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The Civil War
 Confederate Documents/Letters

9054 - A CONFEDERATE SPY REPORTS ON UNION TROOPS AND NAVAL MOVEMENTS IN VIRGINIA - WRITTEN ON A FOLDED LETTERSHEET WITH A MAKESHIFT PATRIOTIC COVER, 3 page letter [folded lettersheet on blue paper in bold pencil written by John W. Davis, 40th VA Infantry]. A. P. Hill's Division to his mother Anne T. Davis at Hague, VA, November 1st, 1861, Fredericksburg, VA. Davis writes to his mother about a Spy passing through camp who had passed over the river at Mathias' Point on his way from Washington to report to General Holmes. He reported that he had seen the general order at Washington ordering a fleet of 70 vessels with 65,000 troops and all their equipment to land at Nomony Bluffs in Westmoreland on that or the next night and march around the batteries all along and then to proceed on to Richmond. General Holmes has recognized him as a true spy. On Tuesday morning, our regiment crossed over Potomac Creek and marched about 2 1/2 miles where we are still bivouacking near the camp of the 2nd North Carolina...Met a man with orders for Colonel Brockenborough. The balance of the great northern fleet left Fortress Monroe this morning. Reliable Marylanders say that General Sickles has opposite Evansport 15,000 troops and they counted 85 pieces of artillery...more. Folded, stampless cover made from the lettersheet, manuscript Brooks Station, VA. RR over a faint circle PAID 5. A small cut-out of Jefferson Davis is pasted on the front with white stickers sealing the lettersheet. The return address of J. W. Davis, 40th VA. Rgt. Vol. A. P. Hill's Division is partially written on the sticker seal. Pencil manuscript on the cover portion is light but discernible. Letter inside is much bolder. A VERY RARE HANDMADE PATRIOTIC COVER AND LETTER..................................................$450.00

7000 - THE STEAMBOAT, B. L. HODGE, This steamboat was leased by E. Kirby Smith to bring Union Commissioners up the Red River for his surrender of the Trans-Mississippi Confederate Army. The B. L. Hodge was a Confederate troop transport and supply boat during the war. Built in 1857 it operated the New Orleans-Red River route before the war. The boat went out of service in May 1868. Freight bill on blue paper, Grand Bayou, LA. March 1861. Small boat vignette to left, John Smoker Captain. Shipping books up the Red River, fine........................................................$45.00

6193 - CONFEDERATES NOT CAPTURED AT VICKSBURG MOVING NORTHEAST OF JACKSON, Manuscript note dated at Minton [Morton], Miss., July 20th, 1863, one page note addressed to Captain John S. Noble by Major Alfred M. Borbaw ordering him to turn over his supply train to Captain Moore and report to him in person for duty. This town was east of the Jackson area and were remnants of Confederate forces moving away after the fall of Vicksburg. Fine...............................................................$89.00

6190 - 16TH MISSISSIPPI VOL. VACCINATIONS IN CAMP FOR SMALL POX, THINKS THE YANKEES SENT BY THE DOCTOR BAD "MATTER" TO BE USED IN THE SOLDIERS, GRANT AND LEE IN VIRGINIA, HUGE LOSSES FOR GRANT, LEE DRIVING HIM BACK, June 2 - 3rd, 1864, Abbeville, Lafayette County, Miss., 3 large pages in pencil to his wife by James Currin, Company I, 16th Mississippi. He writes in part..."We are all very well except for some very sore arms due to vaccinations. I have not been vaccinated yet and won't unless better matter is used here for the business. I will send this lesser by Robert Macklin. We have just received orders to pack four days rations as we do not know if we will go north or south. If we go north Major Macklin will accompany us. Kate you should have all of the children vaccinated but be certain the matter used does not come from a person who is not healthy. They have been using pock matter here that is very dangerous and does no good in keeping the small pox. The matter that is being used here the Doctor got from Jackson, Tennessee. I suspect it was sent there by the Yankees to be spread among as many of our men as possible. It is possible that I would rather have the small pox than to have that kind of matter put into my arm. We had one case of the small pox in our regiment but he was sent to the hospital as soon as caught. We have heard no news from Virginia and Georgia. I must rest awhile...June 3rd, 1864...As Major Macklin is not gone I thought I would write more...we think Grant has lost 65,000 men in the fighting in Virginia...we are expecting a big fight between Grant and Lee, there is a rumor in camp that Lee has driven Grant 35 miles back towards Washington City. Since the eight days fight Captain Russell is better and is expected back in camp this evening. Anderson Johnson and Tobe [Tobias] Burke are well. No news from General Johnson's army. He has sent for paper and envelopes, envelopes cost $8 a pack, butter $1 a pound, a dollar for a piece of chicken, 25 cents for onions, can't write to everyone so show this letter around."...James F. Currin. While he apparently datelines a town in Mississippi he obviously writes the letter from wher the 16th is in service that being in Virginia to his home which is Abbeville in Lafayette County, Mississippi. In his letter he mentions they may move down to Tennessee which indicates he is well north of Mississippi at this writing. Well written, light in spots here and there but quite bold in others. Complete transcript included. Excellent letter regarding the battles in Virginia and the fright of small pox vaccinations......................................................$295.00

6192 - AN ACCOUNT OF THOUSANDS OF POUNDS OF BACON CAPTURED BY UNION FORCES UPON THE SURRENDER OF VICKSBURG, 10" X 20", hand-ruled large manuscript document written by Captain Marcus W. Johnson of the Quartermaster Staff stating that 38,239 pounds of bacon that was captured upon the surrender of Lt. General John C. Pemberton of the city of Vicksburg to enemy forces. This amount was in his possession in the city in July 1863. It is interesting that these provisions were available in July 1863 while reports of the period stated that the civilians were eating rats and cats to survive the siege with little supplies arriving. Light stains, well written. Written by Johnson after his obvious parole listing the seized bacon stores. Fine..................................................$195.00

6192A - CONFEDERATE TEXAS SOLDIER'S DISCHARGE, SPAIGHT'S BATTALION, 7.5" X 10", a printed form with SOLDIER'S DISCHARGE as a heading. ARMY OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES, a discharge dated at Beaumont, Texas, January 6th, 1863 for Corporal John Brown, Company H, Spaight's Battalion of Texas Volunteers, PACS, who had enlisted the 21st of April, 1862. He was honorably discharged after procuring a "substitute" named R. S. Holland. Brown was described as being born in Chambers County, Texas, 29 years of age, 5' 10 3/4", dark complexion, blue eyes, and dark hair and was a farmer at enlistment. Signed by Lt. Colonel A. W. Spaight's. Some pinholes at folds, otherwise the paper is firm and embellishments well written and in dark ink. Rare.............................................$395.00

6192B - TEXAS OATH OF ALLEGIANCE - HE IS ALLOWED TO VOTE AGAIN, 1865, Liberty County, Texas, September 23rd, 1865, 4.75" X 5", pre-printed and filled in certificate of allegiance for John Brown who had served in Spaight's Battalion stating that he has taken the oath and is being placed again on the voter's rolls of Liberty County. Signed by J. O. Shelby, Chief Justice of Liberty County, Texas. Some archival restoration on verso to some fissures, overall bold and very good.......................................................$85.00

4016 - BLOODY KANSAS, KANSAS EMIGRATING AID COMPANY, A LOUISIANA PRO SLAVE EMIGRATION COMPANY'S FORM TO SOLICIT DONORS TO SEND PRO SLAVERY EMIGRANTS TO KANSAS, Desoto Parish, Louisiana, September 30th, 1856, 8" X 13" manuscript document stating that the undersigned promised to pledge a certain amount to the treasurer of the Kansas Emigrating Aid Company, Hamilton Stone. The document stated that the purpose of the organization was to aid immigrants to travel and settle in Kansas until at least the political organization of the territory was stabilized into a state. There are no pledges notated on this document as this may have been the manuscript draft for the printer to print forms. Bleeding Kansas, Bloody Kansas or the Border War was a series of violent political confrontations in the United States involving anti-slavery Free-Stators and pro-slavery "Border Ruffian" elements, that took place in the Kansas Territory and the neighboring towns of the State of Missouri between 1854 and 1861. The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 called for the "popular sovereignty" - that is, the decision about slavery was to be made by the settlers (rather than outsiders). It would be decided by votes - or more exactly which side had more votes counted by officials. At the heart of the conflict was the question of whether Kansas would allow or outlaw slavery, and thus enter the Union as a slave state or a free state. Proslavery forces said every settler had the right to bring his own property, including slaves, into the territory. Antislavery "free soil" forces said the rich slave-owners would buy up all the good farmland and work them with black slaves, leaving little or no opportunity for non-slave-owners. As such, Bleeding Kansas was a proxy war between antislavery forces in the North and proslavery forces from the South over the issue of slavery in the United States. The term "Bleeding Kansas" was coined by Republican Horace Greeley, editor of the New York Tribune, its violence indicated that compromise was unlikely and thus it presaged the Civil War. Both sides had emigration aid Companies to increase their voter support to bolster their cause in the election. This is a very rare example of a Southern pro-slavery company recruiting donations in Louisiana in 1856. Well written, a possible unique Southern aid company document, fine, minor blems.......................$295.00

, 3" X 5", "We have planted the Standard", 10 Star Confederate first national flag flying, red/blue, below "Tennessee is in the fold." Used in political rallies and often seen on photos and this vintage 10 star flag was used briefly in 1861. Near mint condition..............................................

, Printed by J. W. Randolph, Richmond, VA., 1863, 5" X 7", "Revised and enlarged with a new copious index," 420 pages, with original boards, some looseness at spine but intact. Text portion complete and with light tone. On the top is noted "Division #2, Hospital #3, Desk Copy, owned by Dr D. L. McLaughlin and he signs the inside. Contains all medical regulations on medical and hospital property, Physicians and surgeon's pay. McLaughlin later retired to Lynchburg, VA. There is a pen notation stating the book was obtained at Lynchburg in 1866 and presented to another doctor in 1907. Hospital #3 was known as Byrd's Hospital or Gilliam's factory Hospital which had been a tobacco factory taken over by the Confederates August 15th, 1861 and had capacity for 225 patients. It was located near the end of 9th St. near the James River.......................................................

3608 - THE WIFE OF A WOUNDED CONFEDERATE GENERAL SAMUEL GHOLSON WRITES ON HIS RECOVERY IN MISSISSIPPI, February 20th, 1865, Aberdeen, MS, 3 page letter in ink to Mrs. Margaret English, Egypt Station, Mississippi with stamped postal cover [Scott #11] addressed to the above on the Mobile & Ohio Railroad [Egypt Station]. She relates in part, thanking Mrs. English for the hospitality shown General Gholson and his wife during their late stay at Egypt Plantation after his wounding in a battle with Union forces...she thanks Providence for their safety...she remarks that the General stood the trip well and he is doing as well as could be expected, his appetite is good and he is gaining strength. She tried to remove bandages, his shoulder became inflamed but the doctor said there was no need to worry. M. A. Gholson [Margaret - married 1838]. General Samuel Gholson - When the Civil War began, he joined state troops as a Private, rose to Major, then Colonel of the 14th Mississippi. At the Battle of Fort Donelson, he served with the rank of Brigadier General of Mississippi State Troops. He was shot through the right lung and surrendered with the garrison. After exchange, he served under Major General Sterling Price in the Battle of Iuka and Corinth. He was made Major General of Mississippi State Troops in 1863, and then was commissioned Brigadier General in the Confederate army that following spring. His last assignment under cavalry commander Brigadier General James R. Chalmers in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, ended on December 27, 1864, when he was wounded in a skirmish at Egypt, Mississippi, and his left arm was amputated. After the war, he returned to the state legislature and fought Reconstruction policies. He later would die in Aberdeen, Mississippi, where he was practicing law. Letter and stamped postal cover. Very fine, 2 items..................................................................SOLD

, 5" X 7" pre-printed and filled-in detailing case against Allison Cox, Company B 37th VA, being a deserter and that he may be found in Washington County, VA. The order states that he should be arrested and turned over to the nearest Provost Marshal to be returned to his command. Dated at Richmond, May 6th, 1864 and addressed to Captain D. B. Baldwin. Records show Cox was hospitalized at Charlottesville, VA. August 16th, 1862, transferred September 15th, 1862 to Lynchburg, VA, furloughed September 20th, 1862 and sent home. Obviously he never returned to his regiment and was AWOL for quite a while. Very good, light stain to edge. Very uncommon...................................................

, August 16th, 1864, 5" X 7" pre-printed and filled-in certificate form. Extending the furlough of Pvt. Andrew W. McConnell, Company K, 37th VA., due to his condition resulting from a gunshot wound in his left arm [wounded June 3rd, 1864 at Richmond - later at Chimborazo Hospital]. The extension is signed by three Doctors, one Surgeon and two Assistant Surgeons. The description describes the passage of the ball through his arm and due to his slow recovery is not fit for duty for a considerable time. Dated at Emory, VA. Unusual Confederate medical item, very fine.......................................................................

, 5" X 7" manuscript payment form on blue paper paying John G. English at Meridian, MS, June 19th, 1863 for two of his mules valued at $237.00 each. Signed by Captain John H. Young, AQM. English dockets the verso verifying that he has received payment. English owned Egypt Plantation near Aberdeen, Mississippi, fine..................................................................

3614 - THE UNION ARMY ADVANCING ON BRISTOL, TENNESSEE, October 21st, 1864, Bristol [Tenn.], 2 page 8" X 10" letter to his daughter Mary by John King. He relates in part to her, Providence has saved me from evils; the loss of property has not affected me. Major Johnson had been living in the old house for months; hopefully he would have gone to bring you letters. Letters would that have given you a view of the most trying scenes we have had to pass through, but Major Johnson is now at Richmond and is not likely to make it back here. For two days and nights we were momentarily expecting the Yankee army which had reached Zollincoffer. Few soldiers were here as the soldiers had left to protect the salt works. The town is deserted with just me and a few others. After several days they fell back and they are now between Bulls Gap and Knoxville. Our troops are pressing them closely. For the moment all is quiet and secure. Yesterday I assisted in the burial of Colonel John Preston who was 84 years of age. The Methodist Conference is here and the town is full of preachers...Your Father Jo. King. "Two months later in the Battle of Kingsport (December 13, 1864) a force of 300 Confederates under Colonel Richard Morgan (1836 - 1918) stopped a larger Union force for nearly two days. An army of over 5,500 troops under command of Major General George Stoneman (1822 - 1894) had left Knoxville, Tennessee, to raid Confederate targets in Virginia: the salt works at Saltville, the lead works at Wytheville and the iron works in Marion. While Col. Morgan's small band held off a main Union force under Major General Cullem Gillem on the opposite side the Holston River, Col. Samuel Patton took a force of cavalry to a ford in the river 2.5 miles (4.0 km) north and came down behind the Confederates. Out-numbered, out-flanked and demoralized by the bitter winter weather, Col. Morgan surrendered. The Confederates suffered 18 dead, and 84 prisoners of war were sent to a Union prison in Knoxville. Very fine.............................$175.00

2400 - GENERAL JOHN L. LEWIS, LOUISIANA MILITIA COMMANDER, LS December 23rd, 1861, 2 pages 8" X 10", Louisiana Militia General 1861-62, disbanded the Native Guard after the Federals captured the City of New Orleans and told them to hide their uniforms and guns [Colored regiment of Free Blacks]. Letter signed to Colonel Numa Augustin. Headquarters 1st Division Louisiana Volunteer Troops, New Orleans, [Augustin was commander of the Orleans Guard of the Louisiana Legion Troops]. A letter to Colonel Augustin to the effect of whose authority the French Legion was under, the Louisiana Militia or the Confederates States. Lewis had consulted with the Governor [Moore] and the consensus was that a recent order would not allow organizations of foreign residents to be included in the 1st Louisiana Division being included in the army of the Confederate States. More on the actions of the commander of the French Legion, Major Rocheran. An interesting commentary on the inclusion of foreign nationals in Confederate service at the beginning of the war from the several militia units composed of these nationals. Well written, corner trip of page restored, trivial ink burn, fine otherwise....................................$250.00

2401 - 37TH GEORGIA, A GEORGIA OFFICER SENDS HIS SICK SLAVE HOME, SHOWS COMPASSION FOR HIS ILL SLAVE, THE WAR SITUATION IS DARK BUT NOT HOPELESS, FOLDED LETTERSHEET WITH CSA SCOTT #12, INCLUDES THE PASS FOR THE SLAVE TO GET HOME, "In the field, near Jonesboro, GA, September 4th, 1864, 1 page 8" X 10" in ink letter writes to a Captain Hanks at Fort Valley, GA. He writes in part, "My boy Andrew is quite sick and moving about a good deal. I have concluded that is best to send him home. I can get him in charge of a soldier as far as Fort Valley, but to provide from him in charge of a soldier as far as Fort Valley, but to provide from him in the case he becomes quite ill and is unable to travel. I write to you to see after him and have him cared for...Hood has united his forces with ours [Hardee's ]. It is not known if the Yankees will continue to flank us or not. The situation is dark but not hopeless. I trust in the Lord of Hosts and come to our deliverance and that right early. We must gird our armor in more closely...Lt. May, Rembert, Willie Black past safely through the late fights. We had 5-6 causalities in my old company on the 31st of August...R. E. Wilson." Wilson lost an eye at Murphysboro and was again wounded and taken prisoner at Franklin. Included is the pass for his Negro slave to return home - "In the field near Lovejoy, GA, September 4th, 1864, Guards and others will pass my boy Andrew to my home at Cuthbert, Randolph County, GA. He is sent from our division hospital sick, Robert E. Wilson, Major, 37th GA Rgt." 2 items, Very fine......................................................$395.00

2402 - 1ST ALABAMA CAVALRY, AM ON A SCOUT WAY UP IN TENNESSEE, 30,000 LINCOLNITES IN SAVANNAH, TN, A SOLDIER TRIES TO KILL HIMSELF, 2 large pages in pencil to his wife and family, near Cherokee, AL, March 15th, 1862, W. T. Presley, CO. A, 1st Alabama Cavalry. He relates in part, "Paper is scarce, I have been on a scout way up in Tennessee, water is up can't get back to our camp where we left in Florence, we are at Dr. Pride's Plantation 10 miles from Cherokee, 12 of us are under Lt. Lary, we expect to cross the creek and I will mail this at Cherokee, we expect a big fight a place called Iuka in Mississippi, I want to be there but if the fight comes off tomorrow I can't make it. People treat us real kind but they are scared, I have seen a number of families that have been left alone and have been scouting about to keep from the Lincolnites. We will whip them and have a glorious little Republic, we were near Savannah on the Tennessee River where there are 30,000 Lincolnites and half of the citizens are Union men. I have been riding since I sent you my ambrotype from Florence. Henry James shot himself and tried to kill himself, he shot just above the heart and the ball came out behind the top of his shoulder - two inches lower and he would have gotten his discharge for good...W. T. Presley." Good content letter, scarce Alabama Cavalry regiment, comes with a typed transcript, much more details................................................SOLD

2403 - BRAGG WILL GIVE NO MORE FURLOUGHS, YANKS ARE LAYING LOW, YANKS ARE FIGHTING AMONG THEMSELVES, MANY KILLED ACCORDING TO CITIZENS, February 26th, 1863, in camp at Middleton, TN, by W. T. Presley, 1st Alabama Cavalry, 4 pages in pencil, to his wife. He relates in part, "In camp, rain and mud, sleep on the ground in the wet, Bragg has halted furloughs until the 1st of July, have had no fighting for several days as the Yanks appear to be laying low, roads are so muddy they can't carry their artillery, they are said to leave their camps and leave their artillery, citizens report near Murfreesboro that the Yanks had a fight among themselves last Sunday and Monday, they say the Kentucky, Missouri, and Indiana troops laid down their arms and said they would not fight any longer and when they tried to force them into other regiments they took up arms and went to fighting amongst themselves, 500 killed and wounded on both sides according to the citizens. Rumors in camp that peace is on the way, this is a rich man's war and the poor man is doing all the fighting. Much more...affectionally Willie [W. T. Presley]." A scarce Alabama unit, comes with a typed transcript, excellent content on an Union troop revolt.....................................SOLD

2404 - A SOLDIER WANTS HIS WIFE TO ENLIST HIS BROTHER'S NEGROES TO HELP HERE BACK AT HOME, HIS COMPANY IS LOW ON OFFICERS, MAY TRANSFER IF HIS COMPANY HAS TO BECOME INFANTRY, Camp at Courier Post near Middleton, TN, Bedford County, May 11th, 1863, 4 pages in pencil, W. T. Presley 1st Alabama Cavalry. He relates in part, "am glad that your two heifers were not dead, can't you get Brother Evan's Negroes to look after them for you by paying RED and LEE or some of them you can put some confidence in...Henrie you asked me if I was prepared to die, if I should be called from this life - I am not ashamed to ask you to pray for me...have no Captain or officer just one Sergeant acting as a Lt. but he is so stuffed up on account of his office that he is above his business. If he is made a Lt. I will apply for a transfer. I will leave this company if I have to go to the infantry. He wants a pair of boots made but is concerned how she will get them to him. Willie." W. T. Presley, 1st Alabama Cavalry.............................................$185.00

2409 - CONFEDERATE SHEET MUSIC, BY B. DUNCAN OF COLUMBIA, SC, The Exotics, O Give me a home by the sea," "Flowers of song transplanted by Southern Soil," 10" X 14", attractive green lithographed cover, two pages of verses, published in Augusta, GA. by Blackmar, printed by B. Duncan of Columbia, SC, [printer of CSA notes] 186 -, Crandall #3697, Parrish & Willingham #7309, light age tone, have seen examples offered at $80, fine........................$50.00



2704 - WE GAINED A GREAT VICTORY AT CHANCELLORSVILLE, STONEWALL JACKSON LOST AN ARM, May 10th, 1863, 4 pages 6" X 8" in pencil by Private Henry Basye, 9th VA Cavalry to his wife Annie. He relates in part...I take this opportunity to send you a few lines by Mr. Hall as he starts home this morning; I have no news except the bight fight at Chancellorsville. We gained a great victory but it was a dear bought one. The battle was over before we knew anything about it and I am very sorry that Stonewall Jackson lost his arm. I was in hopes that it was not so when I heard it, but it is true. He lost his arm and had a ball shot thought his other hand. It was done by his own men. A. P. Hill was wounded slightly. Annie, I do not know how the 40th made out but I understand it was cut up pretty bad. Jackson made a charge and failed, and then Hill tried and also failed. Both were wounded. Thy General Stuart took charge of Jackson's men and charged and came up right side up with care. He took the Yankee battery and got 30 guns. That was great charge. The reason we did not know about the fight was that the Yankees made a big raid through our lines that tops anything Stuart had done by a long shot. They went nearly to Richmond. The reason they did so well as they started about the time the big fight was going to come off. They knew that they had four men to one and it would take all of our men to stand before their army. Our cavalry had to picket at different fords along the river to prevent the enemy from flanking our infantry. After this was done we went on after the Yankee raid, but it was too late. But we caught 300 of them with their horses and arms. I had two of the most splendid rifles I ever saw but I had to leave them as I had no way to carry them. As soon as you can tell me all the news. You do not know how bad I want to hear from you, Goodbye God bless you and family is my prayer. Henry Basye. A great letter on the early report of Jackson's injuries, the after most of Chancellorsville. Written in pencil on white paper, light stains pencil weak in spots but quite legible. Comes with a complete typed transcript with much more. A GREAT LETTER.................................................$950.00

2707 - WE ARE STILL BURYING YANKEES KILLED AT FREDERICKSBURG, Orange Court House, May 13th, 1863, several pages in pencil written on US Quartermaster forms, 7" X 8" and 3" X 10", manuscript written on all sides thus four pages. To his wife, Annie by Private Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry, "Lancaster Cavalry." He relates in part, I will send you a few lines by George Conway our cook. We expect to go to Culpepper as soon as the bridge is done across the Rapidan or Dameron River and we are in camp in a splendid place near Orange Court House. I would give anything to be coming home. I do not except to be home until we get to winter quarters again. Some of the boys came off picket today and said that the Yankees are all not buried yet. I mean those that were killed at Fredericksburg. Our men have been burying them off and on since the battle. They must have been a great many killed. Our rations are very small and you can send back by George anything you think I would like. You might send a piece of ham or a small one. Discusses his wife's teeth which she says she has three that need to be "plugged". He advises her not to let Dr. Edmonds file off the enamel on them as she will surely loose them. The boys went sent home only have 15 days to return so he advises her to hurry with a letter and not worry about the pants. You must tell me about everything that is going on and about the children. It has been nearly seven months since I have left home. It seems like seven years. God bless you and the children...Henry Basye. Letter is accompanied by a full typed transcript.....................$295.00

2710 - HEARD THAT THE YANKEES HAVE BEEN DOWN THERE AND TAKEN ALL THE NEGROES AND HORSES, 600 NEGROES TAKEN AWAY ON A STEAMER, FEARS WHAT HE HEARS FROM AROUND HOME, YANKEES ROBBING FAMILIES, TAKING LIVESTOCK AND CROPS, BURNING HORSES AND BARNS, Culpepper Courthouse, May 25th, 1863, 4 large pages pencil with the transmittal cover addressed to his wife Annie by Private Henry Basye, 9th VA Cavalry. He relates in part, He discusses who he will have to bring a letter to her, some have problem with their horses, his horse Kate is better that had distemper. It is getting dark as I will have to stop writing until the morning...It is a splendid morning, the last day of the month. You complain that you have nothing to write about but after you receive his letter you will have plenty to write about. I heard that the Yankees had been down to Northumberland and Lancaster and have taken all the Negroes and horses. We heard that they took all the carriages, buggies, wagons, and carts and loaded them with women and children and carted them off. I heard that there was a steamer at Coan and they took off 600 Negroes and bacon and corn and a great many other things. Annie, I want you to tell me all about this thing. I do not what will become of you down there! We heard that they robbed the houses and took all silverware and jewelry from the ladies, took their clothes and burned the barns with last year's crops in them. We are in Culpepper doing nothing, not even picketing, plenty for us and the horses to eat. Discusses affairs in camp, who will transmit this letter home, one man only has eight days to return. Mentions Cyrus Harding playing a trick with a woman's emotions in Richmond - he was engaged to a woman but it was found out that he was already married. The father of the woman was quite wealthy and had him jailed for fooling with his daughter. Let me know what your Pa did when the Yankees came and yourself. Did the Yankees get Isabel and the colts? I dreamed last night that the Yankees did nothing but carry off the dogs and bought them back, and also brought back Ned [Slave]. There is no such luck as that. I must close, goodbye, God bless you! Henry Basye. A very long newsy letter showing his apprehension over news that the Yankees were robbing and burning back home. Pencil as usual some light spots but quite legible with a complete typed transcript, with transmittal envelope...................$350.00

2712 - WE EXPECT TO MAKE AN ATTACK OR BE ATTACKED SOON, June 5th, 1863, 2 page letter in pencil to his wife Annie from Private Henry Basye, 9th VA Cav. He relates in part, I am going to write you a few lines by John Toles, a member of our company, who is going home tomorrow. He has a substitute for one month. I wish I could get one for a month or for the war. Not much news, some infantry up here but I do not know where they will go. We have more cavalry here than I ever saw at one time. We are going to have a grand review today and it will be a grand scene. They are getting ready to do something. They expect to make an attack or be attacked. I have not heard anything since the Yankees were there. Charles Kirk got a letter telling him what the Yankees did in Lancaster and part of Northumberland, but did not say a word about Cherry Point. Do send me a letter as I am nearly run mad about you and the families there. We have plenty to eat, good meat and bread. I am going to have a daguerreotype taken and send it to you if I can. Let me know if you need stamps or money. Joseph Gulick is going home tomorrow and will take this letter to Heathsville. You can get it from there. He will stay 15 days. Try and send a letter back with him if you can, goodbye and God bless you! H. B. [Henry Basye]. Letter is accompanied by a full typed transcript. Pencil as usual light in spots but legible..............................$250.00

2716 - ON THE WAY TO GETTYSBURG, CAUSALITIES REPORTED, Berrie's Ferry, June 26th, 1863, letter the 14th to his wife Annie from Private Henry Basye, 9th VA Cav. He relates in part...I take this opportunity to send you a few lines by Albin Tapscott as he is going home in a few moments and I do not have much time. His brother was killed last Sunday when we had that awful battle. The Yankees overpowered us and we had to retreat and Albin stayed with his brother. The Yankee caught him and paroled him. Annie Charles Turner was killed the same day and a number of others. Tom Rice on the 19th of June. I wrote to you on the 24th by Charles Carter and told you about both fights. Dick's horse was killed and he lost everything he had. Fe Barnes is amiss we do not know what became of him. I think he had better go to the Yankees with his wife liking them so well. We are all well and hardy except Dr. Bill. He has a terrible backache. Give my love to Jimmie and tell her that I heard from Bump and Octovous the other day. There are several of our boys at home. Try and find out when they are coming up again...Henry Basye. Well written, trifle stain at bottom. Complete typed transcript.............................................................$275.00

2719 - DESERTERS LEAVE FOR HOME WITHOUT LEAVE, August 21st, 1863, letter the 24th, 4 pages in pencil to his wife Annie by Private Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry. He relates in part, I was glad to get your last letter as it was the first one received since the 24th of June. I am going to send this letter by Walter Pierce. He is heading home on a horse detail. There has been a long time between letters - June 24th to the 20th of August. There are 25 or 30 of our men home since we left Maryland passing backwards and forward and never received a line from any of them. Several men left for home without a leave of absence. They were home before I knew they were home. Annie the 15th is up here and one of them told me that Fe Barnes said that I said he had deserted. I only write to you and if I did you should have kept that to yourself. He says he intends to give me some cursing when he sees me. If he does he will get something he does not want. Let me know what I did say in my letters to you and let me know how the report got out. He can see me by coming up here or waiting four weeks and I will com to his house. I expect to come home in four to five weeks but not without a leave of absence. We are at Culpepper Court House. I am still in the quartermaster department. I do not have time to tell you about my Pennsylvania trip. I will tell you about it when I come home, additional family regard Henry Basye. Typed transcript comes with hand-carried cover home...................................................$250.00

2721 - GREAT CAVALRY BATTLE AT CULPEPPER, A FATHER HAD TO LEAVE HIS SON FOR DEAD WHEN THEY RETREATED, A SOLDIER DESCRIBES HAVING HIS PICTURE TAKEN, September 8th, 1863, camp near Culpepper, letter no. 26, 6 pages in pencil to his wife Annie by Private Henry Basye, 9th VA Cavalry. He relates in part, I am going to send you a few lines by one of our detailed men going home. I sent you one the other day by Dr. Harding. Thus man was going home sooner but his horse was lame. General Stuart sent in more details for men who want to go home for horses. L. Hall sent one in for me. The order is not to let any man go home if he has a good horse. Kate is in good order and hearty. A good man have gone home on good horses and brought back the same horse. I got a letter that was sent to me from Ma yesterday as it would be found broken up on the road. He discusses a colt that Captain has that he wants. We had a big cavalry fight at Culpepper - the enemy drove us back across the Rapidan River. We are now in Orange County near Raccoon Ford. We are not but 30 miles from Fredericksburg. The 15th [Regiment] was used up. We did not lose a man from our company but there wer a number of horses shot in our company. I had my likeness taken but it is not a good one. I wanted to take it with my hat on but he [photographer] said the brim threw blackness on my face and would make it look black. I told him to try it anyway and he shoved my has so far back it looks bad. I shaved my face and you will see it when Mr. Betts brings it home. Direct your letter to Orange Court House. I am going to attend to Gus Betts business until he comes back. Annie, William Dodson was killed dead, old man Bat's son. He was there when he was killed and did not have time to bury him. It was done in a charge. They had to retreat and leave him. Old Mr. Bat's horse was shot through the leg. I hope you are well since you have weaned "Stonewall". Henry Basye. Well written with some trifle stains, comes with a complete typed transcript.............................................................$350.00

2724 - IF A SOLDIER STAYS IN CAMP HE WILL CERTAINLY DIE, October the 8th, 1863, letter the 29th, two page note in pencil to his wife Annie by Private Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry. He relates in part, Joe has not been received in our company due to him not being fit for service. I am very glad as he looks quite bad. If he would stay here he would die. He is going home this morning and we are moving to Orange Springs where we can get more food for our horses. Don't send any clothes to be by Gus as I have plenty of shirts, socks, and drawers. If I had a pair of pants, I would be all right but we are looking for clothes every day. But if you have a pair of pants ready to send by Gus you might send them. We are in Orange County and I am as healthy as a buck. I am going to send a paper by Joe. I told Joe to talk to Pa to see what is best to do with is colt. I want that colt very bad. God bless you and the family. Henry Basye. Note in pencil, 4" X 8", both sides, on blue paper; several light stains do not bother the pencil manuscript.................................................SOLD

14230 - PALMETTO SHARPSHOOTERS, PVT. JAMES A. JAMES, Scottsville, VA, September 22, 1862. Three pages in ink to his father...He relates in part, I take this opportunity to write you as I have been sick for the past three weeks and have not been in the late Virginia battles and am on the way to rejoin my regiment. I was sent to the hospital but did not stay there long but a night as a kind gentleman took in his house and kindly attended to me. I met with some fine friends but would rejoice to be home again. I hope this wicked war will soon be brought to a close so all can return to their homes and enjoy peace and the pursuit of happiness once more. I have not drawn any money since I wrote you and would like you to send me a pair of drawers and two pair of sox in my next letter. I will let you know where to send them. Things are selling here very high owing to great army in Virginia that has nearly consumed everything like corn is selling for $2 a bushel, wheat $2.90, oats $3 per bushel and all other things in proportion with dry goods scarce. Shirting is .75 per yard, shoes $10 per pair, I will write again when I reach my regiment...your affectionate son, James A. James. Interesting well written letter from a scarce South Carolina Regiment, Palmetto Sharpshooters...............................................$150.00

14231 - 4TH SOUTH CAROLINA CAVALRY, A. J. JAMES, DENIES SENDING COUNTERFEIT MONEY TO A FRIEND, Camp Pritchard, March 2nd, 1863, 3 pages in bold ink to his brother James. He writes in part, "I think we will be attacked pretty soon, received a letter from home from Richard Young with a $10 bill that he says is not good [counterfeit note], he never got that money from me and he is mistaken as he got that from somebody else - I did not ever think he would play such a trick on me to put his dead money on me. I have never seen this money till now." The 4th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment was a regiment of cavalry in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. They were from the state of South Carolina and served primarily in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. The 4th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment was organized on December 16, 1862, by consolidating the 10th Battalion South Carolina Cavalry and the 12th Battalion South Carolina Cavalry. The 10th Cavalry Battalion (also called the 3rd Battalion) was organized in the spring of 1862 with five companies, and Major James P. Adams and Major William Stokes were the commanding officers. The 12th Cavalry Battalion had also been known as the 4th Cavalry Battalion. Very good, minor separation repair on verso......................................................$125.00

14232 - 4TH SOUTH CAROLINA CAVALRY, SOLDIER DENIES HE SENT COUNTERFEIT MONEY TO A FRIEND AND WARNS HIM TO LEAVE HIM ALONE ABOUT IT, Camp Pritchard, March 29th, 1863, 2 page in letter with postal cover with partial 10 cent stamp by Pvt. A . J James 4th SC Cavalry. He relates in part, "I am very much surprised that you were trying to still out that money on me yet as I never had that money and I don't intent to take that back and send you more as you need to do the best you can with it, you may prove just what you please as I can prove that I never had such money...don't waste any more of your time writing as I am not afraid of you as I want you to be cautious how you talk about me as I will be with you soon, be careful how you talk about me Richard as I do not want to injure you in any way...I do not intend to pay you good money for your old bill and take your old bill to someone else - I will see you in hell before I do it...A. J. James." The 4th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment was a regiment of cavalry in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. They were from the state of South Carolina and served primarily in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. The 4th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment was organized on December 16, 1862, by consolidating the 10th Battalion South Carolina Cavalry and the 12th Battalion South Carolina Cavalry. The 10th Cavalry Battalion (also called the 3rd Battalion) was organized in the spring of 1862 with five companies, and Major James P. Adams and Major William Stokes were the commanding officers. The 12th Cavalry Battalion had also been known as the 4th Cavalry Battalion. Very good, an interesting content letter regarding Confederate counterfeit money...................................................$125.00

14233 - 4TH SOUTH CAROLINA CAVALRY, THEY KEEP POUNDING AWAY AT CHARLESTON, 2 page in ink, Pvt. A. J. James, 4th SC cavalry, McPhersonville in camp, Friday, September 4, 1863, to his cousin, "It is all quiet here but they keep pounding away at Charleston but I do not know how much they do [damage], lots of sickness in camp and I hope it will improve as it gets cooler, cousin I would like to see some of those pretty girls before they marry. If I could see them I think I could tell them a better tale and they would not be so much in a hurry. Do tell one of them to wait for me!" Fine...........................$100.00

14235 - CALHOUN'S LIGHT ARTILLERY BATTERY, OFF TO THE VALLEY TO BE WITH STONEWALL JACKSON, Pvt. J. A. James, Calhoun's Battery, 1st SC Light Artillery, Camp Lee, Camp near Richmond, August 12th, 1862, two page letter in bold pencil to his father. He relates in part, there has been fierce fighting with 6 or 7 miles of us, tomorrow we have to start up to STONEWALL JACKSON IN THE VALLEY, it you have any brandy left I wish you cupid save some for me as we have had just half rations since we have been here. I received your letter when I was in Camp Hampton, tell John to stay at home as long as he can, when I get to a place I can station I will write again. Tell Emaline that I am well and am satisfied with the circumstances, I would like very much to see her and the rest of you and you must eat my share of the peaches this year...I will close now, again I remain yours J.A. James. Bold manuscript...........................................$150.00

14236 - CALHOUN'S LIGHT ARTILLERY BATTERY, Columbia, SC, Pvt. J. A. James, Calhoun's Battery, 1st SC Light Artillery, August 13th, 1863 to his father & mother. He relates in part, "have a bad boil on me, waiting for the box and I check the depot each day, am satisfied in camp, we will not stay here long I reckon, wants to know if they have sold his fiddle yet and if so give the money to Emaline. If John wants to go to war this is a good company and if so I will get it arranged for him with Captain Calhoun. Your son J. A. James." Very good..............................................$100.00

14237 - CALHOUN'S LIGHT ARTILLERY BATTERY, Pvt. J. A. James, Calhoun's Battery, 1st SC Light Artillery, August 20th, 1863, 2+ pages in ink to his father & mother, "thanks his parents for the box of provisions just received, had sent home a box that contained a coat that belonged to Richard Young who had run away to Virginia, he would not transfer to Griffin James' unit, the only way he would transfer is to go home. I have good officers here and if Griffin James wants to transfer I can get him one here. I hear there is firing every day at Charleston and they are at it now, will try and get a furlough before I leave here but wants another box...Camp near Columbia, Captain Calhoun's Light Artillery, J. A. James to his father and mother." Very good...................................................$125.00

14240 - HAMPTON'S LEGION, CAPTAIN JOHN K. JAMES, 2 pages in ink to his father by Captain John K. James, Co. C, Hampton's Legion. He relates in part, "He wants to know how his family is, wants to know if brother James' discharge papers from Virginia have arrived and to forward them to him, wants some provisions sent to him, has not seen brother James since he was taken out. He wants his wife to send him a lock of their baby's hair, wants his sister to come there, more on family matters." Fine..........................................$100.00

14241 - CAPTAIN CALHOUN'S COMPANY, FERGUSON'S LIGHT ARTILLERY, YANKEE PRISONERS DYING, THEY DESERVE DEATH AND LET THEM DIE, 4 pages in ink by Pvt. J. A. James, Ferguson's Light Artillery, Atlanta, GA, October 20th, 1863 to his father. He relates in part, "I take the opportunity to make you aware of my whereabouts, my health is very good and we are stationed in Atlanta for a few days, we will not stay long and will soon leave for Chattanooga. Atlanta is quite a lively place now with a great many sick and wounded here. There are eight hospitals here and they are all filled with sick and wounded and they all get very good attention - been in them. There are a good many Yankee prisoners here but they have sent a good many off and a great many have died and I would not mind if the others followed suit. There is not but a few here now except those not able to be sent off. I don't care if they never get able - you may think I am hard hearted but it is so - they deserve death and let them die! Brother John and John Chapman left camp on the 13th; I expect they have gone home. They left in the night about 10 o'clock and they hunted for them. I want to go home as bad as anyone but I will never go if I have to desert as I would rather die than to be called a deserter. Times are hard here as we do not get much to eat. We have no bread for breakfast, supper, or dinner. We have not drawn any money yet and I do not know when we will get any...direct your letters to Captain Calhoun's Light Artillery, Ferguson's Battery, Atlanta, GA." An excellent commentary about Atlanta, prisoners, deserters. Fine.....................................................$295.00

14242 - FERGUSON'S LIGHT ARTILLERY, I WISH TO SEE MY BABY ONE MORE TIME, November 3rd, 1863, Atlanta, GA, 2 pages in ink from J. A. James. He relates in part to his wife Nancy...wants to know when companies cousins are in and who the Captains are so he can write them, wants to know how she is getting along home with provisions, would like to get in Cousin Jacks company as they may send him back to Charleston as he has been unable to drill, tells his wife to write him as quick as possible as they may leave Atlanta soon. I hope we will meet in a better world, if I could come home I would like to see my baby one more time. J. A. James to Nancy James. Newsy Confederate letter from a soldier who is oon to be transferred to Beauregard's Company, Ferguson Light Artillery. Fine..........................$100.00

14243 - FERGUSON'S LIGHT ARTILLERY, THE PEOPLE ARE MEAN IN ATLANTA, PRICES HIGH ON EVERYTHING, LITTLE TO EAT, 2 pages in ink, Atlanta, GA, November 12th, 1863, J. A. James to his father. He relates in part...my health is not very good at this time, I was taken with the chills and have had the chills and have had them ever since and am hardly able to move about but I keep up some. I have not received any answer to my letters I have sent - why have you not written. I drew $134 Our fare is might rough - we get little corn bread grain and some boiled beef twice a day. As soon as I can get to get to a magistrate I am going. I want to swear that they have the ugliest people in Atlanta and the meanest, everything and you can now get anything less than $2.00, and everything is $2.00. I am obliged to swear! We are still in Atlanta and expect to stay sometime. Write me about recruits...Your loving son J. A. James. Interesting commentary on affair in Atlanta in the early winter of 1863, fine....................................................$145.00

14244 - TWO SOLDIERS ARE TARRED AND FEATHERED FOR STEALING, HIS BROTHER WHO HAD LEFT THE COMPANY URGED TO CAME BACK BY THE CAPTAIN AS IT WILL GO LIGHTER ON HIM, Atlanta, GA, November 20th, 1863, two page letter to his father by Pvt. J. A. James, Captain Calhoun's Company, Ferguson's Light Artillery, comes with a postal cover with a rose Scott #5 Thomas Jefferson 10 cent stamp pen cancelled. He relates in part...I am happy to receive your letters that had been on the road awhile and had been sent to the front at Lookout Mountain and a man came down and brought them to me. I have not heard from John since he left [his brother who deserted with John Chapman]. I heard John Chapman is at home, he [John] left with him, and Chapman is coming back. The Captain says for John to come back and it will go a heap lighter for him than if he is ent for. If he comes home tell him to return at once. I want you to post your letters to Atlanta in care of Captain Calhoun's Light Artillery. That is enough. I have always heard of the devil but yesterday I saw him in the shape of a man. There were two men that stole money from the Trent House, a hotel, they caught them and tarred and feathered one of them and sheared one side of their heads and marched them through the city with fife and drum. The one that was tarred looked like a frizzy chicken. The other one had a large board on his back noted as "The Trent House Thieves"...more about other men for the company, your loving son J. A. James. Letter is well written in ink. The postal cover is addressed to Grove Station, Greenville, SC. The rose Scott #5 10 cent stamp has been impaired by being torn off the sheet roughly, still a very desirable Confederate issue on cover, pen cancelled. Excellent content..............................................................$350.00

14245 - CAPTAIN J. K. JAMES AND PRIVATE J. A. JAMES WRITES TWO SEPARATE LETTERS TO THEIR FAMILY ON ONE LETTERSHEET, HAMPTON'S LEGION AND FERGUSON'S LIGHT ARTILLERY, ATLANTA, GA, DECEMBER 3RD AND 5TH, 1863, December 3rd, 1863, camp at Atlanta to his wife Nancy. He relates in part...to write him how she is getting along with provisions and kiss the baby for him, your said  you wanted to know what we get to eat - a little corn bread and some old beef that the dogs will not eat. I want you to send me something to eat if you can. December 5th, 1863, Private J. A. James, camp near Atlanta, to his father and mother, he relates in part, asks for socks, gloves, a scarf and a vest, I would not be surprised we are not now in winter quarters. I have the finest time with the Atlanta girls...refer all letters to Captain Calhoun's company Light Artillery, am having a gay time in this city and am enjoying myself fine with the girls that pass me. They pull my whiskers that make them right sore. They bring me something to eat every day, a large plate of food and some apples but they get jealous, tell Bill I have a gay old time with them. J. A. James to Mr. John James. Two letters from two brothers both sons of John James [Greenville, SC] J. K. James served in Hampton's legion and was transferred west in late 1863. J. A. James was serving in Ferguson's Light Artillery. The December letter is boldly written in ink. J. A. James' letter is written in lighter ink. Two letters for the price of one....................................................$150.00

14246 - FERGUSON'S LIGHT ARTILLERY ON THE WAY TO THE FRONT, CHRISTMAS EVE 1863, 1 page well written in ink by Private J. A. James, Ferguson's Light Artillery to his father and mother, December 24th [1863] Christmas Eve. He relates in part, "Dear Father and Mother, I am well at this time and hope that these few lines will find you quite well...we are on the eve of starting for the front, we are at the depot at this time waiting for them to get the cars ready to take us off. We have been here since yesterday morning. That is about all the news I have right now. The Captain would take all the recruits he can get. I will send you my type [tintype] as a Christmas present. I am afraid to send anything else that is worth anything. I will write you again on the end of our journey. Do not write again until you hear from me. I remain your son as ever, J. A. James. James' Regiment was being moved toward Chattanooga at this time. Very fine..........................................................$150.00

14247 - THE YANKEES ARE ABOUT 8 MILES AWAY, Private J. A. James, Ferguson's Light Artillery, Dalton, GA, December 27th, 1863, two pages in bold ink to his father and mother. He relates in part...We have got here on Sunday and have had bad time too, it rained on us all the way here and we had a muddy time, came through mud up to the wagon axels and it is still raining yet, the Yankees are about 8 miles from us and I do not know how quick they will come on. If you have not sent me anything yet send me a scarf, gloves, sox and something to eat. Sheep meat is good for clear and hog meat we get. We won't steal but will take little things that won't be long to us and out them away, do not be surprised when you hear this as those rugged Rebels will all do that. Direct letters to Dalton, GA. Captain J. B. Ferguson's Battery Lite Artillery, Gist Brigade, Walker's Division. J. A. James to John James. Fine, well written letter...................................................$165.00

14248 - HIS FATHER WILL TRAVEL FROM SOUTH CAROLINA TO VISIT HIM, PRIVATE J. A. JAMES FERGUSON'S BATTERY LIGHT ARTILLERY, January 18th, 1864, camp near Dalton, GA to his father by Private J. A. James Ferguson's Battery. He relates in part, Times are hard and more is coming, heard we may move back down to Kingston, but I do not know that for certain. If you come I will try and see you some way, I will tell the agent at the depot that we are there, it is pretty bad about, it is very muddy but I will find you some place to stay, we are stationed about 7 miles from Dalton to the right as you come up. You can go to Greenville to have your papers fixed to come on and have them fixed liked I was sick. He wants other family members to come with him, the Captain is not here so I can't do nothing but you can go to the clerk that way I will get a chance to see you. Mentions article of clothing he wants, sox, pants, drawers, coat, also flower dry fruit and some butter. I have to pay $1 per pound for flower here and I am glad to pay it. Also bring me some red pepper, also one good brat of bread from home. We can't really cook here and the beef we draw we have to lean it up against a tree and shoot it or prop it up with rails. It is one pound of beef and ten pounds of bones. Come to Branchville and inquire about the Augusta train, and then to the Atlanta depot and then to Dalton. You better stay there if you arrive in the night. He gives more info on the trip from South Carolina with more information on the connections to be made. When you come to Dalton you can inquire about the road that leads to Spring - a place they call Spring Place...quit writing if you are coming as it will take a month on the road [letters]. The Battery is on the left hand side of the Spring Place road as you come and on the right hand side if you come from Dalton as you come up. Inquire for Martin's Battalion...J. A. James to John James and mother. Interesting details on a Father visiting his soldier son just south of Chattanooga in January 1864. Fine................................................................$165.00

14249 - HE TELLS HIS FATHER HE WILL PROBABLY HAVE TO JOIN THE COMPANY TO SEE HIM, February 20th, 1864, unsigned by from Private J. A. James to his father. James was in Ferguson's Battery, Light Artillery, Camp near Dalton, GA, 2 pages in ink to his father. He relates in part...We had a draw for furloughs this morning and I did not get one. I may get one the next time and I may not. If Thomas can come an join this company I can get a 30 day furlough. The Lt. says he would put him to light duty and would not have to do anything hard. We have had light duty since we have been here and have houses to stay in with Chimneys. I want to see you unless you come and join the Company. Whitfield Stuart will start home next week and I want you to go down and see him. He lives at Silver Street Station where you get off and you could inquire at the station where he lives - he lives one half mile from there. Lt. Hinker says for you to go to the clerk of the court and get your papers fixed up and that will bring you thought and he says that the quartermaster. Incomplete letter by James but quite interesting content trying to get his brother and father to join his company in Georgia..................................................SOLD

14250 - CAMP NEAR DALTON, GA, FERGUSON'S BATTERY LIGHT ARTILLERY, 27th Day of April 1864, two pages in ink to his mother and father by Private J. A. James. He relates in part, he is relieved to have heard from his mother and father again as it has been three months and I thought you thought hard of me. You say that you have had hard times back in Carolina and I must say there are hard times here as if there are not hard times here I do not know what hard times are. I have little news here but we expect a big fight near soon as the baggage has been sent to the rear and all furloughs stopped and I do not know when they will start again. I really want to get home but I am out of hart of going home...I will close nothing more till death J. A. James. The Battle of Rocky Face started the campaign a few weeks later. Well written by Private James. Very fine.........................................$150.00

14251 - ATLANTA CAMPAIGN, FERGUSON'S LIGHT ARTILLERY, 2 pages in ink by Private J. A. James, April 28th, 1864, Camp near Dalton, GA to his sisters. He relates in part...we have hard times and more on the way, we have little to eat by bread for the last few days, we get one-third of a pound a day, some days we get none, discussing a Tom and his wife...wants to know if Tom can lie in the bed without pissing on the bread and if they have quit pinning rags to him each night. Hope peace will be made but I don't think it will stop soon. I would like you wait until I get home to marry though you may have to wait a long time. I want you to send me a lock of his hair to put in a gourd to put water in it for the rats to drink and kill them. The rats are very bad here and that is a plan I have to get rid of them. An interesting letter especially the last portion as it appears that James was not particularly fond of his future brother-in-law. Well written............................................$145.00

14252 - THE WOUNDED ARE COMING IN DAILY, MEN DYING, THEY TAKE THEM OUT OF THE DEAD HOUSE EVERY DAY, ATLANTA CAMPAIGN, FERGUSON'S LIGHT ARTILLERY, 4 pages in ink, Atlanta, GA, June 20th, 1864, #2 Fair Grounds Hospital, Ward #19, from Private J. A. James. He relates in part to his father...I am well as can be expected, no news to report as they are still fighting up here, wounded and dying are coming in each day, there are between 10 and 15 taken out of the dead house every day, it has been raining for 4 weeks, you can come if you want, others have come from further, if you come please ring some fruit in a packet, would be glad to see you and stay with you, nobody cares for me here and I care for nobody. I do not know if I will ever come home, things will get worse here. The wounded were coming from the late battles around Marietta and Pickett's Mill. Ink trifle weak in spots but quite readable - complete typed transcript included........................$195.00


14254 -  THE BLOCKADER CAME IN THE OTHER NIGHT AND I EXPECT TO GO WITH THEM TO NASSAU THEN TO ENGLAND, 2 pages in ink to his sister by Private Thomas E. James, 1st South Carolina State Troops, Charleston, SC, January 7th, 1863. He relates to her in part...sorry that you had asked for a bottle of oil, some paregoric, and some sulfur and be sent by old Rowen, I have not had 5 cents but will have shortly and will send it to you. He mentions a mother who lied about the age of her son to te Captain. I do not know when I will come home as the blockader came in the other night and I expect to go with them and I think I will go. There is no war there and I would stay there until peace is made. I expect to start on the 20th of the month. If I do not go I shall join the company that John is in. If I do not do that I will run the blockade and come home and see the girls, hug, kiss, and feelum tits! I was a guard on the northeastern train and borrowed an oil cloth blanket that was worth $40 but left it on my seat when I went on to Wilmington and expect to have to pay $20 for it...more about somebody named Miles in Charleston owing him some shoes, he vividly discusses a girl back home he is involved with and tells his sister she may have another sister when he comes home, but if I go to Nassau you will not see me soon. The girl had written that she was ready for me "in arms," longs to sleep if I come home, she will lay there whether she sleeps or not, write soon, Thomas E. James to Nancy E. James. Thomas obviously has found a new love at home among the ladies he left behind and longs for one of them if he does not travel on the blockader to Nassau. Interesting commentary.................................................$225.00

14255 - DESCRIBES THE BOMBARDMENT OF THE FORTS NEAR CHARLESTON ON SULLIVAN'S ISLAND, FORT MOULTRIE, FORT WAGNER, BATTERY GREGG, 2 page letter in ink from Pvt. Thomas E. James, 1st South Carolina State Troops, Charleston, SC, Third Military District, November 25th, 1863 to the James Family. He relates in part, I have been over to the island [Sullivan's Island] all I can say that there is an afoul time on that island, they have shelled it Saturday, Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday and still at it this morning. I was over there yesterday and I can tell you it was hot times from 8 to 12 as there were about 50 or 60 shells shot at Battery Gregg, Cummings Point, and Battery Wagner all land batteries without much damage done. Three were wounded at Fort Moultrie and 2 slightly wounded and one mortally wounded and one Captain at Fort Sumter. I can tell you when Sullivan's Isle and James Isle batteries opened up if you had been there you have never heard so much thunder before the shells bust all around us every way, John and I were lying in a bomb proof all day until they quit firing, shells hit about 10 feet from us but there was no change of them hitting us. He mentions a soldier in the guard house for killing a soldier. Me and Matt are with the officers, send gloves. Thomas E. James to the family of James. Great commentary on a Federal bombardment of fortifications near Charleston...................$350.00

14256 - A SOLDIER OFFER HIM $200 TO TAKE HIS PLACE SO HE CAN COME HOME, HIGH PRICES IN CHARLESTON FOR PROVISIONS, NOT SAFE FOR HER TO TRAVEL TO CHARLESTON, 2 pages in ink with the front of a postal cover PM Charleston paid 10 stamp, Charleston, SC, December 7th, 1863, 3rd Military District, from Pvt. Thomas E. James 1st SC State Troops to his parents. He relates...You misunderstood me think that John Loveland and I were coming home, I do not expect to come home until the 1st of February, the Captain gave John a furlough to come home between then and Christmas - not me also. I have been offered $200 by a soldier in another company to swap for one month and I may take him up on it. No ear bobs here for less than 10 or 15 dollars, shoes selling for 30 - 50 dollars, salt $18, rice a bushel $16, cloth 10 to 30 dollars per yard, socks 3 to 4 dollars per pair, send me my shoes at first chance and knit me a pair of fingered gloves can't drill without those, you had better not come down here as it is not safe. Thomas James to John James' family. Newsy letter from James describing a furlough swap for $200, the cost of provisions in Charleston at are ever rising due to the blockade and bombardments of the city....................................................$165.00

14262 - I HAVE BEEN WORKING ON CASTLE PINCKNEY, Charleston, SC, January 27th, 1864 by Private Thomas E. James, 1st SC State Troops to his sister Nancy. He relates in part, I drop you a few lines to let you know I am well, I have been detailed to work at Castle Pinckney but I am off now. I have bought some salt and started it home but could not buy any rice as the price is too high. A man owes him money and is scarce to pay him, mentions another soldier very ill but not as bad as before. Thomas James to Nancy James. A short letter from a soldier trying to by provisions to send home from Charleston with prices ever rising due to the blockade and the bombardment/siege. Fine....................................$125.00

14264 - I WILL SEND YOU A BRAD OF MY HAIR AND WANT YOU TO WEAR IT ON YOUR ARM UNTIL I SEE YOU AGAIN, 2 page letter in ink from Sarah E. James to her husband Thomas E. James stationed near Charleston in the 1st South Carolina State Troops, April 14th, 1864. She relates in part...I was very glad to receive your letter yesterday as I was very uneasy about you, you must come as soon as you can as you do not know how bad I want to see you, seems like 3 months instead it has not been three weeks past, Thomas I will send you a brad of my hair and wear it on your arm until I see you again, every time you see it you must think of me and you must send me a bit of your hair so I can think of you. More about health of family at home, I am your wife until death...Mrs. Sarah E. James. A touching love letter by Sarah James wife of Thomas James serving in and around Charleston................................................SOLD

1421 - PASS SIGNED BY GENERAL BEAUREGARD'S SON, LT. RENE T. BEAUREGARD COMMANDING FERGUSON'S BATTERY, SOUTH CAROLINA LIGHT ARTILLERY, ALLOWING TWO SOLDIERS TO PASS THE LINES TO DALTON, GA, 3" X 6.5", manuscript pass allowing Corporal James and Private Young of Captain's Ferguson's Battery to go to Dalton and return by 4 PM, dated April 20th, 1864. Signed R. T. Beauregard, 1st Lt. Commanding. Beauregard enlisted with Slocomb's Battery, Fifth Company, Washington Artillery. Soon made a 1st Lieutenant in the South Carolina Regulars. Formed Ferguson's Battery (South Carolina Light Artillery), and became Captain of the battery upon the death of Commander Ferguson. He was in the Western campaigns under Johnston, Hood, and Beauregard. He was in almost every battle of note during the long siege, his bravery and fortitude being especially noted at Franklin, Missionary Ridge, Lookout Mountain, and on the fields of western Tennessee. During the close of the war he was elevated to the rank of Major. Very scarce autograph.................................................$150.00

1422 - PRINTED CONFEDERATE PASS FOR A FURLOUGH SOUTH CAROLINA PALMETTO SHARPSHOOTERS, 4" X 6.5", Headquarters, Charlottesville, VA, October 18th, 1862, preprinted and filled-in pass for Private J. A. James, Co. M, Palmetto Sharpshooters to return home for 42 days with notations that he will be provided transportation from Charlottesville to Greenville, SC. Later Private J. A. James joined Ferguson's Light Artillery Battery in the West and was captured with his unit at Nashville in 1864. Fine.......................................................SOLD

1423 - CONFEDERATE PASS FOR A SISTER TO VISIT HER SOLDIER BROTHER, 6.5" X 6.5" manuscript pass issued at Greenville, SC, June 13th, 1862 for Miss Nancy James aged 29 being described as a loyal citizen of the Confederate States being allowed to travel to Church Flats [South Carolina] to visit her brother who was in Captain Rivers Company, Colonel Dunavant's Regiment, [Thomas E. James 1st South Carolina State Troops]. Boldly written in dark ink, fine........................................................$100.00

1424 - PASS FOR A SISTER AND WIFE TO TRAVEL TO AUGUSTA, GA, TO VISIT SICK SOLDIERS, Pre-printed "Headquarters Chief of Enrolling Office, 5th Cong'l, District, SC", Greenville, SC. dated April 5th, 1863. Permission was given to Elizabeth and Nancy James to visit a husband and two brothers who were described as being extremely ill in a hospital. Private J. A. James who was now in Beauregard's Company, Ferguson Light Artillery was one of the sick soldiers. 6.5" X 7", some ink burn at fold, otherwise very good.....................SOLD

1425 - PASS TO LEAVE SULLIVAN'S ISLE AND ENTER CHARLESTON, 3" X 6.5" manuscript pass issued by the Provost Marshal of Sullivan's Isle, May 7th, 1863 for Francis and Elizabeth James to visit the City [Charleston]. Written non blue paper, some paper restoration to bottom not affecting manuscript........................................$75.00

1426 - CONFEDERATE PASS TO ENTER CHARLESTON FOR A SOUTH CAROLINA SOLDIER, June 14th, 1862, Camp Evans, Private James [Thomas E. James] is given permission to pass the lines into the City of Charleston. James was on duty with the 1st South Carolina State Troops. Signed by General Evan's AAG A. L. Evans. Camp Evans was a CSA camp at Church Flats along the Stono River, near Stono Ferry. Written on blue paper, 4" X 7". Irregular at bottom, no missing text.................................................$100.00

1427 - OATH OF ALLEGIANCE FOR A SOUTH CAROLINA FATHER OF TWO SOLDIERS, 3.5" X 7", pre-printed and filled-in, Provost Marshal's Office, Headquarters United States Forces, Greenville, SC, August 14th, 1865, John James signs his oath of allegiance to the United States. James was the Father of J. A. James and Thomas E. James who had served in the Confederate Army and survived the war. J. A. James in the Palmetto Sharpshooters/Ferguson's Battery and the 1st South Carolina State troops. Old stain at fold, age tone, very good overall...................................................$100.00

1430 - TURNED POSTAL COVER WITH POSTAGE ON BOTH SIDES, Barnwell CH, February 11th, 1864 from Nancy James to her Parents, in part she relates, "Received a letter from her brother in Dalton [Pvt. J. A. James Ferguson's Battery], stating that he is better [previously in a hospital], she will soon start for home when she gets provisions." The cover is addressed to her father and sealed on the verso with a 10 cent Jefferson Davis stamp [damaged from the opening of the letter]. The envelope had been made from another cover sealed with another 10 cent issue [also impaired from opening] addressed to Nancy James.........................................$95.00

1431 - FROM SULLIVAN'S ISLE, 1ST SOUTH CAROLINA INFANTRY, A SOLDIER JOKES ABOUT HIS COUSIN NOT BEING MUCH OF A LOVER TO HIS NEW WIFE - RARE CONTENT, 2 pages in ink, J. H. Loveland, 1st South Carolina Infantry on Sullivan's Island, April 18th, 1864, date lined Battery Bee, to his cousin. He relates in part, "I want to see you real bad but I want to see your wife a heep more as I don't think you can break her for no saddle. I did not think you were married when I wished her more joy than I do you and she shall have it. If I ever get to come home she shall have it. I want you to do best you can do until I come and then I will help you all that I can as I am not sure you can do family duty and I hate to see a nice lady disappointed. I wish I could take you place in a month. I don't think your wife would have anything more use for you. I want you to remember the promises we made to one another. I want the wedding that is depending to wait until I come. I do not want you to think hard of my dry jokes for they are all in good fun...J. H. Loveland." An interesting sexual oriented letter apparently in jest contesting his cousin's ability to be a proper lover to his new wife. Rare content.......................................$225.00

100810 - WALLER'S REGIMENT OF TEXAS CAVALRY, March 7th, 1864, Camp Grace, Texas. A note for $50 due Travis Hensley from L. K. Dubois both members of Waller's Texas Cavalry, small manuscript 4" X 7", Hensley was named after William Barret Travis after the fall at the Alamo by his Father who was a close friend of Travis. Some age tone. Very good.................................................$65.00

100811 - WALLER'S TEXAS CAVALRY, July 24th, 1863, 3" X 7" manuscript stating of $100 by the AAQM John S. Hirschfield dated at St. Martinsville, LA. Very good.....................$65.00

100818 - BATTERY DANTZLER, November 26th, 1864, 4 pages in ink by Thaddeus A. Clay, Heavy Artillery, Epes Company, an interesting love letter to his sweetheart who is also his cousin. He divulges his feelings for her and has wanted to write her since he left Petersburg, it is his first attempt to write a young lady in this respect and hopes she will agree to correspond with him. Hopes the Yankees will not cut them off from one another...we have been shelled nearly every day by the Yankees at my battery, more.....................................WAS $250.00         NOW $150.00

100819 - HE DECLARES HIMSELF AN ENEMY OF THE UNITED STATES, NEW ORLEANS 1862, 5" X 7" pre-printed certificate with eagle with flags. J. O. Ducatro of New Orleans complies with Order #76 issued by General Benjamin Butler ordering all enemies of the United States register as such to avoid arrest and confiscation of property. PROVOST MARSHAL'S OFFICE, October 25th, 1862, New Orleans. A copy of order #76 is included. Very rare certificate and the first we have seen........................................SOLD

100820 - VIRGINIA SHARPSHOOTERS, WHARTON'S BRIGADE, 30th Virginia Battalion Sharpshooters, March 25th, 1864, letter to Colonel J. Lyle Clark commanding the 30th Virginia Battalion requesting that three men be sent to Jonesboro and they will be returned to General Wharton's Brigade as soon as cavalrymen can be received from the cavalry. The 30th Virginia fought in East Tennessee under Longstreet and in the Shenandoah Valley. After the battle of Wayneborough the unit was disbanded. Well written in brown ink on gray paper, scarce sharpshooter correspondence..........................................WAS $295.00                NOW $215.00

100821 - 2ND SOUTH CAROLINA VOLS, A SOLDIER PUT INTO THE INVALID CORPS, November 15th, 1864, New Market, VA, 14" X 20" descriptive list detailing the pay and clothing given to Private Duncan McRa. It was noted he was wounded October 15th, 1864 near Strasburg, VA. There is a large notation written by the Surgeon stating that the soldier was placed in the Invalid Corps, April 14th, 1865 at Columbia, SC. Written on brown necessity paper. Very good..........................................................$195.00

100821A - NEW ORLEANS CRESCENT REGIMENT, January 30th, 1865, 8.5" X 11" manuscript Special Order #24, Captain David Collie, Crescent Regiment, appointed to the court martial by order of Lt. General Buckner signed by his AAG John N. Galleger, Headquarters Department of Western Louisiana, Natchitoches, LA on gray paper, fine.........................$75.00

7043 - FODDER FOR THE ARMY, MONROE, LOUISIANA, 1862, 8" X 13" pre-printed and filled in document paying Samuel Patterson $65.98 for 4399 pounds of fodder for the Confederate army dated November 26th, 1862 being a receipt signed for the above fodder by Captain N. A. Birge Quartermaster CSA. Some fold strengthening on verso, otherwise very good and crisp paper, scarce locale............................................$75.00

7044 - LOUISIANA CONFEDERATE DOCUMENT SIGNED BY FUTURE LOUISIANA GOVERNOR SAMUEL D. MCENERY, 7" X 13" pre-printed and filled in document for forage supplies for 4 horses at the Conscript camp at Monroe, Louisiana, November 26th, 1862 for fodder and corn. Signed by Lt. S. D. McEnery who later became the 30th Governor of Louisiana 1881 - 1888. Very fine...............................................$100.00


51600 - 13TH NORTH CAROLINA, JOSEPH THOMPSON GIVES ADVISE TO A YOUNG RELATIVE BACK HOME, HE SOON DIES AT WILLIAMSBURG, Ragged Island, Virginia, November 30th, 1861, 4 pages in ink by Joseph Thompson, Co. B. 13th North Carolina to his young brother Charlie. He relates in part, "I have written a letter to Ma and I thought I would write you a few lines and send t in hers, Brother Billie [William J. Thompson] is going home next week and you must write me an answer to this and send it with him. We are camped to a very large river [James] if you come here you will see a great many large ships and I would take you out on a boat for a ride. The river we are camped on is called th eJames River, can you find it on your maps? It is in Virginia, can you tell me if Virginia is a northern or southern state. Christmas is coming and you will have a rabbit hunt. I would like to make the chase with you but I can't this year. Well if I live I will be home in about 5 months, you must be a good boy and write me what you have been doing since I left home, write soon to your brother, Joseph Thompson." Ragged Island, VA is a brackish marsh and small pine islands located on the south bank of the James River in Isle of Wight County, Virginia, in the United States. Joseph Thompson never made it home as he was killed at the Battle of Williamsburg the following May...........................................................................SOLD

51604 - THE YANKS TRY AND BREAK LEE'S LINES NEAR RICHMOND, 13TH NORTH CAROLINA, June 1st, 1864. Within 7 or 8 miles from Richmond, 3+ pages in ink by William J. Thompson, Company B, 13th North Carolina to his Mother. He relates in part, "He mentions the Dr. was down at John Jamison's to treat one of his little Negroes and gave a relative named Joe gave a dose of Colonel as his kidneys were not acting right...others sick back home...we are within seven or eight miles of Richmond and some might think we were pressed back but that is not right, when the Yankees would move around to our right we would move to meet them. They are now where they were at the first without losing any more men but though they would force themselves through Lee's army but they were sadly mistaken. They found that harder to do then they thought. They have been fighting pretty heavy this morning but it has quieted down now. I do not think out division was engaged this morning but the sharpshooters. They fight more or less each day. There were six of our regiment wounded yesterday on the skirmish line...will have to come to a close as I am scarce for paper and money. Our men have built good breastworks and if the Yanks come on us I think the war will end right here. W. J. Thompson"............................................SOLD

51606 - MOVING TROOPS TO CUT OFF THE YANKEE ADVANCE BELOW RICHMOND, 13TH NORTH CAROLINA, July 28th, 1864, Camp near Fort Clifton, VA. 4 pages in ink to his Mother by William J. Thompson, Co. B, 13th North Carolina. He relates in part, "I have the pleasure of receiving a letter from you that came yesterday evening. Letters were not passing from here by mail at the time I wrote you but I had the chance of sending one part of the way by hand. When I wrote you I did not know that Bruce had been wounded and until I got your letter I did not know he was dead. I saw Green on the second of this month and he was going to see Bruce that night and he told me he did not think he would live until morning. When I wrote you last we were close to the town of Petersburg but since then we have moved. We are now between Petersburg and the James River to what is called Fort Clifton but it is hard to tell how long we will stay here as they haven been sending troops round below Richmond and out time may come. I believed that the Yankees were moving back that way again but I do not know. I allow General Lee to attend to that. We received our instruments back from Richmond, am being used as a cook but that is light work [he belonged to the band and served as an ambulance driver, soldier, musician, and part-time cook in the regiment.] We get tolerable rations, a pound of meal a day and a third of a pound of bacon. Sometimes we get peas and rice. only the rank gets sugar and coffee. There was a little circumstance that occurred at Malvern Hill. There was a lady that lived within the Yankee lines and the Yankees destroyed everything they had. They destroyed her beds and everything and she and her little boy came through out lines. The soldiers pitched in and gave her and her boy all the coffee they could carry, a good man gave her money. This is our Election Day and I will vote for Z. B. Vance as I don't think Hobson will get many votes here. W. J. Thompson.".............................................................$275.00

51607 - THE BATTLE OF REAMS STATION NEAR PETERSBURG, 13TH NORTH CAROLINA, August 28th, 1864, Camp near Petersburg, VA. 2 pages in ink from William J. Thompson, Co. B, 13th North Carolina. He relates in part to his Mother, "We have now left our camp at Fort Clifton and are now on the railroad to the right of Petersburg. Everything is quiet now but we have been in another big fight since we have been around here...it was on the Weldon Railroad at a place called Reams Station. They [the Yankees] were round there for foraging and tearing up the railroad but I guess when we got after them think something else. We drove others off the railroad and at one place captured about 2000 prisoners. We did not suffer much in the fight but we were into it pretty heavy as usual. We only lost one man killed and I do not know how many were wounded. Calvin Grier was seriously wounded and I hope he will get over it, he is right smart better this morning and it seems that he will get along very well now. He was shot though the left shoulder and out the back. Green and we are close now. I see him every day. Green said he had written you about we going into the fight and you would be anxious to hear from us. There was no more of our Stele Creek boys but Calvin Grier. I must close now to help the cook and the detail has come. W. J. Thompson." The Second Battle of Ream's Station (also Reams or Reams') was fought during the Siege of Petersburg on August 25, 1864 in Dinwiddie County, Virginia. A Union force under Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock began destroying part of the Weldon Railroad, which was a vital supply line for Gen. Robert E. Lee's Confederate army in Petersburg, Virginia. Lee sent a force under Lt. Gen. A. P.. Hill to challenge Hancock and the Confederates were able to rout the Union troops from their fortifications at Reams Station. However, they lost a key portion of the railroad, causing further logistical difficulties for the remainder of the Richmond-Petersburg Campaign. Union casualties were 2,747 (the II Corps lost 117 killed, 439 wounded, 2,046 missing/captured; the cavalry lost 145); Confederate casualties were 814 (Hampton's Cavalry lost 16 killed, 75 wounded, 3 missing; Hill's Infantry 720 total). [3] Although the Confederates had won a clear victory, they had lost a vital piece of the Weldon Railroad and from this point on they would be able to transport supplies by rail only as far north as Stony Creek Depot, 16 miles (26 km) south of Petersburg. From that point, supplies had to be unloaded and wagon trains would have to travel through Dinwiddie Court House and then on the Boydton Plank Road to get the supplies into Petersburg. The South Side Railroad was the only railroad left to supply Petersburg and Lee's army..........................................................SOLD

51608 - DESERTERS ARE BEING SHOT EVERY DAY, SEVERAL IN OUR BRIGADE THE PAST FEW DAYS, 13TH NORTH CAROLINA, September 8th, 1864, Camp Near Petersburg, VA. 4 pages in ink to his Mother by William J. Thompson, Co. B, 13th North Carolina Rgt. He relates in part, "I am glad your little Negro is getting well again, he discusses the wheat crop and corn crop, everything is quiet here except for the usual shelling and sharp shooting which is a regular business every day, we are so used to it we really do not notice. There has not been a fight here since the last fight on the railroad I told you about in my last letter [Ream's Station]. Calvin Grier is getting along very well with his wound and if he has no bad luck he will get well now. His Father is here staying with him and when he gets well he will return home. As far as the war some think we will have peace by next spring. The papers say that some of the northern states say there must be peace at any terms - I hope they stick to what they say. I have not seen from John Jamison since I came to Petersburg but heard from him about 2 weeks ago and he is well. It is so true about him capturing a horse and a pistol. The Yanks hasn't got to fool with him as he will take them in certain. They have taken up their last winter trade again that is shooting men for desertion. There was one man shot in our brigade yesterday and there will be another shot in our regiment tomorrow and another one from our brigade next week - all for deserting. It is hard to see them tied up and shot but they know the consequences before they ran away and they have no business going. One fellow was accidentally killed yesterday. He was out on a skirmish drill where they make out they were shooting and one fellow had a load in his gun and happened to sight a man and his gun went off and shot him through the head. Have seen Green and his wound is healing well. It was a slight wound but I reckon it was pretty sore. W. J. Thompson.".................................................................$325.00

32304 - CONFEDERATE SOLDIER'S DISCHARGE FROM THE PETERSBURG LINES, 2ND MISSISSIPPI VOLUNTEERS, 8" X 10", pre-printed and filled-in. Francis M. Rose of Captain R. A. Leavell's Company [Company I Cherry Creek Rifles], 2nd Mississippi Vol., was discharged by the order of the Surgeon for being ill with a case of chronic diarrhea of long standing. Dated at Petersburg, VA, July 23rd, 1864 and signed by his commanding officer Colonial J. M. Stone. Printed on brown necessity paper and comes with the large envelope addressed to Rose. Large printed heading "SOLDIER'S DISCHARGE". Rose was wounded (left thigh) at Gettysburg on 7/1/1863. Sent to hospital at Richmond, VA furloughed. Discharged due to disability caused by wounds on 7/23/1864. His diarrhea discharge may have been in conjunction with his Gettysburg wounds. Colonel J. M. Stone was elected Colonel and assigned to duty on 4/23/1862. Wounded at Sharpsburg on 9/17/1862. Wounded at Gettysburg on 7/1/1863. Commanding Davis' Brigade during battle of The Wilderness on 5/5/1864. Dispatched to Mississippi to round up absentees and deserters in Jan. 1865. Captured during fight at Salisbury, NC while trying to return to his command on 4/12/1865. Sent to Johnson's Island, OH. Released on oath on 7/25/1865. Stone was later Governor of Mississippi. Recognized for its hard fighting capabilities the 2nd Mississippi saw significant action at 2nd Manassas, Antietam, Gettysburg, the Overland Campaign in 1864, and Petersburg while serving with Robert E. Lee's in the Army of Northern Virginia. It finally met its demise a week before Appomattox in 1865 when it was overwhelmed along a small stream called Hatcher's Run. The 2nd Mississippi Infantry had more members named to the Confederate Roll of Honor than any other unit.......................................................SOLD

4000 - I COULD NOT COME HOME ACROSS THE RIVER AS I FEARED THAT THE YANKEES WOULD BE THERE, by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], to his wife Annie, February 13th, 1862, 2 pages in pencil. He relates in part, "I was to cross the river and come home but Mr. Mitchell came over and told me that the Yankee were over there and I was afraid to come. We are dispatched from the brigade now and are on picket. I am at Owen Hill about 30 miles from home and I can get home in a half a day. If the Yankees are not over there and nothing prevents me I shall come home week after next. We will be relieved Monday and will stay in camp one week and that is the time I expect to come home...tell your Ma not to sell any poultry, eggs, nor bacon until she hears or sees me...your affectionate husband H. Basye." Pencil is light but readable, typed transcript included...................................................$150.00

4002 - A SOLDIER SHOOTS HIMSELF IN THE HAND, OUR MEN FLOGGED THE ENEMY AND DROVE THEM BACK AND TOOK ARTILLERY, letter by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], to his wife Annie, June 6th, 1862, two large pages 8" X 13" in pencil. He relates in part, "A. Barnes is coming home on a furlough for 30 days as he shot himself in his hand with his pistol, shot off all the flesh between his forefinger and his thumb. Although he is shot he is delighted in the idea of coming home. We are four miles from Richmond and there was a severe battle near here last week. Our men flogged the enemy and drove them back a mile and took all the artillery they had on the field. I will try and risk sending you more money. I have been appointed by the Captain to assist the wounded off the field, now it exempts me from fighting as I am behind the lines half a mile. I will send a letter next week by Mr. Jenkins who brings letters from the northern neck up here to us. I send you and my little girl all the love in the world. Direct your letters to Colonel Lee, 9th Virginia Cavalry regiment. Your affectionate husband, Henry Basye." Two large pages in pencil that in spots is a trifle light but readable enough for a 80 year old woman to type a word by word transcript.................................................SOLD

4006 - TWO FRIENDS DESERT THE 49TH VIRGINIA REGIMENT, letter by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry] to his wife Annie, August 2nd, 1862, 2 plus pages in bold pencil with a hand - carried cover home. He relates in part, "News that Atwel and Linzy Beacham passed the house the other day and had deserted the 40th Regiment. They said I was on my way also. [suggested that he Henry had also deserted]. Word that Fredericksburg has burned is not true, a few Yankees remain there. I will answer a letter in a day or two by Mr. Jenkins [private mail carrier]. I saw Brother William the other day. Octavious has gone with the 40th regiment to the Valley of Virginia as they started there the 30th of July. Brother William is trying to get Octavious out of the infantry so that he may join our company. At this time, the regiment was camped one mile northeast of Hanover Court House. According to Krick, the regiment was tired of heavy drills and parades while awaiting more action. Bold pencil...........................................SOLD

4009 - STUART'S RAID AT CATLETT STATION, THE 9TH CAVALRY CAPTURED POPE'S HEADQUARTERS WHICH BROUGHT AWAY HIS WARDROBE, PRISONERS, AND CASH IN GOLD AND SILVER AS WELL AS GREENBACKS, letter by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], to his wife Annie, August 28th, 1862, 8 pages in pencil with cover. He relates in part, "I send you a few lines by Mr. McNeal as he will start home tomorrow due to ill health. I have been ill with jaundice for about two weeks and have been away from the regiment but ready to return. I am ready to go but due to taking care of several horses of men in the hospital. There were 200 men left here but more return to the regiment each day. They are fighting a hard battle today as we can clearly hear the guns. One of our men came in today and said General Stewart has gone about Pope's army and cut off his retreat by burning the bridges if this is true he is our meat as he can't get reinforcements from Washington or retreat. Old Stonewall had a crack at Pope at Cedar Run and flogged them well and since that time they have retreated towards Manassas 30 miles. I don't know where they are but Old Stonewall does, we hear of the other generals but not of Stonewall as I think he is keeping up with General Pope. I saw Daniel Dawson. He is a courier for General Hood and a Texan. Mentions several others who are couriers for Hood. [names crossed out possibly by censors.] They went with Hood's division up to Raccoon Ford and were sent back to pick up stragglers. Daniel said the Yankee can not stand up against our men up there. Our men brought in about 400 prisoners yesterday. Tells his wife to try and send letters through conscripts heading to the regiment. Mentions his friend Octavious who is in the 40th regiment, heard they were in a fight. No chance of a furlough at this time, James Hudnall came in last night from the regiment and said our brigade charged three Yankee camps of infantry in the night and took 310 prisoners, killed a great many, burned 600 wagons and got a number horses and arms. They got General Pope's riding horse, his pocket handkerchief and two iron safes each containing $30,000 and done without the loss of a man. James Hudnall's horse fell and dislocated his shoulder but it has been put back in place. Hiram Blackwell was slightly wounded in the shoulder-both are doing well. The sight of gold and silver was a site for sore eyes. General Lee our commander says he has got the Yankees exactly where he wants them. Desires to come home, concerned if this letter will make it home, gives his love to little Stonewall and to his sister. Your affectionate husband. Henry Basye." Much more, with cover somewhat tattered, letter fine, excellent content. Typed transcript provided. On Stuart's famous raid Stuart captured more than 300 Federal prisoners, Pope's orders and dispatches, a huge store of Federal supplies, and an army money box stuffed with more than $350,000. Equally satisfying to Stuart, his men captured General Pope's hat, cloak and frock coat - which were sent back to Richmond for public display as Stuart's war trophy. Ahead lay one of Lee's greatest victories - the Battle of Second Manassas - but for Stuart and his hard-fighting cavalry, victory had already occurred. Their reputation was intact - and their beloved commander was again in fine spirits. Rare Content.................................SOLD

4010 - ANYTHING STUART CAN'T RUN THROUGH HE RUNS AROUND AS HE DID MCCLELLAN AND NOW POPE, YANKS FLEE CULPEPPER COURT HOUSE WHEN THEY THOUGHT JACKSON WAS GOING TO SURROUND THEM, letter by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], to his wife Annie, 6 pages in pencil with cover August 31st, 1862. He relates in part, "George Cox heads home tomorrow with this letter. I am 65 miles now from Louisa Courthouse we are in Rappahannock County in the mountains. The regiment is a Fairfax Courthouse near Alexandria. All of our forces and the Yankees are over there among the Blue Ridge. We expect to cross the Rappahannock in a few days. I am with the wagons due to being sick and expect to catch up with the regiment in 4-5 days. Old Stuart is leading the band of 19,000 cavalry. He has been around Pope's army. Anything he can't run through he goes around. He thinks it does as good to scare a Yankee to death as kill him. At Culpepper, the people told me that a week ago there were 100,000 Yankee there not ten days ago and when they heard that Jackson had surrounded them they fell back. Jackson was one day too late but he will make out as well as if he was on time. Jackson, Longstreet, and Hill have possession of Manassas and the railroad that leads from Washington and have cut off their reinforcements so they are making their way to Aquia Creek and down to Fredericksburg. When they get down there they will fine 60,000 men and 40 pieces of artillery. The word came in today that our men down there had Fremont's and Shield's men in a tight place. Stuart took 1300 prisoners the other day. Many think this battle will decide the war. He feels that if we defeat Pope we can drive north into their country. The Yankees have taken everything they wanted, Negroes, horses, etc. they pulled down fences and destroyed the crops with their cavalry. Stuart's cavalry is in Centerville, Jackson has supplies for 30 days without getting more from Richmond. Much more from Henry Basye." A prologue to the Battle of 2nd Manassas that is about to occur. Letter fine, and cover [tattered]......................................................SOLD

4011 - THE BATTLE OF 2ND MANASSAS, NEGRO TROOPS IN FROM OHIO, JACKSON WILL SEND NEGRO PRISONERS SOUTH TO HELP PAY THE WAR DEBT, letter by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], to his wife Annie, 2 pages in pencil, September 1st, 1862. He relates in part, "I have heard that General Holmes is in possession of Fredericksburg with 40,000 men, our forces and the Yankees are fighting at Manassas on the same ground they fought before, Jackson has possession of the ground between them and Washington. They are making a desperate effort to get out of there and if they don't send their entire force they can't get out. They will have to do it very quick as our men are driving. Old Stonewall was knocking the spots off of them some as big as pounds of wool up to last night. The Yankees sent four regiments of Negroes [free men] from Ohio. Old Stonewall captured 1400 of them and 600 head of cattle the finest kind. He will kill or capture the rest in a few days. He is going to send them South to help pay the war debt. Henry Basye." The Battle of 2nd Manassas - Union casualties were about 10,000 killed and wounded out of 62,000 engaged; the Confederates lost about 1,200 killed and 7,000 wounded out of 50,000. As the Union Army concentrated on Centreville, Lee planned his next move. He sent Jackson on another flanking march in an attempt to interpose his army between Pope and Washington. Pope countered the move and the two forces clashed a final time at the Battle of Chantilly (also known as Ox Hill) on September 1. Lee immediately began his next campaign on September 3, when the vanguard of the Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac Ricer, marching toward a fateful encounter with the Army of the Potomac in the Maryland Campaign and the Battle of Antietam.............................SOLD

4213 - STONEWALL EXPECTS TO HAVE A FIGHT AT HARPER'S FERRY, letter by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], to his wife Annie, 10 pages of various sizes and color of paper due to necessity and shortage of paper in camp, September 14th, 1862. He relates in part, "constantly looking for letters from home, his brother Dick got three today, am near Winchester with seven other men, the rest of the boys are across the river in Maryland, can't tell what is happening in the fighting line, our army crossed the river at Leesburg, am guarding wagons today, Stonewall expects to have a fight at Harper's Ferry. There are a great many stragglers due to the large size of the army and considering how much fighting and traveling the army has done the last month. These men could not keep up and cross when the rest of the army did so when the army crossed and went to Frederick City the Yankees came down and blocked the ford in order to catch the stragglers when they tried to cross. But they missed them and the stragglers are going to Winchester to organize. There are 3000 Yankees at Martinsburg on this side of the river near Harpers Ferry. Stonewall is on the other side. General Ransom is on this side independent of the stragglers at Winchester. They are going to join together and go to Martinsburg to kill or catch 3000 Yankees. Then our men can cross at Harpers Ferry any time they want in and out of Maryland. There is no chance of coming home now and I am afraid we will winter in the Valley of Virginia or Pennsylvania. I understand the Yankees have been driven out of Fredericksburg, if so I hope our forces come back on this side of the Potomac River. He reports he now weighs 150 pounds and is very fit. Much more about his wishes to be home, hunting with friends, he misses her and the children terribly. I hear cannonading this morning towards Harpers Ferry. He will call his young son "Stonewall Jackson" as a nickname. Believes the 40th Infantry has been badly cut up it is not a regiment any more. Major Cox is in command, Fields was wounded. Good by and God bless you. Henry Basye." With transcript, this very long letter on different pieces of paper he explains as writing at different times awaiting a soldier to leave for home. The longer it took for the soldier to depart, the more he wrote. Letter is accompanied by a hand-carried cover addressed home.............................................................$425.00

4014 - WE ARE BETWEEN WINCHESTER AND SHEPERDSTOWN IN THE MOUNTAINS, letter by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], to his wife Annie, October 6th, 1862, two page letter written on captured US Army requisition form 8" X 10", in bold pencil. He relates in part, " I send you this letter by Mr. Bowie of Westmoreland County, I must write quick as he is ready to go and waiting for my letter to you, we are in Berkley County in the Shenandoah Valley between Winchester and Shepardstown, I am well and wish you the same. I saw Liege the other day and he sends his wishes to all the family black and white. I do not know any more about coming home but have hopes of coming home before Christmas. I was within half a mile of the 40th Regt. the other day but did not go there as Octavious is not there...wants his wife to get him some thick winter pants, we are doing well, your affectionate husband Henry Basye." October was a time of rest for the regiment after the stressful Antietam campaign. Transcript included............................$195.00

4015 - THE BOYS WHO WEAR DOWN THEIR HORSES GET TO GO HOME FOR ANOTHER, MY ISABELLE IS HOWEVER DOING FINE, letter by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], to his wife Annie, October 9th, 1862, four pages in bold pencil. He relates in part, "I send you a few lines by Edwin Claybrook as he starts home tomorrow. There are a good number of men in our regiment who have ridden their horses to death and are allowed to go home for another. He did or nearly did ride his to death and has already killed two horses this year and has not done much duty. Isabelle [his horse] is doing well and seems getting fatter with the colder weather. She is the greatest nag in the Confederacy. We are in the Shenandoah Valley about 8 miles from Maryland. There has been little fighting as of late and I already told you all that I could tell. He wonders what happened to his boots that were to be sent to him. New boots up there cost $20 - $30 a pair. I think we will winter down up here as it is getting cold but maybe move a little south as there is little to feed on here. I did hear the Lee said he was going to send his regiments to their respective counties. More on family matters back in his home county, mentions two Negroes heading home LINZEY and NEWTON from the regiment. [They belong to his mother and she had hired them out to a man in Petersburg who has not paid her yet]. He said when the army falls back from Petersburg he will pay the debt with a receipt from me. Henry Basye." Transcript included................................................................$250.00

2141 - OLD STONEWALL BROKE UP THEIR NEST IN A HURRY, By Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], un-datelined or dated by contents indicate at Camp near Martinsburg, W. VA and shortly after October 19-20th, 1862 [Antietam Campaign]. Two pages in pencil, 8" X 9" on a Confederate Quartermaster blank document for due to necessity [typed transcript included] to his wife Anne, "I had to stop writing to look at the Yankee girls that camp in from Martinsburg with some prisoners that had been paroled when it was in possession of the enemy to wait on the sick Yankees and doctors had their wives there at Martinsburg but old Stonewall broke up their nest in a hurry. Some of the girls were good looking and you know I am famous for Yankee girls. Anyway I talked to them and they talked to me about right and I loved to tease them. I asked them what made them break up housekeeping and they say "I don't know what to say to you stranger." There are about 65 of them including men and women...this is enough to say about Yankees...implores his wife to write him a letter of about 15 pages as he has not had one in a while...he will send one by Claybrook [another soldier]...give love and respects to young Stonewall [his son] and sister, mentions a man home who has not enlisted after bragging what he would do to the Yankees [but for his wife he would had enlisted]...he states he loves his wife but came to fight and hopes to live to see all his fighting friends again...wants his wife to send back with Claybrook a pair of warm pants for the winter...does not know where Octavious is as he has not been in any of the fights this side of Richmond, send love, your affectionate husband Henry Basye. Martinsburg had been captured and railroads burned by Jackson and the 9th VA was still in amp in the area. Basye enlisted March 27th, 1862 in the 9th VA Cavalry. 4 very scarce and desirable unit........................................$295.00

2142 - THE BOYS ARE COMING DOWN TO BUY HORSES, By Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], un-datelined or dated by contents indicate at Camp near Martinsburg, W. VA and shortly after October 19-20th, 1862 [Antietam Campaign] as it ties in with the pervious letter listed. 4 pages in bold pencil with the hand carried envelope to his wife in Lottsburg, VA. [typed transcript provided]. He relates in part...he does not think she will have enough to me to make him a pair of pants to send up by Claybrook as they allow him but 15 days to come and go and they won't allow him but two days to stay at home...he may be ready to start back before you get this letter unless he send it to you by one of his Negroes...much more about arranging the delivery of his winter pants...It would be worth $50 to him to get a letter from her so you know I want one bad...am afraid to send her money, much about things he wants to tell her Pa to do, he can have his boots as he also wears a #7 like him, tells his wife to have his Ma lay in a good supply of corn and meat this fall, bought a pair of boots for $12, they need to sow all the wheat they can as it will bring a good price war or no war...more about the needed pants as he fears they will stay up there for the winter...the boys are coming down to buy horses [for the cavalry], mentions a horse her father has he wants named Kate...she would bring $350 now in Richmond. Henry abruptly ends the letter and encloses it in an envelope addressed to her. On the back of the envelope another soldier writes...Dear Annie:  The enclosed was handed to me on the road to Union Village by Mr. Barry who said this letter was to be delivered two weeks ago but for the neglect of Mr. Claybrook...Henry is well. D. B. Berry. The letter is complete and he probably was in a rush to get it off by Claybrook as he ends his last sentence in the middle of a line. Obviously by the time this letter arrived Claybrook and come and gone and Henry had no pants made. Letter and cover, with clippings from a Confederate newspaper.....................................................SOLD

4016 - HE FEARS HE WILL LOSE HIS HORSE ISABELLE TO THE MOUNTAIN ITCH, HEARD ARTILLERY FIRE, letter by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Calvary], to his wife Annie, November 12th, 1862, 4 pages in pencil. He relates in part, "am sending this letter home with Gus Betts as he goes home on a medical furlough, he will bring some material home so you can make me some colored shirts and return them to me when he returns. He is 75 miles closer to home now, received the pants from her but not as thick as he wanted but fit splendidly. Isabelle is in bad shape and has the "mountain itch" and some of the horses loose hoofs. I am very sorry as I may lose her and that is $500 out of my pocket. Octavious in the Valley but sick [he is in the 40th regiment]. Brother Dick is ill but not bad. Bought a pair of cavalry boots and got to sell the ones he wore for just a month. They had an artillery fight yesterday but do not know the particulars. Plenty to eat, beef, mutton, and pork. Make me two pair of drawers and hold for me until I send for them, much more questions about the children and family at home. Your very affectionate husband, Henry Basye." A transcript is included with the letter. Krick reports in the regimental of the 9th VA Cavalry that in October 1862 an invidious hoof disease disabled many of the animals. To make matters worse the only food for the animals was green corn which made many ill and some died..................................................$225.00

2145 - 57TH GEORGIA REGIMENT, BARKALOO'S REGIMENT, 5" X 13", pre-printed and filled-in, blue paper. Provision return for Captain Byington's Company dated June 25th, 1862 for 71 men and one woman and outlining all the supplies allotted to the company. During this period, the regiment was in East Tennessee & Kentucky. Later it fought at Champion Hill and was captured at Vicksburg in July 1863. It was exchanged and placed in Mercer's command and had 54 causalities at Atlanta, only a few surrendered in April 1864, very fine, quite detailed................................................$125.00

4017 - WINTER CAMP OF THE 9TH VIRGINIA CAVALRY, January 3rd, 1864, large 2 page letter in bold pencil 8" X 13" to his wife Annie by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry. He relates in part, "He mentions sending his horse Kate home, has a new Colt but the former owner has near starved him to death. The corn I gave him last night was the first corn he had eaten since he left home. I thought it better to send the mare home and keep him here as we have nothing to do until spring. The young colt is underweight and has a lame foot. It is very cold here but we have a good tent and chimney. Please make me a pair of pants if you have cloth from the loom. Send them by Gus Betts. Take the leather and bring to John Pillsbury and make me a pair of boots 7 1/2 or 8. He tells her where to get leather for the insoles and soles. I am afraid that my boots will not make it through the winter due to the many rocks and frozen ground that the boots don't stand half a chance. Gus will probably stay home about 30 days. It is 2 1/2 o'clock in the night and I am writing by firelight and it looks like snow. Send a letter to me by Joe Moore, kiss the children for me...Tell you Pa, I will build a stable for the Colt. We get 20 ears of corn and sole fodder nearly every day. Don't let the Yankees get Kate. Send me a little piece of cloth like my shirt as I burned a hole in one [so he can mend] much more. Love Henry Basye. The letter is written in strong pencil, transcript included......................................................$175.00

4019 - UNION RAID ON THE VIRGINIA NECK, JANUARY 1864, January 20th, 1864, two plus page letter in bold pencil by Pvt. Henry Basye, Co. D, 9th Virginia Cavalry, to his wife Annie. He relates in part, "I heard the other day that the Yankees had landed in the "neck' I hears that 2000 landed at Coan and 3000 in Yascomie. If that be the case, I am afraid they have swept away everything, all of the horses on the land. I sent Kate home in time but I hope Pa knew it was time to save them. Write me the particulars of the raid and if they have taken our horses. I don't know what Pa will do, I suspect everything is gone. Annie, Charles [his horse] is improving every day as he has the "mountain itch" in the white foot. I can't ride him with the halter yet. We have been expecting to come to Lancaster but since the Yankees have been down there I do not know. If our regiment was there when they [Yankees] landed some of them would still be there. Our regiment has gotten back from the Valley and we will know in a few days what we will do in regard to come down to Lancaster. The papers say that the Yankees burned the jail at Westmoreland Courthouse and Richmond Courthouse and were destroying the citizens' provisions. Much more...your very affectionate husband, Henry Basye." This raiding party, consisting of men from the 12th New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry, departed from Point Lookout, Maryland, where they had been acting as prison guards. On January 12, 1864, 450 soldiers crossed the Potomac River on two boats, landing at the south shore at 5:30 a.m. The purpose of the raid was to recapture escaped Confederate prisoners, arrest Union deserters, liberate fugitive slaves, and destroy local wartime production. During the raid, the soldiers of the 12th New Hampshire burned several tanneries and salt works. The raid served little military value as it was a foraging expedition in the end capturing several Confederate officers who were home on furlough. Pencil bold, comes with transcript.....................................................$245.00

4022 - IS HORSE IS LAME SO HE CANNOT COME HOME YET, WINTER QUARTERS CENTER CROSS, VA, Center Cross, VA Essex County, VA, February 17th, [1864], 2 plus pages in pencil by Pvt. Henry Basye, Co. D, 9th Virginia Cavalry, to his wife Annie. He relates in part, "Henry details how he had given a letter to Joe Moore to deliver a letter to her but he has so drunk he could not stand up and the wind on the river prevented him and others from crossing from Center Cross. He has leather for the bottom of his boots that he will send, needs buttons to put on his new coat, mentions going to several parties last week, his horse is still lame with a back ailment so he cannot come home yet. [They are in winter quarters]. His horse CHARLIE was injured when he rolled over and injured his back to the bone. Mentions the wind is still too strong for Joe to cross the river, will have speeches in town, Colonel Beal will make a speech and others. He has an invitation to attend a ball but wants to come home, tells his wife not to worry about his new boots as he will tend to them when he comes home. Henry Basye." Pencil bold, transcript included........................$165.00

4026 - FOOD IS SCARCE AND EXPENSIVE IN PETERSBURG DURING THE UNION SIEGE, 4 plus small pages actually written on scraps of paper, in pencil from Pvt. Henry Basye, Company D, 9th Virginia Cavalry to his wife Annie, and notes on the back of his letter returned to him by Annie that is incomplete but his letter is complete. July 10th, 1864 [written near Petersburg, VA]. He relates in part, "I went to Petersburg today but did not see Eugenia, mentions other friends he saw there that send well wishes, there is nothing here but sheep, flies, and sand--I would never live here. I will tell you something of the prices here, molasses $80 per gallon, brandy $160 per gallon, onions $2.00 per dozen, chickens $60 per dozen, I have to beg for little I get. There are so many men in need, I get very little. I wrote on these pieces of paper as I did not want to spoil a sheet. I have gotten my pistol, have not seen O. C. since he camp up...Good by Annie, H. Basye...give my love to all, hot and dry there. I would not be surprised the next time you hear from me I am in Pennsylvania or Maryland but I do not want to go there. I want to see you bad, love to you and the children, your affectionate husband, H. B. His wife obviously wrote a partial letter back to him on the verso of some of this letter and writes, "Pa can get no one to cut it [corn], and he cut some yesterday morning but could not hold out to cut any more. Women working in the fields, she says "times are getting worse and worse. No rain for three weeks, don't think the sugar cane will ever be anything...you must excuse this letter as a bee from the hive stung me and my hand is swollen." An interesting letter written as mentioned on scraps of paper as he "does not want to use a sheet of paper which is obviously scarce in camp. His wife's short note seems incomplete but Henry's letter is complete. Transcript provided......................................$185.00

4028 - GRANT DID NOT CELEBRATE THE 4TH BY SHELLING PETERSBURG, July 6th, 1864 Petersburg, VA, from Pvt. Henry Basye, Co. D, 9th Virginia Cavalry to his wife Annie. He relates in part, "I received your kind letter of the 29th of June, the one you sent by Mr. Hastings Dick. I am in Petersburg today and the Yankees are throwing shells in the town but they are not doing much harm. They had been killing women and children. Our brigade is 10 miles south of here and all is quite today. Grant did not celebrate the 4th of July by shelling Petersburg nor did he eat his dinner in Richmond. Sorry to hear that your Pa had a time with his wheat. I am going to send this letter by mail. Your affectionate husband, H. Basye." A short letter of two pages written in pencil on brown necessity paper, transcript included..........................................................$195.00

4033 - THE EXPLOSION AT THE CRATER, BEAUREGARD RETALIATES ON THE FEDERAL BREASTS WORKS, Dinwiddie County, August 10th [1864 near Petersburg, VA], 4 pages in pencil to his wife Annie by Pvt. Henry Basye, Co. D, 9th Virginia Cavalry. He relates in part, "We are now in camp 10 miles south of Petersburg and 30 miles from North Carolina. When I wrote you before there was talk of moving and we did so. We think we are going towards Fredericksburg. I hope so as there is no grass for our horses and dry enough to kill a man. It is the hottest I have ever felt and the flies are about to eat up man and beast. I never saw as many in my life. They jump on a dead Yankee and jump on your bread. THE YANKEES UNDERMINED ONE OF THE BATTERIES ON THE FRONT BREASTWORKS AND BLEW UP A SMALL NUMBER OF MEN. BEAUREGARD RETALIATED THE NEXT DAY AND WENT UNDERGROUND IN FRONT OF THE YANKEES AND FIRED ON THEM. He sent a man over to exchange papers that they always do. The Yankees gathered around him to read the Rebel news about 95 of them. After all had come around he made a sign to the man to come back and after he got out of the way fire was sent to the fuse and blew the Yankees 40 feet in the air. Some of them have not come down yet. Soon after the explosion the Yankees opened fire on our breastworks, the fire was replied in good order. Heth's Division is now in front of the Yankees. The 40th is there and very uneasy. They do not know what moment they will be blown up. I would not like to be there. Colonel Beal has just come from home and said there was a splendid rain. This will aid the corn and vegetables greatly. Tell your Pa to get his name off the list of the Home Guards. I understand they have been ordered to report on this side of the Rappahannock with clothes, arms, rations, and ammunition...love to all your affectionate husband H. B. [Henry Basye]" Pencil manuscript clear and readable but light in portion, light age tone, minor stain at spine, unaffecting the manuscript. In Basye's report on the Battle of the Crater of July 30th, he is grossly underestimates the Confederate losses from the blast. At 4:44 a.m. on July 30th, the charge exploded in a massive shower of earth, men, and guns. A crater (still visible today) was created, 170 feet (52 m) long, 60 to 80 feet (24 m) wide, and 30 feet (9.1 m) deep. The blast destroyed the Confederate fortifications in the immediate vicinity, and instantly killed between 250 and 350 Confederate soldiers. Great content................................................................SOLD

2151 - THE CONFEDERATE BLOCKADE RUNNER CHICORA IMPORTING AND EXPORTING CO., Stock certificate for 1 share, January 9th, 1863, Charleston, SC, Chicora Importing and Exporting Co., #228, printed on blue paper, 6" X 10", vignette of blockade runner, Palmetto tree at bottom, repayment note in red across the face [light]. This company made money for investors and at one point the stock rose to $10,250 a share. It ran two steamers and made 18 successful trips through the Union blockade. The "Chicora" survived the war and later ran the Great Lakes. Along with the stock certificate is a stereo view of the blockade runner Chicora published by Union View of Rochester, NY at sea. The certificate is very fine with trivial age tone, the stereo has some spotting but clear and distinct. This certificate regularly brings $1500 - $1600 at auction and the stereo we have seen sold for $300. This nice combination.............................................................$1,500/for pair

1080 - A CONFEDERATE CAPTAIN'S WIFE WRITES HER HUSBAND ABOUT PROBLEMS AT HOME WITH HIS BROTHER, SHE RENTS HIM A SLAVE, HIS INCONSIDERATION TOWARDS HER, 6 pages in ink by A. E. Johnson, wife of Captain William L. Johnson of the Sumter Light Guards, 4th Regiment Georgia Volunteers, dated November 25th, 1861, Americas, GA, blue paper in ink. She relates in part...she is despondent on how her brother-in-law Henry treats her, she rented "ABB" [slave] to him and she just asked him for some salt and cow peas of which Henry had plenty. She had to pester him for those items constantly. She remarks that Henry sells his items the highest in town and money is his god...she apologizes for troubling her husband but she has no one to tell her troubles to. She relates about what is happening in Americas, rumors are that the 4th Regiment may be sent home in January, she has the terrible blues these cold nights thinking of him in a cold tent and she is in a warm room by a fire...mentions scarlet fever in a family, giving the children brandy to prevent it, much more...well written, 6 pages in ink.......................$85.00

1081 - A CONFEDERATE CAPTAIN'S WIFE WRITES HER HUSBAND, ILLNESS AT HOME, CAN HER HUSBAND GET A SOLIDER A FURLOUGH, 2 pages in ink by A. E. Johnson wife of Captain William L. Johnson of the Sumter Light Guards, 4th Regiment Georgia Volunteers, dated December 1861, Americas, GA. She relates...about the children, making socks, wants a spinning wheel as two of the girls could make their own stockings, wants news about a soldier who was shot, is glad they will be soon in cabins, wants her husband not to pick up any band camp habits such as drinking and gambling, she has not heard of any new cases of scarlet fever, much more. The letter comes with a postal cover postmarked Americas, GA with a manuscript PAID 10 in ink addressed to her husband in Portsmouth, VA. The letter is 8" X 10" in ink, several fold separations restored with archival tape. The letter and cover................................................SOLD

1082 - CONFEDERATE STAMPED POSTAL COVER ADDRESSED TO COLONEL JAMES A. R. HANKS FORMERLY OF THE 22ND GEORGIA, AT CUTHBUT, GEORGIA, Hand-made cover, addressed on the front and sealed on the verso with a 10 cent Scott #11, blue Jefferson Davis Confederate postal stamp. Fine, decent margins on stamp tied with an indistinct cancellation. Hanks served on the staff of the 22nd Georgia and was discharged for disability on June 1862........................................$85.00

1084 - RARE ENGINEER DEPT. ENLISTMENT ORDER FOR AN SHIP CAPTAIN WHO WAS A NATIVE OF ITALY, 8" X 10" imprinted form, dated at Charleston, SC, May 31st, 1864, Stephan Loriero a native of Genoa, Italy was conscripted for 4 months and will report to the nearest enrolling officer to be put in the service of the Confederate Engineer Dept in command of a sloop. A very unusual Engineer Dept. enlistment for a ship Captain impressed into Confederate service. Brown necessity paper, pre-printed and filled-in, fine....................SOLD

1085 - CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA, CONFEDERATE BONDS FOR THE SOUTH WESTERN RR BANK, 4" X 6", imprinted interim depository receipt issued at Charleston, SC, March 18th, 1864 for $100 in new Confederate bonds amounting to $100 to be delivered from the act of February 17th, 1864. Printed by Jewitt Printer, 347 King Street. Gray paper. Fine............................................$65.00

72033 - ELI WHITNEY JR. SELLS 1600 RIFLES TO THE STATE OF GEORGIA MAY 4TH, 1860, LETTER BY WHITNEY CONFORMING THE SPECIFICATIONS, PRICE, AND SHIPPING ARRANGEMENTS, 8" X 10" ALS by Eli Whitney Jr. Whitneyville, May 4th, 1860. Assuming control of The Whitney Armory in 1842 Eli Whitney Jr. revolutionized the works implementing his father's innovation of interchangeable parts. 18 years later and less than a year before the start of the Civil War, he entered into an agreement with the State of Georgia to produce and deliver 1600 mini rifled musket. This letter has superb content describing Whitney's unwitting arming the Confederacy in the State of Georgia. Signed by Whitney and Major Mark A. Cooper Commander for the State of Georgia. The letter goes into great detail about the specifications for the muskets, cost, shipping, etc. The boxes were to be shipped by steamer to Savannah and addressed to the Governor of Georgia. It is also noted that a sample of the muskets will be sent to Jas. T. Ames to fit what saber bayonet he makes so they can be made uniform and to interchange. A well-written and important letter documenting arms being sold to the future Confederate State of Georgia. Extremely rare content. A complete transcript of this large two page letter is included along with research data on the Whitney muskets delivered. Very fine.........................................................SOLD

72034 - CONFEDERATE SOLDIER'S RAILROAD TICKET, Issued by the Richmond & Danville RR, ticket #1617 allows 23 soldiers to travel from Richmond to Danville, VA. It was issued by the Asst. Quartermaster of the CSA at Richmond and the fare to be paid by the Confederate States upon presentation of this coupon ticket. Printer "Soldier's Ticket." Probably all 23 were from the same company. No date. Bold print and manuscript, Top right corner tipped slightly affecting no text. While Confederate era railroad tickets are scarce, actual imprinted soldier's tickets are rare. An example of a group of soldiers being assigned to a new area. Very good.....................................................$125.00

72036 - 11TH TEXAS INFANTRY LETTER, Bradford Fitzgerald, 11th Texas Infantry, Headquarters Ordnance Train, Walker's Division, July 1st, 1864, 2 pages in ink to friend Willie. He relates in part, I cannot write long as I am making up my quarertly that under very "desaperable" circumstances for yesterday evening as I was entering voucher #79, a Minnie ball struck the desk within six inches of my pate [old English for head]. In short within 10 minutes two more companions did visit my headquarters. He continues to give Willie advice on a love affair. I am at the front with no possibility of post duty. He continues discussing affairs of the heart as he has formed quite an attachment for Miss Ella. He relates that Willie Ewin [John H. Ewin's son] had his leg shot off a few days ago...he commanded Will Foster's Company...your cousin Bradford. At this time the 11th Texas Infantry had been fighting in Louisiana and Arkansas chasing General Steel's forces back towards Little Rock. A well written letter. Texas letters from the field are very scarce.....................................$295.00

72037 - LOUISIANA TIGERS, WHEAT'S BATTALION, 1ST LOUISIANA SPECIAL BATTALION, COMPANY E, WHEAT'S LIFE GUARDS, ALS by Major Robert M. Grinnell, dated January 5th, 1864 to Captain Robert Beale Davis, Headquarters Walker's Division, letter regarding provisions for Union prisoners under the care of Captain Davis [later killed in a charge near Petersburg, VA]. Grinnell at that time was AAG for General Henry Heth. Grinnell had enlisted as a Lt. in Company E, 1st Louisiana Special Battalion, Wheat's Battalion, also known as the Louisiana Tigers. He was captured at an unknown site in Virginia in 1862 and later exchanged on August 27th, 1862 for David G. McNaughton of the 42nd PA Major Wheat was killed at the Battle of Gaines Mill and the unit disbanded on August 15th, 1862 due to a severe reduction in strength after the Peninsular Campaign. After his exchange, Grinnell served on Heth's staff. Blue paper, 1 page ALS, comes with a hand-carried cover addressed to Captain Davis at Mt. Jackson, two items.....................................................$250.00

72038 - THE BATTLE OF FORT HARRISON, 28TH GEORGIA VOLUNTEERS, 2 page letter in ink by W. G. Inglett, Company C, 28th Georgia Vol., to his wife, Camp near Richmond, VA, October 5th, 1864. He relates in part...We came here on the morning of the 1st and our brigade had to charge the Yanks out of Fort Harrison. They had taken if from our men before we got there. Our brigade charged them in the fort and we got in 20 yards in the fort and they repulsed us. We lost 56 out of our regiment and we lost five from our company, four wounded and one killed. Chester Blitchington was killed. A. D. J. Dismuke, William Manning, William Williams, 2 fingers amputated from the right hand and William Cliatt wounded. I tell you it was the hottest time I ever saw in my time. We had to throw up another line of works. That is always the way. Let the Yanks get the works from some of the little dandy city battalions and then send for Colquitt's Brigade to take them back. I thought my time had come the other day but thank God I am spared. It seems to me that I could of fell out of my cap and I caught it full of minnies and it was an open field...T. W. G. Inglett. Fort Harrison was an important component of the Confederate defenses of Richmond during the American Civil War. Named after Lieutenant William Harrison, a Confederate engineer, it was the largest in the series of fortifications that extended from New Market Road to the James River that also included Forts Hoke, Johnson, Gregg, and Gilmer. These earthworks were designed to protect the strategically important Chaffin's Bluff on the James. On September 29, 1864, 2,500 Union soldiers from Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler's Army of the James overran Major Richard Cornelius Taylor's 200-man Confederate garrison and captured the fort in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm. Brig. Gen. Hiram Burnham, a native of Maine and a brigade commander in XVIII Corps, was killed in the assault, and the Union - held fort was renamed Fort Burnham in his honor. Although the attacks of September 29 had succeeded in capturing only Fort Harrison, General Robert E. Lee saw the potential threat to Richmond and ordered a counterattack on September 30. The attack failed, but Brig. Gen. George J. Stannard lost an arm while resisting Lee's assault. This failure forced the Confederates to realign their defenses farther west. Fort Burnham remained in Union hands until the end of the war. Inglett was wounded at Cold Harbor and Darbytown Road. Very fine.................................................................SOLD

72039 - 31ST LOUISIANA INFANTRY, August 10th, 1862, 8" X 7" pre-printed Provisional return, filled-in for 73 men and two female cooks for two days including rations of pork, beef, flour, molasses, and salt. The 31st Louisiana was organized at Vicksburg during the summer of 1862 and assigned to Baldwin's Brigade. The unit lost 9 killed and 16 wounded at Chickasaw bluffs and was captured defending Vicksburg. After being exchanged it fought in Thomas' Brigade in various conflicts in Louisiana. By the early 1862 date on this document it was most probably written near Vicksburg. Light tone spots, otherwise very good.......................$125.00

72040 - 9TH GEORGIA REGIMENT, THE BATTLE OF MANASSAS, THE REPORTS REACH RICHMOND, PRIVATE J. H. HARRIS, LATER KILLED AT ANTIETAM, Richmond, VA, June 25th, 1861, 2+ pages 8" X 10" to his brother and sister in pencil by Private Joseph Harris, 9th GA. He relates in part...The news has come to this place this morning that there had been a big fight at Georgetown in this state and resulted as followed killed of the Yankees 16,000 and our men 600. There were two telegraph dispatches that came in today all gave the same account. If so I hope the people give some confidence in the report and give a hurrah for Beauregard who was the commander. Charley this is the largest city I have ever seen, over 12,000 men at this place in camps and all hot for a fight. We are a crack regiment of 1000 men generally all stout looking and want to get into a fight. Our regiment is ordered to Winchester of this state which is not far from Washington City. We will be off to that point tomorrow and it is right at the Lincolnites so I guess we will be in business if they do not get back on their soil and leave us alone. I can tell you we have come here to fight and to fight to conquer or we will die in the effort as that is the motto of true Southern men, we are all ripe for a fight. It is the opinion of the big men [Generals] that if we do not get into a fight before the 4th of July we will be sent home as some think peace will be made. This letter will be carried by Captain John Echols of the 9th GA Regiment. These reports dealt with the embarrassing defeat of Union forces on July 21st, 1861 near Manassas by the Confederate forces commanded by Beauregard. The pencil is bold, some old stains here and there unaffecting reading the text. Private/Corporal Joseph H. Harris fought in many early battles with the 9th Georgia and was killed at Antietam..................................................................$225.00

72042 - 9TH GEORGIA REGIMENT, A FELLOW SOLDIER PETRIFIED BY THE THOUGHT OF BATTLE, THE DOCTORS THINK MENTAL ILLNESS, HIS COUSIN SUSPECTS AN ATTEMPT TO GET OUT OF COMBAT, PRIVATE J. H. HARRIS, LATER KILLED AT ANTIETAM, Camp near Fairfax Station, September 22nd, 1861. Two large pages in ink by Private J. H. Harris. He relates in part to his brother and sister...Several men have been sent to the hospital, Bob Wood is not doing very well as he was out of his head a good part of the time, the Doctors said Bob was hipoe very bad, I thought he was touched with the hipoe before he left. I think Bob dreads to meet the Yanks though he is a very clever little fellow but think he is afraid to face a Yankee gun my thinking is from watching him when we were drawn in the line of battle and expected to be attacked at every minute by the enemy. We were called up about midnight and expected an attack and some of the boys said Bob cried like a child. I did not see him cry but he did act crazy as he is very excitable--keep this to yourself as Uncle Wyley would be made as a wet hen if he knew. I think what bothers Bob is that there is a certain girl in Chattanooga as if he gets in battle he may never seen her again. Frank is in Culpepper Hospital between here and Richmond. Our regiment has gone out on picket duty in sight of Alexandria and Washington City. We have a great deal of sickness in our regiment but have only lost three men to sickness and they acted very imprudent. The doctor's appraisal of Pvt. Bob Woods having "hipoe" is a term used for some sort of mental illness. In Bob's case it was the fear of being shot and never seeing his sweetheart in Chattanooga again. Very uncommon content. Good bold manuscript, light stains unaffecting the manuscript..........................................................$225.00

72044 - 9TH GEORGIA REGIMENT, PRIVATE J. H. HARRIS, LATER KILLED AT ANTIETAM, ENGLAND AND FRANCE HAVE ACKNOWLEDGED THE SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY, 2 large pages in ink, February 14th, 1862 [misdated 1861 by Harris]. He writes in part...Winter Quarters, VA...I and Thomas [his brother] are well at present, thanks for the sausage, butter, and onions received. He tells his Ma and Pa to plainly mark things so there will be no mistake on whose it is for, news came to camp that morning that England and France has acknowledged the Southern Confederacy, all the guns in the Confederate States will fire three times in the morning. There has been excitement here about affairs in Kentucky and North Carolina. I am very afraid we will be ordered to Kentucky or North Carolina before the winter is over as I would like to stay in our houses till spring. He asks his Father to get the rest of the family to write more often. Private/Corporal Joseph H. Harris fought in many early battles with the 9th Georgia and was killed at Antietam. Harris comments about England and France acknowledging the Confederacy never came to pass. The Confederate government, knowing that their internal supply structure could not provide enough foods, weapons, or goods for the war, tried to establish diplomatic relations with both England and France. European countries such as England and France relied on the southern part of the U.S. for cotton, so Confederate leaders hoped that European need for the trade good would encourage political recognition. However, neither nation recognized the Confederate government (more for political reasons than for moral ones - after all, the Confederates were a new splinter country in the midst of a war). Ultimately this contributed to the South's supply problems late in the war, and eventually, the Union victory.....................................................$225.00

72046 - 9TH GEORGIA REGIMENT, PRIVATE J. H. HARRIS, LATER KILLED AT ANTIETAM, THE PENINSULA CAMPAIGN, ACTION AT YORKTOWN THE DEFENSE OF RICHMOND, Camp near Richmond, VA, May 12th, 1862, 4 large 8" X 13" pages in ink from Pvt. J. H. Harris 9th Georgia Infantry to his brother and sister. He relates in part, We have been moving to this place so I have not had any chance to rest or anything else. We have not had the chance to wash our clothes and have had to wear dirty clothes until we cannot stand them and then throw them away and get new ones...I think the two armies will be obliged to do something soon and that is the reason we are run so much around. We may march at a moments notice, mentions that James Satterfield had the measles that set into his bowls and is in a Richmond hospital...Charley the Yankee are about 8-10 miles from us now, I think we will soon have a large fight in this part, I think that our Generals plan to make a general stand here and if that is so we will have one of the bloodies battles that has been fought. The Yankees are going to make a powerful effort to go to Richmond and our men are not going to suffer them as long as we can shoulder our muskets. My opinion is that if the Yankees attack us we will give them a powerful thrashing. There have been several Yankee prisoners taken the last two weeks and I tell you they look mean and bad. There was a regiment of Yankees that charged our boys that were on picket but our boys on seeing them coming they started to meet them but the Yankees would not stand and meet our brave boys so they took to their heels and run and our men fired on them several times and killed a good many of them...we were close enough to see the fun and you had better believe that the Yankees balls whistled over our heads and all around us while we were lying there under their fire, I WAS STRUCK WITH A SPENT BALL ON MY LEG BUT IT WAS SO FAR SPENT THAT IT DID NOT HURT MUCH AND JUST MADE A LITTLE BLACK PLACE ON MY LEG...we lay there until 10 o'clock that night until we were ordered to go into the entrenchments to relieve the regiment that was there...we expected the Yankees to attack again but they did not for fear of getting worse than they got the day before...Joe Harris [postscript] he describes their earlier trip to Yorktown from Richmond earlier...we arrived by boat, lay in the woods about 3 miles from the enemy, next day heavy cannonading from both sides, we were ordered to move within a half mile of the enemy's lines in double quick...we lay down for protection from the Yankees' shot and shell from the heavy guns, I tell you the cannon balls fell thick and heavy all around us and over Our heads, only had two men hurt from bomb shells...at 4 PM the pickets commenced heavy firing and we were ordered to go to the place of firing which was 200 yards away over a hill, there was heavy cannonading going on but we marched right through and none got hurt so we marched up 75 yards of our pickets where we are ordered to halt and fell down on the ground [the last sentence was torn away of this postscript]. Harris gives a good account of the defenses around Richmond in May 1862 during the Peninsular Campaign and relives the action he saw at Yorktown previously. Bold manuscript, well written, the last sentence in the postscript has been intentionally removed. A great deal of battle content by Harris soon to be killed at Antietam.......................................................$375.00

72046A - 9TH GEORGIA REGIMENT, PRIVATE J. H. HARRIS, LATER KILLED AT ANTIETAM, A FIGHT WITH THE YANKEES SIX MILES FROM RICHMOND, Camp near Richmond, May 28th, 1862. Two large pages in pencil to his Father and Mother, Private Harris relates in part..."We are lying hear close to the Yankees about six miles from the City of Richmond, we have to go out on picket every other night and expect an attack at any moment, there is skirmishing going on all the time along the picket line, our regiment has been two or three skirmishes that past few days. Last Saturday we were in a little skirmish that was two hundreds yards of the enemy and just a hill between our regiment and the 8th Georgia was ordered out to see where the enemy was and got right on them before we knew. It was the object of going out to draw the enemy out so we fired on them and retreated in good order about one and a half mile back towards Richmond where I think General Johnston intends to fight them, nobody in our regiment was hurt. If the Yankees do not back out I think we will have a powerful fight in a few days, men are in good spirits and closely confined to arms all the time. We have a large force here and the enemy's force is very heavy and I tell you if a fight comes off it will be a bloody fight. The Yankees have made their brags about going to Richmond. News of General Jackson giving the enemy a whipping, saw in the paper yesterday...Joe H. Harris. Harris refers to Jackson's recent victory at Front Royal, VA. The skirmishing his regiment was involved in was probably near Seven Pines. The pencil is bold on this two page 8" X 10" in spite of water stains. Excellent content.............................................................$245.00

72047 - 9TH GEORGIA REGIMENT, PRIVATE J. H. HARRIS, LATER KILLED AT ANTIETAM, HIS UNCLE JOE WAS KILLED IN THE BATTLE OF JUNE 30TH, HE INFORMS HIS FATHER OF THE DEATH OF HIS BROTHER, Camp near Richmond, VA, July 30th, 1862. 2 large pages in ink from Pvt. J. H. Harris, 9th Georgia Regiment. He relates in part, My dear Father, I have some sad news, your brother Joe is dead...he was wounded in the battle of June 30th on Monday evening. He was shot in the leg just below the knee and had his leg shivered all to pieces so they carried him off to the hospital and he died the next day. The doctors say it was not the wound that killed him altogether his death was caused by being exhausted and over heated as the day was very warm and his regiment had to march all day and fight in the evening so you know they had a hard time of it. There have been several of the connections that have been killed or wounded in the late fights before Richmond. I saw two of Uncle Sam Harris boys that came out safe. Uncle Sam Harris was at Richmond and tried to take Uncle Joe home, but could not get transportation on the rail. Uncle Tom Simmons was here and carried one of his wounded sons home. The Battle of White Oak Swamp took place on June 30, 1862 in Henrico County, Virginia as part of the Seven Days Battles (Peninsula Campaign) of the American Civil War. As the Union Army of the Potomac retreated southeast toward the James River, its rearguard under Maj. Gen. William B. Franklin stopped Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's divisions at the White Oak Bridge crossing, resulting in an artillery duel, while the main Battle of Glendale raged two miles (3 km) farther south around Frayser's Farm. White Oak Swamp is generally considered to be part of the larger Glendale engagement. Because of this resistance from Brig. Gen. William B. Franklin's VI Corps, Jackson was prevented from joining the consolidated assault on the Union Army at Glendale that had been ordered by General Robert E. Lee, producing an inconclusive result, but one in which the Union Army avoided destruction and was able to assume a strong defensive position at Malvern Hill. A GREAT LETTER ON HIS UNCLE BEING WOUNDED AT WHITE OAK SWAMP AND DYING IN A RICHMOND HOSPITAL...............................................................$295.00

72048 - 9TH GEORGIA REGIMENT, PRIVATE J. H. HARRIS, LATER KILLED AT ANTIETAM, 10 miles from Richmond, August 3rd, 1862. Two pages in ink to his sister by Corporal Joe H. Harris 9th Georgia Infantry. He relates in part...I will send some postage stamps to PA so he can divide with you and Mary so you can write to me often...tell PA I am going to buy him a book called The First Year of the War, it is a very interesting book, I will send it home by Knox, send me something good to eat, have not heard one word from Charley...tell him to write. Joe H. Harris. Harris was soon to die at Antietam on September 17th, 1862. Old water stains, quite legible................................................SOLD

72049 - 3RD GEORGIA CAVALRY, J. W. HARRIS, CAPTURED AT HOME WHILE ON LEAVE AND SENT TO CAMP CHASE, Camp Linchton, TN, February 8th, 1863. Two large pages on brown necessity paper in ink. He writes to his sister in part by J. W. Harris...Charley is not here and I have not seen him for some ten days as the brigade went out on a scout in the direction of the Cumberland River. He was well at that time. I did not go with them as I was without a horse so I am with the wagon train camped at Linchton County, TN on the road rising from Shelbyville to Huntsville, AL, but our post is at Shelbyville. We are 27 miles from the Alabama line. We have had a great deal of snow and bad weather since the Murfreesboro fight and we do not get enough 'roughness' for our horses. We have seen little fighting in this part since the Murfreesboro fight. J. W. Harris. Harris saw action with the 3rd Georgia Cav. At New Haven, Perryville, Murfreesboro, Tullahoma Campaign, Chickamauga, Chattanooga Siege, and the Knoxville Siege. He was captured at home on January 29th, 1864 and sent to Camp Chase via Knoxville. Well written....................$200.00

72050 - THE OPERATIONAL LICENSE FOR THE STEAMBOAT ERA #5 THAT WENT INTO CONFEDERATE SERVICE IN 1861, 12" X 20" pre-printed and filled in initial license for the Steamboat Era #5 that went into Confederate service in 1861. Built in Pittsburgh in 1860 this license is dated August 29th, 1861. The Captain was Captain Noah Scovell and ran the Red River - New Orleans route. The steamboat was in Confederate service until captured by the Queen of the West February 11th, 1863 near Atchafalaya on the Red River. Thus this was the only license that was ever listed for the ship as it was soon lost soon after. Her weight was 115 ton. Printed on blue paper with a nice vignette of a side wheel steamboat, fresh paper...............................................................SOLD

8050 - CONFEDERATE GENERAL W. A. QUARLES, ALS AS COLONEL REGARDING A TELEGRAM FROM GENERAL HARDEE TO GENERAL CLARK REGARDING RELIEVING A SURGEON OF HIS DUTIES OF THE HOSPITAL AT CLARKSVILLE, TN, Dated Clarksville, [Tenn.] 29th [November or December 1861] as the 42nd Tenn. was formed in November 1861 at Camp Cheatham with this letter being one of Quarles' first orders as Post Commander. The 42nd Tenn. was attached to Clark's Brigade, Army of Kentucky until February 1862. Later it was attached to Maxey's Brigade and in November 1863 it became known as Quarles thus making any other year out of the question. Quarles memos the telegram from Hardee to Clark regarding relieving Dr. Lyle from his duties at the post hospital and replacing him with Dr. Lawrence and states, "I have communicated this order to Dr. Lye W. A. Quarles Commanding Post." Lyle is instructed to go to Hopkinsville [KY]. At this time Quarles was a Colonel and Post Commander under Clark. Hardee was in Bowling Green when he sent the telegram to Clark. Dr. William D. Lyle was known as "Big Medicine". Lyle was appointed Surgeon in May 1861 from Mississippi and in September 1862 appointed Surgeon in the PACS and assigned to Corinth. He was present at Shiloh and made a report of the causalities of the 1st Corps, Army of the Mississippi. He was later assigned to Ft. Smith, Arkansas and later to Jackson, MS. Later he was appointed Inspector of Hospitals of General Johnston's Command. Quarles signs the letter as "Commanding Post." He was captured twice and severely wounded at Franklin, TN. Very fine condition...............SOLD

8052 - GENERAL CHEATHAM IS ORDERED TO REPORT TO GENERAL PILLOW REPLACING GENERAL ZOLLINCOFFER WHO HAD BEEN DISPATCHED TO KENTUCKY, Confederate Telegram, 5" X 7", South Western Telegraph, CO., May 16th, 1861, by telegraph from Nashville, TN to Maj. General Pillow. "General Cheatham will report to your headquarters tomorrow. General Zollincoffer has been assigned special duty by the Governor. Major Hieman appointed AAG assigned duty in General Foster's staff ordered to the encampment in Robertson County but our regiment full organized in consequence of change of encampment others will be formed in a day or two. We have but 2,500 stand of arms all told, make no requisition for men or arms until you hear from me by letter. S. R. Anderson Maj. Gen. by G. P. Smith AID. An interesting early war Tennessee telegram while regiments were being formed and arms in short supply. General Robert Foster [Tennessee State Troops] was ordered to what would become Camp Cheatham in Robertson County. Foster trained over 5000 troops at camps which he established. The Major Heiman was Major Adolphus Heiman who would soon become Lt. Colonel of the 10th Tenn. Fort Henry. Very fine.........................................................SOLD

8053 - TENNESSEE GOVERNOR ISHAM G. HARRIS ATTEMPTS TO MUSTER PROVISIONAL ARMY OF TENNESSEE SOLDIERS INTO THE CONFEDERATE ARMY ONE MONTH BEFORE THE STATE SECEDED, Confederate Telegraph, 5" X 7", South - Western Telegraph Company, May 25th, 1861 to Memphis, TN from Governor Harris at Nashville. Governor Harris states to Pillow, "If there should be any difficulty as to mustering any of our regiments into the service of the Confederate States they can for that purpose be honorably discharged from the service of the state. I send you by the 4 o'clock train Lt. McCall of Confederate Army to muster them in, Isham G. Harris." Pillow had been appointed Major General of the Provisional Army of Tennessee on May 9th, 1861. Harris wanted to state troops to join the Confederate Army and jumped the gun as Tennessee did not declare its independence until June 18th, 1861. Thus Lt. McCall made an unnecessary trip as the Tennessee troops could not join the Confederate Army until the state seceded from the Union. It should be noted that Pillow dropped a rank to Brig. General and lost his command position when Tennessee joined the Confederacy. An important early war Tennessee military telegram. Fine..................................................................SOLD

8054 - 154TH TENNESSEE INFANTRY TRIES TO CONTROL THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER IN JUNE 1861 RELATES TO A ROGUE STEAMBOAT CAPTAIN, Confederate Telegram, South - Western Telegraph CO., 5" X 7", from Randolph, TN to General Pillow by Preston Smith, Colonel of the 154th Tennessee, June 21st, 1861. He relates to General Pillow, "Steamboat Conway passed this post yesterday evening and refused to stop long enough for the Sergeant of the guard to go aboard. There were a large number of people aboard on her and in the discharge of his duties the officer wished to go aboard the boat having barely touched the shore and left without him being able to do so. A shot was fired at her from the lower battery but pass in disregard of it and was out of reach before another gun could be brought to bear on her. The Captain of this boat does not willingly obverse the orders to stop at this post and complains at the orders stopping boats here. I suppose that this boat will be ready to leave Memphis in the morning. Preston Smith, Colonel 154th Tenn. Commanding River Brigade." The 154th Tenn. was attempting to control river traffic on its portion of the Mississippi River to prevent contraband and Union sympathizers from leaving the Confederacy. The Steamboat Conway, operating out of Arkansas, failed to adhere for Tennessee's demands for search. Within a few days after the Battle of Belmont, General M. Jeff Thompson was counting on the Conway to get him behind the enemy lines to create a diversion. The Conway failed to appear and Thompson was forced to cancel his plan. Smith was later wounded at Shiloh, later Brig General, later killed at Chickamauga. Very fine..................................................................SOLD

8055 - COLONEL LATER GENERAL T. C. HINDMAN WANTS TO KNOW WHERE TO STATION HIS TROOPS, Confederate Telegram, 5" X 7" October 12th, 1861, South - Western Telegraph CO., to General Pillow. "I have just arrived from McCulloch's camp under orders to report my command - can you inform me where I should go in order to get with Hardee. Answer...T. C. Hindman, Col. C.S.A. By the time of this telegraph Albert Sidney Johnston had become the Commander of the Western Army. He had begun to establish a defensive line to guard the Tennessee and Mississippi Rivers. Union troops movements had alerted General Polk who commanded the Confederate forces at Columbus. General Polk who commanded the Confederate forces at Columbus. General Polk had sent 4 regiments under General Pillow to reinforce Belmont, Missouri. Colonel Hindman was inquiring of General Pillow where to station his troops - near Belmont or move to another point on the defensive line with General Hardee. Some light age tone at edge at top, otherwise very good.......................................................................$125.00

8056 - ALBERT SIDNEY JOHNSTON REVOKES THE ORDER FOR PILLOW TO MOVE TO STRENGTHEN THE CONFEDERATE LINE AT COLUMBUS, KY, Confederate Telegram, 5" X 7", South - Western Telegraph CO., addressed to General Polk at Columbus, KY, November 15th, 1861 from Bowling Green, KY by William W. Mackall AAG to General Albert Sidney Johnston. He relates to Polk, "Retain general Pillow's command at Columbus, Genl Johnston revokes the order for his movement on Clarksville and send at once a return of your troops by regiments and independent companies. W. W. Makall, AA Genl." Eight days after the Battle of Belmont, Missouri finds that General Pillow has returned to Columbus, KY after his poor performance during the battle. General Polk, commanding the Confederate forces at Columbus orders General Pillow to Clarksville, TN to lengthen the Confederate defensive line. Johnston revoked the order in order to maintain the Confederate strength at Columbus. Very fine..........................................................$150.00

8057 - GOVERNOR HARRIS OF TENNESSEE INFORMS GENERAL PILLOW THAT 10,000 ENFIELD RIFLES HAVE BEEN SHIPPED TO HIM, Confederate Telegram, South - Western Telegraph CO., addressed to General G. J. Pillow from Governor Isham Harris at Nashville, November 24th, 1861. He relates to Pillow, "Ten thousand Enfield rifles shipped to you for the regiments named, let the companies go to general rendezvous at Memphis or Jackson as soon as organized into regiments and arrived. I will subject them to your order. Isham H. Harris." Before the Confederate State Government could supply the troops local state governments, out of necessity, had to supply their volunteers. Acquiring rifles to replace shotguns, squirrel guns, and flintlocks was a difficult task. Fine................................$145.00

8058 - 39TH TENNESSEE INFANTRY, OFFICER WANTS TO KNOW WHERE TO REPORT, Confederate Telegraph, 5" X 7", December 3rd, 1861, from Fort Pillow to Columbus, KY, to Colonel W. F. Avery, care of General Pillow. This telegram concerns the organization of the 39th Tennessee Infantry [also called the 4th Confederate Infantry]. Colonel W. T. Avery had been given the command of the regiment but its organization not completed. It was ordered to Fort Pillow but General W. H. Carroll complained to the Secretary of War that this regiment belonged to his command and should not report to Fort Pillow. Captain Joseph Barbiere of CO. A is attempting to ascertain where to report especially with Captain John Farrabee of CO. H having left for Fort Pillow. Fine...............................................$100.00

8059 - GENERAL CHEATHAM WILL SEND GENERAL HILL'S 35TH REGIMENT INSTEAD OF PRESTON SMITH'S 154TH TENNESSEE, Confederate Telegram, 5" X 7", South - Western Telegraph CO. from Hickman, KY to General Pillow, "I have everything on guard & will be off in a half hour. Chann has left. I will send Hill for Smith, Cheatham." By the end of November 1861, there was heavy skirmishing almost every day along the Confederate defensive line from Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River to Fishing Creek in East Tennessee. General Pillow was moving troops to strengthen his defensive line. General Pillow previously ordered General Cheatham to send a regiment to a certain destination. Now General Cheatham is notifying General Pillow that he is sending Benjamin Hill's 35th Tennessee Infantry instead of Preston Smith's 154th Tennessee Infantry. Very fine.............................................................................$125.00

8060 - DIFFICULTY IN GETTING CREWS FOR MILITARY TRANSPORTS AND COAL ON THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER, Confederate Telegraph, 5" X 7", December 4th, 1861, South - Western Telegraph CO., from Memphis, TN to Columbus, KY to General Pillow from Captain John Adams, CSA commanding. He relates, "A boat was sent three days since to you Manassas said boat is disabled another boat is steaming up to go up to President's bar 35 miles below where Manassas is, two boats have started for Columbus have gone to Napoleon for coal great difficulty in getting crew for Columbus hope to send boats to you today with all the coal that can be got in Memphis. John Adams Capt. CSA, Comdg." The State of Tennessee endeavored to guard against invasion by way of the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers. To do so, they established a line of defense [about 300 miles long from Southeastern Kentucky to Bowling Green, to Fort Henry and Donelson, to Columbus, KY. The Union had already initiated movement along this line which included the Battle of Belmont. In December 1861, the movement was continuing which the Confederates had to counter. To do this they needed supplies carried by riverboats, the riverboats and other small vessels needed coal which had to come from either Nashville or Memphis. The telegram mentions that all the coal available in Memphis had been sent to General Pillow in Columbus. To further complicate the situation, the Confederate Navy was recruiting sailors for the fleet which was to defend Nashville and Memphis. Therefore, it was difficult to find sailors for the riverboat transports. Very fine............................................$145.00

8061 - ONE OF THE IMMORTAL 600, CAPTAIN GEORGE W. NELSON, TESTIFIES THAT 25,000 PISTOL CAPS WERE STOLEN BY NEGRO TEAMSTERS, March 25th, 1863, 8" X 10", ALS by Captain George W. Nelson, Captain & AIG on General Pendleton's Corps, Voucher #24, detailing the loss of 25,000 pistol caps which were found in the possession of Negro teamsters. Nelson concludes that no blame should be attached to the officer in charge as no guard is allowed to the ordnance train and every effort was used to recover the caps. The caps were found in the quarters of Negro teamsters but not all the caps were found. Nelson was on Pendleton's Staff, captured at Millwood, VA, October 26th, 1863, sent to Fort Delaware and became one of the "Immortal 600." He was released on June 12th, 1865 and took the oath. In 1864, the Confederate Army imprisoned 50 Union Army officers as human shields against federal artillery in the city of Charleston in an attempt to stop Union artillery from firing upon civilians in the city. In retaliation, United States Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton ordered 600 captured Confederate officers to be taken to Morris Island, South Carolina at the entrance to Charleston Harbor and used as human shields for 45 days in an attempt to silence the Confederate gunners manning Fort Sumter. These men became known in the South as the Immortal Six Hundred. At one point, General Foster planned an exchange of the 600 but it was stopped by General Grant who had previously terminated all prisoner of war exchanges and wrote, "in no circumstances will he be allowed to make exchanges of prisoners of war." Three died from subsistence on starvation rations issued as retaliation for the conditions found by the Union at Andersonville, Georgia and Salisbury, North Carolina prisons. Upon an outbreak of yellow fever in Charleston, the Union officers were removed from the city limits, and in response the Union army then transferred the Immortal Six Hundred to Fort Pulaski just outside of Savannah, Georgia. There they were crowded into the fort's cold, damp casemates. For 42 days, a "retaliation ration" of 10 ounces of moldy cornmeal and half a pint of soured onion pickles was the only food issued to the prisoners. The starving men were reduced to supplementing their rations with the occasional rat or stray cat. Thirteen men died there of preventable diseases such as dysentery and scurvy. At Fort Pulaski, the prisoners organized "The Relief Association of Fort Pulaski for Aid and Relief of the Sick and Less Fortunate Prisoners" on December 13, 1864. Col. Abram Fulkerson of the 63rd Tennessee Infantry Regiment was elected president. Out of their sparse funds, the prisoners collected and expended eleven dollars, according to a report filed by Fulkerson on December 28, 1864. Five later died at Hilton Head Island, South Carolina. The remaining prisoners were returned to Fort Delaware on March 12, 1865, where an additional twenty-five died. Very fine....................................$395.00

8062 - ONE OF MORGAN'S RAIDERS DIED DURING A CHARGE, July 2nd, 1864, Corbin's Guerillas, Private James Wilson, Company B, 2nd Kentucky Battalion Cavalry. Two page letter in ink to the father of Private James Minter detailing the death of his son in the 2nd Battle of Mount Sterling and expressing admiration of the character of Minter. He relates in part, "He fell while pressing forward in a charge and his body fell in the hands of the enemy and though he came to us as a stranger, he easily gained the love of all his company and all that knew him. He was kind and generous. The generosity of his heart was always greater than his ability to meet its demands, he was pious."  It is believed that Private Minter was an exchanged prisoner who was sent to Decatur, Georgia hospital where he joined the 2nd Kentucky commanded by John B. Dortch. The same can be said for Private Wilson who had been captured at the 1st Battle of Mount Sterling, Imprisoned at Johnson's Island and sent to Vicksburg for exchange on November 22, 1864. The letter is signed John W. Wilson, CO. B, 2nd Kentucky Battalion, Gen. Morgan's Command. The letter 5" X 7" is written on blue paper, some fissures at folds, and light in some spots but quite legible. The letter comes with Confederate service records of both soldiers in Morgan's command.......................................................SOLD

8063 - 51ST GEORGIA TROOPS INVOLVED IN A TRAIN WRECK, Lynchburg, Infantry to his father describing the train wreck that 8 members of Company I of the 51st Georgia were recently involved in. He relates in part, "I and the company are in the city of Lynchburg this morning but a sad accident happened to us yesterday. The train ran off the track yesterday 78 miles west of this place. The front car was thrown perpendicular off the track, making a Perfect smash of it and the second car. Sergt. A. J. White's thigh was broken, Sgt. J. W. Fulwood's left leg was broken, old Joe Mann's right leg was broken, Sgt. John Lindsey was seriously wounded. The doctor's think he will not recover. Three others [named] also were slightly injured. None were killed and but strange to say only members of our company. I was not hurt. The injured were left in four miles of White Sulphur Springs, Montgomery County, VA and at the residence of Mr. Jo Anderson. We are on the way to Charlottesville, VA." The 51st Georgia was very active from Second Manassas to Gettysburg, later Knoxville, and finally Cold Harbor, the Wilderness, and Spotsylvania. At this writing, the regiment was heading east towards fighting in those later mentioned battles. Webb was killed in action in June of 1864 at Cold Harbor. The letter comes with biographies of all the mentioned injured soldiers. Many were captured at later dates. Letter is accompanied by a nice archive of research material.....................................................$295.00

30700 - GENERAL RUGGLES ORDERS THE RAILS BE TORN UP AND THE COTTON BURNED IN THE ADVANCE OF THE YANKEES IN MISSISSIPPI, EDMONDSON LATER COMMANDED A REGIMENT UNDER FORREST, June 15th, 1862, 4 pages in bold pencil to General Daniel Ruggles in Grenada, MS by Captain James H. Edmondson of the 154th Tennessee in Hernando, MS. Edmondson writes in part, "Your orders have been received...I do not fully understand your order to tear up railroad above this point...if it is your wish that the iron be taken a group of Negroes from the Plantations to do the work...if only if you wish only the trestles and bridges burned I can have this done by my own resources...the Depot will be destroyed today...With regard to burning cotton I have been doing all I could but the order you sent me embraces a very extensive area of the country and will require an additional force of fifty to one hundred Cavalry...I have information again from Memphis...the force of the enemy is being increased daily as they now have a great many cavalry...J. H. Edmondson, Captain CSA." Edmondson served as Captain in the Bluff City Grays in the 154th Tennessee Infantry, AIG to Colonel Preston Smith, the 3rd Tennessee Cavalry. Edmondson became Colonel of the 11th Tennessee Cavalry under Forrest in February 1863. This regiment was formed by order of Brigadier General N. B. Forrest over the bitter protest of the company officers of both Holman's and Douglass's Battalions because they were not allowed to elect their own field officers. General Forrest appointed James H. Edmondson as colonel and Daniel W. Holman as lieutenant colonel. The regiment took an active part in the conflicts at Brentwood and Chickamauga, then was involved in the Atlanta Campaign and Hood's operations in Tennessee. During January, 1865, it was consolidated with the 10th Tennessee Cavalry Regiment and in May contained 30 officers and 280 men. Serving in Alabama, it surrendered with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana. On May 30th, Confederate forces under Beauregard had headed South from Corinth, the Confederates had deserted Fort Pillow on June 5th, Memphis fell on June 6th. Federal troops had landed and began building up a force there. Ruggles in command in Mississippi was trying to disrupt the entry of Federal forces south from Memphis and destroy cotton before it fell into Union hands. Edmondson served until the end of  the War. A well written letter to Ruggles by a future commander under Forrest, fine...........................................................................$395.00

1239 - 1860 CONFEDERATE ELECTION BALLOT FOR JEFFERSON DAVIS AND ALEXANDER STEPHENS, FOR PRESIDENT JEFFERSON DAVIS OF MISSISSIPPI AND ALEX H. STEPHENS OF GEORGIA, VIRGINIA ELECTORAL TICKET. 3.75" X 5", light gray paper, also lists all the District electors. This ballot was actually used as it is signed on the verso by Thomas J. Hallen. Davis was elected for a six year term in 1860 in accordance with the Confederate Constitution, near mint condition.....................................................$550.00

1241 - APPOMATTOX PAROLE, ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA, 3" X 7", pre-printed parole on blue lined paper for Private Albert Ship, Company F, 13th Virginia Infantry. Ship's Captain Conway Newman signs the Parole as his commanding officer. Ship enlisted in the 13th VA. in October 1864. The Virginia 13th Infantry Regiment completed its organization during the summer of 1861 with men from Winchester and Culpepper, Orange, Louisa, and Hampshire counties. After fighting at First Manassas and in Jackson's Valley Campaign, the 13th was prominent in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, and then it moved with Early to the Shenandoah Valley and later was involved in the Appomattox operations. It reported 16 casualties at Cross Keys and Port Republic, 111 at Gaines' Mill, 34 at Cedar Mountain, 46 at Second Manassas, 22 at Fredericksburg, and 36 at Chancellorsville. During the Gettysburg Campaign it was left at Winchester as provost guard. The unit sustained heavy losses at Cedar Creek and surrendered with 10 officers and 52 men. Ship's Parole is accompanied by a CDV of him in civilian clothes taken probably before his enlistment as well as his funeral card printed in gold on black cardstock commemorating his death in 1916 at age 74. It is interesting that all Confederate records show his name spelling as "Ship" while the funeral card shows "Shipp". These Paroles were carried on the person in route home and had to be shown to guards along the way thus most of the Appomattox parole are in poor condition with many missing parts of the parole [the paper quality used was poor and easily damaged by folding]. This example is completely intact with a small wear spot in one fold, light age tone at fold, trifle repair on verso. Parole, CDV, funeral card.............................................................SOLD

11143 - HE WAS LATER TO DIE AT GETTYSBURG, WANTS TO HELP DRIVE THE YANKS OUT OF NEWBERN, 2ND NORTH CAROLINA INFANTRY, 2 pages in bold pencil, Camp McIntoch, NC, April 2nd, 1862 by Furnifold H. Heritage, Lt. 2nd NC Infantry. He relates in part to his Brother...I am glad to hear from you. Robert is in camp and I will read a few things from him. I have not been very well with a cold and my arm is sore from being vaccinated. We had a general review yesterday and showed very well. We had between 6000 and 7000 on hand. When General Holmes passed the Elm City Camp, he told them He would carry them home before long. I judge that Newbern will be attacked before long. I am ready and willing to march at any time to march there and drive the Yankee out. I hope that none of your Negroes will leave you. I want to write home but do not know where to direct them. I hope that General Holmes will carry us down to Newbern. F. Heritage. Heritage was later a POW at Chancellorsville [5/3/63] and paroled from the Old capital prison at Washington. He was killed in battle at Gettysburg on July 1st, 1863............................................................$250.00

11144 - BRECKENRIDGE AT HIS STAUNTON HEADQUARTERS PREPARES FOR THE BATTLE OF NEW MARKET, Headquarters, Valley District, Staunton, VA, 8" X 10", 1 page in ink, May 10th, 1864, Special Orders #3 by Command of General Breckenridge to Lt. Colonel J. Lyle Clark of the 30th VA Battalion Sharpshooters, written for Colonel J. Stoddard Johnston, Breckenridge's AAG. The order details that "Wharton's Brigade will camp on Winchester Road two miles from Staunton. The men are to be kept closely in camp ready to move at a moment's notice. Guards to be deployed at the gates of the enclosures to prevent stock from getting out. The strictest care will be taken to avoid fencing to be destroyed which officers will be held accountable." The Battle of New Market was a battle fought on May 15, 1864 in Virginia during Valley Campaigns of 1864 in the American Civil War. Cadets from the Virginia Military Institute (WMI) fought alongside the Confederate Army and forced Union General Franz Sigel and his army out of the Shenandoah Valley. May 10th is the same day Breckenridge sent word to VMI that their Cadets may be needed to assist him in the upcoming battle. The 30th VA Sharpshooters were a significant force in the victory at New Market driving the enemy back..........................................................$225.00

8050 - JEFFERSON DAVIS' ORDER CONDEMNING GENERAL BENJAMIN BUTLER AS A COMMON OUTLAW AND SUBJECT FOR EXECUTION WHEN CAPTURED, General Order #111, Richmond, VA, December 24th, 1862. 5 pages printed and string bound outlining the sequence of events regarding the execution of William Mumford in New Orleans for tearing down the US Flag from the old US mint after the surrender of the City to General Butler's forces. Davis goes into great detail on correspondence between Union and Confederate commanders regarding Mumford's execution. Davis describes Butler as a felon deserving of execution, as well as officers serving under him. Many more details showing Davis' contempt for Butler, signed in print by Davis. This is the first example of this rare Confederate order we have ever handled. Fine.....................................................SOLD


On April 25, 1862, as Union Navy ships approached Confederate New Orleans, Commander David Farragut ordered two officers to send a message to Mayor John T. Monroe requesting removal of Confederate flags from the local customhouse, mint, and city hall and the placement of U.S. flags. Monroe refused, claiming it was beyond his jurisdiction. On April 26, Captain Henry W. Morris sent ashore Marines from the USS Pocahontas to raise the U.S. flag over the mint. Morris did so without any order from Farragut, who was still trying to receive an official surrender from the mayor. As the marines raised the flag, a number of locals gathered around in anger and the marines told the population the Pocahontas would fire on anyone attempting to remove the flag. However, a group of seven individuals, including Mumford, decided to remove the flag from the mint. The Pocahontas fired and Mumford was injured by a flying piece of brick. With cheers from local onlookers, Mumford carried the flag to the mayor at city hall, but onlookers tore at it as he walked, reducing it to stub. Three days later Union Army Major General Benjamin Butler, the commander of the Union ground forces, heard about the incident and decided to arrest and punish Mumford. When the Union Army occupied the city on May 1, Mumford was arrested and charged with "high crimes and misdemeanors against the laws of the United States, and the peace and dignity thereof and the Law Martial." On May 30, he was tried before a military tribunal and was convicted even though there was no clear attempt to determine whether the city was actually occupied when the event occurred. On June 5, Butler issued the following Special Order No. 70:     William B. Mumford, a citizen of New Orleans, having been convicted before a military commission of treason and an overt act thereof, tearing down the United States flag from a public building of the United States, after said flag was placed there by Commander Farragut, of the United States Navy. It is ordered that he be executed according to sentence of said military commission on Saturday, June 7, inst., between the hours of 8 a.m. and 12 a.m. under the directions of the provost-marshal of the District of New Orleans, and for so doing this shall be his sufficient warrant. On June 7, a little before noon, Mumford was taken to be hanged in the courtyard of the mint itself; a place that Butler had decided "according to the Spanish custom" would be the ideal place. Many people came to the spot, and Mumford was allowed to give a final speech in which he spoke of his patriotism for the Confederacy and his love for what he considered the true meaning of the U.S. flag, a symbol he had fought under in the Seminole and Mexican-American wars. After he was hanged, on June 18, Confederate Governor of Louisiana Thomas Overton Moore issued a statement declaring Mumford a hero and a model. Robert E. Lee demanded that Union General- in-Chief Henry Wager Halleck explain how execution could have occurred for a crime committed before New Orleans was occupied. Confederate President Jefferson Davis issued a proclamation stating Benjamin Butler should be considered a criminal and worthy of hanging. However, later on, Butler assisted Mumford's wife and helped her find a job in Washington.

7080 - WE HAVE JUST ARRIVED AT HARPERS FERRY, THE ABOLITIONISTS WILL NOT BE ABLE TO TAKE IT, May 22nd, 1861, Harpers Ferry, VA. 1 large page in ink to Mr. Caldwell from Lt. Samuel A. Campbell, Company I, 2nd Mississippi Infantry, "Cherry Creek Rifles". He relates in part...We have just arrived at Harpers Ferry, it is impregnable and can't be taken by the abolitionists, the mountains are alive with men, many became sick and were left along the road, Ben [Ben Caldwell] is well, he says he does not want to come home until this is settled as his heart is in Mississippi, send regards to all at home...S.A. Campbell. Colonel Faulkner writes in a report in June, "The measles and mumps have been among my men for two months, but now the regiment is fast improving and in ten days will be all right again. We have 200 convalescents, who will report for duty in a few days." A well written very early Mississippi war letter from one of the first units in Virginia from the Deep South.............................................................................$195.00

7082 - 2ND MISSISSIPPI CAVALRY, ON PICKET NEAR OKOLONA, MS, Okolona, MS, July 19th, 1862. 2 large pages in bold pencil to his wife Sallie from Sergt. B. J. Caldwell, Company G, [Pontotoc Rangers] 2nd Mississippi Cavalry. He regrets that he could have not written sooner but he had heard that there would be no mail. If there will be no mail, I will send letters by hand...he must stop writing as there is a terrible thunderstorm going on with rain and thunder...he notes the rain has stopped and he will continue writing...we are still in our old camp and are on guard duty every third day and night, tells his wife how to secure the wheat crop, mentions that his friend Billy's regiment was moving to Gainesville in Alabama, more personal notes, 'your husband until death' B. J. Caldwell. In July 1862, when the main Confederate army was moving to Chattanooga, the Union troops occupying Corinth and neighboring posts, with frequent raids through Northern Mississippi, Col. Frank C. Armstrong was assigned to command of all the cavalry attached to the army of Gen. Sterling Price, headquarters at Priceville, MS. Armstrong organized a brigade at Guntown in August. Written before the 2nd Miss Cavalry moved on into Tennessee....................$175.00

7083 - THE 2ND MISSISSIPPI CAVALRY ABOUT TO MOVE INTO TENNESSEE, Guntown, MS, August 21st, 1862. 2 page letter in pencil to his wife Sallie by Sergt. B. J. Caldwell, Company G, [Pontotoc Rangers] 2nd Mississippi Cavalry. He relates to his wife in part...We have orders to leave here at 3 o'clock and I do not know when I will have a chance to send another letter, do not know where we are going except it is a two day scout...we may very well find some Yankees as I think we are on the right track but I will not get hurt...I expect to send this letter with whomever comes with Gots wagon, write every chance  you can, the boys are well, your husband until death...B . J. Caldwell. Armstrong and W. H. Jackson raided into Tennessee in August and were in battle at Bolivar August 30, and at Britton's lane near Denmark, September 1. Gordon's Regiment accompanied the brigade to Iuka in advance of Price, drove in the Federal pickets September 13. The 2nd Mississippi Cavalry were among those units under Armstrong...................................$185.00

7088 - HE IS SENDING TWO BOOKS TO HIS CHILDREN THAT HE GOT FROM A YANKEE, WILL SEND A YANKEE LIKENESS, April 10th, 1863, camp near Spring Hill, TN. Two pages in pencil to his wife Sally from Sergt. B. J. Caldwell, 2nd Mississippi Cavalry. He relates in part...mentions two camp mates who are sick but they are not dangerous at present. Am tired of Tennessee and wants to return to Mississippi, they have orders to cook two days rations and it is said that we will leave at 10 o'clock so I can't write much, I have a book apiece for Sammy and his sister that I got from a Yankee. I want to send them if I can but they must take care of them until they can read. I will also send them a Yankee likeness. I did not get much more than a pipe full of the tobacco you sent...must run and stop writing, your affectionate husband until death, B. J. Caldwell........................................$145.00

7089 - WE ARE PREPARING TO MOVE AT A MOMENT'S NOTICE, THE COLONEL SAYS THE YANKS ARE BACK DOWN IN OUR COUNTRY, April 22nd, 1863 [un datelined but near Spring Hill, TN]. Two large pages in bold pencil by Sergt. B. J. Caldwell Company G, [Pontotoc Rangers] 2nd Mississippi Cavalry to his wife Sally. He relates in part...he is anxious to know how she came out after contracting the mumps, tells his wife to pay Martin three dollars, he is well supplied with clothing, may need another shirt in a month or two, April 23rd...we have not had any fighting but have been given orders to keep three days rations of bread cooked and be ready to march at any time, we continue to drill around here, Colonel Mack told us that the Yankees are again in our country, makes me more and more wanting to come home to Mississippi but I can see no change in coming back, all I can do is trust in providence. B. J. Caldwell. Another newsy letter home by Caldwell..............................$145.00

7090 - THE DEATH OF GENERAL VAN DORN BY A JEALOUS HUSBAND IN TENNESSEE, FIGHTING THE YANKS SOUTH OF NASHVILLE, May 9th, 1863, Camp near Spring Hill, TN. 2 pages in bold pencil to his wife Sally by Sergt. B. J. Caldwell Company G, [Pontotoc Rangers] 2nd Mississippi Cavalry, with a hand-carried cover addressed to his wife. Two large pages in pencil. He relates in part...all the boys in camp are well and the talk of small pox is dying away...GENERAL VAN DORN WAS KILLED THE DAY BEFORE YESTERDAY BY A MAN BY THE NAME OF PETERS...[DR GEORGE PETERS], HE SHOT HIM FOR BEING TOO INTIMATE WITH HIS WIFE. HE GOT VAN DORN TO GIVE HIM A PASS TO NASHVILLE JUST BEFORE HE SHOT HIM...AS SOON AS HE SHOT HIM HE RAN OFF AND I SUSPECT HE IS ON THE WAY TO THE YANKS...We have not had any fighting with the Yanks since the Captain left the other day only a little round we had when we were sent out on picket...they got around us a nighttime and got in on us in the morning between daylight and sunup and we were scattered for several miles with only one company in place we could not get together so we had to do some running to get out and about 15 of us got cut off. Lt. Smith was with us, he halted us and we fired into them and checked them so we went around apiece and fired at them again and went on. I do not know if we killed any of them or not. The Citizens said that the Yanks carried off seven killed or wounded. We were about 120 yards from them when we fired. We went on to our regiment and got together and went back to our post again. The Yanks then went back. We had two killed in our regiment and one or two wounded and 6 - 7 missing. Two of our men were missing, John Gogans and Jim Clanton, I recon they were taken prisoner. I am sorry to hear that the Yankees are in our country. We have hired a man named Davis to carry letters for us. We have drawn wages but have no chance to sent it home yet. Davis will not start until morning so I will not close my letter...SALLY IN TEARING OFF THIS LETTER  I HAVE TORN OFF SOME OF THE WRITING. I WILL PUT IN THE PIECE SO YOU CAN PUT TOGETHER...[B. J. Caldwell]. Caldwell does end the letter abruptly writing upside down at the top about the tearing the paper but there are only several letters missing at the edge along one side which does not impair the reading significantly so in effect he did close the letter with his postscript. In several of his letters he does not sign it but seems to leave the letter open with the intent of adding content which he does not do. The hand-carried cover to his wife is included. The small sliver he refers to is not included however but as mentioned only letters of some words are impaired. The death of General Van Dorn. In addition to his military prowess (which was a mixed bag), Van Dorn was renowned for a number of other talents, including horsemanship, poetry, painting, and especially womanizing. His reputation for the latter was particularly infamous, and ultimately proved fatal. He carried on an affair with Jessie McKissack Peters, of Maury County, Tennessee, the wife of Dr. James Bodie Peters. On May 7, 1863, the cuckolded Dr. Peters gained access to Van Dorn's headquarters at Spring Hill, TN, and shot Van Dorn to death. Peters was never punished for his actions and it was deemed justified by most. VERY RARE CONTENT.................SOLD

7091 - 2ND MISSISSIPPI CAVALRY ON PICKET BETWEEN SPRING HILL AND FRANKLIN, TENNESSEE, BOYS ARE LEAVING AT NIGHT, THE OWLS ARE TAKING THEM OFF, May 17th, 1863. Two large pages in bold pencil to his wife Sally by Sergt. B. J. Caldwell Company G, [Pontotoc Rangers] 2nd Mississippi Cavalry. We are on picket, Lt. Gambrel is coming home after resigning which leaves us with only one officer. We are very anxious to come home to Mississippi, the boys are leaving the regiment every few nights, and the boys say that "the owls are taking them off". [a term used for describing men deserting in the night]. They have just caught 2 or 3 or out company yet, we have little fighting as the pickets are in sight of one another. Old General Armstrong is married now [General Frank Armstrong]. He is tired of Tennessee, loved the land being a great place for milk and butter he ever saw...but little falls to them as milk costs 2 - 4 bits a canteen, flour is 25 cents a pound, biscuits are $1 a dozen...time to go on another relief [picket], May 18th he continues, we just received orders to cook two days rations and a march is at hand, some think we  will be back to Mississippi or Kentucky. Caldwell as he does in many letters, end the letter with out signing and in this case in the middle of a line. Comes with a hand-carried cover home addressed to his wife. From Tennessee the cavalry made a rapid march to the Big Black River. In the absence of Van Dorn, Grierson had raided through the state and Grant had landed at Bruinsburg, marched to Jackson and surrounded Vicksburg. Van Dorn had been killed in Tennessee and Gen. W. H. Jackson was in command of cavalry. The regiment was listed Fourth Mississippi, Col. James Gordon, in Cosby's Brigade with Pinson, Starke and Ballentine's Regiments. Jackson's Division, June, 1863. Companies A and E (Love's squadron) with John Adam's command near Yazoo City, June 1863.............................$200.00

7092 - CAMP OF THE 22ND MISSISSIPPI INFANTRY NEWTON STATION, MS, August 15th, 1863, Newton Station [Miss]. 4 pages in ink from M. L. Pounce to his sister Sally Caldwell. He relates in part...I am still in the old infantry, the officers say we will be back, he has shed tears over the troubles at home, asks if she received money for his horse [that he had sold], mentions that John is in Forney's Brigade, he hears no talk of any fight, mentions that flower is 50 cents a pound, they draw a little flour and bacon every once in a while...he had a dinner of beef liver and heart, stirred with cornbread and peaches, mentions that Mt. Golding is the Sutler. M. L. Pounce. The 22nd Mississippi had just escaped from Vicksburg heading eastward away from Union forces. Well written..............................$165.00

7093 - HAD THE PRIVILEGE OF SEEING THREE MEN BAPTIZED THE OTHER NIGHT, B. J. CALDWELL, 2ND MISSISSIPPI CAVALRY BEING ASSIGNED TO THE 22ND MISSISSIPPI INFANTRY, Mississippi camp near Newton, [Miss], August 3rd, 1863. 4 pages in ink to his wife Sally by Sergt. B. J. Caldwell 2nd Mississippi Cavalry now with the 22nd Mississippi Infantry. He relates in part...We are still here with the 22nd Regiment I had suspected that we would go back to our old company [2nd Miss. Cav], I have been surprised that I had received a letter from you but I supposed you thought I was still with my old company. They have a meeting every night in camp [religious service], there have been two or three "professions" [professions of religious faith]. I had the pleasure of seeing three men baptized last Sunday; it was the prettiest sight I had seen since I left home. B. J. Caldwell. The 22nd moved away from Vicksburg and through Union lines. They wintered in Mississippi and then moved east towards Alabama and Georgia.....................................$175.00

7094 - THEY ARE IN CAMP SOUTHEAST OF JACKSON NOW IN ADAMS' BRIGADE, 2 page letter in ink, March 25th, 1864, Camp Dry Grove, MS, 40 miles east of Vicksburg about 22 miles south of Jackson, MS by Sergt. B. J. Caldwell, now in the 22nd Mississippi Infantry to his wife Sally. He relates in part...I have not been fit for duty as I have had a bad cold, we have moved South and have been out in a brigade commanded by General Adams, we came to this camp about a week ago and are living fine and are getting beef, bacon, and corn mean, there are no Yanks on this side of the Big Black River, he is concerned whether Colonel Mack will still be their commander as he does not want the regiment to be split up again...he tells his wife he will not desert to come home and would rather stay the 12 months to come home right, tells her to show the letter to the other folks as he will not write them as Marcus is writing them. [B. J. Caldwell] As he has done in many other letters Caldwell does not sign the letter and ends his letter in the middle of a line. A hand carried envelope addressed to his wife accompanies this letter.......................................$175.00

7096 - SOME OF THE BOYS HAVE BEEN GOTTEN BY THE OWLS [DESERTED], Tuscaloosa, AL. 4 pages in pencil from Sergt. B. J. Caldwell to his wife Sally, 2nd Mississippi Cavalry on duty with the 22nd Mississippi Infantry en-route towards Sherman's advance, April 21st and April 22nd, 1864, actually two letters. He relates in part to her...Captain Smith has been doing poorly for several days with the flu. Our brigade is 6-7 miles below here and our company is left here for provost duty. I recon we will be gone when the brigade moves but there are no Yanks near here and the boys all are in high spirits. He mentions two men that have disappeared, suspects that they owls have gotten them [term for having deserted at night]. The boys left in the courier line have not come home to us yet and we look for them every day. Parson Anders will carry this letter home, must now go on guard duty. B. J. Caldwell. It appears that he is still serving with the 22nd Mississippi Infantry possibly detached from the 2nd Mississippi Cavalry. Boldly written..............................$200.00

7097 - WE ARE SERVING AS COURIERS AND PROVOSTS GUARDS FOR GENERAL JACKSON WITH JOE JOHNSTON'S ARMY, THE YANKS WON'T GIVE JOHNSTON A FAIR FIGHT, ATLANTA CAMPAIGN, In camp Hiawassee River and Altoona Station, GA, May 23rd, 1864. 3 pages in ink to his wife by Sergt. B. J. Caldwell, 2nd Mississippi Cavalry. He relates in part to her...Since my last letter we have been falling back ever since we have been in Johnston's Army and fighting the Yanks every day. We are still marching along with Jackson as Provost Guard and couriers. Colonel Harris wants us back in the regiment [they are assigned to the 22nd Mississippi Infantry]. I do not know if we will fall back any further as the Yanks will not give Johnston a fair fight. They keep flanking him and he has to keep falling back. I think that he would whip them if they would give him a fair fight. We get plenty to eat when we get with the wagons. John Mounie has been ill with the mumps. Tell the children to be good in school, your husband until death...B. J. Caldwell. A good commentary on the defensive war Johnston was conducting north of  Atlanta............$295.00

7098 - BILLY WALLIS WAS SHOT THROUGH HIS NOSE AND THE BULLET LODGED IN HIS FACE, THE YANKS CONTINUE TO FLANK JOHNSTON, ATLANTA CAMPAIGN, Camp near Lost Mountain, GA, June 6th, 1864. Two pages in ink with a cover carried home addressed to his wife by B. J. Caldwell, 2nd Mississippi Cavalry. Detailed with the 22nd Mississippi Infantry. He relates in part to his wife...Once again on this side of the grave I take my pen and write you a few lines. We have not been in a fight yet here and are still with Jackson. However there has been had fighting in our regiment we lost 47 men killed and wounded and our brave Colonel, Landry and Bud are well. Saw Reuben yesterday and he said there was no one hurt in his company. Billy Wallis was shot through his nose and the bullet lodged in his face but he seems to be doing well. There has not been a general engagement yet. Johnston stopped by Altoona Hills and fortified but the Yankees would not give him a regular fight. Night before last we started to move back and fell back 4-5 miles. I think it is owed to how the Yanks flanks around us. I think we can whip them if they come up and fight. I think they are trying to get around to Atlanta. We hear that Forrest has gone up the rear; I hope he will disturb the Yanks. I will close on a small piece of paper. B. J. Caldwell again closes with a signature he has done in many of his letters. The small scrap of paper he mentions for a closing sentence was not in the archive but his transmittal cover to his wife is included, 2 items....................................................$295.00

7100 - OUR REGIMENT HAS LOST 70 KILLED AND WOUNDED SINCE WE HAVE BEEN HERE, June 26th, 1864, (Georgia). 4 pages in pencil to his wife by Sergt. B. J. Caldwell, 2nd Mississippi Cavalry on provost guard with General Jackson north of Atlanta serving within the 22nd Mississippi. He relates in part to her...I am enjoying good health and John and Marcus are both well. They went off day before yesterday as couriers and will be relieved in 5-6 days. We are still along with old Jack [General Jackson]. They are still fighting away yet. I can still hear those old guns. Uncle Live got badly wounded the other day. Monroe Stephenson was wounded the same day. Our regiment has lost 70 killed and wounded since we have been here, describes the religious services in camp...while in distant land we can still worship the same being...B. J Caldwell. A postscript to his Mother...there is fighting and skirmishing all night. As Sherman closes in on Atlanta, the fighting is constant along the lines..........................................................$250.00

7101 - THE YANKS ARE TEARING UP THE RAILROAD, WE WERE SENT TO STOP THEM BUT THEY WERE GONE, near LaGrange, GA, 75 miles SW of Atlanta on the Chattahoochee River, July 22nd, 1864. 4 pages in ink to his wife Sally by Sergt. B. J. Caldwell, 2nd Mississippi Cavalry and 22nd Mississippi Infantry serving as provost guard for General Jackson, Atlanta Campaign. He relates in part...We have been doing some very hard marching day and night to stop a raid of Yanks down in Alabama but they were gone before we got there. They tore up well the railroad, seven men have been sent to the hospital, Captain Smith has been bad off for three weeks after falling from his horse which broke 3 or 4 of his ribs. He soon will be able to take command of the company again. We draw a little tobacco, sugar, rice, and coffee. We went to a house the other night and told the owner to have his Negro cook for us...I am sorry to hear that the Yanks have been in our country again, I hope they have left you enough to live on...B. J. Caldwell. Boldly written in ink, Sherman send a raiding party behind the Rebel lines to destroy the railroad to stop supplies coming in from the west to Johnston's army........................................................................SOLD

7102 - WENT ON A HARD RAID AFTER THE YANKS BUT GENERAL ROSS' INFANTRY STAMPEDED THEM, Camp 8 miles South of Atlanta, August 23rd, 1864. 2 pages in pen to his wife Sally from Sergt. B. J. Caldwell, 2nd Mississippi Cavalry assigned to the 22nd Mississippi Infantry, Atlanta Campaign. He relates in part to her...Has been ill with diarrhea but he is still fit for duty, states that the last letter he received from her was July 10th and he is getting anxious. He fears that the Yanks are there again. He would rather fight in Mississippi. Here we fight every once in a while. We got in yesterday after a hard raid...there was a Yankee raid on the railroad and we were sent after them. We did not have a fight as General Ross was fighting them. Just before we got there the infantry got among them and stampeded them and run them over by Ross' men so we never got up with them. They burned the depot and tore up a little of the railroad. He is afraid that the Yanks will kill her cow at home. B. J. Caldwell. A good descriptive letter of Sherman raiding behind Rebel lines around Atlanta trying to destroy the railroad to cut off supplies to Johnston's Army. Many more details.................................................$265.00

7103 - THEY LOST THEIR CAPTAIN, RAIDING IN THE REAR OF THE YANKS NEAR ATLANTA, Camp west of the Chattahoochee River, September 25th, 1864. 4 page letter in bold pencil by Sergt. B. J. Caldwell, 2nd Mississippi Cavalry detached in the service of the 22nd Mississippi Infantry near Atlanta. He related to his wife in part...I sit down on this Sabbath to write you that I am well and hearty, We had a right smart rest for the past three weeks until the past few days as we had a raid in the rear of the Yankees and tore up the railroad and captured 50-60 head of beef and 7 or 8 prisoners. We had little fighting to do. Everything has been very still as there has been a 10 day armistice but it is now over, we had a detail set up for Foster Golding to go home for clothing but General Hood would not approve it. He discusses his need for clothing and shoes "it you can get some leather I would like a pair of shoes made-shoes when available cost $40-$50. I recon you have heard about us losing our Captain - we all miss him very much as he was like a Father to us but he is in a better place." I am sorry to hear that the smallpox is in our country, keep away from those [who have it]. More news he wants her to tell relatives. B. J. Caldwell. These actions were a part of the campaign on the Chattanooga and Atlanta Railroad by Confederate forces trying to disrupt Sherman's supply routes from Chattanooga....................................$250.00

7104 - WE ARE ON THE ROUTE TO ROME AND BLUE MOUNTAIN, GA, Camp near Van Worth, GA, October 7th, 1864. 2 pages in ink to his wife by Sergt. B. J. Caldwell, 2nd Mississippi Cavalry and 22nd Mississippi Infantry. He relates in haste to his wife...He does not needs shoes at present, needs other items such as drawers, we are going in the direction of Rome, GA or Blue Mountain. I must stop writing as the horn has blown to saddle up. We are still in the direction of Blue Mountain and are 20 miles South of Rome. B. J. Caldwell. Another reference to the moving northwest along the Chattanooga & Atlanta Railroad harassing the Federal supply lines.........................................$150.00

7106 - A CONFEDERATE BOUNTY HUNTER IS PAID FOR CAPTURING A YANKEE SPY, Atlanta, GA, March 12th, 1864, 8" X 10" Confederate form #22 detailing the payment of $30.00 to J. H. Turner, a bounty hunter, for the capture of the Confederate deserter Alfred Rennels who had been detached from the 1st Louisiana Infantry and detached to the Atlanta Arsenal because he was a Civil Engineer. Rennels deserted on March 10th, 1864 and was caught on May 10th, 1864 by Turner. Records show the Rennels was tried as a Yankee Spy as he had been seen lurking around Atlanta and gathering information on the strength of the Confederate Army. The actual newspaper ad for the reward of Rennels is attached to the form. Signed by Turner and M. H. Wright Colonel Commanding. Pre--printed and filled in on blue linen paper. Extremely rare content.......................................................................$395.00

7109 - HUGE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN DOCUMENT GIVING CLOTHING TO COLONEL BENJAMIN HILL'S MEN AFTER THEY LOST THEIR CLOTHING ON THE RETREAT FROM DALTON, GA, July 1st, 1864. Hill [later Brig. General] requests jackets, pants, shirts, drawers, shoes, socks, and hats for his men after their hasty retreat from Dalton, GA. 17' X 20", pre-printed and filled in [printed in Atlanta]. The men Hill lists were from the following regiments under his cavalry command: Captain Butt's Company of Louisiana Cavalry [known as the Red River Rangers], the 2nd Texas Cavalry [also known as the 2nd Mounted Rifles], and the last group belonged to various commands of General John Hunt Morgan. 34 men are listed with signatures as to what clothing they drew. Signed by Hill's adj. and approved by Colonel B. S. Ewell, Adj. General to General Joe Johnston. Colonel Hill was appointed Provost Marshal of the Army of the Tennessee in late 1863. He had fought with distinction at Shiloh, Bragg's Kentucky Campaigns, Chickamauga, and Chattanooga. Hill authorized this huge document for clothing for his Provost Guards who had traveled with the army from Dalton to Atlanta. The provost guards in this list were all part of Colonel Hill's Cavalry. General Wheeler was not about to part with any of his command so on January 19th, 1864 Colonel Hill detached experienced cavalry to his command. These soldiers had recently been exchanged at City Point and send south to rejoin their commands [accompanying this huge document is data on all these soldiers in Hill's command detailing where they fought and were initially captured before the exchange. There is a tremendous amount of research that is included. Very fine, small tip off at right bottom corner [scan only shows part of this huge document]..................................................$350.00

7110 - ATLANTA CAMPAIGN 13 DAYS UNDER HEAVY FIRE A FRIEND KILLED IN ACTION SHOT THROUGH THE BOWELS, June 7th, 1864. One page letter written in excellent manuscript in ink to his Mother by Private Robert M. Rucker, Co. A, 2nd Tennessee Infantry [Robinson's Infantry], Polk's Brigade, Cleburne's Division. He relates in part to his Mother...We have been on the march for 30 days and under heavy skirmish fire for 13 days but by the favor of Almighty God none of the Regiment, except one killed and 2 or 3 slightly wounded have been hurt. WE have been fortunate as there has been no general engagement yet. My health has never been better and my frame like whalebone and withstands the greatest exposure of fatigue the flesh can endure. Your nephews are well except West who is a little ill. I saw Lt. Betty this morning and he is in fine health and stands like a Trojan. We go and see each other after each skirmish to learn of each other's safety. I received a letter from John Neill who is in Johnson's Brigade in the Virginia Army which painfully announced the death of his brother Archer Neill a noble young man and a noble soldier. He fell in the fight of the 16th of May at Drewry's Bluff. He was at the head of his column when it dashed into the enemy's breastworks and was shot through the bowels and lived until the next day. John Neill and Matt Mosely escaped unhurt, mentions others from his town that were still in good health. Remember me to my old nurse Harriet! This is the second letter I have sent via a flag of truce. I hope you get both. R. M. Rucker. Rucker had been wounded at Chickamauga and was captured at Goldsboro, NC. He enlisted in September 1861 and fought at a host of battles including Shiloh, Corinth, Perryville, Tullahoma, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Atlanta, Franklin, Carolina Campaign, Goldsboro March [captured and sent to Point Lookout, MD. until June 16th, 1865]...........................................$350.00

7111 - TAKING LOSSES ALONG THE ATLANTA LINES, 2ND TENNESSEE INFANTRY, July 28th, 1864. 1 large page in ink by private Robert M. Rucker, 2nd Tennessee Infantry, Tyler's Brigade in line of battle Atlanta, GA. He relates in part to his Mother...I am permitted to write you a few lines by flag of truce - wrote a couple of letters from Marietta - they were entrusted to Federal hands during a time for buying the dead, they said they would take pleasure in mailing them...I have received one letter from you by flag of truce written last April. I have never missed a day of duty or been absent from my command. We have been unlucky since being transferred to Bate's Division. We have lost three men killed in our company - Tom Clark, Thom Fleming, and Felix Arnold. Our Lt. Colonel Hale, the whole of company F, and part of company C were all captured at Peach Tree Creek. In face the whole regiment came in an ace of being captured. I understand Lt. Betty in the gallant charge made on the enemy works on the 22nd by Cheatham's Division was wounded by a Minnie ball in the back of the neck, but not dangerously-just cut the fleshy muscle of the neck. George Wilkinson I learned the next day after the fight was mortally wounded-shot through the bladder. I have not been able to hear any more of our wounded friends being separated some distance from the line. I regret not being able to hear anything from Brown's Brigade, R. M. Rucker. Rucker had been wounded at Chickamauga and was captured at Goldsboro, NC. He enlisted in September 1861 and fought at a host of battles including Shiloh, Corinth, Perryville, Tullahoma, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Atlanta, Franklin, Carolina Campaign, Goldsboro March [captured and sent to Point Lookout, MD until June 16th, 1865]....................................................$395.00

5068 - CONFEDERATE NEW ORLEANS MARCH 1861, Small Merchant's broadside, 5" X 7" printed on heavy cardstock dated March 30th, 1861 offering at auction. 300 HHDS of prime New Orleans Sugar and 415 barrels of New Orleans Molasses on Pier 2 by L. M. Hoffman & Co. The lots of sugar and molasses are noted as to who the planter was by the emblem to the left [i.e. "W. T. P", etc.]. The broadside was misdated March 31st and corrected in pen to March 30th. Louisiana had recently at that date seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy. Near mint condition and obviously a remainder and never put up as advertising........................................................................$125.00

, 5" X 7" song sheet broadside, NOTED AS "Rebel Poetry", Air: The Star Spangled Banner, 8 verses to the music of the Star Spangled Banner, "On the field at Manassas where Southerners stood, land fought like Spartans, that banner waved over them." Most probably printed in Baltimore in late 1861. Not listed in Crandall, fine condition and rare.....................................................................

4247 - THE 13TH AND 16TH LOUISIANA INFANTRY, June 18th, 1863, Jackson, MS. Report on the outcome of a military investigation of Captain John Daly of the 13th LA, signed by Colonel Daniel Gober commanding the 16th Louisiana. Gober outlines the disposition of the military board recommending Daly to be honorably retired without pay as the President may see fit. Daly's records [included] shows him to be ill from March 1863 to February 1865. Gober took command of the 16th Louisiana in July 1862, later sent to East Louisiana under orders from General Johnston. 8" X 10", manuscript, accompanied by records. Written on blue paper, trifle light but legible with some water stains, paper crisp. In February, 1862, the 16th LA Regiment went to Corinth, MS as part of General Daniel Ruggles' brigade. The regiment took 330 men into the Battle of Shiloh, April 6 and suffered 90 casualties during the attack. On May 9, the men fought in an engagement at Farmington, MS, 14 men were killed or wounded. The regiment was part of General Daniel W. Adams' Louisiana brigade during the invasion of Kentucky, August - October. On October 8, the men participated in the Battle of Perryville and apparently had few casualties. The army went into winter quarters at Tullahoma, TN. Near there, General Braxton Bragg consolidated the regiment into five companies and merged it with the 25th Louisiana Regiment on November 30, 1862 [16th - 25th Regiment Infantry]. Even though the officers of both regiments were part of a new unit, they received promotions as though they were still in their original regiments. On February 3, 1865, the consolidated unit was broken up, and the remnants of the 16th Louisiana were combined with those of the 1st Louisiana Regulars and 20th Louisiana Regiment. The men fought in the Siege of Spanish Fort, AL, March 27 - April 8. Following the evacuation of Mobile, the men of the 16th Louisiana were placed in a new consolidated unit called the Chalmette Regiment; they surrendered with it as Gaineville on May 8...........................................................$100.00

5081 - RARE FLORIDA OATH OF ALLEGIANCE EARLY IN THE WAR 1862, Pre-printed and filled in Oath of Allegiance for William Crawford of Santa Rosa County, FL swearing his allegiance to the United States on September 4th, 1862. A month later Crawford violated the oath and joined the 3rd Battalion Florida Cavalry on October 4th, 1862 in Santa Rosa County, FL. In 1863, he shows service in Company F, Confederate States 15th Cavalry but then deserted September 15th, 1864. He signed another Oath of Allegiance in June 1865 to the United States at the end of the War. A very early oath issued in 1862 in Florida. Fine, light age tones..................................................................SOLD

5082 - TEXAS OATH OF ALLEGIANCE, 5" X 7.5", pre-printed and filled in, Galveston County, TX, June 23rd, 1866. An attractive Galveston County printed Oath of Allegiance for a James Clark swearing allegiance to the Constitution of the United States and will faithfully support all laws and proclamations that have been made during the existing Rebellion in regard to the Emancipation of Slaves. Clark obviously returned to the state and to Galveston at the end of the war and wanted to get his citizenship restored. There were 18 James Clarks in Confederate service thus it is impossible to tie this James Clark to a particular regiment in the service of Texas. Printed by "Flakes Bulletin Steam Press." Choice condition and rare........................................................$325.00

5083 - PASS FOR A MEMBER OF WALLER'S TEXAS CAVALRY, 13TH TEXAS CAVALRY BATTALION, January 31st, 1865, 4" X 7" manuscript pass dated at Jackson, MS for Private Travis Hensley, Company E. Waller's Texas Cavalry Regiment to pass through the Department of Mississippi and Louisiana, by command of General William T. Martin, signed by his Adj. Major W. Holt. Well written, some old water staining in one area of a fold, strong manuscript...RARE. Travis Hensley was the son of William Hensley a Texas patriot who fought at the Battle of San Jacinto without the benefit of enlistment. His son, Travis, was named after William Barret Travis who died at the Alamo as William Hensley and Travis were close friends..................................................$175.00

5084 - FORT CLARK, TEXAS A SUTLER WRITES TO WILLIAM MENGER FIRST TEXAS BREWER ABOUT THE LOSS OF THE 3RD REGIMENT AT THE FORT AND HIS INABILITY TO PAY HIS BILLS AS PROMISED, 8" X 10", May 1st, 1861, Sutler D. H. Brown asks William Menger for terms on his debt as the 3rd US Infantry has left the fort and he is at present unable to pay his debt to Menger. Menger was in San Antonio where he ran the first brewery in Texas. In February 1861, Texas voted to secede form the Union, and almost immediately state troops began demanding the surrender of United States posts in Texas. On March 19, Capt W. H. T. Brooks, with three companies of United States Third Infantry, surrendered Fort Clark to a small company of the Provisional Army of Texas. In June 1861, after the outbreak of the Civil War, Fort Clark was garrisoned by companies C and H, Second Regiment of Texas Mounted Rifles, with Capt. H. A. Hamner as post commander. A very rare TEXAS Sutler related document, some old water stains, blue paper. Ink is quite bold and distinct...........................................$150.00

5086 - IMPRINT, SEDDON'S DIRECT ORDER TO GENERAL JOE JOHNSTON ON NEW REGULATIONS ON RELIEVING UNQUALIFIED AND INCOMPETENT OFFICERS FROM THE ARMY, "Confederate States of Secretary of War" James Seddon directs General Joe Johnston to follow the new regulations approved by Congress in removing disqualified, disabled, incompetent, and unqualified officers from the Confederate Army. Notes all the new provisions of the laws enacted, fine....................................................$95.00

5087 - RARE CONFEDERATE PASS IN SOUTH CAROLINA, 3" X 6.5", pre-printed and filled in pass, Columbia, SC. February 15th, 1864 on gray paper reused from another form on the verso to the family of Mrs. McRa to pass Chester, SC and it states that they are not to communicate with the enemy. The McRa's were traveling to visit their wounded relative Duncan McRa of the 2nd South Carolina Vol. Fine, slight age tone in one area, signed by D. H. Hamilton provost Marshal.................$165.00

, 5" X 9" small broadside poem, six stanza poem describing by verse the last words of a dying Confederate soldier who states that he fought for liberty and right, signed "Maryland". Choice condition. Printed in Baltimore in late 1861 or early 1862. Very rare.....................................

, White paper 4" X 5.5" with a printer's border, dated at Baltimore October 16th, 1861. A six stanza poem of general support for the South, "See Abe Lincoln's prospects darken." "The Southrons will not turn back," written after the first Confederate success at 1st Manassas, signed by "B". This poem has been seen on another broadside with the title "An appeal for Maryland" and is dated 1862 [Maryland Historical Magazine, 1943], trimmed at edge irregularity. Very rare.................................................

4243 - CONFEDERATE 1ST TENNESSEE ARTILLERY OFFICER PAROLED AT VICKSBURG IS GRANTED A PASS IN ALABAMA, Officer of Provost Marshal, Opelika, AL, September 2nd, 1863. Permission is granted Capt. J. A. Wiggs to visit Summerville, AL & return upon honor not to communicate, in writing, or verbally, anything that may prove detrimental to the Confederate States. Signed by James C. Sledge, Provost Marshal. Endorsed on the reverse, approved, Jas. E. Hughes, Lt. & Prov. [ost] Marshal, Rome, GA. Light age toning and wear. Desirable imprinted Confederate pass. James A. Wiggs, the recipient of this document, was born on May 17, 1837, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Shortly after the Civil War broke out, he enlisted on May 15, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into the 4th Tennessee Infantry. Governor Isham G. Harris soon promoted him to the position of Assistant Quartermaster General of Tennessee, on June 21, 1861. Afterwards he served the Confederacy in various positions including, Chief of Ordinance, on the staff of General Stephen D. Lee; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Francis A Shoup; he surrendered with the garrison at Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863; was captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery; Chief of Staff, of General Bryan M. Thomas; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee; and he surrendered with the forces of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, to Union General E. R. S. Canby, and was paroled at Jackson, Mississippi, on May 12, 1865. He died at Starkville, Mississippi, on January 27, 1911, and was buried in Vicksburg. His obituary and photo can be found in the Confederate Veteran issue of February 1913, where he was described as having a "brilliant record for service and bravery during the four year's struggle."  Yellow paper, imprinted, fine, embellishments trifle weak by clear. A scarce Confederate pass...............................SOLD

4244 - A PAROLED TENNESSEE OFFICER AT VICKSBURG ASKS FOR A LEAVE DUE TO HIS RECENT MARRIAGE, Opelika, AL, August 24th, 1863, Captain James Wiggs, Chief of Artillery, 3rd Brigade, Smiths Divisions applies for a leave extension to the Commander of Paroled prisoners at Demopolis, AL, due to his recent marriage and to find suitable housing for his wife. He states that he has just arrived from the Vicinity of Vicksburg [where he had been paroled after the surrender of the City]. On the verso of this 8" X 10" document shows the chain of command it was sent through until it was approved on August 29th by General Stevenson. James A. Wiggs, the recipient of this document, was born on May 17, 1837, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Shortly after the Civil War broke out, he enlisted on May 15, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into the 4th Tennessee Infantry. Governor Isham G. Harris soon promoted him to the position of Assistant Quartermaster General of Tennessee, on June 21, 1861. Afterwards he served the Confederacy in various positions including, Chief of Ordinance, on the staff of General Stephen D. Lee; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Francis A Shoup; he surrendered with the garrison at Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863; was captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery; Chief of Staff, of General Bryan M. Thomas; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee; and he surrendered with the forces of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, to Union General E. R. S. Canby, and was paroled at Jackson, Mississippi, on May 12, 1865. He died at Starkville, Mississippi, on January 27, 1911, and was buried in Vicksburg. His obituary and photo can be found in the Confederate Veteran issue of February 1913, where he was described as having a "brilliant record for service and bravery during the four year's struggle." Well written by Captain Wiggs..........................................$170.00

4246 - DEFENSES OF MOBILE, AL, FEBRUARY 8TH, 1865, CAPTAIN WIGGS TRANSFERRED, 1ST TENNESSEE ARTILLERY, Headquarters Right Wing, Defenses of Mobile, February 8th, 1865, 5" X 6.5" manuscript ordering Captain James Wiggs, 1st Tennessee Artillery to be relieved from duty at this headquarters and will report to Colonel M. Smith by order of General Thomas. At this time Mobile was under siege from Farragut's fleet and an advancing Union army under Canby from the East. Well written and in very fine condition. James A. Wiggs, the recipient of this document, was born on May 17, 1837, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Shortly after the Civil War broke out, he enlisted on May 15, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into the 4th Tennessee Infantry. Governor Isham G. Harris soon promoted him to the position of Assistant Quartermaster General of Tennessee, on June 21, 1861. Afterwards he served the Confederacy in various positions including, Chief of Ordinance, on the staff of General Stephen D. Lee; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Francis A Shoup; he surrendered with the garrison at Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863; was captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery; Chief of Staff, of General Bryan M. Thomas; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee; and he surrendered with the forces of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, to Union General E. R. S. Canby, and was paroled at Jackson, Mississippi, on May 12, 1865. He died at Starkville, Mississippi, on January 27, 1911, and was buried in Vicksburg. His obituary and photo can be found in the Confederate Veteran issue of February 1913, where he was described as having a "brilliant record for service and bravery during the four year's struggle." ............................................................$155.00

4247 - DEFENSES OF MOBILE, SPANISH FORT CAMPAIGN, Mobile, AL, March 31st, 1865, imprinted stationary on blue paper, Headquarters District of the Gulf, Order #90 by command of General Dabney Maury Captain James A. Wiggs is relieved of duty with Colonel Smith and will report for duty immediately to Lt. Col. Winder for assignment for duty at "Battery Missouri". Wiggs was Captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery and Battery Missouri was part of the artillery defenses of Mobile during the land offenses by Canby [Operations against Spanish Fort]. James A. Wiggs, the recipient of this document, was born on May 17, 1837, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Shortly after the Civil War broke out, he enlisted on May 15, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into the 4th Tennessee Infantry. Governor Isham G. Harris soon promoted him to the position of Assistant Quartermaster General of Tennessee, on June 21, 1861. Afterwards he served the Confederacy in various positions including, Chief of Ordinance, on the staff of General Stephen D. Lee; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Francis A Shoup; he surrendered with the garrison at Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863; was captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery; Chief of Staff, of General Bryan M. Thomas; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee; and he surrendered with the forces of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, to Union General E. R. S. Canby, and was paroled at Jackson, Mississippi, on May 12, 1865. He died at Starkville, Mississippi, on January 27, 1911, and was buried in Vicksburg. His obituary and photo can be found in the Confederate Veteran issue of February 1913, where he was described as having a "brilliant record for service and bravery during the four year's struggle."  Very fine.....................................................$195.00

James A. Wiggs, the recipient of this document, was born on May 17, 1837, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Shortly after the Civil War broke out, he enlisted on May 15, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into the 4th Tennessee Infantry. Governor Isham G. Harris soon promoted him to the position of Assistant Quartermaster General of Tennessee, on June 21, 1861. Afterwards he served the Confederacy in various positions including, Chief of Ordinance, on the staff of General Stephen D. Lee; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Francis A Shoup; he surrendered with the garrison at Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863; was captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery; Chief of Staff, of General Bryan M. Thomas; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee; and he surrendered with the forces of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, to Union General E. R. S. Canby, and was paroled at Jackson, Mississippi, on May 12, 1865. He died at Starkville, Mississippi, on January 27, 1911, and was buried in Vicksburg. His obituary and photo can be found in the Confederate Veteran issue of February 1913, where he was described as having a "brilliant record for service and bravery during the four year's struggle."

4250 - KEEPING NEGROES OFF THE STREETS DURING THE SMALLPOX EPIDEMIC EX-CONFEDERATE CAPTAIN JAMES WIGGS OF THE 1ST TENNESSEE ARTILLERY IS GIVEN THE JOB OF RUNNING A PATROL SQUAD AFTER THE WAR, Un-datelined, Wiggs retired to the Memphis Area after his parole. One page manuscript [Memphis] September  21st, 1865. Order by City Marshall T. D. Patterson. Wiggs was given command of a group of men to patrol the area of the city bounded by the River, east of Orange Street [near the Orange mound area of South Memphis that had a heavy concentration of Negroes] and south of Board St. He was instructed to do this until the "small pox disappears". In 1865 - 1866 due to the lack of work on plantations, Negroes flocked to the Border States and larger cities to secure work and assistance from the government. Due to the destitute conditions the government provided assistance in many camps set up to house these freed slaves in many cases the conditions were conducive to the advance of smallpox. Memphis was a natural gathering place for these freed slaves and these partrols were used to keep Negroes in their camps at least for the night. In Washington, DC over 10,000 freed slaves were vaccinated during this period which practically eliminated the spread of this disease. A rare document from Memphis during this early period of Negro freedom. At one fold there is some paper loss that affects several words but not the message of the text [some restoration done], paper otherwise crisp with bold manuscript.........................................$200.00

32702 - SOUTH CAROLINA TURNED COVER ENVELOPES, unused postal envelope made from billheads of the Charleston Weekly News fashioned into an envelope. From the estate of Dr. John H. Furman of Sumter, S.C. Dr. Furman was the grandson of Dr. Richard Furman namesake and founder of Furman University. Circ 1862-63, mint condition. Comes with a letter of provenance from Jim Hayes noted antiquarian..........................................SOLD

2161 - A TEXAS COLONEL PREPARES FOR AN INVASION THROUGH GALVESTON, May 21, 1862. 1 large page in ink, Houston, Texas, Colonel James H. Jones, 11th Texas Infantry. He relates in part to a friend Tom, a fellow officer...I enclose you an order which I am requested to ask you to observe as nearly as you can, but a literal compliance is not expected in all cases. You are also authorized to say to your recruits that they must prepare for Camp at Camp Tyler on June 10th max unless you get orders in the interim. We are expecting a little fun down here every day. Galveston has been anointed and the days of grace will expire tomorrow. We have heard that several Men of War have appeared off Galveston. All the troops in this department have been ordered to prepare for battle. We will be able to collect 5000 - 7000 troops in a few days, besides the militia. I have only 24 men able for duty and I have them preparing cartridges, etc. We will know in a day or so our destiny. Tell my family I am well, yours truly James H. Jones. JONES, JAMES HENRY (1830-1904). James Henry Jones, attorney, Confederate Army officer, and United States representative, was born in Shelby County, Alabama, on September 13, 1830, the son of Willis H. and Mary H. (Taylor) Jones; he was raised in Talladega County. He was admitted to the bar in 1851 and established a practice in Henderson, Texas. With the outbreak of the Civil War, he raised and took command of a company that was later part of Col. Oran M. Roberts's Eleventh Texas Infantry. After promotion to lieutenant colonel, Jones commanded the regiment during the Red River campaign in the absence of Colonel Roberts and was wounded at the battle of Pleasant Hill. Thereafter he was promoted to colonel, and at the war's end he was commanding the Third Brigade of Walker's Texas Division. A great letter dealing with defending Galveston, TX. [CBTG]..............................................SOLD

2162 - SUPPLIES FOR THE 11TH TEXAS INFANTRY, March 20th, 1862. 6" X 7". One page manuscript in ink for supplies for Capt. James H. Jones later Colonel of the 11th Texas Infantry. Lists corn and fodder for the benefit of the Company of Captain James H. Jones. Very fine.................................................................$115.00

2163 - MISSIONARY RIDGE IN FRONT OF CHATTANOOGA, TN, November 3rd, 1863. 4 page letter in ink to Mrs. M.L. Hubbard, his wife. Hubbard was serving with the 34th Mississippi Company G. He relates in part...Had received two letters and he is well, they are laying here in front of Chattanooga where we can see the whole Yankee army. It seems that there are 100,000 tents, in fact I can see the whole army. We are on picket duty every two or three days. He relates to his wife the costs of sugar, bacon, coffee $10, molasses...the soldiers are in fine spirits. Please direct your letters to Chattanooga, 34th Miss, Waltham's Brigade as you by mistake sent the others to Anderson's Brigade. We have no Lt. Colonel yet and Major Pegram wants his chance. Will send the letter home through another soldier named Renard who will forward it to Dunbar's Mill, much more news about family, camp Missionary Ridge is a geographic feature in Chattanooga, TN, site of the Battle of Missionary Ridge, a battle in the American Civil War, fought on November 25, 1863. Union forces under Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, and George H. Thomas routed Confederate forces under General Braxton Bragg and lifted the siege of the city. The four page letter is written on blue paper, light but quite readable, some archival restoration........................................$225.00

2082 CONFEDERATE PRISONERS RELEASED FROM THE MILITARY PRISON AT LYNCHBURG, FOUGHT GALLANTLY AT THE LATE BATTLE OF LYNCHBURG AND WILL BE RETURNED TO THEIR REGIMENTS WITHOUT FURTHER INVESTIGATION OF CHARGES OR PUNISHMENT, Headquarters Lynchburg, VA, August 6th, 1864, 8" X 10" pre- printed and filled in on brown necessity paper by Order of General Colston in essence reads... SPECIAL ORDERS July 30th, 1864 at Richmond, VA. In consideration of the meritorious of the battalion of soldiers lately released from the military prison at Lynchburg and their good conduct during the late operations of the enemy in the immediate vicinity of that city, the President directs that as soon as their present organization is broken up, the men be returned to their respective commands without further investigation or punishment of the offenses with which they are individually charged...by command of the Secretary of War...in manuscript is added to the body "Private Ball, 37th VA. Co." not known, Stuart's Brigade, Battle of Lynchburg June 17-18th, 1864. From Lexington, Maj. Gen. David Hunter advanced against the Confederate rail and canal depots and the hospital complex at Lynchburg. Reaching the outskirts of town on June 17th, his first tentative attacks were thwarted by the timely arrival by rail of Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early II Corps vanguard from Charlottesville. Hunter withdrew the next day after sporadic fighting because of a critical shortage of supplies. His line of retreat went through West Virginia took his army out of the war for nearly a month and opened the Shenandoah Valley for a Confederate advance into Maryland. Due to the fear of a lack of reinforcements Confederate military prisoners in the Lynchburg Prison were released into a special prisoner battalion and fought with distinction which than resulted in a release from prison without any further punishment for the prisoners per this rare Special Order from President Jefferson Davis. Very fine, very rare content......................................................................$695.00

21004 - A CONFEDERATE DOCTOR TRAVELS TO FIND HIS ILL SON, VISITS ANOTHER NEAR PETERSBURG, GIVES MEDICAL ADVISE TO HIS WIFE TO USE LOCAL REMEDIES TO TREAT THEIR SON WHO RETURNED HOME, July 29th, 1864. Four long ink pages to his wife who he addresses as 'Mother'. Written from his hospital in Wilson, NC. He relates in part...He is healthy but there are some very sick with him [under his care]. He traveled to Lynchburg on the 21st to look after William [his son] but found he had just missed him as he had started home. The hospital he was in did not expect him to live and he would not had he stayed there as he was in a pretty hard place...he instructs his wife that he must remain quiet and take a light diet and use nothing that will make his bowels la. Use such astringents as white oak, sweet gum, and pine twigs may be serviceable. Parch corn is also good. Abstain from fruits unless very ripe or cooked. Strong bitters of popular, wild cherry bark in liquor taken freely, will strengthen him. On the way to Lynchburg, I halted a day and a night with Romulus [son] at Petersburg and he was in camp a mile from the depot and near the extreme right at battle. I found him in entrenchments on the bank of a large ditch. He was dirty but cheerful but poor of flesh. He has gone through enough to kill any ordinary man. Captain Goslin is unfit for duty as his nervous system is shattered. I fear he suffers from incipient paralysis. There are few officers left in the regiment [52nd NC]. They are on duty day and night. After I returned from Lynchburg, I returned to their camp and learned that the entire division received orders to move to Chapin's Farm north of the James and near Drewry's Bluff. Within an half hour of the order, they were on the march. I went with Captain Goslin to Petersburg. He mentions several soldiers he knew in Ward #2 and #5 at Lynchburg. The boys from Company K were well but thin of flesh. A very interesting letter from a Confederate Doctor describing the Petersburg lines. Well written on cream colored paper, some minor archival tape at seam, otherwise very good.........................................................$295.00

1290 - A CONFEDERATE OFFICER TAKES THE OATH AND SERVED AS A CAPTAIN IN BUTLER'S RIVER GUARD, Lt. William E. Gordon enlisted as a 3rd Lt. in Company H, Louisiana Confederate Guards Infantry. He was promoted to 1st Lt., Company C, 3rd Regiment, 1st Brigade, 1st Division Louisiana Militia on October 28th, 1861. He was captured at the surrender of New Orleans in April 1862 and took the Federal Parole and was made a Captain in the "River Guard Police" whose purpose was to stop insurgents in the river and surrounding lake after the Federals under General Benjamin Butler took control of the City. Gordon moved to Baltimore after the War and in 1869 wrote to Benjamin Butler in hopes of Butler aiding him to obtaining a Federal Government position. This archive consists of the following documents [a]. Officer's Commission in the Confederate Service of Louisiana as a 1st Lt. in the Louisiana Confederate Guard Infantry signed by Confederate T.O. Moore, large seal, 16" X 20", [b]. a letter signed by Butler as Major General stating that William E. Gordon was a master of the River Police in New Orleans during our occupation there and was of undoubted loyalty and efficiency...Benj. F. Butler Maj. Genl. [c]. 1866 document 8" X 10" printed and filled in appointing Gordon as a clerk in the appeal court signed by the Mayor of Baltimore John Lee Chapman, [d]. another of the same for the year 1867, two page letter from Gordon to Butler in January 189 requesting Butler's aid in obtaining a job in the Treasury Department referring to his service to Butler in New Orleans during the occupation of the City as Captain of the River Guard giving his qualifications. Butler dockets the verso of the document stating "this man is a good man and true can you not give him a place in the Treasury and obliged...yours truly Benj. Butler". [e]. a letter signed by [f] a franked large envelope signed Benj. F. Butler M.C. mailed to William E. Gordon in Baltimore postmarked Feb. 2 [1869]. The archive contains the rare Confederate officer's commission and three signed items by Benjamin Butler. The commission has some fold restoration on the verso but paper is fresh and clean, other items fine. A rare example of a Confederate officer switching sides and serving for the Federal cause, the grouping [Louisiana Commissions usually sell for $500 alone.]...............................$695.00

1177 - 6TH ALABAMA CAVALRY NEAR CHINA GROVE, AL. MEN ARE LYING ILL FROM LAYING IN THE WEEDS OF THE CAMP, China Grove, AL, April 16th [1863]. 4 pages in ink to his sister Louisa by Lt. George Washington Wright formerly of the 1st Florida Rgt. and now in the 6th Alabama Cavalry. He relates...asks his sister to send him colored shirts that are better for camp life than white ones as do not show the dirt, they are away from the City which frees the men from temptations and allurements that cause delinquencies among the men...they are no women and civilized attractions keeping the men at work as they have no place to go. The water is good but with a brownish tinge...all our tents are pitched in a decent grove of poisonous weeks that has poisoned the men in such a fashion they appear to have been in a big mess and got their eyes banged up and some have their eyes closed and all have their lips swollen some the size of a hen's egg. It was caused by the men lying in the weeds until the tents could be erected. I have escaped most of the problems and have been more fortunate than the rest. My mouth is swollen a little. Not much is though of our commander who chose this place. G.W. Wright, Major Colvin's Battery, Captain Armstrong's Company, Clanton's Legion. It is obvious that Wright's Company bedded down in a patch of Poison Ivy. Wright enlisted in November 1861 as a member of the 1st Florida Cavalry. Records provided shows he was a POW at Lexington, KY on October 17th, 1862 and confined at Cairo on November 18th, 1862. He reappears in the service of the 6th Alabama Cavalry, Company A. The following year, appointed 1st Lt. in August 1864 and later Captain in that unit which was part of Clanton's Brigade. He survived the war and owned a large mill operation in North Florida until his death in 1918. Well written.........................$295.00

1179 - 6TH ALABAMA CAVALRY POWDER SPRINGS, GA, ENEMY MAKES NIGHT ATTACKS, Powder Springs, GA, May 31st, 1864. Two large pages in ink to his Father by Lt. George Washington Wright of the 6th Alabama Cavalry formerly of the 1st Florida Infantry. He relates to him...he had left 8 yards of cloth with the tailor at a cost of $120 for him to make a suit [uniform] at a cost of 185. Asks his Father if Bruno or Moses [servants] can get the suit to him and he will repay his Father in a month or two as the Government owes him nine months pay. He mentions that his brother Henry is at the front on the Staff of General Finley. He is safe but his command has suffered severely. Fighting and skirmishing have gone on continually for 5-6 days and the enemy has made many night assaults but has always been repulsed with a great loss. Everything is quiet here this morning and the troops are in high spirits especially considering the hard fighting. George W. Wright. Wright enlisted in November 1861 as a member of the 1st Florida Cavalry. Records provided shows he was a POW at Lexington, KY on October 17th, 1862 and confined at Cairo on November 18th, 1862. He reappears in the service of the 6th Alabama Cavalry, Company A. The following year, appointed 1st Lt. in August 1864 and later Captain in that unit which was part of Clanton's Brigade. He survived the war and owned a large mill operation in North Florida until his death in 1918. Well written letter by Wright.................................................$350.00

8288 - TENNESSEE SOLDIER ASKS FOR A COMMISSION FROM THE GOVERNOR, July 28th, 1862. One page letter addressed to Dr. F.H. Hannum by the Adj. General of the State on the behalf of the Governor stating in effect, "Chattanooga, July 28th, 1862, I am instructed by the Governor to reply to your favor that he has not been able to raise any state force. If in the future he shall succeed, he will give your application a respectful consideration, but the position sought is usually considered by the Colonels of regiments. W.C. Whitehome, Adj. Genl. The letter is accompanied by the transmittal stamped cover addressed to Jonesboro, TN. With two Scott #7 that have been torn when opened..............................$250.00

8289 - EXCHANGED AT VICKSBURG AND REORGANIZED AS MOUNTED INFANTRY, August 14th, 1863. Two page letter to Lt. Frank Hannum of the 61st Tennessee at home in Zollincoffer, TN. By S.H. Mellory, he relates...Since I have been home from Vicksburg I have not heard from you. Those of our brigade who were not taken prisoners have since gotten orders to recruit as many of our boys who were competent to recruit were taken [prisoners]. He does not want him to recruit if it will exert him. If you do feel able to recruit you can bet order from General Buckner, Campaign Denny had orders to recruit, come to Zollincoffer, TN. Comes with a stamped cover with a Scott #6 affixed but the stamp was torn in the opening. The 61st Tennessee fought at Chickasaw Bayou, Big Black Bridge, and at Vicksburg where the regiment was captured on July 4th, 1863. After being exchanged the regiment was changed to a mounted infantry and fought in the Knoxville Campaign and the Valley Campaigns. Hannum later became a prisoner of war and in several communications he is addressed by the title of Doctor...2 items........................................$275.00

8293 - A MOTHER WORRIES ABOUT HER SONS AT VICKSBURG, June 19th, 1863. Four page letter on Confederate patriotic stationary made by West and Johnson of Richmond, VA, woodcut of a First National Confederate flag, "Gather around the country's flag". A letter to Lt. Frank Hannum of the 61st Tennessee who along with his brother was near Vicksburg from his Mother, she is disturbed that she has not heard one word from them. Mentions a relative who plans to join the Confederate army as a "missionary", another son will soon travel to Richmond with some business for General Preston. She is worried about her sons being outside the fortifications at Vicksburg and she waits daily for news that Vicksburg has fallen. Much more about family news. Hannum and his regiment were fighting at Big Black Bridge at that time near Vicksburg and were soon to surrender with the entire regiment on July 4th, 1863. A well written letter on large Confederate patriotic stationary.........................................................$350.00

8297 - RARE OATH OF ALLEGIANCE FOR A CONFEDERATE OFFICER AT PULASKI, TN, 5" X 6" printed and filled in "Oath of Allegiance" dated September 30th, 1865 at Pulaski, TN for former 2nd Lt. Frank Hannum [61st Tennessee] who had just been released as a POW at Johnson's Island, OH. Hannum had considerable difficulty in getting his final release and finally signed his oath in September. Fine.................................................SOLD

8298 - A RECRUIT IN THE 14TH LOUISIANA IN NEW ORLEANS IS READY TO FIGHT, New Orleans, LA, June 30th, 1861. 3 page letter in ink from Samuel Morrison who would serve in the 14th Louisiana concerning the early war news and excitement in the City. He relates in part, "I see that North Carolina is doing her duty in the struggle with the North and Colonel Hill and the boys are doing their duty in the struggle with the North and have done the right sort of work at Bethel...I am not surprised of the backing out of the named officers of the Blues when they were called in. In fact, I would not like to go into battle with such men at the head of my company. I don't consider any of them capable of commanding a company. I see that Mr. Andrews is raising a company. He understands drilling very well. Such as right face, left face, march, and etc...but when it comes to thinning out the Yankees give me a man like Eliason...the stand that Frank Stockton has taken in this Southern question will give him political reputation. John B. Hagood is in Virginia...he belongs to the Crescent Rifles...Thad Smith is 1st Lieutenant. Thad is a good officer...I am anxious to hear of some good fighting as I can't see the necessity of sending so many men for nothing. The 14th Louisiana was formerly the 1st Regiment, Polish Brigade organized June 16th, 1861 at Camp Pulaski near Amite, LA. The 14th Louisiana was created from this unit in September 1861 and the unit served with distinction in the Army of Northern Virginia until remnants surrendered at Appomattox in April 1865..........................................$275.00

8299 - A TENNESSEE RECRUIT HAS AMMUNITION BUT NO GUNS, Union City, TN, December 15th, 1861. Two pages in ink by Thomas Barnett of the 21st Tennessee which had formed in Union City. He relates in part to relatives that the health is good in the camps but the water is not very good and not plentiful. They will probably be there for the winter as they are building cabins--he expects to stay there until peace is made...they have ammunition but NO GUNS. He believes that the Colonel does not want them to get into any fight, two men have been promoted, one to a Sergeant and the other as Assistant Quartermaster, a chaplain is to preach in the camp...T. Barnett. The 21st Tennessee was reorganized in May 1862 into the 5th Tennessee. Very good.............................................$150.00

8300 - HE SAW THE FIGHT AT HAMPTON ROADS, GRANDEST FIGHT I HAVE EVER SEEN, Two large pages in pencil. Camp near Goldsboro, NC, March 26th 1862 by Captain George S. Jones, 2nd Georgia Battalion. He writes to a friend in Macon in part, "We are in tents a mile from Goldsboro quite a change from our barracks in Norfolk, all are restricted to the camp lines by order of Brig. General Anderson of Tredegar Iron Works notoriety. We were assigned in the brigade along with the 34th and 38th North Carolina, 1st South Carolina, and the 3rd Louisiana Battalion. THE LAST ARE MOSTLY "PLUGS" FROM NEW ORLEANS AND GAVE US A GREAT DEAL OF TROUBLE WHILE ON GUARD IN NORFOLK. I believe they will do good fighting if they get a showing. Howell Cobb's brigade is also here and we all wished to be in it as he stands high in the estimation of the Department and he is a Georgian. Troops arrive daily and it is said about 35,000 have been ordered to this Division [General Holmes']. We are being held here to either go to Wilmington or Newbern. If Burnside does not advance from Newbern he will certainly attack Wilmington. One rumor arrived last night that Burnside was advancing on Kingston, 27 miles from us on the railroad to Newbern which I think is 57 miles from Goldsboro. We just wish to get them away from the water. I WITH NEARLY OR THE WHOLE BATTALION WITNESSED THE FIGHT AT HAMPTON ROADS ON THE 8TH AND 9TH FROM 6-8 MILES DISTANT [MONITOR AND MERRIMAC] OF WHICH YOU HAVE SEEN FULL PARTICULARS IN THE PAPERS. IT WAS THE GRANDEST SIGHT I HAVE EVER WITNESSED OR EVER EXPECT TO WITNESS AGAIN. I HAD A GOOD GLASS AND SAW MOST OF THE FIGHT WITH IT. He relates about promotions within the regiment. Wants some whiskey sent up by Billy Brown...George S. Jones, Co. B, 2nd Georgia Battalion". Jones was wounded at Gettysburg and at Sailor's Creek just before he surrendered at Appomattox. Very interesting content on the "Plugs" of New Orleans in the 3rd Louisiana Battalion. Many "wharf rats" as they were called, were recruited into numerous New Orleans companies and were known for their flair for disregarding discipline but were vicious fighters in battle...............................................$395.00

8301 - ACCOUNT OF VISITING PRESIDENT DAVIS IN RICHMOND, CONVERSING WITH VARINA WHILE DAVIS WAS IN CONFERENCE WITH GENERAL LEE AND THE SECRETARY OF WAR, 4 page letter in pencil. Camp French, May 20th, 1862 to a friend A. McCallie in Macon, GA, by Captain. George S. Jones, Co. B, 2nd Georgia Battalion. He relates in part, "I am very sorry I could not see the President in Richmond regarding Charlie's discharge. I went to his house at night but he was unwell and had retired. His wife gave me quite a cordial reception and said that if the President was better he would see me the next day at his office. I intended to leave the next morning but stayed to try and see him again. Though I called until I was ashamed to call anymore I did not succeed as he was engaged all day with General Lee and the Secretary of War. I left the letter from Judge Nesbit with an aide who said he was certain to deliver it to the President. Dr. Baxter called last week but could not see the President or his Aide, but another aide said he would contact me about it by letter but I have heard nothing yet. If he cannot do better Charlie can send Benns or Eugene Speer as substitutes after this month. If I do not hear in a day or two I will write the President. Act. Surgeon Baxter says he could not recommend a discharge for him knowing his condition but could recommend an extended furlough. He discusses the recent election in the regiment as General French thinks the election was unfair. I have heard of no Negroes for sale here yet. A gent in Wilmington says he will make inquiries for me [slaves for sale]. An interesting letter from Captain Jones trying to get a friend [Charlie] out of Confederate service through an audience with Jefferson Davis. However he is unsuccessful and the Surgeon does not want to falsify a disability claim for the soldier in order to get him discharged. Jones was wounded at Gettysburg and at Sailor's Creek before he surrendered at Appomattox...........................................SOLD

8302 - NORTHERN INSURGENTS SEEDING UNREST IN SOUTHERN CITIES, Camp Anderson's Division, April 8th, 1863 to Mr. A. McCallie in Macon, GA. 2 page letter in ink by Captain George S. Jones, Co. B, 2nd Georgia Battalion. He relates in part, "He has had an attack of the "gravel" which has kept me in a perfect torment nearly all night and then a fever which lasted several days [kidney stone attack], I am on duty at the General Court Martial as Judge Advocate about 8 miles from camp. Gives the prices of food stuffs in Richmond, prices are high but are somewhat declining. Feels Ground Peas is a safe investment and would advise you to ship all that you can. Cow Peas are $12 a bushel, white beans $16, dried apples $10 - $12, peaches $15 - $16. Hope you received the tobacco I bought in Richmond will try and buy more if the price goes lower. Head a brisk cannonading a few minutes ago but could not make out the direction. WE HEAR THAT WOMEN ARE PLAYING THE DEVIL IN MACON, AUGUSTA, ATLANTA, AND GEORGIA GENERALLY. THEY ARE RAISING MOBS, ETC. A DISGRACEFUL OCCURRED IN RICHMOND LAST WEEK. It is generally thought it is caused by Northern emissaries in our midst to injure our cause at home and aboard. Have heard rumors they are fighting in Charleston. An interesting letter from Captain Jones who was soon to be wounded at Gettysburg and later at Sailor's Creek. His remarks about mayhem in the Southern Cities describe really growing frustration of civilians with lack of supplies and food...............................................................$225.00

7803 - A TEXAS MOTHER WRITES HER SOLDIER SON ON WHAT IS HAPPENING AT HOME AS HE FIGHTS IN LOUISIANA, Falls County, Texas, August 16th, 1864. 4 pages in ink by Catherine Lacey to her son Stephen Lacy as he fights with the 18th Texas in Louisiana. She laments...she was sorry to hear of the fate of her brother's sons that were murdered by the Yanks but they will get their reward...due to illness on September 11th, she continues the letter, illness has made her weak so now she continues. She describes the condition of the county, good crops of corn and wheat, mentions a lone physician now in the county who is an eye doctor but he is good for all diseases, mentions missionary meetings in the area with baptisms at the "Falls", money has little value, no cotton to spin cloth with for the war widows whose husbands are fighting for the liberty of the country. Mr. Brooks came home a few days ago from Gurley's Regt. as he had been gone 15 months and states that the men suffer from lack of food and clothing and he was sent home to get shoes and clothing for the soldiers. Mrs. Wright's husband, who joined Terry's regiment is dead. She had begged him to go with her to Alabama at the beginning of the War, another boy killed in Arkansas. When will this war will cease? Stephen Lacey fought with the 18th LA and survived the War to disband with the 18th Texas at Hempstead, Texas in May 1865. Excellent home front letter...............................................$175.00

51321 - A TEXAS CONFEDERATE IS HEADING HOME AFTER SURRENDERING IN NORTH CAROLINA, RAILROADS PASS FROM MACON TO JACKSON, MS, Private J.E. Cole had surrendered with Joe Johnston's Army on April 26th, 1865 in North Carolina. He had served in Company H, 11th Texas Cavalry in the Army of the Tennessee. Customary was the practice after a soldier was paroled he was given passes to return home on boats and railroads. Cole finally got to Macon, Mississippi and on May 28th, 1865. This pre-printed pass was given to him to pass from Macon, MS to Jackson, MS via railroad (obvious transportation). Cole is described as a "paroled prisoner of war." The pass was printed for Lt. Edward E. Cobb, Post Quartermaster 13th Indiana Cavalry and signed by Lt. Edward F. Reid, 13th Indiana Cavalry. Macon was a railroad hub in northeast Mississippi and Cole had traveled west from North Carolina probably through Chattanooga to reach Macon. Embellishments somewhat light but very discernible, a nice Texas Cavalry pass..............................................$295.00

5149 - CONFEDERATE MISSISSIPPI, Coffeeville, Yalobusha County, MS, June 17th, 1861, 4" X 8" pre-printed draft drawn on the Mechanics Trader Bank of New Orleans for funds due Walker & Snider & CO. Ornate red overprint, stamped paid, small stain at bottom right, otherwise fine, ornate Confederate era draft........................................$65.00

3100 - CONFEDERATE OFFICER SIGNED THE OATH AT RICHMOND, MAY 1ST, 1865, 5" X 7" pre-printed and filled-in Oath of Allegiance for Francis Gildart Ruffin, formally a Lt. Colonel on the Staff of General Northrup in Richmond who had resigned his commission on February 26th, 1865 after a Court Martial involving his "conflict of interest". Northrup was the Commissary General and possibly Ruffin was charged with using his position to enhance himself financially. A very early oath issued in Richmond only weeks after the surrender of the City. Very fine.....................................SOLD

3090 - CONFEDERATE LISTING OF 21 UNION PRISONERS LISTING BY NAME, REGIMENT, AND WHERE CAPTURED, 13" X 16". Hand-lined list of Union prisoners of war listing 21 by name, regiment, rank, company, where captured, when captured from March 3rd, 1865 to March 16th, 1865. The top of the document is actually a oath the prisoners listed were to take attesting that they would not fight against the Confederate States, serve as prisoner guards, or in any other capacity until exchanged. All  the listed prisoners were captured in North and South Carolina except one who was captured at Sweetwater, TN. The Union Troops were from a variety of regiments including the 3rd Kentucky Cavalry, 82nd Indiana, 102nd NY, 27th Mass., 15th Conn., 53rd Indiana, 80th Ohio, 9th Michigan Cavalry, and others. For some reason this large oath was not signed by any of the prisoners. Written on brown necessity paper. Union POW's captured during the last days of the War. Fine, dark ink...................................................$295.00


In May of 1861, 1,500 Free Men of Color gathered at an assembly in New Orleans with the intent of assisting the new Confederate Government in the defense of their City. On May 2nd, 1861, Governor Thomas Moore of Louisiana accepted the regiment as part of the Louisiana Militia. All the line officers were men of color and the Governor appointed Militia Colonel Henry D. Ogden as the white commander of the regiment. Creoles had been used in the past by both the French and Spanish as militia troops during the previous century and free men of color fought with Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans in 1815. These men were educated and most had trades such as doctors, silversmiths, carpenters, architects, tailors, etc. These free men of color were property owners and identified closer to the white population than the non-white sector of the City. They had two grand reviews which took place November 23rd, 1861 and January 7th, 1862. Enthusiasm waned as Confederate authorities gave the regiment few supplies and support. On February 15th, 1862, the Legislature effectively disbanded the unit but they were quickly reinstated by Governor Moore on March 24th as Farragut entered the Mississippi River. On May 1st, 1862, Union forces under Butler occupied the City and the regiment melted into the population. Butler soon became aware of a threat to the City from Confederate forces and asked to create a regiment of the free blacks who had previously been in the Louisiana Militia. On September 27th, 1862, the two regiments of the Louisiana Native Guard were organized to fight for the Union. Colonel Henry D. Ogden upon the surrender of the City had joined the Staff of General Mansfield Lovell and had evacuated with Lovell from New Orleans. He was assigned to Camp Moore, Louisiana and then promoted to Lt. Colonel on Governor Moore's Staff, served in various capacities in the Trans-Mississippi Department in Northern Louisiana. He surrendered at Natchitoches, LA in May 1865 and returned to New Orleans. His involvement in the organizing of the first Black troops to serve the Confederacy is little known, but documented as being the first and only white officer of this unit in 1861-62.

2040 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), April 27th, 1862.  An order written by AAG E.A. Palfrey under the orders of Commanding General Mansfield Lovell to Lt. Colonel H.D. Ogden as Provost Marshal at Camp Moore, LA to have all individuals not belonging to the Army removed from that post and a train be prepared to take them...on printed stationary 5" X 7". Dated April 27th, 1862. This was two days after Lovell had evacuated from New Orleans with his small force of 2800 men by rail to Camp Moore 80 miles away north. (#2).........................................$295.00

2041 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), May 3rd, 1862. South-Western Telegraph Company, telegram from Corinth, MS to Colonel H.D. Ogden advising him to come to Corinth immediately...signed "Armand". General Lovell will leave for Corinth to serve with Beauregard and obviously requested Colonel Ogden to travel to Corinth. The first Corinth campaign had just started (April 29th - June 10th, 1862). At that time, Ogden was Provost Marshal of Camp Moore, LA just 80 miles north of captured New Orleans. (#4)..............................................$165.00

2042 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), May 7th, 1862, South-Western Telegraph Company, telegram from Corinth, MS to Colonel H.D. Ogden advising him to come to Corinth as he is assigned as Provost Marshal when relieved by General Lovell...signed "Armand". General Lovell will leave for Corinth to serve with Beauregard. The first Corinth Campaign had just started (April 29th - June 10th, 1862). At that time Ogden was Provost Marshal of Camp Moore, LA, just 80 miles north of captured New Orleans. (#4)....................................................$165.00

2043 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), May 26th, 1862 to Colonel H.D. Ogden at Camp Moore, LA as Provost Marshal informing him of a citizen of Amite City, LA who had traveled three times to New Orleans without a pass to cross the lines. The anonymous writer states that the subject in question A.B. Tripler claims to be an Englishman and is considered disloyal by local citizens of the town. The writer states that he left for Madisonville by buggy on his way to New Orleans (by boat across the lake) and must be arrested before he reaches home to avoid evil consequences...he implores Ogden to act quickly. Comes with a hand-carried cover addressed to Ogden at Camp Moore a short distance away from Amite City. Confederate authorities north of the City were particularly concerned about disloyal citizens reporting affairs north of the City to Butler in New Orleans. All going to New Orleans needed a Pass from Confederate authorities and this individual was traveling back and forth from the City without a pass. RARE CONTENT, 2 items. (#9)..................................$275.00

2044 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), Special Order #129, Camp Moore, LA, May 30th, 1862. 8" X 10" manuscript order relieving Ogden as Provost Marshal of Camp Moore and replacing him with Major Edmund Ivy (on Lovell's Staff). Signed by E.A. Palfrey AAG to General Lovell. Ogden remained in the vicinity of Camp Moore and later carried documents to the Union Army in New Orleans through a flag of truce in June 1862. Very fine. (#11)..................................$295.00

2045 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), Colonel Ogden is ordered to carry dispatches to General Benjamin Butler in New Orleans. Special Order #133 by command of General Mansfield Lovell, signed by his AAG E.A. Palfrey. 8" X 10", Headquarters Dept. #1, Jackson, MS, June 4th, 1862. Ogden is ordered to leave the next day for New Orleans under a flag of truce to bring dispatches to General Benjamin F. Butler in command of the occupied City. The Quartermaster was also ordered to provide Ogden transportation to the City and to provide specie for his expenses while within the lines of the US forces. (#12)............................................$350.00

2046 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62). Colonel Ogden is ordered to examine the position of the Confederate pickets near Ponchatoula, LA to sure their efficiency in preventing the passage of spies, disloyal citizens, or persons with passes to and from the City of New Orleans. Special Order #138, Headquarters Department #1, Jackson, MS, June 9th, 1862. 11" X 13" manuscript order by General Mansfield Lovell and signed by Major E.A. Palfrey his AGG. Apparently Ogden was on special assignment by Lovell for a period of time since he was relieved of his duty as Provost Marshal of Camp Moore - handling dispatches for Lovell to Butler and acting as an inspector field officer in the area just north of New Orleans. Very fine and well written. (#13)...............$395.00

2048 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), Colonel Ogden is ordered to have all cotton burned that may fall into the hands of the enemy, Headquarters Dept. #1, Jackson, MS, June 9th, 1862. ALS by Major E.A. Palfrey AAG to General Mansfield Lovell, informing Colonel Ogden of the General's wishes to have all Provost Marshal's officers commanding camps, and others in authority to destroy any cotton that may fall in the hands of the enemy. Written on blue paper, 8" X 10". Ogden was acting as Lovell's Staff in the field north of the lake near New Orleans during this period handling dispatches to Butler as well as inspecting Confederate camps and pickets. Very fine (#15)................................................$350.00

2049 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), Montgomery, AL, June 13th, 1862. 1 page manuscript letter with courier cover addressed to Lt. Colonel H.D. Ogden, Aide de camp written by Major Ed A. Palfrey AAG to General Lovell. Per General Lovell's orders Ogden was ordered to travel to Jackson, MS and see that all the records and papers of the Department are properly packed and sent to Richmond. The war was closing in on Mississippi in the northern portion of the state and concerns for the safe keeping of the records were obvious here. 2 items, letter and cover (#19)......................................................$175.00

2050 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), UNION AUTHORITIES IN NEW ORLEANS REQUEST THE PRESENCE OF MRS. COLONEL OGDEN FOR AN INTERVIEW, 5" X 7" on Provost Marshal's Stationary, New Orleans, LA, August 1st, 1862..."Mrs. Colonel Ogden will oblige Lt. Colonel Stafford by accompanying the bearer to his residence at #191 Canal Street at her earliest convenience. He regrets the necessity that compels her presence and hopes that will be no occasion for detaining her long." As the wife of an ex Judge in the City and a Confederate Staff officer (Lovell) serving the field she was obviously to be questioned as to determine if she was a threat to the security of the City. Butler made a point of keeping his intelligence officers busy keeping track of Confederate sympathizers in the City. This is the first document of this type we have seen involving the Butler administration. Very fine (#20)...........................$300.00

2051 - A CONFEDERATE COLONEL FROM LOUISIANA GIVE A REPORT OF A DESERTER FROM THE 1ST LOUISIANA HEAVY ARTILLERY, Undated but content indicates 1862, note written on a pink postal cover in dark brown ink on both sides by Colonel Charles A. Fuller, 1st Louisiana Heavy Artillery that fortified the forts near New Orleans in 1861-62. He relates..."Badger was a 12 month man of the Louisiana Artillery, his time expired about the 20th of April and refused to reenlist for duty, was confined in the guardhouse on the evacuation of Fort Macomb he was returned to duty in the commissary department and was sent to Manchac with stores, deserted about the 1st of May and has been in New Orleans ever since, was suspected of being unfriendly to the South before deserting, notes from Fort Macomb his character before enlisting bad...C.A. Fuller, Colonel Commanding." The soldier in question was Frank A. Badger of Company G, LA 1st Heavy Artillery. This document was in the possession of Colonel H. D. Ogden as he was a Provost Marshal in the area where Badger deserted and Fuller used this note to report the desertion and whereabouts of Badger to Ogden. Well written on a cover which was used by Fuller probably for lack of stationary. Very fine (#21)........................................$250.00

2052 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), Letter to Colonel Henry D. Ogden from Major E.A. Palfrey AAG to General Mansfield Lovell detailing an account of Lovell's Gallantry at Corinth and future movements of Van Dorn's Troops in Mississippi after the defeat at Corinth, Jackson, MS., October 10th (1862). 3 large pages in ink all in Palfrey's hand. He related...My Dear Judge, your letter has reached me and I had already anticipated your feelings for the General (Lovell). I am sure that he would be glad to have you with him especially at this time as he left here some time ago commanding the Western Division of Van Dorn's Army. You may have heard that we made a gallant fight at Corinth against the overwhelming odds of Rosecrans which caused a retreat of our army. In a few days another bloody battle will be fought near Holly Springs between our forces and Rosecrans which have been heavily reinforced from Memphis and Arkansas. All the exchanged prisoners have been forced to reinforce Van Dorn's army and we have hopes of a fine victory. I have issued a letter to Ivy who is AAG on the General's Staff. He wants you to come and I think it best that you come at once unless awaiting orders which may be delayed by our now very irregular mail system. The General has not a full staff. Quitman, Fontielle are here, I know who are with him. I thought I had orders for Richmond, but have now been ordered to stay with Lovell. He has no commissary and needs assistance on his staff. It has been said that he was cited for his gallantry at Corinth throwing himself in the thickness of the battle and he is now the idol of his troops. I am now Chief Paymaster of the District under the command of General Pendleton. It is sad misfortune that we could have not held Corinth. Mentions Van Dorn and Lovell together have enemies engaged in things odious. Come at once and let nothing delay you--Lovell told me so...E.A.P. (Ed A. Palfrey). Although his army had been badly mauled, Van Dorn escaped completely, evading Union troops sent by Grant later on October 5 at the Battle of Hatchie's Bridge, and marching to Holly Springs, MS. He attributed his defeat to the failure of Hebert to open the second-day engagement on time, but nevertheless he was replaced by Maj. Gen. John C. Pemberton immediately after the battle. There were widespread outcries of indignation throughout the South over the senseless casualties at Corinth. Van Dorn requested a court of inquiry to answer charges that he had been drunk on duty at Corinth and that he had neglected his wounded on the retreat. The court cleared him of all blame by unanimous decision. Although Lowell preformed gallantly at Corinth and later at Coffeeville, MS. He was relieved of command for his loss of New Orleans, but he was found innocent in 1863. Well written and an excellent account of Corinth and the movements after Corinth in Mississippi. Very fine (#17)...................................$895.00

2053 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), Letter from the Adj. General's Office State of Louisiana, Alexandria, LA, February 11th, 1863 informing Judge Henry D. Ogden that he was named Aide de Camp to Governor Thomas Moore with the rank of Major to fill an opening on the staff due to a resignation. Ogden was ordered to report to Governor Moore. Signed by Charles Elgee, Adj. General of Louisiana, later on the Staff of Richard Taylor. Comes with a hand carried cover to Ogden. 1 page 5" X 7", slightly light but completely readable, paper. Very fine (#22)...................$150.00

2054 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), Special Order #36, imprinted Stationary, Headquarters Louisiana Army, Adjutant General's Office, Alexandria, LA, April 20th, 1863. 8" X 10" "Major Ogden of the General Staff is assigned to the command of the infantry forces and will report to Big. General Thomas E. Vick for orders. By command of Thomas O. Moore." Ogden assumes new responsibilities in the Western area of Louisiana threatened by Union forces moving up the Teche. Very fine, a rare imprint showing the "Army of Louisiana", also note his rank as Major being assigned to a Staff position of the Governor. Also imprinted cover from Headquarters Dept #1, 4" X 10" addressed to Ogden while ADC to Lovell in Jackson, 2 items (#23)............................$265.00

2058 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), COLONEL ARISTIDES GERARD GIVES ORDERS ON BLOWING UP A BRIDGE IN THE EVENT OF ANY ENEMY ATTACK TO MAJOR OGDEN. Headquarters Fort DeRussy, April 23rd, 1863. 1 page in ink, 8" X 10". "Major, in order not to interfere with the movements of Major Shannon you will consult with him on the destruction of the bridge. The two pieces of artillery are to be placed in the charge of the infantry. An order to that effect has been issued. It it is not executed Major Shannon will take the necessary measures to have them transported as far as the ferry of Mr. Davis, Red River where they are to be embarked. The present instructions are to be carried out immediately. A Gerard, Lt. Colonel." The bridge in question was below the fort and its destruction would delay Union forces from attacking the fort from the land. Fort DeRussy was an earthen fort on the Red River from Union assaults and finally succumbed to a federal attack in March 1864 which opened the Red River up to Alexandria, LA. Quite scarce to find documents from this Confederate fort. (#29).................................................$325.00

2061 COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62) GENERAL RICHARD TAYLOR AUTHORIZED A PASS FOR MAJOR H.G. OGDEN,  Headquarters District of Western LA., Natchitoches, LA, May 20th, 1863. By command of General Taylor, his AGG writes Major Ogden to pass from Coteau or Alexandria on any boat of government service that he may select. Very fine (32)..............................$150.00

2063 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62), Payment for boarding and lodging for two couriers and supplies paid to C.F. Voorhies on an imprinted 8" X 10", Confederate States #22 letterhead. Payment was $82.50 for boarding from April 10-25, 1863 and for 50 pounds of bacon delivered to Lt. S.M. Routh of the Signal Corps. From the Ogden papers. Very fine (34)................................$195.00

2064 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62), Major H.D. Ogden Aide de Camp to the Governor and Commander in Chief is relieved from duty on the General staff and will report for duty under further orders to General R. Taylor, by command of Thomas O. Moore. On Headquarters Louisiana Army, Special Order #57, Shreveport, May 20th, 1863. Alexandria crossed out and Shreveport entered in manuscript. Docketed on the verso at Natchitoches, LA and signed by Captain E. Sturget AAG on Taylor Staff. Moore had moved the government to Shreveport in fear of Alexandria being captured. Ogden left the Louisiana Army and entered the service of the regular Confederate service. Very fine (35)....................................$225.00

2065 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), Major H.D. Ogden is ordered to replace the guard near Washington, LA and relieve detachment of Colonel Green's command at Port Barre...Headquarters, Forces South of the Red River, Vermillionville, LA, June 5th, 1863. 2+ large 8" X 10" pages with detailed instructions, "Proceed to Port Barre to assume command of the post and relieve the detachment from Colonel Green's command at that point at Washington, before turning off on the Port Barre at or near Coteau you will detach a commissioned officer to act as Provost Marshal and a detachment of 30 men to act as Provost Guard at Washington to keep order and repair the post. This guard will keep good order and discipline at this point, arrest all conscripts who owe services, all soldiers who are absent without proper authority, and protect all public property. With the balance of your troops you will proceed to Port Barre, there establish your headquarters, communicate with headquarters by means of couriers, you will connect on the Port Barre road with our line of couriers at this post at Grand Coteau. You will throw out pickets by means of boats or otherwise at least 100 men as far as the banks of the Atchafalaya River with orders to harass, annoy, and if possible capture boats and transports of the enemy. These men must be put under the command of reliable officers who do not retire before the enemy unless necessary. You will send daily reports to these headquarters. BY BRIG. GENERAL A. MOUTON, SIGNED BY Louis Bush, AAG. Louis Bush was a Colonel in the 7th Louisiana Cavalry and also had service in the 18th Louisiana. Ogden had been moved south back towards Washington which had been captured on April 20th by the Federals and vacated when the Federals were recalled to aid in the Port Hudson Campaign. An important letter/orders in mid 1863. Very fine (36)......................$450.00

2066 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). 5" X 7". To Major Henry Ogden, 1st Battalion Louisiana State Cavalry requesting a review of the stores that had been purchased at Vermillionville on June 6th, 1863 for the use of the 1st Battalion Louisiana Cavalry. The captain writing the request deemed some portions of the stores as unfit. Signed by Captain E.J. Hall, 1st Bat. LA. State Cavalry. Major Ogden dockets the request in pencil and signs it approving the request for an inquiry. Bold ink, very fine (40)...........................................$150.00

2067 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). 5" X 6". A letter written to Major Henry Ogden from Washington, LA on June 11th, 1863. A report on what the detail sent to Washington, LA had accomplished, procuring mules for the army, policing the area, and other duties assigned to the unit at Washington, LA. Hand-carried and folded carried to Ogden by a courier, a little light, but fully readable (42)....................................................$95.00

2068 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). 5" X 7". Major Ogden is ordered to bring his forces to Alexandria, LA by Order of General Richard Taylor, Headquarters Forces South of the Red River, June 13th, 1863. Manuscript order sent to Ogden by Captain Louis Bush (7th LA Cavalry, AAG to General Taylor...Ogden is ordered to travel to Alexandria with his three companies of State troops and to report to the Major General Commanding without delay (General Richard Taylor). While the Federals had somewhat retreated from Western Louisiana with their attention on Port Hudson, Taylor was preparing for the return of Federal troops into the area. Very fine (43).....................................................$150.00

2069 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). 5" X6". Headquarters Forces South of the Red River, Vermillionville, LA, June 13th, 1863. Captain Louis Bush, AGG to General Mouton requests that Major Ogden send vouchers to the quartermaster for the four mules Ogden is to retain with necessary explanations, addressed to Ogden as Commander of the 1st Battalion Louisiana State Cavalry. Very fine (44)....................................................$125.00

2070 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). 5" X 7". Major Henry Ogden is ordered to replace couriers between Opelousas and Alexandria with men from his cavalry unit, Headquarters Forces South of the Red River. Slightly light but quite readable. Opelousas had been captured April 20th and was now back in Confederate hands after the Federals put their attention on Port Hudson. Very good (45)..............................................$135.00

2071 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). 8" X 10", 2 pages. MAJOR OGDEN ORDERS THE PLACEMENT OF COURIERS, Camp DeSoto, June 23rd, 1863, Headquarters of the 1st Battalion Louisiana State Cavalry. Ogden orders the following to Lt. J.C. Carter...29 men from Company C will proceed to the line of couriers between Alexandria and Natchez and will relieve the couriers at those spots according to the schedule outlined. The Lt. in charge will change several positions to have them equal distances apart. The said Lt. Carter will be allowed to contract for forage at every post. He will be in charge of the line and must encourage diligence and they take nothing but military dispatches. He is to submit a full report when his assignment is completed. The last paragraph is light but readable, signed by Major Henry Ogden commanding. An extensive report on the changing and replacement of couriers within Confederate lines. Fine (46).................................................$295.00

2072 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). ARMS, AMMUNITION, MULES AND HORSES TAKEN FROM NEGROES. Headquarters District of Western Louisiana, Alexandria, LA, June 23rd, 1863, imprinted blue stationary. Major Ogden was ordered by General Taylor to take a detachment from his command and proceed to the residence of Silas Tolbert six miles below Cheneyville and receive from him 20 head of mules and horses, some arms and ammunition and bring back to Alexandria. They were taken from Negroes after the retreat of the Yankees by the neighbors of Mr. Tolbert and were left with him for safe keeping. The Federal forces had vacated that area devoting their attention to the fight at Port Hudson which was raging at this time. Very fine, great content (47)........................................$325.00

2073 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). 5" X 7". A order to keep a orderly always mounted at all times, Order #33, Headquarters Post at Alexandria, LA, June 23rd, 1863. Actually a reprimand why an orderly had not been kept mounted and order #33 reaffirms a previous order. The order was sent to Major H. Ogden, Commanding 1st Battalion LA Cavalry (48)..........................$150.00

2074 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). 8" X 10". KEEPING THE COURIERS POSTED BETWEEN ALEXANDRIA AND NATCHEZ. Post at Alexandria, June 23rd, 1863. Manuscript letter to Major Henry Ogden commanding the 1st Battalion State Cavalry was ordered to proceed on the following day and assign a commissioned officer with a staff of non-commissioned privates to relieve the couriers between that post and Natchez. The commissioned officer will remain in charge of the line. Lt. Haar, commanding Captain Todd's company of cavalry will at the same time detail a commissioned officer who will report to this officer detailed by Major Ogden to take charge now on the posts as they should be relieved and return back to their companies. A report must be made on the compliance of this order, signed Ferjos Fuselier, Adjutant (had service in the Confederate Louisiana Guard). Maintaining this line of communication was critical at this point giving the Trans-Mississippi command news of the fighting at Vicksburg which was about to fall to Grant (49)................................$225.00

2076 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). A DETAILED LETTER GIVING THE POSITIONS AND COURIERS ASSIGNED TO EACH STATION BETWEEN ALEXANDRIA AND NATCHEZ. Fort Beauregard, June 28th, 1863, letter addressed to Major Ogden from Lt. J.C. Carter detailing who he has placed at the 13 courier posts between Alexandria and Natchez which details of the posting as well as distance from post to post. 3+ large 8" X 10" letter on gray paper addressed to Major Ogden who was in charge of the couriers at Alexandria to Natchez. Clark lists the post #, distance from the next post, cost per day to operate, where forage was obtained for each post, and names of couriers assigned to each post. This was the change of couriers as the last list of couriers in this correspondence was made on June 21st, 1863 so the change was made weekly. The couriers on these post brought vital information to the Trans-Mississippi Dept. from the fighting at Vicksburg and Port Hudson, since Natchez was halfway between those fortifications. Boldly written by Clark to Ogden (51)..................................$375.00

2078 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). MAJOR OGDEN IS ORDERED TO SEND MEN TO ESCORT AN ORDNANCE TRAIN DISPATCHED TO GENERAL MOUTON ON BAYOU TECHE. Headquarters Post at Alexandria, LA, June 24th, 1863. 1 page 8" X 10" in manuscript, Clack orders Ogden to provide one non-commissioned officer and two privates from his command fully armed and equipped to report to Major Robertson, Ordnance Officer of this post tomorrow at 9 AM to escort and ordnance train dispatched to General Mouton on Bayou Teche. By command of Major Clack, commander of the post at Alexandria, Ogden was commander of the 1st Battalion Louisiana State Cavalry. While Federal troops were still occupied at Port Hudson, Mouton was south of Alexandria on the Teche as Confederate authorities knew it was just a matter of time before Banks would turn his attention again to Southwest Louisiana and he did in the Fall of 1863 in the Second Bayou Teche Campaign. Written and signed by Ferjus Fuselier Adj. to the Post at Alexandria, LA (Confederate Guard Officer). (55)....................................$250.00

2079 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). MAJOR OGDEN REQUESTS THAT HIS MEN BE REMOVED FROM PICKET DUTY ON THE RED RIVER AS REQUESTED BY THE ALEXANDRIA ARSENAL COMMANDER, Camp DeSoto, June 26th, 1863, one page 8" X 10". Written and signed by Major Henry Ogden to Major Hank Clack commanding the Post at Alexandria, LA. He relates...by orders he had received he had stationed one non-commissioned officer and five privates as pickets on the Red River about 20 miles from Alexandria, LA at the request of the Chief Ordnance Officer. He feels that pickets are unnecessary and as he is in need for these men to return to his service in providing couriers he requests permission to remove his men from that duty. Ogden signs the letter. It is again signed by him on the reverse as well as by Major Clack in approved and then approved the AAG of General Richard Taylor. Ogden was responsible at that time for maintaining the couriers between Alexandria and Natchez providing valuable information for Richard Taylor on the activities to the east at Port Hudson and Vicksburg. Fine with minor fold restoration at edge. Signed twice by Ogden (54).................................................$695.00

2080 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). DISPATCHES HAVE BEEN MISCARRIED, AN OFFICER MUST BE SENT TO INVESTIGATE BY MAJOR OGDEN, Headquarters Post at Alexandria, LA, July 3rd, 1863. One page in ink letter from Adj. Ferjus Fuselier to Major Henry Ogden Commanding, 1st Battalion, Louisiana State Cavalry. Due to miscarried dispatches, Ogden is ordered to send a commissioned officer to the courier post at the Lamourie Bridge and to institute an inquiry whether proper communication has been made with the courier line from that point to Lt. Colonel Fournet's command. The first post on the later line is Polk's Plantation. Dispatches have been miscarried each way on this line. Instructions will be given to courier on the Lamourie Bridge to examine dispatches there received and forward those to Colonel Fournet sent on...at this time news from Vicksburg and Port Hudson was anxiously awaited and this break in the courier line was critical to the Confederate staff in Alexandria as they knew that a Federal invasion was coming once defenses to the East fell. Excellent one page letter (56).............................................$250.00

2082 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). MANUSCRIPT REQUISITION FOR PAPER/ENVELOPES FOR THE 1ST LOUISIANA BATTALION OF CAVALRY, JUNE 1863 SIGNED BY MAJOR HENRY OGDEN COMMANDING STATIONED AT VERMILLIONVILLE, LA. Hand-lined 4" X 7" form for paper and envelopes for the use of the Cavalry battalion under Ogden's command. Signed by Ogden as Major Commanding. On gray paper, a bold signature of Ogden (57b)..........................................$395.00

2083 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). Ogden's signature on a small receipt for supplies received from the post quartermaster for his Cavalry Battalion, April 7th, 1863 at Vermillionville, LA Cavalry battalion under Ogden's command was the 1st Louisiana Cavalry battalion. Signed by Agden as Major Commanding. On gray paper, a bold signature of Ogden (57c).......................$295.00

2084 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). Ogden's signature on a small receipt for supplies received from the post quartermaster for his Cavalry Battalion, June 7th, 1863 at Vermillionville, LA. Cavalry battalion under Ogden's command was the 1st Louisiana Cavalry battalion. Signed by Ogden as Major Commanding. On gray paper, a bold signature of Ogden (57d)........................$295.00

2086 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). LETTER FROM LT. THOMAS PLAYER TO MAJOR OGDEN IN ALEXANDRIA OUTLINING CHANGES MADE IN THE COURIER LINE FROM OPELOUSAS TO ALEXANDRIA. 1 page 8" X 10" in ink addressed to Major Ogden at Alexandria. Player writes on June 29th, 1863, that he has moved couriers along the Opelousas-Alexandria route, lists who is where, moved a courier post from Governor Moore's (plantation), requests funds to pay courier expenses, drew blankets for couriers at Opelousas. Lt. Thomas Player was in Company A, 1st Battalion LA. Cavalry. Extremely well-written letter by player with great details concerning each post changed (59)..................................$375.00

2087 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). MAJOR HENRY OGDEN IS RELIEVED OF DUTY AS A COMMANDER OF A BATTALION OF STATE TROOPS WITH THE APPRECIATION OF MAJOR GENERAL RICHARD TAYLOR. Imprinted Headquarters District of Western Louisiana, stationary Order #192, 8" X 10", Alexandria, LA, July 6th, 1863. Ogden is described as Aide de Camp to the Governor of Louisiana (Thomas O. Moore), who had volunteered his services to the Major General Commanding is relieved from that duty with the gratitude for his services and trust that our cause will not be deprived long of his services. Signed by his A.A. General (Sturget) for General Taylor. Fine (60)................................................$275.00

2088 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). MAJOR HENRY OGDEN IS APPOINTED AID DE CAMP TO GOVERNOR MOORE WITH THE RANK OF LT. COLONEL. Headquarters Louisiana Army, Alexandria, LA, July 15th, 1863, imprinted stationary 8" X 10". Ogden was made a Lt. Colonel on Moore's Staff effective June 21st, 1863 to serve as Aide de Camp to Moore, by command of Governor Moore, signed by D. Conner, Adj. General to Moore. Rare Louisiana Army Stationary. Imprinted Adjutant General's Office, large cover included some tatters at top of cover. Very fine, 2 pieces (61).........................................$350.00

2089 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). OGDEN IS REQUESTED TO TURN IN A MULE TO THE QUARTERMASTER, August 10th, 1863, Nebitts Bluff. A letter to Ogden requesting when he returns to Alexandria he turn in the mule he has taken possession of to the quartermaster and get a receipt and mail to the writer J.C. Stafford, Major. Ogden was moving from Alexandria to his next assignment and probably used the mule for transportation of person goods and he had just been made a Lt. Colonel on the Staff of Governor Moore. (63)..................................$165.00

2090 - TREMENDOUS TRANS-MISSISSIPPI LETTER REGARDING SUPPLIES FOR THE CONFEDERATE SIGNAL CORPS IN WESTERN LOUISIANA - MAKING TORCHES FOR SIGNALING AND TELESCOPES, August 3rd, 1863. Two page letter 8" X 10" from Captain and Chief Signal Officer Evan Jones to Lt. Stephen Routh, Signal Officer District of Western Louisiana written at Alexandria, LA. A well written letter mentioning a Colonel Harrison who had deserted and not been cooperative with the Signal Corps officer Routh before his desertion. Jones had been advised of the desertion by a telegraph by General Herbert. He asks the Lt. if he can buy and copper for the purpose of making torches (signal lanterns) as nothing can be gotten from Richmond. If he cannot get made in Alexandria, ship the copper to Jones and he can get them made locally (probably in Shreveport). While he was in Alexandria, he had sent another order to the Lt. to buy glasses. He questions if he was able to supply enough to supply his department (referring to binoculars or telescopes for the signal corps.) A rare Trans-Mississippi letter regarding the Confederate Signal Corps obtaining needed equipment locally as help from Richmond was out of the question by August 1863 with the communication to the east cut off by the recent losses on the Mississippi River. Very fine (64).....................................................$650.00 

2091 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). A REPORT ON CHARGES AGAINST CAPTAIN JOHN H. GARRETT, 27TH LOUISIANA INFANTRY. Docketed on the verso at Alexandria, LA, December 10th, 1864. A crudely written pencil account of the charges against said captain with well written dockets in pen on the verso from the Ogden papers although he is not mentioned on the document. Comes with an applied copy for better reading of the verso. (66)..........................SOLD

3202 - PRISONER OF WAR LETTER, 1ST MISSISSIPPI INFANTRY, CAMP CHASE, OH, April 20th, 1862, Camp Chase, OH. From William Baldwin, 1st Mississippi Infantry. 2 pages in ink, comes with a nice hand carried cover, "From W. Baldwin Prisoner of War Camp Chase, OH to John Baldwin, Spring Dale, Lafayette, Mississippi." He relates, "Dear Father, mother, sisters and brothers, am on this side of the grave and my health is improving. I do not know where Henry or John is, I suppose Henry is somewhere in Mississippi and John is a prisoner somewhere in Illinois, but Davis, Hunt, Wilson, and Tol Gardner is all from our company that I know anything about, will try to write, tell Brother James to take care of my things. I have a pleasant set of fellows to mess with and have plenty to eat. The Federals are very good to us as good as I could ask. I have no idea how long I will be here. Pray for our delivery...I have no more to write. W. Baldwin." Well written and with an excellent POW cover. Baldwin was captured at Fort Donelson, two items....................................SOLD

3207 - TWO LETTERS SENT TO WILLIAM HANDLEY AT NASHVILLE, Two letters written from Pleasant Valley (Alabama) in May and June 1862 to a Miss McClean that were forwarded in a small envelope to William Handley at Nashville. Handley was in an underdetermined Confederate regiment and was obviously a POW at Nashville as the writer entreats, "Will, I want you to take the oath and come home, everybody else in the neighborhood has taken the oath, you need to come help raise (his child) as his wife had died." The two letters are written by Laura Bonnar to a Miss. McClean with parts directed to Will in Nashville. Comes with the hand carried cover to William Handley in Nashville. A very unusual set of letters, three items.......................................................SOLD

3208 - 1ST ALABAMA CAVALRY NEAR KNOXVILLE, September 27th, 1862. Four pages in pencil to his wife Hennie by Lt. W.T. Presley, 1st Alabama Cavalry. He relates, that after reading her letter he had tears streaming down his cheeks mentions several friends in camp that are in poor shape, one looks like an "old shoe", in two days there is a dreaded march, another man has been ill since he came into the company, will have to march for several days over hilly and rocky areas, many have been excused by the Doctor, another man suffers from a bad cough that hurts him terribly when he coughs. The wound he had gotten has left an ugly scar on his chest, Wright has this yellow powder he is yellow as a pumpkin, more on the condition of his friends at the convalescent camp before he marches out of camp, Good bye dearest Hennie, Willie with transcript.............................................$165.00

3209 - 1ST ALABAMA CAVALRY IN TENNESSEE, W.T. PRESLEY, June 9th, 1863. 2 pages in pen by Lt. W.T. Presley, 1st Alabama Cavalry to his wife Hennie. Written "At Courier Post near Middle Bedford, Bedford County, Tennesseee. "He asks his wife to find out what company Will Whitstone and John Sale belong as I want to find out who is their Captain and Colonel is and the number of the regiment they belong to, let me know as soon as possible as I am going to try for a transfer, Bill Moore and I both want to transfer but say nothing about this just find out the information I asked you for as I shall try for the transfer. I will try for a furlough this summer whether I get a transfer or not. Saw Bill Moore yesterday for the first time in six months and his badly hurt about the reports of his deserting...remember do not talk about what I ask of you as it may have a bad effect on me." Willie to Hennie, Prattville, AL, comes with a hand-written poem called "THE ABSENT ONE" that Presley writes to his wife, two pages. Both letter and manuscript dated poem.......................................................$195.00

3210 - 1ST ALABAMA CAVALRY, ACTING AS A COURIER IN TENNESSEE, June 15th, 1863. Two large pages in ink to his wife Hennie by Lt. W.T. Presley, at Courier Post near Middletown, Bedford County, Tennessee. He is still acting as a courier and boarding at Grandma Sanders but he will probably have to leave as she is ill, mentions a friend starting for the Army, it is reported that we will be relieved and go to the rear to recruit men and horses, hear so many reports we do not know what to believe. He needs new pair of boots for riding and asks her to have a pair made size #10 in red leather, he will send her a ring that he has made for her, he tells his wife to remember if you forget and forgive in peace you shall live. Some water staining unaffecting the legibility of the manuscript, from Willie to Hennie. Well written in ink............................................$165.00

3211 - 1ST ALABAMA CAVALRY, CAPTURED 1500 PRISONERS, WE LIVED HIGH ON OLD ABE'S RATIONS, October 12th, 1863. Three pages in pencil, near Muscle Shoals, Alabama to his wife Hennie by Lt. W.T. Presley. He relates to Hennie...I am tired and wore out from marching as we have been on a raid into middle Tennessee, we have been in our saddles night and day nearly all the time. We crossed the Tennessee River at Muscle Shoals day before yesterday. I never have seen men and horses as near wore out in my life as I have in the past two weeks, we did not average two hours sleep except one night when we slept on our horses as we rode along. I stood the trip finely except I was nearly worn out for sleep. Bob is also well and hearty he stands service life a mule. We burned about 700 of the enemy's wagons loaded with commissaries and captured about 1500 prisoners and between them 4000 mules. We all lived high on old Abe's rations such as crackers, butter, raisons, butternuts and things too tedious to mention, not to mention Yankee clothes by the wagon load. I send you a ring that Bill Moore put in sets for me (you can see the round impression in the paper of the ring). I suspect we will go into Tennessee again before we get settled, my love to the children. An excellent letter by Lt. W.T. Presley................................$395.00

3212 - 1ST ALABAMA CAVALRY IN CAMP NEAR BLUE MOUNTAIN, ALABAMA, April 1st, 1864. Two pages in ink from Lt. W.T. Presley, 1st Alabama Cavalry to his wife Hennie. He relates...that Bob is on the way home and he will tell her all the news, tell Bob to take good care of his horse Black Hawk and I want him to recruit all that he can, I want to be able to leave my mare home and ride Black Hawk back...try to fix up some grease to get the lice off of Black Hawk, I think he is the best saddle horse in the Brigade and he carried me over 500 miles, have applied for a furlough and don't know if I will get it but if I don't I have another trick at work, his mare is lame today but it does not seem serious. Well written...................................................$150.00

3213 - 1ST ALABAMA CAVALRY, ATLANTA CAMPAIGN, YANKS ON THE MOVE, May 12th, 1864. Two large pages in ink written to his wife Hennie by Lt. W.T. Presley, 1st Alabama Cavalry, Osstanauba River, eight miles from Rome (GA), on duty at a military ford on that river. He relates that he's upset at the lack of letters he has received since he left home-not one word, he says her warm heart is too generous to be so forgetful, he wishes he could show her how much he loves her...he is command of a picket of 24 men guarding the river, has been there several days without relief, if Colonel Blakely sends him more supplies he would not need relief, he has just been told that General Wheeler has captured a whole bridge of Yankee cavalry, he is afraid to believe the good news, he also heard that General Price has captured all of Steele's army in Louisiana, He heard from General Morgan through Colonel Blakely to keep a sharp lookout for the Yanks as it is thought they will try and force their way across the river last night but they never made an appearance. He then gives strong advise on how to raise the young children back in Prattville, AL. Well written, some age tone in spots. 8" X 10" letter................................................$325.00

1304 - RARE FLORIDA OATH OF ALLEGIANCE, Pre-printed and filled-in Oath of Allegiance for William Crawford of Santa Rosa County, Florida searing his allegiance to the United States on September 4th, 1862. A month later Crawford violated the oath and joined the 3rd Battalion Florida Cavalry on October 4th, 1862 in Santa Rosa County, Florida. In 1863, he shows service in Company F, Confederate States 15th Cavalry, but deserted on September 15th, 1864. He signed another Oath of Allegiance in June of 1865 to the United States at the end of the war. A very early oath issued in 1862, fine............................$295.00

121103 - RECONNAISSANCE OF THE MISSIPPI RIVER BELOW FORTS JACKSON AND ST. PHILIP, 12" X 18", three wide borders, tight at left border. A map made previous to the reduction by the US Fleet under the command of Flag Officer D.G. Farragut. An excellent map showing the position of the mortars, chains in the river, and sunken hulls in front of the forts with detailed information on the distances of firing into the forts. Printed by Bowen of Philadelphia, c. 1863-65, black and white.................SOLD

82702 - FORT HARRISON, VA, BY GEORGE B. MCCAIN BATTEY I, 2ND NORTH CAROLINA ON LOCALLY PRINTED PATRIOTIC STATIONARY BOTH LETTER SHEET AND ENVELOPE, 2 page letter sheet. Cannon with 1st National flag above, envelope First National Confederate flag, both have poem verse, "bright banner of freedom..." Both printed by W&J Bonitz, Goldsboro, NC. A home letter to his grandmother in Newport, NC thanking her for the supplies that she had sent to him as of late, mentions friends and complains that the paper is very bad which is causing his poor penmanship, quite a newsy letter on scarce Confederate stationary on coarse brown paper, cover and letter in fine condition with usual woodcut printing, scarce to find together as a pair and both being patriotic, George B. McCain, 2nd NC Light Battery.........................................................SOLD

82706 - CAMP OF THE 63RD TENNESSEE NEAR RICHMOND, TIRED OF FIGHTING "NIGS IN VIRGINIA", November 6th, 1864. Two pages in ink by James M. Crawford, 63rd Tennessee. "We have no news other than maintaining the lines at the front, no fighting since last week, hope the fighting is done for the winter as we are tired of fighting in Virginia for when we fight we fights the "NIGS", would not like to be taken prisoner by the "NIGS"...would rater be at "Old Scratch and Key" than be taken a prisoner...a friend had written him that the girls were wearing him out at home and that if he were home he could help them out...notes that prisoners from his unit were at Elmira Prison and are all well except three who had died there, Ed Miller, George Helburt, and George W. Dick-he had seen a letter written to Captain A.M. Mallard about the three prisoners being dead...". An unusual and rare mentioning of the Black soldiers fighting at that time in the Petersburg-Richmond area where numerous United States Colored Troops played important roles in those two sieges...............................$395.00

82707 - THE SOUTH HAS GAINED A GREAT VICTORY AT RICHMOND, June 30th, 1862, 2 page letter in ink by O.N. Wolfe & James Fletcher, 8" X 10", comes with a homemade cover with a Scott #5, 10 cent stamp (Jefferson) pen cancelled with a Saltville, VA manuscript notation of July 8th (1862). A RARE ISSUE. He relates..."It would be great to receive a letter from you as I h ope to see you once more on earth...I take the time to tell you about the great victory the South has gained at Richmond, they have taken 43 Generals and near 43 cannons and a good many Colonels and Privates...if this is true I hope peace will be made before much longer as I am tired of all of this...have been through the rives and now are just on the other side of the salt mill, direct letters to Saltville P.O. ...mentions that he is eating well is mending (wounded)...if we never meet on earth may we meet in heaven...Captain Haynes Company...James D. Fletcher" (3rd NC Light Artillery). He refers to the battles of late around Richmond-Mechanicsville, 1st Cold Harbor, Gaines Mill-the Seven Days Battles. A good letter from a North Carolina soldier stationed or recuperating at Saltville, VA with a very desirable postal cover.......................................SOLD

72002 - CONFEDERATE LETTER FROM BEAUREGARD'S QUARTERMASTER TO THE GOVERNOR OF SOUTH CAROLINA, Charleston, SC, July 1st, 1862. 8" X 10" on blue lined paper addressed to Governor Francis Pickens by Captain Mott C. Pringle, Asst. Quartermaster to Beauregard. Pringle addresses the question for the Commanding General (Beauregard) of a loan of $30,000 that was to be made for the purchase of forage for the troops of the State. Mott states that he has made large contracts for such forage and if the obligation is not paid on a timely manner, he will have difficulty in making future contracts with suppliers. On the verso, Pickens refers the letter to the Treasury Department. Beautifully written. Excellent content regarding problems in paying for supplies in Charleston as early as July 1862. Mint condition.............................................$175.00

The following letters were written by Corporal J.F. Jones, Company G, 9th Alabama Infantry. He apparently was in the medical corps in several capacities from a Secretary to the Surgeon, Ambulance staff, and possibly a pharmacist assistant by the content of his letters from 1861-64

749 - 1861 FILLING THE RANKS IN SOUTH CAROLINA, Headquarters, Columbia, SC, April 25th (1861). Two pages in ink from Private D.M. Simpson of the 1st South Carolina State Troops. He relates...the fighting will now be in Virginia and we are only State volunteers and we are not bound to go...there are presently two regiments in this place numbering 2200 men and we have lively times...there was a call today for volunteers for the Confederate Army, but they only got one entire company and how many more they will get I can hardly tell...the call is for 8000 men, but i don't think they will get 300 and if they fail you are not volunteers may look out Jeff Davis is bound to have troops for his army...some of the men are eating, drinking, smoking, and talking war, playing the fiddle, dancing...have a Negro to cook for us, but he is going home and none of us can cook a bit...I have often heard of war, but have not realized it before...D.M. Simpson. An interesting letter written within two weeks of the firing on Fort Sumter by Confederate forces showing the loyalty to the State, but a hesitance to join the new Confederate Army...................................$275.00 

751 - VIRGINIA SHARPSHOOTERS WHARTON'S BRIGADE, 30th Virginia Battalion Sharpshooters, March 25th, 1864. Letter to Colonel J. Lyle Clark commanding the 30th Virginia Battalion requesting that three men be sent to Jonesboro and that they will be returned to General Wharton's Brigade as soon as cavalrymen can be received from the cavalry. The 30th VA Sharpshooters fought in East Tennessee under Longstreet and in the Shenandoah Valley. After the Battle of Waynesborough, the unit was disbanded. Well-written in brown ink on gray paper. Scarce SHARPSHOOTER correspondence................................$295.00

752 - SOUTH CAROLINA GOVERNOR FRANCIS PICKENS ASKS FOR GUNS FOR HIS TROOPS, October 1st, 1861, STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA HEADQUARTERS stationary, autographed and signed letter from Governor Francis W. Pickens to Mr. A. Huger regarding the acquisition of 200 rifles for flanking companies to each regiment. (These had just come into Charleston on a ship and Governor Pickens states he had told a Mr. Wagner his needs while on the ship). He states that General States Rights Gist understood that two-thirds of the imports belonged to the Confederate Government and that he had immediately made requisitions with General Ripley for supplest for us (the State). He continues to doubt the reports as to just what was on the ship. An interesting letter regarding rifles that had been imported probably from England. Boldly written in Pickens distinctive hand. Under his administration as Governor of South Carolina (1860-1862), the state seceded and demanded the surrender of the Federal forts in Charleston Harbor. He strongly advocated the secession of the Southern states and signed the South Carolina ordinance of secession. He protested against Major Robert Anderson's removal from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter, and offered to buy the fort from the Federal Government. On January 9, 1861, Governor Pickens sanctioned the firing upon the relief steamship Star of the West, which was bringing supplies to Anderson's beleaguered garrison. He also approved of the subsequent bombardment of Fort Sumter. He remained a fervent supporter of states rights. 8" X 10", an important early-war letter with Pickens trying to arm his State Troops. Very fine.......................................$650.00


754 - RARE AFFIDAVIT ALLOWING TRADE FROM THE INSURRECTORY STATES TO SHIP NORTHWARD, 8" X 14", pre-printed and filled in form dated at New Orleans, LA, July 9th, 1864. Occupied New Orleans official form allowing 5 bales of cotton to be imported into New Orleans and to be ultimately shipped northward from Ascension Parish (north of New Orleans). The individual requesting the importation also attests that he has and is loyal to the Government of the United States and has never given aid voluntarily to the Rebels in arms nor has not encouraged in any manner the rebellion and will by conduct and conversation as a loyal citizen to suppress the rebellion and restore obedience to the laws and Constitution of the United States. This is an extremely rare form seldom seen allowing trade goods to be imported from the Confederate area of Louisiana. Minor age tone, fold restored with archival. Many Southerners became instant patriots when Union authorities allowed this trade from Confederate stockpiles. This is the first document of this type we have ever handled over the years............................................SOLD

757 - HAVE BEEN THE SADDLE 24 HOURS AND MY REPORT OF BEING KILLED IS FALSE, Springhill, TN, January 6th, 1863. Two pages in bold pencil to my own MICHEE...has been in the saddle continuously and was soaked by the storm and has had nothing to eat, while they were in the hottest part of the fight he remembered her, he wondered why he and the rest of the General and staff were not all killed...he had the talisman that she had given him...he shall keep it as it passed through the dangers with him...reports that he was killed are not true...he has to go up to the Franklin Pike by 12, continues to talk of his deep love and affection for her...Letter was noted to have been carried to her by a servant. Signed Frank W. Armstrong. A Frank Armstrong is lusted as a member of the CS Staff and Field [During this period the Confederates were actively engaged on the Shelbyville Pike near where he writes from]............................................$275.00

761 - WALLER'S REGIMENT OF TEXAS CAVALRY, Camp Grace, March 7th, 1864. Texas promissory note for $50 due Travis Hensley from L.K. Dubois, both members of Waller's Texas Cavalry, small manuscript 4" X 7"......................................$75.00

762 - WALLER'S TEXAS CAVALRY, July 24th, 1863, 3" X 7" manuscript document stating payment of $100 by the AAQM, John S. Hirshfield, dated at St. Martinsville, LA.......................................................$75.00

763 - WALLER'S TEXAS CAVALRY, January 31st, 1865, 4" X 7" manuscript dated at Jackson, MS. A pass for Private Travis Hensley, Company E, Waller's Regt. Cavalry Regiment to pass through the Department (Mississippi & Louisiana)..................................$200.00

765 - NEWS ABOUT GETTYSBURG, AND THE ACTION IN TENNESSEE, Encamped at Moundville, three miles above Washington, LA, Sunday, August 2nd, 1863. Three large legal sized pages in beautiful script (ink) to his wife home in Texas from Travis Hensley, Waller's Texas Cavalry. He reports that news they have heard about the Battle of Gettysburg was really a victory than a defeat...he has seen a New Orleans Picayune which the Yankees have acknowledged a loss of 19,000 killed and wounded with many prisoners, Lee reports his losses of 12,000 killed or wounded and 4000 prisoners and he has succeeded in bringing out many stores and ammunition...the battle lasted three days and was perhaps the bloodiest of the War...the Yankees say they had 18 Generals killed, wounded, and missing besides many officers and lower rank. In Mississippi and Tennessee, our armies were reported to be retreating slowly before the advance of Grant and Rosecrans and our prospects there appear to be rather gloomy. Banks' army seems to have mysteriously disappeared and no one can imagine where it will turn up...General Greene (Tom Green) has his whole Brigade encamped at this place...the water here is bad and men are falling ill...many of his fellow friends are ill or have requested transfers...Captain Fenner of the 4th Texas Cavalry has brought your letter and package of July 1st...worries the Yankee successes of late will spur on recruitment for them this Fall and Winter...we have no recruits to fill our decimated ranks...General Magruder has made a call for 10,000 more men from Texas...we have heard reports from across the river (Mississippi) of a fight between Johnston and Grant and that the latter was defeated and Johnston was pursuing him. A long and interesting letter from the Trans-Mississippi from Travis Hensley relating news of the War as he heard it-most of it was false.............................................$595.00


766 - THE NEWS OF SHILOH ARRIVES AT THE CAMP OF THE 1ST TEXAS CAVALRY, April 18th, 1862, Camp Henry McCullough by Captain Edward Beaumont, 1st Texas Cavalry (Yeager's Cavalry). He writes to his Cousin Julia Hensley...we expect to receive marching orders in a few days and expect to go to Missouri or Tennessee. I suppose you have heard of the Battle in Mississippi on the 6th and 7th (April 6-7, Battle of Shiloh)...I would give up what the Confederacy owes me if I could go on to there where there is something to do. A letter from a scarce Texas Cavalry Regiment.......................................$250.00

769 - THE 60TH ALABAMA AT PETERSBURG, THE DESERTER WILL BE SHOT, Camp of the 60th Alabama, Petersburg, VA, December 23rd, 1864. 4 pages in bold pencil written from Pvt. Wyatt J. Bonner, 60th Alabama to his Father...mentions hopes to get a three day Christmas pass to send it in the rear...went over to see some friends in the 3rd Alabama at Swifts Creek about 5 miles away, but no one was there that I knew, mentions two friends that had been captured, another was thought to have been wounded as he would have never let himself be captured, the rest of the regiment seemed to be in good spirits building winter quarters, half of the officers in this regiment are on furlough, gives details on how the furloughs are done, married men get to go home to tend to their families' needs and then return...there has been a great deal of deserting in our regiment, one night 6 went over and 7 went over the next, the Yanks hollowed over for Colonel Troy to come over and take command of his regiment (so many had deserted to the Yank side)...two tried to desert a few nights ago, one Thomas Pendleton started about five minutes before on John Shaw, but Tom P. got over, but as Shaw was about half way over our Pickets saw him and commenced shooting at him calling him to halt, but he kept on going to the Yanks, but soon came back to our lines and was caught and is now in jail in Petersburg-I expect him to be shot. Wyatt (Bonner) 60th Alabama........................................$350.00

771 - CONFEDERATE SOLDIER LETTER FROM SOUTH CAROLINA, Edisto, SC, May 11th, 1862. Two page letter in ink to his Mother from, E.S. Whittie. He has not seen any battles there, he found some seeds which he is enclosing in an old Negro house which they evacuated on this island and he wants his Mother to plant them at home. Phonically written in some areas, white paper......................................$125.00

772 - WE HAVE JUST MOVED TO PINCKNEY ISLAND, Confederate soldier's letter dated February 27th, 1863. 2 pages in ink from  E.S. Whittie to his Mother. We have just moved to Pinckney Island, SC, but we will have to move soon as we will soon have a fight, but I know not where or when, thinks the War will last seven years longer. Written somewhat phonically, fine............................................$135.00

775 - GENERAL BANKS ORDERS A RETURN OF CONFEDERATE MONEY AND PROPERTY RETURNED TO A BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS VETERAN DURING THE OCCUPATION OF NEW ORLEANS, 3 documents (a) Large affidavit signed by William Stillman, dated September 7th, 1863, who describes himself as an 87 year old Veteran from the War of 1812 who fought in the Battle of Chalmette (New Orleans) against the British in 1815 and has supported, protected, and defended the Constitution of the United States and has been true and faithful to the same. Stillman's finances held in the Louisiana State Bank as well as his property in New Orleans were confiscated by Captain McClure under the Confiscation Act which essentially allowed the Military to seize property of suspected Rebels who supported the Southern cause. He requests that through the approval of General N.P. Banks, his property be returned to him. General Banks dockets the affidavit request on the verso and approves the return of the old soldier's property to him (signed by Banks), two pages 8" X 14", on blue-lined paper along with other dockets by Bank's Staff officers. (b) 8" X 10" receipt signed by Stillman on Dept. of the Gulf stationary, April 8th, 1863, acknowledging the receipt from Captain McClure $1551 in Confederate notes as well as $400 in par funds. (c) 3" X 7" receipt that the Louisiana State Bank has paid the Government $400 in par funds and $1551.21 in Confederate notes from the account of William Stillman to Captain McClure. Stillman is recorded as serving in Captain David E. Wallace's Company of boatmen December 25th, 1814 - February 14th, 1815 at the Battle of New Orleans and related military excursions prior to and after the battle. A very interesting grouping with the main document autographed by Banks as Commander of the Dept. of the Gulf at New Orleans. The three piece grouping..............................................SOLD

776 - AN ABSENT REBEL HAS HIS PROPERTY CONFISCATED IN NEW ORLEANS, August 5th, 1863. One page 8" X 14", all manuscript detailing the confiscation of several pieces of property in New Orleans owned by S.S. Michel of New Orleans described as an absent Rebel. Signed by Benjamin Flanders, Special Agent to the US Treasury in New Orleans, later to become a short-lived Scalawag Governor of Louisiana. Known Southern sympathizers or soldiers in the field serving the Confederate Government were liable to have their property confiscated by the Gov. Fine trifle age tone............................$75.00

TEXAS COLONEL WRITES A RECOMMENDATION FOR THE FIRST BREWER IN TEXAS, San Antonio, TX, March 20th, 1865. One page letter from Colonel Frederick Tate who was on Van Dorn's Staff requesting assistance in Houston for W.A. Menger upon his arrival in the City of Houston. Menger operated the first Brewery in Texas. Tate also served in the 9th Texas Infantry as a Major. Well written Texas correspondence..............................$155.00

REMEMBER ME TO GENERAL PAUL O. HERBERT, San Antonio, TX, March 20th, 1865. Addressed to Capt. Samuel Boyer Davis, AAG to General Paul O. Herbert requesting a detail of troops to be given to the disposal of Mr. William Menger, which detail has been pre-approved. Menger operated the first brewery in Texas before the War and this detail probably was needed to move the property of Menger as the Was was coming to an end. Written by Colonel Frederick Tate on Van Dorn's Staff who asks the Captain to remember him to General P.O. Herbert. Scarce Texas letter...................................................$250.00

FORT CLARK, TEXAS UNDER CONFEDERATE CONTROL, A SUTLER DISCUSSES A DEBT OWED WILL MENGER, 1ST TEXAS BREWER, Fort Clark, TX, May 1st, 1861. A rare letter by a Sutler D.H. Brown asking William Menger for terms for his debt as the (Texas) 3rd Infantry has left the fort and he is at present unable to take care of his debt to Menger. Menger was the first brewer in Texas and supplied beer/ale to Brown. Obviously the members of the 3rd Texas leaving hurt his business at the fort. Unusual early War correspondence.........................................................$150.00

FORT CLARK, TEXAS UNDER CONFEDERATE CONTROL, A SUTLER WRITES WILLIAM MENGER, 1ST TEXAS BREWER, Fort Clark, TX, April 27th, 1861. A rare letter by a Sutler D.H. Brown mentioning a charge to his account. Menger supplied beer/ale to Brown for sale at the fort. Addressed to Menger in San Antonio. Half page in manuscript.......................................................$75.00

RARE LETTER FROM THE PUBLISHER OF 'THE CONFEDERACY', Seguin, TX, November 1st, 1861. A letter to William Menger discussing an ad that will be running for Menger in the new paper called the "Confederacy" formerly known as the Seguin Mercury by the publisher D.R. Freeman. Menger operated the 1st brewery in Texas prior to the War. Excellent Confederate era letter regarding a Confederate newspaper..............................$125.00

1ST MISSOURI LIGHT ARTILLERY, New Orleans, LA, December 7th, 1864. Promissory note for $152 signed by 1st Lt. Adolphus Stauber in New Orleans, occupation of New Orleans by Union forces...............................................$32.00

FORGOT THE COLONEL'S TENT, San Antonio, TX, May 27th, 1863. Addressed to Menger's Hotel mentioning the tent of Colonel Kearney being left behind. Menger's Hotel in San Antonio was run by William Menger who also operated the first brewery in Texas. Confederate era correspondence...........................................$58.00

A TEXAS CAVALRY OFFICER COMPLAINS ABOUT HIS HOTEL BILL, May 5th, 1862. Abijah B. Latham, Lt. in the 1st Texas Cavalry, Company H writes to the Menger Hotel in San Antonio contesting his recent bill for a stay at this famous San Antonio, TX landmark. William Menger also ran the 1st brewery in Texas. One page letter in ink, well written................$100.00

TEXAS SOLDIER WRITES WILLIAM MENGER, Houston, TX, September 3rd, 1863. Letter from Captain Phillip Shardine to William Menger regarding a draft sent to him by Menger as his company is about to leave for Nibbits Bluff and is anxious to hear about it. Menger ran the 1st brewery in Texas. Full page in manuscript................................$89.00

TEXAS BREWER WILLIAM MENGER GETS A REQUEST FOR A FRUIT TREE, Washington, TX, January 19th, 1864. Full page letter in ink to William Menger, the writer asks for another specimen of a tree that Menger had given him which he had lost due to a recent freeze. Menger ran the 1st brewery in Texas. Confederate era, Texas letter.......................$85.00

PROVISIONS IN TEXAS, Houston, TX, June 18th, 1863. One page letter in ink to William Menger by James Shaw regarding pickles, whisky, and potatoes. Interesting letter docketed on verso by Menger, 1st Texas brewer. The potatoes were to be divided among several families. Confederate era letter............................................$69.00

32300 - OFFICER'S APPOINTMENT, PROVISIONAL ARMY OF THE STATE OF VIRGINIA, WILLIAM E. KEMBLE, LATER SURGEON OF THE 42ND NORTH CAROLINA INFANTRY, 8" X 10", May 7th, 1861, appointment of William E. Kemble as 2nd Lt. in the Provisional Army of the State of Virginia, signed by Confederate Governor John Letcher, large green seal. Virginia State seal vignette at top of commission. Kembel was later Surgeon of the 42nd North Carolina Infantry. Very fine...................................................SOLD

32301 - CONFEDERATE SURGEON'S APPOINTMENT, January 18th, 1863, 8" X 10" pre-printed and filled in appointment of William E. Kemble as SURGEON in the P. A. C. A. dated at Richmond, VA, and signed by Secretary of War James Seddon. Printed on blue linen paper, very fine. Kemble was later Surgeon of the 42nd North Carolina Infantry. Comes with the original large imprinted envelope "Adjutant and Inspector General's Office." Edges somewhat tattered, document in excellent condition. The North Carolina 42nd Infantry Regiment was organized at Salibury, North Carolina, in April, 1862. The men were recruited in the counties of Davidson, Rowan, Stanly, Davie, and Mecklenburg. In June, it moved to Lynchburg, Virginia, and guarded prisoners captured in Jackson's Valley Campaign. Lter the unit served in North Carolina at Tarboro, along the Chowan River, and at Wilmington. Assigned to General Martin's and Kirkland's Brigade, it fought at Cold Harbor, took its place in the Petersburg trenches, and ended the war with the Army of Tennessee. This unit lost 6 killed and 48 wounded at Ware Bottom Church and had 1 killed, 2 wounded, and 74 missing at Sugar Loaf. It surrendered on April 26, 1865..............................................................SOLD

32303 - A CONFEDERATE SURGEON GETS HIS FULL COMMISSION, HE EXPRESSES HIS HATRED FOR THE LEADERS IN THE NORTH, Wilmington, NC, April 14th, 1864 to his sister by Surgeon William E. Kemble of the 42nd North Carolina, 2 large pages in ink. He relates in part, "I am still in Wilmington and passed a comfortable winter reading books, over 10,000 pages I have read. I have just returned from Richmond getting my promotion. I had been Assistant Surgeon for over a year and could not secure my promotion without a medical exam which I passed most handsomely not missing a question and writing a lengthy essay. This exam lasted 5 hours and the board has grown more exacting each year. I got my commission dated back to January 1863 making me senior surgeon in the brigade and President of the Medical Examining board of the Cape Fear District. This last trip to Richmond lasted 35 days and I am sorry I missed seeing you at Christmas. I hope that my next leave will be spent with you. I hope that by this time next year this war will be over and if the last battles with us our independence will not be in doubt. I think we will be recognized by Mexico and France at least. The work Liberty shall be transferred into the scepter of the tyrant-that nigger loving infidel! The King's name is a tower of strength but right is greater than the rights of the king. The King of Kings will decide out destiny as we deserve. Tom Marshall of Kentucky says he would join in an alliance with the devil to defeat the democrats. Would he put the Confederacy in the hands of the Czar of Russia to defeat the Yankees? W. E. Kemble Surgeon 42nd NC." A bombastic attack on the North and although Lincoln is not named he is undoubtedly the subject of some of the attack. Interesting commentary on the process of commissions within the Confederate Medical Dept................................................................SOLD

4001 - OUR MEN HAVE FLOGGED THE YANKEES AT PORT HUDSON AND CAPTURED 4 GUN BOATS, letter by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], to his wife Annie, March 20th, 1862, 2 page letter in pencil. He relates in part, "We are expecting orders at any moment to march to Orange Courthouse, we are bound to go this week or next, I will send this letter by James Coles, not much news except the news that we have flogged the Yankees at Port Hudson and captured 4 gunboats, this fort is on the Mississippi River. I wanted to come home one time before I go up in the country, tell Pa not to let the Yankees get any of his horses as it won't be long before a common horse will bring between $1000 and $1200, discusses a horse that they have...we received orders last night to retain our post I will now try to come home." Pencil is light but readable, complete typed transcript. Hand carried cover included.........................................................SOLD

4003 - THE FRENCH HAVE ACKNOWLEDGED OUR INDEPENDENCE, CAN'T SEND WAR NEWS HOME LESS THEY GET IN THE HANDS OF THE ENEMY, letter by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], to his wife Annie, June 24th, 1862, 6 pages in pencil with a hand carried cover. He relates in part, "He was amazed that his friends did not write one letter home after the fight at Falmouth, he averaged 5 letters in four weeks to home, mentions several friends who are well, it is the general impression that the French government by many of our leading men has recognized our independence. The French minister now in Richmond said if the people of Richmond knew what he knew they would illuminate the town. The Colonel says he will bet any man that we will be home in time to sow wheat. He mentions A. Barnes, who had shot himself in the hand, and went home drunk -- he was a beautiful looking object to go home to his wife. He tells his wife not to worry if he is captured as he will return home to her. Mentions Mr. Jenkins who is bringing letters back and forth [for 25 cents a letter]. Mentions a fellow Joe B. who likes to hear his wife play the piano - he is indebted to him for his attention but wants Miss Ginnie to watch why goes on between you and Joe B. Discusses the lack of ability to send war news less the letters fall in the hands of the enemy and they might learn something from them - much more. Your affectionate husband, Henry Basye." Accompanied by a complete typed manuscript...........................................................SOLD

4004 - WE HAVE A VERY GOOD COLONEL, THE OLD GENERAL'S SON, YANKEES CAN'T GET THEIR GUNBOATS UP THE JAMES RIVER, STONEWALL DRIVING THE YANKS OUT OF THE VALLEY, letter by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], to his wife Annie, June 28th, 1862, 4 large pages in pencil plus a small note, also a hand-carried cover home. He relates in part, Louis Dix has got a passport to go home and will carry letters home for anybody, it is difficult to get a passport to the Northern neck as that us Yankee domain, saw Major Henry Deshields and he has told me a great deal but I cannot tell what I know as we do not know whose hands the letters may fall into, he indicated it is known that the French have recognized the Confederacy and the French minister says if the citizens of Richmond knew what he knew they would illuminate the city. The Yankees say that they can never take Richmond unless they get their gunboats up the James River and that is doubtful as they have tried once and got their boats shot to pieces. They had their chance when the river was higher, they will never have that chance again. There were enough guns on the river to sink the devil. I can go to Richmond whenever I want. We have a very good Colonel the son of old General Lee and I saw him a short while ago [W. H. F. Lee]. Gustavous A. Betts is very sick and has the gravel and has been discharging blood and may get an exemption. The Yankees are dying out like sheep and are deserting 10-20 at a time. Old Stonewall has driven them out of the valley of Virginia and there is a lot more I would like to tell you but if they find out that a man writes to his family that would likely to learn the Yankees anything he will not be allowed to write his family anymore. You say that Fields Brigade had been cut to pieces but that has never happened as it has not been in an engagement of any kind since the skirmish at Falmouth and has not been in the right place for a battle. I do not belong to Field's Brigade but to Stuart's Brigade. Stuart's Brigade is composed of cavalry and I don't think Field's Brigade has any cavalry in his except a few that has been detailed as couriers to bear dispatches in time of battle. H. Basye." A typed transcript is included of the letter....................................SOLD

4005 - HE EXPRESSES DISMAY IN NOT BEING HOME FOR THE UPCOMING BIRTH OF HIS CHILD, letter by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], to his wife Annie, July 19th, 1862, 2 plus pages in bold pencil with a hand-carried cover. He relates in part, "I send you a few words by our cook George Conoway and is Mary Bass's husband and we have let him off on a 10 day furlough. He wants news of her confinement [pregnant] and hopes for news of a fine boy or girl. He is very sorry he cannot be with her at time, don't think he will get a furlough for several months, wants to know about everything at home, discusses the price of sugar, coffee, and salt back home, prices have soared in Richmond, a chicken cost $12, sugar 80 cents a pound, coffee $2 per pound. Eggs cost $1 a dozen, tell your Ma to sell this fall and she will get a big price, much more home news...At this time the regiment was stationed near Atlee Station near Richmond....................................SOLD

4007 - STONEWALL IS FIGHTING POPE IN THE VALLEY, CAPTURED ONE GENERAL, WE MADE A RAID BETWEEN THE UNION ARMIES-MASSAPONAX CHURCH RAID, letter by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], to his wife Annie, August 9th, 1862, 6 pages in bold pencil. He relates in part, "I received letters by Monroe Corbin [a black member of Company D], wants his boots sent back only by Monroe Corbin...as far as the Yankees we will not fight them on anything other than hard ground, we have proved that we can whip then again...there was never a better equipped McClellan's army the world has ever seen and we whipped them bad...a good many of the Yankees have gone away to fight with Pope in the Valley to help whip Jackson, we have sent Jackson as many men as he wants, we had 60,000 men near Richmond at the time of the big fight and that did not count the men in the fortifications around Richmond. I was down at Malvern Hill the other day which is the flat land that the Yankees. I saw them send off a load of men and others beating drums. That is done to make us believe they are bringing in more men but General Lee knows what they are about. We have just come off a big one as I was in sight of the Northern Neck last week, we were between two Yankee armies and took 100 prisoners, 12 wagons, two quartermasters with $25,000 each and 50 horses and mules. Four of the horses would bring $1600 each in Richmond. We captured two couriers with important dispatches. I was with the regiment all the time. I have not heard anything from the 40th only that Jackson and Pope were fighting. Jackson had taken 100 prisoners and one general. We are near Hanover Courthouse now. Fredericksburg will not be easy to capture as the Yankees command the town. Colonel Lee said no one will get a furlough until we cross the river. He feels that his regiment will be picketing on the Potomac before long. Your affectionate husband, Henry Basye. This commentary reflects the raid at Massaponax Church on August 6th, 1862. By the writing of this letter the regiment was back at their old camp on the Pamunkey River near Hanover Court House.......................................SOLD

4008 - HIS WIFE HAS A BABY BOY, WANTS TO KNICKNAME HIM STONEWALL, A FRIEND WOUNDED IN THE VALLEY CAMPAIGN BY A STRAY SHOT, STONEWALL SENT DOWN FIVE RAILROAD CARS TO RUN PRISONERS INTO RICHMOND. MAJOR DOWLING DIES IN THE HOSPITAL, 2 letters by Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], to his wife Annie, August 12th, 1862 and August 14th, 1862, letter of August 12th, 1862, 2 pages in pencil. He relates in part, "He is elated at the news that his wife had a baby boy which will be named William Henry but he wants the child to have a nickname of "Stonewall," news that the 40th in the Valley was not in the fight but the adjutant was wounded by a stray bullet in the head as he was in our camp today, he said Octavous was well and unhurt," 2nd letter August 14th, 1862, 2 pages in pencil. He relates in part, "my letter will come by Mr. McNeal who lives on the river, Stonewall [Jackson] sent 5 cars down today to bring prisoners into Richmond, he related about tending the wounded, Major Dowling died yesterday of the brain fever, Luther Hall drowned in the river the other day and belonged to the Westmoreland Cavalry, more about "Young Stonewall" coming down to relieve his father in the ranks. Henry Basye." Two letters in the group.................................................SOLD

1083 - PAYMENT FOR A CONFEDERATE COURIER, 8" X 12" manuscript roll authorizing Private L. R. Chewing of the 5th South Carolina Cavalry to be paid $2.00 per day to serve as a Courier in the Chief Engineer Dept. at Charleston, SC during the months of November, December, and January 1864-5. Signed by D. G. Campbell Capt. Asst. Chief Engineer. Gray paper, hand lined, scarce Engineer document, fine.....................................SOLD

1086 - GEORGIA, PHILLIPS LEGION OF INFANTRY, HE SEES DEATH ALL ALONG THE ROAD IN SOLDIER'S GRAVES, Private W. F. Sisk, Company C, Phillips Legion, Company C, Habersham Rifles 3 pages in ink datelined Fredericksburg, VA, March 26th, 1863 to his companion. He relates in part...all the boys arrived safely, weather cold, his cold is still the same and is waiting to be examined [by the surgeon], if he can get off [discharged it will be several weeks before I would get home, papers have to go through all officers to the War Department. He saw a hat in Richmond he would like for his little daughter, if he does not get off [discharged] don't grieve but pray for me that we will again meet in this world. It went from the railroad to where our company was 5 miles, saw little hills all along the way [soldier's graves]...I hope and pray it won't be the same with me. Wants to know when his little son Davis begins to crawl. "Show this letter to my Father so he can pray for me." Winchester F Sisk - Enlisted 3/16/1863, died at home 4/29/1864 while on furlough, Death claim filed by widow Rachel C. Sisk, 27 in 1860 Habersham County census, Son of Singleton & Martha Tatum Sisk, Brother of A S, J C, T J, & W E Sisk. An insightful letter of a sick soldier hoping for a discharge or at least to be sent hope to recover fearing death as he sees it all the way from the railroad station to his camp with the graves of soldier along the way. Well written in dark ink................................................................................SOLD

1087 - GEORGIA, PHILLIPS LEGION OF INFANTRY, WILL HAVE HIS SON'S LOCK OF HAIR BURIED WITH HIM IF HE DIES IN WESTERN VIRGINIA, Camp near Raccoon Ford [Virginia], June 5th, 1864, 3 pages in ink to his companion by Private W. F. Sisk, Company C, Habersham Rifles, Philips Legion Infantry , Georgia. He relates in part...We are now on a march and I had to write this letter on my leg as I cannot write so good as if I had something to write on, he has stopped to rest and decided to write her, received a lock of his little son's hair, I could not stop shedding tears when I saw it, if I die before I get home to see him I will have that lock of hair buried with me in Western Virginia. We are moving to Culpepper but I don't know where we will go from there, much more about his wife and son [Caroline and Davis]. Winchester F Sisk - Enlisted 3/16/1863, died at home 4/29/1864 while on furlough, Death claim filed by widow Rachal C. Sisk, 27 in 1860 Habersham County census, Son of Singleton & Martha Tatum Sisk, Brother of A S, J C, T J, & W E Sisk. A moving letter from a soldier away from home for near two years, quite clear in spite of being written on his leg on the march to Culpepper, VA...........................................SOLD

1088 - GEORGIA, PHILLIPS LEGION OF INFANTRY, THEY ARE ABOUT TO LEAVE BY TRAIN AT HANOVER JUNCTION TO PARTS UNKNOWN, September 9th, 1863, [Virginia], 4 pages to his companion [wife Caroline, by Private W. F. Sisk, Phillips Legion Infantry, Habersham Rifles [Georgia]. He relates in part in ink...we are fixing to leave here and take the cars at Hanover Junction, some saw we will go to Charleston or Tennessee but I don't care as long as we leave Virginia. I am tired of Virginia and we will be closer to home either way, we marched the hardest day yesterday, tells his wife not to write until he knows where they will go then she can write all she wants...mentions two soldiers that have died...way far from home, wants his wife to send some tobacco when a friend comes back from home to the company, Hanover Junction is 28 miles west of there, wants to see his son Davis walk and talk, had the hottest day of a September he has ever seen. Winchester F Sisk - enlisted 3/16/1863, died at home 4/29/1864 while on furlough, death claim filed by widow Rachal C. Sisk, 27 in 1860 Habersham County census, Son of Singleton & Martha Tatum Sisk, Brother of A S, J C, T J, & W E Sisk...a quite newsy letter by Sisk about to leave by train to unknown parts. A scarce Georgia Regiment..........................................................SOLD

1089 - GEORGIA, PHILLIPS LEGION OF INFANTRY, CAPTURED 30 YANKEE PRISONERS IN JAIL NEAR CAMP, Hardeeville, SC, April 6th, 1862, two large pages in ink from Private John C. Sisk, Phillips Legion Infantry, Company C, Habersham Rifles [Georgia]to his brother W. F. Sisk of the same company and regiment who was at home at Clarksville, GA. He writes in part...he hopes to be able to meet his brother one more time on earth, thinks the war will not last much longer but no telling when it will end. The Yankees have had so many victories they will fight us as long as they can. We have been called out on the battlefield ten times and have yet to meet the enemy. His cousin had written him that they captured 30 Yankee prisoners and have them in jail near the camp. Plenty of gnats and mosquitoes near camp can catch all the fish they want when they get to the river. He asks his brother Winchester to pray for him so they can meet again. John C. Sisk - Enlisted 6/11/1861, Age 27, "Present" on rolls through the war, last shown "present" on January 1865 roll, Paroled 4/19/1865 at Newton, NC. Born 1835 in GA to Singleton & Martha Tatum Sisk, Brother of     A S, T J, W F, & W E Sisk. The letter is accompanied by a homemade cover addressed to his brother at home in Clarksville, GA and hand carried by Lt. Fuller from John C. Sisk. Well written with some typical phonically written words. Items, letter and cover...............................SOLD

826075 - CAMP NEAR CENTERVILLE, VA. THE BLOODY 7TH SOUTH CAROLINA, 4 large pages in ink from Lt. J. R. Bouknight Company E, 7th South Carolina Infantry to his brother Cadet J. D. Bouknight assigned to Perry's Brigade [copy of the addressed cover included]. He relates in part November 28th, 1861...I am glad to hear from you and that you are under arms near the coast with your brother cadets now ready to drive back the 75vading vandals of the north which as of late had seceded in getting a firm footing on South Carolina soil. I hope you are successful in eliminating the stand of pollution that has contaminating the soil of our beloved state. I hope to hear of the retaking of Fort Royal but it will be a hazardous undertaking. I would be very glad if our brigade would be very glad if our brigade would be brought back to assist in driving the invaders from our soil. We are now under orders to prepare our cabins for winter at our present camp. The health of the company and regiment is not good. Mumps, jaundice, Typhus, pneumonia...we have about 30 sick in our company. One has died after being ill only 36 hours. He mentions other sick by name in the company. Mentions his loss of becoming a 3rd Lt. thanks to a Captain who had taken a stand against him...much more about the company politics, the Colonel would have intervened if he had knew what was going on...he may take me out of this company...WE HAVE BEEN EXPECTING AN ADVANCE OF MCCLELLAN AND A BIG FIGHT, FEELS IT IS IMPOSSIBLE FOR AN ARMY TO ADVANCE IN THE RAIN AND SNOW WITH ARTILLERY AND BAGGAGE AS THE ROADS ARE BADLY CUT UP. I WISH HE COULD ADVANCE AS WE ARE ALL AWAITING THE LONG EXPECTED BATTLE AND I FEEL CONFIDENT IN OUR SUCCESS. We have formidable fortifications at and around Centerville and when properly mounted can sweep the entire country for miles around, on picket three days at a time, weather horrible. J. R. Bouknight. In October 1861, Gen. Johnston ordered his force of almost 40,000 soldiers to Centreville to build what became the largest military earthworks ever constructed up to that time. A veteran of the encampment wrote about the experience in 1870. Arriving at Centreville about midnight (Oct. 16, 1861), the boys threw their tired frames upon the ground and slept soundly. Our camp was located on the hill to the west and south of the village. Ere the sun slumbered in the west, the hills and valleys around the little village of Centreville, were occupied by Regimental and Brigade camps. As the darkness increased, the skies above were lighted with the glimmer of a thousand campfires; the lively song of the happy soldier...could be heard upon every hill and in every vale...and the fields around were converted into drill ground for thousands of Confederate soldiers. (Centreville - They spent the harsh winter of 1861-62 in the heavily fortified camps, drilling and building the earthworks.) They fooled Union scouts by placing Quaker guns -- logs shaped like cannons and painted black -- in the embrasures. Many soldiers' families joined them in the primitive camps, where they scrounged for food and firewood. In order to stay warm, the soldiers built almost 1,500 log huts from local trees. By the end of the war, every tree from Centreville to Fairfax Court House (Fairfax City) was cut down. The entire region looked like a muddy desert. Well written, bold ink...................................................................SOLD

72028 - ROBERT E. LEE'S BODYGUARDS, 39TH VIRGINIA CAVALRY, A RARE FIELD PRINTED ORDER ALLOWING A EXCHANGED PRISONER TO REMOUNT HIMSELF AFTER BEING EXCHANGED, Private/Bugler John Camden's order to allow him to travel and reclaim his horse and remount to serve again folds strengthened by old tape. Camden enlisted August 18th, 1862 in Company B, 39th Battalion Virginia Cavalry. This company was known as "Richardson's Battalion" and acted as scouts, guides, couriers, and Robert E. Lee's bodyguards participating in every battle at which General Lee was present from Fredericksburg to Appomattox. On July 5th, John Camden was captured on the retreat from Gettysburg and was sent to a hospital in Frederick, MD. This document shows that he was a prisoner for at least one and a half years having been exchanged just prior to December 5th, 1864. Wanting to rejoin his regiment, he had to apply to the examining board of the 39th VA Cav. To present his case, he requested permission to travel 230 miles to Highland County to get his horse. His request was approved and he was given permission to travel by rail for 150 miles of the trip. The order was signed by three officers including Lee's trusted aide Colonel Walter H. Taylor. Besides the tape repair there is a small piece missing from the left and right border and a corner missing and several trifle holes. The document comes with a wealth of information including biographies on all signers of the document. Printing and manuscript very bold. A rare document imprinted to the 39th Virginia Cavalry Battalion............................................................................SOLD

72041 - 9TH GEORGIA REGIMENT, PRIVATE J. H. HARRIS, LATER KILLED AT ANTIETAM AND THOMAS J. HARRIS LATER KILLED AT GETTYSBURG, A REPORT ON THE SCENE ONLY DAYS AFTER THE BATTLE OF MANASSAS OF THE BATTLEFIELD, GENERAL BARTOW KILLED, Manassas Junction, Bull Run, July 28th, 1861, 4 large pages in pencil by Private Joseph Harris and his brother Thomas J. Harris. Addressed to their Father. They relate in part...Our company is very small with half with the measles and some of them are in Winchester, Captain Jones went after them and also took the measles...we missed the fight here and did not get here until Monday and went on the battlefield, I never saw the likes of dead men lying there, they were Yankees, our men had to bury them, they were so whipped they ran off the field [Yankees], our men took a battery and 61 pieces of cannon of the finest sort and more men [prisoners]. He mentions horses killed, the Yankees lost 14,000 men and more prisoners than Richmond could hold, also 20 Negroes which Jeff Davis will send them down to the country to pick cotton that would suit them better. Our losses were 500 thought so at headquarters and the 7th and 8th Regiments were badly cut up and General Bartown [Bartow] killed. Most of their officers were killed and wounded and old Scott had brought some of his Congress members along to see the Rebels run but not so we got about 300 prisoners...they had 4 days provisions with them which we got to eat...you should have seen them throw off their haversacks loaded with sea crackers, there was a fight at Fairfax court house and we got 900 of them and they got 8 of ours...Tom continues to his brother Jim...you should have seen the dead Yankees and seen the boys cutting off the Yankee buttons and picking up balls & bums and cannon balls...even though we did not get to the battlefield in time it was an awful sight and the dead lay thick for six of seven miles, it is said the South won the greatest battle in the history of the world...We had the fight in an open field and the enemy took advantage of our men as they had a Confederate flag and came near to our forces and fired on them before our men knew but it did not do them much good as I suppose Old Scott has acknowledged that he was badly whipped. An outstanding commentary of the Battle of 1st Bulls Run by two 9th Georgia soldiers who were to die in battle at Antietam and Gettysburg. Some stains, manuscript is quite bold.............................................................SOLD

72045 - 9TH GEORGIA REGIMENT, PRIVATE J. H. HARRIS, LATER KILLED AT ANTIETAM, THE SIEGE OF YORKTOWN, THE FEDERAL CHARGE ON APRIL 16TH, 1862, 4 pages in pencil. Camp near Yorktown, April 28th, 1862 to his Father and Mother by Private J. H. Harris, 9th Georgia Volunteers. He relates in part...We are not 400 yards from the enemy lying just under our arms and we are expected to be attacked at every moment by the enemy, I can see plenty of them at all times of the day, they shell us sometimes very bad but can't run us back, we was well into this point and on the 16th of this month right under the fire of the Yankees as they made a faint attack on our breastworks they drove our pickets in and rushed onto our breastworks but our brigade was ordered to the front but our regiment did not fire on the enemy. We expected to get orders to fire but the regiments that were ahead of us drove the cowardly rascals back to their lines. We were in full view of them but they run I tell you that. The enemy threw shot and shell at us rapidly but we did not suffer much, we had two or three men wounded by bomb shells but not dangerously. We have been expecting another attack by the enemy but if they try again it will be one of the bloodiest battles that has ever been fought. We have got fortifications for all of our men and have over 100,000 here at this place...we are lying in the woods today with no shelter, nothing but one blanket to keep us dry and warm...have not been able to send any money but if I had been able to stay in Richmond one more day I could have sent some...J. H. Harris. On April 5, the IV Corps of Brig. Gen. Erasmus D. Keyes made initial contact with Confederate defensive works at Lee's Mill, an area McClellan expected to move through without resistance. Magruder's ostentatious movement of troops back and forth convinced the Federals that his works were strongly held. As the two armies fought an artillery duel, reconnaissance indicated to Keyes the strength and breadth of the Confederate fortifications, and he advised McClellan against assaulting them. McClellan ordered the construction of siege fortifications and brought his heavy siege guns to the front. In the meantime, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston brought reinforcements for Magruder. On April 16, Union forces probed a point in the Confederate line at Dam No. 1. The Federals failed to exploit the initial success of this attack, however. This lost opportunity held up McClellan for two additional weeks while he tried to convince the U.S. Navy to bypass the Confederates' big guns at Yorktown and Gloucester Point and ascend the York River to West Point and outflank the Warwick Line. McClellan planned a massive bombardment for dawn on May 5, but the Confederate army slipped away during the night of May 3 toward Williamsburg. Great content on the April 16th Federal attack at Yorktown. Harris died at Antietam on September 17th, 1862..........................................................SOLD

8051 - PROPOSING A NEW TYPE OF CANNON TO GEORGIA GOVERNOR JOSEPH E. BROWN, NEW MILITARY TECHNOLOGY FOR THE CONFEDERACY CAMP JACKSON, SAVANNAH, GA, INCLUDING A SKETCH OF THE PROPOSED CANNON, 2 page ink letter from J. Henry Hammond to Governor Joseph E. Brown dated at Camp Jackson, Savannah, GA, February 24th, 1862. Hammond by trade was a mechanic and apparently at the time of the writing of this letter, he was working in Savannah at Camp Jackson as a civilian. Later on May 1st, 1862, he enlisted in Company A, 12th Georgia Artillery. Hammond offers a plan for a new type of movable gun on a tripod that could be carried by two men and manned by five men. He states that this gun could be useful to defend the northern borders from the "Vandals." He feels that a battery of 20 guns with 100 men would be most useful. He sketches the gun and briefly describes the gun and calls it the "Packet Gun." The gun was to be 36" long with a caliber of 1 - 1 ˝" apparently designed to shoot multiple Minnie balls with two good sights. [see actually letter for more detailed description.] The gun was designed to weigh 150 - 200# and be easily mobile. Quite a unique letter for a new gun that was obviously not acted upon by Brown and the Confederacy. Fine some old repairs on verso at corner. Rare content..........................................SOLD

41801 - CONFEDERATE LETTER WRITTEN ON THE BACK OF PAGES FROM A CONFEDERATE INFANTRY MANUAL, April 1st, 1862, "April Fools Day". My Dear Young Miss, I sent you this and when you read it I wish you would let me know who I am. I wish I could hear what you think about this foolishness on the other side. Do you know when I saw you last as you must think it is fine paper to write on...good by Miss...Yours truly. An interesting short note unsigned [but identified in old note] written on the back of pages of a Confederate infantry manual showing infantry formations. Old note states it was written by Private Pepe V. Enlow, Buffalo, Mississippi. [Private Charles "Pepe" Enlow, 21st Mississippi, Wilkinson Infantry] 3.5" X 5", note written on the verso of one page. Quite unusual....................SOLD

30600 - THE HARRIET LANE TRIED TO PASS PIGS POINT ABOUT TWO HOURS AGO, June 4th, 1861, Camp of Instruction of the 23rd Rgt. North Carolina Volunteers, long 4 page letter in ink from Thomas J. Kelly serving first in the 12th NC Infantry and later in the 3rd NC Infantry. He relates to his friend Dr. L. Hussey of Kernersville, NC with hand carried home-made cover, near Norfolk, VA. He gives a vivid description their camp, frogs jumping on the men at night, finding a snake coiled up in a mattress, no straw for mattresses, notes that the Colonel had written the Governor asking help in getting his regiment out of the swamp, the regiment has over 130 men sick, has stood guard, they forced men taking fish to market to give them some, deserters abound, men are working in the city making harnesses. He hears cannon fire about Old Point, we are looking for a fight about every hour. The men have been ordered to their guns expecting a fight in less than an hour...you have never saw a calmer bunch of boys in your whole life...I imagine there is fight close buy as I hears several cannon the last hour, I heard the firing very clear, have not heard the particulars yet. THE HARRIET LANE TRIED TO PASS PIGS POINT ABOUT 10 MILES FROM HERE ABOUT TWO HOURS AGO, SHE FIRED INTO OUR BATTERY SEVERAL TIMES. SHE WAS DRIVEN BACK AFTER A FEW ROUNDS FROM OUR GUNS. SHE MAY TRY TO COME IN AGAIN AND I GUESS SHE WILL BE TREATED THE SAME WAY. All of the boys shouldered their muskets with the intention of fighting. The Colonel distributed ammunition in a great hurry when he got his men into ranks. T. J. Kelly. Kelly's records shows he was a Physician from Duplin County, NC and enlisted on April 15th, 1861 as a Private in the 12 NC Infantry. Later he served as a 2nd Lt. in the 3rd NC Infantry. A very written ink letter by Kelly with many more details. The Battle of Pig Point, Virginia was an engagement between the Union gunboat USRC Harriet Lane and a shore battery and rifle company of the Confederate States Army on June 5, 1861 in the third month of the American Civil War. Pig Point is located in Portsmouth, Virginia at the mouth of the Nansemond River near Hampton Roads, Virginia. This location is about 5 miles (8.0 km) from Newport News, Virginia. The engagement occurred before any significant battles, other than the opening Battle of Fort Sumter, had taken place and received some notoriety at the time. The action was essentially inconclusive, but the Confederates repulsed the Union gunboat's attack and the defenders' gunfire wounded five of its crew. Like other early engagements between Union gunboats and Confederate shore batteries, the battle at Pig Point was an early Civil War military action in connection with the blockade by the Union Navy of the Southern States in general and the Chesapeake Bay in particular. Correspondingly, it was part of the effort by Confederate forces to deny the use of rivers in Virginia to Union military and commercial traffic.........................................SOLD

8226 - POW LETTER AND HAND CARRIED COVER, POINT LOOKOUT, MD. PRIVATE ROBERT RUCKER, 2ND TENNESSEE INFANTRY CAPTURED AT GOLDSBORO, NC, MARCH 22, 1865, April 7th, 1865, Point Lookout, 6th Division, Co. I, addressed to his Mother [Rutherford County, TN]. I am a prisoner of war captured on the 22nd of last month and have been treated well by the Federal authorities. I do not know when I will be exchanged in all probability not soon I expect. I am very anxious to hear from home, I understand a good many of the Tenn. boys who were prisoners have taken the oath...I cannon tell when this cruel war will be over but I think from present appearance it won't be long...If there is any chance of getting me out of prison I will not object. At present I am in good health, write soon and enclose 5 or 10 dollars enclosed in letter. Catesby Edmonson is here, is well, was captured last Sunday near Petersburg...R. M. Walker. Extremely well written on one page in dark ink, accompanied by a addressed hand-carried cover to his Mother. An excellent POW pair..................................................SOLD

8227 - 38TH ALABAMA REGIMENT, 'ALABAMA GRAYS', POW LETTER FROM FORT DELAWARE, Fort Delaware, July 21st, 1864, John P. Seabrook, Company I, 38th Alabama writes to Miss Susan Taylor of Newport, KY. One page in lavender ink. He writes in part...The box of provisions was received on the 18th and was gladly received, he comments on reading several books she had sent him "Picciola" and "Caesar". He mentions his study of the book and reads five pages a day. He reads to pass the time more quickly and to retrain the thoughts of home. We no look forward to an early exchange and have made up our minds to endure imprisonment until the close of the war or exchange of administration [election was soon coming in November]. We are not dispirited, severe colds are prevalent in prison...my wound has not yet healed from some irritating cause perhaps a particle of bone as it is not disposed to heal. There has not been a change for the past two months and he never for a minute free from pain. I have been so accustomed to it that I hardly think of it except when I was idle. John P. Seabrook. The 38th Alabama Infantry was organized in Mobile in May of 1862. It was active in the campaigns of the Army of the Tennessee from Chickamauga to Nashville. It later endured many hardships while defending Spanish Fort. It surrendered about 80 men on May 4th, 1865. Susan L. Taylor lived in Newport, KY and was active in supplying Confederate prisoners from several prisons provisions during the War after she gathered them from local sympathizers. A well written letter...........................SOLD

7081 - THE 2ND MISSISSIPPI INFANTRY MOVES TO WINTER CAMP IN VIRGINIA, Camp Fisher, VA, January 11th, 1862. 2 1/2 pages in ink by Lt. Joseph S. Owen, Company I, 2nd Mississippi Infantry, "Cherry Creek Rifles". He relates in part to his cousin back in Mississippi, the company's health is all right except for colds as they are having a very severe winter but they are comfortable in houses with sufficient food and clothing. He remarks that they are better supplied with food and clothing than other Mississippi troops and for what he has seen of other units better than any other state's troops...He tells his cousin that those who are left at home have an equally honorable job protecting the women and clothing and providing food and clothing for the soldiers. The Yankees have made some demonstrations on the coast lately. "A cloud has come over our country but providence will prevail for us"...Joseph S. Owen..................................................SOLD

7084 - YOU SHOULD HAVE HEARD THE CANNONS AT CORINTH, THE CHERRY CREEK BOYS WERE PRETTY WELL TORN UP IN BATTLE, THE TERRIBLE ROAR OF THE CANNONS AT CORINTH, Camp near Salem [MS] October 16th, 1862. 3 pages in pencil to his wife Sallie by Sergt. B. J. Caldwell Company G, [Pontotoc Rangers] 2nd Mississippi Cavalry. He relates in part...he got a chill from riding in the rain Friday evening and got quite wet, he has received her letter brought by the Captain, they are camped two miles west of Salem, can't tell how long we will be there or where we will go but if the Yankees get down into our country I would like to come down...tells here to gather the corn as soon as she can and put your fattening hogs up...we have heard that the Yankees have gotten down to Tupelo and if they have I fear that they will be all over the country, if so I would love to come and drive them back...but if they come treat them as well as you can, if you have any meat or anything they can take hide it...Sally I am sorry to hear that the Cherry Creek boys were torn up so bad...we are in hopes it is not as bad as we heard at Corinth, he thought to have heard the cannons roar in Tennessee, he did not hear anything to what was up at Corinth...Sam Campbell says he never did hear the like...B. J. Caldwell. After returning to Baldwyn the brigade again advanced, and drove back the Federal cavalry at Chewalla preparatory to the attack on Corinth by the infantry of Price and Van Dorn, October 3-4, 1862. In the battle Gordon dismounted his men and charged to the assistance of King's Battery, in danger of capture. On the second day, Gordon's Cavalry covered the retreat of Lovell's Division, and on the 5th they skirmished on Hatchie Creek and until Ripley was passed. The next campaign was during Grant's advance on the Central Railroad in November and December, during which the regiment skirmished at Oxford and Water...................................................................SOLD

7085 - WE ARE ALL OUT ON PICKET, WRITING THIS LETTER BY THE LIGHT OF THE FIRE, CAMP NEAR SALEM, MS, Camp near Salem, MS, October 24th, 1862. Two page bold letter in pencil from Sergt. B. J. Caldwell, Company G, 2nd Mississippi Cavalry to his wife Sallie. He relates in part...mentions his two cousins Bob and Marcus who were ill, mentions some food that had arrived from home [chicken and biscuits and peaches]. His wife has told him that she has been ill and he states that she has been doing too much...five of them are on picket about 2 miles from camp and have been there for several days. The orderly states that Lt. Stephens is going home in the morning and will carry this letter. He is hunkered down write by firelight in an old church. He knows nothing of where they will go but near all his company is out on picket. Tells Sally to tell a friend Boswell to have stronger faith than to run from the Yankees. Most close as it is his time to go on post. B. J. Caldwell. 2nd Mississippi Cavalry - October 1862. The 2nd Miss Cavalry participated at Corinth with the infantry of Price and Van Dorn, October 3-4, 1862. In the battle Gordon dismounted his  men and charged to the assistance of King's Battery, in danger of capture. On the second day, Gordon's Cavalry covered the retreat of Lovell's Division, and on the 5th they skirmished on Hatchie Creek and until Ripley was passed. The next campaign was during Grant's advance on the Central Railroad in November and December, during which the regiment skirmished at Oxford and Water Valley, and was in the battle of Coffeeville..........................SOLD

7086 - HE CAN'T COME HOME, FEAR FOR HIS WIFE'S LIVELIHOOD WITH THE FARM, THEIR COMPANY MAY BE DIVIDED UP, PITTS BARRE, MS, January 18th, 1863, Pitts Barre, MS. Two page letter in bold pencil to his wife Sally from Sergt. B. J. Caldwell, Company G, 2nd Mississippi Cavalry. He relates in part...I reckon you have looked for me home this week but the Major would not let me come home and you must do the best you can to get the hogs killed as I don't know when I will get to come home. If they won't left me come home I am shifty...I can stay here Sally - get that corn "hold"...I will try and send you a horse before plow time. I have traded for "Billy Black"...I want to turn out and swap him [for a plow horse]. The Major is talking about dividing our company into three squads. Some say to cross the Yalobusha River some say we go to Sarepta that is on the other side of the Skinner. I do not know how things will turn out yet. Sally you must read this if you can as we are all writing around the fire and our light is bad. Write every chance you can. B. J. Caldwell. This letter was written just before the regiment left for the Tennessee campaign in 1863......................................................SOLD

7087 - FORREST ATTACKS THE FEDERALS AT BRENTWOOD, TN AFTER FORREST SEND IN A FLAG OF TRUCE, CAPTURED 600 - 700 MEN BUT MADE TO RUN LIKE SMOKE AFTER BEING ATTACKED, Spring Hill, TN, April 2nd, 1863. 4 pages in ink on captured Yankee patriotic stationary to his wife Sally by Sergt. B. J. Caldwell, Company G, [Pontotoc Rangers] 2nd Mississippi Cavalry, with a hand-carried cover addressed to his wife. He relates in part...the boys are all well, we are camped a mile from Spring Hill about 12 miles from Columbia and had another round with the Yanks...we left here and went about nine miles from Nashville and went around Franklin and ran into the railroad and found some Yanks, some of our men had a little brush with tem and we took all prisoners. Our regiment and one piece of artillery were sent on about a mile and a half to a bridge on the railroad. The Yanks were fortified there but we got them surrounded. GENERAL FORREST SENT TO THEM A FLAG OF TRUCE TO SEE IF THEY WOULD NOT SURRENDER BUT THEY WOULD NOT SO HE GAVE THEM A "BUM SHELL" AND YOU BETTER THINK THEY WHISTLED THE WHITE FLAG UP IN A HURRY. We got all of them and everything they had, clothing, blankets, guns, ammo, and medicine. I did not get much myself as my mare was to tired to carry much as we had run them from midnight the night before. We took 600 - 700 prisoners and about eight wagons with mules. We started back and the Yanks got after us and made us run like smoke for a while but FORREST GOT US STOPPED AND WE TURNED AND MADE THEM RUN LIKE A HEAP. We came back to camp the next night the tiredness set of men and horses I ever saw. I will stop writing now as I hear that the captain will be here today. I think he will carry a letter home for me. I have written a part of this letter with a Yankee pen and it is sorry as they are! [B. J. Caldwell abruptly end his letter without signing stating he is ending the letter, comes with the hand-carried cover addressed to his wife in Cherry Creek, Mississippi]. Gen. N. B. Forrest, with his brigade and Jackson's, on March 25, attacked the garrison at Brentwood, commanded by Col. Edward Bloodgood, including his Wisconsin Regiment and Col. William R. Shafter's Michigan Regiment, part of which later had been captured March 5. The Fourth was not in action there, but immediately afterward Forrest took Companies D, G, H, and K, under the command of Colonel Gordon, and the Tenth Tennessee and a battery and captured the stockade fort on Harpeth River, garrisoned by 275 men. All these movements were made in great haste. Before Gordon had proceeded a mile he was attacked the pursuit by a volley until Gordon could form on the next hill and the companies of Capt. John Gaddis and Capt. J. T. Pitts (under Lieut J. Y. Smith) could deliver another volley. McGee's company dismounted and fired from a stone fence. "The enemy here charged me while my guns were empty," said Gordon, "and I was forced to make a precipitate retreat." The killed, wounded and captured were 20. The rest of the command stampeded, and the Mississippians were left alone before they gave way. The regiment was engaged in the unsuccessful attack on Franklin April 10, and had 1 wounded. A great Forrest related letter written on captured stationary at Franklin................................SOLD

7105 - CONFEDERATE MILITARY PASS 2ND MISSISSIPPI CAVALRY, Military Post at Meridian, MS made out to Lt. R. B. Pitts [2nd Mississippi Cavalry] for passage from Meridian, MS. To Verona, MS and return dated April 29th, 1864, yellow paper, 3" X 5.5" pre-printed and filled in. Has his description as being 25 years old, blue eyes, light hair and 6' in height. Pitts on the reverse lists members of his company by name [20 names in pencil], fine....................................................SOLD

7107 - CONFEDERATE HOSPITAL #2 ATLANTA, GEORGIA, BURYING CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS AND A NEGRO BOY, 8" X 22" pre printed and filled out bill given to the Confederate Government for the burial of ten Confederate soldiers and one Negro boy in the service of the government dated at Atlanta, February 29th, 1864. The charges were made by Dr. H. Witter with the deaths occurring at Fairgrounds Hospital #2. Signed by George G. Crawford as surgeon in charge and approved by Surgeon J. P. Logan. The charge was $17 each to bury the soldiers and the Negro boy. The soldiers are listed by name and regiment and hailed from Georgia, South Carolina, Kentucky, Louisiana, Florida, Alabama, and North Carolina. Logan prepared the first railroad cars specifically designed for ambulance use by the Army of the Tennessee in January 1863. The cars were to run on the Western & Atlantic Railroad between Chattanooga and Atlanta. In November, 1963, he was supervising 39 medical officers who were working in ten hospitals. Choice condition........................................SOLD

7095 - ON THE MARCH BETWEEN GRENADA AND GREENSBORO, MS, April 9th, 1864, 2 pages in ink by Sergt. B. J. Caldwell 2nd Mississippi Cavalry & 22nd Mississippi Infantry. He relates to his wife Sally...We have been marching hard since last Monday, we had started for Madison Station before we got word to march to Grenade, we had marched about six miles before we met the brigade and marched back with them. We are now marching east in the direction of Columbia [Miss.], They have put us back in our own brigade and Armstrong is our commander [2nd Mississippi Cavalry]. He passed through Jackson the other day and saw our old breastworks, we have been on the march for six days...B. J. Caldwell. Caldwell was moving east and north towards the Alabama border where forces were gathering to move towards the action in north west Georgia to impede Sherman's march...............SOLD

2143 - WARN YOUR PA THAT THE YANKEES WILL GET HIS HORSES, By Pvt. Henry Basye, 9th Virginia Cavalry Co. D, [Lancaster Cavalry], un-datelined or dated but by his comments having written her 11 letters it is in late August 1863. Two pages in bold pencil to his wife Anne. He relates in part...he has only received letters of the 8th and 13th since the Yankee raid, will send stamps and envelopes to her, she said that Joe will come to relieve him after he finishes up his corn, that is all talk he supposes, but if he does tell him to bring his horse as I will need one to ride home. [he has just been declared unfit to ride in the cavalry by the surgeon and was intent on going home August 1863]. His wife had stated that the Yankees did not bother her Pa or anything they had...tell him to be on the lookout as they will get his horses...if you can get your letters across the river they will get to me directly, is amazed that little Stonewall can climb stairs [his young son], much more family matters, H. B. [Henry Basye]. Complete transcript provided. See attached copy of the disability certificate that put him out of service I August 1863 as he indicated in this letter that he will be going home, with some clippings from a Confederate newspaper.....................................................SOLD

2144 - THE SURGEON OF THE 9TH VIRGINIA CAVALRY STATES THAT PVT. HENRY BASYE OF COMPANY D WAS UNFIT FOR DUTY IN THE CAVALRY, Manuscript note dated at Headquarters of the 9th Virginia Cavalry by Surgeon John S. Gillian that Private Henry Basye was unfit for cavalry duty due to an earlier injury that has affected his kidneys and bowels. August 26th, 1863 after the Gettysburg Campaign which the 9th VA. Cavalry had participated in. In ink, clear manuscript, 5.5" X 5.5", very good.............................SOLD

4248 - FINAL STATEMENT FOR A DEAD CONFEDERATE SOLDIER OF THE 50TH VIRGINIA INFANTRY, 8" x 14" pre-printed and filled in giving the final financial statement of Private Isham Bowman of Company K, 50th Virginia Infantry who died at Rocky Gap, VA on July 13th, 1862 after being in the service since April 1st, 1862. This document was written at Dublin, VA, March 15th, 1865. The 50th VA served in the Kanawha Valley under John B. Floyd before it was transferred to the Western theater. Very fine condition..............................SOLD

5080 - RARE NORTH CAROLINA'S OFFICER'S OATH OF ALLEGIANCE AFTER BEING A PRISONER OF WAR AT FORT DELAWARE, 5" X 7", Pre-printed and filled in Oath of Allegiance for Major T. D. Love of the 24th North Carolina Infantry on being released from Fort Delaware in June of 1865. Love sears his allegiance to the Constitution of the United States and the laws regarding the emancipation of slaves. Major Thaddeus Delano Love served with the Army of Northern Virginia in the 24th North Carolina and in coastal North Carolina before being wounded and captured at Petersburg on March 25th, 1865. The oath was witnessed by Captain George Wahl, commander of Fort Delaware. Love mercifully spent only a few months in captivity. The document comes with a portfolio of Love's records, in near MINT condition.......................................................SOLD

5090 - CONFEDERATE MEDICAL SERVICE, WOUNDED SOLDIER'S FURLOUGH PERMISSION PASS, 3" X 6.5" pre-printed and filled-in pass for Private Duncan McRa [Rae] who was deemed unfit for military service and allowed to travel to Camden, SC. Signed by the Senior Surgeon B. W. Allen, Harrisonburg General Hospital, dated December 6th, 1864. The furlough was for 60 days. Printed on brown necessity paper, some ink erosion, otherwise very good................................SOLD

4255 - AN OUTSTANDING LETTER BY VARINA DAVIS ON THE IMPENDING PROMOTION OF GENERAL NELSON MILES WHO WAS THE JAILER OF JEFFERSON DAVIS AT FORTRESS MONROE AND WHO DAVIS HAD DESCRIBED AS A BUTTE IN REGARD TO HIS TREATMENT IN PRISON, 3 page letter by Varina Davis, written from the Gerard Hotel, New York City to General Joseph Wheeler, May 6th, 1898 accompanied by the stamped postal cover to Wheeler in the House of Representatives in Washington, DC, noted "personal". She relates to General Wheeler...My Dear General, I have received your two kind letters and if I could, would have adopted your suggestion, but one of my husband's last conversation with Me was about his work when he should get well, for said he "I cannot die until I pay my respects to that butte Miles." If I could ever hope the creature had improved with time...but I felt that he had told a falsehood to the military commission about his authority for shackling his prisoner - and that anything that kept him from the charge of troops was righteous work. I am satisfied that if the grade is granted into the army, General Miles will be the first incumbent and while in difference to your opinion, I am silent - this is all that I can do as a Southern woman and Mr. Davis' widow. I believe the Southern would win the fight with almost the whole regular army behind them if they made it...and I think when the Southern men are wanted in the field it is the time for the expression of this antagonism to Miles but of course I am out of the arena and may not know as you do but the mortification thank God will be only meaningful for my children, not to him who is at rest. If Miles gets his high grade by the silence of the men for whom Mr. Davis went to his grave, disfranchised and harried by every circumstance that could torture an old and heart weary patient who had given all of his ambitions and all he had of worldly goods to his cause. I know beyond a doubt that you are treated by the pure desire for the good of the country and that your heard is where it was in 1865, and that you feel that you are doing not what you will but will you must and I do not misunderstand you in the least, but I cannot see my duty to my husband in following your advise except in the partial way I have been unable to do it and I hope that you will appreciate my feelings in this matter and accord me the same selfish motive that I am sure you have. Believe me Dear General always with warm regard. Your friend Varina Jefferson Davis, May 6th, 1898...Death would be preferable to me than seeing Miles promoted by Southern allegiance. An outstanding personal letter to General Joe Wheeler by Varina Davis opposing Nelson Miles' impending promotion to Lt. General [occurred in 1900]. Obviously Wheeler had written Varina advising her to cease in her apparent attempt to gather Southern support to derail Miles' appointment but she continues her campaign with Wheeler to gain his support in Congress. Davis was sent to Fortress Monroe after his capture along with Clement C. Clay of Alabama [see photo below upon their release]. Nelson Miles was in charge of the fortress prison and received direct orders from Secretary of War Stanton on how Davis was to be treated. According to written orders issued by Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton and hand delivered to General Miles by observers Assistant Secretary of War Charles A. Dana and Major General Henry W. Halleck, the guards were to pace up and down inside the room beside Davis' cot. The candle was never to be extinguished, even at night. An officer was detailed to walk into the cell and look at Davis every 15 minutes to make sure he had not escaped the guarded room during the previous 15 minutes, and presumably, no facsimile of Davis had taken the place of the real Davis in the previous 15 minutes. No guard was to speak to Davis under any circumstances. When given his meals, Davis was to be allowed no implements other than a wooden spoon - even when the meal was a slab of meat. Miles followed through on another order from Stanton hand-delivered by Assistant Secretary of War Dana: "Brevet Major-General Miles is hereby authorized and directed to place manacles and fetters upon the hands and feet of Jefferson Davis and Clement C. Clay whenever he may think it advisable in order to render their imprisonment more secure." Miles did not follow through on the order to manacle the hands of Davis, but he did have a blacksmith chain Davis' ankles together, an action that the emaciated Davis "violently resisted" according to Miles. The leg irons placement was leaked to the Philadelphia Evening Telegraph. When other newspapers picked up the news, Davis drew some sympathy from Northerners who might otherwise be angry at him for the 320,000 Northerners who had lost their lives during the war. More important to the Republicans in power, their political sponsors were disturbed at the apparent torture of a man who had yet to be charged with a crime. Thurlow Week, a New York City political boss, was one of several prominent Republicans  who sent Secretary of War Stanton a note that the "irons were an error and an enormity...wholly unnecessary severity." The prison doctor, Dr. John Craven, reported to Miles after seeing the condition of Davis that the shackles would prohibit needed exercise and would possibly cause him to become insane. Miles sent word to Stanton of Craven's assessment and the chains were removed. But the news of Davis' treatment had leaked out and Stanton did not want to make Davis a martyr so his treatment gradually improved. It is apparent from this correspondence that Davis and Varina held Miles accountable for his treatment although the harsh orders seemingly were made by Stanton and Miles carried them out. Excellent content showing Varina's steadfast feelings that Miles treated her husband inhumanly while at Fortress Monroe.....................SOLD

4245 - THE GRANDSON OF ANDREW JACKSON WRITES A RESPONSE AS COLONEL COMMANDING OF THE 1ST TENNESSEE ARTILLERY AT ATLANTA, GA, SEPTEMBER 26TH, 1863, 1 page ALS by A. J. Jackson Jr. to Captain James Wiggs. He relates...Captain, You are not now under my command having been detached at V'burg [Vicksburg]. I have not received an order returning you to duty with my regt. Genl. Shoup is the proper officer for you to apply for leave of absence to. If you were under my command, I would grant you leave of absence for thirty days or until exchanged. Very respectfully yours, A. J. Jackson Jr. Colonel 1st Tennessee Artillery. Light age toning. Folds have been repaired on the reverse with archival document tape. Very fine. Andrew Jackon, Jr., the writer of this communication, was the adopted grandson of President Andrew Jackson. He was born on April 4, 1834, at The Hermitage, President Jackson's  plantation home near Nashville, TN. He graduated in the West Point class of 1858, and resigned his U.S. Army commission on May 7, 1861, to join the Confederacy. During the War Between the States, he served as colonel and commander of the 1st Tennessee Artillery. His regiment manned the upper batteries near Fort Hill during the siege of Vicksburg. They were captured when Vicksburg fell on July 4, 1863. He was captured again, when Fort Morgan, Alabama fell, on August 23, 1864. His younger brother Captain Samuel Jackson, was wounded at Shiloh, and killed at Chickamauga. Andrew Jackson Family: President Andrew Jackson and his wife Rachael had no biological children. In 1808, they adopted an infant baby, one of a pair of twins, the son of Rachael's brother, Severn Donelson. The child was named Andrew Jackson Junior. He studied at Davidson Academy & Nashville University, and when Andrew Jackson was elected president, he lived with him at the White House. In 1831, Junior married Sarah Yorke, and they continued to live with President Jackson at The Hermitage, where on April 4, 1834, the first of their four sons was born. He was named Andrew Jackson, Jr. in honor of the president, [the writer of this  document]. Their second son, Samuel, was born on June 9, 1837, at The Hermitage. He was a Confederate captain during the war and was killed in September 1863. James A. Wiggs, the recipient of this document, was born on May 17, 1837, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Shortly after the Civil War broke out, he enlisted on May 15, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into the 4th Tennessee Infantry. Governor Isham G. Harris soon promoted him to the position of Assistant Quartermaster General of Tennessee, on June 21, 1861. Afterwards he served the Confederacy in various positions including, Chief of Ordinance, on the staff of General Stephen D. Lee; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Francis A Shoup; he surrendered with the garrison at Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863; was captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery; Chief of Staff, of General Bryan M. Thomas; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee; and he surrendered with the forces of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, to Union General E. R. S. Canby, and was paroled at Jackson, Mississippi, on May 12, 1865. He died at Starkville, Mississippi, on January 27, 1911, and was buried in Vicksburg. His obituary and photo can be found in the Confederate Veteran issue of February 1913, where he was described as having a "brilliant record for service and bravery during the four year's struggle.".....................................SOLD

4248 - RARE MOBILE SIEGE DOCUMENT IN APRIL 1865 BEFORE THE EVACUATION OF THE CITY BY THE CONFEDERATES, Mobile, AL, April 4th, 1865. 5" X 6.5" manuscript written on brown necessity paper, Headquarters Thomas' Brigade, Order #89, Captain Wiggs having reported at these headquarters by General Maury is appointed instructor of heavy artillery for the "Missouri Battery" and will assume those responsibilities immediately. By order of Lt. Colonel Winder. This document was written during the Spanish Fort Campaign March 27th - April 8th, 1865 when Confederate forces moved back to Mobile and finally existed the City allowing Canby's forces to enter Mobile unmolested. James A. Wiggs, the recipient of this document, was born on May 17, 1837, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Shortly after the Civil War broke out, he enlisted on May 15, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into the 4th Tennessee Infantry. Governor Isham G. Harris soon promoted him to the position of Assistant Quartermaster General of Tennessee, on June 21, 1861. Afterwards he served the Confederacy in various positions including, Chief of Ordinance, on the staff of General Stephen D. Lee; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Francis A Shoup; he surrendered with the garrison at Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863; was captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery; Chief of Staff, of General Bryan M. Thomas; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee; and he surrendered with the forces of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, to Union General E. R. S. Canby, and was paroled at Jackson, Mississippi, on May 12, 1865. He died at Starkville, Mississippi, on January 27, 1911, and was buried in Vicksburg. His obituary and photo can be found in the Confederate Veteran issue of February 1913, where he was described as having a "brilliant record for service and bravery during the four year's struggle."  Fine, boldly written in dark ink..........................................................SOLD

4249 - CONFEDERATE MISSISSIPPI, CAPTAIN JAMES WIGGSS IS PROMOTED CHIEF OF ARTILLERY IN THE DEPARTMENT OF NORTH MISSISSIPPI AND WEST TENNESSEE AT GRENADA, MISSISSIPPI IN APRIL 1865, One page imprint 8" X 10", dated April 20th, 1865. General Orders #4 by command of General Marcus Wright ordering Captain James Wiggs to the post of Chief of Artillery in that Department. Wiggs was in Company C, 1st Tennessee Artillery. This was a short time before Wiggs surrendered at Jackson, Mississippi to Canby's forces. A very rare letterhead from Grenada, Mississippi.............................................................SOLD

41100 - THE FIRST IRON CLAD NAVAL ENGAGEMENT IN THE WORLD, A HISTORY OF FACTS OF THE GREAT NAVAL BATTLE BETWEEN THE MERRIMAC - VIRGINIA CSN AND THE ERICSSON MONITOR AT HAMPTON ROADS, MARCH 8 - 9TH, 1862, 26 page imprint, by E. V. White [1906]. A complete history of the construction of the Merrimac/Virginia and the historic fight at Hampton Roads with the Monitor. Includes several black/white lithographs of the Virginia at various stages of her short career. 7" X 9" with paper wraps, in very fine condition, string bound, RARE as such.......................................SOLD

21001 - CONFEDERATE DOCTOR WRITES HIS SONS IN THE FIELD, Winston, NC, April 15th, 1862. Two large pages in bold pencil by Dr. Payton A. Cox who served at Military Hospital #2 in Wilson, NC. He relates to his two soldier sons...I am glad you boys made it to camp safe as a report stated that your train had an accident and I think it was the Express the night before, one man was killed...tells his sons to trust in God for success in the "House of Trial" and do your duty cheerfully and be ready to endure the hardships and privations for your country and be ready to die at any moment. Our men are having a dreadful time in West Tennessee...we have whipped the Yankees badly several times the last few days but they are reinforced heavily every day and I fear they will overrun us and get the Mississippi River and New Orleans [He refers to the recent battles at Shiloh and the impending attack on New Orleans]. General Beauregard commands Fort Pulaski near Savannah and it is now in the possession of the Feds and Savannah may fall soon and I fear Augusta too. There are 100,000 Yankees at Fortress Monroe and their aim is to get Richmond and terrible fighting will be there soon. Excuse the pencil as my pen is worn out - be good to your men. His son Romulus was an officer in the 52nd NC, William was in the 57th NC Infantry. Boldly written by Doctor Cox giving up to date information on the War to his sons in Virginia........................................................SOLD

21002 - A CONFEDERATE DOCTOR ADVISES HIS SON TO STAY AT HOME AND RECOVER, HIS OTHER SON ROMULUS HAS BEEN IN A BLOODY BATTLE ON THE NEUSE RIVER NEAR GOLDSBORO, Camp Vance, Franklin, VA, December 28th, 1862 by Dr. Payton A. Cox to his son William Cox of the 57th North Carolina. He relates in part on two long pages plus a small irregular sheet...Do not think of returning to the Army until Spring as your tender lungs would not be able to take winter as he fears his son will suffer another inflammation [infection] due to the cold winter...medicine cannot do the lungs any good other than to relieve the pain, suggest that he temper his diet and avoid exposure...he may feel better but his lungs and vital organs are susceptible from attacks from trivial causes...avoid cold air and sudden changes from hot to cold, whiskey may be beneficial but doubtful, brandy and honey would do no harm. Romulus [other son] has been in a hard battle three miles south of Goldsboro on the 17th of this month and escaped without a scratch...his death would have been a welcome note to the "Torries" in our county. The 51st, 52nd NC, and the 25th SC were stationed near the railroad bridge on the Neuse River which is 200-250 yards long...in early morning they were overpowered as the "vandals" came up and set fire to the bridge. Our men made a daring charge on the rascals but with no advantage to either side a sad loss to both parties of men. Late in the evening we received reinforcements and prepared to give them a fight but they skaddled towards Newbern in the cover of night burning everything in their way. We were made masters of the field and the scamps never reached Goldsboro. We received 9 badly wounded when the enemy surprised our cavalry but we drove them back. Signed P.A.C. Well written in ink, some age tones...................................................SOLD

21003 - A CONFEDERATE DOCTOR INVOLVED WITH HIS FIRST AMPUTATION OF A SLAVE BOY'S ARM, Camp at Military Hospital #2, Wilson, NC, September 24th, 1863. Two pages in ink. He relates to his Brother by Dr. Payton A. Cox [Forsythe County, NC], the amputation of a Negro slave boy's arm that had been caught in a cane grinding machine... the boy was about 15 years old and got his arm up to the wrist caught in a wooden cane grinding machine and would have lost the entire arm if it was not for the assistance of bystanders who stopped the horse [turning the mill]. He was brought in with his hand almost cut off half way to the elbow and is now a ruined boy. He cautions his brother how this accident could be prevented and for him to take heed of precautions necessary to avoid one of his men being hurt in a similar fashion. He assisted in taking off the arm, it being his first surgical procedure and it was not a pleasant sight but he feels that he could do it himself now. Mentions a soldier today losing an arm to a wound that day also...I see many bad cases here. Mentions that the Fair Grounds Hospital in Raleigh is under the charge of Dr. Haywood...advises his brother that he does not need his instruments there at present. Well written, some archival tape in spots. A good letter from a Southern Doctor used to country practice and unfamiliar with injuries of War involving amputations...............................................................SOLD

21008 - A NORTH CAROLINA SOLIDER IN THE FIELD WRITES A PROMISSORY NOTE ADDRESSED TO HIS MOTHER, Hanover Junction, VA, May 25th, 1863. 4" X 4" written by Lt. Romulus Cox to his mother Nancy Cox attesting that he borrowed $50 from fellow soldier C.B. Ziglar [Coleman B. Ziglar] of the 21st NC. Written while they 52nd was on its way to Maryland and finally Gettysburg. Very fine............................................SOLD

21009 - 52ND NORTH CAROLINA CAPTAIN WRITES HOME ABOUT CONDITIONS NEAR PETERSBURG, February 25th, 1865 from Captain Romulus Cox to his sister Louisa. Two pages in ink. He relates in part...He describes conditions in camp as they are in a cabin, very smoky inside, they have decent rations and they enjoy the treats that come to them from home, his friends urge him to try and get a furlough and he may go to the headquarters in Petersburg, will send home $400 by Sergt. Mier as he will keep it safe, it has rained and the men are on duty every day and have hard times, they must use pine for wood and must drag it 3/4 of a mile to camp, mentions soldiers in North Carolina regiments, he received a letter from a soldier in a prison in Washington City that had tolerable health, much more on the camp life around Petersburg. Well written, 2 pages 8" X 10", includes cover with stamp off addressed to North Carolina. Cox was the son of Confederate doctor Payton A. Cox. Fine...................................................SOLD

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