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The Civil War
 Union Documents and Letters


9055 - RARE BROADSIDE ANNOUNCING THE VICTORY AT ANTIETAM, The Ohio State Journal [Columbus, Ohio], September 17 [1862], uniface broadside edition 7" X 18", two column extra broadside with headlines claiming a great Union Victory at Antietam, the Rebel army in retreat, gives details of the forces involved and strengths of the armies, report that D. H. Hill was killed, militia in Pennsylvania in readiness for a possible Rebel attack north, surgeons and medicines being rushed in from Washington, a great number of Rebel prisoners taken, Jackson sending 40,000 reinforcements to Lee. Fighting is mainly by the rear Rebel guard as they are being pushed towards the Potomac. A rare northern paper account of the battles near Antietam/Sharpsburg, fine, un-trimmed............................................$295.00

9057 - A CATHOLIC PRIEST AND CHAPLAIN IS CAPTURED BY THE REBELS ON THE WAY TO WASHINGTON AND RELEASED, 1 page letter in ink by O. C. Duffy to the Father of a Catholic Priest Chaplain [Father Edward P. Corcoran] datelined at Washington, DC January 3rd, 1863...describing the capture of the Priest and a Sutler being his companion on a trip back to Washington to claim some of his belongings. He relates the following, "Yours of the 24th has been received and I feel happy in saying Father Corcoran is well. We heard from him through the Sutler Cleark. The Sutler and Father Corcoran were taken together smoking after breakfast after they stopped for the night coming to Washington after his things. A cavalryman [Confederate] rode up and desired that they go with him which of course they obliged to do. And to how Father Corcoran was in good spirits he explained...we will now be in Richmond before Burnside-laughing. He has stopped at the Bishop's house as he is all right. But I feel sorry for him losing his fine horse which he thought so much of. You desired me to telegraph you if he was sick or wounded. He is neither. I do think you might send him some money as he did not have much when he left. You can send it in care of General Dix in Baltimore. He will be released soon and will be home... O. E. Duffy. The letter comes with an 8" X 10" pre-printed honorable discharge giving him past pay dated at Washington February 14th, 1863. Corcoran was described as a Chaplain in the 61st Ohio Volunteers. Records show Rev. Edward P. Corcoran was commissioned into the Field and Staff of the 61st Ohio on December 14th, 1861. 2 documents, very unusual content, fine condition...................$325.00

9058 - A RARE CIVIL WAR LETTER WRITTEN BY A DANISH SOLDIER, April 1862, two pages in ink by a solider who simply signs the letter "Nielson", written in Danish with a reference to "Okolona" and several references to Generals in the Danish text. There were approximately 1000 Danes that served in the Civil War mainly from Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Iowa. Many of these units fought in Mississippi [Shiloh-Corinth]. There were 26 soldiers named "Nielson" listed on the rolls. This letter is very rare regardless of the non-translated text. Old split seam restored, in bold ink and just needs to be translated. The first Danish soldier letter we have ever handled.................................................$150.00


5277 - BLOCKADE RUNNERS GET IN AGAIN, SENT OUT BOATS TO SCOUT THE REBEL FLEET, THE TENNESSEE AND BALTIC LAY AWAITING OUR FLEET BUT THEY MAY ATTACK FIRST, May 21st, 1864, Saturday night [off Mobile], 12 pages in ink by Engineer George P. Hunt on board the USS Metacomet. He relates in part, He has lost a trusted friend McMurray in the "Chenango Affair" who was a 2nd Engineer. He feels that they are being "Blacklisted" doing too much or too little, then overlooked by the authorities. In our case were posted in a very dangerous place and as a gale approached our Captain concluded to enter the sound as the barometer fell rapidly. Captain Jenkins of the "Richmond" sent a boat in after us and gave us the most disagreeable station for 21 days. Close attention needs to be paid to our boilers. News of Grant near Richmond. Last Saturday, a steamer ran out successfully but discovered by our picket boat. But we had problems with signals and she escaped. The "Itasca" lay close to the shore and it was to intercept her and drive her back out in the channel as they always run in close to shore. The "Itasca" got her cable caught on her propeller and signaled "Assistance I need." But at the same time one boat signaled red & white instead of white and red. The confusion allowed the steamer to escape safe while we all attached her running out. The Admiral [Farragut] just arrived on the "Hartford". We go to Pensacola for a few days for coaling. Everyone is scared here about the rebel rams. A deserter came in and reported that they were going to attack our fleet with two gunboats and two rams. Sunday, describes fishing trip nearby where they caught over 600 fish snapper and catfish, most 12 - 13 pounds fish but some up to 60 pounds with our lines. We also caught a 1000 pound shark and when opened it had several cats and dogs inside! The shark struck one man on deck with his tail and he went head over heels. We are laying now facing Fort Morgan and we can see Fort Gaines and Powell. I believe they are evacuating Fort Powell and laying obstruction in the channel. Reports say there are about 6 miles of batteries after passing Fort Morgan and 50 torpedoes; there was a great storm the other night as we almost lost the picket boats as the rolling seas made it difficult to come along side of us. To remain out would have resulted in being driven to shore and captured as the shore is lined with cavalry scouts watching for blockage runners. We succeeded in picking them up but one man suffered a broken leg getting out of a boat. We sent a boat to Dauphin Isle to watch the Bay for rams and ironclads. They saw two, the "Tennessee" and the "Baltic" ironclad rams and the "Selma" and the "Gaines: gunboats." Captain Leroy has made over $100,000 on a prize the "Desoto" captured. I suppose he does not care much for attacking them now. An excellent letter on the affairs in Mobile Bay in late May where blockade runners still came into Mobile quite easily much to the chagrin of Hunt and his ship seeming being out of the action for one reason or another on a "blacklist".....................................................$395.00


3613 - TWO OATHS OF ALLEGIANCE FOR A TENNESSEAN LOYAL TO THE UNION, George Spurgin apparently was one of the many from East Tennessee that remained loyal to the Union. As early as May of 1864, he signed an oath of allegiance. Included are two oaths signed by Spurgin:  May 21st, 1864, 3" X 7", pre-printed and filled-in oath signed at Knoxville, TN. attesting to his Union loyalty and signed by Lt. Phillip Abbott. Again in October 1866, he signs another oath that at all times he was an unconditional Union man. Spurgin was from Sullivan County, TN. The later oath is also pre-printed and is 6" X 7". Both items, very good - very fine......................................................$195.00

2406 - THE SIEGE OF VICKSBURG, ONE CONTINUAL ROAR OF CANNON, May 30th, 1863, 2 large pages in ink by Lemuel Ratcliff, 24th Iowa, Co. H, to his wife and children. He relates in part, "I am well and recovering from the mumps, I sent you a long letter on the 25th and received one from thee yesterday which was mailed on the 14th of the month. Our regiment had suffered but I had little paper to write this time. We are still fighting and have been since the 20th of the month. It is one continual roar of cannon from morning until night. It is nearly all our side. Our sharpshooters do not give the rebels a chance to do much, you talk in your letter of thee being discouraged but that must never do as thee must keep a good heart. We must be thankful that our lives have been spared. Maybe the war will be soon over. I will send a letter with $10 in it to you and father. May heaven bless my dear wife and my little pets. Excuse the writing but I am writing in a hurry. Lemuel Ratcliff." Ratcliff enlisted August 11th, 1862 and died of disease January 15th, 1864. Large manuscript, very fine...............................................$115.00


100813 - MEDICAL DISCHARGE FROM THE MARINE HOSPITAL AT NEW ORLEANS, 8" X 10", pre-printed and filled in discharge for William F. Hungerford, 156th NYV was discharged for medical reasons, signed by the Surgeon in charge, US Marine Hospital, New Orleans, LA, January 27th, 1863, fine......................................$55.00

100814 - 5TH MAINE VOLUNTEERS NEAR BRADY STATION, 8"X 10", manuscript, a return of ordnance items by Colonel Clark E. Edwards including a Springfield rifle, ammunition, dated November 22nd, 1862. Very fine........................................$55.00

10627 - TWO MEMBERS OF THE 54TH MASSACHUSETTS KILLED BY BOMBARDMENT FROM THE REBELS
, Camp of the Boat Infantry, 127th NYV, Morris Island, SC, July 19th, 1864, three pages in ink by John Allen, Company E, to his fiend George Hancock in New Jersey. On rare imprinted letter sheet, CAMP OF BOAT INFANTRY 127TH NY VOLS., MORRIS ISLAND, SC. He relates in part...he discusses his re-enlistment, furlough just returned from , "We give Sumter some iron each day, the Rebels have tried to shell our camp several items. THEY KILLED TWO MEMBERS OF THE 54TH THE OTHER DAY, we have bomb proofs to get into when they feel like shelling us but they found out that two can play that game...there had been a review of religion in the camp, many have taken up the cross and I hope they will be faithful until death. I see that you are a Little Mac man, if you think he is the man then vote for him as for me I am good for Abe again". An excellent letter mentioning the death of two members of the 54th Massachusetts, the famous Colored Troop regiment................................................
$175.00

72204 - A NEW ORLEANS SHIPPER INSURES HIS SHIPMENTS IN 1864, Home Mutual Insurance Co., of New Orleans, corner Camp and Natchez Streets. 8" X 10" Marine insurance policy tipped into a leather bound folio purchased by Newman Murphy on October 15th, 1864 for goods shipped out of New Orleans in sailing or steam ships. At this time the City was under federal control as the City had fallen to Federal forces in April 1862. Intricate details as to the limits of the coverage are included mentioning exceptions of coverage including blockade and seizure as Confederate riders still sailed in the Gulf of operated in the Gulf of Mexico at this time. Very fine, 50 Cent Revenue stamp affixed........................................................$125.00

7045 - COLONEL W. E. DOSTER, COMMANDER OF THE MOUNTED PROVOST GUARD OF WASHINGTON DISTRIBUTES ARMS AND OTHER GOODS TO CAPTAIN HENRY B. TODD OF THE PROVOST MARSHALL OF WASHINGTON, February 20th, 1863, 2 legal pages of manuscript on Head Quarters Provost Marshall's Office, Washington. Numerous items were turned over to Todd by Doster which probably were captured items from Rebel sympathizers in and around Washington as Doster was in command of 4 infantry regiments, 1 cavalry regiment, and a boat flotilla cruising the Chesapeake...some of the goods Todd took in possession of were: 23 swords, 1 colt rifle, 1 sharps rifle, haversacks, bayonets, gun barrels, liquor, Colt revolvers, knapsacks, medicine, sabers, and much more. Captain Henry B. Todd was a commander of the Lincoln Cavalry in 1861, with the job of guarding the capital. After being captured by the Confederates, Todd was later exchanged for a Confederate prisoner of war, and went on to become provost marshal of Washington, DC. Though he was of no relation to Lincoln's wife, Mary Todd, his CDV was found in Lincoln's personal album. Very fine.......................................................$125.00

7046 - AN ACCOUNTING OF MONEY BELONGING TO THE CONTRABAND FUND AND ITEMS BELONGING TO CAPTURED PRISONERS IN WASHINGTON, DC, Letter sheet, 2 large pages 8" X 13", HEADQUARTERS PROVOST MARSHALL, WASHINGTON, DC, February 20th, 1863, an accounting of items in the office and safe signed by Captain Henry Todd Captain of the Provost Marshall, noted are: Funds turned over by Lt. Colonel W. E. Doster of the 21st Penn. Belonging to the Contraband Fund [$205.67]. Items stored in the iron sale in the office in Washington a pocket book and papers belonging to John Brown a servant of General Geary. $38 in Virginia notes belonging to I. Newman C. C. P. [Capital City Prison - a prisoner], several envelopes containing various amounts of money belonging to Thomas Griffin and Samuel Bell, another containing money belonging to J. W. Litchfield when arrested, another with money forfeited from a Penn. soldier for failure to appear, a pocket book belonging to Samuel and Joseph Jenkins prisoners in Old Capital [Prison], an envelope containing funds from fines received for persons selling civilian clothing to soldiers [afraid this would lead to desertions by soldiers wearing civilian clothing and blending into the population], vouchers and money belonging to the Contraband fund. An Captain Henry B. Todd was a commander of the Lincoln Cavalry in 1861, with the job of guarding the capital. After being captured by the Confederates, Todd was later exchanged for a Confederate prisoner of war, and went on to become provost marshal of Washington, DC. Though he was of no relation to Lincoln's wife, Mary Todd, his CDV was found in Lincoln's personal album, an unusual and lengthy document from the Provost Office in Washington. Captain Henry B. Todd was a commander of the Lincoln Cavalry in 1861, with the job of guarding the capital. After being captured by the Confederates, Todd was later exchanged for a Confederate prisoner of war, and went on to become provost marshal of Washington, DC. Though he was of no relation to Lincoln's wife, Mary Todd, his CDV was found in Lincoln's personal album. Fine.......................................................$125.00

7048 - A LIST OF POTENTIAL WOMEN SPIES IN THE WASHINGTON AREA NOTED ON PROVOST MARSHAL STATIONARY 1862, 8" X 10" on imprinted HEADQUARTERS PROVOST MARSHAL'S OFFICE______62, Washington, DC, notes regarding the activities of three named women and the current information the Provost Marshal has regarding their activities..."Mary "Beauregard" Hepbun of Georgetown, forwarding letters to Mrs. Dishield in Richmond by the latter's brother. Is Secesh and knows the secrets of the mail route. Who is Mrs. D's brother?...Anna Mathews of Georgetown writes to Albert E. M...Richmond, notes about her servant girl Ann, brags about sending letters with the O. C. P staring her in the face, her uncle left Georgetown carrying a large sum of gold...Mrs. Thomas Georgetown, and sister of Mr. Taylor...writes to her daughter at Manassas Junction [Victoria] says Sidney keeps his trunks packed to go to "Dixie" if he is drafted. She has one son James in the South, mentions a husband of a friend who is in the State Dept. at Richmond, the friend is staying with Mrs. Thomas." An interesting Provost Marshal report detailing the activities of potential spies and Rebel sympathizers near Washington. Unsigned manuscript, fine. This information was obviously gathered intercepting mail sent by these individuals........................................................$250.00

7049 - A FEDERAL SPY REPORTS ON THE ACTIVITIES OF HER NEIGHBORS, Headquarters, Provost Marshal's Office, Washington, DC,......62. A manuscript 8" X 10" Launder is know to me...thinks they have eight horses that are required for farming, Mrs. Launder's daughter-in-law Mrs. Fairfax stays there...John Sheckles stays with Mrs. Launders, has eight horses. 3 out of five horses were all out, Mr. Miller's son about one mile towards Blandenburg brought four in [horses]...Henry Dodson is at Mrs. Launders, more on horses owned by Mrs. Landers, Dr. Trufant was back at home last night, Nancy Fox." A local informer reports on the holdings and activities of suspected southern sympathizers in Maryland, some minor archival repairs to verso, otherwise very good.......................................................$175.00

7050 - MAJOR W. E. DOSTER, ALS, PROVOST MARSHAL'S OFFICE IN WASHINGTON, ASKING A ADAMS EXPRESS TO REFUND A SOLDIER'S FEES ON A NON DELIVERED PARCEL. DOSTER LATER DEFENDED THREE OF THE LINCOLN CONSPIRATORS, On Provost Marshal's stationary, September 17th, 1862, two page letter signed by Doster with comments on the verso by the local Adams Express superintendent disavowing their responsibility in a soldier's claim that his parcel was not properly shipped to the destination. Doster's letter is in behalf of the soldier. Doster [later Bvt. General] at the end of the war was appointed by the Advocate General Hold and Bingham to defend Lewis Payne, Powell, and George Atzerodt. His bold signature........................................$135.00

7051 - THE WAR DEPARTMENT DEMANDS TO KNOW WHY THE PROVOST MARSHAL ARRESTED AN INDIVIDUAL AND IMPRISONED HIM, THEN DISCHARGED HIM, November 12th, 1862, 7" X 8" on War Department stationary written and signed by P. H. Watson Asst. Secretary of War to Major Doster demanding him to make an immediate report on the arrest and imprisonment and subsequent discharge of John Regriery. The writer underlines immediate. A corner was restored, bold ink. Possibly Doster failed to pursue charges against the individual or arrested him without due cause. Very good other than restoration......................................$135.00

7052 - A SOLDIER IN THE 2ND INFANTRY ATTESTS TO HIS DRUNKENNESS AND LOSING ALL HIS MONEY AT A FARO GAME IN A WASHINGTON SALOON, Headquarters Provost Marshal's Office, Washington, January 13th, 1863, two page affidavit, page one by the soldier 1st Lt. Abraham Grafius attesting that he lost $350 at the Hammacks Saloon on Pennsylvania Ave in a Faro Game due to being intoxicated, page two a fellow soldier also attests that he saw the Lt. intoxicated and lose about $300 at the Faro Bank at the before named saloon. Records show that Abraham had commendable service but was a chronic alcoholic. Two pages 8" X 10". Obviously the Provost Marshall was concerned about soldiers being allowed to gamble while intoxicated. Very fine, interesting content and commentary on this drunken soldier who lost his money playing Faro in a Washington saloon.........................................................$125.00

7053 - LETTER WRITTEN AND SIGNED BY CAPTAIN HENRY B. TODD TO BVT. GENERAL W. DOSTER REGARDING DOSTER ASSISTING HIM IN A INVESTIGATION OF HIM IN A COMPLICATED SCAM HE WAS INVOLVED IN, February 24th, 1864, 3 page ink letter to Doster describing his innocent involvement in a scam that centered around counterfeit postal currency the counterfeiter, the woman passing the counterfeit notes, jewelry he got involved in with her. Very detailed. Captain Henry B. Todd was a commander of the Lincoln Cavalry in 1861, with the job of guarding the capital. After being captured by the Confederates, Todd was later exchanged for a Confederate prisoner of war, and went on to become provost marshal of Washington, DC. Though he was of no relation to Lincoln's wife, Mary Todd, his CDV was found in Lincoln's personal album. On Todd's personal stationary. Very fine............................................$150.00


121222 - 1ST US CAVALRY LETTER BY JACOB DORMER, COMPANY E, 1ST US CAVALRY WITH HIS WAR PERIOD PHOTO TAKEN BY J. P. BALL OF CINCINNATI, AN AFRICAN- AMERICAN PHOTOGRAPHER, 3 page letter in bold pencil to his sister, January 10th, 1864 with cover, Culpepper, VA. In the letter, he relates: mentions that he is now driving a team in the brigade and may re-enlist as the bounty is $804, questions his sister as to the where a bouts of his brother John and who he is serving under. He gets no response to his letters. The Rebels are coming over in our lines all of the time and for my part I wish they would all come over. He tells his sister to tell Miss Jane Reardon to stay single until he comes home and he will make it all right. Accompanying the Letter and cover is a CDV of Dormer standing taken by J. P. Ball of Cincinnati, Ohio. James Presley Ball, Sr. (1825 - May 4, 1904) was a prominent African-American photographer, abolitionist, and businessman. His photographs are very desirable. All three items.......................................$295.00

80016 - 6TH OHIO CAVALRY, THE BOYS WERE ABOUT TO TEAR DOWN THE SUTLER'S GROCERY FOR TOBACCO, THE OFFICERS ISSUED SCRIPT TO THE SOLDIERS, Camp Dennison, January 30th, 1862. 4 page letter to Father, Mother, Sister, and Brother by Private John Kay Company G, 6th Ohio Cavalry, in bold pencil on RED/BLUE 6TH OHIO CAVALRY STATIONARY WITH A MATCHING STAMPED COVER. He relates in part to them, "have made straw beds, the company is strapped for money and tobacco, the boys were about to tear the Sutler's grocery if they could not get tobacco. So the officers had to do something so they gave some type of checks like script but only good for 10 Cents and that won't buy postage stamps. The Doctor says we are the healthiest company in the regiment, two batteries left last week from here, dress parade is about to start...will continue, had crackers, rice, and coffey...hard crackers but still good...send stamps as they are scare."....................................................................................$95.00

80017 - 6TH OHIO CAVALRY, CAMP DENNISON, February 14th, 1862. 3 page letter in pencil to his sister by John Kay, 6th Ohio Cavalry, attractive red and blue letter sheet of the 6th Ohio Cavalry with large colored shield and stars. He relates to her in part..."Our next pay day is the 1st of March, he tells his brother Davy to put some apples and donuts in a box and send to him, it is his turn to go into the cookhouse, mentions they will have straw beds about 6" deep, also wants his brother to get a couple of licorice stocks to add to the box, a soldier Tom has a 10 day furlough and he can bring back." An early organization camp letter where the 6th Ohio was training. Beautiful letter sheet, crisp paper, some light spots on page 1, otherwise quite legible.................................................$85.00

80018 - 6TH OHIO CAVALRY, ARTILLERY PRACTICE, HIT THE TARGET TWICE OUT OF SIX TRIES, March 6th, 1862, Camp Hutchins. 4 pages in ink to his Father by John Kay, 6th Ohio Cavalry. He relates in part, "no news of our leaving, we just sit here, they took one company form our regiment to fill the 2nd Cavalry and the Lord only knows what will become of our regiment. The rest of the regiment has gotten our horses and sabers, mentions going over to the stables to see the horses. The 5th Cavalry left here last week and in their hurry left one of their saddles behind and I had the good luck to find it. In about an hours, I was offered $10 for it. Julius Hill found a new musket the other day while going out for a drink of wine with a soldier...brand new musket. But my saddle is the best as it makes a fine pillow...You would be surprised how much stuff Uncle Sam has to find. Look at one battery of artillery, every time a six pounder shoots it costs $6 for one shot...I was looking at then shooting at a target and the first shot goes about a mile. The first shot fell about 3 feet from the target, the second about 15 feet above, but the next came down on the mark.  They hit it twice out of six times. One day I will go over and dig one out to see how far it went into the ground...J. Kay..." Excellent letter, finding lost supplies in camp, artillery practice with excellent descriptions. ATTRACTIVE 6TH OHIO CAVALRY COLORED STATIONARY WITH A PATRIOTIC COVER STAMPED SHOWING CAMP DENNISON, AN EXCELLENT PAIR..................................................$125.00

80019 - 6TH OHIO CAVALRY, REBEL PRISONERS COME IN A SON HAS TO GUARD HIS REBEL FATHER, March 25th, 1862. 3 pages in bold pencil by John Kay, 6th Ohio Cavalry to his Brother, Camp Hutchins. He relates in part, "this week a rifle company was to fill up a rifle regiment that is at Fort Henry. Captain Richard got up a full company and went to headquarters to hand in the names of his men, we were expected and the Captain went over to make out the payrolls and went also to get some printed furloughs to give to men who wanted them. But before he got them an order came from Washington not to transfer any men from the 6th Ohio Cavalry so it was up for the sharpshooters as if we had went I would have been home this week. There were about 100 "ceses" [secessionists/Rebel soldiers] came here last week and a company out of the 69th went to Columbus to guard them. One of the men who went down saw his father dressed in a Rebel uniform, when he saw him he went to shake his hand and it was hard to see him guard his father up at the prison. John Kay." An excellent 6th Ohio Cavalry letter. Patriotic 6th Ohio Cavalry bi-colored stationary with a stamped patriotic cover with two clasped hands with an eagle above, three 1 cent Franklin stamps cancelled [scarce on letters]................................................$145.00

80020 - 6TH OHIO CAVALRY, CAMP CHASE, THE PRISONERS WERE EXPECTED TO MAKE A BREAK FOR IT, [May] 21st, 1862, Camp Chase. 2 pages in pencil on attractive 6th Ohio Cavalry stationary to his Mother, John Kay, 6th Ohio Cavalry. He relates in part, "I have been sick with the fever but am feeling better but it broke out around my mouth, I must leave it alone to heal. There is talk of us going to Wheeling next week. Two regiments have left here last week. We have been sent to guard the prisoners [Camp Chase]. Last night we expected the prisoners to make a break due to the fact that two regiments have left the camp. They are getting pretty saucy. They damn the guards in the daylight but are pretty still at night. We have nothing else to do but lay in the tents...needs more postage stamps, John Kay."..............................................$125.00

80021 - 6TH OHIO CAVALRY, HAVE GOT PISTOLS AND CARBINES, May 24th, 1862. Pages in pencil to his mother by John Kay, 6th Ohio Cavalry, letter postmarked New Creek Station, VA. He relates in part, "We left Camp Chase day before yesterday and arrived here Mill Creek, VA. We will leave here and go to Franklinton...we have now gotten horses, pistols, and carbines and all the thinks this camp lays on you. The water is the best we have had since we left Camp Hutchins. The ring that I sent was a Rebel ring [must have gotten it from a prisoner at Camp Chase], I send Doug a cap box, tell Davy I got a "starving" good horse. John Kay.".............................................$85.00

80023 - 6TH OHIO CAVALRY, CENTERVILLE, VA, October 26th, 1862. 1 page letter by John Kay, 6th Ohio Cavalry to his father, bold pencil. He relates, "I write you to tell you all is well and I am enjoying a soldier's life. I have not much time to write as we have orders to move at a moment's notice. Father I send home $50 in care of Mr. Keller to Youngstown. I was very glad that you sent me those newspapers. No more. From your son, John Kay." At this time, the 6th Ohio was about to go on an expedition on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad [November 10-12]. Well written..................................................$85.00

80026 - 6TH OHIO CAVALRY, DESCRIBES ALL THE ARMAMENT IN WASHINGTON, January 14th, 1863. Two large pages in ink to his father by John Kay, 6th Ohio Cavalry. He relates in part, "You wanted to know where I was during the last battle, I was 4 miles Washington in camp with a four horse team as I do not have to fight anymore. At present, I haul hay and grain to headquarters from Washington. The regiment is now at Fredericksburg so you see I am not in much danger now as they don't run wagons where there is danger. My 1st Lt. Roberts got me this place as he is in headquarters. He is in charge of getting arms, horses, and equipment for the brigade. A brigade is composed of 12 regiments and there are 12 companies in a regiment. I wish you were here to go down to the arsenal where all the big guns come from. The yard is full of cannons and shells and mortars. Asks his father to send boots to Washington. John Kay."..................................$95.00

80029 - 6TH OHIO CAVALRY, I AM IN THE HOSPITAL, I STAGGER WHEN I WALK AM DIZZY, May 22, 1863. 2 pages in ink to his sister by John Kay, 6th Ohio Cavalry. He relates in part, "I have not heard from you since I sent money home. I am not very well! Have got the "blino" staggers. When I go out in the sun my head just whirls around. Jenny, I just can't write any more. Direct your letters to 2nd Brigade Hospital at Aquila Creek. The division was ordered out this morning and I do not know where it went. My hand is steady when I sit up but my head is dizzy. Write to me and send me a Youngstown paper...when I go around it makes me dizzy. John Kay." Kay apparently suffers from sunstroke and his handwriting is rough and unlevel showing the effects of his dizziness......................................$75.00

80031A - 6TH OHIO CAVALRY, Camp near Washington, July 16th, 1863. One page letter in ink with stamped cover to his father and mother by Pvt. John E. Kay, Co. G, 6th Ohio Cavalry. He relates in part, tells his parents that he is doing well and does not need the $5 they were going to send as he can get by all right on his rations. No more now as you will hear the news soon and then I will write the particulars. John Kay. Kay refers to the late Battle at Gettysburg which the 6th Ohio had just participated in two weeks prior. Letter and cover..........................................................$75.00

80032 - 6TH OHIO CAVALRY, CAMP BETWEEN MILFORD STATION AND THE NORTH ANNA RIVER IN THE WILDERNESS, BATTLE OF HAWES SHOP, VA, [May] 28th, 1864, John Kay, 6th Ohio Cavalry to his sister Jenny. He relates in part, "the regiment saw them [the Rebs] for the first time in 16 days and had a hard time of it, 45 killed and wounded and missing, one Major was killed his name was Abels and one Captain, do not know if he was killed or not but have not seen him since that raid. That charge the cavalry made was within two miles of Richmond. The regiment dismounted in the advance. Joe Miller was the first to make them smell Yankee lead, he hollowed so we would not shoot our own men, the gray backs began to swarm out of the woods instead of the blue backs, but grape and canister made them scatter back...John Kay." Kay describes the Battle at Hawes Shop, VA, where Major James S. Abell was killed on May 9th, 1864 the first day he received his commission. Kay writes in ink, somewhat light in some spots, crisp fresh paper.................................$225.00

80034 - OFFICIAL PASS FOR PRIVATE JOHN KAY, 6TH OHIO CAVALRY TO TRAVEL TO FAIRFAX STATION ON IMPORTANT BUSINESS, 5" X 7", pre-printed and filled-in pass, HEADQUARTERS 11TH CORPS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, Fairfax Court House, VA allowing John Kay to travel to Fairfax Station on "important business." By command of Major General Sigel and signed by Captain John H. Pieitt ADC. November 4th, 1862. Very good, tone at folds..............................................................$95.00

80035 - MY LOVE AS SOLDIER BOY, 5" X 7", song sheet, a patriotic song sheet carried by John Kay, 6th Ohio that is dedicated to a New York soldier mentioning the nine battles they have fought in and the Generals in command...Hooker, McClellan, the heights of Fredericksburg, Manassas, South Mountain. "when we attacked them at South Mountain we were in Hooker's Corps," "We fought a sketch as Hall Springs and last did not succeed," "McClellan was our commander and him we do adore." Kay carried this with him while in service, it was folded, toned, some fissures at folds, completely intact..............................$49.00

80036 - EAGLE DISCHARGE FOR PRIVATE JOHN KAY, COMPANY G, 6TH OHIO CAVALRY AT PETERSBURG, VA, 9" X 11", Eagle vignette, Kay's discharge written at near Petersburg, VA, December 12th, 1864 by reason by expiration of term. Kay was described as 18 years of age, 5' 11", brown eyes, sandy complexion and hair. His occupation was a blacksmith. Bold manuscript, slight fissure at end of fold, otherwise fine....................................$125.00


8011 - CIVIL WAR DIARY OF SERGT. JOHN CHRISTY DOTY, SR., 122 NYV MARCH 1864 - JANUARY 1865, 3" X 5", "Daily Pocket Reminder for 1864", leather covered, pencil entries quite legible to read and covers the period March 1864 through January 1865. Doty was born in 1827 and died at Jordan, NY in 1898. He was a blacksmith by trade and served in Company G, 122nd NYV after enlisting in August 1862. He was promoted to Sergeant and participated in some memorable battles including Gettysburg. In January 1864, the 122 NYV was sent to Ohio to guard Rebel prisoners and then to Virginia in April 1864. Doty was always careful to mention the weather in his entries, the dates and places of all events. Due to his frequent mentions of the hospital, wounded men, burials, etc. He may have served as a medic. Highlights of the diary in part are as follow, [May 6th], Had a fight in the morning and lay in the front line, built breastworks, at sundown the Rebels flanked us, cut our regiment up to pieces, a shot struck my knapsack, chest through the clothes through the clothes under my left arm, cutting my haversack off. [May 8th] Halted at 12 AM near Spotsylvania Court House, had a fight there, lay behind breastworks all night, a very heavy engagement at center at noon, heavy fighting until dark along the line, we took a whole brigade of the enemy at night - 4 miles beyond Fredericksburg, took 9,000 prisoners and 30 pieces of cannon-division surgeon gave me some medicine for fever, read came in wounded in the arm, hospital packed up and moved, lay in the road all day until dark. [May 29th] our division went out with Gregg's cavalry to support them on a scout - 17 miles from Richmond - Rebs tried to shell our train-fighting all day - our division engaged, some wounded and some legs amputated - our regiment escaped - cut to pieces - Foster and Ben Breed killed -  a good many wounded everything [in hospital] filled-sent all of the wounded in the morning to White House Landing. [June 5th] Sharpshooters shooting at us all day - our regiment relieved from the front line - really made a charge at 8 PM - we sent in a flag of truce to bury the dead, it was accepted - the Rebs and our men on top of the rifle pits talking with each other, exchanging papers - then picket fire commenced. [June 19th] marched across the Appomattox, Sergt. Glass Company A killed in the pit, Lt. Hoyt shot in the mouth - killed instantly. [June 22nd] the whole army commenced fighting with skirmishing til night - then moved through the brush and woods - formed a second line of battle on the left of the 2nd Corps - threw breastworks in the front line, heavy cannonading on the right - tore up a mile of the track on the Petersburg RR. [July 12th] skirmishing commenced 6 AM - our brigade went on the right and made a charge, drove the Rebs a half a mile, had a hot fight, lost 5 killed - hung a deserter in the 1st Division - thermometer 93 degrees in the shade, men fell dead all along the road - ambulances full. [Aug. 14th] cavalry skirmishing along the other side, drove the Rebs beyond Strasburg - sharp skirmishing on the left - army started on retreat on the pike towards Winchester, no rations at all -lived on green corn and apples. [Aug. 29th] Rebs drove our cavalry at 3 PM, they got reinforced and went out again at 6 PM, Monroe from Company C got his arm knocked off by a shell - we found the Rebs in force on Oppequan Creek. [Sept. 19th] moved out on the pike towards Winchester - made a charge the whole length of the line - drove them about a mile - charged them again about 3 PM and drove them straight through Winchester - a complete rout - we lost about 40 men - crossed Cedar Creek - the enemy retreated before us - 3 men in our regiment wounded, fight til night. [Sept. 22nd] made a charge at 5 PM the whole line drove everything before us, took 22 pieces of cannon and a pile of prisoners, drove them all night to Woodstock - burnt the enemy's hospital - drove the enemy a mile beyond New Market - burnt them - drove our whole line a Mile - we drove them back across the creek, Major Brower killed - I went and buried Charles Williams - had the corps reviewed by General Sherman. [Sept. 25th] some artillery firing on left at a great distance. [Sept. 30th] burned all hay and grain from Staunton to Harrisonburg. [Oct. 19th] Rebs made a charge on the 8th Corps, drove a hole in our line...much more. The 122 NVY was recruited in the county of Onondaga, rendezvoused at Syracuse and was there mustered into the U.S. service for three years on Aug. 28, 1862. It was under fire for the first time at Antietam, but sustained no losses. In the 1st brigade of Newton's (3d) division, same corps, it was slightly engaged at Fredericksburg, where a few men were wounded. It was engaged on the same field again, in May, 1863, in the battle of Marye's Heights, when the divisions of Newton and Howe carried the heights at the point of the bayonet. At Gettysburg, it went into action with Shaler's Brigade as a support to the 12th corps and sustained a loss of 44 killed, wounded and missing. It was sharply engaged in November at Rappahannock Station, when the 6th corps successfully stormed the enemy's entrenchments, losing 13 killed and wounded in the battle. It then engaged in the Mine Run campaign, and during Jan. and Feb., 1864, it was stationed on Johnson's Island in Lake Erie, rejoining its corps in march, when Shaler's brigade (1st), was assigned to Wright's (1st) division. It encountered the hardest fighting of its experience at the Wilderness, where it lost 119 killed, wounded and missing. At Spotsylvania its losses were 24 wounded and missing, and at Cold Harbor 67 killed and wounded. After taking part in the early assaults on Petersburg in June, it accompanied the veteran 6th corps to Washington, at the time Early threatened the capital. In the 3rd brigade, 2nd division, it was there active at Fort Stevens, joined in the pursuit of Early into Virginia and up the Shenandoah Valley, fighting at Charlestown, the Opequan, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek. Its losses from July 12 to Oct. 30, 1864, aggregated 110 killed and wounded. On Dec. 12, 1864, it was back in the trenches before Petersburg and established its winter quarters near the Weldon railroad. It was actively engaged at Petersburg with the 6th and 2nd corps, when the Confederates attacked Fort Stedman, losing 16 killed and wounded, and closed its active service with the Appomattox campaign, when it was active at the final assault on Petersburg. April 2, 1865, and at Sailor's Creek, where it fought its last battle. Maj. Jabez M. Brower was among the killed at Cedar Creek and Col. Augustus W. Dwight was killed in the action at Fort Stedman. the regiment commanded by Col. Walpole was mustered out near Washington, June 23, 1865. During its term of service it lost by death 6 officers and 86 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded; 3 officers and 85 enlisted men by disease and other causes, a total of 180. Accompanying this diary is a complete transcript of the diary by day as well as copies of his enlistment, discharge, and other papers regarding his record in the Union Army. The diary is written in pencil [as most are] that is not difficult to read, some age tone here and there. A great diary involving many 1864 campaign. This diary had been offered previously by another major dealer at $3,750, we think quite reasonable at our asking price of............................................................................$2,500.00

8012 - 3RD PENNSYLVANIA ARTILLERY, 12" X 22", hand-lined in red and black ink, December 1864. A large listing of articles transferred to officers at Camp Cadwalader in the month of December 1864 and signed by Lt. George P. Kimball, 3rd Penn. Artillery, AAQM includes all sorts of clothing, great coats, woolen blankets, canteens, forage caps, sergeant scales, jackets, etc. Near mint condition and a scarce unit.......................................$85.00

8013 - 14TH OHIO INFANTRY COMPANY I MUSTER OUT ROLL, Huge printed form and filled-in muster roll of dozens of men from Company I commanded by Captains William B. Pugh and J. W. McCabe until September 1864. Dozens of soldiers are listed, some KIA, some wounded, some died of disease, some prisoners, etc. Many were wounded at Chickamauga. This fine document measures 22" X 33" and is excellent condition for muster rolls as they are mostly torn and repaired due to their size. Organized for three months service April, 1861, and for three years on August 16th, 1861, by Col. James B. Steedman. The regiment was raised in the Toledo area. It served in West Virginia and in August 1861 transferred to Kentucky. It did good service in Tennessee and then participated in the battle of Chickamauga. Later it fought at Mission Ridge and the Atlanta campaign, doing good service at Jonesboro. It went with Sherman on the march to the Sea and the Carolina campaigns and mustered out of the service on the 11th day of July 1865. This document shows it was examined on July 6th, 1865 most probably at Louisville where the unit was mustered out of service. Excellent condition.............................................$125.00

8014 - A BRITISH AUTHOR GETS A PASS TO TRAVEL INTO VIRGINIA, Headquarters, Military District of Washington, November 15th, 1862, 6" X 8" manuscript pass on stationary mentioned previously allowing Lt. Colonel Malet [British Service] to pass and Bridge and Ferry to and from Virginia until further notice. This was Charles St. Lo Malet author of the book "An Errand to the South in the Summer of 1862." Over the command of Brig. General Wadsworth Military Governor of the District of Washington and signed by his Aide-de-Camp, Captain Henry B. Todd who was later the provost marshal of the Old Capital Prison in Washington and a member of the Lincoln Cavalry. A unique and scarce document issued to one of the few British observers to McClellan's Army. Very fine...................................$150.00


BVT. GENERAL CLARKE S. EDWARDS, COLONEL OF THE 5TH MAINE INFANTRY

The Fifth Regiment Maine Volunteer Infantry was one of the first Maine regiments to be mustered in. The regiment consisted of 1046 men (another 500 joined later) from southern and central Maine. Three of the ten companies in the regiment were composed of men from Portland, thus earning the regiment the nickname the Forest City Regiment. (Portland was known as the Forest City). The men left Portland by train in July 1861, stopping briefly in New York where they were presented with a silk flag by Portlanders living in that area. Upon arriving in Washington, the regiment was assigned to the Sixth Corps of the Army of the Potomac. The Fifth fought in 22 battles from First Bull Run (Manassas) to Petersburg. During the battle of Rappahannock Station, the regiment is credited with capturing 4 Confederate battle flags and 1200 prisoners (several of them officers). The Fifth was known as one of Maine's fighting regiments. It captured more prisoners than the number of men who served in the regiment and three times the number of battle flags than any other Maine regiment captured. After three long years only 193 men were mustered out in July 1864. The rest had been killed in action, died from disease, wounded, deserted, or transferred to other regiments. When news of the attack on Fort Sumter reached the small town of Bethel, Maine, Clark S. Edwards was high on a ladder shingling his roof. He immediately climbed down, obtained permission from the appropriate authorities to form a company of men, and set out to gather recruits from Bethel and the surrounding towns. This group became Company I, Fifth Regiment Maine Volunteer Infantry with Edwards as its Captain. He rose through the ranks and was appointed Colonel of the regiment following the resignation of Colonel E. A. Scammon in January 1863. He then commanded that regiment from January 1863 until the end of the war. The battles that Edwards commanded the 5th Maine after January 1863.

Chancellorsville

May 2 & 3, 1863

Gettysburg

July 1, 2 & 3, 1863

Rappahannock Station

November 7, 1863

Rapidan Crossing

November 8, 1863

Orange Grove

November 27, 1863

Mine Run

November 29, 1863

The Wilderness

May 5, 1864

Spotsylvania

May 10, 11 & 12, 1864

Cold Harbor

June 1, 1864

Petersburg

June 19-22, 1864

Edwards Archive 1861 - 62

51600 - THEY ARRIVE NEAR WASHINGTON BEFORE BULLS RUN, Monday, July 8th, 1861. Two page letter in pencil from Captain Clark Edwards to his wife [later Colonel of the 5th Maine], no place but in Virginia near Alexandria. He relates in part, a short but newsy note by Edwards mentioning getting paid in Washington and sending money back home as quick as he can, mentions a man shot in a regiment joining them last night, they are near Washington, C. S. Edwards to his wife, [Edwards later becomes the regimental Colonel and later Bvt. General].............................................$65.00

51601 - REGIMENTS ARRIVE IN PREPARATIONS FOR THE FIGHT UPCOMING AT BULLS RUN, Meridian Hill, VA, July 8th, 1861. Two page letter in ink to his wife by Captain Clark S. Edwards later Colonel of the 5th Maine. He relates in part to her, "I leave here tonight for Falls Church below Alexandria, you will get a good report from me as soon as I get a chance to have a fight and do not get killed, the regiments is in confusion, the 4th Maine is now taking down their tents, more on breaking camp, can't write any more, kiss the children for me."  Edwards abruptly ends the letter without signing but it comes with a postal cover with a partial stamp that Edwards addresses to his wife in Bristol, Maine.....................................$85.00

51605 - A WOMAN SURPRISES HER SOLDIER HUSBAND IN CAMP, Claremont, VA, August 9th, 1861, 4 large pages in ink with a postal cover [partial stamp] addressed to his wife by Captain Clark S. Edwards, later Colonel of the 5th Maine. He relates in part, "left camp, been on guard duty, purchases green corn, peaches, apples, coffee, the government owes him $200, gives an emotional account of the surprise visit from a woman from Lewiston, Maine to her husband at camp, he stood like a ghost at the door of his tent when he saw her and they embraced, the Quartermaster gave up his tent to them, much more about affairs in camp as the 5th Maine was camped near Washington after the Battle of Bulls Run. Letter and cover..............................................$85.00

51606 - THE REGIMENTAL SURGEON HAS JUST RETURNED FROM VISITING THE PRISONERS AT RICHMOND, Near Fort Ellsworth [near Alexandria], August 14th, 1861, 4 large pages in ink by Captain Clark Edwards 5th Maine [later Colonel of the regiment], to his wife. He relates in part, "We expected a fight with the Rebels Sunday night but it did not occur, I don't think there are any Rebels this side of Fairfax, they have 25,000 men near Fairfax, I stopped at the old ground [Bulls Run battlefield] with several of my company. We will move to Fort Ellsworth and join a new brigade, he mentions that the Surgeon has returned from Richmond and reports on wounded men there, mentions a prisoner there who will soon be released, states that the Rebels were beaten at Bulls Run and lost twice the number of men than the Union forces, he feels there will be no more fighting that Fall and they will stay at Fort Ellsworth, we went to a house where the owner is in the Rebel army and plunder it to get some of the items we lost at Bulls Run but I don't like stealing, just found out we will move again tomorrow, that makes six times we have moved since the fight at Bulls Run, much more by Edwards..." included is the postal cover stamp removed addressed to his wife [another autograph]............................................$120.00

51608 - THE 5TH MAINE AWAITS NEW RECRUITS TO REPLACE MISSING MEN FROM BULLS RUN, Camp Vernon, near Alexandria, VA, August 20th, 1861, 4 large pages in ink to his wife from Captain Clark S. Edwards, later Colonel of the 5th Maine. He relates in part, "It will three or four weeks to get some recruits to fill our ranks, would ask for a furlough if I did not fear an attack here and you would know what would be said if that happens, much more on the camp affairs, mentions his servant "Jimmie", news about camp mates, news from home. A very newsy letter written at Camp Vernon which was a short distance away from Mount Vernon." Edwards' regiment is awaiting new recruits to replace the missing at Bulls Run due to injury, death, capture, or desertion...........................................$95.00

51611 - SENDING A FLAG HOME TO MAINE, Camp Vernon, September 6th, 1861, four page letter in ink by Captain Clark S. Edwards of the 5th Maine to his wife.  He relates in part, "We are in the brigade with the 16th, 26th, and 27th NY under Colonel Davies, will be able to send $200 home, had been out on picket last night in the rain, mentions sending a flag home ]possibly a captured Confederate flag]. Much more news about the camp, commanders, more on the brigade, comes with a cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, stamp removed, two items....................................................$85.00

51616 - HE WILL SOON SEND HIS PICTURE HOME, Mount Eagle, VA, October 1st, 1861, 4 large pages in ink to his wife from Captain Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, I have been out on picket again, and am the officer of the day, notes that the supplies sent all arrived safe except one bottle that broke, the bread was molded so it was thrown away but the cakes and pies were fine. Much about affairs in camp as he is off duty for the first time in three weeks, wants his wife to write three times a week, he will have his picture made and send, he has not shaved since he arrived in Virginia..............................$75.00

51620 - WHILE ON PICKET THE BOYS STOLE PIGS AND HONEY FROM A SECESH HOUSE, Friday, October 25th, 1861, [near Camp near Washington], 4 page letter in ink to his wife by Captain Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Infantry. He relates in part, Just came in from picket where the boys stole geese, honey, and pigs all belonging to the Secesh. It is very cold here as I will need a stove as it is as cold as Maine, gave away honey this morning, took about 75 pounds out of a hive, I am now field officer with lots to do. All is quiet in camp this morning, mentions not much has happened since Bulls Run......................$85.00

51621 - A FIEND WANTS TO BE A SUTLER, THE NEW YORK TROOPS ARE PLAYING BALL [BASEBALL], Camp Franklin, Sunday Afternoon, October 27th, 1861 [in Virginia], 4 large pages to his wife from Captain Clark S. Edwards of the 5th Maine. He relates in part, He details his job as field Officer in inspecting the different camps of the Brigade, how they are lined up on his arrival, he describes a friend named Chas who wants to be a regimental Sutler. It is a well paying job and you double up on everything you sell. I can see a New York Regiment playing ball. It does not seem like a New England Sunday. The men are washing clothes, cooking, lounging around, some drinking, others playing games [cards/dice]. There are good and bad men in the army. The weather is very cold, frost on the ground, quite cold in our tents. he will send money home as he does not want to keep that much there were him and he is getting paid again soon. A very detailed letter on becoming a regimental Sutler in the Army and a very early comment on the New York troops playing baseball in camp. Comes with a stamped cover addressed to his wife by Edwards postmarked Alexandria, VA..........................................$125.00

51622 - JIMMY HIS SERVANT DOES THE BEST HE CAN IN THE ABSENCE OF A WOMAN TO TAKE CARE OF HIM, Wednesday evening, November 6th, 1861, 8 page letter in ink to his wife by Captain Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Infantry.  He relates in part, It is cold and rainy in camp, bought a pair of new boots for $65 that he could have bought in Maine for $5,00, it costs a lot to live in camp and have no woman to wash or mend clothing, "Jimmy" his servant does the best he can. He relates about a soldier who went home on furlough feigning illness who has been absent from the Company since August 1st. The Colonel does not want him back neither do other members of the company. he will send home $200 once he pays some borrowed money he owes. Come with a stamped cover [stamp impaired] postmarked Alexandria, VA by Edwards to his wife................................$95.00

51626 - HIS COMPANY WAS THE BEST IN THE REGIMENT AT THE GRAND REVIEW, Monday Morning [November 22nd, 1861], two page letter in ink from Captain Clark S. Edwards of the 5th Maine to his wife. He relates in part, It is very cold with snow on the ground the citizens here say the cold weather follows the "Yankee". he repeats the accolades that were given to his regiment after the Grand Review. "Slocum's Brigade was the best in the army, the 5th Maine was the best in the Brigade, and his company I was the best in the regiment, describes the cost of milk and butter in camp, will send more money soon home." Letter comes with a cover addressed by Edwards to his wife with the stamp removed....................................................$80.00

51627 - HE WILL GO TO WASHINGTON TO HEAR THE PRESIDENT ADDRESS CONGRESS, Wednesday Evening, November 27th, 1861, 4 page letter to his wife in red ink with a short one page attachment by Captain Clark S. Edwards of the 5th Maine. He relates in part, it is very cold, been out on picket for the first time in a while, I plan to go to Washington when Congress convenes and hear the President's message, John and I plan to go on Monday. John is playing chess with Lt. Packard of Company K, Jimmy is looking at them play [his servant], more on his anticipated visit home to Maine. An attached note informs his wife that he is in command of the Regiment while the Colonel is gone. The letter comes with a stamped postal cover to his wife addressed by Edwards postmarked Washington, three items....................................................$95.00

51629 - HE MISSES THE PRESIDENT ADDRESSING CONGRESS, THE SUTLER IS LEAVING CAMP, Wednesday evening, December 4th, 1861, 4 large pages i ink to his wife by Captain Clark S. Edwards of the 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, He went to Washington to hear the President but he did not speak that day, went to a boarding house with a friend and went to the theater, then went to the National Hotel for the night at a cost of $1. We returned to camp the next day. He describes the winter quarters using logs up about three feet being the base of the tents. Mentions that the Bartlett's will soon leave camp [Sutlers] as they have made a great deal of money over the summer selling goods and have a very good trade. Wishes his friend Chas could get the post [Sutler] but another young man is in line for the position. A beautiful morning it is as I have just come in from dress parade.................................................$110.00

51630 - A YANK ENTERS THE CONFEDERATE ARMY AFTER MARRYING A SECESH GIRL, Camp of the 5th Maine Vol., Near White Oak Church, VA, January 9th, 1862, 4 large 8" X 13" pages in ink to his wife from Captain Clark S. Edwards of the 5th Maine. He relates in part, Mentions his recent fall from his horse with a minor injury, he knows the children are disappointed that he has not come home, mentions somebody has gone into the Confederate army and has taken a Secesh wife. Mentions that the Surgeon has resigned as well as several other officers in the regiment but several have withdrawn their papers, much more on the affairs in the camp, a very newsy letter. The long letter comes with a postal cover addressed to his wife by Edwards postmarked Washington with a DUE 3 stamp applied, two items.............................................$95.00

51631 - WHITE OAK CHURCH, VIRGINIA, Headquarters, 5th Maine Vol., near White Oak Church, January 10th, 1862, six pages in ink to his wife by Captain Clark S. Edwards. He relates in part, Captain Walker is dead set about getting the position of Major. The armies of the west have not done a thing since last Spring till the last fight, much about members in his company, several ill, one in Washington, one working on the ambulance train. Includes a stamped cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, stamp impaired, 2 items..................$85.00

51632 - HAS LOST A MAN IN THE COMPANY AND HIS BODY SENT HOME, Camp Franklin [VA], January 20th, 1862, 1 large page in ink, to his wife by Captain Clark S. Edwards 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, Got back to camp and found many sick, poor Dolloff is dead, his body has been sent back home to Gorham and I am sure youhave heard about it. He died last Thursday. He describes his trip back to Virginia via boat through Washington and Alexandria. The weather is very rainy and the mud is knee deep. Have to go on picket so I can't write much more. A postal cover addressed to his wife is addressed by Edwards, stamp has been removed...............................................$85.00

51633 - AN OFFICER IS BLOCKED FOR PROMOTION WILL RESIGN, Leesburg Turnpike, VA, January 22nd, 1862, 3 large pages in ink to his wife by Captain Clark S. Edwards of the 5th Maine Infantry. He relates in part, He mentions an officer who will be blocked in his promotion and has submitted his resignation, have been out on picket, upon my return have found many in the regiment sick including the Colonel in bed, will soon go to Washington to get my pay, the mud is awful, it cost much to return to Virginia, much more on camp affairs. Included is a stamped cover addressed to his wife by Edward, stamp impaired......................................................$85.00

51638 - A FATHER GIVES ADVISE TO HIS CHILDREN, Camp Franklin, VA, March 30th, 1862, a two page letter in ink to his children from Captain Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Infantry. He relates in part, It is a great comfort to me to receive a letter from your mother that you are good children. Kate, I am very glad to hear that you are going to school and doing well this spring. I shall find a boy for you in camp if you do not find one before that time. Do you follow at the meeting [religious meeting] as I had expected you to get religion before this time. Frank I am glad to hear that you are learning well. Be good and do not quarrel with your sisters. Quite an unusual letter where Edwards is offering to arrange a suitor for his daughter Kate from his camp if she does not find a suitor beforehand...............................................$75.00

51639 - THE BAND OF THE 5TH MAINE CAN BEAT THEM ALL, Camp Franklin, VA, April 1st, 1862, 4 page letter in ink to his wife by Captain Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, We are the only corps left in camp, 40,000 men here, will send you $5.00 and a $5,00 Confederate script, mentions an officer back at home with his beautiful wife, the Surgeon is again back in camp, he does not "trouble the women" but attends to his own business. He can hear the bands playing but the band of the 5th Maine is the best. The letter comes with a stamped cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, some impairment to stamp, DUE 3 stamp, Williamsport, MD. Cancellation, 2 items....................................$89.00

51641 - LEAVING FOR THE RAPPAHANNOCK RIVER AND A FIGHT, Friday Morning, 4th (April 4th, 1862), two page letter in ink to his wife from Captain Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine, Vol. He relates in part, 6 AM, just came into amp a few moments ago to march at 10 o'clock, the boys are all excited to move, I think we will be going by railroad to Washington on the Alexandria RR near the Rappahannock River and will see a little fight in a day or two, we will head to Manassas and on the Warrenton and then over the Rappahannock and into a fight. I wish I could say good by to you face to face, good by to you and all my friends...........................................$85.00

51643 - WE WILL MOVE TOWARDS YORKTOWN, Camp Franklin, VA, April 15th, 1862, 3 pages in ink to his wife by Captain Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, We are expected to down the river tomorrow to Yorktown for the great battle, I am officer of the day and am having a hard time today as they are so many drunk. Saw a friend in a a fort near Falls Church. I am well but having a hard time getting over my march from Catlett Station, later Clark. The letter comes with a cover addressed to his wife by Edwards with the stamp removed, 2 items...............................................$89.00

51662 - A BRIGADE IN OUR DIVISION WAS ALL CAPTURED, HEAR THE CANNON BOOMING, Camp near Alexandria, VA, August 27th, 1862, 8 pages in ink to his wife from Captain Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, We are in camp, some of the troops have left for the Rappahannock, one brigade left at daylight and we expect to leave soon, possibly Manassas or Catlett Station. I can hear the booming of the cannon at this moment but it may be as far as Aqua Creek or Fredericksburg. I do not want to leave at this time before a fight as you know folks would talk. News arrived that one brigade in our division was taken prisoner. General Bartlett ordered pickets and the 27th NY were sent out and I was sent with them. I slept with my revolver under my head ready for anything. Much more the affairs near the camp..............................................................$115.00

51663 - I HAVE BEEN PROMOTED AS MAJOR OF THE 5TH MAINE, Thursday 2 o'clock, (September 3rd, 1862), two page letter in ik to his wife by Major Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, I am now Major of the 5th Maine and have been so since July 1st as the date of my commission. I went into Alexandria with the Colonel but did not stay long as I had little money to spend. Jimmy [servant] is still with us as our cook. I am getting along fine, more camp details. The long awaited promotion for Edwards has arrived and it appears it had been in the works for months. In spite of his distain for Colonel Jackson and claims he would not serve under him, he apparently now is satisfied that the Colonel had been working in his behalf for a promotion which he has accepted and will not now resign. The undated letter comes with a stamped cover addressed to his wife by Major Edwards postmarked Alexandria, VA. Postmarked September 3rd and also noted as such 2 items..........................................................................$95.00

51666 - A SOLDIER FATHER WRITES HIS YOUNG SON, Camp of the 5th Maine, near Bakersville, MD, Sunday October 26th, 1862, 4 page letter in ink to his teen age son Frank by Major Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, A "Fatherly letter" to his young son reflecting on a recent letter he had received from his wife that the son was doing well, he is sorry to hear that Frank had to leave school due to his cough, he is pleased that he is in the sheep business with his Uncle Ned and that he will send Frank some extra winter clothes he has, he is pleased that his Mother does not write about Frank quarreling with his sister anymore, he describes his small tent, bunk, and a box to write on and in the center is a small stove. He goes into detail how the tent was constructed, how they built a chimney to vent the smoke, he lacks money to send home right now as he has not been paid since he returned to Washington. Quite a newsy letter............................................$79.00

51667 - MAJOR EDWARDS EXPRESSES HIS DISTAIN FOR THE GOVERNOR OF MAINE ON HOW HIS PROMOTION WAS HANDLED, Tuesday Evening [October 28th, 1862], 4 page letter in ink to his wife by Major Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part from near Hagerstown, MD, He details the meal they have just ate and brags about "Jimmy" their servant cook. he is angry still about being a Major for four months and not finding about his commission until now, writes ill of Governor Washburn of Maine, draws forage for two horses at present, still can't send money home until he finally gets paid, wants her to watch the papers for new of his promotion which it seems is now public, while he has gotten a promotion to Major his pay will not be much more on account of a new tax. The letter comes with a cover postmarked Hagerstown, MD. Addressed to his wife and again signed by Edwards in a free frank as Major of the 5th Maine. Part of the cover to the left is missing but two clear autographs of Edwards survive. Two items...........................................$95.00

51668 - THEY WILL CROSS INTO VIRGINIA AT HARPERS FERRY, Tuesday afternoon, in camp near Bakersville, MD, October 28th, 1862, 4 page letter in ink to his wife from Major Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, We have orders to move out I think to Harpers Ferry and then cross into Virginia and I presume have another fight. Mentions the pelts [animal skins most probably beaver] that are available there and that a friend of his could make a good profit selling them in New York, describes his fine horse which he loves to ride, thinks if he would resign he could go into that business, he must close his letter as the Dress Parade Is about to start. A very newsy letter written in camp before the 5th Maine left to enter Virginia, comes with a free franked postal cover that Edwards addresses to his wife and notes to the top left his name as Major of the 5th Maine, thus two signatures, Washington  DC postal cancellation [Nov. 4th, '62], two items, fine one 3/4" ink stain non detracting.............................................$95.00

51670 - CROSSED THE POTOMAC INTO VIRGINIA, CANNONS BOOMING THE ADVANCE OF OUR REGIMENT, Camp in the woods about three miles from Snickersville, [VA], November 5th, 1862, 3 large pages in ink to his wife from Major Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, We crossed into Virginia at Berlin [MD] on a pontoon bridge. The wooden bridge having been burned by the Rebels a year ago, I should judge the river is a quarter of a mile wide but the water is very low and could have been forded at this place. We came through the villages of Lovettville and Boulington, stuck camp and then moved through a small village named Wheatland, on Monday we marched eight miles and passed the village named Union. There was a little fight here last Sunday but our folks drove the Rebels back to the Gap. We hear the boom of the cannons ahead both at night and during the day but no general engagement. We found the 16th Maine and the 5th Maine Battery when we arrived here. Saw Lt. Twitchell of the 5th Maine Battery and I think he will be Captain soon of that unit. We arrived at a spot where Pleasanton had a fight a day or two before, arrived then at White Plain on the Manassas Gap Railroad. The comes with a postal cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, Washington CDS and a Bath Maine PM. Also a Due 6 stamp applied due to the weight and lack of a regular 3 Cent stamp, two items.......................................................$125.00

51674 - THE NEW SUTLER NEEDS TO CATCH UP TO THE REGIMENT, Thursday PM, [Nov] 20th, 1862, two pages in pen and pencil to his wife by Lt. Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, He had been expecting Chas [his friend who wanted to be the Regimental Sutler] there for some time but they have been on the move, tells him to take the RR to Fredericksburg or find some other conveyance to Brooks Division and he thinks it will be Smith's Corps and Franklin's Grand Corps, Friday morning, still near the courthouse [Strafford CH], describes the rain, the impassable roads, a prologue to the Fredericksburg Campaign. Edwards obviously has arranged for his friend Chas to become the Sutler for the regiment and gives his wife instruction how they can be found. They are in route to the Fredericksburg area and the rains are beginning. The letter comes with a stamped cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, postmarked Washington. The second page in pencil is somewhat light by readable with the most important detail on page one, 2 items..............................................$89.00

51676 - VISITED REYNOLDS AND DOUBLEDAY'S DIVISIONS, Camp of the 5th Maine, near Strafford Court House, November 25th, 1862, 4 large pages in ink to his wife by Lt. Colonel Clark S. Edwards of the 5th Maine. He relates in part, Took a ride into Reynolds Corps and visited Lt. Twitchell of the 5th Maine Battery about 4 miles from here, at 11 went into Doubleday's division and had dinner with Marshall, heard that the paymaster was in camp but he has four regiments before he get to us, will pay my bills and get ready for winter and then send you money. Must get back for dress parade as the Colonel is away somewhere. Tuesday evening, no mail yet awaiting the paymaster, Thanksgiving evening, no mail nor pay from Uncle Sam yet, Friday, some drunk, need a flannel blouse, much more camp news. The letter comes with a envelope addressed by Edwards to his wife franked by his Adj. Miller, postmarked Washington, DC, two items......................................$95.00

51677 - IF HE STAYS IN THE REGIMENT HE SHALL SOON BE IN COMMAND, Camp near Stafford Court House, VA, December 1st, 1862, two pages in ink from Lt. Colonel Clark S. Edwards to his wife. He relates in part, He still awaits his clothes from Washington, wears a private's coat, he hopes to come home if they don't move towards Fredericksburg, I think if I stay in the regiment another month I shall be in command if it but I do not care about that 'only to cut some few at Bethel'! If I could see some prospect to the end of the war, I would be glad to stay and see it out but it look darken now than a year ago, my paper has come to an end as I must close. The new Colonel implies that he would rather be back at Bethel with his wife than assume the command of the regiment.......................................$95.00

51678 - THE COLONEL IS LIVID WITH HIS WIFE OVER HER NOT SHIPPING HIS WINTER CLOTHES AND IT IS NOW DECEMBER, Camp near Stafford Court Hours, VA, December 3rd, 1862, 4 large pages in ink to his wife by Lt. Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, We move about 10 miles in the morning to Bell Plain, the Adj. has sent for a uniform for him at Portland, he is upset that no needed clothes have been sent from home as he had requested, he has sent repeatedly to the express office in Washington but nothing has come. He described the box his Adj. received from his wife filled with clothes, eatables, etc. but nothing for him. Lt. Colonel Edwards is livid with his wife for not shipping him needed items as he sees what one of his officer's wife has sent her husband. He now is in debt for having to buy goods at high prices that could have been bought at home and sent. He has suffered from the cold and is very upset. The letter comes with a partial postal cover [torn] addressed to his wife by Edwards DUE 3 noted, 2 items...................$89.00

51680 - ONE POOR SOLDIER DIED OF EXPOSURE, Sunday Evening, in camp near White Oak Church, VA, December 22nd, 1862, two pages in ink to his wife by Lt. Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, he has written his boys a letter in care of her but she must correct some of his errors, none of the boys were killed in the last great fight [Fredericksburg], one poor fellow did die last night by the name of Shedd the Doctor said of exposure as the weather is very cold. Do not worry about me as I have a tend and bedding, I ask myself 'why don't the army move?' The boys are all here now and the sick ones from Bell Plain come up today. He mentions several soldiers by name that are well she knows, Captain W. says he will resign, and otherwise there is no change in the regiment. The 5th Maine was awaiting orders as was the entire army after Fredericksburg. Soon the Mud March would begin. Two large pages, some archival repair to a tear, otherwise very good......................................$75.00

51681 - I WAS INJURED IN A HORSE FALL, BUT AM ALL RIGHT NOW, Wednesday afternoon, December 24th, 1862, two large pages in ink to his wife by Lt. Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, I have just come off picket and went 10 miles towards the river, I was in charge of the regiment as the Colonel stops in camp. I had a fall from my horse and was hurt a little but am all right now. He tells his wife he is sorry she feels at fault about him not having his winter clothes but a private in the regiment is better dressed than him. He let another soldier go home instead of him because the fellow was needed by his family. The boys in the hospital are well, waiting for his pay and will send what he can but he has debts to pay first. He now has to pay for a servant. The letter comes with a postal envelope addressed to his wife by Edwards with a DUE 3 stamp in lieu of a stamp..................................................$95.00

51682 - A TEARFUL GOOD BYE AS THE COLONEL SAYS FAREWELL TO A SOLDIER ON HIS DEATHBED, Camp of the 5th Maine Vol., near White Oak Church, VA, Sunday afternoon December 28th, 1862, 4 large pages in ink to his wife by Lt. Colonel Clark S. Edwards. He relates in part, I am in good spirits as you would expect after our late fight [Fredericksburg]. Pauley of my old company died this morning of consumption here in our camp hospital. The poor fellow sent for me to see him for a few moments before he breathed his last, he thanked me for my kindness to him while under my command and asked m to make sure his folks received his pay due from the government. I took him by the hand and bid him a last farewell. It caused a tear to dim my sight but such is Life. I think he has gone to a happier land than this. He should have gone home to Portland months ago but this red tape is fatal sometimes. I think it is an injustice to hold a soldier here when the surgeons know they will be no use to the government but there is a lack of energy in every department. I am making an effort for others [to be sent home] and hope I am successful. His old company is decimated by illness, many in hospitals; others have gone to their last resting place among the dead, mentions soldiers that are well, has been to a religious meeting in the 27th NYV camp, have just come off dress parade, there is the sound of hundreds of axes of soldiers getting fuel for the night, thousands of acres of oak and pine have fallen to the axes. He has still not received his clothes from her but the Sanitary Department has furnished him with under clothes. He reflects about a recent letter he sent her...some in Bethel may think I am turning into politics by some of my letters, but I think I am the same as I ever was. I never was a Negro worshiper and hardly think I will be at present. An excellent letter showing great emotion for a soldier dying in his camp hospital who wanted to see the Colonel, also a political comment about Edward's feelings on the Negro issue. The letter comes with an envelope addressed to his wife by Edwards with a DUE 3 stamp in lieu of a postage stamp, 2 items........................................$150.00

56183 - THEY PREPARE TO MOVE OUT, BURNSIDE IS PREPARING FOR HIS ILL FATED MOVEMENTS AGAINST THE CONFEDERATES AFTER HIS DEFEAT AT FREDERICKSBURG, Tuesday, December 30th, 1862, two large pages in ink to his wife by Lt. Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, he took a ride to visit a friend and took dinner, it was a beautiful day that was warmer. The paymaster came and paid them but he has little money at present to send home as he had to buy clothes, a saber belt, shoulder strap for a Lt. Colonel, boots, hat, and a valise. We have orders to prepare several days rations as we will soon move out but I know not where, some say to Aqua Creek, others to Richmond above Fredericksburg. We shall have an awful time and it looks like a large storm. The Rebels are near Alexandria but have not learned the facts about the affair. Edwards ends the letter without signing but the letter comes with a cover addressed to his wife with the stamp removed, 2 items.......................................$100.00

Edwards Archive 1863 - 64

51685 - HE WILL BE MADE COLONEL OF THE 5TH MAINE VOL., Camp of the 5th Maine Rgt., January 3rd, [1863], 4 large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, I am to be the Colonel of the 5th Maine Rgt. and I will take it. He mentions a soldier who went to Washington to get his pay after he left the hospital but it was stopped for his desertion and he had to come down here to get reinstated and his pay and show his discharge papers, mentions the new nasty postage currency, mentions a Sutler who was to join the regiment who he says could make a lot as the boys buy from other Sutlers, he states he could help the Sutler get the position...............................$95.00

51686 - THE COLONEL WRITES TO HIS CHILDREN, January 3rd, 1863, in the woods near Stafford Court House, two large pages in ink to his children by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, Tells his children to write hi, glad they are getting along well in their studies, he hopes to be home for a few days in a month, addresses his children by name, tells them to mind and help their mother, will bring two horses one named Mac [for McClellan] to they can learn to ride, tells his daughter [who obvious has a boy friend in his command] that he will keep the 'Clever fellow' as pure as a virgin. He is still sick in the hospital, very newsy letter to his children at home in Bethel, Maine..............................$85.00

51688 - THE COLONEL'S SON ARRIVES IN CAMP FROM MAINE, Headquarters of the 5th Maine Volunteers, Camp near Wolford Ford, VA, January 5th, 1863, two large page in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, he describes the trip of his teenage son Frank to their camp via Washington and Brandy Station. Upon his return to the regiment he found a couple of the officers had taken drink excessively. I found the horses all right and Jimmy [servant] was waiting for us at the depot. He mentions that hiss son toured New York and Washington on the way to Virginia. He is also Brigade commander while Upton is in Washington. Frank is bedding with Jimmy and is very happy to be here. We are now under marching orders. A small irregular ¼" missing piece by the margin affecting several words, relatively trifling...........................................$89.00

51689 - HE STILL IS BRIGADE COMMANDER AS COLONEL UPTON HAS NOT RETURNED, Headquarters 5th Maine Rgt., Camp at Wolford Ford, January 7th, 1863, two large 8" X 13" pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, He mentions his son Frank sleeps in the tent with Jimmy and his other servant but soon will share his tent. He bought his son several knives in Washington which he has already sold to soldiers at a $2 profit. He just has about 200 men and field officers with him. He just has three Captains with one ill with the small pox another sick with liquor. He was under arrest while I was gone. I am desperate for officers, about 100 of my regiment has re-enlisted. Much more about the condition of the regiment, more about his son in camp with him. Comes with a stamped cover addressed to his wife by Colonel Edwards. Washington CDS, stamp somewhat impaired. Bulls eye military cancellation, 2 items..................................................$95.00

51690 - ON COURT MARTIAL DUTY IN VIRGINIA, Wednesday Evening, January 7th, 1863, 4 pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, He reflects on going home and it will not be possible being the new Colonel of the 5th Maine, mentions the resignation of the previous Colonel, am on the Court Martial and had two soldiers charged with drunkenness, he tells his wife she knows he is on roundedness. Yesterday as commander of the regiment I went to Bell Plain and Pratts Landing in hopes of locating my clothes. Must stop as the mail will be going out. Edwards ends abruptly trying to make the mail. The letter comes with a postal cover addressed to his wife by Edwards DUE 3 stamp applied along with a MISENT stamp, 2 items.........................................$85.00

51691 - CONCERNED THAT SMALL POX MAY SPREAD IN THE REGIMENT, Headquarters of the 5th Maine Vol., camp near Welford Ford, VA, January 15th, 1863, 4 large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, The ground has snow on it, also some mud, I shall go home with the regiment if I am in the land of the living, we have one case of small pox and he is concerned it will spread in the regiment, gives his account of his son Frank in camp, another boy his age is there also with his father the doctor. He [Frank] will soon be off to Washington on his way home to Maine. A very newsy long letter by Edwards. The letter comes with a stamped postal cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, Washington CDS, some loss of stamp, two items..........................$95.00

51692 - THE OFFICERS DO NOT WANT TO FOLLOW BURNSIDE ACROSS THE RIVER AGAIN, Headquarters 5th Maine, camp near White Oak Church, VA, January 17th, 1863, 4 large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, Have received orders to hold my regiment ready to move at a moment's notice, extremely cold for the pickets, it is against the wishes of all the officers to go over the river again under Burnside. I was at General Franklin's camp this morning and his Adj. told me that they hoped it would rain for two or three days so we could not go. I had hoped that I would get my commission. General Franklin has sent me two orderlies to do my running of the regiment I wish I had a smart fellow from Maine as a sutler. He could make a pile of money. A lengthy letter by Edwards adjusting to the new role of Commander of the regiment and expressing his displeasure with the potential move across the Rappahannock by Burnside. The letter comes with a postal cover addressed to his wife by Edwards stamped DUE 3, two items...........................................................$135.00

51693 - BURNSIDE INSISTS ON US CROSSING THE RIVER AT FREDERICKSBURG, Headquarters of the 5th Maine Vol., camp near White Oak Church, January 18th, 1863, 6 large pages to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, We have been out on picket, the night is one of the coldest I have seen, we are under marching orders and I think it must be over the river. The army is disheartened. Burnside is bound to cross the river to retrieve his loss but all the Generals are opposed to it. But I will go with the fight and do my duty regardless of others. I had sent my sick off but the hospital tents had not been set up and they were sent back. Moving sick men in this cold weather again is awful. One of our boys we sent to Washington has died. We have lost others in my old company. We have been in a fight before this letter reaches you. Much more about the condition of the men, situation in camp. A long and detailed letter from Colonel Edwards describing the feeling about Burnside's plan to cross the river again to attack the Rebels in spite of the terrible weather conditions of mud, rain, and terrible cold. The letter comes with a cover addressed to his wife. Large DUE 3 stamp applied, 2 items..............................$145.00

51695 - HIS WIFE ASKS ABOUT THE OPPORTUNITY TO GET A STAR, OR A GENERAL'S STAR, Headquarters of the 5th Maine Vol., near Weldon Ford, VA, January 27th, 1863, four large pages in ink by Colonel Clark S. Edwards to his wife. He relates in part, Rode out from camp with an escort of officers and two orderlies, we have to be careful as the Rebels are near out picket lines. He discusses her possible trip to see him as a Captain's wife is coming down and he wants his wife to come at the same time. His wife mentions the "STAR" [becoming a general]. He has heard that there were 600 names before Congress at this session. Five have been appointed, one for this army and four for black regiments. Many Colonels on the list date back to 1861 while mine only dates back to 1863. The letter comes with a stamped postal cover addressed to his wife by Colonel Edwards with a bulls eye cancellation. Two items................................................$120.00

51696 - HIS OLD COLONEL JACKSON NOW LEADS A BRIGADE AS A GENERAL, Headquarters 5th Maine Rgt., February 1st, 1863, Camp near White Oak Church, VA, 4 large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, There are several cases of small pox in camp, we hope to confine it outside the actual camp, a friend has come in from the battery to have dinner with me, had a nice religious meeting with the chaplain of the 16th Maine, General Jackson [Union General Jackson] is at Stafford Court House with a brigade, the dress Parade of the 7th Maine, it's the best his friend has ever saw, much camp news. The letter comes with a stamped cover postmarked Washington addressed to his wife by Edwards. Stamp slightly impaired.........................$95.00

51698 - SOME SUTLERS HAVE BEEN CAPTURED ON THEIR WAY FROM ALEXANDRIA TO THE ARMY, Tuesday Afternoon, [February 3rd, 1863 written near White Oak Church, VA], two large pages in ink from Colonel Clark S. Edwards to his wife. He relates in part, It is very cold this morning and I will include this as the mail has not left, my papers have come back disapproved [request for a leave] but I will send in again. When he does go he will bring "Jimmy" with him [his servant]. He reflects on a friend being a sutler in the regiment, as he says some men have made $10,000 in the business but it is risky as some have had "Free Passes to Richmond" [Captured by the Confederates] trying to come down from Richmond coming down by land. I can furnish him with a team so it will not cost them a great deal to commence with . I will telegraph you from Portland on my way home. Edward's friend is interested in becoming the regimental sutler [they have had a difficult time in having a dependable one]. He states that it is possibly dangerous as some have been captured on their way south. Good sutler related letter. The letter comes with a cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, DUE 3 stamp, 2 items.........................................$125.00

51699 - THE 6TH CORPS NOT MOVING WEST, SEDGWICK IN COMMAND, Headquarters of the 5th Maine Vol., camp near Welford Ford, VA, February 4th, 1863, 4 large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, Disputes his wife's note that the 6th Army Corps may be moving west as he has not heard anything of the sort, General Sedgwick is in command of this army and has been kept out of the papers. he will send his young son Frank home in several weeks with an officer. He may send him home with his horse Fanny. He questions his wife whether she is coming to visit him, he mentions several PA officers whose wives are visiting their husbands, he comments about Chas coming down [his friend who wants to be the sulter of the regiment]. A newsy long letter mainly involving his wife's intended visit which seems will not happen due to her mother's illness in Maine, comes with a cover addressed by Edwards to his wife, stamp removed..........................................$95.00

51701 - VISITED AN OLD SECESH WITH TWO DAUGHTERS TAINTED WITH TREASON, Headquarters 5th Maine Vol., camp near White Oak Church, VA, February 14th, 1863, 4 pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, He has been out on picket with his regiment, stopped at a house of an old Secesh who had two beautiful daughters but were tainted with treason. I have just come into camp to see General Sedgwick for orders and to report to him from the picket line. I have heard that General Bartlett has requested General Coburn to forward me my Colonel's commission. I did not go to him for this favor but he did it on his own. Much about other officers on leave, concerned when he can leave due to a lack of field officers in camp, many more details. Comes with a stamped cover address to his wife by Edwards, stamp impaired, strong signature, two items.......................................$115.00

51702 - JACKSON'S FRIENDS TURNED BITTER ENEMIES WHEN HE LEFT OUR REGIMENT, Headquarters 5th Maine, camp near White Oak Church, VA, February 22nd, 1863, 8 large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, He is extremely dismayed in not being to come home as planned on leave as he has tried several times and failed. The weather has turned quite pleasant there. He expresses his concern over the ability of his commanders; some that were inferior were placed over the superior. He discusses the "boys" who intend to come there as sutlers, as they must come to fill the position that is open. He mentions the old commander of the 5th Maine Jackson who he says was lauded by all when he was here but now that he has gone his pretended friends are now his bitter enemies. He mentions he dined in his tent with two ladies from the Sanitary Commission who do much good for the soldiers. Edwards refers to Nathanial Jackson who had been appointed Brig. General the previous September and was definitely not one of Edwards favorite commanders who he constantly had words with during his subordination to Jackson as Captain, Major, and Lt. Colonel. This extremely long letter comes with a cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, stamp removed, two items....................................................$1105.00

51703 - HE WILL BRING HIS SERVANT JIMMY HOME WITH HIM ON LEAVE, Saturday Afternoon, February 28th, 1863, [written from near White Oak Church, VA, camp of the 5th Maine, 6 total pages, actually a letter signed and a note signed by Edwards to his wife [Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol.] He relates in part, Still awaiting a leave, our regiment has gained 30 more men, when I come home I will bring Jimmy [one of his servants] as he has been so god to me, much about other officers in the regiment, their coming and goings to Washington and some home to Maine, the Major is leaving in the morning for Maine, Lt. Robertson goes home to be in a battery of the 3rd Maine. Mentions that 2 men out of every 100 are allowed leave, much more. Two signatures of Edwards.....................................$95.00

51704 - MY SERVANT MET ME AT THE LANDING WITH TWO HORSES, Headquarters 5th Maine, March 18th, 1863, Camp near White Oak Church, VA, 4 large pages from Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine to his wife. He relates in part, He has returned from leave and describes his trip through Boston, NY City, Jersey City, and Washington. I sent Jimmy [his servant] ahead of us to ready things. Visited the War department and was promised help in getting his regiment up around Washington. We received a telegram in Washington that Freeman [his traveling companion] wife was dead. He proceeded to Alexandria and stayed at the Segars Hotel. At Falmouth, I found one of my servants with both of my horses. Chas [the new sutler] had some trouble in getting his trunks on the government boats, much more about his arrival back in camp. A very newsy and interesting letter mentioning every facet of his trip back from Maine.....................................$125.00

51705 - THE NEW SUTLER HAS ARRIVED IN CAMP, Headquarters of the 5th Maine Vol., March 24th, 1863, camp near White Oak Church, VA, two large pages in ink to his wife from Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, Have been on picket, Chas [the new sutler] has arrived in camp but may go back to Washington for more goods. Some of the goods I shipped myself from Portland were stopped with Chas items but are now on their way here. Chas is making himself comfortable in camp, Jimmy [his servant is also well. We are under marching orders at present, General Bartlett is away in New York and will return this week, and we will the vacancies in the regiment.........................................$95.00

51707 - THE NEW SUTLER IS OPEN FOR BUSINESS, Headquarters of the 5th Maine Vol., Camp near White Oak Church, VA, April 4th, 1863, six large pages to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards of the 5th Maine. He relates in part, Chas [the new sutler] is ready to open for business and will take a young man from Vermont as a partner. Tell his wife that he is not in danger of getting into a fight. His horse HOOKER is among the finest in the Brigade, General Bartlett has been re-appointed Brig. General which we are all glad of as he is a fine officer. Washington Brown the 1t Sergt, will noon be a Lt., more on other officers in the regiment his wife is familiar with, long and very newsy. The long letter is accompanied by a cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, black DUE 3 stamp applied for postage, two items......................................$95.00

51708 - THE SUTLER AWAITS THE REGIMENT GETTING PAID, Headquarters of the 5th Maine Vol., Camp near White Oak Church, VA, April 10th, 1863, four large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards of the 5th Maine and his sutler friend Chas has included a letter to his sister on the same letter. The Colonel relates in part, We have been to the President's Review and have had a brigade inspection, Chas the sutler is not doing well yet as the regiment has not been paid yet, much more. The sutler Chas relates in part to his sister, mostly family news, he asks many questions about members of his family. Many more details. the Sutler Charles also writes a short note to his sister on the Colonel's letter. Interesting commentary on his slow business as a sutler due to the regiment not being paid as of yet. Comes with a cover addressed to his wife by Edwards. DUE 3 stamp................................................$95.00

AN EXTRAORDINARY LETTER

51713 - HOOKER'S PLANS SEEM TO FOLLOW BURNSIDE'S PLANS - MOVE THE ARMY IN HORRIBLE WEATHER, A GREAT DESCRIPTION ON THE REGIMENTAL SUTLER, Thursday evening, April 23rd, 1863, [near White Oak Church, VA], 4 huge 8" X 13" pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, It is raining and raining, our boys think Hooker has got the Burnside almanac [refers to Burnside choosing bad weather in January - the Mud March, as it always rains when Hooker gives an order to move. The sutler Charles has been in business only one week and did $1200 of business. He is still waiting for the boys to get paid as he has bought about $800 more of goods. Edwards goes into a long explanation on what the sutler has bought and sold, his costs, etc. He lists the many sutler items Charles sells Apples, butter, condensed milk, mustard, pickles, cake, figs, oranges, soap, playing cards, brushes, shirts, knives, and more. He mentions that "Jimmy" his servant is first rate and claims that he will drink no more. A great letter giving excellent details on the activites of a regimental sutler, his wares, and the profit he can make. The letter comes with a cover addressed to his wife by Edwards with the stamp removed, 2 items............................................$175.00

51716 - THE POLITICS IN APPOINTING THE REGIMENTAL SUTLER, Headquarters 5th Maine Vol., Camp near New Baltimore, VA, August 20th, 1863, 3 large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, The Colonel discusses the situation of the regimental sutler. The line officers will vote on the appointment of the sutler. The papers have gone to General Bartlett for the appointment of a new sutler. Levy, the old sutler of the 27th NYV is the one, he is a friend of the General. He will probably be named the sutler. If I had know what was going on I could have stepped in but now it has gone too far. The sutler was being replaced because he never was there. Edwards was for a Maine man named Charles for the post of sutler. 9 out of 10 men would have voted for him. Our cavalry had a little skirmish with the Rebels near the village of Buckland but no one was hurt. The letter comes with a postal cover addressed by Edwards to his wife, two items. God Sutler content!....................................................................$125.00

51719 - CULPEPPER IS A ONE HORSE TOWN, Headquarters of the 5th Maine, Culpepper, VA, September 21st, 1863, 4 large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, No passes are granted now, sending home $300, she must pay the mortage, he will send a draft when he feels the path is safe, still on court martial duty, he will try and go to Culpepper, it contains about 2000 inhabitants and sort of a one horse town, queries his wife on the farm, how are the apples, her garden. Much more news about the camp and home. A very newsy long letter. Comes with a postal cover with no stamp addressed to his wife by Colonel Edwards, 2 items........................................$105.00

51720 - THE COLONEL IS DISCOURAGED WITH THE DRUNKARD OFFICERS, Headquarters of the 5th Maine, September 25th, 1863, camp near Culpepper, VA, 4 pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, e mentions that a friend has been put in charge of an artillery brigade, his wife wants him to 'flesh' up but he is fine, yesterday we got orders to move out, we got orders to move out, we got in position to leave but finally pitched our tents again. We do expect orders to move soon but everything is uncertain, they may go into a fight in two days, he reflects on the officers in the various camps staggering around drunk, "This can truly be called an army of drunkards!" He is discouraged when he sees the awful condition of the officers. I am sitting on a case of two drunkard officers "I need not tell you of the verdict!" The letter comes with a stamped cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, 2 items................................................$110.00

51721 - SLOCUM AND HOWARD ARE SENT WEST TO JOIN ROSECRANS, Headquarters of the 5th Maine, September 27th, 1863, camp near Culpepper, VA, 4 large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, he has sent his wife a $300 draft and a $3 of a Portland Bank, our communications have been cut by the Rebels last night. The 2nd Corps left Friday to join Rosecrans at Chattanooga. The 11th and 12th, Howard and Slocum are to follow. He feels that this army is not ready to fight. Perhaps our Corps will go into Maryland to guard the Potomac and perhaps the 1st and 2nd Corps will go west. He feels his regiment will be sent back to Washington. A good letter describing the entire troop movements that will result in the Union assault at Chattanooga and Chickamauga. The letter comes with a stamped cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, DUE 3 stamp, 2 items....................................ON HOLD

51723 - ALL OF OUR PRISONERS FROM THE REGIMENT HAVE RETURNED, Headquarters of the 5th Maine Vol., October 20th, 1863, camp near Culpepper, VA, 4 large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, It is quiet here now but we may yet get into a fight. We may have a fight unless they drive us back to Washington which I don't feel they will be able to undertake. I have been expecting the conscripts for some time; I now tent with the old Chaplain. It cost too much to live on Sutler goods, one of the divisions left last night to do guard duty between here and Alexandria. The 3rd Corps are now on our left near the Rapidan. I am expecting 13 paroled prisoners here who were taken at Salem Heights on May 3rd. I think all [prisoners] from the regiment have returned. There is nothing here but Negroes and dogs. All the pigs are gone. The Rebels fall back as our army advances. The letter comes with an envelope addressed to his wife by Edwards, stamp removed, 2 items......................................ON HOLD

51724 - MY VIEWS HAVE NOT CHANGED ON THE SLAVERY QUESTION, Sunday AM, October 4th, 1863, camp three miles north of Culpepper Court House, VA. 4 pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol.  He relates in part, We have heard that we are moving to Mitchell's between Cedar Mountain and the Rapidan, if so we may have another fight before this letter reaches you. Our army is small here as the 11th and 12th Corps has left. I am tenting with the Chaplain. He does the praying and I do the scolding! I am about the same as I ever was on religion and politics and have not changed much on the slavery question [He is not in favor of a war to free the slaves]. Much on the cashiering of drunken soldiers in his regiment. The letter comes with an envelope addressed to his wife by Edwards, stamp removed, 2 items included.........................................ON HOLD

51725 - WE ARE BUILDING FORTIFICATIONS AND RIFLE PITS NEAR CENTERVILLE, Camp near Chantilly, VA, October 17th, 1863, two pages in pencil to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, There has been a general move of the whole army as we left the Rapidan a week ago. We are near the old Bull Run battlefield near Centerville. We arrived here Wednesday evening and have been fortifying breastworks and rifle pits. We are ready to meet the enemy. There was some fighting upon falling back but the rest of our Corps was not engaged. I hear we captured some 12 hundred prisoners and 11 pieces of cannon. Letter is written in pencil somewhat light in places as he writes in the field. Letter comes with a envelope addressed to his wife by Edwards, no stamp, two pieces........................................$120.00

51726 - THE SUTLER HAS LOST HIS POSITION, Headquarters of the 5th Maine Vol., October 29th, 1863, Warrenton, VA, 4 pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards. He relates in part, Jimmy is still with me as a servant. We are camped a half mile south of Warrenton, the Lt. Colonel and I have had some trouble but I have him where I want him. It started in regard to the sutler. It is thought through his work Chas has lost his position as regimental sutler. A very long personal letter to his wife. Includes a postal cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, stamp removed...........................................ON HOLD

51728 - HIS SERVANT JIMMY'S WIFE IS REPORTED DEAD, Headquarters of the 5th Maine Vol., November 5th, 1863, 4 large pages to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relate in part, He relates that he is dismayed that returning soldiers to home are treated like dogs and given the cold soldier. He reports that the boys from the regiment are well; some have returned from the hospital, two soldiers were sent back to Maine to ring conscripts for the regiment. There are 300 men in the regiment besides the officers. He is still on court martial duty. The regiment may stay there for the "Mud Season". His servant Jimmy's wife has been reported dead. It is supposed that she died in a drunken fit. The Chaplain prays for her. The letter comes with a stamped cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, two items.....................................................ON HOLD

51729 - THE COLONEL TELLS ALL ABOUT THE POOR LEADERSHIP AT FREDERICKSBURG AND CHANCELLORSVILLE BY BURNSIDE AND HOOKER, Headquarters of the 5th Maine, November 6th, 1863, near Warrenton, VA, 4 large 8" X 13" pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards. He relates in part, We may be heading on towards Fredericksburg but he is afraid there is nothing that will be gained by moving north. The forces in Washington are bound that Meade shall either fight or resign. I expect another 10,000 to be transferred to gratify their whims. The papers show that General Warren is the hero of the day. He was chief of Hooker's staff at the Chancellorsville fight the 1st of May. You may remember when the Corps crossed at Fredericksburg. Sedgwick carried the Heights when Burnside failed to do so in last December when he should have stopped, but this same Warren by Hooker's orders ordered us to Salem Heights and then he told Sedgwick there was nothing but a line of skirmishes but we lost 5000 men in that fight from our Corps. So much for the hero that is to be! An excellent commentary of the actions in Fredericksburg the previous December by Edwards. The letter comes with a postal cover with the stamp removed addressed to his wife by Edwards. After occupying Marye's Heights on May 3, Sedgwick's VI Corps marched out on the Plank Road with the objective of reaching Hooker's force at Chancellorsville. He was delayed by Wilcox's brigade of Early's force at Salem Church. During the afternoon and night, Lee detached two of his divisions from the Chancellorsville lines and marched them to Salem Church. Several Union assaults were repulsed the next morning with heavy casualties, and the Confederates counterattacked, gaining some ground. After dark, Sedgwick withdrew across two pontoon bridges at Scott's Dam under a harassing artillery fire. Hearing that Sedgwick had been repulsed, Hooker abandoned the campaign, re-crossing on the night of May 5-6 to the north bank of the Rappahannock.................................................$225.00

51737 - A YOUNG SON WRITES HIS MOTHER ON HIS RECENT TRIP TO VIRGINIA WITH HIS COLONEL FATHER, TWO LETTERS, Headquarters of the 5th Maine Vol., January 10th, 1864, two letters: [a] two pages in pencil and pen to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards and his son, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, he describes his trip back from home through New York and Washington, went to the capital and the Smithsonian. [b] Two large pages dated Sunday Afternoon January 10th, 1864 as a continuance of the first letter to his wife by Edwards. He relates in part, States that his son Frank may contract the small pox as many have had it in the regiment, Frank reads a lot to Jimmy [his servant]. If he does not get a promotion to Brig. General he may leave the service when the term for the regiment expires in several months. Much more about the officers in his regiment, more about the doings of his young son in camp with him. Two letters, one partially written by Frank, the remainder by Colonel Edwards. Frank's pencil letter is somewhat light so we have enhanced it with a darker photo copy. The tow letters come with a postal cover addressed by Edwards to his wife, partial stamp still evident, three items..................................................$95.00

51741 - HE RECEIVES HIS BEAUTIFUL CORPS BADGE FINALLY, In camp at the old place Welford Ford, VA, February 8th, 1864, 4 large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine Vol. He relates in part, His long awaited Corps badge has arrived [presented to him by his old Company in the 5th Maine], it is a splendid thing! General Bartlett had one presented to him that cost $200, he is still on court martial duty, is trying a Lt. of the 96th PA for drunkenness while on duty, WOE TO HIM!, he mentions about a friend who has lost the use of his right hand, he will run the brigade again as Colonel Upton is off again. The officer he sent back to Maine after conscripts will be back this week. The letter comes with a cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, stamp removed, 2 items..............................................$95.00

51742 - THEY ARE ABOUT TO HAVE A DRESS PARADE, Headquarters 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, March 6th, 1864, 3 large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, A good camp letter, he remarks that they are just about ready to have a dress parade, mentions the news he has heard from back at home in Bethel, he received many wives of officers who are at the cap to visit their husbands, much more...........................................$75.00

51743 - TWO COLONELS WERE ON A DRUNK YESTERDAY, Headquarters 2nd Brigade, March 8th, 1864, 4 pages in ink to his wife from Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, There are festivities in camp, many ladies are here [wives of officers], the officers are having a horse race, mentions that Colonel Carroll and Leslie went out on a drunk yesterday, the Chaplain is still at work on his new chapel. Much more from 2nd Brigade headquarters where Edwards is temporarily in command while General Upton is gone. The letter comes with a cover addressed to his wife by Edwards with the stamp missing, two items.............................................$95.00

51746 - SEVERAL SESECH WOMEN WERE AT THE BALL, March 15th, 1864, 8 pages to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine as Brigade Commander of the 2nd Brigade. He relates in part, He intends to go home in June if he lives that long, he gives good details of a ball that night [given by General Bartlett], he is still in command of the brigade as General Upton is still gone, there will be a 'cock' that afternoon, several Sesech women were at the ball that he names, Colonel Carroll is drunk most of the time. He gives a good account of the Brigade Ball hosted by General Bartlett.................................$95.00

51748 - A SOLDIER BROKE THE JAW OF ANOTHER SOLDIER - ON TRIAL, Headquarters 5th Maine Vol., Camp near Welford Ford, VA, 4 large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, I am still on court martial duty trying a fellow who broke the jaw of a soldier in Company E, 5th Maine. States that weather is cold and a storm has occurred, but he says more storms less move. He has three more months to serve if he stays in. The Doctor of the regiment is counting the hours until discharge date. Many details about the wives still in camp, the Doctor just got back from New York visiting his wife, many more details. The long letter comes with a cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, stamp missing.........................................$95.00

51749 - HE DOES NOT WANT ANY PART OF COMMANDING COLORED TROOPS, Headquarters of 5th Maine Vol., March 30th, 1864, Welford Ford, VA, 4 large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, It rained all night and flooded the plain, Walker's bridge is missing, the boys are all glad of it [they don't have to move], the weather continues to be stormy and squally. I should be content to stay here for the next ten weeks. I am sure they will say [papers] why does not the Army move? The fact of the matter is the Army is not fit to move. Colonel Carroll is sick with the piles [he normally was drunk]. Mentions some officers who may command Colored troops. He states he wants none of that himself. Mentions his servants Jimmy and King, the latter he calls a 'cleaver fellow'. In anticipating the discharge of the regiment in June he mentions where he wants the company flags to go. He thniks they will be allowed to take arms home. The long letter comes with a cover addressed to his wife by Edwards with the stamp missing, 2 items...............................................$145.00

51753 - A GENERAL THREATENS TO RESIGN, Headquarters 5th Maine Vol., April 22nd, 1864, Welford Ford, VA, 4 large pages in ink to his wife by Colonel Clark S. Edwards, 5th Maine. He relates in part, Mentions that he attended a ball given by General Bartlett, he and several named officers took a pontoon boat and floated down the river, some of the 96th PA and their band were there, they had a 'bully' time. He mentions that some of the people left for the worse of it. The band played constantly, the full moon was shining and we could not help but enjoy ourselves. We went down to serenade the General on his confirmation but he told me he was to resign as they do not date back his rank one to the 2nd of April. I think he has done the right thing. When he got to his place he invited about 40 to 50 officers in from Colonel to Lt. The General's headquarters is situated in a house I can see from my tent. The 18th Mass. has crossed the river and I am still in command of the brigade as Col. Upton has not returned. Colonel Upton has been in Washington looking for his "Star" [General's Star]. Much more personal information to his wife. He refers to General Joseph Bartlett his Division commander. Letter comes with a stamped postal cover addressed to his wife by Edwards, two items.......................................................$135.00

31711 - PAY VOUCHER, 14TH US INFANTRY, 2ND LT. JAMES HENTON, January 28th, 1862, 15" X 10", pre-printed and filled-in, payment for service in February 1862, also lists a white servant, $102.50 in total pay. Very good...................................$20.00


LETTERS OF SGT. WILLIAM TITTLE, CO. H. 55TH OHIO INFANTRY [All letters have 100% typed transcripts]

1317 - A FIRSTHAND ACCOUNT OF THE ACTIONS OF THE 55TH OHIO AT SECOND BULLS RUN, A BLOW BY BLOW OF THE CARNAGE PVT. WILLIAM TITTLE SAW DURING THE LATE BATTLE, Camp near Georgetown, September 14th, 1862, 6 pages in pencil with stamped cover by Pvt. William Tittle, 55th OVI to his brother. He relates in part..."I wrote to Allen on the 11th and thought I would write more today. There is a great change in the war lately as the Rebels are going just where they want to go but I am not scared as the old flag will soon by victorious and I think the Rebels will run against a snag soon. Things look dark now. When we went to Bulls Run it was thought that it would be the hardest battle of the war. We got there Thursday evening and Company F was out on picket that night. We though we had a large force and they kept coming in Friday and Saturday. There was no fear that we would gain that day as the ground was covered with soldiers. We would have gained that day as the ground was covered with soldiers. We would have gained that day if they Generals had managed right. I think it is safe to say that there were not more than one third was in the fight. Siegel was very much dissatisfied about the management of things and I am glad McClellan has now got command as there is something wrong about Pope as he issued some strange orders but the 55th got in a fight at last. I SHOT 15 TIMES, SOME OTHER SHOT MORE OR LESS. COLONEL LEE ACTED VERY BRAVE AS HE RALLIED THE REGIMENT THREE TIMES AND THE 4TH TIME TOOK US OFF THE FIELD. HENRY TALMAN WAS SHOT DEAD BY A MUSKET BALL, THERE WERE SEVERAL OF THE BOYS THAT WERE NOT IN THE FIGHT. THE KILLED IN COMPANY H IS W.H. TALMAN SHOT THROUGH THE HEAD, JOHN CONGER WAS KILLED BY A PIECE OF SHELL THAT HIT HIM IN THE NECK, EMORY CASE SHOT THROUGH THE BREAST. A ROSS WAS SHOT IN THE THIGH, WILLIAM NIGLE IN THE ARM, DENNIS SPURRIER IN THE HIP BUT NOT VERY BAD, BARNEY WEIGEL IN THE LEG, JAMES BOSTON IN THE LEG, ENOCK WATSON IN THE HEAD, SIRENAS DEGANE IS MISSING. WHEN WE STOPPED A CANNON BALL TOOK THE HEAD OFF A COLOR BEARER. It was a hard sight, and then we went back about a mile with cannon balls and shells whistling over us all the time. When we advanced we were behind a little rise in ground, there were bullets coming which caused some dodging but the fire was so hot we fell back in a little piece of woods then the Colonel rallied them together and went forward but the fire was to hot they done it this way three times and the fourth time we left the field. There were only 125 men in the regiment when we got off the field and stragglers came in for several days. We then marched a little ways across Bull Run and laid down for a hard fight that afternoon on that road but drove the Rebels back. He continues on to describe Georgetown, sees the Capital across the river. Makes mention of the 64 pound gun near Washington. The biggest guns at Bull Run were 20 pounders, much more by Tittle." The Second Battle of Bull Run or Second Manassas was fought August 28-30, 1862. It was the culmination of an offensive campaign waged by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia against Union Maj. Gen. John Pope's Army of Virginia, and a battle of much larger scale and numbers than the First Battle of Bull Run (First manassas) fought in 1861 on the same ground. Following a wide-ranging flanking march, Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson captured the Union supply depot at Manassas Junction, threatening Pope's line of communications with Washington, D.C. Withdrawing a few miles to the northwest, Jackson took up defensive positions on Stony Ridge. On August 28, 1862, Jackson attacked a Union column just east of Gainesville, at Brawner's Farm, resulting in a stalemate. On that same day, the wing of Lee's army commanded by Maj. Gen. James Longstreet broke through light Union resistance in the Battle of Thoroughfare Gap and approached the battlefield. Pope became convinced that he had trapped Jackson and concentrated the bulk of his army against him. On August 29, Pope launched a series of assaults against Jackson's position along an unfinished railroad grade. The attacks were repulsed with heavy casualties on both sides. At noon, Longstreet arrived on the field from Thoroughfare Gap and took position on Jackson's right flank. On August 30, Pope renewed his attacks, seemingly unaware that Longstreet was on the field. When massed Confederate artillery devastated a Union assault by Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter's V Corps, Longstreet's wing of 25,000 men in five divisions counterattacked in the largest, simultaneous mass assault of the war. The Union left flank was crushed and the army was driven back to Bull Run. Only an effective Union rearguard action prevented a replay of the First Manassas disaster. Pope's retreat to Centreville was nonetheless precipitous. An outstanding chronicle of the 2nd Manassas Campaign and the charges of the 55th Ohio...............................$795.00

1343 - PONTOONS LOADED ON CARS TO GO TO FALMOUTH, Sunday April 29th, 1863, Camp near Brooks Station, VA, 5+ pages in ink with a stamped postal cover to his brother by William Tittle. He relates in part, "We drew 5 days rations with orders to put them in our knapsacks and not eat any of them as to be ready to march at any time, we have now 8 days rations and that will be middling heavy in our knapsacks. I think we will soon leave this place as yesterday they took some pontoons past here to Brooks Station to take them on cars to Falmouth. When we got marching orders all the sick were sent to other hospitals, have a good Chaplain named Doctor Wheeler, we had preaching outdoors, more on officers of the 55th." On the 28th, Hooker began crossing the Rappahannock in the Wilderness area upstream from Fredericksburg trying to outflank the Confederates in the city. Letter and cover.......................................................$120.00

1345 - THE LOSSES AT CHANCELLORSVILLE, THE CONDITION OF THE WOUNDED, THE PRISONERS TAKEN, OUR MAJOR WOUNDED IN THREE PLACES, WE WENT TO COLLECT THE WOUNDED ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE RIVER, Camp near Brooks Station, VA, May 17th, 1863, 4 pages in ink with stamped postal cover by William Tittle, 55th OVI to his brother. He related in part, "We should be thankful that our lives have been saved through all the dangers we have been exposed to, I supposed you have heard that Major Stevens is badly wounded and the Rebels hold the battlefield. Our men and the Rebels had a written agreement that we could put down the pontoons and cross on them to fetch all of the wounded one and use them for nothing else and all who crossed over were sworn not to tell nothing what I have seen and they could not take anything or molest anything that belonged to the Confederates and as soon as all the wounded were taken the pontoons were to be taken up. They commenced taking up the wounded last Wednesday. Stevens was fetched last Thursday and I went down to see him Friday morning. His left arms were off above the elbow and he has a flesh wound in his side. He does not know if it was the same ball that hit his arm and side or not but it happened about the same time. Then he was shot through his right leg, he had his knee bent and the ball passed through the leg below the knee but there are no bones broken in his leg. He is having a hard time and I am afraid it will go middling bad for him but he looks and feels as good as can be expected. He said the Rebel officers used him middling well but not others as get one to go and get him a sheet and said he would give him $5. The fellow fetched the sheet and since Stevens had nothing but $10 he gave him the money to get change but that was the last he saw of him. He paid $5 for 1 day of eggs and one pound of butter. Butter is worth 15 cents a pound here. The wounded are up at a division hospital about a mile from here. It is hard to see the wounded, some with one leg off, and some with one arm. They are wounded in  all places. There has been ssome found that were missing. Corporal Eri Mesnard was reported killed but he is here wounded in the shoulder and Corporal E. S. Morse was missing but wounded here. Corporal Dejanes was missing but he is here with one leg amputated below the knee. Private Charles Dudrow and Isaac Livens Barger is both here wounded in the leg. George Runner is wounded in the small of his back and his case is doubtful. All these were taken prisoner and paroled. Phillip Livensbarger & Samuel Starn and James Linn and A. D. Faulkner and John B. York, nothing is known of these five, some of them is likely killed. A little above Fredericksburg our pickets is close to shore and the Rebels are close to the other side, the Rebels had four line seines just above Fredericksburg and they were busy firing but they did not catch many." More details, Sedgwick withdrew across the Rappahannock at Banks Ford during the pre-dawn hours of May 5. When he learned that Sedgwick had retreated back over the river, Hooker felt he was out of options to save the campaign. He called a council of war and asked his corps commanders to vote about whether to stay and fight or to withdraw. Although a majority voted to fight, Hooker had enough, and on the night of May 5-6, he withdrew back across the river at U.S. Ford. It was a difficult operation. Hooker and the artillery crossed first, followed by the infantry beginning at 6 a.m. on May 6. Meade's V Corps served as the rear guard. Rains caused the river to rise and threatened to break the pontoon bridges. Couch was in command on the south bank after Hooker departed, but he was left with explicit orders not to continue the battle, which he had been tempted to do. The surprise withdrawal frustrated Lee's plan for one final attack against Chancellorsville. He had issued orders for his artillery to bombard the Union line in preparation for another assault, but by the time they wee ready Hooker and his men were gone. This letter was written from Union lines across the Rappahannock after the Federals were allowed to retrieve the wounded behind Confederate lines.............................$650.00

1349 - WE ERE CALLED OUT TO THE BREASTWORKS THIS MORNING FOR A FIGHT, Camp near Brooks Station, VA, June 11th, 1863, two page letter in ink to his sister with stamped postal cover by William Tittle, 55th OVI. He relates in part, I was on guard duty at headquarters on the 2nd and had my likeness taken, he descries different poses he took, they cost one dollar each, all ha been quiet in this department since the fight this morning, we were called out at 3 this morning with everything but our tents and went out to the breastworks and stayed until about 6 o'clock and went back to camp, I don't know what scared them [officers to call them out], will send some money home, Colonel Stevens is better, I hope we will live to meet again Sarah." There is continual concern that Lee would make a move towards Washington around Hookers fortifications along the Rappahannock  River, letter and cover.......................................................$85.00

1362 - THE REBELS POUNCED ON THE 12TH CORPS, Camp near Chattanooga, TN, November 1st, 1863, two pages in pencil with stamped Nashville CDS cancellation to his brother by Sergt. William Tittle, 55th OVI. He relates in part, "We left Bridgeport last Sunday evening and marched to Shell mound on the road to Chattanooga 7 miles from Bridgeport. We marched on and had a skirmish with the Rebels and drove them off. Part of the 12th Corps came in that night and the Rebels pounced on them and the fight lasted most of the night and the Rebels didn't gain anything. We lay about four miles from Chattanooga about a half of mile from the foot of Lookout Mountain. We are strongly entrenched and may force a big fight at anytime. I have not heard from since we left Bristoe [VA]. We get little mail here." Letter and cover.................................$145.00


1368 - THEY ARE BUILDING A WAGON ROAD UP LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN, BLASTING ROCK, Camp in Lookout Valley, February 3rd, 1864, 4 page letter and cover written to his sister by William Tittle now of the 136th NYV. He relates in part, "about the poor quality of the regimental surgeon as another surgeon examined them and was not satisfied with the first surgeon's findings. The boys are very well dissatisfied with the officers in the 136th NY. Hopes that the Governor of Ohio will do something about getting them to a Ohio regiment. They are building a wagon [road] up round the point of Lookout Mountain and they are blasting rock all the time, also building ovens at the station to bake soft bread. Hooker is in command of the 11th and 12th Corps, Steinwehr commands the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 11th Corps. Howard is still at home and Schurz commands the 11th Corps. Colonel Smith sent home with the 93rd Ohio. There were a good many barefooted soldiers, it looked hard but was no help for them." Many more details not mentioned...............................$139.00

1371 - THE 55TH AND 73RD OHIO ARE BACK, Camp in Lookout Valley, TN, March 9th, 1864, two page letter in ink by William Tittle [still in the 136th NYV] with stamped cover to his brother. He relates in part, "The old 55th got back here on the 3rd and proceeded to build cap, the 73rd Ohio had previously arrived, both have about 100 new recruits, the boys all said they had a good time when home in Ohio, I went out on two day picket and got in yesterday at noon and in the afternoon our brigade was reviewed by General Howard, it was a nice thing to see such well drilled troops, went over to the old regiment to see Albean Lee, several cases of smallpox here lately." Tittle was still assigned to the 136th NYV and had hopes with the 55th Ohio returning to Tennessee and the Corps he would be returned to his old regiment....................................................$79.00

 

1377 -  I HAVE ONLY FIVE MINUTES TO WRITE AS WE EXPECT A BIG BATTLE, Camp in Georgia, May 12th, 1864, one page not with stamped postal cover by William Tittle, 55th Ohio to his nephew. He jots down this quick note, I take my pen in hand to let you know I well and received your last letter. I HAVE ONLY FIVE MINUTES TO WRITE AS WE EXPECT A BIG FIGHT SOON!" W. Tittle, write soon. Tittle refers to the impending big battle at Resaca, GA as the 55th was moving in position for that battle. A rare pre-battle note.................................................$85.00

 

1378 - THE BATTLE OF NEW HOPE CHURCH, MAY 25TH, 1864, In the line of Battle near Dallas, GA, May 30th, 1864, two pages in pencil with stamped postal cover to his sister by William Tittle, 55th OVI. He relates in part, "We have been closed in on the Rebels all the time and here the 25th they have been fighting all day. Our brigade got here at 3 PM and at 5 PM we moved forward with the 3rd Regiment in the 1st line and 2nd in the reserve. The 55th was in the front and center. A short time the regiment on our right and left became engaged and lost middling heavy. The 55th lost only three wounded as the fight was in thick woods and the Rebels in the breastworks. The nettle lasted until dark. It rained during the night and we were relieved and went back one mile. Thursday we moved to the front and then moved behind breastworks and remained there. There was heavy skirmishing along the line last night and a little to our left the Rebels made a charge on out works and were repulsed and then they tried the extreme right at the same time and met the same fate. Rebel sharpshooters bother us all day long until it gets dark. The 49th Ohio has been engaged on our left and lost heavy." The battle of New Hope Church was fought May 25-26, 1864, between the Union force of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman and the Confederate Army of Tennessee under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War. The battle was a result of an attempt by Sherman to outmaneuver Johnston. After Johnston retreated to Altoona Pass on May 19-20, Sherman decided that he would most likely pay dearly for attacking Johnston there, so he determined to move around Johnston's left flank and steal a march toward Dallas. Johnston anticipated Sherman's move and shifted his army into Sherman's path, centering a new line at New Hope Church. Sherman mistakenly surmised that Johnston had a token force and ordered Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker's XX Corps to attack. Advancing with his three divisions in parallel routes, Hooker pushed the Confederates back for three miles, before coming to Johnston's main line. Difficult terrain prevented Hooker from coordinating his corps' attacks effectively, causing his men to suffer severe casualties, especially from canister and shrapnel. On May 26, both sides entrenched, and skirmishing continued throughout the day. At the end of the battle, Confederate Captain Samuel T. Foster reported that 703 Union soldiers had been killed, as well as 350 had been taken prisoner. The next day, the Union army concentrated its efforts in this area towards the northern end of the Confederate line, resulting in the Battle of Pickett's Mill................................................................$295.00

 

1380 - THE BATTLE AT MARIETTA GEORGIA, Camp near Marietta, GA, June 20th, 1864, 4 pages in pencil with a stamped postal cover to his sister by William Tittle, 55th OVI. He relates in part, "on the 15th the rebels fell back and at noon we started and marched slowly awhile then formed in the line of battle with skirmishing going on all the time and at half paast six we moved forward in line of battle, that day our brigade was in the third line and we went a little ways until the Rebels opened up with their artillery with grape and canister. We moved within rifle shot of their breastworks and lay down. There was timber between us and them with skirmishing all the time. We laid there until dark and built breastworks. We did not lose many in our brigade but the front line lost heavy. Brisk skirmishing and cannonading went on day after day until the night of the 16th when the Rebels left at daylight and our men started in pursuit and drove them two miles where they made another stand. There was sharp skirmishing and cannonading that evening and that night the Rebels attacked our line to our left three time but was handsomely repulsed. The 18th continued with a continual roar of cannon and skirmishing all day. The 19th, the Rebels left last night during all the rain we had. We came about three miles and came to the line and formed here. Our brigade was in the front and Company H & K were deployed as skirmishers and we moved forward through a thick woods and just before we got through the woods we came across their skirmishers, we drove them across a cornfield through a shower of bullets to another piece of woods then through them and established our line. There was brisk skirmishing all the time. We were then relieved. Thomas Fox was the only one hurt in the company as he left his left arm. I do not know how many in the regiment were hurt but I think not many. News from Virginia is good, hear that Lincoln has been nominated and the choice for vice president is satisfactory...Cannonading and skirmishing is heard all the day." The Battle of Marietta was a series of military operations from Jun 9 through July 3, 1864, in Cobb County, Georgia, between Union and Confederate forces. The Union forces, led by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, encountered the Confederate Army of Tennessee, led by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, entrenched near Marietta, Georgia. Several engagements were fought during this four-week period, including the battles of Pine Mountain (June 14), Gilgal Church (June 15), Kolb's Farm (June 22), and Kennesaw Mountain (June 27). Sherman forced Johnston to withdraw partially on June 10 to protect his supply lines, but the Union forces were not fully victorious until July 3. Pencil, a trifle light in spots but quite readable. Great Atlanta Campaign battle content.....................................................$395.00

1381 - UNION ATTACKS JUST PRIOR TO THE BATTLE OF KENNESAW MOUNTAIN, A FRIEND KILLED AS HE WAS DRIVING AMMUNITION WAGON, Camp in line of battle near Marietta, GA, June 30th, 1864, three pages in pencil with a stamped postal cover, to his sister by William Tittle, 55th OVI. He relates in part, "on the 22nd Butterfield's division moved out and formed in line in our Brigade in the front line at noon. We charged across a cornfield and forced our line along a little ridge in a piece of woods and built breastworks. We done this under a brisk skirmish fire, Company H lost one Sergeant killed and Clark Kline slightly wounded in the wrist and he is with the company. I do not know how many were lost that day but we have lost 126 in killed and wounded since we have left Lookout Valley. I do not know how many we have left but the regiment is very small. We were relieved by the 11th Corps that night. We moved to the right two miles and camped in the line of battle the 23rd at 2 o'clock in the morning and I went out on the skirmish line at 10 am. We were relieved again and we moved one mile to the right and our brigade formed in the second line and built breastworks, skirmishing brisk and in the evening there was heavy firing and skirmishing. On the 24th skirmishing all day with brisk firing on our left in the evening, the skirmishing all last night of the 25th and all day Sunday. The 26th clear and skirmishing all day. The 27th at 4 o'clock we were relieved and moved and cannonading was brisk until about noon. To our left one division of the 4th Corps charged on the Rebel works at little to the left where our division was on the 22nd with heavy losses. Yesterday some our boys went over to see the 49th and 101's [Ohio] but they were not in the fight. Our men had sent in a Flag of Truce to get the dead and wounded. The boys said it looked strange to see our men and the Rebels together between the works and no shooting but in our front there was brisk skirmishing all day. Last night there was some hard fighting on our left and it is reported that the Rebels charged the 14th Corps twice and were repulsed with heavy losses. A good many prisoners were in the same place today, skirmishing is the heaviest on our right last night. General Butterfield started home on a leave of absence and General Ward took command of the division. Gust Crum was killed the 26th by a stray bullet as he was driving a team in the Division ammunition train. He was going over to the 101st Ohio to see his brother and I think it was near that regiment that it happened and he was shot through the breast and I think he lived but a little while but his brother got to see him before he died. Poor Gus he was a good hearted fellow." Sherman's 1864 campaign against Atlanta, Georgia, was initially characterized by a series of flanking maneuvers against Johnston, each of which compelling the Confederate army to withdraw from heavily fortified positions with minimal casualties on either side. After two months and 70 miles of such maneuvering, Sherman's path was blocked by imposing fortifications on Kennesaw Mountain near Marietta, Georgia, and the Union general chose to change his tactics and ordered a large-scale frontal assault on June 27, 1864. Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson feinted against the northern end of Kennesaw Mountain, while his corps under Maj. Gen. John A. Logan assaulted Pigeon Hill on its southwest corner. At the same time, Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas launched strong attacks against Cheatham Hill at the center of the Confederate line. Both attacks were repulsed with heavy losses, but a demonstration by Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield achieved a strategic success by threatening the Confederate army's left flank, prompting yet another  Confederate withdrawal toward Atlanta and the removal of General Johnston from command of the army..........................................................$595.00

 

1382 - THE REBELS EVACUATED KENNESAW MOUNTAIN, WE ARE IN PURSUIT OF THEM, Camp near the Chattahoochee River, July 12th, 1864, 4 pages in ink to his nephew with a stamped postal cover by William Tittle, 55th OVI. He relates in part, "Well the war goes bravely on the night of the 2nd the Rebels left their position on Kennesaw Mountain and at daylight the 3rd our men started in pursuit. The Rebels had four lines of works and some of the strongest works I have ever seen. It would have been impossible to take them by storm. At 10 o'clock out advance came on the Rebels and the shelling was brisk a little while and the Rebels started at noon. We came to where they were fortifying and we formed in a line and built temporary breastwork. The Rebels threw a few shells but nobody was hurt. At 11 o'clock we were relieved by the 14th Corps and our division moved to the right 2 miles and camped in a line of battle. The next morning was the 4th. With some cannonading on our left at 11 o'clock we moved to the right for 2 miles and built breastworks. it was said that the Rebels were coming to attack us before we had the line formed but they did not come and the Rebels fell back. On the morning of the 5th it was very warm and we marched very slow and we camped in a piece of woods in the rear of the 1st Division 20th Corps. There was some skirmishing and cannonading most of the day, the rebels were in our way 6 miles ahead so we did not go faster. We had orders to march at a moments notice and we marched five miles and camped. There was some skirmishing and cannonading most all day and we are in the same place yet. The Rebels had crossed the river and our picket line is on the north side and the Rebels on the other. We camped two miles from the river and the railroad cards run within two miles of the river. the boys who have been out front says the last works the Rebels left is by odds the strongest they have ever seen and I don't know what kind of works they will build next. The corn fields are mostly destroyed. They have fetched one of the boys from the skirmish line he is wounded in the leg, a flesh wound below the knee and it was done by a sharpshooter from a post. James Linn died in a hospital in Chattanooga June the 27th with the typhoid fever." Much more information. The opposing forces spent five days facing each other at close range, but on July 2, with good summer weather at hand, Sherman sent the Army of the Tennessee and Stoneman's cavalry around the Confederate left flank and Johnston was forced to withdraw from Kennesaw Mountain to prepared positions at Smyrna. On July 8, Sherman outflanked Johnston again--for the first time on his right--by sending Schofield to cross the Chattahoochee near the mouth of Soap Creek. The last major geographic barrier to entering Atlanta had been overcome. Alarmed at the imminent danger posed to the city of Atlanta, and frustrated with the strategy of continual withdrawals, Confederate President Jefferson Davis relieved Johnston of command on July 17, replacing him with the aggressive John Bell Hood, who was temporarily promoted to full general.......................................................$425.00

 

1384 - THE BATTLE OF PEACHTREE CREEK, ARTILLERY SHELLING ATLANTA, A SUPERB ACCOUNT, In line of battle near Atlanta, July 25th, 1864, 4 pages in ink with stamped cover to his sister by William Tittle, 55th OVI. He relates in part describing the prelude to the battle and the battle itself, "Well we have had another fight Sunday the 17gh, we started from camp at 11 o'clock and marched up the Chattahoochee River and crossed the river I mile east of the Chattanooga & Atlanta Railroad then marched 4 miles and camped for the night a distance of eight miles. The morning of the 18th we started at 9 o'clock and marched in line of battle through thick woods one mile to a creek here we stopped at 3 o'clock and we marched about four miles most of the way in line of battle and through the woods then we formed in line and camped for the night. There was some skirmishing most of the day the 19th and we did not move. There was some skirmishing all day the 20th. We had orders to march at daylight but did not start until 8 o'clock. We marched two miles and crossed PEACH TREE CREEK and formed a line on the right of the 4th Corps. The skirmish line advance some but we did not move up. The day was terribly warm and we had no shade. At 4 o'clock the Rebels made the attack and drove our skirmish line back but were in line ready for them. Our Regiment was in the second line and we met them in the open filed and drove them back to where our skirmish line was and held it. Firing was heavy in this engagement and the Rebels were badly beaten and the loss in the 20th Corps is estimated at 1784 killed, wounded, and missing. Our front was well covered with dead and wounded Rebels. Most of the prisoners said they knew they could not drive us back but they had to try it. The loss in the 55th was 3 killed and 22 wounded. Company H lost 7 wounded. At dark I had to go to the rear because of blindness. The 21st there was skirmishing all day and we held our position on the 22nd. Last night the Rebels fell back and we advanced our line 1 mile in our front but our right advanced a good deal more. We formed in line and built strong works. In the evening there was some shelling after dark. The Rebels made a light attack on the 23rd. Today at noon our Brigade moved to the right of our Corps and our position is the right of our regiment on the east side of the Chattanooga & Atlanta Railroad. We are only 2 miles from Atlanta and can see the town. Saturday evening our men commenced throwing shells in Atlanta with a 20# Parrot gun and threw one shell every five minutes all nigh and all day yesterday. They would not have a very quiet Sunday in Atlanta today as there is considerable cannonading from both sides. The Rebels lost two major Generals and Stevenson [20th Corps] was killed. Reports are that Hardee is mortally wounded and a prisoner and has died. I think they will soon leave this place. Major General McPherson is reported killed on our side. I hope it is not true. His command is between Atlanta and Augusta and he has destroyed the railroad. My eyes are no better as I cannot see at night. The Surgeon says he can do nothing for me nor can anything be done for me in the service. Lieut. Beaver still has command of our company and he will do all that he can for me." An outstanding account of the days leading up to and the Battle of Peachtree Creek. Throughout the morning of July 20, the Army of the Cumberland crossed Peachtree Creek and began taking up defensive positions. The few hours between the Union crossing and their completion of defensive earthworks were a moment of opportunity for the Confederates. Hood committed two of his three corps to the attack: Hardee's corps would attack on the right, while the corps of General Alexander P. Stewart would attack on the left. Meanwhile, the corps of General Benjamin Cheatham would keep an eye on the Union forces to the east of Atlanta. The Confederate attack was finally mounted at around four o'clock in the afternoon. On the Confederate right, Hardee's men ran into fierce opposition and were unable to make much headway, with the Southerners suffering heavy losses. The failure of the attack was largely due to faulty execution and a lack of pre-battle reconnaissance. On the Confederate left, Stewart's attack was more successful. Two Union brigades were forced to retreat, and most of the 33rd New Jersey Infantry Regiment (along with its battle flag) were captured by the Rebels, as was a 4-gun Union artillery battery. Union forces counter attacked, however, and after a bloody struggle, successfully blunted the Confederate offensive. Artillery helped stop the Confederate attack on Thomas' left flank. A few hours into the battle, Hardee was preparing the send in his reserve, the division of General Patrick Cleburne, which he hoped would get the attack moving again and allow him to break through the Union lines. An urgent message from Hood, however, forced him to cancel the attack and dispatch. Cleburne to reinforce Cheatham, who was being threatened by a Union attack and in need of reinforcements. The Union lines had bent but not broken under the weight of the Confederate attack, and by the end of the day the Rebels had failed to break through anywhere along the line. Estimated casualties were 6,506 in total; 1,710 on the Union side and 4,796 on the Confederate............................................................$1,200.00

 

1386 - THE ACTION AT UTOY CREEK AUGUST 5-7TH, 1864, ATLANTA CAMPAIGN, In line of battle near Atlanta, GA, Sunday August 7th, 1864, 4 pages in ink with a stamped cover to his sister by William Tittle, 55th OVI. He relates in part, "It isn't a very pleasant place to write with the bullets whistles past here occasionally. We have advanced out line some since I last wrote. Our Division came on this line the afternoon of the 5th and our division is in a open field in plain view of the Rebel works, but we have pretty strong works and have put up shades. We are about three quarters of a mile from a Rebel fort. When we came to this place the Rebels shelled considerable until dark, and then yesterday in the forenoon they threw a few shells. Some they throw are 64# shells. They make a loud noise when they explode but as luck would have it they have not done us much harm. On July 29th, our division marched to the extreme right a distance of 11 miles. The 30th we moved ¾ mile further to the right as the line was extended. Our brigade camped in the rear to support the flank. The 31st at noon our brigade marched without tents and knapsacks. We went on a reconnaissance to support Davies Division. The 2nd of August at 5 o'clock our division marched back to our Corps. The Rebels still hold Atlanta yet but I don't think they can hold out much longer for our right is getting closer to East Point and that is there last railroad. I heard their cars running this morning. We have lost our brave Hooker why he left I do not know. We hear all kind of reports that he will take command of what General Meade has. I don't care as long as they get the right Generals in the right place. Needs stamps, running out of paper and envelopes, need to camp where a Sutler is located."  After failing to envelop Hood's left flank at Ezra Church, Sherman still wanted to extend his right flank to hit the railroad between East Point and Atlanta. He transferred Schofield's Army of the Ohio from his left to his right flank and sent him to the north bank of Utoy Creek. Although Schofield's troops were at Utoy Creek on August 2, they, along with the XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland did not cross until August 4. Schofield's force began its movement to exploit this situation on the morning of August 5, which was initially successful. Schofield then had to regroup his forces, which took the rest of the day. The delay allowed the Confederates to strengthen their defenses with abatis, which slowed the Union attack when it restarted on the morning of August 6. The Federals were repulsed with heavy losses and failed in an attempt to break the railroad. On August 7, the Union troops moved toward the Confederate main line and entrenched. They remained there until late August.......................................................$295.00

 

1387 - IN THE LINE OF BATTLE NEAR ATLANTA, MANY MEN LOST, In line of battle near Atlanta, GA, August 14th, 1864, 2 pages in ink with stamped postal cover by William Tittle, 55th OVI to his sister. He relates in part, "Tells his sister of the letters he has sent and received. My eyes are better than they were but seeing at night I see very light, we have established two new lines in front of what we was, we are middling close to the Rebel works and there are brisk skirmishing all the time and some heavy cannonading sometimes, we lose men every day. It is not much use for me to write about the war as you get the papers and know what happens as soon as we do except what happens close to us."..................................................................$150.00

 

1388 - BATTLE OF TURNERS FERRY, GA, ATLANTA CAMPAIGN, August 29th, 1864, Camp in line of Battle of Turners Ferry on the Chattahoochee River, GA, 2 page letter in ink with stamped postal cover from William Tittle, 55th OVI to his nephew. He relates in part, "Since I last wrote one line has changed for which I hope for the better, on the 25th at 3 o'clock we left our lines in front of Atlanta and fell back to the ferry, the left all fell back to the river. We marched about 5 miles and got here a little before daylight. They had come the day before to build temporary works. We have been working most of the time since and now. We are strongly entrenched. The first day we were here it was very quiet all I only heard 2 or 3 shots but the 27th at noon the Rebels made the attack and drove in our pickets and blasted two 12# guns back about half a mile and shelled our works briskly and in a little while they left. They were just a small force. They came to find where we had went. Company H had 1 killed and 1 wounded. Yesterday it was quite every once in a while we would hear a shot and there were small squads of Rebels seen in our front. My eyes have gotten better. I think it was caused by the heat." Threatening East Point, GA south of Atlanta, Schofield's Federals massed and demonstrated as other units of Sherman's Army came into position endangering Hood's last entry lines in and out of Atlanta. Battles took place at Turner's Ferry and Pace's Ferry along the Chattahoochee River........................................................$285.00


LETTER ARCHIVE SGT. EDGAR B. BENNETT CO K. 1ST CONN. HEAVY ARTILLERY

1307 - SOLDIERS COMING THROUGH ARE HEADING TO TENNESSEE, Fort Richardson, VA, October 31st, 1863. 3 pages in ink, with stamped cover CDS Alexandria, VA, from Sergt. Edgar Bennett, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery to Mary his fiancée. He relates in part..."A lot of soldiers are coming through here and going to Tennessee. They are mostly veterans. Our officers are trying to get us to re-enlist; he discusses the re-enlistment of the men in January in Connecticut. Edger goes home for Christmas and becomes engaged to Mary"...SILK REMNANTS FROM THE FLAG INCLUDED, Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. Comes with remnants of silk from the regimental flag of the 1st Ct. Heavy Artillery. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter and remnants of the flag..........................$75.00

1311 - I SENT MY BOUNTY CHECK BY MAIL, Fort Richardson, VA, February 4th, 1864. 2 pages in ink by Sergt. Edgar Bennett, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery to Mary. He relates in part..."I decided to send on the 3rd a check for $300. I thought I would risk it by mail. It would apt to be just as safe as by Express, he has very little war news to tell her from where he is," SILK REMNANTS FROM THE REGIMENTAL FLAG INCLUDED, Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. Comes with remnants of silk from the regimental flag of the 1st Ct. Heavy Artillery. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter and remnants of the flag..........................................$65.00

1312 - BEFORE PETERSBURG, VA, February 21st, 1864. 2 pages in ink with stamped cover, CDS Alexandria, VA, to Mary from Sergt. Edgar Bennett, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery. He relates in part..."I just got back from my old place from sharp shooting. I had very good luck in getting back but I had to go to Annapolis, MD, so I got on the mail boat at 8 o'clock and got into City Point at 3 in the afternoon," more newsy notes to Mary. SILK REMNANTS FROM THE REGIMENTAL FLAG INCLUDED, Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. Comes with remnants of silk from the regimental flag of the 1st Ct. Heavy Artillery. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter and remnants of the flag..............................$65.00

1313 - THE WAR DEPARTMENT WILL PAY US $16 PER MONTH, Fort Richardson, VA, February 26th, 1864. 2 pages written in red ink from Sergt. Edgar Bennett, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery to Mary..."The War department has concluded that they will pay the soldiers $16 per month," more news to his fiancée Mary. SILK REMNANTS FROM THE REGIMENTAL FLAG INCLUDED, Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. Comes with remnants of silk from the regimental flag of the 1st Ct. Heavy Artillery. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter and remnants of the flag....................................$55.00

1315 - EXCUSE THE WRITING AS IT IS DARK IN THESE BARRACKS, Fort Richardson, VA, March 8th, 1864. 2 pages in ink to his "Minnie" [Mary his fiancée]. He relates in part...News is scarce, they are fixing the barracks, it is so noisy one can hardly think, he has to go on guard tomorrow in the rain, please excuse the writing as it is very dark in the barracks, he describes the barracks...80' long, 30' wide, 150 men in them, two rows of bunks three high, the top ones are 6' from the floor, 6 men in a bunk area, 2 in each tier, the aisle through the barracks is 8' wide, we have two stoves in each barracks," a good act of the barracks at Fort Richardson, VA." SILK REMNANTS FROM THE REGIMENTAL FLAG INCLUDED, Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. Comes with remnants of silk from the regimental flag of the 1st Ct. Heavy Artillery. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter and remnants of the flag.................................................$85.00

 

1317 - A HUGE SNOWFALL HAS BURIED THE CAMP AND INTO THE BARRACKS, March 24th, 1864. 2 pages in ink from Sergt. Edgar Bennett, comes with a stamped cover postmarked Alexandria, VA. He relates to Mary in part..."The snow blew into the barracks as bad as it did outdoors, we were all wet even our beds, the blankets were all wet through, everything I have to my name is wet, most of the boys do not have dry blankets to sleep under tonight. It was more than uncomfortable as it was so call I could not get out for roll call this morning. Today we went out and snowballed most of the day. They boys are now around the stoves drying their clothes, many are sick...Charter the drummer is just going to beat the call so I must close." There are light water stains due to the paper being wet before he wrote the letter...Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar.......................................$75.00

 

1319 - REPORTS ON THE BATTLE OF THE WILDERNESS, May 8th, 1864. 2+ pages in ink, stamped cover postmarked Alexandria, VA, from Sergt. Edgar Bennett, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery to Mary. He relates in part..."We have had plenty of news from the front. They are fighting now and have been fighting for three days [Battle of the Wilderness], the papers say there are severe losses on both sides. It says tonight that there losses are 13,000. His losses [Confederate] wounded is 10,000 and killed 3,000. They say our losses are heavy but don't say how much, the troops on the Peninsular are doing well though, we continue to drill for 2 hours each day"...SILK REMNANTS FROM THE REGIMENTAL FLAG INCLUDED, Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. Comes with remnants of silk from the regimental flag of the 1st Ct. Heavy Artillery. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter and remnants of the flag................................................................$165.00

1320 - WE ARE ON THE MOVE-ON TO PETERSBURG, Camp White, VA, May 10th, 1864. 3 pages in bold pencil with a stamped cover postmarked Alexandria, VA, from Sergt. Edger Bennett, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery to Mary. He relates in part..."We have started for the front, we left Fort Richardson today about noon and are in little shelter tents, we carry our houses and beds on our backs but the officers don't, one good thing is they let us leave our dress coats behind, I can't write much as I have nothing to write on but my knee. I can't write with a pen so I hope you can read this. I do not know how quick you will received this as we will travel by water and it may be a week before I can mail it," Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter and cover................................................$85.00

 

1321 - WE ARE NINE MILES FROM RICHMOND, Camp near Petersburg, VA, May 15th, 1864. 3 pages in pencil from Sergt. Edgar Bennett, 1st Conn. Heavy Artillery to Mary, comes with a stamped cover postmarked OLD POINT COMFORT, VA. He relates in part..."We have pork and crackers and coffee when we are not too lazy to cook it, we have our siege train with us and are now with General Butler...we expect to be engaged in battle each day, at present we are nine miles from the City of Richmond." Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter and cover...........................$85.00

12271 - WE ARE IN THE PRINCIPAL POINT FOR THE REBELS TO ATTACK US, PUTTING UP PROTECTION FOR THE GUN, June 9th, 1864, Camp in the field. A hurried pencil 2 page letter by Sgt. Edgar B. Bennett of the 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery to his fiancée Mary. He relates in part to her..."We are still under the fire of the Rebels, everybody is at work to protect themselves. My detachment is putting up mantelet in front of the gun to protect from fragments of shells coming through the embrasure and killing the men. You perhaps have seen in the papers about General Terry's brigade and about his front having to do all the artillery fighting. General Terry [Alfred Howe terry Brig. Gen.] is commander of the X Corps. He is in our works all the time the firing is going on for we are at the principal point for the Rebs to attack. It is an open field in front of us." Letter comes with the stamped cover as well as SILK FRAGMENTS FROM THE REGIMENTAL FLAG OF THE 1ST CONN. HEAVY ARTILLERY...Bennett was later wounded in front of Petersburg by a saber cut and captured in March of 1865. His regiment manned the famous mortar "Dicator" that fired on Petersburg from a railroad car......................................................................$195.00

1324 - CAMP NEAR PETERSBURG, VA, June 20th, 1864. One page letter in pencil to Mary by Srgt. Edgar Bennett, 1st Conn. Heavy Artillery. He relates in this short letter "we have not have had any fighting since Saturday, today it is quite on our front," SILK REMNANTS FROM THE REGIMENTAL FLAG INCLUDED, Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. Comes with remnants of silk from the regimental flag of the 1st Ct. Heavy Artillery. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter and remnants of the flag.............................$75.00

 

1325A - REDAN #2 NEAR THE JAMES RIVER, FIGHTING ALL AROUND US TODAY, June 30th, 1864. Two pages in pencil written in the field by Srgt. Edgar Bennett, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery to Mary. He relates in part..."I am very anxious here and hope to be able to rejoin my company and am keeping a eye for a company of the 13th NY Artillery to relieve me, there has been hard fighting all around us today, we expect fighting in our front and there is every indication of it now, most of our regiment is a Petersburg...I must go as the officer in charge has sent for me." Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar. An interesting letter when his redan was just about to be attacked.......................................$95.00

 

1325B - ALL THE COMPANIES HAVE LOST MEN ON THIS TOUR, WE HAVE CONFIDENCE IN GRANT, Camp in the field [on James River], July 4th, 1864. 3 pages in pencil to Minnie [Mary] by Srgt. Edgar B. Bennett, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery. He relates in part..., "The regiment is broken up in several camps, we have lost a number of men, Company I lost 7, Company D has lost 3 or 4, and the other companies more or less. They have been fighting at Petersburg quite hard and the same for Grant here as it was with Old Abe at the fair in Philadelphia. [Lincoln's Philadelphia Speech in June asked for more troops for General Grant's Army] Grant will fight it out on this line if it takes all summer but we all have faith in General Grant." Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter and stamped cover. 2 items............................$115.00

 

1327 - THE 6TH AND 7TH CONNECTICUT REGIMENTS HAVE BEEN IN ALL THE ENGAGEMENTS, Battery Anderson, VA, August 29th, 1864. 3 pages in ink to Mary by Srgt. Edgar Bennett, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery. He relates in part..."The 6th and 7th Regiments have been in all the engagements this side of the James River and the north side too, and they have now gone to Petersburg, he feels that along with many others the war was right." SILK REMNANTS FROM THE REGIMENTAL FLAG INCLUDED, Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. Comes with remnants of silk from the regimental flag of the 1st Ct. Heavy Artillery. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter, stamped cover and remnants of the flag............................................$125.00

 

1328 - THE CONFEDERATE BATTERY AT DUTCH GAP THREW SHELLS WEIGHING 200# INTO OUR BATTERY, September 11th, 1864, Battery Sawyer, VA. 3 page letter in ink to Mary from Srgt. Edgar Bennett, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery. He relates in part..."We have not gone to Petersburg yet as we were ordered...as long as I have been in the Army I have never witnessed what I did yesterday...the Rebs have what we call the Howlett House Battery [at Dutch Gap]. It commands the river around Turkey Bend. At about 12 o'clock they with 20# Parrott guns began to shell us in our battery. We had not fired a shot when the Howlett House Battery opened up on us and with the great guns they threw shells that weighted 200 pounds right into our battery. Nothing ever made me afraid before then since I have been in the Army. They continued their fire for two hours...they burst their shells in our battery...we were all covered with dirt several times."  Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, an excellent letter by Bennett.....................................................$165.00

1329 - WE MOVE TO PETERSBURG TOMORROW
, Battery Anderson, VA, September 12th, 1864. Two pages in ink to Mary from Srgt. Edgar Bennett, written on his personal stationary...Company K, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery. He relates in a short letter to Mary..."We go to Petersburg tomorrow morning the 13th, I must make this short as we are packing for the move in the morning," Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, unique stationary by Bennett, Seal with Eagle, fine........................................
$95.00

 

1330 - THE SHARPSHOOTERS KEEP UP THEIR DEADLY WORK, Battery #10 near Petersburg, VA, September 27th, 1864. Two pages in ink to Mary from Srgt. Edgar Bennett, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery. He relates in part..."We have not heard the particulars from Butler's lines but there has been fighting that has lasted two days...the Sharpshooters keep up their deadly work. They kill three or four each day, Oh it is awful to see how they work for it as it is sure death for the men they take aim at!", Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter and stamped cover postmarked Washington, 2 items...............................................$145.00

 

1330A - GRANT HAD TO LEAVE THE DEAD AND WOUNDED ON THE FIELD AS LEE WAS TOO STRONG, October 30th, 1864. 3 pages in ink to Mary, before Petersburg, VA, by Srgt. Edgar Bennett, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery. He relates in part, "The army has earned me a good lesson I will never forget and many others will not forget either, Grant's move on the left resulted him leaving the field with his dead and wounded on it for Lee was too strong for him to take Petersburg or Richmond. When Grant left the field he left 180 wounded or thereabouts, perhaps more for the Rebels to take care of. Oh how sad it will make the mothers and Sisters of those who were left on the field to die in such a horrible death as they would have to if they died there." Bennett was later wounded in front of Petersburg by a saber cut and captured in March of 1865. His regiment manned the famous mortar "Dictator" that fired on Petersburg from a railroad car, comes with a stamped cover cancelled Washington, 2 items...................................................$170.00

 

1334 - GRANT WAS NOT AS SUCCESSFUL AS HOPED, Before Petersburg, December 16th, 1864. Three pages in ink to Mary by Srgt. Edgar B. Bennett, 1st Conn. Heavy Artillery. He relates in part..."Grant was not as successful as he might have been, no one knows about the great move Grant was going to make to annihilate the Rebel Army, we all want to see our General R. O. Tyler...Colonel Abbott is appointed Brig. General so we will soon have a new Colonel. There are rumors that the Rebels are evacuating Petersburg." Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter with stamped cover..............................................$100.00

 

1335 - BUTLER CONTINUES ON HIS CANAL, THE OFFICERS ARE STILL DRUNK, Before Petersburg, January 2nd, 1865. 3 pages in ink to Mary by Srgt. Edgar B. Bennett, 1st Conn. Heavy Artillery. He relates in part..."Yesterday, Sunday was the first time we ever had orders not to fire on Sunday and I think it was on account the Commanding general knew that the officers would get drunk and then try an see what they could do, some of the officers were drunk all Saturday night and they have not gotten sober yet. Such a crowd of officers I have never seen in the Army in my life as we are getting these days for they spend more on whiskey than their pay amounts to...Butler continues on his canal at the James River." Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter with stamped cover......................................................$100.00

 

1336 - THE REBELS CAME UP LAST NIGHT AND BUILT A SHANTY IN FRONT OF THE PICKETS, Before Petersburg, VA, January 8th, 1865. 3 pages in ink by Srgt. Edgar B. Bennett, 1st Conn. Heavy Artillery to Mary. He relates in part..."The Rebels came out last night, they had the impatience to come out in front of their picket line and put up some sort of a shanty. For what it is for nobody knows. Some think it is for sharpshooters...the muddy conditions are so bad we can hardly wall." Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter with stamped cover......................................$100.00

 

1337 - NEWS OF THE PEACE COMMISSIONERS, Before Petersburg, January 11th, 1865. Three pages in ink from Srgt. Edgar Bennett, 1st Conn. Heavy Artillery to Mary. He relates in part..."He has heard that there is a report of the Peace Commissioners at the camp, talks of the snowfall and the boys playing in the snow before it melts, he mentions that soldiers are being sent to a school," Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter with stamped cover.....................................$70.00

 

1339 - I HOPE FOR A FURLOUGH, Before Petersburg, January 26th, 1865. Two pages in pen to Mary by Srgt. Edgar B. Bennett, Co. K, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery to his fiancée Mary Marsh. He states that..."his is one of three furloughs pending approval at Headquarters, if he gets one it will be for only 15 days and much of that time will be taken up by traveling back and forth from home, the news is quiet there." Bennett was later wounded in the hand by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg in March 1865. A famous unit at Petersburg that manned the famous "Dictator" mortar, letter with cover [stamped removed]..............................................$55.00

 

1340 - THE REBELS ARE HAVING A LARGE NUMBER OF FIRES IN PETERSBURG, Before Petersburg, VA, March 23rd, 1865. Two pages in ink to Mary for Srgt. Edgar B. Bennett, 1st Conn. Heavy Artillery. He relates in part to her..."The rebels are having a large number of fires in Petersburg of late. They had two there today...mentions he just got a cat and the boys named her "Sesesh" since she came from Petersburg." Probably the last letter Bennett wrote before his being wounded by a saber cut and taken prisoner near Petersburg. This regiment manned the huge mortar called the "Dictator" during the Petersburg siege......................................................$85.00


12266 - GREAT PATRIOTIC LETTERSHEET, BREAKING UP JEFF DAVIS' BALL, October 9th, 1864, West Point, VA. Three pages ink letter by Lt. David S. Harpet, 179th PA, fantastic letter sheet "How the Veterans broke up Jeff Davis' Ball", great vignettes with 6 eight line stanzas, the letter vividly describes his visit to Washington, the post office, Treasury, the Capital and the Whitehouse..."went into Old Abe's room but he was not there and had just left about five minutes before but some of the boys saw him...moved down the Potomac by boat to City Point and then threw up breastworks, the trench is about 10 miles long, they are within 15 miles of Richmond, the Rebels are within three miles, heavy cannon firing, they have a report that General Butler took two rebel gunboats, feels safe where they are...he will never desert...remarks that the substitutes are used hard and sent to the hardest places, carloads after carloads are being sent to the front. Comes with a cover with Harpel's name and address as he abruptly ends the letter without signing it.............................................................................$125.00

12267 - 1ST CONNECTICUT CAVALRY, JACKSON HAS TO RETREAT FROM MANASSAS AND HAS TO COME THIS WAY, Datelined Camp Duryea 1862, patriotic stationary "The War for the Union", red and blue battle scene. 4 page bold pencil letter from Lucius E. Holcomb, Company A, 1st Connecticut Cavalry. He relates in part..."There is one regiment here with us now with two cannons, there was other cavalry here the other day and had five Rebel prisoners, they crossed the river and put the stars and stripes on the courthouse, there has been about 100 of them taken [prisoners], there were 12 taken in one night. We are camped on the property of an old secessionist and he offered us $1000 not to camp on his farm, and we made him take the Oath of Allegiance. We expect that General Jacson [Jackson] has to retreat from Manassas and that he has to come this way..." Although this letter is just dated "1862", Holcomb died on July 30th, 1862 thus the letter was probably written from April-July 1862 based on Jackson's movements during that period. Nice letter sheet..............................................................................$125.00

12268 - 3RD VERMONT INFANTRY, 5TH US CAVALRY, CAMP BELTON, VA, October 31st, 1863. 4 page letter in ink from George M. Harriman 3rd VT Infantry later US 5th Cav., Camp Belton, VA. Mentions they constantly move their camps around, wishes they would get paid soon, those at home state that they wish that they could kill a Rebel as they go out and kill game but if you can see they way they fight your would change their minds for they fight hard and whip us sometimes. The Rebels are only four miles away and a fight will ensue if they don't move across the river. They are only a few miles north of the river and it would be easy for them to get across. 5th US Cavalry:  The regiment's history began in 1855, organizing on 28 May 1855 as the 2nd United States Cavalry Regiment at Louisville, Kentucky. A few months later, on 27 September 1855, under the command of Col. Albert Sidney Johnston, the regiment marched west to Texas to fight in its first Indian Campaign. Later on, Lt. Col. Robert E. Lee succeeded Colonel Johnston as the commander. The regiment fought in a total of thirteen Indian Campaigns, symbolized by the arrow head shaped regimental crest. Other officers of the regiment who became prominent in the American Civil War besides Johnson and Lee were Majors William J. Hardee and George H. Thomas; Captains Earl Van Dorn, George Stoneman, and Edmund Kirby Smith; and Lieutenants John Bell Hood and Fitzhugh Lee. Early in 1861, the regiment went to Carlisle Barracks, where the officers and men loyal to the South left the regiment to serve in the Confederacy. Lieutenant Colonel Lee was replaced by t. Col. George Henry Thomas. In the summer of 1861, the regiment was re-designated as the 5th United States Cavalry; the numerical designation it holds to this day. During the Civil War, the troopers of the 5th Cavalry made a gallant charge at Gaines' Mill on 27 June 1862, saving the Union artillery from annihilation. This battle is commemorated on the regimental crest by the Cross moline, in the yellow field on the lower half of the crest. This letter was written while he served in the 5th US Cavalry. Very scarce unit...........................................................$150.00

11240 - MORGAN'S OHIO RAID 1863 PAYMENT FOR REPELLING INVASION, it was one of the boldest cavalry operations of the Civil War. In July of 1863, General John Hunt Morgan led 2,500 Confederate cavalryman on a daring, three-week raid through Indiana and Ohio. Morgan and his men eluded pursuing Federal cavalry, diverted Federal troops and resources and delayed important Northern military operations. In the beleaguered South, news of Morgan's Raid boosted morale. Morgan and his cavalrymen were relentlessly pursued by determined Federal cavalry commanded by Generals Edward H. Hobson and Henry M. Judah. They met staunch resistance by Midwestern civilians throughout the length of their raid. In Montgomery, Ohio -- a village near Cincinnati -- Morgan's Raiders received a chilly reception from defiant townspeople. With Northern forces closing in, Morgan's harried troops pushed on across Ohio. Five days after Morgan's men entered Montgomery, Hobson's and Judah's Federal troops overtook the Rebel raiders at Buffington Island, Ohio and captured approximately 700 Southern soldiers. Morgan and his men raced northward, but were finally cornered in northeastern Ohio near the Pennsylvania border. There, on July 26, 1863, Morgan was faced to surrender his command near West Point, Ohio -- barely 70 miles from Lake Erie. Although Morgan would daringly escape from imprisonment and return to Confederate command, he would be mortally wounded on another raid. In the South, his exploits would become part of the legacy of the Lost Cause. In Ohio, generations to come would recall the days when the citizens of the Buckeye State defied the Rebel Raiders in the alarming time of Morgan's Ohio Raid. This raid also resulted in destruction of farms and loss of stock as a result of Morgan's foraging of the countryside as well as destroying important inter structure to hinder pursuit. The Treasurer's disbursement voucher below was used in payment for militia soldiers [citizen volunteers] who rose up to defend the State from Morgan's Invasion. Morgan struck 49 Ohio towns during his infamous raid. These vouchers were issued in Columbus in 1864 well after a year from the date of Morgan's Invasion and are noted "for repelling Invasion." Very fine examples...................$75.00/each


8080 - HIS NEPHEW IS A POW IN RICHMOND, HAD THE LOCK SHOT OFF HIS GUN AT THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG, Dora, Wabash County, Indiana, April 4th, 1864. 4 page letter to a friend in New Jersey from Thomas Gibb regarding his travels and business endeavors and he relates in detail the fate of his nephew. He relates about his business ventures, he mentions that his brother's youngest son is a prisoner in Richmond now, he was taken with a squad of 27 who were on the advance of duty with Meade on the Rapidan. They were not given notice when the army retreated. The whole squad were left and taken by the Rebels. They have a letter from him and He is well and in good spirits. The same boy fought through the Gettysburg battle. His regiment went into the fight with 600 men and came out with 200. He not gets a scratch. He had the lock shot off his gun in his hand at the barrel, but no harm came to him. Butternuts have been enlisting strongly. A great many have reenlisted. The 47th have gone into Illinois to quell a butternut rising where. Where they will kill and confiscate the whole of them...The Charleston Riot occurred on March 28, 1864, in Charleston, Illinois, after Union soldiers and local Republicans clashed with local insurgents known as Copperheads. By the time the riot had subsided, nine were dead and twelve had been wounded. The terms Copperhead and Butternuts were used to describe the larger movement, which has been known as Peace Democrats. This political affiliation which stirred up support, as David Montgomery points out in Beyond Equality: Labor and the Radical Republicans, by incorporating the fears that the federal government's war effort sought to usurp the constitution. The copperheads incorporated a racial component to their disdain for the Northern war effort, as Montgomery points out, that emancipated Negroes would flood the North, because of the Emancipation Proclamation. Using racially charged rhetoric, Copperheads sought to unite opposition to the Radical Republicans. This had become a national phenomenon during the American Civil War. Southern sympathizers were battling to keep their country from becoming, in their eyes, too radical. A quite interesting war period letter with a stamped cover..................................................$165.00

8081 - "HERE IS A PIECE OF A UNION FLAG THAT WAS CAPTURED BY THE REBELS AND WE RECAPTURED IT AT THE BATTLE OF CEDAR CREEK" - 138TH PA. VOLUNTEERS, Camp of the 138th PV, March 20th, 1865, two well written pages in ink by S. V. D. Wack, Co. C, 138th PA Vol to his sister. He relates in part...I received the paper and handkerchief this morning but will return the latter as it is too nice out here in this Godforsaken country, ENCLOSED PLEASE FIND A PIECE OF A FLAG CAPTURED FROM SOME UNION REGIMENT BY THE REBELS AND RECAPTURED BY THE 138TH AT THE BATTLE OF CEDAR CREEK. Keep it for me...Tell Lizzie I have her blue bow yet and I means to carry it with me as long as I am in the service. Two of Sherman's scouts came into the lines of the 5th Corps last evening but where he is I do not know. They were seven days coming so he must be a long way off yet...mentions he gets a great many letters from ladies in PA and Jersey, S. V. D. Wack, 2nd Brigade 138th PA Vol., 2nd Brigade, 3rd Div. 6 Corps. Via Washington, DC. Srmattas V. D. Wack was a Corporal and enlisted August 26th, 1862. He was wounded at Cold Harbor and at Cedar Creek and finally mustered out with Company June 23rd, 1865. The 138th PA was at Winchester, September 19, Fisher's Hill, September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Kernstown until December. Moved to Washington, DC, thence to Petersburg, VA, December. Siege of Petersburg December, 1864, to April, 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28 - April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville April 23 - 27, and duty there until May 23. This letter was written from the Petersburg area on March 20th, ATTRACTIVELY FRAMED WITH DOUBLE GLASS TO SHOW BOTH SIDES OF THE LETTER, FLAG REMNANT MEASURES 1" X 4". 8.5" X 14" framed..........................................$695.00


5071 - IOWA TROOPS BEING TRANSPORTED ON THE STEAMBOAT BILL HENDERSON, 8" X 24", preprinted and manuscript manifest where the State of Iowa was paying for passage for men on the Steamboat "Bill Henderson" from April to November in 1862. The passengers are listed by date transported from Dubuque, Clinton, Lyons, and Davenport to cities such as St. Louis, Clinton, Davenport, and Dubuque, Iowa. The preprinted heading "The United States" is scratched out and State of Iowa written in its place. The total passage due the Northern Star Packet Company was $153.50 for which the State received a 25% discount. In researching some of these names, some do not appear on the roster of any Iowa units, but since the state paid their passage, they were probably civil servants. Some soldiers shown are Jerry Elson, 9th Iowa, wounded at Pea Ridge, Sgt. Hiram Buel, lost an arm at Vicksburg, 21st Iowa, Leonard Horr, 21st Iowa, Jesse Hampton, 13th Iowa wounded at Shiloh, Calvin Taylor 45th Iowa. There are at least 45 entries on this steamboat listing of passengers with many more to research. On a quick examination many discharged soldiers, wounded sailors, and new recruits were transported on this boat within the state of Iowa. Some archival repairs due to the size but no loss of paper. A nice Iowa item right at the beginning of the campaigns in Mississippi and through November 1862.........................................................................$125.00

5072 - WE COULD HEAR THE GUNS AT FREDERICKSBURG, HEAR THE WOUNDED GROAN IN WASHINGTON, 4 page letter in pencil, December 24th, 1862, Private David Brett, 9th Mass Light Artillery, and stamped postal cover. He relates in part...had Christmas dinner at the fort, turkeys, oysters, pickles, cakes. I was in Washington all day yesterday with a team of mules, we are fixing up the fort today as the Captain is a Catholic and we are having easy times [Christmas season]...THERE WAS A GREAT BATTLE THE OTHER DAY AT FREDERICKSBURG AND WE COULD HEAR THE CANNONS VERY PLAIN AND THE WOUNDED WERE BROUGHT TO WASHINGTON IN BOATS OF ALL KINDS AND AMBULANCES. SOME OF OUR FOLKS WHO WERE IN WASHINGTON SAID THEY COULD HEAR THEM GROAN AS THEY PASSED IN THE STREETS. WE GOT WHIPPED BADLY AND THAT IS NO MISTAKE. DESCRIBES THEIR CHRISTMAS DINNER ON THE 25TH WITH ALL THE BOYS HAVING PLENTY TO EAT AND HAD A GOOD TIME PLAYING BALL [BASEBALL]. The 9th Mass Artillery was soon to fight at Gettysburg and fight at Trostle's Barn. In the Civil War Times article "The Battery that saved the Union" Hoffsommer says that after Barksdale's forward surge lapped the battery and the 21st Mississippi Infantry engulfed the guns and limbers, the fight became savagely hand to hand with muskets and bayonets against rammers and handspikes. Baker states that "David Brett lost his cap and started back for it; John Ligal took him under his arm and carried him off the field." Brett was only 5'4" and weighed 163 lbs. Brett hurt his foot due to cannon recoil and was carried off the field. The 9th Mass. Light Artillery accompanied the army in its northward march, on July 2, 1863, it reached Gettysburg, and about 4 P.M. was placed in position near the Wheatfield road about 300 yards south of the Trostle farm buildings. Here it assisted in staying the tide of Longstreet's attack, firing by prolonge as it was forced to retire across the field, and finally in a last stand in the Trostle farm yard lost over 50 horses and was forced to temporarily abandon four of its guns. These, however, were brought off the field by the infantry after nightfall. The loss in personnel was 11 officers and men killed and mortally wounded, and sixteen surviving wounded, among the latter being Captain Bigelow. On the following day the remnant of the battery under Lieutenant Milton, consisting of two guns, was engaged at Ziegler's Grove on Cemetery Hill losing five more horses. The letter is well written in pencil with some water stains which do not deter the reader. A good newsy letter from a very good fighting unit............................................................$175.00


4270 - THREE SOLDIERS EXECUTED BY FIRING SQUAD FOR DESERTION, A DETAILED LETTER REGARDING THE EXECUTION, THE BEST EXECUTION LETTER WE HAVE EVER OFFERED - IRISH BRIGADE LETTER, Headquarters near Morrisville, August 29th, 1863. 4 page letter in ink by William A. Smith, Company D, 116th PA [Irish Brigade] to his sister. He relates in part...mentions his brother who is ill on Folly Island in that "hot secesh hole", news arrived that the Stars and Stripes in floating over Fort Sumter and Wagner, soon the battery at Fort Moultrie and then Charleston should be in the next news. Well Molly, there has been a sad fear bin going on here last Friday a week and yesterday...THERE WERE THREE MEN SHOT IN THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, THERE WAS ONE OUT OF THE 71ST PA SHOT FOR DESERTION ON THE 21ST OF THE MONTH, AND YESTERDAY THERE WERE TWO MEN SHOT FOR THE SAME THING - DESERTION IT IS AN AWFUL THING TO SEE OWN MEN SHOT DOWN, IF IT WAS BATTLE IT WOULD BE NOT SO HARD TO SEE THROUGH TO WALK UP AND BRAVE IT AND GET SHOT DOWN LIKE AN OX THERE IS NO USE TALKING ABOUT IT...THEY WERE NOT SHOT FOR COWARDICE AS THEY WERE ALL BRAVE AS LIONS AS THEY ALL WALKED OVER TO WHERE THEY WERE TO BE SHOT RIGHT BEHIND THEIR COFFINS AND KEPT STEP WITH THE MUSIC ALL THE TIME AND THEY STOOD AND SEEN THE MUSKETS LOADED AND WENT AND STOOD BY THEIR COFFINS UNTIL THEY WERE TOLD TO KNEEL DOWN, THEY COOLEY TOOK OFF THEIR COATS AND FOLDED THEM BESIDES THEM AS IF NOTHING WAS GOING TO HAPPEN AND EVEN MARCHED KEEPING IN TUNE WITH THE DEAD MARCH AND THAT IS THE HARDEST THING TO KEEP IN STEP WITH. THEY WERE ORDERED TO KNEEL DOWN ON ONE KNEE AND THEN THE HANKER CHIEFS WERE PUT OVER THEIR EYES AND THEY BRACED THEMSELVES FOR IT AND WHEN THE WORD WAS GIVEN TO FIRE ONE FELL ONE WAY AND ANOTHER THE OTHER WAY, ONE OF THEM THEY HAD TO SHOOT A SECOND TIME BEFORE THEY HAD TO KILL HIM AND IF ANYONE SAYS THEY WERE COWARDS I THINK THEY LIE AS THEY HAD HEARTS AS BIG AS AN OX...William A. Smith. The 116th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, was recruited from among the Irish Americans of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, during the summer of 1862. Dennis Heenan served as its first colonel, St. Clair A. Mulholland as lieutenant colonel, and George H. Bardwell as major. At the end of August 1862, the regiment was ordered to report to Washington, D.C., and was assigned to the Irish Brigade, which was the 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps, Army of the Potomac. The following month, it was ordered to the Shenandoah Valley, where it saw minor skirmishing. At the Battle of Fredericksburg on December 13, the 116th charged the sunken road. Despite losing many of their officers and men, including Colonel Heenan, they remained at the wall until dark. The regiment had lost so many men that it was consolidated into a battalion of four companies under the command of Mulholland. The 116th performed well at the Battle of Chancellorsville, where it helped rescue the 5th Maine Battery from capture. In this action, Mulholland earned a Medal of Honor. On the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg, the 1st Division was sent into the Wheatfield to support the III Corps, where the 116th engaged in hand-to-hand combat. Caught in a crossfire, the division was forced to retreat. During Pickett's Charge the following day, the regiment supported the 2nd Connecticut Battery but wasn't needed in the fighting. During the following few months, the 116th remained in Northern Virginia. In the spring of 1864, Mulholland was given permission to recruit the regiment back to full strength. Enough men were raised in Philadelphia to form Companies E, F, and G in addition to bringing the four companies at the front to strength, though many of the veterans were consolidated into A Company. Companies H, I, and K were raised in Pittsburg. A large portion of these new recruits were not Irish-Americans, however. Mulholland was promoted to colonel, while Richard C. Dale became lieutenant colonel and John Teed, who had been captured at Gettysburg, major. The 116th fought all through the Overland Campaign, where it continued to lose heavily in officers and men. Mulholland was wounded at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House and Dale was missing in action. Mulholland was wounded again at the Battle of Cold Harbor. Heavy losses continued during the Siege of Petersburg. In July, the Irish Brigade was broken up and the 116th was assigned to the 4th Brigade, 1st Division. After the Appomattox Campaign, the regiment was sent to Alexandria, where, on June 3, Companies A, B, C, and D where mustered out. The remaining companies were mustered out on July 14 in Washington. Well written by Smith, comes with a cover missing the stamp postmarked Washington, DC....................................................$595.00


3015 - OLD JACKSON HAS LEFT WINCHESTER AND BANKS IS RIGHT BEHIND HIM, 62ND OHIO INFANTRY, LATER KILLED AT DARBYTOWN ROAD, March 15th, 1862, Pvt. William Smutz, 62nd Ohio, Headquarters of the 62nd Ohio, Frederick County, MD. Two legal sized pages that he took from a storekeeper's ledger book. He states he is writing in a store 5 miles from Winchester. He relates in bold pencil, We left by train from Fort Kimball, the track was torn up for four miles...arrived in Martinsburg and found half the town flying Union colors from their windows and the rest of the town mourning for the dead heroes of the rattlesnake banner, we are five miles from Winchester and I am writing in a store on a clerk's ledger book paper, Old Jackson has left Winchester and Banks is right behind him, Banks is pouring into him as we can hear the cannonading, they have been reinforced from Strasburg, some bodies lay in the area with dead horses, some Negro contrabands camp into camp last night and the officers naturally adopted them. Smutz died at Darbytown Road in 1864. Coves with a stamped patriotic cover postmarked Hanover, MD. With a colored vignette of Miss Liberty...PROTECT THE UNION in a banner. On the 11th Banks cautiously advanced his left to Berryville 10 miles east of Winchester by a good stone road. Jackson again drew up his little army in front of Winchester covering the three roads by which Banks would advance his whole army and all day awaiting the attack from the large force that came within four miles of his position. When this did not result in combat, he late in the day followed his trains to the vicinity of Newton. Jackson determined that they should make an attack on Bank's advance force at Stephenson's before daylight the next morning. However, his army was within five miles from Winchester too far to recall for a night march and attack. He later followed his army and bivouacked in its rear. The next day he marched to Strasburg 18 miles from Winchester where he halted on the 15th. Banks occupied Winchester on the 12th, but Turner Ashby, with his cavalry kept him so occupied in protecting the rear and flanks of his army as well as its front, that he did not follow after Jackson until the 18th when he started Shield's Division in pursuit. Jackson with Ashby as his sentinel fell back to Woodstock 12 miles and then to Mt. Jackson 24 miles from Strasburg. Letter and cover.....................$175.00

3018A - SAW A DESERTER SHOT WHILE SITTING ON HIS COFFIN, WE ARE AT WARREN STATION NEAR THE PETERSBURG LINE, 37th Mass. Volunteers, Co. F, Private Williard S. Cooke to his Father, near Petersburg, VA, January 3rd, 1865. Four pages in very bold pencil. He relates in part...He hopes to get detailed to Butler's Dept. in hopes of getting a furlough. We are presently camped near the center of the line on the very spot that the 5th Corps had done such desperate fighting to gain and hold the position on the Weldon Railroad. Nearby there is a large fort that was built by the Corps and perhaps you have seen in pictured in Harpers Weekly. The railroad cuts close to our camp and the station is just a few rods off. We are set at Warren's Station and are set in nice warm houses. We have been papering the inside of the houses with old "New York Heralds" [insulation] and it looks quite gay. I SAW A DESERTER SHOT TODAY. HE WAS SITTING ON HIS COFFIN WHEN HE WAS SHOT. Your Brother, W. S. Cooke [wrote to Father and Brother]. Records show that two Union soldiers were shot at Petersburg on January 6th, 1865 for desertion...Peter Cox of the 4th New Jersey and Michael Wert of the 184th PA. A well written letter by a member of the 37th Mass. The 37th Mass. regiment was formed in July 1862 and served until the end of the war in April 1865, seeing action at many battles including Fredericksburg and Gettysburg, duty in New York City after the draft riot, the Siege of Petersburg and the final pursuit and destruction of General Robert E. Lee's Army. It was formed from volunteers mainly from the western counties of Massachusetts, and it subsequently absorbed members of other units (notably the 7th and the 10th Massachusetts) in May and June 1864. The 37th was one of the first regiments to be issued the new Spencer repeating rifle, on July 15, 1864, increasing their firepower. The 37th Mass was one of the first regiments to enter Petersburg the surrender of the City to Colonel Edwards in command of the Sixth Corps skirmish line...............................................................$165.00

3019 - 2ND IOWA CAVALRY, ENEMY THREATENING NASHVILLE, Charles P. Hutchinson, Co. K, 2nd Iowa Cavalry to his brother's home in Illinois, at camp near Nashville, TN, December 10th, 1862. 4 pages in ink on attractive patriotic stationary [Washington standing by flag-green imprint]. He relates in part...about some in His company, one has died, the enemy is out in great force and they may try and take Nashville, skirmishing is going on at the present time and they have driven in our pickets today and our men are waiting for the enemy to come a little closer...we had a fight with them last week and made an attack on them at 4 AM on Thanksgiving morning and drove in their pickets killing 20 of them and only having three wounded. The new troops are dying off pretty fast just like last winter in Rolla [MO] when we buried  60 of our regiment. Letter comes with a patriotic cover with the stamp cut out. He refers to Bragg moving towards Nashville near Murfreesboro, TN. Well written on attractive stationary.............................................SOLD

3020 - 34TH IOWA SURGEON RELEASES HIM TO REJOIN HIS REGIMENT, June 25th, 1863, 4 pages in ink to his sister by Milton Hutchinson Co. F, 34th Iowa...he expects to start for his regiment that evening as the Surgeon has given him clearance to go. He is sending home $16 with a soldier who is going home on furlough...tells his sister that the money can be used to hire a hand to put up for the winter. Has heard from the boys at Vicksburg, direct letters to Cairo, IL, Company F, 34th Iowa. He was soon to join his regiment at Vicksburg and was later killed in action at Fort Blakely, AL in April 1865. Well written in ink, with stamped cover PM St. Louis, CDS bullseye cancellation......................................$75.00


32801 - ILLINOIS SOLDIER WRITES FROM HAY MARKET, KY, PATRIOTIC STATIONARY, November 21st, 1861, to his sister in Kane County, IL. Red and blue Miss Liberty with flag. 4 pages, he relates...we moved to Camp Holman went about 24 miles from West Point and are camped on the roughest type of ground, there are 75,000 soldiers within 12 miles of here, plenty to eat, boys sing each night, have prayer meetings, some light water staining. Comes with cover stamp removed...............................$49.50


32805 - 8TH INDIANA LETTER SHEET, THE BATTLE OF CEDAR CREEK
, 3 page letter by an anonymous soldier, March 14th, 1865 to his sister. The letter sheet has great artillery graphics in red and is a poem by C. A. Savage, Co. K, 8th Indiana from Camp near Petersburg, VA. The letter deals with camp news, will go to City Point to mail an express package, more personal news. A great colorful letter sheet...................................................
$75.00




32807 - EAGLE FLYING FROM MOUNTAIN, TATTERED CONFEDERATE FLAG, US FLAG IN FOREGROUND
, Moreheadville, Erie Co., June 25th [62]. 7 page letter home in ink, great patriotic graphics, home news..........................
$50.00


32809 - SOME OF MORGAN'S MEN HAVE BEEN CAPTURED, NEWS OF GETTYSBURG, VICKSBURG, AND PORT HUDSON
, July 22nd, 1863, Polo, Illinois. 4 page letter to Lt. Oscar Sammis of the 92nd Illinois Mounted Infantry stationed near Chattanooga by his sister. She relates in part...I see by the papers that some of you have been after old Morgan and captured the greatest part of his men, and now it seems that Vicksburg and Port Hudson are taken, and together with Meade's Victory and the capturing of so many of Morgan's men there cannot be a great many left. A newsy home letter regarding the three great victories of July 1863.......................................
$48.00

32811 - A FRIEND WANTS A DARKY TO BE SENT UP TO HER FROM TENNESSEE, PART OF UNIT WILL BE GRANT'S BODYGUARD, THE 92ND REGIMENT HAS BEEN MOUNTED AND ATTACHED TO GENERAL WILDER, August 2nd, 1863, Polo, IN. 4 page Illinois home front letter to Lt. Oscar Sammis, 92nd Illinois Mounted Infantry by his sister...We have not heard from you in awhile are you off stealing horses, Mary says send her Darky along as she needs him in this hot weather, we have noticed that the 92nd has been mounted and attached to General Wilder's Division, General Grant has ordered three companies of his regiment [92nd Illinois] to Vicksburg for his body guards...Joseph says that completely uses up that regiment...says there will be nothing left than the 4th Illinois Cavalry. Quite newsy and interesting content.......................................$48.00

32813 - AFRAID THAT THE REBELS MIGHT GET INTO WASHINGTON, Polo, Illinois, July 17th, 1864, from the sister of Lt. Oscar Sammis, 92nd Illinois Mounted Infantry serving near Chattanooga. She relates in part in a 4 page ink letter...you have read in the papers about of the raid into Penn. And Maryland, we felt afraid for awhile that the Rebels might get into Washington and I think there were some near Washington...Sherman has been doing some terrible fighting the past two weeks...the opinion here is that he will soon clear out most of that part of the country. Her letter describes Jubal Early's raid towards Washington June - July 1864, Robert E. Lee was concerned about Hunter's advances in the Valley, which threatened critical railroad lines and provisions for the Virginia-based Confederate forces. He sent Jubal Early's corps to sweep Union forces from the Valley and, if possible, to menace Washington, D.C., hoping to compel Grant to dilute his forces against Lee around Petersburg, Virginia. Early was operating in the shadow of Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, whose 1862 Valley Campaign against superior forces was fabled in Confederate history. Early got off to a good start. He drove down the Valley without opposition, bypassed Harper's Ferry, crossed the Potomac River, and advanced into Maryland. Grant dispatched a corps under Horatio G. Wright and other troops under George Crook to reinforce Washington and pursue Early. Monocacy (July 9) Early defeated a smaller force under Lew Wallace near Frederick, Maryland, but this battle delayed his progress enough to allow time for reinforcing the defenses of Washington. Fort Stevens (July 11 - 12) Early attacked a fort on the northwest defensive perimeter of Washington without success and withdrew back to Virginia...........................................$55.00

32814 - ELMIRA, NY, PROVOST MARSHALL GIVES INSTRUCTIONS ABOUT TWO LISTS OF DESERTERS LIVING IN HIS COUNTY AND WHAT TO DO REGARDING ENROLLING NEW TROOPS, 27th District of NY, Elmira, NY, May 20th, 1863. He writes to the deputy Provost Marshall giving him lists of deserters in Steuben County and to arrest the men on the lists and deliver them to headquarters. Also he gives instructions, oaths of office, blank lists for enrollment, which with the assistance of Surgeon J. B. Graves, you will see transmitted to each enrolling officer in Steuben County and return the oath of office to me. M.J. Green Provost Marshall. An act for "enrolling and calling out the National Forces" was signed into law on March 3, 1863, by President Abraham Lincoln. This, the first effective draft by the federal government, called for all men between the ages of 18 and 45 to be enrolled into local militia units and be available to be called into national service. The draft law exempted men in some occupations, such as telegraph operators, railroad engineers, judges, and certain other government employees. Men with mental disabilities or with certain types of dependents were also exempted. Physical disabilities that would exempt a man included imperfect vision in the right eye, lack of front teeth and molars, and loss of more than one finger of the right hand or more than two fingers of the left hand. By July, the new draft hit high emotions in New York City where a riot where many were killed [especially Negroes], was subdued by Union troops. This Provost Marshall is trying to round up deserters in his district as well as setting the stage for enrolling more volunteers or the drafted men covered by Lincoln's March law. An interesting document, 8" X 10" manuscript..............................................$49.00


32705 - 13TH MAINE, CAMP AND GARRISON EQUIPMENT MANIFEST, August 11th, 1864, Augusta, ME. 8" X 10" printed form and filled in listing received from Lt. R. B. Grover, 13th Maine, lists uniform clothing, 1 forage cap, blouses, trousers [infantry], shirts, drawers, stockings. The 13th Maine participated in the New Orleans Expedition under Butler, the Rio Grande Campaign, Red River Campaign, and back to Virginia in 1864. This document was written while the veterans were on furlough Aug - Sept. 1864. Very fine...........................$28.50

32712 - 40TH MASSACHUSETTS, MINERS HILL, VA, THE WOODEN GUNS OF THE CONFEDERATES, October 22nd, 1862. 4 pages in bold pencil by Edwin A. Lane to his Father at Miners Hill, VA on patriotic stationary large colored star. He relates in part...we moved from Fort Ethan Allen to Munson Hill, the Rebels had their wooden guns, we see their fort as it is 75' high on a hill. The fort is made of barrels all around filled with dirt to make the fort, have been to Falls Church and have been on picket now at Miners Hill, we are right on top of the hill, wants a box sent to him filled with ginger snaps and cakes, he has not been paid and is need of gloves and stockings. Have gotten the mumps and one side of my face is swollen up the size of two fists, we are in General Robert Cowden's brigade who was the Colonel of the 1st Mass...Edwin A. Lane, Co. H, 40th Mass. Lane describes Confederate "Quaker guns" and the very important position of Miner's Hill which the Confederates had held until their arrival. Lane later died at Petersburg on June 24th, 1864. Some age tone, bold pencil.......................................................$100.00


32601 - AN EX CONFEDERATE POW FROM TENNESSEE IS LOOKING FOR HIS GUN AFTER HIS RELEASE FROM JOHNSON'S ISLAND, Whitefield County, Georgia, May 20th, 1866. One page letter in ink to Frank Hammum formerly of the 61st Tennessee who had been released from Johnson's Island late in 1865 by W. J. Johnson. He relates in part...Johnson states he did not received any letter from ex Lt. Hannum before he left Tennessee, states that Lt. Hannum's gun is in the hands of his brother-in-law Morgan Lane and to drop him a note at Whitesburg, Jefferson County, Tennessee..."you say you have not heard from out old regiment, Rader and Davis are now at home, Jackson is in Middle Tennessee somewhere, Rose. I have never heard a word from since he left the Island [Johnson's Island]." This letter is accompanied by a stamped cover with a pen cancellation Vernell's Station, GA, May 22, 1866. An interesting letter from old POW buddies from Johnson's Island. 2 pieces.......$55.00
 
3700 - 10TH MISSOURI INFANTRY ABOUT TO ENGAGE AT
CORINTH, 24" X 30", pre-printed muster roll for Company I, 10th Missouri Infantry, Captain Joel Strong commanding. Dated April 30th, 1862 at Hickman, Kentucky listing over 60 soldiers and their pay received for March and April 1862. The 10th Missouri was en route to Shiloh and then to the siege at Corinth, MS. Strong lists what they have done since leaving Cape Girardeau, MO. He notes...left on March 20th on the transport and reached Birds Point at 5 PM the same day. Embarked on the steamer Thomas S. Dickey and proceeded to Hickman, Kentucky which is our present station which we arrived at daybreak on the 22nd and occupied the town and unfurled the Northern ensign which had not been seen since the breaking out of the Rebellion. The 10th Missouri was at Cape Girardeau, MO, until April 30. Moved to Pittsburgh Landing, TN, April 30, Coffey's Landing, TN, May 2, Siege of Corinth, MS, May 5-30. Action at Farmington May 9 (Reserve). Skirmish on Booneville Road May 29, pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 12. At Corinth until August, at Jacinto until September 18, Battle of Iuka September 19, Battle of Corinth October 3-4, Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November, 1862 to January, 1863. Escort train to Memphis, TN, December 20-30, 1862, guard duty on Memphis & Charleston Railroad at Germantown and near Memphis until March, 1863, expedition to Yazoo Pass and operations against Fort Pemberton and Greenwood March 13-April 5. Moved to Milliken's Bend, LA and duty there until April 25, movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30, Battle of Port Gibson May 1 (In support), Big Black River May 3, Battles of Raymond May 12, Jackson May 14, Champion's Hill May 16, Siege of Vicksburg, MS, May 18-July 4, assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22, Surrender of Vicksburg July 4. Strong was wounded in the shoulder at Champion Hill. His photo is shown above, some embellishments light, minor seam strengthening in a spot, otherwise very good..........................................
$225.00

3701 - 10TH MISSOURI INFANTRY, THE 2ND BATTLE OF CORINTH, IUKA, MISSISSIPPI, pre-printed 24" X 30" muster roll of Company I of the 10th Missouri Infantry listing over 50 men and their pay information signed by Captain Joel Strong October 31st, 1862 at Corinth, MS. The roll was for the period June 30th - October 30th, 1862. In the event section, Strong chronicles their actions since the last muster roll. He relates..."September 1st, 1862, at camp near Jacinta [Jacinto], MS. Remaining there until September 14th and on that day marched to Iuka and reached the battlefield on the 19th, the regiment being in reserve, loss 22 in killed and wounded, the next day pursuing the retreating enemy returned to Jacinta [Jacinto] on the 21st and remained in camp until October 1st when the regiment was ordered to camp near Corinth and reached there on the 1st, moved camp on the 2nd at 2 o'clock and received orders to be in the line in thirty minutes all being prompt to time we took up a line of march to Corinth where with the regiment participated in the fight of the 3rd and 4th, the regiment lost 93 killed and wounded and on the 5th pursued the retreating enemy from 15 to 32 miles per day returning on the 11th to Corinth and on the 13th moved to our present position one mile north of Corinth, MS." The 10th Missouri was at Cape Girardeau, MO, until April 30, moved to Pittsburgh Landing, TN, April 30. Coffey's Landing, TN, May 2, Siege of Corinth, MS, May 5-30. Action at Farmington May 9 (Reserve). Skirmish on Booneville Road May 29, pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 12. At Corinth until August, at Jacinto until September 18, Battle of Iuka September 19, Battle of Corinth October 3-4. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November, 1862 to January, 1863. Escort train to Memphis, TN, December 20-30, 1862,guard duty on Memphis & Charleston Railroad at Germantown and near Memphis until March, 1863. Expedition to Yazoo Pass and operations against Fort Pemberton and Greenwood March 13-April 5, moved to Milliken's Bend, LA, and duty there until April 25. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30, Battle of Port Gibson May 1 (In Support). Big Black River May 3, Battles of Raymond May 12, Jackson May 14. Champion's Hill May 16, Siege of Vicksburg, MS May 18-July 4, assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22, surrender of Vicksburg July 4. Strong was wounded in the shoulder at Champion Hill. His photo is shown above. A good account of the action of the 10th Missouri at Iuka and Corinth. Some slight seam restoration that is quite usual for these huge folded documents.....................................$295.00


3264 REBEL PROPERTY HAD BEEN PROTECTED UNTIL NOW IN KENTUCKY, REBELS ARE BEING ROUTED OUT, SENATOR DAVIS OF KENTUCKY DESIRES HARD PUNISHMENT FOR TRAITORS, 4 large pages in ink by Captain John O. Campbell, 45th PA., Vol., to his friends, Paris, Ky., April 9th, 1863. He relates in part about their entry and camping in Kentucky...we are under to join our brigade at Camp Dick Robinson…although the footprints of war are evident in Kentucky the county side is magnificent.. There are many loyalists here but there are some excessively bitter Rebels here principally the ‘softer sex”. The Federals have been stripped by the likes of John Morgan, Kirby Smith, Marshall and others while the property of the Rebels have been protected while the Federal authorities are present. I am happy to say that this is about to change. Scouts searched houses and ho knowledge of any Rebels was known, four Rebels spies were found [one of whom could not be moved] and were brought to the town jail. Our government has acted as a fool long enough. Senator Davis lives in the suburbs of the town [Paris]. He desires to see the whole town freed of all disloyalty and the leading men shot and the women sent to military prisons and compelled to wait on themselves instead of having servants with them. The Senator can see what is good for Kentucky but did not endorse a measure that would give us character in the eyes of Europe - The Emancipation Proclamation. We are camped in the Bourbon County fairgrounds, describes the camp and the large facilities used by the soldiers. The “Clay’s are a very minimum here with some three or exceptions are loyal. Mentions a Unionist school teacher named Bacon who is a valuable supporter but owns 4-5 blacks, invited officers to a wonderful dinner at their house, John O. Campbell. A wonderful letter on Kentucky politics and the situation within the towns Unionists vs Rebels, Extremely well written. Campbell died of wounds he suffered at the Battle of the Wilderness 5/6/64. Senator GarrettDavis was opposed to secession, however, and supported the Constitutional Union Party ticket in 1860. This convinced him to reenter politics, and he was elected as a Unionist in 1861 to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the expulsion of John C. Breckinridge. He was reelected as a Democrat in 1867 and served from December 10, 1861 until his death in Paris, Kentucky in 1872. He served as chairman of the Committee on Private Land Claims. He was interred in Paris Cemetery.................$195.00

3266 THE RESULTS OF CONFEDERATE ARTILLERY NEAR PETERSBURG, A MAN HAS HIS HEAD BLOWN OFF, near Petersburg, December 9th, 1864, 3 pages in ink by John Smith, Co. I 35th Mass. Volunteers. He relates in part to his wife...The artillery is firing from both sides, three days ago when our pickets were being relieved the Rebels threw a shell into them killing one and wounding three. The one killed was an old man from Company C who had his head blown off and died instantly, he did not know what hit him, another was hit in eight different places and probably will not live, if so he will at least lose an arm and an leg and was also hit in the body.. Another man lost his thumb, another slightly wounded in the side. Last night we had a man wounded by a Minnie ball. The ball passed through his arm but did not break the bone and went into his body. The shelling yesterday from both sides was lively. . There was a group of soldiers standing aside of our battery looking at the effects of our shells on the Rebels when a shell came in and hit into the crowd killing five and wounding others. All belonged to the 39th NY which was a new regiment here. Our losses along the entire line yesterday was heavy was as there was considerable firing on the picket lines. The deserters do not come in as fast as a week ago as I guess their officers keep a better look at them coming over in crowds. . We have heard that Hardie as escaped from Savannah before Sherman could invest the city but he has done considerable enough. I am now making out a report on all the killed, wounded, ill, died and it is considerable…John [John I Smith Co I 35th Mass.] Smith was appointed a 2nd Lt in January 1865. A great accounting of the horrific damage artillery shells did on infantry. Extremely well written........................$350.00

3267 - ONE OF OUR LIEUTENANTS WAS KILLED WHEN WE CROSSED THE RIVER AFTER THE REBELS, 1ST NEW YORK MOUNTED RIFLES, Camp Dodge, Suffolk, VA. 4 long pages in ink by Charles H. Hasting, 1st NY Mounted Rifles, January 1st, 1863. He relates in part...We had a hard rife was in the saddle from 7 AM to 3 AM, the Rebels came across a few times, once in a while we get a shot at them and they return the compliment, quite a number of our men have been wounded, two have died, and one has lost a leg...the cavalry is not as exposed as the infantry, if we move it will be towards Petersburg...the Rebels have a very strong hold at Black Water, if we attempt to cross the river they can pick us off, several of our companies went across the river and drove them 10 miles but returned as they had no infantry to back them up, that was when our Lieutenant was killed. Extremely well written, comes with DUE 3 stamped postal cover NORFOLK CDS of January 10th [1863].................................................$145.00

3268 - A SOLDIER KILLED A LITTLE GIRL IN THE WOODS, Harrisonburg, VA, October 11th, 1863. 3 page letter in ink by Edward Fisher of the 82nd PA Infantry writing to a friend. He relates in part...Am getting along fine but the crackers we have are so hard they are hard to get down without choking on them, we have bread twice a day and in the evening we have crackers and coffee. There has been a great many accidents around here, last week one soldier cut his leg off and broke his shoulder bone. ONE OF THE SOLDIERS WAS DOWN TOWN AND PICKED UP A LITTLE GIRL AND TOOK HER TO A SWAMP AND SHOT HER THROUGH THE NECK AND THEN CUT HER THROAT...THE GIRL WAS ONLY FIVE YEARS OLD AND NOW NO ONE DARES TO GO OUT OF THE CAMP...he discusses payment for boots, many men buy their own food, Edward Fisher. While quite a revealing letter about the murder of a little girl by a soldier, Fisher does not comment about the outcome of the murder - was the soldier identified and caught? The 82nd PA had been very active in the previous months fighting at Gettysburg and in the pursuit of Lee...extremely rare commentary of something unheard of in the Civil War - murder of a child by a soldier....................................................$175.00

3251 - ON BOARD THE GUNBOAT CARONDELET, East Port, Alabama, March 18th, 1865. Two page letter to his wife by John Haggerty and engineer on the USS Carondelet. He relates in part...he refers to family matters and states that he has sent $10 to her as well as a photo of the boat, states that he has sent letters to his two children and has not heard back from them. Family matters continues. John Haggerty. USS Carondelet, a 512-ton Cairo class ironclad river gunboat, was built at Saint Louis, Missouri, for the U.S. Army's Western Gunboat Flotilla. Commissioned in January 1862 with Commander Henry A. Walke, USN as her captain, Carondelet quickly entered combat, taking part in the captures of Forts Henry and Donelson, Tennessee, in February 1862. In March and April, she played an important role in the campaign to capture the Confederate fortress at Island Number Ten, on the Mississippi River. This was followed by operations against Fort Pillow and Memphis, TN, during April - June 1862. With the upper Mississippi now under Union control, Carondelet spent much of the following year in the long campaign against Vicksburg, MS. On 15 July 1862, while in the Yazoo River, she was badly damaged in an engagement with the Confederate ironclad Arkansas. Along with the other units of the Army's Western Rivers "navy", she was formally transferred to the U.S. Navy in October 1862. In April 1863, Carondelet was a member of the ironclad force that ran past Vicksburg and later bombarded Grand Gulf, MS. In May, combined Army-Navy operations that led to that fortified city's surrender on 4 July 1863. Thereafter, she was involved with a variety of expeditions and patrol operations, among them the March-May 1864 Red River expedition...................$75.00

3252 - ON BOARD THE GUNBOAT CARONDELET, East Point, Alabama, April 8th, 1865. Two large pages in ink to his wife by John Haggerty an engineer on the Carondelet. He relates in part...The gunboat Fair Play came up the river last night from Cairo and brought the good news that we are in Richmond, asks his wife to be more careful in writing as her writing is most difficult to read, asks about the recent floods back home he has heard about, family matters. John Haggerty. USS Carondelet, a 512-ton Cairo class ironclad river gunboat, was built at Saint Louis, Missouri, for the U.S. Army's Western Gunboat Flotilla. Commissioned in January 1862 with Commander Henry A. Walke, USN as her captain, Carondelet quickly entered combat, taking part in the captures of Forts Henry and Donelson, Tennessee, in February 1862. In March and April, she played an important role in the campaign to capture the Confederate fortress at Island Number Ten, on the Mississippi River. This was followed by operations against Fort Pillow and Memphis, TN, during April - June 1862. With the upper Mississippi now under Union control, Carondelet spent much of the following year in the long campaign against Vicksburg, MS. On 15 July 1862, while in the Yazoo River, she was badly damaged in an engagement with the Confederate ironclad Arkansas. Along with the other units of the Army's Western Rivers "navy", she was formally transferred to the U.S. Navy in October 1862. In April 1863, Carondelet was a member of the ironclad force that ran past Vicksburg and later bombarded Grand Gulf, MS. In May, combined Army-Navy operations that led to that fortified city's surrender on 4 July 1863. Thereafter, she was involved with a variety of expeditions and patrol operations, among them the March-May 1864 Red River expedition. Paper has some archival repairs affecting several words...................................................$75.00

3254 - ON BOARD THE GUNBOAT CARONDELET, East Port, AL., April 24th, 1865. Four pages in ink to his wife by John Haggerty an engineer on the USS Carondelet. He relates in part...A gunboat came up with a convoy this morning with the mail aboard, there has been a problem with the mail as of late, the Rebels are about played out, any soldier or sailor who says anything about Abe Lincoln is punished severely...a still tongue makes a wise head...They will head to Mound City for repairs and will probably stay on the Mississippi River...John Haggerty...USS Carondelet, a 512-ton Cairo class ironclad river gunboat, was built at Saint Louis, Missouri, for the U.S. Army's Western Gunboat Flotilla. Commissioned in January 1862 with Commander Henry A. Walke, USN as her captain, Carondelet quickly entered combat, taking part in the captures of Forts Henry and Donelson, Tennessee, in February 1862. In March and April, she played an important role in the campaign to capture the Confederate fortress at Island Number Ten, on the Mississippi River. This was followed by operations against Fort Pillow and Memphis, TN, during April - June 1862. With the upper Mississippi now under Union control, Carondelet spent much of the following year in the long campaign against Vicksburg, MS. On 15 July 1862, while in the Yazoo River, she was badly damaged in an engagement with the Confederate ironclad Arkansas. Along with the other units of the Army's Western Rivers "navy", she was formally transferred to the U.S. Navy in October 1862. In April 1863, Carondelet was a member of the ironclad force that ran past Vicksburg and later bombarded Grand Gulf, MS. In May, combined Army-Navy operations that led to that fortified city's surrender on 4 July 1863. Thereafter, she was involved with a variety of expeditions and patrol operations, among them the March-May 1864 Red River expedition............................................$125.00

3256 - ON BOARD THE GUNBOAT CARONDELET, Off Paducah, KY, May 14th, 1865. 4 large pages to his wife by John Haggerty, an engineer on the Carondelet. He relates in part...that he has not any letter since her last scalding letter regarding him giving his Father things and hopes she will have no trouble with him coming home, lack of mail service made the Captain send a man to Cairo to tell the postmaster to get their mail sent up, I look for letters every time I see smoke coming down the river, he had sent a newspaper account of all the hard fighting the Carondelet had been in last December at Nashville and many a poor Rebel fell from the shot and shell from the old Carondelet and the whole western army spoke well of her, much more on family issues, John Haggerty. USS Carondelet, a 512-ton Cairo class ironclad river gunboat, was built at Saint Louis, Missouri, for the U.S. Army's Western Gunboat Flotilla. Commissioned in January 1862 with Commander Henry A. Walke, USN as her captain, Carondelet quickly entered combat, taking part in the captures of Forts Henry and Donelson, Tennessee, in February 1862. In March and April, she played an important role in the campaign to capture the Confederate fortress at Island Number Ten, on the Mississippi River. This was followed by operations against Fort Pillow and Memphis, TN, during April - June 1862. With the upper Mississippi now under Union control, Carondelet spent much of the following year in the long campaign against Vicksburg, MS. On 15 July 1862, while in the Yazoo River, she was badly damaged in an engagement with the Confederate ironclad Arkansas. Along with the other units of the Army's Western Rivers "navy", she was formally transferred to the U.S. Navy in October 1862. In April 1863, Carondelet was a member of the ironclad force that ran past Vicksburg and later bombarded Grand Gulf, MS. In May, combined Army-Navy operations that led to that fortified city's surrender on 4 July 1863. Thereafter, she was involved with a variety of expeditions and patrol operations, among them the March-May 1864 Red River expedition..................$95.00

3257 - ON BOARD THE GUNBOAT CARONDELET,  May 18th, 1865, off Paducah, KY. 4 pages in ink by John Haggerty to his wife. He relates in part...The largest mail has come today, there are five letters from you and a newspaper, I just had a photo taken for my sister ashore, he is tired of the scolding letters his wife Margaret has been sending, if you can't send peaceful letters send none! I feel bad enough about being away from home without these letters...John Haggerty. While most letters from home were loving during the war to soldiers, obviously his wife's letters were just the contrary. USS Carondelet, a 512-ton Cairo class ironclad river gunboat, was built at Saint Louis, Missouri, for the U.S. Army's Western Gunboat Flotilla. Commissioned in January 1862 with Commander Henry A. Walke, USN as her captain, Carondelet quickly entered combat, taking part in the captures of Forts Henry and Donelson, Tennessee, in February 1862. In March and April, she played an important role in the campaign to capture the Confederate fortress at Island Number Ten, on the Mississippi River. This was followed by operations against Fort Pillow and Memphis, TN, during April - June 1862. With the upper Mississippi now under Union control, Carondelet spent much of the following year in the long campaign against Vicksburg, MS. On 15 July 1862, while in the Yazoo River, she was badly damaged in an engagement with the Confederate ironclad Arkansas. Along with the other units of the Army's Western Rivers "navy", she was formally transferred to the U.S. Navy in October 1862. In April 1863, Carondelet was a member of the ironclad force that ran past Vicksburg and later bombarded Grand Gulf, MS. In May, combined Army-Navy operations that led to that fortified city's surrender on 4 July 1863. Thereafter, she was involved with a variety of expeditions and patrol operations, among them the March-May 1864 Red River expedition...................$75.00

3259 - ON BOARD THE GUNBOAT CARONDELET,  Off Paducah, KY, May 26th, 1865. 4 large pages to his wife by John Haggerty an engineer on the Carondelet. He relates in part...he has sent clothing home that was of no use to him, coats, describes his mess mates as mostly from Pittsburgh and he eats with the men in the Engineer room, they have plenty to eat, potatoes, flour, beef, he has saved money that he will bring home, describes the little he buys on the boat so there is opportunity to save his pay. There is a Priest on board taking names to go to Confession at 8 AM tomorrow..."He is like other Priests - fond of money", one of the men struck an officer and he was put in the brig in double irons. A good newsy letter from the Carondelet heading back at the war's end...USS Carondelet, a 512-ton Cairo class ironclad river gunboat, was built at Saint Louis, Missouri, for the U.S. Army's Western Gunboat Flotilla. Commissioned in January 1862 with Commander Henry A. Walke, USN as her captain, Carondelet quickly entered combat, taking part in the captures of Forts Henry and Donelson, Tennessee, in February 1862. In March and April, she played an important role in the campaign to capture the Confederate fortress at Island Number Ten, on the Mississippi River. This was followed by operations against Fort Pillow and Memphis, TN, during April - June 1862. With the upper Mississippi now under Union control, Carondelet spent much of the following year in the long campaign against Vicksburg, MS. On 15 July 1862, while in the Yazoo River, she was badly damaged in an engagement with the Confederate ironclad Arkansas. Along with the other units of the Army's Western Rivers "navy", she was formally transferred to the U.S. Navy in October 1862. In April 1863, Carondelet was a member of the ironclad force that ran past Vicksburg and later bombarded Grand Gulf, MS. In May, combined Army-Navy operations that led to that fortified city's surrender on 4 July 1863. Thereafter, she was involved with a variety of expeditions and patrol operations, among them the March-May 1864 Red River expedition...................$95.00

3260 - ON BOARD THE GUNBOAT CARONDELET, Off Mound City, Illinois, May 31st, 1865. Four pages in ink to his wife by John Haggerty an engineer on the Carondelet. He relates in part...we got orders to move to Mound City and came in sight of the flagship of the Mississippi Squadron and fired a salute of 9 guns from the old Carondelet. There are 21 gunboats here and more coming. We will soon be discharged. They are keeping only the good boats in the service and putting two and three year men on them, it is unusually hot tonight in the engine room as we have run all day...more...John Haggerty. USS Carondelet, a 512-ton Cairo class ironclad river gunboat, was built at Saint Louis, Missouri, for the U.S. Army's Western Gunboat Flotilla. Commissioned in January 1862 with Commander Henry A. Walke, USN as her captain, Carondelet quickly entered combat, taking part in the captures of Forts Henry and Donelson, Tennessee, in February 1862. In March and April, she played an important role in the campaign to capture the Confederate fortress at Island Number Ten, on the Mississippi River. This was followed by operations against Fort Pillow and Memphis, TN, during April - June 1862. With the upper Mississippi now under Union control, Carondelet spent much of the following year in the long campaign against Vicksburg, MS. On 15 July 1862, while in the Yazoo River, she was badly damaged in an engagement with the Confederate ironclad Arkansas. Along with the other units of the Army's Western Rivers "navy", she was formally transferred to the U.S. Navy in October 1862. In April 1863, Carondelet was a member of the ironclad force that ran past Vicksburg and later bombarded Grand Gulf, MS. In May, combined Army-Navy operations that led to that fortified city's surrender on 4 July 1863. Thereafter, she was involved with a variety of expeditions and patrol operations, among them the March-May 1864 Red River expedition...................$95.00

3261 - ON BOARD THE GUNBOAT CARONDELET, June 6th, 1865, Off Mound City, IL. Four pages in ink by John Haggerty to his wife. Haggerty is an engineer on the Carondelet. He relates in part...They are going to take the guns off the boat, we are waiting for a boat to come aside and take them to New Orleans, he is awaiting his discharge, the Admiral is awaiting orders from Washington when to pay them [final pay] I am on watch in the engine room and it is 4 AM in the morning of June 6th. There is a great deal of gunboats here and more arriving each day, the river is black with them. More on family matters, John Haggerty. USS Carondelet, a 512-ton Cairo class ironclad river gunboat, was built at Saint Louis, Missouri, for the U.S. Army's Western Gunboat Flotilla. Commissioned in January 1862 with Commander Henry A. Walke, USN as her captain, Carondelet quickly entered combat, taking part in the captures of Forts Henry and Donelson, Tennessee, in February 1862. In March and April, she played an important role in the campaign to capture the Confederate fortress at Island Number Ten, on the Mississippi River. This was followed by operations against Fort Pillow and Memphis, TN, during April - June 1862. With the upper Mississippi now under Union control, Carondelet spent much of the following year in the long campaign against Vicksburg, MS. On 15 July 1862, while in the Yazoo River, she was badly damaged in an engagement with the Confederate ironclad Arkansas. Along with the other units of the Army's Western Rivers "navy", she was formally transferred to the U.S. Navy in October 1862. In April 1863, Carondelet was a member of the ironclad force that ran past Vicksburg and later bombarded Grand Gulf, MS. In May, combined Army-Navy operations that led to that fortified city's surrender on 4 July 1863. Thereafter, she was involved with a variety of expeditions and patrol operations, among them the March-May 1864 Red River expedition.................................................$95.00


3095 - THE OCCUPATION OF LEESVILLE, VA MARCH 1862, Camp Pierpoint, VA, March 8th, 1862. 4 pages in ink to family from a member of the 10th PA Vol. who was artilleryman and was from New Wilmington, PA. He relates in part...My health is good and so is the company's...Professor Vincent of New Wilmington preached for us near the quarters today. He is here on a visit to the 10th Regiment as there are some boys in our company he knows, a friend's brother is there driving the team for our company's Sutler Jim Clark...Colonel Geary [Colonel John Geary] has taken possession of Leesburg. He did not have to fight any to get it. Our troops came into town on one side and their troops went out on the other side...we are under orders for four days rations to be ready to march...we would like to march on and rout them as we go...the more I hear about them [Rebels] the more I went after them...was on guard last night and I was sleepy, the turnpike is dry from here to Washington, describes a falling tree crushing a tent, more on his camp life...signed Jim. Jim was an artilleryman as seen in his June 26th, 1862 letter...Geary's capture of Leesburg was the first Union occupation of that city. The 10th PA was about to move south and participate in the Peninsular Campaign that proved disastrous to McClellan..................................$95.00

3000 - LEAVING FREDERICKSBURG FOR THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST RICHMOND, Camp near Fredericksburg, VA, June 13th, 1863. Three pages in ink to his Father by Pvt. George W. Rogers, 9th PA Reserve Infantry on patriotic stationary [eagle, red, blue edge trim]. He relates in part..."I have been on fatigue duty at Fredericksburg, we are ordered to Richmond, the 1st and 2nd Brigades are already on transports, the 12th and 6th Regiments are on board along with the cavalry and artillery...Jim [his brother] has a Negro to wait on him but I would not have one for there are a nuisance...we had camped out on a Seesch farm about six miles from Fredericksburg on a river. The General told us to tear up the fences for fire and shanties as it was raining...that made the old Rebel roaring mad, he told us that two brigades could camp there but not to molest his fence. He would not sell us milk and said he would just as soon sell us poison and if he could he would cut our throats." Rogers later would be killed at Antietam and his brother Jim seriously wounded. A nice newsy letter just before the Peninsular Campaign began.............................................$125.00

3009 - PRISONER AT ANDERSONVILLE, KILLED IN THE EXPLOSION OF THE STEAMSHIP SULTANA, PRIVATE VALMORE LAMBERT, COMPANY D, 100TH OHIO, 100th Ohio, Company D, POW August 6th, 1864 at Utoy Creek, GA, POW at Andersonville, GA, paroled and died on the explosion of the Steamboat SULTANA on April 27th, 1865. TWO letters back to back to his Parents...1st letter dated July 9th, 1863, Stanford, KY, one large page in ink. He relates in part...I suppose you have heard of our march to Somerset in rain and mud all the way, I gave out on the evening of the first day, marched 23 miles and camped alone in a wheat shock, threw away some of my clothes...Stanford is quite a town in a fine country. We have a heavy force here with several batteries so I think the Rebels would do well to keep out of here...we are on provost duty and seldom get our mail, we do get papers which give us glorious news...letter #2 he writes on the verso, July 12th, Stanford, KY. Mentions the lack of food, but have gotten reinforcements so there is relief on guard duty. The forces have left here for Danville except our brigade. The 9th Army Corps is coming back here having gone a few weeks from Vicksburg...the guerillas burned a train at Crab Orchard night before last but our boys are picking up stragglers all of the time. There was a train about 10 miles long with the forces that left here yesterday. We are 28 miles from Nicholasville and a good pike [road] all the way. The supplies went there today, concerned over a lack of letters he has received...V. L. [Valmore Lambert] Lambert served with the 100th Ohio through the Knoxville Campaign, Cumberland Gap, Sherman's movement towards Atlanta and was captured at Utoy Creek, GA in August 1864, sent to Andersonville Prison, then paroled and sent home via the Mississippi River steamboat Sultana which exploded and Lambert was among the dead. A rare letter from a Sultana casualty. The SS Sultana was a Mississippi River steamboat paddle wheeler destroyed in an explosion on April 27, 1865. This resulted in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. An estimated 1,800 of the 2,400 passengers were killed when three of the ship's four boilers exploded and the Sultana sank near Memphis. This disaster received somewhat diminished attention, as it took place soon after the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln and during the closing weeks of the Civil War. The wooden steamship was constructed in 1863 by the John Lithoberry Shipyard on Front Street in Cincinnati, and intended for the lower Mississippi cotton trade. Weighing 1,719 tons, the steamer normally carried a crew of 85. For two years, the Sultana ran a regular route between St. Louis and New Orleans. The steamship was frequently commissioned by the War Department to carry troops............................................................$395.00

3011 - PRISONER AT ANDERSONVILLE, KILLED IN THE EXPLOSION OF THE STEAMSHIP SULTANA, PRIVATE VALMORE LAMBERT, COMPANY D, 100TH OHIO, 100th Ohio, Company D, POW August 6th, 1864 at Utoy Creek, GA POW at Andersonville, GA paroled and died on the explosion of the Steamboat SULTANA on April 27th, 1865, Knoxville, TN, February 28th, 1864. 4 pages, 2 large legal in ink to his Parents. He relates in part...describes a pain he still has in his breast but the climate is wonderful, describes the ravaged countryside due to the War, destroyed fences, timber, people are hospitable that are left as have few slaves as near all the men with slaves have enlisted. Some of the locals are enlisted and becoming officers in Colored regiments. LONGSTREET has been forced to leave in a hurry leaving all that he could not carry with the men, even his pontoon at the Plains was left. We have got the Knoxville bridge done except for some little notions, the teams commenced to cross yesterday. Tomorrow we go to the Plains to rebuild the bridge there that our Generals so imprudently ruined. There is great effort to get our company back into the regiment. Our Colonel came back yesterday and told Mr. Carter he needed us but Mr. Carter told him he could not get along without us [Company had been assisting in re-constructing bridges around Knoxville]. The troops have nearly all gone back to the front - Grant will shake the Confederacy to the very center...the war is nearly over but I tell you that the war will not end until we humble ourselves to Almighty God...Lambert continues on for over 60 lines on his religious beliefs and the need to be humble as followers of that blessed lamb who died on the cross...V. Lambert. Lambert served with the 100th Ohio through the Knoxville Campaign, Cumberland Gap, Sherman's movement towards Atlanta and was captured at Utoy Creek, GA in August 1864, send to Andersonville Prison, then paroled and sent home via the Mississippi River steamboat Sultana which exploded and Lambert was among the dead. A rare letter from a Sultana casualty. The SS Sultana was a Mississippi River steamboat paddle wheeler destroyed in an explosion on April 27, 1865. This resulted in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. An estimated 1,800 of the 2,400 passengers were killed when three of the ship's four boilers exploded and the Sultana sank near Memphis. [1] This disaster received somewhat diminished attention, as it took place soon after the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln and during the closing weeks of the Civil War. The wooden steamship was constructed in 1863 by the John Lithoberry Shipyard on Front Street in Cincinnati, and intended for the lower Mississippi cotton trade.  Weighing 1,719 tons, the steamer normally carried a crew of 85. For two years, the Sultana ran a regular route between St. Louis and New Orleans. The steamship was frequently commissioned by the War Department to carry troops...well written in ink in good style..............................................................$450.00


3100 - WHILE GUARDING A HOUSE IN VIRGINIA I SPENT THE NIGHT WITH A SOUTHERN LADY, 4 large pages in ink by Francis Aubin of the 146th NYV, Camp Augur, Upton Hill, VA, February 15th, 1862 to his sister. He relates in part...I must tell you a story about our skirmishing when we went last week between our pickets and the Rebels, we started in the afternoon and got to the Rebel pickets about dark. We skirmished for awhile and about seven o'clock the Captain told me to go to a certain house and guard it...later I was not paying attention to what was in the house and I felt someone taking me by my shoulders--it was an old nigger wench and I got up and was going to hit her with the butt of my gun, she begged me not to hit her and told me that her mistress, the table had been set for supper and asked me to take supper with her and a good looking gal. We had barely eaten half of the supper when the old woman gets up and leaves the room and leaves me with the young gal. I hitched up close to her and I must say I enjoyed myself tip top. I was up all night with her and had a good old gay time. About half past five, I awoke and decided to rejoin my company and asked the gal if I could have a kiss from her sweet lips...then he asked me what kind of soldier I was Secesh or Union. I told her that I was Union to the bone and she told me to get away from her...then there was a bank outside and it was my Captain and I was taken prisoner, more on what the boys said back in camp. Extremely well written by Francis Aubin who had two sons killed in the war [Frank and John]. Rare sexual content. We sold this letter in 2000 for $350 in our catalogue and just bought it again......................................................$395.00

3108 -  THE BATTLE OF KERNSTOWN, VA, STONEWALL JACKSON'S ONLY DEFEAT, April 2nd, 1862. 4 page letter in ink by Elias S. Stone, 83rd NYV [9th NY Militia], Headquarters 9th NY State Militia, 4 miles from Warrenton, VA. He relates in part to his sister...we left Winchester a week ago and have been marching ever since...the Rebels 11,000 strong attacked our forces but they made a mistake and they got badly whipped losing from 1200 to 1500 men in the engagement, we only lost 98 killed and 267 wounded and we also took 1600 prisoners. That is pretty good don't you think so our brigade marched to Centerville and over the battlefield at Bulls Run. The Rebels had 160,000 men there but did not stop to fight they have retreated to Richmond and we are going after them lively. Every time we have a fight they fly in dismay. There are 400 fortifications that they have quit and they bragged that we could never take them. Where McClellan made a move they did not stop and fight. The enemy is on the opposite side of the Rappahannock so we will have to wait until something is done by way of the James River where 2000 troops have gone to attack them from the other side...Direct letters to Washington, DC in General Banks' Division...more, The First Battle of Kernstown was fought on March 23, 1862, in Frederick County and Winchester, Virginia, the opening battle of Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's campaign through the Shenandoah Valley during the American Civil War. Attempting to tie down the Union forces in the Valley, under the overall command of Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, Jackson received incorrect intelligence that a small detachment under Col. Nathan Kimball was vulnerable, but it was in fact a full infantry division more than twice the size of Jackson's force. His initial cavalry attack was forced back and he immediately reinforced it with a small infantry brigade. With his other two brigades, Jackson sought to envelop the Union right by way of Sandy Ridge. But Col. Erastus B. Tyler's brigade countered this movement, and when Kimball's brigade moved to his assistance, the Confederates were driven from the field. There was no effective Union pursuit. Although the battle was a Confederate tactical defeat, and in fact Jackson's only defeat in the war, it represented a strategic victory for the South by preventing the Union from transferring forces from the Shenandoah Valley to reinforce the Peninsula Campaign against the Confederate capital, Richmond. The Battle of Kernstown started Jackson on the road to being one of the most celebrated Confederate generals. Stone was killed at 2nd Bulls Run, August 30th, 1862. Well written.......................................$250.00

3112 - WE ARE 12 MILES FROM RICHMOND TAKING PRISONERS, A FRIEND IS BURIED ASIDE THE ROAD, THE BATTLE OF THE WILDERNESS BEGINS, May 30th, 1864, 3 large pages by Lt. Augustus Tuttle of the 36th Mass. Infantry written to his wife. He relates in part...We continue to march and fight by day and night but the boys keep courage as we are bound for Richmond, we hope to be in Richmond by the 4th as Vicksburg fell last year on the 4th. We have seen such fighting as we have never seen before, it commenced on the 5th and has continued all the time since...the Rebel prisoners complain that we give them no rest, they begin to think that Grant and Burnside are after them in earnest, he mentions a soldier who died and was buried on the Spotsylvania Road near a house that was being used as a hospital, I think I should know the grave if the headstone is gone. I have his gold watch and other things to send home to his family and have written them with all the particulars, mentions that their Major had a piece of bone come out of his neck and it will quite while until he can sit up, their Chaplain is inept and just joined for the money, more detrimental information about the Chaplain. Tuttle letter describes the beginning of the Battle of the Wilderness which began on May 5th, 1864. Well written....................SOLD

3082 - THERE WERE PRETTY GIRLS THERE AND I HAD A GOOD TIME THERE HAD ALL THE SKINER I WANTED, Scottsboro, Alabama, 1st Ohio Infantry, January 15th, 1864. Charles Cummer writes to a friend...Want some postage stamps sent as he had sent the friend $20 in the mail...I wish you would send as I am pretty well out...I sent you by Lt. Price $10 when he went on furlough...heard his Mother was doing poorly...the papers say it has been cold up there but it has been pleasant here, we have good quarters and live like cocks...WAS OUT ON PICKET THE OTHER DAY AND WAS SENT TO A HOUSE TO SAFE GUARD IT AND THERE WERE TWO PRETTY GIRLS THERE AND YOU HAD BETTER BELIEVE I HAD A GOOD TIME THERE...ALL THE SKINER I WANTED...Cummer signs the letter W. C. Cummer but in actuality the writer is Charles Cummer. A unusual sexual term for having sex with two loved starved Southern girls. Very rare content in a Civil War letter........................................................$165.00

3086 - 77TH NEW YORK, THE MUD MARCH NEAR FREDERICKSBURG, JANUARY 1863, Two large pages in ink by Albert S. Green, Company K, 77th NY, Camp near Fredericksburg, VA, January 25th, 1863. He writes in part...We received orders to march on the morning of the 20th and we started out with baggage and marched about 14 miles that brought us about 10 miles above Fredericksburg. That night it commenced to rain. We were then about 1 1/2 miles from the river, they started the pontoons and the artillery the next morning but they soon got stuck in the mud. We worked with men, mules, and horses for two days, we got up with the artillery but abandoned the pontoons, and we reached our own camp again on the 23rd. That is the main body, some of them did not get in until last night...Some died on the road...It is such a hard sight to see men, mules, and horses dragged out by the side of the road dead and dying. There is no mercy here for men or beast. What the next move will be, I do not know. I am tired of this, are there any signs of this infernal war being settled? They know [Confederates] every move we make in time to get fortified before we can get to them, Albert S. Green. "The auspicious moment seems to have arrived to strike a great and mortal blow to the rebellion, and to gain that decisive victory which is due to the country." So announced Gen. Ambrose Burnside to his Union Army of the Potomac on the morning of January 20, 1863, as he started out on another great drive to beat Gen. Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and capture the Rebel capitol of Richmond, VA. Burnside's battered soldiers had, but five weeks to recover from their disastrous defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg, but the government demanded action. The Union and Confederate armies still faced each other across the Rappahannock River at Fredricksburg, and Burnside's plan was to quickly cross the river above Lee's left and assail that flank of the Confederate position. The Union soldiers and their great wagon trains of pontoon boats, artillery, and supplies made a good start clearing their camp and moving up the river. Then the sky started clouding, and by mid-afternoon a slow drizzle had began. By nightfall a steady, relentless rain was falling, not to stop for days. The next morning the great mule-drawn wagons carrying the pontoons churned the road into a quagmire. The wagons sank to their hubs; the artillery sank until only the muzzles were out of the mud. The exhausted horses floundered, as did the men, as each slippery step through the ooze sucked at their shoes and weighed them down. "The whole country was a river of mud," wrote one soldier. "The roads were rivers of deep mire, and the heavy rain had made the ground a vast mortar bed." Whole regiments and triple teams of mules hitched to the wagons and guns failed to move them. Still the rain came down in torrents. By noon, the next day, Burnside's plans to maneuver past Lee's Rebel army were hopelessly stalled, and his own army was exhausted, wet, and cold. Burnside had no choice but to abandon the movement and order his soldiers back to their camps across from Fredericksburg....................................$195.00

3091 - A SOLDIER WRITES HIS WIFE ABOUT SEXUAL ENJOYMENT THAT THEY BOTH MISS, Camp Cloud, VA, February 18th, 1863. 4 large pages in ink by Pvt. Hiram Tweed, Company A, 144th NY. He relates in part to her...My own dear loved one, I love you more and more the longer I am away from you, I yearn for your loving embrace and caress to make us both feel and enjoy our mutual loving desires. Depending where I may go I may consent for you to come to me...If you can I want to see and feel your great sexual enjoyments. You write of such amorous pure loving desires which I think is a credit to a virtuous loving wife than to one who professes or pretends to dislike and takes a disgust of the pleasures of connubial bliss for we are of one flesh and we are to please one another. I desire you and no other one hear [apparently there have been rumors about his faithfulness], is positive of both their marital loyalty while they are away from one another...more on the war, those who are not patriotic, more...Hiram [Tweed]. Quite an unusual letter concerning a situation that was not all uncommon during the War. The loss of sex and the fear of martial indiscretions while spouses are away. Rare content, well written...........................................$195.00


3064 - PROSTITUTES AT WORK IN BALTIMORE TAKING CARE OF THE SOLDIERS, Fort Marshall, Baltimore, MD, February 7th, 1886. Four pages in ink on colored patriotic stationary, red/blue stars...written to his friend Michael Hammons from J. M. Boller, 1st Indiana Heavy Artillery. He relates in part...Things are fine here and hopes are well in Indiana...we have spunky times here, I seldom have to drill, the only duty we have is guard duty and that is once in 10 days...we have time to ramble around town and enjoy ourselves...you may guess how a fellow of my turn would enjoy himself when there are plenty of pretty women about. Baltimore is full of "patriotic young ladies" who devote their entire time to gratify the passions of the soldiers...We are permitted to go into the city every few nights when we have the pleasure to pay our patriotic friends a visit. But I leave you to judge our enjoyment...he describes Baltimore and Fort Marshall with 6 guns and three magazines. Tell the girls that I have forgotten them...had a fight with another soldier...a rare accounting of prostitution in Baltimore which like Washington and Nashville was a hot bed for the "Ladies of the night" during the War. Light stains, otherwise fine and boldly written...The word "hooker" predates the Civil War, but became popularized by Union General Joseph Hooker. After the outbreak of war, the number of brothels in nearby Alexandria, Virginia. A newspaper estimated there were 5000 public women in the District and another 2500 in Alexandria and Georgetown, bringing the total to 7500 by the war's third year "However, it was the towns located just outside the camps where prostitution was most prominent. These small towns were overrun by the sex trade when army troops set up nearby camps. One soldier wrote home to his wife, "It is said that one house in every ten is a bawdy house -- it is a perfect Sodom." Extremely rare content.......................................$295.00

3066 - I MADE YOU A RING FROM A FEET BONE OF A SOLDIER, Headquarters 19th Rgt. [Conn.] also 2nd Ct. Heavy Artillery, Alexandria, VA, December 28th, 1862, William H. Thompson, Company H. 4 pages in ink, patriotic stationary of winged victory. He relates to "Beloved friend" in part...He has been on guard for 24 hours, many sick, 400 on the sick list, two of the best men are gone forever...the rumors are that they will join Siegel and they will be relieved by the 2yth Michigan. His Colonel Wessels is still in the hospital, they have been under the command of General Heintzelman [defenses of Washington]...he has made a ring for her that came from a soldier. It was an old feet bone that I split with my axe and made a hole in it with my bayonet and finished it with my pocket knife...by wearing it, it will glow bright...heavy cannonading from the direction of Centerville, a telegraph just came in that the Rebels were fighting Siegel...Bill Thompson...Real unusual content mentioning making a ring out of human bone. Considering the mores of the day it was probably a Confederate unburied soldier that the bone came from as there were several battlefields near Washington by that date. Rare content, some stains at edge, strong black ink manuscript..........................................$169.00

3067 - AN ACCOUNT OF THE WILSON-KAUTZ, RAID NEAR PETERSBURG, JUNE 1864, 1ST MAINE CAVALRY, Camp near Jones Landing, VA, June 28th, 1864. 4 large pages in bold pencil to his Mother by Elbridge M. Hanson, Company L, 1st Maine Cavalry...We have moved our camp about three miles near Negro quarters on a plantation. There are Negroes left but the owner is prison at Fortress Monroe where he was taken a few weeks prior. To avoid the Rebels getting the wheat crop this year I suppose we will have to destroy it as the government cannot cut it. The government destroyed a large corn crop already. I guess you have heard of the account of Kautz's Cavalry on the advance on Petersburg. Our regiment is in his division and with 5000 infantry and two batteries made the first advance. At midnight, they commenced crossing the pontoon bridge across the Appomattox River just below us and after an advance of about two miles met the Rebels who opened up on our regiment as usual being in the advance. They had some pretty severe skirmishing driving the Rebels before them all day, and the next day the infantry drove them into the entrenchments near Petersburg and a severe battle commenced within a short distance of us. I climbed up on a forage wagon and could see all of the shells bursting in our ranks and the men fall and the musketry sounded like whole bunches of snapping crackers on the 4th of July for about two hours. I moved back into the woods and a shell came in snapping off the top of trees...later our brigade started across the Appomattox and have not heard from them since...the rumors is they will be sent to Elizabeth City, NC...still have some companies on hand and the band near Petersburg...describes the beautiful plantation house, women, and children said all others were gone...we saw three Rebels near the house but did not try to capture them, members of Company A captured a gray backs, several of the 11th PA, were captured by guerillas. On June 22, 5000 Union cavalry and 16 artillery pieces were pulled from the siege of Petersburg and sent, under the command of Brig. Gen. James H. Wilson and August V. Kautz, to destroy the lines of supply the Wilson-Kautz Raid was a cavalry operation in south central Virginia in late June 1864. Occurring early in the Richmond-Petersburg Campaign, the raid was conducted by Union cavalry under Brigadier General James Wilson and August Kautz, who were ordered cut railroads between Lynchburg, VA and the vital Confederate rail supply center at Petersburg. While the raid had the intended effect of disrupting Confederate rail communications for several weeks, the raiding force lost much of its artillery, all of its supply train, and almost a third of the original force, mostly to Confederate capture..............................................$325.00

3069 - THE SIEGE OF PETERSBURG, CONFEDERATE DEFENSES DESCRIBED, CANNOT ATTACK AGAINST THE BREASTWORKS, February 12th, 1864, 6th Maine Battery, Henry F. Howard, 6th Maine Light Infantry, plus pages in ink. Howard writes at the beginning of the Petersburg siege...it is very cold, the wind has blown hard, I was on guard duty last night and it was not very pleasant...the boys have gone to the meeting [religious meeting] about a mile away in a log house...we will be on the move very soon and will make the Johnnies get up and go...there are a great number of deserters coming in every dark night...Petersburg can never be taken by assault but we must flank them. All in front of their works is a stockade built of poles that have been driven into the ground and made sharp at one end as they are driven in slanting to about four feet from the ground. They are put in solid and it would be difficult to pull them out under fire...Howard gives a good description of the stockade stakes placed before the breastworks at Petersburg, well written.................$145.00

3070 - AN OFFICER AT VICKSBURG INFORMS A WOMAN THAT HER FRIEND IS ALIVE, ALTHOUGH WOUNDED, AND WAS SENT TO A HOSPITAL IN INDIANA, Vicksburg, MS, June 21st, 1863. One plus large page letter in ink by Captain W. O. Watson, Co. A., 8th Indiana Volunteers to Miss Jennie Hopkins. He relates in part...Your friend Whitman [Alfred] was severely wounded but his wounds will not result in his death. He describes Albert Whitman in glowing terms as being well thought of in his company. The Captain states that Whitman was sent to a Army hospital in Evansville, IN. Watson, who wrote the letter, was later killed in action at Cedar Creek in 1864. Whitman's records show he was wounded at Vicksburg on May 22nd, 1863 and died at the Evansville, IN hospital on July 26th, 1863. At 10:00 AM on May 22, 1863, brigades from three corps of Grant's army assaulted the city. A long bitter struggle took place and although the assault showed some success at first, the Confederates quickly restored their original lines of defense. The Union army suffered 3,199 casualties, while Pemberton's forces lost less than 500 men. Alfred Whitman was severely wounded on this initial attach on May 22nd, 1863.............................................$100.00

3071 - A RARE POW LETTER FROM COLUMBIA, SC, CASTLE SORGHUM, LT. FRANK STEVENS, 190TH PA CAPTURED AT MALVERN HILL, 8" X 10", letter to his Father on crude "Confederate brown lined paper" by Lt. Frank Stevens, datelined at Columbia, SC, October 16th, 1864. He writes in beautiful manuscript...notes he had written his last letter from Charleston on September 28th [en route from Macon to Columbia]...asks his father for a strong box with specific clothing to be sent to him....boots, pants, hat, shirts, a good pocket knife, a tin plate...also wants $10 in gold to be sent to him by express mail...letters must be confined to private matters, his address to and items to be sent to: Lt. Frank Stevens, Prisoner of War, Columbia, SC in care of Maj. General Foster...A very rare POW letter from a Confederate prison in Columbia, SC known as Castle Sorghum. The box address included Foster's name probably as a aid to getting it there safely as Foster was in command of Union forces. Lt. Frank D. Stevens was a POW twice, once at Gaines Mill 6/27/62, he was released and wounded at Fredericksburg, and again a POW at Malvern Hill 6/13/64. He was sent to Macon, GA and then to Columbia, SC. He saw service in the 41st PA as well as the 190th PA Castle Sorghum was a Confederate prisoner-of-war camp established in 1862 in Columbia. The transportation of large numbers of Union officers to Columbia occurred after Gen. William T. Sherman's Army of the West penetrated deeply into adjacent Georgia and numerous military prisons there were hurriedly evacuated, with their inhabitants transferred to Charleston, South Carolina. On 29 September, Maj. Gen. Samuel Jones decided to transfer the accumulated Federal officers, estimated at 1,400 (some estimates range as high as 1,700), from Charleston to Columbia, escorted by the 32nd Georgia Volunteers and 1 or more companies of the 8th Battalion, South Carolina Senior Reserves. The train ride afforded another opportunity to escape, which many did. It consisted of a 5-acre (20,000 m2) tract of open field, without walls, fences, buildings or any other facilities. A "deadline" was established by laying wood planks 10 feet (3.0 m) inside the camp's boundaries. The rations consisted of cornmeal and sorghum molasses as the main staple in the diet, thus the camp became known as "Camp Sorghum". Due to the lack of any security features, escapes were common. Conditions were terrible, with little food, clothing or medicine, and disease claimed a number of lives among both the prisoners and their guards. Due to the scarcity of supplies for prisoners the military in command there obviously were lenient of what was allowed to be sent to the soldiers. Letters from Confederate POW camps are extremely rare especially from the Deep South camps. Near MINT condition.........................................................$395.00

3073 - SCARCE 69TH NEW YORK ENLISTMENT BOUNTY PAYMENT FOR A SOLDIER WHO DESERT AT PETERSBURG, 5" X 7.5" pink imprinted certificate paying $10 to Benjamin Craig as a new recruit in the service of the United States dated April 15th, 1864. Benjamin enlisted April 16th, 1864 in New York City and deserted at Petersburg February 3rd, 1865. In mint condition. Following Gettysburg, the Irish Brigade ceased to exist as a functioning unit and was disbanded in June 1864. The depleted ranks of the 69th Regiment were filled with new volunteers and draftees from New York's Irish ghettoes. At the end of the summer of 1864, the 69th rejoined its Irish comrades as 1st Regiment of the 2nd Irish Brigade. The brigade served until the end of the war and was present at the surrender of General Lee at Appomattox. Out of more than 2,000 regiments that served with the Union Army, the 69th last more men than all but six regiments. Quite a scarce and desirable regiment.....................$79.00

3074 - CIVIL WAR US ARMY BEAUTIFUL ALLOTMENT CHECK, unissued 3.5" X 7.5", vignette of Secretary of War Edwin Stanton and a vignette of Miss Liberty holding a large flag, all on an attractive green background, 186, "Assistant Treasurer of the United States" New York, only have one. MINT condition.........................................$45.00


3032 - SOME OF THE BOYS GOT INTO A FIGHT WITH THE BUTTERNUTS, SERGT. DAILY SHOT ONE THROUGH THE BOWELS A BULLET BOUNCED OFF HIS HEAD, 4 page letter in ink from Captain Lewis Sims, 89th Indiana to his wife Courtney, September 22nd, 1863. He relates in part...We are still in the fort but are awaiting marching orders and may go to Texas or Chattanooga, probably Texas...will send you some magnolia seeds to plant...some of the boys in the regiment got into a fight with the Butternuts and took some Butternut pins off them. There were 200 of the Butternuts pitched for a fight and only seven soldiers. They got Sergt. Daily separated from the others. Got him down and were beating him and were shooting at him when the others came up and commenced shooting and soon scattered them. Daily got up, one fellow drew his revolver to shoot him, and Daily drew his and they both fired and the Butternut fell shot through the bowels. At the same time, a fellow ran up behind Daily and out a pistol to his head and fired but the bullet glanced upward and did little harm but knocked him down, he soon got up and made at them again, but this was the old soldier that got hurt while the others had 20-30 wounded. They cleaned them out completely. I will quit as I have no good wife to sleep with...A great account of a hand to hand encounter in Tennessee. Sims ends the letter "I will quit as I have no good wife to sleep with." We will include a copy of another Sims letter with his signature to go along with his great letter. Also included is a letter to Sims from his wife with a cover addressed to Sims at via New Orleans. Three items....................................................$195.00

3035 - A BULLET WENT THROUGH A TIN CUP HOOKED ON MY HAVERSACK, Fredericksburg, VA from a Washington Hospital Ward, May 25th, 1864. Three pages in ink with stamped cover, John Marsh 99th PA. He writes to his wife, in part...Have just got up and the city clock has struck one, the men are all asleep now...have 18 men in the room, some wounded bad, some slight but all need attention. I thank the Lord that my life has been spared as I have been where the bullets have whistled past my head in great numbers and men fell dead on both sides of me and than there was a bullet that went through my tin cup that was fastened to my haversack...mentioned another soldier who was severely wounded and took no whiskey...men are coming into this place by boat and car. The boats run up to this place and the cars have been running for two days. The worst cases [wounded] are brought up on boats and the others on cars. It may not be safe for you to write me [a small section cut out possibly censored], excellent content with a real nice cover. Marsh was later to die in the assault at Petersburg - the wounded soldiers Marsh mentions were probably wounded at Spotsylvania..............................................................$175.00

3036 - A CONFEDERATE SHARPSHOOTER SHOOTS A SOLDIER ON A MORTAR AT PETERSBURG, Battery #5, November 30th, 1864. 4 pages in ink to his cousin by C. W. Smith near Petersburg, VA. He relates in part...am in my tent tonight writing his letter, there has been considerable moving the Army for the past 3 days and there is favorable opinion that here will be another battle soon if the weather is favorable. I have never heard a night so quiet and that is a sure sign that the armies are preparing for battle. I asked the movements in Georgia and they implied that he and his whole army could go to hell. Just as I finished your letter an Orderly came into my tent and told me a man had been shot. I went up the battery and a man lay who had been working in the battery where the mortar was that I was firing at the Rebels. He had been shot through the body and did not live long. It was probably done as the result of us killing one of their men when we were firing. Yet it was cold-blooded murder as he was standing on the parapet talking with other men when they shot him...I will go out and talk with the Johnnies before I retire...An excellent letter showing the danger along the Petersburg lines as well as the friendly communications between Federals and Confederates at times.........................$175.00

3037 - THE BATTLES AT GARNETTS AND GOLDING FARM AND SAVAGE STATION, VA, THE SHOT AND SHELL TORE UP THE EARTH AND TREES, OUR BATTERIES MOWED THEM DOWN LIKE SCYTHES, 4 pages in bold pencil with a stamped cover with OLD POINT CONFORT CDS, Orville "Tom" Dewey, 49th NYV in camp near City Point, July 4th, 1862. He relates to his Father in part...Last Saturday [June 28th] while we were at Camp Lincoln near New Bridge [VA], the Rebels shelled us for two hours killing one and wounding four in the 49th, we lay in our rifle pits or they would have cut us up terribly. Under the cover of the artillery, they tried to throw a regiment on us, if fact they got possession of a little breastwork in our front that had been set up to protect our artillerymen. We then opened up on them with shells from "Matt's" Battery and the men of the 33rd NY in our Brigade. In about 10 minutes, we killed 50-60 and wounded about a 100 taking about 30 prisoners. Captain Thad Hamilton was taken; he is the son of Dr. Hamilton of Buffalo and a regular fighter. One of the Rebels said he killed four of them with his revolver before he was taken. Early Sunday morning we retreated through Savage Station when we heard firing from our rear. We hurried back and fought a terrific fight going on. We were immediately ordered into it and away we went. We took the left before we could get to the Rebels they skedaddled...then we burned the bridge that covered the swamp and then we laid in wait for the Rebels who soon made their appearance and commenced such shelling that I have never seen before. Matt's Battery attempted to silence the rebel guns but they were too many for them...their shot and shell tore up the earth and trees...while his battery stood dismounted, one of the pieces killed his horses and men but as usual he stood up until he was able to get his guns off. Then we all fell back in the woods about a half mile, there we formed in line and gave the Rebels fits until night. Our batteries mowed them down like scythes. The roads were so soft it was impossible to drag ourselves through the mud with was from 6" - 18" deep...Orville [Dewey]...The Battle of Savage's Station took place on June 29, 1862, in Henrico County, VA as fourth of the Seven Days Battles (Peninsula Campaign) of the American Civil War. The main body of the Union Army of the Potomac began a general withdrawal toward the James River. Confederate Brig. Gen. John B. Magruder pursued along the railroad and the Williamsburg Road and struck Maj. Gen. Edwin Vose Sumner's II Corps (the Union rearguard) with three brigades near Savage's Station, while Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's divisions were stalled north of the Chickahominy River. Union forces continued to withdraw across White Oak Swamp, abandoning supplies and more than 2,500 wounded soldiers in a field hospital. The account Dewey writes puts the engagements he describes to be on the 28th near Garnetts and Golding's Farm and Savage Station on the 29th of June. The swamp he describes probably is White Oak Swamp [Battle occurred there June 30th]. The cover is addressed to Mrs. William McLean at Buffalo who may have been a friend of his Father. A wonderful series of battle accounts of action during the 7 Day Battles near Richmond..........................................$450.00


2140 - GENERAL WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Middle Military Department, VIII Corps, and sundry other posts. On November 12, 1863, he became Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland and the following month was appointed to be George H. Thomas' Chief of Staff. In the latter capacity, he took part in all of the operations of Chattanooga and in the Atlanta Campaign as well as the movements which arrested John Bell Hood's invasion of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville. August 6th, 1863, Pottsville, PA two pages ALS letter in ink with a stamped cover addressed to his wife. He relates to his wife to travel to Pottsville by train as he is in comfortable quarters, tells her to bring her riding skirt as he has a splendid black horse. Whipple is on temporary duty there before being assigned to duty with General Thomas in Tennessee. Well written.................................$175.00

2141 - GENERAL WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Middle Military Department, VIII Corps, and sundry other posts. On November 12, 1863, he became Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland and the following month was appointed to be George H. Thomas' Chief of Staff. In the latter capacity, he took part in all of the operations of Chattanooga and in the Atlanta Campaign as well as the movements which arrested John Bell Hood's invasion of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville. Pottsville, PA October 5th, 1863 one page letter in bold pencil to his wife while on temporary assignment and includes a stamped cover to her...he relates in part, I have received a dispatch ordering me to Rosecrans' Army without delay and I intend on leaving tomorrow and will stay at Norristown but my stay there will be brief as I must hurry to Chattanooga. I hope we will be victorious in the next battle. W. D. Whipple.................$175.00

2142 - GENERAL WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Middle Military Department, VIII Corps, and sundry other posts. On November 12, 1863, he became Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland and the following month was appointed to be George H. Thomas' Chief of Staff. In the latter capacity, he took part in all of the operations of Chattanooga and in the Atlanta Campaign as well as the movements which arrested John Bell Hood's invasion of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville. Cincinnati, October 28th, 1863, 4 pages in ink with a stamped cover addressed to Mrs. Gen. W. D. Whipple, he relates in part...I have received orders to go to General Thomas at the Army of the Cumberland - now all our plans for living together are frustrated...General Rosecrans had a grand reception for him here in Cincinnati. He has many friends throughout the western portion of Ohio. I would have been pleased to be assigned with him had he been given the command. He laments the time he will be away from his family on this new assignment. Letter comes with a stamped cover, as well as the telegram he received confirming his assignment to General Thomas' Staff. 3 pieces well written................$295.00

2143 - GENERAL WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Middle Military Department, VIII Corps, and sundry other posts. On November 12, 1863, he became Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland and the following month was appointed to be George H. Thomas' Chief of Staff. In the latter capacity, he took part in all of the operations of Chattanooga and in the Atlanta Campaign as well as the movements which arrested John Bell Hood's invasion of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville. Chattanooga, TN, December 25th and December 27th, 1863, 4 pages in ink with stamped cover addressed to Mrs. Gen. W. D. Whipple...he relates in part...I stayed in my office today until 1 and then mounted my horse and rode to Rossville and had dinner at Watkins House...the men burned powder [shooting off their guns] at the joy of Christmas...Dec. 27th...The southern winter has set in and the river has risen bringing debris on our pontoon boats and the poor mules cannot haul the wagons through the muck. We should consider ourselves stuck for the spring as mud is everywhere. The regiments are re-enlisting and we must put a large army on the field in the spring to finish the rebellion. It is not true about us evacuation Chattanooga. We never intended to evacuate this place. The Rebels are trying to make themselves believe we are going to do so but at the same time we are building fresh works as the bridge over Running Water on the Memphis and Charleston RR which is 111' high..."W". General Whipple writes from Chattanooga as the Union force under Thomas has settled for the winter at Chattanooga in preparation for  the march towards Atlanta in the spring. Well written.........................................$295.00

2144 - GENERAL WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Middle Military Department, VIII Corps, and sundry other posts. On November 12, 1863, he became Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland and the following month was appointed to be George H. Thomas' Chief of Staff. In the latter capacity, he took part in all of the operations of Chattanooga and in the Atlanta Campaign as well as the movements which arrested John Bell Hood's invasion of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville. Chattanooga, TN, January 22nd, 1864, 2 page letter in ink to his wife Caroline with a stamped envelope addressed to Mrs. Gen. W. D. Whipple, he relates in part...I had to put your letter away at the offices as I did not want to let anyone see the tears in my eyes...he goes on to describe his room as a parlor on an floor and continues listing the furniture he has...he arises at 8 AM, breakfast at 9 AM with General Thomas and his two aides Captain Willard and Captain Kellogg...we have a Steward and a colored cook as well as our servants...have beef steak, potatoes, hot cakes for breakfast, at dinner beef soup, vegetables, I tend to work late in my office at retire. Whipple gives a good account of his day in this letter which starts off quite tender as his wife's last letter obviously makes him homesick to tears...................................................$275.00

2145 - GENERAL WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Middle Military Department, VIII Corps, and sundry other posts. On November 12, 1863, he became Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland and the following month was appointed to be George H. Thomas' Chief of Staff. In the latter capacity, he took part in all of the operations of Chattanooga and in the Atlanta Campaign as well as the movements which arrested John Bell Hood's invasion of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville. Nashville, TN, October 27th, 1864, 4 pages ALS by Whipple to his wife Caroline, comes with a stamped cover addressed to Mrs. Gen. W. D. Whipple, he relates in part...Whipple gives his wife a description of an entrepreneurial woman about 40 with two memorable daughters presenting applications to him to open a hotel in Chattanooga called "Crutchfield House." She was described as being short and stout on the shortly side of 40. She needed special permission to ship freight on the railroad to ship more than the allowed amount on the railroad as she also wanted to open a store in the hotel to sell wine and liquor. She also wants permission to re-open the "Trout House" in Atlanta which was the finest hotel in Atlanta. He fears that she will not succeed. He wishes he would be free of this miserable war and return to civilization..........................................$265.00

2146 - GENERAL WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Middle Military Department, VIII Corps, and sundry other posts. On November 12, 1863, he became Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland and the following month was appointed to be George H. Thomas' Chief of Staff. In the latter capacity, he took part in all of the operations of Chattanooga and in the Atlanta Campaign as well as the movements which arrested John Bell Hood's invasion of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville. Nashville, TN, November 6th, 1864, 4 pages in ink to his wife with a stamped cover addressed to Mrs. Gen. W. D. Whipple, he relates in part to her...Atlanta was to be our headquarters but a change was made due to HOOD'S movements as it made it necessary to move from Atlanta to Chattanooga. What plans are made I cannot write in this letter which may be captured between here and Louisville. Mrs. Thomas left Nashville for Chattanooga. He stays at the St. Cloud Hotel at $4.50 per day and it is miserable, asks for clothing to be sent. "W". After a short stay in Atlanta Thomas' forces are called back to Nashville due to Hood's movements to the Northwest of Atlanta. Well written, letter and stamped cover.....................................................$275.00

2147 - GENERAL WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Middle Military Department, VIII Corps, and sundry other posts. On November 12, 1863, he became Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland and the following month was appointed to be George H. Thomas' Chief of Staff. In the latter capacity, he took part in all of the operations of Chattanooga and in the Atlanta Campaign as well as the movements which arrested John Bell Hood's invasion of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville. Nashville, TN, November 9th, 1864, 3 pages in ink to his wife Caroline with a stamped cover addressed to Mrs. Gen. W. D. Whipple, he relates in part...I would bring you here if there was any certainty of me remaining here for the winter but at any time we may be ordered out within 24 hours. You are better remaining where you are than coming here to this uncomfortable and expensive place. A lady I met was offered three rooms in a third story of a house for $1700 per year. It has been raining for several days flooding streams and washing away many trestle bridges and interrupting railroads communication. Of course HOOD cannot move in the mud and we have the advantage as we can concentrate our forces by railroad and steamboat. If HOOD cannot advance we will probably attach him. Well written, comes with stamped cover................................................$275.00

2148 - GENERAL WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Middle Military Department, VIII Corps, and sundry other posts. On November 12, 1863, he became Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland and the following month was appointed to be George H. Thomas' Chief of Staff. In the latter capacity, he took part in all of the operations of Chattanooga and in the Atlanta Campaign as well as the movements which arrested John Bell Hood's invasion of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville. Chattanooga, TN, January 15th, 1864, 4 pages ALS by Whipple to his wife Caroline with a stamped cover addressed to Mrs. Gen. H. D. Whipple, he relates in part...He is now riding a fine white horse...yesterday we were greeted by the sound of the first locomotive that has arrived since the occupation began. The rails are now opened north and starvation does not stare us in the face now. No one but someone in the army know how much our troops are suffering for lack of food and clothing and as far as our animals are concerned hundreds and hundreds are lying dead and the living are walking skeletons. As I was going to my quarters last night I saw an old horse attempting to make a meal out of pine weather boards of a house. He would gnaw off a few splinters and I could hear him crunch them between his teeth. He is probably dead by this time. We came to the conclusion that the Rebs were starving also and we could hold out. "W". An excellent letter by General Whipple on the state of affairs in Chattanooga during the winter of 1864...........................................$265.00

2149 - GENERAL WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Middle Military Department, VIII Corps, and sundry other posts. On November 12, 1863, he became Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland and the following month was appointed to be George H. Thomas' Chief of Staff. In the latter capacity, he took part in all of the operations of Chattanooga and in the Atlanta Campaign as well as the movements which arrested John Bell Hood's invasion of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville. Camp near Cassville, GA, May 22nd, 1864, one page in ink to wife Caroline with a stamped cover addressed to Mrs. Gen. W. D. Whipple...he relates in part...We move at 4 AM in the morning stripped for battle in the words of General Sherman's Order received. I do not know when I will be able to write again. The Rebs, I promise, will attack our communications and may succeed and capture some of our letters. He tells his wife to tell their little daughter that he will come and see her once the battles are over. Whipple writes at the start of the Atlanta Campaign as Chief of Staff to General Thomas. ALS and cover.................................................$275.00

2150 - GENERAL WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Middle Military Department, VIII Corps, and sundry other posts. On November 12, 1863, he became Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland and the following month was appointed to be George H. Thomas' Chief of Staff. In the latter capacity, he took part in all of the operations of Chattanooga and in the Atlanta Campaign as well as the movements which arrested John Bell Hood's invasion of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville. Camp near Kennesaw Mountain, June 21st, 1864, 2 pages in ink to his wife Caroline, comes with a stamped cover addressed to his wife, ALS he relates in part...The fight goes on seemingly day and night and still the rain pours. Wagons, when they move at all, move at a snails pace. Horses and mules are in the mud constantly. The eternal sound of splash of persons walking through the mud and water is getting tiresome. Everything is getting moldy and boots taken off at night refuse to be put on in the morning. We gained an important point last night and the Rebels during the light tried several times to retake it but failed each time. Their losses must have been heavy in these repulses at least I hope so. My health is still good and I hope we finish off Johnston's Army..."W". General Whipple writes this account just before the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain [June 27th, 1864].....................$295.00

2151 - GENERAL WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Middle Military Department, VIII Corps, and sundry other posts. On November 12, 1863, he became Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland and the following month was appointed to be George H. Thomas' Chief of Staff. In the latter capacity, he took part in all of the operations of Chattanooga and in the Atlanta Campaign as well as the movements which arrested John Bell Hood's invasion of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville. Nashville, October 24th, 1864, 4 pages in ink to his wife, he relates...I will stay here awhile and return to that fine spot Chattanooga and there to remain for the winter. I visited the ex Post Master Brown's house who were probably first rate Rebs until the arrival of the Union Army. The Rebel General Pillow is a brother of Mrs. Brown. They have a portrait of him as a Major General in the USA hanging in the parlor. Their son is in the Rebel Army on the staff of General Bushrod Johnson. They claim to be Union people and are mortified at the thought of the loss of their crops and timberland fearing that they may be seized by the government as some already has [other citizens in the area]. Their desire to save their property has them being very polite to Union officers and their house is a favorite meeting place of many of them. As Chief of Staff, they overdid their attempt to please me...she said I was so young, handsome, and distinguished. So much flattery arouses suspicion. Mrs. Baird [wife of General Absalon Baird] is living next door and has not seen her husband yet. She came down with Mrs. Sherman [wife of General William Sherman]..."W". As General Thomas' Chief of Staff Whipple was a go between many citizens and Thomas during Thomas' stay in Nashville before he joined Sherman on the march through the Carolinas, well written, comes with stamped cover addressed "Mrs. Gen. W. D. Whipple" in Whipple's hand.................................................$295.00

2152 - GENERAL WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Middle Military Department, VIII Corps, and sundry other posts. On November 12, 1863, he became Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland and the following month was appointed to be George H. Thomas' Chief of Staff. In the latter capacity, he took part in all of the operations of Chattanooga and in the Atlanta Campaign as well as the movements which arrested John Bell Hood's invasion of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville. Eastport, AL, January 16th, 1865, two page letter in ink to his wife, he relates in part...On a military steamboat, there are just a couple of buildings laying on the bank of the river with a good many steamers lying at the bank discharging their cargos. Our troops are moving and the wagons are arriving and departing. The gunboats are lying on the eastern and northern bank. We will remain here until the army is completely ready to take the field then away we go again. We have not left the steamer as we cannot find room to encamp our headquarters. Yesterday we went 10 miles up the river to the camp of the cavalry headquarters...gives hopes that the children are well. Signed "W". Comes with a stamped cover addressed to Mrs. Gen. W. D. Whipple. A fine ALS written in preparation of the march towards Savannah by Sherman...................................................$225.00

2154 - GENERAL WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Middle Military Department, VIII Corps, and sundry other posts. On November 12, 1863, he became Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland and the following month was appointed to be George H. Thomas' Chief of Staff. In the latter capacity, he took part in all of the operations of Chattanooga and in the Atlanta Campaign as well as the movements which arrested John Bell Hood's invasion of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville. Eastport, AL, January 21st, 1865, 3 pages in ink, comes with a stamped cover addressed to his wife "Mrs. Gen. W. D. Whipple", he relates in part...I have received your letter of the 21st as it was directed to Chattanooga and I suppose it was cut off by Hood's Rebel Army. We will never return to Chattanooga again as a headquarters so letters to me should be sent to Nashville. The same mail brought another letter from you giving news of the improving health of the children. We are encamped on a hill overlooking the steamboat landing. This is a pretty place with an excellent view of the river, boats, and surrounding country. The town of Eastport consists of only three dwelling houses but before the war there were probably twelve but the war has destroyed some. It is bleak here and uninviting. Our nearest telegraph station is at Johnsville away down the valley. All the steamboats have to be convoyed up and it is a slow process. We can do nothing with any dispatch. I can't imagine why General Thomas remains here unless he wants to avoid the useless gab of the citizens of Nashville. There is a division I could have General Thomas says if I desire it so I told him I would take it. I have many misgivings about leaving my present position of Chief of Staff especially since General Thomas' command has been increased although General Sherman commands his troops. I fear by taking this command I will miss the opportunity to be stationed at Nashville and he won't be able to be with her but if he fails to take the division it will risk promotional opportunity for him..."W". An excellent ALS by Whipple with his full signature on the envelope...........................................$295.00

2153 - GENERAL WILLIAM D. WHIPPLE, Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia, Middle Military Department, VIII Corps, and sundry other posts. On November 12, 1863, he became Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland and the following month was appointed to be George H. Thomas' Chief of Staff. In the latter capacity, he took part in all of the operations of Chattanooga and in the Atlanta Campaign as well as the movements which arrested John Bell Hood's invasion of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville. TWO SEPARATE ALS BY WHIPPLE WRITTEN ON FEBRUARY 27TH, 1865 WITH THE STAMPED ENVELOPES THAT CARRIED THEM...addressed to MRS. GEN. W. D. WHIPPLE, Letter 1, on Stationary Dept. of the Cumberland, Nashville, TN, February 27th, 1865, 1 page to wife Caroline...he obtained a wardrobe, six curtains, and a large carpet and a dining table. The plumber is at work fixing the hot and cold hydrants...there is already a cook and a chambermaid already here in the house..."W", 2nd letter dated February 27th, 1865 at Nashville, TN to Caroline...I have seen General Donaldson today and he will send a quartermaster over tomorrow who will make furniture for our house - such as can be made in the quartermaster's shop and it will be very good. I think we can have the children here in a short time. Do you rather bring them with you or wait? I am going to send to Cincinnati for a mattress or two...yours "W". Two separate letters and TWO covers addressed in his hand...................................................$295.00


2164 - WE ARE TRYING TO PEN UP OLD LEE, Camp by the roadside near Hagerstown, MD, July 11th, [1863]. 1 large bold pencil letter on blue paper by Austin Fenn, 10th Vermont, mentions a friend near South Mountain, since we left there we have traveled about 12 miles and passed the old Antietam battle ground at night as we are trying to pen up Old Lee. If we don't do it, it will not be the fault of us or our Generals. We have brings a man his appetite. I can take a chuck of fat pork and gnaw it a cat gnawing a chicken. I have seen Nate as he come up just as had a side of pork broiled on the end of a stick. I was glad to see him as his regiment passed and I think he will be home soon. The 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th passed here - mentions several soldiers he knows in those units. We are laying awaiting orders. Mentions Sylvanus Winshih who was killed, will send this letter in an envelope...mentions that a friend states in regard to Negro troops. "The Niggers will fight like the devil he has seen for himself." You never can image the size of this army, you can only see one quarter of it at one time. Comes with a copy of another letter by Fenn to verify authorship...a letter written during the attempt to pursue Lee after the Gettysburg Campaign....................................................$125.00

1182 - THE WAR IN MISSOURI, A FLOOD HITS THE REGIMENT, A CONFEDERATE CAPTAIN IS SHOT BY A WOUNDED BOY, Van Buren, MO., January 3rd, 1863. 3 pages in ink by George Wilcox, 37th Illinois, comes with a DUE 3 stamped envelope addressed to his cousin Mary Ann. He relates in part...Our company is guarding a mill [sawmill] we are sawing lumber to make ferries to cross the river as we will take the pontoon bridges up when we leave which will not be soon as we have to dray prisoners. We had camped on the Black River and got nearly drowned by the flood and had to leave the tents at 4 AM in the morning. The water rose 19 feet and we had 8" - 10" of water in our tent and were trapped away from the high land. We tried to make a bridge out of trees but soon sent for the pontoon boats. They ferried us out, some had to climb trees to escape the rising water. The Rebels arrived here and attacked out forage train and took seven teams and wagons with six mule teams. We had 16 men taken and four wounded. We wounded the Rebel Captain and a private, they took off their wounded. The Captain was shot by a wounded boy who was riding by him - picked up his gun and shot him through...the officers care little for their men...most are drunk and carousing about from the Lt. to the General Doctor. A good long Missouri letter with more details, quite scarce............................................$265.00

1183 - A SHARPSHOOTER WRITES TO HIS SWEETHEART AFTER BEING UNDER FIRE, 151st New York, Volunteers, actually two letters, one a letter written in poem form by Jesse Benson, Company A [Independent Rifles] 151st NY Vol. Both stamped covers, one on an attractive patriotic letter sheet VICTORY. 1st Letter postmarked September 5th, 1863, patriotic letter sheet with the heading SHARPSHOOTERS and is a letter in poem form detailing the history of his regiment and their Captain, 2 plus pages in ink. 2nd letter, dated October 18th, 1863, 4 pages in ink he relates in part...On picket on Bull Run Creek, our army has been retreating on march for four days and one day we marched 25 miles. We started near Culpepper and now we are within 18 miles of Washington. When we camped on a high hill, there was some skirmishing and was under fire for a half hour, the shells came close, some were hurt in the regiment. As I am writing this, I can see the Rebel pickets by looking down in the hollow. During the four days we marched I could hear the cannons and musket fire, sometimes were close enough to stop us and we drew up in the line of battle, he hopes the War will come to an honorable end, more on the destruction he has seen. Benson's Company [Company A Independent Rifles was Sharpshooter Company] and he was severely wounded in his right arm a month later at Mine Run and had his arm amputated [November 27th, 1863]. Actually two letters with stamped covers. Scarce Sharpshooter group.....................................$325.00

1184 - BATTLE NEAR DINWIDDIE COURT HOUSE, I WAS CAPTURED AND ESCAPED THE REBELS, September 15th, 1864. 2 large pages in pen by H. Roscoe Brackett of the 16th Maine Infantry. He relates in part to friends at home...We knew that the Johnnies were assing in our front for a charge...we had breastworks and were ready for them and we did not have to wait long as they came in three lines of battle. We repulsed them on our front but they tried to break through on our right and the first thing we knew we were outflanked and the bullets came at us from our rear and we were ordered to fall back and we did but the first thing I knew we were surrounded by about a dozen Rebs. I had run right into their lines as did other men. They made me throw down my gun and bayonet which I did as there were so many I knew it was useless to do otherwise. They told me to go to the rear and I started to run with six other men and they kept singing out for me to halt and I heeded them not and kept on running amidst a shower of minnies and case shot bursting all around me from our own batteries. I kept running to the right with others all the time they were after me and I was only two rods from them. I turned to my right and ran into an open field and saw two lines of battle marching towards the woods and knew in a moment it was our men and finally felt safe from the Rebels...we have received a report that Atlanta is ours. The 16th Maine was involved with skirmishing around Dinwiddie Court House in early September 1864, Brackett had been wounded at Fredericksburg and was promoted to Corporal in 1864 after his return to duty. A great letter describing a narrow escape from the Rebels after being overrun by the Confederates..........................................$295.00


9106 - THE WAR IN LOUISIANA, BATTLE BAYOU BORBEAU AND CARRIN CROW BAYOU, NOVEMBER 1863, Berwick [LA], November 10th, 1863. Large 4 page letter in BOLD pencil from Lt. John M. Follett, Company H, 33rd Illinois to his wife with stamped transmittal cover postmarked NEW ORLEANS. He relates in part, "We are again camped on the Atchafalaya River and we marched from New Iberia Sunday morning and marched the first day to Franklin a distance of 30 miles. We got up Monday at 5 AM and marched another 30 miles to this place. We of the Pioneers are camped on the river and my squad is in good humor. Mentions by name several men of the 77th [Illinois]...I must tell you about a recent battle...The next morning after I wrote you our brigade was called up about 2 AM and marched about three miles on the west side of Iberia. The rumor was that the Rebs were coming with 16,000 men to attack us. Our brigade formed in a battle line, the 2nd brigade was closed in one half on each flank on our line of battle and the 3rd brigade was concealed in the timber. The plan was a cute one if old General Lawles did plan it but the Rebs did not favor us with a call. Instead of pitching into us the Rebs sailed into the 1st brigade of General Burbridge's division. The battle was fought on Carrion crow [Bayou]. General Burbridge had sent out some of his division out foraging and had not more than 1000 men engaged and the Rebs came down on him with 8000 men. They mowed down eight rows deep in front and closed in mass on each flank. Burbridge could not retreat without loss and he told his men that no part of the 13th Corps had been whipped and he said that he would not live to have it said that the 4th division was the first to run and the men cheered him and said they would back him up and they stood surrounded on three sides by gray backs and fought like demons. The rebs overpowered then and took over 400 prisoners and killed 57 men. General McGinnis came up with two brigades and so intent were the Rebs trying to take prisoners that they did not see the reinforcements till they came right up to them and there was hand to hand fighting with sword and bayonet and the Rebs had to skedaddle. They left 149 dead on the field besides over 300 wounded and our men took over 300 prisoners. All this was done in two hours. He concludes this lengthy letter apologizing to his wife for unkind comments he had made in past letters and expresses his love and devotion for her and expresses his sorrow for having lost his temper as he misses her so much. With his numerical advantage, it was no chore for Maj. Gen. William B. Franklin to push the Confederates before him as he moved toward the upper Teche in Louisiana. After occupying the Opelousas vicinity, the Union leader found local bayous too dangerous to cross, too difficult for his troops to forage and rain-drenched roads too muddy to travel. By October 26, he had given up the offensive, retracing his steps toward New Iberia. Maj. Gen. Richard Taylor's small army pressed him, but Franklin worried so little about his enemy's attentions that he allowed his divisions to march and encamp far from each other. By November 3, they were scattered over a wide area, with part of the XIII Corps holding a rear guard position near Grand Coteau, on Bayou Bourdeau. Here was the opening Taylor had sought. Just before noon, his advance echelon, 2 divisions of cavalry and 3 infantry regiments under Brig. Gen. Thomas Green, attacked the camp of Brig. Gen. Stephen G. Burbridge's division, the most exposed command. Union sentinels were so lax that the Confederates charged out of a ravine into Burbridge's front and flanks before he could deploy. From his position in the rear, Maj. Gen. Cadwallader C. Washburn rode to he scene, only to discover that many of the troops had broken and were scattered over the field, and the utter destruction or capture of the whole force seemed imminent. Burbridge tried to fight his way out. Directing his attention to the single cavalry brigade and the infantry assailing his front and right, he entrusted the defense of his other flank (threatened by the rest of Green's cavalry) to Lt. Col. Theodore Buehler, the commander of his 67th Indiana. Through what Washburn later called "incompetency or cowardice", Buehler failed to take action till too late; eventually surrounded, he surrendered his regiment en masse to he cavalry. Finding his left "totally gone", Burbridge ordered a retreat. Many of his men had started without him, fleeing 3 miles to the safety of Gen. McGinnis' camp. With the assistance of that division, Burbridge re-formed and stood firm. Fighting vigorously but not making further headway, Green finally drew off, having killed 25, wounded 129, and captured 562 men and one 10 lb. cannon. The day after this galling defeat, the Federals resumed their withdrawal, but with more caution and a healthier regard for Confederate strength, savvy, and opportunism. A great Louisiana battle letter, 2 items, letter and cover..........................................$395.00


56th New York Infantry-Official Company 1 Return Listing a Nurse and a Hospital Steward

Fifty-sixth Infantry -- Cols. Charles H. Van Wyck, Rockwell Tyler, Lieut.-Cols., James Jordan, Frederic Decker, John J. Wheeler, Rockwell Tyler, Eliphas Smith, James Dubois. The 56th Regiment was organized at Newburgh and was composed of eleven companies, two light batteries and two Cavalry troops. The batteries later became the 7th and 8th independent batteries and the cavalry part of the 1st mounted rifles. Co. L was the 5th company of N.Y. sharpshooters. The men were mainly from Orange, Sullivan and Ulster counties and were mustered into the U.S. service at Newburgh, Oct. 28, 1861, for three years. The regiment left for Washington on Nov. 7, 1861, was there assigned to the 1st Brigade, Casey's division, and served in the vicinity of Washington until March, 1862. In the opening of the spring campaign, the regiment, as part of the 1st Brigade, 2nd division, 4th Corps, participated in the siege of Yorktown and was present without loss at Williamsburg, Savage Station and Bottom's Bridge. At Fair Oaks, the loss of the command was heavy--66 killed and wounded and 5 missing. In June, the Brigade, in Peck's division of the 4th Corps, was present during "the Seven Days' battles but not closely engaged, and after the battle of Malvern Hill was withdrawn to Yorktown. In December, the brigade under Naglee was assigned to the 18th Corps and reached South Carolina early in Jan. 1862. The regiment served about Charleston, was active in the siege of Fort Wagner in July, 1863, and the subsequent operations in the vicinity. It was assigned to the 1st Brigade, 3rd division, 18th Corps, in March, 1863, and transferred to the 10th Corps in October. While with the 18th Corps, it was stationed on Folly Island and at Beaufort. In the summer of 1864, the regiment was stationed at James Island; lost 50 men in an engagement at Honeyhill; was active at Coosawhatchie and Boyd's point in December, and shared in the operations at Deveaux Neck, S.C., during the same month with considerable loss. The original members not reenlisted were mustered out at the expiration of the term of enlistment and the regiment remained in the Department of the South, serving in the coast division during the winter of 1864-65 and at Charleston from March, 1865 to Oct. 17, 1865, when it was mustered out. The regiment lost during its term of service 64 by death from wounds and 216 from other causes.

Charles H. Van Wyck: Age, 37 years. Enrolled September 4th, 1861 at New York City. Mustered in as a Colonel, September 4th, 1861 for a three-year tour of duty. Mustered out with regiment October 17th, 1865 at Charleston, S.C.

6131 - COMPANY I, 56 NYV, January 31st, 1863, St. Helena Isle, South Carolina, listed detached men. Absent men in Captain Cox's Company, written and filled in by Lt. Norris Crossman. Lists several men detached as nurses in hospitals and another in a hospital at Yorktown. Printed and filled-in, 10" X 16". Captain Cox was listed as AWOL on the verso of the document. Crossman's diaries have been published. Very fine...................................$65.00

6132 - COMPANY I, 56 NYV, Seabrook Isle, SC, March 31st, 1863 listed detached men and officers present in Captain Cox's Company, written and filled in by Lt. Norris Crossman. Lists one man detached as a nurse in a hospital. Printed and filled-in, 10" X 16", Captain Cox was listed as AWOL on the verso of the document. Crossman's diaries have been published. Very fine..................................................$65.00

6134 - 91ST PENN. VOLUNTEERS, SERVED IN MOST OF THE BATTLES OF THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC FROM 1861-65 INCLUDING GETTYSBURG, 8" X 10" manuscript order dated January 15th, 1865 by order of Colonel Seller giving sentinels orders how to greet officers when they approach their posts and how to carry their "pieces". Dated from the headquarters of the 91st PA just before they were engaged in the battles of Dabney Mills and Hatchers Run (February 5-7th, 1865). The 91st fought at Antietam, Fredericksburg, the "Mud March", Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the "Bristoe Campaign", Mine Run, Cold Harbor, Wilderness, Petersburg, Dabney Mills, Hatcher's Run, Appomattox Campaign..............$45.00

6135 - 91ST PENN, VOLUNTEERS, SERVED IN MOST OF THE BATTLES OF THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC FROM 1861-65 INCLUDING GETTYSBURG, Dated in the field, April 29th, 1865, 8" X 10" pre-printed and filled in descriptive listing for the pay and clothing account of Sergt. John Evans of Company G of the 91st PA giving the details of his pay after enlistment and clothing allowance not used, signed by Captain William Spangler of Company G, 91st PA. The 91st fought at Antietam, Fredericksburg, the "Mud March", Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the "Bristoe Campaign", Mine Run, Cold Harbor, Wilderness, Petersburg, Dabney Mills, Hatcher's Run, Appomattox Campaign. This document was written 20 days after Lee's surrender at Appomattox when the 91st was still in the field near there. Very fine..............................................$45.00

6136 - OFFICIAL FORM FOR HANDLING A COURT MARTIAL, 4 pages in manuscript 8" X 13" detailing the procedures in conducting a court martial trial in the army, dated 186, statement accounts, witness accounts specifications of charges. Obviously done in the field by an officer. This form is very detailed and came with some other documents pertaining to the 91st PA. First one that we have seen like this. Very fine........................................$35.00

6137 - MISSOURI IN THE CIVIL WAR, Headquarters Dept. of the Missouri, St. Louis, February 14th, 1865, General Order #30, three pages printed, the charges and trial of three named Missouri citizens for robbery and larceny, another against a Henry Smith for trying to bribe a Federal officer to free a prisoner...he was sentenced to the Missouri State prison at Jefferson City. The three charged with robbery and larceny were sentenced to 10 years at hard labor by order of J.W. Barnes, Asst. Adj. General. Choice condition......................$45.00

6139 - A BEAUTIFUL COLLECTION OF CHARLES MAGNUS PATRIOTIC COVERS WITH SEVEN DIFFERENT VIEWS OF ALEXANDRIA, VA AND ONE OF THE SMITHSONIAN IN WASHINGTON, 7 different "Bird's Eye Views of Alexandria." Two hand colored, five in light gilt print, views from the Potomac, views of the town showing military camps and one of the Smithsonian Institute in Washington. All with the desirable Charles Magnus imprint. VF-EF, a choice collection, all war period imprints. The group of seven different................................................$275.00


Bird's Eye View of Alexandria


Bird's Eye View of Alexandria


Covers

6140 - UNITED STATES ARMIES OPERATING AGAINST RICHMOND, 2 2 patriotic covers by Charles Magnus dated 1865, both covers are deep lavender in color with a gilded imprint, one in silver, one in gold, large eagle with the caption "US Armies Operating against Richmond, VA" with spots to enter the Company, Regiment, Brigade, Division, and Army Corps. The silver printed cover is quite attractive, the gold printed cover has oxidized (print somewhat). These are the first two of this type we have seen, unused and a desirable set of Magnus covers, the pair................................................$85.00


6524 - COMMISSION SIGNED BY WILLIAM DENNISON GOVERNOR OF OHIO FOR AN OFFICER IN THE 16TH OHIO, 8" X 11", pre-printed commission for 1st Lt. Cushman Cunningham of the 16th Ohio Infantry dated May 4th, 1861 when the 16th Ohio was still a Militia unit, nice black seal, fine, some ink bleed from endorsements on the verso. Cunningham served with the 16th Ohio as an officer (Captain) and Adjutant into late 1863. Cunningham served with the 16th Ohio through the war as an officer and adjutant. The 16th Ohio served in the west from late 1861 to September 1864. Cumberland Gap, Tazewell, The Vicksburg Campaign, and the Red River Campaign. Dennison was instrumental in getting Ohio's troops organized and sent troops into Western Virginia in 1861 as well as becoming Postmaster General under Lincoln..................................................$150.00

6525 - COMMISSION SIGNED BY WILLIAM DENNISON GOVERNOR OF OHIO FOR AN OFFICER IN THE 16TH OHIO, 8" X 11", pre-printed commission for 1st Lt. Cushman Cunningham, December 16th, 1861, nice blue seal, fine. Cunningham served with the 16th Ohio as an officer (Captain) and Adjutant into late 1863. Cunningham served with the 16th Ohio through the war as an officer and adjutant. The 16th Ohio served in the west from late 1861 to September 1864. Cumberland Gap, Tazewell, The Vicksburg Campaign, and the Red River Campaign. Dennison was instrumental in getting Ohio's troops organized and sent troops into Western Virginia in 1861 as well as becoming Postmaster General under Lincoln..........$150.00

6526 - COMMISSION SIGNED BY GOVERNOR DAVID TOD OF OHIO FOR AN OFFICER IN THE 16TH OHIO, 8" X 11", pre-printed commission for Captain Cushman Cunningham, November 18th, 1862. Cunningham served with the 16th Ohio as an officer (Captain) and Adjutant into late 1863. Cunningham served with the 16th Ohio through the war as and officer and adjutant. The 16th Ohio served in the west from the late 1861 to September 1864. Cumberland Gap, Tazewell, The Vicksburg Campaign, and the Red River Campaign. A most attractive commission with large eagle and flags. Signed by Tod as Governor...............$150.00

6528 - NOTICE OF APPOINTMENT AS A 1ST LT. IN THE 16TH OHIO REGIMENT SIGNED BY UNION GENERAL C.P. BUCKINGHAM, Pre-printed and filled-in 8" X 10", HEADQUARTERS OF OHIO MILITIA stationary advising Cushman Cunningham that he has been appointed a Lt.  in the 16th Ohio, dated November 25th, 1861. Signed by Buckingham as Adj. General of the State of Ohio. Cushman later became a Captain and severed with the 16th Ohio until 1864. Very fine...............................................$85.00

6530 - MUSTER OUT ROLL FOR ADJ. CUSHMAN CUNNINGHAM OF THE 16TH OHIO NEAR VICKSBURG, MS, 12" X 24" printed and filled in muster out roll dated near Vicksburg, MS for Adj. Cushman Cunningham dated June 5th, 1863 while the 16th Ohio was engaged in the Vicksburg Campaign. The reason for the form was his appointment as Captain of the Regiment. Cunningham served with the 16th Ohio as an officer (Captain) throughout the war and Adjutant. The 16th Ohio served in the west from late 1861 to September 1864. Cumberland Gap, Tazewell, The Vicksburg Campaign, and the Red River Campaign. Some archival repairs, otherwise paper is fresh and bold manuscript...................................$75.00

6531 - MUSTER IN ROLL FOR CAPTAIN CUSHMAN CUNNINGHAM OF THE 16TH OHIO NEAR VICKSBURG, 12" X 16" printed and filled in mustering in Captain Cushman Cunningham as a Captain in the 16th Ohio. Dated June 5th, 1863 near Vicksburg where the 16th Ohio was involved in the Vicksburg Campaign. Cunningham served with the 16th Ohio as an officer (Captain) throughout the war and Adjutant. The 16th Ohio served in the west from late 1861 to September 1864. Cumberland Gap, Tazewell, The Vicksburg Campaign, and the Red River Campaign. Very good, bold manuscript........................................$75.00

6533 - WOUNDED AND CAPTURED AT GETTYSBURG, COLONEL JOHN F. IRWIN 149TH PENNSYLVANIA, 8" X 10" large pre-printed and filled-in ordnance receipt signed by Irwin as Lt. Colonel of the 149th PA noted "in the field", September 25th, 1864. It appears to be all the accruements and Enfield rife of one soldier. It lists the rifle, bayonet scabbard, cap pouch, cartridge box, plate and belt, gun sling, waist belt, and belt plate. These were turned over to the Colonel by Captain John Batdorff. Quite possibly these were once the property of a dead soldier to be recycled. Irwin was adjutant of the regiment and while acting as major was wounded by a concussion of a shell at Gettysburg on July 1st, 1863. He has a factitious name as Frank Israel when he signed his parole and returned to his regiment. He commanded the 149th in the pursuit of the 149th south. He was officially promoted to Major, then Lt. Colonel. On April 2nd, 1864, he took command of the regiment. Then he was promoted to Colonel on February 2nd, 1864. Very fine............................................$95.00


The Correspondence of Engineer George P. Hunt, US Navy
In the Year 1864
"U.S.S. Metacomet"

Engineer George P. Hunt served in the US Navy from 1861-1887 on numerous ships. His tour on the "Metacomet" in 1864-1865 was highlighted by the action at Mobile Bay but between stations at Mobile his ship went on numerous cruises in search of blockade runners in the Gulf of Mexico. His letters are well written and extremely descriptive. Each letter comes with a copy photo of Hunt.


5270 - CHASING A BLOCKADE RUNNER OFF THE TEXAS COAST
, USS Metacomet, January 1st, 1864. 4 pages in ink by Engineer George P. Hunt. He relates in part, have sent views from New Orleans and Key West, view of the fort and others...have left New Orleans to carry the monitor "Milwaukee" to Mobile, then we sailed down the coast (west) and hit a gale en route like a "north westerner" with bitter cold, vessel pitching and rolling with 2-3 feet of water on the deck, all hatches secured, impossible to stand on the deck without lashing yourself to something. During the gale, we spotted a schooner that might be a blockade runner but due to the heavy seas we did not dare to turn around and chase her, we were disappointed we let a prize go through our fingers however about 3 PM the winds and seas moderated and we turned to chase him and caught him. It was laden with sugar and coffee from Vera Cruz to New Orleans. But since it was 200 miles off course, the papers funny, the Captain condemned her (as a blockade runner), the prize would mean 1/3 of a years pay for Hunt. The capture happened about 85 miles from Galveston, TX. Describes having turkey aboard the past holidays, but some were so seasick they had to dine on "salt horse". A well written letter describing a blockade runner being captured................
$250.00

5275 - REBEL STEAMERS RUN THE BLOCKADE AT MOBILE, ONE GETS AGROUND, BUT WE CANNOT ATTACK IT, IF FARRAGUT WERE HERE IT WOULD BE DIFFERENT, Metacomet off Mobile, April 12th, 1864. 8 pages in ink, with stamped postal cover postmarked New Orleans, written by Engineer George P. Hunt. He relates in part..."Your letter received has gotten me out of the blues. Yesterday two large steamers came on in right under our noses and both escaped. One Clyde built steamer, the other American made. The first a side-wheel steamer, double smokestacks and a little larger than the "Cumberland". They ran along the shore about 3/4 miles from the fort and became aground. We ran up to the flagship "Oneida" and asked permission to go up and shell her before the Confederates could get her off but we were told to go back to our station by the Senior Officer. We had to watch the Rebs bring up steamers and barges to lighten her and she got off by noon. There are 11 vessels now blockading here. The "Itasca", Pinola", "Oneida", "Ossippee", and another lying out to sea. The "Penguin", "Albatros", "Genesee" lay nearer the shore. The "Conemaugh" is in the Secesh Channel. He feels they are stationed in the main ship channel where nothing happens because they are on a black list. The "Pembina" and the "Seminole" lay below us. He remarks about better lookouts on several ships would have prevented the escape and forced them back out to sea. "We could have had a jolly good chase." At daylight, we saw a splendid American made steamer with double smokestacks, side wheels, about 1800-2000 tons, the "Austin" of Havana in the same Secesh channel about 1 1/2 miles from the fort aground. The flag officer would not let me do anything to prevent them from coming with their steamers to tow her off. She got off safe in the afternoon. There are about 40 steamers laying in Nassau waiting to run the blockade. It is provocative to say that if Farragut was here something would have been done. Little is being done to prevent them from running in her. The Rebs may want a few more English rifles and cannon, a few more Whitworth rifles or Brook's cannon which may be mounted in Fort Morgan to greet our ironclads. Says Farragut is in New Orleans. Expects a few more steamers to try to run the blockade when the moon goes down around 1 AM. A great letter regarding blockade running into Mobile just as the fleet was gathering for an attack on the forts.....................................................$350.00

5277 - BLOCKADE RUNNERS GET IN AGAIN, SENT OUT BOATS TO SCOUT THE REBEL FLEET, THE TENNESSEE AND BALTIC LAY AWAITING OUR FLEET BUT THEY MAY ATTACK FIRST, May 21st, 1864, Saturday night [off Mobile], 12 pages in ink by Engineer George P. Hunt on board the USS Metacomet. He relates in part, He has lost a trusted friend McMurray in the "Chenango Affair" who was a 2nd Engineer. He feels that they are being "Blacklisted" doing too much or too little, then overlooked by the authorities. In our case were posted in a very dangerous place and as a gale approached our Captain concluded to enter the sound as the barometer fell rapidly. Captain Jenkins of the "Richmond" sent a boat in after us and gave us the most disagreeable station for 21 days. Close attention needs to be paid to our boilers. News of Grant near Richmond. Last Saturday, a steamer ran out successfully but discovered by our picket boat. But we had problems with signals and she escaped. The "Itasca" lay close to the shore and it was to intercept her and drive her back out in the channel as they always run in close to shore. The "Itasca" got her cable caught on her propeller and signaled "Assistance I need". But at the same time one boat signaled red & white instead of white and red. The confusion allowed the steamer to escape safe while we all attached her running out. The Admiral [Farragut] just arrived on the "Hartford". We go to Pensacola for a few days for coaling. Everyone is scared here about the rebel rams. A deserter came in and reported that they were going to attack our fleet with two gunboats and two rams. Sunday, describes fishing trip nearby where they caught over 600 fish snapper and catfish, most 12-13 pounds fish but some up to 60 pounds with our lines. We also caught a 1000 pound shark and when opened it had several cats and dogs inside! The shark struck one man on deck with his tail and he went head over heels. We are laying now facing Fort Morgan and we can see Fort Gaines and Powell. I believe they are evacuating Fort Powell and laying obstruction in the channel. Reports say there are about 6 miles of batteries after passing Fort Morgan and 50 torpedoes; there was a great storm the other night as we almost lost the picket boats as the rolling seas made it difficult to come along side of us. To remain out would have resulted in being driven to shore and captured as the shore is lined with cavalry scouts watching for blockage runners. We succeeded in picking them up but one man suffered a broken leg getting out of a boat. We sent a boat to Dauphin Isle to watch the Bay for rams and ironclads. They saw two, the "Tennessee" and the "Baltic" ironclad rams and the "Selma" and the "Gaines: gunboats." Captain Leroy has made over $100,000 on a prize the "Desoto" captured. I suppose he does not care much for attacking them now. An excellent letter on the affairs in Mobile Bay in late May where blockade runners still came into Mobile quite easily much to the chagrin of Hunt and his ship seeming being out of the action for one reason or another on a "blacklist"...............................................$395.00

5279 - THE METACOMET CAPTURES THE CONFEDERATE BLOCKADE RUNNER DONEGEL, Metacomet, off Mobile, June 26th, 1864. 4 pages in ink to Miss Earnes by Engineer George P. Hunt. He relates in part...He has just returned from Pensacola [coaling] and he thanks her for the copy of the Proclamation [Emancipation Proclamation]. By now you will have learned of the capture of the "Donegal" [blockade runner by the Metacomet], hopefully we will be successful in getting some more out of the sea. The "Denbigh" ran out after the capture of the "Donegal", some said the "Metacomet" was on a wild goose chase but the "D" was the fastest blockade runner which we caught now they feel that they must watch for us. The next night we discovered the "Denbigh" running in close to shore and we drove her out to sea but it ran through our mist and escaped. The captain of the "Donegal" had ran the "Oreto" [old name for the "Florida"] in and out of Mobile and also headed the party who captured the "Fly Boston" and ran her into Mobile a short time ago. He is now in Fort Pickens and he has tried to bribe them into letting him escape. He said that there was a large amount of gold and silver on the "Donegal" and that was the richest prize yet captured. Two of our officers went to see him to try and find out something. I sent a box of cigars back on the "Union", the only thing I got off that ship. Describes the horrible hospital in Pensacola, common sea rations, no ice, no fruit, no attendants except one nigger boy, about 15 officers there suffering from diarrhea and dysentery, chills and fever. They are tormented to death by and fleas and mosquitoes at night. Some have been there for two years. I visited the hospital and decided I would rather stay on board my ship. [Page 5 is small 3" X 4" blue paper written on both sides where he adds], Tuesday night. A lively time, we stood for the Flagship "Hartford" after maneuvering the fleet again and firing at targets. The Admiral and his staff came aboard as he wanted a good at the Rebel fleet started underway so we ran closed and rounded the fort. There most formidable craft is kind half like the "Atlanta" and half "Merrimac" built as ram. Three guns on either side, the one aft is heavy English gun. The Rebs are at a loss to make of our affair. An excellent letter describing the capture of a blockade runner and after a closer look at the "Tennessee" gives a vivid description of the Confederate ram................................................$395.00

5289 - THEY ARE WAITING FOR THE BLOCKADE RUNNER, DENBIGH, Key West [Florida], November 29th [1864]. Two pages letter in ink from Engineer George P. Hunt of the USS Metacomet. He relates in part, We just arrived after a stormy night and leave in the morning for Havana in wait for the "Denbigh" [blockade runner] that is expected from Galveston, will not know when he will be able to write again as he does not know if he will go with the next prize steamer [he hopes to be sent north with the next captured blockade runner they catch]. If you see anything about the old "Metacomet" boys save it for me, asks that Miss Eames send some candy for him to friends as he has not time to go ashore. Hunt's ship was laying in wait for the blockade runner Denbigh that was known to be heading for Havana from Galveston. The Denbigh that was known to be heading for Havana from Galveston. The Denbigh was run aground on Bird Key, Galveston Bay on May 25th, 1865 and burned by Union blockaders the next morning. Comes with a stamped envelope addressed to Miss C [Cornelia] Eames in Brooklyn, NY. A well written letter by Hunt...................................................$195.00

5292 - ANCHORED OFF THE TEXAS COAST, LOW ON COAL, BLOCKADE RUNNERS LEAVING GALVESTON, Sabine Pass, TX, January 31st, 1865 [aboard the Metacomet]. 4 pages in ink to Miss Eames from Engineer George P. Hunt. He relates in part...The Admiral passes here on his return from the Rio Grande. The mail boat has just brought papers with the news of the capture of Fort Fisher, good for Porter but Butler has gotten himself in dispute. Wishes he could have been at that spot and seen the grand fleet [the one that captured Fort Fisher]. It seems that our luck has played out. We went to Galveston for coal but due to high seas we could not get any and do not have enough to get to New Orleans. When we left Galveston looking for coal there were a number of steamers there ready to run out, one a large cotton steamer laying by the city. He wants to be examined for the upgrade rank of first engineer but fears he may have to wait until he goes north. Word is that the "double enders" may return north. He does not want to leave the "Metacomet" now as everything is working to his satisfaction [engines]. He states that he did not see any ladies in New Orleans well enough to give them his card. I hope to write you some good news from the Campechy Banks, noted on February they are still in anchor at Sabine Pass. The "Metacomet" is awaiting coal in Sabine Pass while the blockade runners apparently are moving out of Galveston with cotton. He hopes to be off the Texas-Mexican coast soon ready to intercept one bound for Havana...Letter comes with a stamped cover postmarked NEW ORLEANS Feb. 6th, '65.....................................................$195.00

5293 - THE METACOMET CAPTURES TWO BLOCKADE RUNNERS, OTHERS ESCAPE FROM GALVESTON, THE REBELS AT MOBILE SEND OUT TORPEDO BOATS, BUILDING UP THE FORTIFICATIONS FOR THE EXPECTED ATTACK, Steamer "Metacomet", Mobile Bay, February 26th, 1865. 10 1/2 pages in ink to Miss Eames by Engineer George P. Hunt. He relates in part...We are back anchored near the city [Mobile] and the prospects of a fight or an evacuation as good as months ago. Mentions a fellow friend and sailor who were in a naval fight in an ironclad that burst a gun. I must tell you of our late capture of the "Lily" [not Lily of the Valley] and the "Sea Witch". We captured the "Lily" lying off Galveston waiting for night. She had "gunny bags" and salt and we took her to Sabine Pass. We have sent the "Sea Witch" to New Orleans. Steamers are running in and out of Galveston when they choose. Two nights before we arrived at Galveston two ran out, one got aground but got off. When we got to Galveston, we received orders to return to New Orleans. We traveled with the "Bienville" who was also returning for repair to New Orleans. The officers of the "Bienville" did not think we could keep up with them. We left for New Orleans and soon were 3 1/2 miles ahead of the "B" when we saw two schooners 10 miles distant and on out course. We chased them and "spake" both [hailed both] while the "Bienville" kept on her way. But by the next day we caught up with her as we crossed the bar and beat the "Bienville" to the city of New Orleans. The "Sciota" has just arrived with news that several Mississippi steamers have brought troops from New Orleans [to Mobile] but I do not think an attack is probable. Queried the Chief Engineer about his pending examination and was told to ask for a weeks leave to take it, news from Charleston that the Rebels have evacuated the city. Everybody here has torpedoes on the brain.  The Rebs have two torpedo boats ready to come out and blow somebody up. They rammed the "Octorara" the other night but the torpedo did not explode. Small pox was very prevalent in New Orleans and now has shown up among out troops in Fort Morgan. We have a great many troops there preparing for an attack. General Granger has gone to New Orleans and Rear Admiral Thatcher is in command of the squadron. General Thomas is approaching Montgomery in route for Mobile. I suspect when he gets closer we will have an attack. Sherman has done well and the loss of Charleston is a severe blow to the Confederacy. He does not understand why it is taking so long to attack Mobile or Galveston. He feels that it could be taken with less a force than needed to blockade the cities. Gives details on the sale of the cotton and the blockade runner "Susana" and feels both sold too cheap. Confederate prisoners have been put to work on the fortifications and General Granger has returned. The Confederates had put our men [prisoners] at work on their fortifications so we did the same. A steamer blew up after leaving New Orleans but no appearance of a Rebel attack. The Rebs are receiving reinforcements and building batteries in range of where we lay now. A well detailed letter mentioning the capture of two blockade runners off Galveston, new of the Rebels at Mobile still being aggressive with their torpedo boats, fortifying their position at Mobile for the impending Union attack, comes with a stamped cover postmarked NEW ORLEANS. A well written letter by Hunt.................................................$395.00

5297 - THE ASSASSINATION OF LINCOLN NEWS REACHED MOBILE, RARE COMMENTS ABOUT REPRISALS AGAINST COPPERHEADS AND SECESSIONISTS WHO CHEER LINCOLN'S DEATH, THE DESTRUCTION OF THE CSS WEBB BELOW NEW ORLEANS, USS "Metacomet", May 1st, 1865, Mobile Bay. 12 page letter in ink to Miss Eames from Engineer George P. Hunt. He relates in part...He writes about the surrender of Mobile and thanks her for the papers that she sent on the Capture of Richmond. We fired a salute of 100 guns on the glorious news. He mentioned the Admiral returning from Pensacola with the dreadful news for Washington [Assassination of Lincoln]. On the ship only one man rejoiced at the nation's calamity and if it was not for the Provost Marshal he would have been tied to a lamp post [hung]. General Banks came down on a steamer from Cairo to New Orleans and he made a speech at Baton Rouge and an Illinois Copperhead shouted at him that it was good news [Lincoln's death] he fell dead pierced by 15 bullets. In New Orleans, the same thing occurred when five secessionists or copperheads shouted it was good that the "rail splitter" was dead and the Colored troops would have to return to their masters and the Colored troops shot them. I did not believe the first reports but at last came the confirmation of the assassination of the President but also the brutal murder of Secretary Seward. Who shall be found to take their places? One account says he is still alive. He lauds the diplomatic skills of Seward during the war. Nothing is said who are the assassins but he believes they will be found and this will unite the north. I don't know much about the abilities of Johnson as President but Lincoln seemed to have every confidence in him. If the copperheads had anything to do with this no mercy should be shown to them. President Lincoln has won for himself a name that will exist forever whether a Republican or Liberal Government shall endure. He was simple, warm hearted, honest, and generous to a fault. This Republican President has been cut down in the midst of his glory where can we find a fit successor? The Union will live but oh had he lived enough to have realized the success of his great mission. What the policy of President Johnson towards the rebellious states the leaders will find top their cost that the tenderness of Abraham Lincoln forms no part of Andrew Johnson's character. May 5th [1865], He thanks her for all the papers received. The news has arrived of the arrest of some of the conspirators and the shooting of Booth. He should have been taken alive as his punishment was too light. There is news of the surrender of Dick Taylor; we leave here in a few days on the flagship of Admiral Thatcher for Galveston. Discusses going ashore in Mobile and Pensacola. Wants to take his exam on advancement. News has arrived of the capture of Jefferson Davis at Raleigh. News or rumors persist that General Canby will head for Mexico with 50,000 troops. He describes the destruction of the Rebel ram "Webb" below New Orleans. The "Webb" was bottled up on the Red River and escaped two steamers, the monitor "Manhattan" and "Tennessee" and headed down the Mississippi with over 300 bales of cotton aboard commanded by Lt. Reed of some notoriety [Tacony & Chesapeake fame]. They were trying to run the blockade. The telegraph wires were cut from the Red River and no one in New Orleans knew she was coming but 15 minutes before she passed the gunboats. They fired but she did not return fire. Our shots struck in the city and in Algiers across the river. The tugboat "Hollybock" started after her firing at her, the telegraph wires were cut also below the city. She would have made it to sea but fortunately the "Richmond" had left here the day before and was steaming up the river, and seeing the chase, stopped and rolled out her 11 nine inch guns and waited until she could deliver a broadside that would have sunk her but they instead ran her ashore. Some ran off in the swamp, others set her afire but they caught most of them. The vessel was burnt up. So much for the ram "Webb". A wonderful descriptive letter of the after effects of the Assassination of Lincoln in the South and the feelings Hunt had for the slain President. Much more on Hunt's activities as an engineer on the "Metacomet", and a nice account of one of the last naval encounters on the Mississippi River being the destruction of the "Webb" by the "Richmond"...........................................$595.00

6000 - NAVAL POLITICS IN MOBILE, HIS CAPTAIN WAS CLEARED OF CHARGES IN A COURT MARTIAL BUT IS ON THE BLACK LIST, "Metacomet" Mobile, AL, June 24th, 1865. Four page letter in ink to Miss Eames by Engineer George P. Hunt. He relates in part...Boats are going north but not the "Metacomet". His Captain seems to be afraid to come north afraid to face what his next assignment will be as he faced charges at a court martial which were not sustained and he will be on the "black list". Mentions an incident where he almost caused a tip over of a boat that carried the Admiral [Thatcher]. The Captain pleaded sickness as the cause of my actions. I hope I do not see the Gulf for 7-8 years as the heat is terrible as well as the mosquitoes. The 4th of July will soon be here and I shall be in Mobile. We shall fire a salute for the Admiral and Jeff Davis is down. He encloses a Confederate bill for Johnny. Hunt is about to conclude his tour of duty at the Mobile station and gives more insight his Captain is unpopular with the local naval authorities have made it through a court martial. Comes with a nice MOBILE postmarked stamped cover................................................$165.00

6001 - ENGINEER HUNT IS TRANSFERRED TO THE OCTORARO AND WILL BE GOING HOME, "OCTORARO", Mobile, AL, June 28th, 1865. One page letter in ink to Miss Eames from Engineer George P. Hunt. He relates...Not to write to him again until she hears from him as he has joined the "Octoraro" today and she is expected to go north soon. I applied to go north on a ship and yesterday I received the unexpected news of this new assignment. He is hearing rumors about going home and he hopes to arrive home safe and if he does so he will consider himself very lucky. Comes with a nice MOBILE postmarked stamped cover. The "Octoraro" was another ship that had been in Mobile in Farragut's Fleet..................$100.00


5131 - JOHN HUNT MORGAN RAIDS IN TENNESSEE, DESTROYING RAILROADS, CAPTURING UNION SOLDIERS, PURPOSE OF THE WAR TO ABOLISH SLAVERY, February 5th, 1863, near Murfreesboro, TN. 4 page letter in ink by Pvt. George B. Dowsman, Co. H, 75 Indiana Volunteers to friends. He relates, "I have not been well about three weeks...my complaint is chronic diarrhea and having it so long it begins to take me down and I have no strength at all in my arms and legs. About a week ago, I had fear that I would loose the use of my limbs entirely. My right arm was perfectly paralyzed but has got so I can use it again...THERE IS A WILY MAN AROUND THESE DIGGINS CALLED JOHN MORGAN, THE SOLDIERS CALL HIM UNCLE JOHN WHO CUTS SOME MIGHTLY BIG PRANKS AND CAPERS BY THE WAY OF BURNING BRIDGES, TEARING UP RAILROADS AND NOT UNFREQUENTLY HAPPENED THAT IN THE LATTER PART OF THE MONTH OF DECEMBER LAST UNCLE JOHN TO IT INTO HIS HEADS TO TEAR UP THE LOUISVILLE AND NASHVILLE RR SO AT IT HE WENT AND DESTROYED CONSIDERABLE OF THE ROAD...YOU ASKED ME WHAT THEY WERE FIGHTING FOR IF IT WAS TO FREE THE NEGROES. LET ME ASK YOU...THIS WAR IS CARRIED ON FOR NO OTHER PURPOSE...I FEEL CONVINCED THAT THE END CLAIMED AT BY THE AUTHORITIES AT WASHINGTON IS THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY. Morgan was promoted to Brigadier General (his highest rank) on December 11, 1862. He received the thanks of the Confederate Congress on May 1, 1863 for his raids on the supply lines of Union Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans in December and January, most notably his victory at the Battle of Hartsville on December 7th. Dowsman dies of disease 23 days later at Murfreesboro......................................$265.00

5133 - WILSON READIES HIS TROOPS IN ALABAMA TO CATCH FORREST, Camp at Gravelly Springs, Alabama, March 20th, 1865. One large page in ink written by Lt. William Bayard of the 4th US Cavalry to fellow officer Captain Clarence Mauck. He relates..."We have been lying in camp since January 12th, poor Fitz, is dead, he died from the effects of a shell wound in the leg in the late charge near Franklin (TN). Davis is adjutant of the regiments, mentions others at camp by name. Several plan to go into RECRUITING service soon. WE ARE NOW AT WILSON'S HEADQUARTERS; I PASS MY TIME VERY PLEASANTLY AND LIKE WILSON PRETTY WELL. WE EXPECT TO MOVE IN A VERY FEW DAYS, WILSON HAS 12,000 CAVALRY HERE. Major General James H. Wilson, commanding three divisions of Union cavalry, about 13,500 men, led his men south from Gravelly Springs, AL on March 22, 1865. Opposed by Confederate Lieutenant General Nathan B. Forrest, Wilson skillfully continued his march and eventually defeated him in a running battle at Ebenezer Church, on April 1st. Continuing towards Selma, Wilson split his command into three columns. Although Selma was well-defended, the Union columns broke through the defenses at separate points forcing the Confederates to surrender the city, although many of the officers and men, including Forrest and Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, escaped. Bayard was brevetted for gallantry three times during the War. Well written (PB)...............................................$165.00

5138 - HOSPITAL STEWARD CAREY E. MCCANN WRITES ON THE MARCH FROM ALABAMA INTO GEORGIA, Decatur, AL, May 27th, 1864, Co. I, 68th Ohio Infantry. 3 pages (large) in ink to his Mother. In part he relates..."He had come to this post to get medical supplies for the regiment, his health and the regiment's is very good, the recruits complain of sore feet and diarrhea. This place is located on the Tennessee River and is a miserable place but we leave in a few minutes for Rome, Ga. Our communications will not be kept up in our rear but by just our scouts probably. We have heard that General Grant has defeated General Grant and that the letter came out of his fortifications and moved against Grant's position. I have hopes it is not just a rumor and will not believe until I see something official. We will get to Rome or Kingston in about 10-12 days with a little fighting thrown in but the Sesesh do not like to mix it up with the "Samuel Blue Coats". It is thought that the Southern Con-fed-e-racy is just about Belly up...he is on his belly that morning in the sun writing this letter sitting on his knapsack and using a box for his desk. He plans to march until he is tired and then ride a while in a wagon. He is referring to the late Battle of the Wilderness in Virginia fought a few weeks earlier where the battle was basically a draw but a strategic victory for Grant. An excellent letter on the 68th Ohio moving in the Atlanta Campaign into north western Georgia in late May 1864.........................................$145.00

5139 - THE SHARPSHOOTERS AT WORK ON BOTH SIDES NEAR SUFFOLK, VA, April 30th, 1863. 4 large pages in ink, Captain Mathew McCann, Company F, 152nd NYV writes to his "Chosen ones of my heart". In part...We have relocated outside the village of Suffolk in our shelter tents, we are surrounded by different regiments and the boom of heavy guns from our different batteries that are shelling the Rebels and the CRACK of rifles in the hands of the SHARPSHOOTERS as they exchange shots with the Rebels who are just across the Nanosecond River not one quarter mile from us. It is very dangerous for those who ramble as those who ramble becomes a prominent mark for the REBEL SHARPSHOOTERS who lay concealed behind their rifle pits on the other side. I do not ramble near and expose myself unless in the discharge of my duty as a soldier. He describes the look of excitement in the camp at the arrival of the mail and is disappointed he did not get a furlough but few are given when before the enemy, things are good in camp, he is stouter and will send a photograph." An excellent letter describing the dangers of the sharpshooters who strike from nowhere to shoot soldiers wandering along the lines not paying attention to the dangers. On April 19th, a Union Infantry force landed on Hill's Point at the confluence of the forks of the Nanosecond River. This amphibious force assaulted Fort Huger from the rear, quickly capturing its garrison, thus reopening the river to Union shipping. On April 24th, Brig. Gen. Michael Corcoran's Union division mounted a reconnaissance-in-force from Fort Dix against Maj. Gen. George E. Pickett's extreme right flank. The Federals approached cautiously and were easily repulsed. On April 29th, Gen. Robert E. Lee direct Longstreet to disengage from Suffolk and rejoin the Army of Northern Virginia at Fredericksburg. By May 4th, the last of Longstreet's command had crossed the Blackwater River en route to Richmond.................................................$165.00

51310 - BATTLE OF CARRSVILLE, VA, Suffolk, VA, May 24th, 1863. 3 page letter in ink by Lt. Selwyn E. Bickford, Company G, 6th Mass. Infantry. He relates in part to his friend Anderson..."On the 13th, we were ordered on a scout and just returned yesterday and we will probably leave Suffolk and we will probably leave for Lowell next Wednesday or Thursday, letters reached me at Carrsville where we were stationed for four days. I presume the papers have given you an account of our fight at Carrsville as we had a lively one and the regiment did itself much credit. We went in a little after a half past two in the afternoon and came out near six that night. The New York papers give all the credit to the New York troops but we were in the advance nearly all of the time. We had six times the losses of any other regiment tell the story. We had no fighting after the 15th but were traveling about most of the time. When we left camp we were supposed to be back in three days and took clothes accordingly. We stayed out 11 days so you can judge our condition. He requests a room be gotten for him upon his return home at a hotel and thinks he will leave the area before any letter can reach him." An extremely well written letter regarding one of the battles for the defense of Suffolk, VA. At Carrsville, VA, May 14-16, 1863, the regiment was engaged with loss. The siege of Suffolk being ended, on the 26th of May the regiment left for Boston, where it arrived on the 29th. Proceeding to Lowell, on June 3rd it was mustered out of the service..........................................$150.00

51316 - HE VISITS THE CSS FLORIDA AT HARBOR, OLD ABE IS REELECTED, LOSSES IN THE TOBACCO-WHISKEY MARKET, A RARE UNITED STATES COLORED TROOP LETTER SHEET, Fortress Monroe, VA, November 20th, 1864 on OFFICE ASST QTM. & SUPERVISOR NEGRO AFFAIRS FIRST DISTRICT DEPARTMENT VA AND NORTH CAROLINA. 6 page letter in ink by Lt. Selwyn E. Bickford, Chief Clerk at Fortress Monroe, VA. Bickford who has been speculating in whiskey and tobacco while at the Fort discusses with his friend Anderson the recent fall in prices of these items on the market. He has been quite ill and thinks the use of quinine has driven him mad. He has sold tobacco and whiskey at a loss, mentions that they will have "Old Abe" for four more years. There was no election in eastern Virginia and the guns in the harbor fired a salute at the results as they all opened up at once and the cannonading was brisk for awhile. The squadron has been in the Roads for awhile and he has had the opportunity to see some of the finest ships in the fleet. The WACHUSETT and the FLORIDA are both there but no one is allowed on the FLORIDA. I went as close as I could look upon her deck. She is not neat, attractive, nor trim and quite small, mentions a sighting of Commodore Porter. Quite a long and newsy letter describing the ex Rebel raider FLORIDA late under the command of Captain James Maffitt. After a period of speculation, Bickford's fortunes apparently have changed for the worse....................................................$155.00


4232 - ACTION BEFORE CHATTANOOGA BEFORE THE BATTLE OF LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN, November 15th, 1863, Camp at Chattanooga. Letter to his Father from Pvt. Thomas Walker, 15th Ohio Infantry. Four pages in bold pencil. He relates, "expresses surprise at getting a letter from his Father, mentions at present little actual fighting now and then, we get to shell the Rebels and the Rebels get to shell our camp off Lookout Mountain which is a huge mountain two miles from our camp, tells his Father no not be afraid of him re-enlisted as three years is enough for him. There was heavy cannonading up the river this morning, our men were trying to throw up a pontoon bridge about five miles up and the Rebels open up with five pieces of artillery but our men fetched the same amount of cannon and drove them away, that shows they won't stand fire. We have whipped them every place we have met and only here they gave us a smart flogging but we held on to Chattanooga and now we are heavily fortified with heavy guns. The Rebel camp is in sight of our men and we shell them without much damage and they shell us without any damage as they retaliate back on Lookout Mountain, mentions his box being in a wagon after Murfreesboro." Written just before the Union advance at the Battle of Lookout Mountain...............................$250.00

2102 - SOLDIER'S COVER FROM MASSACHUSETTS TO SHIP ISLAND TO A COLORED TROOP OFFICER, Postal cover from Attleboro, MA sent to Captain Levi I. Hawes, 74th Mass at Ship Island off the Mississippi coast in July [1864]. 3 cent stamp grid cancelled................................$45.00


2020 -THE DEATH OF ELLSWORTH, May 27th, 1861, Fortress Monroe, VA. Headquarters. Letter in ink, 2 large pages to his sister in Quincy, MA, by Samuel Nightingale, 39th Mass, Vol., hand carried cover. He relates..."The 4th regiment has orders to leave today some place I did not know where. It is thought they will go up the James River about 12 miles towards Norfolk for the purpose of erecting a land battery. All did not go as not all had new muskets. We will go in a few days when we have new muskets. The 4th Regiment has gone and detachment of artillery and a New York regiment. Probably you have heard of the death of Ellsworth of the Ellsworth Zouaves shot in Alexandria while he was pulling down a secession flag. We heard the news from a man in Washington. His company, upon seeing Ellsworth shot, shot the man and ran him through with their bayonets and he was dead before Ellsworth was. The gentleman from Washington said that they had set the city afire in 15 places." Much more on the camp, the person who is carrying th eletter home has been discharged due to illness. Letter comes with a hand-carried cover and Carte de Viste of Samuel Nightingale (39th Mass), G.H. Loomis bm, ink ided on verso, three items.............................................$395.00

2025 - NAVAL LETTER AND SAILOR'S WALLET, Letter written by William H. Allen from the U.S.S. Tritonia at Mobile on October 26th, 1865. Four pages in ink from Allen who was 3rd Asst. Engineer (1864) to his mother discussing two model boats he had completed but had broke the model of the gunboat...he describes the "Bark" he completed and was sending it home with a Navy revolver. He instructs his Mother how to finish off the rigging with a sharp scissors and to inquire as to having carriage painter paint the boat. He gives specific instructions as to the painted required as well as emblems to be added. The Tritonia had been in the West Gulf Blocking fleet and was guarding the rivers and outlets for marauders who were along the coast just after the war ended. The letter comes with Allen's large fold over leather wallet with an old note "This wallet belonged to William H. Allen at the time he was in the Civil War on Farragut's Flagship." Allen had served on the Hartford during the Mobile campaign. Interesting letter and accompanying wallet. 2 items.............................$295.00

2026 - PRIVATE LEWIS PRALL, 30TH PA VOL., FOUGHT AT ANTIETAM AND GETTYSBURG, Three letters included are (1) Camp Near Sharpsburg, October 23rd, 1862. 4 pages in pencil, with stamped cover CDS Hagerstown, MD. to his mother. He relates...send letters to Hagerstown, he has drawn new clothing and is trying for a furlough which is hard to now get, has applied for one to go to Georgetown for three days, all requests have to go to the War Dept. in Washington, awaiting a reply but they may refuse to sign it. A Camp letter written just after he fought at Antietam, (2) Camp Near Union Mills, VA, March 16th, 1863. 4 pages in ink to his sister by Lewis Prall. He relates...it is difficult to seep in the sold nights, has a large fireplace, must sleep with six warm blankets, they get plenty to eat, sugar, beef, fresh bread baked twice a week. The general has called us up expecting General Stuart to make a cavalry raid around here, we are used to hearing about General Stuart and if he comes we will show him how the brave boys from old PA fight...here are two rings made of laurel wood, one for you and one for mother. Stamped postal cover Alexandria, VA, 2 items. (3) Camp at Fairfax Station, VA, April 1st, 1864. 4 pages in pencil to his mother. He relates...went to Alexandria to the Express Office and brought back 21 boxes one being mine, my box was not spilled, everything fine, but 2-3 pies were a little bit moldy, will  never forget the thoughtfulness of home. Thank Mr. Greest for the tobacco and segars, gave a Captain and an orderly some of the goodies, there are four in our tent, left Union Mills on the 14th of last month and went to Centerville, stayed there about to days and came back to Fairfax Court House and found our brigade the next day, we were ordered to pack and marched in the rain to Fairfax Station...may go to Alexandria, do not expect any trouble from the Rebels as there are none near here, mentions Ben Palmer of the 166th who went in as a substitute for $400, stamped cover with Alexandria, VA PM, the three letters and three covers....................$295.00


1305 - MISSOURI OATH OF ALLEGIANCE, 8" X 10", Nodaway County, Missouri. Pre-printed and filled-in Oath of Allegiance dated December 9th, 1865 for Valentin Karll attesting to his allegiance to the State of Missouri and the United States for a basis of acceptance as a 2nd Lt. in the Missouri Militia. Three revenue stamps applied to this oath, an officer in the Missouri Militia. The Missouri Militia was active from 1862 through the end of the war fighting Confederates and served also after the war in a police capacity. Very fine..............................$145.00

708 - 1ST NEW YORK ARTILLERY AT CAMP CALIFORNIA, Camp California, March 6th, 1862. Letter by Sgt. James A. Skinner, Battery B, 1st NY Artillery, 4 pages in ink. We are ordered last Thursday to pack up to be ready to march as the enemy had appeared in force at Accotink Creek where our forces are re-building a railroad bridge which the Rebels had destroyed with another battery and about six regiments of Infantry were to drive them back...we awaited with knapsacks on and horses harnessed and had to force many against their wills to guard the camp, but the Rebels had slid away, it was hard for the boys to return to camp without a fight. Well written....................................$125.00

709 - SCARCE 50TH NEW YORK ENGINEERS LETTER - MOVING THE TROOPS OVER THE POTOMAC RIVER, Berlin, MD, November 2nd, 1862. 10 pages in ink by Charles E. Snyder, 50th NY Engineers to Hannah...we hear the sound of booming cannon in the distance speaking of what our fellow men are involved with, probability of another great battle, a week ago we laid a pontoon bridge at this place and thousands of men and trains have passed since, the whole left wing of the Army of the Potomac has passed here, troops have been passing by the thousands, last Monday we moved our camp from Harper's Ferry to down here, mentions the 97th NY camped nearby with severely reduced forces. A long letter continues with all aspects of life in their camp and philosophy about the War in general. A very newsy and well written Engineer letter........................................$145.00

Letters from Edward Potter - US Navy attack on New Orleans and Vicksburg

712 - WE ARE OFF PETIT'S BAR NEAR MOBILE, USS WISSAHICKON, February 8th, 1862. Four page letter by Edward Potter to his sister, "Went on shore and got some oysters, we see the vessels off Mobile, 12 - 15 miles distance, we are needing coal and will go to Ship Island, describes the discipline of the Captain, newsy letter, missing last page...........................$55.00



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