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War of 1812
 Documents


A RARE ACCOUNT OF THE US NAVY ATTACK ON BARATARIA AND THE PIRATE LAFITTE IN 1814

11111 - THE NEW YORK DAILY POST, November 16th, 1814, 4 pages 16" X 20", Commander Patterson's complete report to the Secretary of the Navy on the attack, destruction, and capture of the remaining ships at Lafitte's Barataria headquarters. He describes in detail the attack, arms captured, ships captured. Patterson notes a copy of the letter from the British to Lafitte offering him money and a Captain's commission was found in the base of operations. He concludes his letter stating his operation has stopped the potential alliance of Lafitte with the British. Very detailed.

The US ordered an attack on Lafitte's colony. On September 13, 1814 Commodore Daniel Patterson set sail aboard the USS Carolina for Barataria. He was accompanied by six gunboats and a tender. The fleet anchored off Grande Terre and the gunboats attacked. By midmorning, 10 armed pirate ships formed a battle line in the bay. Within a short period, Lafitte's men abandoned their ships, set several on fire, and fled the area. When Patterson's men went ashore, they met no resistance. They took 80 people captive but Lafitte escaped safely. The Americans took custody of six schooners, one felucca, and a brig., as well as 20 cannon and goods worth $500,000. On September 23, Patterson and his fleet, including the eight captured ships, began the return trip to New Orleans. Widely publicized, the raid was hailed by the Niles' Weekly Register as "a major conquest for the United States." Lafitte was described as "a man who, for about two years past, has been famous for crimes that the civilized world wars against...[He] is supposed to have captured one hundred vessels of all nations, and certainly murdered the crews of all that he took, for no one has ever escaped him." Following the custom of the times, Patterson filed a legal claim for the profits from the confiscated ships and merchandise. An attorney representing Lafitte argued that the captured ships had flown the flag of Cartagena, an area at peace with the United States. One of Lafitte's men testified that the Baratarians had never intended to fight the US but had prepared their vessels to flee. The judge ruled that Patterson should get the customary share of profits from the goods that had already been sold, but he did not settle the ownership of the ships. They were held in port under custody of the United States marshal. Likely inspired by Lafitte's offer to help defend Louisiana, Governor Claiborne wrote the US Attorney General, Richard Bush requesting a pardon for the Baratarians, saying that for generations, smugglers were "esteemed honest...[and] sympathy for these offenders is certainly more or less felt by many of the Louisianans. According to Ramsay, Claiborne next wrote to General Andrew Jackson, "implying Patterson had destroyed a potential first line of defense for Louisiana." By his capture of Lafitte and his ships. Jackson responded, "I ask you, Louisianans, can we place any confidence in the honor of men who have courted an alliance with pirates and robbers?" A rare account of Patterson's raid showing the distrust of the intentions of Lafitte in regard whether he would help the British or not during the invasion to come. Archival repairs to the spine not affecting any test regarding to Patterson's attack report. Rare content.................$250.00

11112 - THE BRITISH ACCOUNT OF THE BURNING AND CAPTURE OF WASHINGTON, The New York Evening Post, December 1, 1814, 4 pages, 16" X 20", A large first-hand account of the burning and capture of Washington by Major General Robert Ross, Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane, and Admiral C. Cockburn. Nearly a full large page of reports including the landing of the British troops, the Battle of Brandenburg, the attack on the city, burning of public buildings, the retreat back to the ships before a superior American force could be raised, the naval battles in the Chesapeake, the causalities in both the army and navy. During the War of 1812, British forces under General Robert Ross overwhelmed American militiamen at the Battle of Bladensburg, Maryland, and march unopposed into Washington, D.C. Most congressmen and officials fled the nation's capital as soon as word came of the American defeat, but President James Madison and his wife, Dolly, escaped just before the invaders arrived. Earlier in the day, President Madison had been present at the Battle of Bladensburg and had at one point actually taken command of one of the few remaining American batteries, thus becoming the first and only president to exercise in actual battle his authority as commander in chief. The British army entered Washington in the late afternoon August 24th, 1814, and General Ross and British officers dined that night at the deserted White House. Meanwhile, the British troops, ecstatic that they had captured their enemy's capital, began setting the city aflame in revenge for the burning of Canadian government buildings by U.S. troops earlier in the war. The White House, a number of federal buildings, and several private homes were destroyed. The still uncompleted Capitol building was also set on fire, and the House of Representatives and the Library of Congress were gutted before a torrential downpour doused the flames.


On August 26, General Ross, realizing his untenable hold on the capital area, ordered a withdrawal from Washington. The next day, President Madison returned to a smoking and charred Washington and vowed to rebuild the city. James Hoban, the original architect of the White House, completed reconstruction of the executive mansion in 1817. Fine, spine restored, a rare issue...........................................
$195.00


8228 - GENERAL WILLIAM CARROLL, TENNESSEE COMMANDER AT THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS, GOVERNOR OF TENNESSEE, Document signed by Carroll as Governor of Tennessee, 1827, with pink seal, sale by the state of lands, sale to John Chissom of 50 acres in White County, TN. For 12 1/2 cents per acre with details of the boundaries of the property, May 8th, 1827. A huge signature of Carroll. Archival repairs to verso, edges trimmed slightly, some stains. At the outbreak of the War of 1812, Carroll was appointed captain of the Nashville Uniform Volunteers, and joined Andrew Jackson's Creek campaign. Within a few months, he had been promoted to major, and took part in the Battle of Talladega in November 1813. For his actions in this battle, he was promoted to colonel. He fought at the Battles of Emuckfaw and Enotachopo Creek in January 1814, and was wounded at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in March 1814. After the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, Carroll returned to Nashville to recruit troops for the defense of New Orleans. After Jackson resigned from the militia to accept a commission in the federal army, Carroll was elected major-general of the Tennessee militia. Traveling via the Cumberland, Ohio and Mississippi rivers, his new troops arrived in New Orleans just prior to the British invasion. At the Battle of New Orleans on January 8, 1815, Carroll's troops fought near the center of Jackson's line, where some of the most intense fighting occurred.......................................................$125.00

80242 - GENERAL DAVID B. MORGAN, GENERAL AT THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS, DOCUMENT REGARDING EGYPT PLANTATION IN MISSISSIPPI 1829, WALTER BURLING OF NATCHEZ OF THE SABINE EXPEDITION, 2 DOCUMENTS, General Morgan was Adjutant General to General Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans. Morgan and about 400 volunteers were sent to the west bank of the Mississippi to block any possible flanking maneuver by the British. Outnumbered and poorly armed, they were defeated but delayed the British sufficiently that, coupled with the major loss of leadership and life on the east bank, the British lost the battle and withdrew. Morgan was also a member of the Louisiana Constitutional Convention and U.S. of Mississippi and Louisiana -- Brig. Gen. David Morgan defended the right bank of the river with perhaps 1,000 militia. Finally, at dawn on 8 January, Pakenham attempted a frontal assault on Jackson's breastworks with 5,300 men, simultaneously sending a smaller force across the river to attack Morgan's defenses. Opposite the British and behind a ditch stretching from the river to the swamp, Jackson had raised earthworks high enough to require scaling ladders for an assault. The defenses were manned by about 3,500 men with another 1,000 in reserve. It was a varied group, composed of the 7th and 44th Infantry Regiments, Major Beale's New Orleans Sharpshooters, LaCoste and Daquin's battalions of free Negroes, the Louisiana militia under General David Morgan, a band of Choctaw Indians, the Baratarian pirates, and a motley battalion of fashionably dressed sons and brothers of the New Orleans aristocracy. To support his defenses, Jackson had assembled more than twenty pieces of artillery, including a battery of nine heavy guns on the opposite bank of the Mississippi. Unaware that it is all but over on the east side of the river, Thornton is finally in position to move on the American guns under General Morgan. The US militia puts up a fierce resistance but it is not enough for an experienced battle commander like Thornton. His men deal one blow after another to the American right flank until Morgan's men spike the guns and retreat. [a] 4 pages ALS signed by Morgan written to Colonel William Breed from Madisonville, LA regarding a survey of Egypt Plantation by Morgan. [b] included is a four page affidavit regarding a civil dispute between Walter Burling and Isaac Galliard sworn to before Lucius Duncan January 7th, 1829 in the chancery Court Eastern District of Mississippi in the "matter of Egypt Plantation." Dictated by David Morgan in relation to a survey he did in 1806 on lands called Egypt Plantation in Adams County, Mississippi Territory. Walter Burling was an important citizen of the Mississippi Territory and played an important role on diffusing the tension between the United States and Mexico in regard to the Sabine Expedition as he negotiated with the Spanish for General Wilkinson over the western boundary of Louisiana. He also was involved in the Burr Conspiracy in 1806 - 07. Some edge chips, arrival repair at fold, two large 8" X 13" totaling  eight pages of manuscript, two documents..........................................................$495.00

5134 - WAR OF 1812 MAP WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON THE WAR ON THE CANADIAN FRONTIER 1812-1815, 10" X 14". The United States of America exhibiting the front of War on the Canadian Frontier from 1812-1815. Dated 1816, this great contemporary map shows the eastern half of the United States from Louisiana to upper northeast Canada. It also has a large inset of the Lake Erie and Lake Ontario region showing fortifications. While mainly dealing with the War in the Great Lakes, the format includes New Orleans, British West Florida  and the Washington area. The map is extremely detailed in every respect. The paper is fresh and bright. A wonderful contemporary dated War of 1812 map.......................................SOLD


101152 - FRANCIS SCOTT KEY, during the War of 1812. Key, accompanied by the American Prisoner Exchange Agent Colonel John Stuart Skinner, dined aboard the British ship HMS Tonnant, as the guests of three British officers: Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane, Rear Admiral Sir George Cockburn, and Major General Robert Ross. Skinner and key were there to negotiate the release of prisoners, one being Dr. William Beanes. Beanes was a resident of Upper Marlboro, Maryland and had been captured by the British after he placed rowdy stragglers under citizen's arrest with a group of men. Skinner, Key, and Beanes were not allowed to return to their own sloop: they had become familiar with the strength an position of the British units and with the British intent to attack Baltimore. As a result of this, Key was unable to do anything but watch the bombarding of the American forces at Fort McHenry during the Battle of Baltimore on the night of September 13 - September 14, 1814. At dawn, Key was able to see an American flag still waving and reported this to the prisoners below deck. On the way back to Baltimore, he was inspired to write a poem describing his experience, "Defence of Fort McHenry", which he published in the Patriot on September 20, 1814. He intended to fit it to the rhythms of composer John Stafford Smith's "To Anacreon in Heaven", a popular tune Key had already used as a setting for his 1805 song "When the Warrior Returns," celebrating U.S. heroes of the First Barbary War. (The earlier song is also the Key's original use of the "star spangled" flag imagery). It has become better known as "The Star Spangled Banner". Under this name, the song was adopted as the American national anthem, first by an Executive Order from President Woodrow Wilson in 1916 (which had little effect beyond requiring military bands to play it) and then by a Congressional resolution in 1931, signed by President Herbert Hoover. Key's signature from the closing of a letter, a small clip adhered to autograph book paper...F.S. Key, trifle separation away from his signature, extremely rare, catalogues $500 as a signature, first one we have ever offered...................................................SOLD

9223 - THE FORMATION OF THE 16TH REGIMENT, WAR OF 1812, 1 page letter dated at Philadelphia, August 12th, 1812 by Lt. Colonel Richard Dennig to Captain Isaac Barnard with details to begin forming the 16th Infantry Regiment. The 16th Regiment was very active in the northern campaigns near Canada. Actually a folded letter sheet, very fine.....................SOLD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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