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Colonial America
 Documents


7000 - LARGE EARLY MASSACHUSETTS PROMISSORY BOND DATED AT BOSTON 1718, 10" X 18", John Coleman acknowledges his indebtedness for the sum of 600 Pounds to Andrew Faunaul with the conditions of payment. Signed by John Coleman, John Valentine notes that Henry Francklyn has signed and witnessed the oath by Coleman to the deed of trust. Signed also by Francklyn and Edward Milly Jr. Dated July 1st, 1718 payable January 1st, 1719. Francklyn died in 1725 at 33 years of age and was a successful merchant. Large and attractive with some trivial archival restoration, early Massachusetts Bay Colony.......................................................$175.00

7001 - EDWARD LUTWYCHE, Boston, Mass., August 17th, 1740, 4" X 5" manuscript payment of 10 pounds in merchandise out of your warehouse to Mr. John Jones. Lutwyche was an innkeeper in Boston in the 1740's, very fine, bold manuscript.................................$45.00

7002 - A PETITION OF JOHN QUICKSILVER INDIAN, 5" X 7", petition of Massachusetts Bay, dated 1736, lists amounts of money owed the "Indian John Quicksilver," lists three colonists' names, signed by John Cushing totaling 4 pounds 10 shillings. A rare early Massachusetts colonial document regarding early Indians. Old archival tape to right border, otherwise very good. Boldly written. RARE content..............................................SOLD

7003 - FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR, MILITARY DOCTOR'S CHARGES FOR TREATING SOLDIERS, 8" X 9" manuscript, dated and signed by Dr. John Osgood, November 16th, 1761 at Andover, [Mass]. A list of the services provided by Dr. Osgood. The first entry lists Dr. Ward Noys [Noyes] who is noted to have returned ill on a ship from duty with Colonel Bagley and other regiment members. Notations are from April 1761 & June 1761 showing treatments and medicines given to two specific soldiers; John Davis a soldier in Captain William Barrans Company in Colonel Willures Regiment and John Robin in Captain Francis Peabody's Company in Colonel Bagley's Regiment, visits, mileage incurred medicines. DOCTOR JOSEPH OSGOOD was graduated from Harvard College in 1737. He spent some time in a counting room in Gloucester, became a shipmaster, was taken prisoner in the Spanish war, and carried into Balboa, Spain; upon his release he returned home and settled in Boston. The small pox breaking out in Boston, he removed his family to Andover, his native town, in 1752, and engaged in mercantile pursuits, including the sale of drugs. Being often called upon to prescribe, he obtained an extensive practice, and was a respectable physician. He was chosen deacon of the North church of Andover, fifth of April, 1748, and held the office more than thirty years. The medications listed are in Latin. Dr. Ward Noyes was an early founder of Andover, Mass. Numerous listings of medications, well written. Rare content.................................................$395.00

7004 - A FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR PHYSICIAN BILLS THE COLONY FOR HIS SERVICES, 8" X 10" manuscript accounting of services performed by Dr. Joseph Hewes from April 1759 to June 1760. Charges include medicines, mileages, and attendances including treating Captain Olney including medicines. The charges were approved by the council of Rhode Island at Providence September 22nd, 1764. Often confused with the signer of the Declaration of Independence, this Joseph Hewes was a physician who served in the French and Indian War. Old archival repair not affecting the text. Captain Thomas Olney III marched with Rhode Island troops on the alarm of 1757 in the French & Indian War. Very good..............................................$195.00

7005 - A SURGEON AT FORT TICONDEROGA, NY, ALSO SEVERAL PATRIOTS AT BOSTON 1775, TWO CONTINENTAL OFFICERS AT BUNKER HILL, Leicester, Massachusetts, April 7th, 1770, signed by four selectmen of Leicester payment for Surgeon John Honeywood for travel expenses, dual sided, one side light, travel of three miles. William Henshaw, one of the signers served in the French and Indian War as well as the siege of Boston [Breeds Hill]. Also signed by Seth Washburn - he served as Colonel in the Revolutionary War and had command of a company of Minute Men at Bunker Hill. He started off as a Captain in the 8th Massachusetts Province. He was a member of the General Court of MA, a Representative from the town of Leicester and a Senator for the County of Worcester. He was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1779 and Colonel of the Regiment after the Revolutionary War. At the Battle of Bunker Hill, he marched as Captain of the Leicester Minute Men. Dr. John Honeywood was an English physician who was killed at Fort Ticonderoga in 1776. All autographs strong and bold.....................................$250.00

7006 - FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR THE DEFENSE OF FORT WILLIAM HENRY, letter addressed to Harrison Gray Treasurer Colony of Massachusetts [1753 - 1776] by 10 soldiers who were described as being sent to the defense of Fort William Henry and claiming wages sue them by the colony. They were under the command of Captain James Whipple belonging to Colonel Artemis Ward's Regiment. Although undated, this pay request was written in 1757 - 58 subsequent to that relief force being sent to defend Fort William Henry. On the verso pay is shown for three signers of the document. In 1755 the militia was restructured for the war, and Artemas Ward was made a major in the 3rd Regiment which mainly came from Worcester County. They served as garrison forces along the frontier in western Massachusetts. This duty called him at intervals between 1755 and 1757, and alternated with his attendance at the General Court. In 1757, and alternated with his attendance at the General Court. In 1757 he was made the colonel of the 3rd Regiment or the militia of Middlesex and "Worchester" Counties. In 1758 the regiment marched with Abercrombie's force to Fort Ticonderoga. Ward himself was sidelined during the battle by an "attack of the stone." Fort William Henry was the site of the famous massacre of British soldiers in August 1757. 1500 Massachusetts Militia were sent for the relief of the garrison. Fine...............................................................ON HOLD

7007 - FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR, LETTER TO A SHIP CAPTAIN FROM QUEBEC STATING THAT THERE IS A GLUT OF WINE THERE, THE SOLDIERS ARE GONE AND THE FRENCH ARE POOR, August 3rd, 1761, Quebec [Canada], 1 page in manuscript from Jeffery Taniville to Captian Richard Darby of the Brig "Neptune". Discussing the low selling price of wine in that city as the soldiers have gone and the French are poor. Records show a Captain Richard Derby of Salem, Mass. being the captain of the Brig Neptune during that period. Derby was in the West Indies trade and circumvented British trading laws of the period. Well written, very fine........................................$175.00

7008 - PAYMENTS BY THE COLONIAL COUNCIL OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY, INCLUDING TO AN NEGRO MAN NAMED DAVIS, 8" X 13" manuscript; both sides of page by Samuel Danforth for payemtns made to numerous citizens including the Negro man DAVIS, "Danforth, Samuel, son of John, B in Dorchester, Mass. in 1696; d. in Cambridge, Mass., in 1777. He was graduated at Harvard in 1715, and became prominent in the Massachusetts colony. For several years, he was president of the council, and also a judge of probate for Middlesex County. In 1774, he was made a mandamus councilor. Undated but manuscript suggests 1750-65. Small chips to edge, bold brown manuscript. Early payment to an obviously free Negro in Massachusetts Bay. Fine..............................................SOLD

7009 - BROUGHT TO TRIAL FOR COUNTERFEITING SPANISH PIECES OF EIGHT AND ATTEMPTING TO PASS THEM, 8" X 13" manuscript written on both sides outlining the case against Jonas Banton for producing 24 counterfeit pieces of eight or Spanish milled dollars which was considered lawful currency in the colony made of pewter and other metals with the charge brought up to the court by Edward Wood on June 2nd, 1773, County of Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony. On the verso is the statement by the Justice of the Peace John Bliss affirming the charges. The Sheriff notes that he had apprehended the "Body" of Jonas Banton. Further notation shows that the defendant has pleaded guilty to the charges at hand. The Spanish Milled dollar and its smaller denominations were the main silver coin used in the Colonies in the 18th Century due to the shortage of English coins in circulation. Counterfeiting was a serious crime in the Colonies and this case was quickly brought to trial. Strong brown-black ink, paper small seal, minor archival repair, rare content.....................................................SOLD

7010 - JOHN CHOATES, 1757, ALS June 8th, 1757, 8" X 13", John Choates gives John Walley permission to construct his barn 8" upon his property in the county of Essex in Massachusetts Bay, witnessed by Joseph Appleton and Nathan Kimball. Well written, bold ink..............................................$49.00

7011 - THADDEUS MASON, May 3rd, 1760, 8" X 9" manuscript County of Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay, allocating money for highway construction to a ferry over the Merrimack River. The order for payment was sent to the County Treasurer for payment. Thaddeus Mason [1706 - 1802] graduated Harvard College 1728, and 1731, A.M., and was the earliest graduate who survived until the eighteen hundreds. He outlived all his classmates about nine years and was the oldest living graduate for about five years. In 1728, he opened a school at Woodstock, Conn., but did not stay there long as he was appointed private secretary to Gov. Belcher, appointed deputy naval officer, 1731 deputy secretary of the province, April 1734, and clerk of the Middlesex Courts, February 1735, the last office, by which he was best known, he held for fifty-four years, and was register of deeds from April 1781 to December 1784. Very fine, early Massachusetts document.............................................................SOLD

7012 - FRANCIS BERNARD, COLONIAL GOVERNOR OF MASSACHUSETTS, June 12th, 1761, an order for the treasurer of Massachusetts Bay disperse funds allocated by the council, signed by Governor Francis Bernard and John Cotton as Deputy Secretary of the Colony. Sir Francis Bernard, 1st Baronet (bapt. 12 July 1712 - 16 June 1779) was a British colonial administrator who served as governor of the provinces of New Jersey and Massachusetts Bay. His uncompromising policies and harsh tactics in Massachusetts angered the colonists and were instrumental in the building of broad-based opposition within the province to the rule of Parliament in the events leading to the American Revolution. Appointed governor of New Jersey in 1758, he oversaw the province's participation in the later years of the French and Indian War, and had a generally positive relationship with its legislature. In 1760, he was given the governorship of Massachusetts, where he had a stormy relationship with the assembly. Early actions turned the colony's populists against him, and his responses to protests against Parliament's attempts to tax the colonies deepened divisions. After protests against the Townshend Acts in 1768, Bernard sought British Army troops be stationed in Boston to overawe the colonist. He was recalled after the publication of letters in which he was critical of the colony. After returning to England, he continued to advise the British government on colonial matters, calling for hardliner responses to ongoing difficulties in Massachusetts that culminated in the 1773 Boston Tea Party. He suffered a stroke in 1771 and died in 1779. Written on the verso of an accounting of county expenses. Well written, scarce British Colonial Governor during the early years of unrest in the colonies........................................SOLD

7013 - BENJAMIN GREENLEAF, Member of the Boston Committee of Safety, 1775, ALS by Benjamin Greenleaf [1701 - 1783] to Thomas Fayenweather from Newburyport, Mass. to the latter addressed to Boston, April 12th, 1766 regarding business matters between the two regarding money. Greenleaf was a member of the Boston Committee of Safety formed in 1775. The details and motives of the committee were as follows:  Here from the journal of the Second Provincial Congress is the resolution, dated May 19, 1775 authorizing a Committee of Safety and ratifying all of the acts of its predecessor Committee of Safety that had been established by the First Provincial Congress. And it is also Resolved, that [Hon John Hancock, Esq., Doct Joseph Warren, Doct Benjamin Church, Capt. Benjamin White, Col Joseph Palmer, Mr. Richard Devens, Mr. Abraham Watson, Mr. Johh Pigeon, Col. Azor Orne, Hon Benjamin Greenleaf, Esq., Mr. Nathan Cushing, Doct Samuel Holten, Hon Enoch Freeman, Esq.,] be a committee of safety for this colony hereafter, until some further order of this, or some future congress or house of representatives of this colony shall revoke their, or either of their appointments. And it is also Resolved, that the said committee of safety shall be, and hereby are empowered, to direct the army of this colony to be stationed where the said committee of safety shall judge most conducive to the defense and service of the colony; and the general, and other officers of the army, are required to render strict obedience to such orders of said committee; provided always, that it shall be in the power of this, or any future congress, to control any order of the said committee of safety, respecting this or any other matter. And, whereas, the former committee of safety were, by a resolve of this congress, empowered to nominate persons to this congress, to be commissioned to be officers in the army now establishing for the defense of this colony, and said committee having already given orders to a number of persons, to enlist men for that purpose; Resolved, that the committee of safety now appointed, proceed in that matter, that such officers, where the regiments are completed, may be commissioned, agreeably to the resolve of this Congress, during the time between the dissolution of this Congress and the meeting of the next, the said committee shall have power to fill up and deliver out commissions to them, and blank commissions, signed by the president of this Congress, and attested by the secretary, shall be delivered to the said committee for this purpose. And it is also Resolved. That any five of the said committee be a quorum, with full power to transact any business which the committee, by the resolves above, are empowered and vested with the authority to do. Boldly written by Greenleaf..............................................$275.00

7014 - COLONEL JOHN LEE, LEXINGTON ALARM 1775, ALS to Mr. Thomas Fairweather at Cambridge, 2 pages as a folded letter sheet dated Boston, December 26th, 1783; Lee expresses his feelings upon dispersions on his character in a long letter. LEE, John of Amherst. Col. Ruggles Woodbridge Hampshire County Regiment; Lieutenant Eli Parker's Company, Cambridge alarm [page 79]. Listed on the return dated Jan. 13, 1776 from Charlestown Camp No. 3, of Capt. James Hendrick's company which went to Cambridge at the time of the Lexington alarm. Well written and very fine..................................................$100.00

7015 - COLONEL JOHN LEE, LEXINGTON ALARM 1775, ALS, May 16th, 1783, 2 pages by Lee in regard with his inability to pay his debts and begs compassion and consideration in his pleasant plight. The letter is written to Thomas Fayerweather at Cambridge, Mass. bring a folded letter sheet with red seals. LEE, John of Amherst. Col. Ruggles Woodbridge Hampshire County regiment; Lieutenant Eli Parker's company, Cambridge alarm [page 79]. Listed on the return dated Jan. 13, 1776 from Charlestown Camp No. 3, of Capt. James Hendrick's company which went to Cambridge at the time of the Lexington alarm. Well written and fine, traces of old mount at left border, trivial......................................................$100.00

7016 - THOMAS GREENOUGH, COLONIAL PATRIOT, CRAFTSMAN OF FINE MARINE INSTRUMENTS, ALS 1 page signed letter dated March 11th, 1753 to Thomas Fayerweather, Boston, Mass. regarding meeting a young man on King St. and an introduction to be given. Thomas Greenough, born in Boston on May 6, 1710, was a member of the third general of a family that distinguished itself in Boston trade. In 1769, Greenough joined the Boston Citizens Non-Importation Agreement and was a member of the Committee of Safety during the American Revolution. Like his father and grandfather before him, Greenough was a distinguished member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, admitted in 1744 as a private and promoted to the rank of captain of the fourth company, Second Massachusetts Regiment, in the Cape Breton expedition. Although his advanced age prohibited him from participation in active duty during the American Revolution, he soon became one of the most active patriots in Boston, serving on numerous town committees before and after the British occupation. During the war years, he was fully occupied making, repairing and selling navigational instruments to Boston shipmasters. He also served as a member of the Revolutionary Committee of Correspondence and was involved in the relief of distress of those whose income was curtailed by the hostilities. he died on August 10, 1785. Greenough was a famous maker of nautical and mathematical instruments. Very fine..................................$195.00

7017 - ROYAL FLINT, COLONEL WARD'S CONNECTICUT REGIMENT, 1754 - 1790, Paymaster Colonel Ward's Conn. Rgt., later Asst. Commissary, later commissioner of settling public accounts against the government for war losses, later involved in purchasing Indian lands, ALS dated at Boston, March 31st, 1786, one page 8" X 10", to merchant Thomas Fayenweather regarding rental of a house possibly being used as a government office by Flint in his capacity as a commissioner. Very fine..............................................$75.00

7018 - JOHN LOWELL, EARLY ANTI-SLAVERY ADVOCATE, ALS by Lowell, Roxbury, Mass., September 24th, 1799, letter dealing with land taxes. After establishing his law practice in Newburyport in 1763, Lowell served as a town Selectman in 1771 - 1772, 1774 and 1776. IN the spring of 1774, he signed addresses complimenting royal governors Thomas Hutchinson and Thomas Gage, but made a public apology for doing so at the end of the year. Thereafter, Lowell was an enthusiastic patriot and served for a time as a lieutenant of the Massachusetts militia. In 1776, he was elected Representative to the General Court from Newburyport and, in 1778, Lowell elected to the same post from Boston. Lowell was chosen to be a member of the convention that was tasked with framing the Massachusetts Constitution in 1779. He is best remembered for authoring Article I and his insistence upon its adoption into the Bill of Rights, "All men are born free and equal, and have certain natural, essential and inalienable rights, among which may be reckoned the right of enjoying and defending their lives and liberties..." Lowell's son, the Rev. Charles Lowell, D. D., wrote in a personal letter eight decades later, "My father introduced into the Bill of Rights the clause by which Slavery was abolished in Massachusetts...and when it was adopted, exclaimed: 'Now there is no longer Slavery in Massachusetts, it is abolished and I will render my services as a lawyer gratis to any slave suing for his freedom if it is withheld from him...' and he did so defend the Negro slave against his master under this clause of the constitution which was declared valid by the Massachusetts Supreme Court in 1783, and since that time slavery in Mass. had no legal standing. Well written, 1 page 6" X 8". Very fine...............................$175.00

7019 - WRITTEN IN BOSTON TWO DAYS AFTER THE BOSTON MASSACRE, dated March 7th, 1770 in Boston. A manuscript receipt for 6 small cordage of wood to be paid half in cash and other out of the store of Thomas Fayerweather-merchant. Signed by Hugh McDaniel [1706 - 1770] who was a member of the Ancient Order of Artillery since 1726. McDaniel died shortly after this receipt was signed. The Boston Massacre, known as the Incident on King Street by the British was an incident on March 5, 1770, in which British Army soldiers killed five male civilians and injured six others. British troops had been stationed in Boston, capital of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, since 1768 in order to protect and support crown-appointed colonial officials attempting to enforce unpopular Parliamentary legislation. Amid ongoing tense relations between the population and the soldiers, a mob formed around a British sentry, who was subjected to verbal abuse and harassment. He was eventually supported by eight additional soldiers, who were subjected to verbal threats and thrown objects. They fired into the crowd, without orders, instantly killing three people and wounding others. Two more people died later of wounds sustained in the incident. 2" X 7", well written...................................................$85.00

7020 - IMPRINT, MASSACHUSETTS BAY, 1769, FOSTER HUTCHINSON SIGNER, 6" X 7", imprinted and filled in Massachusetts Bay document empowering two men in Boston to make an appraisal of the estate of William Tilley late of Boston, dated December 19th, 1769. Moses Deshon was one of the men assigned the duty of appraiser. He was a famous artisan of Boston. He carved and gilded arms of the Colony (handiwork of a Boston artisan, Moses Deshon), displayed above the door of the Representatives Hall after 1750, disappeared with the Revolution. Foster Hutchinson was the brother of Thomas Hutchinson, Governor of Massachusetts who was an arch enemy of Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty. Very fine............................................$125.00

7021 - NATHANIEL HURD, BOSTON SILVERSMITH, AMERICAN REVOLUTION, 3" X 6.5" manuscript receipt written and signed by Hurd for a candlestick and engraving paid by Thomas Fayerweather, Boston merchant. Nathaniel Hurd (c. 1729 - 1777) was an engraver and silversmith in Boston, Massachusetts, in the 18th Century. He engraved "bookplates...heraldic devices, seals, paper currency, and business cards." The lion rampant logo for the prestigious Phillips Exeter Academy is taken from a bookplate Hurd designed for John Phillips in 1775. Examples of Hurd's work are in the collections of Harvard University; Historic Deerfield; the Lexington Historical Society; and the Museum of Fine Arts Boston. He also served as a Captain in the Revolutionary War. Fine................................................ON HOLD

7022 - FRANCIS MALBONE, NEWPORT, RI, Colonel Francis Malbone (b. 1728 - d. 1785), who made his fortune as a shipping merchant at a time when Newport Harbor was one of the busiest Harbors in the New World. Apparently, the Colonel was not above smuggling dutiable merchandise into the house to avoid the King's customs taxes. Subterranean passages found in the cellar have been traced to a subway leading to the pier where Colonel Malbone moored his fleet. This was a practice common in the Free Port of Newport, and one upon which many Newport fortunes were founded. At the start of the Revolutionary War, the British occupied Newport and seized the Malbone Estate. The mansion was used to store looted gold and treasures, leading to its nickname, "the Treasure House." There is an old legend in Newport of the love affair of a young British officer and the colonel's daughter, Peggy Malbone. According to history, the two fell in love just before the war, when the officer would dine at the Colonel's estate. When the war began, and the mansion was seized by the British, the Malbones remained under British occupancy. Officers were not allowed to enter the house or socialize with the colonists, so the lovers were torn part, forbidden to see one another. The young British officer was captured in an attempt to steal into Newport to see her and imprisoned in Massachusetts. According to legend, he finally escaped and for months risked life and limb as a fugitive to return to her. The two were married at the close of the war, and returned to England where he became Lord Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield. ALS to Peter Auyout at Charleston, SC carried by the courtesy of Captain Murphy, Newport, RI, April 1st, 1790, a request to carry a letter. Both were important colonial era merchants. Fine...................................................$75.00

7023 - CAPTAIN GEORGE WEBB, CONTINENTAL ARMY OFFICER, 3" X 4.5", August 7th, 1790, Holden, Mass., order to pay Mr. Knowles and charge the same to me...George Webb. In 1760, it appears, Capt. Webb had his first experience as a soldier in active service. At that time, he was not twenty years of age, yet he felt it his patriotic duty to heed the call of the Provincial government for volunteers to re-enforce Gen. Amherst's army now preparing for the final ending of the French control of Canada, and bringing to a close the long war for that, and for which, from its beginning, the Cape towns had furnished many soldiers; so he enlisted to serve in Capt. Thomas West's company, and was mustered in at the north parish, in Harwich, March 18, 1760. 1776, Lieut. Webb became the first lieutenant of Capt. Peter Harwood's company of light infantry in the Continental army under Washington. In this company he served more than a year, when he was promoted to the captaincy of a company in Col. William Sheperd's regiment of light infantry which was known as the Massachusetts Fourth ranking from January 1, 1777. While Lieutenant, in Capt. Harwood's company he participated in several engagements among which were Trenton and Princeton. Capt. Webb's company was composed of young men chiefly enlisted in Barnstable county. Twenty-two of them were enlisted in Harwich and were mustered by Gen. Joseph Otis of Barnstable, the muster master. Some of the company were enlisted for nine months, some for three years and a few for the war. While in command of his company, Capt. Web was in many of the battles that gave our arms to victory. He was in Glover's brigade and Sheperd's regiment in the two engagements that preceded the surrender of the army of Burgoyne at Saratoga, Oct. 17, 1777, and was present at the capitulation. He was with Washington and his army in the winter quarters at Valley Forge during the intensely cold winter of 1777 - 78, which followed Burgoyne's surrender, where he and his men, and other soldiers in the snow covered encampment, spent indeed a trying period. Well could these soldiers -- hungry, ragged, shoeless and shivering in their poorly constructed log huts during that, rigorous winter -- have said with the foremost political writer in America in 1776 when our arms were suffering repeated defeats and gloom hung over the colonies -- "These are the times that try men's souls." The encampment at Valley Forge was on the west side of the Schuylkill River in Pennsylvania and about twenty miles northwest of Philadelphia. This position for an encampment was taken by Washington for the purpose, says Marshall, "of covering the country of Pennsylvania, protecting the magazines laid up in it and cutting off those supplies to the British in Philadelphia which many of the people were disposed to furnish them." It was "a very strong and commanding piece of ground for the purpose," but bleakly situated for winter headquarters. The army entered it from Whitmarsh, a place not far distant, December 11, and at once commenced building huts for occupancy during its stay. During the six months at Valley Forge Capt. Webb's company was not free from sickness and death, nor from diminution in number through expiration of enlistment. The former rather than to suffer longer here, upon his discharge, returned to his home, while the latter chose to re-enlist for another nine months, probably on account of sickness, as he was sick in camp about three months "of a fever and the smallpox," all probably the result of inoculation. John Young and Crocker Young, both of old Harwich, in the company, doubtless found resting places here, as they were reported in March as being dead. Haskell Freeman, Watson Freeman and Edward Nickerson, with others, all young men from old Harwich, were in the company, and survived the terrible winter, and had the privilege to be at the battle of Monmouth and Rhode Island the same year and test their bravery. Capt. Webb was with his company in Sheperd's regiment, and Glover's brigade at the Battle of Monmouth, June 28, 1778 when Washington turned defeat into victory. The day was excessively warm, and his men suffered intensely from heat and thirst. The day was Sunday and the conflict continued from nine in the morning till darkness. At night the men lay upon their arms on the warm ground expecting a renewal of the fight in the morning, but when it dawned there was no British army in sight, and Washington with his army proceeded on to White Plain on the Hudson for headquarters. The day at Monmouth was never forgotten by the old soldiers when telling stories by the fireside of the capture of Burgoyne, and of their stay at Valley Forge. Soon after returning to the Hudson, Capt. Webb's company was sent to Rhode Island, and there under Gen. Sullivan, took part in the battle fought at Quaker Hill, August 29, 1778. In this battle Capt. Webb had two of his men, belonging to old Harwich, severely wounded. They were Haskell Freeman and Watson Freeman. The former was unfit for duty for sometime on the account of his wound, and was given a furlough for recuperation. He was promoted to the lieutenancy, Nov. 26, 1779, but resigned Aug. 24, 1780, on the account of ill health, due to the wounds he had received at Rhode Island. Capt. Webb was on duty in Col. Sheperd's regiment at the hanging of Maj. John Andre, the spy, Oct. 2, 1780, at Tappan, NY. With his command, he was in the detachment under Lafayette, sent by General Washington from the main army to strengthen the continental force in Virginia early in the spring of 1781, in protecting that colony from the depredations of Cornwallis's army then centering there. It was in May, following the arrival of the detachment, that he had a brisk and successful skirmish with the enemy while out on an important excursion with his command. The defeat of the enemy by the bravery of Capt. Webb greatly pleased Gen. Lafayette, and he sent to his trusty captain a letter, assuring him that the "successful skirmish" had "afforded" him the "greatest pleasure," and desired him to accept his "best thanks" and convey the same to his company "on this occasion." At other times afterwards, while Lafayette's division was watching the movements of Cornwallis's detachments, and badgering them at every point about Richmond, Petersburg and places north and south of James River and other points in that part of Virginia, he was sent out on secret service and was equally as successful in good results. When the siege of Yorktown commenced, he held his command in Gen. Lafayette's division, and was given an active part in the entrenchments before that doomed place with his brave men, and was present when it fell and the British army under Cornwallis surrendered. In his company in the trenches before the ill-fated place, in uniform, with blistered hands, displaying great gallantry, enduring hardship, and daring to follow where her brave captain dared to lead, was the noted heroine, Deborah Sampson of Massachusetts, a new recruit, bearing the name of Robert Shurtliffe, the story of whole life in the sacred cause of liberty has so often been read. Very fine..........................................................$150.00

7024 - A DESCRIPTIVE LIST OF CAPTAIN PATER CLAYES' COMPANY, 6 MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT, December 21st, 1780, 10" X 14", hand-lined manuscript listing 19 individual soldiers listed who enlisted them, when enlisted, age, height, complexion, color of hair, trade, town, and county. And signed by Capt. Peter Clayes [6th Mass. Regiment]. During the battle of Bunker Hill the 6th Massachusetts Regiment, under the command of Colonel John Nixon, was positioned in the redoubt on Breeds Hill near Captain Jonathan Brewer and Captain William Prescott regiments. During General William Howe's first attack on Breed's Hill, Nixon was wounded and was withdrawn from the battle. The remaining members of the regiment withdrew when the redoubt was overtaken by Howe's second attack. The 6th Massachusetts participated in the New York campaign by helping fortify Governors Island in New York Harbor in August 1776. They later fought in the Battle of Harlem Heights and the Battle of Trenton under General Nathaniel Greene. The regiment reinforced General Philip Schuyler at Stillwater, New York in July 1777. The 6th Massachusetts composed part of the main body of General Horatio Gates at the Battles of Saratoga. Fine, rare content...................................................ON HOLD

7025 - GENERAL CHARLES CUSHING, MASSACHUSETTS, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, May 1781, 4" X 5" manuscript, payment for 5 copies of patricians of land in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in common with other proprietors, all in the hand of Charles Cushing. He was elected as a lawyer, and appointed first Sheriff of Lincoln Co., which office he held both before and during the Revolution, and also for many years after. He resided at Pownalboro and in 1776, when the Maine Militia was reorganized, was appointed to command the Eastern Regiment, with the title of Colonel. In January 1777, he was made Brigadier for Lincoln Co. He made himself especially obnoxious to the loyalists by his vigilance in the discharge of his duties as sheriff and military officer, and towards the close of the war, in 1781, (then a Brigadier General) was seized at night by a loyalist party under John Jones, a violent Tory, taken from his bed, compelled to hurry on his clothes and was carried away to the British army at Castine, where he was retained for some time as a prisoner. His functions as Sheriff and Brigadier General seem to have ceased soon after this time when he removed to Boston and he next appears as Clerk of the Courts in Suffolk and Nantucket Counties in 1783, which office he held to his death, in 1810. The fact of his occupying responsible public stations from the age of 26 to his death continuously both under the royal and republican governments, a period of 50 years, is sufficient proof of his ability, faithfulness and integrity. Very fine..................$125.00

7026 - GENERAL CHARLES CUSHING, ALS Georgetown, [Mass] June 8th, 1761, one page in manuscript, Cushing writes Thomas Fayerwweather in regard to an estate he is involved with. He was educated as a lawyer, and appointed first Sheriff of Lincoln Co., which office he held both before and during the Revolution, and also for many years after. He resided at Pownalboro and in 1776, when the Maine Militia was reorganized, was appointed to command the Eastern Regiment, with the title of Colonel. In January 1777, he was made Brigadier for Lincoln Co. He made himself especially obnoxious to the loyalists by his vigilance in the discharge of his duties as sheriff and military officer, and towards the close of the war, in 1781, (then a Brigadier General) was seized at night by a loyalist party under John Jones, a violent Tory, taken from his bed, compelled to hurry on his clothes and was carried away to the British army at Castine, where he was retained for some time as a prisoner. His functions asSheriff and Brigadier General seem to have ceased soon after this time when he removed to Boston and he next appears as Clerk of the Courts in Suffolk and Nantucket Counties in 1783, which office he held to his death, in 1810. The face of his occupying responsible public stations from the age of 26 to his death continuously both under the royal and republican governments, a period of 50 years, is sufficient proof of his ability, faithfulness and integrity. Very fine.............$125.00

7027 - BENJAMIN ANDREWS, COLONIAL PATRIOT, INVESTIGATED THE BOSTON MASSACRE SITE TO EVALUATE THE SHOTS FIRED AND FROM WHAT DIRECTION, MENTIONS THE STAMP ACT IN THE LETTER - HE LACKS THE PROPER PAPERS TO COMPLY, October 31st, 1765, one page letter written and signed by Benjamin Andrews to Thomas Fayerweather a Boston merchant regarding a lease between him and the addressee..."I wrote in consequence of you having engaged me the sole improvement of the store in case my partnership with W. Dornett should cease when the first proposed term expires and as the only opportunity left me to execute the same on account of the STAMP [ACT] is this day." Basically regarding a new lease and interesting comment about the Stamp Act as it appears he has not the proper embossed stamped paper required by the new Stamp Act. The Stamp Act 1765 (short title Duties in American Colonies Act 1765; 5 George III, c. 12) imposed a direct tax by the British Parliament specifically on the colonies of British America, and it required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp. These printed materials were legal documents, magazines, playing cards, newspapers and many other types of paper used throughout the colonies. Like previous taxes, the stamp tax had to be paid in valid British currency, not in colonial paper money. The purpose of the tax was to help pay for troops stationed in North America after the British victory in the Seven Years' War. The Americans said there was no military need for the soldiers because there were no foreign enemies and the Americans had always protected themselves against Native Americans, and suggested it was rather a matter of British patronage to surplus British officers and career soldiers who should be paid by London. In regard to his involvement with the investigation of the "Boston Massacre." Benjamin Andrews declares that being desired by the committee of inquiry to take the ranges of the holes made by musket balls, in two houses nearly opposite to the Custom-house, he finds the bullet hole in the entry-door post of Mr. Payne's house (and which grazed the edge of the door, before it entered the post, where it lodged, two and a half inches deep), ranges just under the stool of the westernmost lower chamber window of the Custom-house. An interesting letter mentioning the stamp act as well as being written by a Bostonian investigation the Boston Massacre...................................................$495.00

7028 - RECOMMENDATION BY COLONEL RICHARD HAMPTON FOR A FORMER SOLDIER WHO IS ALSO ENDORSED BY SAM ADAMS, Providence, RI, May 13th, 1783, 8" X 13" manuscript. ALS letter by Colonel Richard Hampton to his brother asking his brother to help James Yancy [Yancey] in his new endeavors in Boston and to if possible assist him in procuring business contacts. He describes Mr. Yancy as being originally from Virginia and a brother of Captain Robert Yancy of Colonel Washington's Regiment. He continues in a postscript that Mr. Yancy has a letter from Samuel Adams to General Gadsdele who he is certain will do everything in his power to assist Yancy. Yancy had served at Fort Ticonderoga, NY in the Continental service. In period notation is "Colonel Richard Hampton of the Revolution." There was a Colonel Richard Hampton serving in the southern campaign as well as in the Pennsylvania Line. Well written in large manuscript. Fine...........................................$395.00

7029 - THOMAS DWIGHT, ALS TO JOSEPH LYMAN, ALS by Dwight, 2 pages 7" X 8", folded letter sheet addressed to Joseph Lyman of Hatfield, Mass., April 6th, 1784 regarding debts from an estate. DWIGHT, Thomas, a representative from Massachusetts; born in Springfield, Mass., October 29, 1758; pursued preparatory studies; was graduated from Harvard College in 1778; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Springfield, Mass.; member of the State house of representatives in 1794 and 1795; served in the State senate 1796 - 1803; elected as a Federalist to the Eighth Congress (March 4, 1803 - March 3, 1805); selectman of the town of Springfield 1806 - 1809 and in 1811; member of the Governor's council in 1808 and 1809; retired from political life and engaged in the practice of his profession in Springfield, Hampden County, until his death January 2, 1819; interment in Peabody Cemetery. Joseph Lyman was a Minister from Hatfield and wrote numerous religious pamphlets. Very fine.........................................................$45.00

7030 - WILLIAM GREENLEAF, READ THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE ALOUD IN BOSTON IN jULY 1776, RELAYED SECRET COMMUNICATIONS WITH THE OTHER COLONIES PRIOR TO THE REVOLUTION, Boston, March 5th, 1781, ALS by Greenleaf to the selectmen of the town of Boston regarding new regulations on the auctions in the city. A first hand account of the series of public meetings leading up to the Boston Tea Party lists 13 men who attended them all. These included three of the most important figures of the revolution, Samuel Adams, John Hancock, and Joseph Warren as well as John Scollay and his brother-in-law William Greenleaf. From a balcony Greenleaf read aloud the Declaration of Independence on July 18th, 1776 in Boston. An important Colonial patriot. Very fine.......................$250.00

7031 - SUPPLIES FOR THE CONTINENTAL ARMY, BOSTON 1780, 5" X 6" manuscript, dated Boston, March 23rd, 1780, addressed to the commissary ordering that "small stores" be delivered to M. Duplessis which is due me his receipt be your discharge for some. Signed "de Guiscard." The document is docketed on the verso "p. Duplessis". Captain Raymond de Guiscard commanded a company in Colonel Turner's Massachusetts Regiment. P. This document moved provisions to Captain de Guiscard's company stationed in Boston. Very fine.................................................................$150.00

7032 - BOSTON TEA PARTY, LENDALL PITTS, Boston, June 13th, 1772, 5" X 6" manuscript addressed to Thomas Walley ordering payment to Lendall Pitts and signed by Thomas Davis. Pitts dockets the verso as receiving the funds allocated to Pitts. On the evening of December 16, 1773, a group of men calling themselves the "Sons of Liberty" (whose leader was Samuel Adams) went to the Boston Harbor. The men were dressed as Mohawk Indians. They boarded three British tea ships, the Beaver, the Eleanor and the Dartmouth, quickly, quietly, and in an orderly manner. Once on board, the patriots went to work striking the chests with axes and hatchets. Thousands of spectators watched in silence. Only the sounds of axe blades splitting wood rang out from Boston Harbor. Once the crates are open, the patriots dumped forty-five tons of tea into the Boston Harbor. Fearing any connection to their treasonous deed, the patriots took off their shoes and shook them overboard. They swept the ships' decks, and made each ship's first mate attest that only the tea was damaged. When all was through, Lendall Pitts led the patriots from the wharf, tomahawks and axes resting on their shoulders. A fife played as they marched past the home where British Admiral Montague had been spying on their work. Montague yelled as they past, "Well boys, you have had a fine, pleasant evening for your Indian caper, haven't you? But mind, you have got to pay the fiddler yet!"...................................................................$150.00

7033 - JOSEPH SHED, BOSTON TEA PARTY PARTICIPANT, June 28th, 1798, 5" X 6", manuscript, a payment being a receipt written and signed by Joseph Shed. As a working-class man, Joseph Shed was one of many men who felt the effects of the post-war economic depression in the decade following the end of the French and Indian War in 1763. Unable to find work, many blamed British policies for the slump. Although his politics were never truly radical, he did participate in at least one popular protest. Shed was a carpenter by trade and participated in the Boston Tea Party. Very fine.............................................$150.00

7034 - HENRY PURKETT, BOSTON TEA PARTY PARTICIPANT, May 3rd, 1814, receipt for 6 casks of flints, signed by Henry Purkett a participant in the Boston Tea Party. 3" X 7" in dark brown ink. Listed as a participant dressed as a Mohawk Indian when his tea was thrown off the ship in Boston Harbor. Very fine..................................................$145.00

7035 - WILLIAM HUNT, PROCURED SUPPLIES FOR THE REVOLUTIONARY ARMY, dated at Boston, June 12th, 1773, 6" X 8" manuscript letter to merchant Thomas Fayerweather of Boston, a notice of a meeting to be held at Hunt's home dealing with taxes. Hunt was an agent during the Revolution for acquiring supplies for the army. Very fine.....................SOLD

7036 - DR. JOSHUA BARKER, TORY LOYALIST, Hingham, Mass., January 15th, 1789 to Thomas Fayerweather of Boston, a local merchant. 2 pages octavo, letter of recommendation. Dr. Joshua BARKER was born on 24 Mar 1753 in Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts. He died on 2 Apr 1800 at the age of 47. Joshua Barker was a strong Tory, but was highly esteemed by all classes in the community. He was a practicing physician in Hingham, and a member of the Massachusetts Medical Society; it is said that he tried every new medicine upon himself before giving it to his patients. He was graduated from Harvard College in 1771. His wife, who was his own cousin, was, like himself, very handsome and fine-looking. Susannah THAXTER and Dr. Joshua BARKER were married on 17 Oct 1779 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. Fine...............................................$69.00

7037 - JOHN SCOLLAY, COLONIAL PATRIOT, NEGOTIATED FOR THE PEACEFUL EXIT OF GENERAL GAGE FROM BOSTON WITHOUT DESTROYING THE CITY, ALS by John Scolley, Boston, June 16th, 1784 to Thomas Fayerweather, Boston merchant. A letter 6" X 8" by Scolley dealing with the use of a warehouse on a dock in the city of Boston. John Scolley was a member of the Sons of Liberty, selectman of Boston 1774 - 1790. In 1761, along with about fifty other men, he signed a petition which was sent to King George III protesting the illegal actions of the British revenue officers. A strong supporter of colonial claims against the empire, he was chosen to Boston's board of Selectmen in 1764. The honor was repeated in 1773, and the following year he was made chairman, a title he held until 1790. Although his participation in the Revolution was historically overshadowed by that of the more prominent and outspoken revolution revolutionaries such as Adams, Otis, and Hancock, John's contribution was nevertheless important. Without individuals like John Scollay supporting the cause, resisting the British might not have been possible. Scollay stayed on in Boston throughout the siege. Mr. Scollay maintained his role as town Selectman, and served as a conduit for communications between Joseph Warren and General Thomas Gage. Many Patriots' relations, like Samuel Adams' physician son and Paul Revere's family, were stranded in the besieged town following the Battles of Lexington and Concord. The occupying British were unwilling to let many escape to their armed compatriots attempting to reclaim the town. When General Howe, Commander-in-Chief of the British Forces was making preparations to evacuate his forces from Boston in March 1776, the people were concerned for the town. A deputation went to Howe and asked that he spare Boston, in return for being allowed to leave without a fight. John Scollay was the first of the four "influential Boston citizens" who signed the communication to the American army, telling them of this. Scolley negotiated with General Gage on the peaceful exit of British troops without burning the city. His daughter Mercy was engaged to Dr. Joseph Warren who was killed at Bunker Hill. Fine, a small tip of letter missing unaffecting text. An important Colonial Bostonian patriot............................................$350.00

7038 - LETTER TO COLONEL HENRY JACKSON FROM CAPTAIN JEREMIAH MATHER ATTESTING TO HIS SOON RETURN TO SERVICE, Lancaster [PA] to Colonel Henry Jackson at Providence, RI, May 23rd, 1779 by Jeremiah Mather. He tells Jackson that he is recovering and will soon be returning to camp and wonders if the baggage from Kings Ferry has arrived at camp as requests the Colonel to inquire at Philadelphia if it has not arrived. SIGNED Jeremiah Mather "a soldier". Folded letter sheet octavo, addressed to Providence, RI. Henry Jackson (bapt. October 19, 1747 - January 4, 1809) was a Continental Army officer from Boston, Massachusetts during the American Revolutionary War. For most of the war, he was colonel of Jackson's Additional Continental Regiment, which was re-designated the 16th Massachusetts in 1780. He commanded the last regiment of the Continental Army, the 1st American, which was disbanded in 1784. Jackson was a lifelong friend of Henry Knox another Continental Army officer, whose business affairs he was also heavily involved in Lt. Jeremiah Mather commanded a company in the Massachusetts line. Very fine...........................................................$295.00

7039 - MAJOR JOHN DOUGHTY WRITES TO GENERAL HENRY JACKSON FOR GENERAL HENRY KNOX AS HE IS REQUESTING NAMES OF OFFICERS ENTITLED TO BREVETS, ALS, November 7th, 1783, octavo 6" X 8" letter to Brig. General Henry Jackson stating that General Henry Knox wants the names of officers entitled to brevets written and signed by Major Edward Doughty of Knox's staff. Doughty distinguished himself in the 2nd Continental Artillery at Brandywine, Germantown, Monmouth, and Yorktown. Very fine........................................................$350.00

7040 - THOMAS WALLEY, BOSTON SELECTMAN, SIGNER OF MASSACHUSETTS CURRENCY, LETTER MENTIONS THE GLOOMY PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN BOSTON 1775, ALS Boston, January 25th, 1775, a letter to his brother. Walley reflets on the poor health and declining physical condition of their sister..."I suspect death will be a happy exchange for her, may we be all prepared for the fate God has for us". "Our public affairs wear a more gloomy aspect than ever, may God appear for us and disappoint the designs of our..." Walley implies that the mod in Boston is poor in regard to politics and he implores God to aid them in their cause. Lexington and Concord and the siege of Boston is only months away and patriotic sentiment and anti-British feelings are ever increasing. Very fine................................$250.00

7041 - LT COLONEL WILLIAM MORRIS ADC TO GENERAL NATHANIEL GREENE, Lt. Colonel Lewis Morris son of Signer Lewis Morris of NY, as ADC to General Nathaniel Greene, signature in ink..............................................$50.00

7042 - EX MINUTEMAN CAPTAIN NATHAN PACKARD ATTESTS THAT SIMEON KEITH WAS WOUNDED AT THE BATTLE OF RHODE ISLAND, 6" X 8", manuscript affidavit dated February 2nd, 1792 stating that Simeon Keith had been wounded in a battle on Rhode Island under General Sullivan by a ball going through his arm. Packard signs as "commanding Captain of said company at that time." Packard was a 'Minuteman' April 19th, 1775 in Captain Joseph Hayden's Company, Colonel Barleys Regiment. Well written, obviously written for a soldier's pension proving service and his wounding. Very fine............................................$200.00

7043 - 18 PAIR OF SHOES FOR COLONEL HENLEY'S REGIMENT, Pawtucket, October 15th, 1778, 6" X 7" manuscript Jonas Whiting Quartermaster affirms the receipt of 18 pair of shoes from Stephen Parker pay master of Colonel Jackson's regiment for the use of Colonel Henley's regiment. General Henry Jackson led his regiment in the Philadelphia campaign of 1777, at Monmouth and Rhode Island in 1778, and at Springfield, New Jersey in 1780. In 1780, the regiment was taken into the Massachusetts Line and renamed the 16th Massachusetts Regiment. Jackson's regiment was disbanded in 1781 and Jackson was transferred to command the 4th Massachusetts Regiment. He received a brevet promotion to brigadier general on September 30, 1783 and led Continental forces into New York City on the heels of the British evacuation in November. He was retained as commander the 1st American Regiment (1783 - 1784), which was the only infantry until still active after the dissolution of the Continental Army. Jackson was discharged from the Army on June 20, 1784 when the 1st Regiment was disbanded and the standing army was reduced to only 80 soldiers..........................................................$250.00

7044 - RAYMOND GREENE, RHODE ISLAND, September 7th, 1792, short note signed to Welcome Arnold of Providence, RI. Born in Warwick, Rhode Island, Greene was a son of William Greene and Catharine Ray. His father was a governor of Rhode Island during the American Revolutionary War, and his mother was a correspondent of Benjamin Franklin. Greene pursued classical studies and graduated from Yale College in 1784, then studied law, waas admitted to the bar, and commenced practice in Providence. He was attorney general of Rhode Island from 1794 to 1797, and in the latter year was elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William Bradford. Green was reelected in 1799 and in total served from November 13, 1797 to March 5, 1801, when he resigned, having been nominated for a judicial position. He was designated a district judge of Rhode Island by President John Adams, but through a technicality, was not appointed. Greene died in Warwick in 1849, and he, his wife Mary, and his son William are all buried in the Governor Greene Cemetery on Love Lane in Warwick, where Greene's father and grandfather (both governors) are also buried there. Fine..................................................$35.00

7045 - BENJAMIN WHITE, MASSACHUSETTS COUNCIL OF SAFETY, 1775 BOSTON, DEFENSE OF BUNKER HILL, 4" X 6" manuscript note written and signed by Benjamin White of Boston to Thomas Fayenweather, January 10th, 1772, Boston dealing with funds received for Thomas Hutchinson administrator to the estate. The Massachusetts Committee of Safety met on 15 June at the house of Harvard steward Jonathan Hastings and came to this conclusion:  Whereas, it appears of Importance to the Safety of this Colony, that possession of the Hill, called Bunker's Hill, in Charlestown, be securely kept and defended; and also some one hill or hills on Dorchester Neck [i.e. peninsula] be likewise Secured. Therefore, Resolved, Unanimously, that it be recommended to the Council of War, that the abovementioned Bunker's Hill be maintained, by sufficient force being posted there; and as the particular situation of Dorchester Neck is unknown to this Committee, they advise that the Council of War take and pursue such steps respecting the Same, as to them shall appear to be for the Security of this Colony. White was a member of the Massachusetts Committee of Safety and was one of the two members that met with General Thomas near Charleston planning the defense of Bunker Hill. Very fine......................................................$150.00

7046 - CONTINENTAL OFFICER ANDREW PETERS, MASSACHUSETTS, Menden, Mass., October 26th, 1786, 1 page ALS business letter to Thomas Fayenweather of Cambridge. Captain in the Massachusetts Regiment of Joseph Reed May - December 1775, Captain of the 13th Continental Regiment June  - December 1776, Major 2nd Mass., Lt. Colonel of the 15th Mass. until his resignation in 1779. Very fine...........................................$75.00

7047 - COLONEL WILLIAM PECK, REVOLUTIONARY WAR OFFICER, ALS Providence, RI, March 31st, 1801, 1 page letter written and signed by Peck mentioning the arrival of Judge Lowell for court, a printing office in Washington and related matters. William Peck served as an officer in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War for approximately four years. William Peck was born in Lyme, Connecticut and was known to have died in Providence, Rhode Island with internment at North Burial Ground. William was married to Abigail Matthews (? - May 10, 1832) on Jan. 25, 1786. William and Abigail were known to have one son named John Peck who married Sarah Ferris. William is the great grandfather of similarly named William Charles Peck who served with the Union Army during the Civil War. William Peck graduated from Yale College in 1775 and was appointed Adjutant of the 17th Regiment of Connecticut Infantry (also known as the 17th Continental Infantry) commanded by Col. Jeremiah Huntington. William was appointed Brigade Major to General Joseph Spencer on July 28, 1776. He later became major and Aide-de-Camp to General Spencer from August 14, 1776 to January, 1778. On May 20, 1777, William was commissioned as Colonel and Deputy Adjutant of the General Forces in Rhode Island command by Gen. John Sullivan until the surrender of Yorktown in Oct. 1781 at which time he resigned his commission. Colonel Peck was subsequently appointed as the US Marshall of Rhode Island in 1790 by President Washington and maintained that post for 20 years. This letter was written in his capacity of US Marshall. Very fine....................................................$50.00

7049 - THOMAS GILBERT, PHILADELPHIA MERCHANT/SHIP OWNER 1765, ALS dated at Philadelphia, May 25th, 1765 to Thomas Fayerweather of Boston requesting that the latter assist a Mr. Jordan who had just arrived from the West Indies and the continent in his endeavors in Boston. Folded letter sheet, red wax seals. Gilbert was a merchant and ship-owner in Philadelphia. Very fine..............................................$60.00

7050 - MASSACHUSETTS STATE TREASURER THOMAS DAVIS, May 8th, 1793, 2 pale ALS by Davis as state Treasurer to John Waite concerning no payment of funds to the State of Massachusetts and telling Waite to proceed against parties involved. Davis [1756 - 1805] was Treasurer and receiver - General of Massachusetts 1792 - 97. John Waite [1758 - 1830] was a Continental soldier serving in the Massachusetts Line. Very fine..............................$45.00

EARLY TERRITORIAL DOCUMENTS

7051 - MISSISSIPPI TERRITORY, September 29th, 1812, 6" X 8" printed and filled-in form ordering Ladock Cramer to appear at Superior Court in Washington, Miss. To answer the charges levied against him by Stephen Henderson. Signed by Theodore Stark. Thick laid paper with heavy typeset, early Mississippi Territory. Very fine......................................$75.00

7052 - MISSISSIPPI TERRITORY, HUGE INDENTURE FOR A SALE OF PROPERTY IN NATCHEZ IN 1806, dated March 19th, 1806, 12" X 20" written in large manuscript on thick laid paper. The sale of two lots in the southeast portion of Natchez identified as lots 1 and 2 in square 28 sold to John and Susan Reagh by John Perkins for the sum of $91.87 1/2 cents. The terms of the payment were outlined in the indenture [promissory contract]. Signed by the notary and several witnesses. A huge document that has some archival strengthening at folds but no loss of text. Large manuscript with paper seals attached to the verso. Early Mississippi Territory. Overall very good..............................................$225.00

7053 - MISSISSIPPI TERRITORY, A LONG LEGAL DISPUTE OVER LAND SOLD NEAR THE TOWN OF WASHINGTON, MISS, October 4th, 1803, six long legal pages in manuscript, Adams County, Mississippi Territory dealing with the sale of land near the town of Washington sold to John Foster by James Foster for the sum of $150 in the year 1798. The charges stem from the property line dispute that arose and the plaintiff is suing for relief from James Foster and the previous seller John Bullen. Very specific property description down to trees is listed. Six large pages, wear at edges, dark brown ink. A very early Mississippi Territory document.......................................................$150.00

7054 - SUBPOENA TO APPEAR AT COURT IN NATCHEZ, MISSISSIPPI TERRITORY, June 3rd, 1803, 8" X 13" manuscript subpoena ordering James Foster and John Bullen to appear to answer charges by John Foster at the court house in Natchez under penalty of $300. [See previous lot for the description of the charge]. The trial was set for November 1803. Noted that this was John Bullen's copy of the subpoena on the verso. Very fine........................$85.00


5112 - ANDREW JACKSON, (March 15, 1767 - June 8, 1845) was the seventh President of the United States (1829 - 1837). Based in frontier Tennessee, Jackson was a politician and army general who defeated the Creek Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (1814), and the British at the Battle of New Orleans (1815). A polarizing figure who dominated the Second Party System in the 1820's and 1830's, as president he dismantled the Second Bank of the United States and initiated forced relocation and resettlement of Native American tribes from the Southeast to west of the Mississippi River with the Indian Removal Act (1830). His enthusiastic followers created the modern Democratic Party. The 1830 - 1850 period later became known as the era of Jacksonian democracy. Jackson was nicknamed Old Hickory because of his toughness and aggressive personality; he fought in duels, some fatal to his opponents. He was a wealthy slaveholder. He fought politically against what he denounced as a closed, undemocratic aristocracy, adding to his appeal to common citizens. He expanded the spoils system during his presidency to strengthen his political base. Elected president in 1828, Jackson supported a small and limited federal government. He strengthened the power of the presidency, which he saw as spokesman for the entire population, as opposed to Congressmen from a specific small district. He was supportive of states' rights, but during the Nullification Crisis, declared that states do not have the right to nullify federal laws. Strongly against the Second Bank of the United States, he vetoed the renewal of its charter and ensured its collapse. Whigs and moralists denounced his aggressive enforcement of the Indian Removal Act, which resulted in the forced relocation of thousands of Native Americans to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). Historians acknowledge his protection of popular democracy and individual liberty for American citizens, but criticize his support for slavery and his role in Indian removal. Huge signature as a FREE FRANK, very bold...........................................................SOLD

6101 - BOSTON, NEW ENGLAND, 1771, A Sermon preached at Cambridge before his Excellency Thomas Hutchinson preached by John Tucker on the occasion of the election of His Majesty's Council. May 29th, 1771, printed by Richard Draper, Boston, New England. 63 pages octavo bound imprint. Very fine with crisp paper. In 1769, upon the resignation of Governor Francis Bernard, he became acting Governor, serving in that capacity at the time of the Boston Massacre, March 5, 1770, when popular clamor compelled him to order the removal of the troops from the city. In March 1771, he received his commission as Governor, and was the last civilian governor of the Massachusetts colony. His administration, controlled completely by the British ministry, increased the friction with the patriots. The publication, in 1773, of some letters on colonial affairs written by Hutchinson, and obtained by Franklin in England, still further aroused public indignation. In England, while Hutchinson was vindicated in discussions in the Privy Council, Franklin was severely criticized and fired as a colonial postmaster general. The resistance of the colonials led the ministry to see the necessity for stronger measures. A temporary suspension of the civil government followed, and General Gage was appointed military governor in April 1774. Driven from the country by threats in the following May and broken in health and spirit, Hutchinson spend the rest of his life an exile in England. Printed shortly after his elevation to Governor. Very fine..........................................................$150.00

72010 - CELEBRATION OVER CORNWALLIS' VICTORY, FRANCIS MARION IN THE CAROLINAS, The Salem Gazette, Salem, MA, February 7th, 1782. 6 pages, proclamation that soldiers on furlough must return promptly in order to avoid disagreeable consequences - the War is not over yet! Jubilation over the victory over Cornwallis at Yorktown, the sky is illuminated in Charleston, Francis Marion captures stores and prisoners in South Carolina, General Sinclair is sent by Washington to reinforce him, Marion's operations in the Carolinas praised, the British House of Commons denies supplies for America, a French ship arrives with money to pay the French troops. One of the newest of the Revolutionary War papers, some old tape restoration in a small area, otherwise very good, unusual six page issue.............................................$150.00

61505 - A DETAILED ACCOUNT OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN'S EXPERIMENT ON THE "STILLING OF WATER WITH OIL, COLONIAL TAXATION", The Universal Magazine, London, January 1775, complete issue, octavo sized. A report of the famous experiment by Dr. Franklin on the stilling of water with oil while he was on an voyage back to America. Extracts of several Franklin letters, a superb biography of William Penn, the founder of the Colony of Pennsylvania, news of an Indian attack at Point Pleasant, OH, which is very detailed. Complete with original frontage page for the Volume of 1775. Excellent American content.......................................$95.00

61507 - FEELINGS IN BRITAIN BECOME MORE ANTI-AMERICAN, NEW ENGLAND COLONIES TO BE PROHIBITED FROM FISHING IN NEWFOUNDLAND, PARLIAMENT BECOMES MORE IRRITATED IN AMERICAN NEWS, The Universal Magazine, London, March 1775, complete octavo sized issue. A great description of the City of BOSTON, Taxation and no tyranny, a satirical opinion by Dr. Samuel Johnson, a book "The Present Crisis with Respect to America Considered" being burned by the common hangman. The book was considered false, malicious, and a traitorous libel writing. Edmund Burke sets forth a plan for conciliatory actions between the Colonies and Great Britain. Complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included).............................$75.00

61508 - THE AMERICANS HAVE HOISTERED THEIR STANDARD OF LIBERTY AT SALEM, The Universal Magazine, London, April 1775, complete issue, octavo sized. Reports of the American Colonists raising the standard of Liberty (flag) at Salem, MA, a great many men flocking to it, Generals Burgoyne, Gage, and Howe leave for Boston on the Man-o-war CERBERUS, an early report of the organized effort in Massachusetts to assert Colonial American rights. Complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included)...........................................$75.00

61511 - GENERAL GAGE REPORTS ON THE SITUATION IN BOSTON AFTER LEXINGTON AND CONCORD, LORD DUNMORE ABDICATES AS GOVERNOR OF VIRGINIA, GAGE'S REPORT ON THE BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL, The Universal Magazine, London, July 1775, complete issue, octavo sized. General Gage gives details as to the situation in the City of Boston after the fighting at Lexington and Concord, Lord Denmore resigns as Royal Governor of Virginia and his message to the House of Burgess, with their message to him and then Dunmore responds to their message. Gage reports to the Earl of Dartmouth on the Battle of Breeds Hill (Bunker Hill). An important issue, complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included).................................$250.00

61513 - WASHINGTON'S LETTER TO GENERAL GAGE AND HIS REPLY, The Universal Magazine, London, September 1775, complete issue, octavo size. Congress sent a letter to Ireland listing the reasons for the rebellion against England, Congress sent a petition to the House of Commons, news of battle action near Fort Ticonderoga, Washington's letter to General Gage and his reply to Washington. Complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included)...................................$85.00

61514 - GEORGE III FEELS A SHOW OF FORCE IS NECESSARY TO BRING THE COLONIES IN LINE, BUT IF THEY RETURN THEY SHOULD BE DEALT WITH MERCY, The Universal Magazine, London, October 1775, octave sized magazine. A description of the seat of War in North America, recent fires in Charles Town, extensive news about Rhode Island, John Wesley addresses the American Colonies and employs them to accept British Authority for fear of God and the King, George III addresses both houses of Parliament stating that a show of forces must be made with the Americans, but if they return to the fold they should be dealt with mercy and tenderness, notice that Lard Cornwallis has been appointed a Major General. Complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included).............................................$89.00

61516 - THE BRITISH NAVY DESTROYS FALMOUTH, MA, THREATENS OTHER COASTAL CITIES FROM BOSTON TO HALIFAX, The Universal Magazine, London, December 1775, octavo sized magazine. Lord North proposes in Congress a bill that would prohibit trade with any of the 12 United Colonies who sent delegates to the late Continental Congress, on December 8th, Parliament passes the American Refraining Act. George Washington passes on a letter describing the British Navy's attack on Falmouth, MA., which nearly destroyed the town by thousands of shot from the small British fleet, Nathanial Green sent a letter on the same subject (destruction of Falmouth) and wants the town of Newport fortified as quick as possible. Quite a detailed issue. Complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included)....................................$95.00

61517 - GENERAL GAGE ARRIVES IN BOSTON WITH TROOPS, THE PORT BLOCKED, PHILADELPHIA SYMPATHIZE WITH THE MEN OF MASSACHUSETTS, PAYMENT OFFERED FOR LOSSES IN THE BOSTON TEA PARTY, The Town & Country Magazine, London, July 1774, octavo sized magazine with full wraps. General Gage arrives in Boston and is peaceably received, members of the faction opposing British taxes and restrictions are informed that their names have been sent to London and set before Parliament, they may be called to London or at the very least prohibited from holding any public office, leaders in Philadelphia write offering sympathy with their brethren in Massachusetts, however the Quakers in that city oppose any involvement in the New England situation, a letter is presented by merchants of Boston desiring a meaningful relationship with Gage and offering the East India Company for any past losses incurred by wrathful and inconsiderate men...AN OFFER TO REPAY LOSSES INCURRED FOR THE BOSTON TEA PARTY, important and rare content as some in Boston fear financial ruin by the blockade of Boston Harbor that was just beginning by the British Fleet. Very fine, complete........................................$225.00

61518 - AN EXTENSIVE LISTING OF LETTERS FROM COLONIAL GOVERNORS ADVISING PARLIAMENT OF THE SITUATION IN AMERICA, A MOVE IN BOSTON TO PAY FOR THE LOST TEA DEFEATED, EXTRAORDINARY CONTENT, The Gentleman's Magazine, London, February 1775, complete with all wraps. A series of General Gage's letters from Boston from July 1775 to December 1775 describing the affairs in the Colony, tyranny enforced by mobs who influence juries, judges, and the press. A vote defeated in Boston to pay for the lost TEA (BOSTON TEA PARTY), letters from almost all Colonial Royal Governors advising Parliament of the situation in their Colony and how the situation in Massachusetts has been influencing their citizens and the feeling of their citizens, workers in Boston refuse to build lodging for the King's Troops. A very newsy and important issue just two months before Lexington & Concord and the beginning of the Revolutionary War........................................$175.00

62001 - SEES OF REVOLUTION IN BOSTON EMERGE, The Pennsylvania Chronicle, October 17th, 1768, 8 page octavo edition printed by William Goddard. The British land troops in Boston to enforce and back up local Customs Officials with unrest brewing, lodging is to be provided to them, barracks constructed with no compensation for lands used by the Army, barracks being built are destroyed during construction, the Governor offers a reward for the capture of the offenders, local meeting of Boston officials vote to not endorse harsher measures against the British. Numerous reports from Boston in this Philadelphia paper revolving around the unrest in New England, the arrival of British regiments in Boston, and dissent among the populace over how to handle the duties and taxation imposed upon the New England colonies. Also the "Sons of Liberty" in Boston threatened armed violence. An excellent Colonial paper printed just as hostile actions against British rule were to erupt. Paper is crisp and printing bold, trifle flem on page 7-8 resulting in trifle lost of text in merchant ads, otherwise fine.............................................$250.00   

62102 - THE SITUATION IN FRANCE WORSENS, ANARCHY PREVAILS, Dunlap's American Daily Advertiser, Philadelphia, PA, January 10th, 1793. 4 pgs. Extensive coverage of the birth of the New French Republic, conflicts and battles in France, printed just a few days before the French King and his wife were executed. These changes in France would set the stage for an upcoming War with England that would threaten to bring America into the fray. Very fine....................................$45.00

62106 - CRITICISM OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT FOR FEAR OF GETTING THE UNITED STATES IN A CONFLICT WITH FRANCE, The Independent Chronicle, Boston, MA, February 13th, 1797. Attractive masthead of the Seal of Massachusetts, published ni the last month of Washington's second administration. The paper criticizes the Federal Government for it's relations with France, Pickering the Secretary of State had published a report on the damages incurred by American vessels by hostile actions against neutral nations. Front page article on the state of Foreign Affairs in regard to our relations with European powers in conflict, fine.........................................$49.50

62109 - JOHN HANCOCK ON HIS WAY TO PHILADELPHIA FOR THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, The Worcester Magazine, Boston, MA, Second week of May 1787, published by I. Thomas and formerly the "Massachusetts Spy", octavo sized. Hancock and his wife leave for Philadelphia for the Convention, a committee in Massachusetts deals with pardoning persons who were disloyal during the Revolution, news that leaders of Shays Rebellion have returned to Vermont from Canada. A scarce issue, slight edge tatters, but a solid issue.............................$75.00


A RARE GROUP OF COLONIAL ALMANACS

The following group of Almanacs were all printed in America in the 18th Century in Boston. Colonial imprints of all types are getting very scarce to find and bringing high prices at auction.

29 - ASTRONOMICAL DIARY OR ALMANAC FOR THE YEAR 1795, published by Nathanial Low, Boston, MA. Paper wraps and string bound, lists the usual predictions by day. The court systems in New England, population by States in America, distances of road from Boston to other towns in New England, as well as simple interest based on 6% interest from 1 pound to 1000 pounds. "Published in the 19th year of Independence which began July 4th, 1776". Wide margins, early Federalist period almanac printed during the administration of George Washington. Fresh paper............................................$165.00

30 - ASTRONOMICAL DIARY OR ALMANAC FOR THE YEAR 1798, published by Nathanial Low, Boston, MA. The usual predictions by day each month. A table of interest based on 6%, a conversion into pounds from Massachusetts currency, a listing of the Federal Court system in New England, distances from Boston to other towns in the New England area. A Federalist Period almanac. Overall very good, paper wraps and string bound...........................................$150.00


5180 - REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIER'S AFFIDAVIT OF DISCHARGE AND PAY VOUCHER, 2 items, [1] pre-printed and filled-in pay voucher dated at Hartford, CT. August 24th, 1780 for Noah Robert to receive his pay due in the amount of 47 pounds, 15 shillings, 7 pence, 5" X 6", [2] affidavit of discharge for Noah Roberts who it states had served three years in the Connecticut line and his legal date of discharge was May 20th, 1780. The manuscript document is 3.75" X 5.25" and is dated August 22nd, 1780. Roberts fought at Long Island in 1777, Battle of Rhode Island August 1778, wintered at Morristown 1779 - 80 and was in captain Samuel Webb's Regiment [copies of his service included], very fine........................................................$295.00

4234 - DANIEL STEVENS, COLONIAL SOUTH CAROLINA SOLDIER AND MAYOR OF CHARLESTON
, Pre-printed appointment for Gabriel Benson as Supervisor of the United States in the district of Spartanburg, Charleston, November 10th, 1798 and signed by Stevens as supervisor of the State of South Carolina. 7" X 9", Daniel Stevens was the twenty-fourth intendant (mayor) of Charleston, South Carolina, serving from 1819 to 1820. Stevens was elected as a warden (city council member) in August 1808. He ran for the office of intendant of Charleston on September 16, 1816 but was defeated by Elias Horry. Stevens was elected intendant (mayor) on January 11, 1819, replacing John Geddes, who had been elected governor of South Carolina. He was then re-elected on September 6, 1819. Stevens was born in 1746 to Samuel Stevens and Catherine Willard and died on March 20, 1835. He married three times: to Patience Catherine Norton (1767); to Sarah Sprowle (1770); and to Mary Adams (1779). Stevens served with the Charleston Rangers and Ancient Battalion of Artillery and fought in that Battle of Fort Moultrie. He was imprisoned and exiled to Philadelphia when Charleston fell in May 1780 to the British. He returned to Charleston the next year under the command of General Nathaniel Greene. He saw action at Guilford Courthouse and Eutaw Springs. After the Revolutionary War, Stevens served as Charleston District sheriff (1782 - 1784) and then federal supervisor of revenue (1791 - 1801). He served in the South Carolina statehouse was a representative for the Charleston area in 1782 and then again in 1785 - 1790. He represented the Beaufort District in the South Carolina Senate in 1791. Some archival repairs on verso, light stains..................................................
$69.00

4241 - AN ARCHIVE OF EARLY SOUTH CAROLINA AND ALABAMA LETTERS FROM GABRIEL BENSON, 1815 - 1835, a collection of 15 letters/documents with the majority dating in the 1820's to and from Gabriel Benson. Gabriel Benson 1775 - 1838 was a sheriff/tax collector, in the Spartanburg District of South Carolina and moved to Perry County, Alabama in 1818. He served in the Alabama legislature and was the 1st Judge in Perry County, AL and was a cotton plantation owner. The majority of the documents are 8" X 10" to 8" X 14". They are a follows: 1825, sale of property in Spartanburg, SC, 1825, agreement on payment of tuition to a school, 1819, letter from Greenville, SC to Cahaba, AL giving condition of Benson's property left in South Carolina, 1815, letter from Nashville requesting surveys of land so grants could be established for Benson, 1817, letter regarding cattle driven by Gabriel Benson through Indian lands and guaranteeing them to be healthy [sending cattle to Alabama], 1828 Indenture with Gabriel Benson, Perry County, AL, 1825, Marion County, AL. letter regarding houses purchased, 1822, letter PM Mobile, AL regarding cotton prices in the city, 1835 letter regarding books Benson has given to his sons, 1825, letter regarding sale of property in South Carolina, 1825 long letter to Benson regarding properties, 1822 letter to Benson regarding property ownership to Cahaba, AL, 1835 land sold in Perry County, AL, 1822 letter to Benson regarding the payment of notes, 1817, promissory note by Benson that was paid as he tore off most of his signature showing payment. The Alabama Territory was designated by an Act of Congress on March 3, 1817, but it did not become effective until August 15, 1817. The delay was due to a provision in the Congressional Act which stated that the act would take effect only if an when the western part of the Mississippi Territory were to create a state constitution on the road to statehood. That event took place in August 1817, with the Mississippi Territory becoming a state on December 10, 1817. Alabama became a state December 14th, 1819, Gabriel Benson was one of those early settlers in the New Alabama Territory. 15 letters/documents as described above, mostly very good, some very fine, some ink burn in letters here and there. An interesting basically early Alabama grouping.....................SOLD


5006 - GENERAL LIGHT HORSE HARRY LEE, FATHER OF ROBERT E. LEE, Henry Lee III (January 29, 1756 - March 25, 1818), also known as Light-Horse Harry Lee, was an early American patriot who served as the ninth Governor of Virginia and as the Virginia Representative to the United States Congress. During the American Revolution, Lee served as a cavalry officer in the Continental Army and earned the nickname "Light-Horse Harry". In 1794, Lee accompanied Washington to help the suppression of the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania. A new county of Virginia was named after him during his governorship. Henry Lee was a major general in the U.S. Army in 1798-1800. From 1799 to 1801, he served in the United States House of Representatives of the Congress. He famously eulogized Washington to a crowd of 4,000 at the first President's funeral on December 26, 1799: "first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen." Lee's signature as Governor of Virginia in a land grant dated 1794. 12" X 14" on vellum, large signature "Henry Lee", overall framed with an engraving of him as Major General on horseback. Overall framed 22" X 32". We have seen these land grants offered as $1500+, this nice framed example.................................................SOLD

 


3113 - PRESIDENT JAMES MADISON, A large bold ink signature as President of the United States, printed THE PRESIDENT to the left, his full signature "James Madison" to the right, removed from a Presidential document, 1" X 7". March 16, 1751 - June 28, 1836) was an American statesman, political theorist and the fourth President or the United States (1809 - 1817). He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for being instrumental in the drafting of the United States Constitution and as the key champion and author of the United States Bill of Rights. He served as a politician much of his adult life. As Jefferson's Secretary of State (1801 - 1809), Madison supervised the Louisiana Purchase, which doubled the nation's size. After his election to the presidency, he presided over renewed prosperity for several years. As president (1809 - 17), after the failure of diplomatic protests and a trade embargo against Great Dritain, he led the nation into the War of 1812. He was responding to British encroachments on American honor and rights; in addition, he wanted to end the influence of the British among their Indian allies, whose resistance blocked United States settlement in the Midwest around the Great Lakes. Madison found the war to be an administrative nightmare, as the United States had neither a strong army nor financial system; as a result, he afterward supported a stronger national government and a strong military, as well as the national bank, which he had long opposed. Very fine...............................................$495.00

3115 - PRESIDENT JAMES MONROE, A large bold signature in ink, 1" X 5", from a document he signed as Secretary of State under Madison. "Jas. Monroe" "Secretary of State." (April 28, 1758 - July 4, 1831) was the fifth President of the United States (1817 - 1825). Monroe was the last president who was a Founding Father of the United States, the third of them to die on Independence Day, and the last president from the Virginia dynasty and the Republican Generation. He was of French and Scottish descent. Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia. Monroe was of the planter class and fought in the American Revolutionary War. He was wounded in the Battle of Trenton with a musket ball to his shoulder. After studying law under Thomas Jefferson from 1780 to 1783, he served as a delegate in the Continental Congress. As an anti-federalist delegate to the Virginia convention that considered ratification of the United States Constitution, Monroe opposed ratification, claiming it gave too much power to the central government. He took an active part in the new government, and in 1790 he was elected to the Senate of the first United States Congress, where he joined the Jeffersonian. He gained experience as an executive as the Governor of Virginia and rose to national prominence as a diplomat in France, when he helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. During the War of 1812, Monroe held the critical roles of Secretary of State and the Secretary of War under President James Madison. Facing little opposition from the fractured Federalist Party, Monroe was easily elected president in 1816, winning over 80 percent of the electoral vote and becoming the last president during the First Party System era of American politics. As president, he bought Florida from Spain and sought to east partisan tensions, embarking on a tour of the country that was generally well received. With the ratification of the Treaty of 1818, under the successful diplomacy of his Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, the United States extended from the Atlantic to the Pacific, giving America harbor and fishing rights in the Pacific Northwest. The United States and Britain jointly occupied the Oregon Country. In addition to the acquisition of Florida, the landmark Treaty of 1819 secured the border of the United States along the 42nd Parallel to the Pacific Ocean and represented America's first determined attempt at creating an "American global empire." As nationalism surged, partisan fury subsided and the "Era of Good Feelings" ensued until the Panic of 1819 struck and dispute over the admission of Missouri embroiled the country in 1820. Nonetheless, Monroe won near unanimous re-election. A nice bold signature....................................................$395.00

3116 - PRESIDENT JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, 8.75" X 13.5", vellum land grant, large heading, JOHN QUINCY ADAMS PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, November 13th, 1825, land at Cahaba, Alabama awarded and sold to Gabriel Benson, 79 plus acres. Signed in dark ink  J. Q. Adams. Embellishments are very strong in dark ink. Complete paper seal. Trifle pin holes as usual in vellum restored nicely. Nice and bright. Starting in 1804, U. S. Land Offices were established to sell land in the area which would become Alabama. By law federal land was sold to the highest bidders at public auctions. Alabama sales attracted me from all over the nation, many of them peculators. Groups of speculators bought large tracts, sometimes for as little as $10 an acre, then resold at $20 to $100 an acre. When an auction ended, poorer migrants could buy less desirable land for as little as $2 an acre. The smallest amount one person could buy was 160 acres. Under the Land Law of 1800 a purchaser could put one-fourth down and pay the rest off over three years. But when the price of cotton fell to eighteen cents a pound, few could meet payments on land bought at inflated prices. By 1820, Alabama owed the federal government $11 million - more than half of the national land debt. In 1820 and 1821, Congress passed new laws to deal with this problem. The Land Law of 1820 required future buyers to pay the entire amount in cash, but lowered the minimums to $1.25 an acre and 80 acres. Those already in debt were aided by the Relief Act of 1821 which permitted them to keep part of their land and return the rest to the government or buy it all on the installment plan at reduced rates.........................................................$525.00

3117 - PRESIDENT ANDREW JACKSON, 10" X 15.5", vellum land grant, Cahaba, Alabama, December 1, 1831, William McCullough of Perry County awarded 80 plus acres of land. Nice large classic signature of "President Andrew Jackson measuring 7!", intact paper seal. Embellishments are quite bold. Trifle pinholes as usual with vellum nicely restored. The vellum is nice and bright. Starting in 1804, U.S. Land Offices were established to sell land in the area which would become Alabama. By law federal land was sold to the highest bidders at public auctions. Alabama sales attracted men from all over the nation, many of them speculators. Groups of speculators bought large tracts, sometimes for as little as $10 an acre, then resold at $20 to $100 an acre. When an auction ended, poorer migrants could buy less desirable land for as little as $2 an acre. The smallest amount one person could buy was 160 acres. Under the Land Law of 1800, a purchaser could put one-fourth down and pay the rest off over three years. But when the price of cotton fell to eighteen cents a pound, few could meet payments on land bought at inflated prices. By 1820, Alabama owed the federal government $11 million--more than half of the national land debt. In 1820 and 1821, Congress passed new laws to deal with this problem. The Land Law of 1820 required future buyers to pay the entire amount in cash but lowered the minimums to $1.25 an acre and 80 acres. Those already in debt were aided by the Relief Act of 1821 which permitted them to keep part of their land and return the rest to the government or buy it all on the installment plan at reduced rates...........................................................$895.00

3118 - EARLY MEDICAL BROADSIDE, "CANCER CURED, EAR AND OTHER DISEASES", Broadside, 8"X 17", period 1840's, black typeset on white bond paper, large eye vignette, Dr. J. M. Miner, late Professor of the Eye and Ear Infirmary of NYC, will be at the Pattee House, Avon, NY to see patients...his methods of treatment of various diseases by use of electric and vegetable remedies with numerous testimonials to his credit. An early medical broadside hat dates by typestyle and paper to the 1840s and is accompanied by two social invitations that came with it dated 1847 and 1848. Condition is very good with paper bright......................................................$85.00


14300 - PRESIDENT JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, 8.75" X 13.5", vellum land grant, large heading, JOHN QUINCY ADAMS PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, November 13th, 1825, land at Cahaba, Alabama awarded and sold to Gabriel Benson, 160 acres. Signed in dark ink. J. Q. Adams. Embellishments are very strong in dark ink. Complete paper seal. Trifle pin holes as usual in vellum restored nicely. Nice and bright. Starting in 1804, U.S. Land Offices were established to sell land in the area which would become Alabama. By law federal land was sold to the highest bidders at public auctions. Alabama sales attracted me in from all over the nation, many of them speculators. Groups of speculators bought large tracts, sometimes for as little as $10 an acre, then resold at $20 to $100 an acre. When an auction ended, poorer migrants could buy less desirable land for as little as $2 an acre. The smallest amount one person could buy was 160 acres. Under the Land Law of 1800, a purchaser could put one-fourth down and pay the rest off over three years. But when the price of cotton fell to eighteen cents a pound, few could meet payments on land bought at inflated prices. By 1820, Alabama owed the federal government $11 million - more than half of the national land debt. In 1820 and 1821, Congress passed new laws to deal with this problem. The Land Law of 1820 required future buyers to pay the entire amount in cash but lowered the minimums to $1.25 an acre and 80 acres. Those already in debt were aided by the Relief Act of 1821 which permitted them to keep part of their land and return the rest to the government or but it all on the installment plan at reduced rates.............................................................$595.00


JACKSON, LIVINGSTON, AND TANEY

10618 - PATENT SIGNED BY ANDREW JACKSON, EDWARD LIVINGSTON, AND ROGER TANEY, A complete patent with drawings of a brick press. Signed by President Andrew Jackson, Edward Livingston, and Roger Taney. Edward Livingston (May 28, 1764 - May 23, 1836) was an American jurist and statesman. He was an influential figure in the drafting of the Louisiana Civil Code of 1825, a civil code based largely on the Napoleonic Code. He represented both New York, and later Louisiana in Congress and he served as the U.S. Secretary of State from 1831 to 1833. During the war with England from 1812 to 1815, Livingston was active in rousing the mixed population of New Orleans to resistance. He used his influence to secure amnesty for Jean Lafitte and his followers upon their offer to fight for the city, and in 1814 - 1815 acted as adviser and volunteer aide-de-camp to General Andrew Jackson, who was his personal friend. Roger Brooke Taney (March 17, 1777 - October 12, 1864) was the fifth Chief Justice of the United States, holding that office from 1836 until his death in 1864. He was the eleventh United States Attorney General. He is most remembered for delivering the majority opinion in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857), that ruled among other things that African-Americans, having been considered inferior at the time the Constitution was drafted, were not part of the original community of citizens and, whether free or slave, could not be considered citizens of the United States. He was a close advisor to Andrew Jackson. Dated July 1831. 11" X 14" two large vellum pages as well as a colored sketch of a brick press designed by Thomas Fitch. Signed by Jackson as President, Livingston as Attorney General and Taney as Attorney General. All affixed together with a green silk ribbon with a large seal. Some damp stains, some minor archival strengthening. Much scarcer that the commoner land grant with the addition of two important signatures, huge signature of President Andrew Jackson..........................................................................SOLD


10061 - PAYMENT FOR SOLDIER'S CLOTHING IN SILVER SIGNED BY FOUR PATRIOTS WHO SERVED FOR YEARS IN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY, 1.5" X 7", Preston, CT, December 4th, 1781. Paying an individual in SILVER for clothing for Continental Army. Four of the selectmen signing the document served with distinction at numerous Revolutionary War battles such as Lexington and Concord, Battle at Long Island, Saratoga, Germantown, PA., Monmouth, N.J., Groton Heights, Morristown and Valley Forge. Numerous research records of these soldiers are included. Very fine...........................................................$195.00

10062 - REVOLUTIONARY WAR DISCHARGE FOR A SOLDIER WHO FOUGHT AT THE LEXINGTON ALARM, 3" X 4.5", dated May 18th, 1775, Roxbury, Mass. A certification and discharge for David Allen a soldier who served in the April Lexington Alarm in Captain James Clark's regiment. This discharge is dated at Roxbury, Mass. where the American Army was besieging the British at Boston. On June 17th, 1775, Captain James Clark fought at Bunker Hill. The discharge is signed by Lt. Daniel Tilden. Copies from the Connecticut archival records on all involved are included. Very fine, RARE..................................................SOLD


8912 - WAR OFFICE 1779, IRON TO BE DELIVERED TO A PRIVATEER CAPTAIN, 3" X 7", datelined War Office, [Lebanon, CT], November 19th, 1779, "Sir, deliver the Comm. General [Jonathan Trumbull] three hundred weight iron [solid shot probably] from the back store", Ebeazer Johnson", Captain Hopkins...due to the British raids on the Connecticut coast in July 1779, Captain Hopkins a known privateer captain was charged in moving what probably was solid cannon shot. The British had raided the coastal area in trying to stop supplies being shipped out of Connecticut to the Continental army. Hopkins is listed as a Privateer Captain on the naval register. Data on Hopkins included. Very fine............................................................SOLD

A VERY EARLY ACCOUNT OF THE FIRST BATTLES AT LEXINGTON AND CONCORD APRIL 19TH, 1775

8922 - THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, LONDON, ENGLAND, JUNE 1775, Octavo sized 5" X 7" complete issue.  Containing highlights of the battles of Lexington and Concord including Governor Trumbull's letter to General Gage concerning the actions of British Troops in the colonies particularly in Massachusetts, expressing a willingness for peace but that they will fight, he continues on to say that they will defend their rights nor will they be restrained to give aid to their brethren if any unjustified act is made upon them...General Gage responds that their purpose of the troops employed is to protect the magistrates in the performance of their duties...a description of the town of Boston now that General Gage has fortified it. LEXINGTON AND CONCORD...this begins with an account of the proceedings of the American Colonies since the passing of the Boston Port Bill...this lengthy part of the magazine describes the British expedition to destroy colonial arms in Massachusetts. It begins with the march of the British troops on the night of April 18th to Lexington and Concord...at Lexington several guns were fired at the King's troops from behind a stone wall and also from the meetinghouse and other houses by which several men were wounded and Major Pitcairn's horse was shot in two places...the detachment marched on to Concord where they were very much annoyed with a clash with the colonists there...on the return from Concord several troops were killed and wounded by the colonists firing from behind walls, ditches, trees and other ambushes. The lengthy account continues with a firsthand narrative by a Lt. Thomas Gould, the King's own regiment describing the first shots at Lexington, "which party first fired I cannot actually say as our troops rushed on shouting and huzzaing previous to the firing...," he continues to state that at Concord. "I myself was wounded at the attack at the bridge and am now treated with the greatest humanity and taken all possible care by the Provincials at Medford." There is much more on the clashes at Lexington and Concord and the fighting retreat back to Boston. INCLUDED IS A FOLD OUT MAP ENTITLED 100 MILES ROUND BOSTON TO GIVE THE ENGLISH READERS AN IDEA WHERE THE POINTS OF CONFLICT WERE. Included on the map are LEXINGTON, CONCORD, AND BUNKER HILL. It is extremely rare for this map to be still included in the issue as it was often removed for sale separately. The complete issue with map, extremely fine condition..................SOLD

A RARE EARLY ACCOUNT OF THE BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL OF JUNE 17TH, 1775

8923 - THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, LONDON, ENGLAND, JULY 1775, Octavo sized, 5" X 7", complete issue. The first report in England of the Battle of Bunker Hill, on page 346, describing the alarm sounded on the morning of the 17th that the Rebels had broken ground and had raised a battery on the heights of Charles Town against the town of Boston, six cannons were set up, troops were dispatched to drive them off with forces consisting of the 5th, 38th, 43rd, and 52nd battalions with field artillery. All under the command of General Howe and Brig. General Pigot landed under the protection of some ships of war. The Rebels were kept within their works. Much more on the attack of the British, the defense of the Americans, describes the cannonade from the field pieces and howitzers...signed in print by General Gage along with the killed and wounded including Major Pitcairn who had been involved in the Lexington/Concord engagements. Much more on the details of the engagement. On page 331 General Gage gives his proclamation of June 12th describing the rebels as incendiaries and traitors and anyone who aids them in any way will be considered traitors, much more. Choice condition. Extremely rare content......................$395.00


70610 - THOMAS MCKEAN, SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, September 12th, 1788, two pages 8" X 13" partially printed and filled-in. A land grant of 400 acres given to Jeremiah Parker of the City of Philadelphia in the county of Northumberland in the state of Pennsylvania and signed by Thomas McKean on the verso. McKean signed the Declaration of Independence as a Delaware delegate. Thomas McKean (March 19, 1734 - June 24, 1817) was an American lawyer and politician from New Castle, in New Castle County, Delaware and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. During the American Revolution he was a delegate to the Continental Congress where he signed the United States Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation. McKean served as a President of Congress. He was at various times a member of the Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties. McKean served as President of Delaware, Chief Justice of Pennsylvania, and Governor of Pennsylvania. Choice condition......................................SOLD

71613A - COLONY OF PENNSYLVANIA, PAYMENT FOR A BLACK MARE FOR THE USE OF THE UNITED STATES, August 21st, 1780, pre-printed and filled in document 7" X 7" detailing the payment of 29 pounds in specie on the exchange of 60 for one Continental for the payment of one black mare 14 hands high for a wagon and such male has been appraised by two Freeholders. Lancaster County, PA paid to Michael Breitenbach of the township of Lebanon [PA]. This document was a pay voucher by the state with interest allowed. There are numerous notations on the verso in manuscript. He apparently received the amount due plus interest in 1784 which amounted to 34 pounds 17 shillings, 9 pence. Quite an interesting Revolutionary War document showing the inflation that Continental currency has suffered by 1780. Fine..........................................................$325.00

THE AMERICAN COLONIES 1777

70600 - NORTH AMERICA, Homann Heirs, 1777. America Septentrionalis a Domino d'Anville in Galliis edita nunc in Anglia Coloniis in Interiorem Virginiam deductis nec non Fluvii Ohio cursu aucta notisque georgraphicis et historicis illustrata et ad bellum praesentis temporis accomodata. Imprint:  Sumptibus Homanniorum Heredum, Nuremburg, 1777. 18" h X 20" w, colored. This map appears in various atlases published by Homann Heirs. Based on the Jefferys map of 1755, d'Anville...M. of French the from America North (Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville, 1697-1782). The map toponyms are in English, the title in Latin, and extensive notes in German relate to English and French territorial claims. This map is an updated version of the Homann Heirs' map published in 1756. The political boundaries now reflect the outcome of the French and Indian War (1754-1763) and the evolution of the American colonies. The map is thoroughly annotated in German. Interesting map of the Colonies at the outset of the French & Indian War. Some of the interesting features include a truncated Pennsylvania and oversized Virginia, as well as the massive stretch of land in North Carolina designated Earl Granville's property, which extends to the Mississippi. An early appearance of Georgia. Nice detail in the Great Lakes region and Canada. Published right in the middle of the American Revolution [1777]. Light age tone, tips of bottom corners missing basically away from border engraving but unnoticeable as it is matted for display. We have seen this map offered as high as $1500, a very respectable example of this scarce Revolutionary War map......................................SOLD

70601 - A CORRECT MAP OF THE UNITED STATES, Thomas Bowen Published:  London, 1787. Size:  12.4 X 17.7 inches. 31.5 X 45.0 cm. Fine and uncommon map of the United States according to the treaty of 1784. Engraved for BANKE'S New System of Geography, Published by the Kings Royal License. Thomas Bowen (active 1749-90) was an English engraver and son of Emmanuel Bowen, publisher and map seller, active in London between 1720 and 1767. An early map of the United States printed soon after the conclusion of the American Revolution. In addition to showing the new states, the map includes a great deal of information on the Great Lakes and Mississippi valley areas. From "A New Royal Authentic and Complete System of Universal Geography" by Rev. Thomas Banke." This map is border colored as issued, Indian lands shown prominently throughout North America. Light usual age tone, some glue remnants at the very top border at the atlas' spine away from the engraving of the border of the map, otherwise fine...................................................SOLD


60900 - THE DEFENSE OF FORT MOULTRIE, 8.5" X 11" steel engraving from a painting by J. A. Oertel, engraved by G. R. Hall, dated 1856, published by Martin & Johnson, "The heroism of Sergeant Jasper," Jasper distinguished himself in the defense of Fort Moultrie (then called Fort Sullivan) on June 28, 1776. When a shell from a British warship shot away the flagstaff, he recovered the South Carolina flag in the Battle of Sullivan's Island, raised it on a temporary staff, and held it under fire until a new staff was installed. Governor John Rutledge gave his sword to Jasper in recognition of his bravery. Choice...........................................$35.00





60904 - WASHINGTON AT MONMOUTH
, 8.5" X 11" steel engraving, Washington at Bivouac at Monmouth, dated 1856, from an original painting by Chappel, published by Martin & Johnson, choice............................................
SOLD






60905 - THE BATTLE OF LEXINGTON 1775
, 8.5" X 11" steel engraving, dated 1856, from the original painting, published by Martin & Fry, a great action print, choice.........................................
$35.00


5103 - WASHINGTON'S HEADQUARTERS, NOTE SIGNED BY WASHINGTON'S ADC DAVID HUMPHREYS, C. 1780, A note folded and sent to Colonel Jeremiah Wadsworth who was at the French encampment at Newport, RI in regard to the current account of Lt. Colonel Louis De Corney who served as the Commissary-General to the French cavalry troops. The French cavalry arrived at Newport with 600 horses and spent 8 months in Connecticut camped west of Lebanon Green. The amount of 22 pounds 4 shillings is marked paid and is signed by Humphreys who was ADC to Washington from June 23, 1780 to April 1st, 1783. The note would have been written at Washington's headquarters at the Dey Mansion in Passaic County, NJ. In July 1776, Humphreys enlisted in the Continental Army as a volunteer adjutant in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment, then stationed in New York. The regiment consisted of several companies of Derby men. He later saw action in the battle following the burning of Danbury, Connecticut and in a later raid on Sag Harbor, New York. In that raid, the Americans captured 90 prisoners, destroyed 12 enemy brigs and sloops, an armed vessel and en enormous quantity of stores, and returned to Connecticut without the loss of a single soldier. Humphreys was detailed to report the success directly to General Washington in New Jersey. It was probably the first meeting between the two. In John Trumbull's "Washington Resigning His Commission," a painting in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda, Humphreys is shown standing immediately behind Washington, in the same uniform and almost as tall as the general. Humphreys was promoted to captain and major. He served on the staffs of General Parsons, Israel Putnam and Nathanael Greene. On June 23, 1780, Humphreys was appointed aide-de-camp of Washington's headquarters staff, and he became a confidential friend and adviser to the general. After the Battle of Yorktown, Washington entrusted the surrendered British colors, along with the general's report on the battle, to Humphreys and another aide for delivery to Congress. A painting of Humphreys arriving with them, titled "The Delivery of the Standards' to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia, November, 1781," now hangs at the headquarters of the New Haven Museum and Historical Society, which also has a ceremonial sword that Congress voted be presented to Humphreys. The sword was presented in 1786 by Gen. Henry Knox. Humphreys was also commissioned a lieutenant-colonel, with his commission backdated to his appointment as an aide to Washington. Signed on the front by Humphreys, some archival restoration, quite a scarce and desirable signature just before the Yorktown Campaign........................................................SOLD

5105 - THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST NEW YORK 1776, THE ALARM BY WASHINGTON, THE RETREAT BY WASHINGTON, August 11th, 1776, 3.5" X 8", manuscript payment by Jesse Root to Major Simon Strong for 500 pounds to pay his men at the rate of 20 shillings per day in an advance on the wages of his men who were going to New York in the alarm. Strong signs as Major of the 15th Connecticut regiment. The alarm was called by Washington to send troops to New York to defend against a British invasion to re-capture the city. Strong's 15th Regiment was one of the regiments caught in the panic and retreat from NY on September 15th, 1776. On July 3, 1776, British troops landed on Staten Island. Over a period of six weeks, British troop strength was increased so that it number over 32,000 by the end of August. Meanwhile, General Washington was preparing his men as well as he could under the circumstances. Washington was hampered by the British control of the sea, which allowed them to conceivably attack either Long Island or Manhattan. Washington decided to defend both vulnerable areas. On August 22, General Howe, the British commander, began transporting troops across the bay from Staten Island to Long Island. Washington decided to defend Brooklyn Heights by digging in around Brooklyn Village. Washington fortified the Heights of Guan, a range of hills 100 to 150 feet in height and covered by heavy brush and woods. The heights were broken by four passes. The furthest away was the Jamaica pass. Only five soldiers were detailed to defend the pass. On August 26th, Howe's troops quietly made their way to the Jamaica pass and seized the five American guards there. The British advanced behind American lines undetected until they reached the settlement of Bedford, where they opened fire. At that point, British troops rushed through the Bedford pass. Two hundred fifty American troops, under General Stirling, were surrounded on three sides. They fought bravely, but were soon overwhelmed. American troops were forced back into Brooklyn Heights. Cornwallis did not follow-up with an immediate attack on Brooklyn Heights. Washington's advisors recommended a withdrawal before British frigates could block the East River and any available means of escape. On the night of August 30th, Washington successfully withdrew his troops across the East River to Manhattan. Washington turned his attention to rebuilding his army. He was given instruction by the Continental Congress that allowed him to withdraw from New York. Washington began moving his supplies and wounded soldiers north from Manhattan. Meanwhile, Howe had decided not attack the heavily fortified Manhattan, but instead to outflank Washington and trap him. On September 13, Howe began to move his army across the East River to Kips Bay, there he hoped to cut Washington off. The landing was successful, and met only limited opposition. Washington's army, however, was able to successfully move north to Harlem Heights. The next day, a brief skirmish took place at Harlem Heights that became known as the Battle of Harlem. In this brief battle, several hundred British light infantry were badly mauled by Colonel Thomas Knowlton's Connecticut regiment. The Americans and the British began digging in. On October 12, Howe once again moved his army to the north to outflank Washington, this time at Throgs Neck. He landed there successfully, but his forces were bottled up on the Neck, which, depending on the tides, was sometimes an island. Washington decided to withdraw north to White Plains. The British slowly followed. It took Howe ten days to arrive in White Plains. There, on October 28th, the British troops captured Chattertons Hill, to the right of American lines. Washington soon withdrew to New Castle, and Howe did not follow. Well written in dark brown ink. This document was part of a exhibition at St. Bonaventure University in 2005-2006. [flyer included on the exhibit]. Very fine.................................................$395.00

5106 - SIGNED BY PETER COLT, FINAL PAYMENT FOR A CONTINENTAL SOLDIER, State of Connecticut, January 8th, 1790, pre-printed and filled in voucher for 7 pounds and Nine shillings. O cancelled as usual on these. 5" X 6", signed by Peter Colt reputed to be a direct relative of Samuel Colt. The document was made out to Charles Phelps who served in several regiments during the Revolutionary War. In 1775, the 10 Connecticut Regiment, in 1776 the 17th Connecticut noted as missing on the retreat from Long Island, and later in the 7th Connecticut Regiment until 1781. It was common for old debts for service to be paid way after the War. Very fine...................................................$75.00


32202 - FRANCIS MOORE HAS RECEIVED 69 POUNDS FOR HIS THREE YEARS OF SERVICE IN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY, May 10th, 1781, 3" X 7.5", manuscript receipt signed by Francis Moore of the town of Sutton [Massachusetts] for his service of three years in the Continental Army, dated at Sutton [Mass.]. Very fine...............................................SOLD

HESSIAN PRISONERS AFTER SARATOGA

32203 - PAY ABSTRACT OF CAPTAIN PETER WOODBURY'S COMPANY IN COLONEL JACOB GERRISH'S REGIMENT FOR SEPTEMBER 1778, MASSACHUSETTS TROOPS, GUARDING HESSIAN PRISONERS AFTER SARATOGA, 7" X 7" manuscript listing of the officers and non-commissioned officers and private soldiers in Captain Peter Woodbury's Company for September 1778. Included were one Captain, 2 Lieutenants, 4 Sergeants, 1 Drummer, 4 Corporals, and 45 privates whose pay amounted to 140 pounds 4 shillings. Signed by Captain Peter Woodbury, well written, some irregularity at bottom border but strong manuscript. Colonel Gerrich's Guards were guarding Hessian Prisoners at this time after the Battle of Saratoga. After the Battle of Saratoga, the British General Burgoyne by signing the Convention agreement 17 Oct. 1777, surrendered his army to General Gates of the American troops at Saratoga, NY. At this time, his army consisted of 2,139 British, 2,022 Germans, and 830 Canadians. One of the conditions of surrender stipulated that the troops had to leave their weapons on the field of surrender, and from there march to the Harbor of Boston, Massachusetts, to be put aboard ships and never return to fight again. At Cambridge, called the Winter Hill prison camp, Brunswick and Hessen Hanau Regiments were kept in Barracks for a whole year. The American Congress did not ratify the Convention agreement, and consequently, British ships to pick up the prisoners according to the original agreement, were refused entry into the harbor. Some of the prisoners went out to work by special permits. Some deserted or joined the American forces. The soldiers themselves were still under the command of their officers, and kept together within their regimental units. The date of this document attests to the fact that this document was written at the Winter Hill Prison Camp at Cambridge, Mass. By November 9th, 1778, the Hessian troops were moved south finally arriving in Virginia at Charlottesville, VA, in January 1779. A rare Revolutionary War POW document...........................................$395.00


121814 - A RARE WAR DATE ISSUE OF THE PENNSYLVANIA GAZETTE, APRIL 2ND, 1777, Philadelphia, 6 pages, 9" X 14". Listing of Pennsylvania Regiments and officers serving in the Continental Army, John Hancock approved blankets for the army by the Continental Congress, numerous listing of deserts from Pennsylvania regiments by regiment and company, the ship SULLY attacked by the British and chased British maneuvers in New York. This important war date paper was printed during the last months of American control of Philadelphia as General Howe captured the City in September 1777 but evacuated the city for New York in 1778. The paper is intact, all 6 pages, old paper spine added, some foxing, some old fissures and typical blemishes associated in a paper that was probably always loose and never in a bound volume. Printed by Hall and Sellers also printers of Colonial currency. War dated American Colonial papers are becoming impossible to find under $400, this quite respectable example for only.......................................................SOLD


80246 - ROBERT MORRIS, SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, A fine historical 1 page partly-printed DS, 12 1/4" X 9 3/4", dated March 10th, 1795. A numbered certificate for 5 Shares of Stock in the North American Land Company, sold to James Greenleaf, signed Rob[ert] Morris, President and James Marshal, Secretary. ROBERT MORRIS, JR. (1734 - 1806) was a successful merchant, a Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, and the U.S. Constitution. Morris was chairman of the Pennsylvania Committee of Safety during the Revolutionary War and a delegate to the Second Continental Congress (1775 - 1778). From 1781 to 1784, he was Superintendent of Finance (helping to earn him the moniker of "Financier of the Revolution"  --indeed, Morris contributed at least 10,000 pounds of his personal wealth to support Washington's troops). He was Pennsylvania's first U.S. Senator (1789 - 1795), and for a while, a successful land peculator (buying some 6,000,000 acres of land.) Unfortunately, Morris over-extended himself, and when his land deals went bust, he ended up bankrupt in 1798 and in Debtor's Prison. Ironically, the man who helped to win America's independence was momentarily forgotten by his country. On March 2, 1793, Greenleaf was named U.S. consul to Amsterdam. That same year, on a visit back to the United States, he made his first investments in Washington, D.C., real estate. On Sept. 23, 1793, he purchased 3,000 lots from the federal commissioners. On Sept. 25, President George Washington wrote from Mount Vernon to a friend, "You will learn from Mr. Greenleaf that he has dipped deeply in the concerns of the Federal city -- I think he has done so on very advantageous terms for himself and I am pleased with it..." Washington went on to note that Greenleaf had paid $80 apiece for the lots. As part of that deal he had to agree to build a certain number of buildings and not sell any of the land before Jan. 1, 1796. That October Greenleaf formed a partnership with banker Robert Morris and Pennsylvania's former comptroller-general, John Nicholson, for the Washington lots. Morris is known as the financier of the American Revolution. By the time, he met Greenleaf in 1793, he was deeply engaged in extensive land speculation. When Washington, an old friend, suggested to Morris that a man of 60 should be more prudent, the banker replied, "I can never do things in the small; I must be either a man or a mouse." Eventually the partnership would own 7,234 Washington lots. Greenleaf also held 1,341 lots for his own use. Using the lots as security, Greenleaf and his partners hoped to float a large loan with the Dutch bankers. Greenleaf promised them he had all the right connections. With turmoil in Europe, Greenleaf and Morris' investments in Washington property failed. Morris, Nicholson and Greenleaf had debts estimated from $3 million to $12 million. (One can only imagine what the debt would be in contemporary dollars.) The law took its course and all three ended up in Philadelphia's debtor's prison, informally known as "the Prune Street lockup." Morris bitterly blamed Greenleaf for being unable to raise money from Dutch bankers to get them out of debt. But Morris was overextended long before they met. While Greenleaf didn't prevent the collapse he could hardly be blamed for bringing it about. A wonderful combination of the two famous investment partners...Very fine...................................................$1,200.00


7185 - AN EARLY ACCOUNT OF THE INDIANS WEST OF THE GREAT LAKES, THE BOSTON CHRONICLE, February 22, 1768. Inside under "Boston" is a "copy of a letter from Jonathan Carver at Michillmackinac, to his wife at Montague, Sept. 24, 1767." Carver begins his letter by stating that he spent the previous winter among the "...Naudoussee of the Plains, a roving nation of Indians near the river St. Piere, one of the western branches of the Mississippi, near 1400 miles west of Michillimackinac." A bit more about his experience with this nation of nomadic Indians, plus more general talk about his journey up the Mississippi which includes mention of Lake Pepin. He then discusses his travel mileage from the previous year, that took him" ...round the west, north, and east parts of Lake Superior, to Michillmakinac...", about 4,800 miles since he departed from Boston. Carver continues, mentioning that he had "...seen places where the Spaniards came and carried away silver and gold formerly, 'till the Indians drove them away, undoubtedly there is...plenty of gold in many places of the Mississippi..." The letter concludes with details about a certain superstition among the Naudoussees that was witnessed by Carver, plus there is some discussion about their spiritual beliefs as well. Elsewhere are two reports, one from Carlisle concerning:  "...made prisoners Frederick Stump and John Ironcutter who were suspected to have murdered ten of our friend Indians near Fort Augusta..." which is near present-day Sunbury, Pennsylvania (see). Eight pages, 8 ½ by 10 ¼ inches, some rubbing to the front page. This newspaper published only briefly from December 21, 1767 until 1770. The publishers, John Mein and John Fleeming, were both from Scotland. The Chronicle was a Loyalist paper in the time before the American Revolution. In its second year, Mein printed names in the paper that accused some colonial merchants of breaking a British non-importation agreement. In response, Mein's name appeared on a list of merchants who violated the trade agreement. Mein retaliated by accusing the Merchants' Committee of using the non-importation agreement for illegal profiteering. The irritated readership ransacked the offices of the Chronicle, and ultimately, it ceased operations in 1770....................................................$200.00

7186 - HIS MAJESTY HAS ALLOWED FOR THE FREE IMPORTATION OF AMERICAN INDIAN CORN, THE BOSTON CHRONICLE, February 29, 1768. Inside has several reports from Parliament which relate to America, and has near the end:  "Numbers of manufacturers are daily shipping themselves off for the happy regions of America." Also mention that:  "His Majesty signed the act for the free importation of Indian corn or maize, from any of his Majesty's Colonies in America, for a time therein limited." (see) Near the back is a report from New York concerning the apprehension of counterfeiters, with various details. Another report notes a man was:  "...found guilty of the heinous sin of blasphemy! For which crime he was sentenced to stand one hour in the pillory & receive ten stripes on his naked body..." Eight pages, 8 ½ by 10 ¼ inches, nice condition. This newspaper published only briefly from December 21, 1767 until 1770. The publishers, John Mein and John Fleeming, were both from Scotland. The Chronicle was a Loyalist paper in the time before the American Revolution. In its second year, Mein printed names in the paper that accused some colonial merchants of breaking a British non-importation agreement. In response, Mein's name appeared on a list of merchants who violated the trade agreement. Mein retaliated by accusing the Merchants' Committee of using the non-importation agreement for illegal profiteering. The irritated readership ransacked the offices of the Chronicle, and ultimately, it ceased operations in 1770................................$159.00

7189 - ORDERS SENT TO ARREST RINGLEADERS IN THE COLONIES, REPEAL OF THE STAMP ACT, A SECRET ARTICLE WRITTEN BY DR. FRANKLIN, THE PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE, AND UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Philadelphia Feb. 13, 1769. The front page is a religion-related commentary titled:  "The Anatomist, No. XVII." Page 2 has a letter from London beginning; "I am told many of our countrymen are greatly grieved at the news from America; whereas I look upon the Boston Gazette as entertaining a farce as the Padlock..." and further on:  "...Send a fleet to New England to be maintained & live upon free quarters there until the Bostonians have paid every farthing of what all the colonists are indebted to our merchants...I am of opinion it would be happy for this island, if America & the East Indies were swallowed up by an earthquake...One thing I love the colonists for, & that is, they speak out. They have beat the drum & openly declared themselves their own masters, and where's the harm in this? "...with more (see). Another page has a dateline from "Boston" which includes:  "In the course of the debate, the whole behavior of the people of "Boston was stated; they were charged with ingratitude for the return made to the indulgence shewn on the repeal of the stamp act, & that ingratitude traced back to a period immediately subsequent to the repeal..." and "...during the debate some reflections on the repeal of the stamp act necessarily engaged those members who had promoted the repeal..." with more, and ending with:  "...all agreed in condemning the late behavior of the people of Boston; in declaring that resistance to law by force out to be opposed by military force; & in professing an eager zeal to support government & vindicate the authority of the legislature." (see) There is also a lengthy item about the debate in Boston concerning the repeal of the Stamp Act. An extend of a letter from London states, in part:  "...That it was said the Ministry had certainly sent Orders to seize some of the Bostonian Ringleaders, and carry them to England, but it was imagined nothing could be done with them...yet it was believed all would end in our reserving the legislation...and their giving up the Right of Taxation to our Representatives..." The back page has an interesting notice placed by a printing business announcing the publication of the "SERMONS TO ASSES; supposed to be written by the ingenious Dr. Fr-nkl-n..." Eight pages, 9 ½ by 11 ¾ inches, a nice engraving of a coat-of-arms in the masthead, nice condition..................................$225.00

7190 - THE COLONIES ORGANIZE TO ADDRESS THE KING ON HARDSHIPS THE COLONIES ARE LABORING UNDER, THE BOSTON CHRONICLE, March 14, 1768. Inside has a report from Providence that:  "...this colony...have appointed a committee to draw up an address to his Majesty & write to the Ministry & our Agent relative to the peculiar hardships & distresses the colonies are not labouring under." Other various news of the day from both Europe and the colonies. Eight pages, 8 ½ by 10 ¼ inches, very nice condition. A fine opportunity for a colonial Boston newspaper at a very reasonable price. This newspaper published only briefly from December 21, 1767 until 1770. The publishers, John Mein and John Fleeming, were both from Scotland. The Chronicle was a Loyalist paper in the time before the American Revolution. In its second year, Mein printed names in the paper that accused some colonial merchants of breaking a British non-importation agreement. In response, Mein's name appeared on a list of merchants who violated the trade agreement. Mein retaliated by accusing the Merchants' Committee of using the non-importation agreement for illegal profiteering. The irritated readership ransacked the offices of the Chronicle, and ultimately, it ceased operations in 1770...........................SOLD

7191 - BRITISH TROOPS INVOLVED IN ROBBERIES, A TRIAL OF LIBEL AGAINST JOHN HANCOCK AND OTHERS, THE PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE AND UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, PA. February 20th, 1769. 8 pages, 9.50" X 11.75". Attractive coat of arms masthead, a report from Boston begins, "a number of robberies have been lately committed by the soldiers which some of them have been apprehended and committed to goal. This is not the only instance of a street robbery since the arrival of the troops which was before a crime unknown in this town and serves to convince us more and more how much beholden we are to some persons among us [government]...for influencing to they being quartered in the midst of us, which gives them a still great opportunity to injure and distress our inhabitant, more concerning having British troops quartered in Boston, ...mentions a trial in Admiralty court for the trial of libel against Mr. Hancock and others...Mr. Hancock's nearest relatives and tradesmen were summoned as evidences but nothing turned up that could support libel charges against him...In October 1768, when charges were filed against Hancock and five others for allegedly unloading 100 pipes of wine from the Liberty without paying the duties. If convicted, the defendants would have had to pay a penalty of triple the value of the wine, which came to £9,000. With John Adams serving as his lawyer, Hancock was prosecuted in a highly publicized trial by a vice admiralty court, which had no jury and did not always allow the defense to cross-examine the witnesses. After dragging out for nearly five months, the proceedings against Hancock were dropped without explanation. This paper was a primary means in voicing the anti-British sentiment that was rapidly spreading throughout the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The paper gained much notoriety when Goddard printed an article voicing his support for the Boston Tea Party. The paper's sympathies and general revolutionary message were a cause of great concern to the British. Soon the newspaper was heavily taxed for its delivery by the Crown Post (the colonial mail system in use at the time), and later the Crown Post simply refused to deliver the publication. The Crown Post finally drove the newspaper out of business in 1773. This prompted Goddard and Benjamin Franklin to establish an alternative mail system independent of the Crown Post authorities. This alternative system ultimately became the basis of a postal system that would later become the US Post Office. Condition very fine.....................................$200.00

7192 - YE SONS OF LIBERTY, ATTEND! THE COLONIES UNITE TO HAVE THE TOWNSHEND ACTS REPEALED, PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE, & UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, February 27, 1769. The front page has:  "A modern Poem on Liberty...". The poem begins:  "Ye Sons of Liberty Attend! To you the Skies in pity send A Bard, who, in the nick of time, stands forth to vindicate, in rhyme, Your life, your liberty and fame...". and takes over a full column. Page 6 has a report from "Charlestown [Charleston], South-Carolina" stating that:  "...if the revenue acts for the repeal whereof this whole continent have earnestly & unanimously petitioned be no speedily repealed, the generality of the people of this province will strictly adhere to the several resolutions they have lately entered into for establishing economy encouraging provincial labour & keeping more money in the colonies..." and then stating their intent for a non-importation agreement with the specifics noted:  "...amongst which are the following, 1. Not to purchase or cause to be purchased any goods whatever imported from G. B. except hard ware; 2. To go heartily to work in manufacturing their own & Negroes cloathing; 3. To avoid as much as possible the purchase of new Negroes; 4. To give all possible encouragement to the importation of such goods (not prohibited) as are manufactured in others of his Majesty's colonies..." and a bit more (see). These were the agreements to force England to repeal the Townshend Acts. Near the back is an ad:  "To Be Sold, A Likely Negro woman, about 25 years of age...". This newspaper was a primary means in voicing the anti-British sentiment that was rapidly spreading throughout the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The paper gained much notoriety when Goddard printed an article voicing his support for the Boston Tea Party. The paper's sympathies and general revolutionary message were a cause of great concern to the British. Soon the newspaper was heavily taxed for its delivery by the Crown Post (the colonial mail system in use at the time), and later the Crown Post simply refused to deliver the publication, driving the newspaper out of business in 1773. This prompted Goddard and Benjamin Franklin to establish an alternative mail system independent of the Crown Post authorities. This alternative system ultimately became the basis of a postal system that would later become the US Post Office. Complete in eight pages which measures about 9 by 12 inches, a few traces of foxing, mostly on the back page. Nice coat-of-arms engraving in the masthead...............................................$215.00

7193 - THE ANTI IMPORTATION ACTS AIMED AT BOYCOTTING GOODS TAXED BY PARLIAMENT FOR THE PURPOSE OF RAISING REVENUE IN AMERICA, PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE & UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, July 3, 1769. The front page includes an illustration relating to a new kind if water-powered mill (see). Page 3 has an interesting report of:  "A bill for a charitable lottery for the relief of distressed Virgins in Great Britain" which begins:  "Whereas, by the great & melancholy disuse of holy matrimony in the kingdom, an infinite number of his Majesty's female subjects are left upon the hands of their parents..." with more (see). The entirety of page 4 is taken up with a great document from Annapolis, Maryland, being a resolution of non-importation. It includes a detailed and historic introductory document outlining the reasons, then specifically outlines the nine points of the non-importation resolution, beginning:  "First, that we will not...directly, or indirectly, import or cause to be imported any manner of goods, merchandize or manufactures which are...taxed by Act of Parliament for the purpose of raising a revenue in America..." with much, much more. It ends:  "...The above Resolutions were subscribed by a number of the most considerable merchants, etc. of Maryland." Another page has a significant letter from the Mass. Assembly to the governor, expressing their anger at the governor's response to their earlier complaints on his the military presence in Boston is a growing problem (see). Complete in 8 pages, nice coat-of-arms engraving in the masthead, 9 ½ by 11 ½ inches, period writing in a margin of the back leaf, nice condition. This newspaper was a primary means in voicing the anti-British sentiment that was rapidly spreading throughout the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The paper gained much notoriety when Goddard printed an article voicing his support for the Boston Tea Party. The paper's sympathies and general revolutionary message were a cause of great concern to the British. Soon the newspaper was heavily taxed for its delivery by the Crown Post (the colonial mail system in use at the time), and later the Crown Post simply refused to deliver the publication, driving the newspaper our of business in 1773. This prompted Goddard and Benjamin Franklin to establish an alternative mail system independent of the Crown Post authorities. This alternative system ultimately became the basis of a postal system that would later become the US Post Office..................................................$175.00

7194 - FRENCH CITIZENS IN NOW SPANISH LOUISIANA WANT TO RE-ESTABLISH THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT OR THEY WILL LEAVE THEIR SETTLEMENTS, JOHN HANCOCK ADDRESSES THE COMPLAINTS OF THE COLONISTS, CONNECTICUT MERCHANTS AGREE TO FOLLOW THE ACTIONS OF NEW YORK AND BOSTON MERCHANTS IN REGARD TO THE RESTRICTION OF GOODS FROM BRITAIN, THE PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE & UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, July 31, 1769. The front page has an item noting that the inhabitants of Louisiana wish to reestablish the French government among them otherwise they will leave their settlements (see). Page 4 has a very lengthy address from an Assembly committee--comprised of John Hancock among others--to the governor of Massachusetts dealing with the disputes between American and England, followed by the governor's reply signed by him in type:  Fra. Bernard, and this is followed by reports of a petition to the King to remove the governor from office (see for portions). Page 6 has a report from Connecticut noting that the merchants of New Haven have agreed:  "...that the measures agreed to by the merchants in Boston, New York...to restrict the importation of goods from Great Britain until the act of parliament laying duties on paper, glass, etc. shall be repealed...and we concur in opinion with our brethren in the other colonies that it is our duty to exert ourselves by all lawful means to maintain our constitutional rights...not to be taxed but by our own consent or that of our representatives..." with more (see). This is followed by other news reports from the colonies, including an item noting that the armed schooner "Liberty," owned by John Hancock, was seized & converted to a tender by the commissioners of the customs (see). Reports concerning duties carry over to page 7 as well (see). The back page is filled with ads including a lengthy notice concerning four soldiers who deserted the Majesty's army at Philadelphia (see). Eight pages, 9 ½ by 11 ½ inches, nice coat-of-arms engraving in the masthead, very nice condition. This newspaper was a primary means in voicing the anti-British sentiment that was rapidly spreading throughout the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The paper gained much notoriety when Goddard printed an article voicing his support for the Boston Tea Party. The paper's sympathies and general revolutionary message were a cause of great concern to the British. Soon the newspaper was heavily taxed for its delivery by the Crown Post (the colonial mail system in use at the time), and later the Crown Post simply refused to deliver the publications, driving the newspaper out of business in 1773. This prompted Goddard and Benjamin Franklin to establish an alternative mail system independent of the Crown Post authorities. This alternative system ultimately became the basis of a postal system that would later become the US Post Office...................................................$225.00

7195 - SENTIMENT IN ENGLAND IN SUPPORT OF THE COLONIES ANGER OVER TAXES TO SUPPORT BRITISH TROOPS IN AMERICA, PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE, Philadelphia, August 21, 1769. The back page notes in part:  "...the measures, which I had taken regarding the late unhappy disturbances in North America have been already laid before you. These disturbances owe their rise to the ministry, not to the Americans...The Americans are now groaning under all the horrors of a military government, and nothing but the terrors of such a government could oblige them to submit to the unconstitutional taxes we have imposed upon them. And to talk of tranquility being restored in America is just as good sense as it would be to talk on an angry man's being pacified, when his mouth was gagged & his feet and hands shackled..." with more (see). A report from "Charlestown" says that from 1756 to 1766, 23, 743 Negroes were imported in South Carolina. More than a full page is taken up with a list of numbers for the Philadelphia & Worcester Lottery. Eight pages, 9 ½ by 11 ¾ inches, nice coat-of-arms engraving in the masthead, very nice condition. This newspaper was a primary means in voicing the anti-British sentiment that was rapidly spreading throughout the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The paper gained much notoriety when Goddard printed an article voicing his support for the Boston Tea Party. The paper's sympathies and general revolutionary message were a cause of great concern to the British. Soon the newspaper was heavily taxed for its delivery by the Crown Post (the colonial mail system in use at the time), and later the Crown Post simply refused to deliver the publication, driving the newspaper out of business in 1773. This prompted Goddard and Benjamin Franklin to establish an alternative mail system independent of the Crown Post authorities. This alternative system ultimately became the basis of a postal system that would later become the US Post Office................................$185.00

7196 - THE PENNSYLVANIA PACKET AND DAILY ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, printed by John Dunlap and David Claypoole, 4 large pages, 14" X 20", Issues of 1787-88, numerous merchant and sailing ship advertisements, new from the new United States of America from the different states. A rare view of Colonial America at a very moderate price. The Pennsylvania Packet, or the General Advertiser was an American newspaper founded in 1771 that, in 1784, became the first successful daily newspaper published in the United States. The paper was founded by John Dunlap in Philadelphia as a weekly paper in later 1771. David C. Claypoole eventually became a partner with Dunlap. As of September 21, 1784, the paper was issued as the Pennsylvania Packet, and Daily Advertiser, reflecting the paper's move to daily publication. Fine to very fine............................................................$49.00/each

7197 - THOMAS' MASSACHUSETTS SPY OR WORCESTER GAZETTE, Complete issues 1797 - 98, 4 large pages, 14" X 20", published at Worcester, MA, published by Isaiah Thomas, Thomas' Massachusetts Spy. During the British occupation of Boston, Isaiah Thomas' original newspaper, the Massachusetts Spy, had fallen on difficult times. However, in 1778 the paper returns, revitalized. Like its publisher, it is outspoken, brazen, and dynamic. Opponents damn the publication as a "sedition factory," but prominent patriots such as James Otis, Paul Revere and John Hancock anonymously contribute articles. Thomas' partisanship wins the Spy a large readership. Read news of John Adams' term as President. A very historic newspaper, we have several issues in very good to fine condition, light aging tone.......................................................SOLD


60709 - 1805 ALMANAC BY ISIAH THOMAS JR, published in Worcester, MA, by Isaiah Thomas Jr., complete with wraps. Born in Boston, the only son of Isaiah Thomas, Sr. Isaiah Thomas, Jr. was one of the incorporators of the American Antiquarian Society in 1812. He also served as the Society's treasurer from 1813 until his death in 1819. He was remembered as 'a man of large intelligence and fond of books', wrote with east and rapidity, of excellent conversational powers, fond of and devoted to his home and family. Thomas was taught the business of printing by his father and started his Weld, the daughter of a wealthy Boston merchant. In 1799, he became the co-publisher of the Massachusetts Spy, sharing the masthead with his father until 1801, when he was made the sole publisher and editor. Thomas bought out his father's large printing, papermaking and publishing business in 1802 when Isaiah Thomas, Sr., retired. In 1810, the younger Thomas moved to Boston, and continued to issue the Spy and the family's almanac, as well as to print books such as Bernhard Faust's, A New Guide to Health (1810) and Charles Robbins' The Drum & Fife Instructor (1812). Thomas' business interests were adversely affected by the War of 1812. He sold the Spy in that year and tried to expand his bookselling business by opening shops in Connecticut, Maine, and Maryland. He continued to issue a variety of almanacs and books. Copies of many of his publications are preserved in the imprint collection of the American Antiquarian Society. Thomas died in Boston in the summer of 1819 following an accident. Very good, average foxing, uncommon................................................................$75.00


42906 - A RARE PHILADELPHIA LAND INDENTURE DATED 1693/4 SIGNED BY PATRICK ROBINSON ONE OF THE 15 MEN AWARDED LAND BY WILLIAM PENN IN 1682, 14" X 16", manuscript sale of land in Philadelphia on May 1st, 1683/4 by Patrick Robinson in the Province of Pennsylvania and signed by him. Robinson was one of 15 Englishmen granted land in Philadelphia on March 22nd, 1682 by William Penn. This indenture was for part of his Philadelphia lands. Robinson had also been granted 200 acres [July 1st, 1683] of land in Cheltenham Township, Pennsylvania which was founded as a Quaker Colony in 1682 by William Penn. Well written, ink erosion by the top of "P" in Pat [Robinson], some other spots of ink erosion nicely archaically restored. An extremely rare and historic early Pennsylvania manuscript...........................................SOLD

30611 - THOMAS MELVILLE, SR. BOSTON TEA PARTY PARTICIPANT, Born in Boston to Scottish-born merchant Allan Melvill (d. 1761) and Jean Cargill, Thomas Melvill attended New Jersey College. In July 1773, he was awarded an honorary MA degree by Harvard College. He married Priscilla Scollay in 1774. Friends included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere "When the citizens of Boston began to evince a determination to resist the arbitrary, offensive and onerous exactions of the British government, Melvill was conspicuous among the ardent and gallant young men of the capital, for his zeal and intrepidity, during that momentous advent of...national independence. He participated in the Boston Tea Party [December 16th, 1773], "that immortal band which in December, 1773, in presence of the Royal fleet, boarded the tea ships in Boston harbor, and threw their rich cargoes into the ocean." In March 1776, when "the British fleet was driven from Boston harbor, Captain Melvill discharged the first guns at the hostile ships, from his battery, at Nantasket." During the war he "served in the Rhode Island campaigns of 1777 and 1779." After the war, he worked as a "naval officer" (1786-1820), and "surveyor and port inspector of excise" (ca. 1796) at the customhouse on State Street. "When the custom house was established in Boston, in 1786, he was appointed surveyor; in 1789 was made inspector, and...in 1814, he was appointed naval officer of the port." 9" X 14" partially printed and filled-in document, Port of Boston, May 12th, 1818, certificate for shipping goods on the sloop Huron to New York signed by Thomas Melvill as Naval Officer. Very fine, scarce................................................$350.00

30800 - OLIVER ELLSWORTH, REVOLUTIONARY WAR LEADER, Oliver Ellsworth (April 29, 1745 - November 26, 1807) was an American lawyer and politician, a Revolutionary against British rule, a drafter of the United States Constitution, and the third Chief Justice of the United States. While at the Federal Convention, Ellsworth moved to strike the word National from the motion made by Edmund Randolph of Virginia. Randolph had moved successfully to call the government the National Government of United States. Ellsworth moved that the government should continue to be called the United States Government. His bold signature on a May 30th, 1778 pay voucher for 109 Pounds 10 Shillings made out to Lt. Thomas Sloan for his Guards [pay voucher/expenses]. Sloan was a Lt. in the "Hartford Guards" and also supplied bullets and cannon mounts to the Continental Army. 6" X 8", also signed by John Lawrence. In excellent condition..................................SOLD

30804 - GENERAL JOHN LAMB, REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, SONS OF LIBERTY, Prior to the Revolutionary War, Lamb was a leading member of the Sons of Liberty. He wrote articles in the and published anonymous handbills. When the news of the Battles of Lexington and Concord was received he and his men seized the military stores at Turtle Bay. He was commissioned a captain of an artillery company and served under Richard Montgomery and Benedict Arnold in the Battle of Quebec. He was wounded and captured at the assault on Quebec city and was released on parole a few months later. He was appointed major of artillery on January 9, 1776. In January 1777, he was appointed colonel of the 2nd Continental Artillery Regiment. He commanded the artillery at West Point, New York in 1779 and 1780. During the campaign and Siege of Yorktown, Lamb continued to command the 2nd Regiment. A monthly strength report from September 26, 1781 showed 200 officers and men under Lamb's command. [2] On October 9th, Lamb was the Officer of the Day when General Washington fired the first American cannon to open the siege. During the siege, the artillery served with distinction. The artillery detachment and Lamb's artillery in particular, were accorded high praise by both Washington and General Henry Knox, chief of artillery for the Continental Army. A General Order from the Commander-in-Chief relayed his thanks and appreciation to Lamb's artillery unit. After the British surrender, Lamb was placed in temporary command of all the artillery, and oversaw its return to New York. He was brevetted a brigadier general on September 30, 1783. In 1784, he was appointed Collector of the Port of New York by the Congress of  the Confederation, and retained the post during the Washington administration. His signature on a City of New York customs document dated October 3rd, 1795, pre-printed and filled-in, 5" X 7", top left corner irregular due to prior attachment unaffecting any print or manuscript in any war, scarce Revolutionary War early leader and artillery officer......................................................SOLD

30805 - SERVED IN THE LEXINGTON ALARM, CONNECTICUT LINE, AND ON THE CONNECTICUT SHIP TRUMBULL, Dated June 1st, 1782, pre-printed and filled in voucher made out to Peter Whitney for 3 Pounds, 3 Shillings, 7 Pence for a balance due him for serving in the Continental Army. Signed by John Lawrence. Connecticut records show that Whitney had served in the French & Indian War, the April 1775 Lexington Alarm [from Wethersfield], under General Spencer in the 2nd Regiment in 1775, then in the 3rd Battalion, Wadsworth's Brigade in 1776, then aboard the Connecticut ship "Trumbull" in 1777-78, and then in the 3rd Regiment Continental Line 1781-83. He was pensioned in 1818 and died in 1826. Very fine, O cancelled as usual.........................................................................SOLD

30806 - BRITISH COLONEL THEN GENERAL, Alexander Lindsay, 6th Earl of Balcarres and de jure 23rd Earl of Crawford (18 January 1752 - 27 March 1825) was the son of James Lindsay, 5th Earl of Balcarres. In 1777, he was appointed a major of the 53rd, and he commanded the light infantry companies at the Battle of Saratoga (1777), and surrendered there with Burgoyne. He was released from captivity in 1779. Promoted lieutenant-colonel of the 42nd during his imprisonment, he was subsequently promoted to the rank of colonel and made lieutenant-colonel commandant of the second 71st Regiment of Foot, a battalion of the 71st uninvolved in the surrender at Yorktown (as was the rest of the regiment). He was chosen a representative peer for Scotland in 1784, and was re-elected through 1807, inclusive. On 27 August 1789, he was appointed colonel of the 63rd Regiment of Foot, and was promoted major-general in 1793. His large signature in ink on a partial document dated 1804. Signed as usual with his title "Balcarres".......................................................$75.00

30808 - COLONEL RETURN J. MEIGS, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, Return Jonathan Meigs [born December 17 (old style) or December 28 (new style), 1740; died January 28, 1823] was a colonel who served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, was one of the founding settlers of the Northwest Territory in what is now the state of Ohio, and later served as a federal government Indian agent working with the Cherokee in Tennessee. On April 19, 1775, after the Battle of Lexington, he led a company of light infantry to Boston. There he was appointed to the rank of major in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment, a provincial regiment of the Continental Army. Later that year, serving as a division (battalion) commander under Colonel Benedict Arnold, he accompanied Arnold on his 1,100-man expedition through Maine to Canada. Meigs was captured by the British in the assault on Quebec City and imprisoned, but was paroled on May 16, 1776, by British Gen. Guy Carleton as consideration for Meigs' decent treatment of a British prisoner, Captain Law, Carleton's Chief engineer. Meigs returned to Connecticut by way of Halifax and subsequently returned to military service. He returned to active service when he was formally exchanged on January 10, 1777. On May 12, he was sent to command the 6th Connecticut Regiment when its colonel, William Douglas, became incapacitated by ill health. One of his most important achievements during the Revolutionary War was leading the Meigs Raid against the British forces in Sag Habor, New York, in May 1777. With 220 men in a fleet of 13 whaleboats, he crossed Long Island Sound from Connecticut to Long Island to attack the British fleet at night. The raid succeeded in burning 12 ships and taking 90 prisoners, without losing a single man. The U.S. Congress awarded him a presentation sword for his heroism. Colonel Douglas died on May 28, and Meigs received appointment as colonel of the 6th Connecticut by Governor Trumbull on September 10, 1777, with a date of rank of May 12. When a Corps of Light Infantry was formed under General Anthony Wayne in July 1779, Meigs was given command of its 3rd Regiment, which he led at the Battle of Stony Point.  Following its disbandment in December, he returned to the 6th Connecticut and became acting commander of the 1st Connecticut Brigade. In that capacity he put down an incipient mutiny and received the written thanks of Gen. George Washington. On January 1, 1781, the Continental Main Army reorganized, consolidating many regiments. The Connecticut Line was reduced from eight to five regiments, retiring four colonels, including Meigs. A NICE INK SIGNATURE AS A AND A CLOSING TO A LETTER.....................................................$95.00

 

30809 - GENERAL THOMAS MIFFLIN, REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, Thomas Mifflin (January 10, 1744 - January 20, 1800) was an American merchant and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolution, a member of the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly, a Continental Congressman from Pennsylvania, President of the Continental Congress, and a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1787. He served as Speaker of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, President of the Pennsylvania Supreme Executive Council and the first Governor of Pennsylvania. Early in the Revolutionary War, Mifflin left the Continental Congress to serve in the Continental Army. Although his family had been Quakers for four generations, he was expelled from the Religious Society of Friends because his involvement with a military force contradicted his faith's pacifistic nature. He was commissioned as a major, then became George Washington's aide-de-camp and, on August 14, 1775 Washington appointed him to become the army's first Quartermaster General under order of Congress. He was good at the job, but preferred to be on the front lines. His leadership in battle gained him promotions to colonel and then brigadier general. He asked to be relieved of the job of Quartermaster General, but was persuaded to resume those duties because congress was having difficultly finding a replacement. In Congress, there was debate regarding whether a national army was more efficient or if individual states should maintain their own forces. As a result of this debate the Congressional Board of War was created, on which Mifflin served from 1777 to 1778. He then rejoined the army but took little active role, following criticism of his service as quartermaster general. He was accused of embezzlement and welcomed an inquiry; however, one never took place. He resigned his commission--by then, as a major general--but Congress continued to ask his advice eve he was against slavery. A nice large ink signature of Mifflin matted with an engraving....................................................................SOLD

 

30810 - COLONEL GEORGE MORGAN, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, During the American Revolutionary War, George Morgan was commissioned a colonel and assigned to Fort Pitt to oversee diplomacy with Native Americans in the area: Lenape, Shawnee and others. The American rebels hoped to gain them as allies, or at least convince them to be neutral and not ally with the British. While there Morgan worked closely with the Lenape chief White Eyes; the two became trusted friends. In 1777 there were allegations made to the Continental Congress against Colonel Morgan that he had collaborated with Alexander McKee and others against the American cause. McKee was the former British deputy Indian superintendent and had escaped from captivity at Fort Pitt. Morgan was cleared of these charges in 1778. In November 1778, Chief White Eyes accompanied American forces on an expedition against the British at Detroit. He died that month, with the Americans' reporting he had contracted smallpox. Years later Morgan wrote to Congress saying that the American militia had killed. White Eyes in Michigan, and that American officials had covered up the murder. In 1783, Morgan reported on Indian affairs to the Continental Congress, accompanied by White Eyes' 12-year-old son, named George Morgan White Eyes, for whom he was caring. The Congress authorized him to care for the boy for another year. In view of the chief White Eyes' service to the Americans, Morgan helped secure funding from the Continental Congress for the education of George Morgan White Eyes, who graduated from the College of New Jersey (Princeton University) in 1789. After the Revolution, Morgan moved to the Ohio River Valley in hopes of becoming a land speculator. While in Ohio, he gathered paleontological specimens which he sent to his brother John, a founder of the American Philosophical Society, based in Philadelphia. To his disappointment, in 1784 the new United States government claimed much of the territory which he hoped to claim. In 1788, the Spanish offered to let Morgan create a colony in their territory on the western bank of the Mississippi River, formerly controlled by France as part of New Louisiana. He chose the location of present-day New Madrid, Missouri. Morgan mapped out his new colony, naming the roads and designing the plans. Disappointed by the lack of Spanish concessions, he left after a few years and returned to Pennsylvania. Manuscript document, 5" X 6.5", written and signed by George Morgan being a receipt of 95 Pounds, 16 Shillings, two pence from Archibald Mercer dated October 13th, 1784. Large bold signature, very fine...........................................................................SOLD

 

30811 - GENERAL BENJAMIN LINCOLN REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL AND THOMAS MELVILL WHO PARTICIPATED IN THE BOSTON TEA PARTY, Benjamin Lincoln (January 24, 1733 - May 9, 1810) was an American army officer. He served as a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He is notable for being present at three major surrenders during the war: he attended John Burgoyne's surrender of a British army after the Battles of Saratoga, he oversaw the largest American surrender of the war at the 1780 Siege of Charleston, and he formally accepted the British surrender at Yorktown. Thomas Melvill, when the citizens of Boston began to evince a determination to resist the arbitrary, offensive and onerous exactions of the British government, Melvill was conspicuous among the ardent and gallant young men of the capital, for his zeal and intrepidity, during that momentous advent of...national independence. He participated in the Boston Tea Party, "that immortal band which in December, 1773, in presence of the Royal fleet, boarded the tea ships in Boston harbor, and threw their rich cargoes into the ocean." In March 1776 when "the British fleet was driven from Boston harbor, Captain Melvill discharged the first guns at the hostile ships, from his battery, at Nantasket." During the war, he "served in the Rhode Island campaigns of 1777 and 1779." 5.5" X 8" partially printed and filled in document, July 6th, 1802, Port of Boston and Charlestown, import declaration for one chest of GREEN TEA weighing 59# SIGNED BY BENJAMIN LINCOLN AND THOMAS MELVILL. What an outstanding combination. Signed by one of Washington's most trusted and reliable Generals and a main participant in the Boston Tea Party involving TEA. Very fine................................................$650.00 [Melville documents sell for $400 alone]

 

30812 - GENERAL WILLIAM MOULTRIE, REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, Moultrie was born in Charleston, South Carolina. He fought in the Anglo-Cherokee War (1761) and served in the colonial assembly before the advent of the American Revolution. In 1775, he was commissioned colonel of the 2nd South Carolina Regiment. In December of that year, he led a raid on an encampment of runaway slaves on Sullivan's Island, killing 50 and capturing the rest. In 1776, his defense of a small fort on Sullivan's Island (later named Fort Moultrie in his honor) prevented Sir Henry Clinton and Sir Peter Parker from taking Charleston, South Carolina. The Continental Congress passed a resolution thanking Moultrie. He was promoted to brigadier general and his regiment was taken into the Continental Army Moultrie's skill failed to prevent the fall of Savannah, Georgia to the British in 1778. He was captured in the fall of Charleston to the British in 1780 and later exchanged. He was promoted to major general in 1782, the last man appointed to that rank by Congress. After the war, he served as the 35th Governor of South Carolina (1785-87, 1792-94). A large clipped signature from a document, WILL MOULTRIE on vellum, 5" overall..........................................$195.00

 

30813 - GENERAL J. PETER MUHLENBERG, REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, although a Lutheran minister toward the end of 1775, Muhlenberg was authorized to raise and command as its colonel the 8th Virginia Regiment of the Continental Army. After George Washington personally asked him to accept this task, he agreed. However, his brother Frederick Augustus Mulenberg, who was also a minister, did not approve of him. Then he joined the military himself. Muhlenberg's unit was first posted to the South, to defend the coast of South Carolina and Georgia. In early 1777, the Eighth was sent north to join Washington's main army. Muhlenberg was made a brigadier general of the Virginia Line and commanded that Brigade in Nathaniel Greene's division at Valley Forge. Muhlenberg saw service in the Battles of Brandywine, Germantown, and Monmouth. After Monmouth, most of the Virginia Line was sent to the far south, while General Muhlenberg, was assigned to head up the defense of Virginia using mainly militia units. At the Battle of Yorktown, he commanded the first brigade in Lafayette's Light Division. His brigade was made up of the Corps of Light Infantry, consisting of the light infantry companies of the line regiments of Massachusetts (ten companies), Connecticut (five companies), New Hampshire (five companies), and Rhode Island and New Jersey (one each). They held the right flank and manned the two trenches built to move American cannons closer to Cornwallis' defenses. The battalion commanded by French Lt-Col Jean-Joseph Sourbader, Chevalier de Gimat, led the night bayonet attack that stormed Redoubt No. 10 on October 14, 1781. At the end of the war (1783), he was brevetted to major general and settled in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Muhlenberg was also an original member of the Pennsylvania Society of the Society of the Cincinnati. His signature on a large vellum document SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA dated march 20th, 1788. 16" X 20" with large paper seal intact a patent land grant for Joseph Shippen and Edward Shippen. The land was called "Greenwich" in Northumberland County amounting to 306 ¾ acres. At tht time he was Vice President of the Supreme Council equivalent to Lt. Governor of the State. Also signed by James Trimble Deputy Secretary of State. Colonel Joseph Shippen was a Colonel in the French and Indian War. Fine, vellum is bright and strong manuscript, some usual pin holes at folds but trifling. A very scarce Revolutionary War General..................SOLD

 

30814 - PAYMENT TO THE PARENTS OF A DEAD SOLDIER, June 1st, 1780, 7" X 5" pre-printed payment voucher for money due Peter Munson who had served in the Connecticut Line of the Continental Army payable to William his father. O cancelled as usual, very fine...................................................$85.00

 

30815 - COLONEL JOHN NIXON, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, GAVE FIRST PUBLIC READING OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, soldier was born in Philadelphia, PA in 1733. His father was a wealthy shipping merchant who left his son his business at his death in 1756. John Nixon was among those who signed the non-importation agreements of 1765, from which time on he was one of the leaders of the patriot cause in Philadelphia. He was a member of the first of correspondence and of the committee of public safety, served in the provincial conventions of 1774 and 1775, and in April 1775, was chosen lieutenant-colonel of the 3rd Philadelphia battalion. In May, 1776, he commanded the defenses of the Delaware, from which he was transferred in July, 1776, and was assigned to the command of the city guard of Philadelphia. He was the first to read the declaration of independence to an assemblage of citizens after its adoption. In the summer of 1776, his battalion served at Amboy. In the following December, Nixon, having in the meantime succeeded to the chief command, reinforced Washington at Trenton and participated in the battle of Princeton. In 1776, Nixon served on the navy board and in 1778 he spend the winter at Valley Forge. When a bank to provision the army was formed in 1780 he became its first director. He was also one of the founders of the Bank of North America, established in 1783, and its president from 1792 until his death, which occurred December 31, 1808. A long two page letter signed by Nixon in 1808 just months before his death dealing with the sale of property that may become more valuable due to a turnpike being built in the near future. Folded letter sheet, nice early Philadelphia postal cancellation, [September 27th], very desirable soldier-financier..........................................................SOLD

 

30824 - COLONEL THOMAS PROCTOR, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, MASTER ARTILLERY OFFICER, WHISKEY REBELLION RECEIPT, Thomas Proctor or Thomas Procter (1739 - 16 March 1806) commanded the 4th Continental Artillery Regiment during the American Revolutionary War. He was born in County Longford, Ireland immigrated to British America, and joined the carpenters guild in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1772. He received a commission as an artillery captain in October 1775 and proceeded to raise a company of Pennsylvania state artillery. In the summer of 1776, a second company was recruited and Proctor was promoted to major. One of the companies fought well at the Battle of Trenton in December 1776, though Proctor was not there. He led his gunners at Princeton in January 1777. The Pennsylvania artillery companies informally joined George Washington's army. The state authorities elevated Proctor to Colonel and charged him to recruit the Pennsylvania State Artillery Regiment in February 1777. In June 1777 Proctor's Continental Artillery Regiment officially became part of the Continental Army. He played an important role at the Brandywine in September 1777 and at Germantown a few weeks later. He served under "Mad Anthony Wayne" at Brandywine and had an artillery duel with General Knyphausen at Chadds Ford where his horse was shot from under him. In June 1778, he led his gunners at Monmouth. In 1779, he went on the Sullivan Expedition against the Iroquois Nation. On 10 August 1779, his regiment was renamed the 4th Continental Artillery Regiment. He took guns into action at Bull's Ferry in 1780. The hot-tempered Proctor often quarreled with the Pennsylvania civil authorities and this led him to resign from the army in April 1781. Next to General Knox, Colonel Proctor was the most distinguished artillery officer in the Revolutionary War. Governor Thomas Mifflin appointed Proctor a brigadier general of militia in 1793 and the following year sent him with a brigade of 1,849 men to put down the Whiskey Rebellion. An autographed receipt dated at Harrisburgh [PA] October 2nd, 1794...Rec. from Edward Fox $50.00 for which I have to account with the paymaster General and for which I have signed two receipts of this time and date, Thomas Proctor." 2" X 6.5", well written on thick laid paper, trifle archival strengthening on verso, bright paper. A receipt written and signed by Proctor during the Whiskey rebellion in October 1794.................................................$125.00

 

30825 - GENERAL RUFUS PUTNAM, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, Rufus Putnam (April 9, 1738 - May 4, 1824) was a colonial military officer during the French and Indian War, and a general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He was instrumental in the initial settling of the Ohio Country following the war. After the shots at the Battle of Lexington were fired, Putnam immediately enlisted the same day, on April 19, 1775, in one of Massachusetts's first revolutionary regiments. Putnam later enlisted in the Continental Army as a Lieutenant Colonel, under the command of David Brewer. Brewer's regiment first engaged with the British Army in Roxbury, Massachusetts. Putnam, drawing from his knowledge and skill as a millwright, was essential in constructing the fortifications necessary for obtaining victory. His fortifications played as a key advantage for the Continental Army, securing victories at Sewall's Point, Providence, New Port, Dorchester Heights, Long Island, and West Point. General Washington appointed Putnam to be the Chief of Engineers of the Works of New York. He was soon promoted to engineer with the rank of colonel; however when the Continental Congress rejected his proposition to establish a corp. of engineers in December 1776, Putnam resigned. He reenlisted in the Northern Army and served under Major General Horatio Gates. Under Gates, Putnam commanded two regiments in the Battle of Saratoga. Putnam also constructed crucial fortifications, including Fort Putnam at West Point in 1778. In 1779 Putnam served under Major General Anthony Wayne in the Corps of Light Infantry following the capture of Stony Point, commanding the 4th Regiment. Putnam's remaining military career was rather uneventful. In January 1783 he was commissioned as brigadier general. Putnam led a group of Revolutionary veterans to settle the land in 1788. These American Pioneers to the Northwest Territory arrived at the confluence of the Ohio and Muskingum Rivers, on April 7, 1788, and established Marietta, Ohio as the first permanent American settlement in the Northwest Territory. Putnam went on to serve as one of three judges of the Northwest Territory in place of the deceased Samuel Holden Parsons. He served in General Anthony Wayne's Ohio campaign against American Indian tribes, and in 1796, Putnam was appointed as the first Surveyor General of the United States, a position he held until 1803. He was elected a Washington county delegate to the Ohio Constitutional Convention in 1802. [5] He was a Trustee of Ohio University from 1804 to 1824 Putnam died on may 4, 1824. He was buried at Mound Cemetery in Marietta, Ohio. The town of Putnam, Ohio (now a part of Zanesville, Ohio) was named for Rufus Putnam. Putnam's signature on a document with others dated at Marietta, Ohio, October 7th, 1820 dealing with stocks. 8" X 10", bold signature...................................................$175.00

 

30826 - COLONEL NATHANIEL RAMSAY, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, SAVED WASHINGTON AT MONMOUTH, Ramsey was a delegate to the Maryland Convention (the revolutionary assembly) in 1775. In 1776, he joined the Continental Army ass a captain in Colonel Smallwood's 1st Maryland Regiment, and went north in time to see action in the Battle of Long Island in August. In December, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and placed in command of the 3rd Maryland Regiment. He led them in the defense of Philadelphia in 1777. At the Battle of Monmouth, in June 1778, Ramsey was asked by General Washington to stop the British advance after General Lee's initial retreat, and gain time for Washington to rally his other troops. He did so, but his regiment took heavy casualties. Ramsey himself was seriously wounded with eight wounds and left for dead, and taken prisoner. By the time he was exchanged, his regiment had gone south with General Nathaniel Greene's forces. He returned to Maryland, and his only remaining military role was in recruiting. A nice ink clipped signature..................................................$75.00

 

30827 - FRANCIS LORD RAWDON-HASTINGS, LORD MOIRA, BRITISH OFFICER, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, Rawdon was posted at Boston as a Lieutenant in the 5th Regiment of Foot's Grenadier company, during the Battle of Lexington and Concord, but he saw action at the battle of Bunker Hill. Serving with the grenadiers, he participated in the second assault against Breed's Hill (which failed), and the third assault against the redoubt. As his superior, Captain Harris, was wounded beside him, he took command of is company, for the successful assault. John Burgoyne noted in dispatches: "Lord Rawdon has this day stamped his fame for life." He also was wounded during the assault. He was promoted Captain, and given a company in the 63rd Foot. There was a rumor that Lieutenant Lord Rawdon killed the rebel General Joseph Warren. Lord Rawdon is depicted in John Trumbull's famous painting The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker Hill. Rawdon is in the far background holding the British ensign. He was appointed Aide-de-camp to General Sir Henry Clinton, and sailed with him on the expedition to Brunswick Town, North Carolina, on the Cape Fear River, and then to the repulse at Fort Moultrie, Charleston, South Carolina. He returned with him to New York. On 4 August, he dined with General Clinton, Admiral Lord Howe, Lord Cornwallis, General Vaughan, and others. During the Battle of Long Island, he was at headquarters, with Clinton. On 15 September, he led his men at Kip's Bay, an amphibious landing on Manhattan Island. The next day, he led his troops in support of the Light Infantry, that attacked Harlem Heights, until the Americans withdrew. Again he participated at the landings at Pell's Point. The British pressed the Americans to White Plains, where on 1 November the Americans withdrew from their entrenchments. On 8 December, he landed with Clinton at Rhode Island securing the ports for the British Navy. On 13 January 1777, with Clinton, he departed for London, arriving 1 March. During a ball at Lord George Germain's he met Lafayette, (who was visiting London). [Returning to America, in July, while Howe went to his Philadelphia campaign. Rawdon went with Clinton to the New York headquarters, where he participated in the battles of the New York Highlands, where on 7 October, Fort constitution, (opposite West Point), was captured. However, this was too late to link up with General Burgoyne at Albany. Rawdon was sent to Philadelphia with dispatches, and returned to New York for the winter, where he raised a regiment, called the Volunteers of Ireland, recruited from deserters and Irish loyalists. Promoted colonel, in command of this regiment, Rawdon went with Clinton to Philadelphia. Starting out on 18 June 1778, he went with Clinton during the withdrawal from Philadelphia to New York, and saw action at the Battle of Monmouth. He was appointed adjutant general. Rawdon was sent to learn news of the Battle of Rhode Island. At New York, on 3 September 1779, he quarreled with Clinton, and resigned his position as adjutant general. He served with the Volunteers of Ireland, during the raid on Staten Island, by Lord Stirling on 15 January 1780. He went south to the Siege of Charleston with reinforcements, then Lord Cornwallis posted him at Camden (16 August 1780) as the British sought to occupy South Carolina. Rawdon commanded the British left wind at the Battle of Camden. When Cornwallis went into Virginia, he left Rawdon in effective command in the south. Perhaps his most noted achievement was the victory in 1781 at the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill, where in command of only a small force, he defeated by superior military skill and determination, a much larger body of Americans rebel. Thinking, (in error) that Nathaniel Greene had moved his artillery away; Rawdon attacked Greene's left wing, forcing the Americans to retire. However, Rawdon was forced to begin a gradual retreat to Charleston, relieving the siege of Ninety-Six, but then evacuating it and withdrawing to Charleston. When the Loyalists he saved in the Siege of Ninety-Six were eventually relocated to Nova Scotia, they named their community of Rawdon, Nova Scotia after him. In July 1781, in poor health, he gave up his command. A 4 page ALS written and signed with his title "Moria" dated May 31st, 1806. Very fine..............................................................$250.00

 

30828 - JESSE ROOT, REVOLUTIONARY WAR OFFICER AND COLONEL SAMUEL WYLLYS, Dated at Hartford, CT, September 16th, 1785 paying Jesse Root 20 shillings out of the moneys raised for the support of Civil Government. Root endorses the voucher. 5" X 6.5". Samuel Wyllys dockets the document vertically. Jesse Root - delegate from Connecticut; born in Coventry, Tolland County, Conn., December 28, 1736; was graduated from Princeton College in 1756; studied theology in Andover; was ordained as a minister and preached from 1758 to 1763; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1763 and commenced practice in Hartford, Conn.; captain, lieutenant colonel, and adjutant general in the Revolutionary Army; Member of the Continental Congress 1778 - 1782; state's attorney 1785 - 1789; appointed a judge of the superior court in 1789 and served as chief justice from 1796 to 1807, when he resigned; member of the state house of representatives 1807 - 1809; delegate to the state constitutional convention in 1818; died in Coventry, Conn., March 29, 1822; interment in Nathan Hale Cemetery, South Coventry, Tolland County, Conn. Colonel Samuel Wyllys commanded a Continental battalion during the Revolutionary War..................................................................$80.00

 

30835 - GENERAL PHILIP SCHUYER, AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, An ink signature of Schuyler on a small portion of a printed document. Schuyler was elected to the Continental Congress in 1775, and served until he was appointed a Major General of the Continental Army in June. General Schuyler took command of the Northern Department, and planned the Invasion of Canada (1775). His poor health required him to place Richard Montgomery in command of the invasion. As department commanding General, he was active in preparing a defense against the Saratoga Campaign, part of the "Three Pronged Attack" strategy of the British to cut the American Colonies in two by invading and occupying New York State in 1777. In the summer of that year General John Burgoyne marched his British army south from Quebec over the valleys of Lakes Champlain and George. On the way he invested the small Colonial garrison occupying Fort Ticonderoga at the nexus of the two lakes. When General St. Clair surrendered Fort Ticonderoga in July, the Congress replaced Schuyler with General Horatio Gates, who had accused Schuyler of dereliction of duty. The British offensive was eventually stopped by Continental Army then under the command of Gates and Benedict Arnold in the Battle of Saratoga. That victory, the first wholesale defeat of a large British force, marked a turning point in the revolution, for it convinced France to enter the war on the American's side. When Schuyler demanded a court martial to answer Gates' charges, he was vindicated but resigned from the army on April 19, 1779. He then served in two more sessions of the Continental Congress in 1779 and 1780........................................................$195.00

 

30837 - GENERAL JOHN SULLIVAN, AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, 5" X 6" State of New Hampshire payment voucher dated January 10th, 1787, paying John Williams 9 Pounds, 15 Shillings, eight pence for his services as a "Doorkeeper." Signed by John Sullivan at Portsmouth, NH as "President" or Governor of New Hampshire. The post as "Doorkeeper" was for services in the New Hampshire House where he later was Speaker of the House. Sullivan, John, 1740 - 95, American Revolutionary General, b. Somersworth, N.H. He was a lawyer and a delegate (1774-75, 1780-81) to the Continental Congress but is better remembered as a military leader. He served at the siege of Boston, and in 1776, while fighting under George Washington at the battle of Long Island; he was captured by the British. He was exchanged in time to fight at Trenton and Princeton and later at Brandywine and Germantown. In 1778, he was sent to cooperate with the French fleet in an attack on Newport. The fleet was forced to withdraw, however, and the attack had to be given up. The next year, with Gen. James Clinton, he conducted a retaliatory campaign against the Iroquois and Loyalists on the New York frontier. The Native Americans and Loyalists were defeated in the battle of Newtown (near Elmira), and much of the Iroquois country was laid waste. Sullivan was later elected chief executive (1786, 1787, 1789) of New Hampshire. He also helped to put down Shays' Rebellion and was influential in getting the Constitution ratified. Large strong signature on the payment voucher, as usual O cancelled unaffecting Sullivan's signature or significant data. Very fine overall and a scarce Rev. War General...............$275.00

 

30839 - COLONEL ISAAC SHELBY, REVOLUTIONARY WAR COMMANDER AND 1ST GOVERNOR OF KENTUCKY, Dated October 15th, 1789, Isaac Shelby signs in the third person a listing of money paid to Stephen Fisher for the Hart's Estate for various items such as a man's hat, saddle, blanket, and other sundry items. Sworn to by the Justice in Mercer County, Kentucky, 5" X 7", data list in Shelby's hand, fine. Isaac Shelby (December 11, 1750 - July 18, 1826) was the first and fifth Governor of the U.S. State of Kentucky and served in the state legislatures of Virginia and North Carolina. He was also a soldier in Lord Dunmore's War, the Revolutionary War, and the War of 1812. While governor, he personally led the Kentucky militia in the Battle of the Thames, an action that was rewarded with a Congressional Gold Medal. Counties in nine states, and several cities and military bases, have been named in his honor. His fondness for John Dickinson's The Liberty Song is believed to be the reason Kentucky adopted the state motto "United we stand, divided we fall." Shelby's military service began when he served as second-in-command to his father at the Battle of Point Pleasant, the only major battle of Lord Dunmore's War. He gained the reputation of an expert woodsman and surveyor, and spent the early part of the Revolutionary War gathering supplies for the Continental Army. Later in the war, he and John Sevier led expeditions over the Appalachian Mountains against the British forces in North Carolina. He played a pivotal role in the British defeat at the Battle of King's Mountain. For his service, he was presented with a ceremonial sword and a pair of pistols by the North Carolina legislature, and the nickname "Old King's Mountain" followed him the rest of his life. Following the war, Shelby relocated to Kentucky on lands awarded to him for his military service and became involved in Kentucky's transition from a county of Virginia to an independent state. His heroism made him popular with the citizens of the state, and the state electoral college unanimously elected him governor in 1792. He secured the state from Indian attacks and organized its first government. He leveraged the Citizen Genet affair to convince the Washington administration to make an agreement with the Spanish for free trade on the Mississippi River. At the end of his gubernatorial term, Shelby retired from public life, but he was called back into politics by the impending War of 1812. Kentuckians urged Shelby to run for governor again and lead them through the anticipated conflict. He was elected easily, and at the request of General William Henry Harrison, commanded troops from Kentucky at the Battle of the Thames. At the conclusion of the war, he declined President James Monroe's offer to become Secretary of War. In his last act of public service, he and Andrew Jackson acted as commissioners to negotiate the Jackson Purchase from the Chickasaw Indian tribe. Shelby died at his estate in Lincoln County, Kentucky, on July 18, 1826..............................................$250.00

30841 - JONATHON TRUMBULL, REVOLUTIONARY WAR LEADER, Small ink clipped signature of Trumbull. British General Thomas Gage arrived in Boston, a city with a history of violent protests against British policies, on May 13, 1774. Given the problems he was inheriting from Royal Governor Thomas Hutchinson, within a week of arriving Gage contacted Trumbull and expressed a "readiness to cooperate" with him "for the good of his Majesty's service." When Gage sent Trumbull a request for assistance after the Battles of Lexington and Concord, Trumbull refused and made clear his choice to side with the Patriots. He replied that Gage's troops would "disgrace even barbarians," and he accused Gage of "a most unprovoked attack upon the lives and the property of his Majesty's subjects." On July 6, 1775, along with other officers, the governor of Connecticut commissioned Nathan Hale as a first lieutenant in the newly raised Seventh Regiment. Trumbull was a friend and advisor of General Washington throughout the Revolutionary Period, dedicating the resources of Connecticut to the fight for independence. Washington declared him "the first of the patriots." When Washington was desperate for men or food during the war, he could turn to "Brother Jonathan." He also served as the Continental Army's Paymaster General (Northern Department) in the spring of 1778, until the untimely death of his mother forced him to resign his post. As part of his resignation, he requested tat the remainder of his back pay be distributed to the soldiers of the Northern Department. Trumbull's signature is very scarce and catalogues several years ago at $250, small but bold signature.....................................$225.00

 

30843 - THOMAS T. TUCKER, REVOLUTIONARY WAR SURGEON, SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY, As a youth, Thomas studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. After graduating he moved first to Virginia before settling in Charleston, South Carolina and opening a practice. tucker was an early supporter of the cause of American independence. He was first elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1776, and served there in various years until 1788. In 1781, he joined the Continental Army as a hospital surgeon supporting the Southern Department, and served until 1783. South Carolina sent him as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1787 and again in 1778. Tucker was opposed to the United States Constitution, believing that it gave too much authority to the central government. In spite of this, he was elected to the United States House of Representatives and served in the first two congresses from 1789 until 1793. On December 1, 1801, President Jefferson appointed Tucker as Treasurer of the United States. He held that post through four administrations (Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, and J.Q. Adams), serving until his death in 1828. During this time, he also served as physician to President Madison (1809-1817). A FREE FRANKED folded letter sheet dated February 4th [1806] as Treasurer of the United States postmarked WASHINGTON CITY stamped FREE, sharp post mark, fine......................................$135.00     another, clipped signature dated 1789......................................................$100.00

 

30844 - COLONEL RICHARD VARICK, REVOLUTIONARY WAR,  Colonel Richard Varick, 1753 - 1831, Captain of the 1st NY Regiment, Lt. Colonel 1777. He was General Washington's private and military secretary during the latter part of the Revolution and a member of his household, and previous to that had acted in a like capacity for General Philip Schuyler. Later he was appointed inspector-general at West Point, on the staff of Benedict Arnold and cleared of any involvement with the latter's treason, and he held that position until taken into the personal service of Washington and was Washington's confidential secretary until his death. In early life he married Maria Roosevelt, the eldest daughter of Isaac Roosevelt, the president of the Bank of New York and owner of the finest residence on Queen Street. After the war, he became mayor of New York, and was in office during the city's brilliant period as the seat of government, successfully guiding its corporation into the new century. His large ink signature on a partial document dated 1784, uncommon signature this early...matted with engraving....................................................$95.00

 

30846 - ANTHONY WAYNE, AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, INDIAN FIGHTER ON THE FRONTIER, Letter docketed in his hand, June 19th, 1787 written to Wayne from Charleston, SC, one page folded and hand-carried to Savannah, GA from Thomas Morris regarding an account adjustment regarding the estate of a General Grune with a Mr. Guiraud. At the conclusion of the letter Morris wishes General Wayne well on his trip northward. Wayne dockets the verso of the letter and dated it "19th June 1787, from Mr. Tho. Morris." At the onset of the war in 1775, he and his regiment were part of the Continental Army's unsuccessful invasion of Canada where he was sent to aid Benedict Arnold, during which he commanded a successful rear-guard action at the Battle of Trois-Rivières, and then led the distressed forces at Fort Ticonderoga. His service resulted in a promotion to brigadier general on February 21, 1777. Later, he commanded the Pennsylvania Line at Brandywine, Paoli, and Germantown. After winter quarters at Valley Forge, he led the American attack at the Battle of Monmouth. The highlight of Wayne's Revolutionary War service was probably his victory at Stony Point. In July 1779, Washington named Wayne to command the Corps of Light Infantry, a temporary unit of four regiments of light infantry companies from all the regiments in the Main Army. On July 16, 1779, in a bayonets-only night attack lasting thirty minutes, three columns of light infantry, the main attack personally led by Wayne, stormed British fortifications at Stony Point, a cliffside redoubt commanding the southern Hudson River. On 21 July 1780, Washington sent Wayne with two Pennsylvania brigades and four cannons to destroy a blockhouse at Bulls Ferry opposite New York City. In the Battle of Bull's Ferry, Wayne's troops were unable to capture the position, suffering 64 casualties, while inflicting only 21 on the loyalist defenders. In Virginia, Wayne led lafayette's advance forces in an action at Green Spring, where he led a bayonet charge against the numerically superior British forces after stepping into a trap set by Charles Cornwallis. This increased his popular reputation as a bold commander. After the British surrendered at Yorktown, he went further south and severed the British alliance with Native American tribes in Georgia. He then negotiated peace treaties with both the Creek and the Cherokee, for which Georgia rewarded him with the gift of a large rice plantation. He was promoted to major general on October 10, 1783. After the war, he commanded the frontier army and defeated the Indians at Fort Recovery, built Fort Defiance, and soundly defeated the Indians at Fallen Timbers on August 20th, 1794. Wayne at this time is living on land in Georgia given to him by the state for his military service and was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention that in 1788 ratified the Constitution. A very interesting and inexpensive example of Wayne's handwriting............................................................$150.00

 

30848 - WILLIAM WILLIAMS, REVOLUTIONARY WAR COLONEL SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, Dated signature January 24th, 1786, Lebanon [CT] along with a reference to a court recording, W. Williams." Williams was a Colonel in the 12th Connecticut, resigned to sit in the Continental Congress and signed the Declaration of Independence. He financed many Connecticut troops during the war. Bold manuscripts and signed by Williams..................................................$495.00

 

30849 - SIR GEORGE YOUNG, FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR, BRITISH NAVAL OFFICER, Royal Navy officer, participated in the destruction of Louisbourg in 1758, later participated in the surrender of Quebec. Later appointed Rear Admiral, was an avid opponent of the slave trade. An autographed letter written at Plymouth, England, 1806 thanking a Lord for sending him an extract of his Majesty's note complementing the service of Admiral Young. 8" X 10", light stains at edge, bold ink....................................................$59.00



31002 - COLONEL CLEMENT BIDDLE, 1775, raised the "Quaker Blues," Colonel of the Penn. Militia. Fought at the Battle of Trenton and General Washington allowed him to receive the swords of the surrendering Hessian Officers. Also fought at the Battle of Brandywine, Germantown, and Monmouth. In 1777, General Greene made Biddle his ADC. Suffered the winter at Valley Forge. His signature on a document dated 1814....................................$95.00

31005 - GENERAL DANIEL BROADHEAD, REVOLUTIONARY WAR INDIAN FIGHTER, 8" X 12", pre-printed and filled in that was docketed in 1793 by Daniel Broadhead as Surveyor General of Pennsylvania,  1762 deed of lands in Western Pennsylvania. Some archival repairs by overall very good, paper seal attached. In 1776 as war broke out, Broadhead was commissioned as an officer of the 8th Pennsylvania Regiment of colonial troops with the rank of lieutenant colonel. His first action came at the Battle of Long Island, where he was recognized by George Washington for his bravery and initiative. At the battle, Broadhead's only son, also named Daniel, was wounded and captured. He was soon exchanged, but died of his wounds shortly after being released. Broadhead took over command of the 8th Pennsylvania after the death of its commander, Aeneas Mackay, and was promoted to colonel. Broadhead led his troops during the defense of Philadelphia in 1777 and wintered with the Continental Army at Valley Forge in 1777-78. In April 1778, Broadhead led a successful expedition against the Lenape bands around the Muskingum River in the Ohio Country. In June 1778, Washington sent Broadhead and the 8th Pennsylvania to rebuild and re-garrison the frontier outpost of Fort Muncy, in what is now Northumberland Country, Pennsylvania. Broadhead defended local settlers from British-allied tribes. Broadhead commanded the 8th Pennsylvania in Brig. Gen. Lachlan McIntosh's failed attempt to capture the British stronghold of Fort Detroit. On March 5, 1779, Broadhead replaced McIntosh as commander of the Western Department. His command included frontier forts such as Fort Pitt (present Pittsburgh), Fort McIntosh (Beaver, Pennsylvania), Fort Laurens (near Bolivar, Ohio), Fort Tuscarora (near Lisbon, Ohio), Fort Henry (Virginia) (Wheeling, West Virginia), Fort Armstrong (near Kittanning, Pennsylvania), and Fort Holliday's Cove, along with dozens of lesser outposts. The Wyandot, Mingo, Shawnee, and Lenape allied with the British and regularly raided settlements on the Ohio Country frontier. The British were strong at Fort Detroit and other outposts, and had most of the Iroquois Confederacy as allies. In addition, Broadhead faced a tenuous alliance with Iroquois tribes such as the Oneida, a large population of Tory-sympathizing settlers, and a delicate truce with the powerful Lenape-Delaware tribe. Its friendly chief had signed a treaty with the US as an ally. From his headquarters at Fort Pitt, Broadhead directed numerous raids against hostile native tribes, often leading the expeditions personally. His most famous raid came against the Seneca tribe of the Iroquois Confederacy between August 11 and September 14, 1779. Broadhead left Fort Pitt with a contingent of 605 soldiers and militia to go into northwestern Pennsylvania. He followed the Allegheny River up into New York, where he drove the Seneca out of their villages. As most of the warriors were away fighting the Sullivan Expedition further east in New York, Broadhead met little resistance in destroying the villages, crops and people at the heart of the Seneca nation. In 1781, some of the Lenape-Delaware ended their neutrality and sided with the British. In retaliation, Broadhead mounted the Coshocton Expedition, invading their territory in Central Ohio and destroying the main village of Coshocton in what is now east-central Ohio. As a result of Broadhead's campaign, the Delaware fled from eastern Ohio. They also vowed vengeance. He retained command of the Western Department until September 17, 1781, when he was replaced by General John Gibson. He had turned over command in May 1781, but returned in August and tried to regain control from Gibson, in the process arresting Gibson. However George Washington sent orders which led to Broadhead's permanent removal from command at Fort Pitt. Broadhead was removed from his command over allegations of mishandling supplies and money. Broadhead had made impressments (the forced sale of supplies) a policy. He had spent money intended for bonuses to recruit new militiamen to purchase supplies for his existing troops. Broadhead was acquitted of all charges except misspending the recruiting money. George Washington had been aware of the impressments and had given his tacit approval, as the Continental Army was struggling to keep going. Furthermore, the court martial ruled Broadhead justified in spending the recruiting money on supplies, and he was not punished. A short time later, George Washington brevetted him a brigadier general. Broadhead spent the remainder of the war as commander of the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. A RARE SIGNATURE.........................................$395.00

31007 - SIRE HENRY BUNBURY, REV. WAR NOTABLE, ARTIST, HORSEMAN, [1750-1811] Colonel of the West Suffolk Militia, had joint control over supplies shipped to the British Army, in charge of the Chelsea Hospital where wounded soldiers were treated during the Revolution, avid horseman and artist. ALS dated June 24th, 1780 by Bunbury authorizing clothing to be given to the Invalid Corps of the British Army. Bunbury became quite an artist in his own right. Very fine.............................................$95.00

31013 - GEORGE CLYMER, SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, Clymer was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in March 1739. Orphaned when only a year old, he was apprenticed to his maternal aunt and uncle, [1] Hannah and William Coleman, to prepare to become a merchant. He was a patriot and leader in the demonstrations in Philadelphia Committee of Safety in 1773, and was elected to the Continental Congress 1776-1780. He served ably on several committees during his first congressional term and was sent to inspect the northern army on behalf of Congress in the fall of 1776. When Congress fled Philadelphia in the face of Sir Henry Clinton's threatened occupation, Clymer stayed behind with George Walton and Robert Morris. Clymer's business ventures during and after war served to increase his wealth. In 1779 and 1780, Clymer and his son Meredith engaged in a lucrative trade with St. Eustatius. He resigned from Congress in 1777, and in 1780 was elected to a seat in the Pennsylvania Legislature. In 1782, he was sent on a tour of the southern states in a vain attempt to get the legislatures to pay up on subscriptions due to the central government. He was reelected to the Pennsylvania legislature in 1784, and represented his state at the Constitutional Convention in 1787. He was elected to the first U.S. Congress in 1789. Clymer shared the responsibility of being treasurer of the Continental Congress with Michael Hillegas, the first Treasurer of the United States. He was the first president of the Philadelphia Bank, and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and vice-president of the Philadelphia Agricultural Society. An ALS by Clymer signing it and writing his name in the body of the petition to the Orphans Court in Philadelphia regarding establishing a guardian of a infant girl Margaret who was a relative of Clymer as he mentions his great aunt Margaret Clymer. Undated but old pencil note on the verso states the date being in 1780. An ALS by Clymer as well as another signature of Clymer in the body of the letter. Paper is crisp, old archival strengthening  on verso, overall fine, a double signed Clymer......................................$675.00

31016 - BRITISH ADMIRAL GEORGE K. ELPINSTONE, 1ST VICOUNT KEITH, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, WAR WITH NAPOLEON, During the war in America he was employed against the privateers, and with a naval brigade at the occupation of Charleston, South Carolina. In January 1781, when in command of the 50-gun HMS Warwick, he captured a Dutch 50-gun ship which had beaten off a British vessel of equal strength a few days before. After peace was signed he remained on shore for ten years, serving in Parliament as member first for Dunbartonshire, and then for Stirlingshire. He was made Baron Keith of the United Kingdom, an Irish barony having been conferred on him in 1797. On the renewal of the war in 1803 he was appointed commander-in-chief in the North Sea, which post he held till 1807. In February 1812, he was appointed commander-in-chief in the English Channel, and in 1814 he was raised to a viscount. During his last two commands he was engaged first in overlooking the measures taken to meet a threatened invasion, and then in directing the movements of the numerous small squadrons and private ships employed on the coasts of Spain and Portugal, and in protecting trade. He was a Plymouth when Napoleon surrendered and was brought to England in HMS Bellerophon by Captain Maitland (1777-1839). The decisions of the British government were expressed through him to the fallen Emperor. Lord Keith refused to be led into disputes, and confined himself to declaring steadily that he had his orders to obey. He was not much impressed by the appearance of his illustrious charge and thought the airs of Napoleon and his suite were ridiculous. His signature from the closing of a letter, "I am your servant Keith".............................................$75.00

31017 - COLONEL NICHOLAS FISH, REVOLUTIONARY WAR OFFICER, YORKTOWN HERO, In 1776, he was appointed by Scott aide-de-camp on his staff. Scott had been commissioned brigadier general. On August 21, 1776, he was appointed major of the 2nd New York Regiment. He served as a division inspector under Steuben in 1778, participated in the battles of Saratoga and Monmouth, in Sullivan's expedition against the Native Americans in 1779, and in the Virginia and Yorktown campaigns, in which he served for a time on the staff of Lafayette. Fish was Colonel Hamilton's second in command at Yorktown. He was one of leaders of the American assault on the redoubts October 14th, 1781. Lafayette gave him possession of the wreath presented at the Yorktown Ceremony on October 19th, 1781. Breveted Lt. Colonel. An ALS by Fish dated at New York July 11th, 1800 and signed by him receiving funds from the Bank of Albany, NY. Very fine...........................................................$145.00

31019 - GENERAL JOSEPH FRYE, FRENCH & INDIAN WAR COLONEL, REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL 1776, Born in Andover, Massachusetts, he obtained the rank of general in the Massachusetts militia after serving in King George's War and the French and Indian War. For services during that conflict, the Massachusetts General Court in 1762 granted him a township on the Saco River which had once been the Sololis Abenaki village of Pequawket. In 1777, the plantation was incorporated as Fryeburg, Maine, named in his honor. Frye is best known for the role he played expanding the colonial frontier into lands formerly held by both the French and Abenakis. He is regarded as the successor of John Lovewell, and also an enemy of Molly Ockett, leader and sage among dispossessed Algonquian peoples. Frye served in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War, first as a major general of Massachusetts militia. A bold ink clipped signature.....................$45.00

31027 - BRITISH GENERAL WILLIAM HARCOURT, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, CAPTURED CHARLES LEE, He became lieutenant colonel of the 31st Regiment of Foot in 1764, of the 4th Light Dragoons in 1765 and of the 16th Light Dragoons in 1768. He served as Member of Parliament for Oxford from 1768 to 1774. He commanded the 16th Light Dragoons in America, and captured General Charles Lee in 1776 who was considered the most effective American General. He became a major-general in 1782. His signature dated at Windsor Castle 1823, matted with engraving....................................................$79.00

31030 - COLONEL JOHN HATHORN, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, SURVIVOR OF THE MINISINK MASSACRE, He was a captain in the local colonial militia, and became a colonel of the Fourth Orange County (N.Y.) Regiment February 7, 1776, and served throughout the Revolutionary War. He served on the committee appointed to determine an effective location for the Great Chain across the Hudson which prevented the British from advancing up the river, and he wrote the report. He was one of the commanders of the Battle of Minisink. After the war, on September 26, 1786, Hathorn became a brigadier general of the Orange County (N.Y) Regiment February 7, 1776, and served throughout the Revolutionary War. He served on the committee appointed to determine an effective location for the Great Chain across the Hudson which prevented the British from advancing up the river, and himself wrote the report. He was one of the commanders of the Battle of Minisink. After the war, on September 26, 1786, Hathorn became a brigadier general of the Orange County militia, and on October 8, 1793, a major general of state militia. Although British forces were largely concentrated on Manhattan Island. Joseph Brant, a Mohawk war chief and a Captain in the British Army, was sent along with his Brant's Volunteers on a quest for provisions, to gather intelligence on the Delaware in the vicinity of Minisink, and to disrupt the upcoming American Sullivan Campaign. In July 1779, he received word that Kazimierz Pulaski's forces had moved into Pennsylvania, leaving much of the Delaware Valley undefended. Brant led his force of Loyalists and Iroquois raiders through the valley, with the goal of seizing supplies and demoralizing the colonists. The settlers were forced to flee to more populated areas, and Brant pursued them. On July 20, he reached Peenpack, which he attacked immediately. Brant ordered that "they should not kill any women or success and, leaving Fort Decker and the settlement in ruins, Brant and his force continued north along the Delaware River. Later that day, riders from Peenpack reached the village of Goshen, telling of Brant's raid and the destruction of the town. A militia formed immediately, under the reluctant command of Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin Tusten. Tusten was strongly opposed to pursuing the raiders, as he knew they would be no match for the British and Iroquois soldiers, and he suggested waiting for reinforcements from the Continental Army. However, the majority of the public and the militia underestimated the fighting ability of the Iroquois and demanded immediate retribution. Outvoted, Tusten agreed to set out the following morning. They met up with elements of the Fourth Orange County Regiment ordered from Warwick by George Washington and led by Colonel John Hathorn. Colonel Hathorn assumed command and marched for the Delaware with a force of about 120 minutemen. In the morning of July 22, the militia moved into position in the hills above the Delaware River, intending to ambush Brant's forces who were crossing at Minisink Ford. Hathorn split them into a group of skirmishers and two units compressing the main force. Before the ambush was set, however, a shot was fired in haste by Bezaleel Tyler, one of the skirmishers. This mistake alerted Brant to the trap, and he quickly outflanked the two groups of colonials, many of whom fled. Separated from the main unit and with his forces scattered, Hathorn was unable to regroup his men for a counterattack. He was forced to retreat, leaving Tusten and the Goshen militia surrounded and outnumbered. After several hours of continuous volleys, insufficient ammunition and close quarters caused the battle to devolve into hand-to-hand combat, at which the Iroquois excelled. At least 48 militiamen were killed, including Tusten himself. 1 rebel [Captain Wood] was captured. Brant's force, on the other hand, is believed to have lost only about seven men. [Brant wrote of his causalities that 3 were killed and of the 10 wounded, 4 were dangerously wounded and possibly could not survive]. Although badly wounded, Hathorn survived, returning to Warwick to write his report of the loss to his superiors. ALS, Hathorn's signature on a October 4th, 1780 legal document, 8" X 13" regarding the sale of the estate of a John Ireland, bold signature just a year after the above battle all in Hathorn's hand. Actually two signatures of Hathorn [one in the body of the document].............................................$195.00

31039 - RARE 17TH CENTURY PROPERTY SALE IN NEW YORK CITY DATED 1694, 12" X 16" manuscript describing the sale of ground in New York City dated July 23rd, 1694 to a Paul Turk Junior by Taylor and Jacob Turk for the sum of 30 pounds in lawful money of New York located on Cortain Street now called New Street. The deed gives all the boundaries of the property which was slightly irregular in size listing all the owners of property adjoining the property sold. The heading of the document begins in large script "To all Christian People" with the dated 1694 written quite large. Several small red wax seals, some archival repairs to the verso in the seams, thick laid paper. Early New York deeds this early are quite rare, overall very good, bold manuscript...................................................$595.00



11166 - FUNDS ALLOTTED TO FORM A COMPANY IN THE NEW 2ND CONTINENTAL REGIMENT, Hartford, CT, February 13th, 1777. Authorization of 500 pounds to be used for enlisting men in the new regiment commanded by Colonel Charles Webb. 6" X 7", pre-printed and filled in. Signed by Ichabod Hinkley. COLONEL CHARLES WEBB, COMMANDED 2ND CONT. RGT. JANUARY 1777 THROUGH MARCH 1778. The 2nd Connecticut Regiment was authorized in the Continental Army on September 16, 1776. It was organized between 1 January - April 1777 at Danbury, Connecticut of eight companies from the counties of Fairfield, Windham, and Hartford in the state of Connecticut and assigned on 3 April 1777 to the 1st Connecticut Brigade of the Highlands Department. The regiment was re-assigned to McDougall's Brigade on 12 June 1777; then three days later (15 June 1777) it was re-assigned to the 2nd Connecticut Brigade. One month later, 10 July 1777, the regiment was re-assigned to 1st Connecticut Brigade. On 13 November 1777, the regiment was re-assigned to the 2nd Connecticut Brigade of the Main Continental Army. On 1 May 1779, the 2nd Connecticut Brigade was re-assigned to the Highlands department and the regiment was re-organized to nice companies on 11 July 1779. The regiment was re-assigned to the Highland's Department on 27 November 1780. On 1 January 1781, the regiment was merged with 9th Connecticut Regiment, re-organized and re-designated as the 3rd Connecticut Regiment of the 1st Connecticut Brigade. The regiment would see action in the New York Campaign, Battle of Brandywine, Battle of Germantown and the Battle of Monmouth. The regiment was furloughed 15 June 1783 at West Point, New York and disbanded on 15 November 1783. Capt. Ichabod Hinckley was born October 13, 1735 in Willington, and died February 23, 1807. He was captain in the Continental Army, and was very active in the Revolutionary War; served two terms in the General Assembly, and was selectman for fourteen years. He was a man of great natural dignity, of unusual ability, and of highest integrity. He served as first lieutenant, Sixth Company, Third Battalion, Wadsworth's Brigade. This battalion was raised in June, 1776, to reinforce Washington in New York City; served there and on Long Island; was caught in the retreat from the city, September 15, and suffered some loss; also engaged in the battle of White Plains, October 28. His time expired December 25, 1776. In exceptional condition..................................................$295.00

11171 - MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY 1757 COURT CASE, 7" X 8" pre-printed and filled in court document regarding the claim against George Hutchinson by Peter Groves in the amount of 8 pounds for failing to pay a debt. The Sheriff notes on the verso that Hutchinson has posted bail. Paper seal attached, 18th Century pin still attached, PINE TREE EMBLEM embossed stamp at lower left bottom. November 21st, 1751 at Salem, MA. Very bold manuscript and strong PINE TREE SEAL, some small edge fissures, paper firm and crisp........................................................$165.00


9210 - THE COLONY OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY GIVES BLANKETS TO THE WIDOWS OF THE STOCKBRIDGE MOHEGAN INDIANS KILLED BY THE BRITISH IN THE BATTLE OF KINGSBRIDGE, Resolves of the General Assembly of the State of Massachusetts Bay, 8" X 14", 4 pages printed, Boston, County of Suffolk, printed on thick laid paper with a manuscript notation "for the Selectman of Topsfield". A listing of 19 resolutions approved by the General Assembly from January 6th through January 11th, 1779. Including the following: allowing Savannah Dastuge to leave Boston and go to New York by sea or land [Tory leaving Boston], paying Samuel Delano for his wages while in the service of the state in captivity, paying for shirts, shoes, stockings to be given to the Corps of Invalids [wounded], authorization to sell firearms to the Selectman of several towns, Catherine Gliustnmeau is permitted to leave the State and travel to New York to pass to the West Indies and to take with her bed and linen [another Tory leaves Boston], Mary Gliustnmeau now a prisoner of the State by cared for until she is sent to New York [Tory prisoner], numerous resolutions pertaining to clothing State troops in the Continental Army, Francis Jobonot to be released from jail in Boston after he had taken the Oath of Allegiance after he aided American prisoners and renounced his allegiance to the Crown, finally a petition passed January 11th, 1779 delivering to the missionary to the Stockbridge Mohegan Indians blankets to be donated to five widows of that tribe. In July 1778, a group of Stockbridge Indians under Daniel Nimham joined the American army at White Plains, NY. Abraham Nimham, seeking to fight alongside his father, asked that all the Stockbridge Indians from several units be allowed to serve together. In August, the Stockbridge Militia was stationed at an outpost in what is now Yonkers, NY. Their enemy were the Queen's Rangers, an outgrowth of Rogers' Rangers, in which many Stockbridge Indians served during the French and Indian War. The scene of the action was Van Cortlandt Manor, a large estate between Broadway and the Bronx River. Midway between the river and the manor house was Mile Square Road, connecting the Albany Post Road with the hamlet of Mile Square in Westchester County. On August 31, about 40 Indians, including Abraham Nimham, his father Daniel, and 12 other Stockbridge natives, were killed in an ambush by the Rangers in the area that is now Van Cortlandt Park in the Bronx. The American forces were outnumbered nearly five to one. During the action, Daniel Nimham wounded a British officer. With enemy troops at the front and rear, the old chief called out to his men to retreat, but then shouted "I am old an can die here." The Indians fled through the fields, where they were chased down. Overwhelmed, they refused to surrender and fought fiercely, leaping onto horses and dragging off the riders. They used their knives and tomahawks because there was no time to reload their muskets. The British soldiers called out for the fugitives to surrender, promising them their lives. Three Indians gave themselves up, but the British killed them. The site of this atrocity is known as Indian Bridge. The British reported a total of 40 Indians and a small number of rebel soldiers killed or wounded, and 10 prisoners taken. Four British soldiers were killed and three wounded. The two Nimhams were dead, as were 12 more young Stockbridge braves from their mission village. After the massacre, Hessian Captain Johann Von Weald described the Indian casualties: "Their costume was a shirt of coarse linen down to the knees, long trousers also a linen down to the feet, on which they wore shoes of deerskin, and the head was covered with a hat made of bast. "Their weapons were a rifle or musket, a quiver with some twenty arrows, and a short battle-axe, which they know how to throw very skillfully. Through the nose and in the ears they wore rings, and on their heads only he hair of the crown remained standing in a circle the size of a dollar-piece, the remainder being shaved off bare. They pull out with pincers all the hairs of the beard, as well as those on all other parts of the body. "This battle, known as the Battle of Kingsbridge, was the last of the war for the Stockbridge Militia because their casualties represented a significant loss to the tribe. The blankets given to the Missionary were donated to Indian widows whose husbands were killed in this battle. Very fine, rare and desirable content................$695.00


PAYMENT FOR SERVING IN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY

9032 - CAPTAIN ODEL CLOSE, 9TH CONNECTICUT, dated June 28th, 1781, manuscript pay voucher for 12 pounds in bills of the State for his service in the Continental Army. 4.5" X 6.5", served in the 9th Regiment of Militia at New York in 1776 as a Lt. in Captain Mead's Company and under General Wooster 1776 - 77 after the Battle of White Plains in October 1776. Countersigned by Samuel Wyllys who served as a Colonel in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment at the siege of Boston and at Bunker Hill under General Spencer in 1775. Very fine................................................SOLD

9035 - CAPTAIN JOHN LEWIS, 5TH CONNECTICUT BATTALION, June 30th, 1781. 4" X 6.5", manuscript paying him 25 pounds in bills from the State for his service in the Connecticut. He served in the 4th Company, 5th Battalion Wadsworth's brigade, under Colonel Douglas in 1776, reinforced Washington in New York, countersigned by Samuel Wyllys. Samuel Wyllys who served as a Colonel in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment at the siege of Boston and at Bunker Hill under General Spencer in 1775. Very fine...........$85.00

9036 - CAPTAIN ROSWELL GRANT, November 16th, 1781. 4" X 4.5", payment in bills of the State for 50 pounds for his service. Grant served in Colonel Johnson's Regiment in 1778, appointed Captain December 30th, 1777, and Colonel Enos' regiment on the Hudson in 1778. Countersigned by Sam Wyllys. Samuel Wyllys who served as a Colonel in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment at the siege of Boston and at Bunker Hill under General Spencer in 1775. Very fine........................................$85.00

9037 - CAPTAIN ROSWELL GRANT, November 16th, 1781. 4" X 4.5", payment in bills of the State for 50 pounds for his service. Grant served in Colonel Johnson's Regiment in 1778, appointed Captain December 30th, 1777 and Colonel Enos' regiment on the Hudson in 1778. Countersigned by Sam Wyllys. Samuel Wyllys who served as a Colonel in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment at the siege of Boston and at Bunker Hill under General Spencer in 1775. Very fine...............................................$85.00

9038 - CAPTAIN OZIAS BISSELL, SERVED IN THE LEXINGTON ALARM, January 14th, 1782. 4" X 5" manuscript payment for Captain Ozias Bissell for 20 pounds in bills of the State for his service to the state in the military, 4th Connecticut 1775. Countersigned by Oliver Wolcott Jr. [Wolcott was a clerk in Connecticut's Officer of the Committee on the Pay Table from 1781 to 1782, and a commissioner on that committee from 1782 - 1784. Wolcott was appointed in 1784 as one of the commissioners to mediate claims betwen the U.S. and the state of Connecticut. After serving as state comptroller of Connecticut from 1788 - 90, he was named auditor of the federal treasury, and became Comptroller of the Treasury in 1792. He was appointed Secretary of the Treasury by George Washington in 1795 to succeed Alexander Hamilton. Very fine...................................SOLD

9039 - CAPTAIN ABNOR ADAMS, SERVED IN THE LEXINGTON ALARM, October 14th, 1781. 5" X 5.5" manuscript voucher for 5 pounds in bills of the State paying him for past service. Served in the Lexington Alarm, prisoner at Fort Washington 1776, 6th Battalion Wadsworth's Brigade. Countersigned by Sam Wyllys. Samuel Wyllys who served as a Colonel in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment at the siege of Boston and at Bunker Hill under General Spencer in 1775. Very fine...............................................SOLD


8035 - PRINTED BY BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, THE PENNSYLVANIA GAZETTE, January 2, 1749/50. 4 pages, 8.25" X 12.5", attractive masthead, The Pennsylvania Gazette was one of the United States' most prominent newspapers from 1728 - before the time period of the American Revolution - until 1800. Published in Philadelphia from 1728 through 1800. The Pennsylvania Gazette is considered the New York Times of the 18th Century. It was first  published by Samuel Keimer and was the second newspaper to be published in Pennsylvania under the name The Universal Instructor in all Arts and Sciences: and Pennsylvania Gazette, alluding to Keimer's intention to print out a page of Ephraim Chambers' Cyclopedia, or Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences in each copy. On October 2, 1729, Benjamin Franklin and Hugh Meredith bought the paper and shortened its name, as well as dropping Keimer's grandiose plan to print out the Cyclopedia. Franklin not only printed the paper but also often contributed pieces under aliases. His newspaper soon became the most successful in the colonies. This newspaper, among other firsts, would print the first political cartoon in America, Join, or Die, authored by Franklin himself. The Pennsylvania Gazette ceased publication in 1800, ten years after Franklin's death. Ad for a Negro runaway named Dick, news from London and Europe, ship arrivals describing travels across the sea, letter from the Cape Sable Indians to Governor Cornwallis, tale of a terrible voyage from Boston to Philadelphia. Printed at Philadelphia by Benjamin Franklin. His imprint is at the bottom of page four - PHILADELPHIA: PRINTED BY B. FRANKLIN, POST-MASTER AND D. HALL AT THE NEW - PRINTING OFFICE NEAR THE MARKET. The paper is crisp, light stains in some areas which do not detract, was removed from a bound volume and archaically strengthened at the spine. Extremely rare..........................................................................$1,295.00


Louis Phélypeaux (1643 - 1727), marquis de Phélypeaux (1667), comte de Maurepas (1687), comte de Pontchartrain (1699), known as the chancellor de Pontchartrain, was a French politician. After serving as head of the Parliament of Brittany, he held office as Controller - General of Finances and as Navy Secretary and, from 1690, Secretary of State of the Maison du Roi.Long considered a failure, his reputation has been reevaluated by recent historiography which has shown that, in a period of difficulty, he was a capable administrator of an immense department which had responsibility for the French Navy, trade, colonies, matters of religion, Paris, the royal household and for finances. He conducted a census of the population from 1693 onwards, the first since Vauban's of 1678. At court, he was an opponent of Fénelon and the Quietists. Nonetheless, his handling of the French Navy, a powerful force under Colbert and Seignelay, is criticized and he is considered to be in part responsible for the defeat at the battles of Barfleur and La Hougue in 1692. Phélypeaux served as Chancellor of France from 5 September 1699 to 1 July 1714. Historian Francois Bluche wrote that "he gave the Chancellor's office an importance and authority not see since the early years of Pierre Séguieer." Saint - Simon painted a flattering portrait of Phélypeaux in his diaries, and his discretion was appreciated by Louis XIV. He was made clerk of the prestigious Order of the Holy Spirit in May 1700. In 1668, he married Marie de Maupeou. They had one son, Jérôme Phélypeaux (1674 - 1747), comte de Pntchartrain. He resigned in 1714 for having failed to affix the seals to the decree of 5 July 1714, condemning a document by the Bishop of Metz, Henri-Charles de Coilsin, as contrary to the papal bull Unigenitus. He had found it difficult to reconcile his religious beliefs with those of the increasingly authoritarian Louis XIV. He retired to an Oratorian institution where he died in 1727. Lake Pontchartrain in Louisiana was named after him as was Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit in Michigan (the site of modern-day Detroit). In addition, Isle Philippaux and Isle Pontchartrain which appear on early maps of Lake Superior are believed to have been named after him. Neither island, it was later determined, actually existed. They are thought to have been added to maps by French explorers hoping that Phélypeaux would be inspired to provide more funds to explore the area. 

Louis Alexandre de Bourbon was the third son and youngest child of Louis XIV and of his mistress, Madame de Montespan. At birth, he was put in the care of Mme de Monchevreuil along with his older sister Françoise-Marie de Bourbon.

Louis Alexandre was created Count of Toulouse in 1681 at the time of his legitimization, and in 1863, at the age of five, Grand Admiral de France. In February 1684, he became colonel of an infantry regiment named after him and in 1693 mestre de camp of a cavalry regiment. During the War of Spanish Succession, he was given the task of defending the island of Sicily. In January 1689, he was named governor of Guyana, a title which he exchanged for that of governor of Brittany six years later. On 3 January 1696, he was created a Marshal of France, becoming commander of the Royal Armies the following year. During the War of the Spanish Succession he commanded the French fleet at the Battle of Málaga in 1704. In March 1714, he obtained the title of Grand Huntsman of France (Grand Veneur). Fort Toulouse I & II on the Coosa Named in honer of Admiral Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, the Count of Toulouse who was the dominant member of the Council of Marine which performed the function of secretary or minister of the navy and of colonies from 1715 to 1718. He was the legitimized son of King Louis XIV and Madame de Montespan. Toulouse was one of the known provinces in southern France. The site of Fort Toulouse, established by the French in 1717, was near the junction of the Coosa River and the Tallapoosa about 4 miles south of Wetumpka, Alabama and 10 miles north of Montgomery, Alabama. In 1751, the site of the Fort was moved about 100 south of the original Fort Toulouse I. This site is known as Fort Toulouse II and it was designed by Francois Saucier in 1750. Fort Toulouse II was occupied by the French until 1763 when the territory east of the Mississippi River went to England. The soldiers and settlers from Fort Toulouse went to Mobile and then to Louisiana [most ended up in the Opelousas Post].

5056 - A SERMON ON THE DEATH OF JOHN HANCOCK, 30 page imprint, octavo sized, given by Dr. Peter Thatcher DD Pastor of the church in Battle Street, printed by Alexander Young [1793], Boston. A tribute to the life of John Hancock, American Patriot and ex-Governor of Massachusetts. An excellent tribute to the value of John Hancock's leadership and faith in God during his life as an American leader. The paper is crisp and clean, only a trifle corner off on one page unaffecting any text..................................................$225.00


41400 - CAPTAIN GILES SAGE, CONNECTICUT NAVY, CAPTAIN OF THE LUCY, CAPTURED THE MARS WHICH BECAME THE GUILFORD OF THE CONNECTICUT NAVY, A payment voucher to Giles Sage [Sadge] of 100 pounds 12 shillings for transporting flour for the Continental Army dated March 2nd, 1776, 3.5" X 6.5". Manuscript order given to Captain Jeremiah Wadsworth and authorized by Pettibone & Hillyer, Sage was from Middletown, CT and was a sea captain and captained the Privateer sloop LUCY. Giles signs his name as receiving the money on the verso. In March 1776, the Continental Army had laid siege to Boston under General John Thomas. This flour undoubtedly was intended for that portion of the Continental Army under Thomas near Boston. On Feb. 6, 1779, the Mars was bound for New York from Newport. A letter from the National Maritime Museum in London states: The only Mars registered in the British Navy in 1779 was a 74 gun battleship that had been reduced to harbor service the previous year. The sloop Mars was probably a privateer that had been captured by the British. Armament on the Mars consisted of 8 carriage guns and 2 swivels. The carriage guns were placed along the sides of the ship and were fired through opening ports. The swivels were mounted bow and stern. On Feb. 21, 1779, during a winter storm, Captain Sage and his six fellow prisoners overpowered the crew of the Mars and beached her on the rocks at Guilford. Since a welcoming party on the shore includes one Solomon Leete, it is presumed that the Mars was beached near Leete's Island. Prior to the grounding, Sage's men hove overboard anchors, cables, chains and guns marking the spot for future reference. Iron was in short supply at the time, the only source being the Salisbury Conn. iron works, with most of its output going to cannon balls. All of the claims and counterclaims of salvage were settled in the New Haven Maritime Court on April 4, 1779. The state paid 500 pounds prize money to the claimants. Captain Sage was paid for his person property lost when the Lucy was captured, including one tierce of rum, one barrel of sugar, and one barrel of coffee. The anchors, chains and guns were dredged up and the claimants paid. Governor Trumbull in Lebanon was advised of these proceedings. He issued orders renaming the Mars, the Guilford and making her the thirteenth ship in the Connecticut Navy, whose largest ships were the Oliver Cromwell and Defense. No other ships were named after Connecticut towns. The document is boldly written, some tone, tiny fissure at fold unaffecting manuscript. Scare Revolutionary War Naval item...............................$495.00

41401 - AUGUST 13TH, 1781, MILITARY DEBT PAID BY THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT SIGNED BY ADC HEZEKIAH ROGERS, 5" x 6.5", manuscript payment in 5 Pounds in lawful silver to be paid out of funds derived by taxes by the state. This note was issued to RALPH POMEROY, who served as a Military Paymaster, for wages, reimbursement for expenses or loss due to damages during the Revolutionary War. The military finances for the colony of Connecticut were handled by the Pay-Table, also known as the Committee of Four, during the American Revolution (1775 - 1783). Signed by Hezekiah Rogers (an aide de camp to General Jedidiah Huntingdon). Fine, some normal handling trifle splits at left border which do not hinder the manuscript..................................................................$85.00

41402 - DECEMBER 31ST, 1781, THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT PAYS A DEBT TO THE GLASTONBURY SELECTMEN FOR EXPENSES INCURRED FOR WAR EXPENSES, 5" X 4.5" pre-printed and filled in, signed by two the members of the Connecticut pay table E. Wales and Fenn Wadsworth, countersigned vertically by Samuel Wyllys. During the American Revolution, SAMUEL WYLLYS (1739 - 1823) led a regiment in the siege of Boston. Fort Wyllys was named after him. Endorsed by Dudley Pettibone on the verso [1742 - 1822] who was a Sergeant in the Connecticut Line under Sergeant Goodwin [his company]. Fine........................................................$75.00

41403 - DECEMBER 31ST, 1781, THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT PAYS A DEBT TO THE GLASTONBURY SELECTMEN FOR EXPENSES INCURRED FOR WAR EXPENSES, 5" X 4.5" pre-printed and filled in, signed by two the members of the Connecticut pay table E. Wales and Fenn Wadsworth, countersigned vertically by Hezekiah Rogers (an aide de camp to General Jedidiah Huntington). The amount paid was seven pounds and Gideon Hall signed it on the verso. Very fine.........................................$60.00

41404 - MONEY TO BE PAID AT "CANDLEMAS 1787", 2" X 7" manuscript, "John Parker Wood" value 6 pounds 12 shillings, James Raby Wood value 429 pounds seven shillings to be levied at "Candlemas". The date of Candlemas is established by the date set for the Nativity of Jesus, for it comes forty days afterwards. Under Mosaic law as found in the Torah, a mother who had given birth to a man-child was considered unclean for seven days; moreover she was to remain for three and thirty days "in the blood of her purification". Candlemas therefore corresponds to the day on which Mary, according to Jewish law, should have attended a ceremony of ritual purification (Leviticus 12:2-8). The Gospel of Luke 2:22-39 relates that Mary was purified according to the religious law, followed by Jesus' presentation in the Jerusalem temple, and this explains the formal names given to the festival, as well as its falling 40 days after the Nativity. This was used by both Anglicans and Catholics alike celebrating this holy feast day. It is seldom heard today. Very fine.........................................................$50.00


2231 - 1723 PHILADELPHIA LAND DEED SIGNED BY THE MAYOR OF PHILADELPHIA, 7" X 21 1/2", vellum land deed, scalloped top design. Clement Plumstead of the City of Philadelphia in the "Province of Pennsylvania" to David Powell for the sum of 10 shillings. A tract of land on the northern branch of Brandywine Creek...usual land descriptions of the time..."beginning at a black oak tree." SIGNED BY PLUMSTEAD AT THE BOTTOM LEFT. Clement Plumstead was a councilman in 1712 and was chosen mayor in 1723. He was a member of the Provincial Assembly and was admitted to the Governor's Council in 1727. In 1736, he was again mayor of Philadelphia and again in 1741. The document contains Plumstead's red wax seal next to his signature. A contemporary of Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia. Plumstead was considered as one of the wealthiest citizens of the area. A rare and early Philadelphia document that would frame nicely............................................................$295.00

1050 - JEDEDIAH HUNTINGTON REVOLUTIONARY WAR BRIG. GENERAL, (4 August 1743 - 25 September 1818), also known as Jedidiah Huntington, was an American general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He was born in Norwich, Connecticut, the son of Jabez Huntington (1719 - 1786). As the Revolutionary War approached, Jedidiah Huntington joined the Sons of Liberty, and was an active Captain of the Militia. Promoted to the command of a regiment, he joined the army at Cambridge, April 26, 1775, just a week after the battle of Lexington. His regiment was part of the force detailed for occupying Dorchester Heights; and, after the evacuation of Boston by the British, marched with the army to New York. He "fought courageously during the Battle of Bunker Hill, from which he emerged a Colonel." 

He entertained the Commander in Chief, General George Washington, on the way, at Norwich, Connecticut. During the year 1776, he was at New York, Kingsbridge, Northcastle, Sidmun's Bridge, and other posts. In April 1776, he helped repulse the British at Danbury, Conn., assailing the enemy's rear, and affecting a junction with his fellow townsman, Benedict Arnold. In March 1777, Roger Sherman wrote that Col. Huntington was recommended by Gen. Washington as a fit person for Brigadier General, but that Connecticut had more than her share. On May 12, 1777, he was promoted to that rank, as Mr. Sherman stated, "at Gen. Washington's request." In July, he joined Gen. Putnam at Peekskill, with all the Continental troops which he could collect; whence, in September, he was ordered to join the main army near Philadelphia, he remained at headquarters, at Worcester, Whippin, White Marsh, Gulph Hills, etc. In November, on the information of the enemy's movement upon Red Bank, he was detached with his brigade, among other troops, to its relief, but Cornwallis had anticipated them.

Having shared the hardships of his companions in arms at Valley Forge, through the winter of 1777 - 1778, he, together with Col. Wigglesworth, was, in March, appointed by the Command in Chief, "to aid Gen. McDougall in inquiring into the loss of forts Montgomery and Clinton, in the State of New York; and into the conduct of the principal officers commanding those posts." In May, Huntington was ordered with his brigade to the North River, and was stationed successively at Camp Reading, Highlands, Neilson's Point, Springfield, Shorthills, Totowa, Peekskill, West Point, etc. In July, he was a member of the court martial which tried Gen. Charles Lee for misconduct in the battle of Monmouth; and in September, he sat upon the court of inquiry to who was referred the case of Major Andre. In December of 1780, his was the only Connecticut Brigade that remained in the service. On May 10, 1783, at a meeting of officers, he was appointed one of a committee of four to draft a plan of organization, which resulted in their reporting, on the 13th, the Constitution of the Society of the Cincinnati. His signature on a 1789 Connecticut financial document regarding Army payments. 8" X 11", mint condition................................SOLD 

KILLED AT YORKTOWN

1051 - GENERAL ALEXANDER SCAMMEL, Scammel was born in the part of Mendon, Massachusetts which eventually became Milford, Massachusetts, and as a young man, graduated from Harvard College in 1769. After graduation, he worked as a teacher, surveyor, and in 1773, as a lawyer with John Sullivan in New Hampshire and was with him during the raid on Fort William and Mary on December 14, 1774. With the start of the American Revolution, Scammel became a major in the 2nd New Hampshire Regiment as was sent with them to reinforce the Continental Army units in the Invasion of Canada. In November, 1776, Scammel was promoted to colonel of the 3rd New Hampshire Regiment. He commanded the regiment at Trenton, Princeton, Saratoga, the Sullivan Expedition and Monmouth. At Valley Forge, Scammel was appointed adjutant general of the Continental Army by Gen. George Washington. He was assigned command of a provisional regiment of light infantry on June 24, 1781, and seized Dobbs Ferry, New York, to secure Washington's flank for the march to Yorktown, Virginia, of which his regiment was the vanguard beginning August 19. Scammel was wounded on September 30, 1781, during the Siege of Yorktown, while reconnoitering British lines. As Field Officer-of-the-Day, he had been informed that part of the British works had been evacuated. His scouting party encountered a section of British light dragoons. Scammel had just surrendered to two dragoons when a third, in probability by accident, shot him in the side. He was taken into Yorktown, but because of the gravity of his wound immediately paroled to Williamsburg, only to die the next day. After Scammel's death, Alexander Hamilton had difficulty keeping his officers from killing British officers in retaliating for Scammel's death which they believed was not accidental. A rare manuscript listing of the strength of the Massachusetts regiments listing the regiments by commander and the added recruits added to the units. Signed by Scammel as Adj. General of the Continental Army under Washington. A rare signature as well as a Great War period troop strength document. Letters by Scammel have brought over $2500. This nice document at................................................................SOLD

12161 - PLAN OF THE INVESTMENT AND ATTACK OF YORK IN VIRGINIA, PHILADELPHIA, 1806 C.P. Wayne ENGRAVING. First Edition Map to Marshall's Life of WASHINGTON. Map showing vicinity around York, VA. Shows American artillery, French Hospital, roads, rivers, or creeks & positions of troops. Also noted "Field where the British laid down their arms." 9.3" H X 8.4" W. This historic map shows the positions of the American and French battlements in their siege of the British forces at Yorktown. The successful outcome of the Yorktown campaign, led by Gen. Washington and French Gen. Rochambeau, marked the end of the Revolutionary War, thus winning independence for the 13 colonies. It also established Yorktown's place in history as the site of Gen. Cornwallis' surrender of his troops to the Allied forces. Notice the Allied forces deployed in a semi-circle about 6 miles long. Notice also the encampments of Gen. Washington, Gen. Knox, Baron Stuben (Steuben), Count Rochambeau and Gen. LaFayette. Map has some offset from the folding of the map, otherwise very good, accompanying the map is a musket ball excavated near Yorktown............................SOLD


LAST FRENCH GOVERNOR OF LOUISIANA, SIGNED THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE FOR NAPOLEON

6140 Pierre Clement de Laussat (1756-1835) was a French politician, and the last French governor of Louisiana. Signer of the Louisiana purchase for Napoleon

De Laussat was born in the town of Pau. After serving as receveur general des finances in Pau and Bayonne, he was imprisoned during the Terror, but was released and recruited in the armee des Pyrenees. On April 17, 1797 was elected in the Council of Ancients. After the coup of 18 Brumaire, he entered in the Tribunat on December 25, 1799. He was appointed by Napoleon Bonaparte to be colonial prefect (governor) of Louisiana in 1802. He arrived in the colony on March 26, 1803. This was just two weeks before Napoleon had made his decision to sell the Louisiana colony to the United States. For several months, Laussat ruled as a normal governor and first he abolished the Cabildo and then he published the Napoleonic Code in the colony. Several months had gone by and Laussat was hearing that the colony had been sold to the U.S. but he did not believe it. On July 28, 1803, Laussat wrote to the French government that a rumor that the colony had been sold was going around New Orleans. On May 18, 1803, Laussat received word from Napoleon that France had declared war on England and that he was to transfer the colony to the United States. On December 20, 1803, he transferred the colony to James Wilkinson and William Charles Cole Claiborne. On April 21. 1804, he left the colony and became colonial prefect of Martinique, until 1809 when he was captured and imprisoned before the English conquest of the island.

51330 - THE COLONIES IN AMERICA, Map, overall 8" X 8". Undated but content dictates the period of the Revolutionary War but style could be c. 1730-50. A Dutch map titled "America" showing mainly North and South America with the west coast of Africa and Europe slightly. The shape of Florida and the elongated California suggests this map has the style of the early 18th Century. The American west is entitled New Mexico with Louisiana and Florida joined together suggesting the Spanish period after 1768. Virginia and the Carolinas stretch to the west to near the Mississippi River. Border colored in red and green ink, some foxing at top left edge. A nice representative American map of the 18th Century..........................$85.00

6103 - FINAL PAY FOR A SOLDIER IN THE CONNECTICUT LINE, Two documents, a manuscript affidavit dated September 12th, 1780, 2" X 7" detailing the service history of Sergt. Benjamin Giddings who served as a Sergeant from the 26th day of May 1777 until the 26th day of May 1780 in the second brigade of the Connecticut line and the 7th Battalion of troops commanded by Herman Swift. He had not received any supplies from the town of Hartford. Accompanying the document is a 6" X 7" preprinted document filled-in and dated September 13th, 1780 paying Giddings 54 pounds, 19 shillings, and two pence. Giddings signs for receiving this rather large sum but it were for three years service in the Continental Army, two pieces. Very fine, final pay for a Continental soldier....................................$175.00

6104 - REVOLUTIONARY WAR, EXPENSES FOR BRINGING MILITARY SUPPLIES TO FISHKILL, NY FROM MIDDLETOWN, CT, Middletown, CT, April 19th, 1781, 8" X 10" manuscript listing got sending men and two teams to Fishkill [NY] from Middletown, CT. The supplies were commissary supplies for the army at that location. Signed by Ozian Cone who had previously fought at Monmouth and Germantown and wintered at Valley Forge and at the huts at Morristown. Comes with a copy of the roster of the 5th Rgt. Conn. line showing Cone as a member of the unit. Shows the lodging and expenses of teamsters. Fine.....................................................SOLD


1300 - PAYMENT FOR SERVING IN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY, 4.5" X 6", June 1st, 1780, Hartford, CT. Pre-printed document stating that Lt. Philemon Hall was owed 40 pounds, 12 shillings, seven pence for his service in the Connecticut Line of the Continental Army. This debt was paid to him by June 1st, 1785 with interest to be paid annually. Cancelled after being paid with numerous manuscript notations on the verso. Very fine.....................................SOLD

1301 - PAYMENT FOR SERVING IN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY, 4.5" X 6", June 1st, 1782, Hartford, CT. Major John P. Wyllys was owed 33 pounds, 1 shilling, three pence for his service in the Connecticut Line of the Continental Army. Payment was to be made by June 1st, 1788 with interest paid annually. Cancelled when paid as usual. Manuscript notations on the verso.....................................................$100.00

1302 - PAYMENT FOR SERVICE IN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY, 4.5" X 6, June 1st, 1782, Hartford, CT. Pre-printed Treasury document for Brewster Judd who was owed 21 pounds, eleven shillings, three pence for his past service in the Connecticut Line of the Continental Army. The debt was to be paid by June 1, 1787 with interest due annually. Signed by Treasurer Peter Colt, thought to be an ancestor of Samuel Colt. Absolutely MINT condition and un-cancelled which is rare to find as such...............................................SOLD

82711 - CLOTHING FOR THE CONTINENTAL ARTILLERY, May 8th, 1780, Middletown, CT. 6" X 7", manuscript listing of clothing signed by John Throop, Lt. of Artillery, Colonel Lamb's Rgt. Notes coats, vests, linens, woolen breeches, all totaling 19 pounds. This artillery unit fought in nearly all the engagement in the North and at Yorktown. Very fine.....................................$215.00


61228 - WRITTEN IN THE REIGN OF HENRY VIII
, 1509 - 1547, 12" X 12.5" manuscript document with scalloped top, written on vellum in early English script, indenture or agreement to sell property written the 8th day of February in the 26th (XX6th) year of the reign of Henry the Eight (1535) refers to Norfolk and old Buckingham. A beautiful document to frame written during the period of the first exploration of the Americas. Condition is very fine, comes with his portrait..........................................
$450.00


61229 - WRITTEN IN THE FIRST YEAR OF THE REIGN OF QUEEN ELIZABETH
, 1558 - 1603, 7" X 16" vellum document written in old English script. Dated September 5th year one of the reign of Elizabeth thus the date written was September 6th, 1558. An indenture or legal obligation written between two parties. Hanging from this impressive document is a 1" square embossed red wax seal. During the reign of Elizabeth preliminary explorations of the Eastern coasts of America took place including Raleigh's attempts to colonize Roanoke Island. Impressive to display with ELIZABETH's name quite bold. Very fine, comes with a portrait of Elizabeth.............................................
$385.00

61230 - WRITTEN IN THE FIFTH YEAR OF THE REIGN OF ELIZABETH, 1558 - 1603, Manuscript indenture written in the 5th year of the reign of Elizabeth (1563) and dated January 6th. 9" x 19" with scalloped top, rather large name of Elizabeth on the top line, written in old English script, beautiful manuscript on vellum. Comes with a silver 6 Pence dated 1573 showing a portrait of Elizabeth (weak), date is strong............................$425.00

61231 - CHARLES I, 19 November 1600 - 30 January 1649, the second son of James I, was King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March, 1625 until his execution on 30 January, 1649. Charles famously engaged in a struggle for power with the Parliament of England. He was an advocate of the Divine Right of Kings, which was the belief that kings received their power from God and thus could not be deposed (unlike the similar Mandate of Heaven). Many of his English subjects feared that he was attempting to gain absolute power. He was tried for Treason after the Second Civil War and executed. During his reign, the English Colonies in America greatly grew and spread. This vellum Indenture was written in the first month of Charles I's reign in April 1625. It has a beautiful scalloped top with a red wax seal with a thistle signifying the House of Stuart. 14" X 23". With an early numeral date (previous rulers showed the dates phonically written into the text). Superb to display......................................SOLD


8 - ABSCONDED OUT OF THE STATE, Connecticut 1777, 2.5" X 7" manuscript document outlining costs to the constable in finding four men who absconded the State without paying their taxes due and do not have an estate within the State. The State paid the Constable out of State funds. Very fine......................................................$65.00

10 - SERVED AT THE LEXINGTON ALARM IN 1775, pay voucher printed and filled-in for Peter Whitney of Fairfield. 8 pounds, four shillings & two pence in Spanish dollars or gold upon the cessation of hostilities, February 1st, 1781. Fine, cut, cancelled as usual, but no loss of any paper. Whitney served at the Lexington alarm in 1775...........................................$100.00

11 - 13 BLANKETS PURCHASED FOR THE TROOPS, Middleton, Connecticut, September 20th, 1778. The state paid the selectmen of Middleton for the 13 blankets to be used by the state (state soldiers). Very fine................................................SOLD

14 - 1779 BLANKETS FOR THE CONNECTICUT TROOPS, 6" X 7", manuscript receipt dated February 2nd, 1779 paying the Town of Middletown 39 pounds, 19 shillings, and six pence for 13 blankets supplied to troops by the Selectmen of the town. Paid by the State to the town. Very fine condition.................................SOLD

15 - 1791 PENNSYLVANIA INDENTURE WITH A NOTE AND SIGNATURE OF JOHN BARCLAY, 12" X 24". A legal indenture concerning a certain tract of land in Northampton County that Barkley writes a long affidavit on the verso concerning the legality of the agreement and attesting to the additional witnesses, John Barclay of Bucks County, PA served as an officer in the Continental Army from 1776 to 1781. In 1787, he was a delegate to the Pennsylvania Convention to ratify the Constitution. He was a member of the Society of the Cincinnati. A large Colonial era document, very good age tone to the vellum, but very dark manuscript.........................................................$195.00

18 - A BLANKET AND CLOTHING GIVEN TO A SOLDIER ON THE NORTHERN FRONTIER, April 1781, 7" X 9" manuscript voucher from the town of Colebrook giving Philip Ryla clothing and a blanket as he was described as a "soldier in the Connecticut line in the Continental Army." Records show Ryla served in the Northern Department at Fort Anne and Fort George. Very fine...................................................$140.00

19 - ORIGINAL PRINTED VIEWS OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN'S STOVES, c. 1770, 8" X 10", "American Stoves of the Improved Construction". Five views of Franklin's famous stoves. Copperplate print, first examples of a contemporary view of Franklin's famous inventions. Ex-Frank Kravic Collection. Very fine condition................................$225.00

20 - SHIRTS, STOCKINGS, MITTENS, AND SHOES GIVEN TO THE SOLDIERS, 8" X 14", February 8th, 1781. A large boldly written document showing receipt of 4 linen shirts, 4 pairs of woolen stockings, 2 pairs of mittens, and 2 pairs of shoes being given by the town of Colebrook, CT for use of soldiers in the Connecticut Line. Valued at 7 pounds, 12 shillings...................................................$150.00

21 - THE SIEGE OF YORKTOWN IN 1781, The New York Herald, April 12th, 1862, 10 pages. A fantastic near full page map of the Battle of Yorktown in 1781. The defenses of Lord Cornwallis and the lines of forces besieging the American and French forces under General Washington and Count Rochambeau, shows the vicinity of Yorktown and the Glouster Point area. A most desirable map that would look outstanding framed (on page 2). Although published in 1862, this is still a very desirable item for display. Text on another page describes the situation during the Yorktown Campaign. Choice condition.....................................$75.00

22 - A DETAILED LIST OF CLOTHING GIVEN TO A CONNECTICUT SOLDIER, 7" X 7", Colebrook, CT., January 26th, 1781. A detailed listing of clothing given to Philip Ryla late of Colonel Warner's Regiment in the Continental Army by the Selectmen of Colebrook, CT. Ryla received 2 shirts, two pairs of stockings, one pair of shoes, and one pair of mittens at a cost to the State of 4 pounds and sixteen shillings. Ryla served in the Northern Dept. at Forts Anne and George. Very fine..............................................$150.00

23 - RARE ARTILLERY DOCUMENT 1780, 6.5" X 7.5", Middletown, CT., May 8th, 1780. A manuscript written listing clothing given to the Continental Artillery and signed by John Throop, Lt. Artillery, a member of Colonel Lambs Artillery Regiment which served in all the Northern battles as well as Yorktown (comes with roster of Colonel Lambs Artillery showing Throop as serving 1777-1783). Near mint condition. Revolutionary War Artillery documents are rare.....................................SOLD

24 - A SERGEANT OF THE MATROSSES' FAMILY RECEIVED AID FROM THE STATE WHILE HE SERVED IN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY, 8" X 14", 1778. All manuscript. Charles Peck, who was described as Sergeant of the Matrosses, had been given provisions for his family's support while he was in the Army. This lengthy document details the multitude of supplies given his family...salt, rice, tallow, corn, pork, wheat, shoes, "flower", wood, etc. A very long accounting.....................................SOLD

25 - BEEF FOR THE ARMY, 2" X 7", Waterbury, CT., July 1781. Manuscript receipt for "one beef creature" valued at 10 pounds and seventeen shillings. This receipt was for paying for beef for the Continental Army......................................$49.00

36 - REVOLUTIONARY WAR ARTILLERY DOCUMENTS DATED FEBRUARY 12TH, 1776, 5" X 8", Hartford, CT. $864 requisition for pay for Colonel Burrell's battalion to raise a company of Matrosses (artillery Privates who performed the semi-skilled tasks in firing a cannon). Both Major Bull and Major Bigelow were with Benedict Arnold when he captured Fort Ticonderoga in 1775 and later Bull was killed at Yorktown. Signed by Bigelow, scarce artillery item, bold manuscript.......................................$295.00

37 - FURNISHING THREE CONNECTICUT COMPANIES FOR WAR, 6" X 8", Weathersfield, CT. An excellent manuscript, official approval of expenses incurred by Elijah Demming for assisting and furnishing supplies to Captain Elizah Wright's Company destined to West Point, NY. Captain William Pipkins destined for White Plains and then to Rhode Island, and Captain Hezekiah Wells destined to New London, CT, approved for payment. Beautiful manuscript...............................................$275.00

38 - FINAL PAY FOR A SERGEANT IN THE CONNECTICUT LINE, 2" X 7", 2 documents, manuscript affidavit dated September 12th, 1780 detailing the service history of Sergeant BEnjamin Giddings who served from May 26th, 1777 to May 26th, 1780 in the Second Brigade of the Connecticut Line and the 7th Battalion of Troops commanded by Herman Swift. He had not received any supplies from the Town of Hartford. Accompanying the document is a printed document, 6" X 7", that is filled-in in ink dated September 13th, 1780 paying Giddings 54 pounds, 19 shillings and 2 pence. Giddings signs the pay receipt receiving his three years pay in one large sum. Very fine........................................$175.00

46 - FIFTH REGIMENT CONNECTICUT LINE, 8" X 10", April 4th, 1781. Manuscript report of the expenses paid to deliver provisions to Fishkill, NY dated at Middletown, CT and signed by Ozian Cone who is shown on the roster of the 5th Connecticut which fought at Germantown and Monmouth and wintered at Valley Forge and at the Morristown huts. Quite detailed and lists all paid for the services in moving the provisions. Comes with printed roster. A large document.........................................$150.00

REVOLUTIONARY WAR FINANCES IN NEW YORK, 8" X 13", September 7th, 1779. A page folio manuscript letter directed to the Speaker of the General Assembly of New York by Direck Ten Brook Commissioner of the Continental Loan Office in Albany resigning his office due to health issues. Large manuscript..............................................$145.00


1683 MALLET COLORED PRINT OF THE HURON INDIANS,
5" X 6.5". Woodcut print that has been water colored showing a Huron Indian Camp. Alain Mallet published a book in 1683 for Louis XIV of maps and views of the world at the time. Quite nice and colorful................................................$145.00

1683 MALLET COLORED PRINT OF FLORIDA INDIANS, 5" X 6.5". Woodcut print that has been water colored showing a male and female Florida Indian. The male holding a bow with a quiver of arrows on his back. Alain Mallet published a book in 1683 for Louis XIV of maps and views of the world at the time. Quite nice and colorful...........................$145.00


32204 - PAY ABSTRACT OF CAPTAIN PETER WOODBURY'S COMPANY IN COLONEL JACOB GERRISH'S REGIMENT FOR OCTOBER 1778, MASSACHUSETTS TROOPS, GUARDING HESSIAN PRISONERS AFTER SARATOGA, 6" X 7" manuscript listing of the officers and non-commissioned officers and private soldiers in Captain Peter Woodbury's Company for October 1778. Included were one Captain, 2 Lieutenants, 4 Sergeants, 1 Sergeant Major, 1 fifer, 1 drummer, and 44 privates. The total pay was 146 pounds 14 shillings. Signed by Captain Peter Woodbury. Colonel Gerrich's Guards were guarding Hessian Prisoners at this time after the Battle of Saratoga. After the Battle of Saratoga, the British General Burgoyne by signing the Convention agreement 17 Oct. 1777, surrendered his army to General Gates of the American troops at Saratoga, NY. At this time, his army consisted of 2,139 British, 2,022 Germans, and 830 Canadians. One of the conditions of surrender stipulated that the troops had to leave their weapons on the field of surrender, and from there march to the Harbor of Boston, Massachusetts, to be put aboard ships and never return to fight again. At Cambridge, called the Winter Hill prison camp, Brunswick and Hessen Hanau Regiments were kept in Barracks for a whole year. The American Congress did not ratify the Convention agreement, and consequently, British ships to pick up the prisoners according to the original agreement, were refused entry into the harbor. Some of the prisoners went out to work by special permits. Some deserted or joined the American forces. The soldiers themselves were still under the command of their officers, and kept together within their regimental units. The date of this document attests to the fact that this document was written at the Winter Hill Prison Camp at Cambridge, Mass. By November 9th, 1778, the Hessian troops were moved south finally arriving in Virginia at Charlottesville, VA in January 1779. A rare Revolutionary War POW document. Manuscript somewhat light at heading, body of document strong, trifle paper chip at edge....................................................SOLD

91200 - LIGHT HORSE HARRY LEE, REVOLUTIONARY WAR CAVALRY COMMANDER, GOVERNOR OF VIRGINIA, FATHER OF ROBERT E. LEE, July 12th, 1812. A lengthy ALS [legal affidavit] written by Harry Lee dealing with a fight over property he and his brother inherited. 6 pages, 7 1/4" X 9 1/4". Westmoreland County [VA]. A lengthy autograph manuscript signed H. LEE JR. at the conclusion and Henry Lee, or Gen. H. Lee five additional times in the text. The lengthy document written by Henry Lee, Jr., answers court charges against him and others by Thomas Howard. Lee answers in detail the charges by Howard and asks the court to dismiss all charges with reasonable costs. Lee is remembered for his famous eulogy for George Washington; "First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of our countrymen." A complete transcript of the brief by Lee is included. Ex-Stuart Lutz with certificate of authenticity. A version of Lee's signature is seen 7 times in this document. One chip to the lower margin [unaffecting text], dark ink, and a very minor archival repair to edge split...........SOLD

91220 - A DRAFT BY THOMAS JEFFERSON, May 10th, 1805. 1 page manuscript letter written by John Barnes to Charles C. Ludlow of New York in regard to a draft made by the President [Thomas Jefferson] for $231.09 to a W.W. Hazen drawn on a branch of the Bank of New York. He writes in a postscript that the President has written to Hazen in Connecticut in regard to the outstanding draft. Barnes was Jefferson's confident, friend, and financier. GEORGE TOWN MAY 10, black cancellation with 34 cents applied postage in manuscript.........................................................SOLD

7187 - TAXATION OF THE COLONIES WITHOUT REPRESENTATION, THE BOSTON CHRONICLE, Massachusetts, April 11, 1768. Not just the full front page, but all of pages 2, 3 & most of page 4 are taken up with a simply terrific "Letter to Dennis DeBerdt, Esq., Agent for the House of Representatives" of Massachusetts, with much commentary on all the problems with England the colonies have been dealing with, some bits including: "Since the last sitting of the General Court, divers acts of parliament relating to the colonies have arrived here; and as the people of this province had no share in the framing those laws...have thought it their indispensable duty carefully to peruse them...point out such matters in them as appear to be grievous to their constituents & to seek redress..." There is mention of the Stamp Act situation, then further on there is great content concerning the most recent & harmful Acts of Parliament against America, one item noting:  "...what property can the colonists be conceived to have if their money may be granted away by others without their consent? ...they were in no sense represented in Parliament when this act for raising a revenue in America was made. The Stamp Act was grievously complained of by all the colonies..." and so much more (see for portions). Another page has a note from Philadelphia that:  "...general assembly of this province...ordered instructions to be sent to our agents to join with the agents of the other colonies in soliciting the repeal of the late act imposing duties on paper, glass, etc., whereby the inhabitants of these colonies are taxed in an unconstitutional manner." (see) Eight pages, 8 ½ by 10 ¼ inches, very nice, clean condition. This newspaper published only briefly from December 21, 1767 until 1770. The publishers, John Mein and John Fleeming, were both from Scotland. The Chronicle was a Loyalist paper in the time before the American Revolution. In its second year, Mein printed names in the paper that accused some colonial merchants of breaking a British non-importation agreement. In response, Mein's name appeared on a list of merchants who violated the trade agreement. Mein retaliated by accusing the Merchants' Committee of using the non-importation agreement for illegal profiteering. The irritated readership ransacked the offices of the Chronicle, and ultimately, it ceased operations in 1770......................................................SOLD

7188 - SEVERAL COLONIES GIVE THEIR THANKS TO MERCHANTS FOR THEIR SUPPORT FOR THE REPEAL OF THE STAMP ACT, THE BOSTON CHRONICLE, with the "Supplement" as well, May 2, 1768. Inside pages have various reports from colonies cities with one item from New London noting:  "...that New Hampshire, Connecticut and New Jersey did soon after the repeal of the stamp act, return their thanks to the committee of merchants for their services in that most important matter..." with more (see). There is also a letter of gratitude headed:  "To the Very Respectable Inhabitants of the Town of Boston" which is signed by:  "A Farmer", datelined Pennsylvania, April 11, 1768. This was John Dickinson, the author of the famed series of 11 letters titled "Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania." Curiously a prior page has an advertisement for the printing of the:  "Letters from A Farmer in Pennsylvania" (see). The "Supplement Top the Boston Chronicle" is attached at the back, has 4 pages, and is mostly taken up with:  "An account of the famous Paoli, Commander in Chief of the Corsicans, taken from the History of Corsica just published." Complete in 12 pages with the "Supplement", measures 8 ½ by 10 ¼ inches, very nice condition. The Stamp Act 1765 (short title Duties in American Colonies Act 1765; 5 George III, c. 12) was a direct tax imposed by the British Parliament specifically on the colonies of British America. The act required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp. These printed materials were legal documents, magazines, newspapers and many other types of paper used throughout the colonies. Like previous taxes, the stamp tax had to be paid in valid British currency, not in colonial paper money. The purpose of the tax was to help pay for troops stationed in North America after the British victory in the Seven Years' War. The British government felt that the colonies were the primary beneficiaries of this military presence, and should pay at least a portion of the expense. Opposition to the Stamp Act was not limited to the colonies. British merchants and manufactures, whose exports to the colonies were threatened by colonial economic problems exacerbated by the tax, also pressured Parliament. The Act was repealed on March 18, 1766 as a matter of expedience, but Parliament affirmed its power to legislate for the colonies "in all cases whatsoever" by also passing the Declaratory Act. There followed a series of new taxes and regulations, likewise opposed by the colonists. The episode played a major role in defining the grievances and enabling the organized colonial resistance that led to the American Revolution in 1775. This newspaper published only briefly from December 21, 1767 until 1770. The publishers, John Mein and John Fleeming, were both from Scotland. The Chronicle was a Loyalist paper in the time before the American Revolution. In its second year, Mein printed names in the paper that accused some colonial merchants of breaking a British non-importation agreement. In response, Mein's name appeared on a list of merchants who violated the trade agreement. Mein retaliated by accusing the Merchants' Committee of using the non-importation agreement for illegal profiteering. The irritated readership ransacked the offices of the Chronicle, and ultimately, it ceased operations in 1770......................................................SOLD

3251 - ROBERT MORRIS SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, Robert Morris, Jr. (January 20, 1734 - May 8, 1806) was a British-born American merchant, and signer of the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederate, and the United States Constitution. He was elected to the Pennsylvania Assembly, became the Chairman of the Pennsylvania Committee of Safety, and was chosen as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress, where he served as chairman of the "Secret Committee of Trade" and as a member of the Committee of Correspondence. From 1781 to 1784, he served as the powerful Superintendent of Finance managing the economy of the fledgling United States. As the central civilian in the government, Morris was, next to General George Washington, "the most powerful man in America." His successful administration led to the sobriquet, "Financier of the Revolution." A large clipped signature of Morris impaired with the very top of Rbt. Missing, complete Morris. Re-backed, bold ink, complete signature but impaired, a very inexpensive example of this popular signer...............................................................SOLD

30801 - GENERAL JEDEDIAH HUNTINGTON, FOUGHT BRAVELY AT BUNKER HILL, He graduated at Harvard in 1763, joined the American army at Cambridge, became a brigadier general in 1777, and took part in many important engagements until the close of the war, when he was brevetted major general in 1783. He was one of the organizers of the Society of the Cincinnati. He became collector of the port of New London in 1789 and held the office 26 years. In 1778, he was a member of the court-martial that tried Gen. Charles Lee and in 1780 of the one that condemned Major André. He "fought courageously during the Battle of Bunker Hill, from which he emerged a Colonel." His bold signature on a 1789 pre-printed and filled-in voucher for the State of Connecticut. Also signed by Oliver Wolcott Jr., son of the signer of the Declaration of Independence as well as Secretary of the Treasury under Washington and Adams. O cancelled as usual. Very fine....................................................................SOLD

30802 - FINAL PAYMENT FOR A SOLDIER IN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY, 6" X 7", pre-printed voucher dated at Hartford, CT. January 14th, 1783 paying Stephen Kellogg 29 Pounds 6 shillings four pence being the balance due him on January 1st, 1781. Kellogg signs at the bottom. Kellogg served in the Connecticut Continental line at Boston in 1776 and then in Colonel Samuel Webb's Regiment from 1777-1781 in Rhode Island, New Jersey, and New York in many engagements. Very fine..........................................SOLD

30807 - GENERAL GEORGE MATHEWS, REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL LATER GOVERNOR OF GEORGIA, Mathews was named the Colonel of the 9th Virginia Regiment in early 1777. Soon after he led them north to join the Continental Army, but met with serious reverses. In the Battle of Germantown on October 4, 1777 his entire regiment was killed, captured, or scattered. Mathew himself became a Prisoner of War, at first held at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. When the British withdrew from there, he was moved to a prison ship, anchored in New York harbor. By 1779, Mathews gave a limited parole and was permitted to live in New York City. He wrote to Governor Thomas Jefferson and to the Continental Congress urging a prisoner exchange, but exchanges were limited by disagreement at the highest levels. He was finally exchanged in 1781, but got back into action only after the Battle of Yorktown. Mathews was named commander of the 12th Virginia Regiment, but this was only a nominal command, since his new regiment had been prisoners since the fall of Charleston in May 1780. But, he went south to work with any available force in clean up actions in South Carolina and Georgia. He migrated to Georgia after the war and became involved with politics and became Governor in 1794. Two State of Georgia partially printed and filled-in documents: [a] 10" X 12" large land grant issued to David McCormick of 1000 acres of land in Montgomery County, GA dated in December 1794 and signed bolding by Mathews as Governor. Archival restoration to verso, completely intact, [b] printed and filled in document dated August 1794, 7" X 10", a drawing of the 1000 acres given to McCormick, some fold repair to verso, nice and bright. Two documents one signed by Mathews...................................SOLD

 

30818 - ROBERT TREAT PAINE, SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, In 1768, he was a delegate to the provincial convention which was called to meet in Boston and along with Samuel Quincy conducted the prosecution of Captain Thomas Preston and his British soldiers following the Boston Massacre of March 5, 1770; John Adams was opposing counsel and his arguments won the jury's sway, and most of the troops were let off. Paine served in the Massachusetts General court from 1773 to 1774, in the Provincial Congress from 1774 to 1775, and represented Massachusetts at the Continental Congress from 1774 through 1778. In Congress, he signed the final appeal to the king (the Olive Branch Petition of 1775), and helped frame the rules of debate and acquire gunpowder for the coming war, and in 1776 was one of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence. He returned to Massachusetts at the end of December 1776 and there was speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1777, a member of the executive council in 1779, a member of the committee that drafted the constitution of 1780. He was Massachusetts Attorney General from 1777 to 1790 and prosecuted the treason trials following Shays' Rebellion. He later served as a justice of the state supreme court from 1790 to 1804 when he retired. When he died at the age of 83 in 1814, he was buried in the Granary Burying Ground in Boston, Massachusetts. [6] a statue to commemorate him was erected in the Church Green area of Taunton. His signature "Paine" on a bill for legal services dated September 1770 in the case Hathaway vs. Read. 4" X 6" datelined the bill at the top and dated it. Very bold............................................SOLD

 

30822A - DEWITT CLINTON, DeWitt Clinton (March 2, 1769 - February 11, 1828) the sixth Governor of New York. In this last capacity he was largely responsible for the construction of the Erie Canal. Clinton was the leader of New York's People's Party, and was a major rival of Martin van Buren, who was attorney general of New York during Clinton's governorship. According to Daniel Walker Howe (2007) Clinton is an authentic but largely forgotten hero of American democracy. Howe explains, "The infrastructure he worked to create would transform American life, enhancing economic opportunity, political participation, and intellectual awareness." His signature on a City of New York large check dated February 2nd, 1811, 4.5" X 5.5". Extremely fine.....................................................SOLD

 

30823 - LT COLONEL JONATHON POLLARD, REVOLUTIONARY WAR ADC TO GENERAL WILLIAM HEATH, His large signature as ADC in ink, on verso part of letter shows the date as 1777. Pollard was commissioned ADC to General William Heath October 2nd, 1776 until September 1778. Late he served in the Southern theater. He was wounded at the battle of Guilford Court House, and left unconscious on the field. When consciousness returned, discovering that the flies had laid their eggs in his wound, he vigorously removed their larvae with his jackknife................................................SOLD

 

30829 - RARE FRENCH & INDIAN WAR LETTER REGARDING STORES AND PROVISIONS BEING SHIPPED FOR THE 1755 EXPEDITION AGAINST CROWN POINT, DS, 1 page, 7.5" X 12.25", no date but content places it at 1755. Signed by John Nott a Connecticut sea Captain attesting that his statement concerning the shipment of stores and provisions was accurate. The order concerns goods being shipped by the Colony of Connecticut for the 1755 expedition against the French at Crown Point by British and Colonial troops. He states that this was a true copy of the order given to him by Jabez Hamlin. Jabez Hamlin was a wealthy businessman, later Mayor of Middletown, Connecticut. Middletown, Connecticut was the official port of entry on the Connecticut River. Hamlin had contracted Nott to transport provisions and stores being supplied by the Colony of Connecticut from Middletown through New York and up the Hudson River to Albany. Later during the Revolutionary War Hamlin supplied lead for bullets and other provisions to the Continental Army. Nott details Hamlin's order to him, "Sir you being commander of the Sloop Ester by me chartered to transport the provisions and stores belonging to the Colony of Connecticut for the service for the intended expedition to Crown Point from hence to Albany in the province of New York, your orders and instructions from me are as follows: You are to sail from hence with the first wind and weather and may the best of your way to New York and if you want a pilot on any part of the way you are to procure one at the most reasonable terms you can and when you arrive at New York you are to wait on the officers of the customs and let them know you are employed by this Colony to transport provisions for the use of the forces raised in this Colony for the intended expedition against Crown Point and that pursuance of a letter from the Hon. James Delancy Esq. Lieut. Gov. and Commander in Chief of the Province of New York to the Hon. Thomas Fitch Esq. Governor of the Colony of Connecticut it is the just expectation of this Colony that the provision vessels and stores shall be exempt from duties and if you shall have occasion for a pilot upriver you are to in a suitable manner to make application to the Honorable James Delancy Esq. Gov. and Commander in chief of said province and let him know in pursuance of his letter to Governor Fitch it is the expectation of this Colony that pilot will be provided fo ryou and when you arrive at the City of Albany you are to pay your compliments to the officers of customers there and let them know your business and I presume no customs or duties will be required of you. You are directed to deliver the provisions and stores to Elihu Lyman Esq. who is appointed commissary of the stores for this Colony. In the occasion of his absence to some other person who will sustain office. always observing to whom you shall deliver any articles or articles which Rect. You Pre to return to me in order to the taking up or concealing your bill of loading and in order that the expenses of the expedition may be fairly kept and adjusted and you are to continue Pt. Albany until you have further orders from me or some other person authorized for that purpose; and in case you should be any means disabled [which God forbid] for executing these orders then in such a case M. Buck Mister Brintnail your mate is take upon him the care and charge of the sloop and the stores and to conduct himself in every respect in conformity to the foregoing orders and instructions. Wishing success to the enterprise and that health and happiness may attend yourself and company. I subscribe your friend and humble servant"...below John Nott affirms that this was his official orders..."The above is a true copy of my orders from Jabez Hamlin Esq. as witness my hand." Marching north into French territory, in August 1755 General William Johnson renamed Lac du Saint-Sacrement to Lake George in honor of his king. On 8 September 1755, Johnson's forces held their ground in the Battle of Lake George. Johnson was wounded by a ball that was to remain in his hip or thigh for the rest of his life. [Hendrick Theyanoguin, Johnson's Mohawk ally, was killed in the battle, and Baron Dieskau, the French commander, was captured. Johnson prevented the Mohawk from killing the wounded Kieskau, a compassionate rescue that would become famous in paintings of the event. The battle brought an end to the expedition against Crown Point, and so Johnson built Fort William Henry at Lake George. Extremely rare French & Indian War content. Some age tone, marginal chips, dark and bold ink, firm paper......................................SOLD

30830 - JOHN MORTON SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, 7" X 12", DS, the document was executed in the 7th year of George the III's reign which would make it out to be August 9, 1767. John Morton signed at the bottom that this was a true copy of the original. John Morton (1725 - April 1, 1777) was a farmer, surveyor, and jurist from the Province of Pennsylvania. As a delegate to the Continental Congress during the American Revolution, he provided the swing vote that allowed Pennsylvania to vote in favor of the United States Declaration of Independence. Morton signed the Declaration and chaired the committee that wrote the Articles of Confederation. Morton was elected to the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly in 1756. The following year he was also appointed justice of the peace, an office he held until 1764. He served as a delegate to the Stamp Act Congress in 1765. He resigned from the Assembly in 1766 to serve as sheriff of Chester County. He returned ot the Assembly in 1769 and was elected Speaker in 1775. Meanwhile, his judicial career reached its pinnacle with his appointment as an associate justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania in 1774. Morton was elected to the First Continental Congress in 1774 and the Second Continental Congress in 1775. He cautiously helped move Pennsylvania towards independence, though he opposed the radical Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776. When in June 1776, Congress began the debate on a resolution of independence, the Pennsylvania delegation was split, with Benjamin Franklin and James Wilson in favor of declaring independence, and John Dickinson and Robert Morris opposed. Morton was uncommitted until July 1, when he sided with Franklin and Wilson. When the final vote was taken on July 2, Dickinson and Morris abstained, allowing the Pennsylvania delegation to support the resolution of independence without dissent. Morton signed the Declaration on August 2 with most of the other delegates. Morton was chairman of the committee that wrote the Articles of Confederation, although he died, probably from tuberculosis, before the Articles were ratified. He was the first signer of the Declaration of Independence to die. Archival tape on the reverse at one fold, otherwise fine, bold signature....................................................................SOLD

 

30831 - THOMAS SALISBURY JR. RHODE ISLAND PRIVATE SERVING IN COLONEL JOHN TOPHAM REGIMENT GETS HIS ARMY PAY DUE AND TRANSFERS IT TO HIS FATHER, 8" X 13" pre-printed and filled-in large certificate of transfer of money due Thomas Salisbury amounting to 33 Pounds, 17 Shillings, and three pence for service in the late State Regiment commanded by Colonel John Topham, dated June 12th, 1792 at Saratoga, NY. This document gave his Father Thomas Salisbury, Sr. the right to claim this money and any additional money and interest due Thomas Salisbury Jr. Printed by the State of Rhode Island and based on acts of the legislature in 1785. Thomas Jr was not in the state to collect his money due so this document allowed his Father to claim such money for him. A much scarcer post-war payment for services in the Continental Army that the more common Connecticut documents. Very fine....................................................SOLD

 

30833 - ARTHUR ST. CLAIR, AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, Signature in ink, matted with color picture in uniform. By the mid-1770's, St. Clair considered himself more of an American than a British subject. In January 1776, he accepted a commission in the Continental Army as a colonel of the 3rd Pennsylvania Regiment. He first saw service in the later days of the Quebec invasion, where he saw action in the Battle of Trois-Rivières. He was appointed a brigadier general in August 1776, and was sent by Gen. George Washington to help organize the New Jersey militia. He took part in Washington's crossing of the Delaware River on Christmas night 1776, before the Battle of Trenton. Many biographers credit St. Clair with the strategy which led to Washington's capture of Princeton, New Jersey in the following days. It was shortly after this that St. Clair was promoted to Major General. In April 1777, St. Clair was sent to defend Fort Ticonderoga. His small garrison could not resist British Gen. John Burgoyne's larger force in the Saratoga Campaign. St. Clair was forced to retreat at the Siege of Fort Ticonderoga on July 5, 1777. He withdrew his forces and played no further part in the campaign. In 1778 he was court-martialed for the loss of Ticonderoga. The court exonerated him and he returned to duty, although he was no longer given any battlefield commands. He still saw action, however, as an aide-de-camp to General Washington, who retained a high opinion of him. St. Clair was at Yorktown when Lord Cornwallis surrendered his army. Scarce signature................................................SOLD

 

30834 - SIR CHARLES SAXTON, BRITISH NAVY, COMMANDED THE BRITISH MAN OF WAR INVINCIBLE IN 1781 OFF CHESAPEAKE BAY DURING THE BATTLE OF THE SECOND VIRGINIA CAPES, 7" X 7" partially printed and filled-in document dated March 20th, 1797 paying a sailor on His Majesty's ship PRINCE as Commissioner of the British Navy. Choice condition, was Captain of the British frigate Invincible during the Second Battle of the Virginia capes in 1781. He later became commissioner of the British Navy in 1797. The Battle of the Chesapeake, also known as the Battle of the Virginia Capes or simply the Battle of the Capes, was a crucial naval battle in the American War of Independence that took place near the mouth of Chesapeake Bay on 5 September 1781, between a British fleet led by Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Graves and a French fleet led by Rear Admiral Francois Joseph Paul, comte de Grasse. The battle was tactically inconclusive but strategically a major defeat for the British, since it prevented the Royal Navy from reinforcing or evacuating the blockaded forces of General Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown, Virginia. It also prevented British interference with the transport of French and Continental Army troops and provisions to Yorktown via Chesapeake Bay. As a result, Cornwallis surrendered his army after the Siege of Yorktown. The major consequence of Cornwallis's surrender was the beginning of negotiations that eventually resulted in peace and British recognition of the independent United States of America....NICE Naval document signed...................................... SOLD

30836 - PAYMENT FOR SERVING IN GENERAL SPENCER'S ILL FATED EXPEDITION IN 1777, 1.5" X 6", manuscript receipt dated October 25th, 1777 showing receipt of 2 Pounds, 7 shillings paid by Captain Benjamin Wilcox to John Smith on the account of Micah Wood for service in General Spencer's Expedition. Signed by John Smith. General Spencer organized an expedition of about nine thousand State troops against the enemy at Newport, and on October 26, 1777, attempted a forward movement, but the weather and failure of one brigade to report in time caused miscarriage of the plan. Jonathan Trumbull, in a letter dated December 2, 1777, to General Washington, wrote the following relative to the affair: "The expedition to Newport hath unhappily failed. An Inquiry hath been made into the reasons. General Spencer was exculpated. A Brigadier Palmer failed in his duty. The enemy was meditating an attack on Bedford, and had actually embarked troops, which were prevented by this." An interesting document on the attack on Rhode Island that failed in 1777...................................SOLD

30838 - GENERAL FREDRICH VON STEUBEN, AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, Autograph note written and signed by Von Steuben dated January the 25th [no date] requesting that $50 be sent to him by the bearer by check. The note is addressed to Benjamin Walker who was ADC to VON STEUBEN AND GEORGE WASHINGTON during the Revolutionary War and at the time of the writing of this note [1791-94] Navy Collector of Customs in New York appointed to that position by Washington. Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin von Steuben; September 17, 1730 - November 28, 1794), also referred to as the Baron von Steuben, was a Prussian-born military officer who served as inspector general and Major General of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He is credited with being one of the fathers of the Continental Army in teaching them the essentials of military drills, tactics, and disciplines. [2] He wrote the Revolutionary War Drill Manual, the book that served as the standard United States drill manual until the War of 1812. He served as General George Washington's chief of staff in the final years of the war. Extremely desirable and scarce.......................................................SOLD

 

30840 - BENJAMIN TALLMADGE, GENERAL WASHINGTON'S CHIEF OF INTELLIGENCE, Dated at Hartford, CT., February 20th, 1789, pre-printed and filled-in document measuring 3.75" X 7", a receipt for 34 Pounds, 17 Shillings, and 1 pence in lawful state notes being the interest on seven state notes amounting to over 580 Pounds. Signed in ink by Benjamin Tallmadge. In extremely fine condition with a bold signature B. Tallmadge. Tallmadge was a major in the 2nd Continental Light Dragoons. He was initially commissioned on June 20, 1776. Eventually, he was promoted to the rank of colonel and became the chief intelligence officer for George Washington. He organized the Culper Spy Ring based out of New York City and Long Island during the American Revolutionary War, which is rumored to have revealed the betrayal of Benedict Arnold, though this is disputed. There is actually very little evidence to prove that Tallmadge had heard from a spy in New York City about the Arnold-André plot. However, it would have been easy for Tallmadge to suspect that Arnold was up to no good, since Arnold had arranged to meet Anderson (Major John André's alias at the time) and Anderson was carrying military secrets back to New York City. The only thing Tallmadge could do was to persuade Jameson to recall Lieutenant Allen who was already on his way to deliver the prisoner André into Arnold's custody. However, Tallmadge was unable to dissuade Jameson from informing Arnold of Major André's arrest. Tallmadge's suspicion of Arnold's treachery may not have been strong enough as Jameson later reported in a letter to Washington that neither Tallmadge nor other officers he consulted raised any objections to sending lieutenant Allen with a message to Arnold saying André was now in Jameson's custody. After Benedict Arnold's British contact, John André, was caught, he was taken to North Castle, where the commander, Colonel Jameson, ordered his Lieutenant, Allen, to take a note and the incriminating documents found with André to their commander, Benedict Arnold, at West Point. Tallmadge, suspecting André to be a spy, and Benedict Arnold to be his accomplice, tried to have Jameson reverse his orders. He was unsuccessful, but did convince Jameson to send a rider and take Andre to Salem, eight miles east of the Hudson River, and to send the documents to George Washington. Lt. Allen was still to report to Benedict Arnold with Jameson's note outlining the events. Later, Jameson was chastised by Washington for warning Arnold and allowing his escape. André was placed in Tallmadge's custody until André's execution. On November 21, 1780, Tallmadge and his dragoons rowed across the Long Island Sound from Fairfield, Connecticut to Mt. Sinai, New York. The next day they proceeded to the south shore where they captured and burned down Manor St. George, which the British turned into a fort, and captured the soldiers within. Scarce Chief of Intelligence for George Washington.........................................................SOLD

 

30842 - JONATHON TRUMBULL THE YOUNGER, REVOLUTIONARY WAR COLONEL, WAS ON WASHINGTON'S STAFF, SON OF GOVERNOR JONATHON TRUMBULL, Letter signed by Trumbull dated April 4th, 1777 addressed to Jeremiah Wadsworth who was Commissary General of the Continental Army. Later Wadsworth was Commissary General for Rochambeau's Army. He relates..."Lebanon, CT, April 4th, 1777, Mr. Vath Durkee the bearer Quarter Master of Colonel Swift's Battalion is charged with a quantity of clothing for said battalion. You will afford him proper assistance for transporting same. Your humble Servant, Jonth, Trumbull." 5" X 7", Trumbull Jonathan, Jr. (brother of Joseph Trumbull), a Representative and a Senator from Connecticut; born in Lebanon, CT, March 26, 1740; graduated from Harvard College in 1759; member, State legislature 1774-1775, 1779-1780, 1788, and served as speaker of the house in 1788; served in the Continental Army as a paymaster; comptroller of the treasury 1778-1779; appointed secretary and aide-de-camp to General George Washington in 1781 and served on his staff through Yorktown; elected to the First, Second, and Third Congresses (March 4, 1789 - March 3, 1795); did not seek reelection, having become a candidate for Senator; Speaker of the House of Representatives, Second Congress; elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1795 to June 10, 1796, when he resigned; lieutenant governor of Connecticut from 1796 until the death of the Governor in December 1797, when he became the Governor; was reelected for eleven consecutive terms, and served from 1797 until his nice war dated document................................................. SOLD

30845 - SIR JOHN VAUGHAN, BRITISH REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, Following the outbreak of the American War of Independence Vaughan returned to North America as a Major-General, serving from 1776 until 1779. He led the grenadiers at the Battle of Long Island, and was wounded in the thigh; he commanded a column in the Battle of Short Hills, New Jersey, in July 1777, and he commanded a column during the successful assault on Fort Clinton and Fort Montgomery, where his horse was killed under him. In 1779, he returned to England but was immediately appointed Commander-in-Chief in the Leeward Islands; he served in the West Indies from 1779 until 1782, taking a leading part in Rodney's Capture of St. Eustatius in 1781. Later in the year he was accused of embezzling the property confiscated at St. Eustatius, and was forced to defend himself against Burke's attack in Parliament, stating that he had not profited by a shilling and had always acted in the national interest rather than his own. He was promoted to Lieutenant General in 1781. His huge ink signature on a 1781 military document, 8" X 10"............................................SOLD

30850 - THE OLD NORTH CHURCH, BOSTON, A 1" X 1/2" small section of hardwood that originated from a beam in the old North Church in Boston on the original 1984 card with provenance by an old autograph dealer Paul Hartunian. "One by Land, Two by Sea," was the code used by the sextant of the Old North Church on the night of April 18th, 1775 to signal Paul Revere by lanterns to warn of the British advance on Lexington & Concord. Revere waited on the Charlestown shore and when the signal was seen Revere and associates rode through the countryside giving warning. By morning the minutemen were on the march towards Lexington. Only have one available..............................................SOLD

31008 - AARON BURR, Aaron Burr, Jr. (February 6, 1765 - September 14, 1836) was the third Vice President of the United States under President Thomas Jefferson. After serving as a Continental Army office in the Revolutionary War, Burr became a successful lawyer and politician. He was elected twice to the New York State Assembly (1784 - 1785, 1798 - 1799), was appointed New York State Attorney General (1789 - 1791), was chosen as a United States Senator (1791 - 1797) from the state of New York, and reached the apex of his career as Vice President of the United States (1801 - 1805). The highlight of Burr's tenure as President of the Senate (one of his few official duties as Vice President) was the Senate's first impeachment trial, of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase. In 1804, the last full year of his single term as Vice President, Burr killed his political rival Alexander Hamilton in a duel. Burr was never tried for the illegal duel and all charges against him were eventually dropped. The death of Hamilton, however, ended Burr's political career. President Jefferson dropped him from the ticket for the 1804 presidential election, and he never held office again. After leaving Washington, Burr traveled west seeking new opportunities, both economic and political. His activities eventually led to his arrest on charges of treason in 1807. Although the subsequent trial resulted in acquittal, Burr's western schemes had left him with large debts and few influential friends. In a final quest for grand opportunities, he left the United States for Europe. He remained overseas until 1812, when he returned to the United States and to the practice of law in New York City. There he spent the remainder of his long life in relative obscurity. A SHORT NOTE DATED Monday the 14th no year discussing having dinner after 3 and signed with initials AB. Nicely matted with engraving, light age tone, scarce......................................................SOLD

31009 - COLONEL ZEBULON BUTLER, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, WYOMING VALLEY MASSACRE, 3" X 7", manuscript certifying that William White was a soldier in the 6th Connecticut and was in service before the 1st day of January 1780. Signed as Colonel ["Zeb Butler Col."] at Camp July 20th, 1781 while in command of the 4th Connecticut. Zebulon Butler (1731 - July 28, 1795) was a soldier and politician from Connecticut who served during the American Revolutionary War. He represented the Wyoming Valley in the Connecticut Assembly. On January 1, 1777, he was made lieutenant colonel of the 3rd Connecticut Regiment of the Continental Army. He commanded the garrison of Forty Fort in the Wyoming Valley. His most famous action was his defeat at the Battle of Wyoming, in which he lost 340 men while attacking a superior force estimated at 574 Loyalists and Iroquois under the command of Loyalist Colonel John Butler. The Battle of Wyoming was an encounter during the American Revolutionary War between American Patriots and Loyalists accompanied by Iroquois raider that took place in the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania on July 3, 1778. More than three hundred Patriots were killed in a battle. After the battle allegations circulated that the Iroquois raiders hunted and killed fleeing Patriots before torturing to death thirty to forty who had surrendered. Matted with color copy of the Chappel painting of the Massacre.........................................................SOLD

31011 - GENERAL GEORGE CLINTON, VICE PRESIDENT UNDER JEFFERSON AND MADISON, 8" X 10" letter signed in March 1791 as Governor of New York regarding some affairs dealing with the City of New York. George Clinton was one of the most powerful men in New York at the time of the American war for independence, a Revolutionary War hero and longtime governor who ended his life serving as the vice president for both Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Born in colonial New York, he fought in the French and Indian Wars with the British and their allies and participated in the capture of Montreal (1760). In his home county of Ulster, New York he practiced law, was a surveyor and land speculator and entered politics before he was 30, elected the New York Assembly in 1768. Clinton served with the rebels in the Revolutionary War as George Washington's best hope to keep the British form seizing the Hudson River and cutting New England from the southern colonies. He lost the honor of signing the Declaration of Independence as Washington had sent him to take charge of the defenses of the Hudson Highlands in July 1776. Brig General March 1777. Clinton served in the Continental Congress (1775 - 76) and as governor for New York for a long time, from 1777 to 1795, then again from 1801 - 04. He opposed ratification of the Constitution, but he lost that battle and New York joined the new federation. Picked by the Democratic - Republicans in 1804 to be vice president under Thomas Jefferson, Clinton was, by all accounts, too old and too uninterested in his duties -- he spent most of his time at his home in New York. Nonetheless, he was angered by Jefferson's choice of James Madison as successor to the presidency. Clinton took the consolation prize of Madison's vice president, elected in 1808, but didn't attend Madison's inauguration and stubbornly opposed the president's policies. Clinton was the first vice president to die in office, at the age of 72 in 1812. Bold signature...............................................................SOLD

31012 - TENCH COXE, BRITISH OFFICER, ARRESTED, PAROLED, JOINED THE PATRIOT CAUSE, Coxe was initially a Loyalist during the American Revolution when he left the Pennsylvania militia in 1776 and joined the British Army under General Howe in 1777. He was later arrested, paroled, and joined the patriot cause and supported the new government. He became a Whig, and began a long political career. In 1786, he was sent to the Annapolis Convention, and in 1788 to the Continental Congress. He next became a Federalist. A proponent of industrialization during the early years of the United States, Coxe co-authored the famous Report on Manufactures (1791) with Alexander Hamilton and provided much of the statistical data. He had been appointed Assistant Secretary of the Treasury on September 11, 1789 under Alexander Hamilton provided much of the statistical data. He had been appointed Assistant Secretary of the Treasury on September 11, 1789 under Alexander Hamilton when Hamilton was Secretary of the Treasury. Coxe also headed a group called the Manufacturing Society of Philadelphia. He was appointed revenue commissioner by President George Washington on June 30, 1792, and served until removed by President John Adams. Large signature in ink matted with engraving........................................SOLD

31014 - GENERAL HENRY DEARBORN, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, SECRETARY OF WAR UNDER JEFFERSON, When fighting in the American Revolutionary War began, he organized and led a local militia troop of 60 men to Boston where he fought at the Battle of Bunker Hill as a captain in Colonel John Stark's First New Hampshire Regiment. He then volunteered to serve under Benedict Arnold during the difficult American expedition to Quebec. His journal is an important record for that campaign. He was captured on December 31, 1775, during the Battle of Quebec and detained for a year. He was released on parole in May 1776, but he was not exchanged until March 1777. After fighting at Ticonderoga, Freeman's Farm and Saratoga, Dearborn joined George Washington's main army at Valley Forge as a lieutenant colonel where he spent the winter of 1777-1778. He fought at the Battle of Monmouth in 1778, and in 17779, he accompanied Major General John Sullivan on the Sullivan Expedition against the Iroquois in upstate New York. During the winter of 1778-1779, he was encamped at what is now Putnam Memorial State Park in Redding, Connecticut. Dearborn joined Washington's staff in 1781 as deputy quartermaster general with the rank of colonel, and was present when Cornwallis surrendered after the Battle of Yorktown. During the War of 1812, while Dearborn prepared plans for simultaneous assaults on Montreal, Kingston, Fort Niagara, and Amherstburg, the execution was imperfect. Some scholars believe that he did not move quickly enough to provide sufficient troops to defend Detroit. William Hull, without firing a shot, surrendered the city to British General Isaac Brock. Although Dearborn had minor successes at the capture of York (now Toronto) on April 27, 1813, and at the capture of Fort George on May 27, 1813, his command was, for the most part, ineffective. He was recalled from the frontier on July 6, 1813, and reassigned to an administrative command in New York City. Dearborn was honorably discharged from the army on June 15, 1815. His bold ink signature as Secretary of War, matted with engraving......................................................SOLD

31025 - COLONEL JOSEPH HABERSHAM, GEORGIA REVOLUTIONARY WAR COLONEL, POSTMASTER TO WASHINGTON AND ADAMS, (July 28, 1751 - November 17, 1815) was an American businessman, Georgia politician, soldier in the Continental Army, and Postmaster General of the United States. Born in Savannah, Georgia, to James Habersham and Mary Bolton, he attended preparatory schools and Princeton College and became successful merchant and planter. He returned to Georgia to aid in organizing the "Liberty Boys" as the Revolution approached. With other patriots, he organized the Council of Safety at Tondee's Tavern, June 27, 1775. On January 17, 1776, leading a small group, he captured and placed under guard Sir James Wright, British Colonial Governor. With Captain Brown, he commanded the first commissioned vessel of the Revolution. He was a member of the council of safety and the Georgia Provincial Council in 1775 and a major of a battalion of Georgia militiamen and subsequently a colonel in the 1st Georgia Regiment of the Continental Army. He took part in the Franco-American attack on Savannah on October 9th, 1779. He had to resign from the army after he served as Lachlan McIntosh's second in the controversial duel that killed Button Gwinnett. He and his brothers, James Jr. and John, were active in Georgia politics. Some older references state that Joseph was a delegate to the Confederation Congress in 1785, but this may stem from confusion with his brother John, who was a delegate at that time. [1] Joseph served as Speaker of the Georgia House in 1785 and was a member of the Georgia convention in 1788 that ratified the U.S. Constitution. [2] He served as mayor of Savannah from 1792 to 1793 and then was appointed Postmaster General by President George Washington in 1795 and served until the beginning of Thomas Jefferson's administration in 1801. When Habersham created the office of first assistant postmaster-general in 1799, Abraham Bradley, Jr. was appointed to the office. In 1802, Bradley named one of his sons, Joseph Habersham Bradley (later a notable Washington, D.C. attorney), after his former superior. His signature along with others on a 8" X 10" letter dated at Savannah March 11th, 1802 regarding leasing a piece of ground. With period steel engraving. LS................................................. SOLD

31028 - BENJAMIN HARRISON, SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, Document signed on verso by Benjamin Harrison, Rockingham County, Virginia, February 23rd, 1797, overall 8" X 13", paper seal on front page, a legal document dealing with an estate. Nice bold signature of Benjamin Harrison (April 5, 1726 - April 24, 1791) was an American planter and Revolutionary leader from Charles City County, Virginia. He earned his higher education at the College of William and Mary, and he was perhaps the first figure in the Harrison family to gain national attention. Harrison was a representative for Surry County, Virginia, (1756-1758) and Charles City County (1766-1776) to the House of Burgesses. He was a Virginia delegate to the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1777 and, during the Second Continental Congress, was a signer of the Declaration of Independence. John Adams in his diary recalled Harrison as having said that he was so eager to participate in the Continental Congress "he would have come on foot." Adams also commented that "Harrison's contributions and many pleasantries steadied rough sessions." Harrison served frequently as Chairman of the Committee of the Whole in the Continental Congress, presided over the final debates on an independence resolution offered by Virginia delegate Richard Henry Lee, and presided as well as over the final debates and amendments to the Declaration itself. On June 28, 1776, Jefferson's draft including initial alterations of a Declaration of Independence was reported to Congress by the Committee of Five charged with the initial drafting; Congress then "laid it on the table". The Congress resolved on July 1 that the Declaration be considered by the Committee of the Whole. Having further amended the Declaration on July 2 and 3, the Committee adopted the Declaration in final form on Thursday, July 4; Harrison duly reported this to the Congress, and delivered to Congress a final reading of the Declaration. The Declaration was then unanimously agreed upon and Congress resolved to have the Declaration engrossed and signed by those present, which signing took place on August 2, 1776. Harrison was also a member of the Committee of Secret Correspondence for the Congress. Harrison served as the fifth Governor of Virginia from 1781 to 1784. Very light age tone, trifle archival repair to verso, paper is crisp...........................................SOLD

31029 - BENJAMIN HARRISON, SON OF BENJAMIN HARRISON THE SIGNER, OLDER BROTHER OF WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, AND GRANDFATHER OF PRESIDENT BENJAMIN HARRISON, REVOLUTIONARY WAR VIRGINIA DOCUMENT, February 7th, 1783, manuscript affidavit signed by Benjamin Harrison as a docket attesting that George Wily had served in the 1st Virginia Regiment from August 10th, 1776 [in the post of Sergeant Major] until September 10th, 1779. Signed by Callohill Mennis Captain. 7" X 8" manuscript. Harrison was a Captain in the Revolutionary War and paymaster of Virginia troops. George Wiley [1756-1806] had an extensive military record [data included]. Virginia Revolutionary War military documents are rare. Some stains at bottom, bold manuscript, bold signature of Harrison......................................................SOLD

31031 - GENERAL WILLIAM HEATH, REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, NEARLY TRAPPED THE BRITISH AFTER LEXINGTON AND CONCORD, In December 1774, the Revolutionary Government in Massachusetts named him a brigadier general. He commanded Massachusetts forces during the last stage of the Battle of Lexington and Concord in April 1775 and nearly trapped the British on their retreat. As the siege of Boston began, Heath devoted himself to training the militia involved in the siege. In June of that year, Massachusetts named him a major general in the state troops, and the Continental Congress made him a brigadier general in the new national army, the Continental Army. In 1776 Heath participated in the defense of New York City, and was one of those who urged General Washington not to abandon the city. He saw action at Long Island, Harlem Heights, and White Plains. In August 1776, he was promoted ot major general in the Continental Army, but Washington had doubts about Heath's abilities and posted him where no action was expected. In November he was placed in command of forces in the Hudson River Highlands. In January 1777, Washington instructed Heath to attack Fort Independence in New York in support of Washington's actions at Trenton and Princeton, but Heath's attack was botched and his troops were routed. He was censured by Washington and thereafter was never given command of troops in action. General Heath was placed in charge of the Convention Army of John Burgoyne's surrendered troops after the Battle of Saratoga. In 1780, he returned to command the Highland Department after Benedict Arnold's treason. A large signature dated April 1778 at Boston as Major General which was part of a military document. A scarce War dated signature as Major General, light stains.........................................................................SOLD

31032 - FRANCIS HOPKINSON, SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, (September 21, 1737 - May 9, 1791), an American author, was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence as a delegate from New Jersey. He later served as a federal judge in Pennsylvania. He played a key role in the design of the first American flag. He resigned his crown-appointed positions in 1776 and, on June 22, went on to represent New Jersey in the Second Continental Congress where he signed the Declaration of Independence. He departed the Congress on November 30, 1776 to serve on the Navy Board at Philadelphia. As part of the fledgling nation's government, he was treasurer of the Continental Loan Office 1778; appointed judge of the Admiralty Court of Pennsylvania in 1779 and reappointed in 1780 and 1787; and helped ratify the Constitution during the constitutional convention in 1787. On September 24, 1789, he was nominated by President George Washington to the newly created position of judge of the United States Senate, and received his commission, on September 26, 1789. FRANCIS HOPKINSON, Signer of the Declaration of Independence from Pennsylvania. November 12th, 1779, partially printed document signed, "F Hopkinson", as Treasurer of Loans, being a Continental Loan Office bill of exchange, measuring 4.25" X 8.25," Choice extremely fine. This form is denominated for $36 and payable in 180 Livres Tournois at Paris. This bill of exchange is for an interest payment on a Royal French Revolutionary War loan arranged by Benjamin Franklin from the French King, for funding the Continental Congress. This particular certificate was issued for Massachusetts Bay. Hopkinson's bold brown signature measures a huge, nearly 3.0" long. Paper is fresh and attractive..................................................SOLD

11170 - MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY 1756, A FISHERMAN SUES FOR WAGES DUE, 7" X 8" pre-printed and filled in court document outlining the charges by Nathaniel Canis a fisherman who claimed for wages not paid while working on Captain John Machette's schooner. The judgment dated March 10th, 1756 awarded him 16 pounds. Paper seal attached, impressed PINE TREE SEAL at lower left corner. Very bold manuscript and a sharp PINE TREE SEAL. Very fine, dated at Salem, Mass..................................SOLD


11172 - STATE OF CONNECTICUT, PAYMENTS BY THE STATE, 1785, 1786, 1787, 1790
, A group of four State of Connecticut financial documents all paying for debts of the State. Three of the documents are 3.5" X 5", the other slightly larger, all cancelled as usual. Condition of all is fine, an inexpensive grouping of post Revolution documents from Connecticut..................
SOLD

9031 - CAPTAIN ODEL CLOSE, 9TH CONNECTICUT, dated June 28th, 1781, manuscript pay voucher for 22 pounds, 16 shillings, for his service in the Continental Army. 4.5" X 6.5", served in the 9th Regiment of Militia at New York in 1776 as a Lt. in Captain Mead's Company and under General Wooster 1776 - 77 after the Battle of White Plains in October 1776. Countersigned by Samuel Wyllys who served as a Colonel in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment at the siege of Boston and at Bunker Hill under General Spencer in 1775. Very fine................................................SOLD

9041 - LT. ZACHEUS BUTLER [ZACHARIAH], August 4th, 1781. 4.5" X 6", payment to Butler 12 pounds 10 shillings in the bills of the State. Butler served in the Light Horse Militia in NY in 1776, countersigned by Sam Wyllys. Samuel Wyllys who served as a Colonel in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment at the siege of Boston and at Bunker Hill under General Spencer in 1775. Very fine...................................... SOLD

81800 - WASHINGTON'S LIFE GUARDS 1779 - 1783, Headquarters, New Windsor [CT], March 3rd, 1781. 7" X 8" manuscript document written and signed by Lt. Com. William Colfax Commander in Chief Guard [Washington's Life Guard] giving an order for notes to be placed in the hands of Diah Manning for the depreciation of pay from 1777 to 1st of August 1780 for three soldiers in the Life Guard, Levy Deane, Elihu Hancock, and Frederick Parks. Colfax states that the signatures on the document are those of the three men signed above him. Parks was listed as a fifer, Manning a drummer, and the other two mentioned Privates. Accompanying the affidavit is a printed Pay Table of Connecticut document paying Frederick Parks 5 pounds, four shillings, 11 pence for his service due him on January 1780. Diah Manning signs receiving the funds due Parks. Two documents, four soldiers of the Guard sign as well as the Commander of the Guard Colfax. Extremely rare, choice condition.................................................SOLD

The Commander-in-Chief's Guard was authorized on 11 March 1776 and organized the next day at Cambridge, Massachusetts. The purpose of the unit was to protect General Washington as well as the money and official papers of the Continental Army. General Washington directed the formation of a "corps of sober, intelligent, and reliable men." Despite its impressive unit designation and its important mission, "wrote military historian Mark Boatner, the Guard "appears to have been nothing more than what today would be called a headquarters security detachment." The unit was initially created by selecting four men from each Continental Army regiment present at the siege of Boston. Washington's general order on 11 March outlined the type of men he hoped to recruit: The General being desirous of selecting a particular number of men, as a Guard for himself, and baggage, The Colonel, or commanding Officer, of each of the established Regiments, (the Artillery and Riflemen excepted) will furnish him with four, that the number wanted may be chosen out of them. His Excellency depends upon the Colonels for good Men, such as they can recommend for their sobriety, honesty, and good behavior; he wishes them to be from five feet, eight inches high, to five feet, ten inches; handsomely and well made, and as there is nothing in his eyes more desirable, than Cleanliness in a Soldier, he desires that particular attention may be made, in the choice of such men, as are neat, and spruce. They are all to be at Head Quarters to morrow precisely at twelve, at noon, when the Number wanted will be fixed upon. The General neither wants men with uniforms, or arms, nor does he desire any man to be sent to him, that is not perfectly willing, and desirous, of being of this guard. They should be drilled men. The strength of the unit was usually 180 men, although this was temporarily increased to 250 during the winter of 1779-80, when the army was encamped at Morristown, New Jersey, in close proximity to the British Army. Because it was an honor to belong to the unit, care was taken to ensure that soldiers from each of the 13 states were represented in the Guard. Major Caleb Gibbs of Rhode Island was the first commander of the Guard, and was given the title of captain commandant. Gibbs was succeeded in 1779 by William Colfax.

8000 - COLONIAL LOUISIANA RELATED, PASSPORT ISSUED DURING THE REIGN OF LOUIS XIV, SIGNED BY HIS MINISTER LOUIS PHILYPAEUX, COMTE DE PONTCHARTRAIN AND THE SON OF LOUIS XIV, LOUIS ALEXANDER DE BOURBON, COUNT DE TOULOUSE, September 29th, 1710, 3 pages, 9.5" X 14", pre-printed and filled in Passport for a sea captain David Drummond to travel from the port of Nantes in France to Ireland and back bringing specified produce. The passport is noted as assigned "Par le Roy" or for the king Louis XIV by his minister Louis Phélypeaux also known as the Count de Maurepas and Count de Pontchartrain. As Minister of Marine Lake Pontchartrain above New Orleans was named for him. Lake Maurepas adjacent to Lake Ponchartrain was also named after one of his titles [Comte de Maurepas].

The document is also signed by the son of Louis XIV Louis Alexandre de Bourbon as Vice Admiral. Fort Toulouse in French Colonial Alabama was named in his honor.

Two important signatures of personalities close to Louis XIV and relating to the early French Colonization of Mobile and Louisiana. Very fine........................... SOLD

32219 - PAY ORDER PAYING JOHN SPENCER FOR BRINGING TO CONNECTICUT THE NEWS OF THE VICTORY AT YORKTOWN SIGNED BY GOVERNOR JONATHAN TRUMBALL, State of Connecticut, Lebanon, CT., November 1st, 1781. 5" X 8" manuscript pay voucher written and signed by Governor John Trumball ordering John Spencer to be paid for bringing dispatches from Headquarters in Virginia [Washington's Headquarters] following the American victory at Yorktown [October 19th, 1781]. Spencer was being paid for his trip from Hartford to Lebanon in this voucher. Spencer was a member of Colonel Sheldon's Light Dragoons from 1777 - 1783. General Washington had several dragoons in his Life Guard to both escort him and carry dispatches. John Spencer was also among the list of men who marched from Connecticut towns "for the relief of Boston in the Lexington Alarm in April 1775." He is shown on the list serving six days of service in that alarm. This document is in choice condition and was exhibit at the Herbert Hoover Museum Exhibit in 2002. Research data accompanies this document. A truly historic document.........................SOLD

2094 - FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR RARE DISABILITY CERTIFICATE ISSUED TO A CITIZEN OF WAKEFIELD, CONNECTICUT, Dated April 4th, 1757. Manuscript document 6" X 7.5" written on both sides. The obverse is a description of the disability Joseph Wood of Mansfield has that would prevent him for serving in the military. He suffered from "Epilaptist" and "Hypchoniue" or Epileptic fits which prevents him from doing normal labor and in the opinion of the commissioners it would be reasonable to exclude him from military service or training. It is signed by J. Huntington and Cordial Storrs. On the verso of the document, Colonel Shubael Conant commanding the 5th Regiment Connecticut approves his disability request on April 5th, 1757 in a paragraph signed by him. During this period, the French had been victorious in several important battles and local troops were being inducted into the state militias. June, 1757 William Pitt becomes Prime Minister of England. He plans for the capture of the three most important French forts in North America: Louisbourg, Carillon (Ticonderoga) and Duquesne. The added troops Pitt sent to aid the Colonists were supplemented by Colonial state militias. RARE, some trifle blems..........................................................SOLD

12120 - JOHN ADAMS 2ND PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, FREE FRANK ADDRESSED TO DR. BENJAMIN RUSH IN 1810, John Adams (October 30, 1735 - July 4, 1826) was an American statesman, diplomat and political theorist. A leading champion of independence in 1776, he was the second President of the United States (1797 - 1801). A New England Yankee, he was deeply read and represented Enlightenment values promoting republicanism. A conservative Federalist, he was one of the most influential Founding Fathers of the United States.

Free Frank folded cover addressed to Dr. Benjamin Rush at Philadelphia and franked "J. Adams" manuscript noted sent from Quincy [Mass]. Marked "FREE" by Adams and John Adams' name is noted quite possibly by Rush as the sender vertically to the left of the address.

Benjamin Rush (December 24, 1745 - April 19, 1813), a signer of the Declaration of Independence, was the most celebrated American physician and the leading social reformer of his time. He was a close friend of both John Adams and Thomas Jefferson and corresponded with many of the prominent figures of the revolutionary generation. Rush attended the Continental Congress. He was also a staunch opponent of Gen. George Washington and worked tirelessly to have him removed as the Commander-In-Chief of the Continental Army. Later in life, he became a professor of medical theory and clinical practice at the University of Pennsylvania. Despite having a wide influence on the development of American government, he is not as widely known as many of his American contemporaries. Rush was also an early opponent of slavery and capital punishment. Despite his great contributions to early American society, Rush may be more famous today as the man who, in 1812, helped reconcile the friendship of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams by encouraging the two former Presidents to resume writing to each other.

This cover was sent and signed by Adams during the period Rush was corresponding with Adams working on the reconciliation of Adams and Jefferson. Signatures of Adams are quite rare today even scarcer than Jefferson. Fine..............................SOLD

1303 - PAYMENT FOR SERVICE IN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY, 4.5" X 6", June 1st, 1782. Pre-printed Treasury document for M. Israel Strong who was owed 57 pounds, nine shillings, five pence for his past service in the Connecticut Line of the Continental Army. The debt was to be paid by June 1st, 1787 with interest due annually. Signed by Treasurer Peter Colt thought to be an ancestor of Samuel Colt. Absolutely MINT condition and un-cancelled which is rare to find as such..............................SOLD

32 - THE INDEPENDENT CHRONICLE, April 5th, 1781, Boston, MA. Four pages with handsome masthead, contains a series of important acts approved by JOHN HANCOCK, is preventing trade with the enemies of the United States, punishments for crimes that are against the Public Safety. An excellent account of a sea battle between the French Fleet and the British Fleet listing the ships engaged on both sides and the amount of cannons on board, battle action reports from the South between General Greene and Lord Cornwallis near Guilford Court House in North Carolina, gives the causalities of the battle, more news on the late battles in North Carolina, Lee (Light Horse Harry Lee) wins a cavalry battle, Cornwallis entrenching himself at Hillsborough, much more on the Naval actions along the coast. An excellent late War issue, paper is near mint with a slight trim on page 3/4 affecting the very end of several merchant ads.............................................SOLD

40 - GEORGE CLINTON, (July 26, 1739 - April 20, 1812). An American soldier and politician. He was the first (and longest-serving) elected Governor of New York, and then the Vice President of the United States under Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. He was picked to be Jefferson's running mate in the 1804 Presidential election, replacing Aaron Burr. He served as the fourth Vice President of the United States, first under Jefferson, from 1805 to 1809, and then under James Madison from 1809 until his death of a heart attack in 1812. He was the first Vice President to die in office. 1791 appointment for Henry Staring to become 1st Judge in the County of Herkimer and signed by Clinton as Governor of New York. Exquisite huge 4.5" wax embossed seal of state. These large seals are often found cracked and broken. Document is entirely manuscript and on vellum (10" X 16"), framed overall 20" X 24". Very nice condition, not common........................................SOLD

41 -  PAYMENT FOR A SOLDIER IN THE CONNECTICUT LINE, 1782, Promissory note for payment for a Continental soldier for past wages and to be paid in gold or silver. The soldier was described as being in the Connecticut Line. The certificate was hole cancelled when paid and there are many, many notations as to payments on the back, fine..............................SOLD

55 - THE CONTINENTAL ARMY GUN WAD BIBLE, 7 1/2" by 9 1/2". This is an original leaf (page) from "BIBLIA, DAS 1ST: DIE GANZE GOTTLICHE HEILIGE SCHRIFT ALTEN UND NEUEN TESTAMENTS" (The Holy Bible,...Old and New Testaments in German). Printed by Christopher Saur at Germantown, PA in 1776. Martin Luther's translation. Printer Christopher Saur, Jr. While this edition of some 3,000 copies was at press, war came to Germantown. A bloody battle was fought there with General Howe's Redcoats in October, 1777 resulting in a defeat for the Rebel forces. IN the confusion that followed, Saur, who remained neutral in the conflict with England, was suspected of being a Loyalist and his home and business were confiscated by the U.S. and sold at auction. The sheets of most of the edition (only some 125 Bibles had been bound and sold by 1777) were auctioned in 1778 and eventually were used in the manufacture of cartridges for the muskets of the soldiers of the Continental Army. This edition has ever since been known as the "gun-wad Bible"...1 Leaf.....................................................SOLD

11168 - PROMISSORY NOTE TWICE SIGNED BY ROGER SHERMAN, EARLY COLONIAL, SIGNER OF ALL FOUR IMPORTANT STATE PAPERS OF THE US INCLUDING THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, FOUNDING FATHER, Manuscript promissory note dated at Hartford, CT, December 25th, 1767 for 24 pounds 13 shillings. Sherman notes on the verso that the payment has been made and signs in full "Roger Sherman". Below he adds again that the amount has been paid..."R. Sherman". Roger Sherman (April 19, 1721 - July 23, 1793) was an early American lawyer and politician, as well as a founding father. He served as the first mayor of New Haven, CT, and served on the Committee of Five that drafted the Declaration of Independence, and was also a representative and senator in the new republic. He was the only person to sign all four great state papers of the U.S.: the Continental Association, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution. Thomas Jefferson said of him: "That is Mr. Sherman, of Connecticut, a man who never said a foolish thing in his life." Quite scarce with two separate signatures [Sanders catalogues his signature alone at $575, this document is double signed]..................................................SOLD

11169 - MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY 1756, 7" X 8" pre-printed and filled in court document written at Salem, MA, March 10th, 1756 outlining the case against Jonathan Dodge by Thomas Brown with a judgment of 170 pounds awarded to Brown. Essex County, Massachusetts Bay under George II. Paper seal to top left, impressed PINE TREE seal at the left bottom corner. Some edge fissures, strong manuscript. A scarce early Massachusetts Bay document.................SOLD

101152 - FRANCIS SCOTT KEY, during the War of 1812. Key, accompanied by the American Prisoner Exchange Agent Colonel John Stuart Skinner, dined aboard the British ship HMS Tonnant, as the guests of three British officers: Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane, Rear Admiral Sir George Cockburn, and Major General Robert Ross. Skinner and key were there to negotiate the release of prisoners, one being Dr. William Beanes. Beanes was a resident of Upper Marlboro, Maryland and had been captured by the British after he placed rowdy stragglers under citizen's arrest with a group of men. Skinner, Key, and Beanes were not allowed to return to their own sloop: they had become familiar with the strength an position of the British units and with the British intent to attack Baltimore. As a result of this, Key was unable to do anything but watch the bombarding of the American forces at Fort McHenry during the Battle of Baltimore on the night of September 13 - September 14, 1814. At dawn, Key was able to see an American flag still waving and reported this to the prisoners below deck. On the way back to Baltimore, he was inspired to write a poem describing his experience, "Defence of Fort McHenry", which he published in the Patriot on September 20, 1814. He intended to fit it to the rhythms of composer John Stafford Smith's "To Anacreon in Heaven", a popular tune Key had already used as a setting for his 1805 song "When the Warrior Returns," celebrating U.S. heroes of the First Barbary War. (The earlier song is also the Key's original use of the "star spangled" flag imagery). It has become better known as "The Star Spangled Banner". Under this name, the song was adopted as the American national anthem, first by an Executive Order from President Woodrow Wilson in 1916 (which had little effect beyond requiring military bands to play it) and then by a Congressional resolution in 1931, signed by President Herbert Hoover. Key's signature from the closing of a letter, a small clip adhered to autograph book paper...F.S. Key, trifle separation away from his signature, extremely rare, catalogues $500 as a signature, first one we have ever offered...................................................SOLD

9030 - CAPTAIN ODEL CLOSE, 9TH CONNECTICUT, dated June 28th, 1781. 4.5" X 6.5". Manuscript pay voucher for 5 pounds, 1 shilling, and six pence for his service in the Continental Army, served in the 9th Regiment of Militia at New York in 1776 as a Lt. in Captain Mead's Company and under General Wooster [1776 - 77] after the Battle of White Plains in October 1776. Countersigned by Oliver Wolcott Jr. [Wolcott was a clerk in Connecticut's Office of the Committee on the Pay Table from 1781 to 1782, and a commissioner on that committee from 1782 - 1784. Wolcott was appointed in 1784 as one of the commissioners to mediate claims between the U.S. and the state of Connecticut. After serving as state comptroller of Connecticut from 1788 - 90, he was named auditor of the federal treasury, and became Comptroller of the Treasury in 1791. He was appointed Secretary of the Treasury by George Washington in 1795 to succeed Alexander Hamilton. Very fine..........................................SOLD

9033 - LT. DAVID SPENCER MARCHED IN THE LEXINGTON ALARM IN THE RELIEF OF BOSTON, March 5th, 1781, payment of 46 pounds for his service in the Continental Army. 4.5" X 6.5", Spencer served in the Lexington Alarm from the town of Haddam and served 22 days on his first tour in the army, later in the 1st Regiment Connecticut Line which fought at Germantown and wintered at Valley Forge. Countersigned by Jedediah Huntington who was Revolutionary War General. He graduated at Harvard in 1763, joined the American army at Cambridge, became a brigadier general in 1777, and took part in many important engagements until the close of the war, when he was brevetted major general in 1783. He was one of the organizers of the Society of the Cincinnati. He became collector of the port of New London in 1789 and held the office 26 years. In 1778, he was a member of the court-martial that tried Gen. Charles Lee and in 1780 of the one that condemned Major André. Fine - very fine............................................SOLD

9034 - CAPTAIN DAVID OLMSTED, MARCHED IN THE LEXINGTON ALARM IN THE RELIEF OF BOSTON, June 20th, 1781. A manuscript pay voucher to Captain David Olmstead for 5 pounds, 15 shillings for his service. 4" X 6.5", Olmsted first served in the 4th Company, 7th Connecticut regiment enlisted August 7th, 1775, ordered to the siege of Boston with Colonel Enos' regiment on the Hudson in 1778. Provisional regiment in 1781, countersigned by Sam Wyllys. Samuel Wyllys who served as a Colonel in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment at the siege of Boston and at Bunker Hill under General Spencer in 1775. Very fine..................................................SOLD

12162 - THE SIEGE OF CHARLESTOWN, British attack on Charleston, South Carolina on June 28, 1776. The map shows the British fleet deployed in Charleston Harbor with ships heading toward Fort Moultrie on Sullivan Island. A Gun Boat is anchored in the Ashley River guarding the bridge of boats to the mainland. Also shown, the British Camp, the British Hospital and other units situated on the Charlestown Peninsula north of the city, and the three parallels of the siege. This map measures approximately 8 1/4" by 12 1/4" and was published by R. Phillips, Bridge Street, Blackfriars, London on Sept. 25, 1806 with legends in French. The British ship Thunder opened the attack on Charleston with a barrage of ten-inch mortars at 11 a.m. on June 28, 1776. The shelling continued as eight British gun boats advanced toward the American forces at Fort Moultrie. Within the hour more than 100 enemy pieces converged on the Fort. Despite the concentrated British forces, the rebels successfully resisted the attack. By 11 o'clock that night, the British ships, battered and severely bruised during the day-long battle, admitted defeat and slipped their cables, drifting away with the tide. Very fine............SOLD

9040 - CAPTAIN CALEB ST. JOHN, March 6th, 1781. 4.5" X 4.5" manuscript for service in the Continental Army. He served in the 3rd Regiment. Countersigned by Jedediah Huntington who was Revolutionary War General. He graduated at Harvard in 1763, joined the American army at Cambridge, became a brigadier general in 1777, and took part in many important engagements until the close of the war, when he was brevetted major general in 1783. He was one of the organizers of the Society of the Cincinnati. He became collector of the port of New London in 1789 and held the office 26 years. In 1778, he was a member of the court-martial that tried Gen. Charles Lee and in 1780 of the one that condemned Major André. Fine to very fine.....................................SOLD

8281 - VIRGINIA FRONTIERSMAN, REVOLUTIONARY WAR VETERAN, AND INDIAN FIGHTER UNDER GENERAL GEORGE ROGERS CLARK, Thomas Arbuckle signs along with his wife Elizabeth an indenture dated February 8th, 1774, Botetourt County, Virginia for the sale of lands in that county with details to the location of the land. Arbuckle enlisted in the Militia in the above mentioned county and fought in numerous battles with the Indians including the Battle of Long Island (TN) on July 20th, 1776 and later with General George Rogers Clark against the Indians in Ohio. 11" X 15" manuscript indenture with two paper seals affixed to the indenture. Nice bold manuscript, very good.............................SOLD

8203 - TWO OFFICERS KILLED AT THE BATTLE OF GROTON HEIGHTS GIVEN FOOD FOR THEIR FAMILIES, March 1779, two manuscript pages dated at Groton, CT. A listing of provisions given to six Groton soldiers in the service of the Continental Army for their families. Of the six listed, Captain Amos Stanton and Lt. Henry Williams were killed in the Fort Griswell "Massacre" on September 6th, 1781 [Battle of Groton Heights]. The Battle of Groton Heights (also known as the Battle of Fort Griswold, and occasionally called the Fort Griswold massacre) was a battle of the American Revolutionary War fought on September 6, 1781 between a small Connecticut militia force led by Lieutenant Colonel William Ledyard and the more numerous British forces led by turncoat Brigadier General Benedict Arnold and Lieutenant Colonel Edmund Eyre. In an unsuccessful attempt to divert General George Washington from marching against Lord Cornwallis's army in Virginia, Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton ordered General Arnold to raid the Connecticut port of New London. Although the raid was a success, the Connecticut militia stubbornly resisted British attempts to capture Fort Griswold, across the Thames River in Groton. Several leaders of the attacking British force were killed or seriously wounded, and much of the defending garrison was either killed, mortally wounded, or captured when the fort was stormed. British casualties were also high, leading to criticism of General Arnold by part of his superiors. The battle was the last major military encounter of the war in the northern United States, preceding the decisive American victory at Yorktown, Virginia by about six weeks. Items supplied to the soldiers' families were wheat, flax, Cyder, cotton, corn, etc., many more details.......................................SOLD

 

 
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