackson. Walton only served in that position from November 16, 1795 to February 20, 1796, until a successor, Josiah Tattnall, was officially elected. He was a political ally of the Scottish General Lachlan McIntosh and a foe of Button Gwinnett. He and Gwinnet's political battles resulted in his expulsion from office and indictment for various criminal activities. He was censured for his role in a duel which resulted in Button Gwinnet's death. He became Chief Justice of Georgia, 1783 - 89, Governor of Georgia in 1789, and U.S. Senator in 1795. Walton also was colonel in the army and when he was riding his horse a cannonball was fired and it hit him in the leg. With a broken leg, Walton was held captive for the British army for two years. He was exchanged for a British naval officer and released, despite his having been a signer of the Declaration, which, technically, made him a traitor to the British crown. A pre-printed 8" X 13" document signed as Chief Justice of Georgia dated June 13th, 1782 dealing with money due the state and interest due the state. Very fine, a scarce Southern signer of the Declaration of Independence.....................................$695.00

1001 - THOMAS MCKEAN, SIGNER FROM DELAWARE, Thomas McKean (March 19, 1734 - June 24, 1817) was an American lawyer and politician from New Castle, in New Castle County, Delaware and Philadelphia. During the American Revolution he was a delegate to the Continental Congress where he signed the United States Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation. McKean served as a President of Congress. He was at various times a member of the Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties. McKean served as President of Delaware, Chief Justice of Pennsylvania, and Governor of Pennsylvania. In spite of his primary residence in Philadelphia, McKean remained the effective leader for American independence in Delaware. Along with George Read and Caesar Rodney, he was one of Delaware's delegates to the First Continental Congress in 1774 and the Second Continental Congress in 1775 and 1776. Being an outspoken advocate of independence, McKean's was a key voice in persuading others to vote for a split with Great Britain. When Congress began debating a resolution of independence in June 1776, Caesar Rodney was absent. George Read was against independence, which meant that the Delaware delegation was split between McKean and Read and therefore could not vote in favor of independence. McKean requested that the absent Rodney ride all night from Dover to break the tie. After the vote in favor of independence on July 2, McKean participated in the debate over the wording of the official Declaration of Independence, which was approved on July 4. His signature as Governor or Pennsylvania December 19th, 1807 appointing a judge to the Supreme Court, 13" X 18", and a large star shaped paper seal his signature above. Some restoration at fold area, old tape, priced accordingly, nice bold ink signature.........................................$495.00


1002 - ROBERT TREAT PAINE, SIGNER FROM MASSACHUSETTS, Robert Treat Paine (March 11, 1731 - May 11, 1814) was a Massachusetts lawyer and politician, best known as a signer of the Declaration of Independence as a representative of Massachusetts. He served as the state's first attorney general, and served as an associate justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, the state's highest court. Paine served in the Massachusetts General Court from 1773 to 1774, in the Provincial Congress from 1774 to 1775, and represented Massachusetts at the Continental Congress from 1774 through 1776. In Congress, he signed the final appeal to the king (the Olive Branch Petition of 1775), and helped frame the rules of debate and acquire gunpowder for the coming war, and in 1776 was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. He returned to Massachusetts at the end of December 1776 and was speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1777, a member of the executive council in 1779, a member of the committee that drafted the state constitution in 1780. He was Massachusetts Attorney General from 1777 to 1790 and prosecuted the treason trials following Shays' Rebellion. In 1780, he was a charter member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He later served as a justice of the state supreme court from 1790 to 1804 when he retired. A rare Massachusetts Confiscation document, 13" X 20" dated July 2nd, 1780 pre-printed and filled-in bold manuscript by ROBERT TREAT PAINE as Attorney General of the Province of Massachusetts defining the basis of the confiscation of noted property of JOHN COFFIN late of Boston who was a loyalist who served in the King's Army throughout the Revolution. The document states that Coffin "levied was and conspired to levy war against the government and people of the Province, Colony, and state and then adhered to the King of Great Britain, his fleets and armies and an enemy of said province, Colony, and state and did give them aid an comfort." Coffin was born in Boston, the son of Nathaniel Coffin and Elizabeth Barnes. Coffin entered the British Army and fought at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He became a major in the Orange Rangers in 1777, serving in New Jersey and New York, and later transferred to the New York Volunteers, which saw action in Georgia and South Carolina. In 1781, he married Ann Mathews. Coffin became a major in the King's American Regiment in 1782. In 1783, he was placed on half pay and brought his family to what is now New Brunswick. Coffin acquired a large estate from Beamsley Perkins Glasier, where he built a grist mill and a sawmill. He also sold fish, lumber and rum. Coffin was named a justice of the peace and a judge in the Inferior Court of Common Pleas. In 1812, he was named to the New Brunswick Council. Coffin raised the New Brunswick Fencibles during the War of 1812. In 1819, he was given the rank of full general, Military History John Coffin's sailing skills put him in command of a British frigate soon after his entry into the service. In 1775, as the British were scrambling to get troops from Britain to America to repel the rebel uprising, Coffin was ordered to assist General Howe in bringing his army to the battle. The British arrived in Boston on the 15th of June and Coffin landed his troops two days later onto the grounds at Bunker Hill. As the battle raged, it was on the request of his Colonel to "Come and watch the fun", that Coffin found himself fighting hand-to-hand combat with the rebel forces. After the British victory, Coffin was rewarded for his bravery by being presented the rank of Ensign on the Field. Shortly after he was once again promoted to a Lieutenant. After the British evacuation of Boston in March 1776, Coffin was asked to command four hundred troops in New York. This small army became known as the Orange Rangers and consisted mainly of mounted rifle soldiers. In 1777, the Orange Rangers helped to defeat Gen. George Washington in the Battle of Long Island. By 1778, Coffin had moved to the south, namely Georgia, where he commanded a cavalry unit made up of loyal planters. His bravery in the battles of Savannah and Hobkirks Hill along with his success in the Battle of Cross Creek, won Coffin high praise from both his superiors and the Rebel Forces. Major Coffin opened the battle at Eutaw Springs when he and a few of his men, who were out digging yams, came across the rebel army of General Green. His fire on the advancing enemy drew the attention of the British encampment and averted a surprise attack. As the war was coming to an end, Coffin found himself in Virginia where he was presented with a sword and new rank of Major by Lord Cornwallis. With the noose tightening on the British, and the troops facing starvation, Major Coffin continued to stage daring raids through the enemy lines in search of food. During this time the rebels posted a large reward for Coffin's capture, but it was never collected. Sir Guy Carleton, the Commander and Chief of the British forces appointed Coffin, Major of the American Regiment, shortly before the end of the war. Once the war ended, the British secured his safe passage to his new home in New Brunswick where at age twenty-eight he lay down his sword and began his new life. A rare Revolutionary War document signed by Robert Treat Paine [actually contains two of his signatures]. Trifle edge fissures restored, bold manuscript........................$1,795.00

1004 - OLIVER WOLCOTT, SIGNER FROM CONNECTICUT, 8" X 13" manuscript written, 2 pages signed by Wolcott while serving as an auditor attesting to a damage claim. Signed boldly in ink on verso by Oliver Wolcott, dated December 7th, 1768. The descendants of Henry Wolcott have acted a conspicuous part in the field and in the legislative hall. Oliver Wolcott was the youngest son of Roger Wolcott, who was appointed governor of Connecticut in 1751. Oliver was born the 26th of November, 1726, and graduated at Yale College at the age of 21. The same year he was commissioned to command a company which he raised and marched to the defense of the northern frontier, where he remained until the peace of Aix-la-Chapelle. He then returned, applied himself to the study of medicine, until he was appointed the first sherriff of the county of Litchfield, formed in 1751. In 1755, he married Laura Collins, an amiable and discreet woman of great merit. In 1774, he was appointed counselor, which station he filled for twelve successive years. He was also chief judge of the common plea court, and , for a long time, a judge of the court of probate. As a military officer he rose from the grade of captain to that of major-general. In the summer of 1776, he commanded the fourteen regiments raised by Governor Trumbull to act with the army in New York. He headed his brigade at the memorable battle that resulted in the capture of Burgoyne and revived the drooping cause of the bleeding colonies. He was uniformly consulted on important military movements, and was listened to with great confidence and respect. From his common ways he was a big and ardent supporter of the revolution. In 1775, he was appointed by congress a commissioner of Indian affairs for the northern department, a trust of high importance at that time. During the same year his influence was happily shown in reconciling disputes between the neighboring colonies relative to their respective boundaries. Admirable and persuasive in his manners, aided by a sound hatred and a correct sense of justice, he was well calculated to be a mediator between contending parties. In 1776, he took his seat in congress, and remained until he affixed his signature to that Declaration which burst the chains of slavery, gave birth to a nation in a day, astonished gazing millions, made the British king tremble on his throne, and stamped the names of its signers with a fame that will endure, unimpaired, through the rolling ages of time. He then returned and took his station in the field, and on all occasions proved himself a brave, skillful, and prudent officer. When he deemed his services more useful in Congress, he occasionally took his seat in that body until 1783. In 1785, he was associated with Arthur Lee and Richard Butler to conclude a peace with the Six Nations. The year following he was elected lieutenant-governor, which station he filled for ten years, when he was chosen governor, the dignified duties of which station he performed until death closed his mortal career on the first of December, 1797, in the seventy-first year of his age. Well written, fine......................$895.00


1005 - BENJAMIN HARRISON, SIGNER FROM VIRGINIA, his signature as Governor of Virginia on a land grant dated April 20th, 1785 made out to Ebenezer Zane. Zane paid the Commonwealth of Virginia 2 pounds sterling and was awarded 400 acres of lands in the county of Ohio on the waters of Wheeling Creek including the settlement he made in 1775 [the present day Wheeling, West VA]. Zane was an early settler and town builder in the Ohio Country in the years after the American Revolution. Zane was born in Virginia in 1747 and moved west with his wife and brothers in 1770 to the area near what is not Wheeling, West Virginia. Zane headed west with his brothers Silas and Jonathan Zane from Moorefield and established Fort Henry in 1769. During the American Revolutionary War, Zane and his brothers defended Fort Henry against two Native American attacks. The first Siege of Fort Henry occurred in September 1777. Zane's sister Elizabeth was celebrated for his courage during the second siege in September 1782 when she left the fort to retrieve a badly needed keg of gunpowder and sprinted back safely under a hail of gunfire. Ebenezer Zane began his military career under British rule. He served as a disbursing officer under Lord Dunmore. Zane later became a colonel in the Virginia colonial militia. In 1788, he served as a western delegate to the Virginia Ratifying Convention and voted in favor of ratification of the United States Constitution. In the late 1700s, Zane became known for building a frontier road through the Northwest Territory. Known as Zane's Trace, the road connected Wheeling, Virginia, to Limestone, Kentucky (present-day Maysville). It was a major road in early Ohio until well after the War of 1812. In 1796, Zane petitioned Congress for permission to build a road through the region, with the stipulation that the U.S. government would grant him land where the road crossed the Muskingum, Hockhocking, and Scioto Rivers. The government agreed to his terms and required the road to be open by January 1, 1797. It was widely believed that a road would encourage increased trade and settlement in Ohio. Zane's Trace was more of a trail than a road. Zane used existing Native American trails wherever possible and cut down trees to create a primitive path. Prior to Ohio's statehood, Zane's Trace was not accessible by wagon. It was so narrow and rough that it was only passable on foot or on horseback. Zane built ferries at each of the river crossings and profited from travel over the road. Zane also established a number of communities along the road including Lancaster and Zanesville. Zane died in 1811. Zane played a significant role in the early economic and social development of the region and helped put Ohio on the path to statehood. An important document signed by the ancestor of two US Presidents, William Henry Harrison and Benjamin Harrison. Strong signature, some professional archival fold repairs on verso, overall fine..................................................SOLD

1102 - JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, Free franked envelope all in Adams' hand. John Quincy Adams was the son of President John Adams and was an American statesman who served as the sixth President of the United States from 1825 to 1829. He also served as a diplomat, a Senator and member of the House of Representatives. He was a member of the Federalist, Democratic - Republican, National Republican, and later Anti-Masonic and Whig parties. Addressed to Charles Tyler, bold manuscript. Comes with an engraving of Adams. Very fine...............................................................$450.00

8142 - JAMES MADISON AS PRESIDENT, Vellum ornate appointment, 13" X 17", appointing Richmond Johnson a surgeon in the United States Navy, dated March 1st, 1815, large eagle with spread wings, bottom flags. Vellum is excellent condition with paper seal intact. As usual Madison's signature on vellum is somewhat weak basically just the "J" of James, but quite legible. Johnson had served in the War of 1812 as a Surgeon's Mate in the navy before his promotion to full Surgeon in 1815. He resigned from the service in February 1817. A beautiful piece overall for display........................................................$1,395.00



7070 -  Letter dated August 3rd, 1779, Camp at West Point, one large page 8" X 13", addressed to Colonel Henry Jackson, by Lt. Peter Castaing. He writes in part, "Camp West Point, August 3rd, 1779, Dear Colonel: I am very sorry to have had the necessity to depart from Providence without taking your orders though I had waited three days for that purpose. I have not had the pleasure of carrying your letters to General [Green]. I have not seen that gentleman since my arrival at camp but I had neither letters nor direction from you. I have not paid my respects to him. I still persist in my resolution to serve in your regiment depending upon the goodness of Congress for my extra service though at a distance I should be happy to be considered an officer of yours...On applying at Headquarters for a waiter [servant] I was directed to the Adj. General who informed me I ought to have one from your regiment. It being his Excellency's orders [Washington's] that Aide de Camps and Brigade Major should get their waiters from their respective regiments whether the regiment is absent  or present. It is absolutely impossible for me to have one here therefore I take the liberty to recommend myself to your goodness. I do pretend to make my choice but if it is agreeable I do prefer an American and particularly OLD JONES if he could be spared. I will be obliged to you to send whomever you lease as soon as possible. I profess myself to join the regiment at the beginning of the winter. I am with respect Castaing...Col. Henry Jackson...my respects and compliments to the gentlemen in the regiment." 

Pierre de Castaing la Grâce (Peter Castaing; c. 1740 - 1800) was born in Martinique and came to the United States by 1777, being appointed a second lieutenant in Col. Henry Jackson's Additional Continental Regiment in March of that year. He was promoted to first lieutenant in April 1779 and subsequently served as an aide-de-camp to Brig. Gen. Duportail. He was captured at Charleston, S.C., in May 1780, but was exchanged in time to participate in the siege of Yorktown, VA., in the autumn of 1781. Although placed on the rolls of a series of Massachusetts regiments after 1780, he continued to serve as Duportail's aide for the remainder of the war. Washington had written to General Gates in May 1779 asking that Castaing be appointed to the army. Louis Lebègue Duportail (14 May 1743 - 12 August 1802) was a French military leader who served as a volunteer and the chief engineer in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. Duportail participated in fortifications planning from Boston, Massachusetts to Charleston, South Carolina and helped Washington evolve the primarily defensive military strategy that wore down the British Army. He also directed the construction of siege works at the Battle of Yorktown, site of the decisive American victory of the Revolutionary War. During the encampment at Valley Forge in late - 1777 and early - 1778, his headquarters was at Cressbrook Farm.

Colonel Henry Jackson - Before the American Revolutionary War, he was an officer of the First Corps of Cadets in Boston, which was disbanded during the British occupation. After the evacuation, six former cadet officers organized a company of seventy - eight officers and men called the Boston Independent Company on 17 March 1776, with Jackson as their commander. In January 1777, the unit was taken into Continental service, designated Jackson's Additional Continental Regiment. He led his regiment in the Philadelphia campaign of 1777, at Monmouth and Rhode Island in 1778, and at Springfield, New Jersey in 1780. In 1780, the regiment was taken into the Massachusetts Line and renamed the 16th Massachusetts Regiment. Jackson's regiment was disbanded in 1781 and Jackson was transferred to command the 4th Massachusetts Regiment. he received a brevet promotion to brigadier general on September 30, 1783 and led Continental forces into New York City on the heels of the British evacuation in November. He was retained as commander the 1st American Regiment (1783 - 1784), which was the only infantry unit still active after the dissolution of the Continental Army.

Well written, large manuscript, a rare Revolutionary War letter regarding using "waiters or servants" which were either slaves or freed Negroes. Thousands of Negroes served with the Continental army during the war. By the very nature of the name "Old Jones" this was a Negro man too old to serve in the military and was a servant in Colonel Jackson's regiment. Light age tone at border, rare content...............................................$595.00

7071 - SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, CHARLES CARROLL OF CARROLLTON, Check in the hand and signed "Ch. Carroll of Carrolton," dated February 7th, 1827, Baltimore, MD. Made out to Richard Caton [who was his son-in-law] for $50 with the notation 'For the use of the poor." Charles Carroll (September 19, 1737 - November 14, 1832), known as Charles Carroll of Carrollton or Charles Carroll III to distinguish him from his similarly named relatives. He was a wealthy Maryland planter and an early advocate of independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain. He served as a delegate to the Continental Congress and Confederation Congress and later as first United States Senator for Maryland. He was the only Catholic and the longest-lived (and last surviving) signatory of the Declaration of Independence, dying at the age of 95, at his city mansion (largest and most expensive in town) in Baltimore's neighborhood of Jonestown on East Lombard and South Front Streets, by the Jones Falls. Fine, old cancellation fissures unaffecting any manuscript or signature..............................................ON HOLD

7072 - MARQUIS DE LAFAYETTE, FRENCH HERO OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, ALS by Lafayette dated at his home in France Château de la Grange-Bléneau, October 14th, 1828, addressed to a Monsieur Grandin, 8" X 9" manuscript in French apologizing for not sending some papers on a timely manner. Well written, small tip of bottom left corner missing unaffecting name of recipient. Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier de Lafayette, Marquis de Lafayette (6 September 1757 - 20 May 1834), in the U.S. often known simply as Lafayette, was a French aristocrat and military officer who fought for the United States in the American Revolutionary War. A close friend of George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, and Thomas Jefferson, Lafayette was a key figure in the French Revolution of 1789 and the July Revolution of 1830. He became convinced that the American cause in its revolutionary war was noble, and traveled to the New World seeking glory in it. There, he was made a major general, though initially the 19-year-old was not given troops to command. Wounded during the Battle of Brandywine, he still managed to organize an orderly retreat. He served with distinction in the Battle of Rhode Island. In the middle of the war, he returned home to lobby for an increase in French support. He again sailed to America in 1780, and was given senior positions in the Continental Army. In 1781, troops in Virginia under his command blocked forces led by Cornwallis until other American and French forces could position themselves for the decisive Siege of Yorktown. A well written letter from his family home in France. Extremely desirable, with old engraving...................................................$1,395.00

7074 - GENERAL BENJAMIN LINCOLN, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, Benjamin Lincoln (January 24, 1733 (O. S. January 13, 1732 - May 9, 1810) was an American army officer. He served as a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He is notable for being involved in three major surrenders during the war: his participation in the Battles of Saratoga (sustaining a wound shortly afterward) contributed to John Burgoyne's surrender of a British army. He oversaw the largest American surrender of the war at the 1780 Siege of Charleston, and as George Washington's second in command, he formally accepted the British surrender at Yorktown. After the war, Lincoln was active in politics in his native Massachusetts, running several times for lieutenant governor but only winning one term in that office. He led a militia army (privately funded by Massachusetts merchants) in the suppression of Shays' Rebellion in 1787, and was a strong supporter of the new United States Constitution. He was for many of his later years the politically influential customs collector of the Port of Boston. His signature on a Massachusetts pre-printed shipping customs document regarding importing wine from France, dated June 1st, 1804, 5" X 8" signed boldly by Lincoln in ink as "Collector". Choice condition..................................................$395.00

7076 - THOMAS ALLEN THE FIGHTING PARSON ON BENNINGTON, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, First Pastor of the Pittsfield Congregational Church. Thomas Allen served as a chaplain in the Army during the Revolutionary War. He was nicknamed the "Fighting Parson". He fought at the Battle of Bennington. Late on the night of August 15, Stark was awakened by the arrival of Parson Thomas Allen and a band of Massachusetts militiamen from nearby Berkshire County who insisted on joining his force. In response to the minister's fiery threat that his men would never come out again if they were not allowed to participate, Stark is reported to have said, "Would you go now on this dark and rainy night? Go back to your people and tell them to get some rest if they can, and if the Lord gives us sunshine to-morrow and I do not give you fighting enough, I will never call on you to come again. Stark's forces again swelled the next day with the arrival of some Stockbridge Indians, bringing his force (excluding Warner's men) to nearly 2,000 men. Two page ALS, Pittsfield, MA. November 4th, 1785, long letter by Allen dealing with money matters, actually a folded lettersheet. Fine.....................................SOLD

7077 - COLONEL ANTHONY W. WHITE, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, In October 1775, he obtained a commission as major and aide-de-camp to General George Washington. On February 9, 1776, White was commissioned by the Continental Congress as the lieutenant colonel of the 3rd New Jersey Regiment. He was actively engaged in the service in the North until 1780, being successively appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the 4th Continental Light Dragoons in the Continental army, February 13, 1777, lieutenant colonel commandant of the 1st Continental Light Dragoons, December 10, 1779, and colonel, February 16, 1780. At that time, he was ordered by General Washington to take command of all the cavalry in the southern army, and upon his own personal credit, equipped two regiments with which to operate against Lord Cornwallis in South Carolina. On May 6, 1780, with the remnant of Major Benjamin Huger's cavalry, he crossed the Santee River and captured a small party of British, but while waiting at Lanneau's Ferry to recross the river, he was surprised and defeated by Col. Banastre Tarleton. White and many of his troops were taken prisoner. In 1781 he was ordered to join the army under Lafayette in Virginia, and on his march to that state had several successful encounters with Colonel Tarleton. White was present with General Anthony Wayne in the movement before Savannah on May 21, 1781; and on the evacuation of that place, returned to Charleston, South Carolina, where he became security for the debts of the officers and men of his regiments, who were in want of almost all the necessaries of life. These debts he was subsequently obliged to pay at enormous sacrifices of his own property, and on returning to the North at the close of the war, his financial ruin was completed by entering into speculation at the persuasion of military friends. In 1793 White moved from New York, where he had resided for about ten years, back to New Brunswick, New Jersey. In 1794 he was appointed by President Washington as a brigadier general of cavalry in the expedition against the isurgents of the Whiskey Rebellion, serving under General Henry Lee. Large clipped signature with closing. RARE...................................................$275.00

7079 - MAJOR GENERAL CHARLES C. PINCKNEY, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, SOUTH CAROLINA, folded lettersheet, dated Charleston, SC, May 4th, 1803, two page letter addressed to John Cheswell, a lengthy letter regarding legislation under consideration. In 1775, after the American Revolutionary War had broken out, Pinckney volunteered for military service as a full-time regular officer in George Washington's Continental Army. As a senior company commander with the rank of captain, Pinckney raised and led the elite Grenadiers of the 1st South Carolina Regiment. He participated in the successful defense of Charleston in the Battle of Sullivan's Island in June 1776, when British forces under General Sir Henry Clinton staged an amphibious attack on the state capital. Later in 1776 Pinckney took command of the regiment, with the rank of colonel, a position he retained to the end of the war. After this, the British Army shifted its focus to the Northern and Mid-Atlantic states. Pinckney led his regiment north to join General Washington's troops near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Pinckney and his regiment then participated in the Battle of Brandywine and the Battle of Germantown. Around this time he first met fellow officers and future Federalist statesmen Alexander Hamilton and James McHenry. In 1778, Pinckney and his regiment, returning to the South, took part in a failed American expedition attempting to seize British East Florida. The expedition ended due to severe logistical difficulties and a British victory in the Battle of Alligator Bridge. Later that year, the British Army shifted its focus to the Southern theater, capturing Savannah, Georgia, that December. In October 1779, the Southern army of Major General Benjamin Lincoln, with Pinckney leading one of its brigades, attempted to re-take Savannah in the Siege of Savannah. This attack was disaster for the Americans, who suffered numerous casualties. Pinckney then participated in 1780 defense of Charleston against British siege. Major General Lincoln surrendered his 5,000 men to the British on May 12, 1780, whereupon Pinckney became a prisoner of war. As a prisoner of war, he played a major role in maintaining the troops' loyalty to the Patriots' cause. During this time, he famously said, "If I had a vein that did not beat with the love of my Country, I myself would open it. If I had a drop of blood that could flow dishonorable, I myself would let it out." He was kept in close confinement until his release in 1782. In November 1783, he was commissioned a brevet Brigadier General in the Continental Army shortly before the southern regiments were disbanded. He was promoted to Major General during his subsequent service in the South Carolina militia. Later a diplomat involved with the XYZ Affair. Large manuscript, some foxing, otherwise fine.................................SOLD


60502 - LEVI LINCOLN, REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIER, JEFFERSON'S ATTORNEY GENERAL, Province of Massachusetts Bay, Worcester Jury Summons - Court of Quarter Sessions January 15, 1776. A jury summons from Worcester, MA. A very deeply embossed item, the back notations tell us that poor Captain Jonathan Tucker [1707 - 1789] was chosen for grand jury duty. On the face, the jury summons has been signed by Levi Lincoln, who served in President Thomas Jefferson's cabinet as the fourth Attorney General of the United States. Lincoln was born in Hingham, Massachusetts, on May 15, 1749, to Enoch and Rachel (Fearing) Lincoln. His father first apprenticed him to a local blacksmith, but the boy's lack of interest in that business and clear interest in reading left to his eventual enrollment in Harvard College. He graduated in 1772, and studied law under Joseph Hawley in Northampton, When news of the Battles of Lexington and Concord reached Northampton, he volunteered for military service, but only served for a short time, marching with the local militia to Cambridge, where militia were besieging British-occupied Boston. Had a short stint as Jefferson's  Secretary of State and later Attorney General. Involved in the Marbury Vs. Madison case. Also a relation of Abraham Lincoln. An excellent 1776 dated document, fine.......................................$295.00

6000 - SALT PETRE FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF GUNPOWDER SHIPPED TO THE POWDER MILL AT GLASTENBURG, CT IN 1776, 6" X 8" manuscript dated December 13th, 1776 listing the expense in transporting 417 pounds of salt petre from Farmington, CT to the powder mill at Glastenburg, CT for the use of the state. Salt petre was manufactured in all colonial towns in order to provide gunpowder for the Continental Army. A great 1776 dated document dealing with munitions for the army. Transported by Captain Amos Barnes. From Connecticut records, October 1767 Mr. Amos Barnes to be Lieutenant of the sixth company or trainband in the town of Farmington. October 1768...Mr. Amos Barnes to be Captain of the south company or trainband in the society of New Cambridge in the town of Farmington. May 1773...Mr. Amos Barnes to be Lieutenant of the company or trainband in the parish of Blue Swamp in the 13th regiment in this Colony. May 1776...Ames Barnes to be Captain of the 11th company in the 17th regiment...June 1776 whereas information has been made to this Assembly by Amos Barnes, Dan Hill and James Stoddard, three of the committee of inspection in Farmington, that Thomas Brooks of Farmington, Lieutenant in the 12th company in the 15th regiment, hath openly professed before said committee that he could not satisfy himself that the Colonies could be justified in their present measures, and that he could not join with them again Great Britain or against the King, and that he is unfit to sustain any military office...he be and is hereby suspended from the exercise of his office...June 1776 Amos Barnes 1st Lieutenant...of the third company...[of the first battalion]. At this time Washington had been pursued by Howe and soon made his daring attack on Trenton which resulted in a needed American victory...Very fine................................................................$275.00

6001 - CLOTHING FOR MEMBERS OF THE 3RD CONNECTICUT REGIMENT, November 14th, 1778, 5" X 7" manuscript accounting of individual clothing given to members of Captain Abby's Company [3rd Connecticut Regiment]. Clothing was given to 11 different soldiers mostly being hose and shirts. As each man received his clothing an X was placed next to his name, the value of the clothing was listed to the right of the item with a shirt at 12 shilligs and hose at 6 shillings. Well written......................................................$195.00

42500 - A RARE REVOLUTIONARY WAR DOCUMENT SIGNED BY GENERAL MOSES CLEVELAND - THE FOUNDER OF THE CITY OF CLEVELAND, Hartford, CT, December 1st, 1779. Pre-printed and filled out document, 4.5" X 7", an interest receipt signed by Moses Cleveland who founded the City of Cleveland in 1796. This interest payment is for two Continental army loans totaling $3600 lent to the state of Connecticut on November 18th, 1778. The interest was in the favor of Colonel Aaron Cleveland for $433.50. This document is thought to be the only Revolutionary War document signed by Moses Cleveland. He had served as a Lieut. At Lexington in 1775, a Captain in the Continental Army, later commissioned as a Brig. General in the Connecticut Militia. Excellent and fresh condition.................................................$495.00

2219 - PRESIDENT ANDREW JACKSON, as President, vellum land grant signed boldly by Jackson, 10" X 16", Aaron Hackett of Tazewell County, Illinois being the sale of 80 acres of land per the Act of Congress passed in 1820 dated December 1st, 1830. Paper seal intact. Large and dark signature of Jackson. Large printed heading "United States of American". Normal folds nicely flattened down and displays nicely, vellum nice and fresh with strong embellishments..................................................$995.00


2216 - TEXAS, CALIFORNIA, LOUISIANA, AND FLORIDA, Le Nouveau Mexique, by Rigobert Boone (1729 - 1795), 10" X 14", nicely border colored showing lands from California east to West Florida, centering on the Mexican province of Texas, printed in 1780 during the Revolutionary War. This map comes from: ATLAS DE TOUTES LES PARTIES CONNUES DU GLOBE TERRESTRE with maps by Rigobert Boone, published 1780 (this Atlas was the companion to Guillaume Raynel's Histoire, Rigobert Boone (1729 - 1795) was Royal Hydrographer, he mainly produced Marine charts, however, he is well known for his work on this notable atlas by Guillaume Raynel is as well as a French Atlas in 1764 and a Atlas in 1776 titled "Atlas Moderne". Choice condition, pastel border colors....................................................................$395.00

2217 - THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY, LES ETATS UNIS, L'AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIOALE, by Boone, 1780, Subject: United States - Midwest, 9" X 13.6", REF: Sellers & Van Ee #794. Date: 1780 a fascinating, early map of the western portion of the brand-new United States, centered on the Mississippi River. The southern state's borders have been extended to the Mississippi. Early settlements, frontier forts, missions, mines, Indian villages, as well as some trails and portages are revealed in great detail. Seven distance scales fill the left of the map. Nicely pastel border colored. Spanish controlled areas west of the Mississippi are colored green with Spanish West Florida in attractive pink pastels. The map is quite attractive and the paper fresh and bright. This beautiful map is engraved by Rigobert Boone. This map comes from: ATLAS DE TOUTES LES PARTIES CONNUES DU GLOBE TERRESTRE.....................................$425.00

, By: Rigobert Boone, 1780, 9.5" X 13.5, a detailed map of the Gulf of Mexico showing Mexico as well as the Gulf coast from Texas to the entire area of Spanish Florida. Spanish forts are shown at Natchez, Mobile. Details of the Eastern seaboard show to Charleston. The details are border colored in pastel colors; the paper is fresh and bright. This map comes from: ATLAS DE TOUTES LES PARTIES CONNUES DU GLOBE TERRESTRE....................................................$350.00


6012 - A two page manuscript in the hand of Dr. Samuel Mather, undated, unsigned, thanking the Selectmen of the North Church and Congregation for the use of the use of the public school house and mentions the donation of Mr. Hutchinson for the construction of the building and wishes the blessings of Almighty God on the Selectmen and their families. A notation on the inside states "Mr. Mather's address of thanks to the Selectmen for the use of the North Writing School." A list of the selectmen in written on the outer leaf. Dr. Mather was the son of Cotton Mather and was the last of the Mathers to preach in the Boston pulpits. Before the construction of the "Old North Church" (Christ Church, Boston), there was another church in Boston called the "Old North" (Meetinghouse). This Congregationalist meetinghouse was founded in North Square, across the street from what is now called "Paul Revere's house." This church was once pastored by Cotton Mather, the minister now known largely for his involvement in the Salem Witch Trials. All in Mather's hand...................................................$125.00


6013 - A GROUP OF 15 LETTERS/NOTES 1800 - 1852 DEALING WITH RELIGIOUS LEADERS, CHURCH RELATED ITEMS, SOME ASSOCIATION WITH HARVARD UNIVERSITY, an interesting group of Massachusetts related letters from ministers/clergy dealing with ministerial matters. Most of the documents ranging in the period 1800 - 1829. Some staining, the lot of 15 items.......................................SOLD

6014 - CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING THE SHIP ELI WHITNEY, she was launched in Boston, Massachusetts, USA in 1834. A vessel of some 500 tons although the figures vary on the different reports of her. For many years between 1860 and 1870 this vessel helped to keep the trans-Tasman trade functioning. She carried everything from passengers to livestock, wool and coal. She was a vessel whose sailing career extended over thirty years before finally she was sold to Captain Williams in1870 and stripped down to be used as a coal hulk. In 1877, the Eli Whitney was struck by the Union Steamship Co. owned vessel Taupo with the loss of two lives. Three letters addressed to Josiah Whitney dated 1839 two relating to the ship ELI WHITNEY that he owned and another regarding his purchasing some property written by his niece Elizabeth Barstow [1792 - 1869], three letters.......................................$45.00

6015 - TEMPERANCE IN NEW ENGLAND, four letters relating to the Temperance Movement in America, one letter from Mayor A. C. Barstow of Providence [1853], regarding the temperance society meeting, another from [Rev] William Thayer to B. W. Williams regarding a Temperance Meeting [an author of numerous books on Temperance], and a lettersheet dated 1877 being a partial letter but with a great vignette of the TEMPERANCE HOTEL in Syracuse, NY. AMOS C. BARSTOW (1813 - 1894), Mayor of Providence, RI. Served June 1852 to June 1853 (Whig) Birthplace: Providence. Barstow was a descendent of the first settler of Hanover, Massachusetts, William Barstow. He was active in the temperance and antislavery movements. He recommended the current site for City Hall and was chairman of the committee that purchased and planned for it. He was the first president of the Providence YMCA and built the Providence Music Hall. Barstow was also an active businessman, and his Barstow Stove Company won the Grand Medal of Merit at the 1873 Vienna World's fair for the best cooking stove and range. Lastly a long letter written to B. F. Williams in 1853 by Enos Hoyt regarding the necessity of temperance in Boston - must have the Revolutionary War spirit like the Tea Party in regard to alcohol. Four items in total....................................................$55.00

6016 - THE BOSTON MUSEUM, THEATER AND MUSEUM, The Boston Museum (1841 - 1903), also called the Boston Museum and Gallery of Fine Arts, was a theatre, wax museum, natural history museum, zoo, and art museum in 19th Century Boston, Massachusetts. Moses Kimball established the enterprise in 1841. The Boston Museum exhibited items acquired from Ethan Allen Greenwood's former New England Museum; tableaux of wax figures; live animals; and artworks by John Singleton Copley, Gilbert Stuart, Benjamin West, Thomas Badger and others. Early live shows presented, for instance, "the musical olio, consisting of solos on glass bells, and birch-bark whistling." Theatrical performances began in 1843. Through the years, notable performers included: Lawrence Barrett, Edwin Booth, John Wilkes Booth, Annie Clark, Richard Mansfield, E. H. Sothern, Mary Ann Vincent, and William Warren. A group of five letters, two signed receipts, and one albumen photo of the 19th century actress Mary Vincent. Includes two hand-written passes to performances, one letter by the owner Moses Kimball, and several other letters regarding the Boston museum. The actress Mary Vincent signs a receipt receiving payment from the Museum as well as New York author David Thomas Valentine [Author "A History of New York"] 9 items in total including Vincent's CDV albument......................................................$75.00

6017 - 18TH CENTURY MASSACHUSETTS DOCUMENTS, 1758 - 1799, eight separate manuscript documents. Letters and documents datelined Charleston, Boston, Framingham, Holliston, Shrewsbury, Cambridge, Worchester, and Stockbridge. One signed as a selectman from Northboro by Levi Brigham [Levi Brigham (1716 - 1787), was delegate to the Provincial Congress, 1775. He was commissioned lieutenant colonel, 1776, of the Worcester County regiment of militia. He was born in Marlboro, MA; died in Northboro]. Several legal documents and payment documents included. Good to very fine, an interesting group to research, 8 items..................................................$145.00

2150 - PIRATES ARE CAPTURED BY US REVENUE CUTTERS IN THE GULF, TAKEN TO NEW ORLEANS FOR TRIAL, HAVING DINNER WITH COLONEL TAYLOR AND HIS DAUGHTER ON HIS PLANTATION [ZACHARY TAYLOR], LIFE AROUND NEW ORLEANS IN 1827, 4 page lettersheet folded and mailed to Lexington, KY. By steamboat, dated May 19th, 1827, stamped SHIP in red, 25 cents manuscript postage noted, addressed to William M. Brand by his mother-in-law [Mother signed]. She gives the story of a young woman whose father is against her marriage to an army officer named Lt. Cross who apparently elopes with the solider whose apparent problem with the father as being "poor." She describes being at the home of the Mayor of New Orleans and meeting his wife, Mrs. Rouffignac, who deemed not to be as eccentric as she was represented to us.

[Count Louis Philippe de Roffignac (sometimes spelled Rouffignac) (1766 - 1846) was Mayor of New Orleans from May 1820 to May 1828. He served ten consecutive terms in the state legislature. For his participation in the Battle of New Orleans, he was made an honorary brigadier gene4ral. When the Louisiana Legion was formed in 1822, he became its colonel. Among his many business endeavors, he was for a time a director of the State Bank of Louisiana. For many years, he was a member of the City Council, and was a member of that body when elected mayor. As mayor of New Orleans, Rouffignac sought to develop the city as fast as possible, borrowing large sums of money by issuing "city stock", a form of municipal bonds. He used the money to improve and beautify the city: he was responsible for the massive planting of trees as well the first street paving. In 1821, he introduced street lighting. In the late 1820s he organized the city's first regular fire department. He established New Orleans' first public educational system. He also strove to regulate gambling, but was only the first of several mayors to deal with this long intractable problem.]


After the War of 1812, British and Spanish sea power in the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico weakened, allowing a resurgence of piracy along the Gulf Coast. Revenue cutters were dispatched to fight the pirates. In 1819, the one-gun schooners USRC Alabama and USRC Louisiana fought two engagements with pirates, one on the open sea and another at Breton Island, Louisiana. On 19 July 1820, Alabama captured four pirate ships off La Balize. In 1822, with USS Peacock and HMS Speedwell, Alabama engaged pirates again, which resulted in the taking of five more pirate ships. In 1832, Secretary of the Treasury Louis McLane issued written orders for revenue cutters to conduct winter cruises to assist mariners in need, and Congress made the practice an official part of regulations in 1837. This was the beginning of the life-saving mission for which the later U.S. Coast Guard would be best known worldwide. [a mention of Colonel Zachary Taylor who had moved to Louisiana and purchased a plantation - the daughter mentioned may have been Sarah Knox Taylor who married Jefferson Davis as he had two daughters of the proper age in 1827. His plantation was near Baton Rouge.]

Letter to William M. Brand, Lexington, KY. Age tone, boldly written in dark ink, complete typed transcript...............................................$295.00

, copperplate engraving hand-colored, 5.9" X 4.3". Alan Manesson Mallet, 1630 - 1706, from the French text edition of Description d'Univers, Paris, 1683. Mallet was a well-traveled military engineer and geographer, who worked under King Louis XIV, two 17th Century Florida Indians with the male holding a bow with a quiver of arrow over his shoulder. Fine, light stain to left border, colors bright............................................


8230 - JACOB CUSHING, Jacob Cushing (1730 - 1809) was born in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts. He graduated from Harvard College in 1748, where he received a Benjamin Browne Scholarship and served as Scholar of the House. He was ordained at Waltham, Massachusetts, in 1752. He was a moderator of the Cambridge Association and during the Revolutionary War served as Scribe of the State Convention of the Clergy, giving the convention sermon in 1789. He sat on the jury of the Boston Massacre defendants. Cushing had a lively personality and was known to be an effective minister. He stayed close to the Bible in his preaching and so managed to satisfy conservatives as well as liberals. He was modest, reasonable, and methodical. He kept a voluminous diary in which all of the minutiae of his long life were carefully recorded. He was on good terms with political leaders in Massachusetts, including John Hancock, James Bowdoin, and Thomas Cushing. Of Cushing's fifteen published sermons, this one of April 20, 1778, is the sole political sermon, a fiery denunciation of inhumane acts of two brigades of British soldiers in Lexington, Massachusetts, on April 19, 1775. A 8" X 10" document signed by him in 1804 not the illustrated pamphlet, very fine......................................................$95.00

8021 - MAP OF LOUISIANA, GULF COAST 1788, UNDER SPANISH RULE, English version of D'Anville's 1732 Carte de la Louisiane, drawn by Haywood and engraved by Bowen. John Harrison, London, 1788. This map focuses on the Mississippi Delta, showing the Red River as far as Adayes, a Spanish garrison of the Province of Tecas. The coastal area extends in the east from Cape San Blas and Apalachicola Bay (C. Escondido) to an area named Cabo del Norte shown with a small island off the cape. it names New Orleans, Fort Conde, Pensacola, Fort Louis and Mobiliens. The northern portion of Louisiana Territory is portrayed in an inset. The map has many notations of towns destroyed by battles, both Indian and French. Ref:  Sellers & Van Ee #1616; cf Lemmon, Magill & Wiese, Charting Louisiana #24. 19.5" X 13.3". Lovely hand coloring, choice condition. Have seen similar examples offered at $1000 - $1200, this excellent example at...............................................$895.00

7001 - EDWARD LUTWYCHE, Boston, Mass., August 17th, 1740, 4" X 5" manuscript payment of 10 pounds in merchandise out of your warehouse to Mr. John Jones. Lutwyche was an innkeeper in Boston in the 1740's, very fine, bold manuscript..............................SOLD

7003 - FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR, MILITARY DOCTOR'S CHARGES FOR TREATING SOLDIERS, 8" X 9" manuscript, dated and signed by Dr. John Osgood, November 16th, 1761 at Andover, [Mass]. A list of the services provided by Dr. Osgood. The first entry lists Dr. Ward Noys [Noyes] who is noted to have returned ill on a ship from duty with Colonel Bagley and other regiment members. Notations are from April 1761 & June 1761 showing treatments and medicines given to two specific soldiers; John Davis a soldier in Captain William Barrans Company in Colonel Willures Regiment and John Robin in Captain Francis Peabody's Company in Colonel Bagley's Regiment, visits, mileage incurred medicines. DOCTOR JOSEPH OSGOOD was graduated from Harvard College in 1737. He spent some time in a counting room in Gloucester, became a shipmaster, was taken prisoner in the Spanish war, and carried into Balboa, Spain; upon his release he returned home and settled in Boston. The small pox breaking out in Boston, he removed his family to Andover, his native town, in 1752, and engaged in mercantile pursuits, including the sale of drugs. Being often called upon to prescribe, he obtained an extensive practice, and was a respectable physician. He was chosen deacon of the North church of Andover, fifth of April, 1748, and held the office more than thirty years. The medications listed are in Latin. Dr. Ward Noyes was an early founder of Andover, Mass. Numerous listings of medications, well written. Rare content.................................................SOLD

7014 - COLONEL JOHN LEE, LEXINGTON ALARM 1775, ALS to Mr. Thomas Fairweather at Cambridge, 2 pages as a folded letter sheet dated Boston, December 26th, 1783; Lee expresses his feelings upon dispersions on his character in a long letter. LEE, John of Amherst. Col. Ruggles Woodbridge Hampshire County Regiment; Lieutenant Eli Parker's Company, Cambridge alarm [page 79]. Listed on the return dated Jan. 13, 1776 from Charlestown Camp No. 3, of Capt. James Hendrick's company which went to Cambridge at the time of the Lexington alarm. Well written and very fine..................................................SOLD

7015 - COLONEL JOHN LEE, LEXINGTON ALARM 1775, ALS, May 16th, 1783, 2 pages by Lee in regard with his inability to pay his debts and begs compassion and consideration in his pleasant plight. The letter is written to Thomas Fayerweather at Cambridge, Mass. bring a folded letter sheet with red seals. LEE, John of Amherst. Col. Ruggles Woodbridge Hampshire County regiment; Lieutenant Eli Parker's company, Cambridge alarm [page 79]. Listed on the return dated Jan. 13, 1776 from Charlestown Camp No. 3, of Capt. James Hendrick's company which went to Cambridge at the time of the Lexington alarm. Well written and fine, traces of old mount at left border, trivial......................................................$100.00

7017 - ROYAL FLINT, COLONEL WARD'S CONNECTICUT REGIMENT, 1754 - 1790, Paymaster Colonel Ward's Conn. Rgt., later Asst. Commissary, later commissioner of settling public accounts against the government for war losses, later involved in purchasing Indian lands, ALS dated at Boston, March 31st, 1786, one page 8" X 10", to merchant Thomas Fayenweather regarding rental of a house possibly being used as a government office by Flint in his capacity as a commissioner. Very fine..............................................$75.00

7018 - JOHN LOWELL, EARLY ANTI-SLAVERY ADVOCATE, ALS by Lowell, Roxbury, Mass., September 24th, 1799, letter dealing with land taxes. After establishing his law practice in Newburyport in 1763, Lowell served as a town Selectman in 1771 - 1772, 1774 and 1776. IN the spring of 1774, he signed addresses complimenting royal governors Thomas Hutchinson and Thomas Gage, but made a public apology for doing so at the end of the year. Thereafter, Lowell was an enthusiastic patriot and served for a time as a lieutenant of the Massachusetts militia. In 1776, he was elected Representative to the General Court from Newburyport and, in 1778, Lowell elected to the same post from Boston. Lowell was chosen to be a member of the convention that was tasked with framing the Massachusetts Constitution in 1779. He is best remembered for authoring Article I and his insistence upon its adoption into the Bill of Rights, "All men are born free and equal, and have certain natural, essential and inalienable rights, among which may be reckoned the right of enjoying and defending their lives and liberties..." Lowell's son, the Rev. Charles Lowell, D. D., wrote in a personal letter eight decades later, "My father introduced into the Bill of Rights the clause by which Slavery was abolished in Massachusetts...and when it was adopted, exclaimed: 'Now there is no longer Slavery in Massachusetts, it is abolished and I will render my services as a lawyer gratis to any slave suing for his freedom if it is withheld from him...' and he did so defend the Negro slave against his master under this clause of the constitution which was declared valid by the Massachusetts Supreme Court in 1783, and since that time slavery in Mass. had no legal standing. Well written, 1 page 6" X 8". Very fine...............................$175.00

7019 - WRITTEN IN BOSTON TWO DAYS AFTER THE BOSTON MASSACRE, dated March 7th, 1770 in Boston. A manuscript receipt for 6 small cordage of wood to be paid half in cash and other out of the store of Thomas Fayerweather-merchant. Signed by Hugh McDaniel [1706 - 1770] who was a member of the Ancient Order of Artillery since 1726. McDaniel died shortly after this receipt was signed. The Boston Massacre, known as the Incident on King Street by the British was an incident on March 5, 1770, in which British Army soldiers killed five male civilians and injured six others. British troops had been stationed in Boston, capital of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, since 1768 in order to protect and support crown-appointed colonial officials attempting to enforce unpopular Parliamentary legislation. Amid ongoing tense relations between the population and the soldiers, a mob formed around a British sentry, who was subjected to verbal abuse and harassment. He was eventually supported by eight additional soldiers, who were subjected to verbal threats and thrown objects. They fired into the crowd, without orders, instantly killing three people and wounding others. Two more people died later of wounds sustained in the incident. 2" X 7", well written...................................................$85.00

7020 - IMPRINT, MASSACHUSETTS BAY, 1769, FOSTER HUTCHINSON SIGNER, 6" X 7", imprinted and filled in Massachusetts Bay document empowering two men in Boston to make an appraisal of the estate of William Tilley late of Boston, dated December 19th, 1769. Moses Deshon was one of the men assigned the duty of appraiser. He was a famous artisan of Boston. He carved and gilded arms of the Colony (handiwork of a Boston artisan, Moses Deshon), displayed above the door of the Representatives Hall after 1750, disappeared with the Revolution. Foster Hutchinson was the brother of Thomas Hutchinson, Governor of Massachusetts who was an arch enemy of Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty. Very fine............................................$125.00

7023 - CAPTAIN GEORGE WEBB, CONTINENTAL ARMY OFFICER, 3" X 4.5", August 7th, 1790, Holden, Mass., order to pay Mr. Knowles and charge the same to me...George Webb. In 1760, it appears, Capt. Webb had his first experience as a soldier in active service. At that time, he was not twenty years of age, yet he felt it his patriotic duty to heed the call of the Provincial government for volunteers to re-enforce Gen. Amherst's army now preparing for the final ending of the French control of Canada, and bringing to a close the long war for that, and for which, from its beginning, the Cape towns had furnished many soldiers; so he enlisted to serve in Capt. Thomas West's company, and was mustered in at the north parish, in Harwich, March 18, 1760. 1776, Lieut. Webb became the first lieutenant of Capt. Peter Harwood's company of light infantry in the Continental army under Washington. In this company he served more than a year, when he was promoted to the captaincy of a company in Col. William Sheperd's regiment of light infantry which was known as the Massachusetts Fourth ranking from January 1, 1777. While Lieutenant, in Capt. Harwood's company he participated in several engagements among which were Trenton and Princeton. Capt. Webb's company was composed of young men chiefly enlisted in Barnstable county. Twenty-two of them were enlisted in Harwich and were mustered by Gen. Joseph Otis of Barnstable, the muster master. Some of the company were enlisted for nine months, some for three years and a few for the war. While in command of his company, Capt. Web was in many of the battles that gave our arms to victory. He was in Glover's brigade and Sheperd's regiment in the two engagements that preceded the surrender of the army of Burgoyne at Saratoga, Oct. 17, 1777, and was present at the capitulation. He was with Washington and his army in the winter quarters at Valley Forge during the intensely cold winter of 1777 - 78, which followed Burgoyne's surrender, where he and his men, and other soldiers in the snow covered encampment, spent indeed a trying period. Well could these soldiers -- hungry, ragged, shoeless and shivering in their poorly constructed log huts during that, rigorous winter -- have said with the foremost political writer in America in 1776 when our arms were suffering repeated defeats and gloom hung over the colonies -- "These are the times that try men's souls." The encampment at Valley Forge was on the west side of the Schuylkill River in Pennsylvania and about twenty miles northwest of Philadelphia. This position for an encampment was taken by Washington for the purpose, says Marshall, "of covering the country of Pennsylvania, protecting the magazines laid up in it and cutting off those supplies to the British in Philadelphia which many of the people were disposed to furnish them." It was "a very strong and commanding piece of ground for the purpose," but bleakly situated for winter headquarters. The army entered it from Whitmarsh, a place not far distant, December 11, and at once commenced building huts for occupancy during its stay. During the six months at Valley Forge Capt. Webb's company was not free from sickness and death, nor from diminution in number through expiration of enlistment. The former rather than to suffer longer here, upon his discharge, returned to his home, while the latter chose to re-enlist for another nine months, probably on account of sickness, as he was sick in camp about three months "of a fever and the smallpox," all probably the result of inoculation. John Young and Crocker Young, both of old Harwich, in the company, doubtless found resting places here, as they were reported in March as being dead. Haskell Freeman, Watson Freeman and Edward Nickerson, with others, all young men from old Harwich, were in the company, and survived the terrible winter, and had the privilege to be at the battle of Monmouth and Rhode Island the same year and test their bravery. Capt. Webb was with his company in Sheperd's regiment, and Glover's brigade at the Battle of Monmouth, June 28, 1778 when Washington turned defeat into victory. The day was excessively warm, and his men suffered intensely from heat and thirst. The day was Sunday and the conflict continued from nine in the morning till darkness. At night the men lay upon their arms on the warm ground expecting a renewal of the fight in the morning, but when it dawned there was no British army in sight, and Washington with his army proceeded on to White Plain on the Hudson for headquarters. The day at Monmouth was never forgotten by the old soldiers when telling stories by the fireside of the capture of Burgoyne, and of their stay at Valley Forge. Soon after returning to the Hudson, Capt. Webb's company was sent to Rhode Island, and there under Gen. Sullivan, took part in the battle fought at Quaker Hill, August 29, 1778. In this battle Capt. Webb had two of his men, belonging to old Harwich, severely wounded. They were Haskell Freeman and Watson Freeman. The former was unfit for duty for sometime on the account of his wound, and was given a furlough for recuperation. He was promoted to the lieutenancy, Nov. 26, 1779, but resigned Aug. 24, 1780, on the account of ill health, due to the wounds he had received at Rhode Island. Capt. Webb was on duty in Col. Sheperd's regiment at the hanging of Maj. John Andre, the spy, Oct. 2, 1780, at Tappan, NY. With his command, he was in the detachment under Lafayette, sent by General Washington from the main army to strengthen the continental force in Virginia early in the spring of 1781, in protecting that colony from the depredations of Cornwallis's army then centering there. It was in May, following the arrival of the detachment, that he had a brisk and successful skirmish with the enemy while out on an important excursion with his command. The defeat of the enemy by the bravery of Capt. Webb greatly pleased Gen. Lafayette, and he sent to his trusty captain a letter, assuring him that the "successful skirmish" had "afforded" him the "greatest pleasure," and desired him to accept his "best thanks" and convey the same to his company "on this occasion." At other times afterwards, while Lafayette's division was watching the movements of Cornwallis's detachments, and badgering them at every point about Richmond, Petersburg and places north and south of James River and other points in that part of Virginia, he was sent out on secret service and was equally as successful in good results. When the siege of Yorktown commenced, he held his command in Gen. Lafayette's division, and was given an active part in the entrenchments before that doomed place with his brave men, and was present when it fell and the British army under Cornwallis surrendered. In his company in the trenches before the ill-fated place, in uniform, with blistered hands, displaying great gallantry, enduring hardship, and daring to follow where her brave captain dared to lead, was the noted heroine, Deborah Sampson of Massachusetts, a new recruit, bearing the name of Robert Shurtliffe, the story of whole life in the sacred cause of liberty has so often been read. Very fine..........................................................$150.00

7025 - GENERAL CHARLES CUSHING, MASSACHUSETTS, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, May 1781, 4" X 5" manuscript, payment for 5 copies of patricians of land in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in common with other proprietors, all in the hand of Charles Cushing. He was elected as a lawyer, and appointed first Sheriff of Lincoln Co., which office he held both before and during the Revolution, and also for many years after. He resided at Pownalboro and in 1776, when the Maine Militia was reorganized, was appointed to command the Eastern Regiment, with the title of Colonel. In January 1777, he was made Brigadier for Lincoln Co. He made himself especially obnoxious to the loyalists by his vigilance in the discharge of his duties as sheriff and military officer, and towards the close of the war, in 1781, (then a Brigadier General) was seized at night by a loyalist party under John Jones, a violent Tory, taken from his bed, compelled to hurry on his clothes and was carried away to the British army at Castine, where he was retained for some time as a prisoner. His functions as Sheriff and Brigadier General seem to have ceased soon after this time when he removed to Boston and he next appears as Clerk of the Courts in Suffolk and Nantucket Counties in 1783, which office he held to his death, in 1810. The fact of his occupying responsible public stations from the age of 26 to his death continuously both under the royal and republican governments, a period of 50 years, is sufficient proof of his ability, faithfulness and integrity. Very fine..................$125.00

7026 - GENERAL CHARLES CUSHING, ALS Georgetown, [Mass] June 8th, 1761, one page in manuscript, Cushing writes Thomas Fayerwweather in regard to an estate he is involved with. He was educated as a lawyer, and appointed first Sheriff of Lincoln Co., which office he held both before and during the Revolution, and also for many years after. He resided at Pownalboro and in 1776, when the Maine Militia was reorganized, was appointed to command the Eastern Regiment, with the title of Colonel. In January 1777, he was made Brigadier for Lincoln Co. He made himself especially obnoxious to the loyalists by his vigilance in the discharge of his duties as sheriff and military officer, and towards the close of the war, in 1781, (then a Brigadier General) was seized at night by a loyalist party under John Jones, a violent Tory, taken from his bed, compelled to hurry on his clothes and was carried away to the British army at Castine, where he was retained for some time as a prisoner. His functions asSheriff and Brigadier General seem to have ceased soon after this time when he removed to Boston and he next appears as Clerk of the Courts in Suffolk and Nantucket Counties in 1783, which office he held to his death, in 1810. The face of his occupying responsible public stations from the age of 26 to his death continuously both under the royal and republican governments, a period of 50 years, is sufficient proof of his ability, faithfulness and integrity. Very fine.............$125.00

7028 - RECOMMENDATION BY COLONEL RICHARD HAMPTON FOR A FORMER SOLDIER WHO IS ALSO ENDORSED BY SAM ADAMS, Providence, RI, May 13th, 1783, 8" X 13" manuscript. ALS letter by Colonel Richard Hampton to his brother asking his brother to help James Yancy [Yancey] in his new endeavors in Boston and to if possible assist him in procuring business contacts. He describes Mr. Yancy as being originally from Virginia and a brother of Captain Robert Yancy of Colonel Washington's Regiment. He continues in a postscript that Mr. Yancy has a letter from Samuel Adams to General Gadsdele who he is certain will do everything in his power to assist Yancy. Yancy had served at Fort Ticonderoga, NY in the Continental service. In period notation is "Colonel Richard Hampton of the Revolution." There was a Colonel Richard Hampton serving in the southern campaign as well as in the Pennsylvania Line. Well written in large manuscript. Fine...........................................$395.00

7029 - THOMAS DWIGHT, ALS TO JOSEPH LYMAN, ALS by Dwight, 2 pages 7" X 8", folded letter sheet addressed to Joseph Lyman of Hatfield, Mass., April 6th, 1784 regarding debts from an estate. DWIGHT, Thomas, a representative from Massachusetts; born in Springfield, Mass., October 29, 1758; pursued preparatory studies; was graduated from Harvard College in 1778; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Springfield, Mass.; member of the State house of representatives in 1794 and 1795; served in the State senate 1796 - 1803; elected as a Federalist to the Eighth Congress (March 4, 1803 - March 3, 1805); selectman of the town of Springfield 1806 - 1809 and in 1811; member of the Governor's council in 1808 and 1809; retired from political life and engaged in the practice of his profession in Springfield, Hampden County, until his death January 2, 1819; interment in Peabody Cemetery. Joseph Lyman was a Minister from Hatfield and wrote numerous religious pamphlets. Very fine.........................................................$45.00

7034 - HENRY PURKETT, BOSTON TEA PARTY PARTICIPANT, May 3rd, 1814, receipt for 6 casks of flints, signed by Henry Purkett a participant in the Boston Tea Party. 3" X 7" in dark brown ink. Listed as a participant dressed as a Mohawk Indian when his tea was thrown off the ship in Boston Harbor. Very fine..................................................$145.00

7036 - DR. JOSHUA BARKER, TORY LOYALIST, Hingham, Mass., January 15th, 1789 to Thomas Fayerweather of Boston, a local merchant. 2 pages octavo, letter of recommendation. Dr. Joshua BARKER was born on 24 Mar 1753 in Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts. He died on 2 Apr 1800 at the age of 47. Joshua Barker was a strong Tory, but was highly esteemed by all classes in the community. He was a practicing physician in Hingham, and a member of the Massachusetts Medical Society; it is said that he tried every new medicine upon himself before giving it to his patients. He was graduated from Harvard College in 1771. His wife, who was his own cousin, was, like himself, very handsome and fine-looking. Susannah THAXTER and Dr. Joshua BARKER were married on 17 Oct 1779 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. Fine...............................................$69.00

7039 - MAJOR JOHN DOUGHTY WRITES TO GENERAL HENRY JACKSON FOR GENERAL HENRY KNOX AS HE IS REQUESTING NAMES OF OFFICERS ENTITLED TO BREVETS, ALS, November 7th, 1783, octavo 6" X 8" letter to Brig. General Henry Jackson stating that General Henry Knox wants the names of officers entitled to brevets written and signed by Major Edward Doughty of Knox's staff. Doughty distinguished himself in the 2nd Continental Artillery at Brandywine, Germantown, Monmouth, and Yorktown. Very fine........................................................$350.00

7040 - THOMAS WALLEY, BOSTON SELECTMAN, SIGNER OF MASSACHUSETTS CURRENCY, LETTER MENTIONS THE GLOOMY PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN BOSTON 1775, ALS Boston, January 25th, 1775, a letter to his brother. Walley reflets on the poor health and declining physical condition of their sister..."I suspect death will be a happy exchange for her, may we be all prepared for the fate God has for us". "Our public affairs wear a more gloomy aspect than ever, may God appear for us and disappoint the designs of our..." Walley implies that the mod in Boston is poor in regard to politics and he implores God to aid them in their cause. Lexington and Concord and the siege of Boston is only months away and patriotic sentiment and anti-British feelings are ever increasing. Very fine................................$250.00

7041 - LT COLONEL WILLIAM MORRIS ADC TO GENERAL NATHANIEL GREENE, Lt. Colonel Lewis Morris son of Signer Lewis Morris of NY, as ADC to General Nathaniel Greene, signature in ink..............................................SOLD

7043 - 18 PAIR OF SHOES FOR COLONEL HENLEY'S REGIMENT, Pawtucket, October 15th, 1778, 6" X 7" manuscript Jonas Whiting Quartermaster affirms the receipt of 18 pair of shoes from Stephen Parker pay master of Colonel Jackson's regiment for the use of Colonel Henley's regiment. General Henry Jackson led his regiment in the Philadelphia campaign of 1777, at Monmouth and Rhode Island in 1778, and at Springfield, New Jersey in 1780. In 1780, the regiment was taken into the Massachusetts Line and renamed the 16th Massachusetts Regiment. Jackson's regiment was disbanded in 1781 and Jackson was transferred to command the 4th Massachusetts Regiment. He received a brevet promotion to brigadier general on September 30, 1783 and led Continental forces into New York City on the heels of the British evacuation in November. He was retained as commander the 1st American Regiment (1783 - 1784), which was the only infantry until still active after the dissolution of the Continental Army. Jackson was discharged from the Army on June 20, 1784 when the 1st Regiment was disbanded and the standing army was reduced to only 80 soldiers..........................................................$250.00

7045 - BENJAMIN WHITE, MASSACHUSETTS COUNCIL OF SAFETY, 1775 BOSTON, DEFENSE OF BUNKER HILL, 4" X 6" manuscript note written and signed by Benjamin White of Boston to Thomas Fayenweather, January 10th, 1772, Boston dealing with funds received for Thomas Hutchinson administrator to the estate. The Massachusetts Committee of Safety met on 15 June at the house of Harvard steward Jonathan Hastings and came to this conclusion:  Whereas, it appears of Importance to the Safety of this Colony, that possession of the Hill, called Bunker's Hill, in Charlestown, be securely kept and defended; and also some one hill or hills on Dorchester Neck [i.e. peninsula] be likewise Secured. Therefore, Resolved, Unanimously, that it be recommended to the Council of War, that the abovementioned Bunker's Hill be maintained, by sufficient force being posted there; and as the particular situation of Dorchester Neck is unknown to this Committee, they advise that the Council of War take and pursue such steps respecting the Same, as to them shall appear to be for the Security of this Colony. White was a member of the Massachusetts Committee of Safety and was one of the two members that met with General Thomas near Charleston planning the defense of Bunker Hill. Very fine......................................................SOLD

7046 - CONTINENTAL OFFICER ANDREW PETERS, MASSACHUSETTS, Menden, Mass., October 26th, 1786, 1 page ALS business letter to Thomas Fayenweather of Cambridge. Captain in the Massachusetts Regiment of Joseph Reed May - December 1775, Captain of the 13th Continental Regiment June  - December 1776, Major 2nd Mass., Lt. Colonel of the 15th Mass. until his resignation in 1779. Very fine...........................................$75.00

7050 - MASSACHUSETTS STATE TREASURER THOMAS DAVIS, May 8th, 1793, 2 pale ALS by Davis as state Treasurer to John Waite concerning no payment of funds to the State of Massachusetts and telling Waite to proceed against parties involved. Davis [1756 - 1805] was Treasurer and receiver - General of Massachusetts 1792 - 97. John Waite [1758 - 1830] was a Continental soldier serving in the Massachusetts Line. Very fine..............................$45.00


7051 - MISSISSIPPI TERRITORY, September 29th, 1812, 6" X 8" printed and filled-in form ordering Ladock Cramer to appear at Superior Court in Washington, Miss. To answer the charges levied against him by Stephen Henderson. Signed by Theodore Stark. Thick laid paper with heavy typeset, early Mississippi Territory. Very fine......................................$75.00

7052 - MISSISSIPPI TERRITORY, HUGE INDENTURE FOR A SALE OF PROPERTY IN NATCHEZ IN 1806, dated March 19th, 1806, 12" X 20" written in large manuscript on thick laid paper. The sale of two lots in the southeast portion of Natchez identified as lots 1 and 2 in square 28 sold to John and Susan Reagh by John Perkins for the sum of $91.87 1/2 cents. The terms of the payment were outlined in the indenture [promissory contract]. Signed by the notary and several witnesses. A huge document that has some archival strengthening at folds but no loss of text. Large manuscript with paper seals attached to the verso. Early Mississippi Territory. Overall very good..............................................$225.00

7053 - MISSISSIPPI TERRITORY, A LONG LEGAL DISPUTE OVER LAND SOLD NEAR THE TOWN OF WASHINGTON, MISS, October 4th, 1803, six long legal pages in manuscript, Adams County, Mississippi Territory dealing with the sale of land near the town of Washington sold to John Foster by James Foster for the sum of $150 in the year 1798. The charges stem from the property line dispute that arose and the plaintiff is suing for relief from James Foster and the previous seller John Bullen. Very specific property description down to trees is listed. Six large pages, wear at edges, dark brown ink. A very early Mississippi Territory document.......................................................$150.00

7054 - SUBPOENA TO APPEAR AT COURT IN NATCHEZ, MISSISSIPPI TERRITORY, June 3rd, 1803, 8" X 13" manuscript subpoena ordering James Foster and John Bullen to appear to answer charges by John Foster at the court house in Natchez under penalty of $300. [See previous lot for the description of the charge]. The trial was set for November 1803. Noted that this was John Bullen's copy of the subpoena on the verso. Very fine........................$85.00

6101 - BOSTON, NEW ENGLAND, 1771, A Sermon preached at Cambridge before his Excellency Thomas Hutchinson preached by John Tucker on the occasion of the election of His Majesty's Council. May 29th, 1771, printed by Richard Draper, Boston, New England. 63 pages octavo bound imprint. Very fine with crisp paper. In 1769, upon the resignation of Governor Francis Bernard, he became acting Governor, serving in that capacity at the time of the Boston Massacre, March 5, 1770, when popular clamor compelled him to order the removal of the troops from the city. In March 1771, he received his commission as Governor, and was the last civilian governor of the Massachusetts colony. His administration, controlled completely by the British ministry, increased the friction with the patriots. The publication, in 1773, of some letters on colonial affairs written by Hutchinson, and obtained by Franklin in England, still further aroused public indignation. In England, while Hutchinson was vindicated in discussions in the Privy Council, Franklin was severely criticized and fired as a colonial postmaster general. The resistance of the colonials led the ministry to see the necessity for stronger measures. A temporary suspension of the civil government followed, and General Gage was appointed military governor in April 1774. Driven from the country by threats in the following May and broken in health and spirit, Hutchinson spend the rest of his life an exile in England. Printed shortly after his elevation to Governor. Very fine..........................................................$150.00

72010 - CELEBRATION OVER CORNWALLIS' VICTORY, FRANCIS MARION IN THE CAROLINAS, The Salem Gazette, Salem, MA, February 7th, 1782. 6 pages, proclamation that soldiers on furlough must return promptly in order to avoid disagreeable consequences - the War is not over yet! Jubilation over the victory over Cornwallis at Yorktown, the sky is illuminated in Charleston, Francis Marion captures stores and prisoners in South Carolina, General Sinclair is sent by Washington to reinforce him, Marion's operations in the Carolinas praised, the British House of Commons denies supplies for America, a French ship arrives with money to pay the French troops. One of the newest of the Revolutionary War papers, some old tape restoration in a small area, otherwise very good, unusual six page issue.............................................$150.00

61507 - FEELINGS IN BRITAIN BECOME MORE ANTI-AMERICAN, NEW ENGLAND COLONIES TO BE PROHIBITED FROM FISHING IN NEWFOUNDLAND, PARLIAMENT BECOMES MORE IRRITATED IN AMERICAN NEWS, The Universal Magazine, London, March 1775, complete octavo sized issue. A great description of the City of BOSTON, Taxation and no tyranny, a satirical opinion by Dr. Samuel Johnson, a book "The Present Crisis with Respect to America Considered" being burned by the common hangman. The book was considered false, malicious, and a traitorous libel writing. Edmund Burke sets forth a plan for conciliatory actions between the Colonies and Great Britain. Complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included).............................$75.00

61511 - GENERAL GAGE REPORTS ON THE SITUATION IN BOSTON AFTER LEXINGTON AND CONCORD, LORD DUNMORE ABDICATES AS GOVERNOR OF VIRGINIA, GAGE'S REPORT ON THE BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL, The Universal Magazine, London, July 1775, complete issue, octavo sized. General Gage gives details as to the situation in the City of Boston after the fighting at Lexington and Concord, Lord Denmore resigns as Royal Governor of Virginia and his message to the House of Burgess, with their message to him and then Dunmore responds to their message. Gage reports to the Earl of Dartmouth on the Battle of Breeds Hill (Bunker Hill). An important issue, complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included).................................$250.00

61514 - GEORGE III FEELS A SHOW OF FORCE IS NECESSARY TO BRING THE COLONIES IN LINE, BUT IF THEY RETURN THEY SHOULD BE DEALT WITH MERCY, The Universal Magazine, London, October 1775, octave sized magazine. A description of the seat of War in North America, recent fires in Charles Town, extensive news about Rhode Island, John Wesley addresses the American Colonies and employs them to accept British Authority for fear of God and the King, George III addresses both houses of Parliament stating that a show of forces must be made with the Americans, but if they return to the fold they should be dealt with mercy and tenderness, notice that Lard Cornwallis has been appointed a Major General. Complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included).............................................$89.00

61516 - THE BRITISH NAVY DESTROYS FALMOUTH, MA, THREATENS OTHER COASTAL CITIES FROM BOSTON TO HALIFAX, The Universal Magazine, London, December 1775, octavo sized magazine. Lord North proposes in Congress a bill that would prohibit trade with any of the 12 United Colonies who sent delegates to the late Continental Congress, on December 8th, Parliament passes the American Refraining Act. George Washington passes on a letter describing the British Navy's attack on Falmouth, MA., which nearly destroyed the town by thousands of shot from the small British fleet, Nathanial Green sent a letter on the same subject (destruction of Falmouth) and wants the town of Newport fortified as quick as possible. Quite a detailed issue. Complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included)....................................$95.00

61517 - GENERAL GAGE ARRIVES IN BOSTON WITH TROOPS, THE PORT BLOCKED, PHILADELPHIA SYMPATHIZE WITH THE MEN OF MASSACHUSETTS, PAYMENT OFFERED FOR LOSSES IN THE BOSTON TEA PARTY, The Town & Country Magazine, London, July 1774, octavo sized magazine with full wraps. General Gage arrives in Boston and is peaceably received, members of the faction opposing British taxes and restrictions are informed that their names have been sent to London and set before Parliament, they may be called to London or at the very least prohibited from holding any public office, leaders in Philadelphia write offering sympathy with their brethren in Massachusetts, however the Quakers in that city oppose any involvement in the New England situation, a letter is presented by merchants of Boston desiring a meaningful relationship with Gage and offering the East India Company for any past losses incurred by wrathful and inconsiderate men...AN OFFER TO REPAY LOSSES INCURRED FOR THE BOSTON TEA PARTY, important and rare content as some in Boston fear financial ruin by the blockade of Boston Harbor that was just beginning by the British Fleet. Very fine, complete........................................$225.00

61518 - AN EXTENSIVE LISTING OF LETTERS FROM COLONIAL GOVERNORS ADVISING PARLIAMENT OF THE SITUATION IN AMERICA, A MOVE IN BOSTON TO PAY FOR THE LOST TEA DEFEATED, EXTRAORDINARY CONTENT, The Gentleman's Magazine, London, February 1775, complete with all wraps. A series of General Gage's letters from Boston from July 1775 to December 1775 describing the affairs in the Colony, tyranny enforced by mobs who influence juries, judges, and the press. A vote defeated in Boston to pay for the lost TEA (BOSTON TEA PARTY), letters from almost all Colonial Royal Governors advising Parliament of the situation in their Colony and how the situation in Massachusetts has been influencing their citizens and the feeling of their citizens, workers in Boston refuse to build lodging for the King's Troops. A very newsy and important issue just two months before Lexington & Concord and the beginning of the Revolutionary War........................................$175.00

62001 - SEES OF REVOLUTION IN BOSTON EMERGE, The Pennsylvania Chronicle, October 17th, 1768, 8 page octavo edition printed by William Goddard. The British land troops in Boston to enforce and back up local Customs Officials with unrest brewing, lodging is to be provided to them, barracks constructed with no compensation for lands used by the Army, barracks being built are destroyed during construction, the Governor offers a reward for the capture of the offenders, local meeting of Boston officials vote to not endorse harsher measures against the British. Numerous reports from Boston in this Philadelphia paper revolving around the unrest in New England, the arrival of British regiments in Boston, and dissent among the populace over how to handle the duties and taxation imposed upon the New England colonies. Also the "Sons of Liberty" in Boston threatened armed violence. An excellent Colonial paper printed just as hostile actions against British rule were to erupt. Paper is crisp and printing bold, trifle flem on page 7-8 resulting in trifle lost of text in merchant ads, otherwise fine.............................................$250.00   

62102 - THE SITUATION IN FRANCE WORSENS, ANARCHY PREVAILS, Dunlap's American Daily Advertiser, Philadelphia, PA, January 10th, 1793. 4 pgs. Extensive coverage of the birth of the New French Republic, conflicts and battles in France, printed just a few days before the French King and his wife were executed. These changes in France would set the stage for an upcoming War with England that would threaten to bring America into the fray. Very fine....................................$45.00

62106 - CRITICISM OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT FOR FEAR OF GETTING THE UNITED STATES IN A CONFLICT WITH FRANCE, The Independent Chronicle, Boston, MA, February 13th, 1797. Attractive masthead of the Seal of Massachusetts, published ni the last month of Washington's second administration. The paper criticizes the Federal Government for it's relations with France, Pickering the Secretary of State had published a report on the damages incurred by American vessels by hostile actions against neutral nations. Front page article on the state of Foreign Affairs in regard to our relations with European powers in conflict, fine.........................................$49.50

62109 - JOHN HANCOCK ON HIS WAY TO PHILADELPHIA FOR THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, The Worcester Magazine, Boston, MA, Second week of May 1787, published by I. Thomas and formerly the "Massachusetts Spy", octavo sized. Hancock and his wife leave for Philadelphia for the Convention, a committee in Massachusetts deals with pardoning persons who were disloyal during the Revolution, news that leaders of Shays Rebellion have returned to Vermont from Canada. A scarce issue, slight edge tatters, but a solid issue.............................$75.00


The following group of Almanacs were all printed in America in the 18th Century in Boston. Colonial imprints of all types are getting very scarce to find and bringing high prices at auction.

29 - ASTRONOMICAL DIARY OR ALMANAC FOR THE YEAR 1795, published by Nathanial Low, Boston, MA. Paper wraps and string bound, lists the usual predictions by day. The court systems in New England, population by States in America, distances of road from Boston to other towns in New England, as well as simple interest based on 6% interest from 1 pound to 1000 pounds. "Published in the 19th year of Independence which began July 4th, 1776". Wide margins, early Federalist period almanac printed during the administration of George Washington. Fresh paper............................................$165.00

30 - ASTRONOMICAL DIARY OR ALMANAC FOR THE YEAR 1798, published by Nathanial Low, Boston, MA. The usual predictions by day each month. A table of interest based on 6%, a conversion into pounds from Massachusetts currency, a listing of the Federal Court system in New England, distances from Boston to other towns in the New England area. A Federalist Period almanac. Overall very good, paper wraps and string bound...........................................$150.00

5180 - REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIER'S AFFIDAVIT OF DISCHARGE AND PAY VOUCHER, 2 items, [1] pre-printed and filled-in pay voucher dated at Hartford, CT. August 24th, 1780 for Noah Robert to receive his pay due in the amount of 47 pounds, 15 shillings, 7 pence, 5" X 6", [2] affidavit of discharge for Noah Roberts who it states had served three years in the Connecticut line and his legal date of discharge was May 20th, 1780. The manuscript document is 3.75" X 5.25" and is dated August 22nd, 1780. Roberts fought at Long Island in 1777, Battle of Rhode Island August 1778, wintered at Morristown 1779 - 80 and was in captain Samuel Webb's Regiment [copies of his service included], very fine........................................................$295.00

, Pre-printed appointment for Gabriel Benson as Supervisor of the United States in the district of Spartanburg, Charleston, November 10th, 1798 and signed by Stevens as supervisor of the State of South Carolina. 7" X 9", Daniel Stevens was the twenty-fourth intendant (mayor) of Charleston, South Carolina, serving from 1819 to 1820. Stevens was elected as a warden (city council member) in August 1808. He ran for the office of intendant of Charleston on September 16, 1816 but was defeated by Elias Horry. Stevens was elected intendant (mayor) on January 11, 1819, replacing John Geddes, who had been elected governor of South Carolina. He was then re-elected on September 6, 1819. Stevens was born in 1746 to Samuel Stevens and Catherine Willard and died on March 20, 1835. He married three times: to Patience Catherine Norton (1767); to Sarah Sprowle (1770); and to Mary Adams (1779). Stevens served with the Charleston Rangers and Ancient Battalion of Artillery and fought in that Battle of Fort Moultrie. He was imprisoned and exiled to Philadelphia when Charleston fell in May 1780 to the British. He returned to Charleston the next year under the command of General Nathaniel Greene. He saw action at Guilford Courthouse and Eutaw Springs. After the Revolutionary War, Stevens served as Charleston District sheriff (1782 - 1784) and then federal supervisor of revenue (1791 - 1801). He served in the South Carolina statehouse was a representative for the Charleston area in 1782 and then again in 1785 - 1790. He represented the Beaufort District in the South Carolina Senate in 1791. Some archival repairs on verso, light stains..................................................

3115 - PRESIDENT JAMES MONROE, A large bold signature in ink, 1" X 5", from a document he signed as Secretary of State under Madison. "Jas. Monroe" "Secretary of State." (April 28, 1758 - July 4, 1831) was the fifth President of the United States (1817 - 1825). Monroe was the last president who was a Founding Father of the United States, the third of them to die on Independence Day, and the last president from the Virginia dynasty and the Republican Generation. He was of French and Scottish descent. Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia. Monroe was of the planter class and fought in the American Revolutionary War. He was wounded in the Battle of Trenton with a musket ball to his shoulder. After studying law under Thomas Jefferson from 1780 to 1783, he served as a delegate in the Continental Congress. As an anti-federalist delegate to the Virginia convention that considered ratification of the United States Constitution, Monroe opposed ratification, claiming it gave too much power to the central government. He took an active part in the new government, and in 1790 he was elected to the Senate of the first United States Congress, where he joined the Jeffersonian. He gained experience as an executive as the Governor of Virginia and rose to national prominence as a diplomat in France, when he helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. During the War of 1812, Monroe held the critical roles of Secretary of State and the Secretary of War under President James Madison. Facing little opposition from the fractured Federalist Party, Monroe was easily elected president in 1816, winning over 80 percent of the electoral vote and becoming the last president during the First Party System era of American politics. As president, he bought Florida from Spain and sought to east partisan tensions, embarking on a tour of the country that was generally well received. With the ratification of the Treaty of 1818, under the successful diplomacy of his Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, the United States extended from the Atlantic to the Pacific, giving America harbor and fishing rights in the Pacific Northwest. The United States and Britain jointly occupied the Oregon Country. In addition to the acquisition of Florida, the landmark Treaty of 1819 secured the border of the United States along the 42nd Parallel to the Pacific Ocean and represented America's first determined attempt at creating an "American global empire." As nationalism surged, partisan fury subsided and the "Era of Good Feelings" ensued until the Panic of 1819 struck and dispute over the admission of Missouri embroiled the country in 1820. Nonetheless, Monroe won near unanimous re-election. A nice bold signature....................................................$395.00

3116 - PRESIDENT JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, 8.75" X 13.5", vellum land grant, large heading, JOHN QUINCY ADAMS PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, November 13th, 1825, land at Cahaba, Alabama awarded and sold to Gabriel Benson, 79 plus acres. Signed in dark ink  J. Q. Adams. Embellishments are very strong in dark ink. Complete paper seal. Trifle pin holes as usual in vellum restored nicely. Nice and bright. Starting in 1804, U. S. Land Offices were established to sell land in the area which would become Alabama. By law federal land was sold to the highest bidders at public auctions. Alabama sales attracted me from all over the nation, many of them peculators. Groups of speculators bought large tracts, sometimes for as little as $10 an acre, then resold at $20 to $100 an acre. When an auction ended, poorer migrants could buy less desirable land for as little as $2 an acre. The smallest amount one person could buy was 160 acres. Under the Land Law of 1800 a purchaser could put one-fourth down and pay the rest off over three years. But when the price of cotton fell to eighteen cents a pound, few could meet payments on land bought at inflated prices. By 1820, Alabama owed the federal government $11 million - more than half of the national land debt. In 1820 and 1821, Congress passed new laws to deal with this problem. The Land Law of 1820 required future buyers to pay the entire amount in cash, but lowered the minimums to $1.25 an acre and 80 acres. Those already in debt were aided by the Relief Act of 1821 which permitted them to keep part of their land and return the rest to the government or buy it all on the installment plan at reduced rates.........................................................SOLD

3118 - EARLY MEDICAL BROADSIDE, "CANCER CURED, EAR AND OTHER DISEASES", Broadside, 8"X 17", period 1840's, black typeset on white bond paper, large eye vignette, Dr. J. M. Miner, late Professor of the Eye and Ear Infirmary of NYC, will be at the Pattee House, Avon, NY to see patients...his methods of treatment of various diseases by use of electric and vegetable remedies with numerous testimonials to his credit. An early medical broadside hat dates by typestyle and paper to the 1840s and is accompanied by two social invitations that came with it dated 1847 and 1848. Condition is very good with paper bright......................................................$85.00

10061 - PAYMENT FOR SOLDIER'S CLOTHING IN SILVER SIGNED BY FOUR PATRIOTS WHO SERVED FOR YEARS IN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY, 1.5" X 7", Preston, CT, December 4th, 1781. Paying an individual in SILVER for clothing for Continental Army. Four of the selectmen signing the document served with distinction at numerous Revolutionary War battles such as Lexington and Concord, Battle at Long Island, Saratoga, Germantown, PA., Monmouth, N.J., Groton Heights, Morristown and Valley Forge. Numerous research records of these soldiers are included. Very fine...........................................................$195.00


8923 - THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, LONDON, ENGLAND, JULY 1775, Octavo sized, 5" X 7", complete issue. The first report in England of the Battle of Bunker Hill, on page 346, describing the alarm sounded on the morning of the 17th that the Rebels had broken ground and had raised a battery on the heights of Charles Town against the town of Boston, six cannons were set up, troops were dispatched to drive them off with forces consisting of the 5th, 38th, 43rd, and 52nd battalions with field artillery. All under the command of General Howe and Brig. General Pigot landed under the protection of some ships of war. The Rebels were kept within their works. Much more on the attack of the British, the defense of the Americans, describes the cannonade from the field pieces and howitzers...signed in print by General Gage along with the killed and wounded including Major Pitcairn who had been involved in the Lexington/Concord engagements. Much more on the details of the engagement. On page 331 General Gage gives his proclamation of June 12th describing the rebels as incendiaries and traitors and anyone who aids them in any way will be considered traitors, much more. Choice condition. Extremely rare content......................$395.00

71613A - COLONY OF PENNSYLVANIA, PAYMENT FOR A BLACK MARE FOR THE USE OF THE UNITED STATES, August 21st, 1780, pre-printed and filled in document 7" X 7" detailing the payment of 29 pounds in specie on the exchange of 60 for one Continental for the payment of one black mare 14 hands high for a wagon and such male has been appraised by two Freeholders. Lancaster County, PA paid to Michael Breitenbach of the township of Lebanon [PA]. This document was a pay voucher by the state with interest allowed. There are numerous notations on the verso in manuscript. He apparently received the amount due plus interest in 1784 which amounted to 34 pounds 17 shillings, 9 pence. Quite an interesting Revolutionary War document showing the inflation that Continental currency has suffered by 1780. Fine..........................................................$325.00

60900 - THE DEFENSE OF FORT MOULTRIE, 8.5" X 11" steel engraving from a painting by J. A. Oertel, engraved by G. R. Hall, dated 1856, published by Martin & Johnson, "The heroism of Sergeant Jasper," Jasper distinguished himself in the defense of Fort Moultrie (then called Fort Sullivan) on June 28, 1776. When a shell from a British warship shot away the flagstaff, he recovered the South Carolina flag in the Battle of Sullivan's Island, raised it on a temporary staff, and held it under fire until a new staff was installed. Governor John Rutledge gave his sword to Jasper in recognition of his bravery. Choice...........................................$35.00

, 8.5" X 11" steel engraving, dated 1856, from the original painting, published by Martin & Fry, a great action print, choice.........................................

5106 - SIGNED BY PETER COLT, FINAL PAYMENT FOR A CONTINENTAL SOLDIER, State of Connecticut, January 8th, 1790, pre-printed and filled in voucher for 7 pounds and Nine shillings. O cancelled as usual on these. 5" X 6", signed by Peter Colt reputed to be a direct relative of Samuel Colt. The document was made out to Charles Phelps who served in several regiments during the Revolutionary War. In 1775, the 10 Connecticut Regiment, in 1776 the 17th Connecticut noted as missing on the retreat from Long Island, and later in the 7th Connecticut Regiment until 1781. It was common for old debts for service to be paid way after the War. Very fine...................................................$75.00


32203 - PAY ABSTRACT OF CAPTAIN PETER WOODBURY'S COMPANY IN COLONEL JACOB GERRISH'S REGIMENT FOR SEPTEMBER 1778, MASSACHUSETTS TROOPS, GUARDING HESSIAN PRISONERS AFTER SARATOGA, 7" X 7" manuscript listing of the officers and non-commissioned officers and private soldiers in Captain Peter Woodbury's Company for September 1778. Included were one Captain, 2 Lieutenants, 4 Sergeants, 1 Drummer, 4 Corporals, and 45 privates whose pay amounted to 140 pounds 4 shillings. Signed by Captain Peter Woodbury, well written, some irregularity at bottom border but strong manuscript. Colonel Gerrich's Guards were guarding Hessian Prisoners at this time after the Battle of Saratoga. After the Battle of Saratoga, the British General Burgoyne by signing the Convention agreement 17 Oct. 1777, surrendered his army to General Gates of the American troops at Saratoga, NY. At this time, his army consisted of 2,139 British, 2,022 Germans, and 830 Canadians. One of the conditions of surrender stipulated that the troops had to leave their weapons on the field of surrender, and from there march to the Harbor of Boston, Massachusetts, to be put aboard ships and never return to fight again. At Cambridge, called the Winter Hill prison camp, Brunswick and Hessen Hanau Regiments were kept in Barracks for a whole year. The American Congress did not ratify the Convention agreement, and consequently, British ships to pick up the prisoners according to the original agreement, were refused entry into the harbor. Some of the prisoners went out to work by special permits. Some deserted or joined the American forces. The soldiers themselves were still under the command of their officers, and kept together within their regimental units. The date of this document attests to the fact that this document was written at the Winter Hill Prison Camp at Cambridge, Mass. By November 9th, 1778, the Hessian troops were moved south finally arriving in Virginia at Charlottesville, VA, in January 1779. A rare Revolutionary War POW document...........................................$395.00

80246 - ROBERT MORRIS, SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, A fine historical 1 page partly-printed DS, 12 1/4" X 9 3/4", dated March 10th, 1795. A numbered certificate for 5 Shares of Stock in the North American Land Company, sold to James Greenleaf, signed Rob[ert] Morris, President and James Marshal, Secretary. ROBERT MORRIS, JR. (1734 - 1806) was a successful merchant, a Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, and the U.S. Constitution. Morris was chairman of the Pennsylvania Committee of Safety during the Revolutionary War and a delegate to the Second Continental Congress (1775 - 1778). From 1781 to 1784, he was Superintendent of Finance (helping to earn him the moniker of "Financier of the Revolution"  --indeed, Morris contributed at least 10,000 pounds of his personal wealth to support Washington's troops). He was Pennsylvania's first U.S. Senator (1789 - 1795), and for a while, a successful land peculator (buying some 6,000,000 acres of land.) Unfortunately, Morris over-extended himself, and when his land deals went bust, he ended up bankrupt in 1798 and in Debtor's Prison. Ironically, the man who helped to win America's independence was momentarily forgotten by his country. On March 2, 1793, Greenleaf was named U.S. consul to Amsterdam. That same year, on a visit back to the United States, he made his first investments in Washington, D.C., real estate. On Sept. 23, 1793, he purchased 3,000 lots from the federal commissioners. On Sept. 25, President George Washington wrote from Mount Vernon to a friend, "You will learn from Mr. Greenleaf that he has dipped deeply in the concerns of the Federal city -- I think he has done so on very advantageous terms for himself and I am pleased with it..." Washington went on to note that Greenleaf had paid $80 apiece for the lots. As part of that deal he had to agree to build a certain number of buildings and not sell any of the land before Jan. 1, 1796. That October Greenleaf formed a partnership with banker Robert Morris and Pennsylvania's former comptroller-general, John Nicholson, for the Washington lots. Morris is known as the financier of the American Revolution. By the time, he met Greenleaf in 1793, he was deeply engaged in extensive land speculation. When Washington, an old friend, suggested to Morris that a man of 60 should be more prudent, the banker replied, "I can never do things in the small; I must be either a man or a mouse." Eventually the partnership would own 7,234 Washington lots. Greenleaf also held 1,341 lots for his own use. Using the lots as security, Greenleaf and his partners hoped to float a large loan with the Dutch bankers. Greenleaf promised them he had all the right connections. With turmoil in Europe, Greenleaf and Morris' investments in Washington property failed. Morris, Nicholson and Greenleaf had debts estimated from $3 million to $12 million. (One can only imagine what the debt would be in contemporary dollars.) The law took its course and all three ended up in Philadelphia's debtor's prison, informally known as "the Prune Street lockup." Morris bitterly blamed Greenleaf for being unable to raise money from Dutch bankers to get them out of debt. But Morris was overextended long before they met. While Greenleaf didn't prevent the collapse he could hardly be blamed for bringing it about. A wonderful combination of the two famous investment partners...Very fine...................................................$1,200.00

7185 - AN EARLY ACCOUNT OF THE INDIANS WEST OF THE GREAT LAKES, THE BOSTON CHRONICLE, February 22, 1768. Inside under "Boston" is a "copy of a letter from Jonathan Carver at Michillmackinac, to his wife at Montague, Sept. 24, 1767." Carver begins his letter by stating that he spent the previous winter among the "...Naudoussee of the Plains, a roving nation of Indians near the river St. Piere, one of the western branches of the Mississippi, near 1400 miles west of Michillimackinac." A bit more about his experience with this nation of nomadic Indians, plus more general talk about his journey up the Mississippi which includes mention of Lake Pepin. He then discusses his travel mileage from the previous year, that took him" ...round the west, north, and east parts of Lake Superior, to Michillmakinac...", about 4,800 miles since he departed from Boston. Carver continues, mentioning that he had "...seen places where the Spaniards came and carried away silver and gold formerly, 'till the Indians drove them away, undoubtedly there is...plenty of gold in many places of the Mississippi..." The letter concludes with details about a certain superstition among the Naudoussees that was witnessed by Carver, plus there is some discussion about their spiritual beliefs as well. Elsewhere are two reports, one from Carlisle concerning:  "...made prisoners Frederick Stump and John Ironcutter who were suspected to have murdered ten of our friend Indians near Fort Augusta..." which is near present-day Sunbury, Pennsylvania (see). Eight pages, 8 ½ by 10 ¼ inches, some rubbing to the front page. This newspaper published only briefly from December 21, 1767 until 1770. The publishers, John Mein and John Fleeming, were both from Scotland. The Chronicle was a Loyalist paper in the time before the American Revolution. In its second year, Mein printed names in the paper that accused some colonial merchants of breaking a British non-importation agreement. In response, Mein's name appeared on a list of merchants who violated the trade agreement. Mein retaliated by accusing the Merchants' Committee of using the non-importation agreement for illegal profiteering. The irritated readership ransacked the offices of the Chronicle, and ultimately, it ceased operations in 1770....................................................$200.00

7186 - HIS MAJESTY HAS ALLOWED FOR THE FREE IMPORTATION OF AMERICAN INDIAN CORN, THE BOSTON CHRONICLE, February 29, 1768. Inside has several reports from Parliament which relate to America, and has near the end:  "Numbers of manufacturers are daily shipping themselves off for the happy regions of America." Also mention that:  "His Majesty signed the act for the free importation of Indian corn or maize, from any of his Majesty's Colonies in America, for a time therein limited." (see) Near the back is a report from New York concerning the apprehension of counterfeiters, with various details. Another report notes a man was:  "...found guilty of the heinous sin of blasphemy! For which crime he was sentenced to stand one hour in the pillory & receive ten stripes on his naked body..." Eight pages, 8 ½ by 10 ¼ inches, nice condition. This newspaper published only briefly from December 21, 1767 until 1770. The publishers, John Mein and John Fleeming, were both from Scotland. The Chronicle was a Loyalist paper in the time before the American Revolution. In its second year, Mein printed names in the paper that accused some colonial merchants of breaking a British non-importation agreement. In response, Mein's name appeared on a list of merchants who violated the trade agreement. Mein retaliated by accusing the Merchants' Committee of using the non-importation agreement for illegal profiteering. The irritated readership ransacked the offices of the Chronicle, and ultimately, it ceased operations in 1770................................$159.00

7189 - ORDERS SENT TO ARREST RINGLEADERS IN THE COLONIES, REPEAL OF THE STAMP ACT, A SECRET ARTICLE WRITTEN BY DR. FRANKLIN, THE PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE, AND UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Philadelphia Feb. 13, 1769. The front page is a religion-related commentary titled:  "The Anatomist, No. XVII." Page 2 has a letter from London beginning; "I am told many of our countrymen are greatly grieved at the news from America; whereas I look upon the Boston Gazette as entertaining a farce as the Padlock..." and further on:  "...Send a fleet to New England to be maintained & live upon free quarters there until the Bostonians have paid every farthing of what all the colonists are indebted to our merchants...I am of opinion it would be happy for this island, if America & the East Indies were swallowed up by an earthquake...One thing I love the colonists for, & that is, they speak out. They have beat the drum & openly declared themselves their own masters, and where's the harm in this? "...with more (see). Another page has a dateline from "Boston" which includes:  "In the course of the debate, the whole behavior of the people of "Boston was stated; they were charged with ingratitude for the return made to the indulgence shewn on the repeal of the stamp act, & that ingratitude traced back to a period immediately subsequent to the repeal..." and "...during the debate some reflections on the repeal of the stamp act necessarily engaged those members who had promoted the repeal..." with more, and ending with:  "...all agreed in condemning the late behavior of the people of Boston; in declaring that resistance to law by force out to be opposed by military force; & in professing an eager zeal to support government & vindicate the authority of the legislature." (see) There is also a lengthy item about the debate in Boston concerning the repeal of the Stamp Act. An extend of a letter from London states, in part:  "...That it was said the Ministry had certainly sent Orders to seize some of the Bostonian Ringleaders, and carry them to England, but it was imagined nothing could be done with them...yet it was believed all would end in our reserving the legislation...and their giving up the Right of Taxation to our Representatives..." The back page has an interesting notice placed by a printing business announcing the publication of the "SERMONS TO ASSES; supposed to be written by the ingenious Dr. Fr-nkl-n..." Eight pages, 9 ½ by 11 ¾ inches, a nice engraving of a coat-of-arms in the masthead, nice condition..................................$225.00

7191 - BRITISH TROOPS INVOLVED IN ROBBERIES, A TRIAL OF LIBEL AGAINST JOHN HANCOCK AND OTHERS, THE PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE AND UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, PA. February 20th, 1769. 8 pages, 9.50" X 11.75". Attractive coat of arms masthead, a report from Boston begins, "a number of robberies have been lately committed by the soldiers which some of them have been apprehended and committed to goal. This is not the only instance of a street robbery since the arrival of the troops which was before a crime unknown in this town and serves to convince us more and more how much beholden we are to some persons among us [government]...for influencing to they being quartered in the midst of us, which gives them a still great opportunity to injure and distress our inhabitant, more concerning having British troops quartered in Boston, ...mentions a trial in Admiralty court for the trial of libel against Mr. Hancock and others...Mr. Hancock's nearest relatives and tradesmen were summoned as evidences but nothing turned up that could support libel charges against him...In October 1768, when charges were filed against Hancock and five others for allegedly unloading 100 pipes of wine from the Liberty without paying the duties. If convicted, the defendants would have had to pay a penalty of triple the value of the wine, which came to £9,000. With John Adams serving as his lawyer, Hancock was prosecuted in a highly publicized trial by a vice admiralty court, which had no jury and did not always allow the defense to cross-examine the witnesses. After dragging out for nearly five months, the proceedings against Hancock were dropped without explanation. This paper was a primary means in voicing the anti-British sentiment that was rapidly spreading throughout the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The paper gained much notoriety when Goddard printed an article voicing his support for the Boston Tea Party. The paper's sympathies and general revolutionary message were a cause of great concern to the British. Soon the newspaper was heavily taxed for its delivery by the Crown Post (the colonial mail system in use at the time), and later the Crown Post simply refused to deliver the publication. The Crown Post finally drove the newspaper out of business in 1773. This prompted Goddard and Benjamin Franklin to establish an alternative mail system independent of the Crown Post authorities. This alternative system ultimately became the basis of a postal system that would later become the US Post Office. Condition very fine.....................................$200.00

7192 - YE SONS OF LIBERTY, ATTEND! THE COLONIES UNITE TO HAVE THE TOWNSHEND ACTS REPEALED, PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE, & UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, February 27, 1769. The front page has:  "A modern Poem on Liberty...". The poem begins:  "Ye Sons of Liberty Attend! To you the Skies in pity send A Bard, who, in the nick of time, stands forth to vindicate, in rhyme, Your life, your liberty and fame...". and takes over a full column. Page 6 has a report from "Charlestown [Charleston], South-Carolina" stating that:  "...if the revenue acts for the repeal whereof this whole continent have earnestly & unanimously petitioned be no speedily repealed, the generality of the people of this province will strictly adhere to the several resolutions they have lately entered into for establishing economy encouraging provincial labour & keeping more money in the colonies..." and then stating their intent for a non-importation agreement with the specifics noted:  "...amongst which are the following, 1. Not to purchase or cause to be purchased any goods whatever imported from G. B. except hard ware; 2. To go heartily to work in manufacturing their own & Negroes cloathing; 3. To avoid as much as possible the purchase of new Negroes; 4. To give all possible encouragement to the importation of such goods (not prohibited) as are manufactured in others of his Majesty's colonies..." and a bit more (see). These were the agreements to force England to repeal the Townshend Acts. Near the back is an ad:  "To Be Sold, A Likely Negro woman, about 25 years of age...". This newspaper was a primary means in voicing the anti-British sentiment that was rapidly spreading throughout the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The paper gained much notoriety when Goddard printed an article voicing his support for the Boston Tea Party. The paper's sympathies and general revolutionary message were a cause of great concern to the British. Soon the newspaper was heavily taxed for its delivery by the Crown Post (the colonial mail system in use at the time), and later the Crown Post simply refused to deliver the publication, driving the newspaper out of business in 1773. This prompted Goddard and Benjamin Franklin to establish an alternative mail system independent of the Crown Post authorities. This alternative system ultimately became the basis of a postal system that would later become the US Post Office. Complete in eight pages which measures about 9 by 12 inches, a few traces of foxing, mostly on the back page. Nice coat-of-arms engraving in the masthead...............................................$215.00

7193 - THE ANTI IMPORTATION ACTS AIMED AT BOYCOTTING GOODS TAXED BY PARLIAMENT FOR THE PURPOSE OF RAISING REVENUE IN AMERICA, PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE & UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, July 3, 1769. The front page includes an illustration relating to a new kind if water-powered mill (see). Page 3 has an interesting report of:  "A bill for a charitable lottery for the relief of distressed Virgins in Great Britain" which begins:  "Whereas, by the great & melancholy disuse of holy matrimony in the kingdom, an infinite number of his Majesty's female subjects are left upon the hands of their parents..." with more (see). The entirety of page 4 is taken up with a great document from Annapolis, Maryland, being a resolution of non-importation. It includes a detailed and historic introductory document outlining the reasons, then specifically outlines the nine points of the non-importation resolution, beginning:  "First, that we will not...directly, or indirectly, import or cause to be imported any manner of goods, merchandize or manufactures which are...taxed by Act of Parliament for the purpose of raising a revenue in America..." with much, much more. It ends:  "...The above Resolutions were subscribed by a number of the most considerable merchants, etc. of Maryland." Another page has a significant letter from the Mass. Assembly to the governor, expressing their anger at the governor's response to their earlier complaints on his the military presence in Boston is a growing problem (see). Complete in 8 pages, nice coat-of-arms engraving in the masthead, 9 ½ by 11 ½ inches, period writing in a margin of the back leaf, nice condition. This newspaper was a primary means in voicing the anti-British sentiment that was rapidly spreading throughout the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The paper gained much notoriety when Goddard printed an article voicing his support for the Boston Tea Party. The paper's sympathies and general revolutionary message were a cause of great concern to the British. Soon the newspaper was heavily taxed for its delivery by the Crown Post (the colonial mail system in use at the time), and later the Crown Post simply refused to deliver the publication, driving the newspaper our of business in 1773. This prompted Goddard and Benjamin Franklin to establish an alternative mail system independent of the Crown Post authorities. This alternative system ultimately became the basis of a postal system that would later become the US Post Office..................................................$175.00

7194 - FRENCH CITIZENS IN NOW SPANISH LOUISIANA WANT TO RE-ESTABLISH THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT OR THEY WILL LEAVE THEIR SETTLEMENTS, JOHN HANCOCK ADDRESSES THE COMPLAINTS OF THE COLONISTS, CONNECTICUT MERCHANTS AGREE TO FOLLOW THE ACTIONS OF NEW YORK AND BOSTON MERCHANTS IN REGARD TO THE RESTRICTION OF GOODS FROM BRITAIN, THE PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE & UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, July 31, 1769. The front page has an item noting that the inhabitants of Louisiana wish to reestablish the French government among them otherwise they will leave their settlements (see). Page 4 has a very lengthy address from an Assembly committee--comprised of John Hancock among others--to the governor of Massachusetts dealing with the disputes between American and England, followed by the governor's reply signed by him in type:  Fra. Bernard, and this is followed by reports of a petition to the King to remove the governor from office (see for portions). Page 6 has a report from Connecticut noting that the merchants of New Haven have agreed:  "...that the measures agreed to by the merchants in Boston, New York...to restrict the importation of goods from Great Britain until the act of parliament laying duties on paper, glass, etc. shall be repealed...and we concur in opinion with our brethren in the other colonies that it is our duty to exert ourselves by all lawful means to maintain our constitutional rights...not to be taxed but by our own consent or that of our representatives..." with more (see). This is followed by other news reports from the colonies, including an item noting that the armed schooner "Liberty," owned by John Hancock, was seized & converted to a tender by the commissioners of the customs (see). Reports concerning duties carry over to page 7 as well (see). The back page is filled with ads including a lengthy notice concerning four soldiers who deserted the Majesty's army at Philadelphia (see). Eight pages, 9 ½ by 11 ½ inches, nice coat-of-arms engraving in the masthead, very nice condition. This newspaper was a primary means in voicing the anti-British sentiment that was rapidly spreading throughout the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The paper gained much notoriety when Goddard printed an article voicing his support for the Boston Tea Party. The paper's sympathies and general revolutionary message were a cause of great concern to the British. Soon the newspaper was heavily taxed for its delivery by the Crown Post (the colonial mail system in use at the time), and later the Crown Post simply refused to deliver the publications, driving the newspaper out of business in 1773. This prompted Goddard and Benjamin Franklin to establish an alternative mail system independent of the Crown Post authorities. This alternative system ultimately became the basis of a postal system that would later become the US Post Office...................................................$225.00

7195 - SENTIMENT IN ENGLAND IN SUPPORT OF THE COLONIES ANGER OVER TAXES TO SUPPORT BRITISH TROOPS IN AMERICA, PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE, Philadelphia, August 21, 1769. The back page notes in part:  "...the measures, which I had taken regarding the late unhappy disturbances in North America have been already laid before you. These disturbances owe their rise to the ministry, not to the Americans...The Americans are now groaning under all the horrors of a military government, and nothing but the terrors of such a government could oblige them to submit to the unconstitutional taxes we have imposed upon them. And to talk of tranquility being restored in America is just as good sense as it would be to talk on an angry man's being pacified, when his mouth was gagged & his feet and hands shackled..." with more (see). A report from "Charlestown" says that from 1756 to 1766, 23, 743 Negroes were imported in South Carolina. More than a full page is taken up with a list of numbers for the Philadelphia & Worcester Lottery. Eight pages, 9 ½ by 11 ¾ inches, nice coat-of-arms engraving in the masthead, very nice condition. This newspaper was a primary means in voicing the anti-British sentiment that was rapidly spreading throughout the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The paper gained much notoriety when Goddard printed an article voicing his support for the Boston Tea Party. The paper's sympathies and general revolutionary message were a cause of great concern to the British. Soon the newspaper was heavily taxed for its delivery by the Crown Post (the colonial mail system in use at the time), and later the Crown Post simply refused to deliver the publication, driving the newspaper out of business in 1773. This prompted Goddard and Benjamin Franklin to establish an alternative mail system independent of the Crown Post authorities. This alternative system ultimately became the basis of a postal system that would later become the US Post Office................................$185.00

7196 - THE PENNSYLVANIA PACKET AND DAILY ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, printed by John Dunlap and David Claypoole, 4 large pages, 14" X 20", Issues of 1787-88, numerous merchant and sailing ship advertisements, new from the new United States of America from the different states. A rare view of Colonial America at a very moderate price. The Pennsylvania Packet, or the General Advertiser was an American newspaper founded in 1771 that, in 1784, became the first successful daily newspaper published in the United States. The paper was founded by John Dunlap in Philadelphia as a weekly paper in later 1771. David C. Claypoole eventually became a partner with Dunlap. As of September 21, 1784, the paper was issued as the Pennsylvania Packet, and Daily Advertiser, reflecting the paper's move to daily publication. Fine to very fine............................................................$49.00/each

60709 - 1805 ALMANAC BY ISIAH THOMAS JR, published in Worcester, MA, by Isaiah Thomas Jr., complete with wraps. Born in Boston, the only son of Isaiah Thomas, Sr. Isaiah Thomas, Jr. was one of the incorporators of the American Antiquarian Society in 1812. He also served as the Society's treasurer from 1813 until his death in 1819. He was remembered as 'a man of large intelligence and fond of books', wrote with east and rapidity, of excellent conversational powers, fond of and devoted to his home and family. Thomas was taught the business of printing by his father and started his Weld, the daughter of a wealthy Boston merchant. In 1799, he became the co-publisher of the Massachusetts Spy, sharing the masthead with his father until 1801, when he was made the sole publisher and editor. Thomas bought out his father's large printing, papermaking and publishing business in 1802 when Isaiah Thomas, Sr., retired. In 1810, the younger Thomas moved to Boston, and continued to issue the Spy and the family's almanac, as well as to print books such as Bernhard Faust's, A New Guide to Health (1810) and Charles Robbins' The Drum & Fife Instructor (1812). Thomas' business interests were adversely affected by the War of 1812. He sold the Spy in that year and tried to expand his bookselling business by opening shops in Connecticut, Maine, and Maryland. He continued to issue a variety of almanacs and books. Copies of many of his publications are preserved in the imprint collection of the American Antiquarian Society. Thomas died in Boston in the summer of 1819 following an accident. Very good, average foxing, uncommon................................................................$75.00

30611 - THOMAS MELVILLE, SR. BOSTON TEA PARTY PARTICIPANT, Born in Boston to Scottish-born merchant Allan Melvill (d. 1761) and Jean Cargill, Thomas Melvill attended New Jersey College. In July 1773, he was awarded an honorary MA degree by Harvard College. He married Priscilla Scollay in 1774. Friends included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere "When the citizens of Boston began to evince a determination to resist the arbitrary, offensive and onerous exactions of the British government, Melvill was conspicuous among the ardent and gallant young men of the capital, for his zeal and intrepidity, during that momentous advent of...national independence. He participated in the Boston Tea Party [December 16th, 1773], "that immortal band which in December, 1773, in presence of the Royal fleet, boarded the tea ships in Boston harbor, and threw their rich cargoes into the ocean." In March 1776, when "the British fleet was driven from Boston harbor, Captain Melvill discharged the first guns at the hostile ships, from his battery, at Nantasket." During the war he "served in the Rhode Island campaigns of 1777 and 1779." After the war, he worked as a "naval officer" (1786-1820), and "surveyor and port inspector of excise" (ca. 1796) at the customhouse on State Street. "When the custom house was established in Boston, in 1786, he was appointed surveyor; in 1789 was made inspector, and...in 1814, he was appointed naval officer of the port." 9" X 14" partially printed and filled-in document, Port of Boston, May 12th, 1818, certificate for shipping goods on the sloop Huron to New York signed by Thomas Melvill as Naval Officer. Very fine, scarce................................................$350.00

30806 - BRITISH COLONEL THEN GENERAL, Alexander Lindsay, 6th Earl of Balcarres and de jure 23rd Earl of Crawford (18 January 1752 - 27 March 1825) was the son of James Lindsay, 5th Earl of Balcarres. In 1777, he was appointed a major of the 53rd, and he commanded the light infantry companies at the Battle of Saratoga (1777), and surrendered there with Burgoyne. He was released from captivity in 1779. Promoted lieutenant-colonel of the 42nd during his imprisonment, he was subsequently promoted to the rank of colonel and made lieutenant-colonel commandant of the second 71st Regiment of Foot, a battalion of the 71st uninvolved in the surrender at Yorktown (as was the rest of the regiment). He was chosen a representative peer for Scotland in 1784, and was re-elected through 1807, inclusive. On 27 August 1789, he was appointed colonel of the 63rd Regiment of Foot, and was promoted major-general in 1793. His large signature in ink on a partial document dated 1804. Signed as usual with his title "Balcarres".......................................................$75.00

30808 - COLONEL RETURN J. MEIGS, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, Return Jonathan Meigs [born December 17 (old style) or December 28 (new style), 1740; died January 28, 1823] was a colonel who served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, was one of the founding settlers of the Northwest Territory in what is now the state of Ohio, and later served as a federal government Indian agent working with the Cherokee in Tennessee. On April 19, 1775, after the Battle of Lexington, he led a company of light infantry to Boston. There he was appointed to the rank of major in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment, a provincial regiment of the Continental Army. Later that year, serving as a division (battalion) commander under Colonel Benedict Arnold, he accompanied Arnold on his 1,100-man expedition through Maine to Canada. Meigs was captured by the British in the assault on Quebec City and imprisoned, but was paroled on May 16, 1776, by British Gen. Guy Carleton as consideration for Meigs' decent treatment of a British prisoner, Captain Law, Carleton's Chief engineer. Meigs returned to Connecticut by way of Halifax and subsequently returned to military service. He returned to active service when he was formally exchanged on January 10, 1777. On May 12, he was sent to command the 6th Connecticut Regiment when its colonel, William Douglas, became incapacitated by ill health. One of his most important achievements during the Revolutionary War was leading the Meigs Raid against the British forces in Sag Habor, New York, in May 1777. With 220 men in a fleet of 13 whaleboats, he crossed Long Island Sound from Connecticut to Long Island to attack the British fleet at night. The raid succeeded in burning 12 ships and taking 90 prisoners, without losing a single man. The U.S. Congress awarded him a presentation sword for his heroism. Colonel Douglas died on May 28, and Meigs received appointment as colonel of the 6th Connecticut by Governor Trumbull on September 10, 1777, with a date of rank of May 12. When a Corps of Light Infantry was formed under General Anthony Wayne in July 1779, Meigs was given command of its 3rd Regiment, which he led at the Battle of Stony Point.  Following its disbandment in December, he returned to the 6th Connecticut and became acting commander of the 1st Connecticut Brigade. In that capacity he put down an incipient mutiny and received the written thanks of Gen. George Washington. On January 1, 1781, the Continental Main Army reorganized, consolidating many regiments. The Connecticut Line was reduced from eight to five regiments, retiring four colonels, including Meigs. A NICE INK SIGNATURE AS A AND A CLOSING TO A LETTER.....................................................$95.00


30812 - GENERAL WILLIAM MOULTRIE, REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, Moultrie was born in Charleston, South Carolina. He fought in the Anglo-Cherokee War (1761) and served in the colonial assembly before the advent of the American Revolution. In 1775, he was commissioned colonel of the 2nd South Carolina Regiment. In December of that year, he led a raid on an encampment of runaway slaves on Sullivan's Island, killing 50 and capturing the rest. In 1776, his defense of a small fort on Sullivan's Island (later named Fort Moultrie in his honor) prevented Sir Henry Clinton and Sir Peter Parker from taking Charleston, South Carolina. The Continental Congress passed a resolution thanking Moultrie. He was promoted to brigadier general and his regiment was taken into the Continental Army Moultrie's skill failed to prevent the fall of Savannah, Georgia to the British in 1778. He was captured in the fall of Charleston to the British in 1780 and later exchanged. He was promoted to major general in 1782, the last man appointed to that rank by Congress. After the war, he served as the 35th Governor of South Carolina (1785-87, 1792-94). A large clipped signature from a document, WILL MOULTRIE on vellum, 5" overall..........................................$195.00


30814 - PAYMENT TO THE PARENTS OF A DEAD SOLDIER, June 1st, 1780, 7" X 5" pre-printed payment voucher for money due Peter Munson who had served in the Connecticut Line of the Continental Army payable to William his father. O cancelled as usual, very fine...................................................SOLD


30827 - FRANCIS LORD RAWDON-HASTINGS, LORD MOIRA, BRITISH OFFICER, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, Rawdon was posted at Boston as a Lieutenant in the 5th Regiment of Foot's Grenadier company, during the Battle of Lexington and Concord, but he saw action at the battle of Bunker Hill. Serving with the grenadiers, he participated in the second assault against Breed's Hill (which failed), and the third assault against the redoubt. As his superior, Captain Harris, was wounded beside him, he took command of is company, for the successful assault. John Burgoyne noted in dispatches: "Lord Rawdon has this day stamped his fame for life." He also was wounded during the assault. He was promoted Captain, and given a company in the 63rd Foot. There was a rumor that Lieutenant Lord Rawdon killed the rebel General Joseph Warren. Lord Rawdon is depicted in John Trumbull's famous painting The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker Hill. Rawdon is in the far background holding the British ensign. He was appointed Aide-de-camp to General Sir Henry Clinton, and sailed with him on the expedition to Brunswick Town, North Carolina, on the Cape Fear River, and then to the repulse at Fort Moultrie, Charleston, South Carolina. He returned with him to New York. On 4 August, he dined with General Clinton, Admiral Lord Howe, Lord Cornwallis, General Vaughan, and others. During the Battle of Long Island, he was at headquarters, with Clinton. On 15 September, he led his men at Kip's Bay, an amphibious landing on Manhattan Island. The next day, he led his troops in support of the Light Infantry, that attacked Harlem Heights, until the Americans withdrew. Again he participated at the landings at Pell's Point. The British pressed the Americans to White Plains, where on 1 November the Americans withdrew from their entrenchments. On 8 December, he landed with Clinton at Rhode Island securing the ports for the British Navy. On 13 January 1777, with Clinton, he departed for London, arriving 1 March. During a ball at Lord George Germain's he met Lafayette, (who was visiting London). [Returning to America, in July, while Howe went to his Philadelphia campaign. Rawdon went with Clinton to the New York headquarters, where he participated in the battles of the New York Highlands, where on 7 October, Fort constitution, (opposite West Point), was captured. However, this was too late to link up with General Burgoyne at Albany. Rawdon was sent to Philadelphia with dispatches, and returned to New York for the winter, where he raised a regiment, called the Volunteers of Ireland, recruited from deserters and Irish loyalists. Promoted colonel, in command of this regiment, Rawdon went with Clinton to Philadelphia. Starting out on 18 June 1778, he went with Clinton during the withdrawal from Philadelphia to New York, and saw action at the Battle of Monmouth. He was appointed adjutant general. Rawdon was sent to learn news of the Battle of Rhode Island. At New York, on 3 September 1779, he quarreled with Clinton, and resigned his position as adjutant general. He served with the Volunteers of Ireland, during the raid on Staten Island, by Lord Stirling on 15 January 1780. He went south to the Siege of Charleston with reinforcements, then Lord Cornwallis posted him at Camden (16 August 1780) as the British sought to occupy South Carolina. Rawdon commanded the British left wind at the Battle of Camden. When Cornwallis went into Virginia, he left Rawdon in effective command in the south. Perhaps his most noted achievement was the victory in 1781 at the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill, where in command of only a small force, he defeated by superior military skill and determination, a much larger body of Americans rebel. Thinking, (in error) that Nathaniel Greene had moved his artillery away; Rawdon attacked Greene's left wing, forcing the Americans to retire. However, Rawdon was forced to begin a gradual retreat to Charleston, relieving the siege of Ninety-Six, but then evacuating it and withdrawing to Charleston. When the Loyalists he saved in the Siege of Ninety-Six were eventually relocated to Nova Scotia, they named their community of Rawdon, Nova Scotia after him. In July 1781, in poor health, he gave up his command. A 4 page ALS written and signed with his title "Moria" dated May 31st, 1806. Very fine..............................................................$250.00


30828 - JESSE ROOT, REVOLUTIONARY WAR OFFICER AND COLONEL SAMUEL WYLLYS, Dated at Hartford, CT, September 16th, 1785 paying Jesse Root 20 shillings out of the moneys raised for the support of Civil Government. Root endorses the voucher. 5" X 6.5". Samuel Wyllys dockets the document vertically. Jesse Root - delegate from Connecticut; born in Coventry, Tolland County, Conn., December 28, 1736; was graduated from Princeton College in 1756; studied theology in Andover; was ordained as a minister and preached from 1758 to 1763; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1763 and commenced practice in Hartford, Conn.; captain, lieutenant colonel, and adjutant general in the Revolutionary Army; Member of the Continental Congress 1778 - 1782; state's attorney 1785 - 1789; appointed a judge of the superior court in 1789 and served as chief justice from 1796 to 1807, when he resigned; member of the state house of representatives 1807 - 1809; delegate to the state constitutional convention in 1818; died in Coventry, Conn., March 29, 1822; interment in Nathan Hale Cemetery, South Coventry, Tolland County, Conn. Colonel Samuel Wyllys commanded a Continental battalion during the Revolutionary War..................................................................$80.00


30835 - GENERAL PHILIP SCHUYER, AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, An ink signature of Schuyler on a small portion of a printed document. Schuyler was elected to the Continental Congress in 1775, and served until he was appointed a Major General of the Continental Army in June. General Schuyler took command of the Northern Department, and planned the Invasion of Canada (1775). His poor health required him to place Richard Montgomery in command of the invasion. As department commanding General, he was active in preparing a defense against the Saratoga Campaign, part of the "Three Pronged Attack" strategy of the British to cut the American Colonies in two by invading and occupying New York State in 1777. In the summer of that year General John Burgoyne marched his British army south from Quebec over the valleys of Lakes Champlain and George. On the way he invested the small Colonial garrison occupying Fort Ticonderoga at the nexus of the two lakes. When General St. Clair surrendered Fort Ticonderoga in July, the Congress replaced Schuyler with General Horatio Gates, who had accused Schuyler of dereliction of duty. The British offensive was eventually stopped by Continental Army then under the command of Gates and Benedict Arnold in the Battle of Saratoga. That victory, the first wholesale defeat of a large British force, marked a turning point in the revolution, for it convinced France to enter the war on the American's side. When Schuyler demanded a court martial to answer Gates' charges, he was vindicated but resigned from the army on April 19, 1779. He then served in two more sessions of the Continental Congress in 1779 and 1780........................................................$195.00

30841 - JONATHON TRUMBULL, REVOLUTIONARY WAR LEADER, Small ink clipped signature of Trumbull. British General Thomas Gage arrived in Boston, a city with a history of violent protests against British policies, on May 13, 1774. Given the problems he was inheriting from Royal Governor Thomas Hutchinson, within a week of arriving Gage contacted Trumbull and expressed a "readiness to cooperate" with him "for the good of his Majesty's service." When Gage sent Trumbull a request for assistance after the Battles of Lexington and Concord, Trumbull refused and made clear his choice to side with the Patriots. He replied that Gage's troops would "disgrace even barbarians," and he accused Gage of "a most unprovoked attack upon the lives and the property of his Majesty's subjects." On July 6, 1775, along with other officers, the governor of Connecticut commissioned Nathan Hale as a first lieutenant in the newly raised Seventh Regiment. Trumbull was a friend and advisor of General Washington throughout the Revolutionary Period, dedicating the resources of Connecticut to the fight for independence. Washington declared him "the first of the patriots." When Washington was desperate for men or food during the war, he could turn to "Brother Jonathan." He also served as the Continental Army's Paymaster General (Northern Department) in the spring of 1778, until the untimely death of his mother forced him to resign his post. As part of his resignation, he requested tat the remainder of his back pay be distributed to the soldiers of the Northern Department. Trumbull's signature is very scarce and catalogues several years ago at $250, small but bold signature.....................................$225.00


30843 - THOMAS T. TUCKER, REVOLUTIONARY WAR SURGEON, SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY, As a youth, Thomas studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. After graduating he moved first to Virginia before settling in Charleston, South Carolina and opening a practice. tucker was an early supporter of the cause of American independence. He was first elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1776, and served there in various years until 1788. In 1781, he joined the Continental Army as a hospital surgeon supporting the Southern Department, and served until 1783. South Carolina sent him as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1787 and again in 1778. Tucker was opposed to the United States Constitution, believing that it gave too much authority to the central government. In spite of this, he was elected to the United States House of Representatives and served in the first two congresses from 1789 until 1793. On December 1, 1801, President Jefferson appointed Tucker as Treasurer of the United States. He held that post through four administrations (Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, and J.Q. Adams), serving until his death in 1828. During this time, he also served as physician to President Madison (1809-1817). A FREE FRANKED folded letter sheet dated February 4th [1806] as Treasurer of the United States postmarked WASHINGTON CITY stamped FREE, sharp post mark, fine......................................$135.00     another, clipped signature dated 1789......................................................$100.00


30844 - COLONEL RICHARD VARICK, REVOLUTIONARY WAR,  Colonel Richard Varick, 1753 - 1831, Captain of the 1st NY Regiment, Lt. Colonel 1777. He was General Washington's private and military secretary during the latter part of the Revolution and a member of his household, and previous to that had acted in a like capacity for General Philip Schuyler. Later he was appointed inspector-general at West Point, on the staff of Benedict Arnold and cleared of any involvement with the latter's treason, and he held that position until taken into the personal service of Washington and was Washington's confidential secretary until his death. In early life he married Maria Roosevelt, the eldest daughter of Isaac Roosevelt, the president of the Bank of New York and owner of the finest residence on Queen Street. After the war, he became mayor of New York, and was in office during the city's brilliant period as the seat of government, successfully guiding its corporation into the new century. His large ink signature on a partial document dated 1784, uncommon signature this early...matted with engraving....................................................SOLD


30848 - WILLIAM WILLIAMS, REVOLUTIONARY WAR COLONEL SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, Dated signature January 24th, 1786, Lebanon [CT] along with a reference to a court recording, W. Williams." Williams was a Colonel in the 12th Connecticut, resigned to sit in the Continental Congress and signed the Declaration of Independence. He financed many Connecticut troops during the war. Bold manuscripts and signed by Williams..................................................SOLD


30849 - SIR GEORGE YOUNG, FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR, BRITISH NAVAL OFFICER, Royal Navy officer, participated in the destruction of Louisbourg in 1758, later participated in the surrender of Quebec. Later appointed Rear Admiral, was an avid opponent of the slave trade. An autographed letter written at Plymouth, England, 1806 thanking a Lord for sending him an extract of his Majesty's note complementing the service of Admiral Young. 8" X 10", light stains at edge, bold ink....................................................$59.00

31002 - COLONEL CLEMENT BIDDLE, 1775, raised the "Quaker Blues," Colonel of the Penn. Militia. Fought at the Battle of Trenton and General Washington allowed him to receive the swords of the surrendering Hessian Officers. Also fought at the Battle of Brandywine, Germantown, and Monmouth. In 1777, General Greene made Biddle his ADC. Suffered the winter at Valley Forge. His signature on a document dated 1814....................................SOLD

31007 - SIRE HENRY BUNBURY, REV. WAR NOTABLE, ARTIST, HORSEMAN, [1750-1811] Colonel of the West Suffolk Militia, had joint control over supplies shipped to the British Army, in charge of the Chelsea Hospital where wounded soldiers were treated during the Revolution, avid horseman and artist. ALS dated June 24th, 1780 by Bunbury authorizing clothing to be given to the Invalid Corps of the British Army. Bunbury became quite an artist in his own right. Very fine.............................................$95.00

31013 - GEORGE CLYMER, SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, Clymer was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in March 1739. Orphaned when only a year old, he was apprenticed to his maternal aunt and uncle, [1] Hannah and William Coleman, to prepare to become a merchant. He was a patriot and leader in the demonstrations in Philadelphia Committee of Safety in 1773, and was elected to the Continental Congress 1776-1780. He served ably on several committees during his first congressional term and was sent to inspect the northern army on behalf of Congress in the fall of 1776. When Congress fled Philadelphia in the face of Sir Henry Clinton's threatened occupation, Clymer stayed behind with George Walton and Robert Morris. Clymer's business ventures during and after war served to increase his wealth. In 1779 and 1780, Clymer and his son Meredith engaged in a lucrative trade with St. Eustatius. He resigned from Congress in 1777, and in 1780 was elected to a seat in the Pennsylvania Legislature. In 1782, he was sent on a tour of the southern states in a vain attempt to get the legislatures to pay up on subscriptions due to the central government. He was reelected to the Pennsylvania legislature in 1784, and represented his state at the Constitutional Convention in 1787. He was elected to the first U.S. Congress in 1789. Clymer shared the responsibility of being treasurer of the Continental Congress with Michael Hillegas, the first Treasurer of the United States. He was the first president of the Philadelphia Bank, and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and vice-president of the Philadelphia Agricultural Society. An ALS by Clymer signing it and writing his name in the body of the petition to the Orphans Court in Philadelphia regarding establishing a guardian of a infant girl Margaret who was a relative of Clymer as he mentions his great aunt Margaret Clymer. Undated but old pencil note on the verso states the date being in 1780. An ALS by Clymer as well as another signature of Clymer in the body of the letter. Paper is crisp, old archival strengthening  on verso, overall fine, a double signed Clymer......................................$675.00

31016 - BRITISH ADMIRAL GEORGE K. ELPINSTONE, 1ST VICOUNT KEITH, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, WAR WITH NAPOLEON, During the war in America he was employed against the privateers, and with a naval brigade at the occupation of Charleston, South Carolina. In January 1781, when in command of the 50-gun HMS Warwick, he captured a Dutch 50-gun ship which had beaten off a British vessel of equal strength a few days before. After peace was signed he remained on shore for ten years, serving in Parliament as member first for Dunbartonshire, and then for Stirlingshire. He was made Baron Keith of the United Kingdom, an Irish barony having been conferred on him in 1797. On the renewal of the war in 1803 he was appointed commander-in-chief in the North Sea, which post he held till 1807. In February 1812, he was appointed commander-in-chief in the English Channel, and in 1814 he was raised to a viscount. During his last two commands he was engaged first in overlooking the measures taken to meet a threatened invasion, and then in directing the movements of the numerous small squadrons and private ships employed on the coasts of Spain and Portugal, and in protecting trade. He was a Plymouth when Napoleon surrendered and was brought to England in HMS Bellerophon by Captain Maitland (1777-1839). The decisions of the British government were expressed through him to the fallen Emperor. Lord Keith refused to be led into disputes, and confined himself to declaring steadily that he had his orders to obey. He was not much impressed by the appearance of his illustrious charge and thought the airs of Napoleon and his suite were ridiculous. His signature from the closing of a letter, "I am your servant Keith".............................................$75.00

31017 - COLONEL NICHOLAS FISH, REVOLUTIONARY WAR OFFICER, YORKTOWN HERO, In 1776, he was appointed by Scott aide-de-camp on his staff. Scott had been commissioned brigadier general. On August 21, 1776, he was appointed major of the 2nd New York Regiment. He served as a division inspector under Steuben in 1778, participated in the battles of Saratoga and Monmouth, in Sullivan's expedition against the Native Americans in 1779, and in the Virginia and Yorktown campaigns, in which he served for a time on the staff of Lafayette. Fish was Colonel Hamilton's second in command at Yorktown. He was one of leaders of the American assault on the redoubts October 14th, 1781. Lafayette gave him possession of the wreath presented at the Yorktown Ceremony on October 19th, 1781. Breveted Lt. Colonel. An ALS by Fish dated at New York July 11th, 1800 and signed by him receiving funds from the Bank of Albany, NY. Very fine...........................................................$145.00

31019 - GENERAL JOSEPH FRYE, FRENCH & INDIAN WAR COLONEL, REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL 1776, Born in Andover, Massachusetts, he obtained the rank of general in the Massachusetts militia after serving in King George's War and the French and Indian War. For services during that conflict, the Massachusetts General Court in 1762 granted him a township on the Saco River which had once been the Sololis Abenaki village of Pequawket. In 1777, the plantation was incorporated as Fryeburg, Maine, named in his honor. Frye is best known for the role he played expanding the colonial frontier into lands formerly held by both the French and Abenakis. He is regarded as the successor of John Lovewell, and also an enemy of Molly Ockett, leader and sage among dispossessed Algonquian peoples. Frye served in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War, first as a major general of Massachusetts militia. A bold ink clipped signature.....................$45.00

31027 - BRITISH GENERAL WILLIAM HARCOURT, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, CAPTURED CHARLES LEE, He became lieutenant colonel of the 31st Regiment of Foot in 1764, of the 4th Light Dragoons in 1765 and of the 16th Light Dragoons in 1768. He served as Member of Parliament for Oxford from 1768 to 1774. He commanded the 16th Light Dragoons in America, and captured General Charles Lee in 1776 who was considered the most effective American General. He became a major-general in 1782. His signature dated at Windsor Castle 1823, matted with engraving....................................................$79.00

31030 - COLONEL JOHN HATHORN, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, SURVIVOR OF THE MINISINK MASSACRE, He was a captain in the local colonial militia, and became a colonel of the Fourth Orange County (N.Y.) Regiment February 7, 1776, and served throughout the Revolutionary War. He served on the committee appointed to determine an effective location for the Great Chain across the Hudson which prevented the British from advancing up the river, and he wrote the report. He was one of the commanders of the Battle of Minisink. After the war, on September 26, 1786, Hathorn became a brigadier general of the Orange County (N.Y) Regiment February 7, 1776, and served throughout the Revolutionary War. He served on the committee appointed to determine an effective location for the Great Chain across the Hudson which prevented the British from advancing up the river, and himself wrote the report. He was one of the commanders of the Battle of Minisink. After the war, on September 26, 1786, Hathorn became a brigadier general of the Orange County militia, and on October 8, 1793, a major general of state militia. Although British forces were largely concentrated on Manhattan Island. Joseph Brant, a Mohawk war chief and a Captain in the British Army, was sent along with his Brant's Volunteers on a quest for provisions, to gather intelligence on the Delaware in the vicinity of Minisink, and to disrupt the upcoming American Sullivan Campaign. In July 1779, he received word that Kazimierz Pulaski's forces had moved into Pennsylvania, leaving much of the Delaware Valley undefended. Brant led his force of Loyalists and Iroquois raiders through the valley, with the goal of seizing supplies and demoralizing the colonists. The settlers were forced to flee to more populated areas, and Brant pursued them. On July 20, he reached Peenpack, which he attacked immediately. Brant ordered that "they should not kill any women or success and, leaving Fort Decker and the settlement in ruins, Brant and his force continued north along the Delaware River. Later that day, riders from Peenpack reached the village of Goshen, telling of Brant's raid and the destruction of the town. A militia formed immediately, under the reluctant command of Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin Tusten. Tusten was strongly opposed to pursuing the raiders, as he knew they would be no match for the British and Iroquois soldiers, and he suggested waiting for reinforcements from the Continental Army. However, the majority of the public and the militia underestimated the fighting ability of the Iroquois and demanded immediate retribution. Outvoted, Tusten agreed to set out the following morning. They met up with elements of the Fourth Orange County Regiment ordered from Warwick by George Washington and led by Colonel John Hathorn. Colonel Hathorn assumed command and marched for the Delaware with a force of about 120 minutemen. In the morning of July 22, the militia moved into position in the hills above the Delaware River, intending to ambush Brant's forces who were crossing at Minisink Ford. Hathorn split them into a group of skirmishers and two units compressing the main force. Before the ambush was set, however, a shot was fired in haste by Bezaleel Tyler, one of the skirmishers. This mistake alerted Brant to the trap, and he quickly outflanked the two groups of colonials, many of whom fled. Separated from the main unit and with his forces scattered, Hathorn was unable to regroup his men for a counterattack. He was forced to retreat, leaving Tusten and the Goshen militia surrounded and outnumbered. After several hours of continuous volleys, insufficient ammunition and close quarters caused the battle to devolve into hand-to-hand combat, at which the Iroquois excelled. At least 48 militiamen were killed, including Tusten himself. 1 rebel [Captain Wood] was captured. Brant's force, on the other hand, is believed to have lost only about seven men. [Brant wrote of his causalities that 3 were killed and of the 10 wounded, 4 were dangerously wounded and possibly could not survive]. Although badly wounded, Hathorn survived, returning to Warwick to write his report of the loss to his superiors. ALS, Hathorn's signature on a October 4th, 1780 legal document, 8" X 13" regarding the sale of the estate of a John Ireland, bold signature just a year after the above battle all in Hathorn's hand. Actually two signatures of Hathorn [one in the body of the document].............................................$195.00

31039 - RARE 17TH CENTURY PROPERTY SALE IN NEW YORK CITY DATED 1694, 12" X 16" manuscript describing the sale of ground in New York City dated July 23rd, 1694 to a Paul Turk Junior by Taylor and Jacob Turk for the sum of 30 pounds in lawful money of New York located on Cortain Street now called New Street. The deed gives all the boundaries of the property which was slightly irregular in size listing all the owners of property adjoining the property sold. The heading of the document begins in large script "To all Christian People" with the dated 1694 written quite large. Several small red wax seals, some archival repairs to the verso in the seams, thick laid paper. Early New York deeds this early are quite rare, overall very good, bold manuscript...................................................$595.00

11171 - MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY 1757 COURT CASE, 7" X 8" pre-printed and filled in court document regarding the claim against George Hutchinson by Peter Groves in the amount of 8 pounds for failing to pay a debt. The Sheriff notes on the verso that Hutchinson has posted bail. Paper seal attached, 18th Century pin still attached, PINE TREE EMBLEM embossed stamp at lower left bottom. November 21st, 1751 at Salem, MA. Very bold manuscript and strong PINE TREE SEAL, some small edge fissures, paper firm and crisp........................................................SOLD

9210 - THE COLONY OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY GIVES BLANKETS TO THE WIDOWS OF THE STOCKBRIDGE MOHEGAN INDIANS KILLED BY THE BRITISH IN THE BATTLE OF KINGSBRIDGE, Resolves of the General Assembly of the State of Massachusetts Bay, 8" X 14", 4 pages printed, Boston, County of Suffolk, printed on thick laid paper with a manuscript notation "for the Selectman of Topsfield". A listing of 19 resolutions approved by the General Assembly from January 6th through January 11th, 1779. Including the following: allowing Savannah Dastuge to leave Boston and go to New York by sea or land [Tory leaving Boston], paying Samuel Delano for his wages while in the service of the state in captivity, paying for shirts, shoes, stockings to be given to the Corps of Invalids [wounded], authorization to sell firearms to the Selectman of several towns, Catherine Gliustnmeau is permitted to leave the State and travel to New York to pass to the West Indies and to take with her bed and linen [another Tory leaves Boston], Mary Gliustnmeau now a prisoner of the State by cared for until she is sent to New York [Tory prisoner], numerous resolutions pertaining to clothing State troops in the Continental Army, Francis Jobonot to be released from jail in Boston after he had taken the Oath of Allegiance after he aided American prisoners and renounced his allegiance to the Crown, finally a petition passed January 11th, 1779 delivering to the missionary to the Stockbridge Mohegan Indians blankets to be donated to five widows of that tribe. In July 1778, a group of Stockbridge Indians under Daniel Nimham joined the American army at White Plains, NY. Abraham Nimham, seeking to fight alongside his father, asked that all the Stockbridge Indians from several units be allowed to serve together. In August, the Stockbridge Militia was stationed at an outpost in what is now Yonkers, NY. Their enemy were the Queen's Rangers, an outgrowth of Rogers' Rangers, in which many Stockbridge Indians served during the French and Indian War. The scene of the action was Van Cortlandt Manor, a large estate between Broadway and the Bronx River. Midway between the river and the manor house was Mile Square Road, connecting the Albany Post Road with the hamlet of Mile Square in Westchester County. On August 31, about 40 Indians, including Abraham Nimham, his father Daniel, and 12 other Stockbridge natives, were killed in an ambush by the Rangers in the area that is now Van Cortlandt Park in the Bronx. The American forces were outnumbered nearly five to one. During the action, Daniel Nimham wounded a British officer. With enemy troops at the front and rear, the old chief called out to his men to retreat, but then shouted "I am old an can die here." The Indians fled through the fields, where they were chased down. Overwhelmed, they refused to surrender and fought fiercely, leaping onto horses and dragging off the riders. They used their knives and tomahawks because there was no time to reload their muskets. The British soldiers called out for the fugitives to surrender, promising them their lives. Three Indians gave themselves up, but the British killed them. The site of this atrocity is known as Indian Bridge. The British reported a total of 40 Indians and a small number of rebel soldiers killed or wounded, and 10 prisoners taken. Four British soldiers were killed and three wounded. The two Nimhams were dead, as were 12 more young Stockbridge braves from their mission village. After the massacre, Hessian Captain Johann Von Weald described the Indian casualties: "Their costume was a shirt of coarse linen down to the knees, long trousers also a linen down to the feet, on which they wore shoes of deerskin, and the head was covered with a hat made of bast. "Their weapons were a rifle or musket, a quiver with some twenty arrows, and a short battle-axe, which they know how to throw very skillfully. Through the nose and in the ears they wore rings, and on their heads only he hair of the crown remained standing in a circle the size of a dollar-piece, the remainder being shaved off bare. They pull out with pincers all the hairs of the beard, as well as those on all other parts of the body. "This battle, known as the Battle of Kingsbridge, was the last of the war for the Stockbridge Militia because their casualties represented a significant loss to the tribe. The blankets given to the Missionary were donated to Indian widows whose husbands were killed in this battle. Very fine, rare and desirable content................$695.00


9035 - CAPTAIN JOHN LEWIS, 5TH CONNECTICUT BATTALION, June 30th, 1781. 4" X 6.5", manuscript paying him 25 pounds in bills from the State for his service in the Connecticut. He served in the 4th Company, 5th Battalion Wadsworth's brigade, under Colonel Douglas in 1776, reinforced Washington in New York, countersigned by Samuel Wyllys. Samuel Wyllys who served as a Colonel in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment at the siege of Boston and at Bunker Hill under General Spencer in 1775. Very fine.....................................SOLD

9036 - CAPTAIN ROSWELL GRANT, November 16th, 1781. 4" X 4.5", payment in bills of the State for 50 pounds for his service. Grant served in Colonel Johnson's Regiment in 1778, appointed Captain December 30th, 1777, and Colonel Enos' regiment on the Hudson in 1778. Countersigned by Sam Wyllys. Samuel Wyllys who served as a Colonel in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment at the siege of Boston and at Bunker Hill under General Spencer in 1775. Very fine........................................$85.00

9037 - CAPTAIN ROSWELL GRANT, November 16th, 1781. 4" X 4.5", payment in bills of the State for 50 pounds for his service. Grant served in Colonel Johnson's Regiment in 1778, appointed Captain December 30th, 1777 and Colonel Enos' regiment on the Hudson in 1778. Countersigned by Sam Wyllys. Samuel Wyllys who served as a Colonel in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment at the siege of Boston and at Bunker Hill under General Spencer in 1775. Very fine...............................................SOLD

8035 - PRINTED BY BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, THE PENNSYLVANIA GAZETTE, January 2, 1749/50. 4 pages, 8.25" X 12.5", attractive masthead, The Pennsylvania Gazette was one of the United States' most prominent newspapers from 1728 - before the time period of the American Revolution - until 1800. Published in Philadelphia from 1728 through 1800. The Pennsylvania Gazette is considered the New York Times of the 18th Century. It was first  published by Samuel Keimer and was the second newspaper to be published in Pennsylvania under the name The Universal Instructor in all Arts and Sciences: and Pennsylvania Gazette, alluding to Keimer's intention to print out a page of Ephraim Chambers' Cyclopedia, or Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences in each copy. On October 2, 1729, Benjamin Franklin and Hugh Meredith bought the paper and shortened its name, as well as dropping Keimer's grandiose plan to print out the Cyclopedia. Franklin not only printed the paper but also often contributed pieces under aliases. His newspaper soon became the most successful in the colonies. This newspaper, among other firsts, would print the first political cartoon in America, Join, or Die, authored by Franklin himself. The Pennsylvania Gazette ceased publication in 1800, ten years after Franklin's death. Ad for a Negro runaway named Dick, news from London and Europe, ship arrivals describing travels across the sea, letter from the Cape Sable Indians to Governor Cornwallis, tale of a terrible voyage from Boston to Philadelphia. Printed at Philadelphia by Benjamin Franklin. His imprint is at the bottom of page four - PHILADELPHIA: PRINTED BY B. FRANKLIN, POST-MASTER AND D. HALL AT THE NEW - PRINTING OFFICE NEAR THE MARKET. The paper is crisp, light stains in some areas which do not detract, was removed from a bound volume and archaically strengthened at the spine. Extremely rare..........................................................................$1,295.00

Louis Phélypeaux (1643 - 1727), marquis de Phélypeaux (1667), comte de Maurepas (1687), comte de Pontchartrain (1699), known as the chancellor de Pontchartrain, was a French politician. After serving as head of the Parliament of Brittany, he held office as Controller - General of Finances and as Navy Secretary and, from 1690, Secretary of State of the Maison du Roi.Long considered a failure, his reputation has been reevaluated by recent historiography which has shown that, in a period of difficulty, he was a capable administrator of an immense department which had responsibility for the French Navy, trade, colonies, matters of religion, Paris, the royal household and for finances. He conducted a census of the population from 1693 onwards, the first since Vauban's of 1678. At court, he was an opponent of Fénelon and the Quietists. Nonetheless, his handling of the French Navy, a powerful force under Colbert and Seignelay, is criticized and he is considered to be in part responsible for the defeat at the battles of Barfleur and La Hougue in 1692. Phélypeaux served as Chancellor of France from 5 September 1699 to 1 July 1714. Historian Francois Bluche wrote that "he gave the Chancellor's office an importance and authority not see since the early years of Pierre Séguieer." Saint - Simon painted a flattering portrait of Phélypeaux in his diaries, and his discretion was appreciated by Louis XIV. He was made clerk of the prestigious Order of the Holy Spirit in May 1700. In 1668, he married Marie de Maupeou. They had one son, Jérôme Phélypeaux (1674 - 1747), comte de Pntchartrain. He resigned in 1714 for having failed to affix the seals to the decree of 5 July 1714, condemning a document by the Bishop of Metz, Henri-Charles de Coilsin, as contrary to the papal bull Unigenitus. He had found it difficult to reconcile his religious beliefs with those of the increasingly authoritarian Louis XIV. He retired to an Oratorian institution where he died in 1727. Lake Pontchartrain in Louisiana was named after him as was Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit in Michigan (the site of modern-day Detroit). In addition, Isle Philippaux and Isle Pontchartrain which appear on early maps of Lake Superior are believed to have been named after him. Neither island, it was later determined, actually existed. They are thought to have been added to maps by French explorers hoping that Phélypeaux would be inspired to provide more funds to explore the area. 

Louis Alexandre de Bourbon was the third son and youngest child of Louis XIV and of his mistress, Madame de Montespan. At birth, he was put in the care of Mme de Monchevreuil along with his older sister Françoise-Marie de Bourbon.

Louis Alexandre was created Count of Toulouse in 1681 at the time of his legitimization, and in 1863, at the age of five, Grand Admiral de France. In February 1684, he became colonel of an infantry regiment named after him and in 1693 mestre de camp of a cavalry regiment. During the War of Spanish Succession, he was given the task of defending the island of Sicily. In January 1689, he was named governor of Guyana, a title which he exchanged for that of governor of Brittany six years later. On 3 January 1696, he was created a Marshal of France, becoming commander of the Royal Armies the following year. During the War of the Spanish Succession he commanded the French fleet at the Battle of Málaga in 1704. In March 1714, he obtained the title of Grand Huntsman of France (Grand Veneur). Fort Toulouse I & II on the Coosa Named in honer of Admiral Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, the Count of Toulouse who was the dominant member of the Council of Marine which performed the function of secretary or minister of the navy and of colonies from 1715 to 1718. He was the legitimized son of King Louis XIV and Madame de Montespan. Toulouse was one of the known provinces in southern France. The site of Fort Toulouse, established by the French in 1717, was near the junction of the Coosa River and the Tallapoosa about 4 miles south of Wetumpka, Alabama and 10 miles north of Montgomery, Alabama. In 1751, the site of the Fort was moved about 100 south of the original Fort Toulouse I. This site is known as Fort Toulouse II and it was designed by Francois Saucier in 1750. Fort Toulouse II was occupied by the French until 1763 when the territory east of the Mississippi River went to England. The soldiers and settlers from Fort Toulouse went to Mobile and then to Louisiana [most ended up in the Opelousas Post].

5056 - A SERMON ON THE DEATH OF JOHN HANCOCK, 30 page imprint, octavo sized, given by Dr. Peter Thatcher DD Pastor of the church in Battle Street, printed by Alexander Young [1793], Boston. A tribute to the life of John Hancock, American Patriot and ex-Governor of Massachusetts. An excellent tribute to the value of John Hancock's leadership and faith in God during his life as an American leader. The paper is crisp and clean, only a trifle corner off on one page unaffecting any text..................................................$225.00

41400 - CAPTAIN GILES SAGE, CONNECTICUT NAVY, CAPTAIN OF THE LUCY, CAPTURED THE MARS WHICH BECAME THE GUILFORD OF THE CONNECTICUT NAVY, A payment voucher to Giles Sage [Sadge] of 100 pounds 12 shillings for transporting flour for the Continental Army dated March 2nd, 1776, 3.5" X 6.5". Manuscript order given to Captain Jeremiah Wadsworth and authorized by Pettibone & Hillyer, Sage was from Middletown, CT and was a sea captain and captained the Privateer sloop LUCY. Giles signs his name as receiving the money on the verso. In March 1776, the Continental Army had laid siege to Boston under General John Thomas. This flour undoubtedly was intended for that portion of the Continental Army under Thomas near Boston. On Feb. 6, 1779, the Mars was bound for New York from Newport. A letter from the National Maritime Museum in London states: The only Mars registered in the British Navy in 1779 was a 74 gun battleship that had been reduced to harbor service the previous year. The sloop Mars was probably a privateer that had been captured by the British. Armament on the Mars consisted of 8 carriage guns and 2 swivels. The carriage guns were placed along the sides of the ship and were fired through opening ports. The swivels were mounted bow and stern. On Feb. 21, 1779, during a winter storm, Captain Sage and his six fellow prisoners overpowered the crew of the Mars and beached her on the rocks at Guilford. Since a welcoming party on the shore includes one Solomon Leete, it is presumed that the Mars was beached near Leete's Island. Prior to the grounding, Sage's men hove overboard anchors, cables, chains and guns marking the spot for future reference. Iron was in short supply at the time, the only source being the Salisbury Conn. iron works, with most of its output going to cannon balls. All of the claims and counterclaims of salvage were settled in the New Haven Maritime Court on April 4, 1779. The state paid 500 pounds prize money to the claimants. Captain Sage was paid for his person property lost when the Lucy was captured, including one tierce of rum, one barrel of sugar, and one barrel of coffee. The anchors, chains and guns were dredged up and the claimants paid. Governor Trumbull in Lebanon was advised of these proceedings. He issued orders renaming the Mars, the Guilford and making her the thirteenth ship in the Connecticut Navy, whose largest ships were the Oliver Cromwell and Defense. No other ships were named after Connecticut towns. The document is boldly written, some tone, tiny fissure at fold unaffecting manuscript. Scare Revolutionary War Naval item...............................$495.00

41401 - AUGUST 13TH, 1781, MILITARY DEBT PAID BY THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT SIGNED BY ADC HEZEKIAH ROGERS, 5" x 6.5", manuscript payment in 5 Pounds in lawful silver to be paid out of funds derived by taxes by the state. This note was issued to RALPH POMEROY, who served as a Military Paymaster, for wages, reimbursement for expenses or loss due to damages during the Revolutionary War. The military finances for the colony of Connecticut were handled by the Pay-Table, also known as the Committee of Four, during the American Revolution (1775 - 1783). Signed by Hezekiah Rogers (an aide de camp to General Jedidiah Huntingdon). Fine, some normal handling trifle splits at left border which do not hinder the manuscript..................................................................$85.00

41402 - DECEMBER 31ST, 1781, THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT PAYS A DEBT TO THE GLASTONBURY SELECTMEN FOR EXPENSES INCURRED FOR WAR EXPENSES, 5" X 4.5" pre-printed and filled in, signed by two the members of the Connecticut pay table E. Wales and Fenn Wadsworth, countersigned vertically by Samuel Wyllys. During the American Revolution, SAMUEL WYLLYS (1739 - 1823) led a regiment in the siege of Boston. Fort Wyllys was named after him. Endorsed by Dudley Pettibone on the verso [1742 - 1822] who was a Sergeant in the Connecticut Line under Sergeant Goodwin [his company]. Fine........................................................$75.00

41403 - DECEMBER 31ST, 1781, THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT PAYS A DEBT TO THE GLASTONBURY SELECTMEN FOR EXPENSES INCURRED FOR WAR EXPENSES, 5" X 4.5" pre-printed and filled in, signed by two the members of the Connecticut pay table E. Wales and Fenn Wadsworth, countersigned vertically by Hezekiah Rogers (an aide de camp to General Jedidiah Huntington). The amount paid was seven pounds and Gideon Hall signed it on the verso. Very fine.........................................$60.00

41404 - MONEY TO BE PAID AT "CANDLEMAS 1787", 2" X 7" manuscript, "John Parker Wood" value 6 pounds 12 shillings, James Raby Wood value 429 pounds seven shillings to be levied at "Candlemas". The date of Candlemas is established by the date set for the Nativity of Jesus, for it comes forty days afterwards. Under Mosaic law as found in the Torah, a mother who had given birth to a man-child was considered unclean for seven days; moreover she was to remain for three and thirty days "in the blood of her purification". Candlemas therefore corresponds to the day on which Mary, according to Jewish law, should have attended a ceremony of ritual purification (Leviticus 12:2-8). The Gospel of Luke 2:22-39 relates that Mary was purified according to the religious law, followed by Jesus' presentation in the Jerusalem temple, and this explains the formal names given to the festival, as well as its falling 40 days after the Nativity. This was used by both Anglicans and Catholics alike celebrating this holy feast day. It is seldom heard today. Very fine.........................................................SOLD

2231 - 1723 PHILADELPHIA LAND DEED SIGNED BY THE MAYOR OF PHILADELPHIA, 7" X 21 1/2", vellum land deed, scalloped top design. Clement Plumstead of the City of Philadelphia in the "Province of Pennsylvania" to David Powell for the sum of 10 shillings. A tract of land on the northern branch of Brandywine Creek...usual land descriptions of the time..."beginning at a black oak tree." SIGNED BY PLUMSTEAD AT THE BOTTOM LEFT. Clement Plumstead was a councilman in 1712 and was chosen mayor in 1723. He was a member of the Provincial Assembly and was admitted to the Governor's Council in 1727. In 1736, he was again mayor of Philadelphia and again in 1741. The document contains Plumstead's red wax seal next to his signature. A contemporary of Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia. Plumstead was considered as one of the wealthiest citizens of the area. A rare and early Philadelphia document that would frame nicely............................................................$295.00


6140 Pierre Clement de Laussat (1756-1835) was a French politician, and the last French governor of Louisiana. Signer of the Louisiana purchase for Napoleon

De Laussat was born in the town of Pau. After serving as receveur general des finances in Pau and Bayonne, he was imprisoned during the Terror, but was released and recruited in the armee des Pyrenees. On April 17, 1797 was elected in the Council of Ancients. After the coup of 18 Brumaire, he entered in the Tribunat on December 25, 1799. He was appointed by Napoleon Bonaparte to be colonial prefect (governor) of Louisiana in 1802. He arrived in the colony on March 26, 1803. This was just two weeks before Napoleon had made his decision to sell the Louisiana colony to the United States. For several months, Laussat ruled as a normal governor and first he abolished the Cabildo and then he published the Napoleonic Code in the colony. Several months had gone by and Laussat was hearing that the colony had been sold to the U.S. but he did not believe it. On July 28, 1803, Laussat wrote to the French government that a rumor that the colony had been sold was going around New Orleans. On May 18, 1803, Laussat received word from Napoleon that France had declared war on England and that he was to transfer the colony to the United States. On December 20, 1803, he transferred the colony to James Wilkinson and William Charles Cole Claiborne. On April 21. 1804, he left the colony and became colonial prefect of Martinique, until 1809 when he was captured and imprisoned before the English conquest of the island.

51330 - THE COLONIES IN AMERICA, Map, overall 8" X 8". Undated but content dictates the period of the Revolutionary War but style could be c. 1730-50. A Dutch map titled "America" showing mainly North and South America with the west coast of Africa and Europe slightly. The shape of Florida and the elongated California suggests this map has the style of the early 18th Century. The American west is entitled New Mexico with Louisiana and Florida joined together suggesting the Spanish period after 1768. Virginia and the Carolinas stretch to the west to near the Mississippi River. Border colored in red and green ink, some foxing at top left edge. A nice representative American map of the 18th Century..........................SOLD

6103 - FINAL PAY FOR A SOLDIER IN THE CONNECTICUT LINE, Two documents, a manuscript affidavit dated September 12th, 1780, 2" X 7" detailing the service history of Sergt. Benjamin Giddings who served as a Sergeant from the 26th day of May 1777 until the 26th day of May 1780 in the second brigade of the Connecticut line and the 7th Battalion of troops commanded by Herman Swift. He had not received any supplies from the town of Hartford. Accompanying the document is a 6" X 7" preprinted document filled-in and dated September 13th, 1780 paying Giddings 54 pounds, 19 shillings, and two pence. Giddings signs for receiving this rather large sum but it were for three years service in the Continental Army, two pieces. Very fine, final pay for a Continental soldier....................................$175.00

1301 - PAYMENT FOR SERVING IN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY, 4.5" X 6", June 1st, 1782, Hartford, CT. Major John P. Wyllys was owed 33 pounds, 1 shilling, three pence for his service in the Connecticut Line of the Continental Army. Payment was to be made by June 1st, 1788 with interest paid annually. Cancelled when paid as usual. Manuscript notations on the verso.....................................................$100.00

82711 - CLOTHING FOR THE CONTINENTAL ARTILLERY, May 8th, 1780, Middletown, CT. 6" X 7", manuscript listing of clothing signed by John Throop, Lt. of Artillery, Colonel Lamb's Rgt. Notes coats, vests, linens, woolen breeches, all totaling 19 pounds. This artillery unit fought in nearly all the engagement in the North and at Yorktown. Very fine.....................................$215.00

, 1509 - 1547, 12" X 12.5" manuscript document with scalloped top, written on vellum in early English script, indenture or agreement to sell property written the 8th day of February in the 26th (XX6th) year of the reign of Henry the Eight (1535) refers to Norfolk and old Buckingham. A beautiful document to frame written during the period of the first exploration of the Americas. Condition is very fine, comes with his portrait..........................................

, 1558 - 1603, 7" X 16" vellum document written in old English script. Dated September 5th year one of the reign of Elizabeth thus the date written was September 6th, 1558. An indenture or legal obligation written between two parties. Hanging from this impressive document is a 1" square embossed red wax seal. During the reign of Elizabeth preliminary explorations of the Eastern coasts of America took place including Raleigh's attempts to colonize Roanoke Island. Impressive to display with ELIZABETH's name quite bold. Very fine, comes with a portrait of Elizabeth.............................................

61230 - WRITTEN IN THE FIFTH YEAR OF THE REIGN OF ELIZABETH, 1558 - 1603, Manuscript indenture written in the 5th year of the reign of Elizabeth (1563) and dated January 6th. 9" x 19" with scalloped top, rather large name of Elizabeth on the top line, written in old English script, beautiful manuscript on vellum. Comes with a silver 6 Pence dated 1573 showing a portrait of Elizabeth (weak), date is strong............................$425.00

8 - ABSCONDED OUT OF THE STATE, Connecticut 1777, 2.5" X 7" manuscript document outlining costs to the constable in finding four men who absconded the State without paying their taxes due and do not have an estate within the State. The State paid the Constable out of State funds. Very fine......................................................$65.00

10 - SERVED AT THE LEXINGTON ALARM IN 1775, pay voucher printed and filled-in for Peter Whitney of Fairfield. 8 pounds, four shillings & two pence in Spanish dollars or gold upon the cessation of hostilities, February 1st, 1781. Fine, cut, cancelled as usual, but no loss of any paper. Whitney served at the Lexington alarm in 1775...........................................$100.00

15 - 1791 PENNSYLVANIA INDENTURE WITH A NOTE AND SIGNATURE OF JOHN BARCLAY, 12" X 24". A legal indenture concerning a certain tract of land in Northampton County that Barkley writes a long affidavit on the verso concerning the legality of the agreement and attesting to the additional witnesses, John Barclay of Bucks County, PA served as an officer in the Continental Army from 1776 to 1781. In 1787, he was a delegate to the Pennsylvania Convention to ratify the Constitution. He was a member of the Society of the Cincinnati. A large Colonial era document, very good age tone to the vellum, but very dark manuscript.........................................................$195.00

18 - A BLANKET AND CLOTHING GIVEN TO A SOLDIER ON THE NORTHERN FRONTIER, April 1781, 7" X 9" manuscript voucher from the town of Colebrook giving Philip Ryla clothing and a blanket as he was described as a "soldier in the Connecticut line in the Continental Army." Records show Ryla served in the Northern Department at Fort Anne and Fort George. Very fine...................................................$140.00

19 - ORIGINAL PRINTED VIEWS OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN'S STOVES, c. 1770, 8" X 10", "American Stoves of the Improved Construction". Five views of Franklin's famous stoves. Copperplate print, first examples of a contemporary view of Franklin's famous inventions. Ex-Frank Kravic Collection. Very fine condition................................$225.00

20 - SHIRTS, STOCKINGS, MITTENS, AND SHOES GIVEN TO THE SOLDIERS, 8" X 14", February 8th, 1781. A large boldly written document showing receipt of 4 linen shirts, 4 pairs of woolen stockings, 2 pairs of mittens, and 2 pairs of shoes being given by the town of Colebrook, CT for use of soldiers in the Connecticut Line. Valued at 7 pounds, 12 shillings...................................................$150.00

21 - THE SIEGE OF YORKTOWN IN 1781, The New York Herald, April 12th, 1862, 10 pages. A fantastic near full page map of the Battle of Yorktown in 1781. The defenses of Lord Cornwallis and the lines of forces besieging the American and French forces under General Washington and Count Rochambeau, shows the vicinity of Yorktown and the Glouster Point area. A most desirable map that would look outstanding framed (on page 2). Although published in 1862, this is still a very desirable item for display. Text on another page describes the situation during the Yorktown Campaign. Choice condition.....................................$75.00

22 - A DETAILED LIST OF CLOTHING GIVEN TO A CONNECTICUT SOLDIER, 7" X 7", Colebrook, CT., January 26th, 1781. A detailed listing of clothing given to Philip Ryla late of Colonel Warner's Regiment in the Continental Army by the Selectmen of Colebrook, CT. Ryla received 2 shirts, two pairs of stockings, one pair of shoes, and one pair of mittens at a cost to the State of 4 pounds and sixteen shillings. Ryla served in the Northern Dept. at Forts Anne and George. Very fine..............................................$150.00

25 - BEEF FOR THE ARMY, 2" X 7", Waterbury, CT., July 1781. Manuscript receipt for "one beef creature" valued at 10 pounds and seventeen shillings. This receipt was for paying for beef for the Continental Army......................................SOLD

36 - REVOLUTIONARY WAR ARTILLERY DOCUMENTS DATED FEBRUARY 12TH, 1776, 5" X 8", Hartford, CT. $864 requisition for pay for Colonel Burrell's battalion to raise a company of Matrosses (artillery Privates who performed the semi-skilled tasks in firing a cannon). Both Major Bull and Major Bigelow were with Benedict Arnold when he captured Fort Ticonderoga in 1775 and later Bull was killed at Yorktown. Signed by Bigelow, scarce artillery item, bold manuscript.......................................$295.00

37 - FURNISHING THREE CONNECTICUT COMPANIES FOR WAR, 6" X 8", Weathersfield, CT. An excellent manuscript, official approval of expenses incurred by Elijah Demming for assisting and furnishing supplies to Captain Elizah Wright's Company destined to West Point, NY. Captain William Pipkins destined for White Plains and then to Rhode Island, and Captain Hezekiah Wells destined to New London, CT, approved for payment. Beautiful manuscript...............................................$275.00

38 - FINAL PAY FOR A SERGEANT IN THE CONNECTICUT LINE, 2" X 7", 2 documents, manuscript affidavit dated September 12th, 1780 detailing the service history of Sergeant BEnjamin Giddings who served from May 26th, 1777 to May 26th, 1780 in the Second Brigade of the Connecticut Line and the 7th Battalion of Troops commanded by Herman Swift. He had not received any supplies from the Town of Hartford. Accompanying the document is a printed document, 6" X 7", that is filled-in in ink dated September 13th, 1780 paying Giddings 54 pounds, 19 shillings and 2 pence. Giddings signs the pay receipt receiving his three years pay in one large sum. Very fine........................................$175.00

46 - FIFTH REGIMENT CONNECTICUT LINE, 8" X 10", April 4th, 1781. Manuscript report of the expenses paid to deliver provisions to Fishkill, NY dated at Middletown, CT and signed by Ozian Cone who is shown on the roster of the 5th Connecticut which fought at Germantown and Monmouth and wintered at Valley Forge and at the Morristown huts. Quite detailed and lists all paid for the services in moving the provisions. Comes with printed roster. A large document.........................................$150.00

REVOLUTIONARY WAR FINANCES IN NEW YORK, 8" X 13", September 7th, 1779. A page folio manuscript letter directed to the Speaker of the General Assembly of New York by Direck Ten Brook Commissioner of the Continental Loan Office in Albany resigning his office due to health issues. Large manuscript..............................................$145.00

5" X 6.5". Woodcut print that has been water colored showing a Huron Indian Camp. Alain Mallet published a book in 1683 for Louis XIV of maps and views of the world at the time. Quite nice and colorful................................................SOLD

1683 MALLET COLORED PRINT OF FLORIDA INDIANS, 5" X 6.5". Woodcut print that has been water colored showing a male and female Florida Indian. The male holding a bow with a quiver of arrows on his back. Alain Mallet published a book in 1683 for Louis XIV of maps and views of the world at the time. Quite nice and colorful...........................$145.00


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