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War of 1812
 Documents


11113 - ANDREW JACKSON REPORTS ON THE CAPTURE OF PENSACOLA, December 27th, 1814, The New York Evening Post, 4 pages, 16" X 20". The beginning of the New Orleans Campaign, Jackson writes the Governor of Tennessee on the recent Pensacola campaign, the surrender of Fort San Miguel [Jackson refers to it as Fort George] in Pensacola by the British and Spanish troops defending the fort, he mentions the gallant fight of his troops and the gallant fight of the Choctaw Indians who were their allies in the fight. A long letter by Jackson giving the specific details of the fight and capture of the city of Pensacola, Florida November 7th, 1814. The Battle of Pensacola was a battle in the War of 1812 in which American forces fought against the kingdoms of Britain and Spain, and Creek Native Americans allied with the British. The American commander, General Andrew Jackson, led his infantry against British and Spanish forces controlling the city of Pensacola in Spanish Florida. At dawn, Jackson had 3,000 troops marching on the city. The Americans flanked the city from the east to avoid fire from the forts and marched along the beachfront, but the sandy beach made it difficult to move up the artillery. The attack went ahead nonetheless and was met with resistance in the center of town by a line of infantry supported by a battery. However, the Americans charged and captured the battery. Governor Manrique appeared with a white flag and agreed to surrender on any terms Jackson put forward if only he would spare the town. Fort San Miguel was surrendered on November 7, but Fort San Carlos, which lay 14 miles to the west, remained in British hands. Jackson planned to capture the fort by storm the next day, but it was blown up and abandoned before Jackson could move on it and the remaining British fled Pensacola along with the British squadron (comprising HMS Sophie (18 guns), HMS Chlders (18 guns; Capt. Umfreville), HMS Seahorse (1794) (38 guns; Capt. Gordon), HMS Shelburne (12 guns) and HMS Carron (20 guns; Capt. Spencer). A number of Spanish accompanied the retreating British forces and did not return to Pensacola until 1815. Fine, Minor archival restoration at spine.......................................................$65.00


A RARE ACCOUNT OF THE US NAVY ATTACK ON BARATARIA AND THE PIRATE LAFITTE IN 1814

11111 - THE NEW YORK DAILY POST, November 16th, 1814, 4 pages 16" X 20", Commander Patterson's complete report to the Secretary of the Navy on the attack, destruction, and capture of the remaining ships at Lafitte's Barataria headquarters. He describes in detail the attack, arms captured, ships captured. Patterson notes a copy of the letter from the British to Lafitte offering him money and a Captain's commission was found in the base of operations. He concludes his letter stating his operation has stopped the potential alliance of Lafitte with the British. Very detailed.

The US ordered an attack on Lafitte's colony. On September 13, 1814 Commodore Daniel Patterson set sail aboard the USS Carolina for Barataria. He was accompanied by six gunboats and a tender. The fleet anchored off Grande Terre and the gunboats attacked. By midmorning, 10 armed pirate ships formed a battle line in the bay. Within a short period, Lafitte's men abandoned their ships, set several on fire, and fled the area. When Patterson's men went ashore, they met no resistance. They took 80 people captive but Lafitte escaped safely. The Americans took custody of six schooners, one felucca, and a brig., as well as 20 cannon and goods worth $500,000. On September 23, Patterson and his fleet, including the eight captured ships, began the return trip to New Orleans. Widely publicized, the raid was hailed by the Niles' Weekly Register as "a major conquest for the United States." Lafitte was described as "a man who, for about two years past, has been famous for crimes that the civilized world wars against...[He] is supposed to have captured one hundred vessels of all nations, and certainly murdered the crews of all that he took, for no one has ever escaped him." Following the custom of the times, Patterson filed a legal claim for the profits from the confiscated ships and merchandise. An attorney representing Lafitte argued that the captured ships had flown the flag of Cartagena, an area at peace with the United States. One of Lafitte's men testified that the Baratarians had never intended to fight the US but had prepared their vessels to flee. The judge ruled that Patterson should get the customary share of profits from the goods that had already been sold, but he did not settle the ownership of the ships. They were held in port under custody of the United States marshal. Likely inspired by Lafitte's offer to help defend Louisiana, Governor Claiborne wrote the US Attorney General, Richard Bush requesting a pardon for the Baratarians, saying that for generations, smugglers were "esteemed honest...[and] sympathy for these offenders is certainly more or less felt by many of the Louisianans. According to Ramsay, Claiborne next wrote to General Andrew Jackson, "implying Patterson had destroyed a potential first line of defense for Louisiana." By his capture of Lafitte and his ships. Jackson responded, "I ask you, Louisianans, can we place any confidence in the honor of men who have courted an alliance with pirates and robbers?" A rare account of Patterson's raid showing the distrust of the intentions of Lafitte in regard whether he would help the British or not during the invasion to come. Archival repairs to the spine not affecting any test regarding to Patterson's attack report. Rare content.................$250.00

11112 - THE BRITISH ACCOUNT OF THE BURNING AND CAPTURE OF WASHINGTON, The New York Evening Post, December 1, 1814, 4 pages, 16" X 20", A large first-hand account of the burning and capture of Washington by Major General Robert Ross, Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane, and Admiral C. Cockburn. Nearly a full large page of reports including the landing of the British troops, the Battle of Brandenburg, the attack on the city, burning of public buildings, the retreat back to the ships before a superior American force could be raised, the naval battles in the Chesapeake, the causalities in both the army and navy. During the War of 1812, British forces under General Robert Ross overwhelmed American militiamen at the Battle of Bladensburg, Maryland, and march unopposed into Washington, D.C. Most congressmen and officials fled the nation's capital as soon as word came of the American defeat, but President James Madison and his wife, Dolly, escaped just before the invaders arrived. Earlier in the day, President Madison had been present at the Battle of Bladensburg and had at one point actually taken command of one of the few remaining American batteries, thus becoming the first and only president to exercise in actual battle his authority as commander in chief. The British army entered Washington in the late afternoon August 24th, 1814, and General Ross and British officers dined that night at the deserted White House. Meanwhile, the British troops, ecstatic that they had captured their enemy's capital, began setting the city aflame in revenge for the burning of Canadian government buildings by U.S. troops earlier in the war. The White House, a number of federal buildings, and several private homes were destroyed. The still uncompleted Capitol building was also set on fire, and the House of Representatives and the Library of Congress were gutted before a torrential downpour doused the flames.


On August 26, General Ross, realizing his untenable hold on the capital area, ordered a withdrawal from Washington. The next day, President Madison returned to a smoking and charred Washington and vowed to rebuild the city. James Hoban, the original architect of the White House, completed reconstruction of the executive mansion in 1817. Fine, spine restored, a rare issue...........................................
$195.00


8228 - GENERAL WILLIAM CARROLL, TENNESSEE COMMANDER AT THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS, GOVERNOR OF TENNESSEE, Document signed by Carroll as Governor of Tennessee, 1827, with pink seal, sale by the state of lands, sale to John Chissom of 50 acres in White County, TN. For 12 1/2 cents per acre with details of the boundaries of the property, May 8th, 1827. A huge signature of Carroll. Archival repairs to verso, edges trimmed slightly, some stains. At the outbreak of the War of 1812, Carroll was appointed captain of the Nashville Uniform Volunteers, and joined Andrew Jackson's Creek campaign. Within a few months, he had been promoted to major, and took part in the Battle of Talladega in November 1813. For his actions in this battle, he was promoted to colonel. He fought at the Battles of Emuckfaw and Enotachopo Creek in January 1814, and was wounded at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in March 1814. After the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, Carroll returned to Nashville to recruit troops for the defense of New Orleans. After Jackson resigned from the militia to accept a commission in the federal army, Carroll was elected major-general of the Tennessee militia. Traveling via the Cumberland, Ohio and Mississippi rivers, his new troops arrived in New Orleans just prior to the British invasion. At the Battle of New Orleans on January 8, 1815, Carroll's troops fought near the center of Jackson's line, where some of the most intense fighting occurred.......................................................$125.00

80242 - GENERAL DAVID B. MORGAN, GENERAL AT THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS, DOCUMENT REGARDING EGYPT PLANTATION IN MISSISSIPPI 1829, WALTER BURLING OF NATCHEZ OF THE SABINE EXPEDITION, 2 DOCUMENTS, General Morgan was Adjutant General to General Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans. Morgan and about 400 volunteers were sent to the west bank of the Mississippi to block any possible flanking maneuver by the British. Outnumbered and poorly armed, they were defeated but delayed the British sufficiently that, coupled with the major loss of leadership and life on the east bank, the British lost the battle and withdrew. Morgan was also a member of the Louisiana Constitutional Convention and U.S. of Mississippi and Louisiana -- Brig. Gen. David Morgan defended the right bank of the river with perhaps 1,000 militia. Finally, at dawn on 8 January, Pakenham attempted a frontal assault on Jackson's breastworks with 5,300 men, simultaneously sending a smaller force across the river to attack Morgan's defenses. Opposite the British and behind a ditch stretching from the river to the swamp, Jackson had raised earthworks high enough to require scaling ladders for an assault. The defenses were manned by about 3,500 men with another 1,000 in reserve. It was a varied group, composed of the 7th and 44th Infantry Regiments, Major Beale's New Orleans Sharpshooters, LaCoste and Daquin's battalions of free Negroes, the Louisiana militia under General David Morgan, a band of Choctaw Indians, the Baratarian pirates, and a motley battalion of fashionably dressed sons and brothers of the New Orleans aristocracy. To support his defenses, Jackson had assembled more than twenty pieces of artillery, including a battery of nine heavy guns on the opposite bank of the Mississippi. Unaware that it is all but over on the east side of the river, Thornton is finally in position to move on the American guns under General Morgan. The US militia puts up a fierce resistance but it is not enough for an experienced battle commander like Thornton. His men deal one blow after another to the American right flank until Morgan's men spike the guns and retreat. [a] 4 pages ALS signed by Morgan written to Colonel William Breed from Madisonville, LA regarding a survey of Egypt Plantation by Morgan. [b] included is a four page affidavit regarding a civil dispute between Walter Burling and Isaac Galliard sworn to before Lucius Duncan January 7th, 1829 in the chancery Court Eastern District of Mississippi in the "matter of Egypt Plantation." Dictated by David Morgan in relation to a survey he did in 1806 on lands called Egypt Plantation in Adams County, Mississippi Territory. Walter Burling was an important citizen of the Mississippi Territory and played an important role on diffusing the tension between the United States and Mexico in regard to the Sabine Expedition as he negotiated with the Spanish for General Wilkinson over the western boundary of Louisiana. He also was involved in the Burr Conspiracy in 1806 - 07. Some edge chips, arrival repair at fold, two large 8" X 13" totaling  eight pages of manuscript, two documents..........................................................$495.00


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