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War of 1812
 Documents


MOVING TROOPS TO HALT THE BRITISH INVASION AT ST. MARY'S ON THE GEORGIA COAST JANUARY 1815 - NEWS THAT JACKSON HAS HAD A VICTORY AT NEW ORLEANS

7088 - THE WAR OF 1812 IN GEORGIA, ALS from Anthony Porter, Secretary to Governor Peter Early [to General David Blackshear, Military commander of the American Fort in the South and West Georgia], postmarked MILLEDGEVILLE, GEORGIA, January 25th, 1815. 2 pages, 8" X 10". He writes: "Milledgeville, GA., 25th January 1815, Dear Sir, I take the liberty of sending you the Savannah Republican of the 17th instant in which you will find two letters from Captain M [athias] at Point Petre to General Floyd at Savannah and one from Colonel Scott at Jefferson in Camden County detailing the operations of the enemy in the neighborhood of St. Mary's. It was upon these documents communicated to the Executive by Express that you were ordered to that quarter of the country. You will readily see what distress the people of that section of the state must be in - they will hail you as their protector and deliverer. We have not heard a word from General McIntosh to his progress towards Mobile since the Governor wrote you last. We have a rumor by way of Athens from Tennessee that Genl. Jackson had a battle with the British on the 22nd and was successful. I send you the extra hand bill from Athens relative to this subject. God send it may prove true. In great haste I am Dear Sir, Your Obt. Servant, Anthony Porter." Porter was a wealthy planter and was the official secretary to Governor Peter Early the 28th Governor of the state. A significant Georgia War of 1812 letter attributed to being sent to General Blackshear after being published in his memoirs [Philadelphia in 1858]. On December 24, 1814, American and British representatives meeting at Ghent, Belgium, signed a preliminary treaty that would end the War of 1812, but the combatants, far from Europe, knew nothing of it. Along Georgia's coast American forces fared poorly. On January 10, 1815, British forces under the command of Admiral Sir George Cockburn landed on Cumberland Island in an effort to tie up American forces and keep them from joining other American forces to help defend New Orleans, Louisiana, and the Gulf Coast. But bad weather and lack of materials and ships delayed Cockburn until it was too late to produce any effect on the outcome of the battle for New Orleans. The occupation of Cumberland Island, however, left the British with a strong base of operations that they consolidated on January 13 by affecting a landing near the American battery at Point Peter on the mainland. There they encountered an ambush by a small force of Americans. The British quickly drove off the attacks and occupied the town of St. Mary's. Cockburn, by the end of January 1815, had solidified his base of operations and was under orders to await the arrival of Major Edward Nicolls, leading a joint force of British soldiers, Native American allies, and freed blacks. Suitably reinforced, Cockburn was then to attack along the southern coast, liberating slaves and fomenting rebellion, thus holding down large numbers of American troops from other theaters of the war. Nicolls's force, which was supposed to strike into Georgia from the Gulf Coast, never materialized, although it did succeed in disrupting communications between Georgia and Mobile. The threat of Nicolls's impending arrival also forced the Americans to hold back in Georgia many reserves that could have been sent to aid in American defenses at Mobile and New Orleans. While Nicolls's force hampered efforts on the Gulf Coast, Cockburn planned to move north and strike at Savannah. General John Floyd stationed some 2,000 men near Savannah and awaited the British thrust, but Cockburn's operation was halted by news that the Treaty of Ghent had been signed. The British finally evacuated St. Mary's after the ratification of the treaty on February 17, 1815. Very fine, RARE content..............................................$495.00 

A RARE CONTEMPORARY ACCOUNT OF THE BRITISH OFFER TO JEAN LAFITTE TO AID IN THE ATTACK ON NEW ORLEANS

10110 - THE NEW YORK EVENING POST, October 17th, 1814, 4 pages, 16" X 20". An extraordinary account the activities involving the attack on the Pirates of Barataria by Commander Patterson of the US Navy, Andrew Jackson's letter to the Secretary of State concerning the success at Mobile in the capture of Fort Boyer and the report of the actual attack by the commander, the copies of the British correspondence to Lafitte and the Proclamation to the Citizens of Louisiana requesting they side with the British forces. Includes is the British offer to Lafitte for his services in assisting the British in the attack on New Orleans.

By mid 1814 British Navy increased patrols in the Gulf of Mexico, and by August they had established a base at Pensacola. On September 3, 1814, the British ship HMS Sophie fired on a pirate ship returning to Barataria Lafitte's ship grounded in shallow water where the larger British ship could not follow. The British raised a white flag and launched a small dinghy with several officers. Lafitte and several of his men rowed to meet them halfway. Captain Nicholas Lockyer, the commander of the Sophie, had been ordered to contact the "Commandant at Barataria." He was accompanied by a Royal Marine infantry Captain, John McWilliam, who had been given a package to deliver to Lafitte. The Baratarians invited the British officers to row to their island. When they had disembarked and were surrounded by his men, Lafitte identified himself to them. Many of the smugglers wanted to lynch the British men, but Lafitte intervened and placed guards outside his home to ensure their protection. McWilliam brought two letters in his packet for Lafitte: one, under the seal of King George III, offered Lafitte and his forces British citizenship and land grants in the British colonies in the Americas if they promised to assist in the naval fight against the United States and to return any recent property that had been taken from Spanish ships. (The British were allied with Spain against the French and the US.) If they refused the offer, the British Navy would destroy Barataria. The second item was a personal note to Lafitte from McWilliam's superior, Lieutenant Colonel Edward Nicolls, urging him, believing that the US would eventually prevail in the war against Great Britain, Lafitte thought he could more easily defeat the US revenue officers than he could the British Navy. He had also been told in August that American officials were planning an assault on Barataria with forces under the command of Commodore Daniel Patterson. They feared that Lafitte and his men might side with the British. Lafitte tried to convince the Americans that they had nothing to fear from him. He sent a message to the Americans that few of his men favored helping the British, but said he needed 15 days to review their offer Lafitte had copies of the letters sent to Jean Blanque, a member of the state legislature who had invested in the Barataria operation. In a personal note, Lafitte reminded Blanque that his brother Pierre was still in jail and deserved an early release. Lafitte added a note to Governor Claiborne, saying, "I am the stray sheep, wishing to return to the sheepfold...If you were thoroughly acquainted with the nature of my offenses, I should appear to you much less guilty, and still worthy to discharge the duties of a good citizen." Lafitte committed him and his men for any defensive measures needed by new Orleans. Within two days of Lafitte's notes, Pierre "escaped" from jail. This rare account of the prologue to the Battle of New Orleans is extremely rare. Some archival restoration at spine and minor blemishes as to be expected. Overall fine........................................................$295.00

 


11113 - ANDREW JACKSON REPORTS ON THE CAPTURE OF PENSACOLA, December 27th, 1814, The New York Evening Post, 4 pages, 16" X 20". The beginning of the New Orleans Campaign, Jackson writes the Governor of Tennessee on the recent Pensacola campaign, the surrender of Fort San Miguel [Jackson refers to it as Fort George] in Pensacola by the British and Spanish troops defending the fort, he mentions the gallant fight of his troops and the gallant fight of the Choctaw Indians who were their allies in the fight. A long letter by Jackson giving the specific details of the fight and capture of the city of Pensacola, Florida November 7th, 1814. The Battle of Pensacola was a battle in the War of 1812 in which American forces fought against the kingdoms of Britain and Spain, and Creek Native Americans allied with the British. The American commander, General Andrew Jackson, led his infantry against British and Spanish forces controlling the city of Pensacola in Spanish Florida. At dawn, Jackson had 3,000 troops marching on the city. The Americans flanked the city from the east to avoid fire from the forts and marched along the beachfront, but the sandy beach made it difficult to move up the artillery. The attack went ahead nonetheless and was met with resistance in the center of town by a line of infantry supported by a battery. However, the Americans charged and captured the battery. Governor Manrique appeared with a white flag and agreed to surrender on any terms Jackson put forward if only he would spare the town. Fort San Miguel was surrendered on November 7, but Fort San Carlos, which lay 14 miles to the west, remained in British hands. Jackson planned to capture the fort by storm the next day, but it was blown up and abandoned before Jackson could move on it and the remaining British fled Pensacola along with the British squadron (comprising HMS Sophie (18 guns), HMS Chlders (18 guns; Capt. Umfreville), HMS Seahorse (1794) (38 guns; Capt. Gordon), HMS Shelburne (12 guns) and HMS Carron (20 guns; Capt. Spencer). A number of Spanish accompanied the retreating British forces and did not return to Pensacola until 1815. Fine, Minor archival restoration at spine.......................................................$65.00


8228 - GENERAL WILLIAM CARROLL, TENNESSEE COMMANDER AT THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS, GOVERNOR OF TENNESSEE, Document signed by Carroll as Governor of Tennessee, 1827, with pink seal, sale by the state of lands, sale to John Chissom of 50 acres in White County, TN. For 12 1/2 cents per acre with details of the boundaries of the property, May 8th, 1827. A huge signature of Carroll. Archival repairs to verso, edges trimmed slightly, some stains. At the outbreak of the War of 1812, Carroll was appointed captain of the Nashville Uniform Volunteers, and joined Andrew Jackson's Creek campaign. Within a few months, he had been promoted to major, and took part in the Battle of Talladega in November 1813. For his actions in this battle, he was promoted to colonel. He fought at the Battles of Emuckfaw and Enotachopo Creek in January 1814, and was wounded at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in March 1814. After the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, Carroll returned to Nashville to recruit troops for the defense of New Orleans. After Jackson resigned from the militia to accept a commission in the federal army, Carroll was elected major-general of the Tennessee militia. Traveling via the Cumberland, Ohio and Mississippi rivers, his new troops arrived in New Orleans just prior to the British invasion. At the Battle of New Orleans on January 8, 1815, Carroll's troops fought near the center of Jackson's line, where some of the most intense fighting occurred.......................................................$125.00

80242 - GENERAL DAVID B. MORGAN, GENERAL AT THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS, DOCUMENT REGARDING EGYPT PLANTATION IN MISSISSIPPI 1829, WALTER BURLING OF NATCHEZ OF THE SABINE EXPEDITION, 2 DOCUMENTS, General Morgan was Adjutant General to General Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans. Morgan and about 400 volunteers were sent to the west bank of the Mississippi to block any possible flanking maneuver by the British. Outnumbered and poorly armed, they were defeated but delayed the British sufficiently that, coupled with the major loss of leadership and life on the east bank, the British lost the battle and withdrew. Morgan was also a member of the Louisiana Constitutional Convention and U.S. of Mississippi and Louisiana -- Brig. Gen. David Morgan defended the right bank of the river with perhaps 1,000 militia. Finally, at dawn on 8 January, Pakenham attempted a frontal assault on Jackson's breastworks with 5,300 men, simultaneously sending a smaller force across the river to attack Morgan's defenses. Opposite the British and behind a ditch stretching from the river to the swamp, Jackson had raised earthworks high enough to require scaling ladders for an assault. The defenses were manned by about 3,500 men with another 1,000 in reserve. It was a varied group, composed of the 7th and 44th Infantry Regiments, Major Beale's New Orleans Sharpshooters, LaCoste and Daquin's battalions of free Negroes, the Louisiana militia under General David Morgan, a band of Choctaw Indians, the Baratarian pirates, and a motley battalion of fashionably dressed sons and brothers of the New Orleans aristocracy. To support his defenses, Jackson had assembled more than twenty pieces of artillery, including a battery of nine heavy guns on the opposite bank of the Mississippi. Unaware that it is all but over on the east side of the river, Thornton is finally in position to move on the American guns under General Morgan. The US militia puts up a fierce resistance but it is not enough for an experienced battle commander like Thornton. His men deal one blow after another to the American right flank until Morgan's men spike the guns and retreat. [a] 4 pages ALS signed by Morgan written to Colonel William Breed from Madisonville, LA regarding a survey of Egypt Plantation by Morgan. [b] included is a four page affidavit regarding a civil dispute between Walter Burling and Isaac Galliard sworn to before Lucius Duncan January 7th, 1829 in the chancery Court Eastern District of Mississippi in the "matter of Egypt Plantation." Dictated by David Morgan in relation to a survey he did in 1806 on lands called Egypt Plantation in Adams County, Mississippi Territory. Walter Burling was an important citizen of the Mississippi Territory and played an important role on diffusing the tension between the United States and Mexico in regard to the Sabine Expedition as he negotiated with the Spanish for General Wilkinson over the western boundary of Louisiana. He also was involved in the Burr Conspiracy in 1806 - 07. Some edge chips, arrival repair at fold, two large 8" X 13" totaling  eight pages of manuscript, two documents..........................................................$495.00


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