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Colonial America

2219 - PRESIDENT ANDREW JACKSON, as President, vellum land grant signed boldly by Jackson, 10" X 16", Aaron Hackett of Tazewell County, Illinois being the sale of 80 acres of land per the Act of Congress passed in 1820 dated December 1st, 1830. Paper seal intact. Large and dark signature of Jackson. Large printed heading "United States of American". Normal folds nicely flattened down and displays nicely, vellum nice and fresh with strong embellishments..................................................$995.00


, 8" X 12.5", copperplate uncolored map by Boone, c 1760 just before the end of the French & Indian War, French Louisiana and Spanish Florida, the English Colonies of Georgia and the Carolinas are shown in early configurations, a small inset of the French area near the Missouri River, Indian lands are shown, a nice early Southern map, map is in mint condition, in lovely pastel colors.........................................SOLD

2215 - 1780 CAROLINA & GEORGIA, a wonderful Revolutionary War map of the Southern Colonies, excellent details including Indian lands...This beautiful map is engraved by Rigobert Boone. This map comes from:  ATLAS DE TOUTES LES PARTIES CONNUES DU GLOBE TERRESTRE with maps by Rigobert Boone, published 1780 (this Atlas was the companion to Guillaume Raynal's Histoire, Rigobert Boone (1729 - 1795) was Royal Hydrographer. He mainly produced Marine Charts, however, he is well known for his work on this notable atlas by Guillaume Raynal in as well as a French Atlas in 1764 and a Atlas in 1776 titled "Atlas Moderne." 10" X 16" choice, border colored condition..............................................SOLD

2216 - TEXAS, CALIFORNIA, LOUISIANA, AND FLORIDA, Le Nouveau Mexique, by Rigobert Boone (1729 - 1795), 10" X 14", nicely border colored showing lands from California east to West Florida, centering on the Mexican province of Texas, printed in 1780 during the Revolutionary War. This map comes from: ATLAS DE TOUTES LES PARTIES CONNUES DU GLOBE TERRESTRE with maps by Rigobert Boone, published 1780 (this Atlas was the companion to Guillaume Raynel's Histoire, Rigobert Boone (1729 - 1795) was Royal Hydrographer, he mainly produced Marine charts, however, he is well known for his work on this notable atlas by Guillaume Raynel is as well as a French Atlas in 1764 and a Atlas in 1776 titled "Atlas Moderne". Choice condition, pastel border colors....................................................................$395.00

2217 - THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY, LES ETATS UNIS, L'AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIOALE, by Boone, 1780, Subject: United States - Midwest, 9" X 13.6", REF: Sellers & Van Ee #794. Date: 1780 a fascinating, early map of the western portion of the brand-new United States, centered on the Mississippi River. The southern state's borders have been extended to the Mississippi. Early settlements, frontier forts, missions, mines, Indian villages, as well as some trails and portages are revealed in great detail. Seven distance scales fill the left of the map. Nicely pastel border colored. Spanish controlled areas west of the Mississippi are colored green with Spanish West Florida in attractive pink pastels. The map is quite attractive and the paper fresh and bright. This beautiful map is engraved by Rigobert Boone. This map comes from: ATLAS DE TOUTES LES PARTIES CONNUES DU GLOBE TERRESTRE.....................................$425.00

, By: Rigobert Boone, 1780, 9.5" X 13.5, a detailed map of the Gulf of Mexico showing Mexico as well as the Gulf coast from Texas to the entire area of Spanish Florida. Spanish forts are shown at Natchez, Mobile. Details of the Eastern seaboard show to Charleston. The details are border colored in pastel colors; the paper is fresh and bright. This map comes from: ATLAS DE TOUTES LES PARTIES CONNUES DU GLOBE TERRESTRE....................................................$350.00


6012 - A two page manuscript in the hand of Dr. Samuel Mather, undated, unsigned, thanking the Selectmen of the North Church and Congregation for the use of the use of the public school house and mentions the donation of Mr. Hutchinson for the construction of the building and wishes the blessings of Almighty God on the Selectmen and their families. A notation on the inside states "Mr. Mather's address of thanks to the Selectmen for the use of the North Writing School." A list of the selectmen in written on the outer leaf. Dr. Mather was the son of Cotton Mather and was the last of the Mathers to preach in the Boston pulpits. Before the construction of the "Old North Church" (Christ Church, Boston), there was another church in Boston called the "Old North" (Meetinghouse). This Congregationalist meetinghouse was founded in North Square, across the street from what is now called "Paul Revere's house." This church was once pastored by Cotton Mather, the minister now known largely for his involvement in the Salem Witch Trials. All in Mather's hand...................................................$125.00


6013 - A GROUP OF 15 LETTERS/NOTES 1800 - 1852 DEALING WITH RELIGIOUS LEADERS, CHURCH RELATED ITEMS, SOME ASSOCIATION WITH HARVARD UNIVERSITY, an interesting group of Massachusetts related letters from ministers/clergy dealing with ministerial matters. Most of the documents ranging in the period 1800 - 1829. Some staining, the lot of 15 items.......................................$75.00

6014 - CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING THE SHIP ELI WHITNEY, she was launched in Boston, Massachusetts, USA in 1834. A vessel of some 500 tons although the figures vary on the different reports of her. For many years between 1860 and 1870 this vessel helped to keep the trans-Tasman trade functioning. She carried everything from passengers to livestock, wool and coal. She was a vessel whose sailing career extended over thirty years before finally she was sold to Captain Williams in1870 and stripped down to be used as a coal hulk. In 1877, the Eli Whitney was struck by the Union Steamship Co. owned vessel Taupo with the loss of two lives. Three letters addressed to Josiah Whitney dated 1839 two relating to the ship ELI WHITNEY that he owned and another regarding his purchasing some property written by his niece Elizabeth Barstow [1792 - 1869], three letters.......................................$45.00

6015 - TEMPERANCE IN NEW ENGLAND, four letters relating to the Temperance Movement in America, one letter from Mayor A. C. Barstow of Providence [1853], regarding the temperance society meeting, another from [Rev] William Thayer to B. W. Williams regarding a Temperance Meeting [an author of numerous books on Temperance], and a lettersheet dated 1877 being a partial letter but with a great vignette of the TEMPERANCE HOTEL in Syracuse, NY. AMOS C. BARSTOW (1813 - 1894), Mayor of Providence, RI. Served June 1852 to June 1853 (Whig) Birthplace: Providence. Barstow was a descendent of the first settler of Hanover, Massachusetts, William Barstow. He was active in the temperance and antislavery movements. He recommended the current site for City Hall and was chairman of the committee that purchased and planned for it. He was the first president of the Providence YMCA and built the Providence Music Hall. Barstow was also an active businessman, and his Barstow Stove Company won the Grand Medal of Merit at the 1873 Vienna World's fair for the best cooking stove and range. Lastly a long letter written to B. F. Williams in 1853 by Enos Hoyt regarding the necessity of temperance in Boston - must have the Revolutionary War spirit like the Tea Party in regard to alcohol. Four items in total....................................................$55.00

6016 - THE BOSTON MUSEUM, THEATER AND MUSEUM, The Boston Museum (1841 - 1903), also called the Boston Museum and Gallery of Fine Arts, was a theatre, wax museum, natural history museum, zoo, and art museum in 19th Century Boston, Massachusetts. Moses Kimball established the enterprise in 1841. The Boston Museum exhibited items acquired from Ethan Allen Greenwood's former New England Museum; tableaux of wax figures; live animals; and artworks by John Singleton Copley, Gilbert Stuart, Benjamin West, Thomas Badger and others. Early live shows presented, for instance, "the musical olio, consisting of solos on glass bells, and birch-bark whistling." Theatrical performances began in 1843. Through the years, notable performers included: Lawrence Barrett, Edwin Booth, John Wilkes Booth, Annie Clark, Richard Mansfield, E. H. Sothern, Mary Ann Vincent, and William Warren. A group of five letters, two signed receipts, and one albumen photo of the 19th century actress Mary Vincent. Includes two hand-written passes to performances, one letter by the owner Moses Kimball, and several other letters regarding the Boston museum. The actress Mary Vincent signs a receipt receiving payment from the Museum as well as New York author David Thomas Valentine [Author "A History of New York"] 9 items in total including Vincent's CDV albument......................................................$75.00

6017 - 18TH CENTURY MASSACHUSETTS DOCUMENTS, 1758 - 1799, eight separate manuscript documents. Letters and documents datelined Charleston, Boston, Framingham, Holliston, Shrewsbury, Cambridge, Worchester, and Stockbridge. One signed as a selectman from Northboro by Levi Brigham [Levi Brigham (1716 - 1787), was delegate to the Provincial Congress, 1775. He was commissioned lieutenant colonel, 1776, of the Worcester County regiment of militia. He was born in Marlboro, MA; died in Northboro]. Several legal documents and payment documents included. Good to very fine, an interesting group to research, 8 items..................................................$145.00

4998 - A LARGE VELLUM COLONIAL INDENTURE SIGNED BY AN ANCESTOR OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN, dated June 7th, 1762. A detailed sale of land in Berks County, Pennsylvania by Lodawick Fillinger and his wife Catherine for the sum of 220 Pounds totaling 50 acres. 16" X 26". The details trace the origin of the property dated back to 1747 being part of an earlier inheritance. Filed in Philadelphia and signed by Joseph Millard and several witnesses. Joseph Millard (1711 - 1781), the son of Thomas Millard, married Hannah Lincoln (1719 - 1757) who was Mordecai Lincoln's daughter in Berks County, Pennsylvania. (Joseph Millard is the great great uncle of President Abraham Lincoln.) Mordecai Lincoln, the great, great grandfather of President Abraham Lincoln, purchased 1,000 acres on which he built his house in 1733 from Thomas Millard. This house still stands today. Thomas Millard's son Joseph Millard married Hannah Lincoln, the eldest daughter of Mordecai Lincoln and Hannah Salter. Mordecai Lincoln and Hannah Salter's children included: John Lincoln born in 1716 who married Rebecca Flowers. Their son Abraham (1744 - 1786) married Bathsheba Herring and had a child Thomas Lincoln, who was the father of President Abraham Lincoln. Hannah Lincoln born in 1719 married Joseph Millard. Three intact red wax seals to bottom right, some vellum restoration on verso, light stains................................................SOLD

4999 - COLONIAL INDENTURE SIGNED BY TWO PROMINENT CITIZENS OF TRENTON, NEW JERSEY DURING THE BATTLE OF TRENTON, 14.5" X 19", scalloped top. Dated March 31st, 1775, paper indenture of the sale of a lot by Rensselar Williams, an innkeeper, and Dr. William Bryant, a prominent physician in the Kingsbury, Nottingham Township, Burlington Province, New Jersey. Both were prominent citizens of Trenton during the Battle of Trenton in December 1776. Williams signs the document twice. Also signing the document as a witness was Abraham Hunt who was the postmaster of Trenton. Abraham Hunt, in whose house Colonel Rall [Hessian Commander] was being entertained on Christmas night, December 25, 1776, previous to Washington's attack the following morning, was the most prominent merchant in the town. At the time, he held the commission of Lieutenant Colonel in Colonel Isaac Smith's First Regiment, Hunterdon County Militia. The charge has been brought against him that he was lukewarm in the patriotic cause, probably due to the fact that he seems to have been on good terms with the Hessian commander after his occupancy of the town. But this charge of "lukewarmness" cannot be established from the records. Possibly his Christmas entertainment of Rall was dictated by a shrewd intention to cater to the convivial habits of the Hessian commander and thus render him unfit to meet the attack the following morning, of which Hunt may have had some previous intimation through secret channels. In any event there could have been no sense in needlessly antagonizing the Hessian commander since for the time being he held Trenton in military occupancy, and could have made it distinctly unpleasant for the inhabitants and especially for persons of property like Hunt himself. At the time of the Declaration of Independence, 1776, Hunt was one of the commissioners of the County of Hunterdon and as such disbursed funds for the purchase of firearms. He also held the same office and fulfilled the same duties in July 1777, which would hardly have been the case had his loyalty to the American cause been under suspicion. Large manuscript, archival restoration to the verso, bold ink, intact red wax seal at bottom. Quite attractive and a scarce Trenton related War date document............................................SOLD


5005 - Baton Rouge, LA. June 25th, 1823, four page lettersheet written to his brother Hancock Taylor in Kentucky. Addressed to Louisville, KY. Postmarked June 27th BATON ROUGE, LA. 25 Cents manuscript postage. He relates in part, "I wrote you immediately when I reached Bayou Sara. I informed you that Peggy was in bad health [his wife] due to her losing the little one...I felt compelled to leave her with her sister as my duties compelled me to be at this place by the last of May. When I returned, I found her health much improved and moved her down here. We will leave here in a few days for a position in the Pine Woods about 20 miles distant with most of the troops stationed at this post [Camp Robertson - Baton Rouge] where we will stay the balance of the summer and fall. I hope the society of her sister will do much for restoring Peggy's health. When I was in the process of leaving Shippensport I wrote you regarding BOB [a slave]. Thompson Gray who was present at the time offered to have him caught and sent down by the first steamer leaving south from that place. You being sick I did not wish to trouble you respecting him. I therefore thanked Mr. Gray for his kindness and requested him if he could get hold of him to put him in jail and ship him to me by the first safe opportunity. On getting here, I received a letter stating he put him to me at this place, since I have heard nothing from him and the Fayette has passed this place to New Orleans and returned to Louisville without the Captain thinking proper in passing even to let me know what had become of him but I suppose he was either thrown overboard & drowned or permitted to make his escape which would be in conformity to my recent misfortunes. The Mississippi continues to be very high, levees continue to give way between here and New Orleans, lands saturated with water, crops of sugar shortened, the water also effecting the corn crops, my plantation has been poorly managed, I shall not make half a crop, I shall get Mr. Thornton next year to attend to my business and shall not doubt do better...he discusses his brother's health and recommends health springs, wants his Father to come down to spend the winter with them, states "Peggy and Knox [the daughter who would marry Jefferson Davis] join him in sending greetings. Your Brother Z. Taylor...then he adds a addenda adding more salutations and ends with his initials Z. T. Taylor had arrived in Baton Rouge in November 1822 and assumed command of the troops at Fort Robertson until February 1824. He purchased a plantation and moved his family there during this period. Taylor rose to national prominence during the Mexican War already having served in the War of 1812, Black Hawk War, and Seminole War. He became the 12th President of the United States. Letter comes with a complete typed translation of the letter. As usual in folded letter sheets, there is a small loss of paper where sealed with a seal when opened which affects a few words at the edge but does not affect continuity that have been filled in. Boldly written by Taylor, some water stains which do not impair the manuscript in any way. Rare content by Taylor written as a Lt. Colonel as well as a slave owner - if professionally cleaned of stains. A $5000 letter................................................$3,950.00


2150 - PIRATES ARE CAPTURED BY US REVENUE CUTTERS IN THE GULF, TAKEN TO NEW ORLEANS FOR TRIAL, HAVING DINNER WITH COLONEL TAYLOR AND HIS DAUGHTER ON HIS PLANTATION [ZACHARY TAYLOR], LIFE AROUND NEW ORLEANS IN 1827, 4 page lettersheet folded and mailed to Lexington, KY. By steamboat, dated May 19th, 1827, stamped SHIP in red, 25 cents manuscript postage noted, addressed to William M. Brand by his mother-in-law [Mother signed]. She gives the story of a young woman whose father is against her marriage to an army officer named Lt. Cross who apparently elopes with the solider whose apparent problem with the father as being "poor." She describes being at the home of the Mayor of New Orleans and meeting his wife, Mrs. Rouffignac, who deemed not to be as eccentric as she was represented to us.

[Count Louis Philippe de Roffignac (sometimes spelled Rouffignac) (1766 - 1846) was Mayor of New Orleans from May 1820 to May 1828. He served ten consecutive terms in the state legislature. For his participation in the Battle of New Orleans, he was made an honorary brigadier gene4ral. When the Louisiana Legion was formed in 1822, he became its colonel. Among his many business endeavors, he was for a time a director of the State Bank of Louisiana. For many years, he was a member of the City Council, and was a member of that body when elected mayor. As mayor of New Orleans, Rouffignac sought to develop the city as fast as possible, borrowing large sums of money by issuing "city stock", a form of municipal bonds. He used the money to improve and beautify the city: he was responsible for the massive planting of trees as well the first street paving. In 1821, he introduced street lighting. In the late 1820s he organized the city's first regular fire department. He established New Orleans' first public educational system. He also strove to regulate gambling, but was only the first of several mayors to deal with this long intractable problem.]


After the War of 1812, British and Spanish sea power in the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico weakened, allowing a resurgence of piracy along the Gulf Coast. Revenue cutters were dispatched to fight the pirates. In 1819, the one-gun schooners USRC Alabama and USRC Louisiana fought two engagements with pirates, one on the open sea and another at Breton Island, Louisiana. On 19 July 1820, Alabama captured four pirate ships off La Balize. In 1822, with USS Peacock and HMS Speedwell, Alabama engaged pirates again, which resulted in the taking of five more pirate ships. In 1832, Secretary of the Treasury Louis McLane issued written orders for revenue cutters to conduct winter cruises to assist mariners in need, and Congress made the practice an official part of regulations in 1837. This was the beginning of the life-saving mission for which the later U.S. Coast Guard would be best known worldwide. [a mention of Colonel Zachary Taylor who had moved to Louisiana and purchased a plantation - the daughter mentioned may have been Sarah Knox Taylor who married Jefferson Davis as he had two daughters of the proper age in 1827. His plantation was near Baton Rouge.]

Letter to William M. Brand, Lexington, KY. Age tone, boldly written in dark ink, complete typed transcript...............................................$295.00

, copperplate engraving hand-colored, 5.9" X 4.3". Alan Manesson Mallet, 1630 - 1706, from the French text edition of Description d'Univers, Paris, 1683. Mallet was a well-traveled military engineer and geographer, who worked under King Louis XIV, two 17th Century Florida Indians with the male holding a bow with a quiver of arrow over his shoulder. Fine, light stain to left border, colors bright............................................

9265 - THE LAST NEW HAMPSHIRE MAN OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION: SAMUEL DOWNING (1761 - 1867), Carte de Visite, N. A. & R. A. Moore, Hartford, CT., 1864. Seated pose of Private Samuel Downing at age 102. He was described as a man a little above medium height and stoutly made. His health was generally good. Samuel was the oldest surviving veteran of the Revolutionary War. He was also a road builder in Edinburg, New York. He was born 30 November 1761, baptized 1 Dec 1764 at Newburyport, Essex Co, MA and d. 18 or 19 Feb 1867 at Edinburgh, Saratoga Co, NY, age 105 years. He served as a private from New Hampshire, and received a pension for his services. He enlisted when 16 years of age. He was sent with others to guard baggage trains (probably in wagons, not actual locomotives) to Springfield, Mass. He was afterwards stationed in New Jersey, West Point, Saratoga, Schenectady, Johnstown and other places, participating in the campaign that resulted in the surrender of Burgoyne, and also at the engagement at Pine Bridge. His third winter in the army was spent at Newburgh, New York, and there he received his discharge when peace was declared. Choice condition. Extremely rare image..........................................................SOLD


8221 - SPANISH ROYAL APPOINTMENT OF DON DIEGO MORPHY AS CONSUL FOR SPAIN IN NEW ORLEANS 1809, dated at Seville, Spain, March 19th, 1809. The official appointment of Don Diego Morphy, who had been the consul at Charleston, to the post of Spanish Consul in New Orleans. In Spanish, 3 large pages 8" X 14", remnants of a red wax seal on page three. There is a missing portion at the top right corner of page 1 and 2 which affects text but really only the listing of the places in the Spanish reign governed by Ferdinand VII. Morphy was the Spanish consul in New Orleans through the end of his life in 1814 when his son replaced him. He was the eyes and ears of the Spanish government and Ambassador Onis and constantly besieged the American authorities in New Orleans about the pirates of Barataria [Jean and Pierre Lafitte] who plundered Spanish shipping in the Gulf of Mexico. He also conspired with the Spanish Friar Antonio de Sedella in New Orleans spying on revolutionaries who threatened Spanish Mexico. He was the grandfather of the world famous chess player Paul Morphy who dazzled the chess world in the 1850's...................................................................SOLD

8222 - DON DIEGO MORPHY SR. SPANISH CONSUL IN NEW ORLEANS DURING THE RISE OF THE LAFITTE BROTHERS IN BARATARIA, PROTESTED TO THE AMERICAN AUTHORITES CONSTANTLY ABOUT THE PIRATES IN BATATARIA PLUNDERING SPANISH SHIPPING, ALS by Don Diego Morphy to his son Don Diego Morphy Jr. dated at New Orleans, LA June 7th, 1813, 2 pages in ink giving advice to  his young son to take an advantage on a offer of employment by a relative William Morphy. He feels that this opportunity will allow him to make his fortune but that end is dependent upon how much effort he puts in the endeavor and discharging faithfully the business entrusted into your care. He instructs his son to write him immediately upon receipt of this letter and acquaint me with the compliance of this offer tendered to you...I think you will find Mr. Thos. Morphy at Vera Cruz...I remain your affectionate Father...James Morphy Sr. [Don Diego Morphy Sr.] addressed to James Morphy Jr. Vera Cruz. [Don Diego Morphy Jr.]. Don Diego Morphy Sr. came to Louisiana in 1809 as Spanish Consul after being the Consul in Charleston. During the period 1809 - through the War of 1812, he played an important part in the political intrigue going on in the city looking out for the Spanish interests in regard to revolutionaries having designs on Texas as well as constantly complaining to American authorities on the pirates in Barataria plundering Spanish shipping in the Gulf of Mexico led by the Lafitte Brothers. He worked with Father Antonio Sedella, who was a Spanish spy, obtaining information that was forwarded to the Spanish Ambassador Luis de Onis and authorities in Havana. After the Battle of New Orleans and peace prevailed, Sedella and the Lafittes provided information of revolutionaries who were operating along the Texas coast. His son, Don Diego Morphy, replaced him upon the Father's death and later became Spanish Vice Consul in Natchez in 1818. Trivial archival restoration at edge folds. 1 page in ink 7" X 7". This is the exact letter mentioned in "Old Families of Louisiana" by Stanley Clisby Arthur in the biography of the Morphy Family in Louisiana....................................................SOLD

8223 - FLORIDA BECOMES PART OF THE UNITED STATES, SPANISH DIPLOMAT WHO NEGOTIATED THE ACQUISITION OF FLORIDA, Luis de Onis y González-Vara, (1762-1827) was a Spanish diplomat. He served as the Spanish minister to the United States from 1809 to 1819. He is remembered for negotiating the Adams-Onis Treaty with United States Secretary of State John Quincy Adams which ceded Florida to the US. Onis was not officially recognized by the US as ambassador when he arrived in 1809 due to the Napoleonic War and set up offices in Philadelphia. His main emphasis was looking out for Spanish interests in Florida and Texas and set up a spy network centered in New Orleans to report revolutionary factions as well as keeping an eye on US Actions supporting these groups with the purpose of annexation. Seminole Indians based in East Florida began raiding Georgia settlements and offering havens for runaway slaves. The United States Army led increasingly frequent incursions into Spanish territory, including the 1817-1818 campaign against the Seminole Indians by Andrew Jackson that became known as the First Seminole War. The United States now effectively controlled East Florida. Control was necessary according to Secretary of State John Quincy Adams because Florida had become "a derelict open to the occupancy of every enemy, civilized or savage, of the United States, and serving no other earthly purpose than as a post of annoyance to them." Florida had become a burden to Spain, which could not afford to send settlers or garrisons. Madrid therefore decided to cede the territory to the United States through the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819, which took effect in 1821. 8" X 13", two page document in Spanish dated October 18th, 1813 appointing Don Diego Morphy Jr. As Vice Consul of New Orleans with his ailing father who was the consul since 1809. Dated at Philadelphia where Onis had sent up his office as Ambassador from Spain pending his recognition by Washington. Onis later negotiated the Adams-Onis Treaty which in essence gave Florida to the United States. Old archival repair at a seam unaffecting text.................................................SOLD

8224 - PETITION FOR LAND IN SPANISH WEST FLORIDA 1804, May 8th, 1804, 4 large pages in Spanish, 8" X 14" written and signed on page one by Gilbert de Leonard detailing the petition of Prosper Casmir Barbin for lands along the Pearl River located in Spanish West Florida with details giving the boundaries of the property. Leonard was an Irishman who was the controller and Treasurer for the Spanish Government. Dated at New Orleans May 8th, 1804. Barbin had been a soldier in the Spanish militia and served with Galvez in the Manchac and Baton Rouge Campaigns against the British. Docked by several secretaries as well as Carlos Trudeau who was the Surveyor-General in Louisiana 1788-1805. Paper blemishes repaired with archival tape. Barbin had twenty-six years of military service, including the expeditions of Manchac and Baton Rouge [with Galvez] and eighteen months of service as assistant adjutant of the second Battalion (sic) of Militia without pay. An interesting Spanish Colonial document involving lands in Spanish West Florida. This area was soon to declare independence from Spain [1810] as the Republic of West Florida. Rare...........................SOLD

8225 - EARLY LOUISIANA LAND GRANT, SPANISH WEST FLORIDA 1804, Prospero Casmir Barbin land partition, 1804. In Spanish, Original petition of Prospero Casmir Barbin and signed by him, a lieutenant of militia of His Catholic Majesty, to the Intendant General, Señor Don Juan Venture Morales, requesting some fifty arpens of land on the big Pearl River [West Florida], between the lands of Roussè and Simon Fav [rve], in consideration of his twenty-six years of service, including the expeditions of Manchac and Baton Rouge [with Galvez] and eighteen months of service as assistant adjutant of the second Battalion (sic) of Militia without pay. Signed by Morales, who granted request, and by Ximenes [the Royal Notary] who communicated decree to Minister of Justice of Royal Domain. Request granted. Dated December 27th, 1804 in New Orleans, LA. 4 large pages 8" X 14", thick laid paper, small blems restored with archival paper. An interesting Spanish Colonial document involving lands in Spanish West Florida. This area was soon to declare independence from Spain [1810] as the Republic of West Florida. Rare..............................................SOLD

8226 - BATON ROUGE, LA 1819, EARLY BAPTISMAL CERTIFICATE FOR THE WIFE OF DIEGO E. MORPHY, January 25th, 1819, Baton Rouge, LA. In Spanish, Father Juan Brady attests to the baptism of Louise Emily Grivot who later married Diego E. Morphy the son of Don Diego Morphy who had been the Spanish Vice Consul at New Orleans and Natchez. Father Brady had performed the ceremony at the Virgin of Dolores parish church. Her parents are mentioned with her mother coming from Quebec. 1792, the church was named La Virgen des los Dolores or Our Lady of Sorrows. It was known by this name during the Spanish period. Though Baton Rouge went from Spanish control to the West Florida Republic and finally the United States, the Spanish priests remained, at least Father Juan Brady did, until 1822. Before he left in 1822, he returned to Spain all that the Spanish had given the parish. And he sold the church to the new trustees. A new pastor, a Father Desmoulins, was named. The name changed to St. Joseph when Father Brady left. New pastor, new language, new name. Why the name was changed would more than likely be the transition from a Spanish city to an American city. Her father, William Grivot was Mayor of Baton Rouge in 1828. Beautiful large manuscript....................................................SOLD

8227 - BATON ROUGE, LA 1819, EARLY BAPTISMAL CERTIFICATE, May 25th, 1819, Baton Rouge, LA. In Spanish, Father Juan Brady attests to the baptism of Francisca Grivot who Father Brady had performed the ceremony at the Virgin of Dolores parish church. Her parents are mentioned with her mother coming from Quebec. 1792, the church was named La Virgen des los Dolores or Our Lady of Sorrows. It was known by this name during the Spanish period. Though Baton Rouge went from Spanish control to the West Florida Republic and finally the United States, the Spanish priests remained, at least Father Juan Brady did, until 1822. Before he left in 1822, he returned to Spain all that the Spanish had given the parish. And he sold the church to the new trustees. A new pastor, a Father Desmoulins, was named. The name changed to St. Joseph when Father Brady left. New pastor, new language, new name. Why the name was changed would more than likely be the transition from a Spanish city to an American city. Her father, William Grivot, was mayor of Baton Rouge in 1828. Beautiful large manuscript....................................................................SOLD

8230 - JACOB CUSHING, Jacob Cushing (1730 - 1809) was born in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts. He graduated from Harvard College in 1748, where he received a Benjamin Browne Scholarship and served as Scholar of the House. He was ordained at Waltham, Massachusetts, in 1752. He was a moderator of the Cambridge Association and during the Revolutionary War served as Scribe of the State Convention of the Clergy, giving the convention sermon in 1789. He sat on the jury of the Boston Massacre defendants. Cushing had a lively personality and was known to be an effective minister. He stayed close to the Bible in his preaching and so managed to satisfy conservatives as well as liberals. He was modest, reasonable, and methodical. He kept a voluminous diary in which all of the minutiae of his long life were carefully recorded. He was on good terms with political leaders in Massachusetts, including John Hancock, James Bowdoin, and Thomas Cushing. Of Cushing's fifteen published sermons, this one of April 20, 1778, is the sole political sermon, a fiery denunciation of inhumane acts of two brigades of British soldiers in Lexington, Massachusetts, on April 19, 1775. A 8" X 10" document signed by him in 1804 not the illustrated pamphlet, very fine......................................................$95.00

8021 - MAP OF LOUISIANA, GULF COAST 1788, UNDER SPANISH RULE, English version of D'Anville's 1732 Carte de la Louisiane, drawn by Haywood and engraved by Bowen. John Harrison, London, 1788. This map focuses on the Mississippi Delta, showing the Red River as far as Adayes, a Spanish garrison of the Province of Tecas. The coastal area extends in the east from Cape San Blas and Apalachicola Bay (C. Escondido) to an area named Cabo del Norte shown with a small island off the cape. it names New Orleans, Fort Conde, Pensacola, Fort Louis and Mobiliens. The northern portion of Louisiana Territory is portrayed in an inset. The map has many notations of towns destroyed by battles, both Indian and French. Ref:  Sellers & Van Ee #1616; cf Lemmon, Magill & Wiese, Charting Louisiana #24. 19.5" X 13.3". Lovely hand coloring, choice condition. Have seen similar examples offered at $1000 - $1200, this excellent example at...............................................$895.00

7001 - EDWARD LUTWYCHE, Boston, Mass., August 17th, 1740, 4" X 5" manuscript payment of 10 pounds in merchandise out of your warehouse to Mr. John Jones. Lutwyche was an innkeeper in Boston in the 1740's, very fine, bold manuscript.................................$45.00

7003 - FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR, MILITARY DOCTOR'S CHARGES FOR TREATING SOLDIERS, 8" X 9" manuscript, dated and signed by Dr. John Osgood, November 16th, 1761 at Andover, [Mass]. A list of the services provided by Dr. Osgood. The first entry lists Dr. Ward Noys [Noyes] who is noted to have returned ill on a ship from duty with Colonel Bagley and other regiment members. Notations are from April 1761 & June 1761 showing treatments and medicines given to two specific soldiers; John Davis a soldier in Captain William Barrans Company in Colonel Willures Regiment and John Robin in Captain Francis Peabody's Company in Colonel Bagley's Regiment, visits, mileage incurred medicines. DOCTOR JOSEPH OSGOOD was graduated from Harvard College in 1737. He spent some time in a counting room in Gloucester, became a shipmaster, was taken prisoner in the Spanish war, and carried into Balboa, Spain; upon his release he returned home and settled in Boston. The small pox breaking out in Boston, he removed his family to Andover, his native town, in 1752, and engaged in mercantile pursuits, including the sale of drugs. Being often called upon to prescribe, he obtained an extensive practice, and was a respectable physician. He was chosen deacon of the North church of Andover, fifth of April, 1748, and held the office more than thirty years. The medications listed are in Latin. Dr. Ward Noyes was an early founder of Andover, Mass. Numerous listings of medications, well written. Rare content.................................................$395.00

7005 - A SURGEON AT FORT TICONDEROGA, NY, ALSO SEVERAL PATRIOTS AT BOSTON 1775, TWO CONTINENTAL OFFICERS AT BUNKER HILL, Leicester, Massachusetts, April 7th, 1770, signed by four selectmen of Leicester payment for Surgeon John Honeywood for travel expenses, dual sided, one side light, travel of three miles. William Henshaw, one of the signers served in the French and Indian War as well as the siege of Boston [Breeds Hill]. Also signed by Seth Washburn - he served as Colonel in the Revolutionary War and had command of a company of Minute Men at Bunker Hill. He started off as a Captain in the 8th Massachusetts Province. He was a member of the General Court of MA, a Representative from the town of Leicester and a Senator for the County of Worcester. He was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1779 and Colonel of the Regiment after the Revolutionary War. At the Battle of Bunker Hill, he marched as Captain of the Leicester Minute Men. Dr. John Honeywood was an English physician who was killed at Fort Ticonderoga in 1776. All autographs strong and bold.....................................$250.00

7013 - BENJAMIN GREENLEAF, Member of the Boston Committee of Safety, 1775, ALS by Benjamin Greenleaf [1701 - 1783] to Thomas Fayenweather from Newburyport, Mass. to the latter addressed to Boston, April 12th, 1766 regarding business matters between the two regarding money. Greenleaf was a member of the Boston Committee of Safety formed in 1775. The details and motives of the committee were as follows:  Here from the journal of the Second Provincial Congress is the resolution, dated May 19, 1775 authorizing a Committee of Safety and ratifying all of the acts of its predecessor Committee of Safety that had been established by the First Provincial Congress. And it is also Resolved, that [Hon John Hancock, Esq., Doct Joseph Warren, Doct Benjamin Church, Capt. Benjamin White, Col Joseph Palmer, Mr. Richard Devens, Mr. Abraham Watson, Mr. Johh Pigeon, Col. Azor Orne, Hon Benjamin Greenleaf, Esq., Mr. Nathan Cushing, Doct Samuel Holten, Hon Enoch Freeman, Esq.,] be a committee of safety for this colony hereafter, until some further order of this, or some future congress or house of representatives of this colony shall revoke their, or either of their appointments. And it is also Resolved, that the said committee of safety shall be, and hereby are empowered, to direct the army of this colony to be stationed where the said committee of safety shall judge most conducive to the defense and service of the colony; and the general, and other officers of the army, are required to render strict obedience to such orders of said committee; provided always, that it shall be in the power of this, or any future congress, to control any order of the said committee of safety, respecting this or any other matter. And, whereas, the former committee of safety were, by a resolve of this congress, empowered to nominate persons to this congress, to be commissioned to be officers in the army now establishing for the defense of this colony, and said committee having already given orders to a number of persons, to enlist men for that purpose; Resolved, that the committee of safety now appointed, proceed in that matter, that such officers, where the regiments are completed, may be commissioned, agreeably to the resolve of this Congress, during the time between the dissolution of this Congress and the meeting of the next, the said committee shall have power to fill up and deliver out commissions to them, and blank commissions, signed by the president of this Congress, and attested by the secretary, shall be delivered to the said committee for this purpose. And it is also Resolved. That any five of the said committee be a quorum, with full power to transact any business which the committee, by the resolves above, are empowered and vested with the authority to do. Boldly written by Greenleaf..............................................SOLD

7014 - COLONEL JOHN LEE, LEXINGTON ALARM 1775, ALS to Mr. Thomas Fairweather at Cambridge, 2 pages as a folded letter sheet dated Boston, December 26th, 1783; Lee expresses his feelings upon dispersions on his character in a long letter. LEE, John of Amherst. Col. Ruggles Woodbridge Hampshire County Regiment; Lieutenant Eli Parker's Company, Cambridge alarm [page 79]. Listed on the return dated Jan. 13, 1776 from Charlestown Camp No. 3, of Capt. James Hendrick's company which went to Cambridge at the time of the Lexington alarm. Well written and very fine..................................................$100.00

7015 - COLONEL JOHN LEE, LEXINGTON ALARM 1775, ALS, May 16th, 1783, 2 pages by Lee in regard with his inability to pay his debts and begs compassion and consideration in his pleasant plight. The letter is written to Thomas Fayerweather at Cambridge, Mass. bring a folded letter sheet with red seals. LEE, John of Amherst. Col. Ruggles Woodbridge Hampshire County regiment; Lieutenant Eli Parker's company, Cambridge alarm [page 79]. Listed on the return dated Jan. 13, 1776 from Charlestown Camp No. 3, of Capt. James Hendrick's company which went to Cambridge at the time of the Lexington alarm. Well written and fine, traces of old mount at left border, trivial......................................................$100.00

7016 - THOMAS GREENOUGH, COLONIAL PATRIOT, CRAFTSMAN OF FINE MARINE INSTRUMENTS, ALS 1 page signed letter dated March 11th, 1753 to Thomas Fayerweather, Boston, Mass. regarding meeting a young man on King St. and an introduction to be given. Thomas Greenough, born in Boston on May 6, 1710, was a member of the third general of a family that distinguished itself in Boston trade. In 1769, Greenough joined the Boston Citizens Non-Importation Agreement and was a member of the Committee of Safety during the American Revolution. Like his father and grandfather before him, Greenough was a distinguished member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, admitted in 1744 as a private and promoted to the rank of captain of the fourth company, Second Massachusetts Regiment, in the Cape Breton expedition. Although his advanced age prohibited him from participation in active duty during the American Revolution, he soon became one of the most active patriots in Boston, serving on numerous town committees before and after the British occupation. During the war years, he was fully occupied making, repairing and selling navigational instruments to Boston shipmasters. He also served as a member of the Revolutionary Committee of Correspondence and was involved in the relief of distress of those whose income was curtailed by the hostilities. he died on August 10, 1785. Greenough was a famous maker of nautical and mathematical instruments. Very fine..................................SOLD

7017 - ROYAL FLINT, COLONEL WARD'S CONNECTICUT REGIMENT, 1754 - 1790, Paymaster Colonel Ward's Conn. Rgt., later Asst. Commissary, later commissioner of settling public accounts against the government for war losses, later involved in purchasing Indian lands, ALS dated at Boston, March 31st, 1786, one page 8" X 10", to merchant Thomas Fayenweather regarding rental of a house possibly being used as a government office by Flint in his capacity as a commissioner. Very fine..............................................$75.00

7018 - JOHN LOWELL, EARLY ANTI-SLAVERY ADVOCATE, ALS by Lowell, Roxbury, Mass., September 24th, 1799, letter dealing with land taxes. After establishing his law practice in Newburyport in 1763, Lowell served as a town Selectman in 1771 - 1772, 1774 and 1776. IN the spring of 1774, he signed addresses complimenting royal governors Thomas Hutchinson and Thomas Gage, but made a public apology for doing so at the end of the year. Thereafter, Lowell was an enthusiastic patriot and served for a time as a lieutenant of the Massachusetts militia. In 1776, he was elected Representative to the General Court from Newburyport and, in 1778, Lowell elected to the same post from Boston. Lowell was chosen to be a member of the convention that was tasked with framing the Massachusetts Constitution in 1779. He is best remembered for authoring Article I and his insistence upon its adoption into the Bill of Rights, "All men are born free and equal, and have certain natural, essential and inalienable rights, among which may be reckoned the right of enjoying and defending their lives and liberties..." Lowell's son, the Rev. Charles Lowell, D. D., wrote in a personal letter eight decades later, "My father introduced into the Bill of Rights the clause by which Slavery was abolished in Massachusetts...and when it was adopted, exclaimed: 'Now there is no longer Slavery in Massachusetts, it is abolished and I will render my services as a lawyer gratis to any slave suing for his freedom if it is withheld from him...' and he did so defend the Negro slave against his master under this clause of the constitution which was declared valid by the Massachusetts Supreme Court in 1783, and since that time slavery in Mass. had no legal standing. Well written, 1 page 6" X 8". Very fine...............................$175.00

7019 - WRITTEN IN BOSTON TWO DAYS AFTER THE BOSTON MASSACRE, dated March 7th, 1770 in Boston. A manuscript receipt for 6 small cordage of wood to be paid half in cash and other out of the store of Thomas Fayerweather-merchant. Signed by Hugh McDaniel [1706 - 1770] who was a member of the Ancient Order of Artillery since 1726. McDaniel died shortly after this receipt was signed. The Boston Massacre, known as the Incident on King Street by the British was an incident on March 5, 1770, in which British Army soldiers killed five male civilians and injured six others. British troops had been stationed in Boston, capital of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, since 1768 in order to protect and support crown-appointed colonial officials attempting to enforce unpopular Parliamentary legislation. Amid ongoing tense relations between the population and the soldiers, a mob formed around a British sentry, who was subjected to verbal abuse and harassment. He was eventually supported by eight additional soldiers, who were subjected to verbal threats and thrown objects. They fired into the crowd, without orders, instantly killing three people and wounding others. Two more people died later of wounds sustained in the incident. 2" X 7", well written...................................................$85.00

7020 - IMPRINT, MASSACHUSETTS BAY, 1769, FOSTER HUTCHINSON SIGNER, 6" X 7", imprinted and filled in Massachusetts Bay document empowering two men in Boston to make an appraisal of the estate of William Tilley late of Boston, dated December 19th, 1769. Moses Deshon was one of the men assigned the duty of appraiser. He was a famous artisan of Boston. He carved and gilded arms of the Colony (handiwork of a Boston artisan, Moses Deshon), displayed above the door of the Representatives Hall after 1750, disappeared with the Revolution. Foster Hutchinson was the brother of Thomas Hutchinson, Governor of Massachusetts who was an arch enemy of Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty. Very fine............................................$125.00

7022 - FRANCIS MALBONE, NEWPORT, RI, Colonel Francis Malbone (b. 1728 - d. 1785), who made his fortune as a shipping merchant at a time when Newport Harbor was one of the busiest Harbors in the New World. Apparently, the Colonel was not above smuggling dutiable merchandise into the house to avoid the King's customs taxes. Subterranean passages found in the cellar have been traced to a subway leading to the pier where Colonel Malbone moored his fleet. This was a practice common in the Free Port of Newport, and one upon which many Newport fortunes were founded. At the start of the Revolutionary War, the British occupied Newport and seized the Malbone Estate. The mansion was used to store looted gold and treasures, leading to its nickname, "the Treasure House." There is an old legend in Newport of the love affair of a young British officer and the colonel's daughter, Peggy Malbone. According to history, the two fell in love just before the war, when the officer would dine at the Colonel's estate. When the war began, and the mansion was seized by the British, the Malbones remained under British occupancy. Officers were not allowed to enter the house or socialize with the colonists, so the lovers were torn part, forbidden to see one another. The young British officer was captured in an attempt to steal into Newport to see her and imprisoned in Massachusetts. According to legend, he finally escaped and for months risked life and limb as a fugitive to return to her. The two were married at the close of the war, and returned to England where he became Lord Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield. ALS to Peter Auyout at Charleston, SC carried by the courtesy of Captain Murphy, Newport, RI, April 1st, 1790, a request to carry a letter. Both were important colonial era merchants. Fine...................................................SOLD

7023 - CAPTAIN GEORGE WEBB, CONTINENTAL ARMY OFFICER, 3" X 4.5", August 7th, 1790, Holden, Mass., order to pay Mr. Knowles and charge the same to me...George Webb. In 1760, it appears, Capt. Webb had his first experience as a soldier in active service. At that time, he was not twenty years of age, yet he felt it his patriotic duty to heed the call of the Provincial government for volunteers to re-enforce Gen. Amherst's army now preparing for the final ending of the French control of Canada, and bringing to a close the long war for that, and for which, from its beginning, the Cape towns had furnished many soldiers; so he enlisted to serve in Capt. Thomas West's company, and was mustered in at the north parish, in Harwich, March 18, 1760. 1776, Lieut. Webb became the first lieutenant of Capt. Peter Harwood's company of light infantry in the Continental army under Washington. In this company he served more than a year, when he was promoted to the captaincy of a company in Col. William Sheperd's regiment of light infantry which was known as the Massachusetts Fourth ranking from January 1, 1777. While Lieutenant, in Capt. Harwood's company he participated in several engagements among which were Trenton and Princeton. Capt. Webb's company was composed of young men chiefly enlisted in Barnstable county. Twenty-two of them were enlisted in Harwich and were mustered by Gen. Joseph Otis of Barnstable, the muster master. Some of the company were enlisted for nine months, some for three years and a few for the war. While in command of his company, Capt. Web was in many of the battles that gave our arms to victory. He was in Glover's brigade and Sheperd's regiment in the two engagements that preceded the surrender of the army of Burgoyne at Saratoga, Oct. 17, 1777, and was present at the capitulation. He was with Washington and his army in the winter quarters at Valley Forge during the intensely cold winter of 1777 - 78, which followed Burgoyne's surrender, where he and his men, and other soldiers in the snow covered encampment, spent indeed a trying period. Well could these soldiers -- hungry, ragged, shoeless and shivering in their poorly constructed log huts during that, rigorous winter -- have said with the foremost political writer in America in 1776 when our arms were suffering repeated defeats and gloom hung over the colonies -- "These are the times that try men's souls." The encampment at Valley Forge was on the west side of the Schuylkill River in Pennsylvania and about twenty miles northwest of Philadelphia. This position for an encampment was taken by Washington for the purpose, says Marshall, "of covering the country of Pennsylvania, protecting the magazines laid up in it and cutting off those supplies to the British in Philadelphia which many of the people were disposed to furnish them." It was "a very strong and commanding piece of ground for the purpose," but bleakly situated for winter headquarters. The army entered it from Whitmarsh, a place not far distant, December 11, and at once commenced building huts for occupancy during its stay. During the six months at Valley Forge Capt. Webb's company was not free from sickness and death, nor from diminution in number through expiration of enlistment. The former rather than to suffer longer here, upon his discharge, returned to his home, while the latter chose to re-enlist for another nine months, probably on account of sickness, as he was sick in camp about three months "of a fever and the smallpox," all probably the result of inoculation. John Young and Crocker Young, both of old Harwich, in the company, doubtless found resting places here, as they were reported in March as being dead. Haskell Freeman, Watson Freeman and Edward Nickerson, with others, all young men from old Harwich, were in the company, and survived the terrible winter, and had the privilege to be at the battle of Monmouth and Rhode Island the same year and test their bravery. Capt. Webb was with his company in Sheperd's regiment, and Glover's brigade at the Battle of Monmouth, June 28, 1778 when Washington turned defeat into victory. The day was excessively warm, and his men suffered intensely from heat and thirst. The day was Sunday and the conflict continued from nine in the morning till darkness. At night the men lay upon their arms on the warm ground expecting a renewal of the fight in the morning, but when it dawned there was no British army in sight, and Washington with his army proceeded on to White Plain on the Hudson for headquarters. The day at Monmouth was never forgotten by the old soldiers when telling stories by the fireside of the capture of Burgoyne, and of their stay at Valley Forge. Soon after returning to the Hudson, Capt. Webb's company was sent to Rhode Island, and there under Gen. Sullivan, took part in the battle fought at Quaker Hill, August 29, 1778. In this battle Capt. Webb had two of his men, belonging to old Harwich, severely wounded. They were Haskell Freeman and Watson Freeman. The former was unfit for duty for sometime on the account of his wound, and was given a furlough for recuperation. He was promoted to the lieutenancy, Nov. 26, 1779, but resigned Aug. 24, 1780, on the account of ill health, due to the wounds he had received at Rhode Island. Capt. Webb was on duty in Col. Sheperd's regiment at the hanging of Maj. John Andre, the spy, Oct. 2, 1780, at Tappan, NY. With his command, he was in the detachment under Lafayette, sent by General Washington from the main army to strengthen the continental force in Virginia early in the spring of 1781, in protecting that colony from the depredations of Cornwallis's army then centering there. It was in May, following the arrival of the detachment, that he had a brisk and successful skirmish with the enemy while out on an important excursion with his command. The defeat of the enemy by the bravery of Capt. Webb greatly pleased Gen. Lafayette, and he sent to his trusty captain a letter, assuring him that the "successful skirmish" had "afforded" him the "greatest pleasure," and desired him to accept his "best thanks" and convey the same to his company "on this occasion." At other times afterwards, while Lafayette's division was watching the movements of Cornwallis's detachments, and badgering them at every point about Richmond, Petersburg and places north and south of James River and other points in that part of Virginia, he was sent out on secret service and was equally as successful in good results. When the siege of Yorktown commenced, he held his command in Gen. Lafayette's division, and was given an active part in the entrenchments before that doomed place with his brave men, and was present when it fell and the British army under Cornwallis surrendered. In his company in the trenches before the ill-fated place, in uniform, with blistered hands, displaying great gallantry, enduring hardship, and daring to follow where her brave captain dared to lead, was the noted heroine, Deborah Sampson of Massachusetts, a new recruit, bearing the name of Robert Shurtliffe, the story of whole life in the sacred cause of liberty has so often been read. Very fine..........................................................$150.00

7025 - GENERAL CHARLES CUSHING, MASSACHUSETTS, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, May 1781, 4" X 5" manuscript, payment for 5 copies of patricians of land in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in common with other proprietors, all in the hand of Charles Cushing. He was elected as a lawyer, and appointed first Sheriff of Lincoln Co., which office he held both before and during the Revolution, and also for many years after. He resided at Pownalboro and in 1776, when the Maine Militia was reorganized, was appointed to command the Eastern Regiment, with the title of Colonel. In January 1777, he was made Brigadier for Lincoln Co. He made himself especially obnoxious to the loyalists by his vigilance in the discharge of his duties as sheriff and military officer, and towards the close of the war, in 1781, (then a Brigadier General) was seized at night by a loyalist party under John Jones, a violent Tory, taken from his bed, compelled to hurry on his clothes and was carried away to the British army at Castine, where he was retained for some time as a prisoner. His functions as Sheriff and Brigadier General seem to have ceased soon after this time when he removed to Boston and he next appears as Clerk of the Courts in Suffolk and Nantucket Counties in 1783, which office he held to his death, in 1810. The fact of his occupying responsible public stations from the age of 26 to his death continuously both under the royal and republican governments, a period of 50 years, is sufficient proof of his ability, faithfulness and integrity. Very fine..................$125.00

7026 - GENERAL CHARLES CUSHING, ALS Georgetown, [Mass] June 8th, 1761, one page in manuscript, Cushing writes Thomas Fayerwweather in regard to an estate he is involved with. He was educated as a lawyer, and appointed first Sheriff of Lincoln Co., which office he held both before and during the Revolution, and also for many years after. He resided at Pownalboro and in 1776, when the Maine Militia was reorganized, was appointed to command the Eastern Regiment, with the title of Colonel. In January 1777, he was made Brigadier for Lincoln Co. He made himself especially obnoxious to the loyalists by his vigilance in the discharge of his duties as sheriff and military officer, and towards the close of the war, in 1781, (then a Brigadier General) was seized at night by a loyalist party under John Jones, a violent Tory, taken from his bed, compelled to hurry on his clothes and was carried away to the British army at Castine, where he was retained for some time as a prisoner. His functions asSheriff and Brigadier General seem to have ceased soon after this time when he removed to Boston and he next appears as Clerk of the Courts in Suffolk and Nantucket Counties in 1783, which office he held to his death, in 1810. The face of his occupying responsible public stations from the age of 26 to his death continuously both under the royal and republican governments, a period of 50 years, is sufficient proof of his ability, faithfulness and integrity. Very fine.............$125.00

7028 - RECOMMENDATION BY COLONEL RICHARD HAMPTON FOR A FORMER SOLDIER WHO IS ALSO ENDORSED BY SAM ADAMS, Providence, RI, May 13th, 1783, 8" X 13" manuscript. ALS letter by Colonel Richard Hampton to his brother asking his brother to help James Yancy [Yancey] in his new endeavors in Boston and to if possible assist him in procuring business contacts. He describes Mr. Yancy as being originally from Virginia and a brother of Captain Robert Yancy of Colonel Washington's Regiment. He continues in a postscript that Mr. Yancy has a letter from Samuel Adams to General Gadsdele who he is certain will do everything in his power to assist Yancy. Yancy had served at Fort Ticonderoga, NY in the Continental service. In period notation is "Colonel Richard Hampton of the Revolution." There was a Colonel Richard Hampton serving in the southern campaign as well as in the Pennsylvania Line. Well written in large manuscript. Fine...........................................$395.00

7029 - THOMAS DWIGHT, ALS TO JOSEPH LYMAN, ALS by Dwight, 2 pages 7" X 8", folded letter sheet addressed to Joseph Lyman of Hatfield, Mass., April 6th, 1784 regarding debts from an estate. DWIGHT, Thomas, a representative from Massachusetts; born in Springfield, Mass., October 29, 1758; pursued preparatory studies; was graduated from Harvard College in 1778; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Springfield, Mass.; member of the State house of representatives in 1794 and 1795; served in the State senate 1796 - 1803; elected as a Federalist to the Eighth Congress (March 4, 1803 - March 3, 1805); selectman of the town of Springfield 1806 - 1809 and in 1811; member of the Governor's council in 1808 and 1809; retired from political life and engaged in the practice of his profession in Springfield, Hampden County, until his death January 2, 1819; interment in Peabody Cemetery. Joseph Lyman was a Minister from Hatfield and wrote numerous religious pamphlets. Very fine.........................................................$45.00

7030 - WILLIAM GREENLEAF, READ THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE ALOUD IN BOSTON IN jULY 1776, RELAYED SECRET COMMUNICATIONS WITH THE OTHER COLONIES PRIOR TO THE REVOLUTION, Boston, March 5th, 1781, ALS by Greenleaf to the selectmen of the town of Boston regarding new regulations on the auctions in the city. A first hand account of the series of public meetings leading up to the Boston Tea Party lists 13 men who attended them all. These included three of the most important figures of the revolution, Samuel Adams, John Hancock, and Joseph Warren as well as John Scollay and his brother-in-law William Greenleaf. From a balcony Greenleaf read aloud the Declaration of Independence on July 18th, 1776 in Boston. An important Colonial patriot. Very fine.......................SOLD

7032 - BOSTON TEA PARTY, LENDALL PITTS, Boston, June 13th, 1772, 5" X 6" manuscript addressed to Thomas Walley ordering payment to Lendall Pitts and signed by Thomas Davis. Pitts dockets the verso as receiving the funds allocated to Pitts. On the evening of December 16, 1773, a group of men calling themselves the "Sons of Liberty" (whose leader was Samuel Adams) went to the Boston Harbor. The men were dressed as Mohawk Indians. They boarded three British tea ships, the Beaver, the Eleanor and the Dartmouth, quickly, quietly, and in an orderly manner. Once on board, the patriots went to work striking the chests with axes and hatchets. Thousands of spectators watched in silence. Only the sounds of axe blades splitting wood rang out from Boston Harbor. Once the crates are open, the patriots dumped forty-five tons of tea into the Boston Harbor. Fearing any connection to their treasonous deed, the patriots took off their shoes and shook them overboard. They swept the ships' decks, and made each ship's first mate attest that only the tea was damaged. When all was through, Lendall Pitts led the patriots from the wharf, tomahawks and axes resting on their shoulders. A fife played as they marched past the home where British Admiral Montague had been spying on their work. Montague yelled as they past, "Well boys, you have had a fine, pleasant evening for your Indian caper, haven't you? But mind, you have got to pay the fiddler yet!"...................................................................SOLD

7033 - JOSEPH SHED, BOSTON TEA PARTY PARTICIPANT, June 28th, 1798, 5" X 6", manuscript, a payment being a receipt written and signed by Joseph Shed. As a working-class man, Joseph Shed was one of many men who felt the effects of the post-war economic depression in the decade following the end of the French and Indian War in 1763. Unable to find work, many blamed British policies for the slump. Although his politics were never truly radical, he did participate in at least one popular protest. Shed was a carpenter by trade and participated in the Boston Tea Party. Very fine.............................................SOLD

7034 - HENRY PURKETT, BOSTON TEA PARTY PARTICIPANT, May 3rd, 1814, receipt for 6 casks of flints, signed by Henry Purkett a participant in the Boston Tea Party. 3" X 7" in dark brown ink. Listed as a participant dressed as a Mohawk Indian when his tea was thrown off the ship in Boston Harbor. Very fine..................................................$145.00

7036 - DR. JOSHUA BARKER, TORY LOYALIST, Hingham, Mass., January 15th, 1789 to Thomas Fayerweather of Boston, a local merchant. 2 pages octavo, letter of recommendation. Dr. Joshua BARKER was born on 24 Mar 1753 in Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts. He died on 2 Apr 1800 at the age of 47. Joshua Barker was a strong Tory, but was highly esteemed by all classes in the community. He was a practicing physician in Hingham, and a member of the Massachusetts Medical Society; it is said that he tried every new medicine upon himself before giving it to his patients. He was graduated from Harvard College in 1771. His wife, who was his own cousin, was, like himself, very handsome and fine-looking. Susannah THAXTER and Dr. Joshua BARKER were married on 17 Oct 1779 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts. Fine...............................................$69.00

7037 - JOHN SCOLLAY, COLONIAL PATRIOT, NEGOTIATED FOR THE PEACEFUL EXIT OF GENERAL GAGE FROM BOSTON WITHOUT DESTROYING THE CITY, ALS by John Scolley, Boston, June 16th, 1784 to Thomas Fayerweather, Boston merchant. A letter 6" X 8" by Scolley dealing with the use of a warehouse on a dock in the city of Boston. John Scolley was a member of the Sons of Liberty, selectman of Boston 1774 - 1790. In 1761, along with about fifty other men, he signed a petition which was sent to King George III protesting the illegal actions of the British revenue officers. A strong supporter of colonial claims against the empire, he was chosen to Boston's board of Selectmen in 1764. The honor was repeated in 1773, and the following year he was made chairman, a title he held until 1790. Although his participation in the Revolution was historically overshadowed by that of the more prominent and outspoken revolution revolutionaries such as Adams, Otis, and Hancock, John's contribution was nevertheless important. Without individuals like John Scollay supporting the cause, resisting the British might not have been possible. Scollay stayed on in Boston throughout the siege. Mr. Scollay maintained his role as town Selectman, and served as a conduit for communications between Joseph Warren and General Thomas Gage. Many Patriots' relations, like Samuel Adams' physician son and Paul Revere's family, were stranded in the besieged town following the Battles of Lexington and Concord. The occupying British were unwilling to let many escape to their armed compatriots attempting to reclaim the town. When General Howe, Commander-in-Chief of the British Forces was making preparations to evacuate his forces from Boston in March 1776, the people were concerned for the town. A deputation went to Howe and asked that he spare Boston, in return for being allowed to leave without a fight. John Scollay was the first of the four "influential Boston citizens" who signed the communication to the American army, telling them of this. Scolley negotiated with General Gage on the peaceful exit of British troops without burning the city. His daughter Mercy was engaged to Dr. Joseph Warren who was killed at Bunker Hill. Fine, a small tip of letter missing unaffecting text. An important Colonial Bostonian patriot............................................SOLD

7039 - MAJOR JOHN DOUGHTY WRITES TO GENERAL HENRY JACKSON FOR GENERAL HENRY KNOX AS HE IS REQUESTING NAMES OF OFFICERS ENTITLED TO BREVETS, ALS, November 7th, 1783, octavo 6" X 8" letter to Brig. General Henry Jackson stating that General Henry Knox wants the names of officers entitled to brevets written and signed by Major Edward Doughty of Knox's staff. Doughty distinguished himself in the 2nd Continental Artillery at Brandywine, Germantown, Monmouth, and Yorktown. Very fine........................................................$350.00

7040 - THOMAS WALLEY, BOSTON SELECTMAN, SIGNER OF MASSACHUSETTS CURRENCY, LETTER MENTIONS THE GLOOMY PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN BOSTON 1775, ALS Boston, January 25th, 1775, a letter to his brother. Walley reflets on the poor health and declining physical condition of their sister..."I suspect death will be a happy exchange for her, may we be all prepared for the fate God has for us". "Our public affairs wear a more gloomy aspect than ever, may God appear for us and disappoint the designs of our..." Walley implies that the mod in Boston is poor in regard to politics and he implores God to aid them in their cause. Lexington and Concord and the siege of Boston is only months away and patriotic sentiment and anti-British feelings are ever increasing. Very fine................................$250.00

7041 - LT COLONEL WILLIAM MORRIS ADC TO GENERAL NATHANIEL GREENE, Lt. Colonel Lewis Morris son of Signer Lewis Morris of NY, as ADC to General Nathaniel Greene, signature in ink..............................................$50.00

7042 - EX MINUTEMAN CAPTAIN NATHAN PACKARD ATTESTS THAT SIMEON KEITH WAS WOUNDED AT THE BATTLE OF RHODE ISLAND, 6" X 8", manuscript affidavit dated February 2nd, 1792 stating that Simeon Keith had been wounded in a battle on Rhode Island under General Sullivan by a ball going through his arm. Packard signs as "commanding Captain of said company at that time." Packard was a 'Minuteman' April 19th, 1775 in Captain Joseph Hayden's Company, Colonel Barleys Regiment. Well written, obviously written for a soldier's pension proving service and his wounding. Very fine............................................SOLD

7043 - 18 PAIR OF SHOES FOR COLONEL HENLEY'S REGIMENT, Pawtucket, October 15th, 1778, 6" X 7" manuscript Jonas Whiting Quartermaster affirms the receipt of 18 pair of shoes from Stephen Parker pay master of Colonel Jackson's regiment for the use of Colonel Henley's regiment. General Henry Jackson led his regiment in the Philadelphia campaign of 1777, at Monmouth and Rhode Island in 1778, and at Springfield, New Jersey in 1780. In 1780, the regiment was taken into the Massachusetts Line and renamed the 16th Massachusetts Regiment. Jackson's regiment was disbanded in 1781 and Jackson was transferred to command the 4th Massachusetts Regiment. He received a brevet promotion to brigadier general on September 30, 1783 and led Continental forces into New York City on the heels of the British evacuation in November. He was retained as commander the 1st American Regiment (1783 - 1784), which was the only infantry until still active after the dissolution of the Continental Army. Jackson was discharged from the Army on June 20, 1784 when the 1st Regiment was disbanded and the standing army was reduced to only 80 soldiers..........................................................$250.00

7044 - RAYMOND GREENE, RHODE ISLAND, September 7th, 1792, short note signed to Welcome Arnold of Providence, RI. Born in Warwick, Rhode Island, Greene was a son of William Greene and Catharine Ray. His father was a governor of Rhode Island during the American Revolutionary War, and his mother was a correspondent of Benjamin Franklin. Greene pursued classical studies and graduated from Yale College in 1784, then studied law, waas admitted to the bar, and commenced practice in Providence. He was attorney general of Rhode Island from 1794 to 1797, and in the latter year was elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William Bradford. Green was reelected in 1799 and in total served from November 13, 1797 to March 5, 1801, when he resigned, having been nominated for a judicial position. He was designated a district judge of Rhode Island by President John Adams, but through a technicality, was not appointed. Greene died in Warwick in 1849, and he, his wife Mary, and his son William are all buried in the Governor Greene Cemetery on Love Lane in Warwick, where Greene's father and grandfather (both governors) are also buried there. Fine..................................................SOLD

7045 - BENJAMIN WHITE, MASSACHUSETTS COUNCIL OF SAFETY, 1775 BOSTON, DEFENSE OF BUNKER HILL, 4" X 6" manuscript note written and signed by Benjamin White of Boston to Thomas Fayenweather, January 10th, 1772, Boston dealing with funds received for Thomas Hutchinson administrator to the estate. The Massachusetts Committee of Safety met on 15 June at the house of Harvard steward Jonathan Hastings and came to this conclusion:  Whereas, it appears of Importance to the Safety of this Colony, that possession of the Hill, called Bunker's Hill, in Charlestown, be securely kept and defended; and also some one hill or hills on Dorchester Neck [i.e. peninsula] be likewise Secured. Therefore, Resolved, Unanimously, that it be recommended to the Council of War, that the abovementioned Bunker's Hill be maintained, by sufficient force being posted there; and as the particular situation of Dorchester Neck is unknown to this Committee, they advise that the Council of War take and pursue such steps respecting the Same, as to them shall appear to be for the Security of this Colony. White was a member of the Massachusetts Committee of Safety and was one of the two members that met with General Thomas near Charleston planning the defense of Bunker Hill. Very fine......................................................$150.00

7046 - CONTINENTAL OFFICER ANDREW PETERS, MASSACHUSETTS, Menden, Mass., October 26th, 1786, 1 page ALS business letter to Thomas Fayenweather of Cambridge. Captain in the Massachusetts Regiment of Joseph Reed May - December 1775, Captain of the 13th Continental Regiment June  - December 1776, Major 2nd Mass., Lt. Colonel of the 15th Mass. until his resignation in 1779. Very fine...........................................$75.00

7047 - COLONEL WILLIAM PECK, REVOLUTIONARY WAR OFFICER, ALS Providence, RI, March 31st, 1801, 1 page letter written and signed by Peck mentioning the arrival of Judge Lowell for court, a printing office in Washington and related matters. William Peck served as an officer in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War for approximately four years. William Peck was born in Lyme, Connecticut and was known to have died in Providence, Rhode Island with internment at North Burial Ground. William was married to Abigail Matthews (? - May 10, 1832) on Jan. 25, 1786. William and Abigail were known to have one son named John Peck who married Sarah Ferris. William is the great grandfather of similarly named William Charles Peck who served with the Union Army during the Civil War. William Peck graduated from Yale College in 1775 and was appointed Adjutant of the 17th Regiment of Connecticut Infantry (also known as the 17th Continental Infantry) commanded by Col. Jeremiah Huntington. William was appointed Brigade Major to General Joseph Spencer on July 28, 1776. He later became major and Aide-de-Camp to General Spencer from August 14, 1776 to January, 1778. On May 20, 1777, William was commissioned as Colonel and Deputy Adjutant of the General Forces in Rhode Island command by Gen. John Sullivan until the surrender of Yorktown in Oct. 1781 at which time he resigned his commission. Colonel Peck was subsequently appointed as the US Marshall of Rhode Island in 1790 by President Washington and maintained that post for 20 years. This letter was written in his capacity of US Marshall. Very fine....................................................SOLD

7050 - MASSACHUSETTS STATE TREASURER THOMAS DAVIS, May 8th, 1793, 2 pale ALS by Davis as state Treasurer to John Waite concerning no payment of funds to the State of Massachusetts and telling Waite to proceed against parties involved. Davis [1756 - 1805] was Treasurer and receiver - General of Massachusetts 1792 - 97. John Waite [1758 - 1830] was a Continental soldier serving in the Massachusetts Line. Very fine..............................$45.00


7051 - MISSISSIPPI TERRITORY, September 29th, 1812, 6" X 8" printed and filled-in form ordering Ladock Cramer to appear at Superior Court in Washington, Miss. To answer the charges levied against him by Stephen Henderson. Signed by Theodore Stark. Thick laid paper with heavy typeset, early Mississippi Territory. Very fine......................................$75.00

7052 - MISSISSIPPI TERRITORY, HUGE INDENTURE FOR A SALE OF PROPERTY IN NATCHEZ IN 1806, dated March 19th, 1806, 12" X 20" written in large manuscript on thick laid paper. The sale of two lots in the southeast portion of Natchez identified as lots 1 and 2 in square 28 sold to John and Susan Reagh by John Perkins for the sum of $91.87 1/2 cents. The terms of the payment were outlined in the indenture [promissory contract]. Signed by the notary and several witnesses. A huge document that has some archival strengthening at folds but no loss of text. Large manuscript with paper seals attached to the verso. Early Mississippi Territory. Overall very good..............................................$225.00

7053 - MISSISSIPPI TERRITORY, A LONG LEGAL DISPUTE OVER LAND SOLD NEAR THE TOWN OF WASHINGTON, MISS, October 4th, 1803, six long legal pages in manuscript, Adams County, Mississippi Territory dealing with the sale of land near the town of Washington sold to John Foster by James Foster for the sum of $150 in the year 1798. The charges stem from the property line dispute that arose and the plaintiff is suing for relief from James Foster and the previous seller John Bullen. Very specific property description down to trees is listed. Six large pages, wear at edges, dark brown ink. A very early Mississippi Territory document.......................................................$150.00

7054 - SUBPOENA TO APPEAR AT COURT IN NATCHEZ, MISSISSIPPI TERRITORY, June 3rd, 1803, 8" X 13" manuscript subpoena ordering James Foster and John Bullen to appear to answer charges by John Foster at the court house in Natchez under penalty of $300. [See previous lot for the description of the charge]. The trial was set for November 1803. Noted that this was John Bullen's copy of the subpoena on the verso. Very fine........................$85.00

6101 - BOSTON, NEW ENGLAND, 1771, A Sermon preached at Cambridge before his Excellency Thomas Hutchinson preached by John Tucker on the occasion of the election of His Majesty's Council. May 29th, 1771, printed by Richard Draper, Boston, New England. 63 pages octavo bound imprint. Very fine with crisp paper. In 1769, upon the resignation of Governor Francis Bernard, he became acting Governor, serving in that capacity at the time of the Boston Massacre, March 5, 1770, when popular clamor compelled him to order the removal of the troops from the city. In March 1771, he received his commission as Governor, and was the last civilian governor of the Massachusetts colony. His administration, controlled completely by the British ministry, increased the friction with the patriots. The publication, in 1773, of some letters on colonial affairs written by Hutchinson, and obtained by Franklin in England, still further aroused public indignation. In England, while Hutchinson was vindicated in discussions in the Privy Council, Franklin was severely criticized and fired as a colonial postmaster general. The resistance of the colonials led the ministry to see the necessity for stronger measures. A temporary suspension of the civil government followed, and General Gage was appointed military governor in April 1774. Driven from the country by threats in the following May and broken in health and spirit, Hutchinson spend the rest of his life an exile in England. Printed shortly after his elevation to Governor. Very fine..........................................................$150.00

72010 - CELEBRATION OVER CORNWALLIS' VICTORY, FRANCIS MARION IN THE CAROLINAS, The Salem Gazette, Salem, MA, February 7th, 1782. 6 pages, proclamation that soldiers on furlough must return promptly in order to avoid disagreeable consequences - the War is not over yet! Jubilation over the victory over Cornwallis at Yorktown, the sky is illuminated in Charleston, Francis Marion captures stores and prisoners in South Carolina, General Sinclair is sent by Washington to reinforce him, Marion's operations in the Carolinas praised, the British House of Commons denies supplies for America, a French ship arrives with money to pay the French troops. One of the newest of the Revolutionary War papers, some old tape restoration in a small area, otherwise very good, unusual six page issue.............................................$150.00

61505 - A DETAILED ACCOUNT OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN'S EXPERIMENT ON THE "STILLING OF WATER WITH OIL, COLONIAL TAXATION", The Universal Magazine, London, January 1775, complete issue, octavo sized. A report of the famous experiment by Dr. Franklin on the stilling of water with oil while he was on an voyage back to America. Extracts of several Franklin letters, a superb biography of William Penn, the founder of the Colony of Pennsylvania, news of an Indian attack at Point Pleasant, OH, which is very detailed. Complete with original frontage page for the Volume of 1775. Excellent American content.......................................SOLD

61507 - FEELINGS IN BRITAIN BECOME MORE ANTI-AMERICAN, NEW ENGLAND COLONIES TO BE PROHIBITED FROM FISHING IN NEWFOUNDLAND, PARLIAMENT BECOMES MORE IRRITATED IN AMERICAN NEWS, The Universal Magazine, London, March 1775, complete octavo sized issue. A great description of the City of BOSTON, Taxation and no tyranny, a satirical opinion by Dr. Samuel Johnson, a book "The Present Crisis with Respect to America Considered" being burned by the common hangman. The book was considered false, malicious, and a traitorous libel writing. Edmund Burke sets forth a plan for conciliatory actions between the Colonies and Great Britain. Complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included).............................$75.00

61508 - THE AMERICANS HAVE HOISTERED THEIR STANDARD OF LIBERTY AT SALEM, The Universal Magazine, London, April 1775, complete issue, octavo sized. Reports of the American Colonists raising the standard of Liberty (flag) at Salem, MA, a great many men flocking to it, Generals Burgoyne, Gage, and Howe leave for Boston on the Man-o-war CERBERUS, an early report of the organized effort in Massachusetts to assert Colonial American rights. Complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included)...........................................SOLD

61511 - GENERAL GAGE REPORTS ON THE SITUATION IN BOSTON AFTER LEXINGTON AND CONCORD, LORD DUNMORE ABDICATES AS GOVERNOR OF VIRGINIA, GAGE'S REPORT ON THE BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL, The Universal Magazine, London, July 1775, complete issue, octavo sized. General Gage gives details as to the situation in the City of Boston after the fighting at Lexington and Concord, Lord Denmore resigns as Royal Governor of Virginia and his message to the House of Burgess, with their message to him and then Dunmore responds to their message. Gage reports to the Earl of Dartmouth on the Battle of Breeds Hill (Bunker Hill). An important issue, complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included).................................$250.00

61513 - WASHINGTON'S LETTER TO GENERAL GAGE AND HIS REPLY, The Universal Magazine, London, September 1775, complete issue, octavo size. Congress sent a letter to Ireland listing the reasons for the rebellion against England, Congress sent a petition to the House of Commons, news of battle action near Fort Ticonderoga, Washington's letter to General Gage and his reply to Washington. Complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included)...................................SOLD

61514 - GEORGE III FEELS A SHOW OF FORCE IS NECESSARY TO BRING THE COLONIES IN LINE, BUT IF THEY RETURN THEY SHOULD BE DEALT WITH MERCY, The Universal Magazine, London, October 1775, octave sized magazine. A description of the seat of War in North America, recent fires in Charles Town, extensive news about Rhode Island, John Wesley addresses the American Colonies and employs them to accept British Authority for fear of God and the King, George III addresses both houses of Parliament stating that a show of forces must be made with the Americans, but if they return to the fold they should be dealt with mercy and tenderness, notice that Lard Cornwallis has been appointed a Major General. Complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included).............................................$89.00

61516 - THE BRITISH NAVY DESTROYS FALMOUTH, MA, THREATENS OTHER COASTAL CITIES FROM BOSTON TO HALIFAX, The Universal Magazine, London, December 1775, octavo sized magazine. Lord North proposes in Congress a bill that would prohibit trade with any of the 12 United Colonies who sent delegates to the late Continental Congress, on December 8th, Parliament passes the American Refraining Act. George Washington passes on a letter describing the British Navy's attack on Falmouth, MA., which nearly destroyed the town by thousands of shot from the small British fleet, Nathanial Green sent a letter on the same subject (destruction of Falmouth) and wants the town of Newport fortified as quick as possible. Quite a detailed issue. Complete issue minus frontage page that was removed when binding into the bound volume (a color copy of the frontage page for 1775 is included)....................................$95.00

61517 - GENERAL GAGE ARRIVES IN BOSTON WITH TROOPS, THE PORT BLOCKED, PHILADELPHIA SYMPATHIZE WITH THE MEN OF MASSACHUSETTS, PAYMENT OFFERED FOR LOSSES IN THE BOSTON TEA PARTY, The Town & Country Magazine, London, July 1774, octavo sized magazine with full wraps. General Gage arrives in Boston and is peaceably received, members of the faction opposing British taxes and restrictions are informed that their names have been sent to London and set before Parliament, they may be called to London or at the very least prohibited from holding any public office, leaders in Philadelphia write offering sympathy with their brethren in Massachusetts, however the Quakers in that city oppose any involvement in the New England situation, a letter is presented by merchants of Boston desiring a meaningful relationship with Gage and offering the East India Company for any past losses incurred by wrathful and inconsiderate men...AN OFFER TO REPAY LOSSES INCURRED FOR THE BOSTON TEA PARTY, important and rare content as some in Boston fear financial ruin by the blockade of Boston Harbor that was just beginning by the British Fleet. Very fine, complete........................................$225.00

61518 - AN EXTENSIVE LISTING OF LETTERS FROM COLONIAL GOVERNORS ADVISING PARLIAMENT OF THE SITUATION IN AMERICA, A MOVE IN BOSTON TO PAY FOR THE LOST TEA DEFEATED, EXTRAORDINARY CONTENT, The Gentleman's Magazine, London, February 1775, complete with all wraps. A series of General Gage's letters from Boston from July 1775 to December 1775 describing the affairs in the Colony, tyranny enforced by mobs who influence juries, judges, and the press. A vote defeated in Boston to pay for the lost TEA (BOSTON TEA PARTY), letters from almost all Colonial Royal Governors advising Parliament of the situation in their Colony and how the situation in Massachusetts has been influencing their citizens and the feeling of their citizens, workers in Boston refuse to build lodging for the King's Troops. A very newsy and important issue just two months before Lexington & Concord and the beginning of the Revolutionary War........................................$175.00

62001 - SEES OF REVOLUTION IN BOSTON EMERGE, The Pennsylvania Chronicle, October 17th, 1768, 8 page octavo edition printed by William Goddard. The British land troops in Boston to enforce and back up local Customs Officials with unrest brewing, lodging is to be provided to them, barracks constructed with no compensation for lands used by the Army, barracks being built are destroyed during construction, the Governor offers a reward for the capture of the offenders, local meeting of Boston officials vote to not endorse harsher measures against the British. Numerous reports from Boston in this Philadelphia paper revolving around the unrest in New England, the arrival of British regiments in Boston, and dissent among the populace over how to handle the duties and taxation imposed upon the New England colonies. Also the "Sons of Liberty" in Boston threatened armed violence. An excellent Colonial paper printed just as hostile actions against British rule were to erupt. Paper is crisp and printing bold, trifle flem on page 7-8 resulting in trifle lost of text in merchant ads, otherwise fine.............................................$250.00   

62102 - THE SITUATION IN FRANCE WORSENS, ANARCHY PREVAILS, Dunlap's American Daily Advertiser, Philadelphia, PA, January 10th, 1793. 4 pgs. Extensive coverage of the birth of the New French Republic, conflicts and battles in France, printed just a few days before the French King and his wife were executed. These changes in France would set the stage for an upcoming War with England that would threaten to bring America into the fray. Very fine....................................$45.00

62106 - CRITICISM OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT FOR FEAR OF GETTING THE UNITED STATES IN A CONFLICT WITH FRANCE, The Independent Chronicle, Boston, MA, February 13th, 1797. Attractive masthead of the Seal of Massachusetts, published ni the last month of Washington's second administration. The paper criticizes the Federal Government for it's relations with France, Pickering the Secretary of State had published a report on the damages incurred by American vessels by hostile actions against neutral nations. Front page article on the state of Foreign Affairs in regard to our relations with European powers in conflict, fine.........................................$49.50

62109 - JOHN HANCOCK ON HIS WAY TO PHILADELPHIA FOR THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, The Worcester Magazine, Boston, MA, Second week of May 1787, published by I. Thomas and formerly the "Massachusetts Spy", octavo sized. Hancock and his wife leave for Philadelphia for the Convention, a committee in Massachusetts deals with pardoning persons who were disloyal during the Revolution, news that leaders of Shays Rebellion have returned to Vermont from Canada. A scarce issue, slight edge tatters, but a solid issue.............................$75.00


The following group of Almanacs were all printed in America in the 18th Century in Boston. Colonial imprints of all types are getting very scarce to find and bringing high prices at auction.

29 - ASTRONOMICAL DIARY OR ALMANAC FOR THE YEAR 1795, published by Nathanial Low, Boston, MA. Paper wraps and string bound, lists the usual predictions by day. The court systems in New England, population by States in America, distances of road from Boston to other towns in New England, as well as simple interest based on 6% interest from 1 pound to 1000 pounds. "Published in the 19th year of Independence which began July 4th, 1776". Wide margins, early Federalist period almanac printed during the administration of George Washington. Fresh paper............................................$165.00

30 - ASTRONOMICAL DIARY OR ALMANAC FOR THE YEAR 1798, published by Nathanial Low, Boston, MA. The usual predictions by day each month. A table of interest based on 6%, a conversion into pounds from Massachusetts currency, a listing of the Federal Court system in New England, distances from Boston to other towns in the New England area. A Federalist Period almanac. Overall very good, paper wraps and string bound...........................................$150.00

5180 - REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIER'S AFFIDAVIT OF DISCHARGE AND PAY VOUCHER, 2 items, [1] pre-printed and filled-in pay voucher dated at Hartford, CT. August 24th, 1780 for Noah Robert to receive his pay due in the amount of 47 pounds, 15 shillings, 7 pence, 5" X 6", [2] affidavit of discharge for Noah Roberts who it states had served three years in the Connecticut line and his legal date of discharge was May 20th, 1780. The manuscript document is 3.75" X 5.25" and is dated August 22nd, 1780. Roberts fought at Long Island in 1777, Battle of Rhode Island August 1778, wintered at Morristown 1779 - 80 and was in captain Samuel Webb's Regiment [copies of his service included], very fine........................................................$295.00

, Pre-printed appointment for Gabriel Benson as Supervisor of the United States in the district of Spartanburg, Charleston, November 10th, 1798 and signed by Stevens as supervisor of the State of South Carolina. 7" X 9", Daniel Stevens was the twenty-fourth intendant (mayor) of Charleston, South Carolina, serving from 1819 to 1820. Stevens was elected as a warden (city council member) in August 1808. He ran for the office of intendant of Charleston on September 16, 1816 but was defeated by Elias Horry. Stevens was elected intendant (mayor) on January 11, 1819, replacing John Geddes, who had been elected governor of South Carolina. He was then re-elected on September 6, 1819. Stevens was born in 1746 to Samuel Stevens and Catherine Willard and died on March 20, 1835. He married three times: to Patience Catherine Norton (1767); to Sarah Sprowle (1770); and to Mary Adams (1779). Stevens served with the Charleston Rangers and Ancient Battalion of Artillery and fought in that Battle of Fort Moultrie. He was imprisoned and exiled to Philadelphia when Charleston fell in May 1780 to the British. He returned to Charleston the next year under the command of General Nathaniel Greene. He saw action at Guilford Courthouse and Eutaw Springs. After the Revolutionary War, Stevens served as Charleston District sheriff (1782 - 1784) and then federal supervisor of revenue (1791 - 1801). He served in the South Carolina statehouse was a representative for the Charleston area in 1782 and then again in 1785 - 1790. He represented the Beaufort District in the South Carolina Senate in 1791. Some archival repairs on verso, light stains..................................................

3115 - PRESIDENT JAMES MONROE, A large bold signature in ink, 1" X 5", from a document he signed as Secretary of State under Madison. "Jas. Monroe" "Secretary of State." (April 28, 1758 - July 4, 1831) was the fifth President of the United States (1817 - 1825). Monroe was the last president who was a Founding Father of the United States, the third of them to die on Independence Day, and the last president from the Virginia dynasty and the Republican Generation. He was of French and Scottish descent. Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia. Monroe was of the planter class and fought in the American Revolutionary War. He was wounded in the Battle of Trenton with a musket ball to his shoulder. After studying law under Thomas Jefferson from 1780 to 1783, he served as a delegate in the Continental Congress. As an anti-federalist delegate to the Virginia convention that considered ratification of the United States Constitution, Monroe opposed ratification, claiming it gave too much power to the central government. He took an active part in the new government, and in 1790 he was elected to the Senate of the first United States Congress, where he joined the Jeffersonian. He gained experience as an executive as the Governor of Virginia and rose to national prominence as a diplomat in France, when he helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. During the War of 1812, Monroe held the critical roles of Secretary of State and the Secretary of War under President James Madison. Facing little opposition from the fractured Federalist Party, Monroe was easily elected president in 1816, winning over 80 percent of the electoral vote and becoming the last president during the First Party System era of American politics. As president, he bought Florida from Spain and sought to east partisan tensions, embarking on a tour of the country that was generally well received. With the ratification of the Treaty of 1818, under the successful diplomacy of his Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, the United States extended from the Atlantic to the Pacific, giving America harbor and fishing rights in the Pacific Northwest. The United States and Britain jointly occupied the Oregon Country. In addition to the acquisition of Florida, the landmark Treaty of 1819 secured the border of the United States along the 42nd Parallel to the Pacific Ocean and represented America's first determined attempt at creating an "American global empire." As nationalism surged, partisan fury subsided and the "Era of Good Feelings" ensued until the Panic of 1819 struck and dispute over the admission of Missouri embroiled the country in 1820. Nonetheless, Monroe won near unanimous re-election. A nice bold signature....................................................$395.00

3116 - PRESIDENT JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, 8.75" X 13.5", vellum land grant, large heading, JOHN QUINCY ADAMS PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, November 13th, 1825, land at Cahaba, Alabama awarded and sold to Gabriel Benson, 79 plus acres. Signed in dark ink  J. Q. Adams. Embellishments are very strong in dark ink. Complete paper seal. Trifle pin holes as usual in vellum restored nicely. Nice and bright. Starting in 1804, U. S. Land Offices were established to sell land in the area which would become Alabama. By law federal land was sold to the highest bidders at public auctions. Alabama sales attracted me from all over the nation, many of them peculators. Groups of speculators bought large tracts, sometimes for as little as $10 an acre, then resold at $20 to $100 an acre. When an auction ended, poorer migrants could buy less desirable land for as little as $2 an acre. The smallest amount one person could buy was 160 acres. Under the Land Law of 1800 a purchaser could put one-fourth down and pay the rest off over three years. But when the price of cotton fell to eighteen cents a pound, few could meet payments on land bought at inflated prices. By 1820, Alabama owed the federal government $11 million - more than half of the national land debt. In 1820 and 1821, Congress passed new laws to deal with this problem. The Land Law of 1820 required future buyers to pay the entire amount in cash, but lowered the minimums to $1.25 an acre and 80 acres. Those already in debt were aided by the Relief Act of 1821 which permitted them to keep part of their land and return the rest to the government or buy it all on the installment plan at reduced rates.........................................................$525.00

3118 - EARLY MEDICAL BROADSIDE, "CANCER CURED, EAR AND OTHER DISEASES", Broadside, 8"X 17", period 1840's, black typeset on white bond paper, large eye vignette, Dr. J. M. Miner, late Professor of the Eye and Ear Infirmary of NYC, will be at the Pattee House, Avon, NY to see patients...his methods of treatment of various diseases by use of electric and vegetable remedies with numerous testimonials to his credit. An early medical broadside hat dates by typestyle and paper to the 1840s and is accompanied by two social invitations that came with it dated 1847 and 1848. Condition is very good with paper bright......................................................$85.00

14300 - PRESIDENT JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, 8.75" X 13.5", vellum land grant, large heading, JOHN QUINCY ADAMS PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, November 13th, 1825, land at Cahaba, Alabama awarded and sold to Gabriel Benson, 160 acres. Signed in dark ink. J. Q. Adams. Embellishments are very strong in dark ink. Complete paper seal. Trifle pin holes as usual in vellum restored nicely. Nice and bright. Starting in 1804, U.S. Land Offices were established to sell land in the area which would become Alabama. By law federal land was sold to the highest bidders at public auctions. Alabama sales attracted me in from all over the nation, many of them speculators. Groups of speculators bought large tracts, sometimes for as little as $10 an acre, then resold at $20 to $100 an acre. When an auction ended, poorer migrants could buy less desirable land for as little as $2 an acre. The smallest amount one person could buy was 160 acres. Under the Land Law of 1800, a purchaser could put one-fourth down and pay the rest off over three years. But when the price of cotton fell to eighteen cents a pound, few could meet payments on land bought at inflated prices. By 1820, Alabama owed the federal government $11 million - more than half of the national land debt. In 1820 and 1821, Congress passed new laws to deal with this problem. The Land Law of 1820 required future buyers to pay the entire amount in cash but lowered the minimums to $1.25 an acre and 80 acres. Those already in debt were aided by the Relief Act of 1821 which permitted them to keep part of their land and return the rest to the government or but it all on the installment plan at reduced rates.............................................................$595.00

10061 - PAYMENT FOR SOLDIER'S CLOTHING IN SILVER SIGNED BY FOUR PATRIOTS WHO SERVED FOR YEARS IN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY, 1.5" X 7", Preston, CT, December 4th, 1781. Paying an individual in SILVER for clothing for Continental Army. Four of the selectmen signing the document served with distinction at numerous Revolutionary War battles such as Lexington and Concord, Battle at Long Island, Saratoga, Germantown, PA., Monmouth, N.J., Groton Heights, Morristown and Valley Forge. Numerous research records of these soldiers are included. Very fine...........................................................$195.00


8923 - THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, LONDON, ENGLAND, JULY 1775, Octavo sized, 5" X 7", complete issue. The first report in England of the Battle of Bunker Hill, on page 346, describing the alarm sounded on the morning of the 17th that the Rebels had broken ground and had raised a battery on the heights of Charles Town against the town of Boston, six cannons were set up, troops were dispatched to drive them off with forces consisting of the 5th, 38th, 43rd, and 52nd battalions with field artillery. All under the command of General Howe and Brig. General Pigot landed under the protection of some ships of war. The Rebels were kept within their works. Much more on the attack of the British, the defense of the Americans, describes the cannonade from the field pieces and howitzers...signed in print by General Gage along with the killed and wounded including Major Pitcairn who had been involved in the Lexington/Concord engagements. Much more on the details of the engagement. On page 331 General Gage gives his proclamation of June 12th describing the rebels as incendiaries and traitors and anyone who aids them in any way will be considered traitors, much more. Choice condition. Extremely rare content......................$395.00

71613A - COLONY OF PENNSYLVANIA, PAYMENT FOR A BLACK MARE FOR THE USE OF THE UNITED STATES, August 21st, 1780, pre-printed and filled in document 7" X 7" detailing the payment of 29 pounds in specie on the exchange of 60 for one Continental for the payment of one black mare 14 hands high for a wagon and such male has been appraised by two Freeholders. Lancaster County, PA paid to Michael Breitenbach of the township of Lebanon [PA]. This document was a pay voucher by the state with interest allowed. There are numerous notations on the verso in manuscript. He apparently received the amount due plus interest in 1784 which amounted to 34 pounds 17 shillings, 9 pence. Quite an interesting Revolutionary War document showing the inflation that Continental currency has suffered by 1780. Fine..........................................................$325.00

60900 - THE DEFENSE OF FORT MOULTRIE, 8.5" X 11" steel engraving from a painting by J. A. Oertel, engraved by G. R. Hall, dated 1856, published by Martin & Johnson, "The heroism of Sergeant Jasper," Jasper distinguished himself in the defense of Fort Moultrie (then called Fort Sullivan) on June 28, 1776. When a shell from a British warship shot away the flagstaff, he recovered the South Carolina flag in the Battle of Sullivan's Island, raised it on a temporary staff, and held it under fire until a new staff was installed. Governor John Rutledge gave his sword to Jasper in recognition of his bravery. Choice...........................................$35.00

, 8.5" X 11" steel engraving, dated 1856, from the original painting, published by Martin & Fry, a great action print, choice.........................................

5105 - THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST NEW YORK 1776, THE ALARM BY WASHINGTON, THE RETREAT BY WASHINGTON, August 11th, 1776, 3.5" X 8", manuscript payment by Jesse Root to Major Simon Strong for 500 pounds to pay his men at the rate of 20 shillings per day in an advance on the wages of his men who were going to New York in the alarm. Strong signs as Major of the 15th Connecticut regiment. The alarm was called by Washington to send troops to New York to defend against a British invasion to re-capture the city. Strong's 15th Regiment was one of the regiments caught in the panic and retreat from NY on September 15th, 1776. On July 3, 1776, British troops landed on Staten Island. Over a period of six weeks, British troop strength was increased so that it number over 32,000 by the end of August. Meanwhile, General Washington was preparing his men as well as he could under the circumstances. Washington was hampered by the British control of the sea, which allowed them to conceivably attack either Long Island or Manhattan. Washington decided to defend both vulnerable areas. On August 22, General Howe, the British commander, began transporting troops across the bay from Staten Island to Long Island. Washington decided to defend Brooklyn Heights by digging in around Brooklyn Village. Washington fortified the Heights of Guan, a range of hills 100 to 150 feet in height and covered by heavy brush and woods. The heights were broken by four passes. The furthest away was the Jamaica pass. Only five soldiers were detailed to defend the pass. On August 26th, Howe's troops quietly made their way to the Jamaica pass and seized the five American guards there. The British advanced behind American lines undetected until they reached the settlement of Bedford, where they opened fire. At that point, British troops rushed through the Bedford pass. Two hundred fifty American troops, under General Stirling, were surrounded on three sides. They fought bravely, but were soon overwhelmed. American troops were forced back into Brooklyn Heights. Cornwallis did not follow-up with an immediate attack on Brooklyn Heights. Washington's advisors recommended a withdrawal before British frigates could block the East River and any available means of escape. On the night of August 30th, Washington successfully withdrew his troops across the East River to Manhattan. Washington turned his attention to rebuilding his army. He was given instruction by the Continental Congress that allowed him to withdraw from New York. Washington began moving his supplies and wounded soldiers north from Manhattan. Meanwhile, Howe had decided not attack the heavily fortified Manhattan, but instead to outflank Washington and trap him. On September 13, Howe began to move his army across the East River to Kips Bay, there he hoped to cut Washington off. The landing was successful, and met only limited opposition. Washington's army, however, was able to successfully move north to Harlem Heights. The next day, a brief skirmish took place at Harlem Heights that became known as the Battle of Harlem. In this brief battle, several hundred British light infantry were badly mauled by Colonel Thomas Knowlton's Connecticut regiment. The Americans and the British began digging in. On October 12, Howe once again moved his army to the north to outflank Washington, this time at Throgs Neck. He landed there successfully, but his forces were bottled up on the Neck, which, depending on the tides, was sometimes an island. Washington decided to withdraw north to White Plains. The British slowly followed. It took Howe ten days to arrive in White Plains. There, on October 28th, the British troops captured Chattertons Hill, to the right of American lines. Washington soon withdrew to New Castle, and Howe did not follow. Well written in dark brown ink. This document was part of a exhibition at St. Bonaventure University in 2005-2006. [flyer included on the exhibit]. Very fine.................................................$395.00

5106 - SIGNED BY PETER COLT, FINAL PAYMENT FOR A CONTINENTAL SOLDIER, State of Connecticut, January 8th, 1790, pre-printed and filled in voucher for 7 pounds and Nine shillings. O cancelled as usual on these. 5" X 6", signed by Peter Colt reputed to be a direct relative of Samuel Colt. The document was made out to Charles Phelps who served in several regiments during the Revolutionary War. In 1775, the 10 Connecticut Regiment, in 1776 the 17th Connecticut noted as missing on the retreat from Long Island, and later in the 7th Connecticut Regiment until 1781. It was common for old debts for service to be paid way after the War. Very fine...................................................$75.00


32203 - PAY ABSTRACT OF CAPTAIN PETER WOODBURY'S COMPANY IN COLONEL JACOB GERRISH'S REGIMENT FOR SEPTEMBER 1778, MASSACHUSETTS TROOPS, GUARDING HESSIAN PRISONERS AFTER SARATOGA, 7" X 7" manuscript listing of the officers and non-commissioned officers and private soldiers in Captain Peter Woodbury's Company for September 1778. Included were one Captain, 2 Lieutenants, 4 Sergeants, 1 Drummer, 4 Corporals, and 45 privates whose pay amounted to 140 pounds 4 shillings. Signed by Captain Peter Woodbury, well written, some irregularity at bottom border but strong manuscript. Colonel Gerrich's Guards were guarding Hessian Prisoners at this time after the Battle of Saratoga. After the Battle of Saratoga, the British General Burgoyne by signing the Convention agreement 17 Oct. 1777, surrendered his army to General Gates of the American troops at Saratoga, NY. At this time, his army consisted of 2,139 British, 2,022 Germans, and 830 Canadians. One of the conditions of surrender stipulated that the troops had to leave their weapons on the field of surrender, and from there march to the Harbor of Boston, Massachusetts, to be put aboard ships and never return to fight again. At Cambridge, called the Winter Hill prison camp, Brunswick and Hessen Hanau Regiments were kept in Barracks for a whole year. The American Congress did not ratify the Convention agreement, and consequently, British ships to pick up the prisoners according to the original agreement, were refused entry into the harbor. Some of the prisoners went out to work by special permits. Some deserted or joined the American forces. The soldiers themselves were still under the command of their officers, and kept together within their regimental units. The date of this document attests to the fact that this document was written at the Winter Hill Prison Camp at Cambridge, Mass. By November 9th, 1778, the Hessian troops were moved south finally arriving in Virginia at Charlottesville, VA, in January 1779. A rare Revolutionary War POW document...........................................$395.00

80246 - ROBERT MORRIS, SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, A fine historical 1 page partly-printed DS, 12 1/4" X 9 3/4", dated March 10th, 1795. A numbered certificate for 5 Shares of Stock in the North American Land Company, sold to James Greenleaf, signed Rob[ert] Morris, President and James Marshal, Secretary. ROBERT MORRIS, JR. (1734 - 1806) was a successful merchant, a Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, and the U.S. Constitution. Morris was chairman of the Pennsylvania Committee of Safety during the Revolutionary War and a delegate to the Second Continental Congress (1775 - 1778). From 1781 to 1784, he was Superintendent of Finance (helping to earn him the moniker of "Financier of the Revolution"  --indeed, Morris contributed at least 10,000 pounds of his personal wealth to support Washington's troops). He was Pennsylvania's first U.S. Senator (1789 - 1795), and for a while, a successful land peculator (buying some 6,000,000 acres of land.) Unfortunately, Morris over-extended himself, and when his land deals went bust, he ended up bankrupt in 1798 and in Debtor's Prison. Ironically, the man who helped to win America's independence was momentarily forgotten by his country. On March 2, 1793, Greenleaf was named U.S. consul to Amsterdam. That same year, on a visit back to the United States, he made his first investments in Washington, D.C., real estate. On Sept. 23, 1793, he purchased 3,000 lots from the federal commissioners. On Sept. 25, President George Washington wrote from Mount Vernon to a friend, "You will learn from Mr. Greenleaf that he has dipped deeply in the concerns of the Federal city -- I think he has done so on very advantageous terms for himself and I am pleased with it..." Washington went on to note that Greenleaf had paid $80 apiece for the lots. As part of that deal he had to agree to build a certain number of buildings and not sell any of the land before Jan. 1, 1796. That October Greenleaf formed a partnership with banker Robert Morris and Pennsylvania's former comptroller-general, John Nicholson, for the Washington lots. Morris is known as the financier of the American Revolution. By the time, he met Greenleaf in 1793, he was deeply engaged in extensive land speculation. When Washington, an old friend, suggested to Morris that a man of 60 should be more prudent, the banker replied, "I can never do things in the small; I must be either a man or a mouse." Eventually the partnership would own 7,234 Washington lots. Greenleaf also held 1,341 lots for his own use. Using the lots as security, Greenleaf and his partners hoped to float a large loan with the Dutch bankers. Greenleaf promised them he had all the right connections. With turmoil in Europe, Greenleaf and Morris' investments in Washington property failed. Morris, Nicholson and Greenleaf had debts estimated from $3 million to $12 million. (One can only imagine what the debt would be in contemporary dollars.) The law took its course and all three ended up in Philadelphia's debtor's prison, informally known as "the Prune Street lockup." Morris bitterly blamed Greenleaf for being unable to raise money from Dutch bankers to get them out of debt. But Morris was overextended long before they met. While Greenleaf didn't prevent the collapse he could hardly be blamed for bringing it about. A wonderful combination of the two famous investment partners...Very fine...................................................$1,200.00

7185 - AN EARLY ACCOUNT OF THE INDIANS WEST OF THE GREAT LAKES, THE BOSTON CHRONICLE, February 22, 1768. Inside under "Boston" is a "copy of a letter from Jonathan Carver at Michillmackinac, to his wife at Montague, Sept. 24, 1767." Carver begins his letter by stating that he spent the previous winter among the "...Naudoussee of the Plains, a roving nation of Indians near the river St. Piere, one of the western branches of the Mississippi, near 1400 miles west of Michillimackinac." A bit more about his experience with this nation of nomadic Indians, plus more general talk about his journey up the Mississippi which includes mention of Lake Pepin. He then discusses his travel mileage from the previous year, that took him" ...round the west, north, and east parts of Lake Superior, to Michillmakinac...", about 4,800 miles since he departed from Boston. Carver continues, mentioning that he had "...seen places where the Spaniards came and carried away silver and gold formerly, 'till the Indians drove them away, undoubtedly there is...plenty of gold in many places of the Mississippi..." The letter concludes with details about a certain superstition among the Naudoussees that was witnessed by Carver, plus there is some discussion about their spiritual beliefs as well. Elsewhere are two reports, one from Carlisle concerning:  "...made prisoners Frederick Stump and John Ironcutter who were suspected to have murdered ten of our friend Indians near Fort Augusta..." which is near present-day Sunbury, Pennsylvania (see). Eight pages, 8 ½ by 10 ¼ inches, some rubbing to the front page. This newspaper published only briefly from December 21, 1767 until 1770. The publishers, John Mein and John Fleeming, were both from Scotland. The Chronicle was a Loyalist paper in the time before the American Revolution. In its second year, Mein printed names in the paper that accused some colonial merchants of breaking a British non-importation agreement. In response, Mein's name appeared on a list of merchants who violated the trade agreement. Mein retaliated by accusing the Merchants' Committee of using the non-importation agreement for illegal profiteering. The irritated readership ransacked the offices of the Chronicle, and ultimately, it ceased operations in 1770....................................................$200.00

7186 - HIS MAJESTY HAS ALLOWED FOR THE FREE IMPORTATION OF AMERICAN INDIAN CORN, THE BOSTON CHRONICLE, February 29, 1768. Inside has several reports from Parliament which relate to America, and has near the end:  "Numbers of manufacturers are daily shipping themselves off for the happy regions of America." Also mention that:  "His Majesty signed the act for the free importation of Indian corn or maize, from any of his Majesty's Colonies in America, for a time therein limited." (see) Near the back is a report from New York concerning the apprehension of counterfeiters, with various details. Another report notes a man was:  "...found guilty of the heinous sin of blasphemy! For which crime he was sentenced to stand one hour in the pillory & receive ten stripes on his naked body..." Eight pages, 8 ½ by 10 ¼ inches, nice condition. This newspaper published only briefly from December 21, 1767 until 1770. The publishers, John Mein and John Fleeming, were both from Scotland. The Chronicle was a Loyalist paper in the time before the American Revolution. In its second year, Mein printed names in the paper that accused some colonial merchants of breaking a British non-importation agreement. In response, Mein's name appeared on a list of merchants who violated the trade agreement. Mein retaliated by accusing the Merchants' Committee of using the non-importation agreement for illegal profiteering. The irritated readership ransacked the offices of the Chronicle, and ultimately, it ceased operations in 1770................................$159.00

7189 - ORDERS SENT TO ARREST RINGLEADERS IN THE COLONIES, REPEAL OF THE STAMP ACT, A SECRET ARTICLE WRITTEN BY DR. FRANKLIN, THE PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE, AND UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Philadelphia Feb. 13, 1769. The front page is a religion-related commentary titled:  "The Anatomist, No. XVII." Page 2 has a letter from London beginning; "I am told many of our countrymen are greatly grieved at the news from America; whereas I look upon the Boston Gazette as entertaining a farce as the Padlock..." and further on:  "...Send a fleet to New England to be maintained & live upon free quarters there until the Bostonians have paid every farthing of what all the colonists are indebted to our merchants...I am of opinion it would be happy for this island, if America & the East Indies were swallowed up by an earthquake...One thing I love the colonists for, & that is, they speak out. They have beat the drum & openly declared themselves their own masters, and where's the harm in this? "...with more (see). Another page has a dateline from "Boston" which includes:  "In the course of the debate, the whole behavior of the people of "Boston was stated; they were charged with ingratitude for the return made to the indulgence shewn on the repeal of the stamp act, & that ingratitude traced back to a period immediately subsequent to the repeal..." and "...during the debate some reflections on the repeal of the stamp act necessarily engaged those members who had promoted the repeal..." with more, and ending with:  "...all agreed in condemning the late behavior of the people of Boston; in declaring that resistance to law by force out to be opposed by military force; & in professing an eager zeal to support government & vindicate the authority of the legislature." (see) There is also a lengthy item about the debate in Boston concerning the repeal of the Stamp Act. An extend of a letter from London states, in part:  "...That it was said the Ministry had certainly sent Orders to seize some of the Bostonian Ringleaders, and carry them to England, but it was imagined nothing could be done with them...yet it was believed all would end in our reserving the legislation...and their giving up the Right of Taxation to our Representatives..." The back page has an interesting notice placed by a printing business announcing the publication of the "SERMONS TO ASSES; supposed to be written by the ingenious Dr. Fr-nkl-n..." Eight pages, 9 ½ by 11 ¾ inches, a nice engraving of a coat-of-arms in the masthead, nice condition..................................$225.00

7191 - BRITISH TROOPS INVOLVED IN ROBBERIES, A TRIAL OF LIBEL AGAINST JOHN HANCOCK AND OTHERS, THE PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE AND UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, PA. February 20th, 1769. 8 pages, 9.50" X 11.75". Attractive coat of arms masthead, a report from Boston begins, "a number of robberies have been lately committed by the soldiers which some of them have been apprehended and committed to goal. This is not the only instance of a street robbery since the arrival of the troops which was before a crime unknown in this town and serves to convince us more and more how much beholden we are to some persons among us [government]...for influencing to they being quartered in the midst of us, which gives them a still great opportunity to injure and distress our inhabitant, more concerning having British troops quartered in Boston, ...mentions a trial in Admiralty court for the trial of libel against Mr. Hancock and others...Mr. Hancock's nearest relatives and tradesmen were summoned as evidences but nothing turned up that could support libel charges against him...In October 1768, when charges were filed against Hancock and five others for allegedly unloading 100 pipes of wine from the Liberty without paying the duties. If convicted, the defendants would have had to pay a penalty of triple the value of the wine, which came to £9,000. With John Adams serving as his lawyer, Hancock was prosecuted in a highly publicized trial by a vice admiralty court, which had no jury and did not always allow the defense to cross-examine the witnesses. After dragging out for nearly five months, the proceedings against Hancock were dropped without explanation. This paper was a primary means in voicing the anti-British sentiment that was rapidly spreading throughout the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The paper gained much notoriety when Goddard printed an article voicing his support for the Boston Tea Party. The paper's sympathies and general revolutionary message were a cause of great concern to the British. Soon the newspaper was heavily taxed for its delivery by the Crown Post (the colonial mail system in use at the time), and later the Crown Post simply refused to deliver the publication. The Crown Post finally drove the newspaper out of business in 1773. This prompted Goddard and Benjamin Franklin to establish an alternative mail system independent of the Crown Post authorities. This alternative system ultimately became the basis of a postal system that would later become the US Post Office. Condition very fine.....................................$200.00

7192 - YE SONS OF LIBERTY, ATTEND! THE COLONIES UNITE TO HAVE THE TOWNSHEND ACTS REPEALED, PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE, & UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, February 27, 1769. The front page has:  "A modern Poem on Liberty...". The poem begins:  "Ye Sons of Liberty Attend! To you the Skies in pity send A Bard, who, in the nick of time, stands forth to vindicate, in rhyme, Your life, your liberty and fame...". and takes over a full column. Page 6 has a report from "Charlestown [Charleston], South-Carolina" stating that:  "...if the revenue acts for the repeal whereof this whole continent have earnestly & unanimously petitioned be no speedily repealed, the generality of the people of this province will strictly adhere to the several resolutions they have lately entered into for establishing economy encouraging provincial labour & keeping more money in the colonies..." and then stating their intent for a non-importation agreement with the specifics noted:  "...amongst which are the following, 1. Not to purchase or cause to be purchased any goods whatever imported from G. B. except hard ware; 2. To go heartily to work in manufacturing their own & Negroes cloathing; 3. To avoid as much as possible the purchase of new Negroes; 4. To give all possible encouragement to the importation of such goods (not prohibited) as are manufactured in others of his Majesty's colonies..." and a bit more (see). These were the agreements to force England to repeal the Townshend Acts. Near the back is an ad:  "To Be Sold, A Likely Negro woman, about 25 years of age...". This newspaper was a primary means in voicing the anti-British sentiment that was rapidly spreading throughout the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The paper gained much notoriety when Goddard printed an article voicing his support for the Boston Tea Party. The paper's sympathies and general revolutionary message were a cause of great concern to the British. Soon the newspaper was heavily taxed for its delivery by the Crown Post (the colonial mail system in use at the time), and later the Crown Post simply refused to deliver the publication, driving the newspaper out of business in 1773. This prompted Goddard and Benjamin Franklin to establish an alternative mail system independent of the Crown Post authorities. This alternative system ultimately became the basis of a postal system that would later become the US Post Office. Complete in eight pages which measures about 9 by 12 inches, a few traces of foxing, mostly on the back page. Nice coat-of-arms engraving in the masthead...............................................$215.00

7193 - THE ANTI IMPORTATION ACTS AIMED AT BOYCOTTING GOODS TAXED BY PARLIAMENT FOR THE PURPOSE OF RAISING REVENUE IN AMERICA, PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE & UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, July 3, 1769. The front page includes an illustration relating to a new kind if water-powered mill (see). Page 3 has an interesting report of:  "A bill for a charitable lottery for the relief of distressed Virgins in Great Britain" which begins:  "Whereas, by the great & melancholy disuse of holy matrimony in the kingdom, an infinite number of his Majesty's female subjects are left upon the hands of their parents..." with more (see). The entirety of page 4 is taken up with a great document from Annapolis, Maryland, being a resolution of non-importation. It includes a detailed and historic introductory document outlining the reasons, then specifically outlines the nine points of the non-importation resolution, beginning:  "First, that we will not...directly, or indirectly, import or cause to be imported any manner of goods, merchandize or manufactures which are...taxed by Act of Parliament for the purpose of raising a revenue in America..." with much, much more. It ends:  "...The above Resolutions were subscribed by a number of the most considerable merchants, etc. of Maryland." Another page has a significant letter from the Mass. Assembly to the governor, expressing their anger at the governor's response to their earlier complaints on his the military presence in Boston is a growing problem (see). Complete in 8 pages, nice coat-of-arms engraving in the masthead, 9 ½ by 11 ½ inches, period writing in a margin of the back leaf, nice condition. This newspaper was a primary means in voicing the anti-British sentiment that was rapidly spreading throughout the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The paper gained much notoriety when Goddard printed an article voicing his support for the Boston Tea Party. The paper's sympathies and general revolutionary message were a cause of great concern to the British. Soon the newspaper was heavily taxed for its delivery by the Crown Post (the colonial mail system in use at the time), and later the Crown Post simply refused to deliver the publication, driving the newspaper our of business in 1773. This prompted Goddard and Benjamin Franklin to establish an alternative mail system independent of the Crown Post authorities. This alternative system ultimately became the basis of a postal system that would later become the US Post Office..................................................$175.00

7194 - FRENCH CITIZENS IN NOW SPANISH LOUISIANA WANT TO RE-ESTABLISH THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT OR THEY WILL LEAVE THEIR SETTLEMENTS, JOHN HANCOCK ADDRESSES THE COMPLAINTS OF THE COLONISTS, CONNECTICUT MERCHANTS AGREE TO FOLLOW THE ACTIONS OF NEW YORK AND BOSTON MERCHANTS IN REGARD TO THE RESTRICTION OF GOODS FROM BRITAIN, THE PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE & UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, July 31, 1769. The front page has an item noting that the inhabitants of Louisiana wish to reestablish the French government among them otherwise they will leave their settlements (see). Page 4 has a very lengthy address from an Assembly committee--comprised of John Hancock among others--to the governor of Massachusetts dealing with the disputes between American and England, followed by the governor's reply signed by him in type:  Fra. Bernard, and this is followed by reports of a petition to the King to remove the governor from office (see for portions). Page 6 has a report from Connecticut noting that the merchants of New Haven have agreed:  "...that the measures agreed to by the merchants in Boston, New York...to restrict the importation of goods from Great Britain until the act of parliament laying duties on paper, glass, etc. shall be repealed...and we concur in opinion with our brethren in the other colonies that it is our duty to exert ourselves by all lawful means to maintain our constitutional rights...not to be taxed but by our own consent or that of our representatives..." with more (see). This is followed by other news reports from the colonies, including an item noting that the armed schooner "Liberty," owned by John Hancock, was seized & converted to a tender by the commissioners of the customs (see). Reports concerning duties carry over to page 7 as well (see). The back page is filled with ads including a lengthy notice concerning four soldiers who deserted the Majesty's army at Philadelphia (see). Eight pages, 9 ½ by 11 ½ inches, nice coat-of-arms engraving in the masthead, very nice condition. This newspaper was a primary means in voicing the anti-British sentiment that was rapidly spreading throughout the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The paper gained much notoriety when Goddard printed an article voicing his support for the Boston Tea Party. The paper's sympathies and general revolutionary message were a cause of great concern to the British. Soon the newspaper was heavily taxed for its delivery by the Crown Post (the colonial mail system in use at the time), and later the Crown Post simply refused to deliver the publications, driving the newspaper out of business in 1773. This prompted Goddard and Benjamin Franklin to establish an alternative mail system independent of the Crown Post authorities. This alternative system ultimately became the basis of a postal system that would later become the US Post Office...................................................$225.00

7195 - SENTIMENT IN ENGLAND IN SUPPORT OF THE COLONIES ANGER OVER TAXES TO SUPPORT BRITISH TROOPS IN AMERICA, PENNSYLVANIA CHRONICLE, Philadelphia, August 21, 1769. The back page notes in part:  "...the measures, which I had taken regarding the late unhappy disturbances in North America have been already laid before you. These disturbances owe their rise to the ministry, not to the Americans...The Americans are now groaning under all the horrors of a military government, and nothing but the terrors of such a government could oblige them to submit to the unconstitutional taxes we have imposed upon them. And to talk of tranquility being restored in America is just as good sense as it would be to talk on an angry man's being pacified, when his mouth was gagged & his feet and hands shackled..." with more (see). A report from "Charlestown" says that from 1756 to 1766, 23, 743 Negroes were imported in South Carolina. More than a full page is taken up with a list of numbers for the Philadelphia & Worcester Lottery. Eight pages, 9 ½ by 11 ¾ inches, nice coat-of-arms engraving in the masthead, very nice condition. This newspaper was a primary means in voicing the anti-British sentiment that was rapidly spreading throughout the colonies prior to the American Revolution. The paper gained much notoriety when Goddard printed an article voicing his support for the Boston Tea Party. The paper's sympathies and general revolutionary message were a cause of great concern to the British. Soon the newspaper was heavily taxed for its delivery by the Crown Post (the colonial mail system in use at the time), and later the Crown Post simply refused to deliver the publication, driving the newspaper out of business in 1773. This prompted Goddard and Benjamin Franklin to establish an alternative mail system independent of the Crown Post authorities. This alternative system ultimately became the basis of a postal system that would later become the US Post Office................................$185.00

7196 - THE PENNSYLVANIA PACKET AND DAILY ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, printed by John Dunlap and David Claypoole, 4 large pages, 14" X 20", Issues of 1787-88, numerous merchant and sailing ship advertisements, new from the new United States of America from the different states. A rare view of Colonial America at a very moderate price. The Pennsylvania Packet, or the General Advertiser was an American newspaper founded in 1771 that, in 1784, became the first successful daily newspaper published in the United States. The paper was founded by John Dunlap in Philadelphia as a weekly paper in later 1771. David C. Claypoole eventually became a partner with Dunlap. As of September 21, 1784, the paper was issued as the Pennsylvania Packet, and Daily Advertiser, reflecting the paper's move to daily publication. Fine to very fine............................................................$49.00/each

60709 - 1805 ALMANAC BY ISIAH THOMAS JR, published in Worcester, MA, by Isaiah Thomas Jr., complete with wraps. Born in Boston, the only son of Isaiah Thomas, Sr. Isaiah Thomas, Jr. was one of the incorporators of the American Antiquarian Society in 1812. He also served as the Society's treasurer from 1813 until his death in 1819. He was remembered as 'a man of large intelligence and fond of books', wrote with east and rapidity, of excellent conversational powers, fond of and devoted to his home and family. Thomas was taught the business of printing by his father and started his Weld, the daughter of a wealthy Boston merchant. In 1799, he became the co-publisher of the Massachusetts Spy, sharing the masthead with his father until 1801, when he was made the sole publisher and editor. Thomas bought out his father's large printing, papermaking and publishing business in 1802 when Isaiah Thomas, Sr., retired. In 1810, the younger Thomas moved to Boston, and continued to issue the Spy and the family's almanac, as well as to print books such as Bernhard Faust's, A New Guide to Health (1810) and Charles Robbins' The Drum & Fife Instructor (1812). Thomas' business interests were adversely affected by the War of 1812. He sold the Spy in that year and tried to expand his bookselling business by opening shops in Connecticut, Maine, and Maryland. He continued to issue a variety of almanacs and books. Copies of many of his publications are preserved in the imprint collection of the American Antiquarian Society. Thomas died in Boston in the summer of 1819 following an accident. Very good, average foxing, uncommon................................................................$75.00

30611 - THOMAS MELVILLE, SR. BOSTON TEA PARTY PARTICIPANT, Born in Boston to Scottish-born merchant Allan Melvill (d. 1761) and Jean Cargill, Thomas Melvill attended New Jersey College. In July 1773, he was awarded an honorary MA degree by Harvard College. He married Priscilla Scollay in 1774. Friends included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere "When the citizens of Boston began to evince a determination to resist the arbitrary, offensive and onerous exactions of the British government, Melvill was conspicuous among the ardent and gallant young men of the capital, for his zeal and intrepidity, during that momentous advent of...national independence. He participated in the Boston Tea Party [December 16th, 1773], "that immortal band which in December, 1773, in presence of the Royal fleet, boarded the tea ships in Boston harbor, and threw their rich cargoes into the ocean." In March 1776, when "the British fleet was driven from Boston harbor, Captain Melvill discharged the first guns at the hostile ships, from his battery, at Nantasket." During the war he "served in the Rhode Island campaigns of 1777 and 1779." After the war, he worked as a "naval officer" (1786-1820), and "surveyor and port inspector of excise" (ca. 1796) at the customhouse on State Street. "When the custom house was established in Boston, in 1786, he was appointed surveyor; in 1789 was made inspector, and...in 1814, he was appointed naval officer of the port." 9" X 14" partially printed and filled-in document, Port of Boston, May 12th, 1818, certificate for shipping goods on the sloop Huron to New York signed by Thomas Melvill as Naval Officer. Very fine, scarce................................................$350.00

30806 - BRITISH COLONEL THEN GENERAL, Alexander Lindsay, 6th Earl of Balcarres and de jure 23rd Earl of Crawford (18 January 1752 - 27 March 1825) was the son of James Lindsay, 5th Earl of Balcarres. In 1777, he was appointed a major of the 53rd, and he commanded the light infantry companies at the Battle of Saratoga (1777), and surrendered there with Burgoyne. He was released from captivity in 1779. Promoted lieutenant-colonel of the 42nd during his imprisonment, he was subsequently promoted to the rank of colonel and made lieutenant-colonel commandant of the second 71st Regiment of Foot, a battalion of the 71st uninvolved in the surrender at Yorktown (as was the rest of the regiment). He was chosen a representative peer for Scotland in 1784, and was re-elected through 1807, inclusive. On 27 August 1789, he was appointed colonel of the 63rd Regiment of Foot, and was promoted major-general in 1793. His large signature in ink on a partial document dated 1804. Signed as usual with his title "Balcarres".......................................................$75.00

30808 - COLONEL RETURN J. MEIGS, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, Return Jonathan Meigs [born December 17 (old style) or December 28 (new style), 1740; died January 28, 1823] was a colonel who served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, was one of the founding settlers of the Northwest Territory in what is now the state of Ohio, and later served as a federal government Indian agent working with the Cherokee in Tennessee. On April 19, 1775, after the Battle of Lexington, he led a company of light infantry to Boston. There he was appointed to the rank of major in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment, a provincial regiment of the Continental Army. Later that year, serving as a division (battalion) commander under Colonel Benedict Arnold, he accompanied Arnold on his 1,100-man expedition through Maine to Canada. Meigs was captured by the British in the assault on Quebec City and imprisoned, but was paroled on May 16, 1776, by British Gen. Guy Carleton as consideration for Meigs' decent treatment of a British prisoner, Captain Law, Carleton's Chief engineer. Meigs returned to Connecticut by way of Halifax and subsequently returned to military service. He returned to active service when he was formally exchanged on January 10, 1777. On May 12, he was sent to command the 6th Connecticut Regiment when its colonel, William Douglas, became incapacitated by ill health. One of his most important achievements during the Revolutionary War was leading the Meigs Raid against the British forces in Sag Habor, New York, in May 1777. With 220 men in a fleet of 13 whaleboats, he crossed Long Island Sound from Connecticut to Long Island to attack the British fleet at night. The raid succeeded in burning 12 ships and taking 90 prisoners, without losing a single man. The U.S. Congress awarded him a presentation sword for his heroism. Colonel Douglas died on May 28, and Meigs received appointment as colonel of the 6th Connecticut by Governor Trumbull on September 10, 1777, with a date of rank of May 12. When a Corps of Light Infantry was formed under General Anthony Wayne in July 1779, Meigs was given command of its 3rd Regiment, which he led at the Battle of Stony Point.  Following its disbandment in December, he returned to the 6th Connecticut and became acting commander of the 1st Connecticut Brigade. In that capacity he put down an incipient mutiny and received the written thanks of Gen. George Washington. On January 1, 1781, the Continental Main Army reorganized, consolidating many regiments. The Connecticut Line was reduced from eight to five regiments, retiring four colonels, including Meigs. A NICE INK SIGNATURE AS A AND A CLOSING TO A LETTER.....................................................$95.00


30811 - GENERAL BENJAMIN LINCOLN REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL AND THOMAS MELVILL WHO PARTICIPATED IN THE BOSTON TEA PARTY, Benjamin Lincoln (January 24, 1733 - May 9, 1810) was an American army officer. He served as a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He is notable for being present at three major surrenders during the war: he attended John Burgoyne's surrender of a British army after the Battles of Saratoga, he oversaw the largest American surrender of the war at the 1780 Siege of Charleston, and he formally accepted the British surrender at Yorktown. Thomas Melvill, when the citizens of Boston began to evince a determination to resist the arbitrary, offensive and onerous exactions of the British government, Melvill was conspicuous among the ardent and gallant young men of the capital, for his zeal and intrepidity, during that momentous advent of...national independence. He participated in the Boston Tea Party, "that immortal band which in December, 1773, in presence of the Royal fleet, boarded the tea ships in Boston harbor, and threw their rich cargoes into the ocean." In March 1776 when "the British fleet was driven from Boston harbor, Captain Melvill discharged the first guns at the hostile ships, from his battery, at Nantasket." During the war, he "served in the Rhode Island campaigns of 1777 and 1779." 5.5" X 8" partially printed and filled in document, July 6th, 1802, Port of Boston and Charlestown, import declaration for one chest of GREEN TEA weighing 59# SIGNED BY BENJAMIN LINCOLN AND THOMAS MELVILL. What an outstanding combination. Signed by one of Washington's most trusted and reliable Generals and a main participant in the Boston Tea Party involving TEA. Very fine................................................$650.00 [Melville documents sell for $400 alone]


30812 - GENERAL WILLIAM MOULTRIE, REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, Moultrie was born in Charleston, South Carolina. He fought in the Anglo-Cherokee War (1761) and served in the colonial assembly before the advent of the American Revolution. In 1775, he was commissioned colonel of the 2nd South Carolina Regiment. In December of that year, he led a raid on an encampment of runaway slaves on Sullivan's Island, killing 50 and capturing the rest. In 1776, his defense of a small fort on Sullivan's Island (later named Fort Moultrie in his honor) prevented Sir Henry Clinton and Sir Peter Parker from taking Charleston, South Carolina. The Continental Congress passed a resolution thanking Moultrie. He was promoted to brigadier general and his regiment was taken into the Continental Army Moultrie's skill failed to prevent the fall of Savannah, Georgia to the British in 1778. He was captured in the fall of Charleston to the British in 1780 and later exchanged. He was promoted to major general in 1782, the last man appointed to that rank by Congress. After the war, he served as the 35th Governor of South Carolina (1785-87, 1792-94). A large clipped signature from a document, WILL MOULTRIE on vellum, 5" overall..........................................$195.00


30814 - PAYMENT TO THE PARENTS OF A DEAD SOLDIER, June 1st, 1780, 7" X 5" pre-printed payment voucher for money due Peter Munson who had served in the Connecticut Line of the Continental Army payable to William his father. O cancelled as usual, very fine...................................................$85.00


30824 - COLONEL THOMAS PROCTOR, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, MASTER ARTILLERY OFFICER, WHISKEY REBELLION RECEIPT, Thomas Proctor or Thomas Procter (1739 - 16 March 1806) commanded the 4th Continental Artillery Regiment during the American Revolutionary War. He was born in County Longford, Ireland immigrated to British America, and joined the carpenters guild in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1772. He received a commission as an artillery captain in October 1775 and proceeded to raise a company of Pennsylvania state artillery. In the summer of 1776, a second company was recruited and Proctor was promoted to major. One of the companies fought well at the Battle of Trenton in December 1776, though Proctor was not there. He led his gunners at Princeton in January 1777. The Pennsylvania artillery companies informally joined George Washington's army. The state authorities elevated Proctor to Colonel and charged him to recruit the Pennsylvania State Artillery Regiment in February 1777. In June 1777 Proctor's Continental Artillery Regiment officially became part of the Continental Army. He played an important role at the Brandywine in September 1777 and at Germantown a few weeks later. He served under "Mad Anthony Wayne" at Brandywine and had an artillery duel with General Knyphausen at Chadds Ford where his horse was shot from under him. In June 1778, he led his gunners at Monmouth. In 1779, he went on the Sullivan Expedition against the Iroquois Nation. On 10 August 1779, his regiment was renamed the 4th Continental Artillery Regiment. He took guns into action at Bull's Ferry in 1780. The hot-tempered Proctor often quarreled with the Pennsylvania civil authorities and this led him to resign from the army in April 1781. Next to General Knox, Colonel Proctor was the most distinguished artillery officer in the Revolutionary War. Governor Thomas Mifflin appointed Proctor a brigadier general of militia in 1793 and the following year sent him with a brigade of 1,849 men to put down the Whiskey Rebellion. An autographed receipt dated at Harrisburgh [PA] October 2nd, 1794...Rec. from Edward Fox $50.00 for which I have to account with the paymaster General and for which I have signed two receipts of this time and date, Thomas Proctor." 2" X 6.5", well written on thick laid paper, trifle archival strengthening on verso, bright paper. A receipt written and signed by Proctor during the Whiskey rebellion in October 1794.................................................SOLD


30825 - GENERAL RUFUS PUTNAM, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, Rufus Putnam (April 9, 1738 - May 4, 1824) was a colonial military officer during the French and Indian War, and a general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He was instrumental in the initial settling of the Ohio Country following the war. After the shots at the Battle of Lexington were fired, Putnam immediately enlisted the same day, on April 19, 1775, in one of Massachusetts's first revolutionary regiments. Putnam later enlisted in the Continental Army as a Lieutenant Colonel, under the command of David Brewer. Brewer's regiment first engaged with the British Army in Roxbury, Massachusetts. Putnam, drawing from his knowledge and skill as a millwright, was essential in constructing the fortifications necessary for obtaining victory. His fortifications played as a key advantage for the Continental Army, securing victories at Sewall's Point, Providence, New Port, Dorchester Heights, Long Island, and West Point. General Washington appointed Putnam to be the Chief of Engineers of the Works of New York. He was soon promoted to engineer with the rank of colonel; however when the Continental Congress rejected his proposition to establish a corp. of engineers in December 1776, Putnam resigned. He reenlisted in the Northern Army and served under Major General Horatio Gates. Under Gates, Putnam commanded two regiments in the Battle of Saratoga. Putnam also constructed crucial fortifications, including Fort Putnam at West Point in 1778. In 1779 Putnam served under Major General Anthony Wayne in the Corps of Light Infantry following the capture of Stony Point, commanding the 4th Regiment. Putnam's remaining military career was rather uneventful. In January 1783 he was commissioned as brigadier general. Putnam led a group of Revolutionary veterans to settle the land in 1788. These American Pioneers to the Northwest Territory arrived at the confluence of the Ohio and Muskingum Rivers, on April 7, 1788, and established Marietta, Ohio as the first permanent American settlement in the Northwest Territory. Putnam went on to serve as one of three judges of the Northwest Territory in place of the deceased Samuel Holden Parsons. He served in General Anthony Wayne's Ohio campaign against American Indian tribes, and in 1796, Putnam was appointed as the first Surveyor General of the United States, a position he held until 1803. He was elected a Washington county delegate to the Ohio Constitutional Convention in 1802. [5] He was a Trustee of Ohio University from 1804 to 1824 Putnam died on may 4, 1824. He was buried at Mound Cemetery in Marietta, Ohio. The town of Putnam, Ohio (now a part of Zanesville, Ohio) was named for Rufus Putnam. Putnam's signature on a document with others dated at Marietta, Ohio, October 7th, 1820 dealing with stocks. 8" X 10", bold signature...................................................$175.00


30826 - COLONEL NATHANIEL RAMSAY, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, SAVED WASHINGTON AT MONMOUTH, Ramsey was a delegate to the Maryland Convention (the revolutionary assembly) in 1775. In 1776, he joined the Continental Army ass a captain in Colonel Smallwood's 1st Maryland Regiment, and went north in time to see action in the Battle of Long Island in August. In December, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and placed in command of the 3rd Maryland Regiment. He led them in the defense of Philadelphia in 1777. At the Battle of Monmouth, in June 1778, Ramsey was asked by General Washington to stop the British advance after General Lee's initial retreat, and gain time for Washington to rally his other troops. He did so, but his regiment took heavy casualties. Ramsey himself was seriously wounded with eight wounds and left for dead, and taken prisoner. By the time he was exchanged, his regiment had gone south with General Nathaniel Greene's forces. He returned to Maryland, and his only remaining military role was in recruiting. A nice ink clipped signature.................................................SOLD


30827 - FRANCIS LORD RAWDON-HASTINGS, LORD MOIRA, BRITISH OFFICER, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, Rawdon was posted at Boston as a Lieutenant in the 5th Regiment of Foot's Grenadier company, during the Battle of Lexington and Concord, but he saw action at the battle of Bunker Hill. Serving with the grenadiers, he participated in the second assault against Breed's Hill (which failed), and the third assault against the redoubt. As his superior, Captain Harris, was wounded beside him, he took command of is company, for the successful assault. John Burgoyne noted in dispatches: "Lord Rawdon has this day stamped his fame for life." He also was wounded during the assault. He was promoted Captain, and given a company in the 63rd Foot. There was a rumor that Lieutenant Lord Rawdon killed the rebel General Joseph Warren. Lord Rawdon is depicted in John Trumbull's famous painting The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker Hill. Rawdon is in the far background holding the British ensign. He was appointed Aide-de-camp to General Sir Henry Clinton, and sailed with him on the expedition to Brunswick Town, North Carolina, on the Cape Fear River, and then to the repulse at Fort Moultrie, Charleston, South Carolina. He returned with him to New York. On 4 August, he dined with General Clinton, Admiral Lord Howe, Lord Cornwallis, General Vaughan, and others. During the Battle of Long Island, he was at headquarters, with Clinton. On 15 September, he led his men at Kip's Bay, an amphibious landing on Manhattan Island. The next day, he led his troops in support of the Light Infantry, that attacked Harlem Heights, until the Americans withdrew. Again he participated at the landings at Pell's Point. The British pressed the Americans to White Plains, where on 1 November the Americans withdrew from their entrenchments. On 8 December, he landed with Clinton at Rhode Island securing the ports for the British Navy. On 13 January 1777, with Clinton, he departed for London, arriving 1 March. During a ball at Lord George Germain's he met Lafayette, (who was visiting London). [Returning to America, in July, while Howe went to his Philadelphia campaign. Rawdon went with Clinton to the New York headquarters, where he participated in the battles of the New York Highlands, where on 7 October, Fort constitution, (opposite West Point), was captured. However, this was too late to link up with General Burgoyne at Albany. Rawdon was sent to Philadelphia with dispatches, and returned to New York for the winter, where he raised a regiment, called the Volunteers of Ireland, recruited from deserters and Irish loyalists. Promoted colonel, in command of this regiment, Rawdon went with Clinton to Philadelphia. Starting out on 18 June 1778, he went with Clinton during the withdrawal from Philadelphia to New York, and saw action at the Battle of Monmouth. He was appointed adjutant general. Rawdon was sent to learn news of the Battle of Rhode Island. At New York, on 3 September 1779, he quarreled with Clinton, and resigned his position as adjutant general. He served with the Volunteers of Ireland, during the raid on Staten Island, by Lord Stirling on 15 January 1780. He went south to the Siege of Charleston with reinforcements, then Lord Cornwallis posted him at Camden (16 August 1780) as the British sought to occupy South Carolina. Rawdon commanded the British left wind at the Battle of Camden. When Cornwallis went into Virginia, he left Rawdon in effective command in the south. Perhaps his most noted achievement was the victory in 1781 at the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill, where in command of only a small force, he defeated by superior military skill and determination, a much larger body of Americans rebel. Thinking, (in error) that Nathaniel Greene had moved his artillery away; Rawdon attacked Greene's left wing, forcing the Americans to retire. However, Rawdon was forced to begin a gradual retreat to Charleston, relieving the siege of Ninety-Six, but then evacuating it and withdrawing to Charleston. When the Loyalists he saved in the Siege of Ninety-Six were eventually relocated to Nova Scotia, they named their community of Rawdon, Nova Scotia after him. In July 1781, in poor health, he gave up his command. A 4 page ALS written and signed with his title "Moria" dated May 31st, 1806. Very fine..............................................................$250.00


30828 - JESSE ROOT, REVOLUTIONARY WAR OFFICER AND COLONEL SAMUEL WYLLYS, Dated at Hartford, CT, September 16th, 1785 paying Jesse Root 20 shillings out of the moneys raised for the support of Civil Government. Root endorses the voucher. 5" X 6.5". Samuel Wyllys dockets the document vertically. Jesse Root - delegate from Connecticut; born in Coventry, Tolland County, Conn., December 28, 1736; was graduated from Princeton College in 1756; studied theology in Andover; was ordained as a minister and preached from 1758 to 1763; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1763 and commenced practice in Hartford, Conn.; captain, lieutenant colonel, and adjutant general in the Revolutionary Army; Member of the Continental Congress 1778 - 1782; state's attorney 1785 - 1789; appointed a judge of the superior court in 1789 and served as chief justice from 1796 to 1807, when he resigned; member of the state house of representatives 1807 - 1809; delegate to the state constitutional convention in 1818; died in Coventry, Conn., March 29, 1822; interment in Nathan Hale Cemetery, South Coventry, Tolland County, Conn. Colonel Samuel Wyllys commanded a Continental battalion during the Revolutionary War..................................................................$80.00


30835 - GENERAL PHILIP SCHUYER, AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, An ink signature of Schuyler on a small portion of a printed document. Schuyler was elected to the Continental Congress in 1775, and served until he was appointed a Major General of the Continental Army in June. General Schuyler took command of the Northern Department, and planned the Invasion of Canada (1775). His poor health required him to place Richard Montgomery in command of the invasion. As department commanding General, he was active in preparing a defense against the Saratoga Campaign, part of the "Three Pronged Attack" strategy of the British to cut the American Colonies in two by invading and occupying New York State in 1777. In the summer of that year General John Burgoyne marched his British army south from Quebec over the valleys of Lakes Champlain and George. On the way he invested the small Colonial garrison occupying Fort Ticonderoga at the nexus of the two lakes. When General St. Clair surrendered Fort Ticonderoga in July, the Congress replaced Schuyler with General Horatio Gates, who had accused Schuyler of dereliction of duty. The British offensive was eventually stopped by Continental Army then under the command of Gates and Benedict Arnold in the Battle of Saratoga. That victory, the first wholesale defeat of a large British force, marked a turning point in the revolution, for it convinced France to enter the war on the American's side. When Schuyler demanded a court martial to answer Gates' charges, he was vindicated but resigned from the army on April 19, 1779. He then served in two more sessions of the Continental Congress in 1779 and 1780........................................................$195.00


30837 - GENERAL JOHN SULLIVAN, AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL, 5" X 6" State of New Hampshire payment voucher dated January 10th, 1787, paying John Williams 9 Pounds, 15 Shillings, eight pence for his services as a "Doorkeeper." Signed by John Sullivan at Portsmouth, NH as "President" or Governor of New Hampshire. The post as "Doorkeeper" was for services in the New Hampshire House where he later was Speaker of the House. Sullivan, John, 1740 - 95, American Revolutionary General, b. Somersworth, N.H. He was a lawyer and a delegate (1774-75, 1780-81) to the Continental Congress but is better remembered as a military leader. He served at the siege of Boston, and in 1776, while fighting under George Washington at the battle of Long Island; he was captured by the British. He was exchanged in time to fight at Trenton and Princeton and later at Brandywine and Germantown. In 1778, he was sent to cooperate with the French fleet in an attack on Newport. The fleet was forced to withdraw, however, and the attack had to be given up. The next year, with Gen. James Clinton, he conducted a retaliatory campaign against the Iroquois and Loyalists on the New York frontier. The Native Americans and Loyalists were defeated in the battle of Newtown (near Elmira), and much of the Iroquois country was laid waste. Sullivan was later elected chief executive (1786, 1787, 1789) of New Hampshire. He also helped to put down Shays' Rebellion and was influential in getting the Constitution ratified. Large strong signature on the payment voucher, as usual O cancelled unaffecting Sullivan's signature or significant data. Very fine overall and a scarce Rev. War General...............SOLD


30839 - COLONEL ISAAC SHELBY, REVOLUTIONARY WAR COMMANDER AND 1ST GOVERNOR OF KENTUCKY, Dated October 15th, 1789, Isaac Shelby signs in the third person a listing of money paid to Stephen Fisher for the Hart's Estate for various items such as a man's hat, saddle, blanket, and other sundry items. Sworn to by the Justice in Mercer County, Kentucky, 5" X 7", data list in Shelby's hand, fine. Isaac Shelby (December 11, 1750 - July 18, 1826) was the first and fifth Governor of the U.S. State of Kentucky and served in the state legislatures of Virginia and North Carolina. He was also a soldier in Lord Dunmore's War, the Revolutionary War, and the War of 1812. While governor, he personally led the Kentucky militia in the Battle of the Thames, an action that was rewarded with a Congressional Gold Medal. Counties in nine states, and several cities and military bases, have been named in his honor. His fondness for John Dickinson's The Liberty Song is believed to be the reason Kentucky adopted the state motto "United we stand, divided we fall." Shelby's military service began when he served as second-in-command to his father at the Battle of Point Pleasant, the only major battle of Lord Dunmore's War. He gained the reputation of an expert woodsman and surveyor, and spent the early part of the Revolutionary War gathering supplies for the Continental Army. Later in the war, he and John Sevier led expeditions over the Appalachian Mountains against the British forces in North Carolina. He played a pivotal role in the British defeat at the Battle of King's Mountain. For his service, he was presented with a ceremonial sword and a pair of pistols by the North Carolina legislature, and the nickname "Old King's Mountain" followed him the rest of his life. Following the war, Shelby relocated to Kentucky on lands awarded to him for his military service and became involved in Kentucky's transition from a county of Virginia to an independent state. His heroism made him popular with the citizens of the state, and the state electoral college unanimously elected him governor in 1792. He secured the state from Indian attacks and organized its first government. He leveraged the Citizen Genet affair to convince the Washington administration to make an agreement with the Spanish for free trade on the Mississippi River. At the end of his gubernatorial term, Shelby retired from public life, but he was called back into politics by the impending War of 1812. Kentuckians urged Shelby to run for governor again and lead them through the anticipated conflict. He was elected easily, and at the request of General William Henry Harrison, commanded troops from Kentucky at the Battle of the Thames. At the conclusion of the war, he declined President James Monroe's offer to become Secretary of War. In his last act of public service, he and Andrew Jackson acted as commissioners to negotiate the Jackson Purchase from the Chickasaw Indian tribe. Shelby died at his estate in Lincoln County, Kentucky, on July 18, 1826..............................................SOLD

30841 - JONATHON TRUMBULL, REVOLUTIONARY WAR LEADER, Small ink clipped signature of Trumbull. British General Thomas Gage arrived in Boston, a city with a history of violent protests against British policies, on May 13, 1774. Given the problems he was inheriting from Royal Governor Thomas Hutchinson, within a week of arriving Gage contacted Trumbull and expressed a "readiness to cooperate" with him "for the good of his Majesty's service." When Gage sent Trumbull a request for assistance after the Battles of Lexington and Concord, Trumbull refused and made clear his choice to side with the Patriots. He replied that Gage's troops would "disgrace even barbarians," and he accused Gage of "a most unprovoked attack upon the lives and the property of his Majesty's subjects." On July 6, 1775, along with other officers, the governor of Connecticut commissioned Nathan Hale as a first lieutenant in the newly raised Seventh Regiment. Trumbull was a friend and advisor of General Washington throughout the Revolutionary Period, dedicating the resources of Connecticut to the fight for independence. Washington declared him "the first of the patriots." When Washington was desperate for men or food during the war, he could turn to "Brother Jonathan." He also served as the Continental Army's Paymaster General (Northern Department) in the spring of 1778, until the untimely death of his mother forced him to resign his post. As part of his resignation, he requested tat the remainder of his back pay be distributed to the soldiers of the Northern Department. Trumbull's signature is very scarce and catalogues several years ago at $250, small but bold signature.....................................$225.00


30843 - THOMAS T. TUCKER, REVOLUTIONARY WAR SURGEON, SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY, As a youth, Thomas studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. After graduating he moved first to Virginia before settling in Charleston, South Carolina and opening a practice. tucker was an early supporter of the cause of American independence. He was first elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1776, and served there in various years until 1788. In 1781, he joined the Continental Army as a hospital surgeon supporting the Southern Department, and served until 1783. South Carolina sent him as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1787 and again in 1778. Tucker was opposed to the United States Constitution, believing that it gave too much authority to the central government. In spite of this, he was elected to the United States House of Representatives and served in the first two congresses from 1789 until 1793. On December 1, 1801, President Jefferson appointed Tucker as Treasurer of the United States. He held that post through four administrations (Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, and J.Q. Adams), serving until his death in 1828. During this time, he also served as physician to President Madison (1809-1817). A FREE FRANKED folded letter sheet dated February 4th [1806] as Treasurer of the United States postmarked WASHINGTON CITY stamped FREE, sharp post mark, fine......................................$135.00     another, clipped signature dated 1789......................................................$100.00


30844 - COLONEL RICHARD VARICK, REVOLUTIONARY WAR,  Colonel Richard Varick, 1753 - 1831, Captain of the 1st NY Regiment, Lt. Colonel 1777. He was General Washington's private and military secretary during the latter part of the Revolution and a member of his household, and previous to that had acted in a like capacity for General Philip Schuyler. Later he was appointed inspector-general at West Point, on the staff of Benedict Arnold and cleared of any involvement with the latter's treason, and he held that position until taken into the personal service of Washington and was Washington's confidential secretary until his death. In early life he married Maria Roosevelt, the eldest daughter of Isaac Roosevelt, the president of the Bank of New York and owner of the finest residence on Queen Street. After the war, he became mayor of New York, and was in office during the city's brilliant period as the seat of government, successfully guiding its corporation into the new century. His large ink signature on a partial document dated 1784, uncommon signature this early...matted with engraving....................................................$95.00


30848 - WILLIAM WILLIAMS, REVOLUTIONARY WAR COLONEL SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, Dated signature January 24th, 1786, Lebanon [CT] along with a reference to a court recording, W. Williams." Williams was a Colonel in the 12th Connecticut, resigned to sit in the Continental Congress and signed the Declaration of Independence. He financed many Connecticut troops during the war. Bold manuscripts and signed by Williams..................................................$495.00


30849 - SIR GEORGE YOUNG, FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR, BRITISH NAVAL OFFICER, Royal Navy officer, participated in the destruction of Louisbourg in 1758, later participated in the surrender of Quebec. Later appointed Rear Admiral, was an avid opponent of the slave trade. An autographed letter written at Plymouth, England, 1806 thanking a Lord for sending him an extract of his Majesty's note complementing the service of Admiral Young. 8" X 10", light stains at edge, bold ink....................................................$59.00

31002 - COLONEL CLEMENT BIDDLE, 1775, raised the "Quaker Blues," Colonel of the Penn. Militia. Fought at the Battle of Trenton and General Washington allowed him to receive the swords of the surrendering Hessian Officers. Also fought at the Battle of Brandywine, Germantown, and Monmouth. In 1777, General Greene made Biddle his ADC. Suffered the winter at Valley Forge. His signature on a document dated 1814....................................$95.00

31005 - GENERAL DANIEL BROADHEAD, REVOLUTIONARY WAR INDIAN FIGHTER, 8" X 12", pre-printed and filled in that was docketed in 1793 by Daniel Broadhead as Surveyor General of Pennsylvania,  1762 deed of lands in Western Pennsylvania. Some archival repairs by overall very good, paper seal attached. In 1776 as war broke out, Broadhead was commissioned as an officer of the 8th Pennsylvania Regiment of colonial troops with the rank of lieutenant colonel. His first action came at the Battle of Long Island, where he was recognized by George Washington for his bravery and initiative. At the battle, Broadhead's only son, also named Daniel, was wounded and captured. He was soon exchanged, but died of his wounds shortly after being released. Broadhead took over command of the 8th Pennsylvania after the death of its commander, Aeneas Mackay, and was promoted to colonel. Broadhead led his troops during the defense of Philadelphia in 1777 and wintered with the Continental Army at Valley Forge in 1777-78. In April 1778, Broadhead led a successful expedition against the Lenape bands around the Muskingum River in the Ohio Country. In June 1778, Washington sent Broadhead and the 8th Pennsylvania to rebuild and re-garrison the frontier outpost of Fort Muncy, in what is now Northumberland Country, Pennsylvania. Broadhead defended local settlers from British-allied tribes. Broadhead commanded the 8th Pennsylvania in Brig. Gen. Lachlan McIntosh's failed attempt to capture the British stronghold of Fort Detroit. On March 5, 1779, Broadhead replaced McIntosh as commander of the Western Department. His command included frontier forts such as Fort Pitt (present Pittsburgh), Fort McIntosh (Beaver, Pennsylvania), Fort Laurens (near Bolivar, Ohio), Fort Tuscarora (near Lisbon, Ohio), Fort Henry (Virginia) (Wheeling, West Virginia), Fort Armstrong (near Kittanning, Pennsylvania), and Fort Holliday's Cove, along with dozens of lesser outposts. The Wyandot, Mingo, Shawnee, and Lenape allied with the British and regularly raided settlements on the Ohio Country frontier. The British were strong at Fort Detroit and other outposts, and had most of the Iroquois Confederacy as allies. In addition, Broadhead faced a tenuous alliance with Iroquois tribes such as the Oneida, a large population of Tory-sympathizing settlers, and a delicate truce with the powerful Lenape-Delaware tribe. Its friendly chief had signed a treaty with the US as an ally. From his headquarters at Fort Pitt, Broadhead directed numerous raids against hostile native tribes, often leading the expeditions personally. His most famous raid came against the Seneca tribe of the Iroquois Confederacy between August 11 and September 14, 1779. Broadhead left Fort Pitt with a contingent of 605 soldiers and militia to go into northwestern Pennsylvania. He followed the Allegheny River up into New York, where he drove the Seneca out of their villages. As most of the warriors were away fighting the Sullivan Expedition further east in New York, Broadhead met little resistance in destroying the villages, crops and people at the heart of the Seneca nation. In 1781, some of the Lenape-Delaware ended their neutrality and sided with the British. In retaliation, Broadhead mounted the Coshocton Expedition, invading their territory in Central Ohio and destroying the main village of Coshocton in what is now east-central Ohio. As a result of Broadhead's campaign, the Delaware fled from eastern Ohio. They also vowed vengeance. He retained command of the Western Department until September 17, 1781, when he was replaced by General John Gibson. He had turned over command in May 1781, but returned in August and tried to regain control from Gibson, in the process arresting Gibson. However George Washington sent orders which led to Broadhead's permanent removal from command at Fort Pitt. Broadhead was removed from his command over allegations of mishandling supplies and money. Broadhead had made impressments (the forced sale of supplies) a policy. He had spent money intended for bonuses to recruit new militiamen to purchase supplies for his existing troops. Broadhead was acquitted of all charges except misspending the recruiting money. George Washington had been aware of the impressments and had given his tacit approval, as the Continental Army was struggling to keep going. Furthermore, the court martial ruled Broadhead justified in spending the recruiting money on supplies, and he was not punished. A short time later, George Washington brevetted him a brigadier general. Broadhead spent the remainder of the war as commander of the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. A RARE SIGNATURE.........................................SOLD

31007 - SIRE HENRY BUNBURY, REV. WAR NOTABLE, ARTIST, HORSEMAN, [1750-1811] Colonel of the West Suffolk Militia, had joint control over supplies shipped to the British Army, in charge of the Chelsea Hospital where wounded soldiers were treated during the Revolution, avid horseman and artist. ALS dated June 24th, 1780 by Bunbury authorizing clothing to be given to the Invalid Corps of the British Army. Bunbury became quite an artist in his own right. Very fine.............................................$95.00

31013 - GEORGE CLYMER, SIGNER OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, Clymer was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in March 1739. Orphaned when only a year old, he was apprenticed to his maternal aunt and uncle, [1] Hannah and William Coleman, to prepare to become a merchant. He was a patriot and leader in the demonstrations in Philadelphia Committee of Safety in 1773, and was elected to the Continental Congress 1776-1780. He served ably on several committees during his first congressional term and was sent to inspect the northern army on behalf of Congress in the fall of 1776. When Congress fled Philadelphia in the face of Sir Henry Clinton's threatened occupation, Clymer stayed behind with George Walton and Robert Morris. Clymer's business ventures during and after war served to increase his wealth. In 1779 and 1780, Clymer and his son Meredith engaged in a lucrative trade with St. Eustatius. He resigned from Congress in 1777, and in 1780 was elected to a seat in the Pennsylvania Legislature. In 1782, he was sent on a tour of the southern states in a vain attempt to get the legislatures to pay up on subscriptions due to the central government. He was reelected to the Pennsylvania legislature in 1784, and represented his state at the Constitutional Convention in 1787. He was elected to the first U.S. Congress in 1789. Clymer shared the responsibility of being treasurer of the Continental Congress with Michael Hillegas, the first Treasurer of the United States. He was the first president of the Philadelphia Bank, and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and vice-president of the Philadelphia Agricultural Society. An ALS by Clymer signing it and writing his name in the body of the petition to the Orphans Court in Philadelphia regarding establishing a guardian of a infant girl Margaret who was a relative of Clymer as he mentions his great aunt Margaret Clymer. Undated but old pencil note on the verso states the date being in 1780. An ALS by Clymer as well as another signature of Clymer in the body of the letter. Paper is crisp, old archival strengthening  on verso, overall fine, a double signed Clymer......................................$675.00

31016 - BRITISH ADMIRAL GEORGE K. ELPINSTONE, 1ST VICOUNT KEITH, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, WAR WITH NAPOLEON, During the war in America he was employed against the privateers, and with a naval brigade at the occupation of Charleston, South Carolina. In January 1781, when in command of the 50-gun HMS Warwick, he captured a Dutch 50-gun ship which had beaten off a British vessel of equal strength a few days before. After peace was signed he remained on shore for ten years, serving in Parliament as member first for Dunbartonshire, and then for Stirlingshire. He was made Baron Keith of the United Kingdom, an Irish barony having been conferred on him in 1797. On the renewal of the war in 1803 he was appointed commander-in-chief in the North Sea, which post he held till 1807. In February 1812, he was appointed commander-in-chief in the English Channel, and in 1814 he was raised to a viscount. During his last two commands he was engaged first in overlooking the measures taken to meet a threatened invasion, and then in directing the movements of the numerous small squadrons and private ships employed on the coasts of Spain and Portugal, and in protecting trade. He was a Plymouth when Napoleon surrendered and was brought to England in HMS Bellerophon by Captain Maitland (1777-1839). The decisions of the British government were expressed through him to the fallen Emperor. Lord Keith refused to be led into disputes, and confined himself to declaring steadily that he had his orders to obey. He was not much impressed by the appearance of his illustrious charge and thought the airs of Napoleon and his suite were ridiculous. His signature from the closing of a letter, "I am your servant Keith".............................................$75.00

31017 - COLONEL NICHOLAS FISH, REVOLUTIONARY WAR OFFICER, YORKTOWN HERO, In 1776, he was appointed by Scott aide-de-camp on his staff. Scott had been commissioned brigadier general. On August 21, 1776, he was appointed major of the 2nd New York Regiment. He served as a division inspector under Steuben in 1778, participated in the battles of Saratoga and Monmouth, in Sullivan's expedition against the Native Americans in 1779, and in the Virginia and Yorktown campaigns, in which he served for a time on the staff of Lafayette. Fish was Colonel Hamilton's second in command at Yorktown. He was one of leaders of the American assault on the redoubts October 14th, 1781. Lafayette gave him possession of the wreath presented at the Yorktown Ceremony on October 19th, 1781. Breveted Lt. Colonel. An ALS by Fish dated at New York July 11th, 1800 and signed by him receiving funds from the Bank of Albany, NY. Very fine...........................................................$145.00

31019 - GENERAL JOSEPH FRYE, FRENCH & INDIAN WAR COLONEL, REVOLUTIONARY WAR GENERAL 1776, Born in Andover, Massachusetts, he obtained the rank of general in the Massachusetts militia after serving in King George's War and the French and Indian War. For services during that conflict, the Massachusetts General Court in 1762 granted him a township on the Saco River which had once been the Sololis Abenaki village of Pequawket. In 1777, the plantation was incorporated as Fryeburg, Maine, named in his honor. Frye is best known for the role he played expanding the colonial frontier into lands formerly held by both the French and Abenakis. He is regarded as the successor of John Lovewell, and also an enemy of Molly Ockett, leader and sage among dispossessed Algonquian peoples. Frye served in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War, first as a major general of Massachusetts militia. A bold ink clipped signature.....................$45.00

31027 - BRITISH GENERAL WILLIAM HARCOURT, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, CAPTURED CHARLES LEE, He became lieutenant colonel of the 31st Regiment of Foot in 1764, of the 4th Light Dragoons in 1765 and of the 16th Light Dragoons in 1768. He served as Member of Parliament for Oxford from 1768 to 1774. He commanded the 16th Light Dragoons in America, and captured General Charles Lee in 1776 who was considered the most effective American General. He became a major-general in 1782. His signature dated at Windsor Castle 1823, matted with engraving....................................................$79.00

31030 - COLONEL JOHN HATHORN, REVOLUTIONARY WAR, SURVIVOR OF THE MINISINK MASSACRE, He was a captain in the local colonial militia, and became a colonel of the Fourth Orange County (N.Y.) Regiment February 7, 1776, and served throughout the Revolutionary War. He served on the committee appointed to determine an effective location for the Great Chain across the Hudson which prevented the British from advancing up the river, and he wrote the report. He was one of the commanders of the Battle of Minisink. After the war, on September 26, 1786, Hathorn became a brigadier general of the Orange County (N.Y) Regiment February 7, 1776, and served throughout the Revolutionary War. He served on the committee appointed to determine an effective location for the Great Chain across the Hudson which prevented the British from advancing up the river, and himself wrote the report. He was one of the commanders of the Battle of Minisink. After the war, on September 26, 1786, Hathorn became a brigadier general of the Orange County militia, and on October 8, 1793, a major general of state militia. Although British forces were largely concentrated on Manhattan Island. Joseph Brant, a Mohawk war chief and a Captain in the British Army, was sent along with his Brant's Volunteers on a quest for provisions, to gather intelligence on the Delaware in the vicinity of Minisink, and to disrupt the upcoming American Sullivan Campaign. In July 1779, he received word that Kazimierz Pulaski's forces had moved into Pennsylvania, leaving much of the Delaware Valley undefended. Brant led his force of Loyalists and Iroquois raiders through the valley, with the goal of seizing supplies and demoralizing the colonists. The settlers were forced to flee to more populated areas, and Brant pursued them. On July 20, he reached Peenpack, which he attacked immediately. Brant ordered that "they should not kill any women or success and, leaving Fort Decker and the settlement in ruins, Brant and his force continued north along the Delaware River. Later that day, riders from Peenpack reached the village of Goshen, telling of Brant's raid and the destruction of the town. A militia formed immediately, under the reluctant command of Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin Tusten. Tusten was strongly opposed to pursuing the raiders, as he knew they would be no match for the British and Iroquois soldiers, and he suggested waiting for reinforcements from the Continental Army. However, the majority of the public and the militia underestimated the fighting ability of the Iroquois and demanded immediate retribution. Outvoted, Tusten agreed to set out the following morning. They met up with elements of the Fourth Orange County Regiment ordered from Warwick by George Washington and led by Colonel John Hathorn. Colonel Hathorn assumed command and marched for the Delaware with a force of about 120 minutemen. In the morning of July 22, the militia moved into position in the hills above the Delaware River, intending to ambush Brant's forces who were crossing at Minisink Ford. Hathorn split them into a group of skirmishers and two units compressing the main force. Before the ambush was set, however, a shot was fired in haste by Bezaleel Tyler, one of the skirmishers. This mistake alerted Brant to the trap, and he quickly outflanked the two groups of colonials, many of whom fled. Separated from the main unit and with his forces scattered, Hathorn was unable to regroup his men for a counterattack. He was forced to retreat, leaving Tusten and the Goshen militia surrounded and outnumbered. After several hours of continuous volleys, insufficient ammunition and close quarters caused the battle to devolve into hand-to-hand combat, at which the Iroquois excelled. At least 48 militiamen were killed, including Tusten himself. 1 rebel [Captain Wood] was captured. Brant's force, on the other hand, is believed to have lost only about seven men. [Brant wrote of his causalities that 3 were killed and of the 10 wounded, 4 were dangerously wounded and possibly could not survive]. Although badly wounded, Hathorn survived, returning to Warwick to write his report of the loss to his superiors. ALS, Hathorn's signature on a October 4th, 1780 legal document, 8" X 13" regarding the sale of the estate of a John Ireland, bold signature just a year after the above battle all in Hathorn's hand. Actually two signatures of Hathorn [one in the body of the document].............................................$195.00

31039 - RARE 17TH CENTURY PROPERTY SALE IN NEW YORK CITY DATED 1694, 12" X 16" manuscript describing the sale of ground in New York City dated July 23rd, 1694 to a Paul Turk Junior by Taylor and Jacob Turk for the sum of 30 pounds in lawful money of New York located on Cortain Street now called New Street. The deed gives all the boundaries of the property which was slightly irregular in size listing all the owners of property adjoining the property sold. The heading of the document begins in large script "To all Christian People" with the dated 1694 written quite large. Several small red wax seals, some archival repairs to the verso in the seams, thick laid paper. Early New York deeds this early are quite rare, overall very good, bold manuscript...................................................$595.00

11166 - FUNDS ALLOTTED TO FORM A COMPANY IN THE NEW 2ND CONTINENTAL REGIMENT, Hartford, CT, February 13th, 1777. Authorization of 500 pounds to be used for enlisting men in the new regiment commanded by Colonel Charles Webb. 6" X 7", pre-printed and filled in. Signed by Ichabod Hinkley. COLONEL CHARLES WEBB, COMMANDED 2ND CONT. RGT. JANUARY 1777 THROUGH MARCH 1778. The 2nd Connecticut Regiment was authorized in the Continental Army on September 16, 1776. It was organized between 1 January - April 1777 at Danbury, Connecticut of eight companies from the counties of Fairfield, Windham, and Hartford in the state of Connecticut and assigned on 3 April 1777 to the 1st Connecticut Brigade of the Highlands Department. The regiment was re-assigned to McDougall's Brigade on 12 June 1777; then three days later (15 June 1777) it was re-assigned to the 2nd Connecticut Brigade. One month later, 10 July 1777, the regiment was re-assigned to 1st Connecticut Brigade. On 13 November 1777, the regiment was re-assigned to the 2nd Connecticut Brigade of the Main Continental Army. On 1 May 1779, the 2nd Connecticut Brigade was re-assigned to the Highlands department and the regiment was re-organized to nice companies on 11 July 1779. The regiment was re-assigned to the Highland's Department on 27 November 1780. On 1 January 1781, the regiment was merged with 9th Connecticut Regiment, re-organized and re-designated as the 3rd Connecticut Regiment of the 1st Connecticut Brigade. The regiment would see action in the New York Campaign, Battle of Brandywine, Battle of Germantown and the Battle of Monmouth. The regiment was furloughed 15 June 1783 at West Point, New York and disbanded on 15 November 1783. Capt. Ichabod Hinckley was born October 13, 1735 in Willington, and died February 23, 1807. He was captain in the Continental Army, and was very active in the Revolutionary War; served two terms in the General Assembly, and was selectman for fourteen years. He was a man of great natural dignity, of unusual ability, and of highest integrity. He served as first lieutenant, Sixth Company, Third Battalion, Wadsworth's Brigade. This battalion was raised in June, 1776, to reinforce Washington in New York City; served there and on Long Island; was caught in the retreat from the city, September 15, and suffered some loss; also engaged in the battle of White Plains, October 28. His time expired December 25, 1776. In exceptional condition..................................................SOLD

11171 - MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY 1757 COURT CASE, 7" X 8" pre-printed and filled in court document regarding the claim against George Hutchinson by Peter Groves in the amount of 8 pounds for failing to pay a debt. The Sheriff notes on the verso that Hutchinson has posted bail. Paper seal attached, 18th Century pin still attached, PINE TREE EMBLEM embossed stamp at lower left bottom. November 21st, 1751 at Salem, MA. Very bold manuscript and strong PINE TREE SEAL, some small edge fissures, paper firm and crisp........................................................$165.00

9210 - THE COLONY OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY GIVES BLANKETS TO THE WIDOWS OF THE STOCKBRIDGE MOHEGAN INDIANS KILLED BY THE BRITISH IN THE BATTLE OF KINGSBRIDGE, Resolves of the General Assembly of the State of Massachusetts Bay, 8" X 14", 4 pages printed, Boston, County of Suffolk, printed on thick laid paper with a manuscript notation "for the Selectman of Topsfield". A listing of 19 resolutions approved by the General Assembly from January 6th through January 11th, 1779. Including the following: allowing Savannah Dastuge to leave Boston and go to New York by sea or land [Tory leaving Boston], paying Samuel Delano for his wages while in the service of the state in captivity, paying for shirts, shoes, stockings to be given to the Corps of Invalids [wounded], authorization to sell firearms to the Selectman of several towns, Catherine Gliustnmeau is permitted to leave the State and travel to New York to pass to the West Indies and to take with her bed and linen [another Tory leaves Boston], Mary Gliustnmeau now a prisoner of the State by cared for until she is sent to New York [Tory prisoner], numerous resolutions pertaining to clothing State troops in the Continental Army, Francis Jobonot to be released from jail in Boston after he had taken the Oath of Allegiance after he aided American prisoners and renounced his allegiance to the Crown, finally a petition passed January 11th, 1779 delivering to the missionary to the Stockbridge Mohegan Indians blankets to be donated to five widows of that tribe. In July 1778, a group of Stockbridge Indians under Daniel Nimham joined the American army at White Plains, NY. Abraham Nimham, seeking to fight alongside his father, asked that all the Stockbridge Indians from several units be allowed to serve together. In August, the Stockbridge Militia was stationed at an outpost in what is now Yonkers, NY. Their enemy were the Queen's Rangers, an outgrowth of Rogers' Rangers, in which many Stockbridge Indians served during the French and Indian War. The scene of the action was Van Cortlandt Manor, a large estate between Broadway and the Bronx River. Midway between the river and the manor house was Mile Square Road, connecting the Albany Post Road with the hamlet of Mile Square in Westchester County. On August 31, about 40 Indians, including Abraham Nimham, his father Daniel, and 12 other Stockbridge natives, were killed in an ambush by the Rangers in the area that is now Van Cortlandt Park in the Bronx. The American forces were outnumbered nearly five to one. During the action, Daniel Nimham wounded a British officer. With enemy troops at the front and rear, the old chief called out to his men to retreat, but then shouted "I am old an can die here." The Indians fled through the fields, where they were chased down. Overwhelmed, they refused to surrender and fought fiercely, leaping onto horses and dragging off the riders. They used their knives and tomahawks because there was no time to reload their muskets. The British soldiers called out for the fugitives to surrender, promising them their lives. Three Indians gave themselves up, but the British killed them. The site of this atrocity is known as Indian Bridge. The British reported a total of 40 Indians and a small number of rebel soldiers killed or wounded, and 10 prisoners taken. Four British soldiers were killed and three wounded. The two Nimhams were dead, as were 12 more young Stockbridge braves from their mission village. After the massacre, Hessian Captain Johann Von Weald described the Indian casualties: "Their costume was a shirt of coarse linen down to the knees, long trousers also a linen down to the feet, on which they wore shoes of deerskin, and the head was covered with a hat made of bast. "Their weapons were a rifle or musket, a quiver with some twenty arrows, and a short battle-axe, which they know how to throw very skillfully. Through the nose and in the ears they wore rings, and on their heads only he hair of the crown remained standing in a circle the size of a dollar-piece, the remainder being shaved off bare. They pull out with pincers all the hairs of the beard, as well as those on all other parts of the body. "This battle, known as the Battle of Kingsbridge, was the last of the war for the Stockbridge Militia because their casualties represented a significant loss to the tribe. The blankets given to the Missionary were donated to Indian widows whose husbands were killed in this battle. Very fine, rare and desirable content................$695.00


9035 - CAPTAIN JOHN LEWIS, 5TH CONNECTICUT BATTALION, June 30th, 1781. 4" X 6.5", manuscript paying him 25 pounds in bills from the State for his service in the Connecticut. He served in the 4th Company, 5th Battalion Wadsworth's brigade, under Colonel Douglas in 1776, reinforced Washington in New York, countersigned by Samuel Wyllys. Samuel Wyllys who served as a Colonel in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment at the siege of Boston and at Bunker Hill under General Spencer in 1775. Very fine...........$85.00

9036 - CAPTAIN ROSWELL GRANT, November 16th, 1781. 4" X 4.5", payment in bills of the State for 50 pounds for his service. Grant served in Colonel Johnson's Regiment in 1778, appointed Captain December 30th, 1777, and Colonel Enos' regiment on the Hudson in 1778. Countersigned by Sam Wyllys. Samuel Wyllys who served as a Colonel in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment at the siege of Boston and at Bunker Hill under General Spencer in 1775. Very fine........................................$85.00

9037 - CAPTAIN ROSWELL GRANT, November 16th, 1781. 4" X 4.5", payment in bills of the State for 50 pounds for his service. Grant served in Colonel Johnson's Regiment in 1778, appointed Captain December 30th, 1777 and Colonel Enos' regiment on the Hudson in 1778. Countersigned by Sam Wyllys. Samuel Wyllys who served as a Colonel in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment at the siege of Boston and at Bunker Hill under General Spencer in 1775. Very fine...............................................$85.00

8035 - PRINTED BY BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, THE PENNSYLVANIA GAZETTE, January 2, 1749/50. 4 pages, 8.25" X 12.5", attractive masthead, The Pennsylvania Gazette was one of the United States' most prominent newspapers from 1728 - before the time period of the American Revolution - until 1800. Published in Philadelphia from 1728 through 1800. The Pennsylvania Gazette is considered the New York Times of the 18th Century. It was first  published by Samuel Keimer and was the second newspaper to be published in Pennsylvania under the name The Universal Instructor in all Arts and Sciences: and Pennsylvania Gazette, alluding to Keimer's intention to print out a page of Ephraim Chambers' Cyclopedia, or Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences in each copy. On October 2, 1729, Benjamin Franklin and Hugh Meredith bought the paper and shortened its name, as well as dropping Keimer's grandiose plan to print out the Cyclopedia. Franklin not only printed the paper but also often contributed pieces under aliases. His newspaper soon became the most successful in the colonies. This newspaper, among other firsts, would print the first political cartoon in America, Join, or Die, authored by Franklin himself. The Pennsylvania Gazette ceased publication in 1800, ten years after Franklin's death. Ad for a Negro runaway named Dick, news from London and Europe, ship arrivals describing travels across the sea, letter from the Cape Sable Indians to Governor Cornwallis, tale of a terrible voyage from Boston to Philadelphia. Printed at Philadelphia by Benjamin Franklin. His imprint is at the bottom of page four - PHILADELPHIA: PRINTED BY B. FRANKLIN, POST-MASTER AND D. HALL AT THE NEW - PRINTING OFFICE NEAR THE MARKET. The paper is crisp, light stains in some areas which do not detract, was removed from a bound volume and archaically strengthened at the spine. Extremely rare..........................................................................$1,295.00

Louis Phélypeaux (1643 - 1727), marquis de Phélypeaux (1667), comte de Maurepas (1687), comte de Pontchartrain (1699), known as the chancellor de Pontchartrain, was a French politician. After serving as head of the Parliament of Brittany, he held office as Controller - General of Finances and as Navy Secretary and, from 1690, Secretary of State of the Maison du Roi.Long considered a failure, his reputation has been reevaluated by recent historiography which has shown that, in a period of difficulty, he was a capable administrator of an immense department which had responsibility for the French Navy, trade, colonies, matters of religion, Paris, the royal household and for finances. He conducted a census of the population from 1693 onwards, the first since Vauban's of 1678. At court, he was an opponent of Fénelon and the Quietists. Nonetheless, his handling of the French Navy, a powerful force under Colbert and Seignelay, is criticized and he is considered to be in part responsible for the defeat at the battles of Barfleur and La Hougue in 1692. Phélypeaux served as Chancellor of France from 5 September 1699 to 1 July 1714. Historian Francois Bluche wrote that "he gave the Chancellor's office an importance and authority not see since the early years of Pierre Séguieer." Saint - Simon painted a flattering portrait of Phélypeaux in his diaries, and his discretion was appreciated by Louis XIV. He was made clerk of the prestigious Order of the Holy Spirit in May 1700. In 1668, he married Marie de Maupeou. They had one son, Jérôme Phélypeaux (1674 - 1747), comte de Pntchartrain. He resigned in 1714 for having failed to affix the seals to the decree of 5 July 1714, condemning a document by the Bishop of Metz, Henri-Charles de Coilsin, as contrary to the papal bull Unigenitus. He had found it difficult to reconcile his religious beliefs with those of the increasingly authoritarian Louis XIV. He retired to an Oratorian institution where he died in 1727. Lake Pontchartrain in Louisiana was named after him as was Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit in Michigan (the site of modern-day Detroit). In addition, Isle Philippaux and Isle Pontchartrain which appear on early maps of Lake Superior are believed to have been named after him. Neither island, it was later determined, actually existed. They are thought to have been added to maps by French explorers hoping that Phélypeaux would be inspired to provide more funds to explore the area. 

Louis Alexandre de Bourbon was the third son and youngest child of Louis XIV and of his mistress, Madame de Montespan. At birth, he was put in the care of Mme de Monchevreuil along with his older sister Françoise-Marie de Bourbon.

Louis Alexandre was created Count of Toulouse in 1681 at the time of his legitimization, and in 1863, at the age of five, Grand Admiral de France. In February 1684, he became colonel of an infantry regiment named after him and in 1693 mestre de camp of a cavalry regiment. During the War of Spanish Succession, he was given the task of defending the island of Sicily. In January 1689, he was named governor of Guyana, a title which he exchanged for that of governor of Brittany six years later. On 3 January 1696, he was created a Marshal of France, becoming commander of the Royal Armies the following year. During the War of the Spanish Succession he commanded the French fleet at the Battle of Málaga in 1704. In March 1714, he obtained the title of Grand Huntsman of France (Grand Veneur). Fort Toulouse I & II on the Coosa Named in honer of Admiral Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, the Count of Toulouse who was the dominant member of the Council of Marine which performed the function of secretary or minister of the navy and of colonies from 1715 to 1718. He was the legitimized son of King Louis XIV and Madame de Montespan. Toulouse was one of the known provinces in southern France. The site of Fort Toulouse, established by the French in 1717, was near the junction of the Coosa River and the Tallapoosa about 4 miles south of Wetumpka, Alabama and 10 miles north of Montgomery, Alabama. In 1751, the site of the Fort was moved about 100 south of the original Fort Toulouse I. This site is known as Fort Toulouse II and it was designed by Francois Saucier in 1750. Fort Toulouse II was occupied by the French until 1763 when the territory east of the Mississippi River went to England. The soldiers and settlers from Fort Toulouse went to Mobile and then to Louisiana [most ended up in the Opelousas Post].

5056 - A SERMON ON THE DEATH OF JOHN HANCOCK, 30 page imprint, octavo sized, given by Dr. Peter Thatcher DD Pastor of the church in Battle Street, printed by Alexander Young [1793], Boston. A tribute to the life of John Hancock, American Patriot and ex-Governor of Massachusetts. An excellent tribute to the value of John Hancock's leadership and faith in God during his life as an American leader. The paper is crisp and clean, only a trifle corner off on one page unaffecting any text..................................................$225.00

41400 - CAPTAIN GILES SAGE, CONNECTICUT NAVY, CAPTAIN OF THE LUCY, CAPTURED THE MARS WHICH BECAME THE GUILFORD OF THE CONNECTICUT NAVY, A payment voucher to Giles Sage [Sadge] of 100 pounds 12 shillings for transporting flour for the Continental Army dated March 2nd, 1776, 3.5" X 6.5". Manuscript order given to Captain Jeremiah Wadsworth and authorized by Pettibone & Hillyer, Sage was from Middletown, CT and was a sea captain and captained the Privateer sloop LUCY. Giles signs his name as receiving the money on the verso. In March 1776, the Continental Army had laid siege to Boston under General John Thomas. This flour undoubtedly was intended for that portion of the Continental Army under Thomas near Boston. On Feb. 6, 1779, the Mars was bound for New York from Newport. A letter from the National Maritime Museum in London states: The only Mars registered in the British Navy in 1779 was a 74 gun battleship that had been reduced to harbor service the previous year. The sloop Mars was probably a privateer that had been captured by the British. Armament on the Mars consisted of 8 carriage guns and 2 swivels. The carriage guns were placed along the sides of the ship and were fired through opening ports. The swivels were mounted bow and stern. On Feb. 21, 1779, during a winter storm, Captain Sage and his six fellow prisoners overpowered the crew of the Mars and beached her on the rocks at Guilford. Since a welcoming party on the shore includes one Solomon Leete, it is presumed that the Mars was beached near Leete's Island. Prior to the grounding, Sage's men hove overboard anchors, cables, chains and guns marking the spot for future reference. Iron was in short supply at the time, the only source being the Salisbury Conn. iron works, with most of its output going to cannon balls. All of the claims and counterclaims of salvage were settled in the New Haven Maritime Court on April 4, 1779. The state paid 500 pounds prize money to the claimants. Captain Sage was paid for his person property lost when the Lucy was captured, including one tierce of rum, one barrel of sugar, and one barrel of coffee. The anchors, chains and guns were dredged up and the claimants paid. Governor Trumbull in Lebanon was advised of these proceedings. He issued orders renaming the Mars, the Guilford and making her the thirteenth ship in the Connecticut Navy, whose largest ships were the Oliver Cromwell and Defense. No other ships were named after Connecticut towns. The document is boldly written, some tone, tiny fissure at fold unaffecting manuscript. Scare Revolutionary War Naval item...............................$495.00

41401 - AUGUST 13TH, 1781, MILITARY DEBT PAID BY THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT SIGNED BY ADC HEZEKIAH ROGERS, 5" x 6.5", manuscript payment in 5 Pounds in lawful silver to be paid out of funds derived by taxes by the state. This note was issued to RALPH POMEROY, who served as a Military Paymaster, for wages, reimbursement for expenses or loss due to damages during the Revolutionary War. The military finances for the colony of Connecticut were handled by the Pay-Table, also known as the Committee of Four, during the American Revolution (1775 - 1783). Signed by Hezekiah Rogers (an aide de camp to General Jedidiah Huntingdon). Fine, some normal handling trifle splits at left border which do not hinder the manuscript..................................................................$85.00

41402 - DECEMBER 31ST, 1781, THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT PAYS A DEBT TO THE GLASTONBURY SELECTMEN FOR EXPENSES INCURRED FOR WAR EXPENSES, 5" X 4.5" pre-printed and filled in, signed by two the members of the Connecticut pay table E. Wales and Fenn Wadsworth, countersigned vertically by Samuel Wyllys. During the American Revolution, SAMUEL WYLLYS (1739 - 1823) led a regiment in the siege of Boston. Fort Wyllys was named after him. Endorsed by Dudley Pettibone on the verso [1742 - 1822] who was a Sergeant in the Connecticut Line under Sergeant Goodwin [his company]. Fine........................................................$75.00

41403 - DECEMBER 31ST, 1781, THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT PAYS A DEBT TO THE GLASTONBURY SELECTMEN FOR EXPENSES INCURRED FOR WAR EXPENSES, 5" X 4.5" pre-printed and filled in, signed by two the members of the Connecticut pay table E. Wales and Fenn Wadsworth, countersigned vertically by Hezekiah Rogers (an aide de camp to General Jedidiah Huntington). The amount paid was seven pounds and Gideon Hall signed it on the verso. Very fine.........................................$60.00

41404 - MONEY TO BE PAID AT "CANDLEMAS 1787", 2" X 7" manuscript, "John Parker Wood" value 6 pounds 12 shillings, James Raby Wood value 429 pounds seven shillings to be levied at "Candlemas". The date of Candlemas is established by the date set for the Nativity of Jesus, for it comes forty days afterwards. Under Mosaic law as found in the Torah, a mother who had given birth to a man-child was considered unclean for seven days; moreover she was to remain for three and thirty days "in the blood of her purification". Candlemas therefore corresponds to the day on which Mary, according to Jewish law, should have attended a ceremony of ritual purification (Leviticus 12:2-8). The Gospel of Luke 2:22-39 relates that Mary was purified according to the religious law, followed by Jesus' presentation in the Jerusalem temple, and this explains the formal names given to the festival, as well as its falling 40 days after the Nativity. This was used by both Anglicans and Catholics alike celebrating this holy feast day. It is seldom heard today. Very fine.........................................................$50.00

2231 - 1723 PHILADELPHIA LAND DEED SIGNED BY THE MAYOR OF PHILADELPHIA, 7" X 21 1/2", vellum land deed, scalloped top design. Clement Plumstead of the City of Philadelphia in the "Province of Pennsylvania" to David Powell for the sum of 10 shillings. A tract of land on the northern branch of Brandywine Creek...usual land descriptions of the time..."beginning at a black oak tree." SIGNED BY PLUMSTEAD AT THE BOTTOM LEFT. Clement Plumstead was a councilman in 1712 and was chosen mayor in 1723. He was a member of the Provincial Assembly and was admitted to the Governor's Council in 1727. In 1736, he was again mayor of Philadelphia and again in 1741. The document contains Plumstead's red wax seal next to his signature. A contemporary of Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia. Plumstead was considered as one of the wealthiest citizens of the area. A rare and early Philadelphia document that would frame nicely............................................................$295.00


6140 Pierre Clement de Laussat (1756-1835) was a French politician, and the last French governor of Louisiana. Signer of the Louisiana purchase for Napoleon

De Laussat was born in the town of Pau. After serving as receveur general des finances in Pau and Bayonne, he was imprisoned during the Terror, but was released and recruited in the armee des Pyrenees. On April 17, 1797 was elected in the Council of Ancients. After the coup of 18 Brumaire, he entered in the Tribunat on December 25, 1799. He was appointed by Napoleon Bonaparte to be colonial prefect (governor) of Louisiana in 1802. He arrived in the colony on March 26, 1803. This was just two weeks before Napoleon had made his decision to sell the Louisiana colony to the United States. For several months, Laussat ruled as a normal governor and first he abolished the Cabildo and then he published the Napoleonic Code in the colony. Several months had gone by and Laussat was hearing that the colony had been sold to the U.S. but he did not believe it. On July 28, 1803, Laussat wrote to the French government that a rumor that the colony had been sold was going around New Orleans. On May 18, 1803, Laussat received word from Napoleon that France had declared war on England and that he was to transfer the colony to the United States. On December 20, 1803, he transferred the colony to James Wilkinson and William Charles Cole Claiborne. On April 21. 1804, he left the colony and became colonial prefect of Martinique, until 1809 when he was captured and imprisoned before the English conquest of the island.

51330 - THE COLONIES IN AMERICA, Map, overall 8" X 8". Undated but content dictates the period of the Revolutionary War but style could be c. 1730-50. A Dutch map titled "America" showing mainly North and South America with the west coast of Africa and Europe slightly. The shape of Florida and the elongated California suggests this map has the style of the early 18th Century. The American west is entitled New Mexico with Louisiana and Florida joined together suggesting the Spanish period after 1768. Virginia and the Carolinas stretch to the west to near the Mississippi River. Border colored in red and green ink, some foxing at top left edge. A nice representative American map of the 18th Century..........................$85.00

6103 - FINAL PAY FOR A SOLDIER IN THE CONNECTICUT LINE, Two documents, a manuscript affidavit dated September 12th, 1780, 2" X 7" detailing the service history of Sergt. Benjamin Giddings who served as a Sergeant from the 26th day of May 1777 until the 26th day of May 1780 in the second brigade of the Connecticut line and the 7th Battalion of troops commanded by Herman Swift. He had not received any supplies from the town of Hartford. Accompanying the document is a 6" X 7" preprinted document filled-in and dated September 13th, 1780 paying Giddings 54 pounds, 19 shillings, and two pence. Giddings signs for receiving this rather large sum but it were for three years service in the Continental Army, two pieces. Very fine, final pay for a Continental soldier....................................$175.00

1301 - PAYMENT FOR SERVING IN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY, 4.5" X 6", June 1st, 1782, Hartford, CT. Major John P. Wyllys was owed 33 pounds, 1 shilling, three pence for his service in the Connecticut Line of the Continental Army. Payment was to be made by June 1st, 1788 with interest paid annually. Cancelled when paid as usual. Manuscript notations on the verso.....................................................$100.00

82711 - CLOTHING FOR THE CONTINENTAL ARTILLERY, May 8th, 1780, Middletown, CT. 6" X 7", manuscript listing of clothing signed by John Throop, Lt. of Artillery, Colonel Lamb's Rgt. Notes coats, vests, linens, woolen breeches, all totaling 19 pounds. This artillery unit fought in nearly all the engagement in the North and at Yorktown. Very fine.....................................$215.00

, 1509 - 1547, 12" X 12.5" manuscript document with scalloped top, written on vellum in early English script, indenture or agreement to sell property written the 8th day of February in the 26th (XX6th) year of the reign of Henry the Eight (1535) refers to Norfolk and old Buckingham. A beautiful document to frame written during the period of the first exploration of the Americas. Condition is very fine, comes with his portrait..........................................

, 1558 - 1603, 7" X 16" vellum document written in old English script. Dated September 5th year one of the reign of Elizabeth thus the date written was September 6th, 1558. An indenture or legal obligation written between two parties. Hanging from this impressive document is a 1" square embossed red wax seal. During the reign of Elizabeth preliminary explorations of the Eastern coasts of America took place including Raleigh's attempts to colonize Roanoke Island. Impressive to display with ELIZABETH's name quite bold. Very fine, comes with a portrait of Elizabeth.............................................

61230 - WRITTEN IN THE FIFTH YEAR OF THE REIGN OF ELIZABETH, 1558 - 1603, Manuscript indenture written in the 5th year of the reign of Elizabeth (1563) and dated January 6th. 9" x 19" with scalloped top, rather large name of Elizabeth on the top line, written in old English script, beautiful manuscript on vellum. Comes with a silver 6 Pence dated 1573 showing a portrait of Elizabeth (weak), date is strong............................$425.00

8 - ABSCONDED OUT OF THE STATE, Connecticut 1777, 2.5" X 7" manuscript document outlining costs to the constable in finding four men who absconded the State without paying their taxes due and do not have an estate within the State. The State paid the Constable out of State funds. Very fine......................................................$65.00

10 - SERVED AT THE LEXINGTON ALARM IN 1775, pay voucher printed and filled-in for Peter Whitney of Fairfield. 8 pounds, four shillings & two pence in Spanish dollars or gold upon the cessation of hostilities, February 1st, 1781. Fine, cut, cancelled as usual, but no loss of any paper. Whitney served at the Lexington alarm in 1775...........................................$100.00

15 - 1791 PENNSYLVANIA INDENTURE WITH A NOTE AND SIGNATURE OF JOHN BARCLAY, 12" X 24". A legal indenture concerning a certain tract of land in Northampton County that Barkley writes a long affidavit on the verso concerning the legality of the agreement and attesting to the additional witnesses, John Barclay of Bucks County, PA served as an officer in the Continental Army from 1776 to 1781. In 1787, he was a delegate to the Pennsylvania Convention to ratify the Constitution. He was a member of the Society of the Cincinnati. A large Colonial era document, very good age tone to the vellum, but very dark manuscript.........................................................$195.00

18 - A BLANKET AND CLOTHING GIVEN TO A SOLDIER ON THE NORTHERN FRONTIER, April 1781, 7" X 9" manuscript voucher from the town of Colebrook giving Philip Ryla clothing and a blanket as he was described as a "soldier in the Connecticut line in the Continental Army." Records show Ryla served in the Northern Department at Fort Anne and Fort George. Very fine...................................................$140.00

19 - ORIGINAL PRINTED VIEWS OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN'S STOVES, c. 1770, 8" X 10", "American Stoves of the Improved Construction". Five views of Franklin's famous stoves. Copperplate print, first examples of a contemporary view of Franklin's famous inventions. Ex-Frank Kravic Collection. Very fine condition................................$225.00

20 - SHIRTS, STOCKINGS, MITTENS, AND SHOES GIVEN TO THE SOLDIERS, 8" X 14", February 8th, 1781. A large boldly written document showing receipt of 4 linen shirts, 4 pairs of woolen stockings, 2 pairs of mittens, and 2 pairs of shoes being given by the town of Colebrook, CT for use of soldiers in the Connecticut Line. Valued at 7 pounds, 12 shillings...................................................$150.00

21 - THE SIEGE OF YORKTOWN IN 1781, The New York Herald, April 12th, 1862, 10 pages. A fantastic near full page map of the Battle of Yorktown in 1781. The defenses of Lord Cornwallis and the lines of forces besieging the American and French forces under General Washington and Count Rochambeau, shows the vicinity of Yorktown and the Glouster Point area. A most desirable map that would look outstanding framed (on page 2). Although published in 1862, this is still a very desirable item for display. Text on another page describes the situation during the Yorktown Campaign. Choice condition.....................................$75.00

22 - A DETAILED LIST OF CLOTHING GIVEN TO A CONNECTICUT SOLDIER, 7" X 7", Colebrook, CT., January 26th, 1781. A detailed listing of clothing given to Philip Ryla late of Colonel Warner's Regiment in the Continental Army by the Selectmen of Colebrook, CT. Ryla received 2 shirts, two pairs of stockings, one pair of shoes, and one pair of mittens at a cost to the State of 4 pounds and sixteen shillings. Ryla served in the Northern Dept. at Forts Anne and George. Very fine..............................................$150.00

25 - BEEF FOR THE ARMY, 2" X 7", Waterbury, CT., July 1781. Manuscript receipt for "one beef creature" valued at 10 pounds and seventeen shillings. This receipt was for paying for beef for the Continental Army......................................$49.00

36 - REVOLUTIONARY WAR ARTILLERY DOCUMENTS DATED FEBRUARY 12TH, 1776, 5" X 8", Hartford, CT. $864 requisition for pay for Colonel Burrell's battalion to raise a company of Matrosses (artillery Privates who performed the semi-skilled tasks in firing a cannon). Both Major Bull and Major Bigelow were with Benedict Arnold when he captured Fort Ticonderoga in 1775 and later Bull was killed at Yorktown. Signed by Bigelow, scarce artillery item, bold manuscript.......................................$295.00

37 - FURNISHING THREE CONNECTICUT COMPANIES FOR WAR, 6" X 8", Weathersfield, CT. An excellent manuscript, official approval of expenses incurred by Elijah Demming for assisting and furnishing supplies to Captain Elizah Wright's Company destined to West Point, NY. Captain William Pipkins destined for White Plains and then to Rhode Island, and Captain Hezekiah Wells destined to New London, CT, approved for payment. Beautiful manuscript...............................................$275.00

38 - FINAL PAY FOR A SERGEANT IN THE CONNECTICUT LINE, 2" X 7", 2 documents, manuscript affidavit dated September 12th, 1780 detailing the service history of Sergeant BEnjamin Giddings who served from May 26th, 1777 to May 26th, 1780 in the Second Brigade of the Connecticut Line and the 7th Battalion of Troops commanded by Herman Swift. He had not received any supplies from the Town of Hartford. Accompanying the document is a printed document, 6" X 7", that is filled-in in ink dated September 13th, 1780 paying Giddings 54 pounds, 19 shillings and 2 pence. Giddings signs the pay receipt receiving his three years pay in one large sum. Very fine........................................$175.00

46 - FIFTH REGIMENT CONNECTICUT LINE, 8" X 10", April 4th, 1781. Manuscript report of the expenses paid to deliver provisions to Fishkill, NY dated at Middletown, CT and signed by Ozian Cone who is shown on the roster of the 5th Connecticut which fought at Germantown and Monmouth and wintered at Valley Forge and at the Morristown huts. Quite detailed and lists all paid for the services in moving the provisions. Comes with printed roster. A large document.........................................$150.00

REVOLUTIONARY WAR FINANCES IN NEW YORK, 8" X 13", September 7th, 1779. A page folio manuscript letter directed to the Speaker of the General Assembly of New York by Direck Ten Brook Commissioner of the Continental Loan Office in Albany resigning his office due to health issues. Large manuscript..............................................$145.00

5" X 6.5". Woodcut print that has been water colored showing a Huron Indian Camp. Alain Mallet published a book in 1683 for Louis XIV of maps and views of the world at the time. Quite nice and colorful................................................$145.00

1683 MALLET COLORED PRINT OF FLORIDA INDIANS, 5" X 6.5". Woodcut print that has been water colored showing a male and female Florida Indian. The male holding a bow with a quiver of arrows on his back. Alain Mallet published a book in 1683 for Louis XIV of maps and views of the world at the time. Quite nice and colorful...........................$145.00


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