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The Civil War 

  Confederate Autographs  

9050 - CONFEDERATE GENERAL GEORGE W. GORDON, Gordon enlisted in the military service of the Confederacy and became drillmaster of the 11th Regiment, Tennessee Infantry, before rising to brigadier general. He was one of the youngest Confederate brigadier generals at the end of the war. Gordon commanded the 11th at Stone's River, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Kennesaw Mountain, and in the fighting around Atlanta during which he would temporarily succeed to brigade command. He was promoted to brigadier general to rank from 15 August 1864 and given command of a brigade in Benjamin F. Cheatham's division in John B. Hood's army. At Franklin on 30 November 1864, Gordon led his brigade deep into the Union center and was wounded and captured. He spent the remainder of the war as a prisoner. His check signed post-war, very fine, uncommon......................................$125.00

9051 - GENERAL JAMES FLEMMING FAGAN, CSA, Commanded 1st Arkansas Cavalry, fought at Shiloh, Siege of Corinth, Battle of Helens, the defense of Little Rock, Price's raid into Missouri, and Mine Creek, commanded in the Trans-Mississippi. His signature on a large document as US Marshall in Arkansas dated 1876. A very uncommon signature. Just saw another one for sale at $650..........................................$295.00

9052 - CONFEDERATE GENERAL D. H. REYNOLDS, Daniel H. Reynolds became a captain of cavalry in the Arkansas militia on May 25, 1861. This unit became Company "A" of the 1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles in the Confederate States Army and Reynolds became its captain on June 14, 1861. He served with this unit at the Battle of Wilson's Creek under then Colonel Thomas J. Churchill. After engaging in some skirmishes in Missouri and Arkansas, and the Battle of Pea Ridge the regiment transferred to service under Major General Earl Van Dorn, operating east of the Mississippi River. The regiment then fought, on foot, under Lieutenant General E. Kirby Smith, and later under General Braxton Bragg, in Kentucky and east Tennessee in 1862 and its colonel on September 20, 1863, after the Battle of Chickamauga. Reynolds won many commendations for his service, including praise from Brigadier General Bushrod Johnson for his efforts at Chickamauga. Reynolds was appointed a brigadier general on March 5, 1864. In April and May, he held brigade commands in the Confederate Departments of the Gulf and of Alabama and East Mississippi as part of the garrison at Mobile, Alabama. His brigade then became part of Brigadier General James Cantey's division in the Army of Tennessee in May 1864. They fought in the Atlanta Campaign. Franklin-Nashville Campaign and Carolinas Campaign. Reynolds was slightly wounded at the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee on November 30, 1864 where six Confederate generals were killed and six others were wounded. He did not officially report the wound. He took part in the Battle of Nashville with his brigade, which helped cover the Confederate retreat from that battle. He returned to command a brigade in General George D. Johnston's division in February 1865. Reynolds was struck by a cannonball and lost his left leg at the Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina on March 19, 1865. 8" X 10" document double signed by Reynolds dated 1884 as an attorney in a legal case, ALS on one side and docketed again on the verso, two signature..................................................................$150.00

9053 - CONFEDERATE GENERAL L. S. ROSS OF TEXAS, Lawrence Sullivan "Sul" Ross (September 27, 1838 - January 3, 1898) was the 19th Governor of Texas (USA), a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War, and a president of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, which was later annexed to the United States. Much of his childhood was spent on the frontier, where his family founded the town of Waco. As a teenager, Ross attended Baylor University and Florence Wesleyan University. On one of his summer breaks, he suffered severe injuries while fighting renegade Comanches. After graduation, Ross joined the Texas Rangers, and in 1860, led troops in the Battle of Pease River, where he rescued Cynthia Ann Parker, who had been captured by the Comanches as a child. When Texas seceded from the United States and joined the Confederacy, Ross joined the Confederate States Army. He participated in 135 battles and skirmishes and became one of the youngest confederate generals. Following the Civil War, Ross briefly served as sheriff of McLennan County before resigning to participate in the 1875 Texas Constitutional Convention. In 1887, he became the 19th governor of Texas. During his two terms, he oversaw the dedication of the new Texas State Capitol, resolved the Jaybird-Woodpecker War, and became the only Texas governor to call a special session to deal with a treasury surplus. His signature as Governor on a large ornate Land Grant dated 1890. Very fine condition...............................................................$195.00



7505 - JEFFERSON DAVIS
, President of the Confederate States. His autograph with sentiments, "God is love" Jefferson Davis, Beauvoir, Miss., 22nd March 1882." A nice full signature of Davis in lavender ink, 3" X 3" card, very slight age tone to edge away from the manuscript. Very find.................................................................
SOLD


5113 - R. BARWELL RHETT, THE FATHER OF SECESSION
, when South Carolina passed (1852) an ordinance that merely declared a state's right to secede, Rhett resigned his U.S. Senate seat. He continued to express his fiery secessionist sentiments through the Charleston Mercury, edited by his son, Robert Barnwell Rhett, Jr. During the 1860 presidential campaign, a widely credited report in the Nashville Patriot said that Rhett, along with William Lowndes Yancey and William Porcher Miles, was a leader of a Southern conspiracy to end the Union that began in May 1858 with a plan, hatched at the Southern Convention in Montgomery, Alabama, in May 1858, to split the Democratic Party along Northern and Southern lines. Rhett was a member of the South Carolina Secession Convention in 1860. In the Montgomery Convention which met to organize a provisional government for the seceding states, he was one of the most active delegates and was chairman of the committee which reported the Confederate Constitution. Subsequently he was elected a member of the lower house of the Confederate Congress. He received no higher office in the Confederate government and returned to South Carolina, where he sharply criticized the policies of Confederate President Jefferson Davis of Mississippi. His signature in ink "R. Barnwell Rhett South Carolina.".....................................................
SOLD

5136 - R. M. T. HUNTER, from 1837 to 1843, and again from 1845 to 1847, Hunter was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives. He served as Speaker of the House from 1839 to 1841, and is the youngest person ever to have held that position. From 1847 to 1861, he was in the Senate where he was chairman of the Committee on Finance from 1850 to 1861. In 1853, he declined President Millard Fillmore's offer to make him Secretary of State. At the National Democratic Convention at Charleston, South Carolina in 1860, Hunter was the Virginia delegation's choice as candidate for the presidency of the United States, but was defeated for the nomination by Stephen A. Douglas. Hunter did not regard Lincoln's election as being of itself a sufficient cause for secession, and on January 11, 1861, he proposed an elaborate but impracticable scheme for the adjustment of differences between the North and the South. When this and several other efforts to the same end had failed, he quietly urged his own state to pass the ordinance of secession. He was expelled from the Senate for supporting secession. From 1861 to 1862, Hunter was the Confederate States Secretary of State; and from 1862 to 1865, he was a member of the Confederate Senate, in which he was, at times, a caustic critic of the Davis administration. He was one of the commissioners to treat at the Hampton Roads Conference in 1865, and after the surrender of General Lee was summoned by President Lincoln to Richmond to confer regarding the restoration of Virginia in the Union. His signature in ink, "R. M. T. Hunter."..............................................................SOLD

5137 - JAMES MASON, VIRGINIA, CAPTURED ON THE TRENT, James Murray Mason (November 3, 1798 - April 28, 1871) was a United States Representative and United States Senator from Virginia. He was a grandson of George Mason and represented the Confederate States of America as appointed commissioner of the Confederacy to the United Kingdom and France between 1861 and 1865 during the American Civil War. While traveling to his post as Confederate envoy to Britain and France, on the British mail steamer RMS Trent, the ship was stopped by USS San Jacinto on November 8, 1861. Mason and John Slidell were confined in Fort Warren, Boston Harbor, precipitating the Trent Affair that threatened to bring Britain into open war with the United States of America. The Northern public erupted with a huge display of triumphalism at this dramatic capture, and even the cool-headed Lincoln was swept along in the celebratory spirit. But when he and his cabinet studied the likely consequences of a war with Britian, their enthusiasm waned. After some careful diplomatic exchanges, they admitted that the capture had been conducted contrary to maritime law, and that private citizens could not be classified as 'enemy dispatches'. Slidell and Mason were released, and war was averted. The two diplomats set sail for England again on January 1, 1862. Mason represented the Confederacy there until April 1865. One of his first acts in London was to raise the issue of Union blockades. His signature in ink, "J. Mason."..........................................$55.00

5138 - GENERAL ROBERT TOOMBS, GEORGIA, Robert Augustus Toombs (July 2, 1810 - December 15, 1885) was an American and Confederate political leader, Whig Party senator from Georgia, a founding father of the Confederacy, its first Secretary of State, and a Confederate general in the American Civil War of 1861 - 1865. He feuded bitterly with Confederate President Jefferson Davis. According to Jacob S. Clawson, he was "a bullish politician whose blend of acerbic wit, fiery demeanor, and political tact aroused the full spectrum of emotions from his constituents and colleagues...[he] could not balance his volatile personality with his otherwise keen political skill. Within months of his cabinet appointment, a frustrated Toombs stepped down to join the Confederate States Army. He received a commission as a brigadier general on July 19, 1861, and served first as a brigade commander in the (Confederate) Army of the Potomac, and then in David R. Jones' division of the Army of Northern Virginia through the Peninsula Campaign, Seven Days Battles, Northern Virginia Campaign, and Maryland Campaign. He was wounded in the hand at the Battle of Antietam. He resigned his CSA commission on March 3, 1863, to become Colonel of the 3rd Cavalry of the Georgia Militia, and subsequently  served as a brigadier general and adjutant and inspector-general of General Gustavus W. Smith's division of Georgia militia. Denied a military promotion, he resigned his commission in March 1863. He then launched a major attack on Davis and the government, opposed conscription and the suspension of habeas corpus, as newspapers warned that he verged on treason. In the last battle of the civil war at Columbus, Georgia, Toombs commanded the defense of the upper bridge. When the war ended, he fled to Cuba, and then Paris, along with P. G. T. Beauregard and Julia Colquitt. His signature, "R. Toombs, Washington, GA.".....................................................SOLD

5139 - GENERAL HOWELL COBB, GEORGIA, Thomas Howell Cobb (September 7, 1815 - October 9, 1868) was an American political figure. A Southern Democrat, Cobb was a five-term member of the United States House of Representatives and Speaker of the House from 1849 to 1851. He also served as a Secretary of Treasury under President James Buchanan (1857 - 1860) and the 40th Governor of Georgia (1851 - 1853). He is, however, probably best known as one of the founders of the Confederate States of America, having served as the President of the Provisional Confederate Congress, when delegates of the secessionist states issued creation of the Confederacy. Cobb served for two weeks between the foundation of the Confederacy and the election of Jefferson Davis as first President. This made him, as the Speaker of the Congress, provisional Head of State at this time. Cobb enlisted in the Confederate Army and was named as colonel of the 16th Georgia Infantry. He was appointed a brigadier general on February 13, 1862, and assigned command of a brigade in what became the Army of Northern Virginia. Between February and June 1862, he represented the Confederate authorities in negotiations with Union officers for an agreement on the exchange of prisoners of war. His efforts in these discussions contributed to the Dix-Hill Cartel accord reached in July 1862. Cobb saw combat during the Peninsula Campaign and the Seven Days Battles. Cobb's brigade played a key role in the fighting at Crampton's Gap during the Battle of South Mountain, especially Crampton's Gap where it arrived at a critical time to delay a Union advance through the gap, but at a bloody cost. His men also fought at the subsequent Battle of Antietam. In October 1862, Cobb was detached from the Army of Northern Virginia and sent to the District of Middle Florida. He was promoted to major general on September 9, 1863, and placed in command of the District of Georgia and Florida. He suggested the construction of a prisoner-of-war camp in southern Georgia, a location thought to be safe from Union invaders. This idea led to the creation of Andersonville prison. When William T. Sherman's armies entered Georgia during the 1864 Atlanta Campaign and subsequent March to the Sea, General Cobb commanded the Georgia reserve corps. In the spring of 1865, with the Confederacy clearly waning, he and his troops were sent to Columbus, Georgia to help oppose Wilson's Raid. He led the hopeless Confederate resistance in the Battle of Columbus, Georgia on Easter Sunday, April 16, 1865. In the closing days of the war, Cobb fruitlessly opposed General Robert E. Lee's eleventh hour proposal of enlisting slaves into the army. Fearing this move would completely discredit the fundamental justification of slavery that blacks were inferior people, he said, "You cannot make soldiers of slaves or slaves of soldiers. The day you make a soldier of them is the beginning of the end of the Revolution. And if slaves seem good soldiers, then our whole theory of slavery is wrong." He surrendered at Macon, Georgia, April 20, 1865. His signature in ink, "Howell Cobb, Athens, GA.".........................................SOLD

5140 - GENERAL RICHARD L. T. BEALE, VIRGINIA, Richard Lee Turberville Beale (May 22, 1819 - April 21, 1893) was a lawyer, three-term United States Congressman from the Commonwealth of Virginia, and a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Upon the secession of Virginia in 1861, Beale enlisted in the cavalry as a lieutenant. He was soon promoted to captain and then major, and placed in command of Camp Lee, near his hometown of Hague, on the lower Potomac River. Being commended for his intelligence and excellent judgment, he subsequently served under Col. W. H. F. "Rooney" Lee in the 9th Virginia Cavalry in what became the Army of Northern Virginia. When Lee was promoted to brigadier general, Beale was advanced to the rank of Colonel and given command of the regiment, which included his sons. In December 1862, he led a bold expedition throughout the countryside near the Rappahannock River, capturing the Federal garrison at Leeds without losing a man. Beale's service in 1863 earned him several written commendations and praises. On April 16, he won the praise of Maj. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart for repelling the threatened raid of Maj. Gen. George Stoneman's Federal cavalry division, capturing several prisoners during a week of nearly continual fighting. During the Gettysburg Campaign, Beale led the 9th Virginia in a charge on Fleetwood Hill at the Battle of Brandy Station in June. He participated in Stuart's subsequent ride around the Army of the Potomac and the raid through Maryland and Pennsylvania. He participated in hard fighting at Gettysburg's East Cavalry Field in early July and ruing the army's retreat to Virginia. He briefly assumed command of Rooney Lee's brigade during fighting at Culpepper Court House and participated in the Bristoe and Mine Run Campaigns. In March 1864, he made a forced march to intercept Union Col. Ulric Dahlgren and his raiders. A detachment of his 9th Virginia Cavalry successfully ambushed the Federals, and, with other units captured about 175 men and killed Dahlgren. The papers found upon Dahlgren's person, revealing a design to burn Richmond and kill President Jefferson Davis and his Cabinet, were forwarded through Maj. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee to the Confederate government. These controversial papers discovered by Beale's troopers may have been a factor that influenced John Wilkes Booth in his decision to assassinate Abraham Lincoln. Beale led his regiment during the Overland Campaign, and captured two Union flags at the Second Battle of Ream's Station during the Siege of Petersburg. In August, upon the death of John R. Chambliss, Beale was assigned to command of Chambliss's brigade, although still with the rank of colonel. It was not until February 6, 1865, that he was finally promoted to brigadier general. he led the brigade through the end of the war. His signature in ink, "Richard L. T. Beale Virginia." Very scarce..........................................................$250.00

5141 - GENERAL WILLIAM FEATHERSTON, Winfield Scott Featherston "Old Swet" (August 8, 1820 - May 28, 1891) was an antebellum two-term U.S. Representative from Mississippi and a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was later a state politician and a circuit court judge. With the secession of Mississippi, Featherston was appointed to visit neutral Kentucky to try to influence Governor Beriah Magoffin into also leading his state from the Union. With the start of the Civil War in early 1861, Featherston raised a regiment of infantry (17th Mississippi) and became its colonel. He fought at the First Battle of Manassas and was cited for gallantry at the Battle of Ball's Bluff. He was commissioned as a brigadier general on March 4, 1862. He led a brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia during the Peninsula Campaign and was wounded during the Seven Days Battles. He then participated in the fighting at the Second Battle of Manassas, as well as at Antietam and Fredericksburg. He was among a number of generals that Robert E. Lee removed from command or reassigned when he reorganized his army, along with Nathan G. Evans, Thomas F. Drayton, Roger Pryor, and several others. Transferred to Mississippi in early 1863, Featherston assumed command of a brigade of Mississippians in Loring's Division in the army of Joseph E. Johnston. He fought in several major campaigns in the Western Theater, including the Vicksburg Campaign in 1863 and the Atlanta Campaign the following year. Loring's men accompanied the Army of Tennessee during John Bell Hood's Tennessee Campaign. In early 1865, he participated in the Carolinas Campaign and surrendered with Johnston's army at Bennett Place in North Carolina. He was paroled in Greensboro, North Carolina, on May 1, 1865. His signature in ink, "W. J. Featherston Miss.".....................$125.00

5142 - GENERAL THOMAS L. CLINGMAN, NORTH CAROLINA, Thomas Lanier Clingman (July 27, 1812 - November 3, 1897), known as the "Prince of Politicians," was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from 1843 to 1845 and from 1847 to 1858, and U.S. Senator from the state of North Carolina between 1858 and 1861. During the Civil War, he refused to resign his Senate seat and was one of ten senators expelled from the Senate in absentia. He then served as a general in the Confederate States Army. When he first entered the War, Clingman was the commander of the 25th North Carolina Infantry and took part in the Peninsula Campaign. He later commanded a brigade of infantry. Clingman's Brigade consisted of the 8th, 31st, 51st, and 61st North Carolina Infantry. Clingman's Brigade fought at Goldsboro, Battery Wagner, Drewry's Bluff, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Globe Tavern, Fort Fisher, and Bentonville. His signature in ink, "T. L. Clingman, Bentonville, NC."............................................................$85.00

5143 - COLONEL HENRY HILLIARD, ALABAMA, HILLIARD'S LEGION, During the Civil War, he served as colonel in the Confederate States Army. Hilliard's Legion was organized at Montgomery, Alabama in June, 1862, and consisted of five battalions; one of these, a mounted battalion, was early detached and became part of the Tenth Confederate Cavalry. The Legion proceeded to Montgomery nearly 3,000 strong, under the command of Col. H. W Hilliard, and was placed in McCown's Brigade. It took part in the siege of Cumberland Gap, and spent the fall and winter in Kentucky and east Tennessee. His signature in ink, "Henry W. Hilliard, Montgomery, Ala."................................................................$75.00

5144 - GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET, James Longstreet (January 8, 1821 - January 2, 1904) was one of the foremost Confederate generals of the American Civil War and the principal subordinate to General Robert E. Lee, who called him his "Old War Horse." He served under Lee as a corps commander for many of the famous battles fought by the Army of Northern Virginia in the Eastern Theater, but also with Gen. Braxton Bragg in the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater. Biographer and historian Jeffery D. Wert wrote that "Longstreet...was the finest corps commander in the Army of Northern Virginia; in fact, he was arguably the best corps commander in the conflict on either side." Longstreet's talents as a general made significant contributions to the Confederate victories at Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, and Chickamauga, in both offensive and defensive roles. He also performed strongly during the Seven Days Battles, the Battle of Antietam, and until he was seriously wounded, at the Battle of the Wilderness. His performance in semiautonomous command during the Knoxville Campaign resulted in a Confederate defeat. His most controversial service was at the Battle of Gettysburg, where he disagreed with General Lee on the tactics to be employed and reluctantly supervised the disastrous infantry assault known as Pickett's Charge. ALS written by Longstreet from New Orleans February 26th, 1868. 1 page in very bold pencil acknowledging a request for the autograph of General Joe E. Johnston and his own when he is forwarding to the writer of the request, 8" X 10", very bold, Longstreet letter alone - no Johnston signature, very fine.................................................SOLD

5145 - ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS, VICE PRESIDENT OF THE CONFEDERACY, Alexander Hamilton Stephens (February 11, 1812 - March 4, 1883) was an American politician from Georgia and Vice President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. He also served as a U.S. Representative from Georgia (both before the Civil War and after Reconstruction) and as the 50th Governor of Georgia from 1882 until his death in 1883. He was an old Whig Party friend and ally of Abraham Lincoln; they met in the closing days of the Civil War but could not come to terms. A HUGE signature in ink.............................................SOLD


3600 - JOHN B. HOOD AS LT. GENERAL, a clipped ink signature with rank of Lt. General. At the start of the Civil War, he offered his services to his adopted state of Texas. He achieved his reputation for aggressive leadership as a brigade commander in the army of Robert E. Lee during the Seven Days Battles in 1862, after which he was promoted to division command. He led a division under James Longstreet in the campaigns of 1862-63. At the Battle of Gettysburg, he was severely wounded, rendering his left arm useless for the rest of his life. Transferred with many of Longstreet's troops to the Western Theater, Hood led a massive assault into a gap in the Union line at the Battle of Chickamauga, but was wounded again, requiring the amputation of his right leg, Hood returned to field service during the Atlanta Campaign of 1864, and at the age of 33 was promoted to temporary full general and command of the Army of Tennessee at the outskirts of Atlanta. There, he dissipated his army in a series of bold, but fruitless assaults, and was compelled to evacuate the besieged city. Leading his men through Alabama and into Tennessee, he severely damaged his army by ordering a massive frontal assault at the Battle of Franklin and was decisively defeated at the Battle of Nashville by his former West Point instructor, Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, after which he was relieved of command. A very scarce signature of Hood late in the war as Lt. General.......................................................$850.00

2408 - CONFEDERATE GENERAL, ROBERT RODES, KILLED IN ACTION, Certificate of Disability/Discharge, pre-printed for Private James Hailey of Company A, 5th Alabama describing by the Surgeon the reason for the discharge of the 57 year old farmer due to "rheumatism and old age," dated May 20th, 1862. Approved by General Robert Rodes on the verso as Brigadier General. Dated near Richmond, VA. Robert Emmett (o Emmet) Rodes (March 29, 1829 - September 19, 1864) was one of the youngest Confederate generals in the American Civil War, and the first of Lee's divisional commanders not trained at West Point. His division led Stonewall Jackson's devastating surprise-attack at Chancellorsville, and he was promoted major general by Stonewall on his deathbed. He then served under Ewell at Gettysburg and in the Overland campaign, before that corps was sent to the Shenandoah Valley under Jubal Early. Rodes was killed at the Third Battle of Winchester. In very fine condition, a similar example was sold several years ago for $3K! Extremely rare signature on a full document.....................................................SOLD

1293 - GENERAL THOMAS R. R. COBB, (1823 - 62) Born at "Cherry Hill," in Jefferson County, Georgia. He was the younger brother of Confederate General Howell Cobb. He graduated from Franklin College (University of Georgia) in 1841, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1842. He attained a superb reputation as a constitutional lawyer, and edited twenty volumes of Georgia Supreme Court reports (1849 - 57), prepared a Digest of the Statue Laws of the State of Georgia (1851), wrote a treatise on the law of slavery titled, "An Inquiry into the Law of Negro Slavery in the United States of America" (1858), and he compiled a new state criminal code, "Code of the State of Georgia" 1861. T. R. R. Cobb was known as an ardent secessionist and a pro slavery advocate and was a member of the convention that took Georgia out of the Union, and was one of the signers of the Georgia Ordnance of Secession. Along with his brother, he was elected as a delegate to the Montgomery, Alabama Convention, which established the Confederate States of America. Cobb served as an original member of the Confederate Congress and was the chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs, and was also on the committee for the drafting of the Confederate Constitution being the document's principal author. Resigning his congressional position to enter active field service, he organized Cobb's Legion in the summer of 1861, and was commissioned colonel in the Confederate army on August 28, 1861. He fought in the 1862 Maryland campaign where his troops suffered severe losses. Promoted to brigadier general, on November 1, 1862. He was mortally wounded during the battle of Fredericksburg, VA, on December 13, 1862. He bled to death after being wounded in the thigh near the Sunken Road, on Marye's Height...Dear Judge, I do not think the "City Courts" should go into the General Code - They are merely local - I would ask the Judges of those Courts to codify their laws & have them ready to be inserted if the Committee so think. Your Ms. sent to me has not arrived. How did you forward, by mail or by Express? I have been awaiting its arrival before answering your letter. I expect the accouchement of my wife about 20the of this month. I should not like to leave home till that event is past - so soon as it is - I will advise with you as to a meeting - I am nearly done Ph. III. I will amuse myself with "Penal Code" if I have time before we meet - I thank you for all your action in Milledgeville. Yours truly, Thos. R. R. Cobb Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages 5 X 8, in ink. Athens, [GA], Jany. 3, [1860], NEAR IMPOSSIBLE TO FIND WAR DATED....................................................$1,495.00


1408 - CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS DISCHARGE, APPROVED BY GENERAL ARCHIBALD GRACIE, KIA, 8" X 10", Cumberland Gap, TN. June 10th, 1863, pre-printed and filled-in soldier's discharge for Sergt. Samuel Palmer, Rains Company Light Artillery being discharged for reason of procuring a substitute. Palmer was described as being born in Knoxville, 19 years of age, and was a clerk at his enlistment and had enlisted for three years. He was 5'7", had gray eyes and dark hair. Gracie signs on an angle, "Approved A. Gracie Jr. Brig. Gen. Comdy." Also docketed by his AAG B. E. Jones. Bold "Soldier's Discharge" printed on top of form. Fine, light wear at edge folds. Sharp signature. When Alabama seceded in 1861, Gracie enlisted in the Confederate States Army. In June 1861, he was created a Major of the 11th Alabama Regiment. From March to April 1862, he commanded a small company of sharpshooters, who were some of the first to reinforce General Magruder during the Battle of Yorktown. In July of that year Gracie was put in command of a brigade near Chattanooga, TN, consisting of the 43rd Alabama infantry, 55th Georgia Infantry, 12th Georgia Infantry, 1st Georgia Artillery, and the 1st Florida dismounted regiment. Through his successes in Huntsville, TN, he was promoted to brigadier general on November 4, 1862, at the age of 29. His company was the guard of the rear of General Bragg's Army in Harrodsburg during his retreat from the Battle of Perryville, and during his retreat after the Tullahoma Campaign. General Gracie's command took an active role during the Battle of Chickamauga, where he lost over 700 men. Between July and December 1864, Gracie served in the trenches of Petersburg, Virginia, during the Siege of Petersburg. On December 1, Gracie's 32nd birthday, his second child, a girl, was born, and he was to take a leave to see the baby on December 3. On December 2, 1864, the day after his 32nd birthday Archibald Gracie was looking out at the Union lines through his telescope when an artillery shell exploded in front of him breaking his neck, it killed him instantly. Because of his actions at the Battle of Chickamauga Gracie's name was put into consideration for a promotion to a Major General, but his death caused the consideration to be suspended. Extremely rare and impossible to find war date.........................................$1,950.00


1425 - GENERAL WADE HAMPTON, SOUTH CAROLINA, 16" X 20" commission for a country commissioner dated July 17th, 1877 signed by Wade Hampton as Governor, large red seal and bold signature. Very fine, a beautiful document......................................$325.00

100807 - WILLIAM PITT KELLOGG, LOUISIANA, William Pitt Kellogg (December 8, 1830 - August 10, 1918) was an American politician and a Governor of Louisiana from 1873 - 1877 during Reconstruction. He was one of the most important politicians in Louisiana during and immediately after Reconstruction. He was notable for being re-elected after most other Republican officials had been defeated when white Democrats regained control of state politics. Kellogg is also notable as one of few senators to be elected to the House of Representatives immediately after leaving the Senate. ALS on Louisiana Executive stationary, February 26h, 1847, executive order requesting a detective be appointed, fine.........................................................$175.00

8132 - AUTOGRAPHED CHECK WRITTEN AND SIGNED BY FIGHTING JOE WHEELER, CSA, Wheeler's personal check written to his wife and endorsed by her on the verso, signed "Joseph Wheeler". Commanded cavalry in the Army of the Tennessee in the Atlanta Campaign against Sherman's forces. Very fine............................................................SOLD

7042 - GENERAL ALBERT SIDNEY JOHNSTON, ADS, March 15th, 1859, Headquarters Dept. of Utah, Camp Floyd, U. T. addressed to the Adjutant General in Washington regarding no communications being received by Johnston, signed boldly in ink by Johnston..."A. S. Johnston, Colonel 2nd Cavalry, Bvt. Brig. Genl. Comdg. USA". Albert Sidney Johnston (February 2, 1803 - April 6, 1862) served as a general in three different armies: the Texas Army, the United States Army, and the Confederate States Army. He saw extensive combat during his military career, fighting actions in the Texas War of Independence, the Mexican-American War, the Utah War, and the American Civil War. Considered by Confederate President Jefferson Davis to be the finest (and the second-highest ranking) general officer in the Confederacy before the emergence of Robert E. Lee, he was killed early in the Civil War at the Battle of Shiloh and was the highest-ranking officer, Union or Confederate, killed during the entire war. Davis believed the loss of Johnston "was the turning point of our fate." In 1855, President Franklin Pierce appointed him colonel of the new 2nd U.S. Cavalry (the unit that preceded the modern 5th U.S.), a new regiment, which he organized. As a key figure in the Utah War, he led U.S. troops who established a non-Mormon government in the formerly Mormon territory. He received a brevet promotion to brigadier general in 1857 for his service in Utah. Nearly impossible to find war-dated, this 1859 document may be as close to some collectors can ever find. 8" X 10" paper is crisp, bold manuscript and fresh. Some old stamp glassine tape on verso, great large signature, really nice...............................................SOLD


52811 - JEFFERSON DAVIS, Mexican War officer, Secretary of War, President of the Confederate States of America, his signature on a calling card in lavender ink with a full "Jefferson Davis" signature, card is choice with no mounting stains..................................................SOLD

52813 - CONFEDERATE SOUTH CAROLINA NOTABLES, THOMAS D. WAGNER AND WILLIAM L. TRENHOLM, both signatures on a John Fraser & Co. coupon from a $1000 bond of 1868. Wagner signed the Ordinance of Secession for South Carolina in 1860, Trenholm was a Confederate Army Colonel and Trenholm was the first Democrat and first Southerner to be appointed Comptroller. Appointed to office by President Grover Cleveland, he was known for the large number of changes he recommended in the banking laws. Both signatures on bond coupon................................................$25.00


407000 - COLONEL W. H. GARLAND, 14TH [CONFEDERATE] LOUISIANA CAVALRY, His signature on the verso of a City of New Orleans pre-war Municipal bond coupon as Treasurer of the 2nd Municipality. 14th Cavalry Regiment was organized during the summer of 1863 with eight Mississippi and two Louisiana cavalry companies. It served in W. Adams', H. P. Mabry's, then returned to W. Adams' Brigade in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and East Louisiana. The regiment skirmished in Mississippi and Alabama, and many were captured in the fight at Selma. Only a handful surrendered on May 4, 1865. Its commanders were Colonel F. Dumonteil, Lieutenant Colonels John B. Cage and William H. Garland, and Major Pinckney C. Harrington "Major" [later Colonel] W. H. Garland's Battalion of Cavalry is mentioned in the official reports as on duty at Ponchatoula, LA, October, 1862. January, 1863, General Gardner assigned Major Garland, with his battalion and Rhodes' company, to guard the approaches from Baton Rouge. They were stationed in front of Tangipahoa. They were sent to the assistance of Colonel H. H. Miller at Ponchatoula, in March, 1863, and had skirmish with enemy at Servich's Ferry, Amite River, which was creditable and successful. The battalion had three companies (Rhodes detached). General Grierson, in reporting his raid through Mississippi, 1863, said that he encountered Garland's Cavalry at Edward's bridge over the Tickfaw, April 30. Garland reported, May 1, that he had lost about 70 men and his horses were all broken down. During the siege of Port Hudson Garland's Battalion was with the command of Col. John L. Logan, headquarters Clinton, LA, operating in the Federal rear. August 3, near Jackson, LA, Logan defeated a detachment from Port Hudson, mainly "Corps d'Afrique," capturing nearly a hundred prisoners and a battery of two Parrot guns............................$45.00


2260 - GENERAL WADE HAMPTON, CSA, Signature in ink on a card, "Wade Hampton, So Ca." In the Gettysburg Campaign, Hampton was slightly wounded in the Battle of Brandy Station, the war's largest cavalry battle Stuart and Hampton reached the vicinity of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, late on July 2, 1863. While just outside of town, Hampton was confronted by a Union cavalryman pointing a rifle at him from 200 yards. Hampton charged the trooper before he could fire his rifle, but another trooper blindsided Hampton with a saber cut to the back of his head. On July 3, Hampton led the cavalry attack to the east of Gettysburg, attempting to disrupt the Union rear areas, but colliding with Union cavalry. He received two more saber cuts to the front of his head, but continued fighting until he was wounded again with a piece of shrapnel to the hip. He was carried back to Virginia in the same ambulance as General John Bell Hood. During the Overland Campaign of 1864, Stuart was killed at the Battle of Yellow Tavern and Hampton was given command of the Cavalry Corps on August 11, 1864. He distinguished himself in his new role at the bloody Battle of Trevilian Station, defeating Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan's cavalry, and in fact, lost no cavalry battles for the remainder of the war. He was promoted to lieutenant general on February 14, 1865, but eventually surrendered to the Union along with General Joseph E. Johnston's Army of Tennessee at Bennett Place in Durham, North Carolina. Very fine..........................................................SOLD

2261 - GENERAL JUBAL EARLY CSA, Signature in ink, "J. A. Early, Lynchburg, Virginia", on a god bordered card. Jubal Anderson Early (November 3, 1816 - March 2, 1894) was a lawyer and Confederate general in the American Civil War. He served under Stonewall Jackson and then Robert E. Lee for almost the entire war, rising from regimental command to lieutenant general and the command of an infantry corps in the Army of Northern Virginia. He was the Confederate commander in key battles of the Valley Campaigns of 1864, including a daring raid to the outskirts of Washington, D.C. Very fine, scarce.............................................SOLD


GENERAL STONEWALL JACKSON

1094 - GENERAL THOMAS J. "STONEWALL" JACKSON, 2" X 6", a large ink signature "T. J. Jackson Prof." and addressed to Colonel F. H. Smith Supt. VMI by Jackson. Jackson wrote this while professor at VMI. Military historians consider Jackson to be one of the most gifted tactical commanders in U.S. History. His Valley Campaign and his envelopment of the Union Army right wing at Chancellorsville are studied worldwide even today as examples of innovative and bold leadership. He excelled as well in other battles; the First Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas) where he received his famous nickname "Stonewall", Second Bull Run (Second Manassas), Antietam, and Fredericksburg. F. H. Smith was the long time superintendent of VMI. Boldly written on blue paper. A very desirable and scarce signature of Lee's favorite and who was killed at Chancellorsville by friendly fire...........................................SOLD

12120 - GENERAL HIRAM B. GRANBURY, Granbury and his regiment served in north Mississippi with General Vicksburg Campaign. Colonel Granbury led the regiment in the battles of Raymond and Jackson. Granbury fought and was wounded at the Battle of Chickamauga. He then participated in the Siege of Chattanooga and the Battle of Missionary Ridge. When Brigadier General James Argyle Smith was wounded at Chattanooga, Granbury led the brigade in the retreat from Chattanooga. Division commander, Major General Patrick R. Cleburne, commended Colonel Granbury for his handling of the brigade. On February 29, 1864, Colonel Granbury was promoted to brigadier general. He then led the Texas brigade. This brigade was composed of eight (8) under strength Texas regiments, including the 7th Texas Infantry, through the Atlanta Campaign. He fought with particular distinction at the Battle of New Hope Church in the Atlanta Campaign. At the Battle of Franklin on November 30, 1864, Hood ordered 18 brigades to make numerous hopeless frontal assaults against fortified positions occupied by the Union Army forces under Major General John M. Schofield. Granbury's brigade charged the center of the Federal breastworks and he was killed, along with Major General Patrick R. Cleburne, just outside the Union works. In total, six Confederate generals died in or as a result of the battle. A nice ink signature of Granbury H. B. Granbury, [never have seen one offered cheaper before].................$1,200.00

12120A - A large signature of Hiram Granbury along with a signature of Edward J. Gurley, Colonel who formed and commanded the 13th Texas Cavalry, dated April 1st, 1861. Very fine and extremely rare, 3" X 6.5".....................................$1,600.00

12122 - GENERAL E. L. TRACY, LOUISIANA, CSA, Camp Moore, LA, September 17th, 1861. Pre-printed provision return for Captain M. O. Tracy's 4th Company Governor's Guards, 5.5" X 12", gray paper, signed by Louisiana General Elisha L. Tracy who was first in command of Camp Moore north of New Orleans. [Listed in More Confederate Generals in Gray]. This Company later became Company I of the 13th Louisiana. Tracy died in October 1862 at Chatawa, Mississippi. Very fine..........................................SOLD

12123 - GENERAL HENRY BENNING, CSA, the colonel of the 17th Georgia Infantry, a regiment he raised himself in Columbus on August 29, 1861. The regiment became part of Toombs' Brigade in the Right Wing of the Army of Northern Virginia, under Gen. Robert E. Lee in the Battle of Gettysburg. There, on July 2, 1863, Benning led his brigade in a furious assault against the Union position in the Devil's Den, driving out the defenders at no small cost to themselves. That September, Longstreet's Corps was sent west to assist Gen. Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee. On the second day of the bloody Battle of Chickamauga, Benning participated in Longstreet's massive charge against a gap in the Union line, even as his horse was shot out from under him. He mounted another horse, which was also killed. Finally, he cut loose a horse from a nearby artillery battery and rode into combat bareback. During a surprise Union counterattack against his brigade, many of his men fled and Benning ran off to Longstreet to report the calamity. Riding an old artillery horse and whipping it with a piece of rope. Benning's Brigade fought at the Battle of Wauhatchie outside Chattanooga, Tennessee, and joined Longstreet's Corps in its unsuccessful Knoxville Campaign in late 1863. Returning to Virginia, the brigade fought against Union Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in the 1864 Overland Campaign, where Benning was severely wounded in the left shoulder during the Battle of the Wilderness on May 5. This wound kept him out of the remainder of the campaign and much of the subsequent Siege of Petersburg, but he was able to return in time for the waning days of that lengthy campaign. His brigade withstood strong Union assaults against its entrenchments, but was forced to withdraw along with the rest of Lee's army in the retreat to Appomattox Court House in early April 1865. Benning, heartbroken, was one of the final officers to lead his men to the surrender ceremony. Ft. Benning, GA is named after him. His signature in ink signed twice in a volume of one of his law books, "Decisions of the US Supreme Court" by Curtis, 1870 with paper label Foley & Chappell Law Library, Columbus, GA, compete, nice brown calfskin binding, top cover trifle loose but attached..........................................................................SOLD


72026 - CONFEDERATE GENERAL MATHEW C. BUTLER, Autograph on a 2" X 3.5" card in ink, Major General CSA and USA. Butler received a commission as captain in the cavalry detachment of the Hampton Legions, where he first became acquainted with, and eventually became the protégé of, Wade Hampton. Butler then received a promotion to colonel of the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry in August 1862. He led his regiment in action at Second Bull Run, Antietam, and Stuart's Second Ride Around McClellan in October 1862. He was fearless. "It used to be said his skin glanced bullets," wrote one of his troopers, "and that it required a twelve-pounder to carry away [his foot]." At the June 9, 1863, Battle of Brandy Station, Butler's regiment of South Carolinians, fighting mostly alone, held off an entire division of Union cavalry for much of the day. However, while Butler was conferring with Capt. Will Farley, one of Stuart's favorite scouts, a well-aimed shot by Union horse artillery killed Farley, Butler's horse, and carried Butler's foot clean off. For most men, losing a foot would have ended their military career, but not Butler. In September 1863, Butler returned to duty, with a fresh promotion to brigadier general. He was sent to South Carolina, where he assumed command of a newly-formed brigade of mounted infantry. In the spring of 1864, that brigade joined Hampton's division, and it bore the brunt of the brutal fighting at Haw's Shop on May 28, 1864, and then at Trevilian Station on June 11-12. By then, with Stuart dead, Hampton was in command of the Confedrate cavalry by virtue of seniority, and as senior brigadier, Butler took command of Hampton's division. In that capacity, he was magnificent at Trevilian Station, prompting Hampton to say, "Butler's defense at Trevilian was never surpassed." In recognition of his fine service, he was promoted to major general in September 1864, assuming permanent command of Hampton's division. When Hampton went to South Carolina in 1865 to try to defend his home state against William T. Sherman's invaders, he brought Butler's division with him. Butler performed good service during the Carolinas Campaign, and was with Joseph E. Johnston's army when it surrendered at Bennett Place in April 1865. "From the fall of Columbia to the surrender of Johnston at Durham, Butler was ever at the front, harassing and impeding Sherman's advance," recalled one of his staff officers.................................................$85.00

72027 - CONFEDERATE GENERAL BIRKETT DAVENPORT FRY, DS, 10" X 14". Requisition for clothing, November 11th, 1864 for patients who are patients at Blackie Hospital. Signed, 8 soldiers are listed by regiment and sign the form. Also signed by J. G. Boatwright, the Surgeon, B. D. Fry as Brig. General. Fry was wounded five times during the war, captured at Gettysburg, and sent to Johnson's Island. The hospital was located at Augusta, GA. Bold manuscript and print, very fine condition. A rare war dated signature by Fry.........................................SOLD

72029 - GENERAL CHARLES CLARK AND WILLIAM HARDEE WAR DATED SIGNATURES, Special Requisition #40 form. January 7th, 1862, Hopkinsville, KY. Clark requests $5000 to pay his staff and brigade officers at Hopkinsville, KY for the month of January 1862. The comment at the bottom notes that there is no money in the pay department to pay the voucher for pay. Major V. K. Stevenson, who became General Nathan Forrest's Brigade quartermaster signs the note. Signed by Clark as Brig. Gen. commanding. General William Hardee endorses the note on the verso. As it seems that $2500 was paid on January 20th. Clark was wounded in the right shoulder at Shiloh. During a charge that he led against the 6th Michigan at Baton Rouge a bullet shattered his right thigh bone. He was crippled for life and left on the battlefield and was captured. He was paroled and allow to return home in February 1863 where he was elected Governor of Mississippi. As Governor, he helped pave the way for the Confederate Government to pass a bill providing for the enlistment of slaves as soldiers. War dated documents are rare signed by Clark as he was imprisoned as a POW in August of 1862 and never returned to field duty. Very fine, blue paper..........................$950.00


60707 - GENERAL BENJAMIN J. HILL, CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA, c. 1875, undated promissory note for $333.33 payable at the First National Bank of Nashville for a final payment on the "Malton Tract of land" in Warren County, TN. 4.5" X 7.5". Hill signs it twice on the verso as Attorney at Law. (1825-80) Hill was born near McMinnville, TN. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he was appointed colonel of the 5th Regiment, Provisional Army of Tennessee, which later became the 35th Tennessee Infantry. The regiment served in Cleburne's brigade, and Hill led it with distinction at Shiloh, in Bragg's Kentucky campaign, and in the battles of Murfreesboro, Chickamauga and Chattanooga. At Chickamauga, the gallant Colonel Hill won this high praise from Lieutenant General D. H. Hill, "the extraordinary merit of Colonel Hill of the 35th Tennessee came under my personal observation. This noble officer has been distinguished himself in John Bell Hood's Tennessee campaign, and as a result was promoted to brigadier general on Nov. 30, 1864. In the last months of the war, he commanded a cavalry brigade under General Nathan Bedford Forrest and participated in the campaign against Union General James H. Wilson. 2 signatures........................................................$195.00

30608 - MANSFIELD LOVELL, WRITES A PASS FOR HIS STAFF OFFICER TO PASS THE LINES [TO NEW ORLEANS], ALS by Lovell. On headquarters Dept #1, New Orleans stationary marked out and Jackson, MS, substituted. June 9th, 1862, "All persons are ordered to pass and give any facility to the bearer Lt. Colonel Ogden of my Staff on official business, M. Lovell Mgr. General Commanding." 5.5" X 7", Ogden had been the first and only commander of the Negro regiment the Louisiana Native Guard [1861-62] and was on Lovell's Staff. Lovell had moved north from Camp Moore, Louisiana to Jackson and set up his command there. Ogden, from New Orleans, had been exchanging correspondence between Lovell and Butler in New Orleans regarding prisoners and had his wife back in the City. Lovell War dated items this close to the Fall of New Orleans are rare. Very fine.................................................................................$1,600.00



30609 - COLONEL JOHN WITHERS, ADJUTANT GENERAL OF THE CONFEDERATE ARMY, ON THE STAFF OF JEFFERSON DAVIS, DETAILING A 1ST LOUISIANA OFFICER FOR ASSIGNMENT
, January 28th, 1864, Special Orders #23, Richmond, VA. 8" X 10", being addressed to General J. E. Johnston. Partially printed document written and signed by Colonel Withers. He assigns Lt. William Huger of the 1st Louisiana to temporary assignment at Athens, GA due to being unfit for field service.........................................
$195.00


1240 - CONFEDERATE GENERAL JOHN GREGG OF TEXAS "KIA", 8" X 10" legal document, May 25th, 1858, court document dealing with the fear of two Negro slaves being removed while legal proceedings are taking place. John Gregg as Judge writes a complete paragraph on the verso and signs it giving his judgment of the case, Freestone County, Texas. Gregg signs in full "John Gregg". Gregg formed the 7th Texas Infantry, becoming its Colonel in September. Gregg and the 7th saw their first action at the Battle of Fort Donelson from February 12 to February 16, 1862, where they were captured along with most of the garrison. He was sent to Fort Warren in Boston, Massachusetts for confinement. Gregg was exchanged on August 15, 1862 and was promoted to brigadier general on August 29. His was sent to Mississippi for service in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, and was assigned to 10th Brigade, 1st Division of the Army of Mississippi, from October 24, 1862 to March 1863. His command, now styled Gregg's Brigade, was attached to William H. T. Walker's Division in the Department of the West on May 10, 1863. Gregg's first major main brigade fought a tough 6-hour battle against the XVII Corps, 10,000 strong, under the command of Union Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson. Gregg was forced to retreat back to Jackson, Mississippi after the battle, where he would be involved in the Battle of Jackson on May 14, 1863. Gregg's Brigade formed part of the Reserve Corps of the Army of Tennessee briefly that September. During the Battle of Chickamauga he was assigned to Bushrod Johnson's Division, Third Corps in the Army of Tennessee on September 19. Gregg was severely wounded on September 20, when he was hit in the neck. After recovering from his wounds, Gregg was given command of the famous Hood's Texas Brigade in Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Gregg and his brigade participated in the Eastern Campaigns of the spring of 1864, seeing action at the Battle of the Wilderness, the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, the Battle of Cold Harbor, and the Siege of Petersburg. During the fighting in the Wilderness, Gregg was wounded on May 6, 1864, and then went with Lee's army to Petersburg until 1864. Gregg was struck in the neck for a second time and killed along the Charles City Road, near Richmond, Virginia. He was shot while leading a counterattack at the Battle of Darbytown and New Market Roads. Gregg's signature is quite desirable and rare......................................................SOLD


1021 - GENERAL P. G. T. BEAUREGARD (1818 - 93), The 4th highest ranking officer in the Confederacy. Graduated #2 in the West Point class of 1838. Brevetted captain and major for gallantry in the Mexican War. He was in command at Charleston, S.C., in April 1861, during the bombardment and capture of Fort Sumter and rose to instant fame in the Confederacy. He also saw action at 1st Manassas, Shiloh, the 1863-64 Charleston, S.C. campaign, Bermuda Hundred and Petersburg. Beauregard was a railroad executive in the 1860's and early 1870's and later served as Commissioner of public works in New Orleans and Adjutant General of Louisiana. Signature With Sentiment: 4 5/8 X 2, in ink, I am yrs very truly, G. T. Beauregard. Light age toning and wear. Nice large bold autograph.......................................$350.00

1022 - GENERAL JOHN B. MAGRUDER (1807-71) Known as "Prince John," he was born at Port Royal, VA and graduated from West Point in the class of 1830. He was brevetted three times for gallantry during the Mexican War while an artillery officer. Magruder was brevetted Lieutenant Colonel, 1st U.S. Artillery, for gallantry in the battle of Chapultepec, Sept. 13, 1847. He resigned from the U.S. Army on April 20, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general in the Provisional Confederate Army on June 17, 1861, and major general on Oct. 7, 1861. He distinguished himself in the early part of the Peninsula campaign, completely deceiving General McClellan as to the size of his forces at Yorktown. He was less successful during the Seven Days battles, and was later assigned to command the District of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. Here he was successful in the recapture of Galveston, Texas and the dispersal of the Federal blockading fleet. After the war he went to Mexico without being formally paroled and joined Emperor Maximilian's Imperial forces with the rank of major general. Signature: 7 3/4 X 1 3/4, in ink. Partial imprinted requisition, for two dozen birch brooms. Beautiful large autograph, J. Bankhead Magruder. Bt. Lt. Col. U.S.A., Capt. 1st Arty. Comdg. Co. Excellent, scarce.........................................................$395.00

1023 - GENERAL ALFRED E. JACKSON, (1807-89) Born in Davidson County, Tennessee. Educated at Washington and Greenville Colleges. He became an extremely successful dealer of produce and manufactured goods trading all over the South. His various businesses included stores, mills, factories and farms which operated from North Carolina to the Mississippi River. Jackson enlisted in the Confederate Army in 1861, and was appointed quartermaster on the staff of General Felix K. Zollicoffer, with whom he served until the latter's death at the battle of Mill's Springs, KY. He was commissioned brigadier general, Feb. 9, 1863, and assigned to the command of an infantry brigade in the Department of East Tennessee, and participated in a number of engagements including the capture of the 100th Ohio Infantry at Telford's Station, TN. The war left Jackson impoverished, and he ended up renting land in Washington County, VA which he cultivated with his own hands. A special pardon was issued to him by President Andrew Johnson for showing kindness to Johnson's family in Tennessee during the war. His estates were gradually restored to him and he lived out his life in Jonesboro, TN. Autographed Letter Signed:  6 pages, 4 X 6, in ink. Clear Branch, VA. Nov. 22, 1867 to Cousin Harriet, an excellent postwar letter detailing his difficulties in paying notes due to false war claims made against him, mentions Confederate money, poor treatment by servants and others, a great post war letter from a Confederate General experiencing financial hard ships in post war Tennessee................................................SOLD

1024 - GENERAL JAMES G. MARTIN, (1819-78) Born in Elizabeth City, N.C., he graduated in the West Point class of 1840. Fought in the Mexican War battles of Monterey, Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, Contreras and Churubusco, where he lost his right arm which was shattered by grapeshot. Afterwards Marin was known by his nickname of "Old One Wing." He was appointed Adjutant General of North Carolina and it was his idea to employ blockade runners to bring supplies into the Confederacy from Europe. Appointed Commander-in-Chief of N.C. State Forces, on Sept. 28, 1861. In May 1862, he was appointed brigadier general in the Confederate Army, and in Aug. 1862 he was given command of the District of N.C. When General George E. Pickett made his demonstration against New Bern in February 1864, Martin successfully attacked and drove the Union troops from Newport. When the Overland Campaign opened Martin was called to Petersburg, and was the first in the field under General William H. C. Whiting. General D. H. Hill took command of the division on May 20, and Martin's brigade won distinction for their charge, driving the enemy from the works in their front. Afterwards his men carried him around on their shoulders, shouting: "Three cheers for Old One Wing." The brigade was then assigned to General Robert Hoke's division, and reinforced General R. E. Lee during the Battle of Cold Harbor, where they repulsed the Union assaults on June 3, and afterward were engaged in a sharp shooting fight along the line. Lee, believing General Grant would make another attack, informed Martin that he held the key to the Confederate position, and asked if his troops, comparatively new, could be relied upon. Martin promptly responded that his men were as good as veterans, but that he thought he should be transferred to the south of the James River, as he believed Grant would attack Richmond from the rear. Lee then sent Martin's brigade to Petersburg. During the siege, Martin's health gave way under the strain and exposure, and he was transferred to the command of the district of Western North Carolina, with headquarters at Asheville. After he left the Army of Northern Virginia, Lee stated that "General Martin is one to whom North Carolina owes a debt she can never repay." Martin surrendered the Army of Western North Carolina in Waynesville, North Carolina on May 6, 1865. This was the last organized Confederate force remaining in the state. Document Signed:  7 1/2 X 9 1/2, imprinted form, filled out in ink. Fort Leavenworth, K. [ansas] T. [erritory], May 3, 1860. Received of Captain S. Van Vliet (a future Union Civil War General), Assistant Quarter Master, U.S. Army, in good order and condition the following Military Stores, marked and numbered as per margin which agree to deliver, with all practicable dispatch, in like order and condition, unto the Assistant Quarter Master, U.S. Army, at Fort Riley, the freight thereon being payable by the Assistant Quarter Master. The receipt lists 2 boxes, hubs & wheels; for Maj. J. [ohn] Sedgwick, 1 Cav. (future Union General who would be killed in 1864) 77 boxes ord. stores; and under the section marked "Private" it lists Capt. [Nathaniel] Lyon, 1 case ale, 1 keg wine, 1 basket wine, 2 boxes liquor [Lyon, a future Union General would be killed in 1861]; with more entries. Signed at bottom of page by Michael Falen [?]. Endorsement Signed on the reverse: Received at Fort Riley, K. [ansas] T. [erritory] May 9th, 1860, the within named stores, J. G. Martin, A. Q. M. Minor wear and age toning. Very fine, SCARCE............................................$250.00

1025 - GENERAL DANIEL RUGGLES, 1861 Autographed Endorsement Signed (1810-97) Graduated from West Point in the class of 1833, fought in the Seminole War, and earned the brevets of major and lieutenant colonel for gallantry during the Mexican War. Resigning his commission in the U.S. Army on May 7, 1861, he commanded the Virginia forces on the Rappahannock River at the opening of the Civil War. Commissioned brigadier general, Aug. 9, 1861, he commanded a brigade during the battle of Shiloh where he rendered good service in gathering a large number of guns to fire on the Union position at the Hornet's Nest, and aided in the assault which caused the surrender of Prentiss' division. Thereafter, he held district and department commands at various points including the Department of Southern Mississippi and East Louisiana, and at the end of the war was commissary general of prisoners. War Date Autographed Endorsement Signed: 1 page document, 7 3/4 X 9 3/4, in ink. Asst. Adjt. General's Office, First Brig., C. S. Forces, New Orleans, LA, Dec. 4th, 1861. Sir, the Commanding General of the First Brigade C. S. Forces directs me to enclose to you the requisition of Captain LaSalle, Asst. Qr. Master of your Regiment for axes, pick axes, etc. for the use of the Regiment. The Quarter Master states that he has already issued a full supply of these articles to your Regiment except Dutch ovens which are not allowed by this Department. Very respectfully, Yr. Obedt. servt., Roy Mason Hooe, Asst. Adjt. General. To Col. R. L. Gibson, Comdg. 13th Regt. LA Vol. [Gibson was later appointed brigadier general in the Confederate army]. Ruggles writes at the bottom of the document: Note. It is unnecessary to enclose these Requisitions. Daniel Ruggles, Brig. Genl., C.S.A..............................................................$395.00

1026 - ALABAMA GENERAL DUFF GREEN, General Green was the Quarter Master General of Alabama during the War Between the States. Autographed Letter Signed: 1 page, 8 1/4 X 10 3/4, in ink. Qr. Master General Office, Mobile, March 28, 1861. Capt. M. Smith, Captain: This morning Col. F. Sheppard presented me your requisition for funds with letter accompanying. He became quite excited because I would not pay him the money. You can explain to him that you must first give me a receipt for the money and then take his receipt. If you will advise me how to send you the funds and at same time send receipts I will forward the amt. of your requisition, but as money is so easily lost, I decline to send any until I have the receipts. In future you will please not give any one orders for money. You know the reasons for the disbursement and you must present the normal forms. Your obt. svt., Duff C. Green, Q. M. Genl. Light wear and age toning. Duff Cyrus Green was quartermaster general of Alabama. Prewar he was a U.S. Army Officer and Mobile Alabama Merchant......................................................$125.00

101150 - GENERAL FRANCIS M. COCKRELL, Confederate General. At the beginning of the American Civil War in 1861, Cockrell joined the Missouri State Guard as a captain. After transferring to the Confederate army and being promoted to colonel, he was an important leader in the Vicksburg Campaign and was wounded in the hand by an exploding shell during the Siege of Vicksburg. He was promoted to brigadier general on July 18, 1863. In April 1865, shortly before the end of the war, Cockrell was captured in Alabama, but was paroled after a few weeks. He returned to his law practice in Missouri. A nice post war signature as a United States Senator..........................................$89.00


32703 - JEFFERSON DAVIS, PRESIDENT OF THE CONFEDERACY, A nice large ink clipped signature from the conclusion of a letter, "Respectfully, Jefferson Davis." On February 9, 1861, after he resigned from the U.S. Senate, Davis was selected provisional President of the Confederate States of America. He was elected without opposition to a six-year term that November. During his presidency, Davis took charge of the Confederate war plans but was unable to find a strategy to stop the larger, more powerful and better organized Union. His diplomatic efforts failed to gain recognition from any foreign country, and he paid little attention to the collapsing Confederate economy, printing more and more paper money to cover the war's expenses. Historians have criticized Davis for being a much less effective war leader than his Union counterpart Abraham Lincoln, which they attribute to Davis being overbearing, over controlling, and overly meddlesome, as well as being out of touch with public opinion, and lacking support from a political party (the Confederacy had no political parties). His preoccupation with detail, inability to delegate responsibility, lack of popular appeal, feuds with powerful state governors, inability to get along with people who disagreed with him, and his neglect of civil matters in favor of military were only a few of the shortcomings which worked against him. After Davis was captured on May 10, 1865, he was charged with treason, though not tried, and stripped of his eligibility to run for public office. While not disgraced, he was displaced in Southern affection after the war by the leading Confederate general, Robert E. Lee. However, many Southerners empathized with his defiance, refusal to accept defeat, and resistance to Reconstruction. Over time, admiration for his pride and ideals made him a Civil War hero to many Southerners, and his legacy became part of the foundation of the postwar New South. The signature is bold, some mounting traces on verso. A nice large example............................................................$595.00


32005 - ROBERT E. LEE AND JOHN B. HOOD SIGNED CERTIFICATE FOR THE SOUTHERN HOSPITAL ASSOCIATION OF NEW ORLEANS, Overall framed 16" X 20" with a period steel engraving of Robert E. Lee. The certificate card is signed boldly in ink by Robert E. Lee and by John B. Hood as President of the Association. This card was intended to be given in appreciation for donors who contributed funds for injured soldiers being cared for in New Orleans institutions. The association was founded by Hood on July 1st, 1866 and has a very attractive vignette of a Confederate soldier receiving a cup of water from a Southern lady. The certificate was published by Douglas of New Orleans and condition. This is the first example of this Association's donor card we have ever seen or offered. After the war, Hood moved to Louisiana and worked as a cotton broker and in the insurance business. His business was ruined by a yellow fever epidemic in New Orleans during the winter of 1878-79 and he succumbed to the disease himself, dying just days after his wife and oldest child, leaving ten destitute orphans. Two excellent autographs.......................................SOLD

2070 - GENERAL EDWARD DORR TRACY, KILLED AT VICKSBURG, 12th Alabama Infantry, Colonel of the 19th Alabama, Shiloh, Vicksburg. He led the company, Company I, Fourth Alabama Infantry, to Virginia and fought in the First Battle of Manassas, Virginia. On the 12th of October, 1861, he became Lieutenant-colonel of the Nineteenth Alabama, Col. JOe Wheeler's regiment. In the battle of Shiloh, he led the Nineteenth, having a horse killed under him. Going to East Tennessee with McCown's division, he soon attracted the attention of Gen. E. Kirby Smith, who wrote, July 22nd, "Should any new appointments be made for this command, I would recommend Lieut. - Col. Edward D. Tracy. Upright, intelligent and accomplished, Colonel Tracy, by his services at Manassas and Shiloh, has attested his soldierly qualities." Five Alabama regiments in the various brigade of Smith's army were collected in a brigade and he assigned commander. A commission as brigadier-general followed in August, 1862. In early 1863, he led his brigade to Vicksburg, Mississippi, this occurring the time Grant landed at Bruinsburg. With about 1,500 men, tired by a hasty march, he reached Port Gibson in time to participate in the battle of May 1st, where the brigade suffered significant loss in killed, wounded and captured. The fighting commenced at sunrise, and soon became warm and bloody. "A little before 8 o'clock," said Colonel Garrett in his report, "our brave and gallant commander, General Tracy, fell near the front line, pierced through the breast, and instantly died without uttering a work." His remains were sent to Macon, Georgia and there interred. His ink signature contained in his addressed postal cover dated Oct. 2, to his wife in Huntsville, AL. PM Macon, Georgia, 3 Cent embossed stamp. Bold signature, trifle fray at bottom and top of cover, scarce KIA General......................................................$375.00

2085 - DOUBLE SIGNED NATHAN BEDFORD FORREST BOND, Signed as President of the Selma, Marion, and Memphis Railroad overall 16" X 19". First mortgage at 8% guaranteed by the State of Alabama 1869. Also signed for by Governor William Hugh Smith of Alabama. Forrest served as President until 1874 when he resigned from the railroad due to health and financial reasons. Known as the "wizard in the saddle" after having 29 horses shot from under him. This example is in pristine condition and getting more difficult to find as such. Many have been divided to sell both signatures individually. Most often offered at $2500+. This nice specimen is.................................................................$2,150.00


1030 - GENERAL FRANCIS MARION COCKRELL, 2 1/2" X 3.5". Autograph. From Missouri, at the beginning of the American Civil War in 1861, Cockrell joined the Confederate Army as a captain. He was an important leader in the Vicksburg Campaign and was wounded in the hand by an exploding shell during the Siege of Vicksburg. He was promote to brigadier general on July 18, 1863. In April 1865, shortly before the end of the war, Cockrell was captured in Alabama, but was paroled after a few weeks. He returned to his law practice in Missouri. He later served in the US Senate until 1905. His card is signed. F.M. Cockrell Missouri", boldly signed in ink. Nice bold ink signature......................................$80.00

122130 - GENERAL JOE WHEELER, CSA, ink signature on a card. 1.5" X 2.25", slight age tone to top left corner away from signature, strong signature. Wheeler has the rare distinction of serving as a general during war time for two opposing forces: first as a noted cavalry general in the Confederate States Army in the 1860's during the American Civil War, and later as a general in the United States Army during both the Spanish-American War and Philippine-American War near the turn of the century. For much of the Civil War, he served as the senior cavalry general in the Army of Tennessee and fought in most of its battles in the Western Theater......................................................$85.00

122131 - GENERAL JOE WHEELER, CSA, ink signature on a card. 3" X 2", strong signature..........................................SOLD

122132 - GENERAL JOE WHEELER, CSA, ink signature on a card. 1.5" X 2", nice signature...............................................SOLD

122133 - GENERAL WILLIAM B. BATE, CSA, ink signature on a card. 1.75" X 3", "William Bate Tennessee", bold signature. Bate was the governor of Tennessee from 1883 to 1887 and subsequently a United States Senator from Tennessee from 1887 until his death. He served in the Confederate forces in the American Civil War, attaining the rank of major general and commanding a division in the Army of Tennessee..................................................$69.00

122134 - GENERAL EDMUND W. PETTUS, CSA, ink signature on a card. 1.75" X 3", "E.W. Pettus, Ala." bold signature. Pettus helped organize the 20th Alabama Infantry, and was elected as one of its first officers. On September 9, he was made the regiment's major, and on October 8, he became its lieutenant colonel. From then on Pettus served in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. During the Stones River Campaign, he was captured by Union soldiers on December 29, 1862. He was exchanged a short time later, and was captured again on May 1, 1863. At the time, Pettus was part of the surrendered garrison that had been defending Port Gibson in Mississippi, however he managed to escape and return to his own lines. He was promoted to colonel on May 28, and given command of the 20th Alabama. During the 1863 Vicksburg Campaign, Pettus and his regiment was part of the force defending Confederate control of the Mississippi River. When the garrison was surrendered on July 4, Pettus was again captured, and would be a prisoner until his exchange on September 12. Six days later he was promoted to the rank of brigadier general, and on November 3, he was given brigade command in the Army of Tennessee. Pettus and his brigade participated in the Chattanooga Campaign, posted on the extreme southern slope of Missionary Ridge on November 24, and fought during the action the following day. Pettus and his command toop part in the 1864 Atlanta Campaign, fighting in the battles of Kennesaw Mountain on June 27, Atlanta on July 22, and Jonesborough from August 31 to September 1. Beginning on December 17, he temporarily led a division in the Army of Tennessee. Afterward during the 1865 Carolinas Campaign, Pettus was sent to defend Columbia, South Carolina, and participated in the Battle of Bentonville from March 19-21. Pettus was wounded in this fight, hit his right leg during the battle's first day. On May 2, he was paroled from Salisbury, North Carolina, and was pardoned by the U.S. Government on October 20...........................................$69.00

122135 - GENERAL JOHN S. WINDER, CSA, large notation signed dated March 26th, 1862 regarding an inspection by the Provost Marshall and an inventory of guns will be made. Framed with a colored engraving of Winder, 22" X 24". The long docket was on the back of a document involving a soldier. Winder chose to follow the Confederate cause and resigned his U.S. Army commission on April 27, 1861. He was appointed a colonel in the Confederate Army infantry on March 16. He was ten promoted to brigadier general on June 21 and the next day was made Assistant Inspector General of the Camps of Instruction that were in the Confederacy's capital of Richmond, Virginia, a post he would hold until October 21. In addition to his duties involving prisons, he was responsible for dealing with deserters, local law enforcement, and for a short time setting the commodity prices for the residents of a city dealing with a doubled population. During this time, he commanded Libby Prison in Richmond as well. In April 1864, Winder appointed Capt. Henry Wirz commandant a new prison camp in Georgia called Camp Sumter, better known as the infamous Andersonville Prison. Winder commanded the Department of Henrico for much of the war, lasting until May 5, 1864. He then commanded the 2nd District of the Department of North Carolina & Southern Virginia from May 25 until June 7. Ten days later, he briefly commanded Camp Sumter himself, lasting until July 26. Winder then was given command of all military prisons in Georgia as well as those in Alabama until November 21, when he was put in charge of the Confederate Bureau of Prison Camps, a post which he held until his death on February 7, 1865. Very scarce wartime document...........................................................$450.00


4240 - GENERAL NATHAN BEDFORD FORREST, His signature on a portion of a Selma, Marion RR bond as President with the popular vignette of the slaves picking cotton from the obverse of the bond. Nice dark signature, known as the "wizard of the saddle" during his career as a cavalry General in the Army of Tennessee. There were two signatures of Forrest on these bonds and this is the post popular one with the great vignette along side of the signature. Very fine.....................................SOLD

3101 - SUPERINTENDANT OF THE CONFEDERATE NASHVILLE AND CHATTANOOGA RAILROAD, 8" X 10" signed stock certificate for the Nashville, Chattanooga, & St. Louis Railroad with a nice large vignette of a steam engine. c 1875, signed by Edmund W. "King" Cole who ran the Chattanooga & Nashville Railroad during the war and was a lifeline for Confederate supplies. His trains transported wounded soldiers from the Murfreesboro battlefield. After the war, he became President of the Nashville, Chattanooga, and St. Louis Railway Company. Crisp condition......................................$79.00

3102 - COLONEL ALFRED LANDON RIVES, Letter with fine vignette of a Steam engine dated September 30th, 1882 to A.L. Rives, General Manager of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad offering them steam engines at a cost of $10,000 each. Rivers notes on the verso that they will decline the offer as they had just purchased eight engines. Rives had designed the Cabin John Bridge in Maryland, Capt CSA 1861, served as Engineering officer on Magruder's Staff, acting chief of the Confederate Engineering Bureau, remained in Richmond for the duration of the war in the capacity as Asst. Chief of the Bureau, Lt. Colonel 1863, Colonel 1864. Active in all engineering needs for the Confederacy including railroads, Superintendent of the Panama Railroad, General Manager of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad, died 1903. The letter is datelined New York on the letterhead of Barrows & Company Railway Equipment. Some archival restoration on verso, otherwise well written.....................................$75.00


639 - JEFFERSON DAVIS, letter signed, August 14th, 1871. 8" X 10" manuscript datelined Mississippi City P.O. (Mississippi). Letter to H.H. Edwards acknowledging receipt of a letter informing him that he had been selected a member of the Society and been confirmed with a degree and hoped in the future to be able  to attend a meeting in appreciation of the degree confirmed upon him. Signed Jefferson Davis in very large script measuring over 3" in length. Very fine....................................................SOLD

645 - GENERAL THOMAS JORDAN, signature of Jordan dated April 29th, 1865. Just at the end of the War. Somewhat light buy very clear. Still a war period autograph and a very reasonable price...................................................$125.00

646 - GENERAL ROBERT VANCE, 4" X 5" paper, really a half page from a scrapbook. Huge signature "Robt B. Vance, Riverside, NC". North Carolina General............................$145.00

650 - GENERAL JOHN ECHOLS, Confederate Commander in Western Virginia. 3" X 5" manuscript accounting by Echols as an attorney dated July 17th, 1860, just prior to the War. Quite a lot of data in Echols' hand..................................................$195.00

653 - GENERAL JOHN WINDER, 11" X 14", Commander of Confederate prisons. His signature framed with a copy photo. Uncommon..............................................$300.00


657 - GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET
, Mexican War, Brig. General, 2nd Manassas, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Chickamauga, Wilderness and Confidant of Lee. A check entirely written by Longstreet with full signature drawn of the State Banking Company of Gainesville, GA in 1901. Very fine........................................................
$650.00 ON HOLD

658 - GENERAL OTHO STRAHL, Signature on a 1.25" X 2.75" portion of a pre-war legal document. Confederate Brigadier General - Tennessee. After entering Confederate service as Captain of the 4th Tennessee, Strahl saw action at Shiloh and Murfreesboro before promotion to Brigadier General and participation in the battles of Chickamauga and Atlanta. While leading his brigade in Brown's Division at Franklin, Tennessee on November 30, 1864. Strahl became one of six mortally wounded Confederate Generals. September 1860, witnessed W.H.B. Beaumont...O.F. Strahl......................................................$1,250.00

659 - GENERAL BENJAMIN J. HILL, Tennessee. Fought at Shiloh with Cleburne, Chickamauga, Atlanta Campaign, fought at Forrest and Murfreesboro, later last against Wilson's Cavalry. Have several examples of Hill's signature. Hill's signature is not common and he had an exceptional record in the Army of Tennessee. Document signed pre-War......................$175.00


12121 - SIDNEY S. LEE, CONFEDERATE STATES NAVY, Sydney Smith Lee (September 2, 1802 - July 22, 1869) was an American naval officer and older brother to Robert E. Lee. He was the third child of Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee and Anne Hill Carter. During the Mexican-American War, he was stationed at Vera Cruz. He was promoted to commander on June 4, 1850 and accompanied Commodore Perry to Japan in 1853, commanding his flagship. He served as commandant at the US Naval Academy and Philadelphia Navy Yard. He resigned from the service on April 17, 1861, the day Virginia seceded though the resignation was not accepted. After dismissal on April 22, 1861, he accepted a commission as commander in the Confederate States Navy. When the US Navy abandoned the Gosport Navy Yard in Norfolk, Virginia, Sydney became the commander there. When Union forces regained it, Sydney was put in charge of batteries at Drewry's Bluffs, Virginia. On May 6, 1864, he became chief of the confederate Navy's Bureau of Orders and Detail, replacing Captain John K. Mitchell. Sidney was promoted to captain, and remained at this post until the end of the war. Sydney Smith Lee died at Richlands, Virginia on July 22, 1869. One of his sons was Fitzhugh Lee, a Confederate major general, governor of Virginia, and a major general of volunteers during the Spanish American War. An ink signature in ink, "S. S. Lee, US Navy, Virginia", very scarce and seldom seen................................................................SOLD

8213 - GENERAL HOWELL COBB FREE FRANKED COVER ADDRESSED TO HIS WIFE, Postmarked Washington DC as Member of Congress from Georgia, free franking the cover and addressing to his wife in Athens, GA. Thus two signatures of Cobb, a later Confederate General. Light stains..................SOLD

7108 - AN IMPORTANT CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN GENERAL T. H. HOLMES AND GENERAL P. G. T. BEAUREGARD BEFORE THE BATTLE OF MANASSAS WRITTEN AND SIGNED BY FUTURE GENERAL SAMUEL W. FERGUSON AIDE DE CAMP TO BEAUREGARD
, Headquarters, Dept. of Fredericksburg, Brook Station June 18th, 1861, Genl. Herewith enclosed you will find a copy of a letter addressed to the Adj. Genl. By me which was answered by General Lee stating that the enemy's were not sufficiently developed to justify the adoption of my suggestions, and recommending if my force could be divided that I should erect a battery at Mathias Point some 30 miles below here, from this you will see how utterly out of the question it is for me to send a regiment to your neighborhood as all the force I have would scarcely be sufficient to resist on effort by the Enemy to land with a view to invade. I need not say it will give me the greatest satisfaction to co-operate with you and if you will keep me advised of your wishes, they shall receive the most respectful consideration, and as I can, consistently with my other obligations be complied with. I am Genl. Very respt., Your Obt. Servt, T. H. Holmes Brig. Genl. Comdg. Dept. to Genl. G. T. Beauregard, Comdg. Manassas...a true copy S. W. Ferguson Aide de Camp. Beauregard had requested that Holmes send a regiment to Manassas. Holmes replied in this letter that Lee [Robert E. Lee] rejected his suggestions and recommended that he divide his force. All of these tactical requests and maneuvers were a prelude to the Battle of First Manassas or Bull Run. Holmes commanded the Confederate forces at Fredericksburg. From this point, he dispatched troops to slow down any Northern advance. SAMUEL WRAGG FERGUSON WAS ON BEAUREGARD'S STAFF AT CHARLESTON AND RECEIVED THE FORMAL SURRENDER OF THE FEDERAL GARRISON AT FORT SUMTER AND RAISED THE FIRST CONFEDERATE OVER THAT FORT. HE LATER AT THE END OF THE WAR SERVED AS PART OF THE ESCORT OF THE FLEEING JEFFERSON DAVIS FROM RICHMOND, HE HAD BEEN APPOINTED BRIG. GENERAL ON JULY 28TH, 1863. An important early war correspondence written by Ferguson as Aide de Camp to Beauregard...well written, minor archival repaid unaffecting any content, several moderate spot stains also unaffecting content................................................
SOLD

4255 - AN OUTSTANDING LETTER BY VARINA DAVIS ON THE IMPENDING PROMOTION OF GENERAL NELSON MILES WHO WAS THE JAILER OF JEFFERSON DAVIS AT FORTRESS MONROE AND WHO DAVIS HAD DESCRIBED AS A BUTTE IN REGARD TO HIS TREATMENT IN PRISON, 3 page letter by Varina Davis, written from the Gerard Hotel, New York City to General Joseph Wheeler, May 6th, 1898 accompanied by the stamped postal cover to Wheeler in the House of Representatives in Washington, DC, noted "personal". She relates to General Wheeler...My Dear General, I have received your two kind letters and if I could, would have adopted your suggestion, but one of my husband's last conversation with Me was about his work when he should get well, for said he "I cannot die until I pay my respects to that butte Miles." If I could ever hope the creature had improved with time...but I felt that he had told a falsehood to the military commission about his authority for shackling his prisoner - and that anything that kept him from the charge of troops was righteous work. I am satisfied that if the grade is granted into the army, General Miles will be the first incumbent and while in difference to your opinion, I am silent - this is all that I can do as a Southern woman and Mr. Davis' widow. I believe the Southern would win the fight with almost the whole regular army behind them if they made it...and I think when the Southern men are wanted in the field it is the time for the expression of this antagonism to Miles but of course I am out of the arena and may not know as you do but the mortification thank God will be only meaningful for my children, not to him who is at rest. If Miles gets his high grade by the silence of the men for whom Mr. Davis went to his grave, disfranchised and harried by every circumstance that could torture an old and heart weary patient who had given all of his ambitions and all he had of worldly goods to his cause. I know beyond a doubt that you are treated by the pure desire for the good of the country and that your heard is where it was in 1865, and that you feel that you are doing not what you will but will you must and I do not misunderstand you in the least, but I cannot see my duty to my husband in following your advise except in the partial way I have been unable to do it and I hope that you will appreciate my feelings in this matter and accord me the same selfish motive that I am sure you have. Believe me Dear General always with warm regard. Your friend Varina Jefferson Davis, May 6th, 1898...Death would be preferable to me than seeing Miles promoted by Southern allegiance. An outstanding personal letter to General Joe Wheeler by Varina Davis opposing Nelson Miles' impending promotion to Lt. General [occurred in 1900]. Obviously Wheeler had written Varina advising her to cease in her apparent attempt to gather Southern support to derail Miles' appointment but she continues her campaign with Wheeler to gain his support in Congress. Davis was sent to Fortress Monroe after his capture along with Clement C. Clay of Alabama [see photo below upon their release]. Nelson Miles was in charge of the fortress prison and received direct orders from Secretary of War Stanton on how Davis was to be treated. According to written orders issued by Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton and hand delivered to General Miles by observers Assistant Secretary of War Charles A. Dana and Major General Henry W. Halleck, the guards were to pace up and down inside the room beside Davis' cot. The candle was never to be extinguished, even at night. An officer was detailed to walk into the cell and look at Davis every 15 minutes to make sure he had not escaped the guarded room during the previous 15 minutes, and presumably, no facsimile of Davis had taken the place of the real Davis in the previous 15 minutes. No guard was to speak to Davis under any circumstances. When given his meals, Davis was to be allowed no implements other than a wooden spoon - even when the meal was a slab of meat. Miles followed through on another order from Stanton hand-delivered by Assistant Secretary of War Dana: "Brevet Major-General Miles is hereby authorized and directed to place manacles and fetters upon the hands and feet of Jefferson Davis and Clement C. Clay whenever he may think it advisable in order to render their imprisonment more secure." Miles did not follow through on the order to manacle the hands of Davis, but he did have a blacksmith chain Davis' ankles together, an action that the emaciated Davis "violently resisted" according to Miles. The leg irons placement was leaked to the Philadelphia Evening Telegraph. When other newspapers picked up the news, Davis drew some sympathy from Northerners who might otherwise be angry at him for the 320,000 Northerners who had lost their lives during the war. More important to the Republicans in power, their political sponsors were disturbed at the apparent torture of a man who had yet to be charged with a crime. Thurlow Week, a New York City political boss, was one of several prominent Republicans  who sent Secretary of War Stanton a note that the "irons were an error and an enormity...wholly unnecessary severity." The prison doctor, Dr. John Craven, reported to Miles after seeing the condition of Davis that the shackles would prohibit needed exercise and would possibly cause him to become insane. Miles sent word to Stanton of Craven's assessment and the chains were removed. But the news of Davis' treatment had leaked out and Stanton did not want to make Davis a martyr so his treatment gradually improved. It is apparent from this correspondence that Davis and Varina held Miles accountable for his treatment although the harsh orders seemingly were made by Stanton and Miles carried them out. Excellent content showing Varina's steadfast feelings that Miles treated her husband inhumanly while at Fortress Monroe..........................................SOLD

7112 - WAR DATE DOCUMENT SIGNED BY BRIG, GENERAL B. D. FRY, CAPTURED AT GETTYSBURG, WOUNDED FIVE TIMES, Augusta, GA, November 4th, 1864, 8" X 10" pre-printed requisition of eating utensils for seven men detailed as Provost Guards. Signed in ink by Fry as Brig, General Commanding Post. Also signed by James P. Baltzell [from Texas] as quartermaster. Fry was wounded five times during the War and sent to Johnson's Island after being captured at Gettysburg. Paper is crisp and fresh with nice signatures, uncommon war dated........................SOLD


2101 VARINA DAVIS
, Wife of Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States. A closing from a post-war letter signed Jefferson Davis that was written by Varina Davis for her husband. Her handwriting is very close to Davis', but she puts the period behind his name which indicates a Varina signature..............................
SOLD

110700 - GENERAL JOHN B. HOOD, Signature from a document as 2nd Lt. as a member of the US Army before the war, "John B. Hood" with rank. On blue paper from an Army document with a nice bold signature (many from this period are water stained, we have seen).................................SOLD

110701 - JEFFERSON DAVIS BY VARINA DAVIS, Large salutation in closing a letter. Jefferson Davis with Varina's period put at the end of his name. When she wrote and signed the letter for him late in his life. A little tone, large signature...............................SOLD

640 - JEFFERSON DAVIS BY HIS WIFE VARINA, a beautiful lavender ink signature of Davis written by his wife Varina. "Jefferson Davis Mispi" with her period behind the s in Davis. Without this period, the average person would swear this was signed by Davis himself. Highly collectible..............................................................SOLD

4240 - VICKSBURG CAMPAIGN 1ST TENNESSEE ARTILLERY, REQUEST FOR A REQUISITION FOR SMALL ARMS AMMUNITION AND FOR ARTILLERY ROUNDS, SIGNED BY CSA BRIG. GENERAL ALLEN THOMAS AS COLONEL OF THE 28TH LOUISIANA, A. D. S. by Captain James A. Wiggs, Brigade Ordinance Officer. Also signed by Colonel Allen Thomas, 28th Louisiana Infantry (LATER BRIG. GENERAL), and other officers, March 23rd, 1863. One page 5" X 7 1/2", headquarters 3rd Brigade, Smith's Div. Circular. You will return to this office as soon as practicable, a consolidated Requisition for all the Ordinance and Ordinance Stores necessary to equip your Command fully in every respect. The requisitions to be made according to the form given in the Ordinance regulations. The requisitions for Ammunition should be based upon an estimate of one hundred & fifty rounds per gun for small arms, and for artillery the number of rounds necessary to fill caissons & limber chest. It is not possible that all deficiencies can be supplied at once, but the requisition will be placed on file and filled as rapidly as possible and no further requisitions for the same articles will be required. By Order Col. E. Higgins, Comdg. Brigade James A. Wiggs, Captain & Brigade Ordinance Officer. Signed on the reverse by Allen Thomas, Col. 28 LA. LATER BRIG. GENERAL, J. E. Mooney, Lt. & Actg. Adjt. 28 LA, John R. Bisland, Adjt. 26th LA. There also appears to be 2 other signatures. Fine and a rare item regarding artillery at Vicksburg. There were two 28th Louisiana Regiments, one led by Colonel Thomas from men from South Louisiana and one led by Colonel Gray from men from the northern portion of the state......................................SOLD

James A. Wiggs, the writer of this document, was born on May 17, 1837, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Shortly after the Civil War broke out, he enlisted on May 15, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into the 4th Tennessee Infantry. Governor Isham G. Harris soon promoted hm to the position of Assistant Quartermaster General of Tennessee, on June 21, 1861. Afterwards, he served the Confederacy in various positions including, Chief of Ordinance, on the staff of General Stephen D. Lee; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Francis A. Shoup; he surrendered with the garrison at Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863; was captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery; Chief of Staff, of General Bryan M. Thomas; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee; and he surrendered with the forces of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, to Union General E. R. S. Canby, and was paroled at Jackson, Mississippi, on May 12, 1865. He died at Starkville, Mississippi, on January 27, 1911, and was buried in Vicksburg. His obituary and photo can be found in the Confederate Veteran issue of February 1913, where he was described as having a "brilliant record for service and bravery during the four year's struggle."

4241 - STEPHEN D. LEE, HIS FIELD ORDER TO CAPTAIN JAMES WIGGS, MOVING TROOPS VICKSBURG CAMPAIGN APRIL 1863, ALS BY LEE, Capt. Wiggs...All men belonging to the Regts. now here with you, and those going up on the flat boats must return with you after placing men of the detachment from Col. Shelly's Regt. in the flat boats to relieve them if they have not got up - come down with the horses at once on one of the flats -  must try and get here tonight so we can start early in the morning - none of Col. Shelly's Regt. can go on this boat...S. D. Lee, Brig. Gen. Commanding...Golden A. Q. Q. 7PM. The Colonel Shelly mentioned in this field order was Colonel Charles M. Shelley, commander of the 30th Alabama Infantry, and future Confederate Brigadier General. He served under General Stephen D. Lee in 1863. At Port Gibson, Mississippi, in action against General U.S. Grant's army, Shelley was described as cool, brave and gallant in resisting the attack of the enemy. At Baker's Creek, on May 16, 1863, General Lee praised Shelley's regiment for their distinguished gallantry, fighting. James A. Wiggs, the recipient of this document, was born on May 17, 1837, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Shortly after the Civil War broke out, he enlisted on May 15, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into the 4th Tennessee Infantry. Governor Isham G. Harris soon promoted him to the position of Assistant Quartermaster General of Tennessee, on June 21, 1861. Afterwards he served the Confederacy in various positions including, Chief of Ordinance, on the staff of General Stephen D. Lee; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Francis A Shoup; he surrendered with the garrison at Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863; was captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery; Chief of Staff, of General Bryan M. Thomas; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee; and he surrendered with the forces of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, to Union General E. R. S. Canby, and was paroled at Jackson, Mississippi, on May 12, 1865. He died at Starkville, Mississippi, on January 27, 1911, and was buried in Vicksburg. His obituary and photo can be found in the Confederate Veteran issue of February 1913, where he was described as having a "brilliant record for service and bravery during the four year's struggle."  7 1/2" X 3 1/2" in a bold pencil hand. Very fine......................................................SOLD

4242 - DURING THE SIEGE OF VICKSBURG MAY 1863, SWAPPING ENFIELD RIFLES FOR OLD MUSKETS IN THE REGIMENT SIGNED BY COLONEL ALLEN THOMAS LATER BRIG. GENERAL CSA, Headquarters, 5th Brigade, May 6th, 1863. A manuscript order written and signed by Captain James A. Wiggs instructing the commanding officers of the regiments under his command [Chief of Artillery] to deliver to him an accounting of the unarmed men and the number of Mississippi Rifles and altered percussion muskets to be exchanged for Enfield rifles and at the same time a requisition for 80 rounds to be issued per gun. Countersigned by Colonel Winchester Hall Colonel of the 26th Louisiana and Colonel Allen Thomas of the 28th Louisiana Infantry. Signed boldly by Colonel Allen later Brigadier General Confederate States Army. Winchester Hall wrote the regimental history of the 26th Louisiana. James A. Wiggs, the recipient of this document, was born on May 17, 1837, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Shortly after the Civil War broke out, he enlisted on May 15, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into the 4th Tennessee Infantry. Governor Isham G. Harris soon promoted him to the position of Assistant Quartermaster General of Tennessee, on June 21, 1861. Afterwards he served the Confederacy in various positions including, Chief of Ordinance, on the staff of General Stephen D. Lee; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Francis A Shoup; he surrendered with the garrison at Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863; was captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery; Chief of Staff, of General Bryan M. Thomas; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee; and he surrendered with the forces of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, to Union General E. R. S. Canby, and was paroled at Jackson, Mississippi, on May 12, 1865. He died at Starkville, Mississippi, on January 27, 1911, and was buried in Vicksburg. His obituary and photo can be found in the Confederate Veteran issue of February 1913, where he was described as having a "brilliant record for service and bravery during the four year's struggle." Fine, paper originally slightly irregular...........................................................SOLD

2214 - JOHN MCINTOSH KELL, CONFEDERATE NAVAL COMMANDER, John McIntosh Kell entered the U.S. Navy in September 1841 as a Midshipman. Over the next two decades, he served in several ships, was active in California during the war with Mexico and participated in Commodore Matthew C. Perry's expedition to Japan. When Georgia seceded from the Union in early 1861, Lieutenant Kell resigned from the United States' Navy. In April 1861, he briefly commanded the Georgia state gunboat Savannah, but received a Confederate States Navy commission as First Lieutenant the following month and was sent to New Orleans. There, he helped Commander Raphael Semmes fit out the cruiser CSS Sumter. He served as Executive Officer during her commerce raiding cruise in 1861-62. First Lieutenant Kell was Semmes' Executive Officer on CSS Alabama throughout her career, and was present when she was sunk by USS Kearsarge in June 1864. He was rescued by the British yacht Dearhound and taken to England. Promoted to the rank of Commander in that month, he commanded the ironclad CSS Richmond in the James River Squadron in 1865. After the end of the Civil War, Kell returned to Georgia and became a farmer. In later years, he served as Adjutant General of Georgia. John McIntosh Kell died in 1900. A printed photo (as Adj. General of Georgia) of Kell SIGNED by him in ink and framed 8" X 10" overall. A nice large 4+" ink signature............................................... SOLD

50911 - GENERAL ALBERT SIDNEY JOHNSTON, ALS 1 1/2 pages. Written and signed by General A.S. Johnston without a date. Written from Headquarters 1st Regt. Texan Riflemen, Point Isabel Texas to W.W. Blip, Adj. Genl. Army of the Occupation. This was written in the 1840's during time of the Mexican War:  

     I have the honor to report that the 1st Regt. Texan Rifleman (Foot) is organized & complete with the inception of two Companies which have not yet arrived but which I presume may be inspected in time to march with this Regiment.
     The instruction of the officers & men is now progressing in the Rifle Drill, the only system adapted to this arm, which I hope will be approved by the Commanding General, though it has been included from the book of tactics now in use.
     It would be greatly to the advantage of this Regiment & Capt. Snell's Company to be authorized to order that company to join the Regiment -- The Company is detached on Garrison duty at this place. Besides the ____ of instruction in the drill now going on, your better experience will hear me out in the belief that Garrison duty is entirely unsuited to the volunteer service & perhaps, where they are until in the same garrison with regular troops incompatible with the efficiency of either.
     The above is submitted most respectfully to the consideration of the commanding General with the hope that I may be ordered to direct Capt. Snell to report with his company to the Commanding officer of the regiment, very respectfully your Svt., A.S. Johnston Comg. 1st Texas Rifleman

Any signature of Johnston who was mortally wounded at Shiloh is rare on today's market. This is a great ALS by Johnston as Commander of the Texas Rifleman during the Mexican War, on blue ink, blue paper. Discoloration in scans does not exist to great degree on the actual document..................................................... SOLD

4241 - C.C. MEMMINGER, June 20th, 1856, 8" X 14". Printed and filled in bond for over $10,000 involving Memminger in Charleston where Memminger writes and signs two paragraphs on the verso of the bond. Memminger signs with W.J. Bennett and William Lucas in regard to interest being paid on the bond. Lucas was a wealthy rice planter near Charleston and Memminger soon became Confederate Secretary of the Treasury. Quite a few words written in Memminger with two signatures. All in ink, very fine...............................SOLD

120802 - GENERAL NATHAN BEDFORD FORREST, A nice dark ink signature of Forrest as President of the Selma, Marion, and Memphis Railroad dated in September 1969. The back signature that Forrest signed from that famous bond, comes with several ornate coupons from that bond............. SOLD

90701 - GENERAL TURNER ASHBY, April 10th, 1862. 5" X 7" pre-printed and filled in listing overcoats, drawers, caps, shirts, pants, jackets, etc. Special requisition for clothing for a company dated at Harrisonburg, VA. Signed as commanding "Turner Ashby". Ashby gained his fame with Jackson in the Shenandoah Campaign and was killed fighting rear guard action near Harrisonburg, VA, June 6th, 1862. Ashby was called a "legend in his own time". Nicely framed 11" X 18" with a copy photo of the only known photo of Ashby in death. Condition is excellent............ SOLD  

 

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