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Texana Items


9196 - MISSION SAN JOSE, SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS, Carte de Visite by Dignowity, San Antonio. The mission was founded on February 23, 1720, because Mission San Antonio de Valero had become overcrowded shortly after it's founding with refugees from the closed East Texas mission. Father Antonio Margil received permission from the governor of Coahuila and Texas, the Marquis de San Miguel de Aguayo, to build a new mission 5 miles (8 km) south of San Antonio de  Valero. Like San Antonio de Valero, Mission San José served the Coahuiltecan Indians. The first buildings, made of brush, straw, and mud, were quickly replaced by large stone structures, including guest rooms, offices, a dining room, and a pantry. A heavy outer wall was built around the main part of the mission, and rooms for 350 Indians were built into the walls. A new church, which is still standing, was constructed in 1768 from local limestone. The mission lands were given to its Indians in 1794, and mission activities officially ended in 1824. After that, the buildings were home to soldiers, the homeless, and bandits. It was restored in the 1930s and is now part of the San Antonio Missions National Historical Park. Very fine..........................................$150.00

9197 - MISSION ST. JUAN, SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS, Carte de Visite by Dignowity of San Antonio, Mission San Juan Capistrano (originally christened in 1716 as La Misión San José de los Nazonis and located in East Texas) was founded in 1731 by Spanish Catholics of the Franciscan Order, on the eastern banks of the San Antonio River in present-day Bexar County, Texas. The new settlement (part of a chain of Spanish missions) was named for a 15th-century theologian and "warrior priest" who resided in the Abruzzo region of Italy. The mission San Juan was named after Saint John of Capestrano. Very fine..................................................$150.00


THE BATTLE OF SAN JACINTO

THE BATTLE FOR TEXAS INDEPENDENCE

The Battle of San Jacinto, fought on April 21, 1836, in present day Harris County, Texas, was the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. Led by General Sam Houston, the Texan Army engaged and defeated General Antonio López de Santa Anna's Mexican army in a fight that lasted just 18 minutes. About 630 of the Mexican soldiers were killed and 730 captured, while on nine Texans died.

Santa Anna, the President of Mexico, was captured the following day and held as a prisoner of war. Three weeks later, he signed the peace treaty that dictated that the Mexican army leave the region, paving the way for the Republic of Texas to become an independent country. These treaties did not specifically recognize Texas as a sovereign nation, but stipulated that Santa Anna was to lobby for such recognition in Mexico City. Sam Houston became a national celebrity, and the Texans' rallying cries, "Remember the Alamo!" and "Remember Goliad!" became etched into Texas history and legend.

These crude cannonballs that were used by the Texan forces at San Jacinto were excavated in 1960 - 61 [see affidavit of provenance by the excavator]. Shot found in the 1960 - 61 excavations ranged from iron grape to 4# solid shot. Sam Houston's official report to David Burnet states that the artillery - 2 small field pieces known as the twin sisters, advanced within 200 yards of the enemy and fired grape and canister into their lines. Solid balls and grape and canister are included. In the reference "18 Minutes" a young blacksmith from San Selipe wrote his father that they melted down horse shoes and chain to make cannon shot. 11 total pieces were found by the excavator. The weights differ according to the metal cast. Most all had irregularities in the cast [flaws]. A well known Texas collector who is quite familiar with the San Jacinto site states multiple size shot from grape to 3' - 4# shot were found over the years. He states that the smaller 2# shot in this group could have come from small 2# guns that were quite common in missions, ships, and small forts as well as being fired in the Twin Sisters as multiple rounds - large canister shot. We have available the following solid shot from that site:  #1 - 3.0" 4.03..........$495.00     #2 - 3.0" 4.04..........SOLD       #3 - 2.75" 3.29............$450.00  #4 - 3.1" 3.0............$450.00 under weight for size poor metal probably    #5 - 2.12" 2.65..........................$395.00 (68mm)     #6 - 2.32" 2.25..................$395.00 (62mm)               #7 - 2.60" 2.5..........SOLD (65mm)


6192A - CONFEDERATE TEXAS SOLDIER'S DISCHARGE, SPAIGHT'S BATTALION, 7.5" X 10", a printed form with SOLDIER'S DISCHARGE as a heading. ARMY OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES, a discharge dated at Beaumont, Texas, January 6th, 1863 for Corporal John Brown, Company H, Spaight's Battalion of Texas Volunteers, PACS, who had enlisted the 21st of April, 1862. He was honorably discharged after procuring a "substitute" named R. S. Holland. Brown was described as being born in Chambers County, Texas, 29 years of age, 5' 10 3/4", dark complexion, blue eyes, and dark hair and was a farmer at enlistment. Signed by Lt. Colonel A. W. Spaight's. Some pinholes at folds, otherwise the paper is firm and embellishments well written and in dark ink. Rare.............................................$395.00

6192B - TEXAS OATH OF ALLEGIANCE - HE IS ALLOWED TO VOTE AGAIN, 1865, Liberty County, Texas, September 23rd, 1865, 4.75" X 5", pre-printed and filled in certificate of allegiance for John Brown who had served in Spaight's Battalion stating that he has taken the oath and is being placed again on the voter's rolls of Liberty County. Signed by J. O. Shelby, Chief Justice of Liberty County, Texas. Some archival restoration on verso to some fissures, overall bold and very good.......................................................$85.00


5121 - THOMAS RUSK OF TEXAS, Thomas Jefferson Rusk (December 5, 1803 - July 29, 1857) was an early political and military leader of the Republic of Texas, serving as its first Secretary of War as well as a general at the Battle of San Jacinto. He was later a U.S. politican and served as a Senator from Texas from 1846 until his suicide. He served as the President pro tempore of the United States Senate in 1857. After the Mexicans killed all James W. Fannin's Texan army at Goliad, Burnet sent Rusk with orders for General Sam Houston to make a stand against the enemy. Rusk participated with bravery in the defeat of Santa Anna on April 21, 1836, in the Battle of San Jacinto. From May to October 1836, he served as commander-in-chief of the Army of the Republic of Texas, with the rank of brigadier general. He followed the Mexican troops westward as they retired from Texas to be certain of their retreat beyond the Rio Grande. Then he conducted a military funeral for the troops killed a Goliad. Rusk supported Sam Houston and the growing movement to annex Texas to the United States. He was president of the Convention of 1845, which accepted the annexation terms. The first state legislature elected him and Houston to the United States Senate in February 1846. Rusk received the larger number of votes and the longer term of office. The two men forgot past differences as they worked to settle the southwest boundary question in favor of the Texas claim to the Rio Grande. Rusk supported the position of U.S. President James K. Polk on the necessity of the Mexican War and the acquisition of California. In the debate over the Compromise of 1850, Rusk refused to endorse secession, proposed by some in the caucus of Southern congressmen. He vigorously defended Texas claims to the New Mexico Territory and argued forcefully for just financial compensation for both the loss of revenue from import duties as well as the loss of territory. As an early advocate of a transcontinental railroad through Texas, he made speeches in the Senate and throughout Texas in support of a southern route. He toured the state in 1853 to investigate a possible route. The Gadsden Purchase received his support. Rusk was in favor of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. President James Buchanan offered him the position of United States Postmaster General in 1857, but had turned it down. (Buchanan instead give the post to Aaron V. Brown). His signature, "Tho. J. Rusk, Texas,"........................................................$75.00

5126 - SAM HOUSTON, (March 2, 1793 - July 26, 1863) was an American politician and soldier, best known for his role in bringing Texas into the United States as a constituent state. Houston was born at Timber Ridge Plantation in Rockbridge County of Virginia, of Scots-Irish descent. Houston became a key figure in the history of Texas and was elected as the first and third President of the Republic of Texas, U.S. Senator for Texas after it joined the United States, and finally as a governor of the state. He refused to swear loyalty to the Confederacy when Texas seceded from the Union in 1861 with the outbreak of the American Civil War, and was removed from office. To avoid bloodshed, he refused an offer of a Union army to put down the Confederate rebellion. Instead, he retired to Huntsville, Texas, where he died before the end of the American Civil War. His earlier life included migration to Tennessee from Virginia, time spent with the Cherokee Nation (into which he later was adopted as a citizen and into which he married), military service in the War of 181, and successful participation in Tennessee politics. In 1827, Houston was elected Governor of Tennessee as a Jacksonian. In 1829, Houston resigned as governor and relocated to Arkansas Territory. In 1832, Houston was involved in an altercation with a U.S. Congressman, followed by a high-profile trial. Shortly afterwards, he relocated to Coahuila y Tejas, then a Mexican state, and became a leader of the Texas Revolution. Sam Houston supported annexation by the United States. When he assumed the governorship of Texas in 1859, Houston became the only person to have become the governor of two different U.S. states through direct, popular election, as well as the only state governor to have been a foreign head of state. A HUGE 6" signature as a member of Congress from Texas in 1848 - 49....................................................................$795.00


3215 - SAM HOUSTON, TEXAS, Carte de Visite by Brady. Bust pose of Houston wearing a checkered vest. Houston became a key figure in the history of Texas and was elected as the first and third President of the Republic of Texas, U.S. Senator for Texas after it joined the United States, and finally as a governor of the state. He refused to swear loyalty to the Confederacy when Texas seceded from the Union in 1861 with the outbreak of the American Civil War, and was removed from office. To avoid bloodshed, he refused an offer of a Union army to put down the Confederate rebellion. Instead, he retired to Huntsville, Texas, where he died before the end of the American Civil War. His earlier life included migration to Tennessee from Virginia, time spent with the Cherokee Nation (into which he later was adopted as a citizen and into which he married), military service in the War of 1812, and successful participation in Tennessee politics. In 1827, Houston was elected Governor of Tennessee as a Jacksonian. In 1829, Houston resigned as governor and relocated to Arkansas Territory. In 1832, Houston was involved in an altercation with a U.S. Congressman, followed by a high-profile trial. Shortly afterwards, he relocated to Coahuila y Tejas, then a Mexican state, and became a leader of the Texas Revolution. Sam Houston supported annexation by the United States. When he assumed the governorship of Texas in 1859, Houston became the only person to have become the governor of two different U.S. states through direct, popular election, as well as the only state governor to have been a foreign head of state. Choice condition..........................................................SOLD

100808 - EARLY US MAP SHOWING THE TEXAS REPUBLIC, [1844], 7" X 8", published by Sidney Hall of London, nicely hand-colored in pastel shades. TEXAS shown as a Republic, interesting outline of Arkansas extending way north of the Texas Republic, Spanish California still controlled by the Mexicans. Quite nice........................................$100.00

100809 - TEXAS SILVER STAR, 5/8" - .75", silver TEXAS star used on a kepi or blouse, excavated at Port Hudson, LA [1863], hand-made star created by a soldier, RARE.....................................................$250.00

100810 - WALLER'S REGIMENT OF TEXAS CAVALRY, March 7th, 1864, Camp Grace, Texas. A note for $50 due Travis Hensley from L. K. Dubois both members of Waller's Texas Cavalry, small manuscript 4" X 7", Hensley was named after William Barret Travis after the fall at the Alamo by his Father who was a close friend of Travis. Some age tone. Very good.................................................$65.00

100811 - WALLER'S TEXAS CAVALRY, July 24th, 1863, 3" X 7" manuscript stating of $100 by the AAQM John S. Hirschfield dated at St. Martinsville, LA. Very good.....................$65.00

100812 - AN ACT BY THE REPUBLIC OF TEXAS TO REDEEM PROMISSORY NOTES IN CIRCULATION, The Picayune, New Orleans, LA, May 14th, 1840. 4 pages, front page long printed notice on the redemption of Texas Republic currency by David Burnett and approved by Mirabeau Lamar, several illustrated ads for Negroes for sale, a very early New Orleans paper with Texas content........................................$45.00


8005 - SHIPPING TO EARLY TEXAS IN 1826, Shipping of "Nankeens" to the Rio Grande of Texas in 1827 through the Port of New Orleans, 9" X 10", pre-printed and filled in manifest of a shipment of Yellow Nankeens to Rio Grande that originated in Canton, China and was at first sent to Philadelphia on the ship "Phoenix" from Canton. The shipment arrived from Philadelphia on the ship "Ohio" into the Port of New Orleans and then shipped to the Rio Grande on the schooner "Catawba". Nankeens were cotton pants that originated in China and derived their name from the city that originated manufacture Nanjing. These "nankeens" were a yellow color which was caused by the use of particular cotton. These trousers were very durable and were most certainly imported for use by the working class and slaves. By this time Anglo settlers were coming into Texas from the Southern States along with their slaves. The importer was Marc Crozot. A well-written early Texas related document. Very fine...............................................................................$75.00

238 - REPUBLIC OF TEXAS, 1842
, 10" X 12" engraved by Dower of London. A map of North America border colored in inks in pastel colors showing the new Republic of Texas, Missouri Territory, New California. An interesting early map before the War with Mexico in 1846, covers from Central America, north to Canada..................................
$350.00

239 - CALIFORNIA, TERRITORIES OF NEW MEXICO AND UTAH, 18" X 25" by Johnson 1862. Beautifully hand colored, choice................................$145.00

240 - NEBRASKA, DAKOTAS, COLORADO AND KANSAS, 14" X 18" by Johnson 1862. Hand-colored, excellent................................$95.00


255 - A WESTERN MINER WRITES ABOUT CONDITIONS AT FORT SCOTT, KS AND AFFAIRS WITH THE INDIANS KILLING MINERS HEADING WEST, Fort Scott, KS, August 5th, 1864. 3 pages in ink to his sister by S.S. Peterman...he describes his travels getting to Fort Smith through Fort Gibson in the Cherokee Nation, the Osage Mission..."he is among the living-he attended a Methodist camp meeting-all grades and colors were in attendance - Preachers in this part of Kansas trying to raise money to build churches in Fort Scott...thinks they will have a hard time doing that around Fort Scott. Even the Military Chaplains here neglect their duties - the Post Chaplain has preached only once this summer - he has bought up property here and spends his time improving the property with a large detail of troops while he is paid to preach! The Indians of the Plains have declared war on the white man and has robbed the mail and killed immigrants that are going to the mines." Comes with a biography of Peterman who was a miner in Arizona (San Juan mines) and Colorado. Ran out by the Navajo in Arizona from his mining claim, had his claim jumped in Colorado. He was pressed into military service for three months by General Canby and then wound up at Fort Scott where he worked for the government........................................$295.00


TEXAS RAILROADS

256 - HOUSTON AND BRAZORIA RAILWAY COMPANY, State of Texas, ornate stock certificate for stock valued at $100, circulated 1870's. Lovely vignette of a vintage train, crisp un-circulated, light tone, un-issued..................................$30.00

257 - LAVACA NAVIGATION COMPANY, State of Texas, Lavaca, TX, 1850's. Stock certificate for stock valued at $50 each. Vignette of a primitive side wheel steamboat in the center, un-issued, mint condition, early Texas steamship company...........................$25.00

258 - HOUSTON AND GREAT NORTHERN RAILROAD COMPANY OF TEXAS, dated at Houston, TX, 1871. One share of stock at $100 each, issued and signed, nice large 25 cent brown Washington revenue stamp affixed to the left. Very fine............................$49.00


8006 - PAY DUE A MEMBER OF CAPTAIN JOHN HAYES'S SPY COMPANY, TEXAS RANGERS IN 1842, 10" X 11", pre-printed Republic of Texas certificate granting George Voss, deceased, the sum of $127 for his services in Captain Hayes's Spy Company in 1842. Dated March 17th, 1854 at Austin, Texas. Pre-printed and filled-in. Hayes was considered the 1st Texas Ranger. Information shows that this sum would have had to be paid to his sister as his only heir. VOSS, JOHANN, GEORGE ANDREAS (1809 - 1848?). George Voss, survivor of the Goliad Massacre and later one of the Bexar prisoners in Perote fortress, son of Hans Peter and Margaretha Elizabeth Voss, was born in Hamburg - Harburg, Germany, on May 19, 1809. In October 1835, immediately after his arrival in Texas, he rode into San Antonio intent upon joining the Texas army but instead was seized by the Mexican commandant, Gen. Martin Perfecto de Cos, and thrown into prison. After his release in December upon Cos's surrender of San Antonio to the Texans, Voss was assigned to the company of New Orleans Grays under Col. James W. Fannin at Goliad. He was still with that company on March 20, when Fannin surrendered to Gen. José de Urrea. Voss pretended to be a physician, and because the enemy valued his supposed medical skills, his life was spared at the Goliad Massacre. He was released from service in the Army of the Republic of Texas on May 30, 1836. Subsequently, he is reported to have seen "a great deal of frontier service," including several Indian fights and six months' service in the Texas Rangers, from March 1 to August 31, 1842, in Capt. John C. Hayes's spy company. In September 1842, Voss was working ass a merchant in San Antonio when that city was invaded and captured by Gen. Adrián Woll on order of the Mexican government. Voss was among sixty-two Texans who surrendered in the plaza on September 11, 1842. With most of the other Bexar prisoners, he was taken to Perote prison in Mexico, where he remained until March 1844, when the Bexar and Dawson prisoners were released through the efforts of Waddy Thompson, the United States minister to Mexico (see DAWSON MASSACRE). Voss appears to have returned to San Antonio after his release from captivity in Mexico. He died sometime between January 14, 1846, when he appeared before the justice of the peace in New Braunfels to give testimony regarding money owed him by the state, and June 20, 1850, when witnesses appeared before the commissioner for Texas in New Orleans to certify that George Voss had died unmarried and interstate............................SOLD

237 - GENERAL GEORGE A. CUSTER, Famous Civil War cavalry commander as well as commander of the 7th US Cavalry during the Indian Wars. Killed at Little Big Horn in 1876 with all of his men. An unusually nice dated Civil War dated signature "G.A. Custer". Acting Chief of Cavalry dated November 26th, 1864 as Major General. An outstanding bold ink signature that is not clipped in any way as may have seen on today's market...............................................SOLD

 

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