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The Civil War
 Confederate Documents/Letters


9006 - PAROLE AND OATH OF ALLEGIANCE OF PVT. BENJAMIN OWENS, HOLCOME'S LEGION, SOUTH CAROLINA, 2 documents, 5" X 7" pre-printed and filled-in documents, POINT LOOKOUT, MARYLAND, June 30th, 1865, [a] Certificate of release of a Prisoner of War, [b] an oath of allegiance to the United States. Owen was described as coming from the Barnsville District of South Carolina. Benjamin Owens enlisted in Co. D in Holcombe's Legion of Infantry. The Holcombe Legion, South Carolina was organized November 21, 1861. The Holcombe Legion organized with a cavalry and infantry battalion but no artillery companies. The Infantry Battalion was formed with eight companies, later increased to ten. During the war, it was attached to Evans', Elliot's, and Wallace's Brigade. A portion of Holcombe Legion was present at the surrender on April 9, 1865 at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia. Both documents, fine, light tone...........................................$695.00


8250 - YANKEES FALLING BACK FROM MURFREESBORO, MORE YANKS DESERTING EVERY DAY, THERE WILL SOON BE A HOLE IN THE NORTHERN ARMY, 2 large pages in pencil, March 17th, 1863 from W. P. Presley, 1st Alabama Cavalry to his wife, Pickett Camp at Middleton, Bedford County, TN. He relates in part...It is a beautiful spring morning and it is the general's opinion the Yankees have fallen back from Murfreesboro ad gone back to Nashville except there cavalry scouts and it is the case we will soon be back at Murfreesboro and our scouts were ordered to go there today unless they were forced back. I think this confederacy is gaining ground of late. The Yanks seem to be smartly confused the way they are deserted and coming over to our side. They have averaged two a day at our post and if they desert at every post the way they are here there soon will be a big hole in the northern army. He inquires if the money he is sending home has arrived...he wants his wife to pay his father $50 for the mare he bought from Newton, the balance you can spend for the benefit of yourself and family...he received the clothes she sent him...wishes he could see her and the little brats, his figures add up to $296.50 he has sent her this year so far...your affectionate husband Willie [W. T. Presley]. Complete typed transcript The 1st (First) Alabama Cavalry was raised at Montgomery, Alabama, in November 1861. Ordered to Tennessee, the regiment fought at the Battle of Shiloh in April of 1862. It then fought at the Battle of Boonville, Mississippi and Blackland. In Kentucky with General Joseph Wheeler, it was engaged at the Battle of Perryville in October of 1862. Returning to middle Tennessee, the regiment lost many men at the Second Battle of Murfreesboro, Battle of Stones River in December of 1862 and January of 1863. On the retreat to Tullahoma and Chattanooga, it again lost many men at Duck River. In September of 1863, the regiment fought at the Battle of Chickamauga. In east Tennessee with Longstreet, it fought at Clinton, Knoxville, and Mossy Creek. It was part of the force on the Sequatchee raid, fought at Dandridge. During Sherman's Atlanta Campaign, the regiment harassed the enemy. Again, in Tennessee, it fought at Waynesboro, and at Fiddler's Pond. Then, it fought at Kilpatrick, Averysboro, and Bentonville near Raleigh, North Carolina, a few days before Lee's surrender; the regiment drove back the enemy. It then surrendered as part of William W. Allen's division at Salisbury, North Carolina, about 150 strong..................................................$225.00

8251 - 1ST ALABAMA CAVALRY, THE REGIMENT PASSED THROUGH ROME, GA TODAY, SMALL POX IN MONTGOMERY, HAVE THE CHILDREN VACCINATED, A FRIEND LOOKS LIKE A PERFECT SKELETON HE IS SO SICK, JUST BEFORE CHICKAMAUGA, Hamilton County, TN, Chickamauga Station, August 19th, 1863, [last numeral in date looks like a 2 but content and military position denotes 1863]. 4 pages in pencil from W. P. "Willie" Presley, Company A, 1st Alabama Cavalry. He writes to his wife in part..."was sick for several days but straight now, Bob is saucy as a rat and saucy as a pig, George Myers is in the hospital at Atlanta sick, spent the day with Huston with his regiment in camp about five miles from here, his health is very bad and he is a perfect skeleton and it made me feel bad to see him in such condition...he is very low spirited, seeing his condition if I was able I would hire a substitute for him, mentions friend in the regiment, Thomas Mitchell has resigned and George Welch is his Captain...when I left home and crossed the river just as the sun was rising I was so sick I could hardly navigate, Miss May Jane Hendricks asked me to inquire about Mr. Josh Hill, tell her I have done so and he is in Company D, Captain Stokes' company, needs postage stamps, send one 10 Cent stamp or two five cent stamps in every letter you write me, if you get the chance you must get all the children vaccinated for we hear a great deal of smallpox in Montgomery yet, heard from the regiment as they passed through Rome, GA today, Henry [Henrietta] I am sorry that I did not stay at home 8-10 days with you and the little babes, W. T. Presley to Mrs. H. A. Presley, Prattville, Alabama." Well written complete typed transcript included. The 1st (First) Alabama Cavalry was raised at Montgomery, Alabama, in November 1861. Ordered to Tennessee, the regiment fought at the Battle of Shiloh in April of 1862. It then fought at the Battle of Boonville, Mississippi and Blackland. In Kentucky with General Joseph Wheeler, it was engaged at the Battle of Perryville in October of 1862. Returning to middle Tennessee, the regiment lost many men at the Second Battle of Murfreesboro, Battle of Stones River in December of 1862 and January of 1863. On the retreat to Tullahoma and Chattanooga, it again lost many men at Duck River. In September of 1863, the regiment fought at the Battle of Chickamauga. In east Tennessee with Longstreet, it fought at Clinton, Knoxville, and Mossy Creek. It was part of the force on the Sequatchee raid, fought at Dandridge. During Sherman's Atlanta Campaign, the regiment harassed the enemy. Again, in Tennessee, it fought at Waynesboro, and at Fiddler's Pond. Then, It fought at Kilpatrick, Averysboro, and Bentonville near Raleigh, North Carolina, a few days before Lee's surrender; the regiment drove back the enemy. It then surrendered as part of William W. Allen's division at Salisbury, North Carolina, about 150 strong.....................................................$195.00


8252 - WAUL'S TEXAS LEGION CAVALRY, ON DUTY NEAR MOBILE, A FRIEND RECOVERING FROM HIS AMPUTATED LEG, FIGHTING WITH FORREST IN MISSISSIPPI, GENERAL FORREST HAS TAKEN THE REST OF HIS CAVALRY AND GONE TO TENNESSEE, MOBILE UNDER YANKEE SIEGE, Camp near Mobile, Alabama, September 11th, 1864, 3 pages in ink well written by Captain William D. W. Peck, Co. D, Waul's Texas Legion of Cavalry to W. B. McCormick back in Texas in regard to the health of his son Pvt. George W. McCormick late of Waul's Legion of Cavalry [6th Texas Cavalry] after being wounded in the leg during fighting in Mississippi at the Battle of Harrisburg on July 1864 and was in a private home recovering. He relates in part...There is a change or will be in a day or two that I could send letters across the Mississippi River. Johnny Frazier reported to the unit the latter part of last month and said that he left George on the 25th of August and felt he was out of danger and his leg was healing well and his appetite good, Frazier brought me a letter from George stating he would drop you a line at first opportunity. He is still as Mr. Saunders about five miles west of Tupelo [MS] where he was kept as the surgeon thought it best not to move him further. I have not seen him since his leg was amputated as it is impossible to get a leave as General Forrest keeps us very busy either fighting or moving about all the time and since I wrote you last we fought the enemy in North Mississippi about 16 days mostly skirmishing. Our battalion was fortunate in having only one man wounded and non killed during the whole time but we lost quite a number of horses - there is no news here - all of the outer fortifications of the city [Mobile] have been captured and in possession of the Yankees but no immediate attack is expected on the city itself. It does not look like war times in Mobile as the stores are filled with goods of every kind but are selling at the most extravagant prices, for instance men's shoes from $50 to $100, boots $200 to $300 a pair and all other goods in proportion. A soldier stands but a poor sow to make purchases here! Our brigade has been transferred to General Thomas at this place and I learn that General Forrest has taken the balance of his cavalry to Tennessee I presume on Sherman's rear...George is in good hands in Mississippi as he has friends extending invitations to him for him to visit when able...W. D. W. Peck. Complete typed transcript included. Great letter mentioning Forrest's Cavalry Corps, beautiful manuscript! Admiral Farragut's success in the Battle of Mobile Bay in August of 1864 led to the capture of Forts Morgan and Gaines at the entrance to the bay. Mobile was considered one of the major targets of the Civil War but fear of its strong fortifications around the City and a need for troop strength elsewhere delayed advancing on Mobile. It was not until the spring of 1865 that Gen. Ulysses S. Grant made troops available to Gen. E. R. S. Canby to commence the Mobile Campaign. Their strategy was to attack Mobile from the eastern shore of Mobile Bay, defusing the protective forts of Spanish Fort and Blakely, four miles north, on the east side of the Tensaw River. The next steps toward Mobile were to knock down the marshland batteries of Forts Huger and Tracy, then move across the Tensaw and Mobile Rivers into the City. General William Tecumseh Sherman suggested this easterly route in a letter to Canby. On its western side Mobile was surrounded by three lines of fortifications mounting three hundred heavy artillery pieces. Water approaches to Mobile were defended by a series of underwater obstructions and island and shore batteries on the east. It was said to be the most heavily fortified city in the Confederacy.........................................$350.00

, January 15th, 1862, 2" X 6.5", Claiborne County, MS. $7.00 was paid to a Mrs. Hopkins by the Military Board of Claiborne County. These stipends were paid to help the families of soldiers in the field. Very fine, in ink............................................................

6066 - NEEDING RECRUITS FOR A COMPANY IN NORTH CAROLINA, February 24th, 1862, two page in ink letter written by Pvt. Hector McKethan - later Colonel just before he joined the 51st NC Infantry after serving with the 1st NC Infantry to Lt. Charles Broadfoot who had service in the 1st NC Infantry and was soon to join the 43rd NC Infantry. He relates in part...What do you think our company will do and do you think there is any chance to get it into service or any part of it? I think there are enough who will pledge themselves to go and make a start and something may turn up to enable us to fill the ranks. We have lost many of our best me who have gone into Murchison's Cavalry Company but it is my opinion that it will be impossible to equip them and we would stand a good chance to get many of them if we prepare for it in time-suppose we get Hale to call the officers together to suggest what should be done and if they intend to make no effort let themselves say so and I am done with it. I was told Ruffin Horn had gone to Chatham for recruits and there is a draft in Harnett on Wednesday. If we could get 6 or 8 good men to enter into it heartly and put some money into it the thing could be done it will take time and hard labor...H. McKethan. The writer the next month joined the 51st NC Infantry and Broadfoot joined the 43rd NC after securing a commission. McKethan later became a Colonel in the 51st NC Infantry and had an outstanding war record......................................................SOLD

6068 - THE WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA RAILROAD, CONFEDERATE NORTH CAROLINA, 3.5" X 5" pre-printed freight bill dated April 1st, 1865 at Egypt, NC, E. Clegg ships 5 bushels of fodder corn being delivered to Fayetteville, NC. The Western Railroad was a railroad in North Carolina connecting Fayetteville to the coal fields of Egypt (now Cumnock). A group of Fayetteville citizens obtained a charter from the North Carolina legislature in December 1852 to construct a railroad from Fayetteville to the coal fields of Chatham County (now Chatham, Moore, and Lee counties). The state helped finance, build, and operate the new railroad. Problems with the construction contracts and obtaining rights of way delayed its construction, the first rails being laid in 1858. It was not completed until the first part of the American Civil War. Its first operations in commenced in 1861 to McIver's Depot, and the line was completed to Egypt in 1863. Charles Beatty Mallett (1816 - 1872) served as the railroad's second president from 1855 to 1865, and fourth president from 1867 to 1868. He was the son of Charles Peter Mallett (1792 - 1874). Mallett was a cotton manufacturer, acquiring a controlling interest in the Union Manufacturing Company during the time he served as the railroad's president. In 1862 Mallett, in partnership with James Browne of Charleston, South Carolina, took over management and operation of the Egypt Coal Mines. These mines had been owned by a Philadelphia - based company, and had been placed into receivership by the Confederate government at the start of the war. The facilities of the railroad were used to transport the coal to Fayetteville, where it was then moved down the Cape Fear River to its contracted final destination of Wilmington, North Carolina. In 1865 Gen. Sherman's army reached Fayetteville. During his campaign Sherman burned or destroyed several of the bridges used by the railroad, 12 miles of track, and several depots. Its rolling stock was saved, having been moved to the Egypt end of the line. By 1868, his other businesses and personal residence also destroyed by Sherman's campaign, Mallett was forced into bankruptcy. Fine, a scarce Confederate Railroad..........................................SOLD



6018 - A COMMISSION FOR 2ND LT. HUGH McCAULEY BY THE GOVERNOR OF NORTH CAROLINA HENRY T. CLARK, 8" X 14" pre-printed and filled-in early war commission for McCauley [actually spelled McAulay in future Confederate records], as a 2nd Lt. in the Dervese District Company in the 68th North Carolina Militia dated August 3rd, 1861. He was ordered to rank as of July 31st, 1861 from Mecklenburg County, NC. In November 1861, he enlisted in the 37th North Carolina regiment and served in that regiment until his death on May 23rd, 1862 at Lynchburg, VA of typhoid fever. In 1861, Clark was Speaker of the North Carolina Senate. When state governor John W. Ellis died in office, Clark succeeded him (as was the law at the time). He served as the state's chief executive from July 1861 to September 1862, a crucial period in which North Carolina established itself as a constituent member of the Confederate States and first suffered the hardships of war. As the leader of the state in that formative period, he mobilized thousands of soldiers for the Southern cause, established the only Confederate prison in North Carolina, arranged the production of salt for the war effort, created European purchasing connections, and built a successful and important gunpowder mill. The conservative Clark, however, found more success as an administrator than as a political figure. As governor, he was unable to maneuver in the new political world ushered in by the Civil War, and he retired abruptly from public service at the end of his term in September 1862. Light water stain at edge, impressed state seal, bold embellishments, overall very good.....................................................SOLD

6019 - HE WANTS BRIGHT NORTH CAROLINA BUTTONS ON HIS UNIFORM, Camp Fisher, North Carolina, November 22nd, 1861, two letters in ink on one 8" X 10" page back to back by Hugh McAulay 37th North Carolina, one to his sister and another on the verso to his brother, to his sister he notes...he is well in the new camp, he is sending this letter at AGH is going home, we can't go 50 yards from the camp without a pass but the officers are very good to us, we get plenty of flour, beef, and rye and some bacon, sugar, and molasses. I will go to Greensboro and see the place...there are no "Galls" [Girls] to look at except some of the hardest "cusses" [excuses] you ever saw as they come to sell some "pyes" and socks...no more news so I will close...Hugh E. McAulay to Sis...ON THE VERSO, he writes to his brother...Mr. J. E. McAuley...Dear Brother...have little time to write as I must go to the hospital to attend on the boys. We will get our bounty money and pay for our shoes and socks and blankets, shirts, and drawers. It will be about $18. I want you to get MY COAT AND BRITE NC BUTTONS AND GET 8 YARDS AND HAVE A LARGE CAPE CUT AND BUTTONS AROUND THE COLLAR AS SOON AS YOU PLEASE...Direct your letters to H. E. McAulay, High Point, Company C, 37th Regiment NC Infantry, I care of Captain Potts. Camp Fisher was in High Point, NC and named for Colonel Charles F. Fisher a casualty at First Manassas. McAuley later died at Lynchburg, VA of Typhoid, May 23rd, 1862...........................................$135.00

6020 - LETTERS TO HUGH McAULEY 37TH NORTH CAROLINA BY HIS SISTER, TELLS HIM THAT HIS BROTHER IS WORKING ON HAVING HIS UNIFORM COAT MADE BUT NEEDS THE BUTTONS AND THREAD, November 30th and December 1st, 1861, from his sister Sallie Knox to Hugh McAulay 37th NC at Camps Fisher, High Point, NC. She describes affairs at home, attending a "burying", "I have not seen ay of your sweethearts since you left to see whether they are grieving about you," I am sending you three pies and one molasses cake, have not time to make more, send my love to all your tent brothers, December 1st, she continues...John came here yesterday just after I quit writing, he had an overcoat with him for you but he has not gotten the buttons and thread needed...he wants to get brass buttons, he got the cloth from Tates's factory a dollar per yard...tell us how you like High Point...Jim Williams' wife died last night with a throat disease...Sallie Knox. McAuley had asked about getting a coat made with bright NC buttons in an earlier letter and apparently his brother John has had difficulty in locating them that quick. McAuley later died at Lynchburg, VA. of typhoid fever in May 1862. Newsy letters, much more..........................................................$75.00

6021 - CAMP MANGUM, NORTH CAROLINA, 37TH NORTH CAROLINA VOL., December the last, 1861 [December 31st, 1861], two pages to his mother by Hugh McAulay Company C, 37th NC. He relates in part...I am well and hope this finds you well also, I got to High Point the night I left, found the regiment, with three companies we started Monday morning and had to leave all our boxes and get here that night. We were put up in a swamp and had nothing to eat the morning before and had no fire and had to lie down on the ground. When we got up the frost was white on our blankets and cold. We carried all our tents a mile and set them up with our brackets, mentions getting money tonight, good bye Mama, Hugh McAuley. A postal cover is included with two postal marls no sign of stamp ever applied. Camp Magnum was in Raleigh's Wake county it being a Confederate camp of instruction, its early commanders were D. H. Hill and Stephen D. Ramseur. The letter is phonically written in large manuscript. McAulay died at Lynchburg, VA. in May 1862 of typhoid fever....................................................$115.00

6022 - CAMP MANGUM, WE EXPECT TO GO TO NEWBERN IN A FEW DAYS, January 5th, 1862, two large pages in ink to his brother [John] by Private Hugh McAulay, Company C, 37th NC. He relates in part...We got news this evening to go to the coast and expect to go to Newbern in a few days, have had a rough time since we came here, freezing and cold with rain, hard to get in the tents [due to ice], we will leave tomorrow at 3 o'clock. I expect it will be some time before I see you again. Send all the boxes you can and all the news from old Mecklenburg, tell Mr. Beard that Jim Beard is sick again but it is not dangerous. He is sick again in his stomach and bowels hurt him. We have orders to pack up this morning and get ready...direct letters to Hugh E. McAuley, Private, Camp Mangum, 37th NCV, Raleigh, NC, Co. C. In care of Captain Potts...Hugh McAuley to John McAuley. Hugh McAulay died at Lynchburg, VA in May 1862 from Typhoid Fever...letter and cover [2 items].....................................................$115.00

6023 - MY BIBLE GOT THROWN OUT AND HE WANTS ANOTHER LETTERS FROM HOME MAKE HIM CRY AND LAUGH, Camp Tadpole, Newbern, NC, January 5th, 1862, two pages in ink to his mother from Private Hugh McAulay, Co. C, 37th NC Vol. He relates in part, I have been with cold but am better, received letters from you and John Sunday night, we are still at the same place, we may stay here longer but may go to Kentucky. We will stay here until spring. I received your box and it was good to get such a present. When I was sick the boys were scrubbing and threw out my bible and it lay out all night in a ditch and it is so bad I will send it home and try to get another one. Letters from home make me cry and laugh both...Hugh. Hugh McAulay dies a few months later in Lynchburg, VA of typhoid fever. Slight repair to a border, light stains.....................................................$95.00

6024 - CAMP MANGUM, WAKE NORTH CAROLINA, POSSIBLE BURNING OF LETTERS BY STRANGERS, January 8th, 1862, one page in ink to his mother by Private Hugh McAulay, Co. C., 37th NCV. He relates in part, We have orders [to move] and have three days rations and we start at 3 o'clock in the morning to Newbern and I will write as soon as I get here. I want you to write how Father is...John Burds and W. R. Stevens were sent to the hospital. John Burds is some better. PS I would pay the postage but we send out letters with strangers and sometimes steal the money [stamps or money given to pay postage] and burn the letter. Hugh to his Mama. He alludes to giving strangers money to buy stamps or pay the postage with money given to them by the soldier - he is obviously send it home postage due..........................................................$95.00

6025 - CAMP NEWBERN, 37TH REGIMENT, CRAVEN COUNTY, NC, January 10th, 1862, one page in ink to his mother by Private Hugh McAulay, Co. C, 37th. He relates in part, I am well but very sleepy, I stood guard Wednesday night and Thursday morning and it rained as hard as you ever seen. We got to Newbern at day, raining but clear now. We are camped besides the river and it is a mile and three-quarters wide and full of ships and steamboats. We are camped on fine land about 60 miles from Raleigh, lots of sand and long loop pine too poor to work. We have the river blocked one mile below and we can see it from our camp. Direct to Hugh E. McAulay, 37th Rgt. NCV, Company C in care of Captain Potts, Newbern, NC. McAulay soon died in May 1862 of typhoid fever in Lynchburg, VA...........................................................$110.00

6026 - GO TO THE RESCUE, THE VANDALS ARE COMING, GO MEET THEM WITH BAYONETS, SABER, AND SPEAR, DRIVE THEM BACK TO THE DESOLATE LAND THEY ARE LEAVING, February 10th, 1862, two pages in ink from Mary Sauple, Hopewell, NC to Private Hugh McAulay. She writes in part...she tells him about affairs back home, Dr. Pharr preached a very good War sermon and prayed that we might have victory, the death of a young girl from measles. We have nothing here but rain and mud, when you get home you will see all the ladies with their home made dresses or we cannot get any calico...she closes with the statement...On to the rescue, the vandals are coming, go meet them with bayonets and saber, and spear, drive them back to the desolate land they are leaving. A spirited patriotic letter from a female acquaintance back at home. Some stains..........................$70.00

6027 - CONFEDERATE PATRIOTIC STATION AND POSTAL ENVELOPE, Camp Lee, February 23rd, 1862, two page letter to his brother John from Private Hugh E. McAulay, Co. C, 37th NC Vol. He writes his brother in regard to his crop at home and his farm equipment he wants John to take good care of when he is away...take care of his corn and do the best you can with my plow, take the thrasher if I do not get home. I will send $40 home with Dr. Ransom and pay A. M. Abermade. The patriotic cover and matching stationary is Scott #CN-3, a cannon firing at an angle, stars and bars and two tassels, black print. Slogan imprinted below on both. Usual brown crude paper stock. The body of the letter has several stains, cover is clear. The cover/letter was hand-carried home as stated in the letter so no postage was applied. The letter is phonically written in dark ink. Aside for the stains in the body of the letter and a slight rough right border, very good, a nice combination of a Confederate postal imprint.............................................$395.00

6029 - THE BATTLE OF NEWBERN, NC, IN THE THICK OF BATTLE, BULLETS WHIZZING AROUND ME, FRIEND WOUNDED, THE ARTILLERY MARKED THE FIELD, MANY KILLED, ALSO MANY TAKEN PRISONERS, Kingston, NC, March 14th, 1862, large two page letter by Private Hugh McAulay, Co. C., 37th North Carolina. He writes his other brother the details of the battle and the causalities...We had one battle on the 11th that last until the 13th to about 12 or 1 o'clock in which I was engaged on the last day the 13th. The firing commenced about 2 o'clock the Yankees attacked us and we returned fire but the worst is yet to come yet we had to retreat, I retreated 16 miles quick time and you may know I was tired and had not shut my eyes the night before and sat in the trench all night in hard rain. Company C passed through the gates of the fight one mile among the bombs and grape and there was not one scared. J. R. Knox had his haversack shot off and there were two "bums" that passed my breast that the wind of them struck my shirt and thousands of musket balls rung around my head but I was not touched. Well after retreating 19 miles in was near sundown and I got on the Colonel's horse and traveled all last night. I have not slept for three nights and feel pretty well. J. C. Beard, L. L. Flut, A. L. Black, L. Washam, W. Washam and T. A. Slone are not killed but they may be prisoners but I think they may come yet. It is 40 miles from the battlefield to this place and I think they got tired and have stopped to rest. I hope they come in tonight. We lost a great many men but the Yankees lost a great deal more. I stood and saw Brim mark the field with dozens of artillery fire with his blazing artillery. Lany, Knox, Hirma were killed. Brim lost nearly all his horses and had men killed and took some prisoners. James Morris was wounded and left on the field...we passed through the battlefield where the ground was covered with blood of the horses and the cannons blazing on us all the time and we all stood up and not one was hit. We lost all our clothes but what we had on. We burned our camp with clothes and tents because we could not move it. More on the clothing we lost. We are in a house in Kinston, no place to write and I have not the first blanket...the Yankee had 50,000 and we had 7000! Good Bye Hugh - to his Mamma. The Battle of New Bern (also known as the Battle of New Berne) was fought on 14 March 1862, near the city of New Bern, North Carolina, as part of the Burnside Expedition of the American Civil War. The US Army's Coast Division, led by Brigadier General Ambrose E. Burnside and accompanied by armed vessels from the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, wer opposed by an undermanned and badly trained Confederate force of North Carolina soldiers and militia led by Brigadier General Lawrence O'Branch. Although the defenders fought behind breastworks that had been set up before the battle, their line had a weak spot in its center that was exploited by the attacking Federal soldiers. When the center of the line was penetrated, many of the militia broke, forcing a general retreat of the entire Confederate force. General Branch was unable to regain control of his troops until they had retreated to Kinston, more than 30 mile (about 50 km) away. New Bern came under Federal control, and remained so for the rest of the war. McAuley graphically described the battle and retreat. Federal forces greatly outnumbered the Confederates who lost more in missing and wounded than killed and wounded. GREAT CONTENT. McAulay died in Lynchburg, VA in May 1862 from typhoid fever....................................SOLD

6031 - NEWS OF THEIR FATHER'S DEATH REACHES THE 37TH NORTH CAROLINA BROTHERS, April 22nd, 1862, Camp Holmes near Raleigh, Hugh McAulay writes his mother on the news of the death of his Father at home, 37th NCV, Company C, two pages. I am sorry to hear the report of my Father's death and I cannot go home. I received bother DNMc's letter the evening of the 20th. One thing I feared when I left home is that I would not see my father again and when I told him good bye in his bed his hand felt cold and it gave me a heap of trouble when I would think of it. Brother wrote that he died at sunrise. I and John A. Bell and Mr. J. H. McAuley were sitting around the guard tents as we had been on guard the night before I walked the guard lines and looked upon at the stars that looked familiar at home and I thought what was going on at home but passed the night off better than you would expect. I would like to have been at home very much but there was no chance. I went to the Colonel as soon as I got the letter to see if I could get a furlough but there was no chance. He refers to current recruiting in regard to the new state law...he concluded with the statement "we must whip or be whipped soon." Unsigned by McAulay but another letter he signs [a copy is included]. A son writes his mother about his misgivings on leaving his ailing father months before. Some repair to left border not affecting content..........................$125.00

6032 - WANTS THE PARTICULARS OF HIS FATHERS' DEATH, THE COLONEL PROMISED HIM A LEAVE TO GO HOME, Camp Holmes, April 28th, 1862, two pages in ink to his sister with a hand-made postal cover obviously hand carried to her in Mecklenburg, NC, by Private Hugh McAulay, 37th NC, Company C. He relates in part...he acknowledges a box of items he received from home courtesy of Lt. JRS, I liked the shirt but the pants were too large but they will be better than none, we will draw a uniform in a few days but we do not know what sort of one we will get. Will send money home but having trouble in getting someone going home to bring it. I only have $20 now but will have $50 in a few days as I did not get home when Father died I do not know when I can get home. The Colonel [Lee] says I should have the first furlough that was given; he discusses paying someone at home for him and for his brother to keep $5 for his trouble. I want to know all the particulars of Father's death...I get no news from home, describes Kingston, mentions an officer elected again, and mentions his Captain Potts and his Lieutenant, more on family matters at home. The letter comes with a hand-carried postal homespun made cover, 2 items. Letter has a water stain at fold, 2 items...McAulay dies within a Month in Lynchburg of Typhoid fever [May 23rd, 1862].......................................................$115.00


6033 - THE 37TH NORTH CAROLINA JUST BEFORE THEY HEAD TO VIRGINIA, April 10th [1862], a short/small note by J. C. McAuley, Company K, 65th NC, to his sister...We came back to Kingston [NC] today, we march 13 miles and are at the same place we stayed when we first came down here. We may not stay until the morning. Mr. Smith sends his best to all the neighbors...I had to fall out of rank four miles before we got here. J. C. McAuley. J. C. McAuley was the brother of Hugh McAuley. This small note was written just before the unit left for Virginia probably at Camp Holmes near Raleigh...........................................$65.00

6035 - GOLDSBORO, NC, HE IS SENDING FOR A BOX FROM HIS MOTHER, January 15th, 1863, two pages in pen, from Private John McAulay, 65th North Carolina to his mother. He relates in part...He asks his mother to send a box back to him by Mr. M. G. Collore who is going home and will return in about five days. He will write you a short note and tell you when he will pass down the road, mentions a dispatch from Colonel [Lee], J. C. McAulay. Water stain at center fold, priced according mainly on camp content..............................$65.00

6036 - MACKERYER CREEK, NC, THROWING UP BREASTWORKS, HAVE BEEN ALL OVER THE EASTERN PART OF NORTH CAROLINA, HIS CAPTAIN WILL NOT HELP HIM IN GETTING A MEDICAL DISCHARGE, April 9th, 1863, TWO LETTERS...1st Letter - two pages by J. C. McAulay Co. K, 65th NC to his sister. We are 14 northeast of Kinston, NC, throwing up breastworks we have soon hard marching to do and have been all over the eastern part of North Carolina. We never stay in one place more than two nights then move somewhere else and have no railroads here to ride on. We have to march all the time. The captain will not do anything to get me off [discharged], the Doctor said he would do his part in getting me off but the Captain would do nothing for me. I still have hopes I will be able to get from under the Captain and get home to get a good mess to eat. Food [meat is nonexistent] money cannot but any...still looking for a fight...hope we will not have one until the war is over, boys killing hogs, we just get a few beans enough to make half a mess, direct letters to Kinston...J. C. McAulary. 2nd Letter - WE HOPED TO GET INTO A FIGHT BUT WERE DISAPPOINTED, WORKING ON BREASTWORKS, by Private J. C. McAulay, two pages in ink which appears to be a second letter he wrote that he included with a previous letter that was dated at Mac Keryer Creek, NC on April 9th, 1863 to his sister...we have been working on breastworks and three more companies came to relieve us. The news is that we will leave tomorrow morning, I know not where, direct [letters to Goldsboro] as I will get it where ever I go. We did expect a fight when we came down here but were disappointed. It seems that the 37th is not allowed to fight at all...George D is right bad off with a cold, Mr. Bradlea has a very bad jaw, just had my dinner had a biscuit and two bites of meat, we drew beans today, today black sorghum. We have a pot of beans and I will get soon a good mess. The Colonel sent out a party to fish and they have come in with 100 shad that will make a mess for the regiment...the fishers have gone back to fish more as here was not enough for all..." J. C. Mca". TWO LETTERS, WITH POSTAL COVER with a Kinston, NC cancellation no stamp...................................................$185.00

6037 - THE CAPTAIN MADE ME DRILL EVEN THOUGH I WAS NOT FIT FOR DUTY, GUARDING A BRIG IN GOLDSBORO AWAY FROM THE CAPTAIN, 2 pages in ink to his mother from J. C. McAulay, May 23rd, 1863, 65th North Carolina, Company K. I am stationed at the county Brig about three miles SE of Goldsboro, myself and 5 others are here as guards. We do not know how long we will stay here and have orders to be ready to start for Goldsboro. We came to Goldsboro on the 21st and were sent here. It is a good place to stay on a hot day. The brig is on the new river a mile west of the railroad brig the Yankees burned last winter. I was glad to get from under the Captain and I hope I will never get back there again. He made me drill to the last when I had been examined and found not fit for duty...He had to sell a lot in his box for fear of having to leave it behind...Put letters in care of Lt. Thomas H. Allen and I will get it...address to Lt. Thomas H. Allen at Goldsboro...J. C. McAulay...light water stains at left border unaffecting manuscript........................................................$125.00

6039 - COUNTA BRIDGE, GOLDSBORO, NC, THE YANKEES HAVE GOTTEN THE BEST OF US THE PAST TWO WEEKS, VICKSBURG AND GETTYSBURG, July 13th, 1863, two pages in ink to his mother by Private J. C. McAulay, Company K, 65th North Carolina. He relates in part...I expect to stay on guard duty, will send his mother $40 home when he can, wants his corn gold as they will pay my debts...I hear that they are fighting in Charleston, here the river has been up all the time. We have to drink river water when we cannot get spring water. He has terrible teeth problems, it seems that the Yankees have gotten the best of us the last two weeks taking Vicksburg and having Lee on the retreat and the fighting at Charleston. Direct your letters as before to Lt. J. H. Allen, Goldsboro, NC. J. C. Mc [John C. McAulay]. An interesting letter admitting the recent failures of the Confederacy. Light edge stains not affecting manuscript.....................................................$125.00


6040 - FARMER DANIEL McAULAY PAYS HIS DUE TAXES ON CROPS BEFORE HE ENTERS THE SERVICE, Daniel McAulay was a farmer in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. This large 11" X 13" pre-printed form gives in detail his crop for 1863 with the allotment for the defense and to carry on the Confederate States. 10% of the crops were due the Confederate States which included 3.5 bushels of wheat, 1.5 bushels of oats and 100 bushels of cured fodder. Printed on brown necessity paper. Archival repair at center fold unaffecting any data. The paper otherwise is crisp. Daniel McAulay later joined the 37th North Carolina in October 1864 and died at disease February 2nd, 1865. Daniel obviously joined the military after the 1864 growing season.......................................................$65.00


6044 - THE YANKS ARE FIRING ON FORT SUMTER, Charleston, SC, January 31st, 1864, two page letter to his mother by E. A. McAulay working near Charleston with his brother for the Mecklenburg Salt Company [later 37th NC]. He relates in part...I landed safe and got here on the 8th and all the hands are here but three we do not look for a few days, we are making salt very well and the price is rising nearly $20 now in Charleston. I have been out on the Cooper River, was gone four days and cutting wood two days and made $13. The Yankees are firing rapidly today at Fort Sumter but there is little other news of importance. We think if Kerr does not sell he will keep us here. I had my image taken in Charlotte and left it to be finished and Mr. S. Garrison will take care of it...I heard of a peace meeting yesterday and if it brings about a good peace I wish it much speed. E. A. McAulay. Professor Kerr owned the Mecklenburg Salt Company which had a processing area near Charleston. It produced salt for the military and civilians during the war............................................$115.00


6049 - DETAILS OF CAPTURING YANKEES ON THE POTOMAC, CANNON FIRING FROM CENTERVILLE, TELL THE BLACK ONES ALL HOWDY AND THEY MUST TAKE GOOD CARE OF THE STOCK ON THE FARM, December 20th, 1861, large two page letter from Private Robert M. Rucker, Co. A, 2nd Tennessee Infantry on duty in Virginia. He relates to his mother and father...I am on police duty today and tomorrow night [Provost Duty], our company goes down on picket on the river at the mouth of the Chipawanie, we captured five live Yankees, two little boys and two grown Yankees who were out in a boat on the Potomac and were foolish enough to be induced to come over to our shore - they were taken to Richmond, the day before yesterday we heard the heaviest cannonading I have heard yet up in the direction of Centerville - must have been a fight between our forces and the Federals - another fight at Leesburg - this blockade at Evans Port does not amount to much and the forces on our side down here are acting only as guards to the right bank of the Potomac and to prevent McClellan from flanking our right - Tell the Black ones howdy and that they must take good care of all the stock on the farm...R. M. Rucker. Rucker was later wounded at Chickamauga and captured at Goldsboro, NC............................................$250.00


6050 - THE WILMINGTON AND WELDON RAILROAD BUYS CONFEDERATE BONDS, Certificate issued at Wilmington, NC, April 1864, 4" X 6.5", pre-printed and filled in depository receipt issued at the Bank of Cape Fear office for the receipt of $500 in turn new issue Confederate bonds will be issued to the railroad per the act of February 17th, 1864. The Wilmington & Weldon Railroad (W & W) was the new name adopted in February 1855 by the Wilmington & Raleigh Railroad (completed in 1840), which ran from Wilmington to Weldon by way of Goldsboro and Rocky Mount, bypassing Raleigh. As a central rail link along the Atlantic Coast, it carried heavy traffic during the Civil War and made a considerable profit (in Confederate currency) for its owners. Because the W & W had its own facilities for rerolling iron rails and did not lie in the path of military action until the very end of the war, it suffered somewhat less than many other roads of the region and entered the Reconstruction period dilapidated but intact. Light gray paper, very fine....................................................SOLD

7010 HE HAS MOVED TO ANOTHER REGIMENT, ANXIOUS TO FIGHT, Fayetteville, NC, May 28th, 1864. Two large pages in ink to his brother Charles by George Broadfoot including an impaired WALLPAPER postal cover with the stamp torn off, bright blue floral wallpaper, remnants of FAYETTEVILLE CDS. He relates in part...His brothers will be surprised that he is now in Fayetteville which is contrary to his wishes. After he received his EXCHANGE papers [he transferred out of the 5th NC Cavalry and joined the 13th NC Light Battery on May 4th, 1864]. He had tried to go through the present campaign with his old company but Captain McKeller said no. They were all sorry [officers] to see him leave so he went to Richmond when I heard the Yankees were threatening the city. I joined an infantry company or a detachment of the 2nd NC Infantry. We were in the line of battle or two days and nights but were not actually engaged. I never felt like fighting more in my whole life. The enemy attacked the right of our line but I was at the left of center. I was in Richmond when "The" passed through [General Theophilus Holmes' son] but did not see him. He mentions a Chapel Hill classmate of his brothers who had sneaked out of the army and became an agent of the NC Depot in Richmond. I remained in Richmond about two weeks at the fortifications. If I were you I would not stay in Raleigh during this campaign if I could go to Virginia...George [Broadfoot]. The letter is accompanied by the WALLPAPER cover which had the stamp cut out. Still a rare item and priced accordingly. Addressed to Major Charles Broadfoot 1st NC Reserves at Weldon, NC. George B. Broadfoot, brother of Colonel Charles W. Broadfoot served in the 5th North Carolina Cavalry, then the 13th North Carolina Light Artillery, then paroled at Greensboro, NC April 29th, 1865.......................................................$375.00

3192 - CAMP NEAR HAMILTON, NC, THE BATTLE AT BUTLER BRIDGE, A REPORT ON THE ADVANCE OF THE YANKEES AND THE DEFENSE OF THE LINES BY THE 1ST NC JUNIOR RESERVES UNDER THE COMMAND OF COLONEL CHARLES BROADFOOT, 4 pages to his father in bold pencil, December 16th, 1864, Camp near Hamilton, NC, by Colonel Charles Broadfoot. He relates in part...I write you a few lines a few days after the Yankees retreated from this place. I had been sent down here with four companies of my regiment to meet a raiding party of the enemy. On the night of the 11th Sunday I had my men in the breastworks with one battery of artillery [At Butler's Landing on 8 mile creek] and two cavalry guarding the approaches. Colonel Hinton commanding the 68th NCV's regiment came down just after nightfall and assumed command leaving his regiment about 10 miles behind. About 10 that night the enemy drove in my pickets in front and began to advance. Colonel Hinton sent a courier to being up his regiment and rode to the front and when he returned he told me they were advancing slowly and it would be day before they would make the attack on the breast works. Colonel Hinton then complained on being ill and rode back one mile to the rear leaving a courier with me to be sent to him when the enemy made the attack. That was about midnight. From that time to day the cavalry was skirmishing with the enemy and kept the enemy in check. We endeavored to give Colonel Hinton's regiment time to get up. Just after the moon went down about 1/2 hour before day, I received a volley from the rear. Colonel H. being absent I was thrown suddenly in command. I ordered my men to cut through and retreat along the Tarboro Road which was done in good order. The enemy became alarmed at what they thought was a charge made on them and fell back firing only a few shots at us. The force in my front was about 750 men with here pieces of artillery, the force in my ear was about 400 men with a reported one piece of artillery. I had in the breast works 225 men and four pieces of artillery, and the horses in my rear from out dismounted cavalry. It is very fortunate for us that we escaped capture. I have learned that Col. H's regiment was in the rear of the Yankees when they fired into me but I did not know it at the time. Judging from the rate they had been marching I did not think they would be closer than one mile. They marched slowly and all my men behaved well. The cavalry and the artillery deserve great praise. This is a rough sketch of the engagement. I would write more but I am writing at a poor camp fire. I have marched about 100 miles in eight days and am tired but ready to meet the enemy at any time. We are now about 2 miles from Hamilton guarding the approaches in case they make another advance. The gunboats [Yankee] have managed to pass some of the torpedoes and are now at Williamston. I neglected to say that the party of the enemy who fired on my rear was piloted [led] by "buffalos and Negroes" and crossed the creek several miles below me at a old mill dam not a site considered a good path. It was impossible to have guarded the creek well sending 80 from off the breast works with the small force under my command...Charles. Charles W. Broadfoot enlisted from Cumberland County in June 1861 at age 18 as a private in Company H (Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry), First Regiment North Carolina Volunteers. In November 1861, Broadfoot reenlisted in Company D, Forty-third Regiment North Carolina Troops. Promoted to lieutenant, he was assigned to General Theophilus H. Holmes' staff in Arkansas. In 1864, he became lieutenant colonel of the First Regiment North Carolina Junior Reserves (Seventieth Regiment North Carolina Troops), made up of seventeen- and eighteen-year-old boys. The regiment fought at Bentonville and surrendered near High Point on May 1, 1865.......................................$450.00

1020 - CONFEDERATE PAROLE FOR A NEW YORK SOLDIER SIGNED BY TURNER ASHBY'S SURGEON ARTHUR P. BURNS, Dated at Culpepper Court House, VA. August 21st, 1862 paroling Pvt. William Molloy, Co. D, 9th New York Regiment and signed by Burns as Medical Director Cavalry Army of the Valley. Burns was Turner Ashby's brigade surgeon, 7th Virginia Cavalry. Malloy swore not to bear arms or assist the enemies of the Confederate States. Burns had an extensive service record throughout the war enlisting in June 1861, duty with Ashby's Cavalry, served in several hospitals during the war, incapacitated by illness he finished his service at the Winchester Hospital. William Molloy does not show service in the 9th NY but three other William Molloy's show New York service in different regiments. He possibly gave incorrect information to the paroling officer - right name wrong unit intentionally! A rare Confederate parole from Ashby's Cavalry. Some fold strengthening on verso due to the folding caused by being carried on the person to clear Confederate lines, isolated stains, RARE.............................................................$595.00

1021 - NEW ORLEANS UNDER FEDERAL CONTROL, BUSINESS CONTINUES ON IN 1863, A $5000 bank draft made out to P. A. Giraud of New Orleans, December 3rd, 1863 by Edward J. Gay writing from St. Louis Plantation. P. A. Giraud was a commission merchants located in New Orleans, dealing in molasses and sugar. The note was payable to W. S. Mount the New Orleans Manager. St. Louis Plantation home was built in 1857 by U.S. Rep. Edward J. Gay and today is the private residence of the Gay family [Plaquemine, LA]. It was named for the City of St. Louis. It has six columns and a gallery across the front, along with a rooftop belvedere. The home also has a cellar, which is quite rare among plantations; and is another Iberville property listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Gay was a Louisiana politician who had interests in other plantations. At this time New Orleans had been under Federal control for over a year. Very fine...............................................$49.00

, Broadside, Confederate patriotic imprint, 5" X 7" printed on goldenrod paper, black bold type. A Confederate imprint [P & W #6571] urging Tennesseans to repel the Lincoln invaders to the state, "Black Republican bandits have crossed to our shore"..."Our triumph is coming to fire - fire away"...Long the Lincoln invader shall mourn the day when Tennesseans were summoned to FIRE AWAY! A very scarce imprint. c. 1861-62, crisp paper trivial stain............................................


7251 - PAROLE AND OATH OF ALLEGIANCE FOR SERGEANT ROBERT CURRY BLAILOCK, Co. G. 21st Mississippi, "Madison Guards." Parole, 4.5" X 7", pre-printed and filled in Point Lookout, MD. Dated June 9th, 1865, ornate seal with eagle to upper left; Oath of Allegiance, 4.5" X 6.5", pre-printed and filled-in. There is a pen notation on verso "Meridian July 10th, 1865 transportation to Jackson." Blailock is described as being of dark complexion, dark brown hair, gray eyes, and 5'8 1/4" in height. He enlisted June 1st, 1861 in Company G, 21st Mississippi Infantry. The 21st was engaged in numerous eastern front battles such as Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg and at Chickamauga in the West. Point Lookout Federal POW prison was opened after Gettysburg and operated until June 1865. Over 55,000 soldiers and civilians were held there resulting in 14,000 deaths due to the extreme conditions the prisoners experienced being housed in only old Sibley tents. Blailock was probably captured in one of the 1864 battles in the east that the 21st fought reaching the rank of Sergeant before his capture. Both documents have good embellishments, some archival restoration on verso at several old folds. There is some light tone at folds. A corner restored on the oat of allegiance. A nice combination of documents for a member of the 21st who fought from 1861 until his late capture including the Battle of Gettysburg......................................................$895.00/pair

5159 - CONFEDERATE APPLICATION FOR DUE PAY OF A DECEASED SOUTH CAROLINA SOLDIER, Richmond, VA, July 13th, 1864, pink paper, pre-printed and filled-in 8" X 10" document affirming that the Father of Private Martin Casey in Smith's Company, 1st South Carolina Infantry, Rufus Casey has applied for the pay in arrears due said Private Casey who was deceased. The document was addressed to E. Haygood, Pickens Courthouse, SC. This document was printed on the same pink paper used for many Confederate bonds. Light fading, filled-in with the data clear and distinct...................................$95.00

5163 - COLONEL QUINTON PEACHER, 6TH INFANTRY MISSOURI STATE GUARDS, Commanded the 6th Infantry at Pea Ridge where he lost 33 men in that battle. December 3rd, 1863, Beff River, a short note all in his hand addressed to a courier..."To the courier, you must not delay with the mails...You must go knight [tonight] today rain or shine...there is a complaint from headquarters, please forward promptly...Col. Quinton Peacher." 4" X 5" manuscript note. By this time the Missouri State Guards had been assimilated into Price's Confederate Army of Missouri but Peacher may have stayed with Van Dorn - Fine.......................................................$125.00


3300 - A RARE DONATION CARD RECEIPT FOR THE FAMILY OF JEFFERSON DAVIS PRINTED ON THE BACK OF A CDV CARD, Ladies' Southern Aid Association, [Richmond 1865], 10 X 6 cm, "Respectfully solicit your aid in behalf of the family of Jefferson Davis," signed by J. H. Towne, received $1.00. This association raised funds while Davis was imprisoned in Fortress Monroe or the well being of his family. It is printed on the verso of a gold bordered carte de visite card. The Ladies' Southern Aid Association was incorporated in December of 1865 to assist the family of the former Confederate president. Fine, light tone, RARE...........................$395.00

As Davis and his entourage fled south through Georgia the Union troops spurred on by a $100,000 reward for his capture quickly pursued him. The early of May 10th, 1865 morning the Davis' camp was awakened by a pop of gunfire and within minutes was surrounded by members of the First Wisconsin and Fourth Michigan cavalries. Not one shot was fired by the Confederates. Through some confusion Davis made a quick dash towards the creek. He had thrown his wife's raglan, or overcoat, on his shoulders. This led to the persistent rumor that he attempted to flee in women's clothes. A popular song of the era was "Jeff in Petticoats," and the major tabloids featured artists' renderings of the fallen leader dressed in everything from a wig to a hoop skirt. That popular story was embellished in the north and cartoons showing Davis in women's clothing were quickly published

, Small satirical broadside, [Philadelphia - Johnson] c. 1861 - 1863, 14 X 20 cm, [5.5" X 8"], Wolf American song sheets #1098, Worldcat locates only one copy, Satiric song to Carry me back to Old Virginia shore," three verses. "I spect we'll get cotched. And de next we we'll know, we'll dangle side by side...," trivial archival repair to verso corner, crisp and fresh paper, ornate border....................

, Frank Spear, Philadelphia, PA. Anner Song Printer, 1862 - 63, Broadside 14.5 X 23 cm, [5.5" X 9"], Rare Worldcat locates two copies, Wolf American Song sheets #1097A, A five stanza poem about Davis selling his soul to the devil. "I'll make you a king of the Southern Confederacy." Bright yellow paper, crisp and very fresh...........................................

, John P. Larkin, "The Capture of Sally Davis," New York, H. DeMarsan. 1865, Broadside with attractive pictorial border of a Negro playing a banjo, a Negro mother watches her children dancing, a fiddler and a jester [Davis], very rare, Wolf American Song sheets 251b, Satirical verse to be sung to the tune of Kingdom Coming in four stanzas and chorus, "O ladies have you seen Jefferson Davis?, He changed his name as of late; he ran away the other day from old Virginia State. 6.5" X 9.75", 16 X 12.5 cm. A rare pictorial broadside showing jubilant Negroes celebrating the capture of Davis and the new of an new era without slavery. Very rare, crisp paper.....................................

, Special Order #152, Richmond, VA, June 29th, 1862, 8" X 10", imprinted Adjutant and Inspector General's Office. Sergeant Joseph E. Cox had been convicted of desertion in May 1862 and sentenced to death by a General Court Martial convened at Conrad's Store in Rockingham County Virginia. 13 months later the Secretary of War issued this special order on June 9th, 1863 remitting the sentence. Cox had served in New Co. E. 1st Special Battalion Wheat's Louisiana Infantry known as the "Louisiana Tigers." When Major Chatham R. Wheat was seriously wounded at the 1st Battle of Bull Run, with the end result of his death that began the demise of that regiment which by 1862 had  been reduced to less than 100 men and disbanded as 'unmanageable.' Signed by John Withers, AAG the top assistant to General Samuel Cooper. A very rare "Louisiana Tiger" document. Very fine.................................

6193 - CONFEDERATES NOT CAPTURED AT VICKSBURG MOVING NORTHEAST OF JACKSON, Manuscript note dated at Minton [Morton], Miss., July 20th, 1863, one page note addressed to Captain John S. Noble by Major Alfred M. Borbaw ordering him to turn over his supply train to Captain Moore and report to him in person for duty. This town was east of the Jackson area and were remnants of Confederate forces moving away after the fall of Vicksburg. Fine...............................................................$89.00

6192 - AN ACCOUNT OF THOUSANDS OF POUNDS OF BACON CAPTURED BY UNION FORCES UPON THE SURRENDER OF VICKSBURG, 10" X 20", hand-ruled large manuscript document written by Captain Marcus W. Johnson of the Quartermaster Staff stating that 38,239 pounds of bacon that was captured upon the surrender of Lt. General John C. Pemberton of the city of Vicksburg to enemy forces. This amount was in his possession in the city in July 1863. It is interesting that these provisions were available in July 1863 while reports of the period stated that the civilians were eating rats and cats to survive the siege with little supplies arriving. Light stains, well written. Written by Johnson after his obvious parole listing the seized bacon stores. Fine..................................................$195.00

4016 - BLOODY KANSAS, KANSAS EMIGRATING AID COMPANY, A LOUISIANA PRO SLAVE EMIGRATION COMPANY'S FORM TO SOLICIT DONORS TO SEND PRO SLAVERY EMIGRANTS TO KANSAS, Desoto Parish, Louisiana, September 30th, 1856, 8" X 13" manuscript document stating that the undersigned promised to pledge a certain amount to the treasurer of the Kansas Emigrating Aid Company, Hamilton Stone. The document stated that the purpose of the organization was to aid immigrants to travel and settle in Kansas until at least the political organization of the territory was stabilized into a state. There are no pledges notated on this document as this may have been the manuscript draft for the printer to print forms. Bleeding Kansas, Bloody Kansas or the Border War was a series of violent political confrontations in the United States involving anti-slavery Free-Stators and pro-slavery "Border Ruffian" elements, that took place in the Kansas Territory and the neighboring towns of the State of Missouri between 1854 and 1861. The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 called for the "popular sovereignty" - that is, the decision about slavery was to be made by the settlers (rather than outsiders). It would be decided by votes - or more exactly which side had more votes counted by officials. At the heart of the conflict was the question of whether Kansas would allow or outlaw slavery, and thus enter the Union as a slave state or a free state. Proslavery forces said every settler had the right to bring his own property, including slaves, into the territory. Antislavery "free soil" forces said the rich slave-owners would buy up all the good farmland and work them with black slaves, leaving little or no opportunity for non-slave-owners. As such, Bleeding Kansas was a proxy war between antislavery forces in the North and proslavery forces from the South over the issue of slavery in the United States. The term "Bleeding Kansas" was coined by Republican Horace Greeley, editor of the New York Tribune, its violence indicated that compromise was unlikely and thus it presaged the Civil War. Both sides had emigration aid Companies to increase their voter support to bolster their cause in the election. This is a very rare example of a Southern pro-slavery company recruiting donations in Louisiana in 1856. Well written, a possible unique Southern aid company document, fine, minor blems.......................$295.00

, 3" X 5", "We have planted the Standard", 10 Star Confederate first national flag flying, red/blue, below "Tennessee is in the fold." Used in political rallies and often seen on photos and this vintage 10 star flag was used briefly in 1861. Near mint condition..............................................

, 5" X 7" manuscript payment form on blue paper paying John G. English at Meridian, MS, June 19th, 1863 for two of his mules valued at $237.00 each. Signed by Captain John H. Young, AQM. English dockets the verso verifying that he has received payment. English owned Egypt Plantation near Aberdeen, Mississippi, fine..................................................................

3614 - THE UNION ARMY ADVANCING ON BRISTOL, TENNESSEE, October 21st, 1864, Bristol [Tenn.], 2 page 8" X 10" letter to his daughter Mary by John King. He relates in part to her, Providence has saved me from evils; the loss of property has not affected me. Major Johnson had been living in the old house for months; hopefully he would have gone to bring you letters. Letters would that have given you a view of the most trying scenes we have had to pass through, but Major Johnson is now at Richmond and is not likely to make it back here. For two days and nights we were momentarily expecting the Yankee army which had reached Zollincoffer. Few soldiers were here as the soldiers had left to protect the salt works. The town is deserted with just me and a few others. After several days they fell back and they are now between Bulls Gap and Knoxville. Our troops are pressing them closely. For the moment all is quiet and secure. Yesterday I assisted in the burial of Colonel John Preston who was 84 years of age. The Methodist Conference is here and the town is full of preachers...Your Father Jo. King. "Two months later in the Battle of Kingsport (December 13, 1864) a force of 300 Confederates under Colonel Richard Morgan (1836 - 1918) stopped a larger Union force for nearly two days. An army of over 5,500 troops under command of Major General George Stoneman (1822 - 1894) had left Knoxville, Tennessee, to raid Confederate targets in Virginia: the salt works at Saltville, the lead works at Wytheville and the iron works in Marion. While Col. Morgan's small band held off a main Union force under Major General Cullem Gillem on the opposite side the Holston River, Col. Samuel Patton took a force of cavalry to a ford in the river 2.5 miles (4.0 km) north and came down behind the Confederates. Out-numbered, out-flanked and demoralized by the bitter winter weather, Col. Morgan surrendered. The Confederates suffered 18 dead, and 84 prisoners of war were sent to a Union prison in Knoxville. Very fine.............................$175.00

2400 - GENERAL JOHN L. LEWIS, LOUISIANA MILITIA COMMANDER, LS December 23rd, 1861, 2 pages 8" X 10", Louisiana Militia General 1861-62, disbanded the Native Guard after the Federals captured the City of New Orleans and told them to hide their uniforms and guns [Colored regiment of Free Blacks]. Letter signed to Colonel Numa Augustin. Headquarters 1st Division Louisiana Volunteer Troops, New Orleans, [Augustin was commander of the Orleans Guard of the Louisiana Legion Troops]. A letter to Colonel Augustin to the effect of whose authority the French Legion was under, the Louisiana Militia or the Confederates States. Lewis had consulted with the Governor [Moore] and the consensus was that a recent order would not allow organizations of foreign residents to be included in the 1st Louisiana Division being included in the army of the Confederate States. More on the actions of the commander of the French Legion, Major Rocheran. An interesting commentary on the inclusion of foreign nationals in Confederate service at the beginning of the war from the several militia units composed of these nationals. Well written, corner trip of page restored, trivial ink burn, fine otherwise....................................$250.00

2404 - A SOLDIER WANTS HIS WIFE TO ENLIST HIS BROTHER'S NEGROES TO HELP HERE BACK AT HOME, HIS COMPANY IS LOW ON OFFICERS, MAY TRANSFER IF HIS COMPANY HAS TO BECOME INFANTRY, Camp at Courier Post near Middleton, TN, Bedford County, May 11th, 1863, 4 pages in pencil, W. T. Presley 1st Alabama Cavalry. He relates in part, "am glad that your two heifers were not dead, can't you get Brother Evan's Negroes to look after them for you by paying RED and LEE or some of them you can put some confidence in...Henrie you asked me if I was prepared to die, if I should be called from this life - I am not ashamed to ask you to pray for me...have no Captain or officer just one Sergeant acting as a Lt. but he is so stuffed up on account of his office that he is above his business. If he is made a Lt. I will apply for a transfer. I will leave this company if I have to go to the infantry. He wants a pair of boots made but is concerned how she will get them to him. Willie." W. T. Presley, 1st Alabama Cavalry.............................................$185.00

2409 - CONFEDERATE SHEET MUSIC, BY B. DUNCAN OF COLUMBIA, SC, The Exotics, O Give me a home by the sea," "Flowers of song transplanted by Southern Soil," 10" X 14", attractive green lithographed cover, two pages of verses, published in Augusta, GA. by Blackmar, printed by B. Duncan of Columbia, SC, [printer of CSA notes] 186 -, Crandall #3697, Parrish & Willingham #7309, light age tone, have seen examples offered at $80, fine........................$50.00


14230 - PALMETTO SHARPSHOOTERS, PVT. JAMES A. JAMES, Scottsville, VA, September 22, 1862. Three pages in ink to his father...He relates in part, I take this opportunity to write you as I have been sick for the past three weeks and have not been in the late Virginia battles and am on the way to rejoin my regiment. I was sent to the hospital but did not stay there long but a night as a kind gentleman took in his house and kindly attended to me. I met with some fine friends but would rejoice to be home again. I hope this wicked war will soon be brought to a close so all can return to their homes and enjoy peace and the pursuit of happiness once more. I have not drawn any money since I wrote you and would like you to send me a pair of drawers and two pair of sox in my next letter. I will let you know where to send them. Things are selling here very high owing to great army in Virginia that has nearly consumed everything like corn is selling for $2 a bushel, wheat $2.90, oats $3 per bushel and all other things in proportion with dry goods scarce. Shirting is .75 per yard, shoes $10 per pair, I will write again when I reach my regiment...your affectionate son, James A. James. Interesting well written letter from a scarce South Carolina Regiment, Palmetto Sharpshooters...............................................$150.00

14232 - 4TH SOUTH CAROLINA CAVALRY, SOLDIER DENIES HE SENT COUNTERFEIT MONEY TO A FRIEND AND WARNS HIM TO LEAVE HIM ALONE ABOUT IT, Camp Pritchard, March 29th, 1863, 2 page in letter with postal cover with partial 10 cent stamp by Pvt. A . J James 4th SC Cavalry. He relates in part, "I am very much surprised that you were trying to still out that money on me yet as I never had that money and I don't intent to take that back and send you more as you need to do the best you can with it, you may prove just what you please as I can prove that I never had such money...don't waste any more of your time writing as I am not afraid of you as I want you to be cautious how you talk about me as I will be with you soon, be careful how you talk about me Richard as I do not want to injure you in any way...I do not intend to pay you good money for your old bill and take your old bill to someone else - I will see you in hell before I do it...A. J. James." The 4th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment was a regiment of cavalry in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. They were from the state of South Carolina and served primarily in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. The 4th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment was organized on December 16, 1862, by consolidating the 10th Battalion South Carolina Cavalry and the 12th Battalion South Carolina Cavalry. The 10th Cavalry Battalion (also called the 3rd Battalion) was organized in the spring of 1862 with five companies, and Major James P. Adams and Major William Stokes were the commanding officers. The 12th Cavalry Battalion had also been known as the 4th Cavalry Battalion. Very good, an interesting content letter regarding Confederate counterfeit money...................................................$125.00

14236 - CALHOUN'S LIGHT ARTILLERY BATTERY, Columbia, SC, Pvt. J. A. James, Calhoun's Battery, 1st SC Light Artillery, August 13th, 1863 to his father & mother. He relates in part, "have a bad boil on me, waiting for the box and I check the depot each day, am satisfied in camp, we will not stay here long I reckon, wants to know if they have sold his fiddle yet and if so give the money to Emaline. If John wants to go to war this is a good company and if so I will get it arranged for him with Captain Calhoun. Your son J. A. James." Very good..............................................$100.00

14237 - CALHOUN'S LIGHT ARTILLERY BATTERY, Pvt. J. A. James, Calhoun's Battery, 1st SC Light Artillery, August 20th, 1863, 2+ pages in ink to his father & mother, "thanks his parents for the box of provisions just received, had sent home a box that contained a coat that belonged to Richard Young who had run away to Virginia, he would not transfer to Griffin James' unit, the only way he would transfer is to go home. I have good officers here and if Griffin James wants to transfer I can get him one here. I hear there is firing every day at Charleston and they are at it now, will try and get a furlough before I leave here but wants another box...Camp near Columbia, Captain Calhoun's Light Artillery, J. A. James to his father and mother." Very good...................................................$125.00

14240 - HAMPTON'S LEGION, CAPTAIN JOHN K. JAMES, 2 pages in ink to his father by Captain John K. James, Co. C, Hampton's Legion. He relates in part, "He wants to know how his family is, wants to know if brother James' discharge papers from Virginia have arrived and to forward them to him, wants some provisions sent to him, has not seen brother James since he was taken out. He wants his wife to send him a lock of their baby's hair, wants his sister to come there, more on family matters." Fine..........................................$100.00

14242 - FERGUSON'S LIGHT ARTILLERY, I WISH TO SEE MY BABY ONE MORE TIME, November 3rd, 1863, Atlanta, GA, 2 pages in ink from J. A. James. He relates in part to his wife Nancy...wants to know when companies cousins are in and who the Captains are so he can write them, wants to know how she is getting along home with provisions, would like to get in Cousin Jacks company as they may send him back to Charleston as he has been unable to drill, tells his wife to write him as quick as possible as they may leave Atlanta soon. I hope we will meet in a better world, if I could come home I would like to see my baby one more time. J. A. James to Nancy James. Newsy Confederate letter from a soldier who is oon to be transferred to Beauregard's Company, Ferguson Light Artillery. Fine..........................$100.00

14243 - FERGUSON'S LIGHT ARTILLERY, THE PEOPLE ARE MEAN IN ATLANTA, PRICES HIGH ON EVERYTHING, LITTLE TO EAT, 2 pages in ink, Atlanta, GA, November 12th, 1863, J. A. James to his father. He relates in part...my health is not very good at this time, I was taken with the chills and have had the chills and have had them ever since and am hardly able to move about but I keep up some. I have not received any answer to my letters I have sent - why have you not written. I drew $134 Our fare is might rough - we get little corn bread grain and some boiled beef twice a day. As soon as I can get to get to a magistrate I am going. I want to swear that they have the ugliest people in Atlanta and the meanest, everything and you can now get anything less than $2.00, and everything is $2.00. I am obliged to swear! We are still in Atlanta and expect to stay sometime. Write me about recruits...Your loving son J. A. James. Interesting commentary on affair in Atlanta in the early winter of 1863, fine....................................................$145.00

14250 - CAMP NEAR DALTON, GA, FERGUSON'S BATTERY LIGHT ARTILLERY, 27th Day of April 1864, two pages in ink to his mother and father by Private J. A. James. He relates in part, he is relieved to have heard from his mother and father again as it has been three months and I thought you thought hard of me. You say that you have had hard times back in Carolina and I must say there are hard times here as if there are not hard times here I do not know what hard times are. I have little news here but we expect a big fight near soon as the baggage has been sent to the rear and all furloughs stopped and I do not know when they will start again. I really want to get home but I am out of hart of going home...I will close nothing more till death J. A. James. The Battle of Rocky Face started the campaign a few weeks later. Well written by Private James. Very fine.........................................$150.00

14251 - ATLANTA CAMPAIGN, FERGUSON'S LIGHT ARTILLERY, 2 pages in ink by Private J. A. James, April 28th, 1864, Camp near Dalton, GA to his sisters. He relates in part...we have hard times and more on the way, we have little to eat by bread for the last few days, we get one-third of a pound a day, some days we get none, discussing a Tom and his wife...wants to know if Tom can lie in the bed without pissing on the bread and if they have quit pinning rags to him each night. Hope peace will be made but I don't think it will stop soon. I would like you wait until I get home to marry though you may have to wait a long time. I want you to send me a lock of his hair to put in a gourd to put water in it for the rats to drink and kill them. The rats are very bad here and that is a plan I have to get rid of them. An interesting letter especially the last portion as it appears that James was not particularly fond of his future brother-in-law. Well written............................................$145.00


14254 -  THE BLOCKADER CAME IN THE OTHER NIGHT AND I EXPECT TO GO WITH THEM TO NASSAU THEN TO ENGLAND, 2 pages in ink to his sister by Private Thomas E. James, 1st South Carolina State Troops, Charleston, SC, January 7th, 1863. He relates to her in part...sorry that you had asked for a bottle of oil, some paregoric, and some sulfur and be sent by old Rowen, I have not had 5 cents but will have shortly and will send it to you. He mentions a mother who lied about the age of her son to te Captain. I do not know when I will come home as the blockader came in the other night and I expect to go with them and I think I will go. There is no war there and I would stay there until peace is made. I expect to start on the 20th of the month. If I do not go I shall join the company that John is in. If I do not do that I will run the blockade and come home and see the girls, hug, kiss, and feelum tits! I was a guard on the northeastern train and borrowed an oil cloth blanket that was worth $40 but left it on my seat when I went on to Wilmington and expect to have to pay $20 for it...more about somebody named Miles in Charleston owing him some shoes, he vividly discusses a girl back home he is involved with and tells his sister she may have another sister when he comes home, but if I go to Nassau you will not see me soon. The girl had written that she was ready for me "in arms," longs to sleep if I come home, she will lay there whether she sleeps or not, write soon, Thomas E. James to Nancy E. James. Thomas obviously has found a new love at home among the ladies he left behind and longs for one of them if he does not travel on the blockader to Nassau. Interesting commentary.................................................$225.00

14256 - A SOLDIER OFFER HIM $200 TO TAKE HIS PLACE SO HE CAN COME HOME, HIGH PRICES IN CHARLESTON FOR PROVISIONS, NOT SAFE FOR HER TO TRAVEL TO CHARLESTON, 2 pages in ink with the front of a postal cover PM Charleston paid 10 stamp, Charleston, SC, December 7th, 1863, 3rd Military District, from Pvt. Thomas E. James 1st SC State Troops to his parents. He relates...You misunderstood me think that John Loveland and I were coming home, I do not expect to come home until the 1st of February, the Captain gave John a furlough to come home between then and Christmas - not me also. I have been offered $200 by a soldier in another company to swap for one month and I may take him up on it. No ear bobs here for less than 10 or 15 dollars, shoes selling for 30 - 50 dollars, salt $18, rice a bushel $16, cloth 10 to 30 dollars per yard, socks 3 to 4 dollars per pair, send me my shoes at first chance and knit me a pair of fingered gloves can't drill without those, you had better not come down here as it is not safe. Thomas James to John James' family. Newsy letter from James describing a furlough swap for $200, the cost of provisions in Charleston at are ever rising due to the blockade and bombardments of the city....................................................$165.00

14262 - I HAVE BEEN WORKING ON CASTLE PINCKNEY, Charleston, SC, January 27th, 1864 by Private Thomas E. James, 1st SC State Troops to his sister Nancy. He relates in part, I drop you a few lines to let you know I am well, I have been detailed to work at Castle Pinckney but I am off now. I have bought some salt and started it home but could not buy any rice as the price is too high. A man owes him money and is scarce to pay him, mentions another soldier very ill but not as bad as before. Thomas James to Nancy James. A short letter from a soldier trying to by provisions to send home from Charleston with prices ever rising due to the blockade and the bombardment/siege. Fine....................................$125.00

1421 - PASS SIGNED BY GENERAL BEAUREGARD'S SON, LT. RENE T. BEAUREGARD COMMANDING FERGUSON'S BATTERY, SOUTH CAROLINA LIGHT ARTILLERY, ALLOWING TWO SOLDIERS TO PASS THE LINES TO DALTON, GA, 3" X 6.5", manuscript pass allowing Corporal James and Private Young of Captain's Ferguson's Battery to go to Dalton and return by 4 PM, dated April 20th, 1864. Signed R. T. Beauregard, 1st Lt. Commanding. Beauregard enlisted with Slocomb's Battery, Fifth Company, Washington Artillery. Soon made a 1st Lieutenant in the South Carolina Regulars. Formed Ferguson's Battery (South Carolina Light Artillery), and became Captain of the battery upon the death of Commander Ferguson. He was in the Western campaigns under Johnston, Hood, and Beauregard. He was in almost every battle of note during the long siege, his bravery and fortitude being especially noted at Franklin, Missionary Ridge, Lookout Mountain, and on the fields of western Tennessee. During the close of the war he was elevated to the rank of Major. Very scarce autograph.................................................$150.00

1425 - PASS TO LEAVE SULLIVAN'S ISLE AND ENTER CHARLESTON, 3" X 6.5" manuscript pass issued by the Provost Marshal of Sullivan's Isle, May 7th, 1863 for Francis and Elizabeth James to visit the City [Charleston]. Written non blue paper, some paper restoration to bottom not affecting manuscript........................................$75.00

1426 - CONFEDERATE PASS TO ENTER CHARLESTON FOR A SOUTH CAROLINA SOLDIER, June 14th, 1862, Camp Evans, Private James [Thomas E. James] is given permission to pass the lines into the City of Charleston. James was on duty with the 1st South Carolina State Troops. Signed by General Evan's AAG A. L. Evans. Camp Evans was a CSA camp at Church Flats along the Stono River, near Stono Ferry. Written on blue paper, 4" X 7". Irregular at bottom, no missing text.................................................$100.00

1427 - OATH OF ALLEGIANCE FOR A SOUTH CAROLINA FATHER OF TWO SOLDIERS, 3.5" X 7", pre-printed and filled-in, Provost Marshal's Office, Headquarters United States Forces, Greenville, SC, August 14th, 1865, John James signs his oath of allegiance to the United States. James was the Father of J. A. James and Thomas E. James who had served in the Confederate Army and survived the war. J. A. James in the Palmetto Sharpshooters/Ferguson's Battery and the 1st South Carolina State troops. Old stain at fold, age tone, very good overall...................................................$100.00

1431 - FROM SULLIVAN'S ISLE, 1ST SOUTH CAROLINA INFANTRY, A SOLDIER JOKES ABOUT HIS COUSIN NOT BEING MUCH OF A LOVER TO HIS NEW WIFE - RARE CONTENT, 2 pages in ink, J. H. Loveland, 1st South Carolina Infantry on Sullivan's Island, April 18th, 1864, date lined Battery Bee, to his cousin. He relates in part, "I want to see you real bad but I want to see your wife a heep more as I don't think you can break her for no saddle. I did not think you were married when I wished her more joy than I do you and she shall have it. If I ever get to come home she shall have it. I want you to do best you can do until I come and then I will help you all that I can as I am not sure you can do family duty and I hate to see a nice lady disappointed. I wish I could take you place in a month. I don't think your wife would have anything more use for you. I want you to remember the promises we made to one another. I want the wedding that is depending to wait until I come. I do not want you to think hard of my dry jokes for they are all in good fun...J. H. Loveland." An interesting sexual oriented letter apparently in jest contesting his cousin's ability to be a proper lover to his new wife. Rare content.......................................$225.00

100810 - WALLER'S REGIMENT OF TEXAS CAVALRY, March 7th, 1864, Camp Grace, Texas. A note for $50 due Travis Hensley from L. K. Dubois both members of Waller's Texas Cavalry, small manuscript 4" X 7", Hensley was named after William Barret Travis after the fall at the Alamo by his Father who was a close friend of Travis. Some age tone. Very good.................................................$65.00

100811 - WALLER'S TEXAS CAVALRY, July 24th, 1863, 3" X 7" manuscript stating of $100 by the AAQM John S. Hirschfield dated at St. Martinsville, LA. Very good.....................$65.00

100820 - VIRGINIA SHARPSHOOTERS, WHARTON'S BRIGADE, 30th Virginia Battalion Sharpshooters, March 25th, 1864, letter to Colonel J. Lyle Clark commanding the 30th Virginia Battalion requesting that three men be sent to Jonesboro and they will be returned to General Wharton's Brigade as soon as cavalrymen can be received from the cavalry. The 30th Virginia fought in East Tennessee under Longstreet and in the Shenandoah Valley. After the battle of Wayneborough the unit was disbanded. Well written in brown ink on gray paper, scarce sharpshooter correspondence..........................................WAS $295.00                NOW $215.00

100821 - 2ND SOUTH CAROLINA VOLS, A SOLDIER PUT INTO THE INVALID CORPS, November 15th, 1864, New Market, VA, 14" X 20" descriptive list detailing the pay and clothing given to Private Duncan McRa. It was noted he was wounded October 15th, 1864 near Strasburg, VA. There is a large notation written by the Surgeon stating that the soldier was placed in the Invalid Corps, April 14th, 1865 at Columbia, SC. Written on brown necessity paper. Very good..........................................................$195.00

100821A - NEW ORLEANS CRESCENT REGIMENT, January 30th, 1865, 8.5" X 11" manuscript Special Order #24, Captain David Collie, Crescent Regiment, appointed to the court martial by order of Lt. General Buckner signed by his AAG John N. Galleger, Headquarters Department of Western Louisiana, Natchitoches, LA on gray paper, fine.........................$75.00

7043 - FODDER FOR THE ARMY, MONROE, LOUISIANA, 1862, 8" X 13" pre-printed and filled in document paying Samuel Patterson $65.98 for 4399 pounds of fodder for the Confederate army dated November 26th, 1862 being a receipt signed for the above fodder by Captain N. A. Birge Quartermaster CSA. Some fold strengthening on verso, otherwise very good and crisp paper, scarce locale............................................$75.00

7044 - LOUISIANA CONFEDERATE DOCUMENT SIGNED BY FUTURE LOUISIANA GOVERNOR SAMUEL D. MCENERY, 7" X 13" pre-printed and filled in document for forage supplies for 4 horses at the Conscript camp at Monroe, Louisiana, November 26th, 1862 for fodder and corn. Signed by Lt. S. D. McEnery who later became the 30th Governor of Louisiana 1881 - 1888. Very fine...............................................$100.00

2145 - 57TH GEORGIA REGIMENT, BARKALOO'S REGIMENT, 5" X 13", pre-printed and filled-in, blue paper. Provision return for Captain Byington's Company dated June 25th, 1862 for 71 men and one woman and outlining all the supplies allotted to the company. During this period, the regiment was in East Tennessee & Kentucky. Later it fought at Champion Hill and was captured at Vicksburg in July 1863. It was exchanged and placed in Mercer's command and had 54 causalities at Atlanta, only a few surrendered in April 1864, very fine, quite detailed................................................$125.00

1082 - CONFEDERATE STAMPED POSTAL COVER ADDRESSED TO COLONEL JAMES A. R. HANKS FORMERLY OF THE 22ND GEORGIA, AT CUTHBUT, GEORGIA, Hand-made cover, addressed on the front and sealed on the verso with a 10 cent Scott #11, blue Jefferson Davis Confederate postal stamp. Fine, decent margins on stamp tied with an indistinct cancellation. Hanks served on the staff of the 22nd Georgia and was discharged for disability on June 1862........................................$85.00

1085 - CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA, CONFEDERATE BONDS FOR THE SOUTH WESTERN RR BANK, 4" X 6", imprinted interim depository receipt issued at Charleston, SC, March 18th, 1864 for $100 in new Confederate bonds amounting to $100 to be delivered from the act of February 17th, 1864. Printed by Jewitt Printer, 347 King Street. Gray paper. Fine............................................$65.00

72036 - 11TH TEXAS INFANTRY LETTER, Bradford Fitzgerald, 11th Texas Infantry, Headquarters Ordnance Train, Walker's Division, July 1st, 1864, 2 pages in ink to friend Willie. He relates in part, I cannot write long as I am making up my quarertly that under very "desaperable" circumstances for yesterday evening as I was entering voucher #79, a Minnie ball struck the desk within six inches of my pate [old English for head]. In short within 10 minutes two more companions did visit my headquarters. He continues to give Willie advice on a love affair. I am at the front with no possibility of post duty. He continues discussing affairs of the heart as he has formed quite an attachment for Miss Ella. He relates that Willie Ewin [John H. Ewin's son] had his leg shot off a few days ago...he commanded Will Foster's Company...your cousin Bradford. At this time the 11th Texas Infantry had been fighting in Louisiana and Arkansas chasing General Steel's forces back towards Little Rock. A well written letter. Texas letters from the field are very scarce.....................................$295.00

72039 - 31ST LOUISIANA INFANTRY, August 10th, 1862, 8" X 7" pre-printed Provisional return, filled-in for 73 men and two female cooks for two days including rations of pork, beef, flour, molasses, and salt. The 31st Louisiana was organized at Vicksburg during the summer of 1862 and assigned to Baldwin's Brigade. The unit lost 9 killed and 16 wounded at Chickasaw bluffs and was captured defending Vicksburg. After being exchanged it fought in Thomas' Brigade in various conflicts in Louisiana. By the early 1862 date on this document it was most probably written near Vicksburg. Light tone spots, otherwise very good.......................$125.00

8055 - COLONEL LATER GENERAL T. C. HINDMAN WANTS TO KNOW WHERE TO STATION HIS TROOPS, Confederate Telegram, 5" X 7" October 12th, 1861, South - Western Telegraph CO., to General Pillow. "I have just arrived from McCulloch's camp under orders to report my command - can you inform me where I should go in order to get with Hardee. Answer...T. C. Hindman, Col. C.S.A. By the time of this telegraph Albert Sidney Johnston had become the Commander of the Western Army. He had begun to establish a defensive line to guard the Tennessee and Mississippi Rivers. Union troops movements had alerted General Polk who commanded the Confederate forces at Columbus. General Polk who commanded the Confederate forces at Columbus. General Polk had sent 4 regiments under General Pillow to reinforce Belmont, Missouri. Colonel Hindman was inquiring of General Pillow where to station his troops - near Belmont or move to another point on the defensive line with General Hardee. Some light age tone at edge at top, otherwise very good.......................................................................$125.00

8056 - ALBERT SIDNEY JOHNSTON REVOKES THE ORDER FOR PILLOW TO MOVE TO STRENGTHEN THE CONFEDERATE LINE AT COLUMBUS, KY, Confederate Telegram, 5" X 7", South - Western Telegraph CO., addressed to General Polk at Columbus, KY, November 15th, 1861 from Bowling Green, KY by William W. Mackall AAG to General Albert Sidney Johnston. He relates to Polk, "Retain general Pillow's command at Columbus, Genl Johnston revokes the order for his movement on Clarksville and send at once a return of your troops by regiments and independent companies. W. W. Makall, AA Genl." Eight days after the Battle of Belmont, Missouri finds that General Pillow has returned to Columbus, KY after his poor performance during the battle. General Polk, commanding the Confederate forces at Columbus orders General Pillow to Clarksville, TN to lengthen the Confederate defensive line. Johnston revoked the order in order to maintain the Confederate strength at Columbus. Very fine..........................................................$150.00

8057 - GOVERNOR HARRIS OF TENNESSEE INFORMS GENERAL PILLOW THAT 10,000 ENFIELD RIFLES HAVE BEEN SHIPPED TO HIM, Confederate Telegram, South - Western Telegraph CO., addressed to General G. J. Pillow from Governor Isham Harris at Nashville, November 24th, 1861. He relates to Pillow, "Ten thousand Enfield rifles shipped to you for the regiments named, let the companies go to general rendezvous at Memphis or Jackson as soon as organized into regiments and arrived. I will subject them to your order. Isham H. Harris." Before the Confederate State Government could supply the troops local state governments, out of necessity, had to supply their volunteers. Acquiring rifles to replace shotguns, squirrel guns, and flintlocks was a difficult task. Fine................................$145.00

8058 - 39TH TENNESSEE INFANTRY, OFFICER WANTS TO KNOW WHERE TO REPORT, Confederate Telegraph, 5" X 7", December 3rd, 1861, from Fort Pillow to Columbus, KY, to Colonel W. F. Avery, care of General Pillow. This telegram concerns the organization of the 39th Tennessee Infantry [also called the 4th Confederate Infantry]. Colonel W. T. Avery had been given the command of the regiment but its organization not completed. It was ordered to Fort Pillow but General W. H. Carroll complained to the Secretary of War that this regiment belonged to his command and should not report to Fort Pillow. Captain Joseph Barbiere of CO. A is attempting to ascertain where to report especially with Captain John Farrabee of CO. H having left for Fort Pillow. Fine...............................................$100.00

8059 - GENERAL CHEATHAM WILL SEND GENERAL HILL'S 35TH REGIMENT INSTEAD OF PRESTON SMITH'S 154TH TENNESSEE, Confederate Telegram, 5" X 7", South - Western Telegraph CO. from Hickman, KY to General Pillow, "I have everything on guard & will be off in a half hour. Chann has left. I will send Hill for Smith, Cheatham." By the end of November 1861, there was heavy skirmishing almost every day along the Confederate defensive line from Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River to Fishing Creek in East Tennessee. General Pillow was moving troops to strengthen his defensive line. General Pillow previously ordered General Cheatham to send a regiment to a certain destination. Now General Cheatham is notifying General Pillow that he is sending Benjamin Hill's 35th Tennessee Infantry instead of Preston Smith's 154th Tennessee Infantry. Very fine.............................................................................$125.00

8060 - DIFFICULTY IN GETTING CREWS FOR MILITARY TRANSPORTS AND COAL ON THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER, Confederate Telegraph, 5" X 7", December 4th, 1861, South - Western Telegraph CO., from Memphis, TN to Columbus, KY to General Pillow from Captain John Adams, CSA commanding. He relates, "A boat was sent three days since to you Manassas said boat is disabled another boat is steaming up to go up to President's bar 35 miles below where Manassas is, two boats have started for Columbus have gone to Napoleon for coal great difficulty in getting crew for Columbus hope to send boats to you today with all the coal that can be got in Memphis. John Adams Capt. CSA, Comdg." The State of Tennessee endeavored to guard against invasion by way of the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers. To do so, they established a line of defense [about 300 miles long from Southeastern Kentucky to Bowling Green, to Fort Henry and Donelson, to Columbus, KY. The Union had already initiated movement along this line which included the Battle of Belmont. In December 1861, the movement was continuing which the Confederates had to counter. To do this they needed supplies carried by riverboats, the riverboats and other small vessels needed coal which had to come from either Nashville or Memphis. The telegram mentions that all the coal available in Memphis had been sent to General Pillow in Columbus. To further complicate the situation, the Confederate Navy was recruiting sailors for the fleet which was to defend Nashville and Memphis. Therefore, it was difficult to find sailors for the riverboat transports. Very fine............................................$145.00

8061 - ONE OF THE IMMORTAL 600, CAPTAIN GEORGE W. NELSON, TESTIFIES THAT 25,000 PISTOL CAPS WERE STOLEN BY NEGRO TEAMSTERS, March 25th, 1863, 8" X 10", ALS by Captain George W. Nelson, Captain & AIG on General Pendleton's Corps, Voucher #24, detailing the loss of 25,000 pistol caps which were found in the possession of Negro teamsters. Nelson concludes that no blame should be attached to the officer in charge as no guard is allowed to the ordnance train and every effort was used to recover the caps. The caps were found in the quarters of Negro teamsters but not all the caps were found. Nelson was on Pendleton's Staff, captured at Millwood, VA, October 26th, 1863, sent to Fort Delaware and became one of the "Immortal 600." He was released on June 12th, 1865 and took the oath. In 1864, the Confederate Army imprisoned 50 Union Army officers as human shields against federal artillery in the city of Charleston in an attempt to stop Union artillery from firing upon civilians in the city. In retaliation, United States Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton ordered 600 captured Confederate officers to be taken to Morris Island, South Carolina at the entrance to Charleston Harbor and used as human shields for 45 days in an attempt to silence the Confederate gunners manning Fort Sumter. These men became known in the South as the Immortal Six Hundred. At one point, General Foster planned an exchange of the 600 but it was stopped by General Grant who had previously terminated all prisoner of war exchanges and wrote, "in no circumstances will he be allowed to make exchanges of prisoners of war." Three died from subsistence on starvation rations issued as retaliation for the conditions found by the Union at Andersonville, Georgia and Salisbury, North Carolina prisons. Upon an outbreak of yellow fever in Charleston, the Union officers were removed from the city limits, and in response the Union army then transferred the Immortal Six Hundred to Fort Pulaski just outside of Savannah, Georgia. There they were crowded into the fort's cold, damp casemates. For 42 days, a "retaliation ration" of 10 ounces of moldy cornmeal and half a pint of soured onion pickles was the only food issued to the prisoners. The starving men were reduced to supplementing their rations with the occasional rat or stray cat. Thirteen men died there of preventable diseases such as dysentery and scurvy. At Fort Pulaski, the prisoners organized "The Relief Association of Fort Pulaski for Aid and Relief of the Sick and Less Fortunate Prisoners" on December 13, 1864. Col. Abram Fulkerson of the 63rd Tennessee Infantry Regiment was elected president. Out of their sparse funds, the prisoners collected and expended eleven dollars, according to a report filed by Fulkerson on December 28, 1864. Five later died at Hilton Head Island, South Carolina. The remaining prisoners were returned to Fort Delaware on March 12, 1865, where an additional twenty-five died. Very fine....................................$395.00

30700 - GENERAL RUGGLES ORDERS THE RAILS BE TORN UP AND THE COTTON BURNED IN THE ADVANCE OF THE YANKEES IN MISSISSIPPI, EDMONDSON LATER COMMANDED A REGIMENT UNDER FORREST, June 15th, 1862, 4 pages in bold pencil to General Daniel Ruggles in Grenada, MS by Captain James H. Edmondson of the 154th Tennessee in Hernando, MS. Edmondson writes in part, "Your orders have been received...I do not fully understand your order to tear up railroad above this point...if it is your wish that the iron be taken a group of Negroes from the Plantations to do the work...if only if you wish only the trestles and bridges burned I can have this done by my own resources...the Depot will be destroyed today...With regard to burning cotton I have been doing all I could but the order you sent me embraces a very extensive area of the country and will require an additional force of fifty to one hundred Cavalry...I have information again from Memphis...the force of the enemy is being increased daily as they now have a great many cavalry...J. H. Edmondson, Captain CSA." Edmondson served as Captain in the Bluff City Grays in the 154th Tennessee Infantry, AIG to Colonel Preston Smith, the 3rd Tennessee Cavalry. Edmondson became Colonel of the 11th Tennessee Cavalry under Forrest in February 1863. This regiment was formed by order of Brigadier General N. B. Forrest over the bitter protest of the company officers of both Holman's and Douglass's Battalions because they were not allowed to elect their own field officers. General Forrest appointed James H. Edmondson as colonel and Daniel W. Holman as lieutenant colonel. The regiment took an active part in the conflicts at Brentwood and Chickamauga, then was involved in the Atlanta Campaign and Hood's operations in Tennessee. During January, 1865, it was consolidated with the 10th Tennessee Cavalry Regiment and in May contained 30 officers and 280 men. Serving in Alabama, it surrendered with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana. On May 30th, Confederate forces under Beauregard had headed South from Corinth, the Confederates had deserted Fort Pillow on June 5th, Memphis fell on June 6th. Federal troops had landed and began building up a force there. Ruggles in command in Mississippi was trying to disrupt the entry of Federal forces south from Memphis and destroy cotton before it fell into Union hands. Edmondson served until the end of  the War. A well written letter to Ruggles by a future commander under Forrest, fine...........................................................................$395.00

1239 - 1860 CONFEDERATE ELECTION BALLOT FOR JEFFERSON DAVIS AND ALEXANDER STEPHENS, FOR PRESIDENT JEFFERSON DAVIS OF MISSISSIPPI AND ALEX H. STEPHENS OF GEORGIA, VIRGINIA ELECTORAL TICKET. 3.75" X 5", light gray paper, also lists all the District electors. This ballot was actually used as it is signed on the verso by Thomas J. Hallen. Davis was elected for a six year term in 1860 in accordance with the Confederate Constitution, near mint condition.....................................................$550.00

11143 - HE WAS LATER TO DIE AT GETTYSBURG, WANTS TO HELP DRIVE THE YANKS OUT OF NEWBERN, 2ND NORTH CAROLINA INFANTRY, 2 pages in bold pencil, Camp McIntoch, NC, April 2nd, 1862 by Furnifold H. Heritage, Lt. 2nd NC Infantry. He relates in part to his Brother...I am glad to hear from you. Robert is in camp and I will read a few things from him. I have not been very well with a cold and my arm is sore from being vaccinated. We had a general review yesterday and showed very well. We had between 6000 and 7000 on hand. When General Holmes passed the Elm City Camp, he told them He would carry them home before long. I judge that Newbern will be attacked before long. I am ready and willing to march at any time to march there and drive the Yankee out. I hope that none of your Negroes will leave you. I want to write home but do not know where to direct them. I hope that General Holmes will carry us down to Newbern. F. Heritage. Heritage was later a POW at Chancellorsville [5/3/63] and paroled from the Old capital prison at Washington. He was killed in battle at Gettysburg on July 1st, 1863............................................................$250.00

11144 - BRECKENRIDGE AT HIS STAUNTON HEADQUARTERS PREPARES FOR THE BATTLE OF NEW MARKET, Headquarters, Valley District, Staunton, VA, 8" X 10", 1 page in ink, May 10th, 1864, Special Orders #3 by Command of General Breckenridge to Lt. Colonel J. Lyle Clark of the 30th VA Battalion Sharpshooters, written for Colonel J. Stoddard Johnston, Breckenridge's AAG. The order details that "Wharton's Brigade will camp on Winchester Road two miles from Staunton. The men are to be kept closely in camp ready to move at a moment's notice. Guards to be deployed at the gates of the enclosures to prevent stock from getting out. The strictest care will be taken to avoid fencing to be destroyed which officers will be held accountable." The Battle of New Market was a battle fought on May 15, 1864 in Virginia during Valley Campaigns of 1864 in the American Civil War. Cadets from the Virginia Military Institute (WMI) fought alongside the Confederate Army and forced Union General Franz Sigel and his army out of the Shenandoah Valley. May 10th is the same day Breckenridge sent word to VMI that their Cadets may be needed to assist him in the upcoming battle. The 30th VA Sharpshooters were a significant force in the victory at New Market driving the enemy back..........................................................$225.00


On April 25, 1862, as Union Navy ships approached Confederate New Orleans, Commander David Farragut ordered two officers to send a message to Mayor John T. Monroe requesting removal of Confederate flags from the local customhouse, mint, and city hall and the placement of U.S. flags. Monroe refused, claiming it was beyond his jurisdiction. On April 26, Captain Henry W. Morris sent ashore Marines from the USS Pocahontas to raise the U.S. flag over the mint. Morris did so without any order from Farragut, who was still trying to receive an official surrender from the mayor. As the marines raised the flag, a number of locals gathered around in anger and the marines told the population the Pocahontas would fire on anyone attempting to remove the flag. However, a group of seven individuals, including Mumford, decided to remove the flag from the mint. The Pocahontas fired and Mumford was injured by a flying piece of brick. With cheers from local onlookers, Mumford carried the flag to the mayor at city hall, but onlookers tore at it as he walked, reducing it to stub. Three days later Union Army Major General Benjamin Butler, the commander of the Union ground forces, heard about the incident and decided to arrest and punish Mumford. When the Union Army occupied the city on May 1, Mumford was arrested and charged with "high crimes and misdemeanors against the laws of the United States, and the peace and dignity thereof and the Law Martial." On May 30, he was tried before a military tribunal and was convicted even though there was no clear attempt to determine whether the city was actually occupied when the event occurred. On June 5, Butler issued the following Special Order No. 70:     William B. Mumford, a citizen of New Orleans, having been convicted before a military commission of treason and an overt act thereof, tearing down the United States flag from a public building of the United States, after said flag was placed there by Commander Farragut, of the United States Navy. It is ordered that he be executed according to sentence of said military commission on Saturday, June 7, inst., between the hours of 8 a.m. and 12 a.m. under the directions of the provost-marshal of the District of New Orleans, and for so doing this shall be his sufficient warrant. On June 7, a little before noon, Mumford was taken to be hanged in the courtyard of the mint itself; a place that Butler had decided "according to the Spanish custom" would be the ideal place. Many people came to the spot, and Mumford was allowed to give a final speech in which he spoke of his patriotism for the Confederacy and his love for what he considered the true meaning of the U.S. flag, a symbol he had fought under in the Seminole and Mexican-American wars. After he was hanged, on June 18, Confederate Governor of Louisiana Thomas Overton Moore issued a statement declaring Mumford a hero and a model. Robert E. Lee demanded that Union General- in-Chief Henry Wager Halleck explain how execution could have occurred for a crime committed before New Orleans was occupied. Confederate President Jefferson Davis issued a proclamation stating Benjamin Butler should be considered a criminal and worthy of hanging. However, later on, Butler assisted Mumford's wife and helped her find a job in Washington.

7080 - WE HAVE JUST ARRIVED AT HARPERS FERRY, THE ABOLITIONISTS WILL NOT BE ABLE TO TAKE IT, May 22nd, 1861, Harpers Ferry, VA. 1 large page in ink to Mr. Caldwell from Lt. Samuel A. Campbell, Company I, 2nd Mississippi Infantry, "Cherry Creek Rifles". He relates in part...We have just arrived at Harpers Ferry, it is impregnable and can't be taken by the abolitionists, the mountains are alive with men, many became sick and were left along the road, Ben [Ben Caldwell] is well, he says he does not want to come home until this is settled as his heart is in Mississippi, send regards to all at home...S.A. Campbell. Colonel Faulkner writes in a report in June, "The measles and mumps have been among my men for two months, but now the regiment is fast improving and in ten days will be all right again. We have 200 convalescents, who will report for duty in a few days." A well written very early Mississippi war letter from one of the first units in Virginia from the Deep South.............................................................................SOLD

7109 - HUGE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN DOCUMENT GIVING CLOTHING TO COLONEL BENJAMIN HILL'S MEN AFTER THEY LOST THEIR CLOTHING ON THE RETREAT FROM DALTON, GA, July 1st, 1864. Hill [later Brig. General] requests jackets, pants, shirts, drawers, shoes, socks, and hats for his men after their hasty retreat from Dalton, GA. 17' X 20", pre-printed and filled in [printed in Atlanta]. The men Hill lists were from the following regiments under his cavalry command: Captain Butt's Company of Louisiana Cavalry [known as the Red River Rangers], the 2nd Texas Cavalry [also known as the 2nd Mounted Rifles], and the last group belonged to various commands of General John Hunt Morgan. 34 men are listed with signatures as to what clothing they drew. Signed by Hill's adj. and approved by Colonel B. S. Ewell, Adj. General to General Joe Johnston. Colonel Hill was appointed Provost Marshal of the Army of the Tennessee in late 1863. He had fought with distinction at Shiloh, Bragg's Kentucky Campaigns, Chickamauga, and Chattanooga. Hill authorized this huge document for clothing for his Provost Guards who had traveled with the army from Dalton to Atlanta. The provost guards in this list were all part of Colonel Hill's Cavalry. General Wheeler was not about to part with any of his command so on January 19th, 1864 Colonel Hill detached experienced cavalry to his command. These soldiers had recently been exchanged at City Point and send south to rejoin their commands [accompanying this huge document is data on all these soldiers in Hill's command detailing where they fought and were initially captured before the exchange. There is a tremendous amount of research that is included. Very fine, small tip off at right bottom corner [scan only shows part of this huge document]..................................................$350.00

5068 - CONFEDERATE NEW ORLEANS MARCH 1861, Small Merchant's broadside, 5" X 7" printed on heavy cardstock dated March 30th, 1861 offering at auction. 300 HHDS of prime New Orleans Sugar and 415 barrels of New Orleans Molasses on Pier 2 by L. M. Hoffman & Co. The lots of sugar and molasses are noted as to who the planter was by the emblem to the left [i.e. "W. T. P", etc.]. The broadside was misdated March 31st and corrected in pen to March 30th. Louisiana had recently at that date seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy. Near mint condition and obviously a remainder and never put up as advertising........................................................................$125.00

, 5" X 7" song sheet broadside, NOTED AS "Rebel Poetry", Air: The Star Spangled Banner, 8 verses to the music of the Star Spangled Banner, "On the field at Manassas where Southerners stood, land fought like Spartans, that banner waved over them." Most probably printed in Baltimore in late 1861. Not listed in Crandall, fine condition and rare.....................................................................

5083 - PASS FOR A MEMBER OF WALLER'S TEXAS CAVALRY, 13TH TEXAS CAVALRY BATTALION, January 31st, 1865, 4" X 7" manuscript pass dated at Jackson, MS for Private Travis Hensley, Company E. Waller's Texas Cavalry Regiment to pass through the Department of Mississippi and Louisiana, by command of General William T. Martin, signed by his Adj. Major W. Holt. Well written, some old water staining in one area of a fold, strong manuscript...RARE. Travis Hensley was the son of William Hensley a Texas patriot who fought at the Battle of San Jacinto without the benefit of enlistment. His son, Travis, was named after William Barret Travis who died at the Alamo as William Hensley and Travis were close friends..................................................$175.00

5084 - FORT CLARK, TEXAS A SUTLER WRITES TO WILLIAM MENGER FIRST TEXAS BREWER ABOUT THE LOSS OF THE 3RD REGIMENT AT THE FORT AND HIS INABILITY TO PAY HIS BILLS AS PROMISED, 8" X 10", May 1st, 1861, Sutler D. H. Brown asks William Menger for terms on his debt as the 3rd US Infantry has left the fort and he is at present unable to pay his debt to Menger. Menger was in San Antonio where he ran the first brewery in Texas. In February 1861, Texas voted to secede form the Union, and almost immediately state troops began demanding the surrender of United States posts in Texas. On March 19, Capt W. H. T. Brooks, with three companies of United States Third Infantry, surrendered Fort Clark to a small company of the Provisional Army of Texas. In June 1861, after the outbreak of the Civil War, Fort Clark was garrisoned by companies C and H, Second Regiment of Texas Mounted Rifles, with Capt. H. A. Hamner as post commander. A very rare TEXAS Sutler related document, some old water stains, blue paper. Ink is quite bold and distinct...........................................$150.00

5086 - IMPRINT, SEDDON'S DIRECT ORDER TO GENERAL JOE JOHNSTON ON NEW REGULATIONS ON RELIEVING UNQUALIFIED AND INCOMPETENT OFFICERS FROM THE ARMY, "Confederate States of Secretary of War" James Seddon directs General Joe Johnston to follow the new regulations approved by Congress in removing disqualified, disabled, incompetent, and unqualified officers from the Confederate Army. Notes all the new provisions of the laws enacted, fine....................................................$95.00

5087 - RARE CONFEDERATE PASS IN SOUTH CAROLINA, 3" X 6.5", pre-printed and filled in pass, Columbia, SC. February 15th, 1864 on gray paper reused from another form on the verso to the family of Mrs. McRa to pass Chester, SC and it states that they are not to communicate with the enemy. The McRa's were traveling to visit their wounded relative Duncan McRa of the 2nd South Carolina Vol. Fine, slight age tone in one area, signed by D. H. Hamilton provost Marshal.................$165.00

, 5" X 9" small broadside poem, six stanza poem describing by verse the last words of a dying Confederate soldier who states that he fought for liberty and right, signed "Maryland". Choice condition. Printed in Baltimore in late 1861 or early 1862. Very rare.....................................

, White paper 4" X 5.5" with a printer's border, dated at Baltimore October 16th, 1861. A six stanza poem of general support for the South, "See Abe Lincoln's prospects darken." "The Southrons will not turn back," written after the first Confederate success at 1st Manassas, signed by "B". This poem has been seen on another broadside with the title "An appeal for Maryland" and is dated 1862 [Maryland Historical Magazine, 1943], trimmed at edge irregularity. Very rare.................................................

4244 - A PAROLED TENNESSEE OFFICER AT VICKSBURG ASKS FOR A LEAVE DUE TO HIS RECENT MARRIAGE, Opelika, AL, August 24th, 1863, Captain James Wiggs, Chief of Artillery, 3rd Brigade, Smiths Divisions applies for a leave extension to the Commander of Paroled prisoners at Demopolis, AL, due to his recent marriage and to find suitable housing for his wife. He states that he has just arrived from the Vicinity of Vicksburg [where he had been paroled after the surrender of the City]. On the verso of this 8" X 10" document shows the chain of command it was sent through until it was approved on August 29th by General Stevenson. James A. Wiggs, the recipient of this document, was born on May 17, 1837, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Shortly after the Civil War broke out, he enlisted on May 15, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into the 4th Tennessee Infantry. Governor Isham G. Harris soon promoted him to the position of Assistant Quartermaster General of Tennessee, on June 21, 1861. Afterwards he served the Confederacy in various positions including, Chief of Ordinance, on the staff of General Stephen D. Lee; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Francis A Shoup; he surrendered with the garrison at Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863; was captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery; Chief of Staff, of General Bryan M. Thomas; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee; and he surrendered with the forces of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, to Union General E. R. S. Canby, and was paroled at Jackson, Mississippi, on May 12, 1865. He died at Starkville, Mississippi, on January 27, 1911, and was buried in Vicksburg. His obituary and photo can be found in the Confederate Veteran issue of February 1913, where he was described as having a "brilliant record for service and bravery during the four year's struggle." Well written by Captain Wiggs..........................................$170.00

4246 - DEFENSES OF MOBILE, AL, FEBRUARY 8TH, 1865, CAPTAIN WIGGS TRANSFERRED, 1ST TENNESSEE ARTILLERY, Headquarters Right Wing, Defenses of Mobile, February 8th, 1865, 5" X 6.5" manuscript ordering Captain James Wiggs, 1st Tennessee Artillery to be relieved from duty at this headquarters and will report to Colonel M. Smith by order of General Thomas. At this time Mobile was under siege from Farragut's fleet and an advancing Union army under Canby from the East. Well written and in very fine condition. James A. Wiggs, the recipient of this document, was born on May 17, 1837, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Shortly after the Civil War broke out, he enlisted on May 15, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into the 4th Tennessee Infantry. Governor Isham G. Harris soon promoted him to the position of Assistant Quartermaster General of Tennessee, on June 21, 1861. Afterwards he served the Confederacy in various positions including, Chief of Ordinance, on the staff of General Stephen D. Lee; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Francis A Shoup; he surrendered with the garrison at Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863; was captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery; Chief of Staff, of General Bryan M. Thomas; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee; and he surrendered with the forces of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, to Union General E. R. S. Canby, and was paroled at Jackson, Mississippi, on May 12, 1865. He died at Starkville, Mississippi, on January 27, 1911, and was buried in Vicksburg. His obituary and photo can be found in the Confederate Veteran issue of February 1913, where he was described as having a "brilliant record for service and bravery during the four year's struggle." ............................................................$155.00

4247 - DEFENSES OF MOBILE, SPANISH FORT CAMPAIGN, Mobile, AL, March 31st, 1865, imprinted stationary on blue paper, Headquarters District of the Gulf, Order #90 by command of General Dabney Maury Captain James A. Wiggs is relieved of duty with Colonel Smith and will report for duty immediately to Lt. Col. Winder for assignment for duty at "Battery Missouri". Wiggs was Captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery and Battery Missouri was part of the artillery defenses of Mobile during the land offenses by Canby [Operations against Spanish Fort]. James A. Wiggs, the recipient of this document, was born on May 17, 1837, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Shortly after the Civil War broke out, he enlisted on May 15, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into the 4th Tennessee Infantry. Governor Isham G. Harris soon promoted him to the position of Assistant Quartermaster General of Tennessee, on June 21, 1861. Afterwards he served the Confederacy in various positions including, Chief of Ordinance, on the staff of General Stephen D. Lee; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Francis A Shoup; he surrendered with the garrison at Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863; was captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery; Chief of Staff, of General Bryan M. Thomas; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee; and he surrendered with the forces of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, to Union General E. R. S. Canby, and was paroled at Jackson, Mississippi, on May 12, 1865. He died at Starkville, Mississippi, on January 27, 1911, and was buried in Vicksburg. His obituary and photo can be found in the Confederate Veteran issue of February 1913, where he was described as having a "brilliant record for service and bravery during the four year's struggle."  Very fine.....................................................$195.00

2162 - SUPPLIES FOR THE 11TH TEXAS INFANTRY, March 20th, 1862. 6" X 7". One page manuscript in ink for supplies for Capt. James H. Jones later Colonel of the 11th Texas Infantry. Lists corn and fodder for the benefit of the Company of Captain James H. Jones. Very fine.................................................................$115.00

2163 - MISSIONARY RIDGE IN FRONT OF CHATTANOOGA, TN, November 3rd, 1863. 4 page letter in ink to Mrs. M.L. Hubbard, his wife. Hubbard was serving with the 34th Mississippi Company G. He relates in part...Had received two letters and he is well, they are laying here in front of Chattanooga where we can see the whole Yankee army. It seems that there are 100,000 tents, in fact I can see the whole army. We are on picket duty every two or three days. He relates to his wife the costs of sugar, bacon, coffee $10, molasses...the soldiers are in fine spirits. Please direct your letters to Chattanooga, 34th Miss, Waltham's Brigade as you by mistake sent the others to Anderson's Brigade. We have no Lt. Colonel yet and Major Pegram wants his chance. Will send the letter home through another soldier named Renard who will forward it to Dunbar's Mill, much more news about family, camp Missionary Ridge is a geographic feature in Chattanooga, TN, site of the Battle of Missionary Ridge, a battle in the American Civil War, fought on November 25, 1863. Union forces under Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, and George H. Thomas routed Confederate forces under General Braxton Bragg and lifted the siege of the city. The four page letter is written on blue paper, light but quite readable, some archival restoration........................................$225.00

2082 CONFEDERATE PRISONERS RELEASED FROM THE MILITARY PRISON AT LYNCHBURG, FOUGHT GALLANTLY AT THE LATE BATTLE OF LYNCHBURG AND WILL BE RETURNED TO THEIR REGIMENTS WITHOUT FURTHER INVESTIGATION OF CHARGES OR PUNISHMENT, Headquarters Lynchburg, VA, August 6th, 1864, 8" X 10" pre- printed and filled in on brown necessity paper by Order of General Colston in essence reads... SPECIAL ORDERS July 30th, 1864 at Richmond, VA. In consideration of the meritorious of the battalion of soldiers lately released from the military prison at Lynchburg and their good conduct during the late operations of the enemy in the immediate vicinity of that city, the President directs that as soon as their present organization is broken up, the men be returned to their respective commands without further investigation or punishment of the offenses with which they are individually charged...by command of the Secretary of War...in manuscript is added to the body "Private Ball, 37th VA. Co." not known, Stuart's Brigade, Battle of Lynchburg June 17-18th, 1864. From Lexington, Maj. Gen. David Hunter advanced against the Confederate rail and canal depots and the hospital complex at Lynchburg. Reaching the outskirts of town on June 17th, his first tentative attacks were thwarted by the timely arrival by rail of Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early II Corps vanguard from Charlottesville. Hunter withdrew the next day after sporadic fighting because of a critical shortage of supplies. His line of retreat went through West Virginia took his army out of the war for nearly a month and opened the Shenandoah Valley for a Confederate advance into Maryland. Due to the fear of a lack of reinforcements Confederate military prisoners in the Lynchburg Prison were released into a special prisoner battalion and fought with distinction which than resulted in a release from prison without any further punishment for the prisoners per this rare Special Order from President Jefferson Davis. Very fine, very rare content......................................................................$695.00

21004 - A CONFEDERATE DOCTOR TRAVELS TO FIND HIS ILL SON, VISITS ANOTHER NEAR PETERSBURG, GIVES MEDICAL ADVISE TO HIS WIFE TO USE LOCAL REMEDIES TO TREAT THEIR SON WHO RETURNED HOME, July 29th, 1864. Four long ink pages to his wife who he addresses as 'Mother'. Written from his hospital in Wilson, NC. He relates in part...He is healthy but there are some very sick with him [under his care]. He traveled to Lynchburg on the 21st to look after William [his son] but found he had just missed him as he had started home. The hospital he was in did not expect him to live and he would not had he stayed there as he was in a pretty hard place...he instructs his wife that he must remain quiet and take a light diet and use nothing that will make his bowels la. Use such astringents as white oak, sweet gum, and pine twigs may be serviceable. Parch corn is also good. Abstain from fruits unless very ripe or cooked. Strong bitters of popular, wild cherry bark in liquor taken freely, will strengthen him. On the way to Lynchburg, I halted a day and a night with Romulus [son] at Petersburg and he was in camp a mile from the depot and near the extreme right at battle. I found him in entrenchments on the bank of a large ditch. He was dirty but cheerful but poor of flesh. He has gone through enough to kill any ordinary man. Captain Goslin is unfit for duty as his nervous system is shattered. I fear he suffers from incipient paralysis. There are few officers left in the regiment [52nd NC]. They are on duty day and night. After I returned from Lynchburg, I returned to their camp and learned that the entire division received orders to move to Chapin's Farm north of the James and near Drewry's Bluff. Within an half hour of the order, they were on the march. I went with Captain Goslin to Petersburg. He mentions several soldiers he knew in Ward #2 and #5 at Lynchburg. The boys from Company K were well but thin of flesh. A very interesting letter from a Confederate Doctor describing the Petersburg lines. Well written on cream colored paper, some minor archival tape at seam, otherwise very good.........................................................$295.00

1290 - A CONFEDERATE OFFICER TAKES THE OATH AND SERVED AS A CAPTAIN IN BUTLER'S RIVER GUARD, Lt. William E. Gordon enlisted as a 3rd Lt. in Company H, Louisiana Confederate Guards Infantry. He was promoted to 1st Lt., Company C, 3rd Regiment, 1st Brigade, 1st Division Louisiana Militia on October 28th, 1861. He was captured at the surrender of New Orleans in April 1862 and took the Federal Parole and was made a Captain in the "River Guard Police" whose purpose was to stop insurgents in the river and surrounding lake after the Federals under General Benjamin Butler took control of the City. Gordon moved to Baltimore after the War and in 1869 wrote to Benjamin Butler in hopes of Butler aiding him to obtaining a Federal Government position. This archive consists of the following documents [a]. Officer's Commission in the Confederate Service of Louisiana as a 1st Lt. in the Louisiana Confederate Guard Infantry signed by Confederate T.O. Moore, large seal, 16" X 20", [b]. a letter signed by Butler as Major General stating that William E. Gordon was a master of the River Police in New Orleans during our occupation there and was of undoubted loyalty and efficiency...Benj. F. Butler Maj. Genl. [c]. 1866 document 8" X 10" printed and filled in appointing Gordon as a clerk in the appeal court signed by the Mayor of Baltimore John Lee Chapman, [d]. another of the same for the year 1867, two page letter from Gordon to Butler in January 189 requesting Butler's aid in obtaining a job in the Treasury Department referring to his service to Butler in New Orleans during the occupation of the City as Captain of the River Guard giving his qualifications. Butler dockets the verso of the document stating "this man is a good man and true can you not give him a place in the Treasury and obliged...yours truly Benj. Butler". [e]. a letter signed by [f] a franked large envelope signed Benj. F. Butler M.C. mailed to William E. Gordon in Baltimore postmarked Feb. 2 [1869]. The archive contains the rare Confederate officer's commission and three signed items by Benjamin Butler. The commission has some fold restoration on the verso but paper is fresh and clean, other items fine. A rare example of a Confederate officer switching sides and serving for the Federal cause, the grouping [Louisiana Commissions usually sell for $500 alone.]...............................$695.00

1177 - 6TH ALABAMA CAVALRY NEAR CHINA GROVE, AL. MEN ARE LYING ILL FROM LAYING IN THE WEEDS OF THE CAMP, China Grove, AL, April 16th [1863]. 4 pages in ink to his sister Louisa by Lt. George Washington Wright formerly of the 1st Florida Rgt. and now in the 6th Alabama Cavalry. He relates...asks his sister to send him colored shirts that are better for camp life than white ones as do not show the dirt, they are away from the City which frees the men from temptations and allurements that cause delinquencies among the men...they are no women and civilized attractions keeping the men at work as they have no place to go. The water is good but with a brownish tinge...all our tents are pitched in a decent grove of poisonous weeks that has poisoned the men in such a fashion they appear to have been in a big mess and got their eyes banged up and some have their eyes closed and all have their lips swollen some the size of a hen's egg. It was caused by the men lying in the weeds until the tents could be erected. I have escaped most of the problems and have been more fortunate than the rest. My mouth is swollen a little. Not much is though of our commander who chose this place. G.W. Wright, Major Colvin's Battery, Captain Armstrong's Company, Clanton's Legion. It is obvious that Wright's Company bedded down in a patch of Poison Ivy. Wright enlisted in November 1861 as a member of the 1st Florida Cavalry. Records provided shows he was a POW at Lexington, KY on October 17th, 1862 and confined at Cairo on November 18th, 1862. He reappears in the service of the 6th Alabama Cavalry, Company A. The following year, appointed 1st Lt. in August 1864 and later Captain in that unit which was part of Clanton's Brigade. He survived the war and owned a large mill operation in North Florida until his death in 1918. Well written.........................$295.00

1179 - 6TH ALABAMA CAVALRY POWDER SPRINGS, GA, ENEMY MAKES NIGHT ATTACKS, Powder Springs, GA, May 31st, 1864. Two large pages in ink to his Father by Lt. George Washington Wright of the 6th Alabama Cavalry formerly of the 1st Florida Infantry. He relates to him...he had left 8 yards of cloth with the tailor at a cost of $120 for him to make a suit [uniform] at a cost of 185. Asks his Father if Bruno or Moses [servants] can get the suit to him and he will repay his Father in a month or two as the Government owes him nine months pay. He mentions that his brother Henry is at the front on the Staff of General Finley. He is safe but his command has suffered severely. Fighting and skirmishing have gone on continually for 5-6 days and the enemy has made many night assaults but has always been repulsed with a great loss. Everything is quiet here this morning and the troops are in high spirits especially considering the hard fighting. George W. Wright. Wright enlisted in November 1861 as a member of the 1st Florida Cavalry. Records provided shows he was a POW at Lexington, KY on October 17th, 1862 and confined at Cairo on November 18th, 1862. He reappears in the service of the 6th Alabama Cavalry, Company A. The following year, appointed 1st Lt. in August 1864 and later Captain in that unit which was part of Clanton's Brigade. He survived the war and owned a large mill operation in North Florida until his death in 1918. Well written letter by Wright.................................................$350.00

8288 - TENNESSEE SOLDIER ASKS FOR A COMMISSION FROM THE GOVERNOR, July 28th, 1862. One page letter addressed to Dr. F.H. Hannum by the Adj. General of the State on the behalf of the Governor stating in effect, "Chattanooga, July 28th, 1862, I am instructed by the Governor to reply to your favor that he has not been able to raise any state force. If in the future he shall succeed, he will give your application a respectful consideration, but the position sought is usually considered by the Colonels of regiments. W.C. Whitehome, Adj. Genl. The letter is accompanied by the transmittal stamped cover addressed to Jonesboro, TN. With two Scott #7 that have been torn when opened..............................$250.00

8289 - EXCHANGED AT VICKSBURG AND REORGANIZED AS MOUNTED INFANTRY, August 14th, 1863. Two page letter to Lt. Frank Hannum of the 61st Tennessee at home in Zollincoffer, TN. By S.H. Mellory, he relates...Since I have been home from Vicksburg I have not heard from you. Those of our brigade who were not taken prisoners have since gotten orders to recruit as many of our boys who were competent to recruit were taken [prisoners]. He does not want him to recruit if it will exert him. If you do feel able to recruit you can bet order from General Buckner, Campaign Denny had orders to recruit, come to Zollincoffer, TN. Comes with a stamped cover with a Scott #6 affixed but the stamp was torn in the opening. The 61st Tennessee fought at Chickasaw Bayou, Big Black Bridge, and at Vicksburg where the regiment was captured on July 4th, 1863. After being exchanged the regiment was changed to a mounted infantry and fought in the Knoxville Campaign and the Valley Campaigns. Hannum later became a prisoner of war and in several communications he is addressed by the title of Doctor...2 items......................................$275.00

8293 - A MOTHER WORRIES ABOUT HER SONS AT VICKSBURG, June 19th, 1863. Four page letter on Confederate patriotic stationary made by West and Johnson of Richmond, VA, woodcut of a First National Confederate flag, "Gather around the country's flag". A letter to Lt. Frank Hannum of the 61st Tennessee who along with his brother was near Vicksburg from his Mother, she is disturbed that she has not heard one word from them. Mentions a relative who plans to join the Confederate army as a "missionary", another son will soon travel to Richmond with some business for General Preston. She is worried about her sons being outside the fortifications at Vicksburg and she waits daily for news that Vicksburg has fallen. Much more about family news. Hannum and his regiment were fighting at Big Black Bridge at that time near Vicksburg and were soon to surrender with the entire regiment on July 4th, 1863. A well written letter on large Confederate patriotic stationary.........................................................$350.00

8298 - A RECRUIT IN THE 14TH LOUISIANA IN NEW ORLEANS IS READY TO FIGHT, New Orleans, LA, June 30th, 1861. 3 page letter in ink from Samuel Morrison who would serve in the 14th Louisiana concerning the early war news and excitement in the City. He relates in part, "I see that North Carolina is doing her duty in the struggle with the North and Colonel Hill and the boys are doing their duty in the struggle with the North and have done the right sort of work at Bethel...I am not surprised of the backing out of the named officers of the Blues when they were called in. In fact, I would not like to go into battle with such men at the head of my company. I don't consider any of them capable of commanding a company. I see that Mr. Andrews is raising a company. He understands drilling very well. Such as right face, left face, march, and etc...but when it comes to thinning out the Yankees give me a man like Eliason...the stand that Frank Stockton has taken in this Southern question will give him political reputation. John B. Hagood is in Virginia...he belongs to the Crescent Rifles...Thad Smith is 1st Lieutenant. Thad is a good officer...I am anxious to hear of some good fighting as I can't see the necessity of sending so many men for nothing. The 14th Louisiana was formerly the 1st Regiment, Polish Brigade organized June 16th, 1861 at Camp Pulaski near Amite, LA. The 14th Louisiana was created from this unit in September 1861 and the unit served with distinction in the Army of Northern Virginia until remnants surrendered at Appomattox in April 1865..........................................$275.00

8299 - A TENNESSEE RECRUIT HAS AMMUNITION BUT NO GUNS, Union City, TN, December 15th, 1861. Two pages in ink by Thomas Barnett of the 21st Tennessee which had formed in Union City. He relates in part to relatives that the health is good in the camps but the water is not very good and not plentiful. They will probably be there for the winter as they are building cabins--he expects to stay there until peace is made...they have ammunition but NO GUNS. He believes that the Colonel does not want them to get into any fight, two men have been promoted, one to a Sergeant and the other as Assistant Quartermaster, a chaplain is to preach in the camp...T. Barnett. The 21st Tennessee was reorganized in May 1862 into the 5th Tennessee. Very good.............................................$150.00

8300 - HE SAW THE FIGHT AT HAMPTON ROADS, GRANDEST FIGHT I HAVE EVER SEEN, Two large pages in pencil. Camp near Goldsboro, NC, March 26th 1862 by Captain George S. Jones, 2nd Georgia Battalion. He writes to a friend in Macon in part, "We are in tents a mile from Goldsboro quite a change from our barracks in Norfolk, all are restricted to the camp lines by order of Brig. General Anderson of Tredegar Iron Works notoriety. We were assigned in the brigade along with the 34th and 38th North Carolina, 1st South Carolina, and the 3rd Louisiana Battalion. THE LAST ARE MOSTLY "PLUGS" FROM NEW ORLEANS AND GAVE US A GREAT DEAL OF TROUBLE WHILE ON GUARD IN NORFOLK. I believe they will do good fighting if they get a showing. Howell Cobb's brigade is also here and we all wished to be in it as he stands high in the estimation of the Department and he is a Georgian. Troops arrive daily and it is said about 35,000 have been ordered to this Division [General Holmes']. We are being held here to either go to Wilmington or Newbern. If Burnside does not advance from Newbern he will certainly attack Wilmington. One rumor arrived last night that Burnside was advancing on Kingston, 27 miles from us on the railroad to Newbern which I think is 57 miles from Goldsboro. We just wish to get them away from the water. I WITH NEARLY OR THE WHOLE BATTALION WITNESSED THE FIGHT AT HAMPTON ROADS ON THE 8TH AND 9TH FROM 6-8 MILES DISTANT [MONITOR AND MERRIMAC] OF WHICH YOU HAVE SEEN FULL PARTICULARS IN THE PAPERS. IT WAS THE GRANDEST SIGHT I HAVE EVER WITNESSED OR EVER EXPECT TO WITNESS AGAIN. I HAD A GOOD GLASS AND SAW MOST OF THE FIGHT WITH IT. He relates about promotions within the regiment. Wants some whiskey sent up by Billy Brown...George S. Jones, Co. B, 2nd Georgia Battalion". Jones was wounded at Gettysburg and at Sailor's Creek just before he surrendered at Appomattox. Very interesting content on the "Plugs" of New Orleans in the 3rd Louisiana Battalion. Many "wharf rats" as they were called, were recruited into numerous New Orleans companies and were known for their flair for disregarding discipline but were vicious fighters in battle...............................................$395.00

8302 - NORTHERN INSURGENTS SEEDING UNREST IN SOUTHERN CITIES, Camp Anderson's Division, April 8th, 1863 to Mr. A. McCallie in Macon, GA. 2 page letter in ink by Captain George S. Jones, Co. B, 2nd Georgia Battalion. He relates in part, "He has had an attack of the "gravel" which has kept me in a perfect torment nearly all night and then a fever which lasted several days [kidney stone attack], I am on duty at the General Court Martial as Judge Advocate about 8 miles from camp. Gives the prices of food stuffs in Richmond, prices are high but are somewhat declining. Feels Ground Peas is a safe investment and would advise you to ship all that you can. Cow Peas are $12 a bushel, white beans $16, dried apples $10 - $12, peaches $15 - $16. Hope you received the tobacco I bought in Richmond will try and buy more if the price goes lower. Head a brisk cannonading a few minutes ago but could not make out the direction. WE HEAR THAT WOMEN ARE PLAYING THE DEVIL IN MACON, AUGUSTA, ATLANTA, AND GEORGIA GENERALLY. THEY ARE RAISING MOBS, ETC. A DISGRACEFUL OCCURRED IN RICHMOND LAST WEEK. It is generally thought it is caused by Northern emissaries in our midst to injure our cause at home and aboard. Have heard rumors they are fighting in Charleston. An interesting letter from Captain Jones who was soon to be wounded at Gettysburg and later at Sailor's Creek. His remarks about mayhem in the Southern Cities describe really growing frustration of civilians with lack of supplies and food...............................................................$225.00

7803 - A TEXAS MOTHER WRITES HER SOLDIER SON ON WHAT IS HAPPENING AT HOME AS HE FIGHTS IN LOUISIANA, Falls County, Texas, August 16th, 1864. 4 pages in ink by Catherine Lacey to her son Stephen Lacy as he fights with the 18th Texas in Louisiana. She laments...she was sorry to hear of the fate of her brother's sons that were murdered by the Yanks but they will get their reward...due to illness on September 11th, she continues the letter, illness has made her weak so now she continues. She describes the condition of the county, good crops of corn and wheat, mentions a lone physician now in the county who is an eye doctor but he is good for all diseases, mentions missionary meetings in the area with baptisms at the "Falls", money has little value, no cotton to spin cloth with for the war widows whose husbands are fighting for the liberty of the country. Mr. Brooks came home a few days ago from Gurley's Regt. as he had been gone 15 months and states that the men suffer from lack of food and clothing and he was sent home to get shoes and clothing for the soldiers. Mrs. Wright's husband, who joined Terry's regiment is dead. She had begged him to go with her to Alabama at the beginning of the War, another boy killed in Arkansas. When will this war will cease? Stephen Lacey fought with the 18th LA and survived the War to disband with the 18th Texas at Hempstead, Texas in May 1865. Excellent home front letter...............................................$175.00

51321 - A TEXAS CONFEDERATE IS HEADING HOME AFTER SURRENDERING IN NORTH CAROLINA, RAILROADS PASS FROM MACON TO JACKSON, MS, Private J.E. Cole had surrendered with Joe Johnston's Army on April 26th, 1865 in North Carolina. He had served in Company H, 11th Texas Cavalry in the Army of the Tennessee. Customary was the practice after a soldier was paroled he was given passes to return home on boats and railroads. Cole finally got to Macon, Mississippi and on May 28th, 1865. This pre-printed pass was given to him to pass from Macon, MS to Jackson, MS via railroad (obvious transportation). Cole is described as a "paroled prisoner of war." The pass was printed for Lt. Edward E. Cobb, Post Quartermaster 13th Indiana Cavalry and signed by Lt. Edward F. Reid, 13th Indiana Cavalry. Macon was a railroad hub in northeast Mississippi and Cole had traveled west from North Carolina probably through Chattanooga to reach Macon. Embellishments somewhat light but very discernible, a nice Texas Cavalry pass..............................................$295.00

5149 - CONFEDERATE MISSISSIPPI, Coffeeville, Yalobusha County, MS, June 17th, 1861, 4" X 8" pre-printed draft drawn on the Mechanics Trader Bank of New Orleans for funds due Walker & Snider & CO. Ornate red overprint, stamped paid, small stain at bottom right, otherwise fine, ornate Confederate era draft........................................$65.00

3090 - CONFEDERATE LISTING OF 21 UNION PRISONERS LISTING BY NAME, REGIMENT, AND WHERE CAPTURED, 13" X 16". Hand-lined list of Union prisoners of war listing 21 by name, regiment, rank, company, where captured, when captured from March 3rd, 1865 to March 16th, 1865. The top of the document is actually a oath the prisoners listed were to take attesting that they would not fight against the Confederate States, serve as prisoner guards, or in any other capacity until exchanged. All  the listed prisoners were captured in North and South Carolina except one who was captured at Sweetwater, TN. The Union Troops were from a variety of regiments including the 3rd Kentucky Cavalry, 82nd Indiana, 102nd NY, 27th Mass., 15th Conn., 53rd Indiana, 80th Ohio, 9th Michigan Cavalry, and others. For some reason this large oath was not signed by any of the prisoners. Written on brown necessity paper. Union POW's captured during the last days of the War. Fine, dark ink...................................................$295.00


In May of 1861, 1,500 Free Men of Color gathered at an assembly in New Orleans with the intent of assisting the new Confederate Government in the defense of their City. On May 2nd, 1861, Governor Thomas Moore of Louisiana accepted the regiment as part of the Louisiana Militia. All the line officers were men of color and the Governor appointed Militia Colonel Henry D. Ogden as the white commander of the regiment. Creoles had been used in the past by both the French and Spanish as militia troops during the previous century and free men of color fought with Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans in 1815. These men were educated and most had trades such as doctors, silversmiths, carpenters, architects, tailors, etc. These free men of color were property owners and identified closer to the white population than the non-white sector of the City. They had two grand reviews which took place November 23rd, 1861 and January 7th, 1862. Enthusiasm waned as Confederate authorities gave the regiment few supplies and support. On February 15th, 1862, the Legislature effectively disbanded the unit but they were quickly reinstated by Governor Moore on March 24th as Farragut entered the Mississippi River. On May 1st, 1862, Union forces under Butler occupied the City and the regiment melted into the population. Butler soon became aware of a threat to the City from Confederate forces and asked to create a regiment of the free blacks who had previously been in the Louisiana Militia. On September 27th, 1862, the two regiments of the Louisiana Native Guard were organized to fight for the Union. Colonel Henry D. Ogden upon the surrender of the City had joined the Staff of General Mansfield Lovell and had evacuated with Lovell from New Orleans. He was assigned to Camp Moore, Louisiana and then promoted to Lt. Colonel on Governor Moore's Staff, served in various capacities in the Trans-Mississippi Department in Northern Louisiana. He surrendered at Natchitoches, LA in May 1865 and returned to New Orleans. His involvement in the organizing of the first Black troops to serve the Confederacy is little known, but documented as being the first and only white officer of this unit in 1861-62.

2041 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), May 3rd, 1862. South-Western Telegraph Company, telegram from Corinth, MS to Colonel H.D. Ogden advising him to come to Corinth immediately...signed "Armand". General Lovell will leave for Corinth to serve with Beauregard and obviously requested Colonel Ogden to travel to Corinth. The first Corinth campaign had just started (April 29th - June 10th, 1862). At that time, Ogden was Provost Marshal of Camp Moore, LA just 80 miles north of captured New Orleans. (#4)..............................................$165.00

2042 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), May 7th, 1862, South-Western Telegraph Company, telegram from Corinth, MS to Colonel H.D. Ogden advising him to come to Corinth as he is assigned as Provost Marshal when relieved by General Lovell...signed "Armand". General Lovell will leave for Corinth to serve with Beauregard. The first Corinth Campaign had just started (April 29th - June 10th, 1862). At that time Ogden was Provost Marshal of Camp Moore, LA, just 80 miles north of captured New Orleans. (#4)....................................................$165.00

2043 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), May 26th, 1862 to Colonel H.D. Ogden at Camp Moore, LA as Provost Marshal informing him of a citizen of Amite City, LA who had traveled three times to New Orleans without a pass to cross the lines. The anonymous writer states that the subject in question A.B. Tripler claims to be an Englishman and is considered disloyal by local citizens of the town. The writer states that he left for Madisonville by buggy on his way to New Orleans (by boat across the lake) and must be arrested before he reaches home to avoid evil consequences...he implores Ogden to act quickly. Comes with a hand-carried cover addressed to Ogden at Camp Moore a short distance away from Amite City. Confederate authorities north of the City were particularly concerned about disloyal citizens reporting affairs north of the City to Butler in New Orleans. All going to New Orleans needed a Pass from Confederate authorities and this individual was traveling back and forth from the City without a pass. RARE CONTENT, 2 items. (#9)..................................$275.00

2046 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62). Colonel Ogden is ordered to examine the position of the Confederate pickets near Ponchatoula, LA to sure their efficiency in preventing the passage of spies, disloyal citizens, or persons with passes to and from the City of New Orleans. Special Order #138, Headquarters Department #1, Jackson, MS, June 9th, 1862. 11" X 13" manuscript order by General Mansfield Lovell and signed by Major E.A. Palfrey his AGG. Apparently Ogden was on special assignment by Lovell for a period of time since he was relieved of his duty as Provost Marshal of Camp Moore - handling dispatches for Lovell to Butler and acting as an inspector field officer in the area just north of New Orleans. Very fine and well written. (#13)...............$395.00

2048 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), Colonel Ogden is ordered to have all cotton burned that may fall into the hands of the enemy, Headquarters Dept. #1, Jackson, MS, June 9th, 1862. ALS by Major E.A. Palfrey AAG to General Mansfield Lovell, informing Colonel Ogden of the General's wishes to have all Provost Marshal's officers commanding camps, and others in authority to destroy any cotton that may fall in the hands of the enemy. Written on blue paper, 8" X 10". Ogden was acting as Lovell's Staff in the field north of the lake near New Orleans during this period handling dispatches to Butler as well as inspecting Confederate camps and pickets. Very fine (#15)................................................$350.00

2049 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), Montgomery, AL, June 13th, 1862. 1 page manuscript letter with courier cover addressed to Lt. Colonel H.D. Ogden, Aide de camp written by Major Ed A. Palfrey AAG to General Lovell. Per General Lovell's orders Ogden was ordered to travel to Jackson, MS and see that all the records and papers of the Department are properly packed and sent to Richmond. The war was closing in on Mississippi in the northern portion of the state and concerns for the safe keeping of the records were obvious here. 2 items, letter and cover (#19)......................................................$175.00

2050 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), UNION AUTHORITIES IN NEW ORLEANS REQUEST THE PRESENCE OF MRS. COLONEL OGDEN FOR AN INTERVIEW, 5" X 7" on Provost Marshal's Stationary, New Orleans, LA, August 1st, 1862..."Mrs. Colonel Ogden will oblige Lt. Colonel Stafford by accompanying the bearer to his residence at #191 Canal Street at her earliest convenience. He regrets the necessity that compels her presence and hopes that will be no occasion for detaining her long." As the wife of an ex Judge in the City and a Confederate Staff officer (Lovell) serving the field she was obviously to be questioned as to determine if she was a threat to the security of the City. Butler made a point of keeping his intelligence officers busy keeping track of Confederate sympathizers in the City. This is the first document of this type we have seen involving the Butler administration. Very fine (#20)............................................$300.00

2052 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), Letter to Colonel Henry D. Ogden from Major E.A. Palfrey AAG to General Mansfield Lovell detailing an account of Lovell's Gallantry at Corinth and future movements of Van Dorn's Troops in Mississippi after the defeat at Corinth, Jackson, MS., October 10th (1862). 3 large pages in ink all in Palfrey's hand. He related...My Dear Judge, your letter has reached me and I had already anticipated your feelings for the General (Lovell). I am sure that he would be glad to have you with him especially at this time as he left here some time ago commanding the Western Division of Van Dorn's Army. You may have heard that we made a gallant fight at Corinth against the overwhelming odds of Rosecrans which caused a retreat of our army. In a few days another bloody battle will be fought near Holly Springs between our forces and Rosecrans which have been heavily reinforced from Memphis and Arkansas. All the exchanged prisoners have been forced to reinforce Van Dorn's army and we have hopes of a fine victory. I have issued a letter to Ivy who is AAG on the General's Staff. He wants you to come and I think it best that you come at once unless awaiting orders which may be delayed by our now very irregular mail system. The General has not a full staff. Quitman, Fontielle are here, I know who are with him. I thought I had orders for Richmond, but have now been ordered to stay with Lovell. He has no commissary and needs assistance on his staff. It has been said that he was cited for his gallantry at Corinth throwing himself in the thickness of the battle and he is now the idol of his troops. I am now Chief Paymaster of the District under the command of General Pendleton. It is sad misfortune that we could have not held Corinth. Mentions Van Dorn and Lovell together have enemies engaged in things odious. Come at once and let nothing delay you--Lovell told me so...E.A.P. (Ed A. Palfrey). Although his army had been badly mauled, Van Dorn escaped completely, evading Union troops sent by Grant later on October 5 at the Battle of Hatchie's Bridge, and marching to Holly Springs, MS. He attributed his defeat to the failure of Hebert to open the second-day engagement on time, but nevertheless he was replaced by Maj. Gen. John C. Pemberton immediately after the battle. There were widespread outcries of indignation throughout the South over the senseless casualties at Corinth. Van Dorn requested a court of inquiry to answer charges that he had been drunk on duty at Corinth and that he had neglected his wounded on the retreat. The court cleared him of all blame by unanimous decision. Although Lowell preformed gallantly at Corinth and later at Coffeeville, MS. He was relieved of command for his loss of New Orleans, but he was found innocent in 1863. Well written and an excellent account of Corinth and the movements after Corinth in Mississippi. Very fine (#17)...................................$895.00

2058 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), COLONEL ARISTIDES GERARD GIVES ORDERS ON BLOWING UP A BRIDGE IN THE EVENT OF ANY ENEMY ATTACK TO MAJOR OGDEN. Headquarters Fort DeRussy, April 23rd, 1863. 1 page in ink, 8" X 10". "Major, in order not to interfere with the movements of Major Shannon you will consult with him on the destruction of the bridge. The two pieces of artillery are to be placed in the charge of the infantry. An order to that effect has been issued. It it is not executed Major Shannon will take the necessary measures to have them transported as far as the ferry of Mr. Davis, Red River where they are to be embarked. The present instructions are to be carried out immediately. A Gerard, Lt. Colonel." The bridge in question was below the fort and its destruction would delay Union forces from attacking the fort from the land. Fort DeRussy was an earthen fort on the Red River from Union assaults and finally succumbed to a federal attack in March 1864 which opened the Red River up to Alexandria, LA. Quite scarce to find documents from this Confederate fort. (#29).................................................$325.00

2061 COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62) GENERAL RICHARD TAYLOR AUTHORIZED A PASS FOR MAJOR H.G. OGDEN,  Headquarters District of Western LA., Natchitoches, LA, May 20th, 1863. By command of General Taylor, his AGG writes Major Ogden to pass from Coteau or Alexandria on any boat of government service that he may select. Very fine (32)..............................$150.00

2063 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62), Payment for boarding and lodging for two couriers and supplies paid to C.F. Voorhies on an imprinted 8" X 10", Confederate States #22 letterhead. Payment was $82.50 for boarding from April 10-25, 1863 and for 50 pounds of bacon delivered to Lt. S.M. Routh of the Signal Corps. From the Ogden papers. Very fine (34)................................$195.00

2064 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62), Major H.D. Ogden Aide de Camp to the Governor and Commander in Chief is relieved from duty on the General staff and will report for duty under further orders to General R. Taylor, by command of Thomas O. Moore. On Headquarters Louisiana Army, Special Order #57, Shreveport, May 20th, 1863. Alexandria crossed out and Shreveport entered in manuscript. Docketed on the verso at Natchitoches, LA and signed by Captain E. Sturget AAG on Taylor Staff. Moore had moved the government to Shreveport in fear of Alexandria being captured. Ogden left the Louisiana Army and entered the service of the regular Confederate service. Very fine (35)....................................$225.00

2065 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Commander of the Louisiana Native Guard (1861-62), Major H.D. Ogden is ordered to replace the guard near Washington, LA and relieve detachment of Colonel Green's command at Port Barre...Headquarters, Forces South of the Red River, Vermillionville, LA, June 5th, 1863. 2+ large 8" X 10" pages with detailed instructions, "Proceed to Port Barre to assume command of the post and relieve the detachment from Colonel Green's command at that point at Washington, before turning off on the Port Barre at or near Coteau you will detach a commissioned officer to act as Provost Marshal and a detachment of 30 men to act as Provost Guard at Washington to keep order and repair the post. This guard will keep good order and discipline at this point, arrest all conscripts who owe services, all soldiers who are absent without proper authority, and protect all public property. With the balance of your troops you will proceed to Port Barre, there establish your headquarters, communicate with headquarters by means of couriers, you will connect on the Port Barre road with our line of couriers at this post at Grand Coteau. You will throw out pickets by means of boats or otherwise at least 100 men as far as the banks of the Atchafalaya River with orders to harass, annoy, and if possible capture boats and transports of the enemy. These men must be put under the command of reliable officers who do not retire before the enemy unless necessary. You will send daily reports to these headquarters. BY BRIG. GENERAL A. MOUTON, SIGNED BY Louis Bush, AAG. Louis Bush was a Colonel in the 7th Louisiana Cavalry and also had service in the 18th Louisiana. Ogden had been moved south back towards Washington which had been captured on April 20th by the Federals and vacated when the Federals were recalled to aid in the Port Hudson Campaign. An important letter/orders in mid 1863. Very fine (36)......................$450.00

2067 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). 5" X 6". A letter written to Major Henry Ogden from Washington, LA on June 11th, 1863. A report on what the detail sent to Washington, LA had accomplished, procuring mules for the army, policing the area, and other duties assigned to the unit at Washington, LA. Hand-carried and folded carried to Ogden by a courier, a little light, but fully readable (42)....................................................$95.00

2069 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). 5" X6". Headquarters Forces South of the Red River, Vermillionville, LA, June 13th, 1863. Captain Louis Bush, AGG to General Mouton requests that Major Ogden send vouchers to the quartermaster for the four mules Ogden is to retain with necessary explanations, addressed to Ogden as Commander of the 1st Battalion Louisiana State Cavalry. Very fine (44)....................................................$125.00

2070 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). 5" X 7". Major Henry Ogden is ordered to replace couriers between Opelousas and Alexandria with men from his cavalry unit, Headquarters Forces South of the Red River. Slightly light but quite readable. Opelousas had been captured April 20th and was now back in Confederate hands after the Federals put their attention on Port Hudson. Very good (45)..............................................$135.00

2071 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). 8" X 10", 2 pages. MAJOR OGDEN ORDERS THE PLACEMENT OF COURIERS, Camp DeSoto, June 23rd, 1863, Headquarters of the 1st Battalion Louisiana State Cavalry. Ogden orders the following to Lt. J.C. Carter...29 men from Company C will proceed to the line of couriers between Alexandria and Natchez and will relieve the couriers at those spots according to the schedule outlined. The Lt. in charge will change several positions to have them equal distances apart. The said Lt. Carter will be allowed to contract for forage at every post. He will be in charge of the line and must encourage diligence and they take nothing but military dispatches. He is to submit a full report when his assignment is completed. The last paragraph is light but readable, signed by Major Henry Ogden commanding. An extensive report on the changing and replacement of couriers within Confederate lines. Fine (46).................................................$295.00

2074 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). 8" X 10". KEEPING THE COURIERS POSTED BETWEEN ALEXANDRIA AND NATCHEZ. Post at Alexandria, June 23rd, 1863. Manuscript letter to Major Henry Ogden commanding the 1st Battalion State Cavalry was ordered to proceed on the following day and assign a commissioned officer with a staff of non-commissioned privates to relieve the couriers between that post and Natchez. The commissioned officer will remain in charge of the line. Lt. Haar, commanding Captain Todd's company of cavalry will at the same time detail a commissioned officer who will report to this officer detailed by Major Ogden to take charge now on the posts as they should be relieved and return back to their companies. A report must be made on the compliance of this order, signed Ferjos Fuselier, Adjutant (had service in the Confederate Louisiana Guard). Maintaining this line of communication was critical at this point giving the Trans-Mississippi command news of the fighting at Vicksburg which was about to fall to Grant (49)................................$225.00

2078 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). MAJOR OGDEN IS ORDERED TO SEND MEN TO ESCORT AN ORDNANCE TRAIN DISPATCHED TO GENERAL MOUTON ON BAYOU TECHE. Headquarters Post at Alexandria, LA, June 24th, 1863. 1 page 8" X 10" in manuscript, Clack orders Ogden to provide one non-commissioned officer and two privates from his command fully armed and equipped to report to Major Robertson, Ordnance Officer of this post tomorrow at 9 AM to escort and ordnance train dispatched to General Mouton on Bayou Teche. By command of Major Clack, commander of the post at Alexandria, Ogden was commander of the 1st Battalion Louisiana State Cavalry. While Federal troops were still occupied at Port Hudson, Mouton was south of Alexandria on the Teche as Confederate authorities knew it was just a matter of time before Banks would turn his attention again to Southwest Louisiana and he did in the Fall of 1863 in the Second Bayou Teche Campaign. Written and signed by Ferjus Fuselier Adj. to the Post at Alexandria, LA (Confederate Guard Officer). (55)....................................$250.00

2080 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). DISPATCHES HAVE BEEN MISCARRIED, AN OFFICER MUST BE SENT TO INVESTIGATE BY MAJOR OGDEN, Headquarters Post at Alexandria, LA, July 3rd, 1863. One page in ink letter from Adj. Ferjus Fuselier to Major Henry Ogden Commanding, 1st Battalion, Louisiana State Cavalry. Due to miscarried dispatches, Ogden is ordered to send a commissioned officer to the courier post at the Lamourie Bridge and to institute an inquiry whether proper communication has been made with the courier line from that point to Lt. Colonel Fournet's command. The first post on the later line is Polk's Plantation. Dispatches have been miscarried each way on this line. Instructions will be given to courier on the Lamourie Bridge to examine dispatches there received and forward those to Colonel Fournet sent on...at this time news from Vicksburg and Port Hudson was anxiously awaited and this break in the courier line was critical to the Confederate staff in Alexandria as they knew that a Federal invasion was coming once defenses to the East fell. Excellent one page letter (56).............................................$250.00

2084 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). Ogden's signature on a small receipt for supplies received from the post quartermaster for his Cavalry Battalion, June 7th, 1863 at Vermillionville, LA. Cavalry battalion under Ogden's command was the 1st Louisiana Cavalry battalion. Signed by Ogden as Major Commanding. On gray paper, a bold signature of Ogden (57d)........................$295.00

2089 - COLONEL HENRY D. OGDEN, First Command of the Louisiana Native Guards (1861-62). OGDEN IS REQUESTED TO TURN IN A MULE TO THE QUARTERMASTER, August 10th, 1863, Nebitts Bluff. A letter to Ogden requesting when he returns to Alexandria he turn in the mule he has taken possession of to the quartermaster and get a receipt and mail to the writer J.C. Stafford, Major. Ogden was moving from Alexandria to his next assignment and probably used the mule for transportation of person goods and he had just been made a Lt. Colonel on the Staff of Governor Moore. (63)..................................$165.00

3210 - 1ST ALABAMA CAVALRY, ACTING AS A COURIER IN TENNESSEE, June 15th, 1863. Two large pages in ink to his wife Hennie by Lt. W.T. Presley, at Courier Post near Middletown, Bedford County, Tennessee. He is still acting as a courier and boarding at Grandma Sanders but he will probably have to leave as she is ill, mentions a friend starting for the Army, it is reported that we will be relieved and go to the rear to recruit men and horses, hear so many reports we do not know what to believe. He needs new pair of boots for riding and asks her to have a pair made size #10 in red leather, he will send her a ring that he has made for her, he tells his wife to remember if you forget and forgive in peace you shall live. Some water staining unaffecting the legibility of the manuscript, from Willie to Hennie. Well written in ink............................................$165.00

1304 - RARE FLORIDA OATH OF ALLEGIANCE, Pre-printed and filled-in Oath of Allegiance for William Crawford of Santa Rosa County, Florida searing his allegiance to the United States on September 4th, 1862. A month later Crawford violated the oath and joined the 3rd Battalion Florida Cavalry on October 4th, 1862 in Santa Rosa County, Florida. In 1863, he shows service in Company F, Confederate States 15th Cavalry, but deserted on September 15th, 1864. He signed another Oath of Allegiance in June of 1865 to the United States at the end of the war. A very early oath issued in 1862, fine............................$295.00

, November 6th, 1864. Two pages in ink by James M. Crawford, 63rd Tennessee. "We have no news other than maintaining the lines at the front, no fighting since last week, hope the fighting is done for the winter as we are tired of fighting in Virginia for when we fight we fights the "NIGS", would not like to be taken prisoner by the "NIGS"...would rater be at "Old Scratch and Key" than be taken a prisoner...a friend had written him that the girls were wearing him out at home and that if he were home he could help them out...notes that prisoners from his unit were at Elmira Prison and are all well except three who had died there, Ed Miller, George Helburt, and George W. Dick-he had seen a letter written to Captain A.M. Mallard about the three prisoners being dead...". An unusual and rare mentioning of the Black soldiers fighting at that time in the Petersburg-Richmond area where numerous United States Colored Troops played important roles in those two sieges...............................

72002 - CONFEDERATE LETTER FROM BEAUREGARD'S QUARTERMASTER TO THE GOVERNOR OF SOUTH CAROLINA, Charleston, SC, July 1st, 1862. 8" X 10" on blue lined paper addressed to Governor Francis Pickens by Captain Mott C. Pringle, Asst. Quartermaster to Beauregard. Pringle addresses the question for the Commanding General (Beauregard) of a loan of $30,000 that was to be made for the purchase of forage for the troops of the State. Mott states that he has made large contracts for such forage and if the obligation is not paid on a timely manner, he will have difficulty in making future contracts with suppliers. On the verso, Pickens refers the letter to the Treasury Department. Beautifully written. Excellent content regarding problems in paying for supplies in Charleston as early as July 1862. Mint condition.............................................$175.00

The following letters were written by Corporal J.F. Jones, Company G, 9th Alabama Infantry. He apparently was in the medical corps in several capacities from a Secretary to the Surgeon, Ambulance staff, and possibly a pharmacist assistant by the content of his letters from 1861-64

749 - 1861 FILLING THE RANKS IN SOUTH CAROLINA, Headquarters, Columbia, SC, April 25th (1861). Two pages in ink from Private D.M. Simpson of the 1st South Carolina State Troops. He relates...the fighting will now be in Virginia and we are only State volunteers and we are not bound to go...there are presently two regiments in this place numbering 2200 men and we have lively times...there was a call today for volunteers for the Confederate Army, but they only got one entire company and how many more they will get I can hardly tell...the call is for 8000 men, but i don't think they will get 300 and if they fail you are not volunteers may look out Jeff Davis is bound to have troops for his army...some of the men are eating, drinking, smoking, and talking war, playing the fiddle, dancing...have a Negro to cook for us, but he is going home and none of us can cook a bit...I have often heard of war, but have not realized it before...D.M. Simpson. An interesting letter written within two weeks of the firing on Fort Sumter by Confederate forces showing the loyalty to the State, but a hesitance to join the new Confederate Army...................................$275.00 

751 - VIRGINIA SHARPSHOOTERS WHARTON'S BRIGADE, 30th Virginia Battalion Sharpshooters, March 25th, 1864. Letter to Colonel J. Lyle Clark commanding the 30th Virginia Battalion requesting that three men be sent to Jonesboro and that they will be returned to General Wharton's Brigade as soon as cavalrymen can be received from the cavalry. The 30th VA Sharpshooters fought in East Tennessee under Longstreet and in the Shenandoah Valley. After the Battle of Waynesborough, the unit was disbanded. Well-written in brown ink on gray paper. Scarce SHARPSHOOTER correspondence................................$295.00

752 - SOUTH CAROLINA GOVERNOR FRANCIS PICKENS ASKS FOR GUNS FOR HIS TROOPS, October 1st, 1861, STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA HEADQUARTERS stationary, autographed and signed letter from Governor Francis W. Pickens to Mr. A. Huger regarding the acquisition of 200 rifles for flanking companies to each regiment. (These had just come into Charleston on a ship and Governor Pickens states he had told a Mr. Wagner his needs while on the ship). He states that General States Rights Gist understood that two-thirds of the imports belonged to the Confederate Government and that he had immediately made requisitions with General Ripley for supplest for us (the State). He continues to doubt the reports as to just what was on the ship. An interesting letter regarding rifles that had been imported probably from England. Boldly written in Pickens distinctive hand. Under his administration as Governor of South Carolina (1860-1862), the state seceded and demanded the surrender of the Federal forts in Charleston Harbor. He strongly advocated the secession of the Southern states and signed the South Carolina ordinance of secession. He protested against Major Robert Anderson's removal from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter, and offered to buy the fort from the Federal Government. On January 9, 1861, Governor Pickens sanctioned the firing upon the relief steamship Star of the West, which was bringing supplies to Anderson's beleaguered garrison. He also approved of the subsequent bombardment of Fort Sumter. He remained a fervent supporter of states rights. 8" X 10", an important early-war letter with Pickens trying to arm his State Troops. Very fine.......................................$650.00


761 - WALLER'S REGIMENT OF TEXAS CAVALRY, Camp Grace, March 7th, 1864. Texas promissory note for $50 due Travis Hensley from L.K. Dubois, both members of Waller's Texas Cavalry, small manuscript 4" X 7"......................................$75.00

762 - WALLER'S TEXAS CAVALRY, July 24th, 1863, 3" X 7" manuscript document stating payment of $100 by the AAQM, John S. Hirshfield, dated at St. Martinsville, LA.......................................................$75.00

763 - WALLER'S TEXAS CAVALRY, January 31st, 1865, 4" X 7" manuscript dated at Jackson, MS. A pass for Private Travis Hensley, Company E, Waller's Regt. Cavalry Regiment to pass through the Department (Mississippi & Louisiana)..................................$200.00


769 - THE 60TH ALABAMA AT PETERSBURG, THE DESERTER WILL BE SHOT, Camp of the 60th Alabama, Petersburg, VA, December 23rd, 1864. 4 pages in bold pencil written from Pvt. Wyatt J. Bonner, 60th Alabama to his Father...mentions hopes to get a three day Christmas pass to send it in the rear...went over to see some friends in the 3rd Alabama at Swifts Creek about 5 miles away, but no one was there that I knew, mentions two friends that had been captured, another was thought to have been wounded as he would have never let himself be captured, the rest of the regiment seemed to be in good spirits building winter quarters, half of the officers in this regiment are on furlough, gives details on how the furloughs are done, married men get to go home to tend to their families' needs and then return...there has been a great deal of deserting in our regiment, one night 6 went over and 7 went over the next, the Yanks hollowed over for Colonel Troy to come over and take command of his regiment (so many had deserted to the Yank side)...two tried to desert a few nights ago, one Thomas Pendleton started about five minutes before on John Shaw, but Tom P. got over, but as Shaw was about half way over our Pickets saw him and commenced shooting at him calling him to halt, but he kept on going to the Yanks, but soon came back to our lines and was caught and is now in jail in Petersburg-I expect him to be shot. Wyatt (Bonner) 60th Alabama........................................$350.00

771 - CONFEDERATE SOLDIER LETTER FROM SOUTH CAROLINA, Edisto, SC, May 11th, 1862. Two page letter in ink to his Mother from, E.S. Whittie. He has not seen any battles there, he found some seeds which he is enclosing in an old Negro house which they evacuated on this island and he wants his Mother to plant them at home. Phonically written in some areas, white paper......................................$125.00

772 - WE HAVE JUST MOVED TO PINCKNEY ISLAND, Confederate soldier's letter dated February 27th, 1863. 2 pages in ink from  E.S. Whittie to his Mother. We have just moved to Pinckney Island, SC, but we will have to move soon as we will soon have a fight, but I know not where or when, thinks the War will last seven years longer. Written somewhat phonically, fine............................................$135.00

776 - AN ABSENT REBEL HAS HIS PROPERTY CONFISCATED IN NEW ORLEANS, August 5th, 1863. One page 8" X 14", all manuscript detailing the confiscation of several pieces of property in New Orleans owned by S.S. Michel of New Orleans described as an absent Rebel. Signed by Benjamin Flanders, Special Agent to the US Treasury in New Orleans, later to become a short-lived Scalawag Governor of Louisiana. Known Southern sympathizers or soldiers in the field serving the Confederate Government were liable to have their property confiscated by the Gov. Fine trifle age tone............................$75.00

TEXAS COLONEL WRITES A RECOMMENDATION FOR THE FIRST BREWER IN TEXAS, San Antonio, TX, March 20th, 1865. One page letter from Colonel Frederick Tate who was on Van Dorn's Staff requesting assistance in Houston for W.A. Menger upon his arrival in the City of Houston. Menger operated the first Brewery in Texas. Tate also served in the 9th Texas Infantry as a Major. Well written Texas correspondence..............................$155.00

REMEMBER ME TO GENERAL PAUL O. HERBERT, San Antonio, TX, March 20th, 1865. Addressed to Capt. Samuel Boyer Davis, AAG to General Paul O. Herbert requesting a detail of troops to be given to the disposal of Mr. William Menger, which detail has been pre-approved. Menger operated the first brewery in Texas before the War and this detail probably was needed to move the property of Menger as the Was was coming to an end. Written by Colonel Frederick Tate on Van Dorn's Staff who asks the Captain to remember him to General P.O. Herbert. Scarce Texas letter...................................................$250.00

FORT CLARK, TEXAS UNDER CONFEDERATE CONTROL, A SUTLER DISCUSSES A DEBT OWED WILL MENGER, 1ST TEXAS BREWER, Fort Clark, TX, May 1st, 1861. A rare letter by a Sutler D.H. Brown asking William Menger for terms for his debt as the (Texas) 3rd Infantry has left the fort and he is at present unable to take care of his debt to Menger. Menger was the first brewer in Texas and supplied beer/ale to Brown. Obviously the members of the 3rd Texas leaving hurt his business at the fort. Unusual early War correspondence.........................................................$150.00

FORT CLARK, TEXAS UNDER CONFEDERATE CONTROL, A SUTLER WRITES WILLIAM MENGER, 1ST TEXAS BREWER, Fort Clark, TX, April 27th, 1861. A rare letter by a Sutler D.H. Brown mentioning a charge to his account. Menger supplied beer/ale to Brown for sale at the fort. Addressed to Menger in San Antonio. Half page in manuscript.......................................................$75.00

RARE LETTER FROM THE PUBLISHER OF 'THE CONFEDERACY', Seguin, TX, November 1st, 1861. A letter to William Menger discussing an ad that will be running for Menger in the new paper called the "Confederacy" formerly known as the Seguin Mercury by the publisher D.R. Freeman. Menger operated the 1st brewery in Texas prior to the War. Excellent Confederate era letter regarding a Confederate newspaper..............................$125.00

1ST MISSOURI LIGHT ARTILLERY, New Orleans, LA, December 7th, 1864. Promissory note for $152 signed by 1st Lt. Adolphus Stauber in New Orleans, occupation of New Orleans by Union forces...............................................$32.00

FORGOT THE COLONEL'S TENT, San Antonio, TX, May 27th, 1863. Addressed to Menger's Hotel mentioning the tent of Colonel Kearney being left behind. Menger's Hotel in San Antonio was run by William Menger who also operated the first brewery in Texas. Confederate era correspondence...........................................$58.00

A TEXAS CAVALRY OFFICER COMPLAINS ABOUT HIS HOTEL BILL, May 5th, 1862. Abijah B. Latham, Lt. in the 1st Texas Cavalry, Company H writes to the Menger Hotel in San Antonio contesting his recent bill for a stay at this famous San Antonio, TX landmark. William Menger also ran the 1st brewery in Texas. One page letter in ink, well written................$100.00

TEXAS SOLDIER WRITES WILLIAM MENGER, Houston, TX, September 3rd, 1863. Letter from Captain Phillip Shardine to William Menger regarding a draft sent to him by Menger as his company is about to leave for Nibbits Bluff and is anxious to hear about it. Menger ran the 1st brewery in Texas. Full page in manuscript................................$89.00

TEXAS BREWER WILLIAM MENGER GETS A REQUEST FOR A FRUIT TREE, Washington, TX, January 19th, 1864. Full page letter in ink to William Menger, the writer asks for another specimen of a tree that Menger had given him which he had lost due to a recent freeze. Menger ran the 1st brewery in Texas. Confederate era, Texas letter.......................$85.00

PROVISIONS IN TEXAS, Houston, TX, June 18th, 1863. One page letter in ink to William Menger by James Shaw regarding pickles, whisky, and potatoes. Interesting letter docketed on verso by Menger, 1st Texas brewer. The potatoes were to be divided among several families. Confederate era letter............................................$69.00

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